1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* * cputime accounting APIs: */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE #include <asm/cputime.h> #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct) \ (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime); extern u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t); #else static inline void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime) { *utime = t->utime; *stime = t->stime; } static inline u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t) { return t->gtime; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { *utimescaled = t->utimescaled; *stimescaled = t->stimescaled; } #else static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { task_cputime(t, utimescaled, stimescaled); } #endif extern void task_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, struct prev_cputime *prev, u64 *ut, u64 *st); /* * Thread group CPU time accounting. */ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times); void thread_group_sample_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 *samples); /* * The following are functions that support scheduler-internal time accounting. * These functions are generally called at the timer tick. None of this depends * on CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS. */ /** * get_running_cputimer - return &tsk->signal->cputimer if cputimers are active * * @tsk: Pointer to target task. */ #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = &tsk->signal->cputimer; /* * Check whether posix CPU timers are active. If not the thread * group accounting is not active either. Lockless check. */ if (!READ_ONCE(tsk->signal->posix_cputimers.timers_active)) return NULL; /* * After we flush the task's sum_exec_runtime to sig->sum_sched_runtime * in __exit_signal(), we won't account to the signal struct further * cputime consumed by that task, even though the task can still be * ticking after __exit_signal(). * * In order to keep a consistent behaviour between thread group cputime * and thread group cputimer accounting, lets also ignore the cputime * elapsing after __exit_signal() in any thread group timer running. * * This makes sure that POSIX CPU clocks and timers are synchronized, so * that a POSIX CPU timer won't expire while the corresponding POSIX CPU * clock delta is behind the expiring timer value. */ if (unlikely(!tsk->sighand)) return NULL; return cputimer; } #else static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { return NULL; } #endif /** * account_group_user_time - Maintain utime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the utime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the utime field there. */ static inline void account_group_user_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.utime); } /** * account_group_system_time - Maintain stime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the stime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the stime field there. */ static inline void account_group_system_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.stime); } /** * account_group_exec_runtime - Maintain exec runtime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @ns: Time value by which to increment the sum_exec_runtime field * of the thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the sum_exec_runtime field there. */ static inline void account_group_exec_runtime(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long long ns) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(ns, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.sum_exec_runtime); } static inline void prev_cputime_init(struct prev_cputime *prev) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE prev->utime = prev->stime = 0; raw_spin_lock_init(&prev->lock); #endif } extern unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the TCP protocol. * * Version: @(#)tcp.h 1.0.2 04/28/93 * * Author: Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _LINUX_TCP_H #define _LINUX_TCP_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/win_minmax.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_timewait_sock.h> #include <uapi/linux/tcp.h> static inline struct tcphdr *tcp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct tcphdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline unsigned int __tcp_hdrlen(const struct tcphdr *th) { return th->doff * 4; } static inline unsigned int tcp_hdrlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return __tcp_hdrlen(tcp_hdr(skb)); } static inline struct tcphdr *inner_tcp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct tcphdr *)skb_inner_transport_header(skb); } static inline unsigned int inner_tcp_hdrlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return inner_tcp_hdr(skb)->doff * 4; } static inline unsigned int tcp_optlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (tcp_hdr(skb)->doff - 5) * 4; } /* TCP Fast Open */ #define TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MIN 4 /* Min Fast Open Cookie size in bytes */ #define TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MAX 16 /* Max Fast Open Cookie size in bytes */ #define TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE 8 /* the size employed by this impl. */ /* TCP Fast Open Cookie as stored in memory */ struct tcp_fastopen_cookie { __le64 val[DIV_ROUND_UP(TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MAX, sizeof(u64))]; s8 len; bool exp; /* In RFC6994 experimental option format */ }; /* This defines a selective acknowledgement block. */ struct tcp_sack_block_wire { __be32 start_seq; __be32 end_seq; }; struct tcp_sack_block { u32 start_seq; u32 end_seq; }; /*These are used to set the sack_ok field in struct tcp_options_received */ #define TCP_SACK_SEEN (1 << 0) /*1 = peer is SACK capable, */ #define TCP_DSACK_SEEN (1 << 2) /*1 = DSACK was received from peer*/ struct tcp_options_received { /* PAWS/RTTM data */ int ts_recent_stamp;/* Time we stored ts_recent (for aging) */ u32 ts_recent; /* Time stamp to echo next */ u32 rcv_tsval; /* Time stamp value */ u32 rcv_tsecr; /* Time stamp echo reply */ u16 saw_tstamp : 1, /* Saw TIMESTAMP on last packet */ tstamp_ok : 1, /* TIMESTAMP seen on SYN packet */ dsack : 1, /* D-SACK is scheduled */ wscale_ok : 1, /* Wscale seen on SYN packet */ sack_ok : 3, /* SACK seen on SYN packet */ smc_ok : 1, /* SMC seen on SYN packet */ snd_wscale : 4, /* Window scaling received from sender */ rcv_wscale : 4; /* Window scaling to send to receiver */ u8 saw_unknown:1, /* Received unknown option */ unused:7; u8 num_sacks; /* Number of SACK blocks */ u16 user_mss; /* mss requested by user in ioctl */ u16 mss_clamp; /* Maximal mss, negotiated at connection setup */ }; static inline void tcp_clear_options(struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt) { rx_opt->tstamp_ok = rx_opt->sack_ok = 0; rx_opt->wscale_ok = rx_opt->snd_wscale = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMC) rx_opt->smc_ok = 0; #endif } /* This is the max number of SACKS that we'll generate and process. It's safe * to increase this, although since: * size = TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE_ALIGNED (4) + n * TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK (8) * only four options will fit in a standard TCP header */ #define TCP_NUM_SACKS 4 struct tcp_request_sock_ops; struct tcp_request_sock { struct inet_request_sock req; const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *af_specific; u64 snt_synack; /* first SYNACK sent time */ bool tfo_listener; bool is_mptcp; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) bool drop_req; #endif u32 txhash; u32 rcv_isn; u32 snt_isn; u32 ts_off; u32 last_oow_ack_time; /* last SYNACK */ u32 rcv_nxt; /* the ack # by SYNACK. For * FastOpen it's the seq# * after data-in-SYN. */ u8 syn_tos; }; static inline struct tcp_request_sock *tcp_rsk(const struct request_sock *req) { return (struct tcp_request_sock *)req; } struct tcp_sock { /* inet_connection_sock has to be the first member of tcp_sock */ struct inet_connection_sock inet_conn; u16 tcp_header_len; /* Bytes of tcp header to send */ u16 gso_segs; /* Max number of segs per GSO packet */ /* * Header prediction flags * 0x5?10 << 16 + snd_wnd in net byte order */ __be32 pred_flags; /* * RFC793 variables by their proper names. This means you can * read the code and the spec side by side (and laugh ...) * See RFC793 and RFC1122. The RFC writes these in capitals. */ u64 bytes_received; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsAppHCThruOctetsReceived * sum(delta(rcv_nxt)), or how many bytes * were acked. */ u32 segs_in; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfSegsIn * total number of segments in. */ u32 data_segs_in; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfDataSegsIn * total number of data segments in. */ u32 rcv_nxt; /* What we want to receive next */ u32 copied_seq; /* Head of yet unread data */ u32 rcv_wup; /* rcv_nxt on last window update sent */ u32 snd_nxt; /* Next sequence we send */ u32 segs_out; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfSegsOut * The total number of segments sent. */ u32 data_segs_out; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfDataSegsOut * total number of data segments sent. */ u64 bytes_sent; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfHCDataOctetsOut * total number of data bytes sent. */ u64 bytes_acked; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsAppHCThruOctetsAcked * sum(delta(snd_una)), or how many bytes * were acked. */ u32 dsack_dups; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsStackDSACKDups * total number of DSACK blocks received */ u32 snd_una; /* First byte we want an ack for */ u32 snd_sml; /* Last byte of the most recently transmitted small packet */ u32 rcv_tstamp; /* timestamp of last received ACK (for keepalives) */ u32 lsndtime; /* timestamp of last sent data packet (for restart window) */ u32 last_oow_ack_time; /* timestamp of last out-of-window ACK */ u32 compressed_ack_rcv_nxt; u32 tsoffset; /* timestamp offset */ struct list_head tsq_node; /* anchor in tsq_tasklet.head list */ struct list_head tsorted_sent_queue; /* time-sorted sent but un-SACKed skbs */ u32 snd_wl1; /* Sequence for window update */ u32 snd_wnd; /* The window we expect to receive */ u32 max_window; /* Maximal window ever seen from peer */ u32 mss_cache; /* Cached effective mss, not including SACKS */ u32 window_clamp; /* Maximal window to advertise */ u32 rcv_ssthresh; /* Current window clamp */ /* Information of the most recently (s)acked skb */ struct tcp_rack { u64 mstamp; /* (Re)sent time of the skb */ u32 rtt_us; /* Associated RTT */ u32 end_seq; /* Ending TCP sequence of the skb */ u32 last_delivered; /* tp->delivered at last reo_wnd adj */ u8 reo_wnd_steps; /* Allowed reordering window */ #define TCP_RACK_RECOVERY_THRESH 16 u8 reo_wnd_persist:5, /* No. of recovery since last adj */ dsack_seen:1, /* Whether DSACK seen after last adj */ advanced:1; /* mstamp advanced since last lost marking */ } rack; u16 advmss; /* Advertised MSS */ u8 compressed_ack; u8 dup_ack_counter:2, tlp_retrans:1, /* TLP is a retransmission */ unused:5; u32 chrono_start; /* Start time in jiffies of a TCP chrono */ u32 chrono_stat[3]; /* Time in jiffies for chrono_stat stats */ u8 chrono_type:2, /* current chronograph type */ rate_app_limited:1, /* rate_{delivered,interval_us} limited? */ fastopen_connect:1, /* FASTOPEN_CONNECT sockopt */ fastopen_no_cookie:1, /* Allow send/recv SYN+data without a cookie */ is_sack_reneg:1, /* in recovery from loss with SACK reneg? */ fastopen_client_fail:2; /* reason why fastopen failed */ u8 nonagle : 4,/* Disable Nagle algorithm? */ thin_lto : 1,/* Use linear timeouts for thin streams */ recvmsg_inq : 1,/* Indicate # of bytes in queue upon recvmsg */ repair : 1, frto : 1;/* F-RTO (RFC5682) activated in CA_Loss */ u8 repair_queue; u8 save_syn:2, /* Save headers of SYN packet */ syn_data:1, /* SYN includes data */ syn_fastopen:1, /* SYN includes Fast Open option */ syn_fastopen_exp:1,/* SYN includes Fast Open exp. option */ syn_fastopen_ch:1, /* Active TFO re-enabling probe */ syn_data_acked:1,/* data in SYN is acked by SYN-ACK */ is_cwnd_limited:1;/* forward progress limited by snd_cwnd? */ u32 tlp_high_seq; /* snd_nxt at the time of TLP */ u32 tcp_tx_delay; /* delay (in usec) added to TX packets */ u64 tcp_wstamp_ns; /* departure time for next sent data packet */ u64 tcp_clock_cache; /* cache last tcp_clock_ns() (see tcp_mstamp_refresh()) */ /* RTT measurement */ u64 tcp_mstamp; /* most recent packet received/sent */ u32 srtt_us; /* smoothed round trip time << 3 in usecs */ u32 mdev_us; /* medium deviation */ u32 mdev_max_us; /* maximal mdev for the last rtt period */ u32 rttvar_us; /* smoothed mdev_max */ u32 rtt_seq; /* sequence number to update rttvar */ struct minmax rtt_min; u32 packets_out; /* Packets which are "in flight" */ u32 retrans_out; /* Retransmitted packets out */ u32 max_packets_out; /* max packets_out in last window */ u32 max_packets_seq; /* right edge of max_packets_out flight */ u16 urg_data; /* Saved octet of OOB data and control flags */ u8 ecn_flags; /* ECN status bits. */ u8 keepalive_probes; /* num of allowed keep alive probes */ u32 reordering; /* Packet reordering metric. */ u32 reord_seen; /* number of data packet reordering events */ u32 snd_up; /* Urgent pointer */ /* * Options received (usually on last packet, some only on SYN packets). */ struct tcp_options_received rx_opt; /* * Slow start and congestion control (see also Nagle, and Karn & Partridge) */ u32 snd_ssthresh; /* Slow start size threshold */ u32 snd_cwnd; /* Sending congestion window */ u32 snd_cwnd_cnt; /* Linear increase counter */ u32 snd_cwnd_clamp; /* Do not allow snd_cwnd to grow above this */ u32 snd_cwnd_used; u32 snd_cwnd_stamp; u32 prior_cwnd; /* cwnd right before starting loss recovery */ u32 prr_delivered; /* Number of newly delivered packets to * receiver in Recovery. */ u32 prr_out; /* Total number of pkts sent during Recovery. */ u32 delivered; /* Total data packets delivered incl. rexmits */ u32 delivered_ce; /* Like the above but only ECE marked packets */ u32 lost; /* Total data packets lost incl. rexmits */ u32 app_limited; /* limited until "delivered" reaches this val */ u64 first_tx_mstamp; /* start of window send phase */ u64 delivered_mstamp; /* time we reached "delivered" */ u32 rate_delivered; /* saved rate sample: packets delivered */ u32 rate_interval_us; /* saved rate sample: time elapsed */ u32 rcv_wnd; /* Current receiver window */ u32 write_seq; /* Tail(+1) of data held in tcp send buffer */ u32 notsent_lowat; /* TCP_NOTSENT_LOWAT */ u32 pushed_seq; /* Last pushed seq, required to talk to windows */ u32 lost_out; /* Lost packets */ u32 sacked_out; /* SACK'd packets */ struct hrtimer pacing_timer; struct hrtimer compressed_ack_timer; /* from STCP, retrans queue hinting */ struct sk_buff* lost_skb_hint; struct sk_buff *retransmit_skb_hint; /* OOO segments go in this rbtree. Socket lock must be held. */ struct rb_root out_of_order_queue; struct sk_buff *ooo_last_skb; /* cache rb_last(out_of_order_queue) */ /* SACKs data, these 2 need to be together (see tcp_options_write) */ struct tcp_sack_block duplicate_sack[1]; /* D-SACK block */ struct tcp_sack_block selective_acks[4]; /* The SACKS themselves*/ struct tcp_sack_block recv_sack_cache[4]; struct sk_buff *highest_sack; /* skb just after the highest * skb with SACKed bit set * (validity guaranteed only if * sacked_out > 0) */ int lost_cnt_hint; u32 prior_ssthresh; /* ssthresh saved at recovery start */ u32 high_seq; /* snd_nxt at onset of congestion */ u32 retrans_stamp; /* Timestamp of the last retransmit, * also used in SYN-SENT to remember stamp of * the first SYN. */ u32 undo_marker; /* snd_una upon a new recovery episode. */ int undo_retrans; /* number of undoable retransmissions. */ u64 bytes_retrans; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfOctetsRetrans * Total data bytes retransmitted */ u32 total_retrans; /* Total retransmits for entire connection */ u32 urg_seq; /* Seq of received urgent pointer */ unsigned int keepalive_time; /* time before keep alive takes place */ unsigned int keepalive_intvl; /* time interval between keep alive probes */ int linger2; /* Sock_ops bpf program related variables */ #ifdef CONFIG_BPF u8 bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags; /* Control calling BPF programs * values defined in uapi/linux/tcp.h */ #define BPF_SOCK_OPS_TEST_FLAG(TP, ARG) (TP->bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags & ARG) #else #define BPF_SOCK_OPS_TEST_FLAG(TP, ARG) 0 #endif u16 timeout_rehash; /* Timeout-triggered rehash attempts */ u32 rcv_ooopack; /* Received out-of-order packets, for tcpinfo */ /* Receiver side RTT estimation */ u32 rcv_rtt_last_tsecr; struct { u32 rtt_us; u32 seq; u64 time; } rcv_rtt_est; /* Receiver queue space */ struct { u32 space; u32 seq; u64 time; } rcvq_space; /* TCP-specific MTU probe information. */ struct { u32 probe_seq_start; u32 probe_seq_end; } mtu_probe; u32 mtu_info; /* We received an ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED / ICMPV6_PKT_TOOBIG * while socket was owned by user. */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) bool is_mptcp; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMC) bool syn_smc; /* SYN includes SMC */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG /* TCP AF-Specific parts; only used by MD5 Signature support so far */ const struct tcp_sock_af_ops *af_specific; /* TCP MD5 Signature Option information */ struct tcp_md5sig_info __rcu *md5sig_info; #endif /* TCP fastopen related information */ struct tcp_fastopen_request *fastopen_req; /* fastopen_rsk points to request_sock that resulted in this big * socket. Used to retransmit SYNACKs etc. */ struct request_sock __rcu *fastopen_rsk; struct saved_syn *saved_syn; }; enum tsq_enum { TSQ_THROTTLED, TSQ_QUEUED, TCP_TSQ_DEFERRED, /* tcp_tasklet_func() found socket was owned */ TCP_WRITE_TIMER_DEFERRED, /* tcp_write_timer() found socket was owned */ TCP_DELACK_TIMER_DEFERRED, /* tcp_delack_timer() found socket was owned */ TCP_MTU_REDUCED_DEFERRED, /* tcp_v{4|6}_err() could not call * tcp_v{4|6}_mtu_reduced() */ }; enum tsq_flags { TSQF_THROTTLED = (1UL << TSQ_THROTTLED), TSQF_QUEUED = (1UL << TSQ_QUEUED), TCPF_TSQ_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_TSQ_DEFERRED), TCPF_WRITE_TIMER_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_WRITE_TIMER_DEFERRED), TCPF_DELACK_TIMER_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_DELACK_TIMER_DEFERRED), TCPF_MTU_REDUCED_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_MTU_REDUCED_DEFERRED), }; static inline struct tcp_sock *tcp_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct tcp_sock *)sk; } struct tcp_timewait_sock { struct inet_timewait_sock tw_sk; #define tw_rcv_nxt tw_sk.__tw_common.skc_tw_rcv_nxt #define tw_snd_nxt tw_sk.__tw_common.skc_tw_snd_nxt u32 tw_rcv_wnd; u32 tw_ts_offset; u32 tw_ts_recent; /* The time we sent the last out-of-window ACK: */ u32 tw_last_oow_ack_time; int tw_ts_recent_stamp; u32 tw_tx_delay; #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG struct tcp_md5sig_key *tw_md5_key; #endif }; static inline struct tcp_timewait_sock *tcp_twsk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct tcp_timewait_sock *)sk; } static inline bool tcp_passive_fastopen(const struct sock *sk) { return sk->sk_state == TCP_SYN_RECV && rcu_access_pointer(tcp_sk(sk)->fastopen_rsk) != NULL; } static inline void fastopen_queue_tune(struct sock *sk, int backlog) { struct request_sock_queue *queue = &inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue; int somaxconn = READ_ONCE(sock_net(sk)->core.sysctl_somaxconn); queue->fastopenq.max_qlen = min_t(unsigned int, backlog, somaxconn); } static inline void tcp_move_syn(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct request_sock *req) { tp->saved_syn = req->saved_syn; req->saved_syn = NULL; } static inline void tcp_saved_syn_free(struct tcp_sock *tp) { kfree(tp->saved_syn); tp->saved_syn = NULL; } static inline u32 tcp_saved_syn_len(const struct saved_syn *saved_syn) { return saved_syn->mac_hdrlen + saved_syn->network_hdrlen + saved_syn->tcp_hdrlen; } struct sk_buff *tcp_get_timestamping_opt_stats(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *orig_skb); static inline u16 tcp_mss_clamp(const struct tcp_sock *tp, u16 mss) { /* We use READ_ONCE() here because socket might not be locked. * This happens for listeners. */ u16 user_mss = READ_ONCE(tp->rx_opt.user_mss); return (user_mss && user_mss < mss) ? user_mss : mss; } int tcp_skb_shift(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, int pcount, int shiftlen); void tcp_sock_set_cork(struct sock *sk, bool on); int tcp_sock_set_keepcnt(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_keepidle_locked(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_keepidle(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_keepintvl(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_sock_set_nodelay(struct sock *sk); void tcp_sock_set_quickack(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_syncnt(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_sock_set_user_timeout(struct sock *sk, u32 val); #endif /* _LINUX_TCP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_UACCESS_64_H #define _ASM_X86_UACCESS_64_H /* * User space memory access functions */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <asm/alternative.h> #include <asm/cpufeatures.h> #include <asm/page.h> /* * Copy To/From Userspace */ /* Handles exceptions in both to and from, but doesn't do access_ok */ __must_check unsigned long copy_user_enhanced_fast_string(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); __must_check unsigned long copy_user_generic_string(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); __must_check unsigned long copy_user_generic_unrolled(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long copy_user_generic(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len) { unsigned ret; /* * If CPU has ERMS feature, use copy_user_enhanced_fast_string. * Otherwise, if CPU has rep_good feature, use copy_user_generic_string. * Otherwise, use copy_user_generic_unrolled. */ alternative_call_2(copy_user_generic_unrolled, copy_user_generic_string, X86_FEATURE_REP_GOOD, copy_user_enhanced_fast_string, X86_FEATURE_ERMS, ASM_OUTPUT2("=a" (ret), "=D" (to), "=S" (from), "=d" (len)), "1" (to), "2" (from), "3" (len) : "memory", "rcx", "r8", "r9", "r10", "r11"); return ret; } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long raw_copy_from_user(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned long size) { return copy_user_generic(dst, (__force void *)src, size); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long raw_copy_to_user(void __user *dst, const void *src, unsigned long size) { return copy_user_generic((__force void *)dst, src, size); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long raw_copy_in_user(void __user *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned long size) { return copy_user_generic((__force void *)dst, (__force void *)src, size); } extern long __copy_user_nocache(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned size, int zerorest); extern long __copy_user_flushcache(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned size); extern void memcpy_page_flushcache(char *to, struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t len); static inline int __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned size) { kasan_check_write(dst, size); return __copy_user_nocache(dst, src, size, 0); } static inline int __copy_from_user_flushcache(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned size) { kasan_check_write(dst, size); return __copy_user_flushcache(dst, src, size); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_UACCESS_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the UDP protocol. * * Version: @(#)udp.h 1.0.2 04/28/93 * * Author: Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _LINUX_UDP_H #define _LINUX_UDP_H #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <uapi/linux/udp.h> static inline struct udphdr *udp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udphdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline struct udphdr *inner_udp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udphdr *)skb_inner_transport_header(skb); } #define UDP_HTABLE_SIZE_MIN (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 128 : 256) static inline u32 udp_hashfn(const struct net *net, u32 num, u32 mask) { return (num + net_hash_mix(net)) & mask; } struct udp_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member */ struct inet_sock inet; #define udp_port_hash inet.sk.__sk_common.skc_u16hashes[0] #define udp_portaddr_hash inet.sk.__sk_common.skc_u16hashes[1] #define udp_portaddr_node inet.sk.__sk_common.skc_portaddr_node int pending; /* Any pending frames ? */ unsigned int corkflag; /* Cork is required */ __u8 encap_type; /* Is this an Encapsulation socket? */ unsigned char no_check6_tx:1,/* Send zero UDP6 checksums on TX? */ no_check6_rx:1,/* Allow zero UDP6 checksums on RX? */ encap_enabled:1, /* This socket enabled encap * processing; UDP tunnels and * different encapsulation layer set * this */ gro_enabled:1, /* Request GRO aggregation */ accept_udp_l4:1, accept_udp_fraglist:1; /* * Following member retains the information to create a UDP header * when the socket is uncorked. */ __u16 len; /* total length of pending frames */ __u16 gso_size; /* * Fields specific to UDP-Lite. */ __u16 pcslen; __u16 pcrlen; /* indicator bits used by pcflag: */ #define UDPLITE_BIT 0x1 /* set by udplite proto init function */ #define UDPLITE_SEND_CC 0x2 /* set via udplite setsockopt */ #define UDPLITE_RECV_CC 0x4 /* set via udplite setsocktopt */ __u8 pcflag; /* marks socket as UDP-Lite if > 0 */ __u8 unused[3]; /* * For encapsulation sockets. */ int (*encap_rcv)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*encap_err_lookup)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void (*encap_destroy)(struct sock *sk); /* GRO functions for UDP socket */ struct sk_buff * (*gro_receive)(struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*gro_complete)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); /* udp_recvmsg try to use this before splicing sk_receive_queue */ struct sk_buff_head reader_queue ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* This field is dirtied by udp_recvmsg() */ int forward_deficit; }; #define UDP_MAX_SEGMENTS (1 << 6UL) static inline struct udp_sock *udp_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct udp_sock *)sk; } static inline void udp_set_no_check6_tx(struct sock *sk, bool val) { udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_tx = val; } static inline void udp_set_no_check6_rx(struct sock *sk, bool val) { udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_rx = val; } static inline bool udp_get_no_check6_tx(struct sock *sk) { return udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_tx; } static inline bool udp_get_no_check6_rx(struct sock *sk) { return udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_rx; } static inline void udp_cmsg_recv(struct msghdr *msg, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { int gso_size; if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_UDP_L4) { gso_size = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; put_cmsg(msg, SOL_UDP, UDP_GRO, sizeof(gso_size), &gso_size); } } static inline bool udp_unexpected_gso(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb_is_gso(skb)) return false; if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_UDP_L4 && !udp_sk(sk)->accept_udp_l4) return true; if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_FRAGLIST && !udp_sk(sk)->accept_udp_fraglist) return true; return false; } #define udp_portaddr_for_each_entry(__sk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry(__sk, list, __sk_common.skc_portaddr_node) #define udp_portaddr_for_each_entry_rcu(__sk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(__sk, list, __sk_common.skc_portaddr_node) #define IS_UDPLITE(__sk) (__sk->sk_protocol == IPPROTO_UDPLITE) #endif /* _LINUX_UDP_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/if_vlan.h> #include <net/dsa.h> #include <net/dst_metadata.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <net/gre.h> #include <net/pptp.h> #include <net/tipc.h> #include <linux/igmp.h> #include <linux/icmp.h> #include <linux/sctp.h> #include <linux/dccp.h> #include <linux/if_tunnel.h> #include <linux/if_pppox.h> #include <linux/ppp_defs.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/if_ether.h> #include <linux/mpls.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <scsi/fc/fc_fcoe.h> #include <uapi/linux/batadv_packet.h> #include <linux/bpf.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_labels.h> #endif #include <linux/bpf-netns.h> static void dissector_set_key(struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, enum flow_dissector_key_id key_id) { flow_dissector->used_keys |= (1 << key_id); } void skb_flow_dissector_init(struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, const struct flow_dissector_key *key, unsigned int key_count) { unsigned int i; memset(flow_dissector, 0, sizeof(*flow_dissector)); for (i = 0; i < key_count; i++, key++) { /* User should make sure that every key target offset is withing * boundaries of unsigned short. */ BUG_ON(key->offset > USHRT_MAX); BUG_ON(dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, key->key_id)); dissector_set_key(flow_dissector, key->key_id); flow_dissector->offset[key->key_id] = key->offset; } /* Ensure that the dissector always includes control and basic key. * That way we are able to avoid handling lack of these in fast path. */ BUG_ON(!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CONTROL)); BUG_ON(!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_BASIC)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_flow_dissector_init); #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL int flow_dissector_bpf_prog_attach_check(struct net *net, struct bpf_prog *prog) { enum netns_bpf_attach_type type = NETNS_BPF_FLOW_DISSECTOR; if (net == &init_net) { /* BPF flow dissector in the root namespace overrides * any per-net-namespace one. When attaching to root, * make sure we don't have any BPF program attached * to the non-root namespaces. */ struct net *ns; for_each_net(ns) { if (ns == &init_net) continue; if (rcu_access_pointer(ns->bpf.run_array[type])) return -EEXIST; } } else { /* Make sure root flow dissector is not attached * when attaching to the non-root namespace. */ if (rcu_access_pointer(init_net.bpf.run_array[type])) return -EEXIST; } return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL */ /** * __skb_flow_get_ports - extract the upper layer ports and return them * @skb: sk_buff to extract the ports from * @thoff: transport header offset * @ip_proto: protocol for which to get port offset * @data: raw buffer pointer to the packet, if NULL use skb->data * @hlen: packet header length, if @data is NULL use skb_headlen(skb) * * The function will try to retrieve the ports at offset thoff + poff where poff * is the protocol port offset returned from proto_ports_offset */ __be32 __skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto, void *data, int hlen) { int poff = proto_ports_offset(ip_proto); if (!data) { data = skb->data; hlen = skb_headlen(skb); } if (poff >= 0) { __be32 *ports, _ports; ports = __skb_header_pointer(skb, thoff + poff, sizeof(_ports), data, hlen, &_ports); if (ports) return *ports; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__skb_flow_get_ports); static bool icmp_has_id(u8 type) { switch (type) { case ICMP_ECHO: case ICMP_ECHOREPLY: case ICMP_TIMESTAMP: case ICMP_TIMESTAMPREPLY: case ICMPV6_ECHO_REQUEST: case ICMPV6_ECHO_REPLY: return true; } return false; } /** * skb_flow_get_icmp_tci - extract ICMP(6) Type, Code and Identifier fields * @skb: sk_buff to extract from * @key_icmp: struct flow_dissector_key_icmp to fill * @data: raw buffer pointer to the packet * @thoff: offset to extract at * @hlen: packet header length */ void skb_flow_get_icmp_tci(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector_key_icmp *key_icmp, void *data, int thoff, int hlen) { struct icmphdr *ih, _ih; ih = __skb_header_pointer(skb, thoff, sizeof(_ih), data, hlen, &_ih); if (!ih) return; key_icmp->type = ih->type; key_icmp->code = ih->code; /* As we use 0 to signal that the Id field is not present, * avoid confusion with packets without such field */ if (icmp_has_id(ih->type)) key_icmp->id = ih->un.echo.id ? ntohs(ih->un.echo.id) : 1; else key_icmp->id = 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_flow_get_icmp_tci); /* If FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ICMP is set, dissect an ICMP packet * using skb_flow_get_icmp_tci(). */ static void __skb_flow_dissect_icmp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, int thoff, int hlen) { struct flow_dissector_key_icmp *key_icmp; if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ICMP)) return; key_icmp = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ICMP, target_container); skb_flow_get_icmp_tci(skb, key_icmp, data, thoff, hlen); } void skb_flow_dissect_meta(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container) { struct flow_dissector_key_meta *meta; if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_META)) return; meta = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_META, target_container); meta->ingress_ifindex = skb->skb_iif; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_flow_dissect_meta); static void skb_flow_dissect_set_enc_addr_type(enum flow_dissector_key_id type, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container) { struct flow_dissector_key_control *ctrl; if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_CONTROL)) return; ctrl = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_CONTROL, target_container); ctrl->addr_type = type; } void skb_flow_dissect_ct(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, u16 *ctinfo_map, size_t mapsize) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) struct flow_dissector_key_ct *key; enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo; struct nf_conn_labels *cl; struct nf_conn *ct; if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CT)) return; ct = nf_ct_get(skb, &ctinfo); if (!ct) return; key = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CT, target_container); if (ctinfo < mapsize) key->ct_state = ctinfo_map[ctinfo]; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES) key->ct_zone = ct->zone.id; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MARK) key->ct_mark = ct->mark; #endif cl = nf_ct_labels_find(ct); if (cl) memcpy(key->ct_labels, cl->bits, sizeof(key->ct_labels)); #endif /* CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_flow_dissect_ct); void skb_flow_dissect_tunnel_info(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container) { struct ip_tunnel_info *info; struct ip_tunnel_key *key; /* A quick check to see if there might be something to do. */ if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_KEYID) && !dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV4_ADDRS) && !dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV6_ADDRS) && !dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_CONTROL) && !dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_PORTS) && !dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IP) && !dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_OPTS)) return; info = skb_tunnel_info(skb); if (!info) return; key = &info->key; switch (ip_tunnel_info_af(info)) { case AF_INET: skb_flow_dissect_set_enc_addr_type(FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS, flow_dissector, target_container); if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV4_ADDRS)) { struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs *ipv4; ipv4 = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV4_ADDRS, target_container); ipv4->src = key->u.ipv4.src; ipv4->dst = key->u.ipv4.dst; } break; case AF_INET6: skb_flow_dissect_set_enc_addr_type(FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS, flow_dissector, target_container); if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV6_ADDRS)) { struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs *ipv6; ipv6 = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV6_ADDRS, target_container); ipv6->src = key->u.ipv6.src; ipv6->dst = key->u.ipv6.dst; } break; } if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_KEYID)) { struct flow_dissector_key_keyid *keyid; keyid = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_KEYID, target_container); keyid->keyid = tunnel_id_to_key32(key->tun_id); } if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_PORTS)) { struct flow_dissector_key_ports *tp; tp = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_PORTS, target_container); tp->src = key->tp_src; tp->dst = key->tp_dst; } if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IP)) { struct flow_dissector_key_ip *ip; ip = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IP, target_container); ip->tos = key->tos; ip->ttl = key->ttl; } if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_OPTS)) { struct flow_dissector_key_enc_opts *enc_opt; enc_opt = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_OPTS, target_container); if (info->options_len) { enc_opt->len = info->options_len; ip_tunnel_info_opts_get(enc_opt->data, info); enc_opt->dst_opt_type = info->key.tun_flags & TUNNEL_OPTIONS_PRESENT; } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_flow_dissect_tunnel_info); void skb_flow_dissect_hash(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container) { struct flow_dissector_key_hash *key; if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_HASH)) return; key = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_HASH, target_container); key->hash = skb_get_hash_raw(skb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_flow_dissect_hash); static enum flow_dissect_ret __skb_flow_dissect_mpls(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, int nhoff, int hlen, int lse_index, bool *entropy_label) { struct mpls_label *hdr, _hdr; u32 entry, label, bos; if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS_ENTROPY) && !dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS)) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; if (lse_index >= FLOW_DIS_MPLS_MAX) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; hdr = __skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff, sizeof(_hdr), data, hlen, &_hdr); if (!hdr) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; entry = ntohl(hdr->entry); label = (entry & MPLS_LS_LABEL_MASK) >> MPLS_LS_LABEL_SHIFT; bos = (entry & MPLS_LS_S_MASK) >> MPLS_LS_S_SHIFT; if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS)) { struct flow_dissector_key_mpls *key_mpls; struct flow_dissector_mpls_lse *lse; key_mpls = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS, target_container); lse = &key_mpls->ls[lse_index]; lse->mpls_ttl = (entry & MPLS_LS_TTL_MASK) >> MPLS_LS_TTL_SHIFT; lse->mpls_bos = bos; lse->mpls_tc = (entry & MPLS_LS_TC_MASK) >> MPLS_LS_TC_SHIFT; lse->mpls_label = label; dissector_set_mpls_lse(key_mpls, lse_index); } if (*entropy_label && dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS_ENTROPY)) { struct flow_dissector_key_keyid *key_keyid; key_keyid = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS_ENTROPY, target_container); key_keyid->keyid = cpu_to_be32(label); } *entropy_label = label == MPLS_LABEL_ENTROPY; return bos ? FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD : FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN; } static enum flow_dissect_ret __skb_flow_dissect_arp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, int nhoff, int hlen) { struct flow_dissector_key_arp *key_arp; struct { unsigned char ar_sha[ETH_ALEN]; unsigned char ar_sip[4]; unsigned char ar_tha[ETH_ALEN]; unsigned char ar_tip[4]; } *arp_eth, _arp_eth; const struct arphdr *arp; struct arphdr _arp; if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ARP)) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; arp = __skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff, sizeof(_arp), data, hlen, &_arp); if (!arp) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; if (arp->ar_hrd != htons(ARPHRD_ETHER) || arp->ar_pro != htons(ETH_P_IP) || arp->ar_hln != ETH_ALEN || arp->ar_pln != 4 || (arp->ar_op != htons(ARPOP_REPLY) && arp->ar_op != htons(ARPOP_REQUEST))) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; arp_eth = __skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff + sizeof(_arp), sizeof(_arp_eth), data, hlen, &_arp_eth); if (!arp_eth) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; key_arp = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ARP, target_container); memcpy(&key_arp->sip, arp_eth->ar_sip, sizeof(key_arp->sip)); memcpy(&key_arp->tip, arp_eth->ar_tip, sizeof(key_arp->tip)); /* Only store the lower byte of the opcode; * this covers ARPOP_REPLY and ARPOP_REQUEST. */ key_arp->op = ntohs(arp->ar_op) & 0xff; ether_addr_copy(key_arp->sha, arp_eth->ar_sha); ether_addr_copy(key_arp->tha, arp_eth->ar_tha); return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; } static enum flow_dissect_ret __skb_flow_dissect_gre(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector_key_control *key_control, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, __be16 *p_proto, int *p_nhoff, int *p_hlen, unsigned int flags) { struct flow_dissector_key_keyid *key_keyid; struct gre_base_hdr *hdr, _hdr; int offset = 0; u16 gre_ver; hdr = __skb_header_pointer(skb, *p_nhoff, sizeof(_hdr), data, *p_hlen, &_hdr); if (!hdr) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; /* Only look inside GRE without routing */ if (hdr->flags & GRE_ROUTING) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; /* Only look inside GRE for version 0 and 1 */ gre_ver = ntohs(hdr->flags & GRE_VERSION); if (gre_ver > 1) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; *p_proto = hdr->protocol; if (gre_ver) { /* Version1 must be PPTP, and check the flags */ if (!(*p_proto == GRE_PROTO_PPP && (hdr->flags & GRE_KEY))) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; } offset += sizeof(struct gre_base_hdr); if (hdr->flags & GRE_CSUM) offset += sizeof_field(struct gre_full_hdr, csum) + sizeof_field(struct gre_full_hdr, reserved1); if (hdr->flags & GRE_KEY) { const __be32 *keyid; __be32 _keyid; keyid = __skb_header_pointer(skb, *p_nhoff + offset, sizeof(_keyid), data, *p_hlen, &_keyid); if (!keyid) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_GRE_KEYID)) { key_keyid = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_GRE_KEYID, target_container); if (gre_ver == 0) key_keyid->keyid = *keyid; else key_keyid->keyid = *keyid & GRE_PPTP_KEY_MASK; } offset += sizeof_field(struct gre_full_hdr, key); } if (hdr->flags & GRE_SEQ) offset += sizeof_field(struct pptp_gre_header, seq); if (gre_ver == 0) { if (*p_proto == htons(ETH_P_TEB)) { const struct ethhdr *eth; struct ethhdr _eth; eth = __skb_header_pointer(skb, *p_nhoff + offset, sizeof(_eth), data, *p_hlen, &_eth); if (!eth) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; *p_proto = eth->h_proto; offset += sizeof(*eth); /* Cap headers that we access via pointers at the * end of the Ethernet header as our maximum alignment * at that point is only 2 bytes. */ if (NET_IP_ALIGN) *p_hlen = *p_nhoff + offset; } } else { /* version 1, must be PPTP */ u8 _ppp_hdr[PPP_HDRLEN]; u8 *ppp_hdr; if (hdr->flags & GRE_ACK) offset += sizeof_field(struct pptp_gre_header, ack); ppp_hdr = __skb_header_pointer(skb, *p_nhoff + offset, sizeof(_ppp_hdr), data, *p_hlen, _ppp_hdr); if (!ppp_hdr) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; switch (PPP_PROTOCOL(ppp_hdr)) { case PPP_IP: *p_proto = htons(ETH_P_IP); break; case PPP_IPV6: *p_proto = htons(ETH_P_IPV6); break; default: /* Could probably catch some more like MPLS */ break; } offset += PPP_HDRLEN; } *p_nhoff += offset; key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_ENCAPSULATION; if (flags & FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN; } /** * __skb_flow_dissect_batadv() - dissect batman-adv header * @skb: sk_buff to with the batman-adv header * @key_control: flow dissectors control key * @data: raw buffer pointer to the packet, if NULL use skb->data * @p_proto: pointer used to update the protocol to process next * @p_nhoff: pointer used to update inner network header offset * @hlen: packet header length * @flags: any combination of FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_* * * ETH_P_BATMAN packets are tried to be dissected. Only * &struct batadv_unicast packets are actually processed because they contain an * inner ethernet header and are usually followed by actual network header. This * allows the flow dissector to continue processing the packet. * * Return: FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN when &struct batadv_unicast was found, * FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD when dissector should stop after encapsulation, * otherwise FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD */ static enum flow_dissect_ret __skb_flow_dissect_batadv(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector_key_control *key_control, void *data, __be16 *p_proto, int *p_nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags) { struct { struct batadv_unicast_packet batadv_unicast; struct ethhdr eth; } *hdr, _hdr; hdr = __skb_header_pointer(skb, *p_nhoff, sizeof(_hdr), data, hlen, &_hdr); if (!hdr) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; if (hdr->batadv_unicast.version != BATADV_COMPAT_VERSION) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; if (hdr->batadv_unicast.packet_type != BATADV_UNICAST) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; *p_proto = hdr->eth.h_proto; *p_nhoff += sizeof(*hdr); key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_ENCAPSULATION; if (flags & FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP) return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; return FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN; } static void __skb_flow_dissect_tcp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, int thoff, int hlen) { struct flow_dissector_key_tcp *key_tcp; struct tcphdr *th, _th; if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TCP)) return; th = __skb_header_pointer(skb, thoff, sizeof(_th), data, hlen, &_th); if (!th) return; if (unlikely(__tcp_hdrlen(th) < sizeof(_th))) return; key_tcp = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TCP, target_container); key_tcp->flags = (*(__be16 *) &tcp_flag_word(th) & htons(0x0FFF)); } static void __skb_flow_dissect_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, int nhoff, u8 ip_proto, int hlen) { enum flow_dissector_key_id dissector_ports = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX; struct flow_dissector_key_ports *key_ports; if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS)) dissector_ports = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS; else if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS_RANGE)) dissector_ports = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS_RANGE; if (dissector_ports == FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX) return; key_ports = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, dissector_ports, target_container); key_ports->ports = __skb_flow_get_ports(skb, nhoff, ip_proto, data, hlen); } static void __skb_flow_dissect_ipv4(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, const struct iphdr *iph) { struct flow_dissector_key_ip *key_ip; if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IP)) return; key_ip = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IP, target_container); key_ip->tos = iph->tos; key_ip->ttl = iph->ttl; } static void __skb_flow_dissect_ipv6(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, const struct ipv6hdr *iph) { struct flow_dissector_key_ip *key_ip; if (!dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IP)) return; key_ip = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IP, target_container); key_ip->tos = ipv6_get_dsfield(iph); key_ip->ttl = iph->hop_limit; } /* Maximum number of protocol headers that can be parsed in * __skb_flow_dissect */ #define MAX_FLOW_DISSECT_HDRS 15 static bool skb_flow_dissect_allowed(int *num_hdrs) { ++*num_hdrs; return (*num_hdrs <= MAX_FLOW_DISSECT_HDRS); } static void __skb_flow_bpf_to_target(const struct bpf_flow_keys *flow_keys, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container) { struct flow_dissector_key_ports *key_ports = NULL; struct flow_dissector_key_control *key_control; struct flow_dissector_key_basic *key_basic; struct flow_dissector_key_addrs *key_addrs; struct flow_dissector_key_tags *key_tags; key_control = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CONTROL, target_container); key_control->thoff = flow_keys->thoff; if (flow_keys->is_frag) key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_IS_FRAGMENT; if (flow_keys->is_first_frag) key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_FIRST_FRAG; if (flow_keys->is_encap) key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_ENCAPSULATION; key_basic = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_BASIC, target_container); key_basic->n_proto = flow_keys->n_proto; key_basic->ip_proto = flow_keys->ip_proto; if (flow_keys->addr_proto == ETH_P_IP && dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS)) { key_addrs = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS, target_container); key_addrs->v4addrs.src = flow_keys->ipv4_src; key_addrs->v4addrs.dst = flow_keys->ipv4_dst; key_control->addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; } else if (flow_keys->addr_proto == ETH_P_IPV6 && dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS)) { key_addrs = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS, target_container); memcpy(&key_addrs->v6addrs.src, &flow_keys->ipv6_src, sizeof(key_addrs->v6addrs.src)); memcpy(&key_addrs->v6addrs.dst, &flow_keys->ipv6_dst, sizeof(key_addrs->v6addrs.dst)); key_control->addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS; } if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS)) key_ports = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS, target_container); else if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS_RANGE)) key_ports = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS_RANGE, target_container); if (key_ports) { key_ports->src = flow_keys->sport; key_ports->dst = flow_keys->dport; } if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_FLOW_LABEL)) { key_tags = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_FLOW_LABEL, target_container); key_tags->flow_label = ntohl(flow_keys->flow_label); } } bool bpf_flow_dissect(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_flow_dissector *ctx, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags) { struct bpf_flow_keys *flow_keys = ctx->flow_keys; u32 result; /* Pass parameters to the BPF program */ memset(flow_keys, 0, sizeof(*flow_keys)); flow_keys->n_proto = proto; flow_keys->nhoff = nhoff; flow_keys->thoff = flow_keys->nhoff; BUILD_BUG_ON((int)BPF_FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_PARSE_1ST_FRAG != (int)FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_PARSE_1ST_FRAG); BUILD_BUG_ON((int)BPF_FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_FLOW_LABEL != (int)FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_FLOW_LABEL); BUILD_BUG_ON((int)BPF_FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP != (int)FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP); flow_keys->flags = flags; result = bpf_prog_run_pin_on_cpu(prog, ctx); flow_keys->nhoff = clamp_t(u16, flow_keys->nhoff, nhoff, hlen); flow_keys->thoff = clamp_t(u16, flow_keys->thoff, flow_keys->nhoff, hlen); return result == BPF_OK; } /** * __skb_flow_dissect - extract the flow_keys struct and return it * @net: associated network namespace, derived from @skb if NULL * @skb: sk_buff to extract the flow from, can be NULL if the rest are specified * @flow_dissector: list of keys to dissect * @target_container: target structure to put dissected values into * @data: raw buffer pointer to the packet, if NULL use skb->data * @proto: protocol for which to get the flow, if @data is NULL use skb->protocol * @nhoff: network header offset, if @data is NULL use skb_network_offset(skb) * @hlen: packet header length, if @data is NULL use skb_headlen(skb) * @flags: flags that control the dissection process, e.g. * FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP. * * The function will try to retrieve individual keys into target specified * by flow_dissector from either the skbuff or a raw buffer specified by the * rest parameters. * * Caller must take care of zeroing target container memory. */ bool __skb_flow_dissect(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags) { struct flow_dissector_key_control *key_control; struct flow_dissector_key_basic *key_basic; struct flow_dissector_key_addrs *key_addrs; struct flow_dissector_key_tags *key_tags; struct flow_dissector_key_vlan *key_vlan; enum flow_dissect_ret fdret; enum flow_dissector_key_id dissector_vlan = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX; bool mpls_el = false; int mpls_lse = 0; int num_hdrs = 0; u8 ip_proto = 0; bool ret; if (!data) { data = skb->data; proto = skb_vlan_tag_present(skb) ? skb->vlan_proto : skb->protocol; nhoff = skb_network_offset(skb); hlen = skb_headlen(skb); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_DSA) if (unlikely(skb->dev && netdev_uses_dsa(skb->dev) && proto == htons(ETH_P_XDSA))) { const struct dsa_device_ops *ops; int offset = 0; ops = skb->dev->dsa_ptr->tag_ops; /* Tail taggers don't break flow dissection */ if (!ops->tail_tag) { if (ops->flow_dissect) ops->flow_dissect(skb, &proto, &offset); else dsa_tag_generic_flow_dissect(skb, &proto, &offset); hlen -= offset; nhoff += offset; } } #endif } /* It is ensured by skb_flow_dissector_init() that control key will * be always present. */ key_control = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CONTROL, target_container); /* It is ensured by skb_flow_dissector_init() that basic key will * be always present. */ key_basic = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_BASIC, target_container); if (skb) { if (!net) { if (skb->dev) net = dev_net(skb->dev); else if (skb->sk) net = sock_net(skb->sk); } } WARN_ON_ONCE(!net); if (net) { enum netns_bpf_attach_type type = NETNS_BPF_FLOW_DISSECTOR; struct bpf_prog_array *run_array; rcu_read_lock(); run_array = rcu_dereference(init_net.bpf.run_array[type]); if (!run_array) run_array = rcu_dereference(net->bpf.run_array[type]); if (run_array) { struct bpf_flow_keys flow_keys; struct bpf_flow_dissector ctx = { .flow_keys = &flow_keys, .data = data, .data_end = data + hlen, }; __be16 n_proto = proto; struct bpf_prog *prog; if (skb) { ctx.skb = skb; /* we can't use 'proto' in the skb case * because it might be set to skb->vlan_proto * which has been pulled from the data */ n_proto = skb->protocol; } prog = READ_ONCE(run_array->items[0].prog); ret = bpf_flow_dissect(prog, &ctx, n_proto, nhoff, hlen, flags); __skb_flow_bpf_to_target(&flow_keys, flow_dissector, target_container); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } rcu_read_unlock(); } if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ETH_ADDRS)) { struct ethhdr *eth = eth_hdr(skb); struct flow_dissector_key_eth_addrs *key_eth_addrs; key_eth_addrs = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ETH_ADDRS, target_container); memcpy(key_eth_addrs, &eth->h_dest, sizeof(*key_eth_addrs)); } proto_again: fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_CONTINUE; switch (proto) { case htons(ETH_P_IP): { const struct iphdr *iph; struct iphdr _iph; iph = __skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff, sizeof(_iph), data, hlen, &_iph); if (!iph || iph->ihl < 5) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; break; } nhoff += iph->ihl * 4; ip_proto = iph->protocol; if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS)) { key_addrs = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS, target_container); memcpy(&key_addrs->v4addrs.src, &iph->saddr, sizeof(key_addrs->v4addrs.src)); memcpy(&key_addrs->v4addrs.dst, &iph->daddr, sizeof(key_addrs->v4addrs.dst)); key_control->addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; } __skb_flow_dissect_ipv4(skb, flow_dissector, target_container, data, iph); if (ip_is_fragment(iph)) { key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_IS_FRAGMENT; if (iph->frag_off & htons(IP_OFFSET)) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; break; } else { key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_FIRST_FRAG; if (!(flags & FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_PARSE_1ST_FRAG)) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; break; } } } break; } case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): { const struct ipv6hdr *iph; struct ipv6hdr _iph; iph = __skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff, sizeof(_iph), data, hlen, &_iph); if (!iph) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; break; } ip_proto = iph->nexthdr; nhoff += sizeof(struct ipv6hdr); if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS)) { key_addrs = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS, target_container); memcpy(&key_addrs->v6addrs.src, &iph->saddr, sizeof(key_addrs->v6addrs.src)); memcpy(&key_addrs->v6addrs.dst, &iph->daddr, sizeof(key_addrs->v6addrs.dst)); key_control->addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS; } if ((dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_FLOW_LABEL) || (flags & FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_FLOW_LABEL)) && ip6_flowlabel(iph)) { __be32 flow_label = ip6_flowlabel(iph); if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_FLOW_LABEL)) { key_tags = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_FLOW_LABEL, target_container); key_tags->flow_label = ntohl(flow_label); } if (flags & FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_FLOW_LABEL) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; break; } } __skb_flow_dissect_ipv6(skb, flow_dissector, target_container, data, iph); break; } case htons(ETH_P_8021AD): case htons(ETH_P_8021Q): { const struct vlan_hdr *vlan = NULL; struct vlan_hdr _vlan; __be16 saved_vlan_tpid = proto; if (dissector_vlan == FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX && skb && skb_vlan_tag_present(skb)) { proto = skb->protocol; } else { vlan = __skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff, sizeof(_vlan), data, hlen, &_vlan); if (!vlan) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; break; } proto = vlan->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto; nhoff += sizeof(*vlan); } if (dissector_vlan == FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX) { dissector_vlan = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_VLAN; } else if (dissector_vlan == FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_VLAN) { dissector_vlan = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CVLAN; } else { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN; break; } if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, dissector_vlan)) { key_vlan = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, dissector_vlan, target_container); if (!vlan) { key_vlan->vlan_id = skb_vlan_tag_get_id(skb); key_vlan->vlan_priority = skb_vlan_tag_get_prio(skb); } else { key_vlan->vlan_id = ntohs(vlan->h_vlan_TCI) & VLAN_VID_MASK; key_vlan->vlan_priority = (ntohs(vlan->h_vlan_TCI) & VLAN_PRIO_MASK) >> VLAN_PRIO_SHIFT; } key_vlan->vlan_tpid = saved_vlan_tpid; } fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN; break; } case htons(ETH_P_PPP_SES): { struct { struct pppoe_hdr hdr; __be16 proto; } *hdr, _hdr; hdr = __skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff, sizeof(_hdr), data, hlen, &_hdr); if (!hdr) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; break; } proto = hdr->proto; nhoff += PPPOE_SES_HLEN; switch (proto) { case htons(PPP_IP): proto = htons(ETH_P_IP); fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN; break; case htons(PPP_IPV6): proto = htons(ETH_P_IPV6); fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN; break; default: fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; break; } break; } case htons(ETH_P_TIPC): { struct tipc_basic_hdr *hdr, _hdr; hdr = __skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff, sizeof(_hdr), data, hlen, &_hdr); if (!hdr) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; break; } if (dissector_uses_key(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TIPC)) { key_addrs = skb_flow_dissector_target(flow_dissector, FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TIPC, target_container); key_addrs->tipckey.key = tipc_hdr_rps_key(hdr); key_control->addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TIPC; } fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; break; } case htons(ETH_P_MPLS_UC): case htons(ETH_P_MPLS_MC): fdret = __skb_flow_dissect_mpls(skb, flow_dissector, target_container, data, nhoff, hlen, mpls_lse, &mpls_el); nhoff += sizeof(struct mpls_label); mpls_lse++; break; case htons(ETH_P_FCOE): if ((hlen - nhoff) < FCOE_HEADER_LEN) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; break; } nhoff += FCOE_HEADER_LEN; fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; break; case htons(ETH_P_ARP): case htons(ETH_P_RARP): fdret = __skb_flow_dissect_arp(skb, flow_dissector, target_container, data, nhoff, hlen); break; case htons(ETH_P_BATMAN): fdret = __skb_flow_dissect_batadv(skb, key_control, data, &proto, &nhoff, hlen, flags); break; default: fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; break; } /* Process result of proto processing */ switch (fdret) { case FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD: goto out_good; case FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN: if (skb_flow_dissect_allowed(&num_hdrs)) goto proto_again; goto out_good; case FLOW_DISSECT_RET_CONTINUE: case FLOW_DISSECT_RET_IPPROTO_AGAIN: break; case FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD: default: goto out_bad; } ip_proto_again: fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_CONTINUE; switch (ip_proto) { case IPPROTO_GRE: fdret = __skb_flow_dissect_gre(skb, key_control, flow_dissector, target_container, data, &proto, &nhoff, &hlen, flags); break; case NEXTHDR_HOP: case NEXTHDR_ROUTING: case NEXTHDR_DEST: { u8 _opthdr[2], *opthdr; if (proto != htons(ETH_P_IPV6)) break; opthdr = __skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff, sizeof(_opthdr), data, hlen, &_opthdr); if (!opthdr) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; break; } ip_proto = opthdr[0]; nhoff += (opthdr[1] + 1) << 3; fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_IPPROTO_AGAIN; break; } case NEXTHDR_FRAGMENT: { struct frag_hdr _fh, *fh; if (proto != htons(ETH_P_IPV6)) break; fh = __skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff, sizeof(_fh), data, hlen, &_fh); if (!fh) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD; break; } key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_IS_FRAGMENT; nhoff += sizeof(_fh); ip_proto = fh->nexthdr; if (!(fh->frag_off & htons(IP6_OFFSET))) { key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_FIRST_FRAG; if (flags & FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_PARSE_1ST_FRAG) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_IPPROTO_AGAIN; break; } } fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; break; } case IPPROTO_IPIP: proto = htons(ETH_P_IP); key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_ENCAPSULATION; if (flags & FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; break; } fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN; break; case IPPROTO_IPV6: proto = htons(ETH_P_IPV6); key_control->flags |= FLOW_DIS_ENCAPSULATION; if (flags & FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP) { fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD; break; } fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN; break; case IPPROTO_MPLS: proto = htons(ETH_P_MPLS_UC); fdret = FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN; break; case IPPROTO_TCP: __skb_flow_dissect_tcp(skb, flow_dissector, target_container, data, nhoff, hlen); break; case IPPROTO_ICMP: case IPPROTO_ICMPV6: __skb_flow_dissect_icmp(skb, flow_dissector, target_container, data, nhoff, hlen); break; default: break; } if (!(key_control->flags & FLOW_DIS_IS_FRAGMENT)) __skb_flow_dissect_ports(skb, flow_dissector, target_container, data, nhoff, ip_proto, hlen); /* Process result of IP proto processing */ switch (fdret) { case FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN: if (skb_flow_dissect_allowed(&num_hdrs)) goto proto_again; break; case FLOW_DISSECT_RET_IPPROTO_AGAIN: if (skb_flow_dissect_allowed(&num_hdrs)) goto ip_proto_again; break; case FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD: case FLOW_DISSECT_RET_CONTINUE: break; case FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD: default: goto out_bad; } out_good: ret = true; out: key_control->thoff = min_t(u16, nhoff, skb ? skb->len : hlen); key_basic->n_proto = proto; key_basic->ip_proto = ip_proto; return ret; out_bad: ret = false; goto out; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__skb_flow_dissect); static siphash_key_t hashrnd __read_mostly; static __always_inline void __flow_hash_secret_init(void) { net_get_random_once(&hashrnd, sizeof(hashrnd)); } static const void *flow_keys_hash_start(const struct flow_keys *flow) { BUILD_BUG_ON(FLOW_KEYS_HASH_OFFSET % SIPHASH_ALIGNMENT); return &flow->FLOW_KEYS_HASH_START_FIELD; } static inline size_t flow_keys_hash_length(const struct flow_keys *flow) { size_t diff = FLOW_KEYS_HASH_OFFSET + sizeof(flow->addrs); BUILD_BUG_ON((sizeof(*flow) - FLOW_KEYS_HASH_OFFSET) % sizeof(u32)); switch (flow->control.addr_type) { case FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS: diff -= sizeof(flow->addrs.v4addrs); break; case FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS: diff -= sizeof(flow->addrs.v6addrs); break; case FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TIPC: diff -= sizeof(flow->addrs.tipckey); break; } return sizeof(*flow) - diff; } __be32 flow_get_u32_src(const struct flow_keys *flow) { switch (flow->control.addr_type) { case FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS: return flow->addrs.v4addrs.src; case FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS: return (__force __be32)ipv6_addr_hash( &flow->addrs.v6addrs.src); case FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TIPC: return flow->addrs.tipckey.key; default: return 0; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(flow_get_u32_src); __be32 flow_get_u32_dst(const struct flow_keys *flow) { switch (flow->control.addr_type) { case FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS: return flow->addrs.v4addrs.dst; case FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS: return (__force __be32)ipv6_addr_hash( &flow->addrs.v6addrs.dst); default: return 0; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(flow_get_u32_dst); /* Sort the source and destination IP (and the ports if the IP are the same), * to have consistent hash within the two directions */ static inline void __flow_hash_consistentify(struct flow_keys *keys) { int addr_diff, i; switch (keys->control.addr_type) { case FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS: addr_diff = (__force u32)keys->addrs.v4addrs.dst - (__force u32)keys->addrs.v4addrs.src; if ((addr_diff < 0) || (addr_diff == 0 && ((__force u16)keys->ports.dst < (__force u16)keys->ports.src))) { swap(keys->addrs.v4addrs.src, keys->addrs.v4addrs.dst); swap(keys->ports.src, keys->ports.dst); } break; case FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS: addr_diff = memcmp(&keys->addrs.v6addrs.dst, &keys->addrs.v6addrs.src, sizeof(keys->addrs.v6addrs.dst)); if ((addr_diff < 0) || (addr_diff == 0 && ((__force u16)keys->ports.dst < (__force u16)keys->ports.src))) { for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) swap(keys->addrs.v6addrs.src.s6_addr32[i], keys->addrs.v6addrs.dst.s6_addr32[i]); swap(keys->ports.src, keys->ports.dst); } break; } } static inline u32 __flow_hash_from_keys(struct flow_keys *keys, const siphash_key_t *keyval) { u32 hash; __flow_hash_consistentify(keys); hash = siphash(flow_keys_hash_start(keys), flow_keys_hash_length(keys), keyval); if (!hash) hash = 1; return hash; } u32 flow_hash_from_keys(struct flow_keys *keys) { __flow_hash_secret_init(); return __flow_hash_from_keys(keys, &hashrnd); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(flow_hash_from_keys); static inline u32 ___skb_get_hash(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *keys, const siphash_key_t *keyval) { skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(skb, keys, FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_FLOW_LABEL); return __flow_hash_from_keys(keys, keyval); } struct _flow_keys_digest_data { __be16 n_proto; u8 ip_proto; u8 padding; __be32 ports; __be32 src; __be32 dst; }; void make_flow_keys_digest(struct flow_keys_digest *digest, const struct flow_keys *flow) { struct _flow_keys_digest_data *data = (struct _flow_keys_digest_data *)digest; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(*data) > sizeof(*digest)); memset(digest, 0, sizeof(*digest)); data->n_proto = flow->basic.n_proto; data->ip_proto = flow->basic.ip_proto; data->ports = flow->ports.ports; data->src = flow->addrs.v4addrs.src; data->dst = flow->addrs.v4addrs.dst; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(make_flow_keys_digest); static struct flow_dissector flow_keys_dissector_symmetric __read_mostly; u32 __skb_get_hash_symmetric(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct flow_keys keys; __flow_hash_secret_init(); memset(&keys, 0, sizeof(keys)); __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, &flow_keys_dissector_symmetric, &keys, NULL, 0, 0, 0, FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_FLOW_LABEL); return __flow_hash_from_keys(&keys, &hashrnd); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__skb_get_hash_symmetric); /** * __skb_get_hash: calculate a flow hash * @skb: sk_buff to calculate flow hash from * * This function calculates a flow hash based on src/dst addresses * and src/dst port numbers. Sets hash in skb to non-zero hash value * on success, zero indicates no valid hash. Also, sets l4_hash in skb * if hash is a canonical 4-tuple hash over transport ports. */ void __skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct flow_keys keys; u32 hash; __flow_hash_secret_init(); hash = ___skb_get_hash(skb, &keys, &hashrnd); __skb_set_sw_hash(skb, hash, flow_keys_have_l4(&keys)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__skb_get_hash); __u32 skb_get_hash_perturb(const struct sk_buff *skb, const siphash_key_t *perturb) { struct flow_keys keys; return ___skb_get_hash(skb, &keys, perturb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_get_hash_perturb); u32 __skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, const struct flow_keys_basic *keys, int hlen) { u32 poff = keys->control.thoff; /* skip L4 headers for fragments after the first */ if ((keys->control.flags & FLOW_DIS_IS_FRAGMENT) && !(keys->control.flags & FLOW_DIS_FIRST_FRAG)) return poff; switch (keys->basic.ip_proto) { case IPPROTO_TCP: { /* access doff as u8 to avoid unaligned access */ const u8 *doff; u8 _doff; doff = __skb_header_pointer(skb, poff + 12, sizeof(_doff), data, hlen, &_doff); if (!doff) return poff; poff += max_t(u32, sizeof(struct tcphdr), (*doff & 0xF0) >> 2); break; } case IPPROTO_UDP: case IPPROTO_UDPLITE: poff += sizeof(struct udphdr); break; /* For the rest, we do not really care about header * extensions at this point for now. */ case IPPROTO_ICMP: poff += sizeof(struct icmphdr); break; case IPPROTO_ICMPV6: poff += sizeof(struct icmp6hdr); break; case IPPROTO_IGMP: poff += sizeof(struct igmphdr); break; case IPPROTO_DCCP: poff += sizeof(struct dccp_hdr); break; case IPPROTO_SCTP: poff += sizeof(struct sctphdr); break; } return poff; } /** * skb_get_poff - get the offset to the payload * @skb: sk_buff to get the payload offset from * * The function will get the offset to the payload as far as it could * be dissected. The main user is currently BPF, so that we can dynamically * truncate packets without needing to push actual payload to the user * space and can analyze headers only, instead. */ u32 skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct flow_keys_basic keys; if (!skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(NULL, skb, &keys, NULL, 0, 0, 0, 0)) return 0; return __skb_get_poff(skb, skb->data, &keys, skb_headlen(skb)); } __u32 __get_hash_from_flowi6(const struct flowi6 *fl6, struct flow_keys *keys) { memset(keys, 0, sizeof(*keys)); memcpy(&keys->addrs.v6addrs.src, &fl6->saddr, sizeof(keys->addrs.v6addrs.src)); memcpy(&keys->addrs.v6addrs.dst, &fl6->daddr, sizeof(keys->addrs.v6addrs.dst)); keys->control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS; keys->ports.src = fl6->fl6_sport; keys->ports.dst = fl6->fl6_dport; keys->keyid.keyid = fl6->fl6_gre_key; keys->tags.flow_label = (__force u32)flowi6_get_flowlabel(fl6); keys->basic.ip_proto = fl6->flowi6_proto; return flow_hash_from_keys(keys); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__get_hash_from_flowi6); static const struct flow_dissector_key flow_keys_dissector_keys[] = { { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CONTROL, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, control), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_BASIC, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, basic), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, addrs.v4addrs), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, addrs.v6addrs), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TIPC, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, addrs.tipckey), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, ports), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_VLAN, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, vlan), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_FLOW_LABEL, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, tags), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_GRE_KEYID, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, keyid), }, }; static const struct flow_dissector_key flow_keys_dissector_symmetric_keys[] = { { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CONTROL, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, control), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_BASIC, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, basic), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, addrs.v4addrs), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, addrs.v6addrs), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, ports), }, }; static const struct flow_dissector_key flow_keys_basic_dissector_keys[] = { { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CONTROL, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, control), }, { .key_id = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_BASIC, .offset = offsetof(struct flow_keys, basic), }, }; struct flow_dissector flow_keys_dissector __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(flow_keys_dissector); struct flow_dissector flow_keys_basic_dissector __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(flow_keys_basic_dissector); static int __init init_default_flow_dissectors(void) { skb_flow_dissector_init(&flow_keys_dissector, flow_keys_dissector_keys, ARRAY_SIZE(flow_keys_dissector_keys)); skb_flow_dissector_init(&flow_keys_dissector_symmetric, flow_keys_dissector_symmetric_keys, ARRAY_SIZE(flow_keys_dissector_symmetric_keys)); skb_flow_dissector_init(&flow_keys_basic_dissector, flow_keys_basic_dissector_keys, ARRAY_SIZE(flow_keys_basic_dissector_keys)); return 0; } core_initcall(init_default_flow_dissectors);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ /* * ext4_jbd2.h * * Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com>, 1999 * * Copyright 1998--1999 Red Hat corp --- All Rights Reserved * * Ext4-specific journaling extensions. */ #ifndef _EXT4_JBD2_H #define _EXT4_JBD2_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include "ext4.h" #define EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) (EXT4_SB((inode)->i_sb)->s_journal) /* Define the number of blocks we need to account to a transaction to * modify one block of data. * * We may have to touch one inode, one bitmap buffer, up to three * indirection blocks, the group and superblock summaries, and the data * block to complete the transaction. * * For extents-enabled fs we may have to allocate and modify up to * 5 levels of tree, data block (for each of these we need bitmap + group * summaries), root which is stored in the inode, sb */ #define EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) \ (ext4_has_feature_extents(sb) ? 20U : 8U) /* Extended attribute operations touch at most two data buffers, * two bitmap buffers, and two group summaries, in addition to the inode * and the superblock, which are already accounted for. */ #define EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS 6U /* Define the minimum size for a transaction which modifies data. This * needs to take into account the fact that we may end up modifying two * quota files too (one for the group, one for the user quota). The * superblock only gets updated once, of course, so don't bother * counting that again for the quota updates. */ #define EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) + \ EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS - 2 + \ EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)) /* * Define the number of metadata blocks we need to account to modify data. * * This include super block, inode block, quota blocks and xattr blocks */ #define EXT4_META_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS + \ EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)) /* Define an arbitrary limit for the amount of data we will anticipate * writing to any given transaction. For unbounded transactions such as * write(2) and truncate(2) we can write more than this, but we always * start off at the maximum transaction size and grow the transaction * optimistically as we go. */ #define EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA 64U /* We break up a large truncate or write transaction once the handle's * buffer credits gets this low, we need either to extend the * transaction or to start a new one. Reserve enough space here for * inode, bitmap, superblock, group and indirection updates for at least * one block, plus two quota updates. Quota allocations are not * needed. */ #define EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS 12U /* * Number of credits needed if we need to insert an entry into a * directory. For each new index block, we need 4 blocks (old index * block, new index block, bitmap block, bg summary). For normal * htree directories there are 2 levels; if the largedir feature * enabled it's 3 levels. */ #define EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS 12U #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Amount of blocks needed for quota update - we know that the structure was * allocated so we need to update only data block */ #define EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) ((test_opt(sb, QUOTA) ||\ ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) ? 1 : 0) /* Amount of blocks needed for quota insert/delete - we do some block writes * but inode, sb and group updates are done only once */ #define EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) ((test_opt(sb, QUOTA) ||\ ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) ?\ (DQUOT_INIT_ALLOC*(EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)-3)\ +3+DQUOT_INIT_REWRITE) : 0) #define EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(sb) ((test_opt(sb, QUOTA) ||\ ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) ?\ (DQUOT_DEL_ALLOC*(EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)-3)\ +3+DQUOT_DEL_REWRITE) : 0) #else #define EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) 0 #define EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) 0 #define EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(sb) 0 #endif #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS*EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)) #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS*EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb)) #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_DEL_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS*EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(sb)) /* * Ext4 handle operation types -- for logging purposes */ #define EXT4_HT_MISC 0 #define EXT4_HT_INODE 1 #define EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE 2 #define EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS 3 #define EXT4_HT_DIR 4 #define EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE 5 #define EXT4_HT_QUOTA 6 #define EXT4_HT_RESIZE 7 #define EXT4_HT_MIGRATE 8 #define EXT4_HT_MOVE_EXTENTS 9 #define EXT4_HT_XATTR 10 #define EXT4_HT_EXT_CONVERT 11 #define EXT4_HT_MAX 12 /** * struct ext4_journal_cb_entry - Base structure for callback information. * * This struct is a 'seed' structure for a using with your own callback * structs. If you are using callbacks you must allocate one of these * or another struct of your own definition which has this struct * as it's first element and pass it to ext4_journal_callback_add(). */ struct ext4_journal_cb_entry { /* list information for other callbacks attached to the same handle */ struct list_head jce_list; /* Function to call with this callback structure */ void (*jce_func)(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce, int error); /* user data goes here */ }; /** * ext4_journal_callback_add: add a function to call after transaction commit * @handle: active journal transaction handle to register callback on * @func: callback function to call after the transaction has committed: * @sb: superblock of current filesystem for transaction * @jce: returned journal callback data * @rc: journal state at commit (0 = transaction committed properly) * @jce: journal callback data (internal and function private data struct) * * The registered function will be called in the context of the journal thread * after the transaction for which the handle was created has completed. * * No locks are held when the callback function is called, so it is safe to * call blocking functions from within the callback, but the callback should * not block or run for too long, or the filesystem will be blocked waiting for * the next transaction to commit. No journaling functions can be used, or * there is a risk of deadlock. * * There is no guaranteed calling order of multiple registered callbacks on * the same transaction. */ static inline void _ext4_journal_callback_add(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce) { /* Add the jce to transaction's private list */ list_add_tail(&jce->jce_list, &handle->h_transaction->t_private_list); } static inline void ext4_journal_callback_add(handle_t *handle, void (*func)(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce, int rc), struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(handle->h_transaction->t_journal->j_private); /* Add the jce to transaction's private list */ jce->jce_func = func; spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); _ext4_journal_callback_add(handle, jce); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); } /** * ext4_journal_callback_del: delete a registered callback * @handle: active journal transaction handle on which callback was registered * @jce: registered journal callback entry to unregister * Return true if object was successfully removed */ static inline bool ext4_journal_callback_try_del(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce) { bool deleted; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(handle->h_transaction->t_journal->j_private); spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); deleted = !list_empty(&jce->jce_list); list_del_init(&jce->jce_list); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); return deleted; } int ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); /* * On success, We end up with an outstanding reference count against * iloc->bh. This _must_ be cleaned up later. */ int ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); #define ext4_mark_inode_dirty(__h, __i) \ __ext4_mark_inode_dirty((__h), (__i), __func__, __LINE__) int __ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, const char *func, unsigned int line); int ext4_expand_extra_isize(struct inode *inode, unsigned int new_extra_isize, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); /* * Wrapper functions with which ext4 calls into JBD. */ int __ext4_journal_get_write_access(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); int __ext4_forget(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, int is_metadata, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); int __ext4_journal_get_create_access(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); int __ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); int __ext4_handle_dirty_super(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb); #define ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh) \ __ext4_journal_get_write_access(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (bh)) #define ext4_forget(handle, is_metadata, inode, bh, block_nr) \ __ext4_forget(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (is_metadata), (inode), \ (bh), (block_nr)) #define ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh) \ __ext4_journal_get_create_access(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (bh)) #define ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh) \ __ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (inode), \ (bh)) #define ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb) \ __ext4_handle_dirty_super(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (sb)) handle_t *__ext4_journal_start_sb(struct super_block *sb, unsigned int line, int type, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_creds); int __ext4_journal_stop(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle); #define EXT4_NOJOURNAL_MAX_REF_COUNT ((unsigned long) 4096) /* Note: Do not use this for NULL handles. This is only to determine if * a properly allocated handle is using a journal or not. */ static inline int ext4_handle_valid(handle_t *handle) { if ((unsigned long)handle < EXT4_NOJOURNAL_MAX_REF_COUNT) return 0; return 1; } static inline void ext4_handle_sync(handle_t *handle) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) handle->h_sync = 1; } static inline int ext4_handle_is_aborted(handle_t *handle) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return is_handle_aborted(handle); return 0; } static inline int ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(struct super_block *sb, int blocks) { /* Freeing each metadata block can result in freeing one cluster */ return blocks * EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_ratio; } static inline int ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(sb, 8); } #define ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, type, nblocks) \ __ext4_journal_start_sb((sb), __LINE__, (type), (nblocks), 0, \ ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits(sb)) #define ext4_journal_start(inode, type, nblocks) \ __ext4_journal_start((inode), __LINE__, (type), (nblocks), 0, \ ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_journal_start_with_reserve(inode, type, blocks, rsv_blocks)\ __ext4_journal_start((inode), __LINE__, (type), (blocks), (rsv_blocks),\ ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_journal_start_with_revoke(inode, type, blocks, revoke_creds) \ __ext4_journal_start((inode), __LINE__, (type), (blocks), 0, \ (revoke_creds)) static inline handle_t *__ext4_journal_start(struct inode *inode, unsigned int line, int type, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_creds) { return __ext4_journal_start_sb(inode->i_sb, line, type, blocks, rsv_blocks, revoke_creds); } #define ext4_journal_stop(handle) \ __ext4_journal_stop(__func__, __LINE__, (handle)) #define ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle, type) \ __ext4_journal_start_reserved((handle), __LINE__, (type)) handle_t *__ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int line, int type); static inline handle_t *ext4_journal_current_handle(void) { return journal_current_handle(); } static inline int ext4_journal_extend(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2_journal_extend(handle, nblocks, revoke); return 0; } static inline int ext4_journal_restart(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2__journal_restart(handle, nblocks, revoke, GFP_NOFS); return 0; } int __ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, int check_cred, int extend_cred, int revoke_cred); /* * Ensure @handle has at least @check_creds credits available. If not, * transaction will be extended or restarted to contain at least @extend_cred * credits. Before restarting transaction @fn is executed to allow for cleanup * before the transaction is restarted. * * The return value is < 0 in case of error, 0 in case the handle has enough * credits or transaction extension succeeded, 1 in case transaction had to be * restarted. */ #define ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, check_cred, extend_cred, \ revoke_cred, fn) \ ({ \ __label__ __ensure_end; \ int err = __ext4_journal_ensure_credits((handle), (check_cred), \ (extend_cred), (revoke_cred)); \ \ if (err <= 0) \ goto __ensure_end; \ err = (fn); \ if (err < 0) \ goto __ensure_end; \ err = ext4_journal_restart((handle), (extend_cred), (revoke_cred)); \ if (err == 0) \ err = 1; \ __ensure_end: \ err; \ }) /* * Ensure given handle has at least requested amount of credits available, * possibly restarting transaction if needed. We also make sure the transaction * has space for at least ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits(sb) revoke records * as freeing one or two blocks is very common pattern and requesting this is * very cheap. */ static inline int ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, int credits, int revoke_creds) { return ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, credits, credits, revoke_creds, 0); } static inline int ext4_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode) { if (EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) != NULL) return jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(inode); return 0; } static inline int ext4_journal_force_commit(journal_t *journal) { if (journal) return jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal); return 0; } static inline int ext4_jbd2_inode_add_write(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_write(handle, EXT4_I(inode)->jinode, start_byte, length); return 0; } static inline int ext4_jbd2_inode_add_wait(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_wait(handle, EXT4_I(inode)->jinode, start_byte, length); return 0; } static inline void ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int datasync) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); if (ext4_handle_valid(handle) && !is_handle_aborted(handle)) { ei->i_sync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; if (datasync) ei->i_datasync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; } } /* super.c */ int ext4_force_commit(struct super_block *sb); /* * Ext4 inode journal modes */ #define EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA_MODE 0x01 /* journal data mode */ #define EXT4_INODE_ORDERED_DATA_MODE 0x02 /* ordered data mode */ #define EXT4_INODE_WRITEBACK_DATA_MODE 0x04 /* writeback data mode */ int ext4_inode_journal_mode(struct inode *inode); static inline int ext4_should_journal_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode) & EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA_MODE; } static inline int ext4_should_order_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode) & EXT4_INODE_ORDERED_DATA_MODE; } static inline int ext4_should_writeback_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode) & EXT4_INODE_WRITEBACK_DATA_MODE; } static inline int ext4_free_data_revoke_credits(struct inode *inode, int blocks) { if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA) return 0; if (!ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return 0; /* * Data blocks in one extent are contiguous, just account for partial * clusters at extent boundaries */ return blocks + 2*(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_cluster_ratio - 1); } /* * This function controls whether or not we should try to go down the * dioread_nolock code paths, which makes it safe to avoid taking * i_mutex for direct I/O reads. This only works for extent-based * files, and it doesn't work if data journaling is enabled, since the * dioread_nolock code uses b_private to pass information back to the * I/O completion handler, and this conflicts with the jbd's use of * b_private. */ static inline int ext4_should_dioread_nolock(struct inode *inode) { if (!test_opt(inode->i_sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK)) return 0; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return 0; if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) return 0; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return 0; /* temporary fix to prevent generic/422 test failures */ if (!test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC)) return 0; return 1; } #endif /* _EXT4_JBD2_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef IOCONTEXT_H #define IOCONTEXT_H #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> enum { ICQ_EXITED = 1 << 2, ICQ_DESTROYED = 1 << 3, }; /* * An io_cq (icq) is association between an io_context (ioc) and a * request_queue (q). This is used by elevators which need to track * information per ioc - q pair. * * Elevator can request use of icq by setting elevator_type->icq_size and * ->icq_align. Both size and align must be larger than that of struct * io_cq and elevator can use the tail area for private information. The * recommended way to do this is defining a struct which contains io_cq as * the first member followed by private members and using its size and * align. For example, * * struct snail_io_cq { * struct io_cq icq; * int poke_snail; * int feed_snail; * }; * * struct elevator_type snail_elv_type { * .ops = { ... }, * .icq_size = sizeof(struct snail_io_cq), * .icq_align = __alignof__(struct snail_io_cq), * ... * }; * * If icq_size is set, block core will manage icq's. All requests will * have its ->elv.icq field set before elevator_ops->elevator_set_req_fn() * is called and be holding a reference to the associated io_context. * * Whenever a new icq is created, elevator_ops->elevator_init_icq_fn() is * called and, on destruction, ->elevator_exit_icq_fn(). Both functions * are called with both the associated io_context and queue locks held. * * Elevator is allowed to lookup icq using ioc_lookup_icq() while holding * queue lock but the returned icq is valid only until the queue lock is * released. Elevators can not and should not try to create or destroy * icq's. * * As icq's are linked from both ioc and q, the locking rules are a bit * complex. * * - ioc lock nests inside q lock. * * - ioc->icq_list and icq->ioc_node are protected by ioc lock. * q->icq_list and icq->q_node by q lock. * * - ioc->icq_tree and ioc->icq_hint are protected by ioc lock, while icq * itself is protected by q lock. However, both the indexes and icq * itself are also RCU managed and lookup can be performed holding only * the q lock. * * - icq's are not reference counted. They are destroyed when either the * ioc or q goes away. Each request with icq set holds an extra * reference to ioc to ensure it stays until the request is completed. * * - Linking and unlinking icq's are performed while holding both ioc and q * locks. Due to the lock ordering, q exit is simple but ioc exit * requires reverse-order double lock dance. */ struct io_cq { struct request_queue *q; struct io_context *ioc; /* * q_node and ioc_node link io_cq through icq_list of q and ioc * respectively. Both fields are unused once ioc_exit_icq() is * called and shared with __rcu_icq_cache and __rcu_head which are * used for RCU free of io_cq. */ union { struct list_head q_node; struct kmem_cache *__rcu_icq_cache; }; union { struct hlist_node ioc_node; struct rcu_head __rcu_head; }; unsigned int flags; }; /* * I/O subsystem state of the associated processes. It is refcounted * and kmalloc'ed. These could be shared between processes. */ struct io_context { atomic_long_t refcount; atomic_t active_ref; atomic_t nr_tasks; /* all the fields below are protected by this lock */ spinlock_t lock; unsigned short ioprio; struct radix_tree_root icq_tree; struct io_cq __rcu *icq_hint; struct hlist_head icq_list; struct work_struct release_work; }; /** * get_io_context_active - get active reference on ioc * @ioc: ioc of interest * * Only iocs with active reference can issue new IOs. This function * acquires an active reference on @ioc. The caller must already have an * active reference on @ioc. */ static inline void get_io_context_active(struct io_context *ioc) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_long_read(&ioc->refcount) <= 0); WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&ioc->active_ref) <= 0); atomic_long_inc(&ioc->refcount); atomic_inc(&ioc->active_ref); } static inline void ioc_task_link(struct io_context *ioc) { get_io_context_active(ioc); WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&ioc->nr_tasks) <= 0); atomic_inc(&ioc->nr_tasks); } struct task_struct; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK void put_io_context(struct io_context *ioc); void put_io_context_active(struct io_context *ioc); void exit_io_context(struct task_struct *task); struct io_context *get_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node); #else struct io_context; static inline void put_io_context(struct io_context *ioc) { } static inline void exit_io_context(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif #endif
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1822 1823 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */ #ifndef _LINUX_XARRAY_H #define _LINUX_XARRAY_H /* * eXtensible Arrays * Copyright (c) 2017 Microsoft Corporation * Author: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> * * See Documentation/core-api/xarray.rst for how to use the XArray. */ #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/kconfig.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> /* * The bottom two bits of the entry determine how the XArray interprets * the contents: * * 00: Pointer entry * 10: Internal entry * x1: Value entry or tagged pointer * * Attempting to store internal entries in the XArray is a bug. * * Most internal entries are pointers to the next node in the tree. * The following internal entries have a special meaning: * * 0-62: Sibling entries * 256: Retry entry * 257: Zero entry * * Errors are also represented as internal entries, but use the negative * space (-4094 to -2). They're never stored in the slots array; only * returned by the normal API. */ #define BITS_PER_XA_VALUE (BITS_PER_LONG - 1) /** * xa_mk_value() - Create an XArray entry from an integer. * @v: Value to store in XArray. * * Context: Any context. * Return: An entry suitable for storing in the XArray. */ static inline void *xa_mk_value(unsigned long v) { WARN_ON((long)v < 0); return (void *)((v << 1) | 1); } /** * xa_to_value() - Get value stored in an XArray entry. * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: The value stored in the XArray entry. */ static inline unsigned long xa_to_value(const void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry >> 1; } /** * xa_is_value() - Determine if an entry is a value. * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: True if the entry is a value, false if it is a pointer. */ static inline bool xa_is_value(const void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry & 1; } /** * xa_tag_pointer() - Create an XArray entry for a tagged pointer. * @p: Plain pointer. * @tag: Tag value (0, 1 or 3). * * If the user of the XArray prefers, they can tag their pointers instead * of storing value entries. Three tags are available (0, 1 and 3). * These are distinct from the xa_mark_t as they are not replicated up * through the array and cannot be searched for. * * Context: Any context. * Return: An XArray entry. */ static inline void *xa_tag_pointer(void *p, unsigned long tag) { return (void *)((unsigned long)p | tag); } /** * xa_untag_pointer() - Turn an XArray entry into a plain pointer. * @entry: XArray entry. * * If you have stored a tagged pointer in the XArray, call this function * to get the untagged version of the pointer. * * Context: Any context. * Return: A pointer. */ static inline void *xa_untag_pointer(void *entry) { return (void *)((unsigned long)entry & ~3UL); } /** * xa_pointer_tag() - Get the tag stored in an XArray entry. * @entry: XArray entry. * * If you have stored a tagged pointer in the XArray, call this function * to get the tag of that pointer. * * Context: Any context. * Return: A tag. */ static inline unsigned int xa_pointer_tag(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry & 3UL; } /* * xa_mk_internal() - Create an internal entry. * @v: Value to turn into an internal entry. * * Internal entries are used for a number of purposes. Entries 0-255 are * used for sibling entries (only 0-62 are used by the current code). 256 * is used for the retry entry. 257 is used for the reserved / zero entry. * Negative internal entries are used to represent errnos. Node pointers * are also tagged as internal entries in some situations. * * Context: Any context. * Return: An XArray internal entry corresponding to this value. */ static inline void *xa_mk_internal(unsigned long v) { return (void *)((v << 2) | 2); } /* * xa_to_internal() - Extract the value from an internal entry. * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: The value which was stored in the internal entry. */ static inline unsigned long xa_to_internal(const void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry >> 2; } /* * xa_is_internal() - Is the entry an internal entry? * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if the entry is an internal entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_internal(const void *entry) { return ((unsigned long)entry & 3) == 2; } #define XA_ZERO_ENTRY xa_mk_internal(257) /** * xa_is_zero() - Is the entry a zero entry? * @entry: Entry retrieved from the XArray * * The normal API will return NULL as the contents of a slot containing * a zero entry. You can only see zero entries by using the advanced API. * * Return: %true if the entry is a zero entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_zero(const void *entry) { return unlikely(entry == XA_ZERO_ENTRY); } /** * xa_is_err() - Report whether an XArray operation returned an error * @entry: Result from calling an XArray function * * If an XArray operation cannot complete an operation, it will return * a special value indicating an error. This function tells you * whether an error occurred; xa_err() tells you which error occurred. * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if the entry indicates an error. */ static inline bool xa_is_err(const void *entry) { return unlikely(xa_is_internal(entry) && entry >= xa_mk_internal(-MAX_ERRNO)); } /** * xa_err() - Turn an XArray result into an errno. * @entry: Result from calling an XArray function. * * If an XArray operation cannot complete an operation, it will return * a special pointer value which encodes an errno. This function extracts * the errno from the pointer value, or returns 0 if the pointer does not * represent an errno. * * Context: Any context. * Return: A negative errno or 0. */ static inline int xa_err(void *entry) { /* xa_to_internal() would not do sign extension. */ if (xa_is_err(entry)) return (long)entry >> 2; return 0; } /** * struct xa_limit - Represents a range of IDs. * @min: The lowest ID to allocate (inclusive). * @max: The maximum ID to allocate (inclusive). * * This structure is used either directly or via the XA_LIMIT() macro * to communicate the range of IDs that are valid for allocation. * Two common ranges are predefined for you: * * xa_limit_32b - [0 - UINT_MAX] * * xa_limit_31b - [0 - INT_MAX] */ struct xa_limit { u32 max; u32 min; }; #define XA_LIMIT(_min, _max) (struct xa_limit) { .min = _min, .max = _max } #define xa_limit_32b XA_LIMIT(0, UINT_MAX) #define xa_limit_31b XA_LIMIT(0, INT_MAX) typedef unsigned __bitwise xa_mark_t; #define XA_MARK_0 ((__force xa_mark_t)0U) #define XA_MARK_1 ((__force xa_mark_t)1U) #define XA_MARK_2 ((__force xa_mark_t)2U) #define XA_PRESENT ((__force xa_mark_t)8U) #define XA_MARK_MAX XA_MARK_2 #define XA_FREE_MARK XA_MARK_0 enum xa_lock_type { XA_LOCK_IRQ = 1, XA_LOCK_BH = 2, }; /* * Values for xa_flags. The radix tree stores its GFP flags in the xa_flags, * and we remain compatible with that. */ #define XA_FLAGS_LOCK_IRQ ((__force gfp_t)XA_LOCK_IRQ) #define XA_FLAGS_LOCK_BH ((__force gfp_t)XA_LOCK_BH) #define XA_FLAGS_TRACK_FREE ((__force gfp_t)4U) #define XA_FLAGS_ZERO_BUSY ((__force gfp_t)8U) #define XA_FLAGS_ALLOC_WRAPPED ((__force gfp_t)16U) #define XA_FLAGS_ACCOUNT ((__force gfp_t)32U) #define XA_FLAGS_MARK(mark) ((__force gfp_t)((1U << __GFP_BITS_SHIFT) << \ (__force unsigned)(mark))) /* ALLOC is for a normal 0-based alloc. ALLOC1 is for an 1-based alloc */ #define XA_FLAGS_ALLOC (XA_FLAGS_TRACK_FREE | XA_FLAGS_MARK(XA_FREE_MARK)) #define XA_FLAGS_ALLOC1 (XA_FLAGS_TRACK_FREE | XA_FLAGS_ZERO_BUSY) /** * struct xarray - The anchor of the XArray. * @xa_lock: Lock that protects the contents of the XArray. * * To use the xarray, define it statically or embed it in your data structure. * It is a very small data structure, so it does not usually make sense to * allocate it separately and keep a pointer to it in your data structure. * * You may use the xa_lock to protect your own data structures as well. */ /* * If all of the entries in the array are NULL, @xa_head is a NULL pointer. * If the only non-NULL entry in the array is at index 0, @xa_head is that * entry. If any other entry in the array is non-NULL, @xa_head points * to an @xa_node. */ struct xarray { spinlock_t xa_lock; /* private: The rest of the data structure is not to be used directly. */ gfp_t xa_flags; void __rcu * xa_head; }; #define XARRAY_INIT(name, flags) { \ .xa_lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.xa_lock), \ .xa_flags = flags, \ .xa_head = NULL, \ } /** * DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS() - Define an XArray with custom flags. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * @flags: XA_FLAG values. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of XArrays. It declares * and initialises an empty XArray with the chosen name and flags. It is * equivalent to calling xa_init_flags() on the array, but it does the * initialisation at compiletime instead of runtime. */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, flags) \ struct xarray name = XARRAY_INIT(name, flags) /** * DEFINE_XARRAY() - Define an XArray. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of XArrays. It declares * and initialises an empty XArray with the chosen name. It is equivalent * to calling xa_init() on the array, but it does the initialisation at * compiletime instead of runtime. */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY(name) DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, 0) /** * DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC() - Define an XArray which allocates IDs starting at 0. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of allocating XArrays. * See also DEFINE_XARRAY(). */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(name) DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, XA_FLAGS_ALLOC) /** * DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC1() - Define an XArray which allocates IDs starting at 1. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of allocating XArrays. * See also DEFINE_XARRAY(). */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC1(name) DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, XA_FLAGS_ALLOC1) void *xa_load(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void *xa_store(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t); void *xa_erase(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void *xa_store_range(struct xarray *, unsigned long first, unsigned long last, void *entry, gfp_t); bool xa_get_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void xa_set_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void xa_clear_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void *xa_find(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long *index, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t) __attribute__((nonnull(2))); void *xa_find_after(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long *index, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t) __attribute__((nonnull(2))); unsigned int xa_extract(struct xarray *, void **dst, unsigned long start, unsigned long max, unsigned int n, xa_mark_t); void xa_destroy(struct xarray *); /** * xa_init_flags() - Initialise an empty XArray with flags. * @xa: XArray. * @flags: XA_FLAG values. * * If you need to initialise an XArray with special flags (eg you need * to take the lock from interrupt context), use this function instead * of xa_init(). * * Context: Any context. */ static inline void xa_init_flags(struct xarray *xa, gfp_t flags) { spin_lock_init(&xa->xa_lock); xa->xa_flags = flags; xa->xa_head = NULL; } /** * xa_init() - Initialise an empty XArray. * @xa: XArray. * * An empty XArray is full of NULL entries. * * Context: Any context. */ static inline void xa_init(struct xarray *xa) { xa_init_flags(xa, 0); } /** * xa_empty() - Determine if an array has any present entries. * @xa: XArray. * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if the array contains only NULL pointers. */ static inline bool xa_empty(const struct xarray *xa) { return xa->xa_head == NULL; } /** * xa_marked() - Inquire whether any entry in this array has a mark set * @xa: Array * @mark: Mark value * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if any entry has this mark set. */ static inline bool xa_marked(const struct xarray *xa, xa_mark_t mark) { return xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_MARK(mark); } /** * xa_for_each_range() - Iterate over a portion of an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * @start: First index to retrieve from array. * @last: Last index to retrieve from array. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. You may modify @index during the iteration if you * want to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array * during the iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set * to NULL and @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each_range() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each() is O(n). You have * to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have to unlock * after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). * xa_for_each_range() will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to * see retry entries, you should use the xas_for_each() iterator instead. * The xas_for_each() iterator will expand into more inline code than * xa_for_each_range(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each_range(xa, index, entry, start, last) \ for (index = start, \ entry = xa_find(xa, &index, last, XA_PRESENT); \ entry; \ entry = xa_find_after(xa, &index, last, XA_PRESENT)) /** * xa_for_each_start() - Iterate over a portion of an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * @start: First index to retrieve from array. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. You may modify @index during the iteration if you * want to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array * during the iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set * to NULL and @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each_start() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each() is O(n). You have * to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have to unlock * after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). * xa_for_each_start() will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to * see retry entries, you should use the xas_for_each() iterator instead. * The xas_for_each() iterator will expand into more inline code than * xa_for_each_start(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each_start(xa, index, entry, start) \ xa_for_each_range(xa, index, entry, start, ULONG_MAX) /** * xa_for_each() - Iterate over present entries in an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. You may modify @index during the iteration if you want * to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array during the * iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set to NULL and * @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each() is O(n). You have * to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have to unlock * after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). xa_for_each() * will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to see retry entries, * you should use the xas_for_each() iterator instead. The xas_for_each() * iterator will expand into more inline code than xa_for_each(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each(xa, index, entry) \ xa_for_each_start(xa, index, entry, 0) /** * xa_for_each_marked() - Iterate over marked entries in an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * @filter: Selection criterion. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. The iteration will skip all entries in the array * which do not match @filter. You may modify @index during the iteration * if you want to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array * during the iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set to * NULL and @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each_marked() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each_marked() is O(n). * You have to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have * to unlock after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). * xa_for_each_marked() will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to * see retry entries, you should use the xas_for_each_marked() iterator * instead. The xas_for_each_marked() iterator will expand into more inline * code than xa_for_each_marked(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each_marked(xa, index, entry, filter) \ for (index = 0, entry = xa_find(xa, &index, ULONG_MAX, filter); \ entry; entry = xa_find_after(xa, &index, ULONG_MAX, filter)) #define xa_trylock(xa) spin_trylock(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock(xa) spin_lock(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_unlock(xa) spin_unlock(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock_bh(xa) spin_lock_bh(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_unlock_bh(xa) spin_unlock_bh(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock_irq(xa) spin_lock_irq(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_unlock_irq(xa) spin_unlock_irq(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock_irqsave(xa, flags) \ spin_lock_irqsave(&(xa)->xa_lock, flags) #define xa_unlock_irqrestore(xa, flags) \ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&(xa)->xa_lock, flags) #define xa_lock_nested(xa, subclass) \ spin_lock_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, subclass) #define xa_lock_bh_nested(xa, subclass) \ spin_lock_bh_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, subclass) #define xa_lock_irq_nested(xa, subclass) \ spin_lock_irq_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, subclass) #define xa_lock_irqsave_nested(xa, flags, subclass) \ spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, flags, subclass) /* * Versions of the normal API which require the caller to hold the * xa_lock. If the GFP flags allow it, they will drop the lock to * allocate memory, then reacquire it afterwards. These functions * may also re-enable interrupts if the XArray flags indicate the * locking should be interrupt safe. */ void *__xa_erase(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void *__xa_store(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t); void *__xa_cmpxchg(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t); int __must_check __xa_insert(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t); int __must_check __xa_alloc(struct xarray *, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit, gfp_t); int __must_check __xa_alloc_cyclic(struct xarray *, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit, u32 *next, gfp_t); void __xa_set_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void __xa_clear_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); /** * xa_store_bh() - Store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_store() except it disables softirqs * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. * Return: The old entry at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_store_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_bh(xa); curr = __xa_store(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_store_irq() - Store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_store() except it disables interrupts * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. * Return: The old entry at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_store_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_irq(xa); curr = __xa_store(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_erase_bh() - Erase this entry from the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * * After this function returns, loading from @index will return %NULL. * If the index is part of a multi-index entry, all indices will be erased * and none of the entries will be part of a multi-index entry. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. * Return: The entry which used to be at this index. */ static inline void *xa_erase_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { void *entry; xa_lock_bh(xa); entry = __xa_erase(xa, index); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return entry; } /** * xa_erase_irq() - Erase this entry from the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * * After this function returns, loading from @index will return %NULL. * If the index is part of a multi-index entry, all indices will be erased * and none of the entries will be part of a multi-index entry. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. * Return: The entry which used to be at this index. */ static inline void *xa_erase_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { void *entry; xa_lock_irq(xa); entry = __xa_erase(xa, index); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return entry; } /** * xa_cmpxchg() - Conditionally replace an entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @old: Old value to test against. * @entry: New value to place in array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * If the entry at @index is the same as @old, replace it with @entry. * If the return value is equal to @old, then the exchange was successful. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep * if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old value at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_cmpxchg(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock(xa); curr = __xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, old, entry, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_cmpxchg_bh() - Conditionally replace an entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @old: Old value to test against. * @entry: New value to place in array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_cmpxchg() except it disables softirqs * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old value at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_cmpxchg_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_bh(xa); curr = __xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, old, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_cmpxchg_irq() - Conditionally replace an entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @old: Old value to test against. * @entry: New value to place in array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_cmpxchg() except it disables interrupts * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old value at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_cmpxchg_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_irq(xa); curr = __xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, old, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_insert() - Store this entry in the XArray unless another entry is * already present. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Inserting a NULL entry will store a reserved entry (like xa_reserve()) * if no entry is present. Inserting will fail if a reserved entry is * present, even though loading from this index will return NULL. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep if * the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the store succeeded. -EBUSY if another entry was present. * -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated. */ static inline int __must_check xa_insert(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock(xa); err = __xa_insert(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return err; } /** * xa_insert_bh() - Store this entry in the XArray unless another entry is * already present. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Inserting a NULL entry will store a reserved entry (like xa_reserve()) * if no entry is present. Inserting will fail if a reserved entry is * present, even though loading from this index will return NULL. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the store succeeded. -EBUSY if another entry was present. * -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated. */ static inline int __must_check xa_insert_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_bh(xa); err = __xa_insert(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return err; } /** * xa_insert_irq() - Store this entry in the XArray unless another entry is * already present. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Inserting a NULL entry will store a reserved entry (like xa_reserve()) * if no entry is present. Inserting will fail if a reserved entry is * present, even though loading from this index will return NULL. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the store succeeded. -EBUSY if another entry was present. * -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated. */ static inline int __must_check xa_insert_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_irq(xa); err = __xa_insert(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep if * the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated or * -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline __must_check int xa_alloc(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock(xa); err = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_bh() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated or * -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int __must_check xa_alloc_bh(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_bh(xa); err = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_irq() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated or * -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int __must_check xa_alloc_irq(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_irq(xa); err = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_cyclic() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of allocated ID. * @next: Pointer to next ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * The search for an empty entry will start at @next and will wrap * around if necessary. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep if * the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the allocation succeeded without wrapping. 1 if the * allocation succeeded after wrapping, -ENOMEM if memory could not be * allocated or -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int xa_alloc_cyclic(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, u32 *next, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock(xa); err = __xa_alloc_cyclic(xa, id, entry, limit, next, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_cyclic_bh() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of allocated ID. * @next: Pointer to next ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * The search for an empty entry will start at @next and will wrap * around if necessary. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the allocation succeeded without wrapping. 1 if the * allocation succeeded after wrapping, -ENOMEM if memory could not be * allocated or -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int xa_alloc_cyclic_bh(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, u32 *next, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_bh(xa); err = __xa_alloc_cyclic(xa, id, entry, limit, next, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_cyclic_irq() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of allocated ID. * @next: Pointer to next ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * The search for an empty entry will start at @next and will wrap * around if necessary. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the allocation succeeded without wrapping. 1 if the * allocation succeeded after wrapping, -ENOMEM if memory could not be * allocated or -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int xa_alloc_cyclic_irq(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, u32 *next, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_irq(xa); err = __xa_alloc_cyclic(xa, id, entry, limit, next, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return err; } /** * xa_reserve() - Reserve this index in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Ensures there is somewhere to store an entry at @index in the array. * If there is already something stored at @index, this function does * nothing. If there was nothing there, the entry is marked as reserved. * Loading from a reserved entry returns a %NULL pointer. * * If you do not use the entry that you have reserved, call xa_release() * or xa_erase() to free any unnecessary memory. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. * May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the reservation succeeded or -ENOMEM if it failed. */ static inline __must_check int xa_reserve(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, gfp_t gfp) { return xa_err(xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, NULL, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, gfp)); } /** * xa_reserve_bh() - Reserve this index in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * A softirq-disabling version of xa_reserve(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. * Return: 0 if the reservation succeeded or -ENOMEM if it failed. */ static inline __must_check int xa_reserve_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, gfp_t gfp) { return xa_err(xa_cmpxchg_bh(xa, index, NULL, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, gfp)); } /** * xa_reserve_irq() - Reserve this index in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * An interrupt-disabling version of xa_reserve(). * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. * Return: 0 if the reservation succeeded or -ENOMEM if it failed. */ static inline __must_check int xa_reserve_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, gfp_t gfp) { return xa_err(xa_cmpxchg_irq(xa, index, NULL, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, gfp)); } /** * xa_release() - Release a reserved entry. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * * After calling xa_reserve(), you can call this function to release the * reservation. If the entry at @index has been stored to, this function * will do nothing. */ static inline void xa_release(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, NULL, 0); } /* Everything below here is the Advanced API. Proceed with caution. */ /* * The xarray is constructed out of a set of 'chunks' of pointers. Choosing * the best chunk size requires some tradeoffs. A power of two recommends * itself so that we can walk the tree based purely on shifts and masks. * Generally, the larger the better; as the number of slots per level of the * tree increases, the less tall the tree needs to be. But that needs to be * balanced against the memory consumption of each node. On a 64-bit system, * xa_node is currently 576 bytes, and we get 7 of them per 4kB page. If we * doubled the number of slots per node, we'd get only 3 nodes per 4kB page. */ #ifndef XA_CHUNK_SHIFT #define XA_CHUNK_SHIFT (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 4 : 6) #endif #define XA_CHUNK_SIZE (1UL << XA_CHUNK_SHIFT) #define XA_CHUNK_MASK (XA_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) #define XA_MAX_MARKS 3 #define XA_MARK_LONGS DIV_ROUND_UP(XA_CHUNK_SIZE, BITS_PER_LONG) /* * @count is the count of every non-NULL element in the ->slots array * whether that is a value entry, a retry entry, a user pointer, * a sibling entry or a pointer to the next level of the tree. * @nr_values is the count of every element in ->slots which is * either a value entry or a sibling of a value entry. */ struct xa_node { unsigned char shift; /* Bits remaining in each slot */ unsigned char offset; /* Slot offset in parent */ unsigned char count; /* Total entry count */ unsigned char nr_values; /* Value entry count */ struct xa_node __rcu *parent; /* NULL at top of tree */ struct xarray *array; /* The array we belong to */ union { struct list_head private_list; /* For tree user */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; /* Used when freeing node */ }; void __rcu *slots[XA_CHUNK_SIZE]; union { unsigned long tags[XA_MAX_MARKS][XA_MARK_LONGS]; unsigned long marks[XA_MAX_MARKS][XA_MARK_LONGS]; }; }; void xa_dump(const struct xarray *); void xa_dump_node(const struct xa_node *); #ifdef XA_DEBUG #define XA_BUG_ON(xa, x) do { \ if (x) { \ xa_dump(xa); \ BUG(); \ } \ } while (0) #define XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, x) do { \ if (x) { \ if (node) xa_dump_node(node); \ BUG(); \ } \ } while (0) #else #define XA_BUG_ON(xa, x) do { } while (0) #define XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, x) do { } while (0) #endif /* Private */ static inline void *xa_head(const struct xarray *xa) { return rcu_dereference_check(xa->xa_head, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_head_locked(const struct xarray *xa) { return rcu_dereference_protected(xa->xa_head, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_entry(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset) { XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, offset >= XA_CHUNK_SIZE); return rcu_dereference_check(node->slots[offset], lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_entry_locked(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset) { XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, offset >= XA_CHUNK_SIZE); return rcu_dereference_protected(node->slots[offset], lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline struct xa_node *xa_parent(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node) { return rcu_dereference_check(node->parent, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline struct xa_node *xa_parent_locked(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node) { return rcu_dereference_protected(node->parent, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_mk_node(const struct xa_node *node) { return (void *)((unsigned long)node | 2); } /* Private */ static inline struct xa_node *xa_to_node(const void *entry) { return (struct xa_node *)((unsigned long)entry - 2); } /* Private */ static inline bool xa_is_node(const void *entry) { return xa_is_internal(entry) && (unsigned long)entry > 4096; } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_mk_sibling(unsigned int offset) { return xa_mk_internal(offset); } /* Private */ static inline unsigned long xa_to_sibling(const void *entry) { return xa_to_internal(entry); } /** * xa_is_sibling() - Is the entry a sibling entry? * @entry: Entry retrieved from the XArray * * Return: %true if the entry is a sibling entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_sibling(const void *entry) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI) && xa_is_internal(entry) && (entry < xa_mk_sibling(XA_CHUNK_SIZE - 1)); } #define XA_RETRY_ENTRY xa_mk_internal(256) /** * xa_is_retry() - Is the entry a retry entry? * @entry: Entry retrieved from the XArray * * Return: %true if the entry is a retry entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_retry(const void *entry) { return unlikely(entry == XA_RETRY_ENTRY); } /** * xa_is_advanced() - Is the entry only permitted for the advanced API? * @entry: Entry to be stored in the XArray. * * Return: %true if the entry cannot be stored by the normal API. */ static inline bool xa_is_advanced(const void *entry) { return xa_is_internal(entry) && (entry <= XA_RETRY_ENTRY); } /** * typedef xa_update_node_t - A callback function from the XArray. * @node: The node which is being processed * * This function is called every time the XArray updates the count of * present and value entries in a node. It allows advanced users to * maintain the private_list in the node. * * Context: The xa_lock is held and interrupts may be disabled. * Implementations should not drop the xa_lock, nor re-enable * interrupts. */ typedef void (*xa_update_node_t)(struct xa_node *node); void xa_delete_node(struct xa_node *, xa_update_node_t); /* * The xa_state is opaque to its users. It contains various different pieces * of state involved in the current operation on the XArray. It should be * declared on the stack and passed between the various internal routines. * The various elements in it should not be accessed directly, but only * through the provided accessor functions. The below documentation is for * the benefit of those working on the code, not for users of the XArray. * * @xa_node usually points to the xa_node containing the slot we're operating * on (and @xa_offset is the offset in the slots array). If there is a * single entry in the array at index 0, there are no allocated xa_nodes to * point to, and so we store %NULL in @xa_node. @xa_node is set to * the value %XAS_RESTART if the xa_state is not walked to the correct * position in the tree of nodes for this operation. If an error occurs * during an operation, it is set to an %XAS_ERROR value. If we run off the * end of the allocated nodes, it is set to %XAS_BOUNDS. */ struct xa_state { struct xarray *xa; unsigned long xa_index; unsigned char xa_shift; unsigned char xa_sibs; unsigned char xa_offset; unsigned char xa_pad; /* Helps gcc generate better code */ struct xa_node *xa_node; struct xa_node *xa_alloc; xa_update_node_t xa_update; }; /* * We encode errnos in the xas->xa_node. If an error has happened, we need to * drop the lock to fix it, and once we've done so the xa_state is invalid. */ #define XA_ERROR(errno) ((struct xa_node *)(((unsigned long)errno << 2) | 2UL)) #define XAS_BOUNDS ((struct xa_node *)1UL) #define XAS_RESTART ((struct xa_node *)3UL) #define __XA_STATE(array, index, shift, sibs) { \ .xa = array, \ .xa_index = index, \ .xa_shift = shift, \ .xa_sibs = sibs, \ .xa_offset = 0, \ .xa_pad = 0, \ .xa_node = XAS_RESTART, \ .xa_alloc = NULL, \ .xa_update = NULL \ } /** * XA_STATE() - Declare an XArray operation state. * @name: Name of this operation state (usually xas). * @array: Array to operate on. * @index: Initial index of interest. * * Declare and initialise an xa_state on the stack. */ #define XA_STATE(name, array, index) \ struct xa_state name = __XA_STATE(array, index, 0, 0) /** * XA_STATE_ORDER() - Declare an XArray operation state. * @name: Name of this operation state (usually xas). * @array: Array to operate on. * @index: Initial index of interest. * @order: Order of entry. * * Declare and initialise an xa_state on the stack. This variant of * XA_STATE() allows you to specify the 'order' of the element you * want to operate on.` */ #define XA_STATE_ORDER(name, array, index, order) \ struct xa_state name = __XA_STATE(array, \ (index >> order) << order, \ order - (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT), \ (1U << (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT)) - 1) #define xas_marked(xas, mark) xa_marked((xas)->xa, (mark)) #define xas_trylock(xas) xa_trylock((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock(xas) xa_lock((xas)->xa) #define xas_unlock(xas) xa_unlock((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock_bh(xas) xa_lock_bh((xas)->xa) #define xas_unlock_bh(xas) xa_unlock_bh((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock_irq(xas) xa_lock_irq((xas)->xa) #define xas_unlock_irq(xas) xa_unlock_irq((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock_irqsave(xas, flags) \ xa_lock_irqsave((xas)->xa, flags) #define xas_unlock_irqrestore(xas, flags) \ xa_unlock_irqrestore((xas)->xa, flags) /** * xas_error() - Return an errno stored in the xa_state. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: 0 if no error has been noted. A negative errno if one has. */ static inline int xas_error(const struct xa_state *xas) { return xa_err(xas->xa_node); } /** * xas_set_err() - Note an error in the xa_state. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @err: Negative error number. * * Only call this function with a negative @err; zero or positive errors * will probably not behave the way you think they should. If you want * to clear the error from an xa_state, use xas_reset(). */ static inline void xas_set_err(struct xa_state *xas, long err) { xas->xa_node = XA_ERROR(err); } /** * xas_invalid() - Is the xas in a retry or error state? * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: %true if the xas cannot be used for operations. */ static inline bool xas_invalid(const struct xa_state *xas) { return (unsigned long)xas->xa_node & 3; } /** * xas_valid() - Is the xas a valid cursor into the array? * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: %true if the xas can be used for operations. */ static inline bool xas_valid(const struct xa_state *xas) { return !xas_invalid(xas); } /** * xas_is_node() - Does the xas point to a node? * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: %true if the xas currently references a node. */ static inline bool xas_is_node(const struct xa_state *xas) { return xas_valid(xas) && xas->xa_node; } /* True if the pointer is something other than a node */ static inline bool xas_not_node(struct xa_node *node) { return ((unsigned long)node & 3) || !node; } /* True if the node represents RESTART or an error */ static inline bool xas_frozen(struct xa_node *node) { return (unsigned long)node & 2; } /* True if the node represents head-of-tree, RESTART or BOUNDS */ static inline bool xas_top(struct xa_node *node) { return node <= XAS_RESTART; } /** * xas_reset() - Reset an XArray operation state. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Resets the error or walk state of the @xas so future walks of the * array will start from the root. Use this if you have dropped the * xarray lock and want to reuse the xa_state. * * Context: Any context. */ static inline void xas_reset(struct xa_state *xas) { xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; } /** * xas_retry() - Retry the operation if appropriate. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry from xarray. * * The advanced functions may sometimes return an internal entry, such as * a retry entry or a zero entry. This function sets up the @xas to restart * the walk from the head of the array if needed. * * Context: Any context. * Return: true if the operation needs to be retried. */ static inline bool xas_retry(struct xa_state *xas, const void *entry) { if (xa_is_zero(entry)) return true; if (!xa_is_retry(entry)) return false; xas_reset(xas); return true; } void *xas_load(struct xa_state *); void *xas_store(struct xa_state *, void *entry); void *xas_find(struct xa_state *, unsigned long max); void *xas_find_conflict(struct xa_state *); bool xas_get_mark(const struct xa_state *, xa_mark_t); void xas_set_mark(const struct xa_state *, xa_mark_t); void xas_clear_mark(const struct xa_state *, xa_mark_t); void *xas_find_marked(struct xa_state *, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t); void xas_init_marks(const struct xa_state *); bool xas_nomem(struct xa_state *, gfp_t); void xas_pause(struct xa_state *); void xas_create_range(struct xa_state *); #ifdef CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI int xa_get_order(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void xas_split(struct xa_state *, void *entry, unsigned int order); void xas_split_alloc(struct xa_state *, void *entry, unsigned int order, gfp_t); #else static inline int xa_get_order(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { return 0; } static inline void xas_split(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry, unsigned int order) { xas_store(xas, entry); } static inline void xas_split_alloc(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp) { } #endif /** * xas_reload() - Refetch an entry from the xarray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Use this function to check that a previously loaded entry still has * the same value. This is useful for the lockless pagecache lookup where * we walk the array with only the RCU lock to protect us, lock the page, * then check that the page hasn't moved since we looked it up. * * The caller guarantees that @xas is still valid. If it may be in an * error or restart state, call xas_load() instead. * * Return: The entry at this location in the xarray. */ static inline void *xas_reload(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; void *entry; char offset; if (!node) return xa_head(xas->xa); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI)) { offset = (xas->xa_index >> node->shift) & XA_CHUNK_MASK; entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); if (!xa_is_sibling(entry)) return entry; offset = xa_to_sibling(entry); } else { offset = xas->xa_offset; } return xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); } /** * xas_set() - Set up XArray operation state for a different index. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @index: New index into the XArray. * * Move the operation state to refer to a different index. This will * have the effect of starting a walk from the top; see xas_next() * to move to an adjacent index. */ static inline void xas_set(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long index) { xas->xa_index = index; xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; } /** * xas_set_order() - Set up XArray operation state for a multislot entry. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @index: Target of the operation. * @order: Entry occupies 2^@order indices. */ static inline void xas_set_order(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long index, unsigned int order) { #ifdef CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI xas->xa_index = order < BITS_PER_LONG ? (index >> order) << order : 0; xas->xa_shift = order - (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT); xas->xa_sibs = (1 << (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT)) - 1; xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; #else BUG_ON(order > 0); xas_set(xas, index); #endif } /** * xas_set_update() - Set up XArray operation state for a callback. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @update: Function to call when updating a node. * * The XArray can notify a caller after it has updated an xa_node. * This is advanced functionality and is only needed by the page cache. */ static inline void xas_set_update(struct xa_state *xas, xa_update_node_t update) { xas->xa_update = update; } /** * xas_next_entry() - Advance iterator to next present entry. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @max: Highest index to return. * * xas_next_entry() is an inline function to optimise xarray traversal for * speed. It is equivalent to calling xas_find(), and will call xas_find() * for all the hard cases. * * Return: The next present entry after the one currently referred to by @xas. */ static inline void *xas_next_entry(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long max) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; void *entry; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift || xas->xa_offset != (xas->xa_index & XA_CHUNK_MASK))) return xas_find(xas, max); do { if (unlikely(xas->xa_index >= max)) return xas_find(xas, max); if (unlikely(xas->xa_offset == XA_CHUNK_MASK)) return xas_find(xas, max); entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, xas->xa_offset + 1); if (unlikely(xa_is_internal(entry))) return xas_find(xas, max); xas->xa_offset++; xas->xa_index++; } while (!entry); return entry; } /* Private */ static inline unsigned int xas_find_chunk(struct xa_state *xas, bool advance, xa_mark_t mark) { unsigned long *addr = xas->xa_node->marks[(__force unsigned)mark]; unsigned int offset = xas->xa_offset; if (advance) offset++; if (XA_CHUNK_SIZE == BITS_PER_LONG) { if (offset < XA_CHUNK_SIZE) { unsigned long data = *addr & (~0UL << offset); if (data) return __ffs(data); } return XA_CHUNK_SIZE; } return find_next_bit(addr, XA_CHUNK_SIZE, offset); } /** * xas_next_marked() - Advance iterator to next marked entry. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @max: Highest index to return. * @mark: Mark to search for. * * xas_next_marked() is an inline function to optimise xarray traversal for * speed. It is equivalent to calling xas_find_marked(), and will call * xas_find_marked() for all the hard cases. * * Return: The next marked entry after the one currently referred to by @xas. */ static inline void *xas_next_marked(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t mark) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; void *entry; unsigned int offset; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift)) return xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); offset = xas_find_chunk(xas, true, mark); xas->xa_offset = offset; xas->xa_index = (xas->xa_index & ~XA_CHUNK_MASK) + offset; if (xas->xa_index > max) return NULL; if (offset == XA_CHUNK_SIZE) return xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); if (!entry) return xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); return entry; } /* * If iterating while holding a lock, drop the lock and reschedule * every %XA_CHECK_SCHED loops. */ enum { XA_CHECK_SCHED = 4096, }; /** * xas_for_each() - Iterate over a range of an XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry retrieved from the array. * @max: Maximum index to retrieve from array. * * The loop body will be executed for each entry present in the xarray * between the current xas position and @max. @entry will be set to * the entry retrieved from the xarray. It is safe to delete entries * from the array in the loop body. You should hold either the RCU lock * or the xa_lock while iterating. If you need to drop the lock, call * xas_pause() first. */ #define xas_for_each(xas, entry, max) \ for (entry = xas_find(xas, max); entry; \ entry = xas_next_entry(xas, max)) /** * xas_for_each_marked() - Iterate over a range of an XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry retrieved from the array. * @max: Maximum index to retrieve from array. * @mark: Mark to search for. * * The loop body will be executed for each marked entry in the xarray * between the current xas position and @max. @entry will be set to * the entry retrieved from the xarray. It is safe to delete entries * from the array in the loop body. You should hold either the RCU lock * or the xa_lock while iterating. If you need to drop the lock, call * xas_pause() first. */ #define xas_for_each_marked(xas, entry, max, mark) \ for (entry = xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); entry; \ entry = xas_next_marked(xas, max, mark)) /** * xas_for_each_conflict() - Iterate over a range of an XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry retrieved from the array. * * The loop body will be executed for each entry in the XArray that * lies within the range specified by @xas. If the loop terminates * normally, @entry will be %NULL. The user may break out of the loop, * which will leave @entry set to the conflicting entry. The caller * may also call xa_set_err() to exit the loop while setting an error * to record the reason. */ #define xas_for_each_conflict(xas, entry) \ while ((entry = xas_find_conflict(xas))) void *__xas_next(struct xa_state *); void *__xas_prev(struct xa_state *); /** * xas_prev() - Move iterator to previous index. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * If the @xas was in an error state, it will remain in an error state * and this function will return %NULL. If the @xas has never been walked, * it will have the effect of calling xas_load(). Otherwise one will be * subtracted from the index and the state will be walked to the correct * location in the array for the next operation. * * If the iterator was referencing index 0, this function wraps * around to %ULONG_MAX. * * Return: The entry at the new index. This may be %NULL or an internal * entry. */ static inline void *xas_prev(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift || xas->xa_offset == 0)) return __xas_prev(xas); xas->xa_index--; xas->xa_offset--; return xa_entry(xas->xa, node, xas->xa_offset); } /** * xas_next() - Move state to next index. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * If the @xas was in an error state, it will remain in an error state * and this function will return %NULL. If the @xas has never been walked, * it will have the effect of calling xas_load(). Otherwise one will be * added to the index and the state will be walked to the correct * location in the array for the next operation. * * If the iterator was referencing index %ULONG_MAX, this function wraps * around to 0. * * Return: The entry at the new index. This may be %NULL or an internal * entry. */ static inline void *xas_next(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift || xas->xa_offset == XA_CHUNK_MASK)) return __xas_next(xas); xas->xa_index++; xas->xa_offset++; return xa_entry(xas->xa, node, xas->xa_offset); } #endif /* _LINUX_XARRAY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H #define _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H #include <linux/mm_types_task.h> #include <linux/auxvec.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/uprobes.h> #include <linux/page-flags-layout.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <asm/mmu.h> #ifndef AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH #define AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH 0 #endif #define AT_VECTOR_SIZE (2*(AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH + AT_VECTOR_SIZE_BASE + 1)) #define INIT_PASID 0 struct address_space; struct mem_cgroup; /* * Each physical page in the system has a struct page associated with * it to keep track of whatever it is we are using the page for at the * moment. Note that we have no way to track which tasks are using * a page, though if it is a pagecache page, rmap structures can tell us * who is mapping it. * * If you allocate the page using alloc_pages(), you can use some of the * space in struct page for your own purposes. The five words in the main * union are available, except for bit 0 of the first word which must be * kept clear. Many users use this word to store a pointer to an object * which is guaranteed to be aligned. If you use the same storage as * page->mapping, you must restore it to NULL before freeing the page. * * If your page will not be mapped to userspace, you can also use the four * bytes in the mapcount union, but you must call page_mapcount_reset() * before freeing it. * * If you want to use the refcount field, it must be used in such a way * that other CPUs temporarily incrementing and then decrementing the * refcount does not cause problems. On receiving the page from * alloc_pages(), the refcount will be positive. * * If you allocate pages of order > 0, you can use some of the fields * in each subpage, but you may need to restore some of their values * afterwards. * * SLUB uses cmpxchg_double() to atomically update its freelist and * counters. That requires that freelist & counters be adjacent and * double-word aligned. We align all struct pages to double-word * boundaries, and ensure that 'freelist' is aligned within the * struct. */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE #define _struct_page_alignment __aligned(2 * sizeof(unsigned long)) #else #define _struct_page_alignment #endif struct page { unsigned long flags; /* Atomic flags, some possibly * updated asynchronously */ /* * Five words (20/40 bytes) are available in this union. * WARNING: bit 0 of the first word is used for PageTail(). That * means the other users of this union MUST NOT use the bit to * avoid collision and false-positive PageTail(). */ union { struct { /* Page cache and anonymous pages */ /** * @lru: Pageout list, eg. active_list protected by * pgdat->lru_lock. Sometimes used as a generic list * by the page owner. */ struct list_head lru; /* See page-flags.h for PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS */ struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; /* Our offset within mapping. */ /** * @private: Mapping-private opaque data. * Usually used for buffer_heads if PagePrivate. * Used for swp_entry_t if PageSwapCache. * Indicates order in the buddy system if PageBuddy. */ unsigned long private; }; struct { /* page_pool used by netstack */ /** * @dma_addr: might require a 64-bit value on * 32-bit architectures. */ unsigned long dma_addr[2]; }; struct { /* slab, slob and slub */ union { struct list_head slab_list; struct { /* Partial pages */ struct page *next; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT int pages; /* Nr of pages left */ int pobjects; /* Approximate count */ #else short int pages; short int pobjects; #endif }; }; struct kmem_cache *slab_cache; /* not slob */ /* Double-word boundary */ void *freelist; /* first free object */ union { void *s_mem; /* slab: first object */ unsigned long counters; /* SLUB */ struct { /* SLUB */ unsigned inuse:16; unsigned objects:15; unsigned frozen:1; }; }; }; struct { /* Tail pages of compound page */ unsigned long compound_head; /* Bit zero is set */ /* First tail page only */ unsigned char compound_dtor; unsigned char compound_order; atomic_t compound_mapcount; unsigned int compound_nr; /* 1 << compound_order */ }; struct { /* Second tail page of compound page */ unsigned long _compound_pad_1; /* compound_head */ atomic_t hpage_pinned_refcount; /* For both global and memcg */ struct list_head deferred_list; }; struct { /* Page table pages */ unsigned long _pt_pad_1; /* compound_head */ pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page->ptl */ unsigned long _pt_pad_2; /* mapping */ union { struct mm_struct *pt_mm; /* x86 pgds only */ atomic_t pt_frag_refcount; /* powerpc */ }; #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS spinlock_t *ptl; #else spinlock_t ptl; #endif }; struct { /* ZONE_DEVICE pages */ /** @pgmap: Points to the hosting device page map. */ struct dev_pagemap *pgmap; void *zone_device_data; /* * ZONE_DEVICE private pages are counted as being * mapped so the next 3 words hold the mapping, index, * and private fields from the source anonymous or * page cache page while the page is migrated to device * private memory. * ZONE_DEVICE MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX pages also * use the mapping, index, and private fields when * pmem backed DAX files are mapped. */ }; /** @rcu_head: You can use this to free a page by RCU. */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; union { /* This union is 4 bytes in size. */ /* * If the page can be mapped to userspace, encodes the number * of times this page is referenced by a page table. */ atomic_t _mapcount; /* * If the page is neither PageSlab nor mappable to userspace, * the value stored here may help determine what this page * is used for. See page-flags.h for a list of page types * which are currently stored here. */ unsigned int page_type; unsigned int active; /* SLAB */ int units; /* SLOB */ }; /* Usage count. *DO NOT USE DIRECTLY*. See page_ref.h */ atomic_t _refcount; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG union { struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup; struct obj_cgroup **obj_cgroups; }; #endif /* * On machines where all RAM is mapped into kernel address space, * we can simply calculate the virtual address. On machines with * highmem some memory is mapped into kernel virtual memory * dynamically, so we need a place to store that address. * Note that this field could be 16 bits on x86 ... ;) * * Architectures with slow multiplication can define * WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL in asm/page.h */ #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *virtual; /* Kernel virtual address (NULL if not kmapped, ie. highmem) */ #endif /* WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL */ #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS int _last_cpupid; #endif } _struct_page_alignment; static inline atomic_t *compound_mapcount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[1].compound_mapcount; } static inline atomic_t *compound_pincount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[2].hpage_pinned_refcount; } /* * Used for sizing the vmemmap region on some architectures */ #define STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT (order_base_2(sizeof(struct page))) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE __ALIGN_MASK(32768, ~PAGE_MASK) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_ORDER get_order(PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) #define page_private(page) ((page)->private) static inline void set_page_private(struct page *page, unsigned long private) { page->private = private; } struct page_frag_cache { void * va; #if (PAGE_SIZE < PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) __u16 offset; __u16 size; #else __u32 offset; #endif /* we maintain a pagecount bias, so that we dont dirty cache line * containing page->_refcount every time we allocate a fragment. */ unsigned int pagecnt_bias; bool pfmemalloc; }; typedef unsigned long vm_flags_t; /* * A region containing a mapping of a non-memory backed file under NOMMU * conditions. These are held in a global tree and are pinned by the VMAs that * map parts of them. */ struct vm_region { struct rb_node vm_rb; /* link in global region tree */ vm_flags_t vm_flags; /* VMA vm_flags */ unsigned long vm_start; /* start address of region */ unsigned long vm_end; /* region initialised to here */ unsigned long vm_top; /* region allocated to here */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* the offset in vm_file corresponding to vm_start */ struct file *vm_file; /* the backing file or NULL */ int vm_usage; /* region usage count (access under nommu_region_sem) */ bool vm_icache_flushed : 1; /* true if the icache has been flushed for * this region */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_USERFAULTFD #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { NULL, }) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx { struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx; }; #else /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) {}) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx {}; #endif /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ /* * This struct describes a virtual memory area. There is one of these * per VM-area/task. A VM area is any part of the process virtual memory * space that has a special rule for the page-fault handlers (ie a shared * library, the executable area etc). */ struct vm_area_struct { /* The first cache line has the info for VMA tree walking. */ unsigned long vm_start; /* Our start address within vm_mm. */ unsigned long vm_end; /* The first byte after our end address within vm_mm. */ /* linked list of VM areas per task, sorted by address */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_next, *vm_prev; struct rb_node vm_rb; /* * Largest free memory gap in bytes to the left of this VMA. * Either between this VMA and vma->vm_prev, or between one of the * VMAs below us in the VMA rbtree and its ->vm_prev. This helps * get_unmapped_area find a free area of the right size. */ unsigned long rb_subtree_gap; /* Second cache line starts here. */ struct mm_struct *vm_mm; /* The address space we belong to. */ /* * Access permissions of this VMA. * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for discussion. */ pgprot_t vm_page_prot; unsigned long vm_flags; /* Flags, see mm.h. */ /* * For areas with an address space and backing store, * linkage into the address_space->i_mmap interval tree. */ struct { struct rb_node rb; unsigned long rb_subtree_last; } shared; /* * A file's MAP_PRIVATE vma can be in both i_mmap tree and anon_vma * list, after a COW of one of the file pages. A MAP_SHARED vma * can only be in the i_mmap tree. An anonymous MAP_PRIVATE, stack * or brk vma (with NULL file) can only be in an anon_vma list. */ struct list_head anon_vma_chain; /* Serialized by mmap_lock & * page_table_lock */ struct anon_vma *anon_vma; /* Serialized by page_table_lock */ /* Function pointers to deal with this struct. */ const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; /* Information about our backing store: */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* Offset (within vm_file) in PAGE_SIZE units */ struct file * vm_file; /* File we map to (can be NULL). */ void * vm_private_data; /* was vm_pte (shared mem) */ #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP atomic_long_t swap_readahead_info; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_region *vm_region; /* NOMMU mapping region */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA struct mempolicy *vm_policy; /* NUMA policy for the VMA */ #endif struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx; } __randomize_layout; struct core_thread { struct task_struct *task; struct core_thread *next; }; struct core_state { atomic_t nr_threads; struct core_thread dumper; struct completion startup; }; struct kioctx_table; struct mm_struct { struct { struct vm_area_struct *mmap; /* list of VMAs */ struct rb_root mm_rb; u64 vmacache_seqnum; /* per-thread vmacache */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area) (struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); #endif unsigned long mmap_base; /* base of mmap area */ unsigned long mmap_legacy_base; /* base of mmap area in bottom-up allocations */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES /* Base adresses for compatible mmap() */ unsigned long mmap_compat_base; unsigned long mmap_compat_legacy_base; #endif unsigned long task_size; /* size of task vm space */ unsigned long highest_vm_end; /* highest vma end address */ pgd_t * pgd; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER /** * @membarrier_state: Flags controlling membarrier behavior. * * This field is close to @pgd to hopefully fit in the same * cache-line, which needs to be touched by switch_mm(). */ atomic_t membarrier_state; #endif /** * @mm_users: The number of users including userspace. * * Use mmget()/mmget_not_zero()/mmput() to modify. When this * drops to 0 (i.e. when the task exits and there are no other * temporary reference holders), we also release a reference on * @mm_count (which may then free the &struct mm_struct if * @mm_count also drops to 0). */ atomic_t mm_users; /** * @mm_count: The number of references to &struct mm_struct * (@mm_users count as 1). * * Use mmgrab()/mmdrop() to modify. When this drops to 0, the * &struct mm_struct is freed. */ atomic_t mm_count; /** * @has_pinned: Whether this mm has pinned any pages. This can * be either replaced in the future by @pinned_vm when it * becomes stable, or grow into a counter on its own. We're * aggresive on this bit now - even if the pinned pages were * unpinned later on, we'll still keep this bit set for the * lifecycle of this mm just for simplicity. */ atomic_t has_pinned; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU atomic_long_t pgtables_bytes; /* PTE page table pages */ #endif int map_count; /* number of VMAs */ spinlock_t page_table_lock; /* Protects page tables and some * counters */ /* * With some kernel config, the current mmap_lock's offset * inside 'mm_struct' is at 0x120, which is very optimal, as * its two hot fields 'count' and 'owner' sit in 2 different * cachelines, and when mmap_lock is highly contended, both * of the 2 fields will be accessed frequently, current layout * will help to reduce cache bouncing. * * So please be careful with adding new fields before * mmap_lock, which can easily push the 2 fields into one * cacheline. */ struct rw_semaphore mmap_lock; struct list_head mmlist; /* List of maybe swapped mm's. These * are globally strung together off * init_mm.mmlist, and are protected * by mmlist_lock */ unsigned long hiwater_rss; /* High-watermark of RSS usage */ unsigned long hiwater_vm; /* High-water virtual memory usage */ unsigned long total_vm; /* Total pages mapped */ unsigned long locked_vm; /* Pages that have PG_mlocked set */ atomic64_t pinned_vm; /* Refcount permanently increased */ unsigned long data_vm; /* VM_WRITE & ~VM_SHARED & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long exec_vm; /* VM_EXEC & ~VM_WRITE & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long stack_vm; /* VM_STACK */ unsigned long def_flags; /** * @write_protect_seq: Locked when any thread is write * protecting pages mapped by this mm to enforce a later COW, * for instance during page table copying for fork(). */ seqcount_t write_protect_seq; spinlock_t arg_lock; /* protect the below fields */ unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data; unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack; unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end; unsigned long saved_auxv[AT_VECTOR_SIZE]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */ /* * Special counters, in some configurations protected by the * page_table_lock, in other configurations by being atomic. */ struct mm_rss_stat rss_stat; struct linux_binfmt *binfmt; /* Architecture-specific MM context */ mm_context_t context; unsigned long flags; /* Must use atomic bitops to access */ struct core_state *core_state; /* coredumping support */ #ifdef CONFIG_AIO spinlock_t ioctx_lock; struct kioctx_table __rcu *ioctx_table; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG /* * "owner" points to a task that is regarded as the canonical * user/owner of this mm. All of the following must be true in * order for it to be changed: * * current == mm->owner * current->mm != mm * new_owner->mm == mm * new_owner->alloc_lock is held */ struct task_struct __rcu *owner; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* store ref to file /proc/<pid>/exe symlink points to */ struct file __rcu *exe_file; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER struct mmu_notifier_subscriptions *notifier_subscriptions; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page_table_lock */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * numa_next_scan is the next time that the PTEs will be marked * pte_numa. NUMA hinting faults will gather statistics and * migrate pages to new nodes if necessary. */ unsigned long numa_next_scan; /* Restart point for scanning and setting pte_numa */ unsigned long numa_scan_offset; /* numa_scan_seq prevents two threads setting pte_numa */ int numa_scan_seq; #endif /* * An operation with batched TLB flushing is going on. Anything * that can move process memory needs to flush the TLB when * moving a PROT_NONE or PROT_NUMA mapped page. */ atomic_t tlb_flush_pending; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH /* See flush_tlb_batched_pending() */ bool tlb_flush_batched; #endif struct uprobes_state uprobes_state; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE atomic_long_t hugetlb_usage; #endif struct work_struct async_put_work; #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_SUPPORT u32 pasid; #endif } __randomize_layout; /* * The mm_cpumask needs to be at the end of mm_struct, because it * is dynamically sized based on nr_cpu_ids. */ unsigned long cpu_bitmap[]; }; extern struct mm_struct init_mm; /* Pointer magic because the dynamic array size confuses some compilers. */ static inline void mm_init_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long cpu_bitmap = (unsigned long)mm; cpu_bitmap += offsetof(struct mm_struct, cpu_bitmap); cpumask_clear((struct cpumask *)cpu_bitmap); } /* Future-safe accessor for struct mm_struct's cpu_vm_mask. */ static inline cpumask_t *mm_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { return (struct cpumask *)&mm->cpu_bitmap; } struct mmu_gather; extern void tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); extern void tlb_finish_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void init_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_set(&mm->tlb_flush_pending, 0); } static inline void inc_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); /* * The only time this value is relevant is when there are indeed pages * to flush. And we'll only flush pages after changing them, which * requires the PTL. * * So the ordering here is: * * atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * spin_lock(&ptl); * ... * set_pte_at(); * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * spin_lock(&ptl) * mm_tlb_flush_pending(); * .... * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * flush_tlb_range(); * atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * * Where the increment if constrained by the PTL unlock, it thus * ensures that the increment is visible if the PTE modification is * visible. After all, if there is no PTE modification, nobody cares * about TLB flushes either. * * This very much relies on users (mm_tlb_flush_pending() and * mm_tlb_flush_nested()) only caring about _specific_ PTEs (and * therefore specific PTLs), because with SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS and RCpc * locks (PPC) the unlock of one doesn't order against the lock of * another PTL. * * The decrement is ordered by the flush_tlb_range(), such that * mm_tlb_flush_pending() will not return false unless all flushes have * completed. */ } static inline void dec_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * See inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * This cannot be smp_mb__before_atomic() because smp_mb() simply does * not order against TLB invalidate completion, which is what we need. * * Therefore we must rely on tlb_flush_*() to guarantee order. */ atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Must be called after having acquired the PTL; orders against that * PTLs release and therefore ensures that if we observe the modified * PTE we must also observe the increment from inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * That is, it only guarantees to return true if there is a flush * pending for _this_ PTL. */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_nested(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Similar to mm_tlb_flush_pending(), we must have acquired the PTL * for which there is a TLB flush pending in order to guarantee * we've seen both that PTE modification and the increment. * * (no requirement on actually still holding the PTL, that is irrelevant) */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending) > 1; } struct vm_fault; /** * typedef vm_fault_t - Return type for page fault handlers. * * Page fault handlers return a bitmask of %VM_FAULT values. */ typedef __bitwise unsigned int vm_fault_t; /** * enum vm_fault_reason - Page fault handlers return a bitmask of * these values to tell the core VM what happened when handling the * fault. Used to decide whether a process gets delivered SIGBUS or * just gets major/minor fault counters bumped up. * * @VM_FAULT_OOM: Out Of Memory * @VM_FAULT_SIGBUS: Bad access * @VM_FAULT_MAJOR: Page read from storage * @VM_FAULT_WRITE: Special case for get_user_pages * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON: Hit poisoned small page * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE: Hit poisoned large page. Index encoded * in upper bits * @VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV: segmentation fault * @VM_FAULT_NOPAGE: ->fault installed the pte, not return page * @VM_FAULT_LOCKED: ->fault locked the returned page * @VM_FAULT_RETRY: ->fault blocked, must retry * @VM_FAULT_FALLBACK: huge page fault failed, fall back to small * @VM_FAULT_DONE_COW: ->fault has fully handled COW * @VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC: ->fault did not modify page tables and needs * fsync() to complete (for synchronous page faults * in DAX) * @VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK: mask HINDEX value * */ enum vm_fault_reason { VM_FAULT_OOM = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000001, VM_FAULT_SIGBUS = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000002, VM_FAULT_MAJOR = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000004, VM_FAULT_WRITE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000008, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000010, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000020, VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000040, VM_FAULT_NOPAGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000100, VM_FAULT_LOCKED = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000200, VM_FAULT_RETRY = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000400, VM_FAULT_FALLBACK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000800, VM_FAULT_DONE_COW = (__force vm_fault_t)0x001000, VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC = (__force vm_fault_t)0x002000, VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x0f0000, }; /* Encode hstate index for a hwpoisoned large page */ #define VM_FAULT_SET_HINDEX(x) ((__force vm_fault_t)((x) << 16)) #define VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(x) (((__force unsigned int)(x) >> 16) & 0xf) #define VM_FAULT_ERROR (VM_FAULT_OOM | VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | \ VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | \ VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE | VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) #define VM_FAULT_RESULT_TRACE \ { VM_FAULT_OOM, "OOM" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGBUS, "SIGBUS" }, \ { VM_FAULT_MAJOR, "MAJOR" }, \ { VM_FAULT_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON, "HWPOISON" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE, "HWPOISON_LARGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV, "SIGSEGV" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NOPAGE, "NOPAGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_LOCKED, "LOCKED" }, \ { VM_FAULT_RETRY, "RETRY" }, \ { VM_FAULT_FALLBACK, "FALLBACK" }, \ { VM_FAULT_DONE_COW, "DONE_COW" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC, "NEEDDSYNC" } struct vm_special_mapping { const char *name; /* The name, e.g. "[vdso]". */ /* * If .fault is not provided, this points to a * NULL-terminated array of pages that back the special mapping. * * This must not be NULL unless .fault is provided. */ struct page **pages; /* * If non-NULL, then this is called to resolve page faults * on the special mapping. If used, .pages is not checked. */ vm_fault_t (*fault)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf); int (*mremap)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma); }; enum tlb_flush_reason { TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_REMOTE_SEND_IPI, NR_TLB_FLUSH_REASONS, }; /* * A swap entry has to fit into a "unsigned long", as the entry is hidden * in the "index" field of the swapper address space. */ typedef struct { unsigned long val; } swp_entry_t; #endif /* _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/genhd.h> #include "../blk.h" /* * add_gd_partition adds a partitions details to the devices partition * description. */ struct parsed_partitions { struct block_device *bdev; char name[BDEVNAME_SIZE]; struct { sector_t from; sector_t size; int flags; bool has_info; struct partition_meta_info info; } *parts; int next; int limit; bool access_beyond_eod; char *pp_buf; }; typedef struct { struct page *v; } Sector; void *read_part_sector(struct parsed_partitions *state, sector_t n, Sector *p); static inline void put_dev_sector(Sector p) { put_page(p.v); } static inline void put_partition(struct parsed_partitions *p, int n, sector_t from, sector_t size) { if (n < p->limit) { char tmp[1 + BDEVNAME_SIZE + 10 + 1]; p->parts[n].from = from; p->parts[n].size = size; snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), " %s%d", p->name, n); strlcat(p->pp_buf, tmp, PAGE_SIZE); } } /* detection routines go here in alphabetical order: */ int adfspart_check_ADFS(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_CUMANA(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_EESOX(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_ICS(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_POWERTEC(struct parsed_partitions *state); int aix_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int amiga_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int atari_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int cmdline_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int efi_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int ibm_partition(struct parsed_partitions *); int karma_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int ldm_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int mac_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int msdos_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int osf_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int sgi_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int sun_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int sysv68_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int ultrix_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
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} struct static_key; extern struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled; extern struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled; __visible void __native_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock); bool pv_is_native_spin_unlock(void); __visible bool __native_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu); bool pv_is_native_vcpu_is_preempted(void); static inline u64 paravirt_steal_clock(int cpu) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, time.steal_clock, cpu); } /* The paravirtualized I/O functions */ static inline void slow_down_io(void) { pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); #endif } void native_flush_tlb_local(void); void native_flush_tlb_global(void); void native_flush_tlb_one_user(unsigned long addr); void native_flush_tlb_others(const struct cpumask *cpumask, const struct flush_tlb_info *info); static inline void __flush_tlb_local(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.flush_tlb_user); } static inline void __flush_tlb_global(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.flush_tlb_kernel); } static inline void __flush_tlb_one_user(unsigned long addr) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.flush_tlb_one_user, addr); } static inline void __flush_tlb_others(const struct cpumask *cpumask, const struct flush_tlb_info *info) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.flush_tlb_others, cpumask, info); } static inline void paravirt_tlb_remove_table(struct mmu_gather *tlb, void *table) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.tlb_remove_table, tlb, table); } static inline void paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.exit_mmap, mm); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void load_sp0(unsigned long sp0) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_sp0, sp0); } /* The paravirtualized CPUID instruction. */ static inline void __cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { PVOP_VCALL4(cpu.cpuid, eax, ebx, ecx, edx); } /* * These special macros can be used to get or set a debugging register */ static inline unsigned long paravirt_get_debugreg(int reg) { return PVOP_CALL1(unsigned long, cpu.get_debugreg, reg); } #define get_debugreg(var, reg) var = paravirt_get_debugreg(reg) static inline void set_debugreg(unsigned long val, int reg) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.set_debugreg, reg, val); } static inline unsigned long read_cr0(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, cpu.read_cr0); } static inline void write_cr0(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.write_cr0, x); } static inline unsigned long read_cr2(void) { return PVOP_CALLEE0(unsigned long, mmu.read_cr2); } static inline void write_cr2(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.write_cr2, x); } static inline unsigned long __read_cr3(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, mmu.read_cr3); } static inline void write_cr3(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.write_cr3, x); } static inline void __write_cr4(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.write_cr4, x); } static inline void arch_safe_halt(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(irq.safe_halt); } static inline void halt(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(irq.halt); } static inline void wbinvd(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.wbinvd); } static inline u64 paravirt_read_msr(unsigned msr) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, cpu.read_msr, msr); } static inline void paravirt_write_msr(unsigned msr, unsigned low, unsigned high) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_msr, msr, low, high); } static inline u64 paravirt_read_msr_safe(unsigned msr, int *err) { return PVOP_CALL2(u64, cpu.read_msr_safe, msr, err); } static inline int paravirt_write_msr_safe(unsigned msr, unsigned low, unsigned high) { return PVOP_CALL3(int, cpu.write_msr_safe, msr, low, high); } #define rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_msr(msr); \ val1 = (u32)_l; \ val2 = _l >> 32; \ } while (0) #define wrmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ paravirt_write_msr(msr, val1, val2); \ } while (0) #define rdmsrl(msr, val) \ do { \ val = paravirt_read_msr(msr); \ } while (0) static inline void wrmsrl(unsigned msr, u64 val) { wrmsr(msr, (u32)val, (u32)(val>>32)); } #define wrmsr_safe(msr, a, b) paravirt_write_msr_safe(msr, a, b) /* rdmsr with exception handling */ #define rdmsr_safe(msr, a, b) \ ({ \ int _err; \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_msr_safe(msr, &_err); \ (*a) = (u32)_l; \ (*b) = _l >> 32; \ _err; \ }) static inline int rdmsrl_safe(unsigned msr, unsigned long long *p) { int err; *p = paravirt_read_msr_safe(msr, &err); return err; } static inline unsigned long long paravirt_read_pmc(int counter) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, cpu.read_pmc, counter); } #define rdpmc(counter, low, high) \ do { \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_pmc(counter); \ low = (u32)_l; \ high = _l >> 32; \ } while (0) #define rdpmcl(counter, val) ((val) = paravirt_read_pmc(counter)) static inline void paravirt_alloc_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.alloc_ldt, ldt, entries); } static inline void paravirt_free_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.free_ldt, ldt, entries); } static inline void load_TR_desc(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.load_tr_desc); } static inline void load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_gdt, dtr); } static inline void load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_idt, dtr); } static inline void set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.set_ldt, addr, entries); } static inline unsigned long paravirt_store_tr(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, cpu.store_tr); } #define store_tr(tr) ((tr) = paravirt_store_tr()) static inline void load_TLS(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned cpu) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.load_tls, t, cpu); } static inline void load_gs_index(unsigned int gs) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_gs_index, gs); } static inline void write_ldt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entry, const void *desc) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_ldt_entry, dt, entry, desc); } static inline void write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entry, void *desc, int type) { PVOP_VCALL4(cpu.write_gdt_entry, dt, entry, desc, type); } static inline void write_idt_entry(gate_desc *dt, int entry, const gate_desc *g) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_idt_entry, dt, entry, g); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM static inline void tss_invalidate_io_bitmap(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.invalidate_io_bitmap); } static inline void tss_update_io_bitmap(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.update_io_bitmap); } #endif static inline void paravirt_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.activate_mm, prev, next); } static inline void paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.dup_mmap, oldmm, mm); } static inline int paravirt_pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { return PVOP_CALL1(int, mmu.pgd_alloc, mm); } static inline void paravirt_pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.pgd_free, mm, pgd); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pte, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pte(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pte, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pmd, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pmd(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pmd, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pud(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pud, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pud(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pud, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_p4d(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_p4d, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_p4d(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_p4d, pfn); } static inline pte_t __pte(pteval_t val) { return (pte_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pteval_t, mmu.make_pte, val) }; } static inline pteval_t pte_val(pte_t pte) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pteval_t, mmu.pte_val, pte.pte); } static inline pgd_t __pgd(pgdval_t val) { return (pgd_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pgdval_t, mmu.make_pgd, val) }; } static inline pgdval_t pgd_val(pgd_t pgd) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pgdval_t, mmu.pgd_val, pgd.pgd); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION static inline pte_t ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { pteval_t ret; ret = PVOP_CALL3(pteval_t, mmu.ptep_modify_prot_start, vma, addr, ptep); return (pte_t) { .pte = ret }; } static inline void ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t old_pte, pte_t pte) { PVOP_VCALL4(mmu.ptep_modify_prot_commit, vma, addr, ptep, pte.pte); } static inline void set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pte, ptep, pte.pte); } static inline void set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pmd, pmdp, native_pmd_val(pmd)); } static inline pmd_t __pmd(pmdval_t val) { return (pmd_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pmdval_t, mmu.make_pmd, val) }; } static inline pmdval_t pmd_val(pmd_t pmd) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pmdval_t, mmu.pmd_val, pmd.pmd); } static inline void set_pud(pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pud, pudp, native_pud_val(pud)); } static inline pud_t __pud(pudval_t val) { pudval_t ret; ret = PVOP_CALLEE1(pudval_t, mmu.make_pud, val); return (pud_t) { ret }; } static inline pudval_t pud_val(pud_t pud) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pudval_t, mmu.pud_val, pud.pud); } static inline void pud_clear(pud_t *pudp) { set_pud(pudp, native_make_pud(0)); } static inline void set_p4d(p4d_t *p4dp, p4d_t p4d) { p4dval_t val = native_p4d_val(p4d); PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_p4d, p4dp, val); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS >= 5 static inline p4d_t __p4d(p4dval_t val) { p4dval_t ret = PVOP_CALLEE1(p4dval_t, mmu.make_p4d, val); return (p4d_t) { ret }; } static inline p4dval_t p4d_val(p4d_t p4d) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(p4dval_t, mmu.p4d_val, p4d.p4d); } static inline void __set_pgd(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pgd, pgdp, native_pgd_val(pgd)); } #define set_pgd(pgdp, pgdval) do { \ if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) \ __set_pgd(pgdp, pgdval); \ else \ set_p4d((p4d_t *)(pgdp), (p4d_t) { (pgdval).pgd }); \ } while (0) #define pgd_clear(pgdp) do { \ if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) \ set_pgd(pgdp, native_make_pgd(0)); \ } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS == 5 */ static inline void p4d_clear(p4d_t *p4dp) { set_p4d(p4dp, native_make_p4d(0)); } static inline void set_pte_atomic(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { set_pte(ptep, native_make_pte(0)); } static inline void pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmdp) { set_pmd(pmdp, native_make_pmd(0)); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_START_CONTEXT_SWITCH static inline void arch_start_context_switch(struct task_struct *prev) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.start_context_switch, prev); } static inline void arch_end_context_switch(struct task_struct *next) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.end_context_switch, next); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_ENTER_LAZY_MMU_MODE static inline void arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.enter); } static inline void arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.leave); } static inline void arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.flush); } static inline void __set_fixmap(unsigned /* enum fixed_addresses */ idx, phys_addr_t phys, pgprot_t flags) { pv_ops.mmu.set_fixmap(idx, phys, flags); } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS) static __always_inline void pv_queued_spin_lock_slowpath(struct qspinlock *lock, u32 val) { PVOP_VCALL2(lock.queued_spin_lock_slowpath, lock, val); } static __always_inline void pv_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock) { PVOP_VCALLEE1(lock.queued_spin_unlock, lock); } static __always_inline void pv_wait(u8 *ptr, u8 val) { PVOP_VCALL2(lock.wait, ptr, val); } static __always_inline void pv_kick(int cpu) { PVOP_VCALL1(lock.kick, cpu); } static __always_inline bool pv_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(bool, lock.vcpu_is_preempted, cpu); } void __raw_callee_save___native_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock); bool __raw_callee_save___native_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu); #endif /* SMP && PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* save and restore all caller-save registers, except return value */ #define PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS "pushl %ecx;" #define PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS "popl %ecx;" #else /* save and restore all caller-save registers, except return value */ #define PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "push %rcx;" \ "push %rdx;" \ "push %rsi;" \ "push %rdi;" \ "push %r8;" \ "push %r9;" \ "push %r10;" \ "push %r11;" #define PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "pop %r11;" \ "pop %r10;" \ "pop %r9;" \ "pop %r8;" \ "pop %rdi;" \ "pop %rsi;" \ "pop %rdx;" \ "pop %rcx;" #endif /* * Generate a thunk around a function which saves all caller-save * registers except for the return value. This allows C functions to * be called from assembler code where fewer than normal registers are * available. It may also help code generation around calls from C * code if the common case doesn't use many registers. * * When a callee is wrapped in a thunk, the caller can assume that all * arg regs and all scratch registers are preserved across the * call. The return value in rax/eax will not be saved, even for void * functions. */ #define PV_THUNK_NAME(func) "__raw_callee_save_" #func #define PV_CALLEE_SAVE_REGS_THUNK(func) \ extern typeof(func) __raw_callee_save_##func; \ \ asm(".pushsection .text;" \ ".globl " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ";" \ ".type " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ", @function;" \ PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ":" \ FRAME_BEGIN \ PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "call " #func ";" \ PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ FRAME_END \ "ret;" \ ".size " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ", .-" PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ";" \ ".popsection") /* Get a reference to a callee-save function */ #define PV_CALLEE_SAVE(func) \ ((struct paravirt_callee_save) { __raw_callee_save_##func }) /* Promise that "func" already uses the right calling convention */ #define __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(func) \ ((struct paravirt_callee_save) { func }) #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline notrace unsigned long arch_local_save_flags(void) { return PVOP_CALLEE0(unsigned long, irq.save_fl); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_restore(unsigned long f) { PVOP_VCALLEE1(irq.restore_fl, f); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_disable(void) { PVOP_VCALLEE0(irq.irq_disable); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_enable(void) { PVOP_VCALLEE0(irq.irq_enable); } static inline notrace unsigned long arch_local_irq_save(void) { unsigned long f; f = arch_local_save_flags(); arch_local_irq_disable(); return f; } #endif /* Make sure as little as possible of this mess escapes. */ #undef PARAVIRT_CALL #undef __PVOP_CALL #undef __PVOP_VCALL #undef PVOP_VCALL0 #undef PVOP_CALL0 #undef PVOP_VCALL1 #undef PVOP_CALL1 #undef PVOP_VCALL2 #undef PVOP_CALL2 #undef PVOP_VCALL3 #undef PVOP_CALL3 #undef PVOP_VCALL4 #undef PVOP_CALL4 extern void default_banner(void); #else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #define _PVSITE(ptype, ops, word, algn) \ 771:; \ ops; \ 772:; \ .pushsection .parainstructions,"a"; \ .align algn; \ word 771b; \ .byte ptype; \ .byte 772b-771b; \ .popsection #define COND_PUSH(set, mask, reg) \ .if ((~(set)) & mask); push %reg; .endif #define COND_POP(set, mask, reg) \ .if ((~(set)) & mask); pop %reg; .endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define PV_SAVE_REGS(set) \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RAX, rax); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RCX, rcx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RDX, rdx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RSI, rsi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RDI, rdi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R8, r8); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R9, r9); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R10, r10); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R11, r11) #define PV_RESTORE_REGS(set) \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R11, r11); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R10, r10); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R9, r9); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R8, r8); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RDI, rdi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RSI, rsi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RDX, rdx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RCX, rcx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RAX, rax) #define PARA_PATCH(off) ((off) / 8) #define PARA_SITE(ptype, ops) _PVSITE(ptype, ops, .quad, 8) #define PARA_INDIRECT(addr) *addr(%rip) #else #define PV_SAVE_REGS(set) \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EAX, eax); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EDI, edi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_ECX, ecx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EDX, edx) #define PV_RESTORE_REGS(set) \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EDX, edx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_ECX, ecx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EDI, edi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EAX, eax) #define PARA_PATCH(off) ((off) / 4) #define PARA_SITE(ptype, ops) _PVSITE(ptype, ops, .long, 4) #define PARA_INDIRECT(addr) *%cs:addr #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define INTERRUPT_RETURN \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_CPU_iret), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ jmp PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_CPU_iret);) #define DISABLE_INTERRUPTS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_irq_disable), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_irq_disable); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #define ENABLE_INTERRUPTS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_irq_enable), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_irq_enable); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define USERGS_SYSRET64 \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_CPU_usergs_sysret64), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ jmp PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_CPU_usergs_sysret64);) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ENTRY #define SAVE_FLAGS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_save_fl), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_save_fl); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define GET_CR2_INTO_AX \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_MMU_read_cr2), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_MMU_read_cr2); \ ) #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #else /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */ # define default_banner x86_init_noop #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT static inline void paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PARAVIRT_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM x86_fpu #if !defined(_TRACE_FPU_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_FPU_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(x86_fpu, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct fpu *, fpu) __field(bool, load_fpu) __field(u64, xfeatures) __field(u64, xcomp_bv) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->fpu = fpu; __entry->load_fpu = test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSXSAVE)) { __entry->xfeatures = fpu->state.xsave.header.xfeatures; __entry->xcomp_bv = fpu->state.xsave.header.xcomp_bv; } ), TP_printk("x86/fpu: %p load: %d xfeatures: %llx xcomp_bv: %llx", __entry->fpu, __entry->load_fpu, __entry->xfeatures, __entry->xcomp_bv ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_before_save, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_after_save, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_before_restore, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_after_restore, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_regs_activated, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_regs_deactivated, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_init_state, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_dropped, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_copy_src, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_copy_dst, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_xstate_check_failed, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH asm/trace/ #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE fpu #endif /* _TRACE_FPU_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PGALLLC_TRACK_H #define _LINUX_PGALLLC_TRACK_H #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc_track(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address, pgtbl_mod_mask *mod_mask) { if (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd))) { if (__p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address)) return NULL; *mod_mask |= PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED; } return p4d_offset(pgd, address); } static inline pud_t *pud_alloc_track(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address, pgtbl_mod_mask *mod_mask) { if (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d))) { if (__pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address)) return NULL; *mod_mask |= PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED; } return pud_offset(p4d, address); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc_track(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address, pgtbl_mod_mask *mod_mask) { if (unlikely(pud_none(*pud))) { if (__pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address)) return NULL; *mod_mask |= PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED; } return pmd_offset(pud, address); } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #define pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, address, mask) \ ((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && \ (__pte_alloc_kernel(pmd) || ({*(mask)|=PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED;0;})))?\ NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address)) #endif /* _LINUX_PGALLLC_TRACK_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_H #define _LINUX_MM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/page_ext.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/page_ref.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct mempolicy; struct anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain; struct file_ra_state; struct user_struct; struct writeback_control; struct bdi_writeback; struct pt_regs; extern int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; void init_mm_internals(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */ extern unsigned long max_mapnr; static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { max_mapnr = limit; } #else static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { } #endif extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages; static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages); } extern void * high_memory; extern int page_cluster; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout; #else #define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly; #endif #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * Architectures that support memory tagging (assigning tags to memory regions, * embedding these tags into addresses that point to these memory regions, and * checking that the memory and the pointer tags match on memory accesses) * redefine this macro to strip tags from pointers. * It's defined as noop for arcitectures that don't support memory tagging. */ #ifndef untagged_addr #define untagged_addr(addr) (addr) #endif #ifndef __pa_symbol #define __pa_symbol(x) __pa(RELOC_HIDE((unsigned long)(x), 0)) #endif #ifndef page_to_virt #define page_to_virt(x) __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(x))) #endif #ifndef lm_alias #define lm_alias(x) __va(__pa_symbol(x)) #endif /* * To prevent common memory management code establishing * a zero page mapping on a read fault. * This macro should be defined within <asm/pgtable.h>. * s390 does this to prevent multiplexing of hardware bits * related to the physical page in case of virtualization. */ #ifndef mm_forbids_zeropage #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0) #endif /* * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes. * If an architecture decides to implement their own version of * mm_zero_struct_page they should wrap the defines below in a #ifndef and * define their own version of this macro in <asm/pgtable.h> */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* This function must be updated when the size of struct page grows above 80 * or reduces below 56. The idea that compiler optimizes out switch() * statement, and only leaves move/store instructions. Also the compiler can * combine write statments if they are both assignments and can be reordered, * this can result in several of the writes here being dropped. */ #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) __mm_zero_struct_page(pp) static inline void __mm_zero_struct_page(struct page *page) { unsigned long *_pp = (void *)page; /* Check that struct page is either 56, 64, 72, or 80 bytes */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) & 7); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) < 56); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > 80); switch (sizeof(struct page)) { case 80: _pp[9] = 0; fallthrough; case 72: _pp[8] = 0; fallthrough; case 64: _pp[7] = 0; fallthrough; case 56: _pp[6] = 0; _pp[5] = 0; _pp[4] = 0; _pp[3] = 0; _pp[2] = 0; _pp[1] = 0; _pp[0] = 0; } } #else #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page))) #endif /* * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a * problem. * * When a program's coredump is generated as ELF format, a section is created * per a vma. In ELF, the number of sections is represented in unsigned short. * This means the number of sections should be smaller than 65535 at coredump. * Because the kernel adds some informative sections to a image of program at * generating coredump, we need some margin. The number of extra sections is * 1-3 now and depends on arch. We use "5" as safe margin, here. * * ELF extended numbering allows more than 65535 sections, so 16-bit bound is * not a hard limit any more. Although some userspace tools can be surprised by * that. */ #define MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN (5) #define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT (USHRT_MAX - MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN) extern int sysctl_max_map_count; extern unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; extern unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n)) /* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */ #define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE) /* test whether an address (unsigned long or pointer) is aligned to PAGE_SIZE */ #define PAGE_ALIGNED(addr) IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)(addr), PAGE_SIZE) #define lru_to_page(head) (list_entry((head)->prev, struct page, lru)) /* * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives. * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary * mmap() functions). */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *); struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *); void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree; extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem; extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp); #endif /* * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h. * When changing, update also include/trace/events/mmflags.h */ #define VM_NONE 0x00000000 #define VM_READ 0x00000001 /* currently active flags */ #define VM_WRITE 0x00000002 #define VM_EXEC 0x00000004 #define VM_SHARED 0x00000008 /* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */ #define VM_MAYREAD 0x00000010 /* limits for mprotect() etc */ #define VM_MAYWRITE 0x00000020 #define VM_MAYEXEC 0x00000040 #define VM_MAYSHARE 0x00000080 #define VM_GROWSDOWN 0x00000100 /* general info on the segment */ #define VM_UFFD_MISSING 0x00000200 /* missing pages tracking */ #define VM_PFNMAP 0x00000400 /* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */ #define VM_DENYWRITE 0x00000800 /* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */ #define VM_UFFD_WP 0x00001000 /* wrprotect pages tracking */ #define VM_LOCKED 0x00002000 #define VM_IO 0x00004000 /* Memory mapped I/O or similar */ /* Used by sys_madvise() */ #define VM_SEQ_READ 0x00008000 /* App will access data sequentially */ #define VM_RAND_READ 0x00010000 /* App will not benefit from clustered reads */ #define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */ #define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */ #define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */ #define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */ #define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */ #define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */ #define VM_SYNC 0x00800000 /* Synchronous page faults */ #define VM_ARCH_1 0x01000000 /* Architecture-specific flag */ #define VM_WIPEONFORK 0x02000000 /* Wipe VMA contents in child. */ #define VM_DONTDUMP 0x04000000 /* Do not include in the core dump */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0x08000000 /* Not soft dirty clean area */ #else # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0 #endif #define VM_MIXEDMAP 0x10000000 /* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */ #define VM_HUGEPAGE 0x20000000 /* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_NOHUGEPAGE 0x40000000 /* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_MERGEABLE 0x80000000 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 32 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1 33 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2 34 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3 35 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4 36 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS # define VM_PKEY_SHIFT VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 # define VM_PKEY_BIT0 VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* A protection key is a 4-bit value */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT1 VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* on x86 and 5-bit value on ppc64 */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT2 VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 # define VM_PKEY_BIT3 VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 #ifdef CONFIG_PPC # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 #else # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0 #endif #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */ #if defined(CONFIG_X86) # define VM_PAT VM_ARCH_1 /* PAT reserves whole VMA at once (x86) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PPC) # define VM_SAO VM_ARCH_1 /* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PARISC) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_IA64) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64) # define VM_SPARC_ADI VM_ARCH_1 /* Uses ADI tag for access control */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_SPARC_ADI #elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64) # define VM_ARM64_BTI VM_ARCH_1 /* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_ARM64_BTI #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU) # define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) # define VM_MTE VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* Use Tagged memory for access control */ # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* Tagged memory permitted */ #else # define VM_MTE VM_NONE # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_NONE #endif #ifndef VM_GROWSUP # define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE #endif /* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */ #define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ) #define TASK_EXEC ((current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) ? VM_EXEC : 0) /* Common data flag combinations */ #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | TASK_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_NON_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_MAYREAD | \ VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #ifndef VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC #endif #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSUP #else #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSDOWN #endif #define VM_STACK_FLAGS (VM_STACK | VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT) /* VMA basic access permission flags */ #define VM_ACCESS_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC) /* * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able. */ #define VM_SPECIAL (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP) /* This mask prevents VMA from being scanned with khugepaged */ #define VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED (VM_SPECIAL | VM_HUGETLB) /* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */ #define VM_INIT_DEF_MASK VM_NOHUGEPAGE /* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */ #define VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK (~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT)) /* Arch-specific flags to clear when updating VM flags on protection change */ #ifndef VM_ARCH_CLEAR # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_NONE #endif #define VM_FLAGS_CLEAR (ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS | VM_ARCH_CLEAR) /* * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the * low four bits) to a page protection mask.. */ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16]; /** * Fault flag definitions. * * @FAULT_FLAG_WRITE: Fault was a write fault. * @FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE: Fault was mkwrite of existing PTE. * @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY: Allow to retry the fault if blocked. * @FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT: Don't drop mmap_lock and wait when retrying. * @FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE: The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region. * @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: The fault has been tried once. * @FAULT_FLAG_USER: The fault originated in userspace. * @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm. * @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch. * @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals. * * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations: * * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * this is the first try * * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * we've already tried at least once * * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry * * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times, * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be * interrupted if necessary. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01 #define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02 #define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY 0x04 #define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT 0x08 #define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE 0x10 #define FAULT_FLAG_TRIED 0x20 #define FAULT_FLAG_USER 0x40 #define FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE 0x80 #define FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION 0x100 #define FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x200 /* * The default fault flags that should be used by most of the * arch-specific page fault handlers. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | \ FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \ FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE) /** * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time * * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking * the mmap_lock for too long a time when waiting for another condition * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the * mmap_lock in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other * processes that would also want the mmap_lock. * * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise. */ static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags) { return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) && (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)); } #define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \ { FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY, "ALLOW_RETRY" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, "RETRY_NOWAIT" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE, "KILLABLE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_TRIED, "TRIED" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_USER, "USER" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE, "REMOTE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, "INSTRUCTION" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE, "INTERRUPTIBLE" } /* * vm_fault is filled by the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled. * * MM layer fills up gfp_mask for page allocations but fault handler might * alter it if its implementation requires a different allocation context. * * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. */ struct vm_fault { struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Target VMA */ unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask to be used for allocations */ pgoff_t pgoff; /* Logical page offset based on vma */ unsigned long address; /* Faulting virtual address */ pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching * the 'address' */ pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching * the 'address' */ pte_t orig_pte; /* Value of PTE at the time of fault */ struct page *cow_page; /* Page handler may use for COW fault */ struct page *page; /* ->fault handlers should return a * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE * is set (which is also implied by * VM_FAULT_ERROR). */ /* These three entries are valid only while holding ptl lock */ pte_t *pte; /* Pointer to pte entry matching * the 'address'. NULL if the page * table hasn't been allocated. */ spinlock_t *ptl; /* Page table lock. * Protects pte page table if 'pte' * is not NULL, otherwise pmd. */ pgtable_t prealloc_pte; /* Pre-allocated pte page table. * vm_ops->map_pages() calls * alloc_set_pte() from atomic context. * do_fault_around() pre-allocates * page table to avoid allocation from * atomic context. */ }; /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */ enum page_entry_size { PE_SIZE_PTE = 0, PE_SIZE_PMD, PE_SIZE_PUD, }; /* * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. */ struct vm_operations_struct { void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area); void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area); int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr); int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area); vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size); void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area); /* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */ vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */ vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware */ int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); /* Called by the /proc/PID/maps code to ask the vma whether it * has a special name. Returning non-NULL will also cause this * vma to be dumped unconditionally. */ const char *(*name)(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy * to hold the policy upon return. Caller should pass NULL @new to * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default * mempolicy. */ int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); /* * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED. The shared policy infrastructure * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically. * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_lock. * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default * policy. */ struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); #endif /* * Called by vm_normal_page() for special PTEs to find the * page for @addr. This is useful if the default behavior * (using pte_page()) would not find the correct page. */ struct page *(*find_special_page)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); }; static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm) { static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {}; memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma)); vma->vm_mm = mm; vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain); } static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_ops = NULL; } static inline bool vma_is_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !vma->vm_ops; } static inline bool vma_is_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP); if (!maybe_stack) return false; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) == VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_foreign(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!current->mm) return true; if (current->mm != vma->vm_mm) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS; } #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM /* * The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow * paths in userfault. */ bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* flush_tlb_range() takes a vma, not a mm, and can care about flags */ #define TLB_FLUSH_VMA(mm,flags) { .vm_mm = (mm), .vm_flags = (flags) } struct mmu_gather; struct inode; #include <linux/huge_mm.h> /* * Methods to modify the page usage count. * * What counts for a page usage: * - cache mapping (page->mapping) * - private data (page->private) * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping * is counted separately * * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them. */ /* * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users) */ static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page); return page_ref_dec_and_test(page); } /* * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if * that is the case. * This can be called when MMU is off so it must not access * any of the virtual mappings. */ static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page) { return page_ref_add_unless(page, 1, 0); } extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn); enum { REGION_INTERSECTS, REGION_DISJOINT, REGION_MIXED, }; int region_intersects(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long desc); /* Support for virtually mapped pages */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr); unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr); /* * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range * * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there * is no special casing required. */ #ifndef is_ioremap_addr #define is_ioremap_addr(x) is_vmalloc_addr(x) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x); extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x); #else static inline bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { return false; } static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { return 0; } #endif extern void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node); static inline void *kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags, NUMA_NO_NODE); } static inline void *kvzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } static inline void *kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *kvmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return kvmalloc(bytes, flags); } static inline void *kvcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } extern void kvfree(const void *addr); extern void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len); static inline int head_compound_mapcount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)) + 1; } /* * Mapcount of compound page as a whole, does not include mapped sub-pages. * * Must be called only for compound pages or any their tail sub-pages. */ static inline int compound_mapcount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_mapcount(page); } /* * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test * and atomic_add_negative(-1). */ static inline void page_mapcount_reset(struct page *page) { atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1); } int __page_mapcount(struct page *page); /* * Mapcount of 0-order page; when compound sub-page, includes * compound_mapcount(). * * Result is undefined for pages which cannot be mapped into userspace. * For example SLAB or special types of pages. See function page_has_type(). * They use this place in struct page differently. */ static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) return __page_mapcount(page); return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE int total_mapcount(struct page *page); int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount); #else static inline int total_mapcount(struct page *page) { return page_mapcount(page); } static inline int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount) { int mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (total_mapcount) *total_mapcount = mapcount; return mapcount; } #endif static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(x); return compound_head(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page); void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages); void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); /* * Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a * prototype for that function and accessor functions. * These are _only_ valid on the head of a compound page. */ typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *); /* Keep the enum in sync with compound_page_dtors array in mm/page_alloc.c */ enum compound_dtor_id { NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR, COMPOUND_PAGE_DTOR, #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE TRANSHUGE_PAGE_DTOR, #endif NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, }; extern compound_page_dtor * const compound_page_dtors[NR_COMPOUND_DTORS]; static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page, enum compound_dtor_id compound_dtor) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); page[1].compound_dtor = compound_dtor; } static inline void destroy_compound_page(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page[1].compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); compound_page_dtors[page[1].compound_dtor](page); } static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 0; return page[1].compound_order; } static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page) { /* * Can the page->hpage_pinned_refcount field be used? That field is in * the 3rd page of the compound page, so the smallest (2-page) compound * pages cannot support it. */ page = compound_head(page); return PageCompound(page) && compound_order(page) > 1; } static inline int head_compound_pincount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_pincount_ptr(head)); } static inline int compound_pincount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!hpage_pincount_available(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_pincount(page); } static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { page[1].compound_order = order; page[1].compound_nr = 1U << order; } /* Returns the number of pages in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long compound_nr(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 1; return page[1].compound_nr; } /* Returns the number of bytes in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long page_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page); } /* Returns the number of bits needed for the number of bytes in a page */ static inline unsigned int page_shift(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SHIFT + compound_order(page); } void free_compound_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when * servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm. */ static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); return pte; } vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page); vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); #endif /* * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have * only one copy in memory, at most, normally. * * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count. * page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for * freelist management in the buddy allocator. * page_count() > 0 means the page has been allocated. * * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course). * * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page(). * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have * subsequently been given references to it. * * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc. * The following discussion applies only to them. * * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call * into the filesystem to release these pages. * * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page, * in units of PAGE_SIZE. * * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache. * * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page. * * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is * rooted at mapping->i_pages, and indexed by offset. * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree. * * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O: * - inode pages may need to be read from disk, * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need * to be written back to the inode on disk, * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been * modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read * back into memory. */ /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key); static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) return false; switch (page->pgmap->type) { case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: return true; default: break; } return false; } void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE; } static inline bool is_pci_p2pdma_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA; } /* 127: arbitrary random number, small enough to assemble well */ #define page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page) \ ((unsigned int) page_ref_count(page) + 127u <= 127u) static inline void get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page * requires to already have an elevated page->_refcount. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page), page); page_ref_inc(page); } bool __must_check try_grab_page(struct page *page, unsigned int flags); static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0)) return false; page_ref_inc(page); return true; } static inline void put_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we * need to inform the device driver through callback. See * include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details. */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); return; } if (put_page_testzero(page)) __put_page(page); } /* * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, and the associated functions that use it, overload * the page's refcount so that two separate items are tracked: the original page * reference count, and also a new count of how many pin_user_pages() calls were * made against the page. ("gup-pinned" is another term for the latter). * * With this scheme, pin_user_pages() becomes special: such pages are marked as * distinct from normal pages. As such, the unpin_user_page() call (and its * variants) must be used in order to release gup-pinned pages. * * Choice of value: * * By making GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS a power of two, debugging of page reference * counts with respect to pin_user_pages() and unpin_user_page() becomes * simpler, due to the fact that adding an even power of two to the page * refcount has the effect of using only the upper N bits, for the code that * counts up using the bias value. This means that the lower bits are left for * the exclusive use of the original code that increments and decrements by one * (or at least, by much smaller values than the bias value). * * Of course, once the lower bits overflow into the upper bits (and this is * OK, because subtraction recovers the original values), then visual inspection * no longer suffices to directly view the separate counts. However, for normal * applications that don't have huge page reference counts, this won't be an * issue. * * Locking: the lockless algorithm described in page_cache_get_speculative() * and page_cache_gup_pin_speculative() provides safe operation for * get_user_pages and page_mkclean and other calls that race to set up page * table entries. */ #define GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (1U << 10) void unpin_user_page(struct page *page); void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages, bool make_dirty); void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages); /** * page_maybe_dma_pinned() - report if a page is pinned for DMA. * * This function checks if a page has been pinned via a call to * pin_user_pages*(). * * For non-huge pages, the return value is partially fuzzy: false is not fuzzy, * because it means "definitely not pinned for DMA", but true means "probably * pinned for DMA, but possibly a false positive due to having at least * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS worth of normal page references". * * False positives are OK, because: a) it's unlikely for a page to get that many * refcounts, and b) all the callers of this routine are expected to be able to * deal gracefully with a false positive. * * For huge pages, the result will be exactly correct. That's because we have * more tracking data available: the 3rd struct page in the compound page is * used to track the pincount (instead using of the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS * scheme). * * For more information, please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst. * * @page: pointer to page to be queried. * @Return: True, if it is likely that the page has been "dma-pinned". * False, if the page is definitely not dma-pinned. */ static inline bool page_maybe_dma_pinned(struct page *page) { if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) return compound_pincount(page) > 0; /* * page_ref_count() is signed. If that refcount overflows, then * page_ref_count() returns a negative value, and callers will avoid * further incrementing the refcount. * * Here, for that overflow case, use the signed bit to count a little * bit higher via unsigned math, and thus still get an accurate result. */ return ((unsigned int)page_ref_count(compound_head(page))) >= GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS; } #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #endif /* * The identification function is mainly used by the buddy allocator for * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really identifying * the zone since we could be using the section number id if we do not have * node id available in page flags. * We only guarantee that it will return the same value for two combinable * pages in a zone. */ static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK; } #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page); #else static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page) { struct page *p = (struct page *)page; return (PF_POISONED_CHECK(p)->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int cpu, int pid) { return ((cpu & LAST__CPU_MASK) << LAST__PID_SHIFT) | (pid & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return cpupid & LAST__PID_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return (cpupid >> LAST__PID_SHIFT) & LAST__CPU_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return cpu_to_node(cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid)); } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_pid(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline bool cpupid_cpu_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__CPU_MASK); } static inline bool __cpupid_match_pid(pid_t task_pid, int cpupid) { return (task_pid & LAST__PID_MASK) == cpupid_to_pid(cpupid); } #define cpupid_match_pid(task, cpupid) __cpupid_match_pid(task->pid, cpupid) #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return xchg(&page->_last_cpupid, cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK); } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page->_last_cpupid; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->_last_cpupid = -1 & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } #else static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT) & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } extern int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid); static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->flags |= LAST_CPUPID_MASK << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT; } #endif /* LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS */ #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int nid, int pid) { return -1; } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return true; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { } static inline bool cpupid_match_pid(struct task_struct *task, int cpupid) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS /* * KASAN per-page tags are stored xor'ed with 0xff. This allows to avoid * setting tags for all pages to native kernel tag value 0xff, as the default * value 0x00 maps to 0xff. */ static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { u8 tag; tag = (page->flags >> KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT) & KASAN_TAG_MASK; tag ^= 0xff; return tag; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { tag ^= 0xff; page->flags &= ~(KASAN_TAG_MASK << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { page_kasan_tag_set(page, 0xff); } #else static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { return 0xff; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { } #endif static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page) { return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)]; } static inline pg_data_t *page_pgdat(const struct page *page) { return NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page)); } #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section) { page->flags &= ~(SECTIONS_MASK << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK; } #endif static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone) { page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node) { page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone, unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn) { set_page_zone(page, zone); set_page_node(page, node); #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return page->mem_cgroup; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup); } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return NULL; } #endif /* * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone() */ #include <linux/vmstat.h> static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page) { return page_to_virt(page); } #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL #endif #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) static inline void *page_address(const struct page *page) { return page->virtual; } static inline void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *address) { page->virtual = address; } #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif #if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *page_address(const struct page *page); void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual); void page_address_init(void); #endif #if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page) #define set_page_address(page, address) do { } while(0) #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif extern void *page_rmapping(struct page *page); extern struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *__page_file_mapping(struct page *); static inline struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_mapping(page); return page->mapping; } extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page); /* * Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private) */ static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_index(page); return page->index; } bool page_mapped(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page); /* * Return true only if the page has been allocated with * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not * met implying that the system is under some pressure. */ static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { /* * Page index cannot be this large so this must be * a pfmemalloc page. */ return page->index == -1UL; } /* * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated * page. */ static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = -1UL; } static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = 0; } /* * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM. */ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void); #define offset_in_page(p) ((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK) #define offset_in_thp(page, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1)) /* * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in * various contexts. */ #define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES (0x0001u) /* disallowed nodes */ extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool can_do_mlock(void); #else static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; } #endif extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *); extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *); /* * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases. */ struct zap_details { struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */ pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */ pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */ }; struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte); struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd); void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct mmu_notifier_range; void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn); int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys); int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t new); extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize); void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to); void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end); int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked); void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page); void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows); void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows); #else static inline vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return -EFAULT; } static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { } #endif static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen) { unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0); } extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); long get_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); long pin_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc); int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim); /* Container for pinned pfns / pages */ struct frame_vector { unsigned int nr_allocated; /* Number of frames we have space for */ unsigned int nr_frames; /* Number of frames stored in ptrs array */ bool got_ref; /* Did we pin pages by getting page ref? */ bool is_pfns; /* Does array contain pages or pfns? */ void *ptrs[]; /* Array of pinned pfns / pages. Use * pfns_vector_pages() or pfns_vector_pfns() * for access */ }; struct frame_vector *frame_vector_create(unsigned int nr_frames); void frame_vector_destroy(struct frame_vector *vec); int get_vaddr_frames(unsigned long start, unsigned int nr_pfns, unsigned int gup_flags, struct frame_vector *vec); void put_vaddr_frames(struct frame_vector *vec); int frame_vector_to_pages(struct frame_vector *vec); void frame_vector_to_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec); static inline unsigned int frame_vector_count(struct frame_vector *vec) { return vec->nr_frames; } static inline struct page **frame_vector_pages(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (vec->is_pfns) { int err = frame_vector_to_pages(vec); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); } return (struct page **)(vec->ptrs); } static inline unsigned long *frame_vector_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (!vec->is_pfns) frame_vector_to_pfns(vec); return (unsigned long *)(vec->ptrs); } struct kvec; int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *iov, int nr_pages, int write, struct page **pages); int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages); struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr); extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); void __set_page_dirty(struct page *, struct address_space *, int warn); int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page); int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page); int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page); void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping); void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, struct bdi_writeback *wb); int set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page); void __cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page); static inline void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page) { /* Avoid atomic ops, locking, etc. when not actually needed. */ if (PageDirty(page)) __cancel_dirty_page(page); } int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page); int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen); extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len, bool need_rmap_locks); /* * Flags used by change_protection(). For now we make it a bitmap so * that we can pass in multiple flags just like parameters. However * for now all the callers are only use one of the flags at the same * time. */ /* Whether we should allow dirty bit accounting */ #define MM_CP_DIRTY_ACCT (1UL << 0) /* Whether this protection change is for NUMA hints */ #define MM_CP_PROT_NUMA (1UL << 1) /* Whether this change is for write protecting */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP (1UL << 2) /* do wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE (1UL << 3) /* Resolve wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_ALL (MM_CP_UFFD_WP | \ MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE) extern unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags); /* * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short. */ int get_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); static inline bool get_user_page_fast_only(unsigned long addr, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pagep) { return get_user_pages_fast_only(addr, 1, gup_flags, pagep) == 1; } /* * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics. */ static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long val = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING /* * counter is updated in asynchronous manner and may go to minus. * But it's never be expected number for users. */ if (val < 0) val = 0; #endif return (unsigned long)val; } void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count); static inline void add_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value) { long count = atomic_long_add_return(value, &mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void inc_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_inc_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void dec_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_dec_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } /* Optimized variant when page is already known not to be PageAnon */ static inline int mm_counter_file(struct page *page) { if (PageSwapBacked(page)) return MM_SHMEMPAGES; return MM_FILEPAGES; } static inline int mm_counter(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page)) return MM_ANONPAGES; return mm_counter_file(page); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_rss, get_mm_rss(mm)); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_vm, mm->total_vm); } static inline void update_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long _rss = get_mm_rss(mm); if ((mm)->hiwater_rss < _rss) (mm)->hiwater_rss = _rss; } static inline void update_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm->hiwater_vm < mm->total_vm) mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; } static inline void reset_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); } static inline void setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(unsigned long *maxrss, struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long hiwater_rss = get_mm_hiwater_rss(mm); if (*maxrss < hiwater_rss) *maxrss = hiwater_rss; } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot); extern pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl); static inline pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pte_t *ptep; __cond_lock(*ptl, ptep = __get_locked_pte(mm, addr, ptl)); return ptep; } #ifdef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED static inline int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return 0; } #else int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address); #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_set(&mm->pgtables_bytes, 0); } static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_long_read(&mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #else static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #endif int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd); #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)) && __p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address)) ? NULL : p4d_offset(pgd, address); } static inline pud_t *pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d)) && __pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address)) ? NULL : pud_offset(p4d, address); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pud_none(*pud)) && __pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address))? NULL: pmd_offset(pud, address); } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS void __init ptlock_cache_init(void); extern bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page); extern void ptlock_free(struct page *page); static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return page->ptl; } #else /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) { } static inline bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { } static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page->ptl; } #endif /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_page(*pmd)); } static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { /* * prep_new_page() initialize page->private (and therefore page->ptl) * with 0. Make sure nobody took it in use in between. * * It can happen if arch try to use slab for page table allocation: * slab code uses page->slab_cache, which share storage with page->ptl. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(*(unsigned long *)&page->ptl, page); if (!ptlock_alloc(page)) return false; spin_lock_init(ptlock_ptr(page)); return true; } #else /* !USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ /* * We use mm->page_table_lock to guard all pagetable pages of the mm. */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) {} static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ static inline void pgtable_init(void) { ptlock_cache_init(); pgtable_cache_init(); } static inline bool pgtable_pte_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pte_page_dtor(struct page *page) { ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } #define pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ ({ \ spinlock_t *__ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); \ pte_t *__pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address); \ *(ptlp) = __ptl; \ spin_lock(__ptl); \ __pte; \ }) #define pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl) do { \ spin_unlock(ptl); \ pte_unmap(pte); \ } while (0) #define pte_alloc(mm, pmd) (unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) #define pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_map(pmd, address)) #define pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? \ NULL : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)) #define pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address) \ ((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd))? \ NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address)) #if USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS static struct page *pmd_to_page(pmd_t *pmd) { unsigned long mask = ~(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t) - 1); return virt_to_page((void *)((unsigned long) pmd & mask)); } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_to_page(pmd)); } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE page->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif return ptlock_init(page); } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->pmd_huge_pte, page); #endif ptlock_free(page); } #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) (pmd_to_page(pmd)->pmd_huge_pte) #else static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) ((mm)->pmd_huge_pte) #endif static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } static inline bool pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!pmd_ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(struct page *page) { pmd_ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } /* * No scalability reason to split PUD locks yet, but follow the same pattern * as the PMD locks to make it easier if we decide to. The VM should not be * considered ready to switch to split PUD locks yet; there may be places * which need to be converted from page_table_lock. */ static inline spinlock_t *pud_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { spinlock_t *ptl = pud_lockptr(mm, pud); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } extern void __init pagecache_init(void); extern void __init free_area_init_memoryless_node(int nid); extern void free_initmem(void); /* * Free reserved pages within range [PAGE_ALIGN(start), end & PAGE_MASK) * into the buddy system. The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern * "poison" if it's within range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ extern unsigned long free_reserved_area(void *start, void *end, int poison, const char *s); #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Free a highmem page into the buddy system, adjusting totalhigh_pages * and totalram_pages. */ extern void free_highmem_page(struct page *page); #endif extern void adjust_managed_page_count(struct page *page, long count); extern void mem_init_print_info(const char *str); extern void reserve_bootmem_region(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end); /* Free the reserved page into the buddy system, so it gets managed. */ static inline void __free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { ClearPageReserved(page); init_page_count(page); __free_page(page); } static inline void free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { __free_reserved_page(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void mark_page_reserved(struct page *page) { SetPageReserved(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, -1); } /* * Default method to free all the __init memory into the buddy system. * The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern "poison" if it's within * range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ static inline unsigned long free_initmem_default(int poison) { extern char __init_begin[], __init_end[]; return free_reserved_area(&__init_begin, &__init_end, poison, "unused kernel"); } static inline unsigned long get_num_physpages(void) { int nid; unsigned long phys_pages = 0; for_each_online_node(nid) phys_pages += node_present_pages(nid); return phys_pages; } /* * Using memblock node mappings, an architecture may initialise its * zones, allocate the backing mem_map and account for memory holes in an * architecture independent manner. * * An architecture is expected to register range of page frames backed by * physical memory with memblock_add[_node]() before calling * free_area_init() passing in the PFN each zone ends at. At a basic * usage, an architecture is expected to do something like * * unsigned long max_zone_pfns[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {max_dma, max_normal_pfn, * max_highmem_pfn}; * for_each_valid_physical_page_range() * memblock_add_node(base, size, nid) * free_area_init(max_zone_pfns); */ void free_area_init(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn); unsigned long node_map_pfn_alignment(void); unsigned long __absent_pages_in_range(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern unsigned long absent_pages_in_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern void get_pfn_range_for_nid(unsigned int nid, unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); extern unsigned long find_min_pfn_with_active_regions(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES static inline int early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn) { return 0; } #else /* please see mm/page_alloc.c */ extern int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn); /* there is a per-arch backend function. */ extern int __meminit __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn, struct mminit_pfnnid_cache *state); #endif extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve); extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, enum meminit_context, struct vmem_altmap *, int migratetype); extern void setup_per_zone_wmarks(void); extern int __meminit init_per_zone_wmark_min(void); extern void mem_init(void); extern void __init mmap_init(void); extern void show_mem(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); extern long si_mem_available(void); extern void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo * val); extern void si_meminfo_node(struct sysinfo *val, int nid); #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_RESERVED_KERNEL_PAGES extern unsigned long arch_reserved_kernel_pages(void); #endif extern __printf(3, 4) void warn_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask, const char *fmt, ...); extern void setup_per_cpu_pageset(void); /* page_alloc.c */ extern int min_free_kbytes; extern int watermark_boost_factor; extern int watermark_scale_factor; extern bool arch_has_descending_max_zone_pfns(void); /* nommu.c */ extern atomic_long_t mmap_pages_allocated; extern int nommu_shrink_inode_mappings(struct inode *, size_t, size_t); /* interval_tree.c */ void vma_interval_tree_insert(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_insert_after(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_remove(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_next(struct vm_area_struct *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #define vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, start, last) \ for (vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ vma; vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_next(vma, start, last)) void anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct anon_vma_chain * anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next( struct anon_vma_chain *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB void anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(struct anon_vma_chain *node); #endif #define anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, root, start, last) \ for (avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ avc; avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next(avc, start, last)) /* mmap.c */ extern int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin); extern int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert, struct vm_area_struct *expand); static inline int vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert) { return __vma_adjust(vma, start, end, pgoff, insert, NULL); } extern struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *, struct file *, pgoff_t, struct mempolicy *, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx); extern struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, struct rb_node **, struct rb_node *); extern void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff, bool *need_rmap_locks); extern void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *); static inline int check_data_rlimit(unsigned long rlim, unsigned long new, unsigned long start, unsigned long end_data, unsigned long start_data) { if (rlim < RLIM_INFINITY) { if (((new - start) + (end_data - start_data)) > rlim) return -ENOSPC; } return 0; } extern int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file); extern struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm); extern struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task); extern bool may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, unsigned long npages); extern void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, long npages); extern bool vma_is_special_mapping(const struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct vm_special_mapping *sm); extern struct vm_area_struct *_install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, const struct vm_special_mapping *spec); /* This is an obsolete alternative to _install_special_mapping. */ extern int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, struct page **pages); unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top); extern unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff, struct list_head *uf); extern unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf); extern int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade); extern int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf); extern int do_madvise(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len_in, int behavior); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int __mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, int ignore_errors); static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { /* Ignore errors */ (void) __mm_populate(addr, len, 1); } #else static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) {} #endif /* These take the mm semaphore themselves */ extern int __must_check vm_brk(unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int __must_check vm_brk_flags(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int vm_munmap(unsigned long, size_t); extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct vm_unmapped_area_info { #define VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN 1 unsigned long flags; unsigned long length; unsigned long low_limit; unsigned long high_limit; unsigned long align_mask; unsigned long align_offset; }; extern unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info); /* truncate.c */ extern void truncate_inode_pages(struct address_space *, loff_t); extern void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern void truncate_inode_pages_final(struct address_space *); /* generic vm_area_ops exported for stackable file systems */ extern vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern void filemap_map_pages(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); extern vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* mm/page-writeback.c */ int __must_check write_one_page(struct page *page); void task_dirty_inc(struct task_struct *tsk); extern unsigned long stack_guard_gap; /* Generic expand stack which grows the stack according to GROWS{UP,DOWN} */ extern int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP still needs to grow downwards at some places */ extern int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #if VM_GROWSUP extern int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #else #define expand_upwards(vma, address) (0) #endif /* Look up the first VMA which satisfies addr < vm_end, NULL if none. */ extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr); extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct **pprev); /* Look up the first VMA which intersects the interval start_addr..end_addr-1, NULL if none. Assume start_addr < end_addr. */ static inline struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_intersection(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct vm_area_struct * vma = find_vma(mm,start_addr); if (vma && end_addr <= vma->vm_start) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline unsigned long vm_start_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_start = vma->vm_start; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) { vm_start -= stack_guard_gap; if (vm_start > vma->vm_start) vm_start = 0; } return vm_start; } static inline unsigned long vm_end_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_end = vma->vm_end; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) { vm_end += stack_guard_gap; if (vm_end < vma->vm_end) vm_end = -PAGE_SIZE; } return vm_end; } static inline unsigned long vma_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* Look up the first VMA which exactly match the interval vm_start ... vm_end */ static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_exact_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vm_start, unsigned long vm_end) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, vm_start); if (vma && (vma->vm_start != vm_start || vma->vm_end != vm_end)) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline bool range_in_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return (vma && vma->vm_start <= start && end <= vma->vm_end); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags); void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) { return __pgprot(0); } static inline void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long addr); int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t); int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, struct page *); int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num); int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len); static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { int err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr, page); if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } #ifndef io_remap_pfn_range static inline int io_remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { return remap_pfn_range(vma, addr, pfn, size, pgprot_decrypted(prot)); } #endif static inline vm_fault_t vmf_error(int err) { if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int foll_flags); #define FOLL_WRITE 0x01 /* check pte is writable */ #define FOLL_TOUCH 0x02 /* mark page accessed */ #define FOLL_GET 0x04 /* do get_page on page */ #define FOLL_DUMP 0x08 /* give error on hole if it would be zero */ #define FOLL_FORCE 0x10 /* get_user_pages read/write w/o permission */ #define FOLL_NOWAIT 0x20 /* if a disk transfer is needed, start the IO * and return without waiting upon it */ #define FOLL_POPULATE 0x40 /* fault in page */ #define FOLL_SPLIT 0x80 /* don't return transhuge pages, split them */ #define FOLL_HWPOISON 0x100 /* check page is hwpoisoned */ #define FOLL_NUMA 0x200 /* force NUMA hinting page fault */ #define FOLL_MIGRATION 0x400 /* wait for page to replace migration entry */ #define FOLL_TRIED 0x800 /* a retry, previous pass started an IO */ #define FOLL_MLOCK 0x1000 /* lock present pages */ #define FOLL_REMOTE 0x2000 /* we are working on non-current tsk/mm */ #define FOLL_COW 0x4000 /* internal GUP flag */ #define FOLL_ANON 0x8000 /* don't do file mappings */ #define FOLL_LONGTERM 0x10000 /* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */ #define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD 0x20000 /* split huge pmd before returning */ #define FOLL_PIN 0x40000 /* pages must be released via unpin_user_page */ #define FOLL_FAST_ONLY 0x80000 /* gup_fast: prevent fall-back to slow gup */ /* * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each * other. Here is what they mean, and how to use them: * * FOLL_LONGTERM indicates that the page will be held for an indefinite time * period _often_ under userspace control. This is in contrast to * iov_iter_get_pages(), whose usages are transient. * * FIXME: For pages which are part of a filesystem, mappings are subject to the * lifetime enforced by the filesystem and we need guarantees that longterm * users like RDMA and V4L2 only establish mappings which coordinate usage with * the filesystem. Ideas for this coordination include revoking the longterm * pin, delaying writeback, bounce buffer page writeback, etc. As FS DAX was * added after the problem with filesystems was found FS DAX VMAs are * specifically failed. Filesystem pages are still subject to bugs and use of * FOLL_LONGTERM should be avoided on those pages. * * FIXME: Also NOTE that FOLL_LONGTERM is not supported in every GUP call. * Currently only get_user_pages() and get_user_pages_fast() support this flag * and calls to get_user_pages_[un]locked are specifically not allowed. This * is due to an incompatibility with the FS DAX check and * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY. * * In the CMA case: long term pins in a CMA region would unnecessarily fragment * that region. And so, CMA attempts to migrate the page before pinning, when * FOLL_LONGTERM is specified. * * FOLL_PIN indicates that a special kind of tracking (not just page->_refcount, * but an additional pin counting system) will be invoked. This is intended for * anything that gets a page reference and then touches page data (for example, * Direct IO). This lets the filesystem know that some non-file-system entity is * potentially changing the pages' data. In contrast to FOLL_GET (whose pages * are released via put_page()), FOLL_PIN pages must be released, ultimately, by * a call to unpin_user_page(). * * FOLL_PIN is similar to FOLL_GET: both of these pin pages. They use different * and separate refcounting mechanisms, however, and that means that each has * its own acquire and release mechanisms: * * FOLL_GET: get_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_page() to release. * * FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and unpin_user_pages to release. * * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given function call. * (The underlying pages may experience both FOLL_GET-based and FOLL_PIN-based * calls applied to them, and that's perfectly OK. This is a constraint on the * callers, not on the pages.) * * FOLL_PIN should be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs, never * directly by the caller. That's in order to help avoid mismatches when * releasing pages: get_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_page(), * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via unpin_user_page(). * * Please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst for more information. */ static inline int vm_fault_to_errno(vm_fault_t vm_fault, int foll_flags) { if (vm_fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) return -ENOMEM; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) return (foll_flags & FOLL_HWPOISON) ? -EHWPOISON : -EFAULT; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *data); extern int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); extern int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING extern bool page_poisoning_enabled(void); extern void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); #else static inline bool page_poisoning_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_ALLOC_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_alloc); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_alloc); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_alloc(gfp_t flags) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_alloc) && !page_poisoning_enabled()) return true; return flags & __GFP_ZERO; } #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_FREE_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_free); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_free); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_free(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_free) && !page_poisoning_enabled(); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern void init_debug_pagealloc(void); #else static inline void init_debug_pagealloc(void) {} #endif extern bool _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_pagealloc_enabled); static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) && _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; } /* * For use in fast paths after init_debug_pagealloc() has run, or when a * false negative result is not harmful when called too early. */ static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled_static(void) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC)) return false; return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_pagealloc_enabled); } #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP) extern void __kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); /* * When called in DEBUG_PAGEALLOC context, the call should most likely be * guarded by debug_pagealloc_enabled() or debug_pagealloc_enabled_static() */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { __kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, enable); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION extern bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page); #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) {} #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION static inline bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA extern struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm); extern int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr); extern int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #else static inline struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm) { return NULL; } static inline int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA */ extern bool process_shares_mm(struct task_struct *p, struct mm_struct *mm); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_drop_caches; int drop_caches_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #endif void drop_slab(void); void drop_slab_node(int nid); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU #define randomize_va_space 0 #else extern int randomize_va_space; #endif const char * arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip); #else static inline void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip) { } #endif void *sparse_buffer_alloc(unsigned long size); struct page * __populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); pgd_t *vmemmap_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, int node); p4d_t *vmemmap_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, int node); pud_t *vmemmap_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, int node); pmd_t *vmemmap_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, int node); pte_t *vmemmap_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void *vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node); struct vmem_altmap; void *vmemmap_alloc_block_buf(unsigned long size, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_verify(pte_t *, int, unsigned long, unsigned long); int vmemmap_populate_basepages(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); int vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_populate_print_last(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG void vmemmap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); #endif void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr, struct page *map, unsigned long nr_pages); enum mf_flags { MF_COUNT_INCREASED = 1 << 0, MF_ACTION_REQUIRED = 1 << 1, MF_MUST_KILL = 1 << 2, MF_SOFT_OFFLINE = 1 << 3, }; extern int memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue_kick(int cpu); extern int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn); extern int sysctl_memory_failure_early_kill; extern int sysctl_memory_failure_recovery; extern void shake_page(struct page *p, int access); extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly; extern int soft_offline_page(unsigned long pfn, int flags); /* * Error handlers for various types of pages. */ enum mf_result { MF_IGNORED, /* Error: cannot be handled */ MF_FAILED, /* Error: handling failed */ MF_DELAYED, /* Will be handled later */ MF_RECOVERED, /* Successfully recovered */ }; enum mf_action_page_type { MF_MSG_KERNEL, MF_MSG_KERNEL_HIGH_ORDER, MF_MSG_SLAB, MF_MSG_DIFFERENT_COMPOUND, MF_MSG_POISONED_HUGE, MF_MSG_HUGE, MF_MSG_FREE_HUGE, MF_MSG_NON_PMD_HUGE, MF_MSG_UNMAP_FAILED, MF_MSG_DIRTY_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_CLEAN_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_DIRTY_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_LRU, MF_MSG_TRUNCATED_LRU, MF_MSG_BUDDY, MF_MSG_BUDDY_2ND, MF_MSG_DAX, MF_MSG_UNSPLIT_THP, MF_MSG_UNKNOWN, }; #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) extern void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault); /** * vma_is_special_huge - Are transhuge page-table entries considered special? * @vma: Pointer to the struct vm_area_struct to consider * * Whether transhuge page-table entries are considered "special" following * the definition in vm_normal_page(). * * Return: true if transhuge page-table entries should be considered special, * false otherwise. */ static inline bool vma_is_special_huge(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma_is_dax(vma) || (vma->vm_file && (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP))); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern unsigned int _debug_guardpage_minorder; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_guardpage_enabled); static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return _debug_guardpage_minorder; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_guardpage_enabled); } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { if (!debug_guardpage_enabled()) return false; return PageGuard(page); } #else static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return 0; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */ #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 void __init setup_nr_node_ids(void); #else static inline void setup_nr_node_ids(void) {} #endif extern int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2); static inline int pages_identical(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { return !memcmp_pages(page1, page2); } #ifdef CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS unsigned long clean_record_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr, pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff, unsigned long *bitmap, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t *end); unsigned long wp_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr); #endif extern int sysctl_nr_trim_pages; /** * seal_check_future_write - Check for F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE flag and handle it * @seals: the seals to check * @vma: the vma to operate on * * Check whether F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE is set; if so, do proper check/handling on * the vma flags. Return 0 if check pass, or <0 for errors. */ static inline int seal_check_future_write(int seals, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (seals & F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE) { /* * New PROT_WRITE and MAP_SHARED mmaps are not allowed when * "future write" seal active. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) return -EPERM; /* * Since an F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE sealed memfd can be mapped as * MAP_SHARED and read-only, take care to not allow mprotect to * revert protections on such mappings. Do this only for shared * mappings. For private mappings, don't need to mask * VM_MAYWRITE as we still want them to be COW-writable. */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE); } return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _FAT_H #define _FAT_H #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/nls.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/msdos_fs.h> /* * vfat shortname flags */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER 0x0001 /* convert to lowercase for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95 0x0002 /* emulate win95 rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT 0x0004 /* emulate winnt rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95 0x0100 /* emulate win95 rule for create */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT 0x0200 /* emulate winnt rule for create */ #define FAT_ERRORS_CONT 1 /* ignore error and continue */ #define FAT_ERRORS_PANIC 2 /* panic on error */ #define FAT_ERRORS_RO 3 /* remount r/o on error */ #define FAT_NFS_STALE_RW 1 /* NFS RW support, can cause ESTALE */ #define FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO 2 /* NFS RO support, no ESTALE issue */ struct fat_mount_options { kuid_t fs_uid; kgid_t fs_gid; unsigned short fs_fmask; unsigned short fs_dmask; unsigned short codepage; /* Codepage for shortname conversions */ int time_offset; /* Offset of timestamps from UTC (in minutes) */ char *iocharset; /* Charset used for filename input/display */ unsigned short shortname; /* flags for shortname display/create rule */ unsigned char name_check; /* r = relaxed, n = normal, s = strict */ unsigned char errors; /* On error: continue, panic, remount-ro */ unsigned char nfs; /* NFS support: nostale_ro, stale_rw */ unsigned short allow_utime;/* permission for setting the [am]time */ unsigned quiet:1, /* set = fake successful chmods and chowns */ showexec:1, /* set = only set x bit for com/exe/bat */ sys_immutable:1, /* set = system files are immutable */ dotsOK:1, /* set = hidden and system files are named '.filename' */ isvfat:1, /* 0=no vfat long filename support, 1=vfat support */ utf8:1, /* Use of UTF-8 character set (Default) */ unicode_xlate:1, /* create escape sequences for unhandled Unicode */ numtail:1, /* Does first alias have a numeric '~1' type tail? */ flush:1, /* write things quickly */ nocase:1, /* Does this need case conversion? 0=need case conversion*/ usefree:1, /* Use free_clusters for FAT32 */ tz_set:1, /* Filesystem timestamps' offset set */ rodir:1, /* allow ATTR_RO for directory */ discard:1, /* Issue discard requests on deletions */ dos1xfloppy:1; /* Assume default BPB for DOS 1.x floppies */ }; #define FAT_HASH_BITS 8 #define FAT_HASH_SIZE (1UL << FAT_HASH_BITS) /* * MS-DOS file system in-core superblock data */ struct msdos_sb_info { unsigned short sec_per_clus; /* sectors/cluster */ unsigned short cluster_bits; /* log2(cluster_size) */ unsigned int cluster_size; /* cluster size */ unsigned char fats, fat_bits; /* number of FATs, FAT bits (12,16 or 32) */ unsigned short fat_start; unsigned long fat_length; /* FAT start & length (sec.) */ unsigned long dir_start; unsigned short dir_entries; /* root dir start & entries */ unsigned long data_start; /* first data sector */ unsigned long max_cluster; /* maximum cluster number */ unsigned long root_cluster; /* first cluster of the root directory */ unsigned long fsinfo_sector; /* sector number of FAT32 fsinfo */ struct mutex fat_lock; struct mutex nfs_build_inode_lock; struct mutex s_lock; unsigned int prev_free; /* previously allocated cluster number */ unsigned int free_clusters; /* -1 if undefined */ unsigned int free_clus_valid; /* is free_clusters valid? */ struct fat_mount_options options; struct nls_table *nls_disk; /* Codepage used on disk */ struct nls_table *nls_io; /* Charset used for input and display */ const void *dir_ops; /* Opaque; default directory operations */ int dir_per_block; /* dir entries per block */ int dir_per_block_bits; /* log2(dir_per_block) */ unsigned int vol_id; /*volume ID*/ int fatent_shift; const struct fatent_operations *fatent_ops; struct inode *fat_inode; struct inode *fsinfo_inode; struct ratelimit_state ratelimit; spinlock_t inode_hash_lock; struct hlist_head inode_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; spinlock_t dir_hash_lock; struct hlist_head dir_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; unsigned int dirty; /* fs state before mount */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define FAT_CACHE_VALID 0 /* special case for valid cache */ /* * MS-DOS file system inode data in memory */ struct msdos_inode_info { spinlock_t cache_lru_lock; struct list_head cache_lru; int nr_caches; /* for avoiding the race between fat_free() and fat_get_cluster() */ unsigned int cache_valid_id; /* NOTE: mmu_private is 64bits, so must hold ->i_mutex to access */ loff_t mmu_private; /* physically allocated size */ int i_start; /* first cluster or 0 */ int i_logstart; /* logical first cluster */ int i_attrs; /* unused attribute bits */ loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry or 0 */ struct hlist_node i_fat_hash; /* hash by i_location */ struct hlist_node i_dir_hash; /* hash by i_logstart */ struct rw_semaphore truncate_lock; /* protect bmap against truncate */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct fat_slot_info { loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry */ loff_t slot_off; /* offset for slot or de start */ int nr_slots; /* number of slots + 1(de) in filename */ struct msdos_dir_entry *de; struct buffer_head *bh; }; static inline struct msdos_sb_info *MSDOS_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } /* * Functions that determine the variant of the FAT file system (i.e., * whether this is FAT12, FAT16 or FAT32. */ static inline bool is_fat12(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 12; } static inline bool is_fat16(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 16; } static inline bool is_fat32(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 32; } /* Maximum number of clusters */ static inline u32 max_fat(struct super_block *sb) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb); return is_fat32(sbi) ? MAX_FAT32 : is_fat16(sbi) ? MAX_FAT16 : MAX_FAT12; } static inline struct msdos_inode_info *MSDOS_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct msdos_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * If ->i_mode can't hold S_IWUGO (i.e. ATTR_RO), we use ->i_attrs to * save ATTR_RO instead of ->i_mode. * * If it's directory and !sbi->options.rodir, ATTR_RO isn't read-only * bit, it's just used as flag for app. */ static inline int fat_mode_can_hold_ro(struct inode *inode) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb); umode_t mask; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { if (!sbi->options.rodir) return 0; mask = ~sbi->options.fs_dmask; } else mask = ~sbi->options.fs_fmask; if (!(mask & S_IWUGO)) return 0; return 1; } /* Convert attribute bits and a mask to the UNIX mode. */ static inline umode_t fat_make_mode(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, u8 attrs, umode_t mode) { if (attrs & ATTR_RO && !((attrs & ATTR_DIR) && !sbi->options.rodir)) mode &= ~S_IWUGO; if (attrs & ATTR_DIR) return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_dmask) | S_IFDIR; else return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_fmask) | S_IFREG; } /* Return the FAT attribute byte for this inode */ static inline u8 fat_make_attrs(struct inode *inode) { u8 attrs = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) attrs |= ATTR_DIR; if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode) && !(inode->i_mode & S_IWUGO)) attrs |= ATTR_RO; return attrs; } static inline void fat_save_attrs(struct inode *inode, u8 attrs) { if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode)) MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & ATTR_UNUSED; else MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & (ATTR_UNUSED | ATTR_RO); } static inline unsigned char fat_checksum(const __u8 *name) { unsigned char s = name[0]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[1]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[2]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[3]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[4]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[5]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[6]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[7]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[8]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[9]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[10]; return s; } static inline sector_t fat_clus_to_blknr(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int clus) { return ((sector_t)clus - FAT_START_ENT) * sbi->sec_per_clus + sbi->data_start; } static inline void fat_get_blknr_offset(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, loff_t i_pos, sector_t *blknr, int *offset) { *blknr = i_pos >> sbi->dir_per_block_bits; *offset = i_pos & (sbi->dir_per_block - 1); } static inline loff_t fat_i_pos_read(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode) { loff_t i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif i_pos = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif return i_pos; } static inline void fat16_towchar(wchar_t *dst, const __u8 *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { *dst++ = src[0] | (src[1] << 8); src += 2; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } static inline int fat_get_start(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, const struct msdos_dir_entry *de) { int cluster = le16_to_cpu(de->start); if (is_fat32(sbi)) cluster |= (le16_to_cpu(de->starthi) << 16); return cluster; } static inline void fat_set_start(struct msdos_dir_entry *de, int cluster) { de->start = cpu_to_le16(cluster); de->starthi = cpu_to_le16(cluster >> 16); } static inline void fatwchar_to16(__u8 *dst, const wchar_t *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { dst[0] = *src & 0x00FF; dst[1] = (*src & 0xFF00) >> 8; dst += 2; src++; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } /* fat/cache.c */ extern void fat_cache_inval_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_get_cluster(struct inode *inode, int cluster, int *fclus, int *dclus); extern int fat_get_mapped_cluster(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t last_block, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, sector_t *bmap); extern int fat_bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t *phys, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, int create, bool from_bmap); /* fat/dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations fat_dir_operations; extern int fat_search_long(struct inode *inode, const unsigned char *name, int name_len, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_dir_empty(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_subdirs(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_scan(struct inode *dir, const unsigned char *name, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_scan_logstart(struct inode *dir, int i_logstart, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_get_dotdot_entry(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head **bh, struct msdos_dir_entry **de); extern int fat_alloc_new_dir(struct inode *dir, struct timespec64 *ts); extern int fat_add_entries(struct inode *dir, void *slots, int nr_slots, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_remove_entries(struct inode *dir, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); /* fat/fatent.c */ struct fat_entry { int entry; union { u8 *ent12_p[2]; __le16 *ent16_p; __le32 *ent32_p; } u; int nr_bhs; struct buffer_head *bhs[2]; struct inode *fat_inode; }; static inline void fatent_init(struct fat_entry *fatent) { fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->entry = 0; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline void fatent_set_entry(struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry) { fatent->entry = entry; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; } static inline void fatent_brelse(struct fat_entry *fatent) { int i; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; for (i = 0; i < fatent->nr_bhs; i++) brelse(fatent->bhs[i]); fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline bool fat_valid_entry(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int entry) { return FAT_START_ENT <= entry && entry < sbi->max_cluster; } extern void fat_ent_access_init(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_ent_read(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry); extern int fat_ent_write(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int new, int wait); extern int fat_alloc_clusters(struct inode *inode, int *cluster, int nr_cluster); extern int fat_free_clusters(struct inode *inode, int cluster); extern int fat_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_trim_fs(struct inode *inode, struct fstrim_range *range); /* fat/file.c */ extern long fat_generic_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern const struct file_operations fat_file_operations; extern const struct inode_operations fat_file_inode_operations; extern int fat_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr); extern void fat_truncate_blocks(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset); extern int fat_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int flags); extern int fat_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); /* fat/inode.c */ extern int fat_block_truncate_page(struct inode *inode, loff_t from); extern void fat_attach(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_pos); extern void fat_detach(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *fat_iget(struct super_block *sb, loff_t i_pos); extern struct inode *fat_build_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct msdos_dir_entry *de, loff_t i_pos); extern int fat_sync_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent, int isvfat, void (*setup)(struct super_block *)); extern int fat_fill_inode(struct inode *inode, struct msdos_dir_entry *de); extern int fat_flush_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *i1, struct inode *i2); static inline unsigned long fat_dir_hash(int logstart) { return hash_32(logstart, FAT_HASH_BITS); } extern int fat_add_cluster(struct inode *inode); /* fat/misc.c */ extern __printf(3, 4) __cold void __fat_fs_error(struct super_block *sb, int report, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_fs_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, 1, fmt , ## args) #define fat_fs_error_ratelimit(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, __ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit), fmt , ## args) __printf(3, 4) __cold void fat_msg(struct super_block *sb, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_msg_ratelimit(sb, level, fmt, args...) \ do { \ if (__ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit)) \ fat_msg(sb, level, fmt, ## args); \ } while (0) extern int fat_clusters_flush(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_chain_add(struct inode *inode, int new_dclus, int nr_cluster); extern void fat_time_fat2unix(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 __time, __le16 __date, u8 time_cs); extern void fat_time_unix2fat(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 *time, __le16 *date, u8 *time_cs); extern int fat_truncate_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_sync_bhs(struct buffer_head **bhs, int nr_bhs); int fat_cache_init(void); void fat_cache_destroy(void); /* fat/nfs.c */ extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops; extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops_nostale; /* helper for printk */ typedef unsigned long long llu; #endif /* !_FAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Universal TUN/TAP device driver. * Copyright (C) 1999-2000 Maxim Krasnyansky <max_mk@yahoo.com> */ #ifndef __IF_TUN_H #define __IF_TUN_H #include <uapi/linux/if_tun.h> #include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h> #define TUN_XDP_FLAG 0x1UL #define TUN_MSG_UBUF 1 #define TUN_MSG_PTR 2 struct tun_msg_ctl { unsigned short type; unsigned short num; void *ptr; }; struct tun_xdp_hdr { int buflen; struct virtio_net_hdr gso; }; #if defined(CONFIG_TUN) || defined(CONFIG_TUN_MODULE) struct socket *tun_get_socket(struct file *); struct ptr_ring *tun_get_tx_ring(struct file *file); static inline bool tun_is_xdp_frame(void *ptr) { return (unsigned long)ptr & TUN_XDP_FLAG; } static inline void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(struct xdp_frame *xdp) { return (void *)((unsigned long)xdp | TUN_XDP_FLAG); } static inline struct xdp_frame *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr) { return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr & ~TUN_XDP_FLAG); } void tun_ptr_free(void *ptr); #else #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/errno.h> struct file; struct socket; static inline struct socket *tun_get_socket(struct file *f) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline struct ptr_ring *tun_get_tx_ring(struct file *f) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline bool tun_is_xdp_frame(void *ptr) { return false; } static inline void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(struct xdp_frame *xdp) { return NULL; } static inline struct xdp_frame *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr) { return NULL; } static inline void tun_ptr_free(void *ptr) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TUN */ #endif /* __IF_TUN_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Linux INET6 implementation * * Authors: * Pedro Roque <roque@di.fc.ul.pt> */ #ifndef _NET_IPV6_H #define _NET_IPV6_H #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/jump_label_ratelimit.h> #include <net/if_inet6.h> #include <net/ndisc.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #define SIN6_LEN_RFC2133 24 #define IPV6_MAXPLEN 65535 /* * NextHeader field of IPv6 header */ #define NEXTHDR_HOP 0 /* Hop-by-hop option header. */ #define NEXTHDR_TCP 6 /* TCP segment. */ #define NEXTHDR_UDP 17 /* UDP message. */ #define NEXTHDR_IPV6 41 /* IPv6 in IPv6 */ #define NEXTHDR_ROUTING 43 /* Routing header. */ #define NEXTHDR_FRAGMENT 44 /* Fragmentation/reassembly header. */ #define NEXTHDR_GRE 47 /* GRE header. */ #define NEXTHDR_ESP 50 /* Encapsulating security payload. */ #define NEXTHDR_AUTH 51 /* Authentication header. */ #define NEXTHDR_ICMP 58 /* ICMP for IPv6. */ #define NEXTHDR_NONE 59 /* No next header */ #define NEXTHDR_DEST 60 /* Destination options header. */ #define NEXTHDR_SCTP 132 /* SCTP message. */ #define NEXTHDR_MOBILITY 135 /* Mobility header. */ #define NEXTHDR_MAX 255 #define IPV6_DEFAULT_HOPLIMIT 64 #define IPV6_DEFAULT_MCASTHOPS 1 /* Limits on Hop-by-Hop and Destination options. * * Per RFC8200 there is no limit on the maximum number or lengths of options in * Hop-by-Hop or Destination options other then the packet must fit in an MTU. * We allow configurable limits in order to mitigate potential denial of * service attacks. * * There are three limits that may be set: * - Limit the number of options in a Hop-by-Hop or Destination options * extension header * - Limit the byte length of a Hop-by-Hop or Destination options extension * header * - Disallow unknown options * * The limits are expressed in corresponding sysctls: * * ipv6.sysctl.max_dst_opts_cnt * ipv6.sysctl.max_hbh_opts_cnt * ipv6.sysctl.max_dst_opts_len * ipv6.sysctl.max_hbh_opts_len * * max_*_opts_cnt is the number of TLVs that are allowed for Destination * options or Hop-by-Hop options. If the number is less than zero then unknown * TLVs are disallowed and the number of known options that are allowed is the * absolute value. Setting the value to INT_MAX indicates no limit. * * max_*_opts_len is the length limit in bytes of a Destination or * Hop-by-Hop options extension header. Setting the value to INT_MAX * indicates no length limit. * * If a limit is exceeded when processing an extension header the packet is * silently discarded. */ /* Default limits for Hop-by-Hop and Destination options */ #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_DST_OPTS_CNT 8 #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_HBH_OPTS_CNT 8 #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_DST_OPTS_LEN INT_MAX /* No limit */ #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_HBH_OPTS_LEN INT_MAX /* No limit */ /* * Addr type * * type - unicast | multicast * scope - local | site | global * v4 - compat * v4mapped * any * loopback */ #define IPV6_ADDR_ANY 0x0000U #define IPV6_ADDR_UNICAST 0x0001U #define IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST 0x0002U #define IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK 0x0010U #define IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL 0x0020U #define IPV6_ADDR_SITELOCAL 0x0040U #define IPV6_ADDR_COMPATv4 0x0080U #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_MASK 0x00f0U #define IPV6_ADDR_MAPPED 0x1000U /* * Addr scopes */ #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x0f) /* nonstandard */ #define __IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_INVALID -1 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_NODELOCAL 0x01 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_LINKLOCAL 0x02 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_SITELOCAL 0x05 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_ORGLOCAL 0x08 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_GLOBAL 0x0e /* * Addr flags */ #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_FLAG_TRANSIENT(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x10) #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_FLAG_PREFIX(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x20) #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_FLAG_RENDEZVOUS(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x40) /* * fragmentation header */ struct frag_hdr { __u8 nexthdr; __u8 reserved; __be16 frag_off; __be32 identification; }; #define IP6_MF 0x0001 #define IP6_OFFSET 0xFFF8 struct ip6_fraglist_iter { struct ipv6hdr *tmp_hdr; struct sk_buff *frag; int offset; unsigned int hlen; __be32 frag_id; u8 nexthdr; }; int ip6_fraglist_init(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hlen, u8 *prevhdr, u8 nexthdr, __be32 frag_id, struct ip6_fraglist_iter *iter); void ip6_fraglist_prepare(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip6_fraglist_iter *iter); static inline struct sk_buff *ip6_fraglist_next(struct ip6_fraglist_iter *iter) { struct sk_buff *skb = iter->frag; iter->frag = skb->next; skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); return skb; } struct ip6_frag_state { u8 *prevhdr; unsigned int hlen; unsigned int mtu; unsigned int left; int offset; int ptr; int hroom; int troom; __be32 frag_id; u8 nexthdr; }; void ip6_frag_init(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hlen, unsigned int mtu, unsigned short needed_tailroom, int hdr_room, u8 *prevhdr, u8 nexthdr, __be32 frag_id, struct ip6_frag_state *state); struct sk_buff *ip6_frag_next(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip6_frag_state *state); #define IP6_REPLY_MARK(net, mark) \ ((net)->ipv6.sysctl.fwmark_reflect ? (mark) : 0) #include <net/sock.h> /* sysctls */ extern int sysctl_mld_max_msf; extern int sysctl_mld_qrv; #define _DEVINC(net, statname, mod, idev, field) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ mod##SNMP_INC_STATS64((_idev)->stats.statname, (field));\ mod##SNMP_INC_STATS64((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\ }) /* per device counters are atomic_long_t */ #define _DEVINCATOMIC(net, statname, mod, idev, field) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((_idev)->stats.statname##dev, (field)); \ mod##SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\ }) /* per device and per net counters are atomic_long_t */ #define _DEVINC_ATOMIC_ATOMIC(net, statname, idev, field) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((_idev)->stats.statname##dev, (field)); \ SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\ }) #define _DEVADD(net, statname, mod, idev, field, val) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ mod##SNMP_ADD_STATS((_idev)->stats.statname, (field), (val)); \ mod##SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field), (val));\ }) #define _DEVUPD(net, statname, mod, idev, field, val) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ mod##SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS((_idev)->stats.statname, field, (val)); \ mod##SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, field, (val));\ }) /* MIBs */ #define IP6_INC_STATS(net, idev,field) \ _DEVINC(net, ipv6, , idev, field) #define __IP6_INC_STATS(net, idev,field) \ _DEVINC(net, ipv6, __, idev, field) #define IP6_ADD_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVADD(net, ipv6, , idev, field, val) #define __IP6_ADD_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVADD(net, ipv6, __, idev, field, val) #define IP6_UPD_PO_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVUPD(net, ipv6, , idev, field, val) #define __IP6_UPD_PO_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVUPD(net, ipv6, __, idev, field, val) #define ICMP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6, , idev, field) #define __ICMP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6, __, idev, field) #define ICMP6MSGOUT_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINC_ATOMIC_ATOMIC(net, icmpv6msg, idev, field +256) #define ICMP6MSGIN_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINC_ATOMIC_ATOMIC(net, icmpv6msg, idev, field) struct ip6_ra_chain { struct ip6_ra_chain *next; struct sock *sk; int sel; void (*destructor)(struct sock *); }; extern struct ip6_ra_chain *ip6_ra_chain; extern rwlock_t ip6_ra_lock; /* This structure is prepared by protocol, when parsing ancillary data and passed to IPv6. */ struct ipv6_txoptions { refcount_t refcnt; /* Length of this structure */ int tot_len; /* length of extension headers */ __u16 opt_flen; /* after fragment hdr */ __u16 opt_nflen; /* before fragment hdr */ struct ipv6_opt_hdr *hopopt; struct ipv6_opt_hdr *dst0opt; struct ipv6_rt_hdr *srcrt; /* Routing Header */ struct ipv6_opt_hdr *dst1opt; struct rcu_head rcu; /* Option buffer, as read by IPV6_PKTOPTIONS, starts here. */ }; /* flowlabel_reflect sysctl values */ enum flowlabel_reflect { FLOWLABEL_REFLECT_ESTABLISHED = 1, FLOWLABEL_REFLECT_TCP_RESET = 2, FLOWLABEL_REFLECT_ICMPV6_ECHO_REPLIES = 4, }; struct ip6_flowlabel { struct ip6_flowlabel __rcu *next; __be32 label; atomic_t users; struct in6_addr dst; struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; unsigned long linger; struct rcu_head rcu; u8 share; union { struct pid *pid; kuid_t uid; } owner; unsigned long lastuse; unsigned long expires; struct net *fl_net; }; #define IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK cpu_to_be32(0x0FFFFFFF) #define IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK cpu_to_be32(0x000FFFFF) #define IPV6_FLOWLABEL_STATELESS_FLAG cpu_to_be32(0x00080000) #define IPV6_TCLASS_MASK (IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK & ~IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK) #define IPV6_TCLASS_SHIFT 20 struct ipv6_fl_socklist { struct ipv6_fl_socklist __rcu *next; struct ip6_flowlabel *fl; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct ipcm6_cookie { struct sockcm_cookie sockc; __s16 hlimit; __s16 tclass; __s8 dontfrag; struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; __u16 gso_size; }; static inline void ipcm6_init(struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6) { *ipc6 = (struct ipcm6_cookie) { .hlimit = -1, .tclass = -1, .dontfrag = -1, }; } static inline void ipcm6_init_sk(struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6, const struct ipv6_pinfo *np) { *ipc6 = (struct ipcm6_cookie) { .hlimit = -1, .tclass = np->tclass, .dontfrag = np->dontfrag, }; } static inline struct ipv6_txoptions *txopt_get(const struct ipv6_pinfo *np) { struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; rcu_read_lock(); opt = rcu_dereference(np->opt); if (opt) { if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&opt->refcnt)) opt = NULL; else opt = rcu_pointer_handoff(opt); } rcu_read_unlock(); return opt; } static inline void txopt_put(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt) { if (opt && refcount_dec_and_test(&opt->refcnt)) kfree_rcu(opt, rcu); } struct ip6_flowlabel *__fl6_sock_lookup(struct sock *sk, __be32 label); extern struct static_key_false_deferred ipv6_flowlabel_exclusive; static inline struct ip6_flowlabel *fl6_sock_lookup(struct sock *sk, __be32 label) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&ipv6_flowlabel_exclusive.key)) return __fl6_sock_lookup(sk, label) ? : ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); return NULL; } struct ipv6_txoptions *fl6_merge_options(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt_space, struct ip6_flowlabel *fl, struct ipv6_txoptions *fopt); void fl6_free_socklist(struct sock *sk); int ipv6_flowlabel_opt(struct sock *sk, sockptr_t optval, int optlen); int ipv6_flowlabel_opt_get(struct sock *sk, struct in6_flowlabel_req *freq, int flags); int ip6_flowlabel_init(void); void ip6_flowlabel_cleanup(void); bool ip6_autoflowlabel(struct net *net, const struct ipv6_pinfo *np); static inline void fl6_sock_release(struct ip6_flowlabel *fl) { if (fl) atomic_dec(&fl->users); } void icmpv6_notify(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __be32 info); void icmpv6_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct icmp6hdr *thdr, int len); int ip6_ra_control(struct sock *sk, int sel); int ipv6_parse_hopopts(struct sk_buff *skb); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_dup_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_renew_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, int newtype, struct ipv6_opt_hdr *newopt); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_fixup_options(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt_space, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt); bool ipv6_opt_accepted(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct inet6_skb_parm *opt); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_update_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt); static inline bool ipv6_accept_ra(struct inet6_dev *idev) { /* If forwarding is enabled, RA are not accepted unless the special * hybrid mode (accept_ra=2) is enabled. */ return idev->cnf.forwarding ? idev->cnf.accept_ra == 2 : idev->cnf.accept_ra; } #define IPV6_FRAG_HIGH_THRESH (4 * 1024*1024) /* 4194304 */ #define IPV6_FRAG_LOW_THRESH (3 * 1024*1024) /* 3145728 */ #define IPV6_FRAG_TIMEOUT (60 * HZ) /* 60 seconds */ int __ipv6_addr_type(const struct in6_addr *addr); static inline int ipv6_addr_type(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_addr_type(addr) & 0xffff; } static inline int ipv6_addr_scope(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_addr_type(addr) & IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_MASK; } static inline int __ipv6_addr_src_scope(int type) { return (type == IPV6_ADDR_ANY) ? __IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_INVALID : (type >> 16); } static inline int ipv6_addr_src_scope(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_addr_src_scope(__ipv6_addr_type(addr)); } static inline bool __ipv6_addr_needs_scope_id(int type) { return type & IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL || (type & IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST && (type & (IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK|IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL))); } static inline __u32 ipv6_iface_scope_id(const struct in6_addr *addr, int iface) { return __ipv6_addr_needs_scope_id(__ipv6_addr_type(addr)) ? iface : 0; } static inline int ipv6_addr_cmp(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2) { return memcmp(a1, a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr)); } static inline bool ipv6_masked_addr_cmp(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *m, const struct in6_addr *a2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul1 = (const unsigned long *)a1; const unsigned long *ulm = (const unsigned long *)m; const unsigned long *ul2 = (const unsigned long *)a2; return !!(((ul1[0] ^ ul2[0]) & ulm[0]) | ((ul1[1] ^ ul2[1]) & ulm[1])); #else return !!(((a1->s6_addr32[0] ^ a2->s6_addr32[0]) & m->s6_addr32[0]) | ((a1->s6_addr32[1] ^ a2->s6_addr32[1]) & m->s6_addr32[1]) | ((a1->s6_addr32[2] ^ a2->s6_addr32[2]) & m->s6_addr32[2]) | ((a1->s6_addr32[3] ^ a2->s6_addr32[3]) & m->s6_addr32[3])); #endif } static inline void ipv6_addr_prefix(struct in6_addr *pfx, const struct in6_addr *addr, int plen) { /* caller must guarantee 0 <= plen <= 128 */ int o = plen >> 3, b = plen & 0x7; memset(pfx->s6_addr, 0, sizeof(pfx->s6_addr)); memcpy(pfx->s6_addr, addr, o); if (b != 0) pfx->s6_addr[o] = addr->s6_addr[o] & (0xff00 >> b); } static inline void ipv6_addr_prefix_copy(struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *pfx, int plen) { /* caller must guarantee 0 <= plen <= 128 */ int o = plen >> 3, b = plen & 0x7; memcpy(addr->s6_addr, pfx, o); if (b != 0) { addr->s6_addr[o] &= ~(0xff00 >> b); addr->s6_addr[o] |= (pfx->s6_addr[o] & (0xff00 >> b)); } } static inline void __ipv6_addr_set_half(__be32 *addr, __be32 wh, __be32 wl) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 #if defined(__BIG_ENDIAN) if (__builtin_constant_p(wh) && __builtin_constant_p(wl)) { *(__force u64 *)addr = ((__force u64)(wh) << 32 | (__force u64)(wl)); return; } #elif defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN) if (__builtin_constant_p(wl) && __builtin_constant_p(wh)) { *(__force u64 *)addr = ((__force u64)(wl) << 32 | (__force u64)(wh)); return; } #endif #endif addr[0] = wh; addr[1] = wl; } static inline void ipv6_addr_set(struct in6_addr *addr, __be32 w1, __be32 w2, __be32 w3, __be32 w4) { __ipv6_addr_set_half(&addr->s6_addr32[0], w1, w2); __ipv6_addr_set_half(&addr->s6_addr32[2], w3, w4); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_equal(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul1 = (const unsigned long *)a1; const unsigned long *ul2 = (const unsigned long *)a2; return ((ul1[0] ^ ul2[0]) | (ul1[1] ^ ul2[1])) == 0UL; #else return ((a1->s6_addr32[0] ^ a2->s6_addr32[0]) | (a1->s6_addr32[1] ^ a2->s6_addr32[1]) | (a1->s6_addr32[2] ^ a2->s6_addr32[2]) | (a1->s6_addr32[3] ^ a2->s6_addr32[3])) == 0; #endif } #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline bool __ipv6_prefix_equal64_half(const __be64 *a1, const __be64 *a2, unsigned int len) { if (len && ((*a1 ^ *a2) & cpu_to_be64((~0UL) << (64 - len)))) return false; return true; } static inline bool ipv6_prefix_equal(const struct in6_addr *addr1, const struct in6_addr *addr2, unsigned int prefixlen) { const __be64 *a1 = (const __be64 *)addr1; const __be64 *a2 = (const __be64 *)addr2; if (prefixlen >= 64) { if (a1[0] ^ a2[0]) return false; return __ipv6_prefix_equal64_half(a1 + 1, a2 + 1, prefixlen - 64); } return __ipv6_prefix_equal64_half(a1, a2, prefixlen); } #else static inline bool ipv6_prefix_equal(const struct in6_addr *addr1, const struct in6_addr *addr2, unsigned int prefixlen) { const __be32 *a1 = addr1->s6_addr32; const __be32 *a2 = addr2->s6_addr32; unsigned int pdw, pbi; /* check complete u32 in prefix */ pdw = prefixlen >> 5; if (pdw && memcmp(a1, a2, pdw << 2)) return false; /* check incomplete u32 in prefix */ pbi = prefixlen & 0x1f; if (pbi && ((a1[pdw] ^ a2[pdw]) & htonl((0xffffffff) << (32 - pbi)))) return false; return true; } #endif static inline bool ipv6_addr_any(const struct in6_addr *a) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul = (const unsigned long *)a; return (ul[0] | ul[1]) == 0UL; #else return (a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1] | a->s6_addr32[2] | a->s6_addr32[3]) == 0; #endif } static inline u32 ipv6_addr_hash(const struct in6_addr *a) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul = (const unsigned long *)a; unsigned long x = ul[0] ^ ul[1]; return (u32)(x ^ (x >> 32)); #else return (__force u32)(a->s6_addr32[0] ^ a->s6_addr32[1] ^ a->s6_addr32[2] ^ a->s6_addr32[3]); #endif } /* more secured version of ipv6_addr_hash() */ static inline u32 __ipv6_addr_jhash(const struct in6_addr *a, const u32 initval) { u32 v = (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[0] ^ (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[1]; return jhash_3words(v, (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[2], (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[3], initval); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_loopback(const struct in6_addr *a) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const __be64 *be = (const __be64 *)a; return (be[0] | (be[1] ^ cpu_to_be64(1))) == 0UL; #else return (a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1] | a->s6_addr32[2] | (a->s6_addr32[3] ^ cpu_to_be32(1))) == 0; #endif } /* * Note that we must __force cast these to unsigned long to make sparse happy, * since all of the endian-annotated types are fixed size regardless of arch. */ static inline bool ipv6_addr_v4mapped(const struct in6_addr *a) { return ( #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 *(unsigned long *)a | #else (__force unsigned long)(a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1]) | #endif (__force unsigned long)(a->s6_addr32[2] ^ cpu_to_be32(0x0000ffff))) == 0UL; } static inline bool ipv6_addr_v4mapped_loopback(const struct in6_addr *a) { return ipv6_addr_v4mapped(a) && ipv4_is_loopback(a->s6_addr32[3]); } static inline u32 ipv6_portaddr_hash(const struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr6, unsigned int port) { unsigned int hash, mix = net_hash_mix(net); if (ipv6_addr_any(addr6)) hash = jhash_1word(0, mix); else if (ipv6_addr_v4mapped(addr6)) hash = jhash_1word((__force u32)addr6->s6_addr32[3], mix); else hash = jhash2((__force u32 *)addr6->s6_addr32, 4, mix); return hash ^ port; } /* * Check for a RFC 4843 ORCHID address * (Overlay Routable Cryptographic Hash Identifiers) */ static inline bool ipv6_addr_orchid(const struct in6_addr *a) { return (a->s6_addr32[0] & htonl(0xfffffff0)) == htonl(0x20010010); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_is_multicast(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return (addr->s6_addr32[0] & htonl(0xFF000000)) == htonl(0xFF000000); } static inline void ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(const __be32 addr, struct in6_addr *v4mapped) { ipv6_addr_set(v4mapped, 0, 0, htonl(0x0000FFFF), addr); } /* * find the first different bit between two addresses * length of address must be a multiple of 32bits */ static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff32(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen) { const __be32 *a1 = token1, *a2 = token2; int i; addrlen >>= 2; for (i = 0; i < addrlen; i++) { __be32 xb = a1[i] ^ a2[i]; if (xb) return i * 32 + 31 - __fls(ntohl(xb)); } /* * we should *never* get to this point since that * would mean the addrs are equal * * However, we do get to it 8) And exacly, when * addresses are equal 8) * * ip route add 1111::/128 via ... * ip route add 1111::/64 via ... * and we are here. * * Ideally, this function should stop comparison * at prefix length. It does not, but it is still OK, * if returned value is greater than prefix length. * --ANK (980803) */ return addrlen << 5; } #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff64(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen) { const __be64 *a1 = token1, *a2 = token2; int i; addrlen >>= 3; for (i = 0; i < addrlen; i++) { __be64 xb = a1[i] ^ a2[i]; if (xb) return i * 64 + 63 - __fls(be64_to_cpu(xb)); } return addrlen << 6; } #endif static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 if (__builtin_constant_p(addrlen) && !(addrlen & 7)) return __ipv6_addr_diff64(token1, token2, addrlen); #endif return __ipv6_addr_diff32(token1, token2, addrlen); } static inline int ipv6_addr_diff(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2) { return __ipv6_addr_diff(a1, a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr)); } __be32 ipv6_select_ident(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr); __be32 ipv6_proxy_select_ident(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_dst_hoplimit(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline int ip6_sk_dst_hoplimit(struct ipv6_pinfo *np, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct dst_entry *dst) { int hlimit; if (ipv6_addr_is_multicast(&fl6->daddr)) hlimit = np->mcast_hops; else hlimit = np->hop_limit; if (hlimit < 0) hlimit = ip6_dst_hoplimit(dst); return hlimit; } /* copy IPv6 saddr & daddr to flow_keys, possibly using 64bit load/store * Equivalent to : flow->v6addrs.src = iph->saddr; * flow->v6addrs.dst = iph->daddr; */ static inline void iph_to_flow_copy_v6addrs(struct flow_keys *flow, const struct ipv6hdr *iph) { BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v6addrs.dst) != offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v6addrs.src) + sizeof(flow->addrs.v6addrs.src)); memcpy(&flow->addrs.v6addrs, &iph->saddr, sizeof(flow->addrs.v6addrs)); flow->control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS; } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline bool ipv6_can_nonlocal_bind(struct net *net, struct inet_sock *inet) { return net->ipv6.sysctl.ip_nonlocal_bind || inet->freebind || inet->transparent; } /* Sysctl settings for net ipv6.auto_flowlabels */ #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OFF 0 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTOUT 1 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTIN 2 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED 3 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_MAX IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED #define IP6_DEFAULT_AUTO_FLOW_LABELS IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTOUT static inline __be32 ip6_make_flowlabel(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 flowlabel, bool autolabel, struct flowi6 *fl6) { u32 hash; /* @flowlabel may include more than a flow label, eg, the traffic class. * Here we want only the flow label value. */ flowlabel &= IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; if (flowlabel || net->ipv6.sysctl.auto_flowlabels == IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OFF || (!autolabel && net->ipv6.sysctl.auto_flowlabels != IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED)) return flowlabel; hash = skb_get_hash_flowi6(skb, fl6); /* Since this is being sent on the wire obfuscate hash a bit * to minimize possbility that any useful information to an * attacker is leaked. Only lower 20 bits are relevant. */ hash = rol32(hash, 16); flowlabel = (__force __be32)hash & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; if (net->ipv6.sysctl.flowlabel_state_ranges) flowlabel |= IPV6_FLOWLABEL_STATELESS_FLAG; return flowlabel; } static inline int ip6_default_np_autolabel(struct net *net) { switch (net->ipv6.sysctl.auto_flowlabels) { case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OFF: case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTIN: default: return 0; case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTOUT: case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED: return 1; } } #else static inline __be32 ip6_make_flowlabel(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 flowlabel, bool autolabel, struct flowi6 *fl6) { return flowlabel; } static inline int ip6_default_np_autolabel(struct net *net) { return 0; } #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int ip6_multipath_hash_policy(const struct net *net) { return net->ipv6.sysctl.multipath_hash_policy; } #else static inline int ip6_multipath_hash_policy(const struct net *net) { return 0; } #endif /* * Header manipulation */ static inline void ip6_flow_hdr(struct ipv6hdr *hdr, unsigned int tclass, __be32 flowlabel) { *(__be32 *)hdr = htonl(0x60000000 | (tclass << 20)) | flowlabel; } static inline __be32 ip6_flowinfo(const struct ipv6hdr *hdr) { return *(__be32 *)hdr & IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK; } static inline __be32 ip6_flowlabel(const struct ipv6hdr *hdr) { return *(__be32 *)hdr & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; } static inline u8 ip6_tclass(__be32 flowinfo) { return ntohl(flowinfo & IPV6_TCLASS_MASK) >> IPV6_TCLASS_SHIFT; } static inline __be32 ip6_make_flowinfo(unsigned int tclass, __be32 flowlabel) { return htonl(tclass << IPV6_TCLASS_SHIFT) | flowlabel; } static inline __be32 flowi6_get_flowlabel(const struct flowi6 *fl6) { return fl6->flowlabel & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; } /* * Prototypes exported by ipv6 */ /* * rcv function (called from netdevice level) */ int ipv6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); void ipv6_list_rcv(struct list_head *head, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); int ip6_rcv_finish(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); /* * upper-layer output functions */ int ip6_xmit(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi6 *fl6, __u32 mark, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, int tclass, u32 priority); int ip6_find_1stfragopt(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 **nexthdr); int ip6_append_data(struct sock *sk, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int length, int transhdrlen, struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct rt6_info *rt, unsigned int flags); int ip6_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); void ip6_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); int ip6_send_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__ip6_make_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, struct inet_cork_full *cork, struct inet6_cork *v6_cork); struct sk_buff *ip6_make_skb(struct sock *sk, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int length, int transhdrlen, struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct rt6_info *rt, unsigned int flags, struct inet_cork_full *cork); static inline struct sk_buff *ip6_finish_skb(struct sock *sk) { return __ip6_make_skb(sk, &sk->sk_write_queue, &inet_sk(sk)->cork, &inet6_sk(sk)->cork); } int ip6_dst_lookup(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry **dst, struct flowi6 *fl6); struct dst_entry *ip6_dst_lookup_flow(struct net *net, const struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct in6_addr *final_dst); struct dst_entry *ip6_sk_dst_lookup_flow(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct in6_addr *final_dst, bool connected); struct dst_entry *ip6_dst_lookup_tunnel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net, struct socket *sock, struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info, u8 protocol, bool use_cache); struct dst_entry *ip6_blackhole_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *orig_dst); /* * skb processing functions */ int ip6_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_forward(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_input(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_mc_input(struct sk_buff *skb); void ip6_protocol_deliver_rcu(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, bool have_final); int __ip6_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); /* * Extension header (options) processing */ void ipv6_push_nfrag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, u8 *proto, struct in6_addr **daddr_p, struct in6_addr *saddr); void ipv6_push_frag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, u8 *proto); int ipv6_skip_exthdr(const struct sk_buff *, int start, u8 *nexthdrp, __be16 *frag_offp); bool ipv6_ext_hdr(u8 nexthdr); enum { IP6_FH_F_FRAG = (1 << 0), IP6_FH_F_AUTH = (1 << 1), IP6_FH_F_SKIP_RH = (1 << 2), }; /* find specified header and get offset to it */ int ipv6_find_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int *offset, int target, unsigned short *fragoff, int *fragflg); int ipv6_find_tlv(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int type); struct in6_addr *fl6_update_dst(struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, struct in6_addr *orig); /* * socket options (ipv6_sockglue.c) */ int ipv6_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); int ipv6_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int __ip6_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len); int ip6_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len); int ip6_datagram_connect_v6_only(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len); int ip6_datagram_dst_update(struct sock *sk, bool fix_sk_saddr); void ip6_datagram_release_cb(struct sock *sk); int ipv6_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); int ipv6_recv_rxpmtu(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); void ipv6_icmp_error(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int err, __be16 port, u32 info, u8 *payload); void ipv6_local_error(struct sock *sk, int err, struct flowi6 *fl6, u32 info); void ipv6_local_rxpmtu(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, u32 mtu); int inet6_release(struct socket *sock); int inet6_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int inet6_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int peer); int inet6_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet6_compat_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet6_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk); int inet6_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int inet6_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size, int flags); /* * reassembly.c */ extern const struct proto_ops inet6_stream_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet6_dgram_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet6_sockraw_ops; struct group_source_req; struct group_filter; int ip6_mc_source(int add, int omode, struct sock *sk, struct group_source_req *pgsr); int ip6_mc_msfilter(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf, struct sockaddr_storage *list); int ip6_mc_msfget(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf, struct sockaddr_storage __user *p); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int ac6_proc_init(struct net *net); void ac6_proc_exit(struct net *net); int raw6_proc_init(void); void raw6_proc_exit(void); int tcp6_proc_init(struct net *net); void tcp6_proc_exit(struct net *net); int udp6_proc_init(struct net *net); void udp6_proc_exit(struct net *net); int udplite6_proc_init(void); void udplite6_proc_exit(void); int ipv6_misc_proc_init(void); void ipv6_misc_proc_exit(void); int snmp6_register_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev); int snmp6_unregister_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev); #else static inline int ac6_proc_init(struct net *net) { return 0; } static inline void ac6_proc_exit(struct net *net) { } static inline int snmp6_register_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev) { return 0; } static inline int snmp6_unregister_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table *ipv6_icmp_sysctl_init(struct net *net); struct ctl_table *ipv6_route_sysctl_init(struct net *net); int ipv6_sysctl_register(void); void ipv6_sysctl_unregister(void); #endif int ipv6_sock_mc_join(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr); int ipv6_sock_mc_join_ssm(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr, unsigned int mode); int ipv6_sock_mc_drop(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr); static inline int ip6_sock_set_v6only(struct sock *sk) { if (inet_sk(sk)->inet_num) return -EINVAL; lock_sock(sk); sk->sk_ipv6only = true; release_sock(sk); return 0; } static inline void ip6_sock_set_recverr(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); inet6_sk(sk)->recverr = true; release_sock(sk); } static inline int __ip6_sock_set_addr_preferences(struct sock *sk, int val) { unsigned int pref = 0; unsigned int prefmask = ~0; /* check PUBLIC/TMP/PUBTMP_DEFAULT conflicts */ switch (val & (IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBTMP_DEFAULT)) { case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC: pref |= IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC; prefmask &= ~(IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP); break; case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP: pref |= IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP; prefmask &= ~(IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP); break; case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBTMP_DEFAULT: prefmask &= ~(IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP); break; case 0: break; default: return -EINVAL; } /* check HOME/COA conflicts */ switch (val & (IPV6_PREFER_SRC_HOME | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA)) { case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_HOME: prefmask &= ~IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA; break; case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA: pref |= IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA; break; case 0: break; default: return -EINVAL; } /* check CGA/NONCGA conflicts */ switch (val & (IPV6_PREFER_SRC_CGA|IPV6_PREFER_SRC_NONCGA)) { case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_CGA: case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_NONCGA: case 0: break; default: return -EINVAL; } inet6_sk(sk)->srcprefs = (inet6_sk(sk)->srcprefs & prefmask) | pref; return 0; } static inline int ip6_sock_set_addr_preferences(struct sock *sk, bool val) { int ret; lock_sock(sk); ret = __ip6_sock_set_addr_preferences(sk, val); release_sock(sk); return ret; } static inline void ip6_sock_set_recvpktinfo(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); inet6_sk(sk)->rxopt.bits.rxinfo = true; release_sock(sk); } #endif /* _NET_IPV6_H */
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1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MMZONE_H #define _LINUX_MMZONE_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/pageblock-flags.h> #include <linux/page-flags-layout.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <asm/page.h> /* Free memory management - zoned buddy allocator. */ #ifndef CONFIG_FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER #define MAX_ORDER 11 #else #define MAX_ORDER CONFIG_FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER #endif #define MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES (1 << (MAX_ORDER - 1)) /* * PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER is the order at which allocations are deemed * costly to service. That is between allocation orders which should * coalesce naturally under reasonable reclaim pressure and those which * will not. */ #define PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER 3 enum migratetype { MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE, MIGRATE_MOVABLE, MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE, MIGRATE_PCPTYPES, /* the number of types on the pcp lists */ MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC = MIGRATE_PCPTYPES, #ifdef CONFIG_CMA /* * MIGRATE_CMA migration type is designed to mimic the way * ZONE_MOVABLE works. Only movable pages can be allocated * from MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks and page allocator never * implicitly change migration type of MIGRATE_CMA pageblock. * * The way to use it is to change migratetype of a range of * pageblocks to MIGRATE_CMA which can be done by * __free_pageblock_cma() function. What is important though * is that a range of pageblocks must be aligned to * MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES should biggest page be bigger then * a single pageblock. */ MIGRATE_CMA, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION MIGRATE_ISOLATE, /* can't allocate from here */ #endif MIGRATE_TYPES }; /* In mm/page_alloc.c; keep in sync also with show_migration_types() there */ extern const char * const migratetype_names[MIGRATE_TYPES]; #ifdef CONFIG_CMA # define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) unlikely((migratetype) == MIGRATE_CMA) # define is_migrate_cma_page(_page) (get_pageblock_migratetype(_page) == MIGRATE_CMA) #else # define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) false # define is_migrate_cma_page(_page) false #endif static inline bool is_migrate_movable(int mt) { return is_migrate_cma(mt) || mt == MIGRATE_MOVABLE; } #define for_each_migratetype_order(order, type) \ for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) \ for (type = 0; type < MIGRATE_TYPES; type++) extern int page_group_by_mobility_disabled; #define MIGRATETYPE_MASK ((1UL << PB_migratetype_bits) - 1) #define get_pageblock_migratetype(page) \ get_pfnblock_flags_mask(page, page_to_pfn(page), MIGRATETYPE_MASK) struct free_area { struct list_head free_list[MIGRATE_TYPES]; unsigned long nr_free; }; static inline struct page *get_page_from_free_area(struct free_area *area, int migratetype) { return list_first_entry_or_null(&area->free_list[migratetype], struct page, lru); } static inline bool free_area_empty(struct free_area *area, int migratetype) { return list_empty(&area->free_list[migratetype]); } struct pglist_data; /* * zone->lock and the zone lru_lock are two of the hottest locks in the kernel. * So add a wild amount of padding here to ensure that they fall into separate * cachelines. There are very few zone structures in the machine, so space * consumption is not a concern here. */ #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) struct zone_padding { char x[0]; } ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp; #define ZONE_PADDING(name) struct zone_padding name; #else #define ZONE_PADDING(name) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA enum numa_stat_item { NUMA_HIT, /* allocated in intended node */ NUMA_MISS, /* allocated in non intended node */ NUMA_FOREIGN, /* was intended here, hit elsewhere */ NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT, /* interleaver preferred this zone */ NUMA_LOCAL, /* allocation from local node */ NUMA_OTHER, /* allocation from other node */ NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS }; #else #define NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS 0 #endif enum zone_stat_item { /* First 128 byte cacheline (assuming 64 bit words) */ NR_FREE_PAGES, NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE, /* Used only for compaction and reclaim retry */ NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_ANON = NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_ANON, NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_FILE, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_FILE, NR_ZONE_UNEVICTABLE, NR_ZONE_WRITE_PENDING, /* Count of dirty, writeback and unstable pages */ NR_MLOCK, /* mlock()ed pages found and moved off LRU */ NR_PAGETABLE, /* used for pagetables */ /* Second 128 byte cacheline */ NR_BOUNCE, #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ZSMALLOC) NR_ZSPAGES, /* allocated in zsmalloc */ #endif NR_FREE_CMA_PAGES, NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS }; enum node_stat_item { NR_LRU_BASE, NR_INACTIVE_ANON = NR_LRU_BASE, /* must match order of LRU_[IN]ACTIVE */ NR_ACTIVE_ANON, /* " " " " " */ NR_INACTIVE_FILE, /* " " " " " */ NR_ACTIVE_FILE, /* " " " " " */ NR_UNEVICTABLE, /* " " " " " */ NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE_B, NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE_B, NR_ISOLATED_ANON, /* Temporary isolated pages from anon lru */ NR_ISOLATED_FILE, /* Temporary isolated pages from file lru */ WORKINGSET_NODES, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_BASE, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_ANON = WORKINGSET_REFAULT_BASE, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_FILE, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_BASE, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_ANON = WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_BASE, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_FILE, WORKINGSET_RESTORE_BASE, WORKINGSET_RESTORE_ANON = WORKINGSET_RESTORE_BASE, WORKINGSET_RESTORE_FILE, WORKINGSET_NODERECLAIM, NR_ANON_MAPPED, /* Mapped anonymous pages */ NR_FILE_MAPPED, /* pagecache pages mapped into pagetables. only modified from process context */ NR_FILE_PAGES, NR_FILE_DIRTY, NR_WRITEBACK, NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP, /* Writeback using temporary buffers */ NR_SHMEM, /* shmem pages (included tmpfs/GEM pages) */ NR_SHMEM_THPS, NR_SHMEM_PMDMAPPED, NR_FILE_THPS, NR_FILE_PMDMAPPED, NR_ANON_THPS, NR_VMSCAN_WRITE, NR_VMSCAN_IMMEDIATE, /* Prioritise for reclaim when writeback ends */ NR_DIRTIED, /* page dirtyings since bootup */ NR_WRITTEN, /* page writings since bootup */ NR_KERNEL_MISC_RECLAIMABLE, /* reclaimable non-slab kernel pages */ NR_FOLL_PIN_ACQUIRED, /* via: pin_user_page(), gup flag: FOLL_PIN */ NR_FOLL_PIN_RELEASED, /* pages returned via unpin_user_page() */ NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB, /* measured in KiB */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SHADOW_CALL_STACK) NR_KERNEL_SCS_KB, /* measured in KiB */ #endif NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS }; /* * Returns true if the value is measured in bytes (most vmstat values are * measured in pages). This defines the API part, the internal representation * might be different. */ static __always_inline bool vmstat_item_in_bytes(int idx) { /* * Global and per-node slab counters track slab pages. * It's expected that changes are multiples of PAGE_SIZE. * Internally values are stored in pages. * * Per-memcg and per-lruvec counters track memory, consumed * by individual slab objects. These counters are actually * byte-precise. */ return (idx == NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE_B || idx == NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE_B); } /* * We do arithmetic on the LRU lists in various places in the code, * so it is important to keep the active lists LRU_ACTIVE higher in * the array than the corresponding inactive lists, and to keep * the *_FILE lists LRU_FILE higher than the corresponding _ANON lists. * * This has to be kept in sync with the statistics in zone_stat_item * above and the descriptions in vmstat_text in mm/vmstat.c */ #define LRU_BASE 0 #define LRU_ACTIVE 1 #define LRU_FILE 2 enum lru_list { LRU_INACTIVE_ANON = LRU_BASE, LRU_ACTIVE_ANON = LRU_BASE + LRU_ACTIVE, LRU_INACTIVE_FILE = LRU_BASE + LRU_FILE, LRU_ACTIVE_FILE = LRU_BASE + LRU_FILE + LRU_ACTIVE, LRU_UNEVICTABLE, NR_LRU_LISTS }; #define for_each_lru(lru) for (lru = 0; lru < NR_LRU_LISTS; lru++) #define for_each_evictable_lru(lru) for (lru = 0; lru <= LRU_ACTIVE_FILE; lru++) static inline bool is_file_lru(enum lru_list lru) { return (lru == LRU_INACTIVE_FILE || lru == LRU_ACTIVE_FILE); } static inline bool is_active_lru(enum lru_list lru) { return (lru == LRU_ACTIVE_ANON || lru == LRU_ACTIVE_FILE); } #define ANON_AND_FILE 2 enum lruvec_flags { LRUVEC_CONGESTED, /* lruvec has many dirty pages * backed by a congested BDI */ }; struct lruvec { struct list_head lists[NR_LRU_LISTS]; /* * These track the cost of reclaiming one LRU - file or anon - * over the other. As the observed cost of reclaiming one LRU * increases, the reclaim scan balance tips toward the other. */ unsigned long anon_cost; unsigned long file_cost; /* Non-resident age, driven by LRU movement */ atomic_long_t nonresident_age; /* Refaults at the time of last reclaim cycle */ unsigned long refaults[ANON_AND_FILE]; /* Various lruvec state flags (enum lruvec_flags) */ unsigned long flags; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG struct pglist_data *pgdat; #endif }; /* Isolate unmapped pages */ #define ISOLATE_UNMAPPED ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x2) /* Isolate for asynchronous migration */ #define ISOLATE_ASYNC_MIGRATE ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x4) /* Isolate unevictable pages */ #define ISOLATE_UNEVICTABLE ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x8) /* LRU Isolation modes. */ typedef unsigned __bitwise isolate_mode_t; enum zone_watermarks { WMARK_MIN, WMARK_LOW, WMARK_HIGH, NR_WMARK }; #define min_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_MIN] + z->watermark_boost) #define low_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_LOW] + z->watermark_boost) #define high_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH] + z->watermark_boost) #define wmark_pages(z, i) (z->_watermark[i] + z->watermark_boost) struct per_cpu_pages { int count; /* number of pages in the list */ int high; /* high watermark, emptying needed */ int batch; /* chunk size for buddy add/remove */ /* Lists of pages, one per migrate type stored on the pcp-lists */ struct list_head lists[MIGRATE_PCPTYPES]; }; struct per_cpu_pageset { struct per_cpu_pages pcp; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA s8 expire; u16 vm_numa_stat_diff[NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS]; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SMP s8 stat_threshold; s8 vm_stat_diff[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS]; #endif }; struct per_cpu_nodestat { s8 stat_threshold; s8 vm_node_stat_diff[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; }; #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS.H */ enum zone_type { /* * ZONE_DMA and ZONE_DMA32 are used when there are peripherals not able * to DMA to all of the addressable memory (ZONE_NORMAL). * On architectures where this area covers the whole 32 bit address * space ZONE_DMA32 is used. ZONE_DMA is left for the ones with smaller * DMA addressing constraints. This distinction is important as a 32bit * DMA mask is assumed when ZONE_DMA32 is defined. Some 64-bit * platforms may need both zones as they support peripherals with * different DMA addressing limitations. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA ZONE_DMA, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 ZONE_DMA32, #endif /* * Normal addressable memory is in ZONE_NORMAL. DMA operations can be * performed on pages in ZONE_NORMAL if the DMA devices support * transfers to all addressable memory. */ ZONE_NORMAL, #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * A memory area that is only addressable by the kernel through * mapping portions into its own address space. This is for example * used by i386 to allow the kernel to address the memory beyond * 900MB. The kernel will set up special mappings (page * table entries on i386) for each page that the kernel needs to * access. */ ZONE_HIGHMEM, #endif /* * ZONE_MOVABLE is similar to ZONE_NORMAL, except that it contains * movable pages with few exceptional cases described below. Main use * cases for ZONE_MOVABLE are to make memory offlining/unplug more * likely to succeed, and to locally limit unmovable allocations - e.g., * to increase the number of THP/huge pages. Notable special cases are: * * 1. Pinned pages: (long-term) pinning of movable pages might * essentially turn such pages unmovable. Memory offlining might * retry a long time. * 2. memblock allocations: kernelcore/movablecore setups might create * situations where ZONE_MOVABLE contains unmovable allocations * after boot. Memory offlining and allocations fail early.