1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * kernfs.h - pseudo filesystem decoupled from vfs locking */ #ifndef __LINUX_KERNFS_H #define __LINUX_KERNFS_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/wait.h> struct file; struct dentry; struct iattr; struct seq_file; struct vm_area_struct; struct super_block; struct file_system_type; struct poll_table_struct; struct fs_context; struct kernfs_fs_context; struct kernfs_open_node; struct kernfs_iattrs; enum kernfs_node_type { KERNFS_DIR = 0x0001, KERNFS_FILE = 0x0002, KERNFS_LINK = 0x0004, }; #define KERNFS_TYPE_MASK 0x000f #define KERNFS_FLAG_MASK ~KERNFS_TYPE_MASK #define KERNFS_MAX_USER_XATTRS 128 #define KERNFS_USER_XATTR_SIZE_LIMIT (128 << 10) enum kernfs_node_flag { KERNFS_ACTIVATED = 0x0010, KERNFS_NS = 0x0020, KERNFS_HAS_SEQ_SHOW = 0x0040, KERNFS_HAS_MMAP = 0x0080, KERNFS_LOCKDEP = 0x0100, KERNFS_SUICIDAL = 0x0400, KERNFS_SUICIDED = 0x0800, KERNFS_EMPTY_DIR = 0x1000, KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE = 0x2000, }; /* @flags for kernfs_create_root() */ enum kernfs_root_flag { /* * kernfs_nodes are created in the deactivated state and invisible. * They require explicit kernfs_activate() to become visible. This * can be used to make related nodes become visible atomically * after all nodes are created successfully. */ KERNFS_ROOT_CREATE_DEACTIVATED = 0x0001, /* * For regular files, if the opener has CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE, open(2) * succeeds regardless of the RW permissions. sysfs had an extra * layer of enforcement where open(2) fails with -EACCES regardless * of CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE if the permission doesn't have the * respective read or write access at all (none of S_IRUGO or * S_IWUGO) or the respective operation isn't implemented. The * following flag enables that behavior. */ KERNFS_ROOT_EXTRA_OPEN_PERM_CHECK = 0x0002, /* * The filesystem supports exportfs operation, so userspace can use * fhandle to access nodes of the fs. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_EXPORTOP = 0x0004, /* * Support user xattrs to be written to nodes rooted at this root. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_USER_XATTR = 0x0008, }; /* type-specific structures for kernfs_node union members */ struct kernfs_elem_dir { unsigned long subdirs; /* children rbtree starts here and goes through kn->rb */ struct rb_root children; /* * The kernfs hierarchy this directory belongs to. This fits * better directly in kernfs_node but is here to save space. */ struct kernfs_root *root; }; struct kernfs_elem_symlink { struct kernfs_node *target_kn; }; struct kernfs_elem_attr { const struct kernfs_ops *ops; struct kernfs_open_node *open; loff_t size; struct kernfs_node *notify_next; /* for kernfs_notify() */ }; /* * kernfs_node - the building block of kernfs hierarchy. Each and every * kernfs node is represented by single kernfs_node. Most fields are * private to kernfs and shouldn't be accessed directly by kernfs users. * * As long as s_count reference is held, the kernfs_node itself is * accessible. Dereferencing elem or any other outer entity requires * active reference. */ struct kernfs_node { atomic_t count; atomic_t active; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif /* * Use kernfs_get_parent() and kernfs_name/path() instead of * accessing the following two fields directly. If the node is * never moved to a different parent, it is safe to access the * parent directly. */ struct kernfs_node *parent; const char *name; struct rb_node rb; const void *ns; /* namespace tag */ unsigned int hash; /* ns + name hash */ union { struct kernfs_elem_dir dir; struct kernfs_elem_symlink symlink; struct kernfs_elem_attr attr; }; void *priv; /* * 64bit unique ID. On 64bit ino setups, id is the ino. On 32bit, * the low 32bits are ino and upper generation. */ u64 id; unsigned short flags; umode_t mode; struct kernfs_iattrs *iattr; }; /* * kernfs_syscall_ops may be specified on kernfs_create_root() to support * syscalls. These optional callbacks are invoked on the matching syscalls * and can perform any kernfs operations which don't necessarily have to be * the exact operation requested. An active reference is held for each * kernfs_node parameter. */ struct kernfs_syscall_ops { int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_root *root); int (*mkdir)(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode); int (*rmdir)(struct kernfs_node *kn); int (*rename)(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_root *root); }; struct kernfs_root { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; unsigned int flags; /* KERNFS_ROOT_* flags */ /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct idr ino_idr; u32 last_id_lowbits; u32 id_highbits; struct kernfs_syscall_ops *syscall_ops; /* list of kernfs_super_info of this root, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head supers; wait_queue_head_t deactivate_waitq; }; struct kernfs_open_file { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; struct file *file; struct seq_file *seq_file; void *priv; /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct mutex mutex; struct mutex prealloc_mutex; int event; struct list_head list; char *prealloc_buf; size_t atomic_write_len; bool mmapped:1; bool released:1; const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; }; struct kernfs_ops { /* * Optional open/release methods. Both are called with * @of->seq_file populated. */ int (*open)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); void (*release)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); /* * Read is handled by either seq_file or raw_read(). * * If seq_show() is present, seq_file path is active. Other seq * operations are optional and if not implemented, the behavior is * equivalent to single_open(). @sf->private points to the * associated kernfs_open_file. * * read() is bounced through kernel buffer and a read larger than * PAGE_SIZE results in partial operation of PAGE_SIZE. */ int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); void *(*seq_start)(struct seq_file *sf, loff_t *ppos); void *(*seq_next)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v, loff_t *ppos); void (*seq_stop)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); ssize_t (*read)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); /* * write() is bounced through kernel buffer. If atomic_write_len * is not set, a write larger than PAGE_SIZE results in partial * operations of PAGE_SIZE chunks. If atomic_write_len is set, * writes upto the specified size are executed atomically but * larger ones are rejected with -E2BIG. */ size_t atomic_write_len; /* * "prealloc" causes a buffer to be allocated at open for * all read/write requests. As ->seq_show uses seq_read() * which does its own allocation, it is incompatible with * ->prealloc. Provide ->read and ->write with ->prealloc. */ bool prealloc; ssize_t (*write)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); __poll_t (*poll)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); int (*mmap)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lock_class_key lockdep_key; #endif }; /* * The kernfs superblock creation/mount parameter context. */ struct kernfs_fs_context { struct kernfs_root *root; /* Root of the hierarchy being mounted */ void *ns_tag; /* Namespace tag of the mount (or NULL) */ unsigned long magic; /* File system specific magic number */ /* The following are set/used by kernfs_mount() */ bool new_sb_created; /* Set to T if we allocated a new sb */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_KERNFS static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_TYPE_MASK; } static inline ino_t kernfs_id_ino(u64 id) { /* id is ino if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, low 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return id; else return (u32)id; } static inline u32 kernfs_id_gen(u64 id) { /* gen is fixed at 1 if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, high 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return 1; else return id >> 32; } static inline ino_t kernfs_ino(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_ino(kn->id); } static inline ino_t kernfs_gen(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_gen(kn->id); } /** * kernfs_enable_ns - enable namespace under a directory * @kn: directory of interest, should be empty * * This is to be called right after @kn is created to enable namespace * under it. All children of @kn must have non-NULL namespace tags and * only the ones which match the super_block's tag will be visible. */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_DIR); WARN_ON_ONCE(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&kn->dir.children)); kn->flags |= KERNFS_NS; } /** * kernfs_ns_enabled - test whether namespace is enabled * @kn: the node to test * * Test whether namespace filtering is enabled for the children of @ns. */ static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_NS; } int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn); void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns); void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb); struct inode *kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn); struct dentry *kernfs_node_dentry(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct super_block *sb); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv); void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_empty_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name); struct kernfs_node *__kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target); void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_break_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); __poll_t kernfs_generic_poll(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size); int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags); const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb); int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb); void kernfs_init(void); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_node_by_id(struct kernfs_root *root, u64 id); #else /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return 0; } /* whatever */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline struct inode * kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root * kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root) { } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * __kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc) { } static inline void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb) { } static inline void kernfs_init(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ /** * kernfs_path - build full path of a given node * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * @buf: buffer to copy @kn's name into * @buflen: size of @buf * * If @kn is NULL result will be "(null)". * * Returns the length of the full path. If the full length is equal to or * greater than @buflen, @buf contains the truncated path with the trailing * '\0'. On error, -errno is returned. */ static inline int kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return kernfs_path_from_node(kn, NULL, buf, buflen); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name) { return kernfs_find_and_get_ns(kn, name, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *path) { return kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(kn, path, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_dir_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, priv, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns) { struct lock_class_key *key = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC key = (struct lock_class_key *)&ops->lockdep_key; #endif return __kernfs_create_file(parent, name, mode, uid, gid, size, ops, priv, ns, key); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_file_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, size, ops, priv, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name) { return kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(parent, name, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_rename(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name) { return kernfs_rename_ns(kn, new_parent, new_name, NULL); } #endif /* __LINUX_KERNFS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SEQ_FILE_H #define _LINUX_SEQ_FILE_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/cred.h> struct seq_operations; struct seq_file { char *buf; size_t size; size_t from; size_t count; size_t pad_until; loff_t index; loff_t read_pos; struct mutex lock; const struct seq_operations *op; int poll_event; const struct file *file; void *private; }; struct seq_operations { void * (*start) (struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos); void (*stop) (struct seq_file *m, void *v); void * (*next) (struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos); int (*show) (struct seq_file *m, void *v); }; #define SEQ_SKIP 1 /** * seq_has_overflowed - check if the buffer has overflowed * @m: the seq_file handle * * seq_files have a buffer which may overflow. When this happens a larger * buffer is reallocated and all the data will be printed again. * The overflow state is true when m->count == m->size. * * Returns true if the buffer received more than it can hold. */ static inline bool seq_has_overflowed(struct seq_file *m) { return m->count == m->size; } /** * seq_get_buf - get buffer to write arbitrary data to * @m: the seq_file handle * @bufp: the beginning of the buffer is stored here * * Return the number of bytes available in the buffer, or zero if * there's no space. */ static inline size_t seq_get_buf(struct seq_file *m, char **bufp) { BUG_ON(m->count > m->size); if (m->count < m->size) *bufp = m->buf + m->count; else *bufp = NULL; return m->size - m->count; } /** * seq_commit - commit data to the buffer * @m: the seq_file handle * @num: the number of bytes to commit * * Commit @num bytes of data written to a buffer previously acquired * by seq_buf_get. To signal an error condition, or that the data * didn't fit in the available space, pass a negative @num value. */ static inline void seq_commit(struct seq_file *m, int num) { if (num < 0) { m->count = m->size; } else { BUG_ON(m->count + num > m->size); m->count += num; } } /** * seq_setwidth - set padding width * @m: the seq_file handle * @size: the max number of bytes to pad. * * Call seq_setwidth() for setting max width, then call seq_printf() etc. and * finally call seq_pad() to pad the remaining bytes. */ static inline void seq_setwidth(struct seq_file *m, size_t size) { m->pad_until = m->count + size; } void seq_pad(struct seq_file *m, char c); char *mangle_path(char *s, const char *p, const char *esc); int seq_open(struct file *, const struct seq_operations *); ssize_t seq_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t seq_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); loff_t seq_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); int seq_release(struct inode *, struct file *); int seq_write(struct seq_file *seq, const void *data, size_t len); __printf(2, 0) void seq_vprintf(struct seq_file *m, const char *fmt, va_list args); __printf(2, 3) void seq_printf(struct seq_file *m, const char *fmt, ...); void seq_putc(struct seq_file *m, char c); void seq_puts(struct seq_file *m, const char *s); void seq_put_decimal_ull_width(struct seq_file *m, const char *delimiter, unsigned long long num, unsigned int width); void seq_put_decimal_ull(struct seq_file *m, const char *delimiter, unsigned long long num); void seq_put_decimal_ll(struct seq_file *m, const char *delimiter, long long num); void seq_put_hex_ll(struct seq_file *m, const char *delimiter, unsigned long long v, unsigned int width); void seq_escape(struct seq_file *m, const char *s, const char *esc); void seq_escape_mem_ascii(struct seq_file *m, const char *src, size_t isz); void seq_hex_dump(struct seq_file *m, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii); int seq_path(struct seq_file *, const struct path *, const char *); int seq_file_path(struct seq_file *, struct file *, const char *); int seq_dentry(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *, const char *); int seq_path_root(struct seq_file *m, const struct path *path, const struct path *root, const char *esc); int single_open(struct file *, int (*)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *); int single_open_size(struct file *, int (*)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *, size_t); int single_release(struct inode *, struct file *); void *__seq_open_private(struct file *, const struct seq_operations *, int); int seq_open_private(struct file *, const struct seq_operations *, int); int seq_release_private(struct inode *, struct file *); #define DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(__name) \ static int __name ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ int ret = seq_open(file, &__name ## _sops); \ if (!ret && inode->i_private) { \ struct seq_file *seq_f = file->private_data; \ seq_f->private = inode->i_private; \ } \ return ret; \ } \ \ static const struct file_operations __name ## _fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __name ## _open, \ .read = seq_read, \ .llseek = seq_lseek, \ .release = seq_release, \ } #define DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(__name) \ static int __name ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ return single_open(file, __name ## _show, inode->i_private); \ } \ \ static const struct file_operations __name ## _fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __name ## _open, \ .read = seq_read, \ .llseek = seq_lseek, \ .release = single_release, \ } #define DEFINE_PROC_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(__name) \ static int __name ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ return single_open(file, __name ## _show, PDE_DATA(inode)); \ } \ \ static const struct proc_ops __name ## _proc_ops = { \ .proc_open = __name ## _open, \ .proc_read = seq_read, \ .proc_lseek = seq_lseek, \ .proc_release = single_release, \ } static inline struct user_namespace *seq_user_ns(struct seq_file *seq) { #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS return seq->file->f_cred->user_ns; #else extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; return &init_user_ns; #endif } /** * seq_show_options - display mount options with appropriate escapes. * @m: the seq_file handle * @name: the mount option name * @value: the mount option name's value, can be NULL */ static inline void seq_show_option(struct seq_file *m, const char *name, const char *value) { seq_putc(m, ','); seq_escape(m, name, ",= \t\n\\"); if (value) { seq_putc(m, '='); seq_escape(m, value, ", \t\n\\"); } } /** * seq_show_option_n - display mount options with appropriate escapes * where @value must be a specific length. * @m: the seq_file handle * @name: the mount option name * @value: the mount option name's value, cannot be NULL * @length: the length of @value to display * * This is a macro since this uses "length" to define the size of the * stack buffer. */ #define seq_show_option_n(m, name, value, length) { \ char val_buf[length + 1]; \ strncpy(val_buf, value, length); \ val_buf[length] = '\0'; \ seq_show_option(m, name, val_buf); \ } #define SEQ_START_TOKEN ((void *)1) /* * Helpers for iteration over list_head-s in seq_files */ extern struct list_head *seq_list_start(struct list_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct list_head *seq_list_start_head(struct list_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct list_head *seq_list_next(void *v, struct list_head *head, loff_t *ppos); /* * Helpers for iteration over hlist_head-s in seq_files */ extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_start(struct hlist_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_start_head(struct hlist_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_next(void *v, struct hlist_head *head, loff_t *ppos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_start_rcu(struct hlist_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_start_head_rcu(struct hlist_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_next_rcu(void *v, struct hlist_head *head, loff_t *ppos); /* Helpers for iterating over per-cpu hlist_head-s in seq_files */ extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_start_percpu(struct hlist_head __percpu *head, int *cpu, loff_t pos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_next_percpu(void *v, struct hlist_head __percpu *head, int *cpu, loff_t *pos); void seq_file_init(void); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * ALSA sequencer Timer * Copyright (c) 1998-1999 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> */ #ifndef __SND_SEQ_TIMER_H #define __SND_SEQ_TIMER_H #include <sound/timer.h> #include <sound/seq_kernel.h> struct snd_seq_timer_tick { snd_seq_tick_time_t cur_tick; /* current tick */ unsigned long resolution; /* time per tick in nsec */ unsigned long fraction; /* current time per tick in nsec */ }; struct snd_seq_timer { /* ... tempo / offset / running state */ unsigned int running:1, /* running state of queue */ initialized:1; /* timer is initialized */ unsigned int tempo; /* current tempo, us/tick */ int ppq; /* time resolution, ticks/quarter */ snd_seq_real_time_t cur_time; /* current time */ struct snd_seq_timer_tick tick; /* current tick */ int tick_updated; int type; /* timer type */ struct snd_timer_id alsa_id; /* ALSA's timer ID */ struct snd_timer_instance *timeri; /* timer instance */ unsigned int ticks; unsigned long preferred_resolution; /* timer resolution, ticks/sec */ unsigned int skew; unsigned int skew_base; struct timespec64 last_update; /* time of last clock update, used for interpolation */ spinlock_t lock; }; /* create new timer (constructor) */ struct snd_seq_timer *snd_seq_timer_new(void); /* delete timer (destructor) */ void snd_seq_timer_delete(struct snd_seq_timer **tmr); /* */ static inline void snd_seq_timer_update_tick(struct snd_seq_timer_tick *tick, unsigned long resolution) { if (tick->resolution > 0) { tick->fraction += resolution; tick->cur_tick += (unsigned int)(tick->fraction / tick->resolution); tick->fraction %= tick->resolution; } } /* compare timestamp between events */ /* return 1 if a >= b; otherwise return 0 */ static inline int snd_seq_compare_tick_time(snd_seq_tick_time_t *a, snd_seq_tick_time_t *b) { /* compare ticks */ return (*a >= *b); } static inline int snd_seq_compare_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *a, snd_seq_real_time_t *b) { /* compare real time */ if (a->tv_sec > b->tv_sec) return 1; if ((a->tv_sec == b->tv_sec) && (a->tv_nsec >= b->tv_nsec)) return 1; return 0; } static inline void snd_seq_sanity_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm) { while (tm->tv_nsec >= 1000000000) { /* roll-over */ tm->tv_nsec -= 1000000000; tm->tv_sec++; } } /* increment timestamp */ static inline void snd_seq_inc_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm, snd_seq_real_time_t *inc) { tm->tv_sec += inc->tv_sec; tm->tv_nsec += inc->tv_nsec; snd_seq_sanity_real_time(tm); } static inline void snd_seq_inc_time_nsec(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm, unsigned long nsec) { tm->tv_nsec += nsec; snd_seq_sanity_real_time(tm); } /* called by timer isr */ struct snd_seq_queue; int snd_seq_timer_open(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_close(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_midi_open(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_midi_close(struct snd_seq_queue *q); void snd_seq_timer_defaults(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); void snd_seq_timer_reset(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_stop(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_start(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_continue(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_set_tempo(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, int tempo); int snd_seq_timer_set_tempo_ppq(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, int tempo, int ppq); int snd_seq_timer_set_position_tick(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, snd_seq_tick_time_t position); int snd_seq_timer_set_position_time(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, snd_seq_real_time_t position); int snd_seq_timer_set_skew(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, unsigned int skew, unsigned int base); snd_seq_real_time_t snd_seq_timer_get_cur_time(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, bool adjust_ktime); snd_seq_tick_time_t snd_seq_timer_get_cur_tick(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); extern int seq_default_timer_class; extern int seq_default_timer_sclass; extern int seq_default_timer_card; extern int seq_default_timer_device; extern int seq_default_timer_subdevice; extern int seq_default_timer_resolution; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common values for SHA algorithms */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SHA_H #define _CRYPTO_SHA_H #include <linux/types.h> #define SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE 20 #define SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA224_DIGEST_SIZE 28 #define SHA224_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE 32 #define SHA256_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA384_DIGEST_SIZE 48 #define SHA384_BLOCK_SIZE 128 #define SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE 64 #define SHA512_BLOCK_SIZE 128 #define SHA1_H0 0x67452301UL #define SHA1_H1 0xefcdab89UL #define SHA1_H2 0x98badcfeUL #define SHA1_H3 0x10325476UL #define SHA1_H4 0xc3d2e1f0UL #define SHA224_H0 0xc1059ed8UL #define SHA224_H1 0x367cd507UL #define SHA224_H2 0x3070dd17UL #define SHA224_H3 0xf70e5939UL #define SHA224_H4 0xffc00b31UL #define SHA224_H5 0x68581511UL #define SHA224_H6 0x64f98fa7UL #define SHA224_H7 0xbefa4fa4UL #define SHA256_H0 0x6a09e667UL #define SHA256_H1 0xbb67ae85UL #define SHA256_H2 0x3c6ef372UL #define SHA256_H3 0xa54ff53aUL #define SHA256_H4 0x510e527fUL #define SHA256_H5 0x9b05688cUL #define SHA256_H6 0x1f83d9abUL #define SHA256_H7 0x5be0cd19UL #define SHA384_H0 0xcbbb9d5dc1059ed8ULL #define SHA384_H1 0x629a292a367cd507ULL #define SHA384_H2 0x9159015a3070dd17ULL #define SHA384_H3 0x152fecd8f70e5939ULL #define SHA384_H4 0x67332667ffc00b31ULL #define SHA384_H5 0x8eb44a8768581511ULL #define SHA384_H6 0xdb0c2e0d64f98fa7ULL #define SHA384_H7 0x47b5481dbefa4fa4ULL #define SHA512_H0 0x6a09e667f3bcc908ULL #define SHA512_H1 0xbb67ae8584caa73bULL #define SHA512_H2 0x3c6ef372fe94f82bULL #define SHA512_H3 0xa54ff53a5f1d36f1ULL #define SHA512_H4 0x510e527fade682d1ULL #define SHA512_H5 0x9b05688c2b3e6c1fULL #define SHA512_H6 0x1f83d9abfb41bd6bULL #define SHA512_H7 0x5be0cd19137e2179ULL extern const u8 sha1_zero_message_hash[SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha224_zero_message_hash[SHA224_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha256_zero_message_hash[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha384_zero_message_hash[SHA384_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha512_zero_message_hash[SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE]; struct sha1_state { u32 state[SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE / 4]; u64 count; u8 buffer[SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct sha256_state { u32 state[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE / 4]; u64 count; u8 buf[SHA256_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct sha512_state { u64 state[SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE / 8]; u64 count[2]; u8 buf[SHA512_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct shash_desc; extern int crypto_sha1_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha1_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); extern int crypto_sha256_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha256_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); extern int crypto_sha512_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha512_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); /* * An implementation of SHA-1's compression function. Don't use in new code! * You shouldn't be using SHA-1, and even if you *have* to use SHA-1, this isn't * the correct way to hash something with SHA-1 (use crypto_shash instead). */ #define SHA1_DIGEST_WORDS (SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE / 4) #define SHA1_WORKSPACE_WORDS 16 void sha1_init(__u32 *buf); void sha1_transform(__u32 *digest, const char *data, __u32 *W); /* * Stand-alone implementation of the SHA256 algorithm. It is designed to * have as little dependencies as possible so it can be used in the * kexec_file purgatory. In other cases you should generally use the * hash APIs from include/crypto/hash.h. Especially when hashing large * amounts of data as those APIs may be hw-accelerated. * * For details see lib/crypto/sha256.c */ static inline void sha256_init(struct sha256_state *sctx) { sctx->state[0] = SHA256_H0; sctx->state[1] = SHA256_H1; sctx->state[2] = SHA256_H2; sctx->state[3] = SHA256_H3; sctx->state[4] = SHA256_H4; sctx->state[5] = SHA256_H5; sctx->state[6] = SHA256_H6; sctx->state[7] = SHA256_H7; sctx->count = 0; } void sha256_update(struct sha256_state *sctx, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); void sha256_final(struct sha256_state *sctx, u8 *out); void sha256(const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); static inline void sha224_init(struct sha256_state *sctx) { sctx->state[0] = SHA224_H0; sctx->state[1] = SHA224_H1; sctx->state[2] = SHA224_H2; sctx->state[3] = SHA224_H3; sctx->state[4] = SHA224_H4; sctx->state[5] = SHA224_H5; sctx->state[6] = SHA224_H6; sctx->state[7] = SHA224_H7; sctx->count = 0; } void sha224_update(struct sha256_state *sctx, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); void sha224_final(struct sha256_state *sctx, u8 *out); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 1999-2002 Vojtech Pavlik */ #ifndef _SERIO_H #define _SERIO_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/mod_devicetable.h> #include <uapi/linux/serio.h> extern struct bus_type serio_bus; struct serio { void *port_data; char name[32]; char phys[32]; char firmware_id[128]; bool manual_bind; struct serio_device_id id; /* Protects critical sections from port's interrupt handler */ spinlock_t lock; int (*write)(struct serio *, unsigned char); int (*open)(struct serio *); void (*close)(struct serio *); int (*start)(struct serio *); void (*stop)(struct serio *); struct serio *parent; /* Entry in parent->children list */ struct list_head child_node; struct list_head children; /* Level of nesting in serio hierarchy */ unsigned int depth; /* * serio->drv is accessed from interrupt handlers; when modifying * caller should acquire serio->drv_mutex and serio->lock. */ struct serio_driver *drv; /* Protects serio->drv so attributes can pin current driver */ struct mutex drv_mutex; struct device dev; struct list_head node; /* * For use by PS/2 layer when several ports share hardware and * may get indigestion when exposed to concurrent access (i8042). */ struct mutex *ps2_cmd_mutex; }; #define to_serio_port(d) container_of(d, struct serio, dev) struct serio_driver { const char *description; const struct serio_device_id *id_table; bool manual_bind; void (*write_wakeup)(struct serio *); irqreturn_t (*interrupt)(struct serio *, unsigned char, unsigned int); int (*connect)(struct serio *, struct serio_driver *drv); int (*reconnect)(struct serio *); int (*fast_reconnect)(struct serio *); void (*disconnect)(struct serio *); void (*cleanup)(struct serio *); struct device_driver driver; }; #define to_serio_driver(d) container_of(d, struct serio_driver, driver) int serio_open(struct serio *serio, struct serio_driver *drv); void serio_close(struct serio *serio); void serio_rescan(struct serio *serio); void serio_reconnect(struct serio *serio); irqreturn_t serio_interrupt(struct serio *serio, unsigned char data, unsigned int flags); void __serio_register_port(struct serio *serio, struct module *owner); /* use a define to avoid include chaining to get THIS_MODULE */ #define serio_register_port(serio) \ __serio_register_port(serio, THIS_MODULE) void serio_unregister_port(struct serio *serio); void serio_unregister_child_port(struct serio *serio); int __must_check __serio_register_driver(struct serio_driver *drv, struct module *owner, const char *mod_name); /* use a define to avoid include chaining to get THIS_MODULE & friends */ #define serio_register_driver(drv) \ __serio_register_driver(drv, THIS_MODULE, KBUILD_MODNAME) void serio_unregister_driver(struct serio_driver *drv); /** * module_serio_driver() - Helper macro for registering a serio driver * @__serio_driver: serio_driver struct * * Helper macro for serio drivers which do not do anything special in * module init/exit. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each module * may only use this macro once, and calling it replaces module_init() * and module_exit(). */ #define module_serio_driver(__serio_driver) \ module_driver(__serio_driver, serio_register_driver, \ serio_unregister_driver) static inline int serio_write(struct serio *serio, unsigned char data) { if (serio->write) return serio->write(serio, data); else return -1; } static inline void serio_drv_write_wakeup(struct serio *serio) { if (serio->drv && serio->drv->write_wakeup) serio->drv->write_wakeup(serio); } /* * Use the following functions to manipulate serio's per-port * driver-specific data. */ static inline void *serio_get_drvdata(struct serio *serio) { return dev_get_drvdata(&serio->dev); } static inline void serio_set_drvdata(struct serio *serio, void *data) { dev_set_drvdata(&serio->dev, data); } /* * Use the following functions to protect critical sections in * driver code from port's interrupt handler */ static inline void serio_pause_rx(struct serio *serio) { spin_lock_irq(&serio->lock); } static inline void serio_continue_rx(struct serio *serio) { spin_unlock_irq(&serio->lock); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM net #if !defined(_TRACE_NET_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_NET_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/if_vlan.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(net_dev_start_xmit, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev), TP_ARGS(skb, dev), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, dev->name ) __field( u16, queue_mapping ) __field( const void *, skbaddr ) __field( bool, vlan_tagged ) __field( u16, vlan_proto ) __field( u16, vlan_tci ) __field( u16, protocol ) __field( u8, ip_summed ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( unsigned int, data_len ) __field( int, network_offset ) __field( bool, transport_offset_valid) __field( int, transport_offset) __field( u8, tx_flags ) __field( u16, gso_size ) __field( u16, gso_segs ) __field( u16, gso_type ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, dev->name); __entry->queue_mapping = skb->queue_mapping; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->vlan_tagged = skb_vlan_tag_present(skb); __entry->vlan_proto = ntohs(skb->vlan_proto); __entry->vlan_tci = skb_vlan_tag_get(skb); __entry->protocol = ntohs(skb->protocol); __entry->ip_summed = skb->ip_summed; __entry->len = skb->len; __entry->data_len = skb->data_len; __entry->network_offset = skb_network_offset(skb); __entry->transport_offset_valid = skb_transport_header_was_set(skb); __entry->transport_offset = skb_transport_offset(skb); __entry->tx_flags = skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags; __entry->gso_size = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; __entry->gso_segs = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs; __entry->gso_type = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type; ), TP_printk("dev=%s queue_mapping=%u skbaddr=%p vlan_tagged=%d vlan_proto=0x%04x vlan_tci=0x%04x protocol=0x%04x ip_summed=%d len=%u data_len=%u network_offset=%d transport_offset_valid=%d transport_offset=%d tx_flags=%d gso_size=%d gso_segs=%d gso_type=%#x", __get_str(name), __entry->queue_mapping, __entry->skbaddr, __entry->vlan_tagged, __entry->vlan_proto, __entry->vlan_tci, __entry->protocol, __entry->ip_summed, __entry->len, __entry->data_len, __entry->network_offset, __entry->transport_offset_valid, __entry->transport_offset, __entry->tx_flags, __entry->gso_size, __entry->gso_segs, __entry->gso_type) ); TRACE_EVENT(net_dev_xmit, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb, int rc, struct net_device *dev, unsigned int skb_len), TP_ARGS(skb, rc, dev, skb_len), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( int, rc ) __string( name, dev->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->len = skb_len; __entry->rc = rc; __assign_str(name, dev->name); ), TP_printk("dev=%s skbaddr=%p len=%u rc=%d", __get_str(name), __entry->skbaddr, __entry->len, __entry->rc) ); TRACE_EVENT(net_dev_xmit_timeout, TP_PROTO(struct net_device *dev, int queue_index), TP_ARGS(dev, queue_index), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, dev->name ) __string( driver, netdev_drivername(dev)) __field( int, queue_index ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, dev->name); __assign_str(driver, netdev_drivername(dev)); __entry->queue_index = queue_index; ), TP_printk("dev=%s driver=%s queue=%d", __get_str(name), __get_str(driver), __entry->queue_index) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(net_dev_template, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __string( name, skb->dev->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->len = skb->len; __assign_str(name, skb->dev->name); ), TP_printk("dev=%s skbaddr=%p len=%u", __get_str(name), __entry->skbaddr, __entry->len) ) DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_template, net_dev_queue, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_template, netif_receive_skb, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_template, netif_rx, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, skb->dev->name ) __field( unsigned int, napi_id ) __field( u16, queue_mapping ) __field( const void *, skbaddr ) __field( bool, vlan_tagged ) __field( u16, vlan_proto ) __field( u16, vlan_tci ) __field( u16, protocol ) __field( u8, ip_summed ) __field( u32, hash ) __field( bool, l4_hash ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( unsigned int, data_len ) __field( unsigned int, truesize ) __field( bool, mac_header_valid) __field( int, mac_header ) __field( unsigned char, nr_frags ) __field( u16, gso_size ) __field( u16, gso_type ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, skb->dev->name); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL __entry->napi_id = skb->napi_id; #else __entry->napi_id = 0; #endif __entry->queue_mapping = skb->queue_mapping; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->vlan_tagged = skb_vlan_tag_present(skb); __entry->vlan_proto = ntohs(skb->vlan_proto); __entry->vlan_tci = skb_vlan_tag_get(skb); __entry->protocol = ntohs(skb->protocol); __entry->ip_summed = skb->ip_summed; __entry->hash = skb->hash; __entry->l4_hash = skb->l4_hash; __entry->len = skb->len; __entry->data_len = skb->data_len; __entry->truesize = skb->truesize; __entry->mac_header_valid = skb_mac_header_was_set(skb); __entry->mac_header = skb_mac_header(skb) - skb->data; __entry->nr_frags = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; __entry->gso_size = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; __entry->gso_type = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type; ), TP_printk("dev=%s napi_id=%#x queue_mapping=%u skbaddr=%p vlan_tagged=%d vlan_proto=0x%04x vlan_tci=0x%04x protocol=0x%04x ip_summed=%d hash=0x%08x l4_hash=%d len=%u data_len=%u truesize=%u mac_header_valid=%d mac_header=%d nr_frags=%d gso_size=%d gso_type=%#x", __get_str(name), __entry->napi_id, __entry->queue_mapping, __entry->skbaddr, __entry->vlan_tagged, __entry->vlan_proto, __entry->vlan_tci, __entry->protocol, __entry->ip_summed, __entry->hash, __entry->l4_hash, __entry->len, __entry->data_len, __entry->truesize, __entry->mac_header_valid, __entry->mac_header, __entry->nr_frags, __entry->gso_size, __entry->gso_type) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, napi_gro_frags_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, napi_gro_receive_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, netif_receive_skb_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, netif_receive_skb_list_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, netif_rx_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, netif_rx_ni_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(net_dev_rx_exit_template, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ret=%d", __entry->ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, napi_gro_frags_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, napi_gro_receive_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, netif_receive_skb_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, netif_rx_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, netif_rx_ni_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, netif_receive_skb_list_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); #endif /* _TRACE_NET_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 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scsi_opcode_name(INITIALIZE_ELEMENT_STATUS), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEEK_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_REVERSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_FILEMARKS), \ scsi_opcode_name(SPACE), \ scsi_opcode_name(INQUIRY), \ scsi_opcode_name(RECOVER_BUFFERED_DATA), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SELECT), \ scsi_opcode_name(RESERVE), \ scsi_opcode_name(RELEASE), \ scsi_opcode_name(COPY), \ scsi_opcode_name(ERASE), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SENSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(START_STOP), \ scsi_opcode_name(RECEIVE_DIAGNOSTIC), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEND_DIAGNOSTIC), \ scsi_opcode_name(ALLOW_MEDIUM_REMOVAL), \ scsi_opcode_name(SET_WINDOW), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_CAPACITY), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEEK_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(POSITION_TO_ELEMENT), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_HIGH), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_EQUAL), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_LOW), \ scsi_opcode_name(SET_LIMITS), \ scsi_opcode_name(PRE_FETCH), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_POSITION), \ scsi_opcode_name(SYNCHRONIZE_CACHE), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOCK_UNLOCK_CACHE), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_DEFECT_DATA), \ scsi_opcode_name(MEDIUM_SCAN), \ scsi_opcode_name(COMPARE), \ scsi_opcode_name(COPY_VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_BUFFER), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_BUFFER), \ scsi_opcode_name(UPDATE_BLOCK), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_LONG), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_LONG), \ scsi_opcode_name(CHANGE_DEFINITION), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME), \ scsi_opcode_name(UNMAP), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_TOC), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOG_SELECT), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOG_SENSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(XDWRITEREAD_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SELECT_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(RESERVE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(RELEASE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SENSE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(PERSISTENT_RESERVE_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(PERSISTENT_RESERVE_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD), \ scsi_opcode_name(REPORT_LUNS), \ scsi_opcode_name(MAINTENANCE_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(MAINTENANCE_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(MOVE_MEDIUM), \ scsi_opcode_name(EXCHANGE_MEDIUM), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_VERIFY_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_HIGH_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_EQUAL_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_LOW_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_ELEMENT_STATUS), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEND_VOLUME_TAG), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_LONG_2), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(VERIFY_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(ZBC_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(ZBC_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(SERVICE_ACTION_IN_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(ATA_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(ATA_12)) #define scsi_hostbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_hostbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_OK), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_NO_CONNECT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BUS_BUSY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TIME_OUT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BAD_TARGET), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_ABORT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_PARITY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_ERROR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_RESET), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BAD_INTR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_PASSTHROUGH), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_SOFT_ERROR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_IMM_RETRY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_REQUEUE), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TRANSPORT_DISRUPTED), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TRANSPORT_FAILFAST)) #define scsi_driverbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_driverbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_OK), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_BUSY), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_SOFT), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_MEDIA), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_ERROR), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_INVALID), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_TIMEOUT), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_HARD), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_SENSE)) #define scsi_msgbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_msgbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_msgbyte_name(COMMAND_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(EXTENDED_MESSAGE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(SAVE_POINTERS), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(RESTORE_POINTERS), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(DISCONNECT), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(INITIATOR_ERROR), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT_TASK_SET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(MESSAGE_REJECT), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(NOP), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(MSG_PARITY_ERROR), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LINKED_CMD_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LINKED_FLG_CMD_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(TARGET_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT_TASK), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(CLEAR_TASK_SET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(INITIATE_RECOVERY), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(RELEASE_RECOVERY), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(CLEAR_ACA), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LOGICAL_UNIT_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(SIMPLE_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(HEAD_OF_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ORDERED_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(IGNORE_WIDE_RESIDUE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ACA), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(QAS_REQUEST), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(BUS_DEVICE_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT)) #define scsi_statusbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_statusbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_GOOD), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_CONDITION_MET), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_BUSY), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE_CONDITION_MET), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_RESERVATION_CONFLICT), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_COMMAND_TERMINATED), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_TASK_SET_FULL), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_ACA_ACTIVE), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_TASK_ABORTED)) #define scsi_prot_op_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_prot_op_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_NORMAL), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_INSERT), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_STRIP), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_STRIP), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_INSERT), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_PASS), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_PASS)) const char *scsi_trace_parse_cdb(struct trace_seq*, unsigned char*, int); #define __parse_cdb(cdb, len) scsi_trace_parse_cdb(p, cdb, len) TRACE_EVENT(scsi_dispatch_cmd_start, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u prot_sgl=%u" \ " prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s)", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len)) ); TRACE_EVENT(scsi_dispatch_cmd_error, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, int rtn), TP_ARGS(cmd, rtn), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( int, rtn ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->rtn = rtn; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u prot_sgl=%u" \ " prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s) rtn=%d", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __entry->rtn) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( int, result ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->result = cmd->result; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u " \ "prot_sgl=%u prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s) result=(driver=" \ "%s host=%s message=%s status=%s)", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), show_driverbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 24) & 0xff), show_hostbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 16) & 0xff), show_msgbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 8) & 0xff), show_statusbyte_name(__entry->result & 0xff)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, scsi_dispatch_cmd_done, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd)); DEFINE_EVENT(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, scsi_dispatch_cmd_timeout, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd)); TRACE_EVENT(scsi_eh_wakeup, TP_PROTO(struct Scsi_Host *shost), TP_ARGS(shost), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = shost->host_no; ), TP_printk("host_no=%u", __entry->host_no) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SCSI_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ #ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_SWAB_H #define _UAPI_LINUX_SWAB_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <asm/bitsperlong.h> #include <asm/swab.h> /* * casts are necessary for constants, because we never know how for sure * how U/UL/ULL map to __u16, __u32, __u64. At least not in a portable way. */ #define ___constant_swab16(x) ((__u16)( \ (((__u16)(x) & (__u16)0x00ffU) << 8) | \ (((__u16)(x) & (__u16)0xff00U) >> 8))) #define ___constant_swab32(x) ((__u32)( \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0x000000ffUL) << 24) | \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0x0000ff00UL) << 8) | \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0x00ff0000UL) >> 8) | \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0xff000000UL) >> 24))) #define ___constant_swab64(x) ((__u64)( \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x00000000000000ffULL) << 56) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x000000000000ff00ULL) << 40) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x0000000000ff0000ULL) << 24) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x00000000ff000000ULL) << 8) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x000000ff00000000ULL) >> 8) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x0000ff0000000000ULL) >> 24) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x00ff000000000000ULL) >> 40) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0xff00000000000000ULL) >> 56))) #define ___constant_swahw32(x) ((__u32)( \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0x0000ffffUL) << 16) | \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0xffff0000UL) >> 16))) #define ___constant_swahb32(x) ((__u32)( \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0x00ff00ffUL) << 8) | \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0xff00ff00UL) >> 8))) /* * Implement the following as inlines, but define the interface using * macros to allow constant folding when possible: * ___swab16, ___swab32, ___swab64, ___swahw32, ___swahb32 */ static inline __attribute_const__ __u16 __fswab16(__u16 val) { #if defined (__arch_swab16) return __arch_swab16(val); #else return ___constant_swab16(val); #endif } static inline __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswab32(__u32 val) { #if defined(__arch_swab32) return __arch_swab32(val); #else return ___constant_swab32(val); #endif } static inline __attribute_const__ __u64 __fswab64(__u64 val) { #if defined (__arch_swab64) return __arch_swab64(val); #elif defined(__SWAB_64_THRU_32__) __u32 h = val >> 32; __u32 l = val & ((1ULL << 32) - 1); return (((__u64)__fswab32(l)) << 32) | ((__u64)(__fswab32(h))); #else return ___constant_swab64(val); #endif } static inline __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswahw32(__u32 val) { #ifdef __arch_swahw32 return __arch_swahw32(val); #else return ___constant_swahw32(val); #endif } static inline __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswahb32(__u32 val) { #ifdef __arch_swahb32 return __arch_swahb32(val); #else return ___constant_swahb32(val); #endif } /** * __swab16 - return a byteswapped 16-bit value * @x: value to byteswap */ #ifdef __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP16__ #define __swab16(x) (__u16)__builtin_bswap16((__u16)(x)) #else #define __swab16(x) \ (__builtin_constant_p((__u16)(x)) ? \ ___constant_swab16(x) : \ __fswab16(x)) #endif /** * __swab32 - return a byteswapped 32-bit value * @x: value to byteswap */ #ifdef __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP32__ #define __swab32(x) (__u32)__builtin_bswap32((__u32)(x)) #else #define __swab32(x) \ (__builtin_constant_p((__u32)(x)) ? \ ___constant_swab32(x) : \ __fswab32(x)) #endif /** * __swab64 - return a byteswapped 64-bit value * @x: value to byteswap */ #ifdef __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP64__ #define __swab64(x) (__u64)__builtin_bswap64((__u64)(x)) #else #define __swab64(x) \ (__builtin_constant_p((__u64)(x)) ? \ ___constant_swab64(x) : \ __fswab64(x)) #endif static __always_inline unsigned long __swab(const unsigned long y) { #if __BITS_PER_LONG == 64 return __swab64(y); #else /* __BITS_PER_LONG == 32 */ return __swab32(y); #endif } /** * __swahw32 - return a word-swapped 32-bit value * @x: value to wordswap * * __swahw32(0x12340000) is 0x00001234 */ #define __swahw32(x) \ (__builtin_constant_p((__u32)(x)) ? \ ___constant_swahw32(x) : \ __fswahw32(x)) /** * __swahb32 - return a high and low byte-swapped 32-bit value * @x: value to byteswap * * __swahb32(0x12345678) is 0x34127856 */ #define __swahb32(x) \ (__builtin_constant_p((__u32)(x)) ? \ ___constant_swahb32(x) : \ __fswahb32(x)) /** * __swab16p - return a byteswapped 16-bit value from a pointer * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 16-bit value */ static __always_inline __u16 __swab16p(const __u16 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab16p return __arch_swab16p(p); #else return __swab16(*p); #endif } /** * __swab32p - return a byteswapped 32-bit value from a pointer * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value */ static __always_inline __u32 __swab32p(const __u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab32p return __arch_swab32p(p); #else return __swab32(*p); #endif } /** * __swab64p - return a byteswapped 64-bit value from a pointer * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 64-bit value */ static __always_inline __u64 __swab64p(const __u64 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab64p return __arch_swab64p(p); #else return __swab64(*p); #endif } /** * __swahw32p - return a wordswapped 32-bit value from a pointer * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value * * See __swahw32() for details of wordswapping. */ static inline __u32 __swahw32p(const __u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swahw32p return __arch_swahw32p(p); #else return __swahw32(*p); #endif } /** * __swahb32p - return a high and low byteswapped 32-bit value from a pointer * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value * * See __swahb32() for details of high/low byteswapping. */ static inline __u32 __swahb32p(const __u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swahb32p return __arch_swahb32p(p); #else return __swahb32(*p); #endif } /** * __swab16s - byteswap a 16-bit value in-place * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 16-bit value */ static inline void __swab16s(__u16 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab16s __arch_swab16s(p); #else *p = __swab16p(p); #endif } /** * __swab32s - byteswap a 32-bit value in-place * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value */ static __always_inline void __swab32s(__u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab32s __arch_swab32s(p); #else *p = __swab32p(p); #endif } /** * __swab64s - byteswap a 64-bit value in-place * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 64-bit value */ static __always_inline void __swab64s(__u64 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab64s __arch_swab64s(p); #else *p = __swab64p(p); #endif } /** * __swahw32s - wordswap a 32-bit value in-place * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value * * See __swahw32() for details of wordswapping */ static inline void __swahw32s(__u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swahw32s __arch_swahw32s(p); #else *p = __swahw32p(p); #endif } /** * __swahb32s - high and low byteswap a 32-bit value in-place * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value * * See __swahb32() for details of high and low byte swapping */ static inline void __swahb32s(__u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swahb32s __arch_swahb32s(p); #else *p = __swahb32p(p); #endif } #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_SWAB_H */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/exec.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* * #!-checking implemented by tytso. */ /* * Demand-loading implemented 01.12.91 - no need to read anything but * the header into memory. The inode of the executable is put into * "current->executable", and page faults do the actual loading. Clean. * * Once more I can proudly say that linux stood up to being changed: it * was less than 2 hours work to get demand-loading completely implemented. * * Demand loading changed July 1993 by Eric Youngdale. Use mmap instead, * current->executable is only used by the procfs. This allows a dispatch * table to check for several different types of binary formats. We keep * trying until we recognize the file or we run out of supported binary * formats. */ #include <linux/kernel_read_file.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/vmacache.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/key.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/utsname.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/tsacct_kern.h> #include <linux/cn_proc.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/tracehook.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/io_uring.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <trace/events/task.h> #include "internal.h" #include <trace/events/sched.h> static int bprm_creds_from_file(struct linux_binprm *bprm); int suid_dumpable = 0; static LIST_HEAD(formats); static DEFINE_RWLOCK(binfmt_lock); void __register_binfmt(struct linux_binfmt * fmt, int insert) { BUG_ON(!fmt); if (WARN_ON(!fmt->load_binary)) return; write_lock(&binfmt_lock); insert ? list_add(&fmt->lh, &formats) : list_add_tail(&fmt->lh, &formats); write_unlock(&binfmt_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__register_binfmt); void unregister_binfmt(struct linux_binfmt * fmt) { write_lock(&binfmt_lock); list_del(&fmt->lh); write_unlock(&binfmt_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_binfmt); static inline void put_binfmt(struct linux_binfmt * fmt) { module_put(fmt->module); } bool path_noexec(const struct path *path) { return (path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOEXEC) || (path->mnt->mnt_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_NOEXEC); } #ifdef CONFIG_USELIB /* * Note that a shared library must be both readable and executable due to * security reasons. * * Also note that we take the address to load from from the file itself. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(uselib, const char __user *, library) { struct linux_binfmt *fmt; struct file *file; struct filename *tmp = getname(library); int error = PTR_ERR(tmp); static const struct open_flags uselib_flags = { .open_flag = O_LARGEFILE | O_RDONLY | __FMODE_EXEC, .acc_mode = MAY_READ | MAY_EXEC, .intent = LOOKUP_OPEN, .lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW, }; if (IS_ERR(tmp)) goto out; file = do_filp_open(AT_FDCWD, tmp, &uselib_flags); putname(tmp); error = PTR_ERR(file); if (IS_ERR(file)) goto out; /* * may_open() has already checked for this, so it should be * impossible to trip now. But we need to be extra cautious * and check again at the very end too. */ error = -EACCES; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode) || path_noexec(&file->f_path))) goto exit; fsnotify_open(file); error = -ENOEXEC; read_lock(&binfmt_lock); list_for_each_entry(fmt, &formats, lh) { if (!fmt->load_shlib) continue; if (!try_module_get(fmt->module)) continue; read_unlock(&binfmt_lock); error = fmt->load_shlib(file); read_lock(&binfmt_lock); put_binfmt(fmt); if (error != -ENOEXEC) break; } read_unlock(&binfmt_lock); exit: fput(file); out: return error; } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_USELIB */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * The nascent bprm->mm is not visible until exec_mmap() but it can * use a lot of memory, account these pages in current->mm temporary * for oom_badness()->get_mm_rss(). Once exec succeeds or fails, we * change the counter back via acct_arg_size(0). */ static void acct_arg_size(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pages) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; long diff = (long)(pages - bprm->vma_pages); if (!mm || !diff) return; bprm->vma_pages = pages; add_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES, diff); } static struct page *get_arg_page(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pos, int write) { struct page *page; int ret; unsigned int gup_flags = FOLL_FORCE; #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP if (write) { ret = expand_downwards(bprm->vma, pos); if (ret < 0) return NULL; } #endif if (write) gup_flags |= FOLL_WRITE; /* * We are doing an exec(). 'current' is the process * doing the exec and bprm->mm is the new process's mm. */ ret = get_user_pages_remote(bprm->mm, pos, 1, gup_flags, &page, NULL, NULL); if (ret <= 0) return NULL; if (write) acct_arg_size(bprm, vma_pages(bprm->vma)); return page; } static void put_arg_page(struct page *page) { put_page(page); } static void free_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { } static void flush_arg_page(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pos, struct page *page) { flush_cache_page(bprm->vma, pos, page_to_pfn(page)); } static int __bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { int err; struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL; struct mm_struct *mm = bprm->mm; bprm->vma = vma = vm_area_alloc(mm); if (!vma) return -ENOMEM; vma_set_anonymous(vma); if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) { err = -EINTR; goto err_free; } /* * Place the stack at the largest stack address the architecture * supports. Later, we'll move this to an appropriate place. We don't * use STACK_TOP because that can depend on attributes which aren't * configured yet. */ BUILD_BUG_ON(VM_STACK_FLAGS & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP); vma->vm_end = STACK_TOP_MAX; vma->vm_start = vma->vm_end - PAGE_SIZE; vma->vm_flags = VM_SOFTDIRTY | VM_STACK_FLAGS | VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP; vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); err = insert_vm_struct(mm, vma); if (err) goto err; mm->stack_vm = mm->total_vm = 1; mmap_write_unlock(mm); bprm->p = vma->vm_end - sizeof(void *); return 0; err: mmap_write_unlock(mm); err_free: bprm->vma = NULL; vm_area_free(vma); return err; } static bool valid_arg_len(struct linux_binprm *bprm, long len) { return len <= MAX_ARG_STRLEN; } #else static inline void acct_arg_size(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pages) { } static struct page *get_arg_page(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pos, int write) { struct page *page; page = bprm->page[pos / PAGE_SIZE]; if (!page && write) { page = alloc_page(GFP_HIGHUSER|__GFP_ZERO); if (!page) return NULL; bprm->page[pos / PAGE_SIZE] = page; } return page; } static void put_arg_page(struct page *page) { } static void free_arg_page(struct linux_binprm *bprm, int i) { if (bprm->page[i]) { __free_page(bprm->page[i]); bprm->page[i] = NULL; } } static void free_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < MAX_ARG_PAGES; i++) free_arg_page(bprm, i); } static void flush_arg_page(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pos, struct page *page) { } static int __bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { bprm->p = PAGE_SIZE * MAX_ARG_PAGES - sizeof(void *); return 0; } static bool valid_arg_len(struct linux_binprm *bprm, long len) { return len <= bprm->p; } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ /* * Create a new mm_struct and populate it with a temporary stack * vm_area_struct. We don't have enough context at this point to set the stack * flags, permissions, and offset, so we use temporary values. We'll update * them later in setup_arg_pages(). */ static int bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { int err; struct mm_struct *mm = NULL; bprm->mm = mm = mm_alloc(); err = -ENOMEM; if (!mm) goto err; /* Save current stack limit for all calculations made during exec. */ task_lock(current->group_leader); bprm->rlim_stack = current->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_STACK]; task_unlock(current->group_leader); err = __bprm_mm_init(bprm); if (err) goto err; return 0; err: if (mm) { bprm->mm = NULL; mmdrop(mm); } return err; } struct user_arg_ptr { #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT bool is_compat; #endif union { const char __user *const __user *native; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT const compat_uptr_t __user *compat; #endif } ptr; }; static const char __user *get_user_arg_ptr(struct user_arg_ptr argv, int nr) { const char __user *native; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT if (unlikely(argv.is_compat)) { compat_uptr_t compat; if (get_user(compat, argv.ptr.compat + nr)) return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); return compat_ptr(compat); } #endif if (get_user(native, argv.ptr.native + nr)) return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); return native; } /* * count() counts the number of strings in array ARGV. */ static int count(struct user_arg_ptr argv, int max) { int i = 0; if (argv.ptr.native != NULL) { for (;;) { const char __user *p = get_user_arg_ptr(argv, i); if (!p) break; if (IS_ERR(p)) return -EFAULT; if (i >= max) return -E2BIG; ++i; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) return -ERESTARTNOHAND; cond_resched(); } } return i; } static int count_strings_kernel(const char *const *argv) { int i; if (!argv) return 0; for (i = 0; argv[i]; ++i) { if (i >= MAX_ARG_STRINGS) return -E2BIG; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) return -ERESTARTNOHAND; cond_resched(); } return i; } static int bprm_stack_limits(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { unsigned long limit, ptr_size; /* * Limit to 1/4 of the max stack size or 3/4 of _STK_LIM * (whichever is smaller) for the argv+env strings. * This ensures that: * - the remaining binfmt code will not run out of stack space, * - the program will have a reasonable amount of stack left * to work from. */ limit = _STK_LIM / 4 * 3; limit = min(limit, bprm->rlim_stack.rlim_cur / 4); /* * We've historically supported up to 32 pages (ARG_MAX) * of argument strings even with small stacks */ limit = max_t(unsigned long, limit, ARG_MAX); /* * We must account for the size of all the argv and envp pointers to * the argv and envp strings, since they will also take up space in * the stack. They aren't stored until much later when we can't * signal to the parent that the child has run out of stack space. * Instead, calculate it here so it's possible to fail gracefully. */ ptr_size = (bprm->argc + bprm->envc) * sizeof(void *); if (limit <= ptr_size) return -E2BIG; limit -= ptr_size; bprm->argmin = bprm->p - limit; return 0; } /* * 'copy_strings()' copies argument/environment strings from the old * processes's memory to the new process's stack. The call to get_user_pages() * ensures the destination page is created and not swapped out. */ static int copy_strings(int argc, struct user_arg_ptr argv, struct linux_binprm *bprm) { struct page *kmapped_page = NULL; char *kaddr = NULL; unsigned long kpos = 0; int ret; while (argc-- > 0) { const char __user *str; int len; unsigned long pos; ret = -EFAULT; str = get_user_arg_ptr(argv, argc); if (IS_ERR(str)) goto out; len = strnlen_user(str, MAX_ARG_STRLEN); if (!len) goto out; ret = -E2BIG; if (!valid_arg_len(bprm, len)) goto out; /* We're going to work our way backwords. */ pos = bprm->p; str += len; bprm->p -= len; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU if (bprm->p < bprm->argmin) goto out; #endif while (len > 0) { int offset, bytes_to_copy; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { ret = -ERESTARTNOHAND; goto out; } cond_resched(); offset = pos % PAGE_SIZE; if (offset == 0) offset = PAGE_SIZE; bytes_to_copy = offset; if (bytes_to_copy > len) bytes_to_copy = len; offset -= bytes_to_copy; pos -= bytes_to_copy; str -= bytes_to_copy; len -= bytes_to_copy; if (!kmapped_page || kpos != (pos & PAGE_MASK)) { struct page *page; page = get_arg_page(bprm, pos, 1); if (!page) { ret = -E2BIG; goto out; } if (kmapped_page) { flush_kernel_dcache_page(kmapped_page); kunmap(kmapped_page); put_arg_page(kmapped_page); } kmapped_page = page; kaddr = kmap(kmapped_page); kpos = pos & PAGE_MASK; flush_arg_page(bprm, kpos, kmapped_page); } if (copy_from_user(kaddr+offset, str, bytes_to_copy)) { ret = -EFAULT; goto out; } } } ret = 0; out: if (kmapped_page) { flush_kernel_dcache_page(kmapped_page); kunmap(kmapped_page); put_arg_page(kmapped_page); } return ret; } /* * Copy and argument/environment string from the kernel to the processes stack. */ int copy_string_kernel(const char *arg, struct linux_binprm *bprm) { int len = strnlen(arg, MAX_ARG_STRLEN) + 1 /* terminating NUL */; unsigned long pos = bprm->p; if (len == 0) return -EFAULT; if (!valid_arg_len(bprm, len)) return -E2BIG; /* We're going to work our way backwards. */ arg += len; bprm->p -= len; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MMU) && bprm->p < bprm->argmin) return -E2BIG; while (len > 0) { unsigned int bytes_to_copy = min_t(unsigned int, len, min_not_zero(offset_in_page(pos), PAGE_SIZE)); struct page *page; char *kaddr; pos -= bytes_to_copy; arg -= bytes_to_copy; len -= bytes_to_copy; page = get_arg_page(bprm, pos, 1); if (!page) return -E2BIG; kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); flush_arg_page(bprm, pos & PAGE_MASK, page); memcpy(kaddr + offset_in_page(pos), arg, bytes_to_copy); flush_kernel_dcache_page(page); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); put_arg_page(page); } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_string_kernel); static int copy_strings_kernel(int argc, const char *const *argv, struct linux_binprm *bprm) { while (argc-- > 0) { int ret = copy_string_kernel(argv[argc], bprm); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) return -ERESTARTNOHAND; cond_resched(); } return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * During bprm_mm_init(), we create a temporary stack at STACK_TOP_MAX. Once * the binfmt code determines where the new stack should reside, we shift it to * its final location. The process proceeds as follows: * * 1) Use shift to calculate the new vma endpoints. * 2) Extend vma to cover both the old and new ranges. This ensures the * arguments passed to subsequent functions are consistent. * 3) Move vma's page tables to the new range. * 4) Free up any cleared pgd range. * 5) Shrink the vma to cover only the new range. */ static int shift_arg_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long shift) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long old_start = vma->vm_start; unsigned long old_end = vma->vm_end; unsigned long length = old_end - old_start; unsigned long new_start = old_start - shift; unsigned long new_end = old_end - shift; struct mmu_gather tlb; BUG_ON(new_start > new_end); /* * ensure there are no vmas between where we want to go * and where we are */ if (vma != find_vma(mm, new_start)) return -EFAULT; /* * cover the whole range: [new_start, old_end) */ if (vma_adjust(vma, new_start, old_end, vma->vm_pgoff, NULL)) return -ENOMEM; /* * move the page tables downwards, on failure we rely on * process cleanup to remove whatever mess we made. */ if (length != move_page_tables(vma, old_start, vma, new_start, length, false)) return -ENOMEM; lru_add_drain(); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, old_start, old_end); if (new_end > old_start) { /* * when the old and new regions overlap clear from new_end. */ free_pgd_range(&tlb, new_end, old_end, new_end, vma->vm_next ? vma->vm_next->vm_start : USER_PGTABLES_CEILING); } else { /* * otherwise, clean from old_start; this is done to not touch * the address space in [new_end, old_start) some architectures * have constraints on va-space that make this illegal (IA64) - * for the others its just a little faster. */ free_pgd_range(&tlb, old_start, old_end, new_end, vma->vm_next ? vma->vm_next->vm_start : USER_PGTABLES_CEILING); } tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, old_start, old_end); /* * Shrink the vma to just the new range. Always succeeds. */ vma_adjust(vma, new_start, new_end, vma->vm_pgoff, NULL); return 0; } /* * Finalizes the stack vm_area_struct. The flags and permissions are updated, * the stack is optionally relocated, and some extra space is added. */ int setup_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long stack_top, int executable_stack) { unsigned long ret; unsigned long stack_shift; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma = bprm->vma; struct vm_area_struct *prev = NULL; unsigned long vm_flags; unsigned long stack_base; unsigned long stack_size; unsigned long stack_expand; unsigned long rlim_stack; #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP /* Limit stack size */ stack_base = bprm->rlim_stack.rlim_max; if (stack_base > STACK_SIZE_MAX) stack_base = STACK_SIZE_MAX; /* Add space for stack randomization. */ stack_base += (STACK_RND_MASK << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Make sure we didn't let the argument array grow too large. */ if (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start > stack_base) return -ENOMEM; stack_base = PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top - stack_base); stack_shift = vma->vm_start - stack_base; mm->arg_start = bprm->p - stack_shift; bprm->p = vma->vm_end - stack_shift; #else stack_top = arch_align_stack(stack_top); stack_top = PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top); if (unlikely(stack_top < mmap_min_addr) || unlikely(vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start >= stack_top - mmap_min_addr)) return -ENOMEM; stack_shift = vma->vm_end - stack_top; bprm->p -= stack_shift; mm->arg_start = bprm->p; #endif if (bprm->loader) bprm->loader -= stack_shift; bprm->exec -= stack_shift; if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; vm_flags = VM_STACK_FLAGS; /* * Adjust stack execute permissions; explicitly enable for * EXSTACK_ENABLE_X, disable for EXSTACK_DISABLE_X and leave alone * (arch default) otherwise. */ if (unlikely(executable_stack == EXSTACK_ENABLE_X)) vm_flags |= VM_EXEC; else if (executable_stack == EXSTACK_DISABLE_X) vm_flags &= ~VM_EXEC; vm_flags |= mm->def_flags; vm_flags |= VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP; ret = mprotect_fixup(vma, &prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vm_flags); if (ret) goto out_unlock; BUG_ON(prev != vma); if (unlikely(vm_flags & VM_EXEC)) { pr_warn_once("process '%pD4' started with executable stack\n", bprm->file); } /* Move stack pages down in memory. */ if (stack_shift) { ret = shift_arg_pages(vma, stack_shift); if (ret) goto out_unlock; } /* mprotect_fixup is overkill to remove the temporary stack flags */ vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP; stack_expand = 131072UL; /* randomly 32*4k (or 2*64k) pages */ stack_size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; /* * Align this down to a page boundary as expand_stack * will align it up. */ rlim_stack = bprm->rlim_stack.rlim_cur & PAGE_MASK; #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP if (stack_size + stack_expand > rlim_stack) stack_base = vma->vm_start + rlim_stack; else stack_base = vma->vm_end + stack_expand; #else if (stack_size + stack_expand > rlim_stack) stack_base = vma->vm_end - rlim_stack; else stack_base = vma->vm_start - stack_expand; #endif current->mm->start_stack = bprm->p; ret = expand_stack(vma, stack_base); if (ret) ret = -EFAULT; out_unlock: mmap_write_unlock(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(setup_arg_pages); #else /* * Transfer the program arguments and environment from the holding pages * onto the stack. The provided stack pointer is adjusted accordingly. */ int transfer_args_to_stack(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long *sp_location) { unsigned long index, stop, sp; int ret = 0; stop = bprm->p >> PAGE_SHIFT; sp = *sp_location; for (index = MAX_ARG_PAGES - 1; index >= stop; index--) { unsigned int offset = index == stop ? bprm->p & ~PAGE_MASK : 0; char *src = kmap(bprm->page[index]) + offset; sp -= PAGE_SIZE - offset; if (copy_to_user((void *) sp, src, PAGE_SIZE - offset) != 0) ret = -EFAULT; kunmap(bprm->page[index]); if (ret) goto out; } *sp_location = sp; out: return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(transfer_args_to_stack); #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ static struct file *do_open_execat(int fd, struct filename *name, int flags) { struct file *file; int err; struct open_flags open_exec_flags = { .open_flag = O_LARGEFILE | O_RDONLY | __FMODE_EXEC, .acc_mode = MAY_EXEC, .intent = LOOKUP_OPEN, .lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW, }; if ((flags & ~(AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) open_exec_flags.lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) open_exec_flags.lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; file = do_filp_open(fd, name, &open_exec_flags); if (IS_ERR(file)) goto out; /* * may_open() has already checked for this, so it should be * impossible to trip now. But we need to be extra cautious * and check again at the very end too. */ err = -EACCES; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode) || path_noexec(&file->f_path))) goto exit; err = deny_write_access(file); if (err) goto exit; if (name->name[0] != '\0') fsnotify_open(file); out: return file; exit: fput(file); return ERR_PTR(err); } struct file *open_exec(const char *name) { struct filename *filename = getname_kernel(name); struct file *f = ERR_CAST(filename); if (!IS_ERR(filename)) { f = do_open_execat(AT_FDCWD, filename, 0); putname(filename); } return f; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(open_exec); #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_AOUT) || defined(CONFIG_BINFMT_FLAT) || \ defined(CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF_FDPIC) ssize_t read_code(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, loff_t pos, size_t len) { ssize_t res = vfs_read(file, (void __user *)addr, len, &pos); if (res > 0) flush_icache_user_range(addr, addr + len); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(read_code); #endif /* * Maps the mm_struct mm into the current task struct. * On success, this function returns with exec_update_lock * held for writing. */ static int exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct task_struct *tsk; struct mm_struct *old_mm, *active_mm; int ret; /* Notify parent that we're no longer interested in the old VM */ tsk = current; old_mm = current->mm; exec_mm_release(tsk, old_mm); if (old_mm) sync_mm_rss(old_mm); ret = down_write_killable(&tsk->signal->exec_update_lock); if (ret) return ret; if (old_mm) { /* * Make sure that if there is a core dump in progress * for the old mm, we get out and die instead of going * through with the exec. We must hold mmap_lock around * checking core_state and changing tsk->mm. */ mmap_read_lock(old_mm); if (unlikely(old_mm->core_state)) { mmap_read_unlock(old_mm); up_write(&tsk->signal->exec_update_lock); return -EINTR; } } task_lock(tsk); membarrier_exec_mmap(mm); local_irq_disable(); active_mm = tsk->active_mm; tsk->active_mm = mm; tsk->mm = mm; /* * This prevents preemption while active_mm is being loaded and * it and mm are being updated, which could cause problems for * lazy tlb mm refcounting when these are updated by context * switches. Not all architectures can handle irqs off over * activate_mm yet. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IRQS_OFF_ACTIVATE_MM)) local_irq_enable(); activate_mm(active_mm, mm); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IRQS_OFF_ACTIVATE_MM)) local_irq_enable(); tsk->mm->vmacache_seqnum = 0; vmacache_flush(tsk); task_unlock(tsk); if (old_mm) { mmap_read_unlock(old_mm); BUG_ON(active_mm != old_mm); setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(&tsk->signal->maxrss, old_mm); mm_update_next_owner(old_mm); mmput(old_mm); return 0; } mmdrop(active_mm); return 0; } static int de_thread(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct signal_struct *sig = tsk->signal; struct sighand_struct *oldsighand = tsk->sighand; spinlock_t *lock = &oldsighand->siglock; if (thread_group_empty(tsk)) goto no_thread_group; /* * Kill all other threads in the thread group. */ spin_lock_irq(lock); if (signal_group_exit(sig)) { /* * Another group action in progress, just * return so that the signal is processed. */ spin_unlock_irq(lock); return -EAGAIN; } sig->group_exit_task = tsk; sig->notify_count = zap_other_threads(tsk); if (!thread_group_leader(tsk)) sig->notify_count--; while (sig->notify_count) { __set_current_state(TASK_KILLABLE); spin_unlock_irq(lock); schedule(); if (__fatal_signal_pending(tsk)) goto killed; spin_lock_irq(lock); } spin_unlock_irq(lock); /* * At this point all other threads have exited, all we have to * do is to wait for the thread group leader to become inactive, * and to assume its PID: */ if (!thread_group_leader(tsk)) { struct task_struct *leader = tsk->group_leader; for (;;) { cgroup_threadgroup_change_begin(tsk); write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); /* * Do this under tasklist_lock to ensure that * exit_notify() can't miss ->group_exit_task */ sig->notify_count = -1; if (likely(leader->exit_state)) break; __set_current_state(TASK_KILLABLE); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(tsk); schedule(); if (__fatal_signal_pending(tsk)) goto killed; } /* * The only record we have of the real-time age of a * process, regardless of execs it's done, is start_time. * All the past CPU time is accumulated in signal_struct * from sister threads now dead. But in this non-leader * exec, nothing survives from the original leader thread, * whose birth marks the true age of this process now. * When we take on its identity by switching to its PID, we * also take its birthdate (always earlier than our own). */ tsk->start_time = leader->start_time; tsk->start_boottime = leader->start_boottime; BUG_ON(!same_thread_group(leader, tsk)); /* * An exec() starts a new thread group with the * TGID of the previous thread group. Rehash the * two threads with a switched PID, and release * the former thread group leader: */ /* Become a process group leader with the old leader's pid. * The old leader becomes a thread of the this thread group. */ exchange_tids(tsk, leader); transfer_pid(leader, tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID); transfer_pid(leader, tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID); transfer_pid(leader, tsk, PIDTYPE_SID); list_replace_rcu(&leader->tasks, &tsk->tasks); list_replace_init(&leader->sibling, &tsk->sibling); tsk->group_leader = tsk; leader->group_leader = tsk; tsk->exit_signal = SIGCHLD; leader->exit_signal = -1; BUG_ON(leader->exit_state != EXIT_ZOMBIE); leader->exit_state = EXIT_DEAD; /* * We are going to release_task()->ptrace_unlink() silently, * the tracer can sleep in do_wait(). EXIT_DEAD guarantees * the tracer wont't block again waiting for this thread. */ if (unlikely(leader->ptrace)) __wake_up_parent(leader, leader->parent); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(tsk); release_task(leader); } sig->group_exit_task = NULL; sig->notify_count = 0; no_thread_group: /* we have changed execution domain */ tsk->exit_signal = SIGCHLD; BUG_ON(!thread_group_leader(tsk)); return 0; killed: /* protects against exit_notify() and __exit_signal() */ read_lock(&tasklist_lock); sig->group_exit_task = NULL; sig->notify_count = 0; read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); return -EAGAIN; } /* * This function makes sure the current process has its own signal table, * so that flush_signal_handlers can later reset the handlers without * disturbing other processes. (Other processes might share the signal * table via the CLONE_SIGHAND option to clone().) */ static int unshare_sighand(struct task_struct *me) { struct sighand_struct *oldsighand = me->sighand; if (refcount_read(&oldsighand->count) != 1) { struct sighand_struct *newsighand; /* * This ->sighand is shared with the CLONE_SIGHAND * but not CLONE_THREAD task, switch to the new one. */ newsighand = kmem_cache_alloc(sighand_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!newsighand) return -ENOMEM; refcount_set(&newsighand->count, 1); memcpy(newsighand->action, oldsighand->action, sizeof(newsighand->action)); write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); spin_lock(&oldsighand->siglock); rcu_assign_pointer(me->sighand, newsighand); spin_unlock(&oldsighand->siglock); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); __cleanup_sighand(oldsighand); } return 0; } char *__get_task_comm(char *buf, size_t buf_size, struct task_struct *tsk) { task_lock(tsk); strncpy(buf, tsk->comm, buf_size); task_unlock(tsk); return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__get_task_comm); /* * These functions flushes out all traces of the currently running executable * so that a new one can be started */ void __set_task_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, const char *buf, bool exec) { task_lock(tsk); trace_task_rename(tsk, buf); strlcpy(tsk->comm, buf, sizeof(tsk->comm)); task_unlock(tsk); perf_event_comm(tsk, exec); } /* * Calling this is the point of no return. None of the failures will be * seen by userspace since either the process is already taking a fatal * signal (via de_thread() or coredump), or will have SEGV raised * (after exec_mmap()) by search_binary_handler (see below). */ int begin_new_exec(struct linux_binprm * bprm) { struct task_struct *me = current; int retval; /* Once we are committed compute the creds */ retval = bprm_creds_from_file(bprm); if (retval) return retval; /* * Ensure all future errors are fatal. */ bprm->point_of_no_return = true; /* * Make this the only thread in the thread group. */ retval = de_thread(me); if (retval) goto out; /* * Must be called _before_ exec_mmap() as bprm->mm is * not visibile until then. This also enables the update * to be lockless. */ set_mm_exe_file(bprm->mm, bprm->file); /* If the binary is not readable then enforce mm->dumpable=0 */ would_dump(bprm, bprm->file); if (bprm->have_execfd) would_dump(bprm, bprm->executable); /* * Release all of the old mmap stuff */ acct_arg_size(bprm, 0); retval = exec_mmap(bprm->mm); if (retval) goto out; bprm->mm = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS exit_itimers(me->signal); flush_itimer_signals(); #endif /* * Make the signal table private. */ retval = unshare_sighand(me); if (retval) goto out_unlock; /* * Ensure that the uaccess routines can actually operate on userspace * pointers: */ force_uaccess_begin(); me->flags &= ~(PF_RANDOMIZE | PF_FORKNOEXEC | PF_KTHREAD | PF_NOFREEZE | PF_NO_SETAFFINITY); flush_thread(); me->personality &= ~bprm->per_clear; /* * We have to apply CLOEXEC before we change whether the process is * dumpable (in setup_new_exec) to avoid a race with a process in userspace * trying to access the should-be-closed file descriptors of a process * undergoing exec(2). */ do_close_on_exec(me->files); if (bprm->secureexec) { /* Make sure parent cannot signal privileged process. */ me->pdeath_signal = 0; /* * For secureexec, reset the stack limit to sane default to * avoid bad behavior from the prior rlimits. This has to * happen before arch_pick_mmap_layout(), which examines * RLIMIT_STACK, but after the point of no return to avoid * needing to clean up the change on failure. */ if (bprm->rlim_stack.rlim_cur > _STK_LIM) bprm->rlim_stack.rlim_cur = _STK_LIM; } me->sas_ss_sp = me->sas_ss_size = 0; /* * Figure out dumpability. Note that this checking only of current * is wrong, but userspace depends on it. This should be testing * bprm->secureexec instead. */ if (bprm->interp_flags & BINPRM_FLAGS_ENFORCE_NONDUMP || !(uid_eq(current_euid(), current_uid()) && gid_eq(current_egid(), current_gid()))) set_dumpable(current->mm, suid_dumpable); else set_dumpable(current->mm, SUID_DUMP_USER); perf_event_exec(); __set_task_comm(me, kbasename(bprm->filename), true); /* An exec changes our domain. We are no longer part of the thread group */ WRITE_ONCE(me->self_exec_id, me->self_exec_id + 1); flush_signal_handlers(me, 0); /* * install the new credentials for this executable */ security_bprm_committing_creds(bprm); commit_creds(bprm->cred); bprm->cred = NULL; /* * Disable monitoring for regular users * when executing setuid binaries. Must * wait until new credentials are committed * by commit_creds() above */ if (get_dumpable(me->mm) != SUID_DUMP_USER) perf_event_exit_task(me); /* * cred_guard_mutex must be held at least to this point to prevent * ptrace_attach() from altering our determination of the task's * credentials; any time after this it may be unlocked. */ security_bprm_committed_creds(bprm); /* Pass the opened binary to the interpreter. */ if (bprm->have_execfd) { retval = get_unused_fd_flags(0); if (retval < 0) goto out_unlock; fd_install(retval, bprm->executable); bprm->executable = NULL; bprm->execfd = retval; } return 0; out_unlock: up_write(&me->signal->exec_update_lock); out: return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(begin_new_exec); void would_dump(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct file *file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); if (inode_permission(inode, MAY_READ) < 0) { struct user_namespace *old, *user_ns; bprm->interp_flags |= BINPRM_FLAGS_ENFORCE_NONDUMP; /* Ensure mm->user_ns contains the executable */ user_ns = old = bprm->mm->user_ns; while ((user_ns != &init_user_ns) && !privileged_wrt_inode_uidgid(user_ns, inode)) user_ns = user_ns->parent; if (old != user_ns) { bprm->mm->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); put_user_ns(old); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(would_dump); void setup_new_exec(struct linux_binprm * bprm) { /* Setup things that can depend upon the personality */ struct task_struct *me = current; arch_pick_mmap_layout(me->mm, &bprm->rlim_stack); arch_setup_new_exec(); /* Set the new mm task size. We have to do that late because it may * depend on TIF_32BIT which is only updated in flush_thread() on * some architectures like powerpc */ me->mm->task_size = TASK_SIZE; up_write(&me->signal->exec_update_lock); mutex_unlock(&me->signal->cred_guard_mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(setup_new_exec); /* Runs immediately before start_thread() takes over. */ void finalize_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { /* Store any stack rlimit changes before starting thread. */ task_lock(current->group_leader); current->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_STACK] = bprm->rlim_stack; task_unlock(current->group_leader); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(finalize_exec); /* * Prepare credentials and lock ->cred_guard_mutex. * setup_new_exec() commits the new creds and drops the lock. * Or, if exec fails before, free_bprm() should release ->cred and * and unlock. */ static int prepare_bprm_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex)) return -ERESTARTNOINTR; bprm->cred = prepare_exec_creds(); if (likely(bprm->cred)) return 0; mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex); return -ENOMEM; } static void free_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { if (bprm->mm) { acct_arg_size(bprm, 0); mmput(bprm->mm); } free_arg_pages(bprm); if (bprm->cred) { mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex); abort_creds(bprm->cred); } if (bprm->file) { allow_write_access(bprm->file); fput(bprm->file); } if (bprm->executable) fput(bprm->executable); /* If a binfmt changed the interp, free it. */ if (bprm->interp != bprm->filename) kfree(bprm->interp); kfree(bprm->fdpath); kfree(bprm); } static struct linux_binprm *alloc_bprm(int fd, struct filename *filename) { struct linux_binprm *bprm = kzalloc(sizeof(*bprm), GFP_KERNEL); int retval = -ENOMEM; if (!bprm) goto out; if (fd == AT_FDCWD || filename->name[0] == '/') { bprm->filename = filename->name; } else { if (filename->name[0] == '\0') bprm->fdpath = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "/dev/fd/%d", fd); else bprm->fdpath = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "/dev/fd/%d/%s", fd, filename->name); if (!bprm->fdpath) goto out_free; bprm->filename = bprm->fdpath; } bprm->interp = bprm->filename; retval = bprm_mm_init(bprm); if (retval) goto out_free; return bprm; out_free: free_bprm(bprm); out: return ERR_PTR(retval); } int bprm_change_interp(const char *interp, struct linux_binprm *bprm) { /* If a binfmt changed the interp, free it first. */ if (bprm->interp != bprm->filename) kfree(bprm->interp); bprm->interp = kstrdup(interp, GFP_KERNEL); if (!bprm->interp) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bprm_change_interp); /* * determine how safe it is to execute the proposed program * - the caller must hold ->cred_guard_mutex to protect against * PTRACE_ATTACH or seccomp thread-sync */ static void check_unsafe_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { struct task_struct *p = current, *t; unsigned n_fs; if (p->ptrace) bprm->unsafe |= LSM_UNSAFE_PTRACE; /* * This isn't strictly necessary, but it makes it harder for LSMs to * mess up. */ if (task_no_new_privs(current)) bprm->unsafe |= LSM_UNSAFE_NO_NEW_PRIVS; t = p; n_fs = 1; spin_lock(&p->fs->lock); rcu_read_lock(); while_each_thread(p, t) { if (t->fs == p->fs) n_fs++; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (p->fs->users > n_fs) bprm->unsafe |= LSM_UNSAFE_SHARE; else p->fs->in_exec = 1; spin_unlock(&p->fs->lock); } static void bprm_fill_uid(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct file *file) { /* Handle suid and sgid on files */ struct inode *inode; unsigned int mode; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; if (!mnt_may_suid(file->f_path.mnt)) return; if (task_no_new_privs(current)) return; inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode; mode = READ_ONCE(inode->i_mode); if (!(mode & (S_ISUID|S_ISGID))) return; /* Be careful if suid/sgid is set */ inode_lock(inode); /* reload atomically mode/uid/gid now that lock held */ mode = inode->i_mode; uid = inode->i_uid; gid = inode->i_gid; inode_unlock(inode); /* We ignore suid/sgid if there are no mappings for them in the ns */ if (!kuid_has_mapping(bprm->cred->user_ns, uid) || !kgid_has_mapping(bprm->cred->user_ns, gid)) return; if (mode & S_ISUID) { bprm->per_clear |= PER_CLEAR_ON_SETID; bprm->cred->euid = uid; } if ((mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) { bprm->per_clear |= PER_CLEAR_ON_SETID; bprm->cred->egid = gid; } } /* * Compute brpm->cred based upon the final binary. */ static int bprm_creds_from_file(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { /* Compute creds based on which file? */ struct file *file = bprm->execfd_creds ? bprm->executable : bprm->file; bprm_fill_uid(bprm, file); return security_bprm_creds_from_file(bprm, file); } /* * Fill the binprm structure from the inode. * Read the first BINPRM_BUF_SIZE bytes * * This may be called multiple times for binary chains (scripts for example). */ static int prepare_binprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { loff_t pos = 0; memset(bprm->buf, 0, BINPRM_BUF_SIZE); return kernel_read(bprm->file, bprm->buf, BINPRM_BUF_SIZE, &pos); } /* * Arguments are '\0' separated strings found at the location bprm->p * points to; chop off the first by relocating brpm->p to right after * the first '\0' encountered. */ int remove_arg_zero(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { int ret = 0; unsigned long offset; char *kaddr; struct page *page; if (!bprm->argc) return 0; do { offset = bprm->p & ~PAGE_MASK; page = get_arg_page(bprm, bprm->p, 0); if (!page) { ret = -EFAULT; goto out; } kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); for (; offset < PAGE_SIZE && kaddr[offset]; offset++, bprm->p++) ; kunmap_atomic(kaddr); put_arg_page(page); } while (offset == PAGE_SIZE); bprm->p++; bprm->argc--; ret = 0; out: return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remove_arg_zero); #define printable(c) (((c)=='\t') || ((c)=='\n') || (0x20<=(c) && (c)<=0x7e)) /* * cycle the list of binary formats handler, until one recognizes the image */ static int search_binary_handler(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { bool need_retry = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MODULES); struct linux_binfmt *fmt; int retval; retval = prepare_binprm(bprm); if (retval < 0) return retval; retval = security_bprm_check(bprm); if (retval) return retval; retval = -ENOENT; retry: read_lock(&binfmt_lock); list_for_each_entry(fmt, &formats, lh) { if (!try_module_get(fmt->module)) continue; read_unlock(&binfmt_lock); retval = fmt->load_binary(bprm); read_lock(&binfmt_lock); put_binfmt(fmt); if (bprm->point_of_no_return || (retval != -ENOEXEC)) { read_unlock(&binfmt_lock); return retval; } } read_unlock(&binfmt_lock); if (need_retry) { if (printable(bprm->buf[0]) && printable(bprm->buf[1]) && printable(bprm->buf[2]) && printable(bprm->buf[3])) return retval; if (request_module("binfmt-%04x", *(ushort *)(bprm->buf + 2)) < 0) return retval; need_retry = false; goto retry; } return retval; } static int exec_binprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { pid_t old_pid, old_vpid; int ret, depth; /* Need to fetch pid before load_binary changes it */ old_pid = current->pid; rcu_read_lock(); old_vpid = task_pid_nr_ns(current, task_active_pid_ns(current->parent)); rcu_read_unlock(); /* This allows 4 levels of binfmt rewrites before failing hard. */ for (depth = 0;; depth++) { struct file *exec; if (depth > 5) return -ELOOP; ret = search_binary_handler(bprm); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (!bprm->interpreter) break; exec = bprm->file; bprm->file = bprm->interpreter; bprm->interpreter = NULL; allow_write_access(exec); if (unlikely(bprm->have_execfd)) { if (bprm->executable) { fput(exec); return -ENOEXEC; } bprm->executable = exec; } else fput(exec); } audit_bprm(bprm); trace_sched_process_exec(current, old_pid, bprm); ptrace_event(PTRACE_EVENT_EXEC, old_vpid); proc_exec_connector(current); return 0; } /* * sys_execve() executes a new program. */ static int bprm_execve(struct linux_binprm *bprm, int fd, struct filename *filename, int flags) { struct file *file; struct files_struct *displaced; int retval; /* * Cancel any io_uring activity across execve */ io_uring_task_cancel(); retval = unshare_files(&displaced); if (retval) return retval; retval = prepare_bprm_creds(bprm); if (retval) goto out_files; check_unsafe_exec(bprm); current->in_execve = 1; file = do_open_execat(fd, filename, flags); retval = PTR_ERR(file); if (IS_ERR(file)) goto out_unmark; sched_exec(); bprm->file = file; /* * Record that a name derived from an O_CLOEXEC fd will be * inaccessible after exec. Relies on having exclusive access to * current->files (due to unshare_files above). */ if (bprm->fdpath && close_on_exec(fd, rcu_dereference_raw(current->files->fdt))) bprm->interp_flags |= BINPRM_FLAGS_PATH_INACCESSIBLE; /* Set the unchanging part of bprm->cred */ retval = security_bprm_creds_for_exec(bprm); if (retval) goto out; retval = exec_binprm(bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out; /* execve succeeded */ current->fs->in_exec = 0; current->in_execve = 0; rseq_execve(current); acct_update_integrals(current); task_numa_free(current, false); if (displaced) put_files_struct(displaced); return retval; out: /* * If past the point of no return ensure the the code never * returns to the userspace process. Use an existing fatal * signal if present otherwise terminate the process with * SIGSEGV. */ if (bprm->point_of_no_return && !fatal_signal_pending(current)) force_sigsegv(SIGSEGV); out_unmark: current->fs->in_exec = 0; current->in_execve = 0; out_files: if (displaced) reset_files_struct(displaced); return retval; } static int do_execveat_common(int fd, struct filename *filename, struct user_arg_ptr argv, struct user_arg_ptr envp, int flags) { struct linux_binprm *bprm; int retval; if (IS_ERR(filename)) return PTR_ERR(filename); /* * We move the actual failure in case of RLIMIT_NPROC excess from * set*uid() to execve() because too many poorly written programs * don't check setuid() return code. Here we additionally recheck * whether NPROC limit is still exceeded. */ if ((current->flags & PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED) && atomic_read(&current_user()->processes) > rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC)) { retval = -EAGAIN; goto out_ret; } /* We're below the limit (still or again), so we don't want to make * further execve() calls fail. */ current->flags &= ~PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED; bprm = alloc_bprm(fd, filename); if (IS_ERR(bprm)) { retval = PTR_ERR(bprm); goto out_ret; } retval = count(argv, MAX_ARG_STRINGS); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->argc = retval; retval = count(envp, MAX_ARG_STRINGS); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->envc = retval; retval = bprm_stack_limits(bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = copy_string_kernel(bprm->filename, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->exec = bprm->p; retval = copy_strings(bprm->envc, envp, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = copy_strings(bprm->argc, argv, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = bprm_execve(bprm, fd, filename, flags); out_free: free_bprm(bprm); out_ret: putname(filename); return retval; } int kernel_execve(const char *kernel_filename, const char *const *argv, const char *const *envp) { struct filename *filename; struct linux_binprm *bprm; int fd = AT_FDCWD; int retval; filename = getname_kernel(kernel_filename); if (IS_ERR(filename)) return PTR_ERR(filename); bprm = alloc_bprm(fd, filename); if (IS_ERR(bprm)) { retval = PTR_ERR(bprm); goto out_ret; } retval = count_strings_kernel(argv); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->argc = retval; retval = count_strings_kernel(envp); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->envc = retval; retval = bprm_stack_limits(bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = copy_string_kernel(bprm->filename, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->exec = bprm->p; retval = copy_strings_kernel(bprm->envc, envp, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = copy_strings_kernel(bprm->argc, argv, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = bprm_execve(bprm, fd, filename, 0); out_free: free_bprm(bprm); out_ret: putname(filename); return retval; } static int do_execve(struct filename *filename, const char __user *const __user *__argv, const char __user *const __user *__envp) { struct user_arg_ptr argv = { .ptr.native = __argv }; struct user_arg_ptr envp = { .ptr.native = __envp }; return do_execveat_common(AT_FDCWD, filename, argv, envp, 0); } static int do_execveat(int fd, struct filename *filename, const char __user *const __user *__argv, const char __user *const __user *__envp, int flags) { struct user_arg_ptr argv = { .ptr.native = __argv }; struct user_arg_ptr envp = { .ptr.native = __envp }; return do_execveat_common(fd, filename, argv, envp, flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static int compat_do_execve(struct filename *filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *__argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *__envp) { struct user_arg_ptr argv = { .is_compat = true, .ptr.compat = __argv, }; struct user_arg_ptr envp = { .is_compat = true, .ptr.compat = __envp, }; return do_execveat_common(AT_FDCWD, filename, argv, envp, 0); } static int compat_do_execveat(int fd, struct filename *filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *__argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *__envp, int flags) { struct user_arg_ptr argv = { .is_compat = true, .ptr.compat = __argv, }; struct user_arg_ptr envp = { .is_compat = true, .ptr.compat = __envp, }; return do_execveat_common(fd, filename, argv, envp, flags); } #endif void set_binfmt(struct linux_binfmt *new) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; if (mm->binfmt) module_put(mm->binfmt->module); mm->binfmt = new; if (new) __module_get(new->module); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_binfmt); /* * set_dumpable stores three-value SUID_DUMP_* into mm->flags. */ void set_dumpable(struct mm_struct *mm, int value) { if (WARN_ON((unsigned)value > SUID_DUMP_ROOT)) return; set_mask_bits(&mm->flags, MMF_DUMPABLE_MASK, value); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(execve, const char __user *, filename, const char __user *const __user *, argv, const char __user *const __user *, envp) { return do_execve(getname(filename), argv, envp); } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(execveat, int, fd, const char __user *, filename, const char __user *const __user *, argv, const char __user *const __user *, envp, int, flags) { int lookup_flags = (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) ? LOOKUP_EMPTY : 0; return do_execveat(fd, getname_flags(filename, lookup_flags, NULL), argv, envp, flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(execve, const char __user *, filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *, argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *, envp) { return compat_do_execve(getname(filename), argv, envp); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(execveat, int, fd, const char __user *, filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *, argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *, envp, int, flags) { int lookup_flags = (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) ? LOOKUP_EMPTY : 0; return compat_do_execveat(fd, getname_flags(filename, lookup_flags, NULL), argv, envp, flags); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __SOCK_DIAG_H__ #define __SOCK_DIAG_H__ #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <uapi/linux/sock_diag.h> struct sk_buff; struct nlmsghdr; struct sock; struct sock_diag_handler { __u8 family; int (*dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh); int (*get_info)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk); int (*destroy)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh); }; int sock_diag_register(const struct sock_diag_handler *h); void sock_diag_unregister(const struct sock_diag_handler *h); void sock_diag_register_inet_compat(int (*fn)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh)); void sock_diag_unregister_inet_compat(int (*fn)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh)); u64 __sock_gen_cookie(struct sock *sk); static inline u64 sock_gen_cookie(struct sock *sk) { u64 cookie; preempt_disable(); cookie = __sock_gen_cookie(sk); preempt_enable(); return cookie; } int sock_diag_check_cookie(struct sock *sk, const __u32 *cookie); void sock_diag_save_cookie(struct sock *sk, __u32 *cookie); int sock_diag_put_meminfo(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int attr); int sock_diag_put_filterinfo(bool may_report_filterinfo, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype); static inline enum sknetlink_groups sock_diag_destroy_group(const struct sock *sk) { switch (sk->sk_family) { case AF_INET: if (sk->sk_type == SOCK_RAW) return SKNLGRP_NONE; switch (sk->sk_protocol) { case IPPROTO_TCP: return SKNLGRP_INET_TCP_DESTROY; case IPPROTO_UDP: return SKNLGRP_INET_UDP_DESTROY; default: return SKNLGRP_NONE; } case AF_INET6: if (sk->sk_type == SOCK_RAW) return SKNLGRP_NONE; switch (sk->sk_protocol) { case IPPROTO_TCP: return SKNLGRP_INET6_TCP_DESTROY; case IPPROTO_UDP: return SKNLGRP_INET6_UDP_DESTROY; default: return SKNLGRP_NONE; } default: return SKNLGRP_NONE; } } static inline bool sock_diag_has_destroy_listeners(const struct sock *sk) { const struct net *n = sock_net(sk); const enum sknetlink_groups group = sock_diag_destroy_group(sk); return group != SKNLGRP_NONE && n->diag_nlsk && netlink_has_listeners(n->diag_nlsk, group); } void sock_diag_broadcast_destroy(struct sock *sk); int sock_diag_destroy(struct sock *sk, int err); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H #define _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H /* * Checksums for x86-64 * Copyright 2002 by Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs * with some code from asm-x86/checksum.h */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /** * csum_fold - Fold and invert a 32bit checksum. * sum: 32bit unfolded sum * * Fold a 32bit running checksum to 16bit and invert it. This is usually * the last step before putting a checksum into a packet. * Make sure not to mix with 64bit checksums. */ static inline __sum16 csum_fold(__wsum sum) { asm(" addl %1,%0\n" " adcl $0xffff,%0" : "=r" (sum) : "r" ((__force u32)sum << 16), "0" ((__force u32)sum & 0xffff0000)); return (__force __sum16)(~(__force u32)sum >> 16); } /* * This is a version of ip_compute_csum() optimized for IP headers, * which always checksum on 4 octet boundaries. * * By Jorge Cwik <jorge@laser.satlink.net>, adapted for linux by * Arnt Gulbrandsen. */ /** * ip_fast_csum - Compute the IPv4 header checksum efficiently. * iph: ipv4 header * ihl: length of header / 4 */ static inline __sum16 ip_fast_csum(const void *iph, unsigned int ihl) { unsigned int sum; asm(" movl (%1), %0\n" " subl $4, %2\n" " jbe 2f\n" " addl 4(%1), %0\n" " adcl 8(%1), %0\n" " adcl 12(%1), %0\n" "1: adcl 16(%1), %0\n" " lea 4(%1), %1\n" " decl %2\n" " jne 1b\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" " movl %0, %2\n" " shrl $16, %0\n" " addw %w2, %w0\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" " notl %0\n" "2:" /* Since the input registers which are loaded with iph and ihl are modified, we must also specify them as outputs, or gcc will assume they contain their original values. */ : "=r" (sum), "=r" (iph), "=r" (ihl) : "1" (iph), "2" (ihl) : "memory"); return (__force __sum16)sum; } /** * csum_tcpup_nofold - Compute an IPv4 pseudo header checksum. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: ip protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the pseudo header checksum the input data. Result is * 32bit unfolded. */ static inline __wsum csum_tcpudp_nofold(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum) { asm(" addl %1, %0\n" " adcl %2, %0\n" " adcl %3, %0\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" : "=r" (sum) : "g" (daddr), "g" (saddr), "g" ((len + proto)<<8), "0" (sum)); return sum; } /** * csum_tcpup_magic - Compute an IPv4 pseudo header checksum. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: ip protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the 16bit pseudo header checksum the input data already * complemented and ready to be filled in. */ static inline __sum16 csum_tcpudp_magic(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum) { return csum_fold(csum_tcpudp_nofold(saddr, daddr, len, proto, sum)); } /** * csum_partial - Compute an internet checksum. * @buff: buffer to be checksummed * @len: length of buffer. * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the 32bit unfolded internet checksum of the buffer. * Before filling it in it needs to be csum_fold()'ed. * buff should be aligned to a 64bit boundary if possible. */ extern __wsum csum_partial(const void *buff, int len, __wsum sum); /* Do not call this directly. Use the wrappers below */ extern __visible __wsum csum_partial_copy_generic(const void *src, void *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_and_copy_from_user(const void __user *src, void *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_and_copy_to_user(const void *src, void __user *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_partial_copy_nocheck(const void *src, void *dst, int len); /** * ip_compute_csum - Compute an 16bit IP checksum. * @buff: buffer address. * @len: length of buffer. * * Returns the 16bit folded/inverted checksum of the passed buffer. * Ready to fill in. */ extern __sum16 ip_compute_csum(const void *buff, int len); /** * csum_ipv6_magic - Compute checksum of an IPv6 pseudo header. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum (32bit unfolded) to be added in * * Computes an IPv6 pseudo header checksum. This sum is added the checksum * into UDP/TCP packets and contains some link layer information. * Returns the unfolded 32bit checksum. */ struct in6_addr; #define _HAVE_ARCH_IPV6_CSUM 1 extern __sum16 csum_ipv6_magic(const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum); static inline unsigned add32_with_carry(unsigned a, unsigned b) { asm("addl %2,%0\n\t" "adcl $0,%0" : "=r" (a) : "0" (a), "rm" (b)); return a; } #define HAVE_ARCH_CSUM_ADD static inline __wsum csum_add(__wsum csum, __wsum addend) { return (__force __wsum)add32_with_carry((__force unsigned)csum, (__force unsigned)addend); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_COREDUMP_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_COREDUMP_H #include <linux/mm_types.h> #define SUID_DUMP_DISABLE 0 /* No setuid dumping */ #define SUID_DUMP_USER 1 /* Dump as user of process */ #define SUID_DUMP_ROOT 2 /* Dump as root */ /* mm flags */ /* for SUID_DUMP_* above */ #define MMF_DUMPABLE_BITS 2 #define MMF_DUMPABLE_MASK ((1 << MMF_DUMPABLE_BITS) - 1) extern void set_dumpable(struct mm_struct *mm, int value); /* * This returns the actual value of the suid_dumpable flag. For things * that are using this for checking for privilege transitions, it must * test against SUID_DUMP_USER rather than treating it as a boolean * value. */ static inline int __get_dumpable(unsigned long mm_flags) { return mm_flags & MMF_DUMPABLE_MASK; } static inline int get_dumpable(struct mm_struct *mm) { return __get_dumpable(mm->flags); } /* coredump filter bits */ #define MMF_DUMP_ANON_PRIVATE 2 #define MMF_DUMP_ANON_SHARED 3 #define MMF_DUMP_MAPPED_PRIVATE 4 #define MMF_DUMP_MAPPED_SHARED 5 #define MMF_DUMP_ELF_HEADERS 6 #define MMF_DUMP_HUGETLB_PRIVATE 7 #define MMF_DUMP_HUGETLB_SHARED 8 #define MMF_DUMP_DAX_PRIVATE 9 #define MMF_DUMP_DAX_SHARED 10 #define MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT MMF_DUMPABLE_BITS #define MMF_DUMP_FILTER_BITS 9 #define MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK \ (((1 << MMF_DUMP_FILTER_BITS) - 1) << MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT) #define MMF_DUMP_FILTER_DEFAULT \ ((1 << MMF_DUMP_ANON_PRIVATE) | (1 << MMF_DUMP_ANON_SHARED) |\ (1 << MMF_DUMP_HUGETLB_PRIVATE) | MMF_DUMP_MASK_DEFAULT_ELF) #ifdef CONFIG_CORE_DUMP_DEFAULT_ELF_HEADERS # define MMF_DUMP_MASK_DEFAULT_ELF (1 << MMF_DUMP_ELF_HEADERS) #else # define MMF_DUMP_MASK_DEFAULT_ELF 0 #endif /* leave room for more dump flags */ #define MMF_VM_MERGEABLE 16 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #define MMF_VM_HUGEPAGE 17 /* set when VM_HUGEPAGE is set on vma */ /* * This one-shot flag is dropped due to necessity of changing exe once again * on NFS restore */ //#define MMF_EXE_FILE_CHANGED 18 /* see prctl_set_mm_exe_file() */ #define MMF_HAS_UPROBES 19 /* has uprobes */ #define MMF_RECALC_UPROBES 20 /* MMF_HAS_UPROBES can be wrong */ #define MMF_OOM_SKIP 21 /* mm is of no interest for the OOM killer */ #define MMF_UNSTABLE 22 /* mm is unstable for copy_from_user */ #define MMF_HUGE_ZERO_PAGE 23 /* mm has ever used the global huge zero page */ #define MMF_DISABLE_THP 24 /* disable THP for all VMAs */ #define MMF_OOM_VICTIM 25 /* mm is the oom victim */ #define MMF_OOM_REAP_QUEUED 26 /* mm was queued for oom_reaper */ #define MMF_MULTIPROCESS 27 /* mm is shared between processes */ #define MMF_DISABLE_THP_MASK (1 << MMF_DISABLE_THP) #define MMF_INIT_MASK (MMF_DUMPABLE_MASK | MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK |\ MMF_DISABLE_THP_MASK) #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_COREDUMP_H */
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6008 6009 6010 6011 6012 6013 6014 6015 6016 6017 6018 6019 6020 6021 6022 6023 6024 6025 6026 6027 6028 6029 6030 6031 6032 6033 6034 6035 6036 6037 6038 6039 6040 6041 6042 6043 6044 6045 6046 6047 6048 6049 6050 6051 6052 6053 6054 6055 6056 6057 6058 6059 6060 6061 6062 6063 6064 6065 6066 6067 6068 6069 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * kernel/workqueue.c - generic async execution with shared worker pool * * Copyright (C) 2002 Ingo Molnar * * Derived from the taskqueue/keventd code by: * David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> * Andrew Morton * Kai Petzke <wpp@marie.physik.tu-berlin.de> * Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> * * Made to use alloc_percpu by Christoph Lameter. * * Copyright (C) 2010 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (C) 2010 Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> * * This is the generic async execution mechanism. Work items as are * executed in process context. The worker pool is shared and * automatically managed. There are two worker pools for each CPU (one for * normal work items and the other for high priority ones) and some extra * pools for workqueues which are not bound to any specific CPU - the * number of these backing pools is dynamic. * * Please read Documentation/core-api/workqueue.rst for details. */ #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/moduleparam.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/sched/isolation.h> #include <linux/nmi.h> #include <linux/kvm_para.h> #include "workqueue_internal.h" enum { /* * worker_pool flags * * A bound pool is either associated or disassociated with its CPU. * While associated (!DISASSOCIATED), all workers are bound to the * CPU and none has %WORKER_UNBOUND set and concurrency management * is in effect. * * While DISASSOCIATED, the cpu may be offline and all workers have * %WORKER_UNBOUND set and concurrency management disabled, and may * be executing on any CPU. The pool behaves as an unbound one. * * Note that DISASSOCIATED should be flipped only while holding * wq_pool_attach_mutex to avoid changing binding state while * worker_attach_to_pool() is in progress. */ POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE = 1 << 0, /* being managed */ POOL_DISASSOCIATED = 1 << 2, /* cpu can't serve workers */ /* worker flags */ WORKER_DIE = 1 << 1, /* die die die */ WORKER_IDLE = 1 << 2, /* is idle */ WORKER_PREP = 1 << 3, /* preparing to run works */ WORKER_CPU_INTENSIVE = 1 << 6, /* cpu intensive */ WORKER_UNBOUND = 1 << 7, /* worker is unbound */ WORKER_REBOUND = 1 << 8, /* worker was rebound */ WORKER_NOT_RUNNING = WORKER_PREP | WORKER_CPU_INTENSIVE | WORKER_UNBOUND | WORKER_REBOUND, NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS = 2, /* # standard pools per cpu */ UNBOUND_POOL_HASH_ORDER = 6, /* hashed by pool->attrs */ BUSY_WORKER_HASH_ORDER = 6, /* 64 pointers */ MAX_IDLE_WORKERS_RATIO = 4, /* 1/4 of busy can be idle */ IDLE_WORKER_TIMEOUT = 300 * HZ, /* keep idle ones for 5 mins */ MAYDAY_INITIAL_TIMEOUT = HZ / 100 >= 2 ? HZ / 100 : 2, /* call for help after 10ms (min two ticks) */ MAYDAY_INTERVAL = HZ / 10, /* and then every 100ms */ CREATE_COOLDOWN = HZ, /* time to breath after fail */ /* * Rescue workers are used only on emergencies and shared by * all cpus. Give MIN_NICE. */ RESCUER_NICE_LEVEL = MIN_NICE, HIGHPRI_NICE_LEVEL = MIN_NICE, WQ_NAME_LEN = 24, }; /* * Structure fields follow one of the following exclusion rules. * * I: Modifiable by initialization/destruction paths and read-only for * everyone else. * * P: Preemption protected. Disabling preemption is enough and should * only be modified and accessed from the local cpu. * * L: pool->lock protected. Access with pool->lock held. * * X: During normal operation, modification requires pool->lock and should * be done only from local cpu. Either disabling preemption on local * cpu or grabbing pool->lock is enough for read access. If * POOL_DISASSOCIATED is set, it's identical to L. * * A: wq_pool_attach_mutex protected. * * PL: wq_pool_mutex protected. * * PR: wq_pool_mutex protected for writes. RCU protected for reads. * * PW: wq_pool_mutex and wq->mutex protected for writes. Either for reads. * * PWR: wq_pool_mutex and wq->mutex protected for writes. Either or * RCU for reads. * * WQ: wq->mutex protected. * * WR: wq->mutex protected for writes. RCU protected for reads. * * MD: wq_mayday_lock protected. */ /* struct worker is defined in workqueue_internal.h */ struct worker_pool { raw_spinlock_t lock; /* the pool lock */ int cpu; /* I: the associated cpu */ int node; /* I: the associated node ID */ int id; /* I: pool ID */ unsigned int flags; /* X: flags */ unsigned long watchdog_ts; /* L: watchdog timestamp */ struct list_head worklist; /* L: list of pending works */ int nr_workers; /* L: total number of workers */ int nr_idle; /* L: currently idle workers */ struct list_head idle_list; /* X: list of idle workers */ struct timer_list idle_timer; /* L: worker idle timeout */ struct timer_list mayday_timer; /* L: SOS timer for workers */ /* a workers is either on busy_hash or idle_list, or the manager */ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(busy_hash, BUSY_WORKER_HASH_ORDER); /* L: hash of busy workers */ struct worker *manager; /* L: purely informational */ struct list_head workers; /* A: attached workers */ struct completion *detach_completion; /* all workers detached */ struct ida worker_ida; /* worker IDs for task name */ struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; /* I: worker attributes */ struct hlist_node hash_node; /* PL: unbound_pool_hash node */ int refcnt; /* PL: refcnt for unbound pools */ /* * The current concurrency level. As it's likely to be accessed * from other CPUs during try_to_wake_up(), put it in a separate * cacheline. */ atomic_t nr_running ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* * Destruction of pool is RCU protected to allow dereferences * from get_work_pool(). */ struct rcu_head rcu; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* * The per-pool workqueue. While queued, the lower WORK_STRUCT_FLAG_BITS * of work_struct->data are used for flags and the remaining high bits * point to the pwq; thus, pwqs need to be aligned at two's power of the * number of flag bits. */ struct pool_workqueue { struct worker_pool *pool; /* I: the associated pool */ struct workqueue_struct *wq; /* I: the owning workqueue */ int work_color; /* L: current color */ int flush_color; /* L: flushing color */ int refcnt; /* L: reference count */ int nr_in_flight[WORK_NR_COLORS]; /* L: nr of in_flight works */ int nr_active; /* L: nr of active works */ int max_active; /* L: max active works */ struct list_head delayed_works; /* L: delayed works */ struct list_head pwqs_node; /* WR: node on wq->pwqs */ struct list_head mayday_node; /* MD: node on wq->maydays */ /* * Release of unbound pwq is punted to system_wq. See put_pwq() * and pwq_unbound_release_workfn() for details. pool_workqueue * itself is also RCU protected so that the first pwq can be * determined without grabbing wq->mutex. */ struct work_struct unbound_release_work; struct rcu_head rcu; } __aligned(1 << WORK_STRUCT_FLAG_BITS); /* * Structure used to wait for workqueue flush. */ struct wq_flusher { struct list_head list; /* WQ: list of flushers */ int flush_color; /* WQ: flush color waiting for */ struct completion done; /* flush completion */ }; struct wq_device; /* * The externally visible workqueue. It relays the issued work items to * the appropriate worker_pool through its pool_workqueues. */ struct workqueue_struct { struct list_head pwqs; /* WR: all pwqs of this wq */ struct list_head list; /* PR: list of all workqueues */ struct mutex mutex; /* protects this wq */ int work_color; /* WQ: current work color */ int flush_color; /* WQ: current flush color */ atomic_t nr_pwqs_to_flush; /* flush in progress */ struct wq_flusher *first_flusher; /* WQ: first flusher */ struct list_head flusher_queue; /* WQ: flush waiters */ struct list_head flusher_overflow; /* WQ: flush overflow list */ struct list_head maydays; /* MD: pwqs requesting rescue */ struct worker *rescuer; /* MD: rescue worker */ int nr_drainers; /* WQ: drain in progress */ int saved_max_active; /* WQ: saved pwq max_active */ struct workqueue_attrs *unbound_attrs; /* PW: only for unbound wqs */ struct pool_workqueue *dfl_pwq; /* PW: only for unbound wqs */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS struct wq_device *wq_dev; /* I: for sysfs interface */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP char *lock_name; struct lock_class_key key; struct lockdep_map lockdep_map; #endif char name[WQ_NAME_LEN]; /* I: workqueue name */ /* * Destruction of workqueue_struct is RCU protected to allow walking * the workqueues list without grabbing wq_pool_mutex. * This is used to dump all workqueues from sysrq. */ struct rcu_head rcu; /* hot fields used during command issue, aligned to cacheline */ unsigned int flags ____cacheline_aligned; /* WQ: WQ_* flags */ struct pool_workqueue __percpu *cpu_pwqs; /* I: per-cpu pwqs */ struct pool_workqueue __rcu *numa_pwq_tbl[]; /* PWR: unbound pwqs indexed by node */ }; static struct kmem_cache *pwq_cache; static cpumask_var_t *wq_numa_possible_cpumask; /* possible CPUs of each node */ static bool wq_disable_numa; module_param_named(disable_numa, wq_disable_numa, bool, 0444); /* see the comment above the definition of WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT */ static bool wq_power_efficient = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT_DEFAULT); module_param_named(power_efficient, wq_power_efficient, bool, 0444); static bool wq_online; /* can kworkers be created yet? */ static bool wq_numa_enabled; /* unbound NUMA affinity enabled */ /* buf for wq_update_unbound_numa_attrs(), protected by CPU hotplug exclusion */ static struct workqueue_attrs *wq_update_unbound_numa_attrs_buf; static DEFINE_MUTEX(wq_pool_mutex); /* protects pools and workqueues list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* protects worker attach/detach */ static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(wq_mayday_lock); /* protects wq->maydays list */ /* wait for manager to go away */ static struct rcuwait manager_wait = __RCUWAIT_INITIALIZER(manager_wait); static LIST_HEAD(workqueues); /* PR: list of all workqueues */ static bool workqueue_freezing; /* PL: have wqs started freezing? */ /* PL: allowable cpus for unbound wqs and work items */ static cpumask_var_t wq_unbound_cpumask; /* CPU where unbound work was last round robin scheduled from this CPU */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, wq_rr_cpu_last); /* * Local execution of unbound work items is no longer guaranteed. The * following always forces round-robin CPU selection on unbound work items * to uncover usages which depend on it. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_WQ_FORCE_RR_CPU static bool wq_debug_force_rr_cpu = true; #else static bool wq_debug_force_rr_cpu = false; #endif module_param_named(debug_force_rr_cpu, wq_debug_force_rr_cpu, bool, 0644); /* the per-cpu worker pools */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct worker_pool [NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS], cpu_worker_pools); static DEFINE_IDR(worker_pool_idr); /* PR: idr of all pools */ /* PL: hash of all unbound pools keyed by pool->attrs */ static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(unbound_pool_hash, UNBOUND_POOL_HASH_ORDER); /* I: attributes used when instantiating standard unbound pools on demand */ static struct workqueue_attrs *unbound_std_wq_attrs[NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS]; /* I: attributes used when instantiating ordered pools on demand */ static struct workqueue_attrs *ordered_wq_attrs[NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS]; struct workqueue_struct *system_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(system_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_highpri_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_highpri_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_long_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_long_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_unbound_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_unbound_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_freezable_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_freezable_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_power_efficient_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_power_efficient_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_freezable_power_efficient_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_freezable_power_efficient_wq); static int worker_thread(void *__worker); static void workqueue_sysfs_unregister(struct workqueue_struct *wq); static void show_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq); #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/workqueue.h> #define assert_rcu_or_pool_mutex() \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && \ !lockdep_is_held(&wq_pool_mutex), \ "RCU or wq_pool_mutex should be held") #define assert_rcu_or_wq_mutex_or_pool_mutex(wq) \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && \ !lockdep_is_held(&wq->mutex) && \ !lockdep_is_held(&wq_pool_mutex), \ "RCU, wq->mutex or wq_pool_mutex should be held") #define for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) \ for ((pool) = &per_cpu(cpu_worker_pools, cpu)[0]; \ (pool) < &per_cpu(cpu_worker_pools, cpu)[NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS]; \ (pool)++) /** * for_each_pool - iterate through all worker_pools in the system * @pool: iteration cursor * @pi: integer used for iteration * * This must be called either with wq_pool_mutex held or RCU read * locked. If the pool needs to be used beyond the locking in effect, the * caller is responsible for guaranteeing that the pool stays online. * * The if/else clause exists only for the lockdep assertion and can be * ignored. */ #define for_each_pool(pool, pi) \ idr_for_each_entry(&worker_pool_idr, pool, pi) \ if (({ assert_rcu_or_pool_mutex(); false; })) { } \ else /** * for_each_pool_worker - iterate through all workers of a worker_pool * @worker: iteration cursor * @pool: worker_pool to iterate workers of * * This must be called with wq_pool_attach_mutex. * * The if/else clause exists only for the lockdep assertion and can be * ignored. */ #define for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool) \ list_for_each_entry((worker), &(pool)->workers, node) \ if (({ lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); false; })) { } \ else /** * for_each_pwq - iterate through all pool_workqueues of the specified workqueue * @pwq: iteration cursor * @wq: the target workqueue * * This must be called either with wq->mutex held or RCU read locked. * If the pwq needs to be used beyond the locking in effect, the caller is * responsible for guaranteeing that the pwq stays online. * * The if/else clause exists only for the lockdep assertion and can be * ignored. */ #define for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu((pwq), &(wq)->pwqs, pwqs_node, \ lockdep_is_held(&(wq->mutex))) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_WORK static const struct debug_obj_descr work_debug_descr; static void *work_debug_hint(void *addr) { return ((struct work_struct *) addr)->func; } static bool work_is_static_object(void *addr) { struct work_struct *work = addr; return test_bit(WORK_STRUCT_STATIC_BIT, work_data_bits(work)); } /* * fixup_init is called when: * - an active object is initialized */ static bool work_fixup_init(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct work_struct *work = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: cancel_work_sync(work); debug_object_init(work, &work_debug_descr); return true; default: return false; } } /* * fixup_free is called when: * - an active object is freed */ static bool work_fixup_free(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct work_struct *work = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: cancel_work_sync(work); debug_object_free(work, &work_debug_descr); return true; default: return false; } } static const struct debug_obj_descr work_debug_descr = { .name = "work_struct", .debug_hint = work_debug_hint, .is_static_object = work_is_static_object, .fixup_init = work_fixup_init, .fixup_free = work_fixup_free, }; static inline void debug_work_activate(struct work_struct *work) { debug_object_activate(work, &work_debug_descr); } static inline void debug_work_deactivate(struct work_struct *work) { debug_object_deactivate(work, &work_debug_descr); } void __init_work(struct work_struct *work, int onstack) { if (onstack) debug_object_init_on_stack(work, &work_debug_descr); else debug_object_init(work, &work_debug_descr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__init_work); void destroy_work_on_stack(struct work_struct *work) { debug_object_free(work, &work_debug_descr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(destroy_work_on_stack); void destroy_delayed_work_on_stack(struct delayed_work *work) { destroy_timer_on_stack(&work->timer); debug_object_free(&work->work, &work_debug_descr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(destroy_delayed_work_on_stack); #else static inline void debug_work_activate(struct work_struct *work) { } static inline void debug_work_deactivate(struct work_struct *work) { } #endif /** * worker_pool_assign_id - allocate ID and assing it to @pool * @pool: the pool pointer of interest * * Returns 0 if ID in [0, WORK_OFFQ_POOL_NONE) is allocated and assigned * successfully, -errno on failure. */ static int worker_pool_assign_id(struct worker_pool *pool) { int ret; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); ret = idr_alloc(&worker_pool_idr, pool, 0, WORK_OFFQ_POOL_NONE, GFP_KERNEL); if (ret >= 0) { pool->id = ret; return 0; } return ret; } /** * unbound_pwq_by_node - return the unbound pool_workqueue for the given node * @wq: the target workqueue * @node: the node ID * * This must be called with any of wq_pool_mutex, wq->mutex or RCU * read locked. * If the pwq needs to be used beyond the locking in effect, the caller is * responsible for guaranteeing that the pwq stays online. * * Return: The unbound pool_workqueue for @node. */ static struct pool_workqueue *unbound_pwq_by_node(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int node) { assert_rcu_or_wq_mutex_or_pool_mutex(wq); /* * XXX: @node can be NUMA_NO_NODE if CPU goes offline while a * delayed item is pending. The plan is to keep CPU -> NODE * mapping valid and stable across CPU on/offlines. Once that * happens, this workaround can be removed. */ if (unlikely(node == NUMA_NO_NODE)) return wq->dfl_pwq; return rcu_dereference_raw(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[node]); } static unsigned int work_color_to_flags(int color) { return color << WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_SHIFT; } static int get_work_color(struct work_struct *work) { return (*work_data_bits(work) >> WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_SHIFT) & ((1 << WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_BITS) - 1); } static int work_next_color(int color) { return (color + 1) % WORK_NR_COLORS; } /* * While queued, %WORK_STRUCT_PWQ is set and non flag bits of a work's data * contain the pointer to the queued pwq. Once execution starts, the flag * is cleared and the high bits contain OFFQ flags and pool ID. * * set_work_pwq(), set_work_pool_and_clear_pending(), mark_work_canceling() * and clear_work_data() can be used to set the pwq, pool or clear * work->data. These functions should only be called while the work is * owned - ie. while the PENDING bit is set. * * get_work_pool() and get_work_pwq() can be used to obtain the pool or pwq * corresponding to a work. Pool is available once the work has been * queued anywhere after initialization until it is sync canceled. pwq is * available only while the work item is queued. * * %WORK_OFFQ_CANCELING is used to mark a work item which is being * canceled. While being canceled, a work item may have its PENDING set * but stay off timer and worklist for arbitrarily long and nobody should * try to steal the PENDING bit. */ static inline void set_work_data(struct work_struct *work, unsigned long data, unsigned long flags) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!work_pending(work)); atomic_long_set(&work->data, data | flags | work_static(work)); } static void set_work_pwq(struct work_struct *work, struct pool_workqueue *pwq, unsigned long extra_flags) { set_work_data(work, (unsigned long)pwq, WORK_STRUCT_PENDING | WORK_STRUCT_PWQ | extra_flags); } static void set_work_pool_and_keep_pending(struct work_struct *work, int pool_id) { set_work_data(work, (unsigned long)pool_id << WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT, WORK_STRUCT_PENDING); } static void set_work_pool_and_clear_pending(struct work_struct *work, int pool_id) { /* * The following wmb is paired with the implied mb in * test_and_set_bit(PENDING) and ensures all updates to @work made * here are visible to and precede any updates by the next PENDING * owner. */ smp_wmb(); set_work_data(work, (unsigned long)pool_id << WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT, 0); /* * The following mb guarantees that previous clear of a PENDING bit * will not be reordered with any speculative LOADS or STORES from * work->current_func, which is executed afterwards. This possible * reordering can lead to a missed execution on attempt to queue * the same @work. E.g. consider this case: * * CPU#0 CPU#1 * ---------------------------- -------------------------------- * * 1 STORE event_indicated * 2 queue_work_on() { * 3 test_and_set_bit(PENDING) * 4 } set_..._and_clear_pending() { * 5 set_work_data() # clear bit * 6 smp_mb() * 7 work->current_func() { * 8 LOAD event_indicated * } * * Without an explicit full barrier speculative LOAD on line 8 can * be executed before CPU#0 does STORE on line 1. If that happens, * CPU#0 observes the PENDING bit is still set and new execution of * a @work is not queued in a hope, that CPU#1 will eventually * finish the queued @work. Meanwhile CPU#1 does not see * event_indicated is set, because speculative LOAD was executed * before actual STORE. */ smp_mb(); } static void clear_work_data(struct work_struct *work) { smp_wmb(); /* see set_work_pool_and_clear_pending() */ set_work_data(work, WORK_STRUCT_NO_POOL, 0); } static struct pool_workqueue *get_work_pwq(struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long data = atomic_long_read(&work->data); if (data & WORK_STRUCT_PWQ) return (void *)(data & WORK_STRUCT_WQ_DATA_MASK); else return NULL; } /** * get_work_pool - return the worker_pool a given work was associated with * @work: the work item of interest * * Pools are created and destroyed under wq_pool_mutex, and allows read * access under RCU read lock. As such, this function should be * called under wq_pool_mutex or inside of a rcu_read_lock() region. * * All fields of the returned pool are accessible as long as the above * mentioned locking is in effect. If the returned pool needs to be used * beyond the critical section, the caller is responsible for ensuring the * returned pool is and stays online. * * Return: The worker_pool @work was last associated with. %NULL if none. */ static struct worker_pool *get_work_pool(struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long data = atomic_long_read(&work->data); int pool_id; assert_rcu_or_pool_mutex(); if (data & WORK_STRUCT_PWQ) return ((struct pool_workqueue *) (data & WORK_STRUCT_WQ_DATA_MASK))->pool; pool_id = data >> WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT; if (pool_id == WORK_OFFQ_POOL_NONE) return NULL; return idr_find(&worker_pool_idr, pool_id); } /** * get_work_pool_id - return the worker pool ID a given work is associated with * @work: the work item of interest * * Return: The worker_pool ID @work was last associated with. * %WORK_OFFQ_POOL_NONE if none. */ static int get_work_pool_id(struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long data = atomic_long_read(&work->data); if (data & WORK_STRUCT_PWQ) return ((struct pool_workqueue *) (data & WORK_STRUCT_WQ_DATA_MASK))->pool->id; return data >> WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT; } static void mark_work_canceling(struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long pool_id = get_work_pool_id(work); pool_id <<= WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT; set_work_data(work, pool_id | WORK_OFFQ_CANCELING, WORK_STRUCT_PENDING); } static bool work_is_canceling(struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long data = atomic_long_read(&work->data); return !(data & WORK_STRUCT_PWQ) && (data & WORK_OFFQ_CANCELING); } /* * Policy functions. These define the policies on how the global worker * pools are managed. Unless noted otherwise, these functions assume that * they're being called with pool->lock held. */ static bool __need_more_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { return !atomic_read(&pool->nr_running); } /* * Need to wake up a worker? Called from anything but currently * running workers. * * Note that, because unbound workers never contribute to nr_running, this * function will always return %true for unbound pools as long as the * worklist isn't empty. */ static bool need_more_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { return !list_empty(&pool->worklist) && __need_more_worker(pool); } /* Can I start working? Called from busy but !running workers. */ static bool may_start_working(struct worker_pool *pool) { return pool->nr_idle; } /* Do I need to keep working? Called from currently running workers. */ static bool keep_working(struct worker_pool *pool) { return !list_empty(&pool->worklist) && atomic_read(&pool->nr_running) <= 1; } /* Do we need a new worker? Called from manager. */ static bool need_to_create_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { return need_more_worker(pool) && !may_start_working(pool); } /* Do we have too many workers and should some go away? */ static bool too_many_workers(struct worker_pool *pool) { bool managing = pool->flags & POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE; int nr_idle = pool->nr_idle + managing; /* manager is considered idle */ int nr_busy = pool->nr_workers - nr_idle; return nr_idle > 2 && (nr_idle - 2) * MAX_IDLE_WORKERS_RATIO >= nr_busy; } /* * Wake up functions. */ /* Return the first idle worker. Safe with preemption disabled */ static struct worker *first_idle_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { if (unlikely(list_empty(&pool->idle_list))) return NULL; return list_first_entry(&pool->idle_list, struct worker, entry); } /** * wake_up_worker - wake up an idle worker * @pool: worker pool to wake worker from * * Wake up the first idle worker of @pool. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void wake_up_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { struct worker *worker = first_idle_worker(pool); if (likely(worker)) wake_up_process(worker->task); } /** * wq_worker_running - a worker is running again * @task: task waking up * * This function is called when a worker returns from schedule() */ void wq_worker_running(struct task_struct *task) { struct worker *worker = kthread_data(task); if (!worker->sleeping) return; if (!(worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)) atomic_inc(&worker->pool->nr_running); worker->sleeping = 0; } /** * wq_worker_sleeping - a worker is going to sleep * @task: task going to sleep * * This function is called from schedule() when a busy worker is * going to sleep. Preemption needs to be disabled to protect ->sleeping * assignment. */ void wq_worker_sleeping(struct task_struct *task) { struct worker *next, *worker = kthread_data(task); struct worker_pool *pool; /* * Rescuers, which may not have all the fields set up like normal * workers, also reach here, let's not access anything before * checking NOT_RUNNING. */ if (worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING) return; pool = worker->pool; /* Return if preempted before wq_worker_running() was reached */ if (worker->sleeping) return; worker->sleeping = 1; raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * The counterpart of the following dec_and_test, implied mb, * worklist not empty test sequence is in insert_work(). * Please read comment there. * * NOT_RUNNING is clear. This means that we're bound to and * running on the local cpu w/ rq lock held and preemption * disabled, which in turn means that none else could be * manipulating idle_list, so dereferencing idle_list without pool * lock is safe. */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&pool->nr_running) && !list_empty(&pool->worklist)) { next = first_idle_worker(pool); if (next) wake_up_process(next->task); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } /** * wq_worker_last_func - retrieve worker's last work function * @task: Task to retrieve last work function of. * * Determine the last function a worker executed. This is called from * the scheduler to get a worker's last known identity. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(rq->lock) * * This function is called during schedule() when a kworker is going * to sleep. It's used by psi to identify aggregation workers during * dequeuing, to allow periodic aggregation to shut-off when that * worker is the last task in the system or cgroup to go to sleep. * * As this function doesn't involve any workqueue-related locking, it * only returns stable values when called from inside the scheduler's * queuing and dequeuing paths, when @task, which must be a kworker, * is guaranteed to not be processing any works. * * Return: * The last work function %current executed as a worker, NULL if it * hasn't executed any work yet. */ work_func_t wq_worker_last_func(struct task_struct *task) { struct worker *worker = kthread_data(task); return worker->last_func; } /** * worker_set_flags - set worker flags and adjust nr_running accordingly * @worker: self * @flags: flags to set * * Set @flags in @worker->flags and adjust nr_running accordingly. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) */ static inline void worker_set_flags(struct worker *worker, unsigned int flags) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; WARN_ON_ONCE(worker->task != current); /* If transitioning into NOT_RUNNING, adjust nr_running. */ if ((flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING) && !(worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)) { atomic_dec(&pool->nr_running); } worker->flags |= flags; } /** * worker_clr_flags - clear worker flags and adjust nr_running accordingly * @worker: self * @flags: flags to clear * * Clear @flags in @worker->flags and adjust nr_running accordingly. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) */ static inline void worker_clr_flags(struct worker *worker, unsigned int flags) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; unsigned int oflags = worker->flags; WARN_ON_ONCE(worker->task != current); worker->flags &= ~flags; /* * If transitioning out of NOT_RUNNING, increment nr_running. Note * that the nested NOT_RUNNING is not a noop. NOT_RUNNING is mask * of multiple flags, not a single flag. */ if ((flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING) && (oflags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)) if (!(worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)) atomic_inc(&pool->nr_running); } /** * find_worker_executing_work - find worker which is executing a work * @pool: pool of interest * @work: work to find worker for * * Find a worker which is executing @work on @pool by searching * @pool->busy_hash which is keyed by the address of @work. For a worker * to match, its current execution should match the address of @work and * its work function. This is to avoid unwanted dependency between * unrelated work executions through a work item being recycled while still * being executed. * * This is a bit tricky. A work item may be freed once its execution * starts and nothing prevents the freed area from being recycled for * another work item. If the same work item address ends up being reused * before the original execution finishes, workqueue will identify the * recycled work item as currently executing and make it wait until the * current execution finishes, introducing an unwanted dependency. * * This function checks the work item address and work function to avoid * false positives. Note that this isn't complete as one may construct a * work function which can introduce dependency onto itself through a * recycled work item. Well, if somebody wants to shoot oneself in the * foot that badly, there's only so much we can do, and if such deadlock * actually occurs, it should be easy to locate the culprit work function. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). * * Return: * Pointer to worker which is executing @work if found, %NULL * otherwise. */ static struct worker *find_worker_executing_work(struct worker_pool *pool, struct work_struct *work) { struct worker *worker; hash_for_each_possible(pool->busy_hash, worker, hentry, (unsigned long)work) if (worker->current_work == work && worker->current_func == work->func) return worker; return NULL; } /** * move_linked_works - move linked works to a list * @work: start of series of works to be scheduled * @head: target list to append @work to * @nextp: out parameter for nested worklist walking * * Schedule linked works starting from @work to @head. Work series to * be scheduled starts at @work and includes any consecutive work with * WORK_STRUCT_LINKED set in its predecessor. * * If @nextp is not NULL, it's updated to point to the next work of * the last scheduled work. This allows move_linked_works() to be * nested inside outer list_for_each_entry_safe(). * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void move_linked_works(struct work_struct *work, struct list_head *head, struct work_struct **nextp) { struct work_struct *n; /* * Linked worklist will always end before the end of the list, * use NULL for list head. */ list_for_each_entry_safe_from(work, n, NULL, entry) { list_move_tail(&work->entry, head); if (!(*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_LINKED)) break; } /* * If we're already inside safe list traversal and have moved * multiple works to the scheduled queue, the next position * needs to be updated. */ if (nextp) *nextp = n; } /** * get_pwq - get an extra reference on the specified pool_workqueue * @pwq: pool_workqueue to get * * Obtain an extra reference on @pwq. The caller should guarantee that * @pwq has positive refcnt and be holding the matching pool->lock. */ static void get_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { lockdep_assert_held(&pwq->pool->lock); WARN_ON_ONCE(pwq->refcnt <= 0); pwq->refcnt++; } /** * put_pwq - put a pool_workqueue reference * @pwq: pool_workqueue to put * * Drop a reference of @pwq. If its refcnt reaches zero, schedule its * destruction. The caller should be holding the matching pool->lock. */ static void put_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { lockdep_assert_held(&pwq->pool->lock); if (likely(--pwq->refcnt)) return; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(pwq->wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND))) return; /* * @pwq can't be released under pool->lock, bounce to * pwq_unbound_release_workfn(). This never recurses on the same * pool->lock as this path is taken only for unbound workqueues and * the release work item is scheduled on a per-cpu workqueue. To * avoid lockdep warning, unbound pool->locks are given lockdep * subclass of 1 in get_unbound_pool(). */ schedule_work(&pwq->unbound_release_work); } /** * put_pwq_unlocked - put_pwq() with surrounding pool lock/unlock * @pwq: pool_workqueue to put (can be %NULL) * * put_pwq() with locking. This function also allows %NULL @pwq. */ static void put_pwq_unlocked(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { if (pwq) { /* * As both pwqs and pools are RCU protected, the * following lock operations are safe. */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); put_pwq(pwq); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); } } static void pwq_activate_delayed_work(struct work_struct *work) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = get_work_pwq(work); trace_workqueue_activate_work(work); if (list_empty(&pwq->pool->worklist)) pwq->pool->watchdog_ts = jiffies; move_linked_works(work, &pwq->pool->worklist, NULL); __clear_bit(WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED_BIT, work_data_bits(work)); pwq->nr_active++; } static void pwq_activate_first_delayed(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { struct work_struct *work = list_first_entry(&pwq->delayed_works, struct work_struct, entry); pwq_activate_delayed_work(work); } /** * pwq_dec_nr_in_flight - decrement pwq's nr_in_flight * @pwq: pwq of interest * @color: color of work which left the queue * * A work either has completed or is removed from pending queue, * decrement nr_in_flight of its pwq and handle workqueue flushing. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void pwq_dec_nr_in_flight(struct pool_workqueue *pwq, int color) { /* uncolored work items don't participate in flushing or nr_active */ if (color == WORK_NO_COLOR) goto out_put; pwq->nr_in_flight[color]--; pwq->nr_active--; if (!list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works)) { /* one down, submit a delayed one */ if (pwq->nr_active < pwq->max_active) pwq_activate_first_delayed(pwq); } /* is flush in progress and are we at the flushing tip? */ if (likely(pwq->flush_color != color)) goto out_put; /* are there still in-flight works? */ if (pwq->nr_in_flight[color]) goto out_put; /* this pwq is done, clear flush_color */ pwq->flush_color = -1; /* * If this was the last pwq, wake up the first flusher. It * will handle the rest. */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&pwq->wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush)) complete(&pwq->wq->first_flusher->done); out_put: put_pwq(pwq); } /** * try_to_grab_pending - steal work item from worklist and disable irq * @work: work item to steal * @is_dwork: @work is a delayed_work * @flags: place to store irq state * * Try to grab PENDING bit of @work. This function can handle @work in any * stable state - idle, on timer or on worklist. * * Return: * * ======== ================================================================ * 1 if @work was pending and we successfully stole PENDING * 0 if @work was idle and we claimed PENDING * -EAGAIN if PENDING couldn't be grabbed at the moment, safe to busy-retry * -ENOENT if someone else is canceling @work, this state may persist * for arbitrarily long * ======== ================================================================ * * Note: * On >= 0 return, the caller owns @work's PENDING bit. To avoid getting * interrupted while holding PENDING and @work off queue, irq must be * disabled on entry. This, combined with delayed_work->timer being * irqsafe, ensures that we return -EAGAIN for finite short period of time. * * On successful return, >= 0, irq is disabled and the caller is * responsible for releasing it using local_irq_restore(*@flags). * * This function is safe to call from any context including IRQ handler. */ static int try_to_grab_pending(struct work_struct *work, bool is_dwork, unsigned long *flags) { struct worker_pool *pool; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; local_irq_save(*flags); /* try to steal the timer if it exists */ if (is_dwork) { struct delayed_work *dwork = to_delayed_work(work); /* * dwork->timer is irqsafe. If del_timer() fails, it's * guaranteed that the timer is not queued anywhere and not * running on the local CPU. */ if (likely(del_timer(&dwork->timer))) return 1; } /* try to claim PENDING the normal way */ if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work))) return 0; rcu_read_lock(); /* * The queueing is in progress, or it is already queued. Try to * steal it from ->worklist without clearing WORK_STRUCT_PENDING. */ pool = get_work_pool(work); if (!pool) goto fail; raw_spin_lock(&pool->lock); /* * work->data is guaranteed to point to pwq only while the work * item is queued on pwq->wq, and both updating work->data to point * to pwq on queueing and to pool on dequeueing are done under * pwq->pool->lock. This in turn guarantees that, if work->data * points to pwq which is associated with a locked pool, the work * item is currently queued on that pool. */ pwq = get_work_pwq(work); if (pwq && pwq->pool == pool) { debug_work_deactivate(work); /* * A delayed work item cannot be grabbed directly because * it might have linked NO_COLOR work items which, if left * on the delayed_list, will confuse pwq->nr_active * management later on and cause stall. Make sure the work * item is activated before grabbing. */ if (*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED) pwq_activate_delayed_work(work); list_del_init(&work->entry); pwq_dec_nr_in_flight(pwq, get_work_color(work)); /* work->data points to pwq iff queued, point to pool */ set_work_pool_and_keep_pending(work, pool->id); raw_spin_unlock(&pool->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); return 1; } raw_spin_unlock(&pool->lock); fail: rcu_read_unlock(); local_irq_restore(*flags); if (work_is_canceling(work)) return -ENOENT; cpu_relax(); return -EAGAIN; } /** * insert_work - insert a work into a pool * @pwq: pwq @work belongs to * @work: work to insert * @head: insertion point * @extra_flags: extra WORK_STRUCT_* flags to set * * Insert @work which belongs to @pwq after @head. @extra_flags is or'd to * work_struct flags. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void insert_work(struct pool_workqueue *pwq, struct work_struct *work, struct list_head *head, unsigned int extra_flags) { struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool; /* we own @work, set data and link */ set_work_pwq(work, pwq, extra_flags); list_add_tail(&work->entry, head); get_pwq(pwq); /* * Ensure either wq_worker_sleeping() sees the above * list_add_tail() or we see zero nr_running to avoid workers lying * around lazily while there are works to be processed. */ smp_mb(); if (__need_more_worker(pool)) wake_up_worker(pool); } /* * Test whether @work is being queued from another work executing on the * same workqueue. */ static bool is_chained_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct worker *worker; worker = current_wq_worker(); /* * Return %true iff I'm a worker executing a work item on @wq. If * I'm @worker, it's safe to dereference it without locking. */ return worker && worker->current_pwq->wq == wq; } /* * When queueing an unbound work item to a wq, prefer local CPU if allowed * by wq_unbound_cpumask. Otherwise, round robin among the allowed ones to * avoid perturbing sensitive tasks. */ static int wq_select_unbound_cpu(int cpu) { static bool printed_dbg_warning; int new_cpu; if (likely(!wq_debug_force_rr_cpu)) { if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, wq_unbound_cpumask)) return cpu; } else if (!printed_dbg_warning) { pr_warn("workqueue: round-robin CPU selection forced, expect performance impact\n"); printed_dbg_warning = true; } if (cpumask_empty(wq_unbound_cpumask)) return cpu; new_cpu = __this_cpu_read(wq_rr_cpu_last); new_cpu = cpumask_next_and(new_cpu, wq_unbound_cpumask, cpu_online_mask); if (unlikely(new_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids)) { new_cpu = cpumask_first_and(wq_unbound_cpumask, cpu_online_mask); if (unlikely(new_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids)) return cpu; } __this_cpu_write(wq_rr_cpu_last, new_cpu); return new_cpu; } static void __queue_work(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq; struct worker_pool *last_pool; struct list_head *worklist; unsigned int work_flags; unsigned int req_cpu = cpu; /* * While a work item is PENDING && off queue, a task trying to * steal the PENDING will busy-loop waiting for it to either get * queued or lose PENDING. Grabbing PENDING and queueing should * happen with IRQ disabled. */ lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); /* if draining, only works from the same workqueue are allowed */ if (unlikely(wq->flags & __WQ_DRAINING) && WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_chained_work(wq))) return; rcu_read_lock(); retry: /* pwq which will be used unless @work is executing elsewhere */ if (wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND) { if (req_cpu == WORK_CPU_UNBOUND) cpu = wq_select_unbound_cpu(raw_smp_processor_id()); pwq = unbound_pwq_by_node(wq, cpu_to_node(cpu)); } else { if (req_cpu == WORK_CPU_UNBOUND) cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); pwq = per_cpu_ptr(wq->cpu_pwqs, cpu); } /* * If @work was previously on a different pool, it might still be * running there, in which case the work needs to be queued on that * pool to guarantee non-reentrancy. */ last_pool = get_work_pool(work); if (last_pool && last_pool != pwq->pool) { struct worker *worker; raw_spin_lock(&last_pool->lock); worker = find_worker_executing_work(last_pool, work); if (worker && worker->current_pwq->wq == wq) { pwq = worker->current_pwq; } else { /* meh... not running there, queue here */ raw_spin_unlock(&last_pool->lock); raw_spin_lock(&pwq->pool->lock); } } else { raw_spin_lock(&pwq->pool->lock); } /* * pwq is determined and locked. For unbound pools, we could have * raced with pwq release and it could already be dead. If its * refcnt is zero, repeat pwq selection. Note that pwqs never die * without another pwq replacing it in the numa_pwq_tbl or while * work items are executing on it, so the retrying is guaranteed to * make forward-progress. */ if (unlikely(!pwq->refcnt)) { if (wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND) { raw_spin_unlock(&pwq->pool->lock); cpu_relax(); goto retry; } /* oops */ WARN_ONCE(true, "workqueue: per-cpu pwq for %s on cpu%d has 0 refcnt", wq->name, cpu); } /* pwq determined, queue */ trace_workqueue_queue_work(req_cpu, pwq, work); if (WARN_ON(!list_empty(&work->entry))) goto out; pwq->nr_in_flight[pwq->work_color]++; work_flags = work_color_to_flags(pwq->work_color); if (likely(pwq->nr_active < pwq->max_active)) { trace_workqueue_activate_work(work); pwq->nr_active++; worklist = &pwq->pool->worklist; if (list_empty(worklist)) pwq->pool->watchdog_ts = jiffies; } else { work_flags |= WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED; worklist = &pwq->delayed_works; } debug_work_activate(work); insert_work(pwq, work, worklist, work_flags); out: raw_spin_unlock(&pwq->pool->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * queue_work_on - queue work on specific cpu * @cpu: CPU number to execute work on * @wq: workqueue to use * @work: work to queue * * We queue the work to a specific CPU, the caller must ensure it * can't go away. * * Return: %false if @work was already on a queue, %true otherwise. */ bool queue_work_on(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work) { bool ret = false; unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work))) { __queue_work(cpu, wq, work); ret = true; } local_irq_restore(flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(queue_work_on); /** * workqueue_select_cpu_near - Select a CPU based on NUMA node * @node: NUMA node ID that we want to select a CPU from * * This function will attempt to find a "random" cpu available on a given * node. If there are no CPUs available on the given node it will return * WORK_CPU_UNBOUND indicating that we should just schedule to any * available CPU if we need to schedule this work. */ static int workqueue_select_cpu_near(int node) { int cpu; /* No point in doing this if NUMA isn't enabled for workqueues */ if (!wq_numa_enabled) return WORK_CPU_UNBOUND; /* Delay binding to CPU if node is not valid or online */ if (node < 0 || node >= MAX_NUMNODES || !node_online(node)) return WORK_CPU_UNBOUND; /* Use local node/cpu if we are already there */ cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); if (node == cpu_to_node(cpu)) return cpu; /* Use "random" otherwise know as "first" online CPU of node */ cpu = cpumask_any_and(cpumask_of_node(node), cpu_online_mask); /* If CPU is valid return that, otherwise just defer */ return cpu < nr_cpu_ids ? cpu : WORK_CPU_UNBOUND; } /** * queue_work_node - queue work on a "random" cpu for a given NUMA node * @node: NUMA node that we are targeting the work for * @wq: workqueue to use * @work: work to queue * * We queue the work to a "random" CPU within a given NUMA node. The basic * idea here is to provide a way to somehow associate work with a given * NUMA node. * * This function will only make a best effort attempt at getting this onto * the right NUMA node. If no node is requested or the requested node is * offline then we just fall back to standard queue_work behavior. * * Currently the "random" CPU ends up being the first available CPU in the * intersection of cpu_online_mask and the cpumask of the node, unless we * are running on the node. In that case we just use the current CPU. * * Return: %false if @work was already on a queue, %true otherwise. */ bool queue_work_node(int node, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long flags; bool ret = false; /* * This current implementation is specific to unbound workqueues. * Specifically we only return the first available CPU for a given * node instead of cycling through individual CPUs within the node. * * If this is used with a per-cpu workqueue then the logic in * workqueue_select_cpu_near would need to be updated to allow for * some round robin type logic. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)); local_irq_save(flags); if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work))) { int cpu = workqueue_select_cpu_near(node); __queue_work(cpu, wq, work); ret = true; } local_irq_restore(flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(queue_work_node); void delayed_work_timer_fn(struct timer_list *t) { struct delayed_work *dwork = from_timer(dwork, t, timer); /* should have been called from irqsafe timer with irq already off */ __queue_work(dwork->cpu, dwork->wq, &dwork->work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(delayed_work_timer_fn); static void __queue_delayed_work(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { struct timer_list *timer = &dwork->timer; struct work_struct *work = &dwork->work; WARN_ON_ONCE(!wq); WARN_ON_ONCE(timer->function != delayed_work_timer_fn); WARN_ON_ONCE(timer_pending(timer)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&work->entry)); /* * If @delay is 0, queue @dwork->work immediately. This is for * both optimization and correctness. The earliest @timer can * expire is on the closest next tick and delayed_work users depend * on that there's no such delay when @delay is 0. */ if (!delay) { __queue_work(cpu, wq, &dwork->work); return; } dwork->wq = wq; dwork->cpu = cpu; timer->expires = jiffies + delay; if (unlikely(cpu != WORK_CPU_UNBOUND)) add_timer_on(timer, cpu); else add_timer(timer); } /** * queue_delayed_work_on - queue work on specific CPU after delay * @cpu: CPU number to execute work on * @wq: workqueue to use * @dwork: work to queue * @delay: number of jiffies to wait before queueing * * Return: %false if @work was already on a queue, %true otherwise. If * @delay is zero and @dwork is idle, it will be scheduled for immediate * execution. */ bool queue_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { struct work_struct *work = &dwork->work; bool ret = false; unsigned long flags; /* read the comment in __queue_work() */ local_irq_save(flags); if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work))) { __queue_delayed_work(cpu, wq, dwork, delay); ret = true; } local_irq_restore(flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(queue_delayed_work_on); /** * mod_delayed_work_on - modify delay of or queue a delayed work on specific CPU * @cpu: CPU number to execute work on * @wq: workqueue to use * @dwork: work to queue * @delay: number of jiffies to wait before queueing * * If @dwork is idle, equivalent to queue_delayed_work_on(); otherwise, * modify @dwork's timer so that it expires after @delay. If @delay is * zero, @work is guaranteed to be scheduled immediately regardless of its * current state. * * Return: %false if @dwork was idle and queued, %true if @dwork was * pending and its timer was modified. * * This function is safe to call from any context including IRQ handler. * See try_to_grab_pending() for details. */ bool mod_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { unsigned long flags; int ret; do { ret = try_to_grab_pending(&dwork->work, true, &flags); } while (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)); if (likely(ret >= 0)) { __queue_delayed_work(cpu, wq, dwork, delay); local_irq_restore(flags); } /* -ENOENT from try_to_grab_pending() becomes %true */ return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mod_delayed_work_on); static void rcu_work_rcufn(struct rcu_head *rcu) { struct rcu_work *rwork = container_of(rcu, struct rcu_work, rcu); /* read the comment in __queue_work() */ local_irq_disable(); __queue_work(WORK_CPU_UNBOUND, rwork->wq, &rwork->work); local_irq_enable(); } /** * queue_rcu_work - queue work after a RCU grace period * @wq: workqueue to use * @rwork: work to queue * * Return: %false if @rwork was already pending, %true otherwise. Note * that a full RCU grace period is guaranteed only after a %true return. * While @rwork is guaranteed to be executed after a %false return, the * execution may happen before a full RCU grace period has passed. */ bool queue_rcu_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct rcu_work *rwork) { struct work_struct *work = &rwork->work; if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work))) { rwork->wq = wq; call_rcu(&rwork->rcu, rcu_work_rcufn); return true; } return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(queue_rcu_work); /** * worker_enter_idle - enter idle state * @worker: worker which is entering idle state * * @worker is entering idle state. Update stats and idle timer if * necessary. * * LOCKING: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void worker_enter_idle(struct worker *worker) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(worker->flags & WORKER_IDLE) || WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&worker->entry) && (worker->hentry.next || worker->hentry.pprev))) return; /* can't use worker_set_flags(), also called from create_worker() */ worker->flags |= WORKER_IDLE; pool->nr_idle++; worker->last_active = jiffies; /* idle_list is LIFO */ list_add(&worker->entry, &pool->idle_list); if (too_many_workers(pool) && !timer_pending(&pool->idle_timer)) mod_timer(&pool->idle_timer, jiffies + IDLE_WORKER_TIMEOUT); /* * Sanity check nr_running. Because unbind_workers() releases * pool->lock between setting %WORKER_UNBOUND and zapping * nr_running, the warning may trigger spuriously. Check iff * unbind is not in progress. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(pool->flags & POOL_DISASSOCIATED) && pool->nr_workers == pool->nr_idle && atomic_read(&pool->nr_running)); } /** * worker_leave_idle - leave idle state * @worker: worker which is leaving idle state * * @worker is leaving idle state. Update stats. * * LOCKING: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void worker_leave_idle(struct worker *worker) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(worker->flags & WORKER_IDLE))) return; worker_clr_flags(worker, WORKER_IDLE); pool->nr_idle--; list_del_init(&worker->entry); } static struct worker *alloc_worker(int node) { struct worker *worker; worker = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*worker), GFP_KERNEL, node); if (worker) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&worker->entry); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&worker->scheduled); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&worker->node); /* on creation a worker is in !idle && prep state */ worker->flags = WORKER_PREP; } return worker; } /** * worker_attach_to_pool() - attach a worker to a pool * @worker: worker to be attached * @pool: the target pool * * Attach @worker to @pool. Once attached, the %WORKER_UNBOUND flag and * cpu-binding of @worker are kept coordinated with the pool across * cpu-[un]hotplugs. */ static void worker_attach_to_pool(struct worker *worker, struct worker_pool *pool) { mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* * The wq_pool_attach_mutex ensures %POOL_DISASSOCIATED remains * stable across this function. See the comments above the flag * definition for details. */ if (pool->flags & POOL_DISASSOCIATED) worker->flags |= WORKER_UNBOUND; if (worker->rescue_wq) set_cpus_allowed_ptr(worker->task, pool->attrs->cpumask); list_add_tail(&worker->node, &pool->workers); worker->pool = pool; mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); } /** * worker_detach_from_pool() - detach a worker from its pool * @worker: worker which is attached to its pool * * Undo the attaching which had been done in worker_attach_to_pool(). The * caller worker shouldn't access to the pool after detached except it has * other reference to the pool. */ static void worker_detach_from_pool(struct worker *worker) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; struct completion *detach_completion = NULL; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); list_del(&worker->node); worker->pool = NULL; if (list_empty(&pool->workers)) detach_completion = pool->detach_completion; mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* clear leftover flags without pool->lock after it is detached */ worker->flags &= ~(WORKER_UNBOUND | WORKER_REBOUND); if (detach_completion) complete(detach_completion); } /** * create_worker - create a new workqueue worker * @pool: pool the new worker will belong to * * Create and start a new worker which is attached to @pool. * * CONTEXT: * Might sleep. Does GFP_KERNEL allocations. * * Return: * Pointer to the newly created worker. */ static struct worker *create_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { struct worker *worker = NULL; int id = -1; char id_buf[16]; /* ID is needed to determine kthread name */ id = ida_simple_get(&pool->worker_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (id < 0) goto fail; worker = alloc_worker(pool->node); if (!worker) goto fail; worker->id = id; if (pool->cpu >= 0) snprintf(id_buf, sizeof(id_buf), "%d:%d%s", pool->cpu, id, pool->attrs->nice < 0 ? "H" : ""); else snprintf(id_buf, sizeof(id_buf), "u%d:%d", pool->id, id); worker->task = kthread_create_on_node(worker_thread, worker, pool->node, "kworker/%s", id_buf); if (IS_ERR(worker->task)) goto fail; set_user_nice(worker->task, pool->attrs->nice); kthread_bind_mask(worker->task, pool->attrs->cpumask); /* successful, attach the worker to the pool */ worker_attach_to_pool(worker, pool); /* start the newly created worker */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); worker->pool->nr_workers++; worker_enter_idle(worker); wake_up_process(worker->task); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); return worker; fail: if (id >= 0) ida_simple_remove(&pool->worker_ida, id); kfree(worker); return NULL; } /** * destroy_worker - destroy a workqueue worker * @worker: worker to be destroyed * * Destroy @worker and adjust @pool stats accordingly. The worker should * be idle. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void destroy_worker(struct worker *worker) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; lockdep_assert_held(&pool->lock); /* sanity check frenzy */ if (WARN_ON(worker->current_work) || WARN_ON(!list_empty(&worker->scheduled)) || WARN_ON(!(worker->flags & WORKER_IDLE))) return; pool->nr_workers--; pool->nr_idle--; list_del_init(&worker->entry); worker->flags |= WORKER_DIE; wake_up_process(worker->task); } static void idle_worker_timeout(struct timer_list *t) { struct worker_pool *pool = from_timer(pool, t, idle_timer); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); while (too_many_workers(pool)) { struct worker *worker; unsigned long expires; /* idle_list is kept in LIFO order, check the last one */ worker = list_entry(pool->idle_list.prev, struct worker, entry); expires = worker->last_active + IDLE_WORKER_TIMEOUT; if (time_before(jiffies, expires)) { mod_timer(&pool->idle_timer, expires); break; } destroy_worker(worker); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } static void send_mayday(struct work_struct *work) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = get_work_pwq(work); struct workqueue_struct *wq = pwq->wq; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_mayday_lock); if (!wq->rescuer) return; /* mayday mayday mayday */ if (list_empty(&pwq->mayday_node)) { /* * If @pwq is for an unbound wq, its base ref may be put at * any time due to an attribute change. Pin @pwq until the * rescuer is done with it. */ get_pwq(pwq); list_add_tail(&pwq->mayday_node, &wq->maydays); wake_up_process(wq->rescuer->task); } } static void pool_mayday_timeout(struct timer_list *t) { struct worker_pool *pool = from_timer(pool, t, mayday_timer); struct work_struct *work; raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); raw_spin_lock(&wq_mayday_lock); /* for wq->maydays */ if (need_to_create_worker(pool)) { /* * We've been trying to create a new worker but * haven't been successful. We might be hitting an * allocation deadlock. Send distress signals to * rescuers. */ list_for_each_entry(work, &pool->worklist, entry) send_mayday(work); } raw_spin_unlock(&wq_mayday_lock); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); mod_timer(&pool->mayday_timer, jiffies + MAYDAY_INTERVAL); } /** * maybe_create_worker - create a new worker if necessary * @pool: pool to create a new worker for * * Create a new worker for @pool if necessary. @pool is guaranteed to * have at least one idle worker on return from this function. If * creating a new worker takes longer than MAYDAY_INTERVAL, mayday is * sent to all rescuers with works scheduled on @pool to resolve * possible allocation deadlock. * * On return, need_to_create_worker() is guaranteed to be %false and * may_start_working() %true. * * LOCKING: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) which may be released and regrabbed * multiple times. Does GFP_KERNEL allocations. Called only from * manager. */ static void maybe_create_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) __releases(&pool->lock) __acquires(&pool->lock) { restart: raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); /* if we don't make progress in MAYDAY_INITIAL_TIMEOUT, call for help */ mod_timer(&pool->mayday_timer, jiffies + MAYDAY_INITIAL_TIMEOUT); while (true) { if (create_worker(pool) || !need_to_create_worker(pool)) break; schedule_timeout_interruptible(CREATE_COOLDOWN); if (!need_to_create_worker(pool)) break; } del_timer_sync(&pool->mayday_timer); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * This is necessary even after a new worker was just successfully * created as @pool->lock was dropped and the new worker might have * already become busy. */ if (need_to_create_worker(pool)) goto restart; } /** * manage_workers - manage worker pool * @worker: self * * Assume the manager role and manage the worker pool @worker belongs * to. At any given time, there can be only zero or one manager per * pool. The exclusion is handled automatically by this function. * * The caller can safely start processing works on false return. On * true return, it's guaranteed that need_to_create_worker() is false * and may_start_working() is true. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) which may be released and regrabbed * multiple times. Does GFP_KERNEL allocations. * * Return: * %false if the pool doesn't need management and the caller can safely * start processing works, %true if management function was performed and * the conditions that the caller verified before calling the function may * no longer be true. */ static bool manage_workers(struct worker *worker) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; if (pool->flags & POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE) return false; pool->flags |= POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE; pool->manager = worker; maybe_create_worker(pool); pool->manager = NULL; pool->flags &= ~POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE; rcuwait_wake_up(&manager_wait); return true; } /** * process_one_work - process single work * @worker: self * @work: work to process * * Process @work. This function contains all the logics necessary to * process a single work including synchronization against and * interaction with other workers on the same cpu, queueing and * flushing. As long as context requirement is met, any worker can * call this function to process a work. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) which is released and regrabbed. */ static void process_one_work(struct worker *worker, struct work_struct *work) __releases(&pool->lock) __acquires(&pool->lock) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = get_work_pwq(work); struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; bool cpu_intensive = pwq->wq->flags & WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE; int work_color; struct worker *collision; #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP /* * It is permissible to free the struct work_struct from * inside the function that is called from it, this we need to * take into account for lockdep too. To avoid bogus "held * lock freed" warnings as well as problems when looking into * work->lockdep_map, make a copy and use that here. */ struct lockdep_map lockdep_map; lockdep_copy_map(&lockdep_map, &work->lockdep_map); #endif /* ensure we're on the correct CPU */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(pool->flags & POOL_DISASSOCIATED) && raw_smp_processor_id() != pool->cpu); /* * A single work shouldn't be executed concurrently by * multiple workers on a single cpu. Check whether anyone is * already processing the work. If so, defer the work to the * currently executing one. */ collision = find_worker_executing_work(pool, work); if (unlikely(collision)) { move_linked_works(work, &collision->scheduled, NULL); return; } /* claim and dequeue */ debug_work_deactivate(work); hash_add(pool->busy_hash, &worker->hentry, (unsigned long)work); worker->current_work = work; worker->current_func = work->func; worker->current_pwq = pwq; work_color = get_work_color(work); /* * Record wq name for cmdline and debug reporting, may get * overridden through set_worker_desc(). */ strscpy(worker->desc, pwq->wq->name, WORKER_DESC_LEN); list_del_init(&work->entry); /* * CPU intensive works don't participate in concurrency management. * They're the scheduler's responsibility. This takes @worker out * of concurrency management and the next code block will chain * execution of the pending work items. */ if (unlikely(cpu_intensive)) worker_set_flags(worker, WORKER_CPU_INTENSIVE); /* * Wake up another worker if necessary. The condition is always * false for normal per-cpu workers since nr_running would always * be >= 1 at this point. This is used to chain execution of the * pending work items for WORKER_NOT_RUNNING workers such as the * UNBOUND and CPU_INTENSIVE ones. */ if (need_more_worker(pool)) wake_up_worker(pool); /* * Record the last pool and clear PENDING which should be the last * update to @work. Also, do this inside @pool->lock so that * PENDING and queued state changes happen together while IRQ is * disabled. */ set_work_pool_and_clear_pending(work, pool->id); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); lock_map_acquire(&pwq->wq->lockdep_map); lock_map_acquire(&lockdep_map); /* * Strictly speaking we should mark the invariant state without holding * any locks, that is, before these two lock_map_acquire()'s. * * However, that would result in: * * A(W1) * WFC(C) * A(W1) * C(C) * * Which would create W1->C->W1 dependencies, even though there is no * actual deadlock possible. There are two solutions, using a * read-recursive acquire on the work(queue) 'locks', but this will then * hit the lockdep limitation on recursive locks, or simply discard * these locks. * * AFAICT there is no possible deadlock scenario between the * flush_work() and complete() primitives (except for single-threaded * workqueues), so hiding them isn't a problem. */ lockdep_invariant_state(true); trace_workqueue_execute_start(work); worker->current_func(work); /* * While we must be careful to not use "work" after this, the trace * point will only record its address. */ trace_workqueue_execute_end(work, worker->current_func); lock_map_release(&lockdep_map); lock_map_release(&pwq->wq->lockdep_map); if (unlikely(in_atomic() || lockdep_depth(current) > 0)) { pr_err("BUG: workqueue leaked lock or atomic: %s/0x%08x/%d\n" " last function: %ps\n", current->comm, preempt_count(), task_pid_nr(current), worker->current_func); debug_show_held_locks(current); dump_stack(); } /* * The following prevents a kworker from hogging CPU on !PREEMPTION * kernels, where a requeueing work item waiting for something to * happen could deadlock with stop_machine as such work item could * indefinitely requeue itself while all other CPUs are trapped in * stop_machine. At the same time, report a quiescent RCU state so * the same condition doesn't freeze RCU. */ cond_resched(); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* clear cpu intensive status */ if (unlikely(cpu_intensive)) worker_clr_flags(worker, WORKER_CPU_INTENSIVE); /* tag the worker for identification in schedule() */ worker->last_func = worker->current_func; /* we're done with it, release */ hash_del(&worker->hentry); worker->current_work = NULL; worker->current_func = NULL; worker->current_pwq = NULL; pwq_dec_nr_in_flight(pwq, work_color); } /** * process_scheduled_works - process scheduled works * @worker: self * * Process all scheduled works. Please note that the scheduled list * may change while processing a work, so this function repeatedly * fetches a work from the top and executes it. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) which may be released and regrabbed * multiple times. */ static void process_scheduled_works(struct worker *worker) { while (!list_empty(&worker->scheduled)) { struct work_struct *work = list_first_entry(&worker->scheduled, struct work_struct, entry); process_one_work(worker, work); } } static void set_pf_worker(bool val) { mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); if (val) current->flags |= PF_WQ_WORKER; else current->flags &= ~PF_WQ_WORKER; mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); } /** * worker_thread - the worker thread function * @__worker: self * * The worker thread function. All workers belong to a worker_pool - * either a per-cpu one or dynamic unbound one. These workers process all * work items regardless of their specific target workqueue. The only * exception is work items which belong to workqueues with a rescuer which * will be explained in rescuer_thread(). * * Return: 0 */ static int worker_thread(void *__worker) { struct worker *worker = __worker; struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; /* tell the scheduler that this is a workqueue worker */ set_pf_worker(true); woke_up: raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* am I supposed to die? */ if (unlikely(worker->flags & WORKER_DIE)) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&worker->entry)); set_pf_worker(false); set_task_comm(worker->task, "kworker/dying"); ida_simple_remove(&pool->worker_ida, worker->id); worker_detach_from_pool(worker); kfree(worker); return 0; } worker_leave_idle(worker); recheck: /* no more worker necessary? */ if (!need_more_worker(pool)) goto sleep; /* do we need to manage? */ if (unlikely(!may_start_working(pool)) && manage_workers(worker)) goto recheck; /* * ->scheduled list can only be filled while a worker is * preparing to process a work or actually processing it. * Make sure nobody diddled with it while I was sleeping. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&worker->scheduled)); /* * Finish PREP stage. We're guaranteed to have at least one idle * worker or that someone else has already assumed the manager * role. This is where @worker starts participating in concurrency * management if applicable and concurrency management is restored * after being rebound. See rebind_workers() for details. */ worker_clr_flags(worker, WORKER_PREP | WORKER_REBOUND); do { struct work_struct *work = list_first_entry(&pool->worklist, struct work_struct, entry); pool->watchdog_ts = jiffies; if (likely(!(*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_LINKED))) { /* optimization path, not strictly necessary */ process_one_work(worker, work); if (unlikely(!list_empty(&worker->scheduled))) process_scheduled_works(worker); } else { move_linked_works(work, &worker->scheduled, NULL); process_scheduled_works(worker); } } while (keep_working(pool)); worker_set_flags(worker, WORKER_PREP); sleep: /* * pool->lock is held and there's no work to process and no need to * manage, sleep. Workers are woken up only while holding * pool->lock or from local cpu, so setting the current state * before releasing pool->lock is enough to prevent losing any * event. */ worker_enter_idle(worker); __set_current_state(TASK_IDLE); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); schedule(); goto woke_up; } /** * rescuer_thread - the rescuer thread function * @__rescuer: self * * Workqueue rescuer thread function. There's one rescuer for each * workqueue which has WQ_MEM_RECLAIM set. * * Regular work processing on a pool may block trying to create a new * worker which uses GFP_KERNEL allocation which has slight chance of * developing into deadlock if some works currently on the same queue * need to be processed to satisfy the GFP_KERNEL allocation. This is * the problem rescuer solves. * * When such condition is possible, the pool summons rescuers of all * workqueues which have works queued on the pool and let them process * those works so that forward progress can be guaranteed. * * This should happen rarely. * * Return: 0 */ static int rescuer_thread(void *__rescuer) { struct worker *rescuer = __rescuer; struct workqueue_struct *wq = rescuer->rescue_wq; struct list_head *scheduled = &rescuer->scheduled; bool should_stop; set_user_nice(current, RESCUER_NICE_LEVEL); /* * Mark rescuer as worker too. As WORKER_PREP is never cleared, it * doesn't participate in concurrency management. */ set_pf_worker(true); repeat: set_current_state(TASK_IDLE); /* * By the time the rescuer is requested to stop, the workqueue * shouldn't have any work pending, but @wq->maydays may still have * pwq(s) queued. This can happen by non-rescuer workers consuming * all the work items before the rescuer got to them. Go through * @wq->maydays processing before acting on should_stop so that the * list is always empty on exit. */ should_stop = kthread_should_stop(); /* see whether any pwq is asking for help */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); while (!list_empty(&wq->maydays)) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = list_first_entry(&wq->maydays, struct pool_workqueue, mayday_node); struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool; struct work_struct *work, *n; bool first = true; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); list_del_init(&pwq->mayday_node); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); worker_attach_to_pool(rescuer, pool); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * Slurp in all works issued via this workqueue and * process'em. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(scheduled)); list_for_each_entry_safe(work, n, &pool->worklist, entry) { if (get_work_pwq(work) == pwq) { if (first) pool->watchdog_ts = jiffies; move_linked_works(work, scheduled, &n); } first = false; } if (!list_empty(scheduled)) { process_scheduled_works(rescuer); /* * The above execution of rescued work items could * have created more to rescue through * pwq_activate_first_delayed() or chained * queueing. Let's put @pwq back on mayday list so * that such back-to-back work items, which may be * being used to relieve memory pressure, don't * incur MAYDAY_INTERVAL delay inbetween. */ if (pwq->nr_active && need_to_create_worker(pool)) { raw_spin_lock(&wq_mayday_lock); /* * Queue iff we aren't racing destruction * and somebody else hasn't queued it already. */ if (wq->rescuer && list_empty(&pwq->mayday_node)) { get_pwq(pwq); list_add_tail(&pwq->mayday_node, &wq->maydays); } raw_spin_unlock(&wq_mayday_lock); } } /* * Put the reference grabbed by send_mayday(). @pool won't * go away while we're still attached to it. */ put_pwq(pwq); /* * Leave this pool. If need_more_worker() is %true, notify a * regular worker; otherwise, we end up with 0 concurrency * and stalling the execution. */ if (need_more_worker(pool)) wake_up_worker(pool); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); worker_detach_from_pool(rescuer); raw_spin_lock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); if (should_stop) { __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); set_pf_worker(false); return 0; } /* rescuers should never participate in concurrency management */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(rescuer->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)); schedule(); goto repeat; } /** * check_flush_dependency - check for flush dependency sanity * @target_wq: workqueue being flushed * @target_work: work item being flushed (NULL for workqueue flushes) * * %current is trying to flush the whole @target_wq or @target_work on it. * If @target_wq doesn't have %WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, verify that %current is not * reclaiming memory or running on a workqueue which doesn't have * %WQ_MEM_RECLAIM as that can break forward-progress guarantee leading to * a deadlock. */ static void check_flush_dependency(struct workqueue_struct *target_wq, struct work_struct *target_work) { work_func_t target_func = target_work ? target_work->func : NULL; struct worker *worker; if (target_wq->flags & WQ_MEM_RECLAIM) return; worker = current_wq_worker(); WARN_ONCE(current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC, "workqueue: PF_MEMALLOC task %d(%s) is flushing !WQ_MEM_RECLAIM %s:%ps", current->pid, current->comm, target_wq->name, target_func); WARN_ONCE(worker && ((worker->current_pwq->wq->flags & (WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | __WQ_LEGACY)) == WQ_MEM_RECLAIM), "workqueue: WQ_MEM_RECLAIM %s:%ps is flushing !WQ_MEM_RECLAIM %s:%ps", worker->current_pwq->wq->name, worker->current_func, target_wq->name, target_func); } struct wq_barrier { struct work_struct work; struct completion done; struct task_struct *task; /* purely informational */ }; static void wq_barrier_func(struct work_struct *work) { struct wq_barrier *barr = container_of(work, struct wq_barrier, work); complete(&barr->done); } /** * insert_wq_barrier - insert a barrier work * @pwq: pwq to insert barrier into * @barr: wq_barrier to insert * @target: target work to attach @barr to * @worker: worker currently executing @target, NULL if @target is not executing * * @barr is linked to @target such that @barr is completed only after * @target finishes execution. Please note that the ordering * guarantee is observed only with respect to @target and on the local * cpu. * * Currently, a queued barrier can't be canceled. This is because * try_to_grab_pending() can't determine whether the work to be * grabbed is at the head of the queue and thus can't clear LINKED * flag of the previous work while there must be a valid next work * after a work with LINKED flag set. * * Note that when @worker is non-NULL, @target may be modified * underneath us, so we can't reliably determine pwq from @target. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void insert_wq_barrier(struct pool_workqueue *pwq, struct wq_barrier *barr, struct work_struct *target, struct worker *worker) { struct list_head *head; unsigned int linked = 0; /* * debugobject calls are safe here even with pool->lock locked * as we know for sure that this will not trigger any of the * checks and call back into the fixup functions where we * might deadlock. */ INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&barr->work, wq_barrier_func); __set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(&barr->work)); init_completion_map(&barr->done, &target->lockdep_map); barr->task = current; /* * If @target is currently being executed, schedule the * barrier to the worker; otherwise, put it after @target. */ if (worker) head = worker->scheduled.next; else { unsigned long *bits = work_data_bits(target); head = target->entry.next; /* there can already be other linked works, inherit and set */ linked = *bits & WORK_STRUCT_LINKED; __set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_LINKED_BIT, bits); } debug_work_activate(&barr->work); insert_work(pwq, &barr->work, head, work_color_to_flags(WORK_NO_COLOR) | linked); } /** * flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs - prepare pwqs for workqueue flushing * @wq: workqueue being flushed * @flush_color: new flush color, < 0 for no-op * @work_color: new work color, < 0 for no-op * * Prepare pwqs for workqueue flushing. * * If @flush_color is non-negative, flush_color on all pwqs should be * -1. If no pwq has in-flight commands at the specified color, all * pwq->flush_color's stay at -1 and %false is returned. If any pwq * has in flight commands, its pwq->flush_color is set to * @flush_color, @wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush is updated accordingly, pwq * wakeup logic is armed and %true is returned. * * The caller should have initialized @wq->first_flusher prior to * calling this function with non-negative @flush_color. If * @flush_color is negative, no flush color update is done and %false * is returned. * * If @work_color is non-negative, all pwqs should have the same * work_color which is previous to @work_color and all will be * advanced to @work_color. * * CONTEXT: * mutex_lock(wq->mutex). * * Return: * %true if @flush_color >= 0 and there's something to flush. %false * otherwise. */ static bool flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int flush_color, int work_color) { bool wait = false; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; if (flush_color >= 0) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush)); atomic_set(&wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush, 1); } for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool; raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); if (flush_color >= 0) { WARN_ON_ONCE(pwq->flush_color != -1); if (pwq->nr_in_flight[flush_color]) { pwq->flush_color = flush_color; atomic_inc(&wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush); wait = true; } } if (work_color >= 0) { WARN_ON_ONCE(work_color != work_next_color(pwq->work_color)); pwq->work_color = work_color; } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } if (flush_color >= 0 && atomic_dec_and_test(&wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush)) complete(&wq->first_flusher->done); return wait; } /** * flush_workqueue - ensure that any scheduled work has run to completion. * @wq: workqueue to flush * * This function sleeps until all work items which were queued on entry * have finished execution, but it is not livelocked by new incoming ones. */ void flush_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct wq_flusher this_flusher = { .list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(this_flusher.list), .flush_color = -1, .done = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK_MAP(this_flusher.done, wq->lockdep_map), }; int next_color; if (WARN_ON(!wq_online)) return; lock_map_acquire(&wq->lockdep_map); lock_map_release(&wq->lockdep_map); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); /* * Start-to-wait phase */ next_color = work_next_color(wq->work_color); if (next_color != wq->flush_color) { /* * Color space is not full. The current work_color * becomes our flush_color and work_color is advanced * by one. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&wq->flusher_overflow)); this_flusher.flush_color = wq->work_color; wq->work_color = next_color; if (!wq->first_flusher) { /* no flush in progress, become the first flusher */ WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color != this_flusher.flush_color); wq->first_flusher = &this_flusher; if (!flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs(wq, wq->flush_color, wq->work_color)) { /* nothing to flush, done */ wq->flush_color = next_color; wq->first_flusher = NULL; goto out_unlock; } } else { /* wait in queue */ WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color == this_flusher.flush_color); list_add_tail(&this_flusher.list, &wq->flusher_queue); flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs(wq, -1, wq->work_color); } } else { /* * Oops, color space is full, wait on overflow queue. * The next flush completion will assign us * flush_color and transfer to flusher_queue. */ list_add_tail(&this_flusher.list, &wq->flusher_overflow); } check_flush_dependency(wq, NULL); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); wait_for_completion(&this_flusher.done); /* * Wake-up-and-cascade phase * * First flushers are responsible for cascading flushes and * handling overflow. Non-first flushers can simply return. */ if (READ_ONCE(wq->first_flusher) != &this_flusher) return; mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); /* we might have raced, check again with mutex held */ if (wq->first_flusher != &this_flusher) goto out_unlock; WRITE_ONCE(wq->first_flusher, NULL); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&this_flusher.list)); WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color != this_flusher.flush_color); while (true) { struct wq_flusher *next, *tmp; /* complete all the flushers sharing the current flush color */ list_for_each_entry_safe(next, tmp, &wq->flusher_queue, list) { if (next->flush_color != wq->flush_color) break; list_del_init(&next->list); complete(&next->done); } WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&wq->flusher_overflow) && wq->flush_color != work_next_color(wq->work_color)); /* this flush_color is finished, advance by one */ wq->flush_color = work_next_color(wq->flush_color); /* one color has been freed, handle overflow queue */ if (!list_empty(&wq->flusher_overflow)) { /* * Assign the same color to all overflowed * flushers, advance work_color and append to * flusher_queue. This is the start-to-wait * phase for these overflowed flushers. */ list_for_each_entry(tmp, &wq->flusher_overflow, list) tmp->flush_color = wq->work_color; wq->work_color = work_next_color(wq->work_color); list_splice_tail_init(&wq->flusher_overflow, &wq->flusher_queue); flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs(wq, -1, wq->work_color); } if (list_empty(&wq->flusher_queue)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color != wq->work_color); break; } /* * Need to flush more colors. Make the next flusher * the new first flusher and arm pwqs. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color == wq->work_color); WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color != next->flush_color); list_del_init(&next->list); wq->first_flusher = next; if (flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs(wq, wq->flush_color, -1)) break; /* * Meh... this color is already done, clear first * flusher and repeat cascading. */ wq->first_flusher = NULL; } out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_workqueue); /** * drain_workqueue - drain a workqueue * @wq: workqueue to drain * * Wait until the workqueue becomes empty. While draining is in progress, * only chain queueing is allowed. IOW, only currently pending or running * work items on @wq can queue further work items on it. @wq is flushed * repeatedly until it becomes empty. The number of flushing is determined * by the depth of chaining and should be relatively short. Whine if it * takes too long. */ void drain_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { unsigned int flush_cnt = 0; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; /* * __queue_work() needs to test whether there are drainers, is much * hotter than drain_workqueue() and already looks at @wq->flags. * Use __WQ_DRAINING so that queue doesn't have to check nr_drainers. */ mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); if (!wq->nr_drainers++) wq->flags |= __WQ_DRAINING; mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); reflush: flush_workqueue(wq); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { bool drained; raw_spin_lock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); drained = !pwq->nr_active && list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); if (drained) continue; if (++flush_cnt == 10 || (flush_cnt % 100 == 0 && flush_cnt <= 1000)) pr_warn("workqueue %s: drain_workqueue() isn't complete after %u tries\n", wq->name, flush_cnt); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); goto reflush; } if (!--wq->nr_drainers) wq->flags &= ~__WQ_DRAINING; mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(drain_workqueue); static bool start_flush_work(struct work_struct *work, struct wq_barrier *barr, bool from_cancel) { struct worker *worker = NULL; struct worker_pool *pool; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; might_sleep(); rcu_read_lock(); pool = get_work_pool(work); if (!pool) { rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* see the comment in try_to_grab_pending() with the same code */ pwq = get_work_pwq(work); if (pwq) { if (unlikely(pwq->pool != pool)) goto already_gone; } else { worker = find_worker_executing_work(pool, work); if (!worker) goto already_gone; pwq = worker->current_pwq; } check_flush_dependency(pwq->wq, work); insert_wq_barrier(pwq, barr, work, worker); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * Force a lock recursion deadlock when using flush_work() inside a * single-threaded or rescuer equipped workqueue. * * For single threaded workqueues the deadlock happens when the work * is after the work issuing the flush_work(). For rescuer equipped * workqueues the deadlock happens when the rescuer stalls, blocking * forward progress. */ if (!from_cancel && (pwq->wq->saved_max_active == 1 || pwq->wq->rescuer)) { lock_map_acquire(&pwq->wq->lockdep_map); lock_map_release(&pwq->wq->lockdep_map); } rcu_read_unlock(); return true; already_gone: raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } static bool __flush_work(struct work_struct *work, bool from_cancel) { struct wq_barrier barr; if (WARN_ON(!wq_online)) return false; if (WARN_ON(!work->func)) return false; if (!from_cancel) { lock_map_acquire(&work->lockdep_map); lock_map_release(&work->lockdep_map); } if (start_flush_work(work, &barr, from_cancel)) { wait_for_completion(&barr.done); destroy_work_on_stack(&barr.work); return true; } else { return false; } } /** * flush_work - wait for a work to finish executing the last queueing instance * @work: the work to flush * * Wait until @work has finished execution. @work is guaranteed to be idle * on return if it hasn't been requeued since flush started. * * Return: * %true if flush_work() waited for the work to finish execution, * %false if it was already idle. */ bool flush_work(struct work_struct *work) { return __flush_work(work, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_work); struct cwt_wait { wait_queue_entry_t wait; struct work_struct *work; }; static int cwt_wakefn(wait_queue_entry_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key) { struct cwt_wait *cwait = container_of(wait, struct cwt_wait, wait); if (cwait->work != key) return 0; return autoremove_wake_function(wait, mode, sync, key); } static bool __cancel_work_timer(struct work_struct *work, bool is_dwork) { static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(cancel_waitq); unsigned long flags; int ret; do { ret = try_to_grab_pending(work, is_dwork, &flags); /* * If someone else is already canceling, wait for it to * finish. flush_work() doesn't work for PREEMPT_NONE * because we may get scheduled between @work's completion * and the other canceling task resuming and clearing * CANCELING - flush_work() will return false immediately * as @work is no longer busy, try_to_grab_pending() will * return -ENOENT as @work is still being canceled and the * other canceling task won't be able to clear CANCELING as * we're hogging the CPU. * * Let's wait for completion using a waitqueue. As this * may lead to the thundering herd problem, use a custom * wake function which matches @work along with exclusive * wait and wakeup. */ if (unlikely(ret == -ENOENT)) { struct cwt_wait cwait; init_wait(&cwait.wait); cwait.wait.func = cwt_wakefn; cwait.work = work; prepare_to_wait_exclusive(&cancel_waitq, &cwait.wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); if (work_is_canceling(work)) schedule(); finish_wait(&cancel_waitq, &cwait.wait); } } while (unlikely(ret < 0)); /* tell other tasks trying to grab @work to back off */ mark_work_canceling(work); local_irq_restore(flags); /* * This allows canceling during early boot. We know that @work * isn't executing. */ if (wq_online) __flush_work(work, true); clear_work_data(work); /* * Paired with prepare_to_wait() above so that either * waitqueue_active() is visible here or !work_is_canceling() is * visible there. */ smp_mb(); if (waitqueue_active(&cancel_waitq)) __wake_up(&cancel_waitq, TASK_NORMAL, 1, work); return ret; } /** * cancel_work_sync - cancel a work and wait for it to finish * @work: the work to cancel * * Cancel @work and wait for its execution to finish. This function * can be used even if the work re-queues itself or migrates to * another workqueue. On return from this function, @work is * guaranteed to be not pending or executing on any CPU. * * cancel_work_sync(&delayed_work->work) must not be used for * delayed_work's. Use cancel_delayed_work_sync() instead. * * The caller must ensure that the workqueue on which @work was last * queued can't be destroyed before this function returns. * * Return: * %true if @work was pending, %false otherwise. */ bool cancel_work_sync(struct work_struct *work) { return __cancel_work_timer(work, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cancel_work_sync); /** * flush_delayed_work - wait for a dwork to finish executing the last queueing * @dwork: the delayed work to flush * * Delayed timer is cancelled and the pending work is queued for * immediate execution. Like flush_work(), this function only * considers the last queueing instance of @dwork. * * Return: * %true if flush_work() waited for the work to finish execution, * %false if it was already idle. */ bool flush_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork) { local_irq_disable(); if (del_timer_sync(&dwork->timer)) __queue_work(dwork->cpu, dwork->wq, &dwork->work); local_irq_enable(); return flush_work(&dwork->work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_delayed_work); /** * flush_rcu_work - wait for a rwork to finish executing the last queueing * @rwork: the rcu work to flush * * Return: * %true if flush_rcu_work() waited for the work to finish execution, * %false if it was already idle. */ bool flush_rcu_work(struct rcu_work *rwork) { if (test_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(&rwork->work))) { rcu_barrier(); flush_work(&rwork->work); return true; } else { return flush_work(&rwork->work); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_rcu_work); static bool __cancel_work(struct work_struct *work, bool is_dwork) { unsigned long flags; int ret; do { ret = try_to_grab_pending(work, is_dwork, &flags); } while (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)); if (unlikely(ret < 0)) return false; set_work_pool_and_clear_pending(work, get_work_pool_id(work)); local_irq_restore(flags); return ret; } /** * cancel_delayed_work - cancel a delayed work * @dwork: delayed_work to cancel * * Kill off a pending delayed_work. * * Return: %true if @dwork was pending and canceled; %false if it wasn't * pending. * * Note: * The work callback function may still be running on return, unless * it returns %true and the work doesn't re-arm itself. Explicitly flush or * use cancel_delayed_work_sync() to wait on it. * * This function is safe to call from any context including IRQ handler. */ bool cancel_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork) { return __cancel_work(&dwork->work, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(cancel_delayed_work); /** * cancel_delayed_work_sync - cancel a delayed work and wait for it to finish * @dwork: the delayed work cancel * * This is cancel_work_sync() for delayed works. * * Return: * %true if @dwork was pending, %false otherwise. */ bool cancel_delayed_work_sync(struct delayed_work *dwork) { return __cancel_work_timer(&dwork->work, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(cancel_delayed_work_sync); /** * schedule_on_each_cpu - execute a function synchronously on each online CPU * @func: the function to call * * schedule_on_each_cpu() executes @func on each online CPU using the * system workqueue and blocks until all CPUs have completed. * schedule_on_each_cpu() is very slow. * * Return: * 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int schedule_on_each_cpu(work_func_t func) { int cpu; struct work_struct __percpu *works; works = alloc_percpu(struct work_struct); if (!works) return -ENOMEM; get_online_cpus(); for_each_online_cpu(cpu) { struct work_struct *work = per_cpu_ptr(works, cpu); INIT_WORK(work, func); schedule_work_on(cpu, work); } for_each_online_cpu(cpu) flush_work(per_cpu_ptr(works, cpu)); put_online_cpus(); free_percpu(works); return 0; } /** * execute_in_process_context - reliably execute the routine with user context * @fn: the function to execute * @ew: guaranteed storage for the execute work structure (must * be available when the work executes) * * Executes the function immediately if process context is available, * otherwise schedules the function for delayed execution. * * Return: 0 - function was executed * 1 - function was scheduled for execution */ int execute_in_process_context(work_func_t fn, struct execute_work *ew) { if (!in_interrupt()) { fn(&ew->work); return 0; } INIT_WORK(&ew->work, fn); schedule_work(&ew->work); return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(execute_in_process_context); /** * free_workqueue_attrs - free a workqueue_attrs * @attrs: workqueue_attrs to free * * Undo alloc_workqueue_attrs(). */ void free_workqueue_attrs(struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { if (attrs) { free_cpumask_var(attrs->cpumask); kfree(attrs); } } /** * alloc_workqueue_attrs - allocate a workqueue_attrs * * Allocate a new workqueue_attrs, initialize with default settings and * return it. * * Return: The allocated new workqueue_attr on success. %NULL on failure. */ struct workqueue_attrs *alloc_workqueue_attrs(void) { struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; attrs = kzalloc(sizeof(*attrs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!attrs) goto fail; if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&attrs->cpumask, GFP_KERNEL)) goto fail; cpumask_copy(attrs->cpumask, cpu_possible_mask); return attrs; fail: free_workqueue_attrs(attrs); return NULL; } static void copy_workqueue_attrs(struct workqueue_attrs *to, const struct workqueue_attrs *from) { to->nice = from->nice; cpumask_copy(to->cpumask, from->cpumask); /* * Unlike hash and equality test, this function doesn't ignore * ->no_numa as it is used for both pool and wq attrs. Instead, * get_unbound_pool() explicitly clears ->no_numa after copying. */ to->no_numa = from->no_numa; } /* hash value of the content of @attr */ static u32 wqattrs_hash(const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { u32 hash = 0; hash = jhash_1word(attrs->nice, hash); hash = jhash(cpumask_bits(attrs->cpumask), BITS_TO_LONGS(nr_cpumask_bits) * sizeof(long), hash); return hash; } /* content equality test */ static bool wqattrs_equal(const struct workqueue_attrs *a, const struct workqueue_attrs *b) { if (a->nice != b->nice) return false; if (!cpumask_equal(a->cpumask, b->cpumask)) return false; return true; } /** * init_worker_pool - initialize a newly zalloc'd worker_pool * @pool: worker_pool to initialize * * Initialize a newly zalloc'd @pool. It also allocates @pool->attrs. * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure. Even on failure, all fields * inside @pool proper are initialized and put_unbound_pool() can be called * on @pool safely to release it. */ static int init_worker_pool(struct worker_pool *pool) { raw_spin_lock_init(&pool->lock); pool->id = -1; pool->cpu = -1; pool->node = NUMA_NO_NODE; pool->flags |= POOL_DISASSOCIATED; pool->watchdog_ts = jiffies; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->worklist); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->idle_list); hash_init(pool->busy_hash); timer_setup(&pool->idle_timer, idle_worker_timeout, TIMER_DEFERRABLE); timer_setup(&pool->mayday_timer, pool_mayday_timeout, 0); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->workers); ida_init(&pool->worker_ida); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&pool->hash_node); pool->refcnt = 1; /* shouldn't fail above this point */ pool->attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); if (!pool->attrs) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP static void wq_init_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { char *lock_name; lockdep_register_key(&wq->key); lock_name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s%s", "(wq_completion)", wq->name); if (!lock_name) lock_name = wq->name; wq->lock_name = lock_name; lockdep_init_map(&wq->lockdep_map, lock_name, &wq->key, 0); } static void wq_unregister_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { lockdep_unregister_key(&wq->key); } static void wq_free_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { if (wq->lock_name != wq->name) kfree(wq->lock_name); } #else static void wq_init_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { } static void wq_unregister_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { } static void wq_free_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { } #endif static void rcu_free_wq(struct rcu_head *rcu) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = container_of(rcu, struct workqueue_struct, rcu); wq_free_lockdep(wq); if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) free_percpu(wq->cpu_pwqs); else free_workqueue_attrs(wq->unbound_attrs); kfree(wq); } static void rcu_free_pool(struct rcu_head *rcu) { struct worker_pool *pool = container_of(rcu, struct worker_pool, rcu); ida_destroy(&pool->worker_ida); free_workqueue_attrs(pool->attrs); kfree(pool); } /* This returns with the lock held on success (pool manager is inactive). */ static bool wq_manager_inactive(struct worker_pool *pool) { raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); if (pool->flags & POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); return false; } return true; } /** * put_unbound_pool - put a worker_pool * @pool: worker_pool to put * * Put @pool. If its refcnt reaches zero, it gets destroyed in RCU * safe manner. get_unbound_pool() calls this function on its failure path * and this function should be able to release pools which went through, * successfully or not, init_worker_pool(). * * Should be called with wq_pool_mutex held. */ static void put_unbound_pool(struct worker_pool *pool) { DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(detach_completion); struct worker *worker; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); if (--pool->refcnt) return; /* sanity checks */ if (WARN_ON(!(pool->cpu < 0)) || WARN_ON(!list_empty(&pool->worklist))) return; /* release id and unhash */ if (pool->id >= 0) idr_remove(&worker_pool_idr, pool->id); hash_del(&pool->hash_node); /* * Become the manager and destroy all workers. This prevents * @pool's workers from blocking on attach_mutex. We're the last * manager and @pool gets freed with the flag set. * Because of how wq_manager_inactive() works, we will hold the * spinlock after a successful wait. */ rcuwait_wait_event(&manager_wait, wq_manager_inactive(pool), TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); pool->flags |= POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE; while ((worker = first_idle_worker(pool))) destroy_worker(worker); WARN_ON(pool->nr_workers || pool->nr_idle); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); if (!list_empty(&pool->workers)) pool->detach_completion = &detach_completion; mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); if (pool->detach_completion) wait_for_completion(pool->detach_completion); /* shut down the timers */ del_timer_sync(&pool->idle_timer); del_timer_sync(&pool->mayday_timer); /* RCU protected to allow dereferences from get_work_pool() */ call_rcu(&pool->rcu, rcu_free_pool); } /** * get_unbound_pool - get a worker_pool with the specified attributes * @attrs: the attributes of the worker_pool to get * * Obtain a worker_pool which has the same attributes as @attrs, bump the * reference count and return it. If there already is a matching * worker_pool, it will be used; otherwise, this function attempts to * create a new one. * * Should be called with wq_pool_mutex held. * * Return: On success, a worker_pool with the same attributes as @attrs. * On failure, %NULL. */ static struct worker_pool *get_unbound_pool(const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { u32 hash = wqattrs_hash(attrs); struct worker_pool *pool; int node; int target_node = NUMA_NO_NODE; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); /* do we already have a matching pool? */ hash_for_each_possible(unbound_pool_hash, pool, hash_node, hash) { if (wqattrs_equal(pool->attrs, attrs)) { pool->refcnt++; return pool; } } /* if cpumask is contained inside a NUMA node, we belong to that node */ if (wq_numa_enabled) { for_each_node(node) { if (cpumask_subset(attrs->cpumask, wq_numa_possible_cpumask[node])) { target_node = node; break; } } } /* nope, create a new one */ pool = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*pool), GFP_KERNEL, target_node); if (!pool || init_worker_pool(pool) < 0) goto fail; lockdep_set_subclass(&pool->lock, 1); /* see put_pwq() */ copy_workqueue_attrs(pool->attrs, attrs); pool->node = target_node; /* * no_numa isn't a worker_pool attribute, always clear it. See * 'struct workqueue_attrs' comments for detail. */ pool->attrs->no_numa = false; if (worker_pool_assign_id(pool) < 0) goto fail; /* create and start the initial worker */ if (wq_online && !create_worker(pool)) goto fail; /* install */ hash_add(unbound_pool_hash, &pool->hash_node, hash); return pool; fail: if (pool) put_unbound_pool(pool); return NULL; } static void rcu_free_pwq(struct rcu_head *rcu) { kmem_cache_free(pwq_cache, container_of(rcu, struct pool_workqueue, rcu)); } /* * Scheduled on system_wq by put_pwq() when an unbound pwq hits zero refcnt * and needs to be destroyed. */ static void pwq_unbound_release_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = container_of(work, struct pool_workqueue, unbound_release_work); struct workqueue_struct *wq = pwq->wq; struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool; bool is_last = false; /* * when @pwq is not linked, it doesn't hold any reference to the * @wq, and @wq is invalid to access. */ if (!list_empty(&pwq->pwqs_node)) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND))) return; mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); list_del_rcu(&pwq->pwqs_node); is_last = list_empty(&wq->pwqs); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); put_unbound_pool(pool); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); call_rcu(&pwq->rcu, rcu_free_pwq); /* * If we're the last pwq going away, @wq is already dead and no one * is gonna access it anymore. Schedule RCU free. */ if (is_last) { wq_unregister_lockdep(wq); call_rcu(&wq->rcu, rcu_free_wq); } } /** * pwq_adjust_max_active - update a pwq's max_active to the current setting * @pwq: target pool_workqueue * * If @pwq isn't freezing, set @pwq->max_active to the associated * workqueue's saved_max_active and activate delayed work items * accordingly. If @pwq is freezing, clear @pwq->max_active to zero. */ static void pwq_adjust_max_active(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = pwq->wq; bool freezable = wq->flags & WQ_FREEZABLE; unsigned long flags; /* for @wq->saved_max_active */ lockdep_assert_held(&wq->mutex); /* fast exit for non-freezable wqs */ if (!freezable && pwq->max_active == wq->saved_max_active) return; /* this function can be called during early boot w/ irq disabled */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pwq->pool->lock, flags); /* * During [un]freezing, the caller is responsible for ensuring that * this function is called at least once after @workqueue_freezing * is updated and visible. */ if (!freezable || !workqueue_freezing) { bool kick = false; pwq->max_active = wq->saved_max_active; while (!list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works) && pwq->nr_active < pwq->max_active) { pwq_activate_first_delayed(pwq); kick = true; } /* * Need to kick a worker after thawed or an unbound wq's * max_active is bumped. In realtime scenarios, always kicking a * worker will cause interference on the isolated cpu cores, so * let's kick iff work items were activated. */ if (kick) wake_up_worker(pwq->pool); } else { pwq->max_active = 0; } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pwq->pool->lock, flags); } /* initialize newly alloced @pwq which is associated with @wq and @pool */ static void init_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct worker_pool *pool) { BUG_ON((unsigned long)pwq & WORK_STRUCT_FLAG_MASK); memset(pwq, 0, sizeof(*pwq)); pwq->pool = pool; pwq->wq = wq; pwq->flush_color = -1; pwq->refcnt = 1; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pwq->delayed_works); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pwq->pwqs_node); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pwq->mayday_node); INIT_WORK(&pwq->unbound_release_work, pwq_unbound_release_workfn); } /* sync @pwq with the current state of its associated wq and link it */ static void link_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = pwq->wq; lockdep_assert_held(&wq->mutex); /* may be called multiple times, ignore if already linked */ if (!list_empty(&pwq->pwqs_node)) return; /* set the matching work_color */ pwq->work_color = wq->work_color; /* sync max_active to the current setting */ pwq_adjust_max_active(pwq); /* link in @pwq */ list_add_rcu(&pwq->pwqs_node, &wq->pwqs); } /* obtain a pool matching @attr and create a pwq associating the pool and @wq */ static struct pool_workqueue *alloc_unbound_pwq(struct workqueue_struct *wq, const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { struct worker_pool *pool; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); pool = get_unbound_pool(attrs); if (!pool) return NULL; pwq = kmem_cache_alloc_node(pwq_cache, GFP_KERNEL, pool->node); if (!pwq) { put_unbound_pool(pool); return NULL; } init_pwq(pwq, wq, pool); return pwq; } /** * wq_calc_node_cpumask - calculate a wq_attrs' cpumask for the specified node * @attrs: the wq_attrs of the default pwq of the target workqueue * @node: the target NUMA node * @cpu_going_down: if >= 0, the CPU to consider as offline * @cpumask: outarg, the resulting cpumask * * Calculate the cpumask a workqueue with @attrs should use on @node. If * @cpu_going_down is >= 0, that cpu is considered offline during * calculation. The result is stored in @cpumask. * * If NUMA affinity is not enabled, @attrs->cpumask is always used. If * enabled and @node has online CPUs requested by @attrs, the returned * cpumask is the intersection of the possible CPUs of @node and * @attrs->cpumask. * * The caller is responsible for ensuring that the cpumask of @node stays * stable. * * Return: %true if the resulting @cpumask is different from @attrs->cpumask, * %false if equal. */ static bool wq_calc_node_cpumask(const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs, int node, int cpu_going_down, cpumask_t *cpumask) { if (!wq_numa_enabled || attrs->no_numa) goto use_dfl; /* does @node have any online CPUs @attrs wants? */ cpumask_and(cpumask, cpumask_of_node(node), attrs->cpumask); if (cpu_going_down >= 0) cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu_going_down, cpumask); if (cpumask_empty(cpumask)) goto use_dfl; /* yeap, return possible CPUs in @node that @attrs wants */ cpumask_and(cpumask, attrs->cpumask, wq_numa_possible_cpumask[node]); if (cpumask_empty(cpumask)) { pr_warn_once("WARNING: workqueue cpumask: online intersect > " "possible intersect\n"); return false; } return !cpumask_equal(cpumask, attrs->cpumask); use_dfl: cpumask_copy(cpumask, attrs->cpumask); return false; } /* install @pwq into @wq's numa_pwq_tbl[] for @node and return the old pwq */ static struct pool_workqueue *numa_pwq_tbl_install(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int node, struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { struct pool_workqueue *old_pwq; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); lockdep_assert_held(&wq->mutex); /* link_pwq() can handle duplicate calls */ link_pwq(pwq); old_pwq = rcu_access_pointer(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[node]); rcu_assign_pointer(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[node], pwq); return old_pwq; } /* context to store the prepared attrs & pwqs before applying */ struct apply_wqattrs_ctx { struct workqueue_struct *wq; /* target workqueue */ struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; /* attrs to apply */ struct list_head list; /* queued for batching commit */ struct pool_workqueue *dfl_pwq; struct pool_workqueue *pwq_tbl[]; }; /* free the resources after success or abort */ static void apply_wqattrs_cleanup(struct apply_wqattrs_ctx *ctx) { if (ctx) { int node; for_each_node(node) put_pwq_unlocked(ctx->pwq_tbl[node]); put_pwq_unlocked(ctx->dfl_pwq); free_workqueue_attrs(ctx->attrs); kfree(ctx); } } /* allocate the attrs and pwqs for later installation */ static struct apply_wqattrs_ctx * apply_wqattrs_prepare(struct workqueue_struct *wq, const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { struct apply_wqattrs_ctx *ctx; struct workqueue_attrs *new_attrs, *tmp_attrs; int node; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); ctx = kzalloc(struct_size(ctx, pwq_tbl, nr_node_ids), GFP_KERNEL); new_attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); tmp_attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); if (!ctx || !new_attrs || !tmp_attrs) goto out_free; /* * Calculate the attrs of the default pwq. * If the user configured cpumask doesn't overlap with the * wq_unbound_cpumask, we fallback to the wq_unbound_cpumask. */ copy_workqueue_attrs(new_attrs, attrs); cpumask_and(new_attrs->cpumask, new_attrs->cpumask, wq_unbound_cpumask); if (unlikely(cpumask_empty(new_attrs->cpumask))) cpumask_copy(new_attrs->cpumask, wq_unbound_cpumask); /* * We may create multiple pwqs with differing cpumasks. Make a * copy of @new_attrs which will be modified and used to obtain * pools. */ copy_workqueue_attrs(tmp_attrs, new_attrs); /* * If something goes wrong during CPU up/down, we'll fall back to * the default pwq covering whole @attrs->cpumask. Always create * it even if we don't use it immediately. */ ctx->dfl_pwq = alloc_unbound_pwq(wq, new_attrs); if (!ctx->dfl_pwq) goto out_free; for_each_node(node) { if (wq_calc_node_cpumask(new_attrs, node, -1, tmp_attrs->cpumask)) { ctx->pwq_tbl[node] = alloc_unbound_pwq(wq, tmp_attrs); if (!ctx->pwq_tbl[node]) goto out_free; } else { ctx->dfl_pwq->refcnt++; ctx->pwq_tbl[node] = ctx->dfl_pwq; } } /* save the user configured attrs and sanitize it. */ copy_workqueue_attrs(new_attrs, attrs); cpumask_and(new_attrs->cpumask, new_attrs->cpumask, cpu_possible_mask); ctx->attrs = new_attrs; ctx->wq = wq; free_workqueue_attrs(tmp_attrs); return ctx; out_free: free_workqueue_attrs(tmp_attrs); free_workqueue_attrs(new_attrs); apply_wqattrs_cleanup(ctx); return NULL; } /* set attrs and install prepared pwqs, @ctx points to old pwqs on return */ static void apply_wqattrs_commit(struct apply_wqattrs_ctx *ctx) { int node; /* all pwqs have been created successfully, let's install'em */ mutex_lock(&ctx->wq->mutex); copy_workqueue_attrs(ctx->wq->unbound_attrs, ctx->attrs); /* save the previous pwq and install the new one */ for_each_node(node) ctx->pwq_tbl[node] = numa_pwq_tbl_install(ctx->wq, node, ctx->pwq_tbl[node]); /* @dfl_pwq might not have been used, ensure it's linked */ link_pwq(ctx->dfl_pwq); swap(ctx->wq->dfl_pwq, ctx->dfl_pwq); mutex_unlock(&ctx->wq->mutex); } static void apply_wqattrs_lock(void) { /* CPUs should stay stable across pwq creations and installations */ get_online_cpus(); mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); } static void apply_wqattrs_unlock(void) { mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); put_online_cpus(); } static int apply_workqueue_attrs_locked(struct workqueue_struct *wq, const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { struct apply_wqattrs_ctx *ctx; /* only unbound workqueues can change attributes */ if (WARN_ON(!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND))) return -EINVAL; /* creating multiple pwqs breaks ordering guarantee */ if (!list_empty(&wq->pwqs)) { if (WARN_ON(wq->flags & __WQ_ORDERED_EXPLICIT)) return -EINVAL; wq->flags &= ~__WQ_ORDERED; } ctx = apply_wqattrs_prepare(wq, attrs); if (!ctx) return -ENOMEM; /* the ctx has been prepared successfully, let's commit it */ apply_wqattrs_commit(ctx); apply_wqattrs_cleanup(ctx); return 0; } /** * apply_workqueue_attrs - apply new workqueue_attrs to an unbound workqueue * @wq: the target workqueue * @attrs: the workqueue_attrs to apply, allocated with alloc_workqueue_attrs() * * Apply @attrs to an unbound workqueue @wq. Unless disabled, on NUMA * machines, this function maps a separate pwq to each NUMA node with * possibles CPUs in @attrs->cpumask so that work items are affine to the * NUMA node it was issued on. Older pwqs are released as in-flight work * items finish. Note that a work item which repeatedly requeues itself * back-to-back will stay on its current pwq. * * Performs GFP_KERNEL allocations. * * Assumes caller has CPU hotplug read exclusion, i.e. get_online_cpus(). * * Return: 0 on success and -errno on failure. */ int apply_workqueue_attrs(struct workqueue_struct *wq, const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { int ret; lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); ret = apply_workqueue_attrs_locked(wq, attrs); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return ret; } /** * wq_update_unbound_numa - update NUMA affinity of a wq for CPU hot[un]plug * @wq: the target workqueue * @cpu: the CPU coming up or going down * @online: whether @cpu is coming up or going down * * This function is to be called from %CPU_DOWN_PREPARE, %CPU_ONLINE and * %CPU_DOWN_FAILED. @cpu is being hot[un]plugged, update NUMA affinity of * @wq accordingly. * * If NUMA affinity can't be adjusted due to memory allocation failure, it * falls back to @wq->dfl_pwq which may not be optimal but is always * correct. * * Note that when the last allowed CPU of a NUMA node goes offline for a * workqueue with a cpumask spanning multiple nodes, the workers which were * already executing the work items for the workqueue will lose their CPU * affinity and may execute on any CPU. This is similar to how per-cpu * workqueues behave on CPU_DOWN. If a workqueue user wants strict * affinity, it's the user's responsibility to flush the work item from * CPU_DOWN_PREPARE. */ static void wq_update_unbound_numa(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int cpu, bool online) { int node = cpu_to_node(cpu); int cpu_off = online ? -1 : cpu; struct pool_workqueue *old_pwq = NULL, *pwq; struct workqueue_attrs *target_attrs; cpumask_t *cpumask; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); if (!wq_numa_enabled || !(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND) || wq->unbound_attrs->no_numa) return; /* * We don't wanna alloc/free wq_attrs for each wq for each CPU. * Let's use a preallocated one. The following buf is protected by * CPU hotplug exclusion. */ target_attrs = wq_update_unbound_numa_attrs_buf; cpumask = target_attrs->cpumask; copy_workqueue_attrs(target_attrs, wq->unbound_attrs); pwq = unbound_pwq_by_node(wq, node); /* * Let's determine what needs to be done. If the target cpumask is * different from the default pwq's, we need to compare it to @pwq's * and create a new one if they don't match. If the target cpumask * equals the default pwq's, the default pwq should be used. */ if (wq_calc_node_cpumask(wq->dfl_pwq->pool->attrs, node, cpu_off, cpumask)) { if (cpumask_equal(cpumask, pwq->pool->attrs->cpumask)) return; } else { goto use_dfl_pwq; } /* create a new pwq */ pwq = alloc_unbound_pwq(wq, target_attrs); if (!pwq) { pr_warn("workqueue: allocation failed while updating NUMA affinity of \"%s\"\n", wq->name); goto use_dfl_pwq; } /* Install the new pwq. */ mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); old_pwq = numa_pwq_tbl_install(wq, node, pwq); goto out_unlock; use_dfl_pwq: mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); raw_spin_lock_irq(&wq->dfl_pwq->pool->lock); get_pwq(wq->dfl_pwq); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&wq->dfl_pwq->pool->lock); old_pwq = numa_pwq_tbl_install(wq, node, wq->dfl_pwq); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); put_pwq_unlocked(old_pwq); } static int alloc_and_link_pwqs(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { bool highpri = wq->flags & WQ_HIGHPRI; int cpu, ret; if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) { wq->cpu_pwqs = alloc_percpu(struct pool_workqueue); if (!wq->cpu_pwqs) return -ENOMEM; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = per_cpu_ptr(wq->cpu_pwqs, cpu); struct worker_pool *cpu_pools = per_cpu(cpu_worker_pools, cpu); init_pwq(pwq, wq, &cpu_pools[highpri]); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); link_pwq(pwq); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } return 0; } get_online_cpus(); if (wq->flags & __WQ_ORDERED) { ret = apply_workqueue_attrs(wq, ordered_wq_attrs[highpri]); /* there should only be single pwq for ordering guarantee */ WARN(!ret && (wq->pwqs.next != &wq->dfl_pwq->pwqs_node || wq->pwqs.prev != &wq->dfl_pwq->pwqs_node), "ordering guarantee broken for workqueue %s\n", wq->name); } else { ret = apply_workqueue_attrs(wq, unbound_std_wq_attrs[highpri]); } put_online_cpus(); return ret; } static int wq_clamp_max_active(int max_active, unsigned int flags, const char *name) { int lim = flags & WQ_UNBOUND ? WQ_UNBOUND_MAX_ACTIVE : WQ_MAX_ACTIVE; if (max_active < 1 || max_active > lim) pr_warn("workqueue: max_active %d requested for %s is out of range, clamping between %d and %d\n", max_active, name, 1, lim); return clamp_val(max_active, 1, lim); } /* * Workqueues which may be used during memory reclaim should have a rescuer * to guarantee forward progress. */ static int init_rescuer(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct worker *rescuer; int ret; if (!(wq->flags & WQ_MEM_RECLAIM)) return 0; rescuer = alloc_worker(NUMA_NO_NODE); if (!rescuer) return -ENOMEM; rescuer->rescue_wq = wq; rescuer->task = kthread_create(rescuer_thread, rescuer, "%s", wq->name); if (IS_ERR(rescuer->task)) { ret = PTR_ERR(rescuer->task); kfree(rescuer); return ret; } wq->rescuer = rescuer; kthread_bind_mask(rescuer->task, cpu_possible_mask); wake_up_process(rescuer->task); return 0; } __printf(1, 4) struct workqueue_struct *alloc_workqueue(const char *fmt, unsigned int flags, int max_active, ...) { size_t tbl_size = 0; va_list args; struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; /* * Unbound && max_active == 1 used to imply ordered, which is no * longer the case on NUMA machines due to per-node pools. While * alloc_ordered_workqueue() is the right way to create an ordered * workqueue, keep the previous behavior to avoid subtle breakages * on NUMA. */ if ((flags & WQ_UNBOUND) && max_active == 1) flags |= __WQ_ORDERED; /* see the comment above the definition of WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT */ if ((flags & WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT) && wq_power_efficient) flags |= WQ_UNBOUND; /* allocate wq and format name */ if (flags & WQ_UNBOUND) tbl_size = nr_node_ids * sizeof(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[0]); wq = kzalloc(sizeof(*wq) + tbl_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!wq) return NULL; if (flags & WQ_UNBOUND) { wq->unbound_attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); if (!wq->unbound_attrs) goto err_free_wq; } va_start(args, max_active); vsnprintf(wq->name, sizeof(wq->name), fmt, args); va_end(args); max_active = max_active ?: WQ_DFL_ACTIVE; max_active = wq_clamp_max_active(max_active, flags, wq->name); /* init wq */ wq->flags = flags; wq->saved_max_active = max_active; mutex_init(&wq->mutex); atomic_set(&wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush, 0); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->pwqs); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->flusher_queue); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->flusher_overflow); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->maydays); wq_init_lockdep(wq); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->list); if (alloc_and_link_pwqs(wq) < 0) goto err_unreg_lockdep; if (wq_online && init_rescuer(wq) < 0) goto err_destroy; if ((wq->flags & WQ_SYSFS) && workqueue_sysfs_register(wq)) goto err_destroy; /* * wq_pool_mutex protects global freeze state and workqueues list. * Grab it, adjust max_active and add the new @wq to workqueues * list. */ mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) pwq_adjust_max_active(pwq); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); list_add_tail_rcu(&wq->list, &workqueues); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return wq; err_unreg_lockdep: wq_unregister_lockdep(wq); wq_free_lockdep(wq); err_free_wq: free_workqueue_attrs(wq->unbound_attrs); kfree(wq); return NULL; err_destroy: destroy_workqueue(wq); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(alloc_workqueue); static bool pwq_busy(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { int i; for (i = 0; i < WORK_NR_COLORS; i++) if (pwq->nr_in_flight[i]) return true; if ((pwq != pwq->wq->dfl_pwq) && (pwq->refcnt > 1)) return true; if (pwq->nr_active || !list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works)) return true; return false; } /** * destroy_workqueue - safely terminate a workqueue * @wq: target workqueue * * Safely destroy a workqueue. All work currently pending will be done first. */ void destroy_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq; int node; /* * Remove it from sysfs first so that sanity check failure doesn't * lead to sysfs name conflicts. */ workqueue_sysfs_unregister(wq); /* drain it before proceeding with destruction */ drain_workqueue(wq); /* kill rescuer, if sanity checks fail, leave it w/o rescuer */ if (wq->rescuer) { struct worker *rescuer = wq->rescuer; /* this prevents new queueing */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); wq->rescuer = NULL; raw_spin_unlock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); /* rescuer will empty maydays list before exiting */ kthread_stop(rescuer->task); kfree(rescuer); } /* * Sanity checks - grab all the locks so that we wait for all * in-flight operations which may do put_pwq(). */ mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { raw_spin_lock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); if (WARN_ON(pwq_busy(pwq))) { pr_warn("%s: %s has the following busy pwq\n", __func__, wq->name); show_pwq(pwq); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); show_workqueue_state(); return; } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); } mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); /* * wq list is used to freeze wq, remove from list after * flushing is complete in case freeze races us. */ list_del_rcu(&wq->list); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) { wq_unregister_lockdep(wq); /* * The base ref is never dropped on per-cpu pwqs. Directly * schedule RCU free. */ call_rcu(&wq->rcu, rcu_free_wq); } else { /* * We're the sole accessor of @wq at this point. Directly * access numa_pwq_tbl[] and dfl_pwq to put the base refs. * @wq will be freed when the last pwq is released. */ for_each_node(node) { pwq = rcu_access_pointer(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[node]); RCU_INIT_POINTER(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[node], NULL); put_pwq_unlocked(pwq); } /* * Put dfl_pwq. @wq may be freed any time after dfl_pwq is * put. Don't access it afterwards. */ pwq = wq->dfl_pwq; wq->dfl_pwq = NULL; put_pwq_unlocked(pwq); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(destroy_workqueue); /** * workqueue_set_max_active - adjust max_active of a workqueue * @wq: target workqueue * @max_active: new max_active value. * * Set max_active of @wq to @max_active. * * CONTEXT: * Don't call from IRQ context. */ void workqueue_set_max_active(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int max_active) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq; /* disallow meddling with max_active for ordered workqueues */ if (WARN_ON(wq->flags & __WQ_ORDERED_EXPLICIT)) return; max_active = wq_clamp_max_active(max_active, wq->flags, wq->name); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); wq->flags &= ~__WQ_ORDERED; wq->saved_max_active = max_active; for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) pwq_adjust_max_active(pwq); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(workqueue_set_max_active); /** * current_work - retrieve %current task's work struct * * Determine if %current task is a workqueue worker and what it's working on. * Useful to find out the context that the %current task is running in. * * Return: work struct if %current task is a workqueue worker, %NULL otherwise. */ struct work_struct *current_work(void) { struct worker *worker = current_wq_worker(); return worker ? worker->current_work : NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(current_work); /** * current_is_workqueue_rescuer - is %current workqueue rescuer? * * Determine whether %current is a workqueue rescuer. Can be used from * work functions to determine whether it's being run off the rescuer task. * * Return: %true if %current is a workqueue rescuer. %false otherwise. */ bool current_is_workqueue_rescuer(void) { struct worker *worker = current_wq_worker(); return worker && worker->rescue_wq; } /** * workqueue_congested - test whether a workqueue is congested * @cpu: CPU in question * @wq: target workqueue * * Test whether @wq's cpu workqueue for @cpu is congested. There is * no synchronization around this function and the test result is * unreliable and only useful as advisory hints or for debugging. * * If @cpu is WORK_CPU_UNBOUND, the test is performed on the local CPU. * Note that both per-cpu and unbound workqueues may be associated with * multiple pool_workqueues which have separate congested states. A * workqueue being congested on one CPU doesn't mean the workqueue is also * contested on other CPUs / NUMA nodes. * * Return: * %true if congested, %false otherwise. */ bool workqueue_congested(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq; bool ret; rcu_read_lock(); preempt_disable(); if (cpu == WORK_CPU_UNBOUND) cpu = smp_processor_id(); if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) pwq = per_cpu_ptr(wq->cpu_pwqs, cpu); else pwq = unbound_pwq_by_node(wq, cpu_to_node(cpu)); ret = !list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works); preempt_enable(); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(workqueue_congested); /** * work_busy - test whether a work is currently pending or running * @work: the work to be tested * * Test whether @work is currently pending or running. There is no * synchronization around this function and the test result is * unreliable and only useful as advisory hints or for debugging. * * Return: * OR'd bitmask of WORK_BUSY_* bits. */ unsigned int work_busy(struct work_struct *work) { struct worker_pool *pool; unsigned long flags; unsigned int ret = 0; if (work_pending(work)) ret |= WORK_BUSY_PENDING; rcu_read_lock(); pool = get_work_pool(work); if (pool) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pool->lock, flags); if (find_worker_executing_work(pool, work)) ret |= WORK_BUSY_RUNNING; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pool->lock, flags); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(work_busy); /** * set_worker_desc - set description for the current work item * @fmt: printf-style format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This function can be called by a running work function to describe what * the work item is about. If the worker task gets dumped, this * information will be printed out together to help debugging. The * description can be at most WORKER_DESC_LEN including the trailing '\0'. */ void set_worker_desc(const char *fmt, ...) { struct worker *worker = current_wq_worker(); va_list args; if (worker) { va_start(args, fmt); vsnprintf(worker->desc, sizeof(worker->desc), fmt, args); va_end(args); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(set_worker_desc); /** * print_worker_info - print out worker information and description * @log_lvl: the log level to use when printing * @task: target task * * If @task is a worker and currently executing a work item, print out the * name of the workqueue being serviced and worker description set with * set_worker_desc() by the currently executing work item. * * This function can be safely called on any task as long as the * task_struct itself is accessible. While safe, this function isn't * synchronized and may print out mixups or garbages of limited length. */ void print_worker_info(const char *log_lvl, struct task_struct *task) { work_func_t *fn = NULL; char name[WQ_NAME_LEN] = { }; char desc[WORKER_DESC_LEN] = { }; struct pool_workqueue *pwq = NULL; struct workqueue_struct *wq = NULL; struct worker *worker; if (!(task->flags & PF_WQ_WORKER)) return; /* * This function is called without any synchronization and @task * could be in any state. Be careful with dereferences. */ worker = kthread_probe_data(task); /* * Carefully copy the associated workqueue's workfn, name and desc. * Keep the original last '\0' in case the original is garbage. */ copy_from_kernel_nofault(&fn, &worker->current_func, sizeof(fn)); copy_from_kernel_nofault(&pwq, &worker->current_pwq, sizeof(pwq)); copy_from_kernel_nofault(&wq, &pwq->wq, sizeof(wq)); copy_from_kernel_nofault(name, wq->name, sizeof(name) - 1); copy_from_kernel_nofault(desc, worker->desc, sizeof(desc) - 1); if (fn || name[0] || desc[0]) { printk("%sWorkqueue: %s %ps", log_lvl, name, fn); if (strcmp(name, desc)) pr_cont(" (%s)", desc); pr_cont("\n"); } } static void pr_cont_pool_info(struct worker_pool *pool) { pr_cont(" cpus=%*pbl", nr_cpumask_bits, pool->attrs->cpumask); if (pool->node != NUMA_NO_NODE) pr_cont(" node=%d", pool->node); pr_cont(" flags=0x%x nice=%d", pool->flags, pool->attrs->nice); } static void pr_cont_work(bool comma, struct work_struct *work) { if (work->func == wq_barrier_func) { struct wq_barrier *barr; barr = container_of(work, struct wq_barrier, work); pr_cont("%s BAR(%d)", comma ? "," : "", task_pid_nr(barr->task)); } else { pr_cont("%s %ps", comma ? "," : "", work->func); } } static void show_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool; struct work_struct *work; struct worker *worker; bool has_in_flight = false, has_pending = false; int bkt; pr_info(" pwq %d:", pool->id); pr_cont_pool_info(pool); pr_cont(" active=%d/%d refcnt=%d%s\n", pwq->nr_active, pwq->max_active, pwq->refcnt, !list_empty(&pwq->mayday_node) ? " MAYDAY" : ""); hash_for_each(pool->busy_hash, bkt, worker, hentry) { if (worker->current_pwq == pwq) { has_in_flight = true; break; } } if (has_in_flight) { bool comma = false; pr_info(" in-flight:"); hash_for_each(pool->busy_hash, bkt, worker, hentry) { if (worker->current_pwq != pwq) continue; pr_cont("%s %d%s:%ps", comma ? "," : "", task_pid_nr(worker->task), worker->rescue_wq ? "(RESCUER)" : "", worker->current_func); list_for_each_entry(work, &worker->scheduled, entry) pr_cont_work(false, work); comma = true; } pr_cont("\n"); } list_for_each_entry(work, &pool->worklist, entry) { if (get_work_pwq(work) == pwq) { has_pending = true; break; } } if (has_pending) { bool comma = false; pr_info(" pending:"); list_for_each_entry(work, &pool->worklist, entry) { if (get_work_pwq(work) != pwq) continue; pr_cont_work(comma, work); comma = !(*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_LINKED); } pr_cont("\n"); } if (!list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works)) { bool comma = false; pr_info(" delayed:"); list_for_each_entry(work, &pwq->delayed_works, entry) { pr_cont_work(comma, work); comma = !(*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_LINKED); } pr_cont("\n"); } } /** * show_workqueue_state - dump workqueue state * * Called from a sysrq handler or try_to_freeze_tasks() and prints out * all busy workqueues and pools. */ void show_workqueue_state(void) { struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct worker_pool *pool; unsigned long flags; int pi; rcu_read_lock(); pr_info("Showing busy workqueues and worker pools:\n"); list_for_each_entry_rcu(wq, &workqueues, list) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq; bool idle = true; for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { if (pwq->nr_active || !list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works)) { idle = false; break; } } if (idle) continue; pr_info("workqueue %s: flags=0x%x\n", wq->name, wq->flags); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pwq->pool->lock, flags); if (pwq->nr_active || !list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works)) show_pwq(pwq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pwq->pool->lock, flags); /* * We could be printing a lot from atomic context, e.g. * sysrq-t -> show_workqueue_state(). Avoid triggering * hard lockup. */ touch_nmi_watchdog(); } } for_each_pool(pool, pi) { struct worker *worker; bool first = true; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pool->lock, flags); if (pool->nr_workers == pool->nr_idle) goto next_pool; pr_info("pool %d:", pool->id); pr_cont_pool_info(pool); pr_cont(" hung=%us workers=%d", jiffies_to_msecs(jiffies - pool->watchdog_ts) / 1000, pool->nr_workers); if (pool->manager) pr_cont(" manager: %d", task_pid_nr(pool->manager->task)); list_for_each_entry(worker, &pool->idle_list, entry) { pr_cont(" %s%d", first ? "idle: " : "", task_pid_nr(worker->task)); first = false; } pr_cont("\n"); next_pool: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pool->lock, flags); /* * We could be printing a lot from atomic context, e.g. * sysrq-t -> show_workqueue_state(). Avoid triggering * hard lockup. */ touch_nmi_watchdog(); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* used to show worker information through /proc/PID/{comm,stat,status} */ void wq_worker_comm(char *buf, size_t size, struct task_struct *task) { int off; /* always show the actual comm */ off = strscpy(buf, task->comm, size); if (off < 0) return; /* stabilize PF_WQ_WORKER and worker pool association */ mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); if (task->flags & PF_WQ_WORKER) { struct worker *worker = kthread_data(task); struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; if (pool) { raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * ->desc tracks information (wq name or * set_worker_desc()) for the latest execution. If * current, prepend '+', otherwise '-'. */ if (worker->desc[0] != '\0') { if (worker->current_work) scnprintf(buf + off, size - off, "+%s", worker->desc); else scnprintf(buf + off, size - off, "-%s", worker->desc); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } } mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * CPU hotplug. * * There are two challenges in supporting CPU hotplug. Firstly, there * are a lot of assumptions on strong associations among work, pwq and * pool which make migrating pending and scheduled works very * difficult to implement without impacting hot paths. Secondly, * worker pools serve mix of short, long and very long running works making * blocked draining impractical. * * This is solved by allowing the pools to be disassociated from the CPU * running as an unbound one and allowing it to be reattached later if the * cpu comes back online. */ static void unbind_workers(int cpu) { struct worker_pool *pool; struct worker *worker; for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) { mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * We've blocked all attach/detach operations. Make all workers * unbound and set DISASSOCIATED. Before this, all workers * except for the ones which are still executing works from * before the last CPU down must be on the cpu. After * this, they may become diasporas. */ for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool) worker->flags |= WORKER_UNBOUND; pool->flags |= POOL_DISASSOCIATED; raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* * Call schedule() so that we cross rq->lock and thus can * guarantee sched callbacks see the %WORKER_UNBOUND flag. * This is necessary as scheduler callbacks may be invoked * from other cpus. */ schedule(); /* * Sched callbacks are disabled now. Zap nr_running. * After this, nr_running stays zero and need_more_worker() * and keep_working() are always true as long as the * worklist is not empty. This pool now behaves as an * unbound (in terms of concurrency management) pool which * are served by workers tied to the pool. */ atomic_set(&pool->nr_running, 0); /* * With concurrency management just turned off, a busy * worker blocking could lead to lengthy stalls. Kick off * unbound chain execution of currently pending work items. */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); wake_up_worker(pool); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } } /** * rebind_workers - rebind all workers of a pool to the associated CPU * @pool: pool of interest * * @pool->cpu is coming online. Rebind all workers to the CPU. */ static void rebind_workers(struct worker_pool *pool) { struct worker *worker; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* * Restore CPU affinity of all workers. As all idle workers should * be on the run-queue of the associated CPU before any local * wake-ups for concurrency management happen, restore CPU affinity * of all workers first and then clear UNBOUND. As we're called * from CPU_ONLINE, the following shouldn't fail. */ for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool) WARN_ON_ONCE(set_cpus_allowed_ptr(worker->task, pool->attrs->cpumask) < 0); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); pool->flags &= ~POOL_DISASSOCIATED; for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool) { unsigned int worker_flags = worker->flags; /* * A bound idle worker should actually be on the runqueue * of the associated CPU for local wake-ups targeting it to * work. Kick all idle workers so that they migrate to the * associated CPU. Doing this in the same loop as * replacing UNBOUND with REBOUND is safe as no worker will * be bound before @pool->lock is released. */ if (worker_flags & WORKER_IDLE) wake_up_process(worker->task); /* * We want to clear UNBOUND but can't directly call * worker_clr_flags() or adjust nr_running. Atomically * replace UNBOUND with another NOT_RUNNING flag REBOUND. * @worker will clear REBOUND using worker_clr_flags() when * it initiates the next execution cycle thus restoring * concurrency management. Note that when or whether * @worker clears REBOUND doesn't affect correctness. * * WRITE_ONCE() is necessary because @worker->flags may be * tested without holding any lock in * wq_worker_running(). Without it, NOT_RUNNING test may * fail incorrectly leading to premature concurrency * management operations. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(worker_flags & WORKER_UNBOUND)); worker_flags |= WORKER_REBOUND; worker_flags &= ~WORKER_UNBOUND; WRITE_ONCE(worker->flags, worker_flags); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } /** * restore_unbound_workers_cpumask - restore cpumask of unbound workers * @pool: unbound pool of interest * @cpu: the CPU which is coming up * * An unbound pool may end up with a cpumask which doesn't have any online * CPUs. When a worker of such pool get scheduled, the scheduler resets * its cpus_allowed. If @cpu is in @pool's cpumask which didn't have any * online CPU before, cpus_allowed of all its workers should be restored. */ static void restore_unbound_workers_cpumask(struct worker_pool *pool, int cpu) { static cpumask_t cpumask; struct worker *worker; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* is @cpu allowed for @pool? */ if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, pool->attrs->cpumask)) return; cpumask_and(&cpumask, pool->attrs->cpumask, cpu_online_mask); /* as we're called from CPU_ONLINE, the following shouldn't fail */ for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool) WARN_ON_ONCE(set_cpus_allowed_ptr(worker->task, &cpumask) < 0); } int workqueue_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { struct worker_pool *pool; for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) { if (pool->nr_workers) continue; if (!create_worker(pool)) return -ENOMEM; } return 0; } int workqueue_online_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { struct worker_pool *pool; struct workqueue_struct *wq; int pi; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); for_each_pool(pool, pi) { mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); if (pool->cpu == cpu) rebind_workers(pool); else if (pool->cpu < 0) restore_unbound_workers_cpumask(pool, cpu); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); } /* update NUMA affinity of unbound workqueues */ list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) wq_update_unbound_numa(wq, cpu, true); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return 0; } int workqueue_offline_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { struct workqueue_struct *wq; /* unbinding per-cpu workers should happen on the local CPU */ if (WARN_ON(cpu != smp_processor_id())) return -1; unbind_workers(cpu); /* update NUMA affinity of unbound workqueues */ mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) wq_update_unbound_numa(wq, cpu, false); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return 0; } struct work_for_cpu { struct work_struct work; long (*fn)(void *); void *arg; long ret; }; static void work_for_cpu_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct work_for_cpu *wfc = container_of(work, struct work_for_cpu, work); wfc->ret = wfc->fn(wfc->arg); } /** * work_on_cpu - run a function in thread context on a particular cpu * @cpu: the cpu to run on * @fn: the function to run * @arg: the function arg * * It is up to the caller to ensure that the cpu doesn't go offline. * The caller must not hold any locks which would prevent @fn from completing. * * Return: The value @fn returns. */ long work_on_cpu(int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { struct work_for_cpu wfc = { .fn = fn, .arg = arg }; INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&wfc.work, work_for_cpu_fn); schedule_work_on(cpu, &wfc.work); flush_work(&wfc.work); destroy_work_on_stack(&wfc.work); return wfc.ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(work_on_cpu); /** * work_on_cpu_safe - run a function in thread context on a particular cpu * @cpu: the cpu to run on * @fn: the function to run * @arg: the function argument * * Disables CPU hotplug and calls work_on_cpu(). The caller must not hold * any locks which would prevent @fn from completing. * * Return: The value @fn returns. */ long work_on_cpu_safe(int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { long ret = -ENODEV; get_online_cpus(); if (cpu_online(cpu)) ret = work_on_cpu(cpu, fn, arg); put_online_cpus(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(work_on_cpu_safe); #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_FREEZER /** * freeze_workqueues_begin - begin freezing workqueues * * Start freezing workqueues. After this function returns, all freezable * workqueues will queue new works to their delayed_works list instead of * pool->worklist. * * CONTEXT: * Grabs and releases wq_pool_mutex, wq->mutex and pool->lock's. */ void freeze_workqueues_begin(void) { struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); WARN_ON_ONCE(workqueue_freezing); workqueue_freezing = true; list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) { mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) pwq_adjust_max_active(pwq); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); } /** * freeze_workqueues_busy - are freezable workqueues still busy? * * Check whether freezing is complete. This function must be called * between freeze_workqueues_begin() and thaw_workqueues(). * * CONTEXT: * Grabs and releases wq_pool_mutex. * * Return: * %true if some freezable workqueues are still busy. %false if freezing * is complete. */ bool freeze_workqueues_busy(void) { bool busy = false; struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); WARN_ON_ONCE(!workqueue_freezing); list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) { if (!(wq->flags & WQ_FREEZABLE)) continue; /* * nr_active is monotonically decreasing. It's safe * to peek without lock. */ rcu_read_lock(); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { WARN_ON_ONCE(pwq->nr_active < 0); if (pwq->nr_active) { busy = true; rcu_read_unlock(); goto out_unlock; } } rcu_read_unlock(); } out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return busy; } /** * thaw_workqueues - thaw workqueues * * Thaw workqueues. Normal queueing is restored and all collected * frozen works are transferred to their respective pool worklists. * * CONTEXT: * Grabs and releases wq_pool_mutex, wq->mutex and pool->lock's. */ void thaw_workqueues(void) { struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); if (!workqueue_freezing) goto out_unlock; workqueue_freezing = false; /* restore max_active and repopulate worklist */ list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) { mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) pwq_adjust_max_active(pwq); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); } #endif /* CONFIG_FREEZER */ static int workqueue_apply_unbound_cpumask(void) { LIST_HEAD(ctxs); int ret = 0; struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct apply_wqattrs_ctx *ctx, *n; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) { if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) continue; /* creating multiple pwqs breaks ordering guarantee */ if (wq->flags & __WQ_ORDERED) continue; ctx = apply_wqattrs_prepare(wq, wq->unbound_attrs); if (!ctx) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } list_add_tail(&ctx->list, &ctxs); } list_for_each_entry_safe(ctx, n, &ctxs, list) { if (!ret) apply_wqattrs_commit(ctx); apply_wqattrs_cleanup(ctx); } return ret; } /** * workqueue_set_unbound_cpumask - Set the low-level unbound cpumask * @cpumask: the cpumask to set * * The low-level workqueues cpumask is a global cpumask that limits * the affinity of all unbound workqueues. This function check the @cpumask * and apply it to all unbound workqueues and updates all pwqs of them. * * Retun: 0 - Success * -EINVAL - Invalid @cpumask * -ENOMEM - Failed to allocate memory for attrs or pwqs. */ int workqueue_set_unbound_cpumask(cpumask_var_t cpumask) { int ret = -EINVAL; cpumask_var_t saved_cpumask; /* * Not excluding isolated cpus on purpose. * If the user wishes to include them, we allow that. */ cpumask_and(cpumask, cpumask, cpu_possible_mask); if (!cpumask_empty(cpumask)) { apply_wqattrs_lock(); if (cpumask_equal(cpumask, wq_unbound_cpumask)) { ret = 0; goto out_unlock; } if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&saved_cpumask, GFP_KERNEL)) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out_unlock; } /* save the old wq_unbound_cpumask. */ cpumask_copy(saved_cpumask, wq_unbound_cpumask); /* update wq_unbound_cpumask at first and apply it to wqs. */ cpumask_copy(wq_unbound_cpumask, cpumask); ret = workqueue_apply_unbound_cpumask(); /* restore the wq_unbound_cpumask when failed. */ if (ret < 0) cpumask_copy(wq_unbound_cpumask, saved_cpumask); free_cpumask_var(saved_cpumask); out_unlock: apply_wqattrs_unlock(); } return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS /* * Workqueues with WQ_SYSFS flag set is visible to userland via * /sys/bus/workqueue/devices/WQ_NAME. All visible workqueues have the * following attributes. * * per_cpu RO bool : whether the workqueue is per-cpu or unbound * max_active RW int : maximum number of in-flight work items * * Unbound workqueues have the following extra attributes. * * pool_ids RO int : the associated pool IDs for each node * nice RW int : nice value of the workers * cpumask RW mask : bitmask of allowed CPUs for the workers * numa RW bool : whether enable NUMA affinity */ struct wq_device { struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct device dev; }; static struct workqueue_struct *dev_to_wq(struct device *dev) { struct wq_device *wq_dev = container_of(dev, struct wq_device, dev); return wq_dev->wq; } static ssize_t per_cpu_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); return scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", (bool)!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)); } static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(per_cpu); static ssize_t max_active_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); return scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", wq->saved_max_active); } static ssize_t max_active_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); int val; if (sscanf(buf, "%d", &val) != 1 || val <= 0) return -EINVAL; workqueue_set_max_active(wq, val); return count; } static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(max_active); static struct attribute *wq_sysfs_attrs[] = { &dev_attr_per_cpu.attr, &dev_attr_max_active.attr, NULL, }; ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(wq_sysfs); static ssize_t wq_pool_ids_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); const char *delim = ""; int node, written = 0; get_online_cpus(); rcu_read_lock(); for_each_node(node) { written += scnprintf(buf + written, PAGE_SIZE - written, "%s%d:%d", delim, node, unbound_pwq_by_node(wq, node)->pool->id); delim = " "; } written += scnprintf(buf + written, PAGE_SIZE - written, "\n"); rcu_read_unlock(); put_online_cpus(); return written; } static ssize_t wq_nice_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); int written; mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); written = scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", wq->unbound_attrs->nice); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); return written; } /* prepare workqueue_attrs for sysfs store operations */ static struct workqueue_attrs *wq_sysfs_prep_attrs(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); if (!attrs) return NULL; copy_workqueue_attrs(attrs, wq->unbound_attrs); return attrs; } static ssize_t wq_nice_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; int ret = -ENOMEM; apply_wqattrs_lock(); attrs = wq_sysfs_prep_attrs(wq); if (!attrs) goto out_unlock; if (sscanf(buf, "%d", &attrs->nice) == 1 && attrs->nice >= MIN_NICE && attrs->nice <= MAX_NICE) ret = apply_workqueue_attrs_locked(wq, attrs); else ret = -EINVAL; out_unlock: apply_wqattrs_unlock(); free_workqueue_attrs(attrs); return ret ?: count; } static ssize_t wq_cpumask_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); int written; mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); written = scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%*pb\n", cpumask_pr_args(wq->unbound_attrs->cpumask)); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); return written; } static ssize_t wq_cpumask_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; int ret = -ENOMEM; apply_wqattrs_lock(); attrs = wq_sysfs_prep_attrs(wq); if (!attrs) goto out_unlock; ret = cpumask_parse(buf, attrs->cpumask); if (!ret) ret = apply_workqueue_attrs_locked(wq, attrs); out_unlock: apply_wqattrs_unlock(); free_workqueue_attrs(attrs); return ret ?: count; } static ssize_t wq_numa_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); int written; mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); written = scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", !wq->unbound_attrs->no_numa); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); return written; } static ssize_t wq_numa_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; int v, ret = -ENOMEM; apply_wqattrs_lock(); attrs = wq_sysfs_prep_attrs(wq); if (!attrs) goto out_unlock; ret = -EINVAL; if (sscanf(buf, "%d", &v) == 1) { attrs->no_numa = !v; ret = apply_workqueue_attrs_locked(wq, attrs); } out_unlock: apply_wqattrs_unlock(); free_workqueue_attrs(attrs); return ret ?: count; } static struct device_attribute wq_sysfs_unbound_attrs[] = { __ATTR(pool_ids, 0444, wq_pool_ids_show, NULL), __ATTR(nice, 0644, wq_nice_show, wq_nice_store), __ATTR(cpumask, 0644, wq_cpumask_show, wq_cpumask_store), __ATTR(numa, 0644, wq_numa_show, wq_numa_store), __ATTR_NULL, }; static struct bus_type wq_subsys = { .name = "workqueue", .dev_groups = wq_sysfs_groups, }; static ssize_t wq_unbound_cpumask_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { int written; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); written = scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%*pb\n", cpumask_pr_args(wq_unbound_cpumask)); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return written; } static ssize_t wq_unbound_cpumask_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { cpumask_var_t cpumask; int ret; if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&cpumask, GFP_KERNEL)) return -ENOMEM; ret = cpumask_parse(buf, cpumask); if (!ret) ret = workqueue_set_unbound_cpumask(cpumask); free_cpumask_var(cpumask); return ret ? ret : count; } static struct device_attribute wq_sysfs_cpumask_attr = __ATTR(cpumask, 0644, wq_unbound_cpumask_show, wq_unbound_cpumask_store); static int __init wq_sysfs_init(void) { int err; err = subsys_virtual_register(&wq_subsys, NULL); if (err) return err; return device_create_file(wq_subsys.dev_root, &wq_sysfs_cpumask_attr); } core_initcall(wq_sysfs_init); static void wq_device_release(struct device *dev) { struct wq_device *wq_dev = container_of(dev, struct wq_device, dev); kfree(wq_dev); } /** * workqueue_sysfs_register - make a workqueue visible in sysfs * @wq: the workqueue to register * * Expose @wq in sysfs under /sys/bus/workqueue/devices. * alloc_workqueue*() automatically calls this function if WQ_SYSFS is set * which is the preferred method. * * Workqueue user should use this function directly iff it wants to apply * workqueue_attrs before making the workqueue visible in sysfs; otherwise, * apply_workqueue_attrs() may race against userland updating the * attributes. * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int workqueue_sysfs_register(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct wq_device *wq_dev; int ret; /* * Adjusting max_active or creating new pwqs by applying * attributes breaks ordering guarantee. Disallow exposing ordered * workqueues. */ if (WARN_ON(wq->flags & __WQ_ORDERED_EXPLICIT)) return -EINVAL; wq->wq_dev = wq_dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*wq_dev), GFP_KERNEL); if (!wq_dev) return -ENOMEM; wq_dev->wq = wq; wq_dev->dev.bus = &wq_subsys; wq_dev->dev.release = wq_device_release; dev_set_name(&wq_dev->dev, "%s", wq->name); /* * unbound_attrs are created separately. Suppress uevent until * everything is ready. */ dev_set_uevent_suppress(&wq_dev->dev, true); ret = device_register(&wq_dev->dev); if (ret) { put_device(&wq_dev->dev); wq->wq_dev = NULL; return ret; } if (wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND) { struct device_attribute *attr; for (attr = wq_sysfs_unbound_attrs; attr->attr.name; attr++) { ret = device_create_file(&wq_dev->dev, attr); if (ret) { device_unregister(&wq_dev->dev); wq->wq_dev = NULL; return ret; } } } dev_set_uevent_suppress(&wq_dev->dev, false); kobject_uevent(&wq_dev->dev.kobj, KOBJ_ADD); return 0; } /** * workqueue_sysfs_unregister - undo workqueue_sysfs_register() * @wq: the workqueue to unregister * * If @wq is registered to sysfs by workqueue_sysfs_register(), unregister. */ static void workqueue_sysfs_unregister(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct wq_device *wq_dev = wq->wq_dev; if (!wq->wq_dev) return; wq->wq_dev = NULL; device_unregister(&wq_dev->dev); } #else /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ static void workqueue_sysfs_unregister(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ /* * Workqueue watchdog. * * Stall may be caused by various bugs - missing WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, illegal * flush dependency, a concurrency managed work item which stays RUNNING * indefinitely. Workqueue stalls can be very difficult to debug as the * usual warning mechanisms don't trigger and internal workqueue state is * largely opaque. * * Workqueue watchdog monitors all worker pools periodically and dumps * state if some pools failed to make forward progress for a while where * forward progress is defined as the first item on ->worklist changing. * * This mechanism is controlled through the kernel parameter * "workqueue.watchdog_thresh" which can be updated at runtime through the * corresponding sysfs parameter file. */ #ifdef CONFIG_WQ_WATCHDOG static unsigned long wq_watchdog_thresh = 30; static struct timer_list wq_watchdog_timer; static unsigned long wq_watchdog_touched = INITIAL_JIFFIES; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, wq_watchdog_touched_cpu) = INITIAL_JIFFIES; static void wq_watchdog_reset_touched(void) { int cpu; wq_watchdog_touched = jiffies; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) per_cpu(wq_watchdog_touched_cpu, cpu) = jiffies; } static void wq_watchdog_timer_fn(struct timer_list *unused) { unsigned long thresh = READ_ONCE(wq_watchdog_thresh) * HZ; bool lockup_detected = false; unsigned long now = jiffies; struct worker_pool *pool; int pi; if (!thresh) return; rcu_read_lock(); for_each_pool(pool, pi) { unsigned long pool_ts, touched, ts; if (list_empty(&pool->worklist)) continue; /* * If a virtual machine is stopped by the host it can look to * the watchdog like a stall. */ kvm_check_and_clear_guest_paused(); /* get the latest of pool and touched timestamps */ pool_ts = READ_ONCE(pool->watchdog_ts); touched = READ_ONCE(wq_watchdog_touched); if (time_after(pool_ts, touched)) ts = pool_ts; else ts = touched; if (pool->cpu >= 0) { unsigned long cpu_touched = READ_ONCE(per_cpu(wq_watchdog_touched_cpu, pool->cpu)); if (time_after(cpu_touched, ts)) ts = cpu_touched; } /* did we stall? */ if (time_after(now, ts + thresh)) { lockup_detected = true; pr_emerg("BUG: workqueue lockup - pool"); pr_cont_pool_info(pool); pr_cont(" stuck for %us!\n", jiffies_to_msecs(now - pool_ts) / 1000); } } rcu_read_unlock(); if (lockup_detected) show_workqueue_state(); wq_watchdog_reset_touched(); mod_timer(&wq_watchdog_timer, jiffies + thresh); } notrace void wq_watchdog_touch(int cpu) { if (cpu >= 0) per_cpu(wq_watchdog_touched_cpu, cpu) = jiffies; else wq_watchdog_touched = jiffies; } static void wq_watchdog_set_thresh(unsigned long thresh) { wq_watchdog_thresh = 0; del_timer_sync(&wq_watchdog_timer); if (thresh) { wq_watchdog_thresh = thresh; wq_watchdog_reset_touched(); mod_timer(&wq_watchdog_timer, jiffies + thresh * HZ); } } static int wq_watchdog_param_set_thresh(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp) { unsigned long thresh; int ret; ret = kstrtoul(val, 0, &thresh); if (ret) return ret; if (system_wq) wq_watchdog_set_thresh(thresh); else wq_watchdog_thresh = thresh; return 0; } static const struct kernel_param_ops wq_watchdog_thresh_ops = { .set = wq_watchdog_param_set_thresh, .get = param_get_ulong, }; module_param_cb(watchdog_thresh, &wq_watchdog_thresh_ops, &wq_watchdog_thresh, 0644); static void wq_watchdog_init(void) { timer_setup(&wq_watchdog_timer, wq_watchdog_timer_fn, TIMER_DEFERRABLE); wq_watchdog_set_thresh(wq_watchdog_thresh); } #else /* CONFIG_WQ_WATCHDOG */ static inline void wq_watchdog_init(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_WQ_WATCHDOG */ static void __init wq_numa_init(void) { cpumask_var_t *tbl; int node, cpu; if (num_possible_nodes() <= 1) return; if (wq_disable_numa) { pr_info("workqueue: NUMA affinity support disabled\n"); return; } for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { if (WARN_ON(cpu_to_node(cpu) == NUMA_NO_NODE)) { pr_warn("workqueue: NUMA node mapping not available for cpu%d, disabling NUMA support\n", cpu); return; } } wq_update_unbound_numa_attrs_buf = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); BUG_ON(!wq_update_unbound_numa_attrs_buf); /* * We want masks of possible CPUs of each node which isn't readily * available. Build one from cpu_to_node() which should have been * fully initialized by now. */ tbl = kcalloc(nr_node_ids, sizeof(tbl[0]), GFP_KERNEL); BUG_ON(!tbl); for_each_node(node) BUG_ON(!zalloc_cpumask_var_node(&tbl[node], GFP_KERNEL, node_online(node) ? node : NUMA_NO_NODE)); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { node = cpu_to_node(cpu); cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, tbl[node]); } wq_numa_possible_cpumask = tbl; wq_numa_enabled = true; } /** * workqueue_init_early - early init for workqueue subsystem * * This is the first half of two-staged workqueue subsystem initialization * and invoked as soon as the bare basics - memory allocation, cpumasks and * idr are up. It sets up all the data structures and system workqueues * and allows early boot code to create workqueues and queue/cancel work * items. Actual work item execution starts only after kthreads can be * created and scheduled right before early initcalls. */ void __init workqueue_init_early(void) { int std_nice[NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS] = { 0, HIGHPRI_NICE_LEVEL }; int hk_flags = HK_FLAG_DOMAIN | HK_FLAG_WQ; int i, cpu; BUILD_BUG_ON(__alignof__(struct pool_workqueue) < __alignof__(long long)); BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&wq_unbound_cpumask, GFP_KERNEL)); cpumask_copy(wq_unbound_cpumask, housekeeping_cpumask(hk_flags)); pwq_cache = KMEM_CACHE(pool_workqueue, SLAB_PANIC); /* initialize CPU pools */ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct worker_pool *pool; i = 0; for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) { BUG_ON(init_worker_pool(pool)); pool->cpu = cpu; cpumask_copy(pool->attrs->cpumask, cpumask_of(cpu)); pool->attrs->nice = std_nice[i++]; pool->node = cpu_to_node(cpu); /* alloc pool ID */ mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); BUG_ON(worker_pool_assign_id(pool)); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); } } /* create default unbound and ordered wq attrs */ for (i = 0; i < NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS; i++) { struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; BUG_ON(!(attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs())); attrs->nice = std_nice[i]; unbound_std_wq_attrs[i] = attrs; /* * An ordered wq should have only one pwq as ordering is * guaranteed by max_active which is enforced by pwqs. * Turn off NUMA so that dfl_pwq is used for all nodes. */ BUG_ON(!(attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs())); attrs->nice = std_nice[i]; attrs->no_numa = true; ordered_wq_attrs[i] = attrs; } system_wq = alloc_workqueue("events", 0, 0); system_highpri_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_highpri", WQ_HIGHPRI, 0); system_long_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_long", 0, 0); system_unbound_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_unbound", WQ_UNBOUND, WQ_UNBOUND_MAX_ACTIVE); system_freezable_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_freezable", WQ_FREEZABLE, 0); system_power_efficient_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_power_efficient", WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT, 0); system_freezable_power_efficient_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_freezable_power_efficient", WQ_FREEZABLE | WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT, 0); BUG_ON(!system_wq || !system_highpri_wq || !system_long_wq || !system_unbound_wq || !system_freezable_wq || !system_power_efficient_wq || !system_freezable_power_efficient_wq); } /** * workqueue_init - bring workqueue subsystem fully online * * This is the latter half of two-staged workqueue subsystem initialization * and invoked as soon as kthreads can be created and scheduled. * Workqueues have been created and work items queued on them, but there * are no kworkers executing the work items yet. Populate the worker pools * with the initial workers and enable future kworker creations. */ void __init workqueue_init(void) { struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct worker_pool *pool; int cpu, bkt; /* * It'd be simpler to initialize NUMA in workqueue_init_early() but * CPU to node mapping may not be available that early on some * archs such as power and arm64. As per-cpu pools created * previously could be missing node hint and unbound pools NUMA * affinity, fix them up. * * Also, while iterating workqueues, create rescuers if requested. */ wq_numa_init(); mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) { pool->node = cpu_to_node(cpu); } } list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) { wq_update_unbound_numa(wq, smp_processor_id(), true); WARN(init_rescuer(wq), "workqueue: failed to create early rescuer for %s", wq->name); } mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); /* create the initial workers */ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) { for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) { pool->flags &= ~POOL_DISASSOCIATED; BUG_ON(!create_worker(pool)); } } hash_for_each(unbound_pool_hash, bkt, pool, hash_node) BUG_ON(!create_worker(pool)); wq_online = true; wq_watchdog_init(); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_LWTUNNEL_H #define __NET_LWTUNNEL_H 1 #include <linux/lwtunnel.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <net/route.h> #define LWTUNNEL_HASH_BITS 7 #define LWTUNNEL_HASH_SIZE (1 << LWTUNNEL_HASH_BITS) /* lw tunnel state flags */ #define LWTUNNEL_STATE_OUTPUT_REDIRECT BIT(0) #define LWTUNNEL_STATE_INPUT_REDIRECT BIT(1) #define LWTUNNEL_STATE_XMIT_REDIRECT BIT(2) enum { LWTUNNEL_XMIT_DONE, LWTUNNEL_XMIT_CONTINUE, }; struct lwtunnel_state { __u16 type; __u16 flags; __u16 headroom; atomic_t refcnt; int (*orig_output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*orig_input)(struct sk_buff *); struct rcu_head rcu; __u8 data[]; }; struct lwtunnel_encap_ops { int (*build_state)(struct net *net, struct nlattr *encap, unsigned int family, const void *cfg, struct lwtunnel_state **ts, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*destroy_state)(struct lwtunnel_state *lws); int (*output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*input)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*fill_encap)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate); int (*get_encap_size)(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate); int (*cmp_encap)(struct lwtunnel_state *a, struct lwtunnel_state *b); int (*xmit)(struct sk_buff *skb); struct module *owner; }; #ifdef CONFIG_LWTUNNEL void lwtstate_free(struct lwtunnel_state *lws); static inline struct lwtunnel_state * lwtstate_get(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { if (lws) atomic_inc(&lws->refcnt); return lws; } static inline void lwtstate_put(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { if (!lws) return; if (atomic_dec_and_test(&lws->refcnt)) lwtstate_free(lws); } static inline bool lwtunnel_output_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { if (lwtstate && (lwtstate->flags & LWTUNNEL_STATE_OUTPUT_REDIRECT)) return true; return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_input_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { if (lwtstate && (lwtstate->flags & LWTUNNEL_STATE_INPUT_REDIRECT)) return true; return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_xmit_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { if (lwtstate && (lwtstate->flags & LWTUNNEL_STATE_XMIT_REDIRECT)) return true; return false; } static inline unsigned int lwtunnel_headroom(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, unsigned int mtu) { if ((lwtunnel_xmit_redirect(lwtstate) || lwtunnel_output_redirect(lwtstate)) && lwtstate->headroom < mtu) return lwtstate->headroom; return 0; } int lwtunnel_encap_add_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int lwtunnel_encap_del_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type(u16 encap_type, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type_attr(struct nlattr *attr, int len, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int lwtunnel_build_state(struct net *net, u16 encap_type, struct nlattr *encap, unsigned int family, const void *cfg, struct lwtunnel_state **lws, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int lwtunnel_fill_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, int encap_attr, int encap_type_attr); int lwtunnel_get_encap_size(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate); struct lwtunnel_state *lwtunnel_state_alloc(int hdr_len); int lwtunnel_cmp_encap(struct lwtunnel_state *a, struct lwtunnel_state *b); int lwtunnel_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int lwtunnel_input(struct sk_buff *skb); int lwtunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb); int bpf_lwt_push_ip_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, void *hdr, u32 len, bool ingress); static inline void lwtunnel_set_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst) { if (lwtunnel_output_redirect(dst->lwtstate)) { dst->lwtstate->orig_output = dst->output; dst->output = lwtunnel_output; } if (lwtunnel_input_redirect(dst->lwtstate)) { dst->lwtstate->orig_input = dst->input; dst->input = lwtunnel_input; } } #else static inline void lwtstate_free(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { } static inline struct lwtunnel_state * lwtstate_get(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { return lws; } static inline void lwtstate_put(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { } static inline bool lwtunnel_output_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_input_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_xmit_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return false; } static inline void lwtunnel_set_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst) { } static inline unsigned int lwtunnel_headroom(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, unsigned int mtu) { return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_encap_add_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_encap_del_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type(u16 encap_type, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "CONFIG_LWTUNNEL is not enabled in this kernel"); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type_attr(struct nlattr *attr, int len, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { /* return 0 since we are not walking attr looking for * RTA_ENCAP_TYPE attribute on nexthops. */ return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_build_state(struct net *net, u16 encap_type, struct nlattr *encap, unsigned int family, const void *cfg, struct lwtunnel_state **lws, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_fill_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, int encap_attr, int encap_type_attr) { return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_get_encap_size(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return 0; } static inline struct lwtunnel_state *lwtunnel_state_alloc(int hdr_len) { return NULL; } static inline int lwtunnel_cmp_encap(struct lwtunnel_state *a, struct lwtunnel_state *b) { return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_input(struct sk_buff *skb) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_LWTUNNEL */ #define MODULE_ALIAS_RTNL_LWT(encap_type) MODULE_ALIAS("rtnl-lwt-" __stringify(encap_type)) #endif /* __NET_LWTUNNEL_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _MM_PERCPU_INTERNAL_H #define _MM_PERCPU_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> /* * There are two chunk types: root and memcg-aware. * Chunks of each type have separate slots list. * * Memcg-aware chunks have an attached vector of obj_cgroup pointers, which is * used to store memcg membership data of a percpu object. Obj_cgroups are * ref-counted pointers to a memory cgroup with an ability to switch dynamically * to the parent memory cgroup. This allows to reclaim a deleted memory cgroup * without reclaiming of all outstanding objects, which hold a reference at it. */ enum pcpu_chunk_type { PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT, #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG, #endif PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES, PCPU_FAIL_ALLOC = PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES }; /* * pcpu_block_md is the metadata block struct. * Each chunk's bitmap is split into a number of full blocks. * All units are in terms of bits. * * The scan hint is the largest known contiguous area before the contig hint. * It is not necessarily the actual largest contig hint though. There is an * invariant that the scan_hint_start > contig_hint_start iff * scan_hint == contig_hint. This is necessary because when scanning forward, * we don't know if a new contig hint would be better than the current one. */ struct pcpu_block_md { int scan_hint; /* scan hint for block */ int scan_hint_start; /* block relative starting position of the scan hint */ int contig_hint; /* contig hint for block */ int contig_hint_start; /* block relative starting position of the contig hint */ int left_free; /* size of free space along the left side of the block */ int right_free; /* size of free space along the right side of the block */ int first_free; /* block position of first free */ int nr_bits; /* total bits responsible for */ }; struct pcpu_chunk { #ifdef CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS int nr_alloc; /* # of allocations */ size_t max_alloc_size; /* largest allocation size */ #endif struct list_head list; /* linked to pcpu_slot lists */ int free_bytes; /* free bytes in the chunk */ struct pcpu_block_md chunk_md; void *base_addr; /* base address of this chunk */ unsigned long *alloc_map; /* allocation map */ unsigned long *bound_map; /* boundary map */ struct pcpu_block_md *md_blocks; /* metadata blocks */ void *data; /* chunk data */ bool immutable; /* no [de]population allowed */ int start_offset; /* the overlap with the previous region to have a page aligned base_addr */ int end_offset; /* additional area required to have the region end page aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM struct obj_cgroup **obj_cgroups; /* vector of object cgroups */ #endif int nr_pages; /* # of pages served by this chunk */ int nr_populated; /* # of populated pages */ int nr_empty_pop_pages; /* # of empty populated pages */ unsigned long populated[]; /* populated bitmap */ }; extern spinlock_t pcpu_lock; extern struct list_head *pcpu_chunk_lists; extern int pcpu_nr_slots; extern int pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[]; extern struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_first_chunk; extern struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_reserved_chunk; /** * pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks - converts nr_pages to # of md_blocks * @chunk: chunk of interest * * This conversion is from the number of physical pages that the chunk * serves to the number of bitmap blocks used. */ static inline int pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { return chunk->nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE / PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE; } /** * pcpu_nr_pages_to_map_bits - converts the pages to size of bitmap * @pages: number of physical pages * * This conversion is from physical pages to the number of bits * required in the bitmap. */ static inline int pcpu_nr_pages_to_map_bits(int pages) { return pages * PAGE_SIZE / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; } /** * pcpu_chunk_map_bits - helper to convert nr_pages to size of bitmap * @chunk: chunk of interest * * This conversion is from the number of physical pages that the chunk * serves to the number of bits in the bitmap. */ static inline int pcpu_chunk_map_bits(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { return pcpu_nr_pages_to_map_bits(chunk->nr_pages); } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM static inline enum pcpu_chunk_type pcpu_chunk_type(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { if (chunk->obj_cgroups) return PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG; return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; } static inline bool pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(enum pcpu_chunk_type chunk_type) { return chunk_type == PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG; } #else static inline enum pcpu_chunk_type pcpu_chunk_type(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; } static inline bool pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(enum pcpu_chunk_type chunk_type) { return false; } #endif static inline struct list_head *pcpu_chunk_list(enum pcpu_chunk_type chunk_type) { return &pcpu_chunk_lists[pcpu_nr_slots * pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(chunk_type)]; } #ifdef CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS #include <linux/spinlock.h> struct percpu_stats { u64 nr_alloc; /* lifetime # of allocations */ u64 nr_dealloc; /* lifetime # of deallocations */ u64 nr_cur_alloc; /* current # of allocations */ u64 nr_max_alloc; /* max # of live allocations */ u32 nr_chunks; /* current # of live chunks */ u32 nr_max_chunks; /* max # of live chunks */ size_t min_alloc_size; /* min allocaiton size */ size_t max_alloc_size; /* max allocation size */ }; extern struct percpu_stats pcpu_stats; extern struct pcpu_alloc_info pcpu_stats_ai; /* * For debug purposes. We don't care about the flexible array. */ static inline void pcpu_stats_save_ai(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai) { memcpy(&pcpu_stats_ai, ai, sizeof(struct pcpu_alloc_info)); /* initialize min_alloc_size to unit_size */ pcpu_stats.min_alloc_size = pcpu_stats_ai.unit_size; } /* * pcpu_stats_area_alloc - increment area allocation stats * @chunk: the location of the area being allocated * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * * CONTEXT: * pcpu_lock. */ static inline void pcpu_stats_area_alloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, size_t size) { lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_stats.nr_alloc++; pcpu_stats.nr_cur_alloc++; pcpu_stats.nr_max_alloc = max(pcpu_stats.nr_max_alloc, pcpu_stats.nr_cur_alloc); pcpu_stats.min_alloc_size = min(pcpu_stats.min_alloc_size, size); pcpu_stats.max_alloc_size = max(pcpu_stats.max_alloc_size, size); chunk->nr_alloc++; chunk->max_alloc_size = max(chunk->max_alloc_size, size); } /* * pcpu_stats_area_dealloc - decrement allocation stats * @chunk: the location of the area being deallocated * * CONTEXT: * pcpu_lock. */ static inline void pcpu_stats_area_dealloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_stats.nr_dealloc++; pcpu_stats.nr_cur_alloc--; chunk->nr_alloc--; } /* * pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc - increment chunk stats */ static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc(void) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); pcpu_stats.nr_chunks++; pcpu_stats.nr_max_chunks = max(pcpu_stats.nr_max_chunks, pcpu_stats.nr_chunks); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); } /* * pcpu_stats_chunk_dealloc - decrement chunk stats */ static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_dealloc(void) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); pcpu_stats.nr_chunks--; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); } #else static inline void pcpu_stats_save_ai(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_area_alloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, size_t size) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_area_dealloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc(void) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_dealloc(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 /* BlueZ - Bluetooth protocol stack for Linux Copyright (C) 2000-2001 Qualcomm Incorporated Written 2000,2001 by Maxim Krasnyansky <maxk@qualcomm.com> This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation; THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER(S) AND AUTHOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, OR ANY SPECIAL INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE. ALL LIABILITY, INCLUDING LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS OR OTHER RIGHTS, RELATING TO USE OF THIS SOFTWARE IS DISCLAIMED. */ #ifndef __BLUETOOTH_H #define __BLUETOOTH_H #include <linux/poll.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #define BT_SUBSYS_VERSION 2 #define BT_SUBSYS_REVISION 22 #ifndef AF_BLUETOOTH #define AF_BLUETOOTH 31 #define PF_BLUETOOTH AF_BLUETOOTH #endif /* Bluetooth versions */ #define BLUETOOTH_VER_1_1 1 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_1_2 2 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_2_0 3 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_2_1 4 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_4_0 6 /* Reserv for core and drivers use */ #define BT_SKB_RESERVE 8 #define BTPROTO_L2CAP 0 #define BTPROTO_HCI 1 #define BTPROTO_SCO 2 #define BTPROTO_RFCOMM 3 #define BTPROTO_BNEP 4 #define BTPROTO_CMTP 5 #define BTPROTO_HIDP 6 #define BTPROTO_AVDTP 7 #define SOL_HCI 0 #define SOL_L2CAP 6 #define SOL_SCO 17 #define SOL_RFCOMM 18 #define BT_SECURITY 4 struct bt_security { __u8 level; __u8 key_size; }; #define BT_SECURITY_SDP 0 #define BT_SECURITY_LOW 1 #define BT_SECURITY_MEDIUM 2 #define BT_SECURITY_HIGH 3 #define BT_SECURITY_FIPS 4 #define BT_DEFER_SETUP 7 #define BT_FLUSHABLE 8 #define BT_FLUSHABLE_OFF 0 #define BT_FLUSHABLE_ON 1 #define BT_POWER 9 struct bt_power { __u8 force_active; }; #define BT_POWER_FORCE_ACTIVE_OFF 0 #define BT_POWER_FORCE_ACTIVE_ON 1 #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY 10 /* BR/EDR only (default policy) * AMP controllers cannot be used. * Channel move requests from the remote device are denied. * If the L2CAP channel is currently using AMP, move the channel to BR/EDR. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_BREDR_ONLY 0 /* BR/EDR Preferred * Allow use of AMP controllers. * If the L2CAP channel is currently on AMP, move it to BR/EDR. * Channel move requests from the remote device are allowed. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_BREDR_PREFERRED 1 /* AMP Preferred * Allow use of AMP controllers * If the L2CAP channel is currently on BR/EDR and AMP controller * resources are available, initiate a channel move to AMP. * Channel move requests from the remote device are allowed. * If the L2CAP socket has not been connected yet, try to create * and configure the channel directly on an AMP controller rather * than BR/EDR. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_AMP_PREFERRED 2 #define BT_VOICE 11 struct bt_voice { __u16 setting; }; #define BT_VOICE_TRANSPARENT 0x0003 #define BT_VOICE_CVSD_16BIT 0x0060 #define BT_SNDMTU 12 #define BT_RCVMTU 13 #define BT_PHY 14 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_1SLOT 0x00000001 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_3SLOT 0x00000002 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_5SLOT 0x00000004 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_1SLOT 0x00000008 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_3SLOT 0x00000010 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_5SLOT 0x00000020 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_1SLOT 0x00000040 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_3SLOT 0x00000080 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_5SLOT 0x00000100 #define BT_PHY_LE_1M_TX 0x00000200 #define BT_PHY_LE_1M_RX 0x00000400 #define BT_PHY_LE_2M_TX 0x00000800 #define BT_PHY_LE_2M_RX 0x00001000 #define BT_PHY_LE_CODED_TX 0x00002000 #define BT_PHY_LE_CODED_RX 0x00004000 #define BT_MODE 15 #define BT_MODE_BASIC 0x00 #define BT_MODE_ERTM 0x01 #define BT_MODE_STREAMING 0x02 #define BT_MODE_LE_FLOWCTL 0x03 #define BT_MODE_EXT_FLOWCTL 0x04 #define BT_PKT_STATUS 16 #define BT_SCM_PKT_STATUS 0x03 __printf(1, 2) void bt_info(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_warn(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_err(const char *fmt, ...); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_FEATURE_DEBUG) void bt_dbg_set(bool enable); bool bt_dbg_get(void); __printf(1, 2) void bt_dbg(const char *fmt, ...); #endif __printf(1, 2) void bt_warn_ratelimited(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_err_ratelimited(const char *fmt, ...); #define BT_INFO(fmt, ...) bt_info(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #define BT_WARN(fmt, ...) bt_warn(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #define BT_ERR(fmt, ...) bt_err(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_FEATURE_DEBUG) #define BT_DBG(fmt, ...) bt_dbg(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define BT_DBG(fmt, ...) pr_debug(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define bt_dev_info(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_INFO("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_warn(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_WARN("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_err(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_ERR("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_dbg(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_DBG("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_warn_ratelimited(hdev, fmt, ...) \ bt_warn_ratelimited("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_err_ratelimited(hdev, fmt, ...) \ bt_err_ratelimited("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) /* Connection and socket states */ enum { BT_CONNECTED = 1, /* Equal to TCP_ESTABLISHED to make net code happy */ BT_OPEN, BT_BOUND, BT_LISTEN, BT_CONNECT, BT_CONNECT2, BT_CONFIG, BT_DISCONN, BT_CLOSED }; /* If unused will be removed by compiler */ static inline const char *state_to_string(int state) { switch (state) { case BT_CONNECTED: return "BT_CONNECTED"; case BT_OPEN: return "BT_OPEN"; case BT_BOUND: return "BT_BOUND"; case BT_LISTEN: return "BT_LISTEN"; case BT_CONNECT: return "BT_CONNECT"; case BT_CONNECT2: return "BT_CONNECT2"; case BT_CONFIG: return "BT_CONFIG"; case BT_DISCONN: return "BT_DISCONN"; case BT_CLOSED: return "BT_CLOSED"; } return "invalid state"; } /* BD Address */ typedef struct { __u8 b[6]; } __packed bdaddr_t; /* BD Address type */ #define BDADDR_BREDR 0x00 #define BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC 0x01 #define BDADDR_LE_RANDOM 0x02 static inline bool bdaddr_type_is_valid(u8 type) { switch (type) { case BDADDR_BREDR: case BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC: case BDADDR_LE_RANDOM: return true; } return false; } static inline bool bdaddr_type_is_le(u8 type) { switch (type) { case BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC: case BDADDR_LE_RANDOM: return true; } return false; } #define BDADDR_ANY (&(bdaddr_t) {{0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0}}) #define BDADDR_NONE (&(bdaddr_t) {{0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff}}) /* Copy, swap, convert BD Address */ static inline int bacmp(const bdaddr_t *ba1, const bdaddr_t *ba2) { return memcmp(ba1, ba2, sizeof(bdaddr_t)); } static inline void bacpy(bdaddr_t *dst, const bdaddr_t *src) { memcpy(dst, src, sizeof(bdaddr_t)); } void baswap(bdaddr_t *dst, const bdaddr_t *src); /* Common socket structures and functions */ #define bt_sk(__sk) ((struct bt_sock *) __sk) struct bt_sock { struct sock sk; struct list_head accept_q; struct sock *parent; unsigned long flags; void (*skb_msg_name)(struct sk_buff *, void *, int *); void (*skb_put_cmsg)(struct sk_buff *, struct msghdr *, struct sock *); }; enum { BT_SK_DEFER_SETUP, BT_SK_SUSPEND, }; struct bt_sock_list { struct hlist_head head; rwlock_t lock; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int (* custom_seq_show)(struct seq_file *, void *); #endif }; int bt_sock_register(int proto, const struct net_proto_family *ops); void bt_sock_unregister(int proto); void bt_sock_link(struct bt_sock_list *l, struct sock *s); void bt_sock_unlink(struct bt_sock_list *l, struct sock *s); int bt_sock_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int flags); int bt_sock_stream_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int flags); __poll_t bt_sock_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait); int bt_sock_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int bt_sock_wait_state(struct sock *sk, int state, unsigned long timeo); int bt_sock_wait_ready(struct sock *sk, unsigned long flags); void bt_accept_enqueue(struct sock *parent, struct sock *sk, bool bh); void bt_accept_unlink(struct sock *sk); struct sock *bt_accept_dequeue(struct sock *parent, struct socket *newsock); /* Skb helpers */ struct l2cap_ctrl { u8 sframe:1, poll:1, final:1, fcs:1, sar:2, super:2; u16 reqseq; u16 txseq; u8 retries; __le16 psm; bdaddr_t bdaddr; struct l2cap_chan *chan; }; struct sco_ctrl { u8 pkt_status; }; struct hci_dev; typedef void (*hci_req_complete_t)(struct hci_dev *hdev, u8 status, u16 opcode); typedef void (*hci_req_complete_skb_t)(struct hci_dev *hdev, u8 status, u16 opcode, struct sk_buff *skb); #define HCI_REQ_START BIT(0) #define HCI_REQ_SKB BIT(1) struct hci_ctrl { u16 opcode; u8 req_flags; u8 req_event; union { hci_req_complete_t req_complete; hci_req_complete_skb_t req_complete_skb; }; }; struct bt_skb_cb { u8 pkt_type; u8 force_active; u16 expect; u8 incoming:1; union { struct l2cap_ctrl l2cap; struct sco_ctrl sco; struct hci_ctrl hci; }; }; #define bt_cb(skb) ((struct bt_skb_cb *)((skb)->cb)) #define hci_skb_pkt_type(skb) bt_cb((skb))->pkt_type #define hci_skb_expect(skb) bt_cb((skb))->expect #define hci_skb_opcode(skb) bt_cb((skb))->hci.opcode static inline struct sk_buff *bt_skb_alloc(unsigned int len, gfp_t how) { struct sk_buff *skb; skb = alloc_skb(len + BT_SKB_RESERVE, how); if (skb) skb_reserve(skb, BT_SKB_RESERVE); return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *bt_skb_send_alloc(struct sock *sk, unsigned long len, int nb, int *err) { struct sk_buff *skb; skb = sock_alloc_send_skb(sk, len + BT_SKB_RESERVE, nb, err); if (skb) skb_reserve(skb, BT_SKB_RESERVE); if (!skb && *err) return NULL; *err = sock_error(sk); if (*err) goto out; if (sk->sk_shutdown) { *err = -ECONNRESET; goto out; } return skb; out: kfree_skb(skb); return NULL; } int bt_to_errno(u16 code); void hci_sock_set_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); void hci_sock_clear_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); int hci_sock_test_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); unsigned short hci_sock_get_channel(struct sock *sk); u32 hci_sock_get_cookie(struct sock *sk); int hci_sock_init(void); void hci_sock_cleanup(void); int bt_sysfs_init(void); void bt_sysfs_cleanup(void); int bt_procfs_init(struct net *net, const char *name, struct bt_sock_list *sk_list, int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *, void *)); void bt_procfs_cleanup(struct net *net, const char *name); extern struct dentry *bt_debugfs; int l2cap_init(void); void l2cap_exit(void); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_BREDR) int sco_init(void); void sco_exit(void); #else static inline int sco_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void sco_exit(void) { } #endif int mgmt_init(void); void mgmt_exit(void); void bt_sock_reclassify_lock(struct sock *sk, int proto); #endif /* __BLUETOOTH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_FIB_RULES_H #define __NET_FIB_RULES_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/fib_rules.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/fib_notifier.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> struct fib_kuid_range { kuid_t start; kuid_t end; }; struct fib_rule { struct list_head list; int iifindex; int oifindex; u32 mark; u32 mark_mask; u32 flags; u32 table; u8 action; u8 l3mdev; u8 proto; u8 ip_proto; u32 target; __be64 tun_id; struct fib_rule __rcu *ctarget; struct net *fr_net; refcount_t refcnt; u32 pref; int suppress_ifgroup; int suppress_prefixlen; char iifname[IFNAMSIZ]; char oifname[IFNAMSIZ]; struct fib_kuid_range uid_range; struct fib_rule_port_range sport_range; struct fib_rule_port_range dport_range; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct fib_lookup_arg { void *lookup_ptr; const void *lookup_data; void *result; struct fib_rule *rule; u32 table; int flags; #define FIB_LOOKUP_NOREF 1 #define FIB_LOOKUP_IGNORE_LINKSTATE 2 }; struct fib_rules_ops { int family; struct list_head list; int rule_size; int addr_size; int unresolved_rules; int nr_goto_rules; unsigned int fib_rules_seq; int (*action)(struct fib_rule *, struct flowi *, int, struct fib_lookup_arg *); bool (*suppress)(struct fib_rule *, int, struct fib_lookup_arg *); int (*match)(struct fib_rule *, struct flowi *, int); int (*configure)(struct fib_rule *, struct sk_buff *, struct fib_rule_hdr *, struct nlattr **, struct netlink_ext_ack *); int (*delete)(struct fib_rule *); int (*compare)(struct fib_rule *, struct fib_rule_hdr *, struct nlattr **); int (*fill)(struct fib_rule *, struct sk_buff *, struct fib_rule_hdr *); size_t (*nlmsg_payload)(struct fib_rule *); /* Called after modifications to the rules set, must flush * the route cache if one exists. */ void (*flush_cache)(struct fib_rules_ops *ops); int nlgroup; const struct nla_policy *policy; struct list_head rules_list; struct module *owner; struct net *fro_net; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct fib_rule_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; /* must be first */ struct fib_rule *rule; }; #define FRA_GENERIC_POLICY \ [FRA_UNSPEC] = { .strict_start_type = FRA_DPORT_RANGE + 1 }, \ [FRA_IIFNAME] = { .type = NLA_STRING, .len = IFNAMSIZ - 1 }, \ [FRA_OIFNAME] = { .type = NLA_STRING, .len = IFNAMSIZ - 1 }, \ [FRA_PRIORITY] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_FWMARK] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_TUN_ID] = { .type = NLA_U64 }, \ [FRA_FWMASK] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_TABLE] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_SUPPRESS_PREFIXLEN] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_SUPPRESS_IFGROUP] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_GOTO] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_L3MDEV] = { .type = NLA_U8 }, \ [FRA_UID_RANGE] = { .len = sizeof(struct fib_rule_uid_range) }, \ [FRA_PROTOCOL] = { .type = NLA_U8 }, \ [FRA_IP_PROTO] = { .type = NLA_U8 }, \ [FRA_SPORT_RANGE] = { .len = sizeof(struct fib_rule_port_range) }, \ [FRA_DPORT_RANGE] = { .len = sizeof(struct fib_rule_port_range) } static inline void fib_rule_get(struct fib_rule *rule) { refcount_inc(&rule->refcnt); } static inline void fib_rule_put(struct fib_rule *rule) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&rule->refcnt)) kfree_rcu(rule, rcu); } #ifdef CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV static inline u32 fib_rule_get_table(struct fib_rule *rule, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg) { return rule->l3mdev ? arg->table : rule->table; } #else static inline u32 fib_rule_get_table(struct fib_rule *rule, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg) { return rule->table; } #endif static inline u32 frh_get_table(struct fib_rule_hdr *frh, struct nlattr **nla) { if (nla[FRA_TABLE]) return nla_get_u32(nla[FRA_TABLE]); return frh->table; } static inline bool fib_rule_port_range_set(const struct fib_rule_port_range *range) { return range->start != 0 && range->end != 0; } static inline bool fib_rule_port_inrange(const struct fib_rule_port_range *a, __be16 port) { return ntohs(port) >= a->start && ntohs(port) <= a->end; } static inline bool fib_rule_port_range_valid(const struct fib_rule_port_range *a) { return a->start != 0 && a->end != 0 && a->end < 0xffff && a->start <= a->end; } static inline bool fib_rule_port_range_compare(struct fib_rule_port_range *a, struct fib_rule_port_range *b) { return a->start == b->start && a->end == b->end; } static inline bool fib_rule_requires_fldissect(struct fib_rule *rule) { return rule->iifindex != LOOPBACK_IFINDEX && (rule->ip_proto || fib_rule_port_range_set(&rule->sport_range) || fib_rule_port_range_set(&rule->dport_range)); } struct fib_rules_ops *fib_rules_register(const struct fib_rules_ops *, struct net *); void fib_rules_unregister(struct fib_rules_ops *); int fib_rules_lookup(struct fib_rules_ops *, struct flowi *, int flags, struct fib_lookup_arg *); int fib_default_rule_add(struct fib_rules_ops *, u32 pref, u32 table, u32 flags); bool fib_rule_matchall(const struct fib_rule *rule); int fib_rules_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, int family, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); unsigned int fib_rules_seq_read(struct net *net, int family); int fib_nl_newrule(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int fib_nl_delrule(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int fib6_rule_match(struct fib_rule *rule, struct flowi *fl, int flags)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int fib4_rule_match(struct fib_rule *rule, struct flowi *fl, int flags)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int fib6_rule_action(struct fib_rule *rule, struct flowi *flp, int flags, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int fib4_rule_action(struct fib_rule *rule, struct flowi *flp, int flags, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(bool fib6_rule_suppress(struct fib_rule *rule, int flags, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(bool fib4_rule_suppress(struct fib_rule *rule, int flags, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg)); #endif
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Copyright (c) 2013 Red Hat, Inc. and Parallels Inc. All rights reserved. * Authors: David Chinner and Glauber Costa * * Generic LRU infrastructure */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include "slab.h" #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM static LIST_HEAD(list_lrus); static DEFINE_MUTEX(list_lrus_mutex); static void list_lru_register(struct list_lru *lru) { mutex_lock(&list_lrus_mutex); list_add(&lru->list, &list_lrus); mutex_unlock(&list_lrus_mutex); } static void list_lru_unregister(struct list_lru *lru) { mutex_lock(&list_lrus_mutex); list_del(&lru->list); mutex_unlock(&list_lrus_mutex); } static int lru_shrinker_id(struct list_lru *lru) { return lru->shrinker_id; } static inline bool list_lru_memcg_aware(struct list_lru *lru) { return lru->memcg_aware; } static inline struct list_lru_one * list_lru_from_memcg_idx(struct list_lru_node *nlru, int idx) { struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus; /* * Either lock or RCU protects the array of per cgroup lists * from relocation (see memcg_update_list_lru_node). */ memcg_lrus = rcu_dereference_check(nlru->memcg_lrus, lockdep_is_held(&nlru->lock)); if (memcg_lrus && idx >= 0) return memcg_lrus->lru[idx]; return &nlru->lru; } static inline struct list_lru_one * list_lru_from_kmem(struct list_lru_node *nlru, void *ptr, struct mem_cgroup **memcg_ptr) { struct list_lru_one *l = &nlru->lru; struct mem_cgroup *memcg = NULL; if (!nlru->memcg_lrus) goto out; memcg = mem_cgroup_from_obj(ptr); if (!memcg) goto out; l = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, memcg_cache_id(memcg)); out: if (memcg_ptr) *memcg_ptr = memcg; return l; } #else static void list_lru_register(struct list_lru *lru) { } static void list_lru_unregister(struct list_lru *lru) { } static int lru_shrinker_id(struct list_lru *lru) { return -1; } static inline bool list_lru_memcg_aware(struct list_lru *lru) { return false; } static inline struct list_lru_one * list_lru_from_memcg_idx(struct list_lru_node *nlru, int idx) { return &nlru->lru; } static inline struct list_lru_one * list_lru_from_kmem(struct list_lru_node *nlru, void *ptr, struct mem_cgroup **memcg_ptr) { if (memcg_ptr) *memcg_ptr = NULL; return &nlru->lru; } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM */ bool list_lru_add(struct list_lru *lru, struct list_head *item) { int nid = page_to_nid(virt_to_page(item)); struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; struct mem_cgroup *memcg; struct list_lru_one *l; spin_lock(&nlru->lock); if (list_empty(item)) { l = list_lru_from_kmem(nlru, item, &memcg); list_add_tail(item, &l->list); /* Set shrinker bit if the first element was added */ if (!l->nr_items++) memcg_set_shrinker_bit(memcg, nid, lru_shrinker_id(lru)); nlru->nr_items++; spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); return true; } spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_add); bool list_lru_del(struct list_lru *lru, struct list_head *item) { int nid = page_to_nid(virt_to_page(item)); struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; struct list_lru_one *l; spin_lock(&nlru->lock); if (!list_empty(item)) { l = list_lru_from_kmem(nlru, item, NULL); list_del_init(item); l->nr_items--; nlru->nr_items--; spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); return true; } spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_del); void list_lru_isolate(struct list_lru_one *list, struct list_head *item) { list_del_init(item); list->nr_items--; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_isolate); void list_lru_isolate_move(struct list_lru_one *list, struct list_head *item, struct list_head *head) { list_move(item, head); list->nr_items--; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_isolate_move); unsigned long list_lru_count_one(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; struct list_lru_one *l; unsigned long count; rcu_read_lock(); l = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, memcg_cache_id(memcg)); count = READ_ONCE(l->nr_items); rcu_read_unlock(); return count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_count_one); unsigned long list_lru_count_node(struct list_lru *lru, int nid) { struct list_lru_node *nlru; nlru = &lru->node[nid]; return nlru->nr_items; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_count_node); static unsigned long __list_lru_walk_one(struct list_lru_node *nlru, int memcg_idx, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk) { struct list_lru_one *l; struct list_head *item, *n; unsigned long isolated = 0; l = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, memcg_idx); restart: list_for_each_safe(item, n, &l->list) { enum lru_status ret; /* * decrement nr_to_walk first so that we don't livelock if we * get stuck on large numbers of LRU_RETRY items */ if (!*nr_to_walk) break; --*nr_to_walk; ret = isolate(item, l, &nlru->lock, cb_arg); switch (ret) { case LRU_REMOVED_RETRY: assert_spin_locked(&nlru->lock); fallthrough; case LRU_REMOVED: isolated++; nlru->nr_items--; /* * If the lru lock has been dropped, our list * traversal is now invalid and so we have to * restart from scratch. */ if (ret == LRU_REMOVED_RETRY) goto restart; break; case LRU_ROTATE: list_move_tail(item, &l->list); break; case LRU_SKIP: break; case LRU_RETRY: /* * The lru lock has been dropped, our list traversal is * now invalid and so we have to restart from scratch. */ assert_spin_locked(&nlru->lock); goto restart; default: BUG(); } } return isolated; } unsigned long list_lru_walk_one(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; unsigned long ret; spin_lock(&nlru->lock); ret = __list_lru_walk_one(nlru, memcg_cache_id(memcg), isolate, cb_arg, nr_to_walk); spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_walk_one); unsigned long list_lru_walk_one_irq(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; unsigned long ret; spin_lock_irq(&nlru->lock); ret = __list_lru_walk_one(nlru, memcg_cache_id(memcg), isolate, cb_arg, nr_to_walk); spin_unlock_irq(&nlru->lock); return ret; } unsigned long list_lru_walk_node(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk) { long isolated = 0; int memcg_idx; isolated += list_lru_walk_one(lru, nid, NULL, isolate, cb_arg, nr_to_walk); if (*nr_to_walk > 0 && list_lru_memcg_aware(lru)) { for_each_memcg_cache_index(memcg_idx) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; spin_lock(&nlru->lock); isolated += __list_lru_walk_one(nlru, memcg_idx, isolate, cb_arg, nr_to_walk); spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); if (*nr_to_walk <= 0) break; } } return isolated; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_walk_node); static void init_one_lru(struct list_lru_one *l) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&l->list); l->nr_items = 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM static void __memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus, int begin, int end) { int i; for (i = begin; i < end; i++) kfree(memcg_lrus->lru[i]); } static int __memcg_init_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus, int begin, int end) { int i; for (i = begin; i < end; i++) { struct list_lru_one *l; l = kmalloc(sizeof(struct list_lru_one), GFP_KERNEL); if (!l) goto fail; init_one_lru(l); memcg_lrus->lru[i] = l; } return 0; fail: __memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(memcg_lrus, begin, i); return -ENOMEM; } static int memcg_init_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_node *nlru) { struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus; int size = memcg_nr_cache_ids; memcg_lrus = kvmalloc(sizeof(*memcg_lrus) + size * sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!memcg_lrus) return -ENOMEM; if (__memcg_init_list_lru_node(memcg_lrus, 0, size)) { kvfree(memcg_lrus); return -ENOMEM; } RCU_INIT_POINTER(nlru->memcg_lrus, memcg_lrus); return 0; } static void memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_node *nlru) { struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus; /* * This is called when shrinker has already been unregistered, * and nobody can use it. So, there is no need to use kvfree_rcu_local(). */ memcg_lrus = rcu_dereference_protected(nlru->memcg_lrus, true); __memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(memcg_lrus, 0, memcg_nr_cache_ids); kvfree(memcg_lrus); } static void kvfree_rcu_local(struct rcu_head *head) { struct list_lru_memcg *mlru; mlru = container_of(head, struct list_lru_memcg, rcu); kvfree(mlru); } static int memcg_update_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_node *nlru, int old_size, int new_size) { struct list_lru_memcg *old, *new; BUG_ON(old_size > new_size); old = rcu_dereference_protected(nlru->memcg_lrus, lockdep_is_held(&list_lrus_mutex)); new = kvmalloc(sizeof(*new) + new_size * sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; if (__memcg_init_list_lru_node(new, old_size, new_size)) { kvfree(new); return -ENOMEM; } memcpy(&new->lru, &old->lru, old_size * sizeof(void *)); /* * The locking below allows readers that hold nlru->lock avoid taking * rcu_read_lock (see list_lru_from_memcg_idx). * * Since list_lru_{add,del} may be called under an IRQ-safe lock, * we have to use IRQ-safe primitives here to avoid deadlock. */ spin_lock_irq(&nlru->lock); rcu_assign_pointer(nlru->memcg_lrus, new); spin_unlock_irq(&nlru->lock); call_rcu(&old->rcu, kvfree_rcu_local); return 0; } static void memcg_cancel_update_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_node *nlru, int old_size, int new_size) { struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus; memcg_lrus = rcu_dereference_protected(nlru->memcg_lrus, lockdep_is_held(&list_lrus_mutex)); /* do not bother shrinking the array back to the old size, because we * cannot handle allocation failures here */ __memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(memcg_lrus, old_size, new_size); } static int memcg_init_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru, bool memcg_aware) { int i; lru->memcg_aware = memcg_aware; if (!memcg_aware) return 0; for_each_node(i) { if (memcg_init_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i])) goto fail; } return 0; fail: for (i = i - 1; i >= 0; i--) { if (!lru->node[i].memcg_lrus) continue; memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i]); } return -ENOMEM; } static void memcg_destroy_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru) { int i; if (!list_lru_memcg_aware(lru)) return; for_each_node(i) memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i]); } static int memcg_update_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru, int old_size, int new_size) { int i; if (!list_lru_memcg_aware(lru)) return 0; for_each_node(i) { if (memcg_update_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i], old_size, new_size)) goto fail; } return 0; fail: for (i = i - 1; i >= 0; i--) { if (!lru->node[i].memcg_lrus) continue; memcg_cancel_update_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i], old_size, new_size); } return -ENOMEM; } static void memcg_cancel_update_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru, int old_size, int new_size) { int i; if (!list_lru_memcg_aware(lru)) return; for_each_node(i) memcg_cancel_update_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i], old_size, new_size); } int memcg_update_all_list_lrus(int new_size) { int ret = 0; struct list_lru *lru; int old_size = memcg_nr_cache_ids; mutex_lock(&list_lrus_mutex); list_for_each_entry(lru, &list_lrus, list) { ret = memcg_update_list_lru(lru, old_size, new_size); if (ret) goto fail; } out: mutex_unlock(&list_lrus_mutex); return ret; fail: list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(lru, &list_lrus, list) memcg_cancel_update_list_lru(lru, old_size, new_size); goto out; } static void memcg_drain_list_lru_node(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, int src_idx, struct mem_cgroup *dst_memcg) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; int dst_idx = dst_memcg->kmemcg_id; struct list_lru_one *src, *dst; /* * Since list_lru_{add,del} may be called under an IRQ-safe lock, * we have to use IRQ-safe primitives here to avoid deadlock. */ spin_lock_irq(&nlru->lock); src = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, src_idx); dst = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, dst_idx); list_splice_init(&src->list, &dst->list); if (src->nr_items) { dst->nr_items += src->nr_items; memcg_set_shrinker_bit(dst_memcg, nid, lru_shrinker_id(lru)); src->nr_items = 0; } spin_unlock_irq(&nlru->lock); } static void memcg_drain_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru, int src_idx, struct mem_cgroup *dst_memcg) { int i; if (!list_lru_memcg_aware(lru)) return; for_each_node(i) memcg_drain_list_lru_node(lru, i, src_idx, dst_memcg); } void memcg_drain_all_list_lrus(int src_idx, struct mem_cgroup *dst_memcg) { struct list_lru *lru; mutex_lock(&list_lrus_mutex); list_for_each_entry(lru, &list_lrus, list) memcg_drain_list_lru(lru, src_idx, dst_memcg); mutex_unlock(&list_lrus_mutex); } #else static int memcg_init_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru, bool memcg_aware) { return 0; } static void memcg_destroy_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM */ int __list_lru_init(struct list_lru *lru, bool memcg_aware, struct lock_class_key *key, struct shrinker *shrinker) { int i; int err = -ENOMEM; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM if (shrinker) lru->shrinker_id = shrinker->id; else lru->shrinker_id = -1; #endif memcg_get_cache_ids(); lru->node = kcalloc(nr_node_ids, sizeof(*lru->node), GFP_KERNEL); if (!lru->node) goto out; for_each_node(i) { spin_lock_init(&lru->node[i].lock); if (key) lockdep_set_class(&lru->node[i].lock, key); init_one_lru(&lru->node[i].lru); } err = memcg_init_list_lru(lru, memcg_aware); if (err) { kfree(lru->node); /* Do this so a list_lru_destroy() doesn't crash: */ lru->node = NULL; goto out; } list_lru_register(lru); out: memcg_put_cache_ids(); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__list_lru_init); void list_lru_destroy(struct list_lru *lru) { /* Already destroyed or not yet initialized? */ if (!lru->node) return; memcg_get_cache_ids(); list_lru_unregister(lru); memcg_destroy_list_lru(lru); kfree(lru->node); lru->node = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM lru->shrinker_id = -1; #endif memcg_put_cache_ids(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_destroy);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM io_uring #if !defined(_TRACE_IO_URING_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_IO_URING_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct io_wq_work; /** * io_uring_create - called after a new io_uring context was prepared * * @fd: corresponding file descriptor * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @sq_entries: actual SQ size * @cq_entries: actual CQ size * @flags: SQ ring flags, provided to io_uring_setup(2) * * Allows to trace io_uring creation and provide pointer to a context, that can * be used later to find correlated events. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_create, TP_PROTO(int fd, void *ctx, u32 sq_entries, u32 cq_entries, u32 flags), TP_ARGS(fd, ctx, sq_entries, cq_entries, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( int, fd ) __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u32, sq_entries ) __field( u32, cq_entries ) __field( u32, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->fd = fd; __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->sq_entries = sq_entries; __entry->cq_entries = cq_entries; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("ring %p, fd %d sq size %d, cq size %d, flags %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->fd, __entry->sq_entries, __entry->cq_entries, __entry->flags) ); /** * io_uring_register - called after a buffer/file/eventfd was succesfully * registered for a ring * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @opcode: describes which operation to perform * @nr_user_files: number of registered files * @nr_user_bufs: number of registered buffers * @cq_ev_fd: whether eventfs registered or not * @ret: return code * * Allows to trace fixed files/buffers/eventfds, that could be registered to * avoid an overhead of getting references to them for every operation. This * event, together with io_uring_file_get, can provide a full picture of how * much overhead one can reduce via fixing. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_register, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, unsigned opcode, unsigned nr_files, unsigned nr_bufs, bool eventfd, long ret), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, nr_files, nr_bufs, eventfd, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( unsigned, opcode ) __field( unsigned, nr_files ) __field( unsigned, nr_bufs ) __field( bool, eventfd ) __field( long, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->nr_files = nr_files; __entry->nr_bufs = nr_bufs; __entry->eventfd = eventfd; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ring %p, opcode %d, nr_user_files %d, nr_user_bufs %d, " "eventfd %d, ret %ld", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, __entry->nr_files, __entry->nr_bufs, __entry->eventfd, __entry->ret) ); /** * io_uring_file_get - called before getting references to an SQE file * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @fd: SQE file descriptor * * Allows to trace out how often an SQE file reference is obtained, which can * help figuring out if it makes sense to use fixed files, or check that fixed * files are used correctly. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_file_get, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int fd), TP_ARGS(ctx, fd), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, fd ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->fd = fd; ), TP_printk("ring %p, fd %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->fd) ); /** * io_uring_queue_async_work - called before submitting a new async work * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @hashed: type of workqueue, hashed or normal * @req: pointer to a submitted request * @work: pointer to a submitted io_wq_work * * Allows to trace asynchronous work submission. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_queue_async_work, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int rw, void * req, struct io_wq_work *work, unsigned int flags), TP_ARGS(ctx, rw, req, work, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, rw ) __field( void *, req ) __field( struct io_wq_work *, work ) __field( unsigned int, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->rw = rw; __entry->req = req; __entry->work = work; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p, flags %d, %s queue, work %p", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->flags, __entry->rw ? "hashed" : "normal", __entry->work) ); /** * io_uring_defer - called when an io_uring request is deferred * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @req: pointer to a deferred request * @user_data: user data associated with the request * * Allows to track deferred requests, to get an insight about what requests are * not started immediately. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_defer, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, void *req, unsigned long long user_data), TP_ARGS(ctx, req, user_data), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( void *, req ) __field( unsigned long long, data ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->req = req; __entry->data = user_data; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p user_data %llu", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->data) ); /** * io_uring_link - called before the io_uring request added into link_list of * another request * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @req: pointer to a linked request * @target_req: pointer to a previous request, that would contain @req * * Allows to track linked requests, to understand dependencies between requests * and how does it influence their execution flow. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_link, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, void *req, void *target_req), TP_ARGS(ctx, req, target_req), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( void *, req ) __field( void *, target_req ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->req = req; __entry->target_req = target_req; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p linked after %p", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->target_req) ); /** * io_uring_cqring_wait - called before start waiting for an available CQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @min_events: minimal number of events to wait for * * Allows to track waiting for CQE, so that we can e.g. troubleshoot * situations, when an application wants to wait for an event, that never * comes. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_cqring_wait, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int min_events), TP_ARGS(ctx, min_events), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, min_events ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->min_events = min_events; ), TP_printk("ring %p, min_events %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->min_events) ); /** * io_uring_fail_link - called before failing a linked request * * @req: request, which links were cancelled * @link: cancelled link * * Allows to track linked requests cancellation, to see not only that some work * was cancelled, but also which request was the reason. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_fail_link, TP_PROTO(void *req, void *link), TP_ARGS(req, link), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, req ) __field( void *, link ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->req = req; __entry->link = link; ), TP_printk("request %p, link %p", __entry->req, __entry->link) ); /** * io_uring_complete - called when completing an SQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @user_data: user data associated with the request * @res: result of the request * */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_complete, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u64 use