1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MMAN_H #define _LINUX_MMAN_H #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <uapi/linux/mman.h> /* * Arrange for legacy / undefined architecture specific flags to be * ignored by mmap handling code. */ #ifndef MAP_32BIT #define MAP_32BIT 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_HUGE_2MB #define MAP_HUGE_2MB 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_HUGE_1GB #define MAP_HUGE_1GB 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_UNINITIALIZED #define MAP_UNINITIALIZED 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_SYNC #define MAP_SYNC 0 #endif /* * The historical set of flags that all mmap implementations implicitly * support when a ->mmap_validate() op is not provided in file_operations. */ #define LEGACY_MAP_MASK (MAP_SHARED \ | MAP_PRIVATE \ | MAP_FIXED \ | MAP_ANONYMOUS \ | MAP_DENYWRITE \ | MAP_EXECUTABLE \ | MAP_UNINITIALIZED \ | MAP_GROWSDOWN \ | MAP_LOCKED \ | MAP_NORESERVE \ | MAP_POPULATE \ | MAP_NONBLOCK \ | MAP_STACK \ | MAP_HUGETLB \ | MAP_32BIT \ | MAP_HUGE_2MB \ | MAP_HUGE_1GB) extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; extern struct percpu_counter vm_committed_as; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern s32 vm_committed_as_batch; extern void mm_compute_batch(int overcommit_policy); #else #define vm_committed_as_batch 0 static inline void mm_compute_batch(int overcommit_policy) { } #endif unsigned long vm_memory_committed(void); static inline void vm_acct_memory(long pages) { percpu_counter_add_batch(&vm_committed_as, pages, vm_committed_as_batch); } static inline void vm_unacct_memory(long pages) { vm_acct_memory(-pages); } /* * Allow architectures to handle additional protection and flag bits. The * overriding macros must be defined in the arch-specific asm/mman.h file. */ #ifndef arch_calc_vm_prot_bits #define arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey) 0 #endif #ifndef arch_calc_vm_flag_bits #define arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) 0 #endif #ifndef arch_vm_get_page_prot #define arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags) __pgprot(0) #endif #ifndef arch_validate_prot /* * This is called from mprotect(). PROT_GROWSDOWN and PROT_GROWSUP have * already been masked out. * * Returns true if the prot flags are valid */ static inline bool arch_validate_prot(unsigned long prot, unsigned long addr) { return (prot & ~(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC | PROT_SEM)) == 0; } #define arch_validate_prot arch_validate_prot #endif #ifndef arch_validate_flags /* * This is called from mmap() and mprotect() with the updated vma->vm_flags. * * Returns true if the VM_* flags are valid. */ static inline bool arch_validate_flags(unsigned long flags) { return true; } #define arch_validate_flags arch_validate_flags #endif /* * Optimisation macro. It is equivalent to: * (x & bit1) ? bit2 : 0 * but this version is faster. * ("bit1" and "bit2" must be single bits) */ #define _calc_vm_trans(x, bit1, bit2) \ ((!(bit1) || !(bit2)) ? 0 : \ ((bit1) <= (bit2) ? ((x) & (bit1)) * ((bit2) / (bit1)) \ : ((x) & (bit1)) / ((bit1) / (bit2)))) /* * Combine the mmap "prot" argument into "vm_flags" used internally. */ static inline unsigned long calc_vm_prot_bits(unsigned long prot, unsigned long pkey) { return _calc_vm_trans(prot, PROT_READ, VM_READ ) | _calc_vm_trans(prot, PROT_WRITE, VM_WRITE) | _calc_vm_trans(prot, PROT_EXEC, VM_EXEC) | arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey); } /* * Combine the mmap "flags" argument into "vm_flags" used internally. */ static inline unsigned long calc_vm_flag_bits(unsigned long flags) { return _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_GROWSDOWN, VM_GROWSDOWN ) | _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_DENYWRITE, VM_DENYWRITE ) | _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_LOCKED, VM_LOCKED ) | _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_SYNC, VM_SYNC ) | arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(flags); } unsigned long vm_commit_limit(void); #endif /* _LINUX_MMAN_H */
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_SIGNAL_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_SIGNAL_H #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/jobctl.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <asm/ptrace.h> /* * Types defining task->signal and task->sighand and APIs using them: */ struct sighand_struct { spinlock_t siglock; refcount_t count; wait_queue_head_t signalfd_wqh; struct k_sigaction action[_NSIG]; }; /* * Per-process accounting stats: */ struct pacct_struct { int ac_flag; long ac_exitcode; unsigned long ac_mem; u64 ac_utime, ac_stime; unsigned long ac_minflt, ac_majflt; }; struct cpu_itimer { u64 expires; u64 incr; }; /* * This is the atomic variant of task_cputime, which can be used for * storing and updating task_cputime statistics without locking. */ struct task_cputime_atomic { atomic64_t utime; atomic64_t stime; atomic64_t sum_exec_runtime; }; #define INIT_CPUTIME_ATOMIC \ (struct task_cputime_atomic) { \ .utime = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ .stime = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ .sum_exec_runtime = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ } /** * struct thread_group_cputimer - thread group interval timer counts * @cputime_atomic: atomic thread group interval timers. * * This structure contains the version of task_cputime, above, that is * used for thread group CPU timer calculations. */ struct thread_group_cputimer { struct task_cputime_atomic cputime_atomic; }; struct multiprocess_signals { sigset_t signal; struct hlist_node node; }; /* * NOTE! "signal_struct" does not have its own * locking, because a shared signal_struct always * implies a shared sighand_struct, so locking * sighand_struct is always a proper superset of * the locking of signal_struct. */ struct signal_struct { refcount_t sigcnt; atomic_t live; int nr_threads; struct list_head thread_head; wait_queue_head_t wait_chldexit; /* for wait4() */ /* current thread group signal load-balancing target: */ struct task_struct *curr_target; /* shared signal handling: */ struct sigpending shared_pending; /* For collecting multiprocess signals during fork */ struct hlist_head multiprocess; /* thread group exit support */ int group_exit_code; /* overloaded: * - notify group_exit_task when ->count is equal to notify_count * - everyone except group_exit_task is stopped during signal delivery * of fatal signals, group_exit_task processes the signal. */ int notify_count; struct task_struct *group_exit_task; /* thread group stop support, overloads group_exit_code too */ int group_stop_count; unsigned int flags; /* see SIGNAL_* flags below */ /* * PR_SET_CHILD_SUBREAPER marks a process, like a service * manager, to re-parent orphan (double-forking) child processes * to this process instead of 'init'. The service manager is * able to receive SIGCHLD signals and is able to investigate * the process until it calls wait(). All children of this * process will inherit a flag if they should look for a * child_subreaper process at exit. */ unsigned int is_child_subreaper:1; unsigned int has_child_subreaper:1; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS /* POSIX.1b Interval Timers */ int posix_timer_id; struct list_head posix_timers; /* ITIMER_REAL timer for the process */ struct hrtimer real_timer; ktime_t it_real_incr; /* * ITIMER_PROF and ITIMER_VIRTUAL timers for the process, we use * CPUCLOCK_PROF and CPUCLOCK_VIRT for indexing array as these * values are defined to 0 and 1 respectively */ struct cpu_itimer it[2]; /* * Thread group totals for process CPU timers. * See thread_group_cputimer(), et al, for details. */ struct thread_group_cputimer cputimer; #endif /* Empty if CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS=n */ struct posix_cputimers posix_cputimers; /* PID/PID hash table linkage. */ struct pid *pids[PIDTYPE_MAX]; #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL atomic_t tick_dep_mask; #endif struct pid *tty_old_pgrp; /* boolean value for session group leader */ int leader; struct tty_struct *tty; /* NULL if no tty */ #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP struct autogroup *autogroup; #endif /* * Cumulative resource counters for dead threads in the group, * and for reaped dead child processes forked by this group. * Live threads maintain their own counters and add to these * in __exit_signal, except for the group leader. */ seqlock_t stats_lock; u64 utime, stime, cutime, cstime; u64 gtime; u64 cgtime; struct prev_cputime prev_cputime; unsigned long nvcsw, nivcsw, cnvcsw, cnivcsw; unsigned long min_flt, maj_flt, cmin_flt, cmaj_flt; unsigned long inblock, oublock, cinblock, coublock; unsigned long maxrss, cmaxrss; struct task_io_accounting ioac; /* * Cumulative ns of schedule CPU time fo dead threads in the * group, not including a zombie group leader, (This only differs * from jiffies_to_ns(utime + stime) if sched_clock uses something * other than jiffies.) */ unsigned long long sum_sched_runtime; /* * We don't bother to synchronize most readers of this at all, * because there is no reader checking a limit that actually needs * to get both rlim_cur and rlim_max atomically, and either one * alone is a single word that can safely be read normally. * getrlimit/setrlimit use task_lock(current->group_leader) to * protect this instead of the siglock, because they really * have no need to disable irqs. */ struct rlimit rlim[RLIM_NLIMITS]; #ifdef CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT struct pacct_struct pacct; /* per-process accounting information */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASKSTATS struct taskstats *stats; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT unsigned audit_tty; struct tty_audit_buf *tty_audit_buf; #endif /* * Thread is the potential origin of an oom condition; kill first on * oom */ bool oom_flag_origin; short oom_score_adj; /* OOM kill score adjustment */ short oom_score_adj_min; /* OOM kill score adjustment min value. * Only settable by CAP_SYS_RESOURCE. */ struct mm_struct *oom_mm; /* recorded mm when the thread group got * killed by the oom killer */ struct mutex cred_guard_mutex; /* guard against foreign influences on * credential calculations * (notably. ptrace) * Deprecated do not use in new code. * Use exec_update_lock instead. */ struct rw_semaphore exec_update_lock; /* Held while task_struct is * being updated during exec, * and may have inconsistent * permissions. */ } __randomize_layout; /* * Bits in flags field of signal_struct. */ #define SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED 0x00000001 /* job control stop in effect */ #define SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED 0x00000002 /* SIGCONT since WCONTINUED reap */ #define SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT 0x00000004 /* group exit in progress */ #define SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP 0x00000008 /* coredump in progress */ /* * Pending notifications to parent. */ #define SIGNAL_CLD_STOPPED 0x00000010 #define SIGNAL_CLD_CONTINUED 0x00000020 #define SIGNAL_CLD_MASK (SIGNAL_CLD_STOPPED|SIGNAL_CLD_CONTINUED) #define SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE 0x00000040 /* for init: ignore fatal signals */ #define SIGNAL_STOP_MASK (SIGNAL_CLD_MASK | SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED | \ SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED) static inline void signal_set_stop_flags(struct signal_struct *sig, unsigned int flags) { WARN_ON(sig->flags & (SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT|SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP)); sig->flags = (sig->flags & ~SIGNAL_STOP_MASK) | flags; } /* If true, all threads except ->group_exit_task have pending SIGKILL */ static inline int signal_group_exit(const struct signal_struct *sig) { return (sig->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT) || (sig->group_exit_task != NULL); } extern void flush_signals(struct task_struct *); extern void ignore_signals(struct task_struct *); extern void flush_signal_handlers(struct task_struct *, int force_default); extern int dequeue_signal(struct task_struct *task, sigset_t *mask, kernel_siginfo_t *info); static inline int kernel_dequeue_signal(void) { struct task_struct *task = current; kernel_siginfo_t __info; int ret; spin_lock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock); ret = dequeue_signal(task, &task->blocked, &__info); spin_unlock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock); return ret; } static inline void kernel_signal_stop(void) { spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); if (current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_DEQUEUED) set_special_state(TASK_STOPPED); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); schedule(); } #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO # define ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(_a1) , _a1 #else # define ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(_a1) #endif #ifdef __ia64__ # define ___ARCH_SI_IA64(_a1, _a2, _a3) , _a1, _a2, _a3 #else # define ___ARCH_SI_IA64(_a1, _a2, _a3) #endif int force_sig_fault_to_task(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr) , struct task_struct *t); int force_sig_fault(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr)); int send_sig_fault(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr) , struct task_struct *t); int force_sig_mceerr(int code, void __user *, short); int send_sig_mceerr(int code, void __user *, short, struct task_struct *); int force_sig_bnderr(void __user *addr, void __user *lower, void __user *upper); int force_sig_pkuerr(void __user *addr, u32 pkey); int force_sig_ptrace_errno_trap(int errno, void __user *addr); extern int send_sig_info(int, struct kernel_siginfo *, struct task_struct *); extern void force_sigsegv(int sig); extern int force_sig_info(struct kernel_siginfo *); extern int __kill_pgrp_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pgrp); extern int kill_pid_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pid); extern int kill_pid_usb_asyncio(int sig, int errno, sigval_t addr, struct pid *, const struct cred *); extern int kill_pgrp(struct pid *pid, int sig, int priv); extern int kill_pid(struct pid *pid, int sig, int priv); extern __must_check bool do_notify_parent(struct task_struct *, int); extern void __wake_up_parent(struct task_struct *p, struct task_struct *parent); extern void force_sig(int); extern int send_sig(int, struct task_struct *, int); extern int zap_other_threads(struct task_struct *p); extern struct sigqueue *sigqueue_alloc(void); extern void sigqueue_free(struct sigqueue *); extern int send_sigqueue(struct sigqueue *, struct pid *, enum pid_type); extern int do_sigaction(int, struct k_sigaction *, struct k_sigaction *); static inline int restart_syscall(void) { set_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_SIGPENDING); return -ERESTARTNOINTR; } static inline int signal_pending(struct task_struct *p) { return unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(p,TIF_SIGPENDING)); } static inline int __fatal_signal_pending(struct task_struct *p) { return unlikely(sigismember(&p->pending.signal, SIGKILL)); } static inline int fatal_signal_pending(struct task_struct *p) { return signal_pending(p) && __fatal_signal_pending(p); } static inline int signal_pending_state(long state, struct task_struct *p) { if (!(state & (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_WAKEKILL))) return 0; if (!signal_pending(p)) return 0; return (state & TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) || __fatal_signal_pending(p); } /* * This should only be used in fault handlers to decide whether we * should stop the current fault routine to handle the signals * instead, especially with the case where we've got interrupted with * a VM_FAULT_RETRY. */ static inline bool fault_signal_pending(vm_fault_t fault_flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { return unlikely((fault_flags & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && (fatal_signal_pending(current) || (user_mode(regs) && signal_pending(current)))); } /* * Reevaluate whether the task has signals pending delivery. * Wake the task if so. * This is required every time the blocked sigset_t changes. * callers must hold sighand->siglock. */ extern void recalc_sigpending_and_wake(struct task_struct *t); extern void recalc_sigpending(void); extern void calculate_sigpending(void); extern void signal_wake_up_state(struct task_struct *t, unsigned int state); static inline void signal_wake_up(struct task_struct *t, bool resume) { signal_wake_up_state(t, resume ? TASK_WAKEKILL : 0); } static inline void ptrace_signal_wake_up(struct task_struct *t, bool resume) { signal_wake_up_state(t, resume ? __TASK_TRACED : 0); } void task_join_group_stop(struct task_struct *task); #ifdef TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK /* * Legacy restore_sigmask accessors. These are inefficient on * SMP architectures because they require atomic operations. */ /** * set_restore_sigmask() - make sure saved_sigmask processing gets done * * This sets TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK and ensures that the arch signal code * will run before returning to user mode, to process the flag. For * all callers, TIF_SIGPENDING is already set or it's no harm to set * it. TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK need not be in the set of bits that the * arch code will notice on return to user mode, in case those bits * are scarce. We set TIF_SIGPENDING here to ensure that the arch * signal code always gets run when TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK is set. */ static inline void set_restore_sigmask(void) { set_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline void clear_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { clear_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline void clear_restore_sigmask(void) { clear_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline bool test_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { return test_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline bool test_restore_sigmask(void) { return test_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline bool test_and_clear_restore_sigmask(void) { return test_and_clear_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } #else /* TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK */ /* Higher-quality implementation, used if TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK doesn't exist. */ static inline void set_restore_sigmask(void) { current->restore_sigmask = true; } static inline void clear_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { task->restore_sigmask = false; } static inline void clear_restore_sigmask(void) { current->restore_sigmask = false; } static inline bool test_restore_sigmask(void) { return current->restore_sigmask; } static inline bool test_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { return task->restore_sigmask; } static inline bool test_and_clear_restore_sigmask(void) { if (!current->restore_sigmask) return false; current->restore_sigmask = false; return true; } #endif static inline void restore_saved_sigmask(void) { if (test_and_clear_restore_sigmask()) __set_current_blocked(&current->saved_sigmask); } extern int set_user_sigmask(const sigset_t __user *umask, size_t sigsetsize); static inline void restore_saved_sigmask_unless(bool interrupted) { if (interrupted) WARN_ON(!test_thread_flag(TIF_SIGPENDING)); else restore_saved_sigmask(); } static inline sigset_t *sigmask_to_save(void) { sigset_t *res = &current->blocked; if (unlikely(test_restore_sigmask())) res = &current->saved_sigmask; return res; } static inline int kill_cad_pid(int sig, int priv) { return kill_pid(cad_pid, sig, priv); } /* These can be the second arg to send_sig_info/send_group_sig_info. */ #define SEND_SIG_NOINFO ((struct kernel_siginfo *) 0) #define SEND_SIG_PRIV ((struct kernel_siginfo *) 1) static inline int __on_sig_stack(unsigned long sp) { #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return sp >= current->sas_ss_sp && sp - current->sas_ss_sp < current->sas_ss_size; #else return sp > current->sas_ss_sp && sp - current->sas_ss_sp <= current->sas_ss_size; #endif } /* * True if we are on the alternate signal stack. */ static inline int on_sig_stack(unsigned long sp) { /* * If the signal stack is SS_AUTODISARM then, by construction, we * can't be on the signal stack unless user code deliberately set * SS_AUTODISARM when we were already on it. * * This improves reliability: if user state gets corrupted such that * the stack pointer points very close to the end of the signal stack, * then this check will enable the signal to be handled anyway. */ if (current->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) return 0; return __on_sig_stack(sp); } static inline int sas_ss_flags(unsigned long sp) { if (!current->sas_ss_size) return SS_DISABLE; return on_sig_stack(sp) ? SS_ONSTACK : 0; } static inline void sas_ss_reset(struct task_struct *p) { p->sas_ss_sp = 0; p->sas_ss_size = 0; p->sas_ss_flags = SS_DISABLE; } static inline unsigned long sigsp(unsigned long sp, struct ksignal *ksig) { if (unlikely((ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_ONSTACK)) && ! sas_ss_flags(sp)) #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return current->sas_ss_sp; #else return current->sas_ss_sp + current->sas_ss_size; #endif return sp; } extern void __cleanup_sighand(struct sighand_struct *); extern void flush_itimer_signals(void); #define tasklist_empty() \ list_empty(&init_task.tasks) #define next_task(p) \ list_entry_rcu((p)->tasks.next, struct task_struct, tasks) #define for_each_process(p) \ for (p = &init_task ; (p = next_task(p)) != &init_task ; ) extern bool current_is_single_threaded(void); /* * Careful: do_each_thread/while_each_thread is a double loop so * 'break' will not work as expected - use goto instead. */ #define do_each_thread(g, t) \ for (g = t = &init_task ; (g = t = next_task(g)) != &init_task ; ) do #define while_each_thread(g, t) \ while ((t = next_thread(t)) != g) #define __for_each_thread(signal, t) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(t, &(signal)->thread_head, thread_node) #define for_each_thread(p, t) \ __for_each_thread((p)->signal, t) /* Careful: this is a double loop, 'break' won't work as expected. */ #define for_each_process_thread(p, t) \ for_each_process(p) for_each_thread(p, t) typedef int (*proc_visitor)(struct task_struct *p, void *data); void walk_process_tree(struct task_struct *top, proc_visitor, void *); static inline struct pid *task_pid_type(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { struct pid *pid; if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) pid = task_pid(task); else pid = task->signal->pids[type]; return pid; } static inline struct pid *task_tgid(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->pids[PIDTYPE_TGID]; } /* * Without tasklist or RCU lock it is not safe to dereference * the result of task_pgrp/task_session even if task == current, * we can race with another thread doing sys_setsid/sys_setpgid. */ static inline struct pid *task_pgrp(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->pids[PIDTYPE_PGID]; } static inline struct pid *task_session(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->pids[PIDTYPE_SID]; } static inline int get_nr_threads(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->nr_threads; } static inline bool thread_group_leader(struct task_struct *p) { return p->exit_signal >= 0; } static inline bool same_thread_group(struct task_struct *p1, struct task_struct *p2) { return p1->signal == p2->signal; } static inline struct task_struct *next_thread(const struct task_struct *p) { return list_entry_rcu(p->thread_group.next, struct task_struct, thread_group); } static inline int thread_group_empty(struct task_struct *p) { return list_empty(&p->thread_group); } #define delay_group_leader(p) \ (thread_group_leader(p) && !thread_group_empty(p)) extern bool thread_group_exited(struct pid *pid); extern struct sighand_struct *__lock_task_sighand(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *flags); static inline struct sighand_struct *lock_task_sighand(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *flags) { struct sighand_struct *ret; ret = __lock_task_sighand(task, flags); (void)__cond_lock(&task->sighand->siglock, ret); return ret; } static inline void unlock_task_sighand(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *flags) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task->sighand->siglock, *flags); } static inline unsigned long task_rlimit(const struct task_struct *task, unsigned int limit) { return READ_ONCE(task->signal->rlim[limit].rlim_cur); } static inline unsigned long task_rlimit_max(const struct task_struct *task, unsigned int limit) { return READ_ONCE(task->signal->rlim[limit].rlim_max); } static inline unsigned long rlimit(unsigned int limit) { return task_rlimit(current, limit); } static inline unsigned long rlimit_max(unsigned int limit) { return task_rlimit_max(current, limit); } #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_SIGNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * NetLabel Network Address Lists * * This file contains network address list functions used to manage ordered * lists of network addresses for use by the NetLabel subsystem. The NetLabel * system manages static and dynamic label mappings for network protocols such * as CIPSO and RIPSO. * * Author: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com> */ /* * (c) Copyright Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P., 2008 */ #ifndef _NETLABEL_ADDRLIST_H #define _NETLABEL_ADDRLIST_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/audit.h> /** * struct netlbl_af4list - NetLabel IPv4 address list * @addr: IPv4 address * @mask: IPv4 address mask * @valid: valid flag * @list: list structure, used internally */ struct netlbl_af4list { __be32 addr; __be32 mask; u32 valid; struct list_head list; }; /** * struct netlbl_af6list - NetLabel IPv6 address list * @addr: IPv6 address * @mask: IPv6 address mask * @valid: valid flag * @list: list structure, used internally */ struct netlbl_af6list { struct in6_addr addr; struct in6_addr mask; u32 valid; struct list_head list; }; #define __af4list_entry(ptr) container_of(ptr, struct netlbl_af4list, list) static inline struct netlbl_af4list *__af4list_valid(struct list_head *s, struct list_head *h) { struct list_head *i = s; struct netlbl_af4list *n = __af4list_entry(s); while (i != h && !n->valid) { i = i->next; n = __af4list_entry(i); } return n; } static inline struct netlbl_af4list *__af4list_valid_rcu(struct list_head *s, struct list_head *h) { struct list_head *i = s; struct netlbl_af4list *n = __af4list_entry(s); while (i != h && !n->valid) { i = rcu_dereference(list_next_rcu(i)); n = __af4list_entry(i); } return n; } #define netlbl_af4list_foreach(iter, head) \ for (iter = __af4list_valid((head)->next, head); \ &iter->list != (head); \ iter = __af4list_valid(iter->list.next, head)) #define netlbl_af4list_foreach_rcu(iter, head) \ for (iter = __af4list_valid_rcu((head)->next, head); \ &iter->list != (head); \ iter = __af4list_valid_rcu(iter->list.next, head)) #define netlbl_af4list_foreach_safe(iter, tmp, head) \ for (iter = __af4list_valid((head)->next, head), \ tmp = __af4list_valid(iter->list.next, head); \ &iter->list != (head); \ iter = tmp, tmp = __af4list_valid(iter->list.next, head)) int netlbl_af4list_add(struct netlbl_af4list *entry, struct list_head *head); struct netlbl_af4list *netlbl_af4list_remove(__be32 addr, __be32 mask, struct list_head *head); void netlbl_af4list_remove_entry(struct netlbl_af4list *entry); struct netlbl_af4list *netlbl_af4list_search(__be32 addr, struct list_head *head); struct netlbl_af4list *netlbl_af4list_search_exact(__be32 addr, __be32 mask, struct list_head *head); #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT void netlbl_af4list_audit_addr(struct audit_buffer *audit_buf, int src, const char *dev, __be32 addr, __be32 mask); #else static inline void netlbl_af4list_audit_addr(struct audit_buffer *audit_buf, int src, const char *dev, __be32 addr, __be32 mask) { } #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #define __af6list_entry(ptr) container_of(ptr, struct netlbl_af6list, list) static inline struct netlbl_af6list *__af6list_valid(struct list_head *s, struct list_head *h) { struct list_head *i = s; struct netlbl_af6list *n = __af6list_entry(s); while (i != h && !n->valid) { i = i->next; n = __af6list_entry(i); } return n; } static inline struct netlbl_af6list *__af6list_valid_rcu(struct list_head *s, struct list_head *h) { struct list_head *i = s; struct netlbl_af6list *n = __af6list_entry(s); while (i != h && !n->valid) { i = rcu_dereference(list_next_rcu(i)); n = __af6list_entry(i); } return n; } #define netlbl_af6list_foreach(iter, head) \ for (iter = __af6list_valid((head)->next, head); \ &iter->list != (head); \ iter = __af6list_valid(iter->list.next, head)) #define netlbl_af6list_foreach_rcu(iter, head) \ for (iter = __af6list_valid_rcu((head)->next, head); \ &iter->list != (head); \ iter = __af6list_valid_rcu(iter->list.next, head)) #define netlbl_af6list_foreach_safe(iter, tmp, head) \ for (iter = __af6list_valid((head)->next, head), \ tmp = __af6list_valid(iter->list.next, head); \ &iter->list != (head); \ iter = tmp, tmp = __af6list_valid(iter->list.next, head)) int netlbl_af6list_add(struct netlbl_af6list *entry, struct list_head *head); struct netlbl_af6list *netlbl_af6list_remove(const struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *mask, struct list_head *head); void netlbl_af6list_remove_entry(struct netlbl_af6list *entry); struct netlbl_af6list *netlbl_af6list_search(const struct in6_addr *addr, struct list_head *head); struct netlbl_af6list *netlbl_af6list_search_exact(const struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *mask, struct list_head *head); #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT void netlbl_af6list_audit_addr(struct audit_buffer *audit_buf, int src, const char *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *mask); #else static inline void netlbl_af6list_audit_addr(struct audit_buffer *audit_buf, int src, const char *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *mask) { } #endif #endif /* IPV6 */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* Rewritten and vastly simplified by Rusty Russell for in-kernel * module loader: * Copyright 2002 Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> IBM Corporation */ #ifndef _LINUX_KALLSYMS_H #define _LINUX_KALLSYMS_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #define KSYM_NAME_LEN 128 #define KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN (sizeof("%s+%#lx/%#lx [%s]") + (KSYM_NAME_LEN - 1) + \ 2*(BITS_PER_LONG*3/10) + (MODULE_NAME_LEN - 1) + 1) struct cred; struct module; static inline int is_kernel_inittext(unsigned long addr) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)_sinittext && addr <= (unsigned long)_einittext) return 1; return 0; } static inline int is_kernel_text(unsigned long addr) { if ((addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_etext) || arch_is_kernel_text(addr)) return 1; return in_gate_area_no_mm(addr); } static inline int is_kernel(unsigned long addr) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_end) return 1; return in_gate_area_no_mm(addr); } static inline int is_ksym_addr(unsigned long addr) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL)) return is_kernel(addr); return is_kernel_text(addr) || is_kernel_inittext(addr); } static inline void *dereference_symbol_descriptor(void *ptr) { #ifdef HAVE_DEREFERENCE_FUNCTION_DESCRIPTOR struct module *mod; ptr = dereference_kernel_function_descriptor(ptr); if (is_ksym_addr((unsigned long)ptr)) return ptr; preempt_disable(); mod = __module_address((unsigned long)ptr); preempt_enable(); if (mod) ptr = dereference_module_function_descriptor(mod, ptr); #endif return ptr; } #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS /* Lookup the address for a symbol. Returns 0 if not found. */ unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name); /* Call a function on each kallsyms symbol in the core kernel */ int kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data); extern int kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset); /* Lookup an address. modname is set to NULL if it's in the kernel. */ const char *kallsyms_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf); /* Look up a kernel symbol and return it in a text buffer. */ extern int sprint_symbol(char *buffer, unsigned long address); extern int sprint_symbol_no_offset(char *buffer, unsigned long address); extern int sprint_backtrace(char *buffer, unsigned long address); int lookup_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname); int lookup_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name); /* How and when do we show kallsyms values? */ extern bool kallsyms_show_value(const struct cred *cred); #else /* !CONFIG_KALLSYMS */ static inline unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name) { return 0; } static inline int kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data) { return 0; } static inline int kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset) { return 0; } static inline const char *kallsyms_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf) { return NULL; } static inline int sprint_symbol(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int sprint_symbol_no_offset(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int sprint_backtrace(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int lookup_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname) { return -ERANGE; } static inline int lookup_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name) { return -ERANGE; } static inline bool kallsyms_show_value(const struct cred *cred) { return false; } #endif /*CONFIG_KALLSYMS*/ static inline void print_ip_sym(const char *loglvl, unsigned long ip) { printk("%s[<%px>] %pS\n", loglvl, (void *) ip, (void *) ip); } #endif /*_LINUX_KALLSYMS_H*/
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All rights reserved. * Copyright 2003-2004 Jeff Garzik * * libata documentation is available via 'make {ps|pdf}docs', * as Documentation/driver-api/libata.rst * * Hardware documentation available from http://www.t13.org/ */ #ifndef __LINUX_ATA_H__ #define __LINUX_ATA_H__ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* defines only for the constants which don't work well as enums */ #define ATA_DMA_BOUNDARY 0xffffUL #define ATA_DMA_MASK 0xffffffffULL enum { /* various global constants */ ATA_MAX_DEVICES = 2, /* per bus/port */ ATA_MAX_PRD = 256, /* we could make these 256/256 */ ATA_SECT_SIZE = 512, ATA_MAX_SECTORS_128 = 128, ATA_MAX_SECTORS = 256, ATA_MAX_SECTORS_1024 = 1024, ATA_MAX_SECTORS_LBA48 = 65535,/* avoid count to be 0000h */ ATA_MAX_SECTORS_TAPE = 65535, ATA_MAX_TRIM_RNUM = 64, /* 512-byte payload / (6-byte LBA + 2-byte range per entry) */ ATA_ID_WORDS = 256, ATA_ID_CONFIG = 0, ATA_ID_CYLS = 1, ATA_ID_HEADS = 3, ATA_ID_SECTORS = 6, ATA_ID_SERNO = 10, ATA_ID_BUF_SIZE = 21, ATA_ID_FW_REV = 23, ATA_ID_PROD = 27, ATA_ID_MAX_MULTSECT = 47, ATA_ID_DWORD_IO = 48, /* before ATA-8 */ ATA_ID_TRUSTED = 48, /* ATA-8 and later */ ATA_ID_CAPABILITY = 49, ATA_ID_OLD_PIO_MODES = 51, ATA_ID_OLD_DMA_MODES = 52, ATA_ID_FIELD_VALID = 53, ATA_ID_CUR_CYLS = 54, ATA_ID_CUR_HEADS = 55, ATA_ID_CUR_SECTORS = 56, ATA_ID_MULTSECT = 59, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY = 60, ATA_ID_SWDMA_MODES = 62, ATA_ID_MWDMA_MODES = 63, ATA_ID_PIO_MODES = 64, ATA_ID_EIDE_DMA_MIN = 65, ATA_ID_EIDE_DMA_TIME = 66, ATA_ID_EIDE_PIO = 67, ATA_ID_EIDE_PIO_IORDY = 68, ATA_ID_ADDITIONAL_SUPP = 69, ATA_ID_QUEUE_DEPTH = 75, ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY = 76, ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY_2 = 77, ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP = 78, ATA_ID_MAJOR_VER = 80, ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_1 = 82, ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2 = 83, ATA_ID_CFSSE = 84, ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_1 = 85, ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2 = 86, ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT = 87, ATA_ID_UDMA_MODES = 88, ATA_ID_HW_CONFIG = 93, ATA_ID_SPG = 98, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY_2 = 100, ATA_ID_SECTOR_SIZE = 106, ATA_ID_WWN = 108, ATA_ID_LOGICAL_SECTOR_SIZE = 117, /* and 118 */ ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_3 = 119, ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_4 = 120, ATA_ID_LAST_LUN = 126, ATA_ID_DLF = 128, ATA_ID_CSFO = 129, ATA_ID_CFA_POWER = 160, ATA_ID_CFA_KEY_MGMT = 162, ATA_ID_CFA_MODES = 163, ATA_ID_DATA_SET_MGMT = 169, ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT = 206, ATA_ID_ROT_SPEED = 217, ATA_ID_PIO4 = (1 << 1), ATA_ID_SERNO_LEN = 20, ATA_ID_FW_REV_LEN = 8, ATA_ID_PROD_LEN = 40, ATA_ID_WWN_LEN = 8, ATA_PCI_CTL_OFS = 2, ATA_PIO0 = (1 << 0), ATA_PIO1 = ATA_PIO0 | (1 << 1), ATA_PIO2 = ATA_PIO1 | (1 << 2), ATA_PIO3 = ATA_PIO2 | (1 << 3), ATA_PIO4 = ATA_PIO3 | (1 << 4), ATA_PIO5 = ATA_PIO4 | (1 << 5), ATA_PIO6 = ATA_PIO5 | (1 << 6), ATA_PIO4_ONLY = (1 << 4), ATA_SWDMA0 = (1 << 0), ATA_SWDMA1 = ATA_SWDMA0 | (1 << 1), ATA_SWDMA2 = ATA_SWDMA1 | (1 << 2), ATA_SWDMA2_ONLY = (1 << 2), ATA_MWDMA0 = (1 << 0), ATA_MWDMA1 = ATA_MWDMA0 | (1 << 1), ATA_MWDMA2 = ATA_MWDMA1 | (1 << 2), ATA_MWDMA3 = ATA_MWDMA2 | (1 << 3), ATA_MWDMA4 = ATA_MWDMA3 | (1 << 4), ATA_MWDMA12_ONLY = (1 << 1) | (1 << 2), ATA_MWDMA2_ONLY = (1 << 2), ATA_UDMA0 = (1 << 0), ATA_UDMA1 = ATA_UDMA0 | (1 << 1), ATA_UDMA2 = ATA_UDMA1 | (1 << 2), ATA_UDMA3 = ATA_UDMA2 | (1 << 3), ATA_UDMA4 = ATA_UDMA3 | (1 << 4), ATA_UDMA5 = ATA_UDMA4 | (1 << 5), ATA_UDMA6 = ATA_UDMA5 | (1 << 6), ATA_UDMA7 = ATA_UDMA6 | (1 << 7), /* ATA_UDMA7 is just for completeness... doesn't exist (yet?). */ ATA_UDMA24_ONLY = (1 << 2) | (1 << 4), ATA_UDMA_MASK_40C = ATA_UDMA2, /* udma0-2 */ /* DMA-related */ ATA_PRD_SZ = 8, ATA_PRD_TBL_SZ = (ATA_MAX_PRD * ATA_PRD_SZ), ATA_PRD_EOT = (1 << 31), /* end-of-table flag */ ATA_DMA_TABLE_OFS = 4, ATA_DMA_STATUS = 2, ATA_DMA_CMD = 0, ATA_DMA_WR = (1 << 3), ATA_DMA_START = (1 << 0), ATA_DMA_INTR = (1 << 2), ATA_DMA_ERR = (1 << 1), ATA_DMA_ACTIVE = (1 << 0), /* bits in ATA command block registers */ ATA_HOB = (1 << 7), /* LBA48 selector */ ATA_NIEN = (1 << 1), /* disable-irq flag */ ATA_LBA = (1 << 6), /* LBA28 selector */ ATA_DEV1 = (1 << 4), /* Select Device 1 (slave) */ ATA_DEVICE_OBS = (1 << 7) | (1 << 5), /* obs bits in dev reg */ ATA_DEVCTL_OBS = (1 << 3), /* obsolete bit in devctl reg */ ATA_BUSY = (1 << 7), /* BSY status bit */ ATA_DRDY = (1 << 6), /* device ready */ ATA_DF = (1 << 5), /* device fault */ ATA_DSC = (1 << 4), /* drive seek complete */ ATA_DRQ = (1 << 3), /* data request i/o */ ATA_CORR = (1 << 2), /* corrected data error */ ATA_SENSE = (1 << 1), /* sense code available */ ATA_ERR = (1 << 0), /* have an error */ ATA_SRST = (1 << 2), /* software reset */ ATA_ICRC = (1 << 7), /* interface CRC error */ ATA_BBK = ATA_ICRC, /* pre-EIDE: block marked bad */ ATA_UNC = (1 << 6), /* uncorrectable media error */ ATA_MC = (1 << 5), /* media changed */ ATA_IDNF = (1 << 4), /* ID not found */ ATA_MCR = (1 << 3), /* media change requested */ ATA_ABORTED = (1 << 2), /* command aborted */ ATA_TRK0NF = (1 << 1), /* track 0 not found */ ATA_AMNF = (1 << 0), /* address mark not found */ ATAPI_LFS = 0xF0, /* last failed sense */ ATAPI_EOM = ATA_TRK0NF, /* end of media */ ATAPI_ILI = ATA_AMNF, /* illegal length indication */ ATAPI_IO = (1 << 1), ATAPI_COD = (1 << 0), /* ATA command block registers */ ATA_REG_DATA = 0x00, ATA_REG_ERR = 0x01, ATA_REG_NSECT = 0x02, ATA_REG_LBAL = 0x03, ATA_REG_LBAM = 0x04, ATA_REG_LBAH = 0x05, ATA_REG_DEVICE = 0x06, ATA_REG_STATUS = 0x07, ATA_REG_FEATURE = ATA_REG_ERR, /* and their aliases */ ATA_REG_CMD = ATA_REG_STATUS, ATA_REG_BYTEL = ATA_REG_LBAM, ATA_REG_BYTEH = ATA_REG_LBAH, ATA_REG_DEVSEL = ATA_REG_DEVICE, ATA_REG_IRQ = ATA_REG_NSECT, /* ATA device commands */ ATA_CMD_DEV_RESET = 0x08, /* ATAPI device reset */ ATA_CMD_CHK_POWER = 0xE5, /* check power mode */ ATA_CMD_STANDBY = 0xE2, /* place in standby power mode */ ATA_CMD_IDLE = 0xE3, /* place in idle power mode */ ATA_CMD_EDD = 0x90, /* execute device diagnostic */ ATA_CMD_DOWNLOAD_MICRO = 0x92, ATA_CMD_DOWNLOAD_MICRO_DMA = 0x93, ATA_CMD_NOP = 0x00, ATA_CMD_FLUSH = 0xE7, ATA_CMD_FLUSH_EXT = 0xEA, ATA_CMD_ID_ATA = 0xEC, ATA_CMD_ID_ATAPI = 0xA1, ATA_CMD_SERVICE = 0xA2, ATA_CMD_READ = 0xC8, ATA_CMD_READ_EXT = 0x25, ATA_CMD_READ_QUEUED = 0x26, ATA_CMD_READ_STREAM_EXT = 0x2B, ATA_CMD_READ_STREAM_DMA_EXT = 0x2A, ATA_CMD_WRITE = 0xCA, ATA_CMD_WRITE_EXT = 0x35, ATA_CMD_WRITE_QUEUED = 0x36, ATA_CMD_WRITE_STREAM_EXT = 0x3B, ATA_CMD_WRITE_STREAM_DMA_EXT = 0x3A, ATA_CMD_WRITE_FUA_EXT = 0x3D, ATA_CMD_WRITE_QUEUED_FUA_EXT = 0x3E, ATA_CMD_FPDMA_READ = 0x60, ATA_CMD_FPDMA_WRITE = 0x61, ATA_CMD_NCQ_NON_DATA = 0x63, ATA_CMD_FPDMA_SEND = 0x64, ATA_CMD_FPDMA_RECV = 0x65, ATA_CMD_PIO_READ = 0x20, ATA_CMD_PIO_READ_EXT = 0x24, ATA_CMD_PIO_WRITE = 0x30, ATA_CMD_PIO_WRITE_EXT = 0x34, ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI = 0xC4, ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI_EXT = 0x29, ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI = 0xC5, ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_EXT = 0x39, ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_FUA_EXT = 0xCE, ATA_CMD_SET_FEATURES = 0xEF, ATA_CMD_SET_MULTI = 0xC6, ATA_CMD_PACKET = 0xA0, ATA_CMD_VERIFY = 0x40, ATA_CMD_VERIFY_EXT = 0x42, ATA_CMD_WRITE_UNCORR_EXT = 0x45, ATA_CMD_STANDBYNOW1 = 0xE0, ATA_CMD_IDLEIMMEDIATE = 0xE1, ATA_CMD_SLEEP = 0xE6, ATA_CMD_INIT_DEV_PARAMS = 0x91, ATA_CMD_READ_NATIVE_MAX = 0xF8, ATA_CMD_READ_NATIVE_MAX_EXT = 0x27, ATA_CMD_SET_MAX = 0xF9, ATA_CMD_SET_MAX_EXT = 0x37, ATA_CMD_READ_LOG_EXT = 0x2F, ATA_CMD_WRITE_LOG_EXT = 0x3F, ATA_CMD_READ_LOG_DMA_EXT = 0x47, ATA_CMD_WRITE_LOG_DMA_EXT = 0x57, ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_NONDATA = 0x5B, ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_RCV = 0x5C, ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_RCV_DMA = 0x5D, ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_SND = 0x5E, ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_SND_DMA = 0x5F, ATA_CMD_PMP_READ = 0xE4, ATA_CMD_PMP_READ_DMA = 0xE9, ATA_CMD_PMP_WRITE = 0xE8, ATA_CMD_PMP_WRITE_DMA = 0xEB, ATA_CMD_CONF_OVERLAY = 0xB1, ATA_CMD_SEC_SET_PASS = 0xF1, ATA_CMD_SEC_UNLOCK = 0xF2, ATA_CMD_SEC_ERASE_PREP = 0xF3, ATA_CMD_SEC_ERASE_UNIT = 0xF4, ATA_CMD_SEC_FREEZE_LOCK = 0xF5, ATA_CMD_SEC_DISABLE_PASS = 0xF6, ATA_CMD_CONFIG_STREAM = 0x51, ATA_CMD_SMART = 0xB0, ATA_CMD_MEDIA_LOCK = 0xDE, ATA_CMD_MEDIA_UNLOCK = 0xDF, ATA_CMD_DSM = 0x06, ATA_CMD_CHK_MED_CRD_TYP = 0xD1, ATA_CMD_CFA_REQ_EXT_ERR = 0x03, ATA_CMD_CFA_WRITE_NE = 0x38, ATA_CMD_CFA_TRANS_SECT = 0x87, ATA_CMD_CFA_ERASE = 0xC0, ATA_CMD_CFA_WRITE_MULT_NE = 0xCD, ATA_CMD_REQ_SENSE_DATA = 0x0B, ATA_CMD_SANITIZE_DEVICE = 0xB4, ATA_CMD_ZAC_MGMT_IN = 0x4A, ATA_CMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT = 0x9F, /* marked obsolete in the ATA/ATAPI-7 spec */ ATA_CMD_RESTORE = 0x10, /* Subcmds for ATA_CMD_FPDMA_RECV */ ATA_SUBCMD_FPDMA_RECV_RD_LOG_DMA_EXT = 0x01, ATA_SUBCMD_FPDMA_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_IN = 0x02, /* Subcmds for ATA_CMD_FPDMA_SEND */ ATA_SUBCMD_FPDMA_SEND_DSM = 0x00, ATA_SUBCMD_FPDMA_SEND_WR_LOG_DMA_EXT = 0x02, /* Subcmds for ATA_CMD_NCQ_NON_DATA */ ATA_SUBCMD_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_QUEUE = 0x00, ATA_SUBCMD_NCQ_NON_DATA_SET_FEATURES = 0x05, ATA_SUBCMD_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZERO_EXT = 0x06, ATA_SUBCMD_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OUT = 0x07, /* Subcmds for ATA_CMD_ZAC_MGMT_IN */ ATA_SUBCMD_ZAC_MGMT_IN_REPORT_ZONES = 0x00, /* Subcmds for ATA_CMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT */ ATA_SUBCMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT_CLOSE_ZONE = 0x01, ATA_SUBCMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT_FINISH_ZONE = 0x02, ATA_SUBCMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT_OPEN_ZONE = 0x03, ATA_SUBCMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT_RESET_WRITE_POINTER = 0x04, /* READ_LOG_EXT pages */ ATA_LOG_DIRECTORY = 0x0, ATA_LOG_SATA_NCQ = 0x10, ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA = 0x12, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV = 0x13, ATA_LOG_IDENTIFY_DEVICE = 0x30, /* Identify device log pages: */ ATA_LOG_SECURITY = 0x06, ATA_LOG_SATA_SETTINGS = 0x08, ATA_LOG_ZONED_INFORMATION = 0x09, /* Identify device SATA settings log:*/ ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_OFFSET = 0x30, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_SIZE = 0x08, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_MDAT = 0x00, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_MDAT_MASK = 0x1F, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_DETO = 0x01, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_VALID = 0x07, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_VALID_MASK = 0x80, ATA_LOG_NCQ_PRIO_OFFSET = 0x09, /* NCQ send and receive log */ ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_SUBCMDS_OFFSET = 0x00, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_SUBCMDS_DSM = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_DSM_OFFSET = 0x04, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_DSM_TRIM = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_RD_LOG_OFFSET = 0x08, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_RD_LOG_SUPPORTED = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_WR_LOG_OFFSET = 0x0C, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_WR_LOG_SUPPORTED = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_OFFSET = 0x10, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_OUT_SUPPORTED = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_IN_SUPPORTED = (1 << 1), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_SIZE = 0x14, /* NCQ Non-Data log */ ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_SUBCMDS_OFFSET = 0x00, ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_OFFSET = 0x00, ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_NCQ = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_ALL = (1 << 1), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_STREAMING = (1 << 2), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_NON_STREAMING = (1 << 3), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_SELECTED = (1 << 4), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OFFSET = 0x1C, ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OUT = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_SIZE = 0x40, /* READ/WRITE LONG (obsolete) */ ATA_CMD_READ_LONG = 0x22, ATA_CMD_READ_LONG_ONCE = 0x23, ATA_CMD_WRITE_LONG = 0x32, ATA_CMD_WRITE_LONG_ONCE = 0x33, /* SETFEATURES stuff */ SETFEATURES_XFER = 0x03, XFER_UDMA_7 = 0x47, XFER_UDMA_6 = 0x46, XFER_UDMA_5 = 0x45, XFER_UDMA_4 = 0x44, XFER_UDMA_3 = 0x43, XFER_UDMA_2 = 0x42, XFER_UDMA_1 = 0x41, XFER_UDMA_0 = 0x40, XFER_MW_DMA_4 = 0x24, /* CFA only */ XFER_MW_DMA_3 = 0x23, /* CFA only */ XFER_MW_DMA_2 = 0x22, XFER_MW_DMA_1 = 0x21, XFER_MW_DMA_0 = 0x20, XFER_SW_DMA_2 = 0x12, XFER_SW_DMA_1 = 0x11, XFER_SW_DMA_0 = 0x10, XFER_PIO_6 = 0x0E, /* CFA only */ XFER_PIO_5 = 0x0D, /* CFA only */ XFER_PIO_4 = 0x0C, XFER_PIO_3 = 0x0B, XFER_PIO_2 = 0x0A, XFER_PIO_1 = 0x09, XFER_PIO_0 = 0x08, XFER_PIO_SLOW = 0x00, SETFEATURES_WC_ON = 0x02, /* Enable write cache */ SETFEATURES_WC_OFF = 0x82, /* Disable write cache */ SETFEATURES_RA_ON = 0xaa, /* Enable read look-ahead */ SETFEATURES_RA_OFF = 0x55, /* Disable read look-ahead */ /* Enable/Disable Automatic Acoustic Management */ SETFEATURES_AAM_ON = 0x42, SETFEATURES_AAM_OFF = 0xC2, SETFEATURES_SPINUP = 0x07, /* Spin-up drive */ SETFEATURES_SPINUP_TIMEOUT = 30000, /* 30s timeout for drive spin-up from PUIS */ SETFEATURES_SATA_ENABLE = 0x10, /* Enable use of SATA feature */ SETFEATURES_SATA_DISABLE = 0x90, /* Disable use of SATA feature */ /* SETFEATURE Sector counts for SATA features */ SATA_FPDMA_OFFSET = 0x01, /* FPDMA non-zero buffer offsets */ SATA_FPDMA_AA = 0x02, /* FPDMA Setup FIS Auto-Activate */ SATA_DIPM = 0x03, /* Device Initiated Power Management */ SATA_FPDMA_IN_ORDER = 0x04, /* FPDMA in-order data delivery */ SATA_AN = 0x05, /* Asynchronous Notification */ SATA_SSP = 0x06, /* Software Settings Preservation */ SATA_DEVSLP = 0x09, /* Device Sleep */ SETFEATURE_SENSE_DATA = 0xC3, /* Sense Data Reporting feature */ /* feature values for SET_MAX */ ATA_SET_MAX_ADDR = 0x00, ATA_SET_MAX_PASSWD = 0x01, ATA_SET_MAX_LOCK = 0x02, ATA_SET_MAX_UNLOCK = 0x03, ATA_SET_MAX_FREEZE_LOCK = 0x04, ATA_SET_MAX_PASSWD_DMA = 0x05, ATA_SET_MAX_UNLOCK_DMA = 0x06, /* feature values for DEVICE CONFIGURATION OVERLAY */ ATA_DCO_RESTORE = 0xC0, ATA_DCO_FREEZE_LOCK = 0xC1, ATA_DCO_IDENTIFY = 0xC2, ATA_DCO_SET = 0xC3, /* feature values for SMART */ ATA_SMART_ENABLE = 0xD8, ATA_SMART_READ_VALUES = 0xD0, ATA_SMART_READ_THRESHOLDS = 0xD1, /* feature values for Data Set Management */ ATA_DSM_TRIM = 0x01, /* password used in LBA Mid / LBA High for executing SMART commands */ ATA_SMART_LBAM_PASS = 0x4F, ATA_SMART_LBAH_PASS = 0xC2, /* ATAPI stuff */ ATAPI_PKT_DMA = (1 << 0), ATAPI_DMADIR = (1 << 2), /* ATAPI data dir: 0=to device, 1=to host */ ATAPI_CDB_LEN = 16, /* PMP stuff */ SATA_PMP_MAX_PORTS = 15, SATA_PMP_CTRL_PORT = 15, SATA_PMP_GSCR_DWORDS = 128, SATA_PMP_GSCR_PROD_ID = 0, SATA_PMP_GSCR_REV = 1, SATA_PMP_GSCR_PORT_INFO = 2, SATA_PMP_GSCR_ERROR = 32, SATA_PMP_GSCR_ERROR_EN = 33, SATA_PMP_GSCR_FEAT = 64, SATA_PMP_GSCR_FEAT_EN = 96, SATA_PMP_PSCR_STATUS = 0, SATA_PMP_PSCR_ERROR = 1, SATA_PMP_PSCR_CONTROL = 2, SATA_PMP_FEAT_BIST = (1 << 0), SATA_PMP_FEAT_PMREQ = (1 << 1), SATA_PMP_FEAT_DYNSSC = (1 << 2), SATA_PMP_FEAT_NOTIFY = (1 << 3), /* cable types */ ATA_CBL_NONE = 0, ATA_CBL_PATA40 = 1, ATA_CBL_PATA80 = 2, ATA_CBL_PATA40_SHORT = 3, /* 40 wire cable to high UDMA spec */ ATA_CBL_PATA_UNK = 4, /* don't know, maybe 80c? */ ATA_CBL_PATA_IGN = 5, /* don't know, ignore cable handling */ ATA_CBL_SATA = 6, /* SATA Status and Control Registers */ SCR_STATUS = 0, SCR_ERROR = 1, SCR_CONTROL = 2, SCR_ACTIVE = 3, SCR_NOTIFICATION = 4, /* SError bits */ SERR_DATA_RECOVERED = (1 << 0), /* recovered data error */ SERR_COMM_RECOVERED = (1 << 1), /* recovered comm failure */ SERR_DATA = (1 << 8), /* unrecovered data error */ SERR_PERSISTENT = (1 << 9), /* persistent data/comm error */ SERR_PROTOCOL = (1 << 10), /* protocol violation */ SERR_INTERNAL = (1 << 11), /* host internal error */ SERR_PHYRDY_CHG = (1 << 16), /* PHY RDY changed */ SERR_PHY_INT_ERR = (1 << 17), /* PHY internal error */ SERR_COMM_WAKE = (1 << 18), /* Comm wake */ SERR_10B_8B_ERR = (1 << 19), /* 10b to 8b decode error */ SERR_DISPARITY = (1 << 20), /* Disparity */ SERR_CRC = (1 << 21), /* CRC error */ SERR_HANDSHAKE = (1 << 22), /* Handshake error */ SERR_LINK_SEQ_ERR = (1 << 23), /* Link sequence error */ SERR_TRANS_ST_ERROR = (1 << 24), /* Transport state trans. error */ SERR_UNRECOG_FIS = (1 << 25), /* Unrecognized FIS */ SERR_DEV_XCHG = (1 << 26), /* device exchanged */ }; enum ata_prot_flags { /* protocol flags */ ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO = (1 << 0), /* is PIO */ ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA = (1 << 1), /* is DMA */ ATA_PROT_FLAG_NCQ = (1 << 2), /* is NCQ */ ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI = (1 << 3), /* is ATAPI */ /* taskfile protocols */ ATA_PROT_UNKNOWN = (u8)-1, ATA_PROT_NODATA = 0, ATA_PROT_PIO = ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO, ATA_PROT_DMA = ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA, ATA_PROT_NCQ_NODATA = ATA_PROT_FLAG_NCQ, ATA_PROT_NCQ = ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA | ATA_PROT_FLAG_NCQ, ATAPI_PROT_NODATA = ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI, ATAPI_PROT_PIO = ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI | ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO, ATAPI_PROT_DMA = ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI | ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA, }; enum ata_ioctls { ATA_IOC_GET_IO32 = 0x309, /* HDIO_GET_32BIT */ ATA_IOC_SET_IO32 = 0x324, /* HDIO_SET_32BIT */ }; /* core structures */ struct ata_bmdma_prd { __le32 addr; __le32 flags_len; }; /* * id tests */ #define ata_id_is_ata(id) (((id)[ATA_ID_CONFIG] & (1 << 15)) == 0) #define ata_id_has_lba(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY] & (1 << 9)) #define ata_id_has_dma(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY] & (1 << 8)) #define ata_id_has_ncq(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] & (1 << 8)) #define ata_id_queue_depth(id) (((id)[ATA_ID_QUEUE_DEPTH] & 0x1f) + 1) #define ata_id_removable(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_CONFIG] & (1 << 7)) #define ata_id_has_atapi_AN(id) \ ((((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] != 0x0000) && \ ((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] != 0xffff)) && \ ((id)[ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP] & (1 << 5))) #define ata_id_has_fpdma_aa(id) \ ((((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] != 0x0000) && \ ((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] != 0xffff)) && \ ((id)[ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP] & (1 << 2))) #define ata_id_iordy_disable(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY] & (1 << 10)) #define ata_id_has_iordy(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY] & (1 << 11)) #define ata_id_u32(id,n) \ (((u32) (id)[(n) + 1] << 16) | ((u32) (id)[(n)])) #define ata_id_u64(id,n) \ ( ((u64) (id)[(n) + 3] << 48) | \ ((u64) (id)[(n) + 2] << 32) | \ ((u64) (id)[(n) + 1] << 16) | \ ((u64) (id)[(n) + 0]) ) #define ata_id_cdb_intr(id) (((id)[ATA_ID_CONFIG] & 0x60) == 0x20) #define ata_id_has_da(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY_2] & (1 << 4)) #define ata_id_has_devslp(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP] & (1 << 8)) #define ata_id_has_ncq_autosense(id) \ ((id)[ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP] & (1 << 7)) static inline bool ata_id_has_hipm(const u16 *id) { u16 val = id[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY]; if (val == 0 || val == 0xffff) return false; return val & (1 << 9); } static inline bool ata_id_has_dipm(const u16 *id) { u16 val = id[ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP]; if (val == 0 || val == 0xffff) return false; return val & (1 << 3); } static inline bool ata_id_has_fua(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_CFSSE] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_CFSSE] & (1 << 6); } static inline bool ata_id_has_flush(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & (1 << 12); } static inline bool ata_id_flush_enabled(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_has_flush(id) == 0) return false; if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & (1 << 12); } static inline bool ata_id_has_flush_ext(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & (1 << 13); } static inline bool ata_id_flush_ext_enabled(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_has_flush_ext(id) == 0) return false; if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; /* * some Maxtor disks have bit 13 defined incorrectly * so check bit 10 too */ return (id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & 0x2400) == 0x2400; } static inline u32 ata_id_logical_sector_size(const u16 *id) { /* T13/1699-D Revision 6a, Sep 6, 2008. Page 128. * IDENTIFY DEVICE data, word 117-118. * 0xd000 ignores bit 13 (logical:physical > 1) */ if ((id[ATA_ID_SECTOR_SIZE] & 0xd000) == 0x5000) return (((id[ATA_ID_LOGICAL_SECTOR_SIZE+1] << 16) + id[ATA_ID_LOGICAL_SECTOR_SIZE]) * sizeof(u16)) ; return ATA_SECT_SIZE; } static inline u8 ata_id_log2_per_physical_sector(const u16 *id) { /* T13/1699-D Revision 6a, Sep 6, 2008. Page 128. * IDENTIFY DEVICE data, word 106. * 0xe000 ignores bit 12 (logical sector > 512 bytes) */ if ((id[ATA_ID_SECTOR_SIZE] & 0xe000) == 0x6000) return (id[ATA_ID_SECTOR_SIZE] & 0xf); return 0; } /* Offset of logical sectors relative to physical sectors. * * If device has more than one logical sector per physical sector * (aka 512 byte emulation), vendors might offset the "sector 0" address * so sector 63 is "naturally aligned" - e.g. FAT partition table. * This avoids Read/Mod/Write penalties when using FAT partition table * and updating "well aligned" (FS perspective) physical sectors on every * transaction. */ static inline u16 ata_id_logical_sector_offset(const u16 *id, u8 log2_per_phys) { u16 word_209 = id[209]; if ((log2_per_phys > 1) && (word_209 & 0xc000) == 0x4000) { u16 first = word_209 & 0x3fff; if (first > 0) return (1 << log2_per_phys) - first; } return 0; } static inline bool ata_id_has_lba48(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; if (!ata_id_u64(id, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY_2)) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & (1 << 10); } static inline bool ata_id_lba48_enabled(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_has_lba48(id) == 0) return false; if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & (1 << 10); } static inline bool ata_id_hpa_enabled(const u16 *id) { /* Yes children, word 83 valid bits cover word 82 data */ if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; /* And 87 covers 85-87 */ if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; /* Check command sets enabled as well as supported */ if ((id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_1] & (1 << 10)) == 0) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_1] & (1 << 10); } static inline bool ata_id_has_wcache(const u16 *id) { /* Yes children, word 83 valid bits cover word 82 data */ if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_1] & (1 << 5); } static inline bool ata_id_has_pm(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_1] & (1 << 3); } static inline bool ata_id_rahead_enabled(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_1] & (1 << 6); } static inline bool ata_id_wcache_enabled(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_1] & (1 << 5); } static inline bool ata_id_has_read_log_dma_ext(const u16 *id) { /* Word 86 must have bit 15 set */ if (!(id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & (1 << 15))) return false; /* READ LOG DMA EXT support can be signaled either from word 119 * or from word 120. The format is the same for both words: Bit * 15 must be cleared, bit 14 set and bit 3 set. */ if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_3] & 0xC008) == 0x4008 || (id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_4] & 0xC008) == 0x4008) return true; return false; } static inline bool ata_id_has_sense_reporting(const u16 *id) { if (!(id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & (1 << 15))) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_3] & (1 << 6); } static inline bool ata_id_sense_reporting_enabled(const u16 *id) { if (!(id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & (1 << 15))) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_4] & (1 << 6); } /** * * Word: 206 - SCT Command Transport * 15:12 - Vendor Specific * 11:6 - Reserved * 5 - SCT Command Transport Data Tables supported * 4 - SCT Command Transport Features Control supported * 3 - SCT Command Transport Error Recovery Control supported * 2 - SCT Command Transport Write Same supported * 1 - SCT Command Transport Long Sector Access supported * 0 - SCT Command Transport supported */ static inline bool ata_id_sct_data_tables(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT] & (1 << 5) ? true : false; } static inline bool ata_id_sct_features_ctrl(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT] & (1 << 4) ? true : false; } static inline bool ata_id_sct_error_recovery_ctrl(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT] & (1 << 3) ? true : false; } static inline bool ata_id_sct_long_sector_access(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT] & (1 << 1) ? true : false; } static inline bool ata_id_sct_supported(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT] & (1 << 0) ? true : false; } /** * ata_id_major_version - get ATA level of drive * @id: Identify data * * Caveats: * ATA-1 considers identify optional * ATA-2 introduces mandatory identify * ATA-3 introduces word 80 and accurate reporting * * The practical impact of this is that ata_id_major_version cannot * reliably report on drives below ATA3. */ static inline unsigned int ata_id_major_version(const u16 *id) { unsigned int mver; if (id[ATA_ID_MAJOR_VER] == 0xFFFF) return 0; for (mver = 14; mver >= 1; mver--) if (id[ATA_ID_MAJOR_VER] & (1 << mver)) break; return mver; } static inline bool ata_id_is_sata(const u16 *id) { /* * See if word 93 is 0 AND drive is at least ATA-5 compatible * verifying that word 80 by casting it to a signed type -- * this trick allows us to filter out the reserved values of * 0x0000 and 0xffff along with the earlier ATA revisions... */ if (id[ATA_ID_HW_CONFIG] == 0 && (short)id[ATA_ID_MAJOR_VER] >= 0x0020) return true; return false; } static inline bool ata_id_has_tpm(const u16 *id) { /* The TPM bits are only valid on ATA8 */ if (ata_id_major_version(id) < 8) return false; if ((id[48] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[48] & (1 << 0); } static inline bool ata_id_has_dword_io(const u16 *id) { /* ATA 8 reuses this flag for "trusted" computing */ if (ata_id_major_version(id) > 7) return false; return id[ATA_ID_DWORD_IO] & (1 << 0); } static inline bool ata_id_has_trusted(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_major_version(id) <= 7) return false; return id[ATA_ID_TRUSTED] & (1 << 0); } static inline bool ata_id_has_unload(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_major_version(id) >= 7 && (id[ATA_ID_CFSSE] & 0xC000) == 0x4000 && id[ATA_ID_CFSSE] & (1 << 13)) return true; return false; } static inline bool ata_id_has_wwn(const u16 *id) { return (id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC100) == 0x4100; } static inline int ata_id_form_factor(const u16 *id) { u16 val = id[168]; if (ata_id_major_version(id) < 7 || val == 0 || val == 0xffff) return 0; val &= 0xf; if (val > 5) return 0; return val; } static inline int ata_id_rotation_rate(const u16 *id) { u16 val = id[217]; if (ata_id_major_version(id) < 7 || val == 0 || val == 0xffff) return 0; if (val > 1 && val < 0x401) return 0; return val; } static inline bool ata_id_has_ncq_send_and_recv(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY_2] & BIT(6); } static inline bool ata_id_has_ncq_non_data(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY_2] & BIT(5); } static inline bool ata_id_has_ncq_prio(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] & BIT(12); } static inline bool ata_id_has_trim(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_major_version(id) >= 7 && (id[ATA_ID_DATA_SET_MGMT] & 1)) return true; return false; } static inline bool ata_id_has_zero_after_trim(const u16 *id) { /* DSM supported, deterministic read, and read zero after trim set */ if (ata_id_has_trim(id) && (id[ATA_ID_ADDITIONAL_SUPP] & 0x4020) == 0x4020) return true; return false; } static inline bool ata_id_current_chs_valid(const u16 *id) { /* For ATA-1 devices, if the INITIALIZE DEVICE PARAMETERS command has not been issued to the device then the values of id[ATA_ID_CUR_CYLS] to id[ATA_ID_CUR_SECTORS] are vendor specific. */ return (id[ATA_ID_FIELD_VALID] & 1) && /* Current translation valid */ id[ATA_ID_CUR_CYLS] && /* cylinders in current translation */ id[ATA_ID_CUR_HEADS] && /* heads in current translation */ id[ATA_ID_CUR_HEADS] <= 16 && id[ATA_ID_CUR_SECTORS]; /* sectors in current translation */ } static inline bool ata_id_is_cfa(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_CONFIG] == 0x848A) || /* Traditional CF */ (id[ATA_ID_CONFIG] == 0x844A)) /* Delkin Devices CF */ return true; /* * CF specs don't require specific value in the word 0 anymore and yet * they forbid to report the ATA version in the word 80 and require the * CFA feature set support to be indicated in the word 83 in this case. * Unfortunately, some cards only follow either of this requirements, * and while those that don't indicate CFA feature support need some * sort of quirk list, it seems impractical for the ones that do... */ return (id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC004) == 0x4004; } static inline bool ata_id_is_ssd(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_ROT_SPEED] == 0x01; } static inline u8 ata_id_zoned_cap(const u16 *id) { return (id[ATA_ID_ADDITIONAL_SUPP] & 0x3); } static inline bool ata_id_pio_need_iordy(const u16 *id, const u8 pio) { /* CF spec. r4.1 Table 22 says no IORDY on PIO5 and PIO6. */ if (pio > 4 && ata_id_is_cfa(id)) return false; /* For PIO3 and higher it is mandatory. */ if (pio > 2) return true; /* Turn it on when possible. */ return ata_id_has_iordy(id); } static inline bool ata_drive_40wire(const u16 *dev_id) { if (ata_id_is_sata(dev_id)) return false; /* SATA */ if ((dev_id[ATA_ID_HW_CONFIG] & 0xE000) == 0x6000) return false; /* 80 wire */ return true; } static inline bool ata_drive_40wire_relaxed(const u16 *dev_id) { if ((dev_id[ATA_ID_HW_CONFIG] & 0x2000) == 0x2000) return false; /* 80 wire */ return true; } static inline int atapi_cdb_len(const u16 *dev_id) { u16 tmp = dev_id[ATA_ID_CONFIG] & 0x3; switch (tmp) { case 0: return 12; case 1: return 16; default: return -1; } } static inline int atapi_command_packet_set(const u16 *dev_id) { return (dev_id[ATA_ID_CONFIG] >> 8) & 0x1f; } static inline bool atapi_id_dmadir(const u16 *dev_id) { return ata_id_major_version(dev_id) >= 7 && (dev_id[62] & 0x8000); } /* * ata_id_is_lba_capacity_ok() performs a sanity check on * the claimed LBA capacity value for the device. * * Returns 1 if LBA capacity looks sensible, 0 otherwise. * * It is called only once for each device. */ static inline bool ata_id_is_lba_capacity_ok(u16 *id) { unsigned long lba_sects, chs_sects, head, tail; /* No non-LBA info .. so valid! */ if (id[ATA_ID_CYLS] == 0) return true; lba_sects = ata_id_u32(id, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY); /* * The ATA spec tells large drives to return * C/H/S = 16383/16/63 independent of their size. * Some drives can be jumpered to use 15 heads instead of 16. * Some drives can be jumpered to use 4092 cyls instead of 16383. */ if ((id[ATA_ID_CYLS] == 16383 || (id[ATA_ID_CYLS] == 4092 && id[ATA_ID_CUR_CYLS] == 16383)) && id[ATA_ID_SECTORS] == 63 && (id[ATA_ID_HEADS] == 15 || id[ATA_ID_HEADS] == 16) && (lba_sects >= 16383 * 63 * id[ATA_ID_HEADS])) return true; chs_sects = id[ATA_ID_CYLS] * id[ATA_ID_HEADS] * id[ATA_ID_SECTORS]; /* perform a rough sanity check on lba_sects: within 10% is OK */ if (lba_sects - chs_sects < chs_sects/10) return true; /* some drives have the word order reversed */ head = (lba_sects >> 16) & 0xffff; tail = lba_sects & 0xffff; lba_sects = head | (tail << 16); if (lba_sects - chs_sects < chs_sects/10) { *(__le32 *)&id[ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY] = __cpu_to_le32(lba_sects); return true; /* LBA capacity is (now) good */ } return false; /* LBA capacity value may be bad */ } static inline void ata_id_to_hd_driveid(u16 *id) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN /* accessed in struct hd_driveid as 8-bit values */ id[ATA_ID_MAX_MULTSECT] = __cpu_to_le16(id[ATA_ID_MAX_MULTSECT]); id[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY] = __cpu_to_le16(id[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY]); id[ATA_ID_OLD_PIO_MODES] = __cpu_to_le16(id[ATA_ID_OLD_PIO_MODES]); id[ATA_ID_OLD_DMA_MODES] = __cpu_to_le16(id[ATA_ID_OLD_DMA_MODES]); id[ATA_ID_MULTSECT] = __cpu_to_le16(id[ATA_ID_MULTSECT]); /* as 32-bit values */ *(u32 *)&id[ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY] = ata_id_u32(id, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY); *(u32 *)&id[ATA_ID_SPG] = ata_id_u32(id, ATA_ID_SPG); /* as 64-bit value */ *(u64 *)&id[ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY_2] = ata_id_u64(id, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY_2); #endif } static inline bool ata_ok(u8 status) { return ((status & (ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRDY | ATA_DF | ATA_DRQ | ATA_ERR)) == ATA_DRDY); } static inline bool lba_28_ok(u64 block, u32 n_block) { /* check the ending block number: must be LESS THAN 0x0fffffff */ return ((block + n_block) < ((1 << 28) - 1)) && (n_block <= ATA_MAX_SECTORS); } static inline bool lba_48_ok(u64 block, u32 n_block) { /* check the ending block number */ return ((block + n_block - 1) < ((u64)1 << 48)) && (n_block <= ATA_MAX_SECTORS_LBA48); } #define sata_pmp_gscr_vendor(gscr) ((gscr)[SATA_PMP_GSCR_PROD_ID] & 0xffff) #define sata_pmp_gscr_devid(gscr) ((gscr)[SATA_PMP_GSCR_PROD_ID] >> 16) #define sata_pmp_gscr_rev(gscr) (((gscr)[SATA_PMP_GSCR_REV] >> 8) & 0xff) #define sata_pmp_gscr_ports(gscr) ((gscr)[SATA_PMP_GSCR_PORT_INFO] & 0xf) #endif /* __LINUX_ATA_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * fs/kernfs/kernfs-internal.h - kernfs internal header file * * Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007, 2013 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> */ #ifndef __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #define __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct kernfs_iattrs { kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; struct simple_xattrs xattrs; atomic_t nr_user_xattrs; atomic_t user_xattr_size; }; /* +1 to avoid triggering overflow warning when negating it */ #define KN_DEACTIVATED_BIAS (INT_MIN + 1) /* KERNFS_TYPE_MASK and types are defined in include/linux/kernfs.h */ /** * kernfs_root - find out the kernfs_root a kernfs_node belongs to * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * * Return the kernfs_root @kn belongs to. */ static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root(struct kernfs_node *kn) { /* if parent exists, it's always a dir; otherwise, @sd is a dir */ if (kn->parent) kn = kn->parent; return kn->dir.root; } /* * mount.c */ struct kernfs_super_info { struct super_block *sb; /* * The root associated with this super_block. Each super_block is * identified by the root and ns it's associated with. */ struct kernfs_root *root; /* * Each sb is associated with one namespace tag, currently the * network namespace of the task which mounted this kernfs * instance. If multiple tags become necessary, make the following * an array and compare kernfs_node tag against every entry. */ const void *ns; /* anchored at kernfs_root->supers, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head node; }; #define kernfs_info(SB) ((struct kernfs_super_info *)(SB->s_fs_info)) static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_dentry_node(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_really_is_negative(dentry)) return NULL; return d_inode(dentry)->i_private; } extern const struct super_operations kernfs_sops; extern struct kmem_cache *kernfs_node_cache, *kernfs_iattrs_cache; /* * inode.c */ extern const struct xattr_handler *kernfs_xattr_handlers[]; void kernfs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode); int kernfs_iop_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask); int kernfs_iop_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); int kernfs_iop_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags); ssize_t kernfs_iop_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buf, size_t size); int __kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); /* * dir.c */ extern struct mutex kernfs_mutex; extern const struct dentry_operations kernfs_dops; extern const struct file_operations kernfs_dir_fops; extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_dir_iops; struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_add_one(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_new_node(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, unsigned flags); /* * file.c */ extern const struct file_operations kernfs_file_fops; void kernfs_drain_open_files(struct kernfs_node *kn); /* * symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_symlink_iops; #endif /* __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * ALSA sequencer Memory Manager * Copyright (c) 1998 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> */ #ifndef __SND_SEQ_MEMORYMGR_H #define __SND_SEQ_MEMORYMGR_H #include <sound/seq_kernel.h> #include <linux/poll.h> struct snd_info_buffer; /* container for sequencer event (internal use) */ struct snd_seq_event_cell { struct snd_seq_event event; struct snd_seq_pool *pool; /* used pool */ struct snd_seq_event_cell *next; /* next cell */ }; /* design note: the pool is a contiguous block of memory, if we dynamicly want to add additional cells to the pool be better store this in another pool as we need to know the base address of the pool when releasing memory. */ struct snd_seq_pool { struct snd_seq_event_cell *ptr; /* pointer to first event chunk */ struct snd_seq_event_cell *free; /* pointer to the head of the free list */ int total_elements; /* pool size actually allocated */ atomic_t counter; /* cells free */ int size; /* pool size to be allocated */ int room; /* watermark for sleep/wakeup */ int closing; /* statistics */ int max_used; int event_alloc_nopool; int event_alloc_failures; int event_alloc_success; /* Write locking */ wait_queue_head_t output_sleep; /* Pool lock */ spinlock_t lock; }; void snd_seq_cell_free(struct snd_seq_event_cell *cell); int snd_seq_event_dup(struct snd_seq_pool *pool, struct snd_seq_event *event, struct snd_seq_event_cell **cellp, int nonblock, struct file *file, struct mutex *mutexp); /* return number of unused (free) cells */ static inline int snd_seq_unused_cells(struct snd_seq_pool *pool) { return pool ? pool->total_elements - atomic_read(&pool->counter) : 0; } /* return total number of allocated cells */ static inline int snd_seq_total_cells(struct snd_seq_pool *pool) { return pool ? pool->total_elements : 0; } /* init pool - allocate events */ int snd_seq_pool_init(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); /* done pool - free events */ void snd_seq_pool_mark_closing(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); int snd_seq_pool_done(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); /* create pool */ struct snd_seq_pool *snd_seq_pool_new(int poolsize); /* remove pool */ int snd_seq_pool_delete(struct snd_seq_pool **pool); /* polling */ int snd_seq_pool_poll_wait(struct snd_seq_pool *pool, struct file *file, poll_table *wait); void snd_seq_info_pool(struct snd_info_buffer *buffer, struct snd_seq_pool *pool, char *space); #endif
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3818 3819 3820 3821 3822 3823 3824 3825 3826 3827 3828 3829 3830 3831 3832 3833 3834 3835 3836 3837 3838 3839 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * mm/mmap.c * * Written by obz. * * Address space accounting code <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/vmacache.h> #include <linux/shm.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/shmem_fs.h> #include <linux/profile.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/khugepaged.h> #include <linux/uprobes.h> #include <linux/rbtree_augmented.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/moduleparam.h> #include <linux/pkeys.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/mmap.h> #include "internal.h" #ifndef arch_mmap_check #define arch_mmap_check(addr, len, flags) (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS const int mmap_rnd_bits_min = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS_MIN; const int mmap_rnd_bits_max = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS_MAX; int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS_MIN; const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS_MAX; int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS; #endif static bool ignore_rlimit_data; core_param(ignore_rlimit_data, ignore_rlimit_data, bool, 0644); static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); /* description of effects of mapping type and prot in current implementation. * this is due to the limited x86 page protection hardware. The expected * behavior is in parens: * * map_type prot * PROT_NONE PROT_READ PROT_WRITE PROT_EXEC * MAP_SHARED r: (no) no r: (yes) yes r: (no) yes r: (no) yes * w: (no) no w: (no) no w: (yes) yes w: (no) no * x: (no) no x: (no) yes x: (no) yes x: (yes) yes * * MAP_PRIVATE r: (no) no r: (yes) yes r: (no) yes r: (no) yes * w: (no) no w: (no) no w: (copy) copy w: (no) no * x: (no) no x: (no) yes x: (no) yes x: (yes) yes */ pgprot_t protection_map[16] __ro_after_init = { __P000, __P001, __P010, __P011, __P100, __P101, __P110, __P111, __S000, __S001, __S010, __S011, __S100, __S101, __S110, __S111 }; #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FILTER_PGPROT static inline pgprot_t arch_filter_pgprot(pgprot_t prot) { return prot; } #endif pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) { pgprot_t ret = __pgprot(pgprot_val(protection_map[vm_flags & (VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC|VM_SHARED)]) | pgprot_val(arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags))); return arch_filter_pgprot(ret); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_get_page_prot); static pgprot_t vm_pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, unsigned long vm_flags) { return pgprot_modify(oldprot, vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags)); } /* Update vma->vm_page_prot to reflect vma->vm_flags. */ void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_flags = vma->vm_flags; pgprot_t vm_page_prot; vm_page_prot = vm_pgprot_modify(vma->vm_page_prot, vm_flags); if (vma_wants_writenotify(vma, vm_page_prot)) { vm_flags &= ~VM_SHARED; vm_page_prot = vm_pgprot_modify(vm_page_prot, vm_flags); } /* remove_protection_ptes reads vma->vm_page_prot without mmap_lock */ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_page_prot, vm_page_prot); } /* * Requires inode->i_mapping->i_mmap_rwsem */ static void __remove_shared_vm_struct(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) allow_write_access(file); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) mapping_unmap_writable(mapping); flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping); vma_interval_tree_remove(vma, &mapping->i_mmap); flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping); } /* * Unlink a file-based vm structure from its interval tree, to hide * vma from rmap and vmtruncate before freeing its page tables. */ void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *file = vma->vm_file; if (file) { struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); __remove_shared_vm_struct(vma, file, mapping); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } } /* * Close a vm structure and free it, returning the next. */ static struct vm_area_struct *remove_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; might_sleep(); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->close) vma->vm_ops->close(vma); if (vma->vm_file) fput(vma->vm_file); mpol_put(vma_policy(vma)); vm_area_free(vma); return next; } static int do_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long request, unsigned long flags, struct list_head *uf); SYSCALL_DEFINE1(brk, unsigned long, brk) { unsigned long retval; unsigned long newbrk, oldbrk, origbrk; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *next; unsigned long min_brk; bool populate; bool downgraded = false; LIST_HEAD(uf); if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; origbrk = mm->brk; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK /* * CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK can still be overridden by setting * randomize_va_space to 2, which will still cause mm->start_brk * to be arbitrarily shifted */ if (current->brk_randomized) min_brk = mm->start_brk; else min_brk = mm->end_data; #else min_brk = mm->start_brk; #endif if (brk < min_brk) goto out; /* * Check against rlimit here. If this check is done later after the test * of oldbrk with newbrk then it can escape the test and let the data * segment grow beyond its set limit the in case where the limit is * not page aligned -Ram Gupta */ if (check_data_rlimit(rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA), brk, mm->start_brk, mm->end_data, mm->start_data)) goto out; newbrk = PAGE_ALIGN(brk); oldbrk = PAGE_ALIGN(mm->brk); if (oldbrk == newbrk) { mm->brk = brk; goto success; } /* * Always allow shrinking brk. * __do_munmap() may downgrade mmap_lock to read. */ if (brk <= mm->brk) { int ret; /* * mm->brk must to be protected by write mmap_lock so update it * before downgrading mmap_lock. When __do_munmap() fails, * mm->brk will be restored from origbrk. */ mm->brk = brk; ret = __do_munmap(mm, newbrk, oldbrk-newbrk, &uf, true); if (ret < 0) { mm->brk = origbrk; goto out; } else if (ret == 1) { downgraded = true; } goto success; } /* Check against existing mmap mappings. */ next = find_vma(mm, oldbrk); if (next && newbrk + PAGE_SIZE > vm_start_gap(next)) goto out; /* Ok, looks good - let it rip. */ if (do_brk_flags(oldbrk, newbrk-oldbrk, 0, &uf) < 0) goto out; mm->brk = brk; success: populate = newbrk > oldbrk && (mm->def_flags & VM_LOCKED) != 0; if (downgraded) mmap_read_unlock(mm); else mmap_write_unlock(mm); userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf); if (populate) mm_populate(oldbrk, newbrk - oldbrk); return brk; out: retval = origbrk; mmap_write_unlock(mm); return retval; } static inline unsigned long vma_compute_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long gap, prev_end; /* * Note: in the rare case of a VM_GROWSDOWN above a VM_GROWSUP, we * allow two stack_guard_gaps between them here, and when choosing * an unmapped area; whereas when expanding we only require one. * That's a little inconsistent, but keeps the code here simpler. */ gap = vm_start_gap(vma); if (vma->vm_prev) { prev_end = vm_end_gap(vma->vm_prev); if (gap > prev_end) gap -= prev_end; else gap = 0; } return gap; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB static unsigned long vma_compute_subtree_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long max = vma_compute_gap(vma), subtree_gap; if (vma->vm_rb.rb_left) { subtree_gap = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_left, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb)->rb_subtree_gap; if (subtree_gap > max) max = subtree_gap; } if (vma->vm_rb.rb_right) { subtree_gap = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_right, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb)->rb_subtree_gap; if (subtree_gap > max) max = subtree_gap; } return max; } static int browse_rb(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct rb_root *root = &mm->mm_rb; int i = 0, j, bug = 0; struct rb_node *nd, *pn = NULL; unsigned long prev = 0, pend = 0; for (nd = rb_first(root); nd; nd = rb_next(nd)) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; vma = rb_entry(nd, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (vma->vm_start < prev) { pr_emerg("vm_start %lx < prev %lx\n", vma->vm_start, prev); bug = 1; } if (vma->vm_start < pend) { pr_emerg("vm_start %lx < pend %lx\n", vma->vm_start, pend); bug = 1; } if (vma->vm_start > vma->vm_end) { pr_emerg("vm_start %lx > vm_end %lx\n", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); bug = 1; } spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (vma->rb_subtree_gap != vma_compute_subtree_gap(vma)) { pr_emerg("free gap %lx, correct %lx\n", vma->rb_subtree_gap, vma_compute_subtree_gap(vma)); bug = 1; } spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); i++; pn = nd; prev = vma->vm_start; pend = vma->vm_end; } j = 0; for (nd = pn; nd; nd = rb_prev(nd)) j++; if (i != j) { pr_emerg("backwards %d, forwards %d\n", j, i); bug = 1; } return bug ? -1 : i; } static void validate_mm_rb(struct rb_root *root, struct vm_area_struct *ignore) { struct rb_node *nd; for (nd = rb_first(root); nd; nd = rb_next(nd)) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; vma = rb_entry(nd, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); VM_BUG_ON_VMA(vma != ignore && vma->rb_subtree_gap != vma_compute_subtree_gap(vma), vma); } } static void validate_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { int bug = 0; int i = 0; unsigned long highest_address = 0; struct vm_area_struct *vma = mm->mmap; while (vma) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = vma->anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain *avc; if (anon_vma) { anon_vma_lock_read(anon_vma); list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(avc); anon_vma_unlock_read(anon_vma); } highest_address = vm_end_gap(vma); vma = vma->vm_next; i++; } if (i != mm->map_count) { pr_emerg("map_count %d vm_next %d\n", mm->map_count, i); bug = 1; } if (highest_address != mm->highest_vm_end) { pr_emerg("mm->highest_vm_end %lx, found %lx\n", mm->highest_vm_end, highest_address); bug = 1; } i = browse_rb(mm); if (i != mm->map_count) { if (i != -1) pr_emerg("map_count %d rb %d\n", mm->map_count, i); bug = 1; } VM_BUG_ON_MM(bug, mm); } #else #define validate_mm_rb(root, ignore) do { } while (0) #define validate_mm(mm) do { } while (0) #endif RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS_MAX(static, vma_gap_callbacks, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb, unsigned long, rb_subtree_gap, vma_compute_gap) /* * Update augmented rbtree rb_subtree_gap values after vma->vm_start or * vma->vm_prev->vm_end values changed, without modifying the vma's position * in the rbtree. */ static void vma_gap_update(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * As it turns out, RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS_MAX() already created * a callback function that does exactly what we want. */ vma_gap_callbacks_propagate(&vma->vm_rb, NULL); } static inline void vma_rb_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct rb_root *root) { /* All rb_subtree_gap values must be consistent prior to insertion */ validate_mm_rb(root, NULL); rb_insert_augmented(&vma->vm_rb, root, &vma_gap_callbacks); } static void __vma_rb_erase(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct rb_root *root) { /* * Note rb_erase_augmented is a fairly large inline function, * so make sure we instantiate it only once with our desired * augmented rbtree callbacks. */ rb_erase_augmented(&vma->vm_rb, root, &vma_gap_callbacks); } static __always_inline void vma_rb_erase_ignore(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct rb_root *root, struct vm_area_struct *ignore) { /* * All rb_subtree_gap values must be consistent prior to erase, * with the possible exception of * * a. the "next" vma being erased if next->vm_start was reduced in * __vma_adjust() -> __vma_unlink() * b. the vma being erased in detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped() -> * vma_rb_erase() */ validate_mm_rb(root, ignore); __vma_rb_erase(vma, root); } static __always_inline void vma_rb_erase(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct rb_root *root) { vma_rb_erase_ignore(vma, root, vma); } /* * vma has some anon_vma assigned, and is already inserted on that * anon_vma's interval trees. * * Before updating the vma's vm_start / vm_end / vm_pgoff fields, the * vma must be removed from the anon_vma's interval trees using * anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(). * * After the update, the vma will be reinserted using * anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(). * * The entire update must be protected by exclusive mmap_lock and by * the root anon_vma's mutex. */ static inline void anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct anon_vma_chain *avc; list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(avc, &avc->anon_vma->rb_root); } static inline void anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct anon_vma_chain *avc; list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(avc, &avc->anon_vma->rb_root); } static int find_vma_links(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, struct rb_node ***rb_link, struct rb_node **rb_parent) { struct rb_node **__rb_link, *__rb_parent, *rb_prev; __rb_link = &mm->mm_rb.rb_node; rb_prev = __rb_parent = NULL; while (*__rb_link) { struct vm_area_struct *vma_tmp; __rb_parent = *__rb_link; vma_tmp = rb_entry(__rb_parent, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (vma_tmp->vm_end > addr) { /* Fail if an existing vma overlaps the area */ if (vma_tmp->vm_start < end) return -ENOMEM; __rb_link = &__rb_parent->rb_left; } else { rb_prev = __rb_parent; __rb_link = &__rb_parent->rb_right; } } *pprev = NULL; if (rb_prev) *pprev = rb_entry(rb_prev, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); *rb_link = __rb_link; *rb_parent = __rb_parent; return 0; } /* * vma_next() - Get the next VMA. * @mm: The mm_struct. * @vma: The current vma. * * If @vma is NULL, return the first vma in the mm. * * Returns: The next VMA after @vma. */ static inline struct vm_area_struct *vma_next(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!vma) return mm->mmap; return vma->vm_next; } /* * munmap_vma_range() - munmap VMAs that overlap a range. * @mm: The mm struct * @start: The start of the range. * @len: The length of the range. * @pprev: pointer to the pointer that will be set to previous vm_area_struct * @rb_link: the rb_node * @rb_parent: the parent rb_node * * Find all the vm_area_struct that overlap from @start to * @end and munmap them. Set @pprev to the previous vm_area_struct. * * Returns: -ENOMEM on munmap failure or 0 on success. */ static inline int munmap_vma_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long len, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, struct rb_node ***link, struct rb_node **parent, struct list_head *uf) { while (find_vma_links(mm, start, start + len, pprev, link, parent)) if (do_munmap(mm, start, len, uf)) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } static unsigned long count_vma_pages_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long nr_pages = 0; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Find first overlaping mapping */ vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, addr, end); if (!vma) return 0; nr_pages = (min(end, vma->vm_end) - max(addr, vma->vm_start)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Iterate over the rest of the overlaps */ for (vma = vma->vm_next; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { unsigned long overlap_len; if (vma->vm_start > end) break; overlap_len = min(end, vma->vm_end) - vma->vm_start; nr_pages += overlap_len >> PAGE_SHIFT; } return nr_pages; } void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct rb_node **rb_link, struct rb_node *rb_parent) { /* Update tracking information for the gap following the new vma. */ if (vma->vm_next) vma_gap_update(vma->vm_next); else mm->highest_vm_end = vm_end_gap(vma); /* * vma->vm_prev wasn't known when we followed the rbtree to find the * correct insertion point for that vma. As a result, we could not * update the vma vm_rb parents rb_subtree_gap values on the way down. * So, we first insert the vma with a zero rb_subtree_gap value * (to be consistent with what we did on the way down), and then * immediately update the gap to the correct value. Finally we * rebalance the rbtree after all augmented values have been set. */ rb_link_node(&vma->vm_rb, rb_parent, rb_link); vma->rb_subtree_gap = 0; vma_gap_update(vma); vma_rb_insert(vma, &mm->mm_rb); } static void __vma_link_file(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *file; file = vma->vm_file; if (file) { struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) put_write_access(file_inode(file)); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) mapping_allow_writable(mapping); flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping); vma_interval_tree_insert(vma, &mapping->i_mmap); flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping); } } static void __vma_link(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_node **rb_link, struct rb_node *rb_parent) { __vma_link_list(mm, vma, prev); __vma_link_rb(mm, vma, rb_link, rb_parent); } static void vma_link(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_node **rb_link, struct rb_node *rb_parent) { struct address_space *mapping = NULL; if (vma->vm_file) { mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); } __vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); __vma_link_file(vma); if (mapping) i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); mm->map_count++; validate_mm(mm); } /* * Helper for vma_adjust() in the split_vma insert case: insert a vma into the * mm's list and rbtree. It has already been inserted into the interval tree. */ static void __insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct vm_area_struct *prev; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; if (find_vma_links(mm, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent)) BUG(); __vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); mm->map_count++; } static __always_inline void __vma_unlink(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *ignore) { vma_rb_erase_ignore(vma, &mm->mm_rb, ignore); __vma_unlink_list(mm, vma); /* Kill the cache */ vmacache_invalidate(mm); } /* * We cannot adjust vm_start, vm_end, vm_pgoff fields of a vma that * is already present in an i_mmap tree without adjusting the tree. * The following helper function should be used when such adjustments * are necessary. The "insert" vma (if any) is to be inserted * before we drop the necessary locks. */ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert, struct vm_area_struct *expand) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next, *orig_vma = vma; struct address_space *mapping = NULL; struct rb_root_cached *root = NULL; struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL; struct file *file = vma->vm_file; bool start_changed = false, end_changed = false; long adjust_next = 0; int remove_next = 0; if (next && !insert) { struct vm_area_struct *exporter = NULL, *importer = NULL; if (end >= next->vm_end) { /* * vma expands, overlapping all the next, and * perhaps the one after too (mprotect case 6). * The only other cases that gets here are * case 1, case 7 and case 8. */ if (next == expand) { /* * The only case where we don't expand "vma" * and we expand "next" instead is case 8. */ VM_WARN_ON(end != next->vm_end); /* * remove_next == 3 means we're * removing "vma" and that to do so we * swapped "vma" and "next". */ remove_next = 3; VM_WARN_ON(file != next->vm_file); swap(vma, next); } else { VM_WARN_ON(expand != vma); /* * case 1, 6, 7, remove_next == 2 is case 6, * remove_next == 1 is case 1 or 7. */ remove_next = 1 + (end > next->vm_end); VM_WARN_ON(remove_next == 2 && end != next->vm_next->vm_end); /* trim end to next, for case 6 first pass */ end = next->vm_end; } exporter = next; importer = vma; /* * If next doesn't have anon_vma, import from vma after * next, if the vma overlaps with it. */ if (remove_next == 2 && !next->anon_vma) exporter = next->vm_next; } else if (end > next->vm_start) { /* * vma expands, overlapping part of the next: * mprotect case 5 shifting the boundary up. */ adjust_next = (end - next->vm_start); exporter = next; importer = vma; VM_WARN_ON(expand != importer); } else if (end < vma->vm_end) { /* * vma shrinks, and !insert tells it's not * split_vma inserting another: so it must be * mprotect case 4 shifting the boundary down. */ adjust_next = -(vma->vm_end - end); exporter = vma; importer = next; VM_WARN_ON(expand != importer); } /* * Easily overlooked: when mprotect shifts the boundary, * make sure the expanding vma has anon_vma set if the * shrinking vma had, to cover any anon pages imported. */ if (exporter && exporter->anon_vma && !importer->anon_vma) { int error; importer->anon_vma = exporter->anon_vma; error = anon_vma_clone(importer, exporter); if (error) return error; } } again: vma_adjust_trans_huge(orig_vma, start, end, adjust_next); if (file) { mapping = file->f_mapping; root = &mapping->i_mmap; uprobe_munmap(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); if (adjust_next) uprobe_munmap(next, next->vm_start, next->vm_end); i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (insert) { /* * Put into interval tree now, so instantiated pages * are visible to arm/parisc __flush_dcache_page * throughout; but we cannot insert into address * space until vma start or end is updated. */ __vma_link_file(insert); } } anon_vma = vma->anon_vma; if (!anon_vma && adjust_next) anon_vma = next->anon_vma; if (anon_vma) { VM_WARN_ON(adjust_next && next->anon_vma && anon_vma != next->anon_vma); anon_vma_lock_write(anon_vma); anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma); if (adjust_next) anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(next); } if (file) { flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping); vma_interval_tree_remove(vma, root); if (adjust_next) vma_interval_tree_remove(next, root); } if (start != vma->vm_start) { vma->vm_start = start; start_changed = true; } if (end != vma->vm_end) { vma->vm_end = end; end_changed = true; } vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff; if (adjust_next) { next->vm_start += adjust_next; next->vm_pgoff += adjust_next >> PAGE_SHIFT; } if (file) { if (adjust_next) vma_interval_tree_insert(next, root); vma_interval_tree_insert(vma, root); flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping); } if (remove_next) { /* * vma_merge has merged next into vma, and needs * us to remove next before dropping the locks. */ if (remove_next != 3) __vma_unlink(mm, next, next); else /* * vma is not before next if they've been * swapped. * * pre-swap() next->vm_start was reduced so * tell validate_mm_rb to ignore pre-swap() * "next" (which is stored in post-swap() * "vma"). */ __vma_unlink(mm, next, vma); if (file) __remove_shared_vm_struct(next, file, mapping); } else if (insert) { /* * split_vma has split insert from vma, and needs * us to insert it before dropping the locks * (it may either follow vma or precede it). */ __insert_vm_struct(mm, insert); } else { if (start_changed) vma_gap_update(vma); if (end_changed) { if (!next) mm->highest_vm_end = vm_end_gap(vma); else if (!adjust_next) vma_gap_update(next); } } if (anon_vma) { anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma); if (adjust_next) anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(next); anon_vma_unlock_write(anon_vma); } if (file) { i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); uprobe_mmap(vma); if (adjust_next) uprobe_mmap(next); } if (remove_next) { if (file) { uprobe_munmap(next, next->vm_start, next->vm_end); fput(file); } if (next->anon_vma) anon_vma_merge(vma, next); mm->map_count--; mpol_put(vma_policy(next)); vm_area_free(next); /* * In mprotect's case 6 (see comments on vma_merge), * we must remove another next too. It would clutter * up the code too much to do both in one go. */ if (remove_next != 3) { /* * If "next" was removed and vma->vm_end was * expanded (up) over it, in turn * "next->vm_prev->vm_end" changed and the * "vma->vm_next" gap must be updated. */ next = vma->vm_next; } else { /* * For the scope of the comment "next" and * "vma" considered pre-swap(): if "vma" was * removed, next->vm_start was expanded (down) * over it and the "next" gap must be updated. * Because of the swap() the post-swap() "vma" * actually points to pre-swap() "next" * (post-swap() "next" as opposed is now a * dangling pointer). */ next = vma; } if (remove_next == 2) { remove_next = 1; end = next->vm_end; goto again; } else if (next) vma_gap_update(next); else { /* * If remove_next == 2 we obviously can't * reach this path. * * If remove_next == 3 we can't reach this * path because pre-swap() next is always not * NULL. pre-swap() "next" is not being * removed and its next->vm_end is not altered * (and furthermore "end" already matches * next->vm_end in remove_next == 3). * * We reach this only in the remove_next == 1 * case if the "next" vma that was removed was * the highest vma of the mm. However in such * case next->vm_end == "end" and the extended * "vma" has vma->vm_end == next->vm_end so * mm->highest_vm_end doesn't need any update * in remove_next == 1 case. */ VM_WARN_ON(mm->highest_vm_end != vm_end_gap(vma)); } } if (insert && file) uprobe_mmap(insert); validate_mm(mm); return 0; } /* * If the vma has a ->close operation then the driver probably needs to release * per-vma resources, so we don't attempt to merge those. */ static inline int is_mergeable_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct file *file, unsigned long vm_flags, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { /* * VM_SOFTDIRTY should not prevent from VMA merging, if we * match the flags but dirty bit -- the caller should mark * merged VMA as dirty. If dirty bit won't be excluded from * comparison, we increase pressure on the memory system forcing * the kernel to generate new VMAs when old one could be * extended instead. */ if ((vma->vm_flags ^ vm_flags) & ~VM_SOFTDIRTY) return 0; if (vma->vm_file != file) return 0; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->close) return 0; if (!is_mergeable_vm_userfaultfd_ctx(vma, vm_userfaultfd_ctx)) return 0; return 1; } static inline int is_mergeable_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma1, struct anon_vma *anon_vma2, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * The list_is_singular() test is to avoid merging VMA cloned from * parents. This can improve scalability caused by anon_vma lock. */ if ((!anon_vma1 || !anon_vma2) && (!vma || list_is_singular(&vma->anon_vma_chain))) return 1; return anon_vma1 == anon_vma2; } /* * Return true if we can merge this (vm_flags,anon_vma,file,vm_pgoff) * in front of (at a lower virtual address and file offset than) the vma. * * We cannot merge two vmas if they have differently assigned (non-NULL) * anon_vmas, nor if same anon_vma is assigned but offsets incompatible. * * We don't check here for the merged mmap wrapping around the end of pagecache * indices (16TB on ia32) because do_mmap() does not permit mmap's which * wrap, nor mmaps which cover the final page at index -1UL. */ static int can_vma_merge_before(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct file *file, pgoff_t vm_pgoff, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { if (is_mergeable_vma(vma, file, vm_flags, vm_userfaultfd_ctx) && is_mergeable_anon_vma(anon_vma, vma->anon_vma, vma)) { if (vma->vm_pgoff == vm_pgoff) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return true if we can merge this (vm_flags,anon_vma,file,vm_pgoff) * beyond (at a higher virtual address and file offset than) the vma. * * We cannot merge two vmas if they have differently assigned (non-NULL) * anon_vmas, nor if same anon_vma is assigned but offsets incompatible. */ static int can_vma_merge_after(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct file *file, pgoff_t vm_pgoff, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { if (is_mergeable_vma(vma, file, vm_flags, vm_userfaultfd_ctx) && is_mergeable_anon_vma(anon_vma, vma->anon_vma, vma)) { pgoff_t vm_pglen; vm_pglen = vma_pages(vma); if (vma->vm_pgoff + vm_pglen == vm_pgoff) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Given a mapping request (addr,end,vm_flags,file,pgoff), figure out * whether that can be merged with its predecessor or its successor. * Or both (it neatly fills a hole). * * In most cases - when called for mmap, brk or mremap - [addr,end) is * certain not to be mapped by the time vma_merge is called; but when * called for mprotect, it is certain to be already mapped (either at * an offset within prev, or at the start of next), and the flags of * this area are about to be changed to vm_flags - and the no-change * case has already been eliminated. * * The following mprotect cases have to be considered, where AAAA is * the area passed down from mprotect_fixup, never extending beyond one * vma, PPPPPP is the prev vma specified, and NNNNNN the next vma after: * * AAAA AAAA AAAA * PPPPPPNNNNNN PPPPPPNNNNNN PPPPPPNNNNNN * cannot merge might become might become * PPNNNNNNNNNN PPPPPPPPPPNN * mmap, brk or case 4 below case 5 below * mremap move: * AAAA AAAA * PPPP NNNN PPPPNNNNXXXX * might become might become * PPPPPPPPPPPP 1 or PPPPPPPPPPPP 6 or * PPPPPPPPNNNN 2 or PPPPPPPPXXXX 7 or * PPPPNNNNNNNN 3 PPPPXXXXXXXX 8 * * It is important for case 8 that the vma NNNN overlapping the * region AAAA is never going to extended over XXXX. Instead XXXX must * be extended in region AAAA and NNNN must be removed. This way in * all cases where vma_merge succeeds, the moment vma_adjust drops the * rmap_locks, the properties of the merged vma will be already * correct for the whole merged range. Some of those properties like * vm_page_prot/vm_flags may be accessed by rmap_walks and they must * be correct for the whole merged range immediately after the * rmap_locks are released. Otherwise if XXXX would be removed and * NNNN would be extended over the XXXX range, remove_migration_ptes * or other rmap walkers (if working on addresses beyond the "end" * parameter) may establish ptes with the wrong permissions of NNNN * instead of the right permissions of XXXX. */ struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct file *file, pgoff_t pgoff, struct mempolicy *policy, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { pgoff_t pglen = (end - addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT; struct vm_area_struct *area, *next; int err; /* * We later require that vma->vm_flags == vm_flags, * so this tests vma->vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL, too. */ if (vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL) return NULL; next = vma_next(mm, prev); area = next; if (area && area->vm_end == end) /* cases 6, 7, 8 */ next = next->vm_next; /* verify some invariant that must be enforced by the caller */ VM_WARN_ON(prev && addr <= prev->vm_start); VM_WARN_ON(area && end > area->vm_end); VM_WARN_ON(addr >= end); /* * Can it merge with the predecessor? */ if (prev && prev->vm_end == addr && mpol_equal(vma_policy(prev), policy) && can_vma_merge_after(prev, vm_flags, anon_vma, file, pgoff, vm_userfaultfd_ctx)) { /* * OK, it can. Can we now merge in the successor as well? */ if (next && end == next->vm_start && mpol_equal(policy, vma_policy(next)) && can_vma_merge_before(next, vm_flags, anon_vma, file, pgoff+pglen, vm_userfaultfd_ctx) && is_mergeable_anon_vma(prev->anon_vma, next->anon_vma, NULL)) { /* cases 1, 6 */ err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start, next->vm_end, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, prev); } else /* cases 2, 5, 7 */ err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start, end, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, prev); if (err) return NULL; khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(prev, vm_flags); return prev; } /* * Can this new request be merged in front of next? */ if (next && end == next->vm_start && mpol_equal(policy, vma_policy(next)) && can_vma_merge_before(next, vm_flags, anon_vma, file, pgoff+pglen, vm_userfaultfd_ctx)) { if (prev && addr < prev->vm_end) /* case 4 */ err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start, addr, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, next); else { /* cases 3, 8 */ err = __vma_adjust(area, addr, next->vm_end, next->vm_pgoff - pglen, NULL, next); /* * In case 3 area is already equal to next and * this is a noop, but in case 8 "area" has * been removed and next was expanded over it. */ area = next; } if (err) return NULL; khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(area, vm_flags); return area; } return NULL; } /* * Rough compatibility check to quickly see if it's even worth looking * at sharing an anon_vma. * * They need to have the same vm_file, and the flags can only differ * in things that mprotect may change. * * NOTE! The fact that we share an anon_vma doesn't _have_ to mean that * we can merge the two vma's. For example, we refuse to merge a vma if * there is a vm_ops->close() function, because that indicates that the * driver is doing some kind of reference counting. But that doesn't * really matter for the anon_vma sharing case. */ static int anon_vma_compatible(struct vm_area_struct *a, struct vm_area_struct *b) { return a->vm_end == b->vm_start && mpol_equal(vma_policy(a), vma_policy(b)) && a->vm_file == b->vm_file && !((a->vm_flags ^ b->vm_flags) & ~(VM_ACCESS_FLAGS | VM_SOFTDIRTY)) && b->vm_pgoff == a->vm_pgoff + ((b->vm_start - a->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT); } /* * Do some basic sanity checking to see if we can re-use the anon_vma * from 'old'. The 'a'/'b' vma's are in VM order - one of them will be * the same as 'old', the other will be the new one that is trying * to share the anon_vma. * * NOTE! This runs with mm_sem held for reading, so it is possible that * the anon_vma of 'old' is concurrently in the process of being set up * by another page fault trying to merge _that_. But that's ok: if it * is being set up, that automatically means that it will be a singleton * acceptable for merging, so we can do all of this optimistically. But * we do that READ_ONCE() to make sure that we never re-load the pointer. * * IOW: that the "list_is_singular()" test on the anon_vma_chain only * matters for the 'stable anon_vma' case (ie the thing we want to avoid * is to return an anon_vma that is "complex" due to having gone through * a fork). * * We also make sure that the two vma's are compatible (adjacent, * and with the same memory policies). That's all stable, even with just * a read lock on the mm_sem. */ static struct anon_vma *reusable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *old, struct vm_area_struct *a, struct vm_area_struct *b) { if (anon_vma_compatible(a, b)) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = READ_ONCE(old->anon_vma); if (anon_vma && list_is_singular(&old->anon_vma_chain)) return anon_vma; } return NULL; } /* * find_mergeable_anon_vma is used by anon_vma_prepare, to check * neighbouring vmas for a suitable anon_vma, before it goes off * to allocate a new anon_vma. It checks because a repetitive * sequence of mprotects and faults may otherwise lead to distinct * anon_vmas being allocated, preventing vma merge in subsequent * mprotect. */ struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL; /* Try next first. */ if (vma->vm_next) { anon_vma = reusable_anon_vma(vma->vm_next, vma, vma->vm_next); if (anon_vma) return anon_vma; } /* Try prev next. */ if (vma->vm_prev) anon_vma = reusable_anon_vma(vma->vm_prev, vma->vm_prev, vma); /* * We might reach here with anon_vma == NULL if we can't find * any reusable anon_vma. * There's no absolute need to look only at touching neighbours: * we could search further afield for "compatible" anon_vmas. * But it would probably just be a waste of time searching, * or lead to too many vmas hanging off the same anon_vma. * We're trying to allow mprotect remerging later on, * not trying to minimize memory used for anon_vmas. */ return anon_vma; } /* * If a hint addr is less than mmap_min_addr change hint to be as * low as possible but still greater than mmap_min_addr */ static inline unsigned long round_hint_to_min(unsigned long hint) { hint &= PAGE_MASK; if (((void *)hint != NULL) && (hint < mmap_min_addr)) return PAGE_ALIGN(mmap_min_addr); return hint; } static inline int mlock_future_check(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long flags, unsigned long len) { unsigned long locked, lock_limit; /* mlock MCL_FUTURE? */ if (flags & VM_LOCKED) { locked = len >> PAGE_SHIFT; locked += mm->locked_vm; lock_limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK); lock_limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT; if (locked > lock_limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) return -EAGAIN; } return 0; } static inline u64 file_mmap_size_max(struct file *file, struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) return MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; if (S_ISSOCK(inode->i_mode)) return MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; /* Special "we do even unsigned file positions" case */ if (file->f_mode & FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET) return 0; /* Yes, random drivers might want more. But I'm tired of buggy drivers */ return ULONG_MAX; } static inline bool file_mmap_ok(struct file *file, struct inode *inode, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long len) { u64 maxsize = file_mmap_size_max(file, inode); if (maxsize && len > maxsize) return false; maxsize -= len; if (pgoff > maxsize >> PAGE_SHIFT) return false; return true; } /* * The caller must write-lock current->mm->mmap_lock. */ unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; vm_flags_t vm_flags; int pkey = 0; *populate = 0; if (!len) return -EINVAL; /* * Does the application expect PROT_READ to imply PROT_EXEC? * * (the exception is when the underlying filesystem is noexec * mounted, in which case we dont add PROT_EXEC.) */ if ((prot & PROT_READ) && (current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC)) if (!(file && path_noexec(&file->f_path))) prot |= PROT_EXEC; /* force arch specific MAP_FIXED handling in get_unmapped_area */ if (flags & MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE) flags |= MAP_FIXED; if (!(flags & MAP_FIXED)) addr = round_hint_to_min(addr); /* Careful about overflows.. */ len = PAGE_ALIGN(len); if (!len) return -ENOMEM; /* offset overflow? */ if ((pgoff + (len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) < pgoff) return -EOVERFLOW; /* Too many mappings? */ if (mm->map_count > sysctl_max_map_count) return -ENOMEM; /* Obtain the address to map to. we verify (or select) it and ensure * that it represents a valid section of the address space. */ addr = get_unmapped_area(file, addr, len, pgoff, flags); if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr)) return addr; if (flags & MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (vma && vma->vm_start < addr + len) return -EEXIST; } if (prot == PROT_EXEC) { pkey = execute_only_pkey(mm); if (pkey < 0) pkey = 0; } /* Do simple checking here so the lower-level routines won't have * to. we assume access permissions have been handled by the open * of the memory object, so we don't do any here. */ vm_flags = calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey) | calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) | mm->def_flags | VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC; if (flags & MAP_LOCKED) if (!can_do_mlock()) return -EPERM; if (mlock_future_check(mm, vm_flags, len)) return -EAGAIN; if (file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); unsigned long flags_mask; if (!file_mmap_ok(file, inode, pgoff, len)) return -EOVERFLOW; flags_mask = LEGACY_MAP_MASK | file->f_op->mmap_supported_flags; switch (flags & MAP_TYPE) { case MAP_SHARED: /* * Force use of MAP_SHARED_VALIDATE with non-legacy * flags. E.g. MAP_SYNC is dangerous to use with * MAP_SHARED as you don't know which consistency model * you will get. We silently ignore unsupported flags * with MAP_SHARED to preserve backward compatibility. */ flags &= LEGACY_MAP_MASK; fallthrough; case MAP_SHARED_VALIDATE: if (flags & ~flags_mask) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (prot & PROT_WRITE) { if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) return -EACCES; if (IS_SWAPFILE(file->f_mapping->host)) return -ETXTBSY; } /* * Make sure we don't allow writing to an append-only * file.. */ if (IS_APPEND(inode) && (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) return -EACCES; /* * Make sure there are no mandatory locks on the file. */ if (locks_verify_locked(file)) return -EAGAIN; vm_flags |= VM_SHARED | VM_MAYSHARE; if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE | VM_SHARED); fallthrough; case MAP_PRIVATE: if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_READ)) return -EACCES; if (path_noexec(&file->f_path)) { if (vm_flags & VM_EXEC) return -EPERM; vm_flags &= ~VM_MAYEXEC; } if (!file->f_op->mmap) return -ENODEV; if (vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN|VM_GROWSUP)) return -EINVAL; break; default: return -EINVAL; } } else { switch (flags & MAP_TYPE) { case MAP_SHARED: if (vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN|VM_GROWSUP)) return -EINVAL; /* * Ignore pgoff. */ pgoff = 0; vm_flags |= VM_SHARED | VM_MAYSHARE; break; case MAP_PRIVATE: /* * Set pgoff according to addr for anon_vma. */ pgoff = addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; break; default: return -EINVAL; } } /* * Set 'VM_NORESERVE' if we should not account for the * memory use of this mapping. */ if (flags & MAP_NORESERVE) { /* We honor MAP_NORESERVE if allowed to overcommit */ if (sysctl_overcommit_memory != OVERCOMMIT_NEVER) vm_flags |= VM_NORESERVE; /* hugetlb applies strict overcommit unless MAP_NORESERVE */ if (file && is_file_hugepages(file)) vm_flags |= VM_NORESERVE; } addr = mmap_region(file, addr, len, vm_flags, pgoff, uf); if (!IS_ERR_VALUE(addr) && ((vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || (flags & (MAP_POPULATE | MAP_NONBLOCK)) == MAP_POPULATE)) *populate = len; return addr; } unsigned long ksys_mmap_pgoff(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long fd, unsigned long pgoff) { struct file *file = NULL; unsigned long retval; if (!(flags & MAP_ANONYMOUS)) { audit_mmap_fd(fd, flags); file = fget(fd); if (!file) return -EBADF; if (is_file_hugepages(file)) { len = ALIGN(len, huge_page_size(hstate_file(file))); } else if (unlikely(flags & MAP_HUGETLB)) { retval = -EINVAL; goto out_fput; } } else if (flags & MAP_HUGETLB) { struct user_struct *user = NULL; struct hstate *hs; hs = hstate_sizelog((flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK); if (!hs) return -EINVAL; len = ALIGN(len, huge_page_size(hs)); /* * VM_NORESERVE is used because the reservations will be * taken when vm_ops->mmap() is called * A dummy user value is used because we are not locking * memory so no accounting is necessary */ file = hugetlb_file_setup(HUGETLB_ANON_FILE, len, VM_NORESERVE, &user, HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE, (flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK); if (IS_ERR(file)) return PTR_ERR(file); } flags &= ~(MAP_EXECUTABLE | MAP_DENYWRITE); retval = vm_mmap_pgoff(file, addr, len, prot, flags, pgoff); out_fput: if (file) fput(file); return retval; } SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mmap_pgoff, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, len, unsigned long, prot, unsigned long, flags, unsigned long, fd, unsigned long, pgoff) { return ksys_mmap_pgoff(addr, len, prot, flags, fd, pgoff); } #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLD_MMAP struct mmap_arg_struct { unsigned long addr; unsigned long len; unsigned long prot; unsigned long flags; unsigned long fd; unsigned long offset; }; SYSCALL_DEFINE1(old_mmap, struct mmap_arg_struct __user *, arg) { struct mmap_arg_struct a; if (copy_from_user(&a, arg, sizeof(a))) return -EFAULT; if (offset_in_page(a.offset)) return -EINVAL; return ksys_mmap_pgoff(a.addr, a.len, a.prot, a.flags, a.fd, a.offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); } #endif /* __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLD_MMAP */ /* * Some shared mappings will want the pages marked read-only * to track write events. If so, we'll downgrade vm_page_prot * to the private version (using protection_map[] without the * VM_SHARED bit). */ int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot) { vm_flags_t vm_flags = vma->vm_flags; const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops = vma->vm_ops; /* If it was private or non-writable, the write bit is already clear */ if ((vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) != ((VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) return 0; /* The backer wishes to know when pages are first written to? */ if (vm_ops && (vm_ops->page_mkwrite || vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite)) return 1; /* The open routine did something to the protections that pgprot_modify * won't preserve? */ if (pgprot_val(vm_page_prot) != pgprot_val(vm_pgprot_modify(vm_page_prot, vm_flags))) return 0; /* Do we need to track softdirty? */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY) && !(vm_flags & VM_SOFTDIRTY)) return 1; /* Specialty mapping? */ if (vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) return 0; /* Can the mapping track the dirty pages? */ return vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping && mapping_can_writeback(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } /* * We account for memory if it's a private writeable mapping, * not hugepages and VM_NORESERVE wasn't set. */ static inline int accountable_mapping(struct file *file, vm_flags_t vm_flags) { /* * hugetlb has its own accounting separate from the core VM * VM_HUGETLB may not be set yet so we cannot check for that flag. */ if (file && is_file_hugepages(file)) return 0; return (vm_flags & (VM_NORESERVE | VM_SHARED | VM_WRITE)) == VM_WRITE; } unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff, struct list_head *uf) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev, *merge; int error; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; unsigned long charged = 0; /* Check against address space limit. */ if (!may_expand_vm(mm, vm_flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) { unsigned long nr_pages; /* * MAP_FIXED may remove pages of mappings that intersects with * requested mapping. Account for the pages it would unmap. */ nr_pages = count_vma_pages_range(mm, addr, addr + len); if (!may_expand_vm(mm, vm_flags, (len >> PAGE_SHIFT) - nr_pages)) return -ENOMEM; } /* Clear old maps, set up prev, rb_link, rb_parent, and uf */ if (munmap_vma_range(mm, addr, len, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent, uf)) return -ENOMEM; /* * Private writable mapping: check memory availability */ if (accountable_mapping(file, vm_flags)) { charged = len >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, charged)) return -ENOMEM; vm_flags |= VM_ACCOUNT; } /* * Can we just expand an old mapping? */ vma = vma_merge(mm, prev, addr, addr + len, vm_flags, NULL, file, pgoff, NULL, NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX); if (vma) goto out; /* * Determine the object being mapped and call the appropriate * specific mapper. the address has already been validated, but * not unmapped, but the maps are removed from the list. */ vma = vm_area_alloc(mm); if (!vma) { error = -ENOMEM; goto unacct_error; } vma->vm_start = addr; vma->vm_end = addr + len; vma->vm_flags = vm_flags; vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags); vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff; if (file) { if (vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) { error = deny_write_access(file); if (error) goto free_vma; } if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) { error = mapping_map_writable(file->f_mapping); if (error) goto allow_write_and_free_vma; } /* ->mmap() can change vma->vm_file, but must guarantee that * vma_link() below can deny write-access if VM_DENYWRITE is set * and map writably if VM_SHARED is set. This usually means the * new file must not have been exposed to user-space, yet. */ vma->vm_file = get_file(file); error = call_mmap(file, vma); if (error) goto unmap_and_free_vma; /* Can addr have changed?? * * Answer: Yes, several device drivers can do it in their * f_op->mmap method. -DaveM * Bug: If addr is changed, prev, rb_link, rb_parent should * be updated for vma_link() */ WARN_ON_ONCE(addr != vma->vm_start); addr = vma->vm_start; /* If vm_flags changed after call_mmap(), we should try merge vma again * as we may succeed this time. */ if (unlikely(vm_flags != vma->vm_flags && prev)) { merge = vma_merge(mm, prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_flags, NULL, vma->vm_file, vma->vm_pgoff, NULL, NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX); if (merge) { /* ->mmap() can change vma->vm_file and fput the original file. So * fput the vma->vm_file here or we would add an extra fput for file * and cause general protection fault ultimately. */ fput(vma->vm_file); vm_area_free(vma); vma = merge; /* Update vm_flags to pick up the change. */ vm_flags = vma->vm_flags; goto unmap_writable; } } vm_flags = vma->vm_flags; } else if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) { error = shmem_zero_setup(vma); if (error) goto free_vma; } else { vma_set_anonymous(vma); } /* Allow architectures to sanity-check the vm_flags */ if (!arch_validate_flags(vma->vm_flags)) { error = -EINVAL; if (file) goto unmap_and_free_vma; else goto free_vma; } vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); /* Once vma denies write, undo our temporary denial count */ if (file) { unmap_writable: if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) mapping_unmap_writable(file->f_mapping); if (vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) allow_write_access(file); } file = vma->vm_file; out: perf_event_mmap(vma); vm_stat_account(mm, vm_flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { if ((vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL) || vma_is_dax(vma) || is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) || vma == get_gate_vma(current->mm)) vma->vm_flags &= VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK; else mm->locked_vm += (len >> PAGE_SHIFT); } if (file) uprobe_mmap(vma); /* * New (or expanded) vma always get soft dirty status. * Otherwise user-space soft-dirty page tracker won't * be able to distinguish situation when vma area unmapped, * then new mapped in-place (which must be aimed as * a completely new data area). */ vma->vm_flags |= VM_SOFTDIRTY; vma_set_page_prot(vma); return addr; unmap_and_free_vma: vma->vm_file = NULL; fput(file); /* Undo any partial mapping done by a device driver. */ unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); charged = 0; if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) mapping_unmap_writable(file->f_mapping); allow_write_and_free_vma: if (vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) allow_write_access(file); free_vma: vm_area_free(vma); unacct_error: if (charged) vm_unacct_memory(charged); return error; } static unsigned long unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info) { /* * We implement the search by looking for an rbtree node that * immediately follows a suitable gap. That is, * - gap_start = vma->vm_prev->vm_end <= info->high_limit - length; * - gap_end = vma->vm_start >= info->low_limit + length; * - gap_end - gap_start >= length */ struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long length, low_limit, high_limit, gap_start, gap_end; /* Adjust search length to account for worst case alignment overhead */ length = info->length + info->align_mask; if (length < info->length) return -ENOMEM; /* Adjust search limits by the desired length */ if (info->high_limit < length) return -ENOMEM; high_limit = info->high_limit - length; if (info->low_limit > high_limit) return -ENOMEM; low_limit = info->low_limit + length; /* Check if rbtree root looks promising */ if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mm->mm_rb)) goto check_highest; vma = rb_entry(mm->mm_rb.rb_node, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (vma->rb_subtree_gap < length) goto check_highest; while (true) { /* Visit left subtree if it looks promising */ gap_end = vm_start_gap(vma); if (gap_end >= low_limit && vma->vm_rb.rb_left) { struct vm_area_struct *left = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_left, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (left->rb_subtree_gap >= length) { vma = left; continue; } } gap_start = vma->vm_prev ? vm_end_gap(vma->vm_prev) : 0; check_current: /* Check if current node has a suitable gap */ if (gap_start > high_limit) return -ENOMEM; if (gap_end >= low_limit && gap_end > gap_start && gap_end - gap_start >= length) goto found; /* Visit right subtree if it looks promising */ if (vma->vm_rb.rb_right) { struct vm_area_struct *right = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_right, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (right->rb_subtree_gap >= length) { vma = right; continue; } } /* Go back up the rbtree to find next candidate node */ while (true) { struct rb_node *prev = &vma->vm_rb; if (!rb_parent(prev)) goto check_highest; vma = rb_entry(rb_parent(prev), struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (prev == vma->vm_rb.rb_left) { gap_start = vm_end_gap(vma->vm_prev); gap_end = vm_start_gap(vma); goto check_current; } } } check_highest: /* Check highest gap, which does not precede any rbtree node */ gap_start = mm->highest_vm_end; gap_end = ULONG_MAX; /* Only for VM_BUG_ON below */ if (gap_start > high_limit) return -ENOMEM; found: /* We found a suitable gap. Clip it with the original low_limit. */ if (gap_start < info->low_limit) gap_start = info->low_limit; /* Adjust gap address to the desired alignment */ gap_start += (info->align_offset - gap_start) & info->align_mask; VM_BUG_ON(gap_start + info->length > info->high_limit); VM_BUG_ON(gap_start + info->length > gap_end); return gap_start; } static unsigned long unmapped_area_topdown(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long length, low_limit, high_limit, gap_start, gap_end; /* Adjust search length to account for worst case alignment overhead */ length = info->length + info->align_mask; if (length < info->length) return -ENOMEM; /* * Adjust search limits by the desired length. * See implementation comment at top of unmapped_area(). */ gap_end = info->high_limit; if (gap_end < length) return -ENOMEM; high_limit = gap_end - length; if (info->low_limit > high_limit) return -ENOMEM; low_limit = info->low_limit + length; /* Check highest gap, which does not precede any rbtree node */ gap_start = mm->highest_vm_end; if (gap_start <= high_limit) goto found_highest; /* Check if rbtree root looks promising */ if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mm->mm_rb)) return -ENOMEM; vma = rb_entry(mm->mm_rb.rb_node, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (vma->rb_subtree_gap < length) return -ENOMEM; while (true) { /* Visit right subtree if it looks promising */ gap_start = vma->vm_prev ? vm_end_gap(vma->vm_prev) : 0; if (gap_start <= high_limit && vma->vm_rb.rb_right) { struct vm_area_struct *right = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_right, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (right->rb_subtree_gap >= length) { vma = right; continue; } } check_current: /* Check if current node has a suitable gap */ gap_end = vm_start_gap(vma); if (gap_end < low_limit) return -ENOMEM; if (gap_start <= high_limit && gap_end > gap_start && gap_end - gap_start >= length) goto found; /* Visit left subtree if it looks promising */ if (vma->vm_rb.rb_left) { struct vm_area_struct *left = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_left, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (left->rb_subtree_gap >= length) { vma = left; continue; } } /* Go back up the rbtree to find next candidate node */ while (true) { struct rb_node *prev = &vma->vm_rb; if (!rb_parent(prev)) return -ENOMEM; vma = rb_entry(rb_parent(prev), struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (prev == vma->vm_rb.rb_right) { gap_start = vma->vm_prev ? vm_end_gap(vma->vm_prev) : 0; goto check_current; } } } found: /* We found a suitable gap. Clip it with the original high_limit. */ if (gap_end > info->high_limit) gap_end = info->high_limit; found_highest: /* Compute highest gap address at the desired alignment */ gap_end -= info->length; gap_end -= (gap_end - info->align_offset) & info->align_mask; VM_BUG_ON(gap_end < info->low_limit); VM_BUG_ON(gap_end < gap_start); return gap_end; } /* * Search for an unmapped address range. * * We are looking for a range that: * - does not intersect with any VMA; * - is contained within the [low_limit, high_limit) interval; * - is at least the desired size. * - satisfies (begin_addr & align_mask) == (align_offset & align_mask) */ unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info) { unsigned long addr; if (info->flags & VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN) addr = unmapped_area_topdown(info); else addr = unmapped_area(info); trace_vm_unmapped_area(addr, info); return addr; } #ifndef arch_get_mmap_end #define arch_get_mmap_end(addr) (TASK_SIZE) #endif #ifndef arch_get_mmap_base #define arch_get_mmap_base(addr, base) (base) #endif /* Get an address range which is currently unmapped. * For shmat() with addr=0. * * Ugly calling convention alert: * Return value with the low bits set means error value, * ie * if (ret & ~PAGE_MASK) * error = ret; * * This function "knows" that -ENOMEM has the bits set. */ #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev; struct vm_unmapped_area_info info; const unsigned long mmap_end = arch_get_mmap_end(addr); if (len > mmap_end - mmap_min_addr) return -ENOMEM; if (flags & MAP_FIXED) return addr; if (addr) { addr = PAGE_ALIGN(addr); vma = find_vma_prev(mm, addr, &prev); if (mmap_end - len >= addr && addr >= mmap_min_addr && (!vma || addr + len <= vm_start_gap(vma)) && (!prev || addr >= vm_end_gap(prev))) return addr; } info.flags = 0; info.length = len; info.low_limit = mm->mmap_base; info.high_limit = mmap_end; info.align_mask = 0; info.align_offset = 0; return vm_unmapped_area(&info); } #endif /* * This mmap-allocator allocates new areas top-down from below the * stack's low limit (the base): */ #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_unmapped_area_info info; const unsigned long mmap_end = arch_get_mmap_end(addr); /* requested length too big for entire address space */ if (len > mmap_end - mmap_min_addr) return -ENOMEM; if (flags & MAP_FIXED) return addr; /* requesting a specific address */ if (addr) { addr = PAGE_ALIGN(addr); vma = find_vma_prev(mm, addr, &prev); if (mmap_end - len >= addr && addr >= mmap_min_addr && (!vma || addr + len <= vm_start_gap(vma)) && (!prev || addr >= vm_end_gap(prev))) return addr; } info.flags = VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN; info.length = len; info.low_limit = max(PAGE_SIZE, mmap_min_addr); info.high_limit = arch_get_mmap_base(addr, mm->mmap_base); info.align_mask = 0; info.align_offset = 0; addr = vm_unmapped_area(&info); /* * A failed mmap() very likely causes application failure, * so fall back to the bottom-up function here. This scenario * can happen with large stack limits and large mmap() * allocations. */ if (offset_in_page(addr)) { VM_BUG_ON(addr != -ENOMEM); info.flags = 0; info.low_limit = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE; info.high_limit = mmap_end; addr = vm_unmapped_area(&info); } return addr; } #endif unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags) { unsigned long (*get_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); unsigned long error = arch_mmap_check(addr, len, flags); if (error) return error; /* Careful about overflows.. */ if (len > TASK_SIZE) return -ENOMEM; get_area = current->mm->get_unmapped_area; if (file) { if (file->f_op->get_unmapped_area) get_area = file->f_op->get_unmapped_area; } else if (flags & MAP_SHARED) { /* * mmap_region() will call shmem_zero_setup() to create a file, * so use shmem's get_unmapped_area in case it can be huge. * do_mmap() will clear pgoff, so match alignment. */ pgoff = 0; get_area = shmem_get_unmapped_area; } addr = get_area(file, addr, len, pgoff, flags); if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr)) return addr; if (addr > TASK_SIZE - len) return -ENOMEM; if (offset_in_page(addr)) return -EINVAL; error = security_mmap_addr(addr); return error ? error : addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_unmapped_area); /* Look up the first VMA which satisfies addr < vm_end, NULL if none. */ struct vm_area_struct *find_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct rb_node *rb_node; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Check the cache first. */ vma = vmacache_find(mm, addr); if (likely(vma)) return vma; rb_node = mm->mm_rb.rb_node; while (rb_node) { struct vm_area_struct *tmp; tmp = rb_entry(rb_node, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (tmp->vm_end > addr) { vma = tmp; if (tmp->vm_start <= addr) break; rb_node = rb_node->rb_left; } else rb_node = rb_node->rb_right; } if (vma) vmacache_update(addr, vma); return vma; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_vma); /* * Same as find_vma, but also return a pointer to the previous VMA in *pprev. */ struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct **pprev) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (vma) { *pprev = vma->vm_prev; } else { struct rb_node *rb_node = rb_last(&mm->mm_rb); *pprev = rb_node ? rb_entry(rb_node, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb) : NULL; } return vma; } /* * Verify that the stack growth is acceptable and * update accounting. This is shared with both the * grow-up and grow-down cases. */ static int acct_stack_growth(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long size, unsigned long grow) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long new_start; /* address space limit tests */ if (!may_expand_vm(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow)) return -ENOMEM; /* Stack limit test */ if (size > rlimit(RLIMIT_STACK)) return -ENOMEM; /* mlock limit tests */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { unsigned long locked; unsigned long limit; locked = mm->locked_vm + grow; limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK); limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT; if (locked > limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) return -ENOMEM; } /* Check to ensure the stack will not grow into a hugetlb-only region */ new_start = (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) ? vma->vm_start : vma->vm_end - size; if (is_hugepage_only_range(vma->vm_mm, new_start, size)) return -EFAULT; /* * Overcommit.. This must be the final test, as it will * update security statistics. */ if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, grow)) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP) || defined(CONFIG_IA64) /* * PA-RISC uses this for its stack; IA64 for its Register Backing Store. * vma is the last one with address > vma->vm_end. Have to extend vma. */ int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct vm_area_struct *next; unsigned long gap_addr; int error = 0; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP)) return -EFAULT; /* Guard against exceeding limits of the address space. */ address &= PAGE_MASK; if (address >= (TASK_SIZE & PAGE_MASK)) return -ENOMEM; address += PAGE_SIZE; /* Enforce stack_guard_gap */ gap_addr = address + stack_guard_gap; /* Guard against overflow */ if (gap_addr < address || gap_addr > TASK_SIZE) gap_addr = TASK_SIZE; next = vma->vm_next; if (next && next->vm_start < gap_addr && vma_is_accessible(next)) { if (!(next->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP)) return -ENOMEM; /* Check that both stack segments have the same anon_vma? */ } /* We must make sure the anon_vma is allocated. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return -ENOMEM; /* * vma->vm_start/vm_end cannot change under us because the caller * is required to hold the mmap_lock in read mode. We need the * anon_vma lock to serialize against concurrent expand_stacks. */ anon_vma_lock_write(vma->anon_vma); /* Somebody else might have raced and expanded it already */ if (address > vma->vm_end) { unsigned long size, grow; size = address - vma->vm_start; grow = (address - vma->vm_end) >> PAGE_SHIFT; error = -ENOMEM; if (vma->vm_pgoff + (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) >= vma->vm_pgoff) { error = acct_stack_growth(vma, size, grow); if (!error) { /* * vma_gap_update() doesn't support concurrent * updates, but we only hold a shared mmap_lock * lock here, so we need to protect against * concurrent vma expansions. * anon_vma_lock_write() doesn't help here, as * we don't guarantee that all growable vmas * in a mm share the same root anon vma. * So, we reuse mm->page_table_lock to guard * against concurrent vma expansions. */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) mm->locked_vm += grow; vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow); anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma); vma->vm_end = address; anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma); if (vma->vm_next) vma_gap_update(vma->vm_next); else mm->highest_vm_end = vm_end_gap(vma); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); perf_event_mmap(vma); } } } anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma); khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(vma, vma->vm_flags); validate_mm(mm); return error; } #endif /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP || CONFIG_IA64 */ /* * vma is the first one with address < vma->vm_start. Have to extend vma. */ int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct vm_area_struct *prev; int error = 0; address &= PAGE_MASK; if (address < mmap_min_addr) return -EPERM; /* Enforce stack_guard_gap */ prev = vma->vm_prev; /* Check that both stack segments have the same anon_vma? */ if (prev && !(prev->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) && vma_is_accessible(prev)) { if (address - prev->vm_end < stack_guard_gap) return -ENOMEM; } /* We must make sure the anon_vma is allocated. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return -ENOMEM; /* * vma->vm_start/vm_end cannot change under us because the caller * is required to hold the mmap_lock in read mode. We need the * anon_vma lock to serialize against concurrent expand_stacks. */ anon_vma_lock_write(vma->anon_vma); /* Somebody else might have raced and expanded it already */ if (address < vma->vm_start) { unsigned long size, grow; size = vma->vm_end - address; grow = (vma->vm_start - address) >> PAGE_SHIFT; error = -ENOMEM; if (grow <= vma->vm_pgoff) { error = acct_stack_growth(vma, size, grow); if (!error) { /* * vma_gap_update() doesn't support concurrent * updates, but we only hold a shared mmap_lock * lock here, so we need to protect against * concurrent vma expansions. * anon_vma_lock_write() doesn't help here, as * we don't guarantee that all growable vmas * in a mm share the same root anon vma. * So, we reuse mm->page_table_lock to guard * against concurrent vma expansions. */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) mm->locked_vm += grow; vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow); anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma); vma->vm_start = address; vma->vm_pgoff -= grow; anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma); vma_gap_update(vma); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); perf_event_mmap(vma); } } } anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma); khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(vma, vma->vm_flags); validate_mm(mm); return error; } /* enforced gap between the expanding stack and other mappings. */ unsigned long stack_guard_gap = 256UL<<PAGE_SHIFT; static int __init cmdline_parse_stack_guard_gap(char *p) { unsigned long val; char *endptr; val = simple_strtoul(p, &endptr, 10); if (!*endptr) stack_guard_gap = val << PAGE_SHIFT; return 0; } __setup("stack_guard_gap=", cmdline_parse_stack_guard_gap); #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { return expand_upwards(vma, address); } struct vm_area_struct * find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev; addr &= PAGE_MASK; vma = find_vma_prev(mm, addr, &prev); if (vma && (vma->vm_start <= addr)) return vma; /* don't alter vm_end if the coredump is running */ if (!prev || expand_stack(prev, addr)) return NULL; if (prev->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) populate_vma_page_range(prev, addr, prev->vm_end, NULL); return prev; } #else int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { return expand_downwards(vma, address); } struct vm_area_struct * find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long start; addr &= PAGE_MASK; vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma) return NULL; if (vma->vm_start <= addr) return vma; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN)) return NULL; start = vma->vm_start; if (expand_stack(vma, addr)) return NULL; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) populate_vma_page_range(vma, addr, start, NULL); return vma; } #endif EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_extend_vma); /* * Ok - we have the memory areas we should free on the vma list, * so release them, and do the vma updates. * * Called with the mm semaphore held. */ static void remove_vma_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long nr_accounted = 0; /* Update high watermark before we lower total_vm */ update_hiwater_vm(mm); do { long nrpages = vma_pages(vma); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) nr_accounted += nrpages; vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, -nrpages); vma = remove_vma(vma); } while (vma); vm_unacct_memory(nr_accounted); validate_mm(mm); } /* * Get rid of page table information in the indicated region. * * Called with the mm semaphore held. */ static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma_next(mm, prev); struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, start, end); update_hiwater_rss(mm); unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, start, end); free_pgtables(&tlb, vma, prev ? prev->vm_end : FIRST_USER_ADDRESS, next ? next->vm_start : USER_PGTABLES_CEILING); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, end); } /* * Create a list of vma's touched by the unmap, removing them from the mm's * vma list as we go.. */ static bool detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long end) { struct vm_area_struct **insertion_point; struct vm_area_struct *tail_vma = NULL; insertion_point = (prev ? &prev->vm_next : &mm->mmap); vma->vm_prev = NULL; do { vma_rb_erase(vma, &mm->mm_rb); mm->map_count--; tail_vma = vma; vma = vma->vm_next; } while (vma && vma->vm_start < end); *insertion_point = vma; if (vma) { vma->vm_prev = prev; vma_gap_update(vma); } else mm->highest_vm_end = prev ? vm_end_gap(prev) : 0; tail_vma->vm_next = NULL; /* Kill the cache */ vmacache_invalidate(mm); /* * Do not downgrade mmap_lock if we are next to VM_GROWSDOWN or * VM_GROWSUP VMA. Such VMAs can change their size under * down_read(mmap_lock) and collide with the VMA we are about to unmap. */ if (vma && (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN)) return false; if (prev && (prev->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP)) return false; return true; } /* * __split_vma() bypasses sysctl_max_map_count checking. We use this where it * has already been checked or doesn't make sense to fail. */ int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int new_below) { struct vm_area_struct *new; int err; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->split) { err = vma->vm_ops->split(vma, addr); if (err) return err; } new = vm_area_dup(vma); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; if (new_below) new->vm_end = addr; else { new->vm_start = addr; new->vm_pgoff += ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT); } err = vma_dup_policy(vma, new); if (err) goto out_free_vma; err = anon_vma_clone(new, vma); if (err) goto out_free_mpol; if (new->vm_file) get_file(new->vm_file); if (new->vm_ops && new->vm_ops->open) new->vm_ops->open(new); if (new_below) err = vma_adjust(vma, addr, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - new->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT), new); else err = vma_adjust(vma, vma->vm_start, addr, vma->vm_pgoff, new); /* Success. */ if (!err) return 0; /* Clean everything up if vma_adjust failed. */ if (new->vm_ops && new->vm_ops->close) new->vm_ops->close(new); if (new->vm_file) fput(new->vm_file); unlink_anon_vmas(new); out_free_mpol: mpol_put(vma_policy(new)); out_free_vma: vm_area_free(new); return err; } /* * Split a vma into two pieces at address 'addr', a new vma is allocated * either for the first part or the tail. */ int split_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int new_below) { if (mm->map_count >= sysctl_max_map_count) return -ENOMEM; return __split_vma(mm, vma, addr, new_below); } /* Munmap is split into 2 main parts -- this part which finds * what needs doing, and the areas themselves, which do the * work. This now handles partial unmappings. * Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> */ int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade) { unsigned long end; struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev, *last; if ((offset_in_page(start)) || start > TASK_SIZE || len > TASK_SIZE-start) return -EINVAL; len = PAGE_ALIGN(len); end = start + len; if (len == 0) return -EINVAL; /* * arch_unmap() might do unmaps itself. It must be called * and finish any rbtree manipulation before this code * runs and also starts to manipulate the rbtree. */ arch_unmap(mm, start, end); /* Find the first overlapping VMA */ vma = find_vma(mm, start); if (!vma) return 0; prev = vma->vm_prev; /* we have start < vma->vm_end */ /* if it doesn't overlap, we have nothing.. */ if (vma->vm_start >= end) return 0; /* * If we need to split any vma, do it now to save pain later. * * Note: mremap's move_vma VM_ACCOUNT handling assumes a partially * unmapped vm_area_struct will remain in use: so lower split_vma * places tmp vma above, and higher split_vma places tmp vma below. */ if (start > vma->vm_start) { int error; /* * Make sure that map_count on return from munmap() will * not exceed its limit; but let map_count go just above * its limit temporarily, to help free resources as expected. */ if (end < vma->vm_end && mm->map_count >= sysctl_max_map_count) return -ENOMEM; error = __split_vma(mm, vma, start, 0); if (error) return error; prev = vma; } /* Does it split the last one? */ last = find_vma(mm, end); if (last && end > last->vm_start) { int error = __split_vma(mm, last, end, 1); if (error) return error; } vma = vma_next(mm, prev); if (unlikely(uf)) { /* * If userfaultfd_unmap_prep returns an error the vmas * will remain splitted, but userland will get a * highly unexpected error anyway. This is no * different than the case where the first of the two * __split_vma fails, but we don't undo the first * split, despite we could. This is unlikely enough * failure that it's not worth optimizing it for. */ int error = userfaultfd_unmap_prep(vma, start, end, uf); if (error) return error; } /* * unlock any mlock()ed ranges before detaching vmas */ if (mm->locked_vm) { struct vm_area_struct *tmp = vma; while (tmp && tmp->vm_start < end) { if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { mm->locked_vm -= vma_pages(tmp); munlock_vma_pages_all(tmp); } tmp = tmp->vm_next; } } /* Detach vmas from rbtree */ if (!detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped(mm, vma, prev, end)) downgrade = false; if (downgrade) mmap_write_downgrade(mm); unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, start, end); /* Fix up all other VM information */ remove_vma_list(mm, vma); return downgrade ? 1 : 0; } int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len, struct list_head *uf) { return __do_munmap(mm, start, len, uf, false); } static int __vm_munmap(unsigned long start, size_t len, bool downgrade) { int ret; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; LIST_HEAD(uf); if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; ret = __do_munmap(mm, start, len, &uf, downgrade); /* * Returning 1 indicates mmap_lock is downgraded. * But 1 is not legal return value of vm_munmap() and munmap(), reset * it to 0 before return. */ if (ret == 1) { mmap_read_unlock(mm); ret = 0; } else mmap_write_unlock(mm); userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf); return ret; } int vm_munmap(unsigned long start, size_t len) { return __vm_munmap(start, len, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_munmap); SYSCALL_DEFINE2(munmap, unsigned long, addr, size_t, len) { addr = untagged_addr(addr); profile_munmap(addr); return __vm_munmap(addr, len, true); } /* * Emulation of deprecated remap_file_pages() syscall. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(remap_file_pages, unsigned long, start, unsigned long, size, unsigned long, prot, unsigned long, pgoff, unsigned long, flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long populate = 0; unsigned long ret = -EINVAL; struct file *file; pr_warn_once("%s (%d) uses deprecated remap_file_pages() syscall. See Documentation/vm/remap_file_pages.rst.\n", current->comm, current->pid); if (prot) return ret; start = start & PAGE_MASK; size = size & PAGE_MASK; if (start + size <= start) return ret; /* Does pgoff wrap? */ if (pgoff + (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) < pgoff) return ret; if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; vma = find_vma(mm, start); if (!vma || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) goto out; if (start < vma->vm_start) goto out; if (start + size > vma->vm_end) { struct vm_area_struct *next; for (next = vma->vm_next; next; next = next->vm_next) { /* hole between vmas ? */ if (next->vm_start != next->vm_prev->vm_end) goto out; if (next->vm_file != vma->vm_file) goto out; if (next->vm_flags != vma->vm_flags) goto out; if (start + size <= next->vm_end) break; } if (!next) goto out; } prot |= vma->vm_flags & VM_READ ? PROT_READ : 0; prot |= vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE ? PROT_WRITE : 0; prot |= vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC ? PROT_EXEC : 0; flags &= MAP_NONBLOCK; flags |= MAP_SHARED | MAP_FIXED | MAP_POPULATE; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { struct vm_area_struct *tmp; flags |= MAP_LOCKED; /* drop PG_Mlocked flag for over-mapped range */ for (tmp = vma; tmp->vm_start >= start + size; tmp = tmp->vm_next) { /* * Split pmd and munlock page on the border * of the range. */ vma_adjust_trans_huge(tmp, start, start + size, 0); munlock_vma_pages_range(tmp, max(tmp->vm_start, start), min(tmp->vm_end, start + size)); } } file = get_file(vma->vm_file); ret = do_mmap(vma->vm_file, start, size, prot, flags, pgoff, &populate, NULL); fput(file); out: mmap_write_unlock(mm); if (populate) mm_populate(ret, populate); if (!IS_ERR_VALUE(ret)) ret = 0; return ret; } /* * this is really a simplified "do_mmap". it only handles * anonymous maps. eventually we may be able to do some * brk-specific accounting here. */ static int do_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, struct list_head *uf) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; pgoff_t pgoff = addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; int error; unsigned long mapped_addr; /* Until we need other flags, refuse anything except VM_EXEC. */ if ((flags & (~VM_EXEC)) != 0) return -EINVAL; flags |= VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT | mm->def_flags; mapped_addr = get_unmapped_area(NULL, addr, len, 0, MAP_FIXED); if (IS_ERR_VALUE(mapped_addr)) return mapped_addr; error = mlock_future_check(mm, mm->def_flags, len); if (error) return error; /* Clear old maps, set up prev, rb_link, rb_parent, and uf */ if (munmap_vma_range(mm, addr, len, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent, uf)) return -ENOMEM; /* Check against address space limits *after* clearing old maps... */ if (!may_expand_vm(mm, flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) return -ENOMEM; if (mm->map_count > sysctl_max_map_count) return -ENOMEM; if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) return -ENOMEM; /* Can we just expand an old private anonymous mapping? */ vma = vma_merge(mm, prev, addr, addr + len, flags, NULL, NULL, pgoff, NULL, NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX); if (vma) goto out; /* * create a vma struct for an anonymous mapping */ vma = vm_area_alloc(mm); if (!vma) { vm_unacct_memory(len >> PAGE_SHIFT); return -ENOMEM; } vma_set_anonymous(vma); vma->vm_start = addr; vma->vm_end = addr + len; vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff; vma->vm_flags = flags; vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(flags); vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); out: perf_event_mmap(vma); mm->total_vm += len >> PAGE_SHIFT; mm->data_vm += len >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (flags & VM_LOCKED) mm->locked_vm += (len >> PAGE_SHIFT); vma->vm_flags |= VM_SOFTDIRTY; return 0; } int vm_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long request, unsigned long flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; unsigned long len; int ret; bool populate; LIST_HEAD(uf); len = PAGE_ALIGN(request); if (len < request) return -ENOMEM; if (!len) return 0; if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; ret = do_brk_flags(addr, len, flags, &uf); populate = ((mm->def_flags & VM_LOCKED) != 0); mmap_write_unlock(mm); userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf); if (populate && !ret) mm_populate(addr, len); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_brk_flags); int vm_brk(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { return vm_brk_flags(addr, len, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_brk); /* Release all mmaps. */ void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct mmu_gather tlb; struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long nr_accounted = 0; /* mm's last user has gone, and its about to be pulled down */ mmu_notifier_release(mm); if (unlikely(mm_is_oom_victim(mm))) { /* * Manually reap the mm to free as much memory as possible. * Then, as the oom reaper does, set MMF_OOM_SKIP to disregard * this mm from further consideration. Taking mm->mmap_lock for * write after setting MMF_OOM_SKIP will guarantee that the oom * reaper will not run on this mm again after mmap_lock is * dropped. * * Nothing can be holding mm->mmap_lock here and the above call * to mmu_notifier_release(mm) ensures mmu notifier callbacks in * __oom_reap_task_mm() will not block. * * This needs to be done before calling munlock_vma_pages_all(), * which clears VM_LOCKED, otherwise the oom reaper cannot * reliably test it. */ (void)__oom_reap_task_mm(mm); set_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags); mmap_write_lock(mm); mmap_write_unlock(mm); } if (mm->locked_vm) { vma = mm->mmap; while (vma) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) munlock_vma_pages_all(vma); vma = vma->vm_next; } } arch_exit_mmap(mm); vma = mm->mmap; if (!vma) /* Can happen if dup_mmap() received an OOM */ return; lru_add_drain(); flush_cache_mm(mm); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, 0, -1); /* update_hiwater_rss(mm) here? but nobody should be looking */ /* Use -1 here to ensure all VMAs in the mm are unmapped */ unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, 0, -1); free_pgtables(&tlb, vma, FIRST_USER_ADDRESS, USER_PGTABLES_CEILING); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, 0, -1); /* * Walk the list again, actually closing and freeing it, * with preemption enabled, without holding any MM locks. */ while (vma) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) nr_accounted += vma_pages(vma); vma = remove_vma(vma); cond_resched(); } vm_unacct_memory(nr_accounted); } /* Insert vm structure into process list sorted by address * and into the inode's i_mmap tree. If vm_file is non-NULL * then i_mmap_rwsem is taken here. */ int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct vm_area_struct *prev; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; if (find_vma_links(mm, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent)) return -ENOMEM; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) && security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, vma_pages(vma))) return -ENOMEM; /* * The vm_pgoff of a purely anonymous vma should be irrelevant * until its first write fault, when page's anon_vma and index * are set. But now set the vm_pgoff it will almost certainly * end up with (unless mremap moves it elsewhere before that * first wfault), so /proc/pid/maps tells a consistent story. * * By setting it to reflect the virtual start address of the * vma, merges and splits can happen in a seamless way, just * using the existing file pgoff checks and manipulations. * Similarly in do_mmap and in do_brk_flags. */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vma)) { BUG_ON(vma->anon_vma); vma->vm_pgoff = vma->vm_start >> PAGE_SHIFT; } vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); return 0; } /* * Copy the vma structure to a new location in the same mm, * prior to moving page table entries, to effect an mremap move. */ struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **vmap, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff, bool *need_rmap_locks) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = *vmap; unsigned long vma_start = vma->vm_start; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, *prev; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; bool faulted_in_anon_vma = true; /* * If anonymous vma has not yet been faulted, update new pgoff * to match new location, to increase its chance of merging. */ if (unlikely(vma_is_anonymous(vma) && !vma->anon_vma)) { pgoff = addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; faulted_in_anon_vma = false; } if (find_vma_links(mm, addr, addr + len, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent)) return NULL; /* should never get here */ new_vma = vma_merge(mm, prev, addr, addr + len, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, vma->vm_file, pgoff, vma_policy(vma), vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx); if (new_vma) { /* * Source vma may have been merged into new_vma */ if (unlikely(vma_start >= new_vma->vm_start && vma_start < new_vma->vm_end)) { /* * The only way we can get a vma_merge with * self during an mremap is if the vma hasn't * been faulted in yet and we were allowed to * reset the dst vma->vm_pgoff to the * destination address of the mremap to allow * the merge to happen. mremap must change the * vm_pgoff linearity between src and dst vmas * (in turn preventing a vma_merge) to be * safe. It is only safe to keep the vm_pgoff * linear if there are no pages mapped yet. */ VM_BUG_ON_VMA(faulted_in_anon_vma, new_vma); *vmap = vma = new_vma; } *need_rmap_locks = (new_vma->vm_pgoff <= vma->vm_pgoff); } else { new_vma = vm_area_dup(vma); if (!new_vma) goto out; new_vma->vm_start = addr; new_vma->vm_end = addr + len; new_vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff; if (vma_dup_policy(vma, new_vma)) goto out_free_vma; if (anon_vma_clone(new_vma, vma)) goto out_free_mempol; if (new_vma->vm_file) get_file(new_vma->vm_file); if (new_vma->vm_ops && new_vma->vm_ops->open) new_vma->vm_ops->open(new_vma); vma_link(mm, new_vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); *need_rmap_locks = false; } return new_vma; out_free_mempol: mpol_put(vma_policy(new_vma)); out_free_vma: vm_area_free(new_vma); out: return NULL; } /* * Return true if the calling process may expand its vm space by the passed * number of pages */ bool may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, vm_flags_t flags, unsigned long npages) { if (mm->total_vm + npages > rlimit(RLIMIT_AS) >> PAGE_SHIFT) return false; if (is_data_mapping(flags) && mm->data_vm + npages > rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA) >> PAGE_SHIFT) { /* Workaround for Valgrind */ if (rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA) == 0 && mm->data_vm + npages <= rlimit_max(RLIMIT_DATA) >> PAGE_SHIFT) return true; pr_warn_once("%s (%d): VmData %lu exceed data ulimit %lu. Update limits%s.\n", current->comm, current->pid, (mm->data_vm + npages) << PAGE_SHIFT, rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA), ignore_rlimit_data ? "" : " or use boot option ignore_rlimit_data"); if (!ignore_rlimit_data) return false; } return true; } void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *mm, vm_flags_t flags, long npages) { mm->total_vm += npages; if (is_exec_mapping(flags)) mm->exec_vm += npages; else if (is_stack_mapping(flags)) mm->stack_vm += npages; else if (is_data_mapping(flags)) mm->data_vm += npages; } static vm_fault_t special_mapping_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* * Having a close hook prevents vma merging regardless of flags. */ static void special_mapping_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } static const char *special_mapping_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return ((struct vm_special_mapping *)vma->vm_private_data)->name; } static int special_mapping_mremap(struct vm_area_struct *new_vma) { struct vm_special_mapping *sm = new_vma->vm_private_data; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(current->mm != new_vma->vm_mm)) return -EFAULT; if (sm->mremap) return sm->mremap(sm, new_vma); return 0; } static const struct vm_operations_struct special_mapping_vmops = { .close = special_mapping_close, .fault = special_mapping_fault, .mremap = special_mapping_mremap, .name = special_mapping_name, /* vDSO code relies that VVAR can't be accessed remotely */ .access = NULL, }; static const struct vm_operations_struct legacy_special_mapping_vmops = { .close = special_mapping_close, .fault = special_mapping_fault, }; static vm_fault_t special_mapping_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgoff_t pgoff; struct page **pages; if (vma->vm_ops == &legacy_special_mapping_vmops) { pages = vma->vm_private_data; } else { struct vm_special_mapping *sm = vma->vm_private_data; if (sm->fault) return sm->fault(sm, vmf->vma, vmf); pages = sm->pages; } for (pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff && *pages; ++pages) pgoff--; if (*pages) { struct page *page = *pages; get_page(page); vmf->page = page; return 0; } return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static struct vm_area_struct *__install_special_mapping( struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long vm_flags, void *priv, const struct vm_operations_struct *ops) { int ret; struct vm_area_struct *vma; vma = vm_area_alloc(mm); if (unlikely(vma == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); vma->vm_start = addr; vma->vm_end = addr + len; vma->vm_flags = vm_flags | mm->def_flags | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_SOFTDIRTY; vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); vma->vm_ops = ops; vma->vm_private_data = priv; ret = insert_vm_struct(mm, vma); if (ret) goto out; vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT); perf_event_mmap(vma); return vma; out: vm_area_free(vma); return ERR_PTR(ret); } bool vma_is_special_mapping(const struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct vm_special_mapping *sm) { return vma->vm_private_data == sm && (vma->vm_ops == &special_mapping_vmops || vma->vm_ops == &legacy_special_mapping_vmops); } /* * Called with mm->mmap_lock held for writing. * Insert a new vma covering the given region, with the given flags. * Its pages are supplied by the given array of struct page *. * The array can be shorter than len >> PAGE_SHIFT if it's null-terminated. * The region past the last page supplied will always produce SIGBUS. * The array pointer and the pages it points to are assumed to stay alive * for as long as this mapping might exist. */ struct vm_area_struct *_install_special_mapping( struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long vm_flags, const struct vm_special_mapping *spec) { return __install_special_mapping(mm, addr, len, vm_flags, (void *)spec, &special_mapping_vmops); } int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long vm_flags, struct page **pages) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = __install_special_mapping( mm, addr, len, vm_flags, (void *)pages, &legacy_special_mapping_vmops); return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(vma); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(mm_all_locks_mutex); static void vm_lock_anon_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { if (!test_bit(0, (unsigned long *) &anon_vma->root->rb_root.rb_root.rb_node)) { /* * The LSB of head.next can't change from under us * because we hold the mm_all_locks_mutex. */ down_write_nest_lock(&anon_vma->root->rwsem, &mm->mmap_lock); /* * We can safely modify head.next after taking the * anon_vma->root->rwsem. If some other vma in this mm shares * the same anon_vma we won't take it again. * * No need of atomic instructions here, head.next * can't change from under us thanks to the * anon_vma->root->rwsem. */ if (__test_and_set_bit(0, (unsigned long *) &anon_vma->root->rb_root.rb_root.rb_node)) BUG(); } } static void vm_lock_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, struct address_space *mapping) { if (!test_bit(AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS, &mapping->flags)) { /* * AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS can't change from under us because * we hold the mm_all_locks_mutex. * * Operations on ->flags have to be atomic because * even if AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS is stable thanks to the * mm_all_locks_mutex, there may be other cpus * changing other bitflags in parallel to us. */ if (test_and_set_bit(AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS, &mapping->flags)) BUG(); down_write_nest_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem, &mm->mmap_lock); } } /* * This operation locks against the VM for all pte/vma/mm related * operations that could ever happen on a certain mm. This includes * vmtruncate, try_to_unmap, and all page faults. * * The caller must take the mmap_lock in write mode before calling * mm_take_all_locks(). The caller isn't allowed to release the * mmap_lock until mm_drop_all_locks() returns. * * mmap_lock in write mode is required in order to block all operations * that could modify pagetables and free pages without need of * altering the vma layout. It's also needed in write mode to avoid new * anon_vmas to be associated with existing vmas. * * A single task can't take more than one mm_take_all_locks() in a row * or it would deadlock. * * The LSB in anon_vma->rb_root.rb_node and the AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS bitflag in * mapping->flags avoid to take the same lock twice, if more than one * vma in this mm is backed by the same anon_vma or address_space. * * We take locks in following order, accordingly to comment at beginning * of mm/rmap.c: * - all hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key locks (aka mapping->i_mmap_rwsem for * hugetlb mapping); * - all i_mmap_rwsem locks; * - all anon_vma->rwseml * * We can take all locks within these types randomly because the VM code * doesn't nest them and we protected from parallel mm_take_all_locks() by * mm_all_locks_mutex. * * mm_take_all_locks() and mm_drop_all_locks are expensive operations * that may have to take thousand of locks. * * mm_take_all_locks() can fail if it's interrupted by signals. */ int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct anon_vma_chain *avc; BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(mm)); mutex_lock(&mm_all_locks_mutex); for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { if (signal_pending(current)) goto out_unlock; if (vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping && is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) vm_lock_mapping(mm, vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { if (signal_pending(current)) goto out_unlock; if (vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) vm_lock_mapping(mm, vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { if (signal_pending(current)) goto out_unlock; if (vma->anon_vma) list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) vm_lock_anon_vma(mm, avc->anon_vma); } return 0; out_unlock: mm_drop_all_locks(mm); return -EINTR; } static void vm_unlock_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { if (test_bit(0, (unsigned long *) &anon_vma->root->rb_root.rb_root.rb_node)) { /* * The LSB of head.next can't change to 0 from under * us because we hold the mm_all_locks_mutex. * * We must however clear the bitflag before unlocking * the vma so the users using the anon_vma->rb_root will * never see our bitflag. * * No need of atomic instructions here, head.next * can't change from under us until we release the * anon_vma->root->rwsem. */ if (!__test_and_clear_bit(0, (unsigned long *) &anon_vma->root->rb_root.rb_root.rb_node)) BUG(); anon_vma_unlock_write(anon_vma); } } static void vm_unlock_mapping(struct address_space *mapping) { if (test_bit(AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS, &mapping->flags)) { /* * AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS can't change to 0 from under us * because we hold the mm_all_locks_mutex. */ i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); if (!test_and_clear_bit(AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS, &mapping->flags)) BUG(); } } /* * The mmap_lock cannot be released by the caller until * mm_drop_all_locks() returns. */ void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct anon_vma_chain *avc; BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(mm)); BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&mm_all_locks_mutex)); for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { if (vma->anon_vma) list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) vm_unlock_anon_vma(avc->anon_vma); if (vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping) vm_unlock_mapping(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } mutex_unlock(&mm_all_locks_mutex); } /* * initialise the percpu counter for VM */ void __init mmap_init(void) { int ret; ret = percpu_counter_init(&vm_committed_as, 0, GFP_KERNEL); VM_BUG_ON(ret); } /* * Initialise sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes. * * This is intended to prevent a user from starting a single memory hogging * process, such that they cannot recover (kill the hog) in OVERCOMMIT_NEVER * mode. * * The default value is min(3% of free memory, 128MB) * 128MB is enough to recover with sshd/login, bash, and top/kill. */ static int init_user_reserve(void) { unsigned long free_kbytes; free_kbytes = global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes = min(free_kbytes / 32, 1UL << 17); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_user_reserve); /* * Initialise sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes. * * The purpose of sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes is to allow the sys admin * to log in and kill a memory hogging process. * * Systems with more than 256MB will reserve 8MB, enough to recover * with sshd, bash, and top in OVERCOMMIT_GUESS. Smaller systems will * only reserve 3% of free pages by default. */ static int init_admin_reserve(void) { unsigned long free_kbytes; free_kbytes = global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes = min(free_kbytes / 32, 1UL << 13); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_admin_reserve); /* * Reinititalise user and admin reserves if memory is added or removed. * * The default user reserve max is 128MB, and the default max for the * admin reserve is 8MB. These are usually, but not always, enough to * enable recovery from a memory hogging process using login/sshd, a shell, * and tools like top. It may make sense to increase or even disable the * reserve depending on the existence of swap or variations in the recovery * tools. So, the admin may have changed them. * * If memory is added and the reserves have been eliminated or increased above * the default max, then we'll trust the admin. * * If memory is removed and there isn't enough free memory, then we * need to reset the reserves. * * Otherwise keep the reserve set by the admin. */ static int reserve_mem_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long action, void *data) { unsigned long tmp, free_kbytes; switch (action) { case MEM_ONLINE: /* Default max is 128MB. Leave alone if modified by operator. */ tmp = sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; if (0 < tmp && tmp < (1UL << 17)) init_user_reserve(); /* Default max is 8MB. Leave alone if modified by operator. */ tmp = sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; if (0 < tmp && tmp < (1UL << 13)) init_admin_reserve(); break; case MEM_OFFLINE: free_kbytes = global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); if (sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes > free_kbytes) { init_user_reserve(); pr_info("vm.user_reserve_kbytes reset to %lu\n", sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes); } if (sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes > free_kbytes) { init_admin_reserve(); pr_info("vm.admin_reserve_kbytes reset to %lu\n", sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes); } break; default: break; } return NOTIFY_OK; } static struct notifier_block reserve_mem_nb = { .notifier_call = reserve_mem_notifier, }; static int __meminit init_reserve_notifier(void) { if (register_hotmemory_notifier(&reserve_mem_nb)) pr_err("Failed registering memory add/remove notifier for admin reserve\n"); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_reserve_notifier);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_PKT_CLS_H #define __NET_PKT_CLS_H #include <linux/pkt_cls.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <net/sch_generic.h> #include <net/act_api.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> /* TC action not accessible from user space */ #define TC_ACT_CONSUMED (TC_ACT_VALUE_MAX + 1) /* Basic packet classifier frontend definitions. */ struct tcf_walker { int stop; int skip; int count; bool nonempty; unsigned long cookie; int (*fn)(struct tcf_proto *, void *node, struct tcf_walker *); }; int register_tcf_proto_ops(struct tcf_proto_ops *ops); int unregister_tcf_proto_ops(struct tcf_proto_ops *ops); struct tcf_block_ext_info { enum flow_block_binder_type binder_type; tcf_chain_head_change_t *chain_head_change; void *chain_head_change_priv; u32 block_index; }; struct tcf_qevent { struct tcf_block *block; struct tcf_block_ext_info info; struct tcf_proto __rcu *filter_chain; }; struct tcf_block_cb; bool tcf_queue_work(struct rcu_work *rwork, work_func_t func); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS struct tcf_chain *tcf_chain_get_by_act(struct tcf_block *block, u32 chain_index); void tcf_chain_put_by_act(struct tcf_chain *chain); struct tcf_chain *tcf_get_next_chain(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_chain *chain); struct tcf_proto *tcf_get_next_proto(struct tcf_chain *chain, struct tcf_proto *tp, bool rtnl_held); void tcf_block_netif_keep_dst(struct tcf_block *block); int tcf_block_get(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct tcf_proto __rcu **p_filter_chain, struct Qdisc *q, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int tcf_block_get_ext(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void tcf_block_put(struct tcf_block *block); void tcf_block_put_ext(struct tcf_block *block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei); static inline bool tcf_block_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return block->index; } static inline bool tcf_block_non_null_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return block && block->index; } static inline struct Qdisc *tcf_block_q(struct tcf_block *block) { WARN_ON(tcf_block_shared(block)); return block->q; } int tcf_classify(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode); int tcf_classify_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_block *ingress_block, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode); #else static inline bool tcf_block_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return false; } static inline bool tcf_block_non_null_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return false; } static inline int tcf_block_get(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct tcf_proto __rcu **p_filter_chain, struct Qdisc *q, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline int tcf_block_get_ext(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline void tcf_block_put(struct tcf_block *block) { } static inline void tcf_block_put_ext(struct tcf_block *block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei) { } static inline struct Qdisc *tcf_block_q(struct tcf_block *block) { return NULL; } static inline int tc_setup_cb_block_register(struct tcf_block *block, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, void *cb_priv) { return 0; } static inline void tc_setup_cb_block_unregister(struct tcf_block *block, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, void *cb_priv) { } static inline int tcf_classify(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode) { return TC_ACT_UNSPEC; } static inline int tcf_classify_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_block *ingress_block, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode) { return TC_ACT_UNSPEC; } #endif static inline unsigned long __cls_set_class(unsigned long *clp, unsigned long cl) { return xchg(clp, cl); } static inline void __tcf_bind_filter(struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_result *r, unsigned long base) { unsigned long cl; cl = q->ops->cl_ops->bind_tcf(q, base, r->classid); cl = __cls_set_class(&r->class, cl); if (cl) q->ops->cl_ops->unbind_tcf(q, cl); } static inline void tcf_bind_filter(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *r, unsigned long base) { struct Qdisc *q = tp->chain->block->q; /* Check q as it is not set for shared blocks. In that case, * setting class is not supported. */ if (!q) return; sch_tree_lock(q); __tcf_bind_filter(q, r, base); sch_tree_unlock(q); } static inline void __tcf_unbind_filter(struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_result *r) { unsigned long cl; if ((cl = __cls_set_class(&r->class, 0)) != 0) q->ops->cl_ops->unbind_tcf(q, cl); } static inline void tcf_unbind_filter(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *r) { struct Qdisc *q = tp->chain->block->q; if (!q) return; __tcf_unbind_filter(q, r); } struct tcf_exts { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT __u32 type; /* for backward compat(TCA_OLD_COMPAT) */ int nr_actions; struct tc_action **actions; struct net *net; #endif /* Map to export classifier specific extension TLV types to the * generic extensions API. Unsupported extensions must be set to 0. */ int action; int police; }; static inline int tcf_exts_init(struct tcf_exts *exts, struct net *net, int action, int police) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT exts->type = 0; exts->nr_actions = 0; exts->net = net; exts->actions = kcalloc(TCA_ACT_MAX_PRIO, sizeof(struct tc_action *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!exts->actions) return -ENOMEM; #endif exts->action = action; exts->police = police; return 0; } /* Return false if the netns is being destroyed in cleanup_net(). Callers * need to do cleanup synchronously in this case, otherwise may race with * tc_action_net_exit(). Return true for other cases. */ static inline bool tcf_exts_get_net(struct tcf_exts *exts) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT exts->net = maybe_get_net(exts->net); return exts->net != NULL; #else return true; #endif } static inline void tcf_exts_put_net(struct tcf_exts *exts) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT if (exts->net) put_net(exts->net); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT #define tcf_exts_for_each_action(i, a, exts) \ for (i = 0; i < TCA_ACT_MAX_PRIO && ((a) = (exts)->actions[i]); i++) #else #define tcf_exts_for_each_action(i, a, exts) \ for (; 0; (void)(i), (void)(a), (void)(exts)) #endif static inline void tcf_exts_stats_update(const struct tcf_exts *exts, u64 bytes, u64 packets, u64 drops, u64 lastuse, u8 used_hw_stats, bool used_hw_stats_valid) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT int i; preempt_disable(); for (i = 0; i < exts->nr_actions; i++) { struct tc_action *a = exts->actions[i]; tcf_action_stats_update(a, bytes, packets, drops, lastuse, true); a->used_hw_stats = used_hw_stats; a->used_hw_stats_valid = used_hw_stats_valid; } preempt_enable(); #endif } /** * tcf_exts_has_actions - check if at least one action is present * @exts: tc filter extensions handle * * Returns true if at least one action is present. */ static inline bool tcf_exts_has_actions(struct tcf_exts *exts) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT return exts->nr_actions; #else return false; #endif } /** * tcf_exts_exec - execute tc filter extensions * @skb: socket buffer * @exts: tc filter extensions handle * @res: desired result * * Executes all configured extensions. Returns TC_ACT_OK on a normal execution, * a negative number if the filter must be considered unmatched or * a positive action code (TC_ACT_*) which must be returned to the * underlying layer. */ static inline int tcf_exts_exec(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts, struct tcf_result *res) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT return tcf_action_exec(skb, exts->actions, exts->nr_actions, res); #endif return TC_ACT_OK; } int tcf_exts_validate(struct net *net, struct tcf_proto *tp, struct nlattr **tb, struct nlattr *rate_tlv, struct tcf_exts *exts, bool ovr, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void tcf_exts_destroy(struct tcf_exts *exts); void tcf_exts_change(struct tcf_exts *dst, struct tcf_exts *src); int tcf_exts_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts); int tcf_exts_terse_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts); int tcf_exts_dump_stats(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts); /** * struct tcf_pkt_info - packet information */ struct tcf_pkt_info { unsigned char * ptr; int nexthdr; }; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_EMATCH struct tcf_ematch_ops; /** * struct tcf_ematch - extended match (ematch) * * @matchid: identifier to allow userspace to reidentify a match * @flags: flags specifying attributes and the relation to other matches * @ops: the operations lookup table of the corresponding ematch module * @datalen: length of the ematch specific configuration data * @data: ematch specific data */ struct tcf_ematch { struct tcf_ematch_ops * ops; unsigned long data; unsigned int datalen; u16 matchid; u16 flags; struct net *net; }; static inline int tcf_em_is_container(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return !em->ops; } static inline int tcf_em_is_simple(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return em->flags & TCF_EM_SIMPLE; } static inline int tcf_em_is_inverted(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return em->flags & TCF_EM_INVERT; } static inline int tcf_em_last_match(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return (em->flags & TCF_EM_REL_MASK) == TCF_EM_REL_END; } static inline int tcf_em_early_end(struct tcf_ematch *em, int result) { if (tcf_em_last_match(em)) return 1; if (result == 0 && em->flags & TCF_EM_REL_AND) return 1; if (result != 0 && em->flags & TCF_EM_REL_OR) return 1; return 0; } /** * struct tcf_ematch_tree - ematch tree handle * * @hdr: ematch tree header supplied by userspace * @matches: array of ematches */ struct tcf_ematch_tree { struct tcf_ematch_tree_hdr hdr; struct tcf_ematch * matches; }; /** * struct tcf_ematch_ops - ematch module operations * * @kind: identifier (kind) of this ematch module * @datalen: length of expected configuration data (optional) * @change: called during validation (optional) * @match: called during ematch tree evaluation, must return 1/0 * @destroy: called during destroyage (optional) * @dump: called during dumping process (optional) * @owner: owner, must be set to THIS_MODULE * @link: link to previous/next ematch module (internal use) */ struct tcf_ematch_ops { int kind; int datalen; int (*change)(struct net *net, void *, int, struct tcf_ematch *); int (*match)(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch *, struct tcf_pkt_info *); void (*destroy)(struct tcf_ematch *); int (*dump)(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch *); struct module *owner; struct list_head link; }; int tcf_em_register(struct tcf_ematch_ops *); void tcf_em_unregister(struct tcf_ematch_ops *); int tcf_em_tree_validate(struct tcf_proto *, struct nlattr *, struct tcf_ematch_tree *); void tcf_em_tree_destroy(struct tcf_ematch_tree *); int tcf_em_tree_dump(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch_tree *, int); int __tcf_em_tree_match(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch_tree *, struct tcf_pkt_info *); /** * tcf_em_tree_match - evaulate an ematch tree * * @skb: socket buffer of the packet in question * @tree: ematch tree to be used for evaluation * @info: packet information examined by classifier * * This function matches @skb against the ematch tree in @tree by going * through all ematches respecting their logic relations returning * as soon as the result is obvious. * * Returns 1 if the ematch tree as-one matches, no ematches are configured * or ematch is not enabled in the kernel, otherwise 0 is returned. */ static inline int tcf_em_tree_match(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_ematch_tree *tree, struct tcf_pkt_info *info) { if (tree->hdr.nmatches) return __tcf_em_tree_match(skb, tree, info); else return 1; } #define MODULE_ALIAS_TCF_EMATCH(kind) MODULE_ALIAS("ematch-kind-" __stringify(kind)) #else /* CONFIG_NET_EMATCH */ struct tcf_ematch_tree { }; #define tcf_em_tree_validate(tp, tb, t) ((void)(t), 0) #define tcf_em_tree_destroy(t) do { (void)(t); } while(0) #define tcf_em_tree_dump(skb, t, tlv) (0) #define tcf_em_tree_match(skb, t, info) ((void)(info), 1) #endif /* CONFIG_NET_EMATCH */ static inline unsigned char * tcf_get_base_ptr(struct sk_buff *skb, int layer) { switch (layer) { case TCF_LAYER_LINK: return skb_mac_header(skb); case TCF_LAYER_NETWORK: return skb_network_header(skb); case TCF_LAYER_TRANSPORT: return skb_transport_header(skb); } return NULL; } static inline int tcf_valid_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb, const unsigned char *ptr, const int len) { return likely((ptr + len) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb) && ptr >= skb->head && (ptr <= (ptr + len))); } static inline int tcf_change_indev(struct net *net, struct nlattr *indev_tlv, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { char indev[IFNAMSIZ]; struct net_device *dev; if (nla_strlcpy(indev, indev_tlv, IFNAMSIZ) >= IFNAMSIZ) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, indev_tlv, "Interface name too long"); return -EINVAL; } dev = __dev_get_by_name(net, indev); if (!dev) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, indev_tlv, "Network device not found"); return -ENODEV; } return dev->ifindex; } static inline bool tcf_match_indev(struct sk_buff *skb, int ifindex) { if (!ifindex) return true; if (!skb->skb_iif) return false; return ifindex == skb->skb_iif; } int tc_setup_flow_action(struct flow_action *flow_action, const struct tcf_exts *exts); void tc_cleanup_flow_action(struct flow_action *flow_action); int tc_setup_cb_call(struct tcf_block *block, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_add(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, u32 *flags, unsigned int *in_hw_count, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_replace(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, u32 *old_flags, unsigned int *old_in_hw_count, u32 *new_flags, unsigned int *new_in_hw_count, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_destroy(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, u32 *flags, unsigned int *in_hw_count, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_reoffload(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, bool add, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, void *cb_priv, u32 *flags, unsigned int *in_hw_count); unsigned int tcf_exts_num_actions(struct tcf_exts *exts); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT int tcf_qevent_init(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, enum flow_block_binder_type binder_type, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void tcf_qevent_destroy(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch); int tcf_qevent_validate_change(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); struct sk_buff *tcf_qevent_handle(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free, int *ret); int tcf_qevent_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, int attr_name, struct tcf_qevent *qe); #else static inline int tcf_qevent_init(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, enum flow_block_binder_type binder_type, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline void tcf_qevent_destroy(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch) { } static inline int tcf_qevent_validate_change(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline struct sk_buff * tcf_qevent_handle(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free, int *ret) { return skb; } static inline int tcf_qevent_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, int attr_name, struct tcf_qevent *qe) { return 0; } #endif struct tc_cls_u32_knode { struct tcf_exts *exts; struct tcf_result *res; struct tc_u32_sel *sel; u32 handle; u32 val; u32 mask; u32 link_handle; u8 fshift; }; struct tc_cls_u32_hnode { u32 handle; u32 prio; unsigned int divisor; }; enum tc_clsu32_command { TC_CLSU32_NEW_KNODE, TC_CLSU32_REPLACE_KNODE, TC_CLSU32_DELETE_KNODE, TC_CLSU32_NEW_HNODE, TC_CLSU32_REPLACE_HNODE, TC_CLSU32_DELETE_HNODE, }; struct tc_cls_u32_offload { struct flow_cls_common_offload common; /* knode values */ enum tc_clsu32_command command; union { struct tc_cls_u32_knode knode; struct tc_cls_u32_hnode hnode; }; }; static inline bool tc_can_offload(const struct net_device *dev) { return dev->features & NETIF_F_HW_TC; } static inline bool tc_can_offload_extack(const struct net_device *dev, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { bool can = tc_can_offload(dev); if (!can) NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "TC offload is disabled on net device"); return can; } static inline bool tc_cls_can_offload_and_chain0(const struct net_device *dev, struct flow_cls_common_offload *common) { if (!tc_can_offload_extack(dev, common->extack)) return false; if (common->chain_index) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(common->extack, "Driver supports only offload of chain 0"); return false; } return true; } static inline bool tc_skip_hw(u32 flags) { return (flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW) ? true : false; } static inline bool tc_skip_sw(u32 flags) { return (flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW) ? true : false; } /* SKIP_HW and SKIP_SW are mutually exclusive flags. */ static inline bool tc_flags_valid(u32 flags) { if (flags & ~(TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_VERBOSE)) return false; flags &= TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW; if (!(flags ^ (TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW))) return false; return true; } static inline bool tc_in_hw(u32 flags) { return (flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_IN_HW) ? true : false; } static inline void tc_cls_common_offload_init(struct flow_cls_common_offload *cls_common, const struct tcf_proto *tp, u32 flags, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { cls_common->chain_index = tp->chain->index; cls_common->protocol = tp->protocol; cls_common->prio = tp->prio >> 16; if (tc_skip_sw(flags) || flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_VERBOSE) cls_common->extack = extack; } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) static inline struct tc_skb_ext *tc_skb_ext_alloc(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct tc_skb_ext *tc_skb_ext = skb_ext_add(skb, TC_SKB_EXT); if (tc_skb_ext) memset(tc_skb_ext, 0, sizeof(*tc_skb_ext)); return tc_skb_ext; } #endif enum tc_matchall_command { TC_CLSMATCHALL_REPLACE, TC_CLSMATCHALL_DESTROY, TC_CLSMATCHALL_STATS, }; struct tc_cls_matchall_offload { struct flow_cls_common_offload common; enum tc_matchall_command command; struct flow_rule *rule; struct flow_stats stats; unsigned long cookie; }; enum tc_clsbpf_command { TC_CLSBPF_OFFLOAD, TC_CLSBPF_STATS, }; struct tc_cls_bpf_offload { struct flow_cls_common_offload common; enum tc_clsbpf_command command; struct tcf_exts *exts; struct bpf_prog *prog; struct bpf_prog *oldprog; const char *name; bool exts_integrated; }; struct tc_mqprio_qopt_offload { /* struct tc_mqprio_qopt must always be the first element */ struct tc_mqprio_qopt qopt; u16 mode; u16 shaper; u32 flags; u64 min_rate[TC_QOPT_MAX_QUEUE]; u64 max_rate[TC_QOPT_MAX_QUEUE]; }; /* This structure holds cookie structure that is passed from user * to the kernel for actions and classifiers */ struct tc_cookie { u8 *data; u32 len; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats { struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; enum tc_mq_command { TC_MQ_CREATE, TC_MQ_DESTROY, TC_MQ_STATS, TC_MQ_GRAFT, }; struct tc_mq_opt_offload_graft_params { unsigned long queue; u32 child_handle; }; struct tc_mq_qopt_offload { enum tc_mq_command command; u32 handle; union { struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct tc_mq_opt_offload_graft_params graft_params; }; }; enum tc_red_command { TC_RED_REPLACE, TC_RED_DESTROY, TC_RED_STATS, TC_RED_XSTATS, TC_RED_GRAFT, }; struct tc_red_qopt_offload_params { u32 min; u32 max; u32 probability; u32 limit; bool is_ecn; bool is_harddrop; bool is_nodrop; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_red_qopt_offload { enum tc_red_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_red_qopt_offload_params set; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct red_stats *xstats; u32 child_handle; }; }; enum tc_gred_command { TC_GRED_REPLACE, TC_GRED_DESTROY, TC_GRED_STATS, }; struct tc_gred_vq_qopt_offload_params { bool present; u32 limit; u32 prio; u32 min; u32 max; bool is_ecn; bool is_harddrop; u32 probability; /* Only need backlog, see struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_params */ u32 *backlog; }; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_params { bool grio_on; bool wred_on; unsigned int dp_cnt; unsigned int dp_def; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; struct tc_gred_vq_qopt_offload_params tab[MAX_DPs]; }; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_stats { struct gnet_stats_basic_packed bstats[MAX_DPs]; struct gnet_stats_queue qstats[MAX_DPs]; struct red_stats *xstats[MAX_DPs]; }; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload { enum tc_gred_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_params set; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_stats stats; }; }; enum tc_prio_command { TC_PRIO_REPLACE, TC_PRIO_DESTROY, TC_PRIO_STATS, TC_PRIO_GRAFT, }; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_params { int bands; u8 priomap[TC_PRIO_MAX + 1]; /* At the point of un-offloading the Qdisc, the reported backlog and * qlen need to be reduced by the portion that is in HW. */ struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_graft_params { u8 band; u32 child_handle; }; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload { enum tc_prio_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_params replace_params; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_graft_params graft_params; }; }; enum tc_root_command { TC_ROOT_GRAFT, }; struct tc_root_qopt_offload { enum tc_root_command command; u32 handle; bool ingress; }; enum tc_ets_command { TC_ETS_REPLACE, TC_ETS_DESTROY, TC_ETS_STATS, TC_ETS_GRAFT, }; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_replace_params { unsigned int bands; u8 priomap[TC_PRIO_MAX + 1]; unsigned int quanta[TCQ_ETS_MAX_BANDS]; /* 0 for strict bands. */ unsigned int weights[TCQ_ETS_MAX_BANDS]; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_graft_params { u8 band; u32 child_handle; }; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload { enum tc_ets_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_replace_params replace_params; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_graft_params graft_params; }; }; enum tc_tbf_command { TC_TBF_REPLACE, TC_TBF_DESTROY, TC_TBF_STATS, }; struct tc_tbf_qopt_offload_replace_params { struct psched_ratecfg rate; u32 max_size; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_tbf_qopt_offload { enum tc_tbf_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_tbf_qopt_offload_replace_params replace_params; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; }; }; enum tc_fifo_command { TC_FIFO_REPLACE, TC_FIFO_DESTROY, TC_FIFO_STATS, }; struct tc_fifo_qopt_offload { enum tc_fifo_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; }; }; #endif
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3985 3986 3987 3988 3989 3990 3991 3992 3993 3994 3995 3996 3997 3998 3999 4000 4001 4002 4003 4004 4005 4006 4007 4008 4009 4010 4011 4012 4013 4014 4015 4016 4017 4018 4019 4020 4021 4022 4023 4024 4025 4026 4027 4028 4029 4030 4031 4032 4033 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058 4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 4132 4133 4134 4135 4136 4137 4138 4139 4140 4141 4142 4143 4144 4145 4146 4147 4148 4149 4150 4151 4152 4153 4154 4155 4156 4157 4158 4159 4160 4161 4162 4163 4164 4165 4166 4167 4168 4169 4170 4171 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/namei.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/fs/minix/namei.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * * Big-endian to little-endian byte-swapping/bitmaps by * David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu), 1995 * Directory entry file type support and forward compatibility hooks * for B-tree directories by Theodore Ts'o (tytso@mit.edu), 1998 * Hash Tree Directory indexing (c) * Daniel Phillips, 2001 * Hash Tree Directory indexing porting * Christopher Li, 2002 * Hash Tree Directory indexing cleanup * Theodore Ts'o, 2002 */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/bio.h> #include <linux/iversion.h> #include <linux/unicode.h> #include "ext4.h" #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /* * define how far ahead to read directories while searching them. */ #define NAMEI_RA_CHUNKS 2 #define NAMEI_RA_BLOCKS 4 #define NAMEI_RA_SIZE (NAMEI_RA_CHUNKS * NAMEI_RA_BLOCKS) static struct buffer_head *ext4_append(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t *block) { struct buffer_head *bh; int err; if (unlikely(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_max_dir_size_kb && ((inode->i_size >> 10) >= EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_max_dir_size_kb))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); *block = inode->i_size >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; bh = ext4_bread(handle, inode, *block, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return bh; inode->i_size += inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size; BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) { brelse(bh); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return ERR_PTR(err); } return bh; } static int ext4_dx_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent); /* * Hints to ext4_read_dirblock regarding whether we expect a directory * block being read to be an index block, or a block containing * directory entries (and if the latter, whether it was found via a * logical block in an htree index block). This is used to control * what sort of sanity checkinig ext4_read_dirblock() will do on the * directory block read from the storage device. EITHER will means * the caller doesn't know what kind of directory block will be read, * so no specific verification will be done. */ typedef enum { EITHER, INDEX, DIRENT, DIRENT_HTREE } dirblock_type_t; #define ext4_read_dirblock(inode, block, type) \ __ext4_read_dirblock((inode), (block), (type), __func__, __LINE__) static struct buffer_head *__ext4_read_dirblock(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, dirblock_type_t type, const char *func, unsigned int line) { struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent; int is_dx_block = 0; if (ext4_simulate_fail(inode->i_sb, EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_EIO)) bh = ERR_PTR(-EIO); else bh = ext4_bread(NULL, inode, block, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { __ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, func, line, "inode #%lu: lblock %lu: comm %s: " "error %ld reading directory block", inode->i_ino, (unsigned long)block, current->comm, PTR_ERR(bh)); return bh; } if (!bh && (type == INDEX || type == DIRENT_HTREE)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, "Directory hole found for htree %s block", (type == INDEX) ? "index" : "leaf"); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (!bh) return NULL; dirent = (struct ext4_dir_entry *) bh->b_data; /* Determine whether or not we have an index block */ if (is_dx(inode)) { if (block == 0) is_dx_block = 1; else if (ext4_rec_len_from_disk(dirent->rec_len, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize) == inode->i_sb->s_blocksize) is_dx_block = 1; } if (!is_dx_block && type == INDEX) { ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, "directory leaf block found instead of index block"); brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb) || buffer_verified(bh)) return bh; /* * An empty leaf block can get mistaken for a index block; for * this reason, we can only check the index checksum when the * caller is sure it should be an index block. */ if (is_dx_block && type == INDEX) { if (ext4_dx_csum_verify(inode, dirent) && !ext4_simulate_fail(inode->i_sb, EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_CRC)) set_buffer_verified(bh); else { ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, EFSBADCRC, "Directory index failed checksum"); brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(-EFSBADCRC); } } if (!is_dx_block) { if (ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(inode, bh) && !ext4_simulate_fail(inode->i_sb, EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_CRC)) set_buffer_verified(bh); else { ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, EFSBADCRC, "Directory block failed checksum"); brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(-EFSBADCRC); } } return bh; } #ifndef assert #define assert(test) J_ASSERT(test) #endif #ifdef DX_DEBUG #define dxtrace(command) command #else #define dxtrace(command) #endif struct fake_dirent { __le32 inode; __le16 rec_len; u8 name_len; u8 file_type; }; struct dx_countlimit { __le16 limit; __le16 count; }; struct dx_entry { __le32 hash; __le32 block; }; /* * dx_root_info is laid out so that if it should somehow get overlaid by a * dirent the two low bits of the hash version will be zero. Therefore, the * hash version mod 4 should never be 0. Sincerely, the paranoia department. */ struct dx_root { struct fake_dirent dot; char dot_name[4]; struct fake_dirent dotdot; char dotdot_name[4]; struct dx_root_info { __le32 reserved_zero; u8 hash_version; u8 info_length; /* 8 */ u8 indirect_levels; u8 unused_flags; } info; struct dx_entry entries[]; }; struct dx_node { struct fake_dirent fake; struct dx_entry entries[]; }; struct dx_frame { struct buffer_head *bh; struct dx_entry *entries; struct dx_entry *at; }; struct dx_map_entry { u32 hash; u16 offs; u16 size; }; /* * This goes at the end of each htree block. */ struct dx_tail { u32 dt_reserved; __le32 dt_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+dirblock) */ }; static inline ext4_lblk_t dx_get_block(struct dx_entry *entry); static void dx_set_block(struct dx_entry *entry, ext4_lblk_t value); static inline unsigned dx_get_hash(struct dx_entry *entry); static void dx_set_hash(struct dx_entry *entry, unsigned value); static unsigned dx_get_count(struct dx_entry *entries); static unsigned dx_get_limit(struct dx_entry *entries); static void dx_set_count(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value); static void dx_set_limit(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value); static unsigned dx_root_limit(struct inode *dir, unsigned infosize); static unsigned dx_node_limit(struct inode *dir); static struct dx_frame *dx_probe(struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_frame *frame); static void dx_release(struct dx_frame *frames); static int dx_make_map(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, unsigned blocksize, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_map_entry map[]); static void dx_sort_map(struct dx_map_entry *map, unsigned count); static struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *dx_move_dirents(char *from, char *to, struct dx_map_entry *offsets, int count, unsigned blocksize); static struct ext4_dir_entry_2* dx_pack_dirents(char *base, unsigned blocksize); static void dx_insert_block(struct dx_frame *frame, u32 hash, ext4_lblk_t block); static int ext4_htree_next_block(struct inode *dir, __u32 hash, struct dx_frame *frame, struct dx_frame *frames, __u32 *start_hash); static struct buffer_head * ext4_dx_find_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir); static int ext4_dx_add_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); /* checksumming functions */ void ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned int blocksize) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t = EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(bh->b_data, blocksize); memset(t, 0, sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail)); t->det_rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk( sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail), blocksize); t->det_reserved_ft = EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM; } /* Walk through a dirent block to find a checksum "dirent" at the tail */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *get_dirent_tail(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t; #ifdef PARANOID struct ext4_dir_entry *d, *top; d = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)bh->b_data; top = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)(bh->b_data + (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail))); while (d < top && d->rec_len) d = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)(((void *)d) + le16_to_cpu(d->rec_len)); if (d != top) return NULL; t = (struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *)d; #else t = EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(bh->b_data, EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb)); #endif if (t->det_reserved_zero1 || le16_to_cpu(t->det_rec_len) != sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail) || t->det_reserved_zero2 || t->det_reserved_ft != EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM) return NULL; return t; } static __le32 ext4_dirblock_csum(struct inode *inode, void *dirent, int size) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); __u32 csum; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)dirent, size); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } #define warn_no_space_for_csum(inode) \ __warn_no_space_for_csum((inode), __func__, __LINE__) static void __warn_no_space_for_csum(struct inode *inode, const char *func, unsigned int line) { __ext4_warning_inode(inode, func, line, "No space for directory leaf checksum. Please run e2fsck -D."); } int ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; t = get_dirent_tail(inode, bh); if (!t) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return 0; } if (t->det_checksum != ext4_dirblock_csum(inode, bh->b_data, (char *)t - bh->b_data)) return 0; return 1; } static void ext4_dirblock_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; t = get_dirent_tail(inode, bh); if (!t) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return; } t->det_checksum = ext4_dirblock_csum(inode, bh->b_data, (char *)t - bh->b_data); } int ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { ext4_dirblock_csum_set(inode, bh); return ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); } static struct dx_countlimit *get_dx_countlimit(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent, int *offset) { struct ext4_dir_entry *dp; struct dx_root_info *root; int count_offset; if (le16_to_cpu(dirent->rec_len) == EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb)) count_offset = 8; else if (le16_to_cpu(dirent->rec_len) == 12) { dp = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)(((void *)dirent) + 12); if (le16_to_cpu(dp->rec_len) != EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - 12) return NULL; root = (struct dx_root_info *)(((void *)dp + 12)); if (root->reserved_zero || root->info_length != sizeof(struct dx_root_info)) return NULL; count_offset = 32; } else return NULL; if (offset) *offset = count_offset; return (struct dx_countlimit *)(((void *)dirent) + count_offset); } static __le32 ext4_dx_csum(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent, int count_offset, int count, struct dx_tail *t) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); __u32 csum; int size; __u32 dummy_csum = 0; int offset = offsetof(struct dx_tail, dt_checksum); size = count_offset + (count * sizeof(struct dx_entry)); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)dirent, size); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)t, offset); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&dummy_csum, sizeof(dummy_csum)); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } static int ext4_dx_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent) { struct dx_countlimit *c; struct dx_tail *t; int count_offset, limit, count; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; c = get_dx_countlimit(inode, dirent, &count_offset); if (!c) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "dir seems corrupt? Run e2fsck -D."); return 0; } limit = le16_to_cpu(c->limit); count = le16_to_cpu(c->count); if (count_offset + (limit * sizeof(struct dx_entry)) > EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - sizeof(struct dx_tail)) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return 0; } t = (struct dx_tail *)(((struct dx_entry *)c) + limit); if (t->dt_checksum != ext4_dx_csum(inode, dirent, count_offset, count, t)) return 0; return 1; } static void ext4_dx_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent) { struct dx_countlimit *c; struct dx_tail *t; int count_offset, limit, count; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; c = get_dx_countlimit(inode, dirent, &count_offset); if (!c) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "dir seems corrupt? Run e2fsck -D."); return; } limit = le16_to_cpu(c->limit); count = le16_to_cpu(c->count); if (count_offset + (limit * sizeof(struct dx_entry)) > EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - sizeof(struct dx_tail)) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return; } t = (struct dx_tail *)(((struct dx_entry *)c) + limit); t->dt_checksum = ext4_dx_csum(inode, dirent, count_offset, count, t); } static inline int ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { ext4_dx_csum_set(inode, (struct ext4_dir_entry *)bh->b_data); return ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); } /* * p is at least 6 bytes before the end of page */ static inline struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * ext4_next_entry(struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *p, unsigned long blocksize) { return (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)p + ext4_rec_len_from_disk(p->rec_len, blocksize)); } /* * Future: use high four bits of block for coalesce-on-delete flags * Mask them off for now. */ static inline ext4_lblk_t dx_get_block(struct dx_entry *entry) { return le32_to_cpu(entry->block) & 0x0fffffff; } static inline void dx_set_block(struct dx_entry *entry, ext4_lblk_t value) { entry->block = cpu_to_le32(value); } static inline unsigned dx_get_hash(struct dx_entry *entry) { return le32_to_cpu(entry->hash); } static inline void dx_set_hash(struct dx_entry *entry, unsigned value) { entry->hash = cpu_to_le32(value); } static inline unsigned dx_get_count(struct dx_entry *entries) { return le16_to_cpu(((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->count); } static inline unsigned dx_get_limit(struct dx_entry *entries) { return le16_to_cpu(((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->limit); } static inline void dx_set_count(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value) { ((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->count = cpu_to_le16(value); } static inline void dx_set_limit(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value) { ((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->limit = cpu_to_le16(value); } static inline unsigned dx_root_limit(struct inode *dir, unsigned infosize) { unsigned entry_space = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(1) - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(2) - infosize; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) entry_space -= sizeof(struct dx_tail); return entry_space / sizeof(struct dx_entry); } static inline unsigned dx_node_limit(struct inode *dir) { unsigned entry_space = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(0); if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) entry_space -= sizeof(struct dx_tail); return entry_space / sizeof(struct dx_entry); } /* * Debug */ #ifdef DX_DEBUG static void dx_show_index(char * label, struct dx_entry *entries) { int i, n = dx_get_count (entries); printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s index", label); for (i = 0; i < n; i++) { printk(KERN_CONT " %x->%lu", i ? dx_get_hash(entries + i) : 0, (unsigned long)dx_get_block(entries + i)); } printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); } struct stats { unsigned names; unsigned space; unsigned bcount; }; static struct stats dx_show_leaf(struct inode *dir, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int size, int show_names) { unsigned names = 0, space = 0; char *base = (char *) de; struct dx_hash_info h = *hinfo; printk("names: "); while ((char *) de < base + size) { if (de->inode) { if (show_names) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION int len; char *name; struct fscrypt_str fname_crypto_str = FSTR_INIT(NULL, 0); int res = 0; name = de->name; len = de->name_len; if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) res = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(dir); if (res) { printk(KERN_WARNING "Error setting up" " fname crypto: %d\n", res); } if (!fscrypt_has_encryption_key(dir)) { /* Directory is not encrypted */ ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); printk("%*.s:(U)%x.%u ", len, name, h.hash, (unsigned) ((char *) de - base)); } else { struct fscrypt_str de_name = FSTR_INIT(name, len); /* Directory is encrypted */ res = fscrypt_fname_alloc_buffer( len, &fname_crypto_str); if (res) printk(KERN_WARNING "Error " "allocating crypto " "buffer--skipping " "crypto\n"); res = fscrypt_fname_disk_to_usr(dir, 0, 0, &de_name, &fname_crypto_str); if (res) { printk(KERN_WARNING "Error " "converting filename " "from disk to usr" "\n"); name = "??"; len = 2; } else { name = fname_crypto_str.name; len = fname_crypto_str.len; } ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); printk("%*.s:(E)%x.%u ", len, name, h.hash, (unsigned) ((char *) de - base)); fscrypt_fname_free_buffer( &fname_crypto_str); } #else int len = de->name_len; char *name = de->name; ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); printk("%*.s:%x.%u ", len, name, h.hash, (unsigned) ((char *) de - base)); #endif } space += EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); names++; } de = ext4_next_entry(de, size); } printk(KERN_CONT "(%i)\n", names); return (struct stats) { names, space, 1 }; } struct stats dx_show_entries(struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct inode *dir, struct dx_entry *entries, int levels) { unsigned blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; unsigned count = dx_get_count(entries), names = 0, space = 0, i; unsigned bcount = 0; struct buffer_head *bh; printk("%i indexed blocks...\n", count); for (i = 0; i < count; i++, entries++) { ext4_lblk_t block = dx_get_block(entries); ext4_lblk_t hash = i ? dx_get_hash(entries): 0; u32 range = i < count - 1? (dx_get_hash(entries + 1) - hash): ~hash; struct stats stats; printk("%s%3u:%03u hash %8x/%8x ",levels?"":" ", i, block, hash, range); bh = ext4_bread(NULL,dir, block, 0); if (!bh || IS_ERR(bh)) continue; stats = levels? dx_show_entries(hinfo, dir, ((struct dx_node *) bh->b_data)->entries, levels - 1): dx_show_leaf(dir, hinfo, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data, blocksize, 0); names += stats.names; space += stats.space; bcount += stats.bcount; brelse(bh); } if (bcount) printk(KERN_DEBUG "%snames %u, fullness %u (%u%%)\n", levels ? "" : " ", names, space/bcount, (space/bcount)*100/blocksize); return (struct stats) { names, space, bcount}; } #endif /* DX_DEBUG */ /* * Probe for a directory leaf block to search. * * dx_probe can return ERR_BAD_DX_DIR, which means there was a format * error in the directory index, and the caller should fall back to * searching the directory normally. The callers of dx_probe **MUST** * check for this error code, and make sure it never gets reflected * back to userspace. */ static struct dx_frame * dx_probe(struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_frame *frame_in) { unsigned count, indirect; struct dx_entry *at, *entries, *p, *q, *m; struct dx_root *root; struct dx_frame *frame = frame_in; struct dx_frame *ret_err = ERR_PTR(ERR_BAD_DX_DIR); u32 hash; memset(frame_in, 0, EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL * sizeof(frame_in[0])); frame->bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, 0, INDEX); if (IS_ERR(frame->bh)) return (struct dx_frame *) frame->bh; root = (struct dx_root *) frame->bh->b_data; if (root->info.hash_version != DX_HASH_TEA && root->info.hash_version != DX_HASH_HALF_MD4 && root->info.hash_version != DX_HASH_LEGACY) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "Unrecognised inode hash code %u", root->info.hash_version); goto fail; } if (fname) hinfo = &fname->hinfo; hinfo->hash_version = root->info.hash_version; if (hinfo->hash_version <= DX_HASH_TEA) hinfo->hash_version += EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_unsigned; hinfo->seed = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_seed; if (fname && fname_name(fname)) ext4fs_dirhash(dir, fname_name(fname), fname_len(fname), hinfo); hash = hinfo->hash; if (root->info.unused_flags & 1) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "Unimplemented hash flags: %#06x", root->info.unused_flags); goto fail; } indirect = root->info.indirect_levels; if (indirect >= ext4_dir_htree_level(dir->i_sb)) { ext4_warning(dir->i_sb, "Directory (ino: %lu) htree depth %#06x exceed" "supported value", dir->i_ino, ext4_dir_htree_level(dir->i_sb)); if (ext4_dir_htree_level(dir->i_sb) < EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL) { ext4_warning(dir->i_sb, "Enable large directory " "feature to access it"); } goto fail; } entries = (struct dx_entry *)(((char *)&root->info) + root->info.info_length); if (dx_get_limit(entries) != dx_root_limit(dir, root->info.info_length)) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "dx entry: limit %u != root limit %u", dx_get_limit(entries), dx_root_limit(dir, root->info.info_length)); goto fail; } dxtrace(printk("Look up %x", hash)); while (1) { count = dx_get_count(entries); if (!count || count > dx_get_limit(entries)) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "dx entry: count %u beyond limit %u", count, dx_get_limit(entries)); goto fail; } p = entries + 1; q = entries + count - 1; while (p <= q) { m = p + (q - p) / 2; dxtrace(printk(KERN_CONT ".")); if (dx_get_hash(m) > hash) q = m - 1; else p = m + 1; } if (0) { // linear search cross check unsigned n = count - 1; at = entries; while (n--) { dxtrace(printk(KERN_CONT ",")); if (dx_get_hash(++at) > hash) { at--; break; } } assert (at == p - 1); } at = p - 1; dxtrace(printk(KERN_CONT " %x->%u\n", at == entries ? 0 : dx_get_hash(at), dx_get_block(at))); frame->entries = entries; frame->at = at; if (!indirect--) return frame; frame++; frame->bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, dx_get_block(at), INDEX); if (IS_ERR(frame->bh)) { ret_err = (struct dx_frame *) frame->bh; frame->bh = NULL; goto fail; } entries = ((struct dx_node *) frame->bh->b_data)->entries; if (dx_get_limit(entries) != dx_node_limit(dir)) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "dx entry: limit %u != node limit %u", dx_get_limit(entries), dx_node_limit(dir)); goto fail; } } fail: while (frame >= frame_in) { brelse(frame->bh); frame--; } if (ret_err == ERR_PTR(ERR_BAD_DX_DIR)) ext4_warning_inode(dir, "Corrupt directory, running e2fsck is recommended"); return ret_err; } static void dx_release(struct dx_frame *frames) { struct dx_root_info *info; int i; unsigned int indirect_levels; if (frames[0].bh == NULL) return; info = &((struct dx_root *)frames[0].bh->b_data)->info; /* save local copy, "info" may be freed after brelse() */ indirect_levels = info->indirect_levels; for (i = 0; i <= indirect_levels; i++) { if (frames[i].bh == NULL) break; brelse(frames[i].bh); frames[i].bh = NULL; } } /* * This function increments the frame pointer to search the next leaf * block, and reads in the necessary intervening nodes if the search * should be necessary. Whether or not the search is necessary is * controlled by the hash parameter. If the hash value is even, then * the search is only continued if the next block starts with that * hash value. This is used if we are searching for a specific file. * * If the hash value is HASH_NB_ALWAYS, then always go to the next block. * * This function returns 1 if the caller should continue to search, * or 0 if it should not. If there is an error reading one of the * index blocks, it will a negative error code. * * If start_hash is non-null, it will be filled in with the starting * hash of the next page. */ static int ext4_htree_next_block(struct inode *dir, __u32 hash, struct dx_frame *frame, struct dx_frame *frames, __u32 *start_hash) { struct dx_frame *p; struct buffer_head *bh; int num_frames = 0; __u32 bhash; p = frame; /* * Find the next leaf page by incrementing the frame pointer. * If we run out of entries in the interior node, loop around and * increment pointer in the parent node. When we break out of * this loop, num_frames indicates the number of interior * nodes need to be read. */ while (1) { if (++(p->at) < p->entries + dx_get_count(p->entries)) break; if (p == frames) return 0; num_frames++; p--; } /* * If the hash is 1, then continue only if the next page has a * continuation hash of any value. This is used for readdir * handling. Otherwise, check to see if the hash matches the * desired contiuation hash. If it doesn't, return since * there's no point to read in the successive index pages. */ bhash = dx_get_hash(p->at); if (start_hash) *start_hash = bhash; if ((hash & 1) == 0) { if ((bhash & ~1) != hash) return 0; } /* * If the hash is HASH_NB_ALWAYS, we always go to the next * block so no check is necessary */ while (num_frames--) { bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, dx_get_block(p->at), INDEX); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); p++; brelse(p->bh); p->bh = bh; p->at = p->entries = ((struct dx_node *) bh->b_data)->entries; } return 1; } /* * This function fills a red-black tree with information from a * directory block. It returns the number directory entries loaded * into the tree. If there is an error it is returned in err. */ static int htree_dirblock_to_tree(struct file *dir_file, struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash) { struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, *top; int err = 0, count = 0; struct fscrypt_str fname_crypto_str = FSTR_INIT(NULL, 0), tmp_str; dxtrace(printk(KERN_INFO "In htree dirblock_to_tree: block %lu\n", (unsigned long)block)); bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, block, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data; top = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) ((char *) de + dir->i_sb->s_blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(0)); /* Check if the directory is encrypted */ if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) { err = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(dir); if (err < 0) { brelse(bh); return err; } err = fscrypt_fname_alloc_buffer(EXT4_NAME_LEN, &fname_crypto_str); if (err < 0) { brelse(bh); return err; } } for (; de < top; de = ext4_next_entry(de, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize)) { if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, (block<<EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(dir->i_sb)) + ((char *)de - bh->b_data))) { /* silently ignore the rest of the block */ break; } ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, hinfo); if ((hinfo->hash < start_hash) || ((hinfo->hash == start_hash) && (hinfo->minor_hash < start_minor_hash))) continue; if (de->inode == 0) continue; if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) { tmp_str.name = de->name; tmp_str.len = de->name_len; err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, hinfo->hash, hinfo->minor_hash, de, &tmp_str); } else { int save_len = fname_crypto_str.len; struct fscrypt_str de_name = FSTR_INIT(de->name, de->name_len); /* Directory is encrypted */ err = fscrypt_fname_disk_to_usr(dir, hinfo->hash, hinfo->minor_hash, &de_name, &fname_crypto_str); if (err) { count = err; goto errout; } err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, hinfo->hash, hinfo->minor_hash, de, &fname_crypto_str); fname_crypto_str.len = save_len; } if (err != 0) { count = err; goto errout; } count++; } errout: brelse(bh); fscrypt_fname_free_buffer(&fname_crypto_str); return count; } /* * This function fills a red-black tree with information from a * directory. We start scanning the directory in hash order, starting * at start_hash and start_minor_hash. * * This function returns the number of entries inserted into the tree, * or a negative error code. */ int ext4_htree_fill_tree(struct file *dir_file, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, __u32 *next_hash) { struct dx_hash_info hinfo; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct inode *dir; ext4_lblk_t block; int count = 0; int ret, err; __u32 hashval; struct fscrypt_str tmp_str; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "In htree_fill_tree, start hash: %x:%x\n", start_hash, start_minor_hash)); dir = file_inode(dir_file); if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_INDEX))) { hinfo.hash_version = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_def_hash_version; if (hinfo.hash_version <= DX_HASH_TEA) hinfo.hash_version += EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_unsigned; hinfo.seed = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_seed; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { int has_inline_data = 1; count = ext4_inlinedir_to_tree(dir_file, dir, 0, &hinfo, start_hash, start_minor_hash, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) { *next_hash = ~0; return count; } } count = htree_dirblock_to_tree(dir_file, dir, 0, &hinfo, start_hash, start_minor_hash); *next_hash = ~0; return count; } hinfo.hash = start_hash; hinfo.minor_hash = 0; frame = dx_probe(NULL, dir, &hinfo, frames); if (IS_ERR(frame)) return PTR_ERR(frame); /* Add '.' and '..' from the htree header */ if (!start_hash && !start_minor_hash) { de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) frames[0].bh->b_data; tmp_str.name = de->name; tmp_str.len = de->name_len; err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, 0, 0, de, &tmp_str); if (err != 0) goto errout; count++; } if (start_hash < 2 || (start_hash ==2 && start_minor_hash==0)) { de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) frames[0].bh->b_data; de = ext4_next_entry(de, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize); tmp_str.name = de->name; tmp_str.len = de->name_len; err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, 2, 0, de, &tmp_str); if (err != 0) goto errout; count++; } while (1) { if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { err = -ERESTARTSYS; goto errout; } cond_resched(); block = dx_get_block(frame->at); ret = htree_dirblock_to_tree(dir_file, dir, block, &hinfo, start_hash, start_minor_hash); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto errout; } count += ret; hashval = ~0; ret = ext4_htree_next_block(dir, HASH_NB_ALWAYS, frame, frames, &hashval); *next_hash = hashval; if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto errout; } /* * Stop if: (a) there are no more entries, or * (b) we have inserted at least one entry and the * next hash value is not a continuation */ if ((ret == 0) || (count && ((hashval & 1) == 0))) break; } dx_release(frames); dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Fill tree: returned %d entries, " "next hash: %x\n", count, *next_hash)); return count; errout: dx_release(frames); return (err); } static inline int search_dirblock(struct buffer_head *bh, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { return ext4_search_dir(bh, bh->b_data, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize, dir, fname, offset, res_dir); } /* * Directory block splitting, compacting */ /* * Create map of hash values, offsets, and sizes, stored at end of block. * Returns number of entries mapped. */ static int dx_make_map(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, unsigned blocksize, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_map_entry *map_tail) { int count = 0; char *base = (char *) de; struct dx_hash_info h = *hinfo; while ((char *) de < base + blocksize) { if (de->name_len && de->inode) { ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); map_tail--; map_tail->hash = h.hash; map_tail->offs = ((char *) de - base)>>2; map_tail->size = le16_to_cpu(de->rec_len); count++; cond_resched(); } /* XXX: do we need to check rec_len == 0 case? -Chris */ de = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); } return count; } /* Sort map by hash value */ static void dx_sort_map (struct dx_map_entry *map, unsigned count) { struct dx_map_entry *p, *q, *top = map + count - 1; int more; /* Combsort until bubble sort doesn't suck */ while (count > 2) { count = count*10/13; if (count - 9 < 2) /* 9, 10 -> 11 */ count = 11; for (p = top, q = p - count; q >= map; p--, q--) if (p->hash < q->hash) swap(*p, *q); } /* Garden variety bubble sort */ do { more = 0; q = top; while (q-- > map) { if (q[1].hash >= q[0].hash) continue; swap(*(q+1), *q); more = 1; } } while(more); } static void dx_insert_block(struct dx_frame *frame, u32 hash, ext4_lblk_t block) { struct dx_entry *entries = frame->entries; struct dx_entry *old = frame->at, *new = old + 1; int count = dx_get_count(entries); assert(count < dx_get_limit(entries)); assert(old < entries + count); memmove(new + 1, new, (char *)(entries + count) - (char *)(new)); dx_set_hash(new, hash); dx_set_block(new, block); dx_set_count(entries, count + 1); } #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE /* * Test whether a case-insensitive directory entry matches the filename * being searched for. If quick is set, assume the name being looked up * is already in the casefolded form. * * Returns: 0 if the directory entry matches, more than 0 if it * doesn't match or less than zero on error. */ int ext4_ci_compare(const struct inode *parent, const struct qstr *name, const struct qstr *entry, bool quick) { const struct super_block *sb = parent->i_sb; const struct unicode_map *um = sb->s_encoding; int ret; if (quick) ret = utf8_strncasecmp_folded(um, name, entry); else ret = utf8_strncasecmp(um, name, entry); if (ret < 0) { /* Handle invalid character sequence as either an error * or as an opaque byte sequence. */ if (sb_has_strict_encoding(sb)) return -EINVAL; if (name->len != entry->len) return 1; return !!memcmp(name->name, entry->name, name->len); } return ret; } void ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, struct fscrypt_str *cf_name) { int len; if (!IS_CASEFOLDED(dir) || !dir->i_sb->s_encoding) { cf_name->name = NULL; return; } cf_name->name = kmalloc(EXT4_NAME_LEN, GFP_NOFS); if (!cf_name->name) return; len = utf8_casefold(dir->i_sb->s_encoding, iname, cf_name->name, EXT4_NAME_LEN); if (len <= 0) { kfree(cf_name->name); cf_name->name = NULL; return; } cf_name->len = (unsigned) len; } #endif /* * Test whether a directory entry matches the filename being searched for. * * Return: %true if the directory entry matches, otherwise %false. */ static inline bool ext4_match(const struct inode *parent, const struct ext4_filename *fname, const struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de) { struct fscrypt_name f; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE const struct qstr entry = {.name = de->name, .len = de->name_len}; #endif if (!de->inode) return false; f.usr_fname = fname->usr_fname; f.disk_name = fname->disk_name; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION f.crypto_buf = fname->crypto_buf; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (parent->i_sb->s_encoding && IS_CASEFOLDED(parent)) { if (fname->cf_name.name) { struct qstr cf = {.name = fname->cf_name.name, .len = fname->cf_name.len}; return !ext4_ci_compare(parent, &cf, &entry, true); } return !ext4_ci_compare(parent, fname->usr_fname, &entry, false); } #endif return fscrypt_match_name(&f, de->name, de->name_len); } /* * Returns 0 if not found, -1 on failure, and 1 on success */ int ext4_search_dir(struct buffer_head *bh, char *search_buf, int buf_size, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * de; char * dlimit; int de_len; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)search_buf; dlimit = search_buf + buf_size; while ((char *) de < dlimit) { /* this code is executed quadratically often */ /* do minimal checking `by hand' */ if ((char *) de + de->name_len <= dlimit && ext4_match(dir, fname, de)) { /* found a match - just to be sure, do * a full check */ if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, search_buf, buf_size, offset)) return -1; *res_dir = de; return 1; } /* prevent looping on a bad block */ de_len = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize); if (de_len <= 0) return -1; offset += de_len; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) ((char *) de + de_len); } return 0; } static int is_dx_internal_node(struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct ext4_dir_entry *de) { struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb; if (!is_dx(dir)) return 0; if (block == 0) return 1; if (de->inode == 0 && ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize) == sb->s_blocksize) return 1; return 0; } /* * __ext4_find_entry() * * finds an entry in the specified directory with the wanted name. It * returns the cache buffer in which the entry was found, and the entry * itself (as a parameter - res_dir). It does NOT read the inode of the * entry - you'll have to do that yourself if you want to. * * The returned buffer_head has ->b_count elevated. The caller is expected * to brelse() it when appropriate. */ static struct buffer_head *__ext4_find_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *inlined) { struct super_block *sb; struct buffer_head *bh_use[NAMEI_RA_SIZE]; struct buffer_head *bh, *ret = NULL; ext4_lblk_t start, block; const u8 *name = fname->usr_fname->name; size_t ra_max = 0; /* Number of bh's in the readahead buffer, bh_use[] */ size_t ra_ptr = 0; /* Current index into readahead buffer */ ext4_lblk_t nblocks; int i, namelen, retval; *res_dir = NULL; sb = dir->i_sb; namelen = fname->usr_fname->len; if (namelen > EXT4_NAME_LEN) return NULL; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { int has_inline_data = 1; ret = ext4_find_inline_entry(dir, fname, res_dir, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) { if (inlined) *inlined = 1; goto cleanup_and_exit; } } if ((namelen <= 2) && (name[0] == '.') && (name[1] == '.' || name[1] == '\0')) { /* * "." or ".." will only be in the first block * NFS may look up ".."; "." should be handled by the VFS */ block = start = 0; nblocks = 1; goto restart; } if (is_dx(dir)) { ret = ext4_dx_find_entry(dir, fname, res_dir); /* * On success, or if the error was file not found, * return. Otherwise, fall back to doing a search the * old fashioned way. */ if (!IS_ERR(ret) || PTR_ERR(ret) != ERR_BAD_DX_DIR) goto cleanup_and_exit; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "ext4_find_entry: dx failed, " "falling back\n")); ret = NULL; } nblocks = dir->i_size >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); if (!nblocks) { ret = NULL; goto cleanup_and_exit; } start = EXT4_I(dir)->i_dir_start_lookup; if (start >= nblocks) start = 0; block = start; restart: do { /* * We deal with the read-ahead logic here. */ cond_resched(); if (ra_ptr >= ra_max) { /* Refill the readahead buffer */ ra_ptr = 0; if (block < start) ra_max = start - block; else ra_max = nblocks - block; ra_max = min(ra_max, ARRAY_SIZE(bh_use)); retval = ext4_bread_batch(dir, block, ra_max, false /* wait */, bh_use); if (retval) { ret = ERR_PTR(retval); ra_max = 0; goto cleanup_and_exit; } } if ((bh = bh_use[ra_ptr++]) == NULL) goto next; wait_on_buffer(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE_ERR(dir, EIO, "reading directory lblock %lu", (unsigned long) block); brelse(bh); ret = ERR_PTR(-EIO); goto cleanup_and_exit; } if (!buffer_verified(bh) && !is_dx_internal_node(dir, block, (struct ext4_dir_entry *)bh->b_data) && !ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(dir, bh)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE_ERR(dir, EFSBADCRC, "checksumming directory " "block %lu", (unsigned long)block); brelse(bh); ret = ERR_PTR(-EFSBADCRC); goto cleanup_and_exit; } set_buffer_verified(bh); i = search_dirblock(bh, dir, fname, block << EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb), res_dir); if (i == 1) { EXT4_I(dir)->i_dir_start_lookup = block; ret = bh; goto cleanup_and_exit; } else { brelse(bh); if (i < 0) goto cleanup_and_exit; } next: if (++block >= nblocks) block = 0; } while (block != start); /* * If the directory has grown while we were searching, then * search the last part of the directory before giving up. */ block = nblocks; nblocks = dir->i_size >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); if (block < nblocks) { start = 0; goto restart; } cleanup_and_exit: /* Clean up the read-ahead blocks */ for (; ra_ptr < ra_max; ra_ptr++) brelse(bh_use[ra_ptr]); return ret; } static struct buffer_head *ext4_find_entry(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *inlined) { int err; struct ext4_filename fname; struct buffer_head *bh; err = ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, d_name, 1, &fname); if (err == -ENOENT) return NULL; if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); bh = __ext4_find_entry(dir, &fname, res_dir, inlined); ext4_fname_free_filename(&fname); return bh; } static struct buffer_head *ext4_lookup_entry(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { int err; struct ext4_filename fname; struct buffer_head *bh; err = ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(dir, dentry, &fname); if (err == -ENOENT) return NULL; if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); bh = __ext4_find_entry(dir, &fname, res_dir, NULL); ext4_fname_free_filename(&fname); return bh; } static struct buffer_head * ext4_dx_find_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { struct super_block * sb = dir->i_sb; struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct buffer_head *bh; ext4_lblk_t block; int retval; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION *res_dir = NULL; #endif frame = dx_probe(fname, dir, NULL, frames); if (IS_ERR(frame)) return (struct buffer_head *) frame; do { block = dx_get_block(frame->at); bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, block, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) goto errout; retval = search_dirblock(bh, dir, fname, block << EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb), res_dir); if (retval == 1) goto success; brelse(bh); if (retval == -1) { bh = ERR_PTR(ERR_BAD_DX_DIR); goto errout; } /* Check to see if we should continue to search */ retval = ext4_htree_next_block(dir, fname->hinfo.hash, frame, frames, NULL); if (retval < 0) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "error %d reading directory index block", retval); bh = ERR_PTR(retval); goto errout; } } while (retval == 1); bh = NULL; errout: dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s not found\n", fname->usr_fname->name)); success: dx_release(frames); return bh; } static struct dentry *ext4_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { struct inode *inode; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct buffer_head *bh; if (dentry->d_name.len > EXT4_NAME_LEN) return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); bh = ext4_lookup_entry(dir, dentry, &de); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return ERR_CAST(bh); inode = NULL; if (bh) { __u32 ino = le32_to_cpu(de->inode); brelse(bh); if (!ext4_valid_inum(dir->i_sb, ino)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "bad inode number: %u", ino); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (unlikely(ino == dir->i_ino)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "'%pd' linked to parent dir", dentry); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } inode = ext4_iget(dir->i_sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (inode == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "deleted inode referenced: %u", ino); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (!IS_ERR(inode) && IS_ENCRYPTED(dir) && (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) && !fscrypt_has_permitted_context(dir, inode)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Inconsistent encryption contexts: %lu/%lu", dir->i_ino, inode->i_ino); iput(inode); return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); } } #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (!inode && IS_CASEFOLDED(dir)) { /* Eventually we want to call d_add_ci(dentry, NULL) * for negative dentries in the encoding case as * well. For now, prevent the negative dentry * from being cached. */ return NULL; } #endif return d_splice_alias(inode, dentry); } struct dentry *ext4_get_parent(struct dentry *child) { __u32 ino; static const struct qstr dotdot = QSTR_INIT("..", 2); struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * de; struct buffer_head *bh; bh = ext4_find_entry(d_inode(child), &dotdot, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return ERR_CAST(bh); if (!bh) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); ino = le32_to_cpu(de->inode); brelse(bh); if (!ext4_valid_inum(child->d_sb, ino)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(d_inode(child), "bad parent inode number: %u", ino); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } return d_obtain_alias(ext4_iget(child->d_sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL)); } /* * Move count entries from end of map between two memory locations. * Returns pointer to last entry moved. */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * dx_move_dirents(char *from, char *to, struct dx_map_entry *map, int count, unsigned blocksize) { unsigned rec_len = 0; while (count--) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (from + (map->offs<<2)); rec_len = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); memcpy (to, de, rec_len); ((struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) to)->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(rec_len, blocksize); de->inode = 0; map++; to += rec_len; } return (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (to - rec_len); } /* * Compact each dir entry in the range to the minimal rec_len. * Returns pointer to last entry in range. */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_2* dx_pack_dirents(char *base, unsigned blocksize) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *next, *to, *prev, *de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) base; unsigned rec_len = 0; prev = to = de; while ((char*)de < base + blocksize) { next = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); if (de->inode && de->name_len) { rec_len = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); if (de > to) memmove(to, de, rec_len); to->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(rec_len, blocksize); prev = to; to = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (((char *) to) + rec_len); } de = next; } return prev; } /* * Split a full leaf block to make room for a new dir entry. * Allocate a new block, and move entries so that they are approx. equally full. * Returns pointer to de in block into which the new entry will be inserted. */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *do_split(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head **bh,struct dx_frame *frame, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo) { unsigned blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; unsigned count, continued; struct buffer_head *bh2; ext4_lblk_t newblock; u32 hash2; struct dx_map_entry *map; char *data1 = (*bh)->b_data, *data2; unsigned split, move, size; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de = NULL, *de2; int csum_size = 0; int err = 0, i; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); bh2 = ext4_append(handle, dir, &newblock); if (IS_ERR(bh2)) { brelse(*bh); *bh = NULL; return (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh2; } BUFFER_TRACE(*bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, *bh); if (err) goto journal_error; BUFFER_TRACE(frame->bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; data2 = bh2->b_data; /* create map in the end of data2 block */ map = (struct dx_map_entry *) (data2 + blocksize); count = dx_make_map(dir, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data1, blocksize, hinfo, map); map -= count; dx_sort_map(map, count); /* Ensure that neither split block is over half full */ size = 0; move = 0; for (i = count-1; i >= 0; i--) { /* is more than half of this entry in 2nd half of the block? */ if (size + map[i].size/2 > blocksize/2) break; size += map[i].size; move++; } /* * map index at which we will split * * If the sum of active entries didn't exceed half the block size, just * split it in half by count; each resulting block will have at least * half the space free. */ if (i > 0) split = count - move; else split = count/2; hash2 = map[split].hash; continued = hash2 == map[split - 1].hash; dxtrace(printk(KERN_INFO "Split block %lu at %x, %i/%i\n", (unsigned long)dx_get_block(frame->at), hash2, split, count-split)); /* Fancy dance to stay within two buffers */ de2 = dx_move_dirents(data1, data2, map + split, count - split, blocksize); de = dx_pack_dirents(data1, blocksize); de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(data1 + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de, blocksize); de2->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(data2 + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de2, blocksize); if (csum_size) { ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(*bh, blocksize); ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(bh2, blocksize); } dxtrace(dx_show_leaf(dir, hinfo, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data1, blocksize, 1)); dxtrace(dx_show_leaf(dir, hinfo, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data2, blocksize, 1)); /* Which block gets the new entry? */ if (hinfo->hash >= hash2) { swap(*bh, bh2); de = de2; } dx_insert_block(frame, hash2 + continued, newblock); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh2); if (err) goto journal_error; err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; brelse(bh2); dxtrace(dx_show_index("frame", frame->entries)); return de; journal_error: brelse(*bh); brelse(bh2); *bh = NULL; ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return ERR_PTR(err); } int ext4_find_dest_de(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **dest_de) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; unsigned short reclen = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(fname_len(fname)); int nlen, rlen; unsigned int offset = 0; char *top; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)buf; top = buf + buf_size - reclen; while ((char *) de <= top) { if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, buf, buf_size, offset)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; if (ext4_match(dir, fname, de)) return -EEXIST; nlen = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); rlen = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, buf_size); if ((de->inode ? rlen - nlen : rlen) >= reclen) break; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)de + rlen); offset += rlen; } if ((char *) de > top) return -ENOSPC; *dest_de = de; return 0; } void ext4_insert_dentry(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname) { int nlen, rlen; nlen = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); rlen = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, buf_size); if (de->inode) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de1 = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)de + nlen); de1->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(rlen - nlen, buf_size); de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(nlen, buf_size); de = de1; } de->file_type = EXT4_FT_UNKNOWN; de->inode = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); ext4_set_de_type(inode->i_sb, de, inode->i_mode); de->name_len = fname_len(fname); memcpy(de->name, fname_name(fname), fname_len(fname)); } /* * Add a new entry into a directory (leaf) block. If de is non-NULL, * it points to a directory entry which is guaranteed to be large * enough for new directory entry. If de is NULL, then * add_dirent_to_buf will attempt search the directory block for * space. It will return -ENOSPC if no space is available, and -EIO * and -EEXIST if directory entry already exists. */ static int add_dirent_to_buf(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, struct buffer_head *bh) { unsigned int blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; int csum_size = 0; int err, err2; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); if (!de) { err = ext4_find_dest_de(dir, inode, bh, bh->b_data, blocksize - csum_size, fname, &de); if (err) return err; } BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return err; } /* By now the buffer is marked for journaling */ ext4_insert_dentry(inode, de, blocksize, fname); /* * XXX shouldn't update any times until successful * completion of syscall, but too many callers depend * on this. * * XXX similarly, too many callers depend on * ext4_new_inode() setting the times, but error * recovery deletes the inode, so the worst that can * happen is that the times are slightly out of date * and/or different from the directory change time. */ dir->i_mtime = dir->i_ctime = current_time(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); inode_inc_iversion(dir); err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh); if (err) ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return err ? err : err2; } /* * This converts a one block unindexed directory to a 3 block indexed * directory, and adds the dentry to the indexed directory. */ static int make_indexed_dir(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct buffer_head *bh2; struct dx_root *root; struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct dx_entry *entries; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, *de2; char *data2, *top; unsigned len; int retval; unsigned blocksize; ext4_lblk_t block; struct fake_dirent *fde; int csum_size = 0; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Creating index: inode %lu\n", dir->i_ino)); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); retval = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (retval) { ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, retval); brelse(bh); return retval; } root = (struct dx_root *) bh->b_data; /* The 0th block becomes the root, move the dirents out */ fde = &root->dotdot; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)fde + ext4_rec_len_from_disk(fde->rec_len, blocksize)); if ((char *) de >= (((char *) root) + blocksize)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "invalid rec_len for '..'"); brelse(bh); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } len = ((char *) root) + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de; /* Allocate new block for the 0th block's dirents */ bh2 = ext4_append(handle, dir, &block); if (IS_ERR(bh2)) { brelse(bh); return PTR_ERR(bh2); } ext4_set_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); data2 = bh2->b_data; memcpy(data2, de, len); de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data2; top = data2 + len; while ((char *)(de2 = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize)) < top) de = de2; de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(data2 + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de, blocksize); if (csum_size) ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(bh2, blocksize); /* Initialize the root; the dot dirents already exist */ de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (&root->dotdot); de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(2), blocksize); memset (&root->info, 0, sizeof(root->info)); root->info.info_length = sizeof(root->info); root->info.hash_version = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_def_hash_version; entries = root->entries; dx_set_block(entries, 1); dx_set_count(entries, 1); dx_set_limit(entries, dx_root_limit(dir, sizeof(root->info))); /* Initialize as for dx_probe */ fname->hinfo.hash_version = root->info.hash_version; if (fname->hinfo.hash_version <= DX_HASH_TEA) fname->hinfo.hash_version += EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_unsigned; fname->hinfo.seed = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_seed; ext4fs_dirhash(dir, fname_name(fname), fname_len(fname), &fname->hinfo); memset(frames, 0, sizeof(frames)); frame = frames; frame->entries = entries; frame->at = entries; frame->bh = bh; retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (retval) goto out_frames; retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh2); if (retval) goto out_frames; de = do_split(handle,dir, &bh2, frame, &fname->hinfo); if (IS_ERR(de)) { retval = PTR_ERR(de); goto out_frames; } retval = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, fname, dir, inode, de, bh2); out_frames: /* * Even if the block split failed, we have to properly write * out all the changes we did so far. Otherwise we can end up * with corrupted filesystem. */ if (retval) ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); dx_release(frames); brelse(bh2); return retval; } /* * ext4_add_entry() * * adds a file entry to the specified directory, using the same * semantics as ext4_find_entry(). It returns NULL if it failed. * * NOTE!! The inode part of 'de' is left at 0 - which means you * may not sleep between calling this and putting something into * the entry, as someone else might have used it while you slept. */ static int ext4_add_entry(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { struct inode *dir = d_inode(dentry->d_parent); struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct super_block *sb; struct ext4_filename fname; int retval; int dx_fallback=0; unsigned blocksize; ext4_lblk_t block, blocks; int csum_size = 0; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); sb = dir->i_sb; blocksize = sb->s_blocksize; if (!dentry->d_name.len) return -EINVAL; if (fscrypt_is_nokey_name(dentry)) return -ENOKEY; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (sb_has_strict_encoding(sb) && IS_CASEFOLDED(dir) && sb->s_encoding && utf8_validate(sb->s_encoding, &dentry->d_name)) return -EINVAL; #endif retval = ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, 0, &fname); if (retval) return retval; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { retval = ext4_try_add_inline_entry(handle, &fname, dir, inode); if (retval < 0) goto out; if (retval == 1) { retval = 0; goto out; } } if (is_dx(dir)) { retval = ext4_dx_add_entry(handle, &fname, dir, inode); if (!retval || (retval != ERR_BAD_DX_DIR)) goto out; /* Can we just ignore htree data? */ if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "Directory has corrupted htree index."); retval = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } ext4_clear_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); dx_fallback++; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); if (unlikely(retval)) goto out; } blocks = dir->i_size >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; for (block = 0; block < blocks; block++) { bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, block, DIRENT); if (bh == NULL) { bh = ext4_bread(handle, dir, block, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE); goto add_to_new_block; } if (IS_ERR(bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto out; } retval = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, &fname, dir, inode, NULL, bh); if (retval != -ENOSPC) goto out; if (blocks == 1 && !dx_fallback && ext4_has_feature_dir_index(sb)) { retval = make_indexed_dir(handle, &fname, dir, inode, bh); bh = NULL; /* make_indexed_dir releases bh */ goto out; } brelse(bh); } bh = ext4_append(handle, dir, &block); add_to_new_block: if (IS_ERR(bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto out; } de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data; de->inode = 0; de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(blocksize - csum_size, blocksize); if (csum_size) ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(bh, blocksize); retval = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, &fname, dir, inode, de, bh); out: ext4_fname_free_filename(&fname); brelse(bh); if (retval == 0) ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NEWENTRY); return retval; } /* * Returns 0 for success, or a negative error value */ static int ext4_dx_add_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct dx_entry *entries, *at; struct buffer_head *bh; struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; int restart; int err; again: restart = 0; frame = dx_probe(fname, dir, NULL, frames); if (IS_ERR(frame)) return PTR_ERR(frame); entries = frame->entries; at = frame->at; bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, dx_get_block(frame->at), DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto cleanup; } BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto journal_error; err = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, fname, dir, inode, NULL, bh); if (err != -ENOSPC) goto cleanup; err = 0; /* Block full, should compress but for now just split */ dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "using %u of %u node entries\n", dx_get_count(entries), dx_get_limit(entries))); /* Need to split index? */ if (dx_get_count(entries) == dx_get_limit(entries)) { ext4_lblk_t newblock; int levels = frame - frames + 1; unsigned int icount; int add_level = 1; struct dx_entry *entries2; struct dx_node *node2; struct buffer_head *bh2; while (frame > frames) { if (dx_get_count((frame - 1)->entries) < dx_get_limit((frame - 1)->entries)) { add_level = 0; break; } frame--; /* split higher index block */ at = frame->at; entries = frame->entries; restart = 1; } if (add_level && levels == ext4_dir_htree_level(sb)) { ext4_warning(sb, "Directory (ino: %lu) index full, " "reach max htree level :%d", dir->i_ino, levels); if (ext4_dir_htree_level(sb) < EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL) { ext4_warning(sb, "Large directory feature is " "not enabled on this " "filesystem"); } err = -ENOSPC; goto cleanup; } icount = dx_get_count(entries); bh2 = ext4_append(handle, dir, &newblock); if (IS_ERR(bh2)) { err = PTR_ERR(bh2); goto cleanup; } node2 = (struct dx_node *)(bh2->b_data); entries2 = node2->entries; memset(&node2->fake, 0, sizeof(struct fake_dirent)); node2->fake.rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(sb->s_blocksize, sb->s_blocksize); BUFFER_TRACE(frame->bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; if (!add_level) { unsigned icount1 = icount/2, icount2 = icount - icount1; unsigned hash2 = dx_get_hash(entries + icount1); dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Split index %i/%i\n", icount1, icount2)); BUFFER_TRACE(frame->bh, "get_write_access"); /* index root */ err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, (frame - 1)->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; memcpy((char *) entries2, (char *) (entries + icount1), icount2 * sizeof(struct dx_entry)); dx_set_count(entries, icount1); dx_set_count(entries2, icount2); dx_set_limit(entries2, dx_node_limit(dir)); /* Which index block gets the new entry? */ if (at - entries >= icount1) { frame->at = at = at - entries - icount1 + entries2; frame->entries = entries = entries2; swap(frame->bh, bh2); } dx_insert_block((frame - 1), hash2, newblock); dxtrace(dx_show_index("node", frame->entries)); dxtrace(dx_show_index("node", ((struct dx_node *) bh2->b_data)->entries)); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, bh2); if (err) goto journal_error; brelse (bh2); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, (frame - 1)->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (restart || err) goto journal_error; } else { struct dx_root *dxroot; memcpy((char *) entries2, (char *) entries, icount * sizeof(struct dx_entry)); dx_set_limit(entries2, dx_node_limit(dir)); /* Set up root */ dx_set_count(entries, 1); dx_set_block(entries + 0, newblock); dxroot = (struct dx_root *)frames[0].bh->b_data; dxroot->info.indirect_levels += 1; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Creating %d level index...\n", dxroot->info.indirect_levels)); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, bh2); brelse(bh2); restart = 1; goto journal_error; } } de = do_split(handle, dir, &bh, frame, &fname->hinfo); if (IS_ERR(de)) { err = PTR_ERR(de); goto cleanup; } err = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, fname, dir, inode, de, bh); goto cleanup; journal_error: ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); /* this is a no-op if err == 0 */ cleanup: brelse(bh); dx_release(frames); /* @restart is true means htree-path has been changed, we need to * repeat dx_probe() to find out valid htree-path */ if (restart && err == 0) goto again; return err; } /* * ext4_generic_delete_entry deletes a directory entry by merging it * with the previous entry */ int ext4_generic_delete_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, void *entry_buf, int buf_size, int csum_size) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, *pde; unsigned int blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; int i; i = 0; pde = NULL; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)entry_buf; while (i < buf_size - csum_size) { if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, entry_buf, buf_size, i)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; if (de == de_del) { if (pde) pde->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk( ext4_rec_len_from_disk(pde->rec_len, blocksize) + ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, blocksize), blocksize); else de->inode = 0; inode_inc_iversion(dir); return 0; } i += ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, blocksize); pde = de; de = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); } return -ENOENT; } static int ext4_delete_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh) { int err, csum_size = 0; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { int has_inline_data = 1; err = ext4_delete_inline_entry(handle, dir, de_del, bh, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) return err; } if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (unlikely(err)) goto out; err = ext4_generic_delete_entry(dir, de_del, bh, bh->b_data, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize, csum_size); if (err) goto out; BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh); if (unlikely(err)) goto out; return 0; out: if (err != -ENOENT) ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return err; } /* * Set directory link count to 1 if nlinks > EXT4_LINK_MAX, or if nlinks == 2 * since this indicates that nlinks count was previously 1 to avoid overflowing * the 16-bit i_links_count field on disk. Directories with i_nlink == 1 mean * that subdirectory link counts are not being maintained accurately. * * The caller has already checked for i_nlink overflow in case the DIR_LINK * feature is not enabled and returned -EMLINK. The is_dx() check is a proxy * for checking S_ISDIR(inode) (since the INODE_INDEX feature will not be set * on regular files) and to avoid creating huge/slow non-HTREE directories. */ static void ext4_inc_count(struct inode *inode) { inc_nlink(inode); if (is_dx(inode) && (inode->i_nlink > EXT4_LINK_MAX || inode->i_nlink == 2)) set_nlink(inode, 1); } /* * If a directory had nlink == 1, then we should let it be 1. This indicates * directory has >EXT4_LINK_MAX subdirs. */ static void ext4_dec_count(struct inode *inode) { if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || inode->i_nlink > 2) drop_nlink(inode); } /* * Add non-directory inode to a directory. On success, the inode reference is * consumed by dentry is instantiation. This is also indicated by clearing of * *inodep pointer. On failure, the caller is responsible for dropping the * inode reference in the safe context. */ static int ext4_add_nondir(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode **inodep) { struct inode *dir = d_inode(dentry->d_parent); struct inode *inode = *inodep; int err = ext4_add_entry(handle, dentry, inode); if (!err) { err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); d_instantiate_new(dentry, inode); *inodep = NULL; return err; } drop_nlink(inode); ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); return err; } /* * By the time this is called, we already have created * the directory cache entry for the new file, but it * is so far negative - it has no inode. * * If the create succeeds, we fill in the inode information * with d_instantiate(). */ static int ext4_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, bool excl) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, credits, retries = 0; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; credits = (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3); retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (!IS_ERR(inode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_file_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_file_operations; ext4_set_aops(inode); err = ext4_add_nondir(handle, dentry, &inode); if (!err) ext4_fc_track_create(handle, dentry); } if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(inode)) iput(inode); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } static int ext4_mknod(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, dev_t rdev) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, credits, retries = 0; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; credits = (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3); retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (!IS_ERR(inode)) { init_special_inode(inode, inode->i_mode, rdev); inode->i_op = &ext4_special_inode_operations; err = ext4_add_nondir(handle, dentry, &inode); if (!err) ext4_fc_track_create(handle, dentry); } if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(inode)) iput(inode); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } static int ext4_tmpfile(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, retries = 0; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, NULL, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_INIT_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + 4 + EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (!IS_ERR(inode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_file_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_file_operations; ext4_set_aops(inode); d_tmpfile(dentry, inode); err = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); if (err) goto err_unlock_inode; mark_inode_dirty(inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); } if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; err_unlock_inode: ext4_journal_stop(handle); unlock_new_inode(inode); return err; } struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *ext4_init_dot_dotdot(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int blocksize, int csum_size, unsigned int parent_ino, int dotdot_real_len) { de->inode = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); de->name_len = 1; de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len), blocksize); strcpy(de->name, "."); ext4_set_de_type(inode->i_sb, de, S_IFDIR); de = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); de->inode = cpu_to_le32(parent_ino); de->name_len = 2; if (!dotdot_real_len) de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(blocksize - (csum_size + EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(1)), blocksize); else de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk( EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len), blocksize); strcpy(de->name, ".."); ext4_set_de_type(inode->i_sb, de, S_IFDIR); return ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); } int ext4_init_new_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { struct buffer_head *dir_block = NULL; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; ext4_lblk_t block = 0; unsigned int blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; int csum_size = 0; int err; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA)) { err = ext4_try_create_inline_dir(handle, dir, inode); if (err < 0 && err != -ENOSPC) goto out; if (!err) goto out; } inode->i_size = 0; dir_block = ext4_append(handle, inode, &block); if (IS_ERR(dir_block)) return PTR_ERR(dir_block); de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)dir_block->b_data; ext4_init_dot_dotdot(inode, de, blocksize, csum_size, dir->i_ino, 0); set_nlink(inode, 2); if (csum_size) ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(dir_block, blocksize); BUFFER_TRACE(dir_block, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, inode, dir_block); if (err) goto out; set_buffer_verified(dir_block); out: brelse(dir_block); return err; } static int ext4_mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, err2 = 0, credits, retries = 0; if (EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(dir)) return -EMLINK; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; credits = (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3); retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, S_IFDIR | mode, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (IS_ERR(inode)) goto out_stop; inode->i_op = &ext4_dir_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_dir_operations; err = ext4_init_new_dir(handle, dir, inode); if (err) goto out_clear_inode; err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (!err) err = ext4_add_entry(handle, dentry, inode); if (err) { out_clear_inode: clear_nlink(inode); ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(err2)) err = err2; ext4_journal_stop(handle); iput(inode); goto out_retry; } ext4_inc_count(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); if (err) goto out_clear_inode; d_instantiate_new(dentry, inode); ext4_fc_track_create(handle, dentry); if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); out_stop: if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_retry: if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } /* * routine to check that the specified directory is empty (for rmdir) */ bool ext4_empty_dir(struct inode *inode) { unsigned int offset; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct super_block *sb; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { int has_inline_data = 1; int ret; ret = empty_inline_dir(inode, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) return ret; } sb = inode->i_sb; if (inode->i_size < EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(1) + EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(2)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "invalid size"); return true; } /* The first directory block must not be a hole, * so treat it as DIRENT_HTREE */ bh = ext4_read_dirblock(inode, 0, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return true; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data; if (ext4_check_dir_entry(inode, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, 0) || le32_to_cpu(de->inode) != inode->i_ino || strcmp(".", de->name)) { ext4_warning_inode(inode, "directory missing '.'"); brelse(bh); return true; } offset = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize); de = ext4_next_entry(de, sb->s_blocksize); if (ext4_check_dir_entry(inode, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, offset) || le32_to_cpu(de->inode) == 0 || strcmp("..", de->name)) { ext4_warning_inode(inode, "directory missing '..'"); brelse(bh); return true; } offset += ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize); while (offset < inode->i_size) { if (!(offset & (sb->s_blocksize - 1))) { unsigned int lblock; brelse(bh); lblock = offset >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); bh = ext4_read_dirblock(inode, lblock, EITHER); if (bh == NULL) { offset += sb->s_blocksize; continue; } if (IS_ERR(bh)) return true; } de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (bh->b_data + (offset & (sb->s_blocksize - 1))); if (ext4_check_dir_entry(inode, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, offset)) { offset = (offset | (sb->s_blocksize - 1)) + 1; continue; } if (le32_to_cpu(de->inode)) { brelse(bh); return false; } offset += ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize); } brelse(bh); return true; } /* * ext4_orphan_add() links an unlinked or truncated inode into a list of * such inodes, starting at the superblock, in case we crash before the * file is closed/deleted, or in case the inode truncate spans multiple * transactions and the last transaction is not recovered after a crash. * * At filesystem recovery time, we walk this list deleting unlinked * inodes and truncating linked inodes in ext4_orphan_cleanup(). * * Orphan list manipulation functions must be called under i_mutex unless * we are just creating the inode or deleting it. */ int ext4_orphan_add(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_iloc iloc; int err = 0, rc; bool dirty = false; if (!sbi->s_journal || is_bad_inode(inode)) return 0; WARN_ON_ONCE(!(inode->i_state & (I_NEW | I_FREEING)) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); /* * Exit early if inode already is on orphan list. This is a big speedup * since we don't have to contend on the global s_orphan_lock. */ if (!list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan)) return 0; /* * Orphan handling is only valid for files with data blocks * being truncated, or files being unlinked. Note that we either * hold i_mutex, or the inode can not be referenced from outside, * so i_nlink should not be bumped due to race */ J_ASSERT((S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) || inode->i_nlink == 0); BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh); if (err) goto out; err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc); if (err) goto out; mutex_lock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); /* * Due to previous errors inode may be already a part of on-disk * orphan list. If so skip on-disk list modification. */ if (!NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) || NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) > (le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_inodes_count))) { /* Insert this inode at the head of the on-disk orphan list */ NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan); sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); dirty = true; } list_add(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan, &sbi->s_orphan); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); if (dirty) { err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb); rc = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); if (!err) err = rc; if (err) { /* * We have to remove inode from in-memory list if * addition to on disk orphan list failed. Stray orphan * list entries can cause panics at unmount time. */ mutex_lock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); list_del_init(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); } } else brelse(iloc.bh); jbd_debug(4, "superblock will point to %lu\n", inode->i_ino); jbd_debug(4, "orphan inode %lu will point to %d\n", inode->i_ino, NEXT_ORPHAN(inode)); out: ext4_std_error(sb, err); return err; } /* * ext4_orphan_del() removes an unlinked or truncated inode from the list * of such inodes stored on disk, because it is finally being cleaned up. */ int ext4_orphan_del(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct list_head *prev; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __u32 ino_next; struct ext4_iloc iloc; int err = 0; if (!sbi->s_journal && !(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_ORPHAN_FS)) return 0; WARN_ON_ONCE(!(inode->i_state & (I_NEW | I_FREEING)) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); /* Do this quick check before taking global s_orphan_lock. */ if (list_empty(&ei->i_orphan)) return 0; if (handle) { /* Grab inode buffer early before taking global s_orphan_lock */ err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc); } mutex_lock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); jbd_debug(4, "remove inode %lu from orphan list\n", inode->i_ino); prev = ei->i_orphan.prev; list_del_init(&ei->i_orphan); /* If we're on an error path, we may not have a valid * transaction handle with which to update the orphan list on * disk, but we still need to remove the inode from the linked * list in memory. */ if (!handle || err) { mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); goto out_err; } ino_next = NEXT_ORPHAN(inode); if (prev == &sbi->s_orphan) { jbd_debug(4, "superblock will point to %u\n", ino_next); BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh); if (err) { mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); goto out_brelse; } sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan = cpu_to_le32(ino_next); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, inode->i_sb); } else { struct ext4_iloc iloc2; struct inode *i_prev = &list_entry(prev, struct ext4_inode_info, i_orphan)->vfs_inode; jbd_debug(4, "orphan inode %lu will point to %u\n", i_prev->i_ino, ino_next); err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, i_prev, &iloc2); if (err) { mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); goto out_brelse; } NEXT_ORPHAN(i_prev) = ino_next; err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, i_prev, &iloc2); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); } if (err) goto out_brelse; NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) = 0; err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); out_err: ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return err; out_brelse: brelse(iloc.bh); goto out_err; } static int ext4_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { int retval; struct inode *inode; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; handle_t *handle = NULL; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; /* Initialize quotas before so that eventual writes go in * separate transaction */ retval = dquot_initialize(dir); if (retval) return retval; retval = dquot_initialize(d_inode(dentry)); if (retval) return retval; retval = -ENOENT; bh = ext4_find_entry(dir, &dentry->d_name, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (!bh) goto end_rmdir; inode = d_inode(dentry); retval = -EFSCORRUPTED; if (le32_to_cpu(de->inode) != inode->i_ino) goto end_rmdir; retval = -ENOTEMPTY; if (!ext4_empty_dir(inode)) goto end_rmdir; handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); handle = NULL; goto end_rmdir; } if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh); if (retval) goto end_rmdir; if (!EXT4_DIR_LINK_EMPTY(inode)) ext4_warning_inode(inode, "empty directory '%.*s' has too many links (%u)", dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name, inode->i_nlink); inode_inc_iversion(inode); clear_nlink(inode); /* There's no need to set i_disksize: the fact that i_nlink is * zero will ensure that the right thing happens during any * recovery. */ inode->i_size = 0; ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = current_time(inode); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (retval) goto end_rmdir; ext4_dec_count(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, dentry); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE /* VFS negative dentries are incompatible with Encoding and * Case-insensitiveness. Eventually we'll want avoid * invalidating the dentries here, alongside with returning the * negative dentries at ext4_lookup(), when it is better * supported by the VFS for the CI case. */ if (IS_CASEFOLDED(dir)) d_invalidate(dentry); #endif end_rmdir: brelse(bh); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); return retval; } int __ext4_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name, struct inode *inode) { int retval = -ENOENT; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; int skip_remove_dentry = 0; bh = ext4_find_entry(dir, d_name, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (!bh) return -ENOENT; if (le32_to_cpu(de->inode) != inode->i_ino) { /* * It's okay if we find dont find dentry which matches * the inode. That's because it might have gotten * renamed to a different inode number */ if (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) skip_remove_dentry = 1; else goto out; } if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (!skip_remove_dentry) { retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh); if (retval) goto out; dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = current_time(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); if (retval) goto out; } else { retval = 0; } if (inode->i_nlink == 0) ext4_warning_inode(inode, "Deleting file '%.*s' with no links", d_name->len, d_name->name); else drop_nlink(inode); if (!inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); out: brelse(bh); return retval; } static int ext4_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { handle_t *handle; int retval; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; trace_ext4_unlink_enter(dir, dentry); /* * Initialize quotas before so that eventual writes go * in separate transaction */ retval = dquot_initialize(dir); if (retval) goto out_trace; retval = dquot_initialize(d_inode(dentry)); if (retval) goto out_trace; handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_trace; } retval = __ext4_unlink(handle, dir, &dentry->d_name, d_inode(dentry)); if (!retval) ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, dentry); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE /* VFS negative dentries are incompatible with Encoding and * Case-insensitiveness. Eventually we'll want avoid * invalidating the dentries here, alongside with returning the * negative dentries at ext4_lookup(), when it is better * supported by the VFS for the CI case. */ if (IS_CASEFOLDED(dir)) d_invalidate(dentry); #endif if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_trace: trace_ext4_unlink_exit(dentry, retval); return retval; } static int ext4_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *symname) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, len = strlen(symname); int credits; struct fscrypt_str disk_link; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; err = fscrypt_prepare_symlink(dir, symname, len, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize, &disk_link); if (err) return err; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; if ((disk_link.len > EXT4_N_BLOCKS * 4)) { /* * For non-fast symlinks, we just allocate inode and put it on * orphan list in the first transaction => we need bitmap, * group descriptor, sb, inode block, quota blocks, and * possibly selinux xattr blocks. */ credits = 4 + EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_INIT_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS; } else { /* * Fast symlink. We have to add entry to directory * (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS), * allocate new inode (bitmap, group descriptor, inode block, * quota blocks, sb is already counted in previous macros). */ credits = EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3; } inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); return PTR_ERR(inode); } if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) { err = fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(inode, symname, len, &disk_link); if (err) goto err_drop_inode; inode->i_op = &ext4_encrypted_symlink_inode_operations; } if ((disk_link.len > EXT4_N_BLOCKS * 4)) { if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) inode->i_op = &ext4_symlink_inode_operations; inode_nohighmem(inode); ext4_set_aops(inode); /* * We cannot call page_symlink() with transaction started * because it calls into ext4_write_begin() which can wait * for transaction commit if we are running out of space * and thus we deadlock. So we have to stop transaction now * and restart it when symlink contents is written. * * To keep fs consistent in case of crash, we have to put inode * to orphan list in the mean time. */ drop_nlink(inode); err = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); handle = NULL; if (err) goto err_drop_inode; err = __page_symlink(inode, disk_link.name, disk_link.len, 1); if (err) goto err_drop_inode; /* * Now inode is being linked into dir (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS * + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS), inode is also modified */ handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = PTR_ERR(handle); handle = NULL; goto err_drop_inode; } set_nlink(inode, 1); err = ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); if (err) goto err_drop_inode; } else { /* clear the extent format for fast symlink */ ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS); if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_fast_symlink_inode_operations; inode->i_link = (char *)&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data; } memcpy((char *)&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, disk_link.name, disk_link.len); inode->i_size = disk_link.len - 1; } EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size; err = ext4_add_nondir(handle, dentry, &inode); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (inode) iput(inode); goto out_free_encrypted_link; err_drop_inode: if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); clear_nlink(inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); iput(inode); out_free_encrypted_link: if (disk_link.name != (unsigned char *)symname) kfree(disk_link.name); return err; } int __ext4_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { handle_t *handle; int err, retries = 0; retry: handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS) + 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ext4_inc_count(inode); ihold(inode); err = ext4_add_entry(handle, dentry, inode); if (!err) { err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); /* this can happen only for tmpfile being * linked the first time */ if (inode->i_nlink == 1) ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); d_instantiate(dentry, inode); ext4_fc_track_link(handle, dentry); } else { drop_nlink(inode); iput(inode); } ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } static int ext4_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(old_dentry); int err; if (inode->i_nlink >= EXT4_LINK_MAX) return -EMLINK; err = fscrypt_prepare_link(old_dentry, dir, dentry); if (err) return err; if ((ext4_test_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT)) && (!projid_eq(EXT4_I(dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(old_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid))) return -EXDEV; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; return __ext4_link(dir, inode, dentry); } /* * Try to find buffer head where contains the parent block. * It should be the inode block if it is inlined or the 1st block * if it is a normal dir. */ static struct buffer_head *ext4_get_first_dir_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int *retval, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **parent_de, int *inlined) { struct buffer_head *bh; if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { /* The first directory block must not be a hole, so * treat it as DIRENT_HTREE */ bh = ext4_read_dirblock(inode, 0, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { *retval = PTR_ERR(bh); return NULL; } *parent_de = ext4_next_entry( (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)bh->b_data, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize); return bh; } *inlined = 1; return ext4_get_first_inline_block(inode, parent_de, retval); } struct ext4_renament { struct inode *dir; struct dentry *dentry; struct inode *inode; bool is_dir; int dir_nlink_delta; /* entry for "dentry" */ struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; int inlined; /* entry for ".." in inode if it's a directory */ struct buffer_head *dir_bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *parent_de; int dir_inlined; }; static int ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent) { int retval; ent->dir_bh = ext4_get_first_dir_block(handle, ent->inode, &retval, &ent->parent_de, &ent->dir_inlined); if (!ent->dir_bh) return retval; if (le32_to_cpu(ent->parent_de->inode) != ent->dir->i_ino) return -EFSCORRUPTED; BUFFER_TRACE(ent->dir_bh, "get_write_access"); return ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, ent->dir_bh); } static int ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, unsigned dir_ino) { int retval; ent->parent_de->inode = cpu_to_le32(dir_ino); BUFFER_TRACE(ent->dir_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); if (!ent->dir_inlined) { if (is_dx(ent->inode)) { retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, ent->inode, ent->dir_bh); } else { retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, ent->inode, ent->dir_bh); } } else { retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ent->inode); } if (retval) { ext4_std_error(ent->dir->i_sb, retval); return retval; } return 0; } static int ext4_setent(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, unsigned ino, unsigned file_type) { int retval, retval2; BUFFER_TRACE(ent->bh, "get write access"); retval = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, ent->bh); if (retval) return retval; ent->de->inode = cpu_to_le32(ino); if (ext4_has_feature_filetype(ent->dir->i_sb)) ent->de->file_type = file_type; inode_inc_iversion(ent->dir); ent->dir->i_ctime = ent->dir->i_mtime = current_time(ent->dir); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ent->dir); BUFFER_TRACE(ent->bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); if (!ent->inlined) { retval2 = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, ent->dir, ent->bh); if (unlikely(retval2)) { ext4_std_error(ent->dir->i_sb, retval2); return retval2; } } return retval; } static void ext4_resetent(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, unsigned ino, unsigned file_type) { struct ext4_renament old = *ent; int retval = 0; /* * old->de could have moved from under us during make indexed dir, * so the old->de may no longer valid and need to find it again * before reset old inode info. */ old.bh = ext4_find_entry(old.dir, &old.dentry->d_name, &old.de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(old.bh)) retval = PTR_ERR(old.bh); if (!old.bh) retval = -ENOENT; if (retval) { ext4_std_error(old.dir->i_sb, retval); return; } ext4_setent(handle, &old, ino, file_type); brelse(old.bh); } static int ext4_find_delete_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name) { int retval = -ENOENT; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; bh = ext4_find_entry(dir, d_name, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (bh) { retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh); brelse(bh); } return retval; } static void ext4_rename_delete(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, int force_reread) { int retval; /* * ent->de could have moved from under us during htree split, so make * sure that we are deleting the right entry. We might also be pointing * to a stale entry in the unused part of ent->bh so just checking inum * and the name isn't enough. */ if (le32_to_cpu(ent->de->inode) != ent->inode->i_ino || ent->de->name_len != ent->dentry->d_name.len || strncmp(ent->de->name, ent->dentry->d_name.name, ent->de->name_len) || force_reread) { retval = ext4_find_delete_entry(handle, ent->dir, &ent->dentry->d_name); } else { retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, ent->dir, ent->de, ent->bh); if (retval == -ENOENT) { retval = ext4_find_delete_entry(handle, ent->dir, &ent->dentry->d_name); } } if (retval) { ext4_warning_inode(ent->dir, "Deleting old file: nlink %d, error=%d", ent->dir->i_nlink, retval); } } static void ext4_update_dir_count(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent) { if (ent->dir_nlink_delta) { if (ent->dir_nlink_delta == -1) ext4_dec_count(ent->dir); else ext4_inc_count(ent->dir); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ent->dir); } } static struct inode *ext4_whiteout_for_rename(struct ext4_renament *ent, int credits, handle_t **h) { struct inode *wh; handle_t *handle; int retries = 0; /* * for inode block, sb block, group summaries, * and inode bitmap */ credits += (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(ent->dir->i_sb) + EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS + 4); retry: wh = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(ent->dir, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, &ent->dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); if (IS_ERR(wh)) { if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (PTR_ERR(wh) == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(ent->dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; } else { *h = handle; init_special_inode(wh, wh->i_mode, WHITEOUT_DEV); wh->i_op = &ext4_special_inode_operations; } return wh; } /* * Anybody can rename anything with this: the permission checks are left to the * higher-level routines. * * n.b. old_{dentry,inode) refers to the source dentry/inode * while new_{dentry,inode) refers to the destination dentry/inode * This comes from rename(const char *oldpath, const char *newpath) */ static int ext4_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { handle_t *handle = NULL; struct ext4_renament old = { .dir = old_dir, .dentry = old_dentry, .inode = d_inode(old_dentry), }; struct ext4_renament new = { .dir = new_dir, .dentry = new_dentry, .inode = d_inode(new_dentry), }; int force_reread; int retval; struct inode *whiteout = NULL; int credits; u8 old_file_type; if (new.inode && new.inode->i_nlink == 0) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(new.inode, "target of rename is already freed"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if ((ext4_test_inode_flag(new_dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT)) && (!projid_eq(EXT4_I(new_dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(old_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid))) return -EXDEV; retval = dquot_initialize(old.dir); if (retval) return retval; retval = dquot_initialize(new.dir); if (retval) return retval; /* Initialize quotas before so that eventual writes go * in separate transaction */ if (new.inode) { retval = dquot_initialize(new.inode); if (retval) return retval; } old.bh = ext4_find_entry(old.dir, &old.dentry->d_name, &old.de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(old.bh)) return PTR_ERR(old.bh); /* * Check for inode number is _not_ due to possible IO errors. * We might rmdir the source, keep it as pwd of some process * and merrily kill the link to whatever was created under the * same name. Goodbye sticky bit ;-< */ retval = -ENOENT; if (!old.bh || le32_to_cpu(old.de->inode) != old.inode->i_ino) goto release_bh; new.bh = ext4_find_entry(new.dir, &new.dentry->d_name, &new.de, &new.inlined); if (IS_ERR(new.bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(new.bh); new.bh = NULL; goto release_bh; } if (new.bh) { if (!new.inode) { brelse(new.bh); new.bh = NULL; } } if (new.inode && !test_opt(new.dir->i_sb, NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC)) ext4_alloc_da_blocks(old.inode); credits = (2 * EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(old.dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 2); if (!(flags & RENAME_WHITEOUT)) { handle = ext4_journal_start(old.dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); goto release_bh; } } else { whiteout = ext4_whiteout_for_rename(&old, credits, &handle); if (IS_ERR(whiteout)) { retval = PTR_ERR(whiteout); goto release_bh; } } old_file_type = old.de->file_type; if (IS_DIRSYNC(old.dir) || IS_DIRSYNC(new.dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (S_ISDIR(old.inode->i_mode)) { if (new.inode) { retval = -ENOTEMPTY; if (!ext4_empty_dir(new.inode)) goto end_rename; } else { retval = -EMLINK; if (new.dir != old.dir && EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(new.dir)) goto end_rename; } retval = ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle, &old); if (retval) goto end_rename; } /* * If we're renaming a file within an inline_data dir and adding or * setting the new dirent causes a conversion from inline_data to * extents/blockmap, we need to force the dirent delete code to * re-read the directory, or else we end up trying to delete a dirent * from what is now the extent tree root (or a block map). */ force_reread = (new.dir->i_ino == old.dir->i_ino && ext4_test_inode_flag(new.dir, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA)); if (whiteout) { /* * Do this before adding a new entry, so the old entry is sure * to be still pointing to the valid old entry. */ retval = ext4_setent(handle, &old, whiteout->i_ino, EXT4_FT_CHRDEV); if (retval) goto end_rename; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, whiteout); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; } if (!new.bh) { retval = ext4_add_entry(handle, new.dentry, old.inode); if (retval) goto end_rename; } else { retval = ext4_setent(handle, &new, old.inode->i_ino, old_file_type); if (retval) goto end_rename; } if (force_reread) force_reread = !ext4_test_inode_flag(new.dir, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA); /* * Like most other Unix systems, set the ctime for inodes on a * rename. */ old.inode->i_ctime = current_time(old.inode); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; if (!whiteout) { /* * ok, that's it */ ext4_rename_delete(handle, &old, force_reread); } if (new.inode) { ext4_dec_count(new.inode); new.inode->i_ctime = current_time(new.inode); } old.dir->i_ctime = old.dir->i_mtime = current_time(old.dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(old.dir); if (old.dir_bh) { retval = ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle, &old, new.dir->i_ino); if (retval) goto end_rename; ext4_dec_count(old.dir); if (new.inode) { /* checked ext4_empty_dir above, can't have another * parent, ext4_dec_count() won't work for many-linked * dirs */ clear_nlink(new.inode); } else { ext4_inc_count(new.dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(new.dir); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new.dir); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; } } retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old.dir); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; if (S_ISDIR(old.inode->i_mode)) { /* * We disable fast commits here that's because the * replay code is not yet capable of changing dot dot * dirents in directories. */ ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(old.inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_RENAME_DIR); } else { if (new.inode) ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, new.dentry); __ext4_fc_track_link(handle, old.inode, new.dentry); __ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, old.inode, old.dentry); if (whiteout) __ext4_fc_track_create(handle, whiteout, old.dentry); } if (new.inode) { retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; if (!new.inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_add(handle, new.inode); } retval = 0; end_rename: if (whiteout) { if (retval) { ext4_resetent(handle, &old, old.inode->i_ino, old_file_type); drop_nlink(whiteout); ext4_orphan_add(handle, whiteout); } unlock_new_inode(whiteout); ext4_journal_stop(handle); iput(whiteout); } else { ext4_journal_stop(handle); } release_bh: brelse(old.dir_bh); brelse(old.bh); brelse(new.bh); return retval; } static int ext4_cross_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry) { handle_t *handle = NULL; struct ext4_renament old = { .dir = old_dir, .dentry = old_dentry, .inode = d_inode(old_dentry), }; struct ext4_renament new = { .dir = new_dir, .dentry = new_dentry, .inode = d_inode(new_dentry), }; u8 new_file_type; int retval; struct timespec64 ctime; if ((ext4_test_inode_flag(new_dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT) && !projid_eq(EXT4_I(new_dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(old_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid)) || (ext4_test_inode_flag(old_dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT) && !projid_eq(EXT4_I(old_dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(new_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid))) return -EXDEV; retval = dquot_initialize(old.dir); if (retval) return retval; retval = dquot_initialize(new.dir); if (retval) return retval; old.bh = ext4_find_entry(old.dir, &old.dentry->d_name, &old.de, &old.inlined); if (IS_ERR(old.bh)) return PTR_ERR(old.bh); /* * Check for inode number is _not_ due to possible IO errors. * We might rmdir the source, keep it as pwd of some process * and merrily kill the link to whatever was created under the * same name. Goodbye sticky bit ;-< */ retval = -ENOENT; if (!old.bh || le32_to_cpu(old.de->inode) != old.inode->i_ino) goto end_rename; new.bh = ext4_find_entry(new.dir, &new.dentry->d_name, &new.de, &new.inlined); if (IS_ERR(new.bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(new.bh); new.bh = NULL; goto end_rename; } /* RENAME_EXCHANGE case: old *and* new must both exist */ if (!new.bh || le32_to_cpu(new.de->inode) != new.inode->i_ino) goto end_rename; handle = ext4_journal_start(old.dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, (2 * EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(old.dir->i_sb) + 2 * EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 2)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); handle = NULL; goto end_rename; } if (IS_DIRSYNC(old.dir) || IS_DIRSYNC(new.dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (S_ISDIR(old.inode->i_mode)) { old.is_dir = true; retval = ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle, &old); if (retval) goto end_rename; } if (S_ISDIR(new.inode->i_mode)) { new.is_dir = true; retval = ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle, &new); if (retval) goto end_rename; } /* * Other than the special case of overwriting a directory, parents' * nlink only needs to be modified if this is a cross directory rename. */ if (old.dir != new.dir && old.is_dir != new.is_dir) { old.dir_nlink_delta = old.is_dir ? -1 : 1; new.dir_nlink_delta = -old.dir_nlink_delta; retval = -EMLINK; if ((old.dir_nlink_delta > 0 && EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(old.dir)) || (new.dir_nlink_delta > 0 && EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(new.dir))) goto end_rename; } new_file_type = new.de->file_type; retval = ext4_setent(handle, &new, old.inode->i_ino, old.de->file_type); if (retval) goto end_rename; retval = ext4_setent(handle, &old, new.inode->i_ino, new_file_type); if (retval) goto end_rename; /* * Like most other Unix systems, set the ctime for inodes on a * rename. */ ctime = current_time(old.inode); old.inode->i_ctime = ctime; new.inode->i_ctime = ctime; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(new.inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_CROSS_RENAME); if (old.dir_bh) { retval = ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle, &old, new.dir->i_ino); if (retval) goto end_rename; } if (new.dir_bh) { retval = ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle, &new, old.dir->i_ino); if (retval) goto end_rename; } ext4_update_dir_count(handle, &old); ext4_update_dir_count(handle, &new); retval = 0; end_rename: brelse(old.dir_bh); brelse(new.dir_bh); brelse(old.bh); brelse(new.bh); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); return retval; } static int ext4_rename2(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { int err; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(old_dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; if (flags & ~(RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_EXCHANGE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) return -EINVAL; err = fscrypt_prepare_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (err) return err; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { return ext4_cross_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry); } return ext4_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); } /* * directories can handle most operations... */ const struct inode_operations ext4_dir_inode_operations = { .create = ext4_create, .lookup = ext4_lookup, .link = ext4_link, .unlink = ext4_unlink, .symlink = ext4_symlink, .mkdir = ext4_mkdir, .rmdir = ext4_rmdir, .mknod = ext4_mknod, .tmpfile = ext4_tmpfile, .rename = ext4_rename2, .setattr = ext4_setattr, .getattr = ext4_getattr, .listxattr = ext4_listxattr, .get_acl = ext4_get_acl, .set_acl = ext4_set_acl, .fiemap = ext4_fiemap, }; const struct inode_operations ext4_special_inode_operations = { .setattr = ext4_setattr, .getattr = ext4_getattr, .listxattr = ext4_listxattr, .get_acl = ext4_get_acl, .set_acl = ext4_set_acl, };
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SWAP_H #define _LINUX_SWAP_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/node.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <asm/page.h> struct notifier_block; struct bio; struct pagevec; #define SWAP_FLAG_PREFER 0x8000 /* set if swap priority specified */ #define SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK 0x7fff #define SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_SHIFT 0 #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD 0x10000 /* enable discard for swap */ #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_ONCE 0x20000 /* discard swap area at swapon-time */ #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_PAGES 0x40000 /* discard page-clusters after use */ #define SWAP_FLAGS_VALID (SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK | SWAP_FLAG_PREFER | \ SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD | SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_ONCE | \ SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_PAGES) #define SWAP_BATCH 64 static inline int current_is_kswapd(void) { return current->flags & PF_KSWAPD; } /* * MAX_SWAPFILES defines the maximum number of swaptypes: things which can * be swapped to. The swap type and the offset into that swap type are * encoded into pte's and into pgoff_t's in the swapcache. Using five bits * for the type means that the maximum number of swapcache pages is 27 bits * on 32-bit-pgoff_t architectures. And that assumes that the architecture packs * the type/offset into the pte as 5/27 as well. */ #define MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT 5 /* * Use some of the swap files numbers for other purposes. This * is a convenient way to hook into the VM to trigger special * actions on faults. */ /* * Unaddressable device memory support. See include/linux/hmm.h and * Documentation/vm/hmm.rst. Short description is we need struct pages for * device memory that is unaddressable (inaccessible) by CPU, so that we can * migrate part of a process memory to device memory. * * When a page is migrated from CPU to device, we set the CPU page table entry * to a special SWP_DEVICE_* entry. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE #define SWP_DEVICE_NUM 2 #define SWP_DEVICE_WRITE (MAX_SWAPFILES+SWP_HWPOISON_NUM+SWP_MIGRATION_NUM) #define SWP_DEVICE_READ (MAX_SWAPFILES+SWP_HWPOISON_NUM+SWP_MIGRATION_NUM+1) #else #define SWP_DEVICE_NUM 0 #endif /* * NUMA node memory migration support */ #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION #define SWP_MIGRATION_NUM 2 #define SWP_MIGRATION_READ (MAX_SWAPFILES + SWP_HWPOISON_NUM) #define SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE (MAX_SWAPFILES + SWP_HWPOISON_NUM + 1) #else #define SWP_MIGRATION_NUM 0 #endif /* * Handling of hardware poisoned pages with memory corruption. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE #define SWP_HWPOISON_NUM 1 #define SWP_HWPOISON MAX_SWAPFILES #else #define SWP_HWPOISON_NUM 0 #endif #define MAX_SWAPFILES \ ((1 << MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT) - SWP_DEVICE_NUM - \ SWP_MIGRATION_NUM - SWP_HWPOISON_NUM) /* * Magic header for a swap area. The first part of the union is * what the swap magic looks like for the old (limited to 128MB) * swap area format, the second part of the union adds - in the * old reserved area - some extra information. Note that the first * kilobyte is reserved for boot loader or disk label stuff... * * Having the magic at the end of the PAGE_SIZE makes detecting swap * areas somewhat tricky on machines that support multiple page sizes. * For 2.5 we'll probably want to move the magic to just beyond the * bootbits... */ union swap_header { struct { char reserved[PAGE_SIZE - 10]; char magic[10]; /* SWAP-SPACE or SWAPSPACE2 */ } magic; struct { char bootbits[1024]; /* Space for disklabel etc. */ __u32 version; __u32 last_page; __u32 nr_badpages; unsigned char sws_uuid[16]; unsigned char sws_volume[16]; __u32 padding[117]; __u32 badpages[1]; } info; }; /* * current->reclaim_state points to one of these when a task is running * memory reclaim */ struct reclaim_state { unsigned long reclaimed_slab; }; #ifdef __KERNEL__ struct address_space; struct sysinfo; struct writeback_control; struct zone; /* * A swap extent maps a range of a swapfile's PAGE_SIZE pages onto a range of * disk blocks. A list of swap extents maps the entire swapfile. (Where the * term `swapfile' refers to either a blockdevice or an IS_REG file. Apart * from setup, they're handled identically. * * We always assume that blocks are of size PAGE_SIZE. */ struct swap_extent { struct rb_node rb_node; pgoff_t start_page; pgoff_t nr_pages; sector_t start_block; }; /* * Max bad pages in the new format.. */ #define MAX_SWAP_BADPAGES \ ((offsetof(union swap_header, magic.magic) - \ offsetof(union swap_header, info.badpages)) / sizeof(int)) enum { SWP_USED = (1 << 0), /* is slot in swap_info[] used? */ SWP_WRITEOK = (1 << 1), /* ok to write to this swap? */ SWP_DISCARDABLE = (1 << 2), /* blkdev support discard */ SWP_DISCARDING = (1 << 3), /* now discarding a free cluster */ SWP_SOLIDSTATE = (1 << 4), /* blkdev seeks are cheap */ SWP_CONTINUED = (1 << 5), /* swap_map has count continuation */ SWP_BLKDEV = (1 << 6), /* its a block device */ SWP_ACTIVATED = (1 << 7), /* set after swap_activate success */ SWP_FS_OPS = (1 << 8), /* swapfile operations go through fs */ SWP_AREA_DISCARD = (1 << 9), /* single-time swap area discards */ SWP_PAGE_DISCARD = (1 << 10), /* freed swap page-cluster discards */ SWP_STABLE_WRITES = (1 << 11), /* no overwrite PG_writeback pages */ SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO = (1 << 12), /* synchronous IO is efficient */ SWP_VALID = (1 << 13), /* swap is valid to be operated on? */ /* add others here before... */ SWP_SCANNING = (1 << 14), /* refcount in scan_swap_map */ }; #define SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX 32UL #define COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX /* Bit flag in swap_map */ #define SWAP_HAS_CACHE 0x40 /* Flag page is cached, in first swap_map */ #define COUNT_CONTINUED 0x80 /* Flag swap_map continuation for full count */ /* Special value in first swap_map */ #define SWAP_MAP_MAX 0x3e /* Max count */ #define SWAP_MAP_BAD 0x3f /* Note page is bad */ #define SWAP_MAP_SHMEM 0xbf /* Owned by shmem/tmpfs */ /* Special value in each swap_map continuation */ #define SWAP_CONT_MAX 0x7f /* Max count */ /* * We use this to track usage of a cluster. A cluster is a block of swap disk * space with SWAPFILE_CLUSTER pages long and naturally aligns in disk. All * free clusters are organized into a list. We fetch an entry from the list to * get a free cluster. * * The data field stores next cluster if the cluster is free or cluster usage * counter otherwise. The flags field determines if a cluster is free. This is * protected by swap_info_struct.lock. */ struct swap_cluster_info { spinlock_t lock; /* * Protect swap_cluster_info fields * and swap_info_struct->swap_map * elements correspond to the swap * cluster */ unsigned int data:24; unsigned int flags:8; }; #define CLUSTER_FLAG_FREE 1 /* This cluster is free */ #define CLUSTER_FLAG_NEXT_NULL 2 /* This cluster has no next cluster */ #define CLUSTER_FLAG_HUGE 4 /* This cluster is backing a transparent huge page */ /* * We assign a cluster to each CPU, so each CPU can allocate swap entry from * its own cluster and swapout sequentially. The purpose is to optimize swapout * throughput. */ struct percpu_cluster { struct swap_cluster_info index; /* Current cluster index */ unsigned int next; /* Likely next allocation offset */ }; struct swap_cluster_list { struct swap_cluster_info head; struct swap_cluster_info tail; }; /* * The in-memory structure used to track swap areas. */ struct swap_info_struct { unsigned long flags; /* SWP_USED etc: see above */ signed short prio; /* swap priority of this type */ struct plist_node list; /* entry in swap_active_head */ signed char type; /* strange name for an index */ unsigned int max; /* extent of the swap_map */ unsigned char *swap_map; /* vmalloc'ed array of usage counts */ struct swap_cluster_info *cluster_info; /* cluster info. Only for SSD */ struct swap_cluster_list free_clusters; /* free clusters list */ unsigned int lowest_bit; /* index of first free in swap_map */ unsigned int highest_bit; /* index of last free in swap_map */ unsigned int pages; /* total of usable pages of swap */ unsigned int inuse_pages; /* number of those currently in use */ unsigned int cluster_next; /* likely index for next allocation */ unsigned int cluster_nr; /* countdown to next cluster search */ unsigned int __percpu *cluster_next_cpu; /*percpu index for next allocation */ struct percpu_cluster __percpu *percpu_cluster; /* per cpu's swap location */ struct rb_root swap_extent_root;/* root of the swap extent rbtree */ struct block_device *bdev; /* swap device or bdev of swap file */ struct file *swap_file; /* seldom referenced */ unsigned int old_block_size; /* seldom referenced */ #ifdef CONFIG_FRONTSWAP unsigned long *frontswap_map; /* frontswap in-use, one bit per page */ atomic_t frontswap_pages; /* frontswap pages in-use counter */ #endif spinlock_t lock; /* * protect map scan related fields like * swap_map, lowest_bit, highest_bit, * inuse_pages, cluster_next, * cluster_nr, lowest_alloc, * highest_alloc, free/discard cluster * list. other fields are only changed * at swapon/swapoff, so are protected * by swap_lock. changing flags need * hold this lock and swap_lock. If * both locks need hold, hold swap_lock * first. */ spinlock_t cont_lock; /* * protect swap count continuation page * list. */ struct work_struct discard_work; /* discard worker */ struct swap_cluster_list discard_clusters; /* discard clusters list */ struct plist_node avail_lists[]; /* * entries in swap_avail_heads, one * entry per node. * Must be last as the number of the * array is nr_node_ids, which is not * a fixed value so have to allocate * dynamically. * And it has to be an array so that * plist_for_each_* can work. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING 5 #else /* Avoid stack overflow, because we need to save part of page table */ #define SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING 3 #define SWAP_RA_PTE_CACHE_SIZE (1 << SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING) #endif struct vma_swap_readahead { unsigned short win; unsigned short offset; unsigned short nr_pte; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT pte_t *ptes; #else pte_t ptes[SWAP_RA_PTE_CACHE_SIZE]; #endif }; /* linux/mm/workingset.c */ void workingset_age_nonresident(struct lruvec *lruvec, unsigned long nr_pages); void *workingset_eviction(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *target_memcg); void workingset_refault(struct page *page, void *shadow); void workingset_activation(struct page *page); /* Only track the nodes of mappings with shadow entries */ void workingset_update_node(struct xa_node *node); #define mapping_set_update(xas, mapping) do { \ if (!dax_mapping(mapping) && !shmem_mapping(mapping)) \ xas_set_update(xas, workingset_update_node); \ } while (0) /* linux/mm/page_alloc.c */ extern unsigned long totalreserve_pages; extern unsigned long nr_free_buffer_pages(void); /* Definition of global_zone_page_state not available yet */ #define nr_free_pages() global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) /* linux/mm/swap.c */ extern void lru_note_cost(struct lruvec *lruvec, bool file, unsigned int nr_pages); extern void lru_note_cost_page(struct page *); extern void lru_cache_add(struct page *); extern void lru_add_page_tail(struct page *page, struct page *page_tail, struct lruvec *lruvec, struct list_head *head); extern void mark_page_accessed(struct page *); extern void lru_add_drain(void); extern void lru_add_drain_cpu(int cpu); extern void lru_add_drain_cpu_zone(struct zone *zone); extern void lru_add_drain_all(void); extern void rotate_reclaimable_page(struct page *page); extern void deactivate_file_page(struct page *page); extern void deactivate_page(struct page *page); extern void mark_page_lazyfree(struct page *page); extern void swap_setup(void); extern void lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* linux/mm/vmscan.c */ extern unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone); extern unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *mask); extern int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode); extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long nr_pages, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool may_swap); extern unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node(struct mem_cgroup *mem, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap, pg_data_t *pgdat, unsigned long *nr_scanned); extern unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages); extern int vm_swappiness; extern int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); extern unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern int node_reclaim_mode; extern int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio; extern int sysctl_min_slab_ratio; #else #define node_reclaim_mode 0 #endif extern void check_move_unevictable_pages(struct pagevec *pvec); extern int kswapd_run(int nid); extern void kswapd_stop(int nid); #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP #include <linux/blk_types.h> /* for bio_end_io_t */ /* linux/mm/page_io.c */ extern int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool do_poll); extern int swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); extern void end_swap_bio_write(struct bio *bio); extern int __swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc, bio_end_io_t end_write_func); extern int swap_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int add_swap_extent(struct swap_info_struct *sis, unsigned long start_page, unsigned long nr_pages, sector_t start_block); int generic_swapfile_activate(struct swap_info_struct *, struct file *, sector_t *); /* linux/mm/swap_state.c */ /* One swap address space for each 64M swap space */ #define SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT 14 #define SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_PAGES (1 << SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT) extern struct address_space *swapper_spaces[]; #define swap_address_space(entry) \ (&swapper_spaces[swp_type(entry)][swp_offset(entry) \ >> SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT]) extern unsigned long total_swapcache_pages(void); extern void show_swap_cache_info(void); extern int add_to_swap(struct page *page); extern void *get_shadow_from_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry); extern int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp, void **shadowp); extern void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, void *shadow); extern void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *); extern void clear_shadow_from_swap_cache(int type, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); extern void free_page_and_swap_cache(struct page *); extern void free_pages_and_swap_cache(struct page **, int); extern struct page *lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); struct page *find_get_incore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); extern struct page *read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t, gfp_t, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, bool do_poll); extern struct page *__read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t, gfp_t, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, bool *new_page_allocated); extern struct page *swap_cluster_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t flag, struct vm_fault *vmf); extern struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t flag, struct vm_fault *vmf); /* linux/mm/swapfile.c */ extern atomic_long_t nr_swap_pages; extern long total_swap_pages; extern atomic_t nr_rotate_swap; extern bool has_usable_swap(void); /* Swap 50% full? Release swapcache more aggressively.. */ static inline bool vm_swap_full(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_swap_pages) * 2 < total_swap_pages; } static inline long get_nr_swap_pages(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_swap_pages); } extern void si_swapinfo(struct sysinfo *); ex