1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Type definitions for the multi-level security (MLS) policy. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ /* * Updated: Trusted Computer Solutions, Inc. <dgoeddel@trustedcs.com> * * Support for enhanced MLS infrastructure. * * Copyright (C) 2004-2005 Trusted Computer Solutions, Inc. */ #ifndef _SS_MLS_TYPES_H_ #define _SS_MLS_TYPES_H_ #include "security.h" #include "ebitmap.h" struct mls_level { u32 sens; /* sensitivity */ struct ebitmap cat; /* category set */ }; struct mls_range { struct mls_level level[2]; /* low == level[0], high == level[1] */ }; static inline int mls_level_eq(struct mls_level *l1, struct mls_level *l2) { return ((l1->sens == l2->sens) && ebitmap_cmp(&l1->cat, &l2->cat)); } static inline int mls_level_dom(struct mls_level *l1, struct mls_level *l2) { return ((l1->sens >= l2->sens) && ebitmap_contains(&l1->cat, &l2->cat, 0)); } #define mls_level_incomp(l1, l2) \ (!mls_level_dom((l1), (l2)) && !mls_level_dom((l2), (l1))) #define mls_level_between(l1, l2, l3) \ (mls_level_dom((l1), (l2)) && mls_level_dom((l3), (l1))) #define mls_range_contains(r1, r2) \ (mls_level_dom(&(r2).level[0], &(r1).level[0]) && \ mls_level_dom(&(r1).level[1], &(r2).level[1])) #endif /* _SS_MLS_TYPES_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM block #if !defined(_TRACE_BLOCK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_BLOCK_H #include <linux/blktrace_api.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #define RWBS_LEN 8 DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( size_t, size ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bh->b_bdev->bd_dev; __entry->sector = bh->b_blocknr; __entry->size = bh->b_size; ), TP_printk("%d,%d sector=%llu size=%zu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->size ) ); /** * block_touch_buffer - mark a buffer accessed * @bh: buffer_head being touched * * Called from touch_buffer(). */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_buffer, block_touch_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh) ); /** * block_dirty_buffer - mark a buffer dirty * @bh: buffer_head being dirtied * * Called from mark_buffer_dirty(). */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_buffer, block_dirty_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh) ); /** * block_rq_requeue - place block IO request back on a queue * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation request * * The block operation request @rq is being placed back into queue * @q. For some reason the request was not completed and needs to be * put back in the queue. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_requeue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_trace_sector(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_trace_nr_sectors(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s (%s) %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, 0) ); /** * block_rq_complete - block IO operation completed by device driver * @rq: block operations request * @error: status code * @nr_bytes: number of completed bytes * * The block_rq_complete tracepoint event indicates that some portion * of operation request has been completed by the device driver. If * the @rq->bio is %NULL, then there is absolutely no additional work to * do for the request. If @rq->bio is non-NULL then there is * additional work required to complete the request. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_complete, TP_PROTO(struct request *rq, int error, unsigned int nr_bytes), TP_ARGS(rq, error, nr_bytes), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( int, error ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_pos(rq); __entry->nr_sector = nr_bytes >> 9; __entry->error = error; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, nr_bytes); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s (%s) %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->error) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_rq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( unsigned int, bytes ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_trace_sector(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_trace_nr_sectors(rq); __entry->bytes = blk_rq_bytes(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %u (%s) %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __entry->bytes, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_rq_insert - insert block operation request into queue * @q: target queue * @rq: block IO operation request * * Called immediately before block operation request @rq is inserted * into queue @q. The fields in the operation request @rq struct can * be examined to determine which device and sectors the pending * operation would access. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_insert, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_rq_issue - issue pending block IO request operation to device driver * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation operation request * * Called when block operation request @rq from queue @q is sent to a * device driver for processing. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_issue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_rq_merge - merge request with another one in the elevator * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation operation request * * Called when block operation request @rq from queue @q is merged to another * request queued in the elevator. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_merge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_bio_bounce - used bounce buffer when processing block operation * @q: queue holding the block operation * @bio: block operation * * A bounce buffer was used to handle the block operation @bio in @q. * This occurs when hardware limitations prevent a direct transfer of * data between the @bio data memory area and the IO device. Use of a * bounce buffer requires extra copying of data and decreases * performance. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_bounce, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_complete - completed all work on the block operation * @q: queue holding the block operation * @bio: block operation completed * * This tracepoint indicates there is no further work to do on this * block IO operation @bio. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_complete, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned, nr_sector ) __field( int, error ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); __entry->error = blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->error) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_bio_merge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_backmerge - merging block operation to the end of an existing operation * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: request bio is being merged into * @bio: new block operation to merge * * Merging block request @bio to the end of an existing block request * in queue @q. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_bio_merge, block_bio_backmerge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio) ); /** * block_bio_frontmerge - merging block operation to the beginning of an existing operation * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: request bio is being merged into * @bio: new block operation to merge * * Merging block IO operation @bio to the beginning of an existing block * operation in queue @q. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_bio_merge, block_bio_frontmerge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio) ); /** * block_bio_queue - putting new block IO operation in queue * @q: queue holding operation * @bio: new block operation * * About to place the block IO operation @bio into queue @q. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_queue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_get_rq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio ? bio_dev(bio) : 0; __entry->sector = bio ? bio->bi_iter.bi_sector : 0; __entry->nr_sector = bio ? bio_sectors(bio) : 0; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio ? bio->bi_opf : 0, __entry->nr_sector); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_getrq - get a free request entry in queue for block IO operations * @q: queue for operations * @bio: pending block IO operation (can be %NULL) * @rw: low bit indicates a read (%0) or a write (%1) * * A request struct for queue @q has been allocated to handle the * block IO operation @bio. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_get_rq, block_getrq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw) ); /** * block_sleeprq - waiting to get a free request entry in queue for block IO operation * @q: queue for operation * @bio: pending block IO operation (can be %NULL) * @rw: low bit indicates a read (%0) or a write (%1) * * In the case where a request struct cannot be provided for queue @q * the process needs to wait for an request struct to become * available. This tracepoint event is generated each time the * process goes to sleep waiting for request struct become available. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_get_rq, block_sleeprq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw) ); /** * block_plug - keep operations requests in request queue * @q: request queue to plug * * Plug the request queue @q. Do not allow block operation requests * to be sent to the device driver. Instead, accumulate requests in * the queue to improve throughput performance of the block device. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_plug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("[%s]", __entry->comm) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_unplug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth, bool explicit), TP_ARGS(q, depth, explicit), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nr_rq ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_rq = depth; memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("[%s] %d", __entry->comm, __entry->nr_rq) ); /** * block_unplug - release of operations requests in request queue * @q: request queue to unplug * @depth: number of requests just added to the queue * @explicit: whether this was an explicit unplug, or one from schedule() * * Unplug request queue @q because device driver is scheduled to work * on elements in the request queue. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_unplug, block_unplug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth, bool explicit), TP_ARGS(q, depth, explicit) ); /** * block_split - split a single bio struct into two bio structs * @q: queue containing the bio * @bio: block operation being split * @new_sector: The starting sector for the new bio * * The bio request @bio in request queue @q needs to be split into two * bio requests. The newly created @bio request starts at * @new_sector. This split may be required due to hardware limitation * such as operation crossing device boundaries in a RAID system. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_split, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int new_sector), TP_ARGS(q, bio, new_sector), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( sector_t, new_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->new_sector = new_sector; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu / %llu [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, (unsigned long long)__entry->new_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_remap - map request for a logical device to the raw device * @q: queue holding the operation * @bio: revised operation * @dev: device for the operation * @from: original sector for the operation * * An operation for a logical device has been mapped to the * raw block device. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_remap, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, dev_t dev, sector_t from), TP_ARGS(q, bio, dev, from), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( dev_t, old_dev ) __field( sector_t, old_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); __entry->old_dev = dev; __entry->old_sector = from; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u <- (%d,%d) %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, MAJOR(__entry->old_dev), MINOR(__entry->old_dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->old_sector) ); /** * block_rq_remap - map request for a block operation request * @q: queue holding the operation * @rq: block IO operation request * @dev: device for the operation * @from: original sector for the operation * * The block operation request @rq in @q has been remapped. The block * operation request @rq holds the current information and @from hold * the original sector. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_remap, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, dev_t dev, sector_t from), TP_ARGS(q, rq, dev, from), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( dev_t, old_dev ) __field( sector_t, old_sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_bios ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = disk_devt(rq->rq_disk); __entry->sector = blk_rq_pos(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_sectors(rq); __entry->old_dev = dev; __entry->old_sector = from; __entry->nr_bios = blk_rq_count_bios(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u <- (%d,%d) %llu %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, MAJOR(__entry->old_dev), MINOR(__entry->old_dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->old_sector, __entry->nr_bios) ); #endif /* _TRACE_BLOCK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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6021 6022 6023 6024 6025 6026 6027 6028 6029 6030 6031 6032 6033 6034 6035 6036 6037 6038 6039 6040 6041 6042 6043 6044 6045 6046 6047 6048 6049 6050 6051 6052 6053 6054 6055 6056 6057 6058 6059 6060 6061 6062 6063 6064 6065 6066 6067 6068 6069 6070 6071 6072 6073 6074 6075 6076 6077 6078 6079 6080 6081 6082 6083 6084 6085 6086 6087 6088 6089 6090 6091 6092 6093 6094 6095 6096 6097 6098 6099 6100 6101 6102 6103 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (c) 2003-2006, Cluster File Systems, Inc, info@clusterfs.com * Written by Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> * * Architecture independence: * Copyright (c) 2005, Bull S.A. * Written by Pierre Peiffer <pierre.peiffer@bull.net> */ /* * Extents support for EXT4 * * TODO: * - ext4*_error() should be used in some situations * - analyze all BUG()/BUG_ON(), use -EIO where appropriate * - smart tree reduction */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/highuid.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/fiemap.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/iomap.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "ext4_extents.h" #include "xattr.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /* * used by extent splitting. */ #define EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT 0x1 /* safe to zeroout if split fails \ due to ENOSPC */ #define EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 0x2 /* mark first half unwritten */ #define EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2 0x4 /* mark second half unwritten */ #define EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1 0x8 /* first half contains valid data */ #define EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2 0x10 /* second half contains valid data */ static __le32 ext4_extent_block_csum(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __u32 csum; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)eh, EXT4_EXTENT_TAIL_OFFSET(eh)); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } static int ext4_extent_block_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_extent_tail *et; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; et = find_ext4_extent_tail(eh); if (et->et_checksum != ext4_extent_block_csum(inode, eh)) return 0; return 1; } static void ext4_extent_block_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_extent_tail *et; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; et = find_ext4_extent_tail(eh); et->et_checksum = ext4_extent_block_csum(inode, eh); } static int ext4_split_extent_at(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, ext4_lblk_t split, int split_flag, int flags); static int ext4_ext_trunc_restart_fn(struct inode *inode, int *dropped) { /* * Drop i_data_sem to avoid deadlock with ext4_map_blocks. At this * moment, get_block can be called only for blocks inside i_size since * page cache has been already dropped and writes are blocked by * i_mutex. So we can safely drop the i_data_sem here. */ BUG_ON(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) == NULL); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); *dropped = 1; return 0; } /* * Make sure 'handle' has at least 'check_cred' credits. If not, restart * transaction with 'restart_cred' credits. The function drops i_data_sem * when restarting transaction and gets it after transaction is restarted. * * The function returns 0 on success, 1 if transaction had to be restarted, * and < 0 in case of fatal error. */ int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int check_cred, int restart_cred, int revoke_cred) { int ret; int dropped = 0; ret = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, check_cred, restart_cred, revoke_cred, ext4_ext_trunc_restart_fn(inode, &dropped)); if (dropped) down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); return ret; } /* * could return: * - EROFS * - ENOMEM */ static int ext4_ext_get_access(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int err = 0; if (path->p_bh) { /* path points to block */ BUFFER_TRACE(path->p_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, path->p_bh); /* * The extent buffer's verified bit will be set again in * __ext4_ext_dirty(). We could leave an inconsistent * buffer if the extents updating procudure break off du * to some error happens, force to check it again. */ if (!err) clear_buffer_verified(path->p_bh); } /* path points to leaf/index in inode body */ /* we use in-core data, no need to protect them */ return err; } /* * could return: * - EROFS * - ENOMEM * - EIO */ static int __ext4_ext_dirty(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int err; WARN_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); if (path->p_bh) { ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, ext_block_hdr(path->p_bh)); /* path points to block */ err = __ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(where, line, handle, inode, path->p_bh); /* Extents updating done, re-set verified flag */ if (!err) set_buffer_verified(path->p_bh); } else { /* path points to leaf/index in inode body */ err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); } return err; } #define ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path) \ __ext4_ext_dirty(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (inode), (path)) static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_ext_find_goal(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t block) { if (path) { int depth = path->p_depth; struct ext4_extent *ex; /* * Try to predict block placement assuming that we are * filling in a file which will eventually be * non-sparse --- i.e., in the case of libbfd writing * an ELF object sections out-of-order but in a way * the eventually results in a contiguous object or * executable file, or some database extending a table * space file. However, this is actually somewhat * non-ideal if we are writing a sparse file such as * qemu or KVM writing a raw image file that is going * to stay fairly sparse, since it will end up * fragmenting the file system's free space. Maybe we * should have some hueristics or some way to allow * userspace to pass a hint to file system, * especially if the latter case turns out to be * common. */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (ex) { ext4_fsblk_t ext_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); ext4_lblk_t ext_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); if (block > ext_block) return ext_pblk + (block - ext_block); else return ext_pblk - (ext_block - block); } /* it looks like index is empty; * try to find starting block from index itself */ if (path[depth].p_bh) return path[depth].p_bh->b_blocknr; } /* OK. use inode's group */ return ext4_inode_to_goal_block(inode); } /* * Allocation for a meta data block */ static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_ext_new_meta_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *ex, int *err, unsigned int flags) { ext4_fsblk_t goal, newblock; goal = ext4_ext_find_goal(inode, path, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)); newblock = ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle, inode, goal, flags, NULL, err); return newblock; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_block(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header)) / sizeof(struct ext4_extent); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 6) size = 6; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_block_idx(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header)) / sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 5) size = 5; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_root(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data); size -= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header); size /= sizeof(struct ext4_extent); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 3) size = 3; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_root_idx(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data); size -= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header); size /= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 4) size = 4; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, ext4_lblk_t lblk, int nofail) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; int unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(path[path->p_depth].p_ext); int flags = EXT4_EX_NOCACHE | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO; if (nofail) flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL | EXT4_EX_NOFAIL; return ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, ppath, lblk, unwritten ? EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1|EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2 : 0, flags); } static int ext4_ext_max_entries(struct inode *inode, int depth) { int max; if (depth == ext_depth(inode)) { if (depth == 0) max = ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 1); else max = ext4_ext_space_root_idx(inode, 1); } else { if (depth == 0) max = ext4_ext_space_block(inode, 1); else max = ext4_ext_space_block_idx(inode, 1); } return max; } static int ext4_valid_extent(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ext) { ext4_fsblk_t block = ext4_ext_pblock(ext); int len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ext); ext4_lblk_t lblock = le32_to_cpu(ext->ee_block); /* * We allow neither: * - zero length * - overflow/wrap-around */ if (lblock + len <= lblock) return 0; return ext4_inode_block_valid(inode, block, len); } static int ext4_valid_extent_idx(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_idx *ext_idx) { ext4_fsblk_t block = ext4_idx_pblock(ext_idx); return ext4_inode_block_valid(inode, block, 1); } static int ext4_valid_extent_entries(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t *pblk, int depth) { unsigned short entries; ext4_lblk_t lblock = 0; ext4_lblk_t prev = 0; if (eh->eh_entries == 0) return 1; entries = le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); if (depth == 0) { /* leaf entries */ struct ext4_extent *ext = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); /* * The logical block in the first entry should equal to * the number in the index block. */ if (depth != ext_depth(inode) && lblk != le32_to_cpu(ext->ee_block)) return 0; while (entries) { if (!ext4_valid_extent(inode, ext)) return 0; /* Check for overlapping extents */ lblock = le32_to_cpu(ext->ee_block); if ((lblock <= prev) && prev) { *pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ext); return 0; } prev = lblock + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ext) - 1; ext++; entries--; } } else { struct ext4_extent_idx *ext_idx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh); /* * The logical block in the first entry should equal to * the number in the parent index block. */ if (depth != ext_depth(inode) && lblk != le32_to_cpu(ext_idx->ei_block)) return 0; while (entries) { if (!ext4_valid_extent_idx(inode, ext_idx)) return 0; /* Check for overlapping index extents */ lblock = le32_to_cpu(ext_idx->ei_block); if ((lblock <= prev) && prev) { *pblk = ext4_idx_pblock(ext_idx); return 0; } ext_idx++; entries--; prev = lblock; } } return 1; } static int __ext4_ext_check(const char *function, unsigned int line, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh, int depth, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, ext4_lblk_t lblk) { const char *error_msg; int max = 0, err = -EFSCORRUPTED; if (unlikely(eh->eh_magic != EXT4_EXT_MAGIC)) { error_msg = "invalid magic"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_depth) != depth)) { error_msg = "unexpected eh_depth"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(eh->eh_max == 0)) { error_msg = "invalid eh_max"; goto corrupted; } max = ext4_ext_max_entries(inode, depth); if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max) > max)) { error_msg = "too large eh_max"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries) > le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max))) { error_msg = "invalid eh_entries"; goto corrupted; } if (!ext4_valid_extent_entries(inode, eh, lblk, &pblk, depth)) { error_msg = "invalid extent entries"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(depth > 32)) { error_msg = "too large eh_depth"; goto corrupted; } /* Verify checksum on non-root extent tree nodes */ if (ext_depth(inode) != depth && !ext4_extent_block_csum_verify(inode, eh)) { error_msg = "extent tree corrupted"; err = -EFSBADCRC; goto corrupted; } return 0; corrupted: ext4_error_inode_err(inode, function, line, 0, -err, "pblk %llu bad header/extent: %s - magic %x, " "entries %u, max %u(%u), depth %u(%u)", (unsigned long long) pblk, error_msg, le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_magic), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max), max, le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_depth), depth); return err; } #define ext4_ext_check(inode, eh, depth, pblk) \ __ext4_ext_check(__func__, __LINE__, (inode), (eh), (depth), (pblk), 0) int ext4_ext_check_inode(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_ext_check(inode, ext_inode_hdr(inode), ext_depth(inode), 0); } static void ext4_cache_extents(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_extent *ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); ext4_lblk_t prev = 0; int i; for (i = le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); i > 0; i--, ex++) { unsigned int status = EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN; ext4_lblk_t lblk = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); int len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (prev && (prev != lblk)) ext4_es_cache_extent(inode, prev, lblk - prev, ~0, EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE); if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) status = EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN; ext4_es_cache_extent(inode, lblk, len, ext4_ext_pblock(ex), status); prev = lblk + len; } } static struct buffer_head * __read_extent_tree_block(const char *function, unsigned int line, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_idx *idx, int depth, int flags) { struct buffer_head *bh; int err; gfp_t gfp_flags = __GFP_MOVABLE | GFP_NOFS; ext4_fsblk_t pblk; if (flags & EXT4_EX_NOFAIL) gfp_flags |= __GFP_NOFAIL; pblk = ext4_idx_pblock(idx); bh = sb_getblk_gfp(inode->i_sb, pblk, gfp_flags); if (unlikely(!bh)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!bh_uptodate_or_lock(bh)) { trace_ext4_ext_load_extent(inode, pblk, _RET_IP_); err = ext4_read_bh(bh, 0, NULL); if (err < 0) goto errout; } if (buffer_verified(bh) && !(flags & EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE)) return bh; err = __ext4_ext_check(function, line, inode, ext_block_hdr(bh), depth, pblk, le32_to_cpu(idx->ei_block)); if (err) goto errout; set_buffer_verified(bh); /* * If this is a leaf block, cache all of its entries */ if (!(flags & EXT4_EX_NOCACHE) && depth == 0) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ext4_cache_extents(inode, eh); } return bh; errout: put_bh(bh); return ERR_PTR(err); } #define read_extent_tree_block(inode, idx, depth, flags) \ __read_extent_tree_block(__func__, __LINE__, (inode), (idx), \ (depth), (flags)) /* * This function is called to cache a file's extent information in the * extent status tree */ int ext4_ext_precache(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct buffer_head *bh; int i = 0, depth, ret = 0; if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) return 0; /* not an extent-mapped inode */ down_read(&ei->i_data_sem); depth = ext_depth(inode); /* Don't cache anything if there are no external extent blocks */ if (!depth) { up_read(&ei->i_data_sem); return ret; } path = kcalloc(depth + 1, sizeof(struct ext4_ext_path), GFP_NOFS); if (path == NULL) { up_read(&ei->i_data_sem); return -ENOMEM; } path[0].p_hdr = ext_inode_hdr(inode); ret = ext4_ext_check(inode, path[0].p_hdr, depth, 0); if (ret) goto out; path[0].p_idx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[0].p_hdr); while (i >= 0) { /* * If this is a leaf block or we've reached the end of * the index block, go up */ if ((i == depth) || path[i].p_idx > EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr)) { brelse(path[i].p_bh); path[i].p_bh = NULL; i--; continue; } bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, path[i].p_idx++, depth - i - 1, EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ret = PTR_ERR(bh); break; } i++; path[i].p_bh = bh; path[i].p_hdr = ext_block_hdr(bh); path[i].p_idx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr); } ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_EXT_PRECACHED); out: up_read(&ei->i_data_sem); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return ret; } #ifdef EXT_DEBUG static void ext4_ext_show_path(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int k, l = path->p_depth; ext_debug(inode, "path:"); for (k = 0; k <= l; k++, path++) { if (path->p_idx) { ext_debug(inode, " %d->%llu", le32_to_cpu(path->p_idx->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(path->p_idx)); } else if (path->p_ext) { ext_debug(inode, " %d:[%d]%d:%llu ", le32_to_cpu(path->p_ext->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_pblock(path->p_ext)); } else ext_debug(inode, " []"); } ext_debug(inode, "\n"); } static void ext4_ext_show_leaf(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_extent *ex; int i; if (!path) return; eh = path[depth].p_hdr; ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); ext_debug(inode, "Displaying leaf extents\n"); for (i = 0; i < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); i++, ex++) { ext_debug(inode, "%d:[%d]%d:%llu ", le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); } ext_debug(inode, "\n"); } static void ext4_ext_show_move(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_fsblk_t newblock, int level) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent *ex; if (depth != level) { struct ext4_extent_idx *idx; idx = path[level].p_idx; while (idx <= EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[level].p_hdr)) { ext_debug(inode, "%d: move %d:%llu in new index %llu\n", level, le32_to_cpu(idx->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(idx), newblock); idx++; } return; } ex = path[depth].p_ext; while (ex <= EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { ext_debug(inode, "move %d:%llu:[%d]%d in new leaf %llu\n", le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(ex), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), newblock); ex++; } } #else #define ext4_ext_show_path(inode, path) #define ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path) #define ext4_ext_show_move(inode, path, newblock, level) #endif void ext4_ext_drop_refs(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth, i; if (!path) return; depth = path->p_depth; for (i = 0; i <= depth; i++, path++) { brelse(path->p_bh); path->p_bh = NULL; } } /* * ext4_ext_binsearch_idx: * binary search for the closest index of the given block * the header must be checked before calling this */ static void ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t block) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh = path->p_hdr; struct ext4_extent_idx *r, *l, *m; ext_debug(inode, "binsearch for %u(idx): ", block); l = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh) + 1; r = EXT_LAST_INDEX(eh); while (l <= r) { m = l + (r - l) / 2; if (block < le32_to_cpu(m->ei_block)) r = m - 1; else l = m + 1; ext_debug(inode, "%p(%u):%p(%u):%p(%u) ", l, le32_to_cpu(l->ei_block), m, le32_to_cpu(m->ei_block), r, le32_to_cpu(r->ei_block)); } path->p_idx = l - 1; ext_debug(inode, " -> %u->%lld ", le32_to_cpu(path->p_idx->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(path->p_idx)); #ifdef CHECK_BINSEARCH { struct ext4_extent_idx *chix, *ix; int k; chix = ix = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh); for (k = 0; k < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); k++, ix++) { if (k != 0 && le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block) <= le32_to_cpu(ix[-1].ei_block)) { printk(KERN_DEBUG "k=%d, ix=0x%p, " "first=0x%p\n", k, ix, EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh)); printk(KERN_DEBUG "%u <= %u\n", le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block), le32_to_cpu(ix[-1].ei_block)); } BUG_ON(k && le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block) <= le32_to_cpu(ix[-1].ei_block)); if (block < le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block)) break; chix = ix; } BUG_ON(chix != path->p_idx); } #endif } /* * ext4_ext_binsearch: * binary search for closest extent of the given block * the header must be checked before calling this */ static void ext4_ext_binsearch(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t block) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh = path->p_hdr; struct ext4_extent *r, *l, *m; if (eh->eh_entries == 0) { /* * this leaf is empty: * we get such a leaf in split/add case */ return; } ext_debug(inode, "binsearch for %u: ", block); l = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh) + 1; r = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh); while (l <= r) { m = l + (r - l) / 2; if (block < le32_to_cpu(m->ee_block)) r = m - 1; else l = m + 1; ext_debug(inode, "%p(%u):%p(%u):%p(%u) ", l, le32_to_cpu(l->ee_block), m, le32_to_cpu(m->ee_block), r, le32_to_cpu(r->ee_block)); } path->p_ext = l - 1; ext_debug(inode, " -> %d:%llu:[%d]%d ", le32_to_cpu(path->p_ext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(path->p_ext)); #ifdef CHECK_BINSEARCH { struct ext4_extent *chex, *ex; int k; chex = ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); for (k = 0; k < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); k++, ex++) { BUG_ON(k && le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) <= le32_to_cpu(ex[-1].ee_block)); if (block < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) break; chex = ex; } BUG_ON(chex != path->p_ext); } #endif } void ext4_ext_tree_init(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; eh = ext_inode_hdr(inode); eh->eh_depth = 0; eh->eh_entries = 0; eh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; eh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 0)); eh->eh_generation = 0; ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); } struct ext4_ext_path * ext4_find_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, struct ext4_ext_path **orig_path, int flags) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_ext_path *path = orig_path ? *orig_path : NULL; short int depth, i, ppos = 0; int ret; gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_NOFS; if (flags & EXT4_EX_NOFAIL) gfp_flags |= __GFP_NOFAIL; eh = ext_inode_hdr(inode); depth = ext_depth(inode); if (depth < 0 || depth > EXT4_MAX_EXTENT_DEPTH) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "inode has invalid extent depth: %d", depth); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto err; } if (path) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); if (depth > path[0].p_maxdepth) { kfree(path); *orig_path = path = NULL; } } if (!path) { /* account possible depth increase */ path = kcalloc(depth + 2, sizeof(struct ext4_ext_path), gfp_flags); if (unlikely(!path)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); path[0].p_maxdepth = depth + 1; } path[0].p_hdr = eh; path[0].p_bh = NULL; i = depth; if (!(flags & EXT4_EX_NOCACHE) && depth == 0) ext4_cache_extents(inode, eh); /* walk through the tree */ while (i) { ext_debug(inode, "depth %d: num %d, max %d\n", ppos, le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)); ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(inode, path + ppos, block); path[ppos].p_block = ext4_idx_pblock(path[ppos].p_idx); path[ppos].p_depth = i; path[ppos].p_ext = NULL; bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, path[ppos].p_idx, --i, flags); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ret = PTR_ERR(bh); goto err; } eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ppos++; path[ppos].p_bh = bh; path[ppos].p_hdr = eh; } path[ppos].p_depth = i; path[ppos].p_ext = NULL; path[ppos].p_idx = NULL; /* find extent */ ext4_ext_binsearch(inode, path + ppos, block); /* if not an empty leaf */ if (path[ppos].p_ext) path[ppos].p_block = ext4_ext_pblock(path[ppos].p_ext); ext4_ext_show_path(inode, path); return path; err: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); if (orig_path) *orig_path = NULL; return ERR_PTR(ret); } /* * ext4_ext_insert_index: * insert new index [@logical;@ptr] into the block at @curp; * check where to insert: before @curp or after @curp */ static int ext4_ext_insert_index(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *curp, int logical, ext4_fsblk_t ptr) { struct ext4_extent_idx *ix; int len, err; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, curp); if (err) return err; if (unlikely(logical == le32_to_cpu(curp->p_idx->ei_block))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "logical %d == ei_block %d!", logical, le32_to_cpu(curp->p_idx->ei_block)); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_entries) >= le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_max))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "eh_entries %d >= eh_max %d!", le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_max)); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (logical > le32_to_cpu(curp->p_idx->ei_block)) { /* insert after */ ext_debug(inode, "insert new index %d after: %llu\n", logical, ptr); ix = curp->p_idx + 1; } else { /* insert before */ ext_debug(inode, "insert new index %d before: %llu\n", logical, ptr); ix = curp->p_idx; } len = EXT_LAST_INDEX(curp->p_hdr) - ix + 1; BUG_ON(len < 0); if (len > 0) { ext_debug(inode, "insert new index %d: " "move %d indices from 0x%p to 0x%p\n", logical, len, ix, ix + 1); memmove(ix + 1, ix, len * sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx)); } if (unlikely(ix > EXT_MAX_INDEX(curp->p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix > EXT_MAX_INDEX!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } ix->ei_block = cpu_to_le32(logical); ext4_idx_store_pblock(ix, ptr); le16_add_cpu(&curp->p_hdr->eh_entries, 1); if (unlikely(ix > EXT_LAST_INDEX(curp->p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix > EXT_LAST_INDEX!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, curp); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return err; } /* * ext4_ext_split: * inserts new subtree into the path, using free index entry * at depth @at: * - allocates all needed blocks (new leaf and all intermediate index blocks) * - makes decision where to split * - moves remaining extents and index entries (right to the split point) * into the newly allocated blocks * - initializes subtree */ static int ext4_ext_split(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *newext, int at) { struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent_header *neh; struct ext4_extent_idx *fidx; int i = at, k, m, a; ext4_fsblk_t newblock, oldblock; __le32 border; ext4_fsblk_t *ablocks = NULL; /* array of allocated blocks */ gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_NOFS; int err = 0; size_t ext_size = 0; if (flags & EXT4_EX_NOFAIL) gfp_flags |= __GFP_NOFAIL; /* make decision: where to split? */ /* FIXME: now decision is simplest: at current extent */ /* if current leaf will be split, then we should use * border from split point */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_ext > EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "p_ext > EXT_MAX_EXTENT!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (path[depth].p_ext != EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { border = path[depth].p_ext[1].ee_block; ext_debug(inode, "leaf will be split." " next leaf starts at %d\n", le32_to_cpu(border)); } else { border = newext->ee_block; ext_debug(inode, "leaf will be added." " next leaf starts at %d\n", le32_to_cpu(border)); } /* * If error occurs, then we break processing * and mark filesystem read-only. index won't * be inserted and tree will be in consistent * state. Next mount will repair buffers too. */ /* * Get array to track all allocated blocks. * We need this to handle errors and free blocks * upon them. */ ablocks = kcalloc(depth, sizeof(ext4_fsblk_t), gfp_flags); if (!ablocks) return -ENOMEM; /* allocate all needed blocks */ ext_debug(inode, "allocate %d blocks for indexes/leaf\n", depth - at); for (a = 0; a < depth - at; a++) { newblock = ext4_ext_new_meta_block(handle, inode, path, newext, &err, flags); if (newblock == 0) goto cleanup; ablocks[a] = newblock; } /* initialize new leaf */ newblock = ablocks[--a]; if (unlikely(newblock == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "newblock == 0!"); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } bh = sb_getblk_gfp(inode->i_sb, newblock, __GFP_MOVABLE | GFP_NOFS); if (unlikely(!bh)) { err = -ENOMEM; goto cleanup; } lock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; neh = ext_block_hdr(bh); neh->eh_entries = 0; neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block(inode, 0)); neh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; neh->eh_depth = 0; neh->eh_generation = 0; /* move remainder of path[depth] to the new leaf */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries != path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "eh_entries %d != eh_max %d!", path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries, path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } /* start copy from next extent */ m = EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr) - path[depth].p_ext++; ext4_ext_show_move(inode, path, newblock, depth); if (m) { struct ext4_extent *ex; ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(neh); memmove(ex, path[depth].p_ext, sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * m); le16_add_cpu(&neh->eh_entries, m); } /* zero out unused area in the extent block */ ext_size = sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header) + sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_entries); memset(bh->b_data + ext_size, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - ext_size); ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, neh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; brelse(bh); bh = NULL; /* correct old leaf */ if (m) { err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto cleanup; le16_add_cpu(&path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries, -m); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto cleanup; } /* create intermediate indexes */ k = depth - at - 1; if (unlikely(k < 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "k %d < 0!", k); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } if (k) ext_debug(inode, "create %d intermediate indices\n", k); /* insert new index into current index block */ /* current depth stored in i var */ i = depth - 1; while (k--) { oldblock = newblock; newblock = ablocks[--a]; bh = sb_getblk(inode->i_sb, newblock); if (unlikely(!bh)) { err = -ENOMEM; goto cleanup; } lock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; neh = ext_block_hdr(bh); neh->eh_entries = cpu_to_le16(1); neh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block_idx(inode, 0)); neh->eh_depth = cpu_to_le16(depth - i); neh->eh_generation = 0; fidx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh); fidx->ei_block = border; ext4_idx_store_pblock(fidx, oldblock); ext_debug(inode, "int.index at %d (block %llu): %u -> %llu\n", i, newblock, le32_to_cpu(border), oldblock); /* move remainder of path[i] to the new index block */ if (unlikely(EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr) != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "EXT_MAX_INDEX != EXT_LAST_INDEX ee_block %d!", le32_to_cpu(path[i].p_ext->ee_block)); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } /* start copy indexes */ m = EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr) - path[i].p_idx++; ext_debug(inode, "cur 0x%p, last 0x%p\n", path[i].p_idx, EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr)); ext4_ext_show_move(inode, path, newblock, i); if (m) { memmove(++fidx, path[i].p_idx, sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx) * m); le16_add_cpu(&neh->eh_entries, m); } /* zero out unused area in the extent block */ ext_size = sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header) + (sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_entries)); memset(bh->b_data + ext_size, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - ext_size); ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, neh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; brelse(bh); bh = NULL; /* correct old index */ if (m) { err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + i); if (err) goto cleanup; le16_add_cpu(&path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries, -m); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + i); if (err) goto cleanup; } i--; } /* insert new index */ err = ext4_ext_insert_index(handle, inode, path + at, le32_to_cpu(border), newblock); cleanup: if (bh) { if (buffer_locked(bh)) unlock_buffer(bh); brelse(bh); } if (err) { /* free all allocated blocks in error case */ for (i = 0; i < depth; i++) { if (!ablocks[i]) continue; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, ablocks[i], 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA); } } kfree(ablocks); return err; } /* * ext4_ext_grow_indepth: * implements tree growing procedure: * - allocates new block * - moves top-level data (index block or leaf) into the new block * - initializes new top-level, creating index that points to the * just created block */ static int ext4_ext_grow_indepth(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags) { struct ext4_extent_header *neh; struct buffer_head *bh; ext4_fsblk_t newblock, goal = 0; struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es; int err = 0; size_t ext_size = 0; /* Try to prepend new index to old one */ if (ext_depth(inode)) goal = ext4_idx_pblock(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(ext_inode_hdr(inode))); if (goal > le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block)) { flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL; goal--; } else goal = ext4_inode_to_goal_block(inode); newblock = ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle, inode, goal, flags, NULL, &err); if (newblock == 0) return err; bh = sb_getblk_gfp(inode->i_sb, newblock, __GFP_MOVABLE | GFP_NOFS); if (unlikely(!bh)) return -ENOMEM; lock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (err) { unlock_buffer(bh); goto out; } ext_size = sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data); /* move top-level index/leaf into new block */ memmove(bh->b_data, EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, ext_size); /* zero out unused area in the extent block */ memset(bh->b_data + ext_size, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - ext_size); /* set size of new block */ neh = ext_block_hdr(bh); /* old root could have indexes or leaves * so calculate e_max right way */ if (ext_depth(inode)) neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block_idx(inode, 0)); else neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block(inode, 0)); neh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, neh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (err) goto out; /* Update top-level index: num,max,pointer */ neh = ext_inode_hdr(inode); neh->eh_entries = cpu_to_le16(1); ext4_idx_store_pblock(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh), newblock); if (neh->eh_depth == 0) { /* Root extent block becomes index block */ neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_root_idx(inode, 0)); EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh)->ei_block = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(neh)->ee_block; } ext_debug(inode, "new root: num %d(%d), lblock %d, ptr %llu\n", le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_max), le32_to_cpu(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh)->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh))); le16_add_cpu(&neh->eh_depth, 1); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); out: brelse(bh); return err; } /* * ext4_ext_create_new_leaf: * finds empty index and adds new leaf. * if no free index is found, then it requests in-depth growing. */ static int ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int mb_flags, unsigned int gb_flags, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, struct ext4_extent *newext) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_ext_path *curp; int depth, i, err = 0; repeat: i = depth = ext_depth(inode); /* walk up to the tree and look for free index entry */ curp = path + depth; while (i > 0 && !EXT_HAS_FREE_INDEX(curp)) { i--; curp--; } /* we use already allocated block for index block, * so subsequent data blocks should be contiguous */ if (EXT_HAS_FREE_INDEX(curp)) { /* if we found index with free entry, then use that * entry: create all needed subtree and add new leaf */ err = ext4_ext_split(handle, inode, mb_flags, path, newext, i); if (err) goto out; /* refill path */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, (ext4_lblk_t)le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ppath, gb_flags); if (IS_ERR(path)) err = PTR_ERR(path); } else { /* tree is full, time to grow in depth */ err = ext4_ext_grow_indepth(handle, inode, mb_flags); if (err) goto out; /* refill path */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, (ext4_lblk_t)le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ppath, gb_flags); if (IS_ERR(path)) { err = PTR_ERR(path); goto out; } /* * only first (depth 0 -> 1) produces free space; * in all other cases we have to split the grown tree */ depth = ext_depth(inode); if (path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries == path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max) { /* now we need to split */ goto repeat; } } out: return err; } /* * search the closest allocated block to the left for *logical * and returns it at @logical + it's physical address at @phys * if *logical is the smallest allocated block, the function * returns 0 at @phys * return value contains 0 (success) or error code */ static int ext4_ext_search_left(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t *logical, ext4_fsblk_t *phys) { struct ext4_extent_idx *ix; struct ext4_extent *ex; int depth, ee_len; if (unlikely(path == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path == NULL *logical %d!", *logical); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } depth = path->p_depth; *phys = 0; if (depth == 0 && path->p_ext == NULL) return 0; /* usually extent in the path covers blocks smaller * then *logical, but it can be that extent is the * first one in the file */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (*logical < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) { if (unlikely(EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr) != ex)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "EXT_FIRST_EXTENT != ex *logical %d ee_block %d!", *logical, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } while (--depth >= 0) { ix = path[depth].p_idx; if (unlikely(ix != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix (%d) != EXT_FIRST_INDEX (%d) (depth %d)!", ix != NULL ? le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block) : 0, EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr) != NULL ? le32_to_cpu(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)->ei_block) : 0, depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } } return 0; } if (unlikely(*logical < (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "logical %d < ee_block %d + ee_len %d!", *logical, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_len); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } *logical = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len - 1; *phys = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ee_len - 1; return 0; } /* * Search the closest allocated block to the right for *logical * and returns it at @logical + it's physical address at @phys. * If not exists, return 0 and @phys is set to 0. We will return * 1 which means we found an allocated block and ret_ex is valid. * Or return a (< 0) error code. */ static int ext4_ext_search_right(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t *logical, ext4_fsblk_t *phys, struct ext4_extent *ret_ex) { struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_extent_idx *ix; struct ext4_extent *ex; int depth; /* Note, NOT eh_depth; depth from top of tree */ int ee_len; if (unlikely(path == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path == NULL *logical %d!", *logical); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } depth = path->p_depth; *phys = 0; if (depth == 0 && path->p_ext == NULL) return 0; /* usually extent in the path covers blocks smaller * then *logical, but it can be that extent is the * first one in the file */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (*logical < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) { if (unlikely(EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr) != ex)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "first_extent(path[%d].p_hdr) != ex", depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } while (--depth >= 0) { ix = path[depth].p_idx; if (unlikely(ix != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix != EXT_FIRST_INDEX *logical %d!", *logical); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } } goto found_extent; } if (unlikely(*logical < (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "logical %d < ee_block %d + ee_len %d!", *logical, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_len); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (ex != EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { /* next allocated block in this leaf */ ex++; goto found_extent; } /* go up and search for index to the right */ while (--depth >= 0) { ix = path[depth].p_idx; if (ix != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) goto got_index; } /* we've gone up to the root and found no index to the right */ return 0; got_index: /* we've found index to the right, let's * follow it and find the closest allocated * block to the right */ ix++; while (++depth < path->p_depth) { /* subtract from p_depth to get proper eh_depth */ bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, ix, path->p_depth - depth, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ix = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh); put_bh(bh); } bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, ix, path->p_depth - depth, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); found_extent: *logical = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); *phys = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); if (ret_ex) *ret_ex = *ex; if (bh) put_bh(bh); return 1; } /* * ext4_ext_next_allocated_block: * returns allocated block in subsequent extent or EXT_MAX_BLOCKS. * NOTE: it considers block number from index entry as * allocated block. Thus, index entries have to be consistent * with leaves. */ ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth; BUG_ON(path == NULL); depth = path->p_depth; if (depth == 0 && path->p_ext == NULL) return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; while (depth >= 0) { struct ext4_ext_path *p = &path[depth]; if (depth == path->p_depth) { /* leaf */ if (p->p_ext && p->p_ext != EXT_LAST_EXTENT(p->p_hdr)) return le32_to_cpu(p->p_ext[1].ee_block); } else { /* index */ if (p->p_idx != EXT_LAST_INDEX(p->p_hdr)) return le32_to_cpu(p->p_idx[1].ei_block); } depth--; } return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; } /* * ext4_ext_next_leaf_block: * returns first allocated block from next leaf or EXT_MAX_BLOCKS */ static ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_leaf_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth; BUG_ON(path == NULL); depth = path->p_depth; /* zero-tree has no leaf blocks at all */ if (depth == 0) return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; /* go to index block */ depth--; while (depth >= 0) { if (path[depth].p_idx != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) return (ext4_lblk_t) le32_to_cpu(path[depth].p_idx[1].ei_block); depth--; } return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; } /* * ext4_ext_correct_indexes: * if leaf gets modified and modified extent is first in the leaf, * then we have to correct all indexes above. * TODO: do we need to correct tree in all cases? */ static int ext4_ext_correct_indexes(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent *ex; __le32 border; int k, err = 0; eh = path[depth].p_hdr; ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (unlikely(ex == NULL || eh == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ex %p == NULL or eh %p == NULL", ex, eh); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (depth == 0) { /* there is no tree at all */ return 0; } if (ex != EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) { /* we correct tree if first leaf got modified only */ return 0; } /* * TODO: we need correction if border is smaller than current one */ k = depth - 1; border = path[depth].p_ext->ee_block; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) return err; path[k].p_idx->ei_block = border; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) return err; while (k--) { /* change all left-side indexes */ if (path[k+1].p_idx != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[k+1].p_hdr)) break; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) break; path[k].p_idx->ei_block = border; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) break; } return err; } static int ext4_can_extents_be_merged(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex1, struct ext4_extent *ex2) { unsigned short ext1_ee_len, ext2_ee_len; if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex1) != ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex2)) return 0; ext1_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex1); ext2_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex2); if (le32_to_cpu(ex1->ee_block) + ext1_ee_len != le32_to_cpu(ex2->ee_block)) return 0; if (ext1_ee_len + ext2_ee_len > EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN) return 0; if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex1) && ext1_ee_len + ext2_ee_len > EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN) return 0; #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (ext1_ee_len >= 4) return 0; #endif if (ext4_ext_pblock(ex1) + ext1_ee_len == ext4_ext_pblock(ex2)) return 1; return 0; } /* * This function tries to merge the "ex" extent to the next extent in the tree. * It always tries to merge towards right. If you want to merge towards * left, pass "ex - 1" as argument instead of "ex". * Returns 0 if the extents (ex and ex+1) were _not_ merged and returns * 1 if they got merged. */ static int ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *ex) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; unsigned int depth, len; int merge_done = 0, unwritten; depth = ext_depth(inode); BUG_ON(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; while (ex < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh)) { if (!ext4_can_extents_be_merged(inode, ex, ex + 1)) break; /* merge with next extent! */ unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex + 1)); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); if (ex + 1 < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh)) { len = (EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) - ex - 1) * sizeof(struct ext4_extent); memmove(ex + 1, ex + 2, len); } le16_add_cpu(&eh->eh_entries, -1); merge_done = 1; WARN_ON(eh->eh_entries == 0); if (!eh->eh_entries) EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "eh->eh_entries = 0!"); } return merge_done; } /* * This function does a very simple check to see if we can collapse * an extent tree with a single extent tree leaf block into the inode. */ static void ext4_ext_try_to_merge_up(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { size_t s; unsigned max_root = ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 0); ext4_fsblk_t blk; if ((path[0].p_depth != 1) || (le16_to_cpu(path[0].p_hdr->eh_entries) != 1) || (le16_to_cpu(path[1].p_hdr->eh_entries) > max_root)) return; /* * We need to modify the block allocation bitmap and the block * group descriptor to release the extent tree block. If we * can't get the journal credits, give up. */ if (ext4_journal_extend(handle, 2, ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(inode->i_sb, 1))) return; /* * Copy the extent data up to the inode */ blk = ext4_idx_pblock(path[0].p_idx); s = le16_to_cpu(path[1].p_hdr->eh_entries) * sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); s += sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header); path[1].p_maxdepth = path[0].p_maxdepth; memcpy(path[0].p_hdr, path[1].p_hdr, s); path[0].p_depth = 0; path[0].p_ext = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[0].p_hdr) + (path[1].p_ext - EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[1].p_hdr)); path[0].p_hdr->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(max_root); brelse(path[1].p_bh); ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, blk, 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET); } /* * This function tries to merge the @ex extent to neighbours in the tree, then * tries to collapse the extent tree into the inode. */ static void ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *ex) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; unsigned int depth; int merge_done = 0; depth = ext_depth(inode); BUG_ON(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (ex > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) merge_done = ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex - 1); if (!merge_done) (void) ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex); ext4_ext_try_to_merge_up(handle, inode, path); } /* * check if a portion of the "newext" extent overlaps with an * existing extent. * * If there is an overlap discovered, it updates the length of the newext * such that there will be no overlap, and then returns 1. * If there is no overlap found, it returns 0. */ static unsigned int ext4_ext_check_overlap(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *newext, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { ext4_lblk_t b1, b2; unsigned int depth, len1; unsigned int ret = 0; b1 = le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block); len1 = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext); depth = ext_depth(inode); if (!path[depth].p_ext) goto out; b2 = EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, le32_to_cpu(path[depth].p_ext->ee_block)); /* * get the next allocated block if the extent in the path * is before the requested block(s) */ if (b2 < b1) { b2 = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); if (b2 == EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) goto out; b2 = EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, b2); } /* check for wrap through zero on extent logical start block*/ if (b1 + len1 < b1) { len1 = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - b1; newext->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(len1); ret = 1; } /* check for overlap */ if (b1 + len1 > b2) { newext->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(b2 - b1); ret = 1; } out: return ret; } /* * ext4_ext_insert_extent: * tries to merge requested extent into the existing extent or * inserts requested extent as new one into the tree, * creating new leaf in the no-space case. */ int ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, struct ext4_extent *newext, int gb_flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_extent *ex, *fex; struct ext4_extent *nearex; /* nearest extent */ struct ext4_ext_path *npath = NULL; int depth, len, err; ext4_lblk_t next; int mb_flags = 0, unwritten; if (gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) mb_flags |= EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED; if (unlikely(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext) == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext) == 0"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (unlikely(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path[%d].p_hdr == NULL", depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } /* try to insert block into found extent and return */ if (ex && !(gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO)) { /* * Try to see whether we should rather test the extent on * right from ex, or from the left of ex. This is because * ext4_find_extent() can return either extent on the * left, or on the right from the searched position. This * will make merging more effective. */ if (ex < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) && (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) < le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block))) { ex += 1; goto prepend; } else if ((ex > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) && (le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext) < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block))) ex -= 1; /* Try to append newex to the ex */ if (ext4_can_extents_be_merged(inode, ex, newext)) { ext_debug(inode, "append [%d]%d block to %u:[%d]%d" "(from %llu)\n", ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) return err; unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext)); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; nearex = ex; goto merge; } prepend: /* Try to prepend newex to the ex */ if (ext4_can_extents_be_merged(inode, newext, ex)) { ext_debug(inode, "prepend %u[%d]%d block to %u:[%d]%d" "(from %llu)\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) return err; unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); ex->ee_block = newext->ee_block; ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, ext4_ext_pblock(newext)); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext)); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; nearex = ex; goto merge; } } depth = ext_depth(inode); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries) < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)) goto has_space; /* probably next leaf has space for us? */ fex = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh); next = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; if (le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block) > le32_to_cpu(fex->ee_block)) next = ext4_ext_next_leaf_block(path); if (next != EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) { ext_debug(inode, "next leaf block - %u\n", next); BUG_ON(npath != NULL); npath = ext4_find_extent(inode, next, NULL, gb_flags); if (IS_ERR(npath)) return PTR_ERR(npath); BUG_ON(npath->p_depth != path->p_depth); eh = npath[depth].p_hdr; if (le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries) < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)) { ext_debug(inode, "next leaf isn't full(%d)\n", le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries)); path = npath; goto has_space; } ext_debug(inode, "next leaf has no free space(%d,%d)\n", le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)); } /* * There is no free space in the found leaf. * We're gonna add a new leaf in the tree. */ if (gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL) mb_flags |= EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED; err = ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(handle, inode, mb_flags, gb_flags, ppath, newext); if (err) goto cleanup; depth = ext_depth(inode); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; has_space: nearex = path[depth].p_ext; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto cleanup; if (!nearex) { /* there is no extent in this leaf, create first one */ ext_debug(inode, "first extent in the leaf: %u:%llu:[%d]%d\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext)); nearex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); } else { if (le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block) > le32_to_cpu(nearex->ee_block)) { /* Insert after */ ext_debug(inode, "insert %u:%llu:[%d]%d before: " "nearest %p\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), nearex); nearex++; } else { /* Insert before */ BUG_ON(newext->ee_block == nearex->ee_block); ext_debug(inode, "insert %u:%llu:[%d]%d after: " "nearest %p\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), nearex); } len = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) - nearex + 1; if (len > 0) { ext_debug(inode, "insert %u:%llu:[%d]%d: " "move %d extents from 0x%p to 0x%p\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), len, nearex, nearex + 1); memmove(nearex + 1, nearex, len * sizeof(struct ext4_extent)); } } le16_add_cpu(&eh->eh_entries, 1); path[depth].p_ext = nearex; nearex->ee_block = newext->ee_block; ext4_ext_store_pblock(nearex, ext4_ext_pblock(newext)); nearex->ee_len = newext->ee_len; merge: /* try to merge extents */ if (!(gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO)) ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, nearex); /* time to correct all indexes above */ err = ext4_ext_correct_indexes(handle, inode, path); if (err) goto cleanup; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); cleanup: ext4_ext_drop_refs(npath); kfree(npath); return err; } static int ext4_fill_es_cache_info(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, ext4_lblk_t num, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo) { ext4_lblk_t next, end = block + num - 1; struct extent_status es; unsigned char blksize_bits = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; unsigned int flags; int err; while (block <= end) { next = 0; flags = 0; if (!ext4_es_lookup_extent(inode, block, &next, &es)) break; if (ext4_es_is_unwritten(&es)) flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_UNWRITTEN; if (ext4_es_is_delayed(&es)) flags |= (FIEMAP_EXTENT_DELALLOC | FIEMAP_EXTENT_UNKNOWN); if (ext4_es_is_hole(&es)) flags |= EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE; if (next == 0) flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST; if (flags & (FIEMAP_EXTENT_DELALLOC| EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE)) es.es_pblk = 0; else es.es_pblk = ext4_es_pblock(&es); err = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, (__u64)es.es_lblk << blksize_bits, (__u64)es.es_pblk << blksize_bits, (__u64)es.es_len << blksize_bits, flags); if (next == 0) break; block = next; if (err < 0) return err; if (err == 1) return 0; } return 0; } /* * ext4_ext_determine_hole - determine hole around given block * @inode: inode we lookup in * @path: path in extent tree to @lblk * @lblk: pointer to logical block around which we want to determine hole * * Determine hole length (and start if easily possible) around given logical * block. We don't try too hard to find the beginning of the hole but @path * actually points to extent before @lblk, we provide it. * * The function returns the length of a hole starting at @lblk. We update @lblk * to the beginning of the hole if we managed to find it. */ static ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_determine_hole(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t *lblk) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t len; ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (ex == NULL) { /* there is no extent yet, so gap is [0;-] */ *lblk = 0; len = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; } else if (*lblk < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) { len = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) - *lblk; } else if (*lblk >= le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)) { ext4_lblk_t next; *lblk = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); next = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); BUG_ON(next == *lblk); len = next - *lblk; } else { BUG(); } return len; } /* * ext4_ext_put_gap_in_cache: * calculate boundaries of the gap that the requested block fits into * and cache this gap */ static void ext4_ext_put_gap_in_cache(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t hole_start, ext4_lblk_t hole_len) { struct extent_status es; ext4_es_find_extent_range(inode, &ext4_es_is_delayed, hole_start, hole_start + hole_len - 1, &es); if (es.es_len) { /* There's delayed extent containing lblock? */ if (es.es_lblk <= hole_start) return; hole_len = min(es.es_lblk - hole_start, hole_len); } ext_debug(inode, " -> %u:%u\n", hole_start, hole_len); ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, hole_start, hole_len, ~0, EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE); } /* * ext4_ext_rm_idx: * removes index from the index block. */ static int ext4_ext_rm_idx(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, int depth) { int err; ext4_fsblk_t leaf; /* free index block */ depth--; path = path + depth; leaf = ext4_idx_pblock(path->p_idx); if (unlikely(path->p_hdr->eh_entries == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path->p_hdr->eh_entries == 0"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path); if (err) return err; if (path->p_idx != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path->p_hdr)) { int len = EXT_LAST_INDEX(path->p_hdr) - path->p_idx; len *= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); memmove(path->p_idx, path->p_idx + 1, len); } le16_add_cpu(&path->p_hdr->eh_entries, -1); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path); if (err) return err; ext_debug(inode, "index is empty, remove it, free block %llu\n", leaf); trace_ext4_ext_rm_idx(inode, leaf); ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, leaf, 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET); while (--depth >= 0) { if (path->p_idx != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path->p_hdr)) break; path--; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path); if (err) break; path->p_idx->ei_block = (path+1)->p_idx->ei_block; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path); if (err) break; } return err; } /* * ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent: * This routine returns max. credits that needed to insert an extent * to the extent tree. * When pass the actual path, the caller should calculate credits * under i_data_sem. */ int ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { if (path) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); int ret = 0; /* probably there is space in leaf? */ if (le16_to_cpu(path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries) < le16_to_cpu(path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max)) { /* * There are some space in the leaf tree, no * need to account for leaf block credit * * bitmaps and block group descriptor blocks * and other metadata blocks still need to be * accounted. */ /* 1 bitmap, 1 block group descriptor */ ret = 2 + EXT4_META_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb); return ret; } } return ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, nrblocks); } /* * How many index/leaf blocks need to change/allocate to add @extents extents? * * If we add a single extent, then in the worse case, each tree level * index/leaf need to be changed in case of the tree split. * * If more extents are inserted, they could cause the whole tree split more * than once, but this is really rare. */ int ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int extents) { int index; int depth; /* If we are converting the inline data, only one is needed here. */ if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return 1; depth = ext_depth(inode); if (extents <= 1) index = depth * 2; else index = depth * 3; return index; } static inline int get_default_free_blocks_flags(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) || ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EA_INODE)) return EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET; else if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET; return 0; } /* * ext4_rereserve_cluster - increment the reserved cluster count when * freeing a cluster with a pending reservation * * @inode - file containing the cluster * @lblk - logical block in cluster to be reserved * * Increments the reserved cluster count and adjusts quota in a bigalloc * file system when freeing a partial cluster containing at least one * delayed and unwritten block. A partial cluster meeting that * requirement will have a pending reservation. If so, the * RERESERVE_CLUSTER flag is used when calling ext4_free_blocks() to * defer reserved and allocated space accounting to a subsequent call * to this function. */ static void ext4_rereserve_cluster(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); dquot_reclaim_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, 1)); spin_lock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); ei->i_reserved_data_blocks++; percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, 1); spin_unlock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter, 1); ext4_remove_pending(inode, lblk); } static int ext4_remove_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex, struct partial_cluster *partial, ext4_lblk_t from, ext4_lblk_t to) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); unsigned short ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext4_fsblk_t last_pblk, pblk; ext4_lblk_t num; int flags; /* only extent tail removal is allowed */ if (from < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) || to != le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len - 1) { ext4_error(sbi->s_sb, "strange request: removal(2) %u-%u from %u:%u", from, to, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_len); return 0; } #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS spin_lock(&sbi->s_ext_stats_lock); sbi->s_ext_blocks += ee_len; sbi->s_ext_extents++; if (ee_len < sbi->s_ext_min) sbi->s_ext_min = ee_len; if (ee_len > sbi->s_ext_max) sbi->s_ext_max = ee_len; if (ext_depth(inode) > sbi->s_depth_max) sbi->s_depth_max = ext_depth(inode); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_ext_stats_lock); #endif trace_ext4_remove_blocks(inode, ex, from, to, partial); /* * if we have a partial cluster, and it's different from the * cluster of the last block in the extent, we free it */ last_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ee_len - 1; if (partial->state != initial && partial->pclu != EXT4_B2C(sbi, last_pblk)) { if (partial->state == tofree) { flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); if (ext4_is_pending(inode, partial->lblk)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_C2B(sbi, partial->pclu), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, partial->lblk); } partial->state = initial; } num = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len - from; pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ee_len - num; /* * We free the partial cluster at the end of the extent (if any), * unless the cluster is used by another extent (partial_cluster * state is nofree). If a partial cluster exists here, it must be * shared with the last block in the extent. */ flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); /* partial, left end cluster aligned, right end unaligned */ if ((EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, to) != sbi->s_cluster_ratio - 1) && (EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, to) >= from) && (partial->state != nofree)) { if (ext4_is_pending(inode, to)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(sbi, last_pblk), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, to); partial->state = initial; flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); } flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER; /* * For bigalloc file systems, we never free a partial cluster * at the beginning of the extent. Instead, we check to see if we * need to free it on a subsequent call to ext4_remove_blocks, * or at the end of ext4_ext_rm_leaf or ext4_ext_remove_space. */ flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, pblk, num, flags); /* reset the partial cluster if we've freed past it */ if (partial->state != initial && partial->pclu != EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk)) partial->state = initial; /* * If we've freed the entire extent but the beginning is not left * cluster aligned and is not marked as ineligible for freeing we * record the partial cluster at the beginning of the extent. It * wasn't freed by the preceding ext4_free_blocks() call, and we * need to look farther to the left to determine if it's to be freed * (not shared with another extent). Else, reset the partial * cluster - we're either done freeing or the beginning of the * extent is left cluster aligned. */ if (EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, from) && num == ee_len) { if (partial->state == initial) { partial->pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial->lblk = from; partial->state = tofree; } } else { partial->state = initial; } return 0; } /* * ext4_ext_rm_leaf() Removes the extents associated with the * blocks appearing between "start" and "end". Both "start" * and "end" must appear in the same extent or EIO is returned. * * @handle: The journal handle * @inode: The files inode * @path: The path to the leaf * @partial_cluster: The cluster which we'll have to free if all extents * has been released from it. However, if this value is * negative, it's a cluster just to the right of the * punched region and it must not be freed. * @start: The first block to remove * @end: The last block to remove */ static int ext4_ext_rm_leaf(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct partial_cluster *partial, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); int err = 0, correct_index = 0; int depth = ext_depth(inode), credits, revoke_credits; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; ext4_lblk_t a, b; unsigned num; ext4_lblk_t ex_ee_block; unsigned short ex_ee_len; unsigned unwritten = 0; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_fsblk_t pblk; /* the header must be checked already in ext4_ext_remove_space() */ ext_debug(inode, "truncate since %u in leaf to %u\n", start, end); if (!path[depth].p_hdr) path[depth].p_hdr = ext_block_hdr(path[depth].p_bh); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (unlikely(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path[%d].p_hdr == NULL", depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } /* find where to start removing */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) ex = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh); ex_ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); trace_ext4_ext_rm_leaf(inode, start, ex, partial); while (ex >= EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh) && ex_ee_block + ex_ee_len > start) { if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) unwritten = 1; else unwritten = 0; ext_debug(inode, "remove ext %u:[%d]%d\n", ex_ee_block, unwritten, ex_ee_len); path[depth].p_ext = ex; a = ex_ee_block > start ? ex_ee_block : start; b = ex_ee_block+ex_ee_len - 1 < end ? ex_ee_block+ex_ee_len - 1 : end; ext_debug(inode, " border %u:%u\n", a, b); /* If this extent is beyond the end of the hole, skip it */ if (end < ex_ee_block) { /* * We're going to skip this extent and move to another, * so note that its first cluster is in use to avoid * freeing it when removing blocks. Eventually, the * right edge of the truncated/punched region will * be just to the left. */ if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1) { pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); partial->pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial->state = nofree; } ex--; ex_ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); continue; } else if (b != ex_ee_block + ex_ee_len - 1) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "can not handle truncate %u:%u " "on extent %u:%u", start, end, ex_ee_block, ex_ee_block + ex_ee_len - 1); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } else if (a != ex_ee_block) { /* remove tail of the extent */ num = a - ex_ee_block; } else { /* remove whole extent: excellent! */ num = 0; } /* * 3 for leaf, sb, and inode plus 2 (bmap and group * descriptor) for each block group; assume two block * groups plus ex_ee_len/blocks_per_block_group for * the worst case */ credits = 7 + 2*(ex_ee_len/EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(inode->i_sb)); if (ex == EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) { correct_index = 1; credits += (ext_depth(inode)) + 1; } credits += EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb); /* * We may end up freeing some index blocks and data from the * punched range. Note that partial clusters are accounted for * by ext4_free_data_revoke_credits(). */ revoke_credits = ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(inode->i_sb, ext_depth(inode)) + ext4_free_data_revoke_credits(inode, b - a + 1); err = ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle, inode, credits, credits, revoke_credits); if (err) { if (err > 0) err = -EAGAIN; goto out; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; err = ext4_remove_blocks(handle, inode, ex, partial, a, b); if (err) goto out; if (num == 0) /* this extent is removed; mark slot entirely unused */ ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, 0); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(num); /* * Do not mark unwritten if all the blocks in the * extent have been removed. */ if (unwritten && num) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* * If the extent was completely released, * we need to remove it from the leaf */ if (num == 0) { if (end != EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1) { /* * For hole punching, we need to scoot all the * extents up when an extent is removed so that * we dont have blank extents in the middle */ memmove(ex, ex+1, (EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) - ex) * sizeof(struct ext4_extent)); /* Now get rid of the one at the end */ memset(EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh), 0, sizeof(struct ext4_extent)); } le16_add_cpu(&eh->eh_entries, -1); } err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; ext_debug(inode, "new extent: %u:%u:%llu\n", ex_ee_block, num, ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); ex--; ex_ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); } if (correct_index && eh->eh_entries) err = ext4_ext_correct_indexes(handle, inode, path); /* * If there's a partial cluster and at least one extent remains in * the leaf, free the partial cluster if it isn't shared with the * current extent. If it is shared with the current extent * we reset the partial cluster because we've reached the start of the * truncated/punched region and we're done removing blocks. */ if (partial->state == tofree && ex >= EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) { pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ex_ee_len - 1; if (partial->pclu != EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk)) { int flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); if (ext4_is_pending(inode, partial->lblk)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_C2B(sbi, partial->pclu), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, partial->lblk); } partial->state = initial; } /* if this leaf is free, then we should * remove it from index block above */ if (err == 0 && eh->eh_entries == 0 && path[depth].p_bh != NULL) err = ext4_ext_rm_idx(handle, inode, path, depth); out: return err; } /* * ext4_ext_more_to_rm: * returns 1 if current index has to be freed (even partial) */ static int ext4_ext_more_to_rm(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { BUG_ON(path->p_idx == NULL); if (path->p_idx < EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path->p_hdr)) return 0; /* * if truncate on deeper level happened, it wasn't partial, * so we have to consider current index for truncation */ if (le16_to_cpu(path->p_hdr->eh_entries) == path->p_block) return 0; return 1; } int ext4_ext_remove_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct partial_cluster partial; handle_t *handle; int i = 0, err = 0; partial.pclu = 0; partial.lblk = 0; partial.state = initial; ext_debug(inode, "truncate since %u to %u\n", start, end); /* probably first extent we're gonna free will be last in block */ handle = ext4_journal_start_with_revoke(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, depth + 1, ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(inode->i_sb, depth)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); again: trace_ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, start, end, depth); /* * Check if we are removing extents inside the extent tree. If that * is the case, we are going to punch a hole inside the extent tree * so we have to check whether we need to split the extent covering * the last block to remove so we can easily remove the part of it * in ext4_ext_rm_leaf(). */ if (end < EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1) { struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block, ex_end, lblk; ext4_fsblk_t pblk; /* find extent for or closest extent to this block */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, end, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE | EXT4_EX_NOFAIL); if (IS_ERR(path)) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); return PTR_ERR(path); } depth = ext_depth(inode); /* Leaf not may not exist only if inode has no blocks at all */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { if (depth) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path[%d].p_hdr == NULL", depth); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; } goto out; } ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_end = ee_block + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) - 1; /* * See if the last block is inside the extent, if so split * the extent at 'end' block so we can easily remove the * tail of the first part of the split extent in * ext4_ext_rm_leaf(). */ if (end >= ee_block && end < ex_end) { /* * If we're going to split the extent, note that * the cluster containing the block after 'end' is * in use to avoid freeing it when removing blocks. */ if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1) { pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + end - ee_block + 1; partial.pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial.state = nofree; } /* * Split the extent in two so that 'end' is the last * block in the first new extent. Also we should not * fail removing space due to ENOSPC so try to use * reserved block if that happens. */ err = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode, &path, end + 1, 1); if (err < 0) goto out; } else if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1 && end >= ex_end && partial.state == initial) { /* * If we're punching, there's an extent to the right. * If the partial cluster hasn't been set, set it to * that extent's first cluster and its state to nofree * so it won't be freed should it contain blocks to be * removed. If it's already set (tofree/nofree), we're * retrying and keep the original partial cluster info * so a cluster marked tofree as a result of earlier * extent removal is not lost. */ lblk = ex_end + 1; err = ext4_ext_search_right(inode, path, &lblk, &pblk, NULL); if (err < 0) goto out; if (pblk) { partial.pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial.state = nofree; } } } /* * We start scanning from right side, freeing all the blocks * after i_size and walking into the tree depth-wise. */ depth = ext_depth(inode); if (path) { int k = i = depth; while (--k > 0) path[k].p_block = le16_to_cpu(path[k].p_hdr->eh_entries)+1; } else { path = kcalloc(depth + 1, sizeof(struct ext4_ext_path), GFP_NOFS | __GFP_NOFAIL); if (path == NULL) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); return -ENOMEM; } path[0].p_maxdepth = path[0].p_depth = depth; path[0].p_hdr = ext_inode_hdr(inode); i = 0; if (ext4_ext_check(inode, path[0].p_hdr, depth, 0)) { err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } } err = 0; while (i >= 0 && err == 0) { if (i == depth) { /* this is leaf block */ err = ext4_ext_rm_leaf(handle, inode, path, &partial, start, end); /* root level has p_bh == NULL, brelse() eats this */ brelse(path[i].p_bh); path[i].p_bh = NULL; i--; continue; } /* this is index block */ if (!path[i].p_hdr) { ext_debug(inode, "initialize header\n"); path[i].p_hdr = ext_block_hdr(path[i].p_bh); } if (!path[i].p_idx) { /* this level hasn't been touched yet */ path[i].p_idx = EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr); path[i].p_block = le16_to_cpu(path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries)+1; ext_debug(inode, "init index ptr: hdr 0x%p, num %d\n", path[i].p_hdr, le16_to_cpu(path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries)); } else { /* we were already here, see at next index */ path[i].p_idx--; } ext_debug(inode, "level %d - index, first 0x%p, cur 0x%p\n", i, EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr), path[i].p_idx); if (ext4_ext_more_to_rm(path + i)) { struct buffer_head *bh; /* go to the next level */ ext_debug(inode, "move to level %d (block %llu)\n", i + 1, ext4_idx_pblock(path[i].p_idx)); memset(path + i + 1, 0, sizeof(*path)); bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, path[i].p_idx, depth - i - 1, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { /* should we reset i_size? */ err = PTR_ERR(bh); break; } /* Yield here to deal with large extent trees. * Should be a no-op if we did IO above. */ cond_resched(); if (WARN_ON(i + 1 > depth)) { err = -EFSCORRUPTED; break; } path[i + 1].p_bh = bh; /* save actual number of indexes since this * number is changed at the next iteration */ path[i].p_block = le16_to_cpu(path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries); i++; } else { /* we finished processing this index, go up */ if (path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries == 0 && i > 0) { /* index is empty, remove it; * handle must be already prepared by the * truncatei_leaf() */ err = ext4_ext_rm_idx(handle, inode, path, i); } /* root level has p_bh == NULL, brelse() eats this */ brelse(path[i].p_bh); path[i].p_bh = NULL; i--; ext_debug(inode, "return to level %d\n", i); } } trace_ext4_ext_remove_space_done(inode, start, end, depth, &partial, path->p_hdr->eh_entries); /* * if there's a partial cluster and we have removed the first extent * in the file, then we also free the partial cluster, if any */ if (partial.state == tofree && err == 0) { int flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); if (ext4_is_pending(inode, partial.lblk)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_C2B(sbi, partial.pclu), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, partial.lblk); partial.state = initial; } /* TODO: flexible tree reduction should be here */ if (path->p_hdr->eh_entries == 0) { /* * truncate to zero freed all the tree, * so we need to correct eh_depth */ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path); if (err == 0) { ext_inode_hdr(inode)->eh_depth = 0; ext_inode_hdr(inode)->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 0)); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path); } } out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); path = NULL; if (err == -EAGAIN) goto again; ext4_journal_stop(handle); return err; } /* * called at mount time */ void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *sb) { /* * possible initialization would be here */ if (ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) { #if defined(AGGRESSIVE_TEST) || defined(CHECK_BINSEARCH) || defined(EXTENTS_STATS) printk(KERN_INFO "EXT4-fs: file extents enabled" #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST ", aggressive tests" #endif #ifdef CHECK_BINSEARCH ", check binsearch" #endif #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS ", stats" #endif "\n"); #endif #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS spin_lock_init(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_stats_lock); EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_min = 1 << 30; EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_max = 0; #endif } } /* * called at umount time */ void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *sb) { if (!ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) return; #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_blocks && EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_extents) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: %lu blocks in %lu extents (%lu ave)\n", sbi->s_ext_blocks, sbi->s_ext_extents, sbi->s_ext_blocks / sbi->s_ext_extents); printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: extents: %lu min, %lu max, max depth %lu\n", sbi->s_ext_min, sbi->s_ext_max, sbi->s_depth_max); } #endif } static int ext4_zeroout_es(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex) { ext4_lblk_t ee_block; ext4_fsblk_t ee_pblock; unsigned int ee_len; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ee_pblock = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); if (ee_len == 0) return 0; return ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, ee_block, ee_len, ee_pblock, EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN); } /* FIXME!! we need to try to merge to left or right after zero-out */ static int ext4_ext_zeroout(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex) { ext4_fsblk_t ee_pblock; unsigned int ee_len; ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ee_pblock = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); return ext4_issue_zeroout(inode, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_pblock, ee_len); } /* * ext4_split_extent_at() splits an extent at given block. * * @handle: the journal handle * @inode: the file inode * @path: the path to the extent * @split: the logical block where the extent is splitted. * @split_flags: indicates if the extent could be zeroout if split fails, and * the states(init or unwritten) of new extents. * @flags: flags used to insert new extent to extent tree. * * * Splits extent [a, b] into two extents [a, @split) and [@split, b], states * of which are determined by split_flag. * * There are two cases: * a> the extent are splitted into two extent. * b> split is not needed, and just mark the extent. * * return 0 on success. */ static int ext4_split_extent_at(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, ext4_lblk_t split, int split_flag, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; ext4_fsblk_t newblock; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; struct ext4_extent *ex, newex, orig_ex, zero_ex; struct ext4_extent *ex2 = NULL; unsigned int ee_len, depth; int err = 0; BUG_ON((split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1 | EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2)) == (EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1 | EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2)); ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu\n", (unsigned long long)split); ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); newblock = split - ee_block + ext4_ext_pblock(ex); BUG_ON(split < ee_block || split >= (ee_block + ee_len)); BUG_ON(!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex) && split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2)); err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; if (split == ee_block) { /* * case b: block @split is the block that the extent begins with * then we just change the state of the extent, and splitting * is not needed. */ if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); else ext4_ext_mark_initialized(ex); if (!(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO)) ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); goto out; } /* case a */ memcpy(&orig_ex, ex, sizeof(orig_ex)); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(split - ee_block); if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* * path may lead to new leaf, not to original leaf any more * after ext4_ext_insert_extent() returns, */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto fix_extent_len; ex2 = &newex; ex2->ee_block = cpu_to_le32(split); ex2->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len - (split - ee_block)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex2, newblock); if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex2); err = ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle, inode, ppath, &newex, flags); if (err != -ENOSPC && err != -EDQUOT) goto out; if (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT & split_flag) { if (split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1|EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2)) { if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1) { err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, ex2); zero_ex.ee_block = ex2->ee_block; zero_ex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16( ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex2)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex, ext4_ext_pblock(ex2)); } else { err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, ex); zero_ex.ee_block = ex->ee_block; zero_ex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16( ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex, ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); } } else { err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, &orig_ex); zero_ex.ee_block = orig_ex.ee_block; zero_ex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16( ext4_ext_get_actual_len(&orig_ex)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex, ext4_ext_pblock(&orig_ex)); } if (!err) { /* update the extent length and mark as initialized */ ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len); ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); if (!err) /* update extent status tree */ err = ext4_zeroout_es(inode, &zero_ex); /* If we failed at this point, we don't know in which * state the extent tree exactly is so don't try to fix * length of the original extent as it may do even more * damage. */ goto out; } } fix_extent_len: ex->ee_len = orig_ex.ee_len; /* * Ignore ext4_ext_dirty return value since we are already in error path * and err is a non-zero error code. */ ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); return err; out: ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); return err; } /* * ext4_split_extents() splits an extent and mark extent which is covered * by @map as split_flags indicates * * It may result in splitting the extent into multiple extents (up to three) * There are three possibilities: * a> There is no split required * b> Splits in two extents: Split is happening at either end of the extent * c> Splits in three extents: Somone is splitting in middle of the extent * */ static int ext4_split_extent(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int split_flag, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; struct ext4_extent *ex; unsigned int ee_len, depth; int err = 0; int unwritten; int split_flag1, flags1; int allocated = map->m_len; depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); if (map->m_lblk + map->m_len < ee_block + ee_len) { split_flag1 = split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT; flags1 = flags | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO; if (unwritten) split_flag1 |= EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2; if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2) split_flag1 |= EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1; err = ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, ppath, map->m_lblk + map->m_len, split_flag1, flags1); if (err) goto out; } else { allocated = ee_len - (map->m_lblk - ee_block); } /* * Update path is required because previous ext4_split_extent_at() may * result in split of original leaf or extent zeroout. */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, ppath, flags); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected hole at %lu", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); split_flag1 = 0; if (map->m_lblk >= ee_block) { split_flag1 = split_flag & EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2; if (unwritten) { split_flag1 |= EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1; split_flag1 |= split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2); } err = ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, ppath, map->m_lblk, split_flag1, flags); if (err) goto out; } ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); out: return err ? err : allocated; } /* * This function is called by ext4_ext_map_blocks() if someone tries to write * to an unwritten extent. It may result in splitting the unwritten * extent into multiple extents (up to three - one initialized and two * unwritten). * There are three possibilities: * a> There is no split required: Entire extent should be initialized * b> Splits in two extents: Write is happening at either end of the extent * c> Splits in three extents: Somone is writing in middle of the extent * * Pre-conditions: * - The extent pointed to by 'path' is unwritten. * - The extent pointed to by 'path' contains a superset * of the logical span [map->m_lblk, map->m_lblk + map->m_len). * * Post-conditions on success: * - the returned value is the number of blocks beyond map->l_lblk * that are allocated and initialized. * It is guaranteed to be >= map->m_len. */ static int ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_map_blocks split_map; struct ext4_extent zero_ex1, zero_ex2; struct ext4_extent *ex, *abut_ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block, eof_block; unsigned int ee_len, depth, map_len = map->m_len; int allocated = 0, max_zeroout = 0; int err = 0; int split_flag = EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2; ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map_len); sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); eof_block = (EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize + inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (eof_block < map->m_lblk + map_len) eof_block = map->m_lblk + map_len; depth = ext_depth(inode); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); zero_ex1.ee_len = 0; zero_ex2.ee_len = 0; trace_ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized_enter(inode, map, ex); /* Pre-conditions */ BUG_ON(!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)); BUG_ON(!in_range(map->m_lblk, ee_block, ee_len)); /* * Attempt to transfer newly initialized blocks from the currently * unwritten extent to its neighbor. This is much cheaper * than an insertion followed by a merge as those involve costly * memmove() calls. Transferring to the left is the common case in * steady state for workloads doing fallocate(FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) * followed by append writes. * * Limitations of the current logic: * - L1: we do not deal with writes covering the whole extent. * This would require removing the extent if the transfer * is possible. * - L2: we only attempt to merge with an extent stored in the * same extent tree node. */ if ((map->m_lblk == ee_block) && /* See if we can merge left */ (map_len < ee_len) && /*L1*/ (ex > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh))) { /*L2*/ ext4_lblk_t prev_lblk; ext4_fsblk_t prev_pblk, ee_pblk; unsigned int prev_len; abut_ex = ex - 1; prev_lblk = le32_to_cpu(abut_ex->ee_block); prev_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(abut_ex); prev_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(abut_ex); ee_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); /* * A transfer of blocks from 'ex' to 'abut_ex' is allowed * upon those conditions: * - C1: abut_ex is initialized, * - C2: abut_ex is logically abutting ex, * - C3: abut_ex is physically abutting ex, * - C4: abut_ex can receive the additional blocks without * overflowing the (initialized) length limit. */ if ((!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(abut_ex)) && /*C1*/ ((prev_lblk + prev_len) == ee_block) && /*C2*/ ((prev_pblk + prev_len) == ee_pblk) && /*C3*/ (prev_len < (EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN - map_len))) { /*C4*/ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; trace_ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized_fastpath(inode, map, ex, abut_ex); /* Shift the start of ex by 'map_len' blocks */ ex->ee_block = cpu_to_le32(ee_block + map_len); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, ee_pblk + map_len); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len - map_len); ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* Restore the flag */ /* Extend abut_ex by 'map_len' blocks */ abut_ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(prev_len + map_len); /* Result: number of initialized blocks past m_lblk */ allocated = map_len; } } else if (((map->m_lblk + map_len) == (ee_block + ee_len)) && (map_len < ee_len) && /*L1*/ ex < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh)) { /*L2*/ /* See if we can merge right */ ext4_lblk_t next_lblk; ext4_fsblk_t next_pblk, ee_pblk; unsigned int next_len; abut_ex = ex + 1; next_lblk = le32_to_cpu(abut_ex->ee_block); next_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(abut_ex); next_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(abut_ex); ee_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); /* * A transfer of blocks from 'ex' to 'abut_ex' is allowed * upon those conditions: * - C1: abut_ex is initialized, * - C2: abut_ex is logically abutting ex, * - C3: abut_ex is physically abutting ex, * - C4: abut_ex can receive the additional blocks without * overflowing the (initialized) length limit. */ if ((!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(abut_ex)) && /*C1*/ ((map->m_lblk + map_len) == next_lblk) && /*C2*/ ((ee_pblk + ee_len) == next_pblk) && /*C3*/ (next_len < (EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN - map_len))) { /*C4*/ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; trace_ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized_fastpath(inode, map, ex, abut_ex); /* Shift the start of abut_ex by 'map_len' blocks */ abut_ex->ee_block = cpu_to_le32(next_lblk - map_len); ext4_ext_store_pblock(abut_ex, next_pblk - map_len); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len - map_len); ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* Restore the flag */ /* Extend abut_ex by 'map_len' blocks */ abut_ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(next_len + map_len); /* Result: number of initialized blocks past m_lblk */ allocated = map_len; } } if (allocated) { /* Mark the block containing both extents as dirty */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); /* Update path to point to the right extent */ path[depth].p_ext = abut_ex; goto out; } else allocated = ee_len - (map->m_lblk - ee_block); WARN_ON(map->m_lblk < ee_block); /* * It is safe to convert extent to initialized via explicit * zeroout only if extent is fully inside i_size or new_size. */ split_flag |= ee_block + ee_len <= eof_block ? EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT : 0; if (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT & split_flag) max_zeroout = sbi->s_extent_max_zeroout_kb >> (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 10); /* * five cases: * 1. split the extent into three extents. * 2. split the extent into two extents, zeroout the head of the first * extent. * 3. split the extent into two extents, zeroout the tail of the second * extent. * 4. split the extent into two extents with out zeroout. * 5. no splitting needed, just possibly zeroout the head and / or the * tail of the extent. */ split_map.m_lblk = map->m_lblk; split_map.m_len = map->m_len; if (max_zeroout && (allocated > split_map.m_len)) { if (allocated <= max_zeroout) { /* case 3 or 5 */ zero_ex1.ee_block = cpu_to_le32(split_map.m_lblk + split_map.m_len); zero_ex1.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(allocated - split_map.m_len); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex1, ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + split_map.m_lblk + split_map.m_len - ee_block); err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, &zero_ex1); if (err) goto out; split_map.m_len = allocated; } if (split_map.m_lblk - ee_block + split_map.m_len < max_zeroout) { /* case 2 or 5 */ if (split_map.m_lblk != ee_block) { zero_ex2.ee_block = ex->ee_block; zero_ex2.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(split_map.m_lblk - ee_block); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex2, ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, &zero_ex2); if (err) goto out; } split_map.m_len += split_map.m_lblk - ee_block; split_map.m_lblk = ee_block; allocated = map->m_len; } } err = ext4_split_extent(handle, inode, ppath, &split_map, split_flag, flags); if (err > 0) err = 0; out: /* If we have gotten a failure, don't zero out status tree */ if (!err) { err = ext4_zeroout_es(inode, &zero_ex1); if (!err) err = ext4_zeroout_es(inode, &zero_ex2); } return err ? err : allocated; } /* * This function is called by ext4_ext_map_blocks() from * ext4_get_blocks_dio_write() when DIO to write * to an unwritten extent. * * Writing to an unwritten extent may result in splitting the unwritten * extent into multiple initialized/unwritten extents (up to three) * There are three possibilities: * a> There is no split required: Entire extent should be unwritten * b> Splits in two extents: Write is happening at either end of the extent * c> Splits in three extents: Somone is writing in middle of the extent * * This works the same way in the case of initialized -> unwritten conversion. * * One of more index blocks maybe needed if the extent tree grow after * the unwritten extent split. To prevent ENOSPC occur at the IO * complete, we need to split the unwritten extent before DIO submit * the IO. The unwritten extent called at this time will be split * into three unwritten extent(at most). After IO complete, the part * being filled will be convert to initialized by the end_io callback function * via ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(). * * Returns the size of unwritten extent to be written on success. */ static int ext4_split_convert_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; ext4_lblk_t eof_block; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; struct ext4_extent *ex; unsigned int ee_len; int split_flag = 0, depth; ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map->m_len); eof_block = (EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize + inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (eof_block < map->m_lblk + map->m_len) eof_block = map->m_lblk + map->m_len; /* * It is safe to convert extent to initialized via explicit * zeroout only if extent is fully inside i_size or new_size. */ depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); /* Convert to unwritten */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN) { split_flag |= EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1; /* Convert to initialized */ } else if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT) { split_flag |= ee_block + ee_len <= eof_block ? EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT : 0; split_flag |= (EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2 | EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2); } flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO; return ext4_split_extent(handle, inode, ppath, map, split_flag, flags); } static int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents_endio(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; unsigned int ee_len; int depth; int err = 0; depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)ee_block, ee_len); /* If extent is larger than requested it is a clear sign that we still * have some extent state machine issues left. So extent_split is still * required. * TODO: Once all related issues will be fixed this situation should be * illegal. */ if (ee_block != map->m_lblk || ee_len > map->m_len) { #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Inode (%ld) finished: extent logical block %llu," " len %u; IO logical block %llu, len %u", inode->i_ino, (unsigned long long)ee_block, ee_len, (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map->m_len); #endif err = ext4_split_convert_extents(handle, inode, map, ppath, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT); if (err < 0) return err; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, ppath, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; /* first mark the extent as initialized */ ext4_ext_mark_initialized(ex); /* note: ext4_ext_correct_indexes() isn't needed here because * borders are not changed */ ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); /* Mark modified extent as dirty */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); out: ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); return err; } static int convert_initialized_extent(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, unsigned int *allocated) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; unsigned int ee_len; int depth; int err = 0; /* * Make sure that the extent is no bigger than we support with * unwritten extent */ if (map->m_len > EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN) map->m_len = EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN / 2; depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)ee_block, ee_len); if (ee_block != map->m_lblk || ee_len > map->m_len) { err = ext4_split_convert_extents(handle, inode, map, ppath, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN); if (err < 0) return err; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, ppath, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected hole at %lu", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) return err; /* first mark the extent as unwritten */ ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* note: ext4_ext_correct_indexes() isn't needed here because * borders are not changed */ ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); /* Mark modified extent as dirty */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); if (err) return err; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; if (*allocated > map->m_len) *allocated = map->m_len; map->m_len = *allocated; return 0; } static int ext4_ext_handle_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, int flags, unsigned int allocated, ext4_fsblk_t newblock) { struct ext4_ext_path __maybe_unused *path = *ppath; int ret = 0; int err = 0; ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u, flags 0x%x, allocated %u\n", (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map->m_len, flags, allocated); ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); /* * When writing into unwritten space, we should not fail to * allocate metadata blocks for the new extent block if needed. */ flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL; trace_ext4_ext_handle_unwritten_extents(inode, map, flags, allocated, newblock); /* get_block() before submitting IO, split the extent */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO) { ret = ext4_split_convert_extents(handle, inode, map, ppath, flags | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto out2; } /* * shouldn't get a 0 return when splitting an extent unless * m_len is 0 (bug) or extent has been corrupted */ if (unlikely(ret == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected ret == 0, m_len = %u", map->m_len); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out2; } map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; goto out; } /* IO end_io complete, convert the filled extent to written */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT) { err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents_endio(handle, inode, map, ppath); if (err < 0) goto out2; ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); goto map_out; } /* buffered IO cases */ /* * repeat fallocate creation request * we already have an unwritten extent */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT) { map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; goto map_out; } /* buffered READ or buffered write_begin() lookup */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 0) { /* * We have blocks reserved already. We * return allocated blocks so that delalloc * won't do block reservation for us. But * the buffer head will be unmapped so that * a read from the block returns 0s. */ map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; goto out1; } /* * Default case when (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 1. * For buffered writes, at writepage time, etc. Convert a * discovered unwritten extent to written. */ ret = ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized(handle, inode, map, ppath, flags); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto out2; } ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); /* * shouldn't get a 0 return when converting an unwritten extent * unless m_len is 0 (bug) or extent has been corrupted */ if (unlikely(ret == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected ret == 0, m_len = %u", map->m_len); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out2; } out: allocated = ret; map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_NEW; map_out: map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_MAPPED; out1: map->m_pblk = newblock; if (allocated > map->m_len) allocated = map->m_len; map->m_len = allocated; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); out2: return err ? err : allocated; } /* * get_implied_cluster_alloc - check to see if the requested * allocation (in the map structure) overlaps with a cluster already * allocated in an extent. * @sb The filesystem superblock structure * @map The requested lblk->pblk mapping * @ex The extent structure which might contain an implied * cluster allocation * * This function is called by ext4_ext_map_blocks() after we failed to * find blocks that were already in the inode's extent tree. Hence, * we know that the beginning of the requested region cannot overlap * the extent from the inode's extent tree. There are three cases we * want to catch. The first is this case: * * |--- cluster # N--| * |--- extent ---| |---- requested region ---| * |==========| * * The second case that we need to test for is this one: * * |--------- cluster # N ----------------| * |--- requested region --| |------- extent ----| * |=======================| * * The third case is when the requested region lies between two extents * within the same cluster: * |------------- cluster # N-------------| * |----- ex -----| |---- ex_right ----| * |------ requested region ------| * |================| * * In each of the above cases, we need to set the map->m_pblk and * map->m_len so it corresponds to the return the extent labelled as * "|====|" from cluster #N, since it is already in use for data in * cluster EXT4_B2C(sbi, map->m_lblk). We will then return 1 to * signal to ext4_ext_map_blocks() that map->m_pblk should be treated * as a new "allocated" block region. Otherwise, we will return 0 and * ext4_ext_map_blocks() will then allocate one or more new clusters * by calling ext4_mb_new_blocks(). */ static int get_implied_cluster_alloc(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_extent *ex, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_lblk_t c_offset = EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, map->m_lblk); ext4_lblk_t ex_cluster_start, ex_cluster_end; ext4_lblk_t rr_cluster_start; ext4_lblk_t ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ext4_fsblk_t ee_start = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); unsigned short ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); /* The extent passed in that we are trying to match */ ex_cluster_start = EXT4_B2C(sbi, ee_block); ex_cluster_end = EXT4_B2C(sbi, ee_block + ee_len - 1); /* The requested region passed into ext4_map_blocks() */ rr_cluster_start = EXT4_B2C(sbi, map->m_lblk); if ((rr_cluster_start == ex_cluster_end) || (rr_cluster_start == ex_cluster_start)) { if (rr_cluster_start == ex_cluster_end) ee_start += ee_len - 1; map->m_pblk = EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(sbi, ee_start) + c_offset; map->m_len = min(map->m_len, (unsigned) sbi->s_cluster_ratio - c_offset); /* * Check for and handle this case: * * |--------- cluster # N-------------| * |------- extent ----| * |--- requested region ---| * |===========| */ if (map->m_lblk < ee_block) map->m_len = min(map->m_len, ee_block - map->m_lblk); /* * Check for the case where there is already another allocated * block to the right of 'ex' but before the end of the cluster. * * |------------- cluster # N-------------| * |----- ex -----| |---- ex_right ----| * |------ requested region ------| * |================| */ if (map->m_lblk > ee_block) { ext4_lblk_t next = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); map->m_len = min(map->m_len, next - map->m_lblk); } trace_ext4_get_implied_cluster_alloc_exit(sb, map, 1); return 1; } trace_ext4_get_implied_cluster_alloc_exit(sb, map, 0); return 0; } /* * Block allocation/map/preallocation routine for extents based files * * * Need to be called with * down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem) if not allocating file system block * (ie, create is zero). Otherwise down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem) * * return > 0, number of blocks already mapped/allocated * if create == 0 and these are pre-allocated blocks * buffer head is unmapped * otherwise blocks are mapped * * return = 0, if plain look up failed (blocks have not been allocated) * buffer head is unmapped * * return < 0, error case. */ int ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct ext4_extent newex, *ex, ex2; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); ext4_fsblk_t newblock = 0, pblk; int err = 0, depth, ret; unsigned int allocated = 0, offset = 0; unsigned int allocated_clusters = 0; struct ext4_allocation_request ar; ext4_lblk_t cluster_offset; ext_debug(inode, "blocks %u/%u requested\n", map->m_lblk, map->m_len); trace_ext4_ext_map_blocks_enter(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, flags); /* find extent for this block */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) { err = PTR_ERR(path); path = NULL; goto out; } depth = ext_depth(inode); /* * consistent leaf must not be empty; * this situation is possible, though, _during_ tree modification; * this is why assert can't be put in ext4_find_extent() */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_ext == NULL && depth != 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "bad extent address " "lblock: %lu, depth: %d pblock %lld", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk, depth, path[depth].p_block); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (ex) { ext4_lblk_t ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ext4_fsblk_t ee_start = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); unsigned short ee_len; /* * unwritten extents are treated as holes, except that * we split out initialized portions during a write. */ ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); trace_ext4_ext_show_extent(inode, ee_block, ee_start, ee_len); /* if found extent covers block, simply return it */ if (in_range(map->m_lblk, ee_block, ee_len)) { newblock = map->m_lblk - ee_block + ee_start; /* number of remaining blocks in the extent */ allocated = ee_len - (map->m_lblk - ee_block); ext_debug(inode, "%u fit into %u:%d -> %llu\n", map->m_lblk, ee_block, ee_len, newblock); /* * If the extent is initialized check whether the * caller wants to convert it to unwritten. */ if ((!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) && (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN)) { err = convert_initialized_extent(handle, inode, map, &path, &allocated); goto out; } else if (!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) { map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_MAPPED; map->m_pblk = newblock; if (allocated > map->m_len) allocated = map->m_len; map->m_len = allocated; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); goto out; } ret = ext4_ext_handle_unwritten_extents( handle, inode, map, &path, flags, allocated, newblock); if (ret < 0) err = ret; else allocated = ret; goto out; } } /* * requested block isn't allocated yet; * we couldn't try to create block if create flag is zero */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 0) { ext4_lblk_t hole_start, hole_len; hole_start = map->m_lblk; hole_len = ext4_ext_determine_hole(inode, path, &hole_start); /* * put just found gap into cache to speed up * subsequent requests */ ext4_ext_put_gap_in_cache(inode, hole_start, hole_len); /* Update hole_len to reflect hole size after map->m_lblk */ if (hole_start != map->m_lblk) hole_len -= map->m_lblk - hole_start; map->m_pblk = 0; map->m_len = min_t(unsigned int, map->m_len, hole_len); goto out; } /* * Okay, we need to do block allocation. */ newex.ee_block = cpu_to_le32(map->m_lblk); cluster_offset = EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, map->m_lblk); /* * If we are doing bigalloc, check to see if the extent returned * by ext4_find_extent() implies a cluster we can use. */ if (cluster_offset && ex && get_implied_cluster_alloc(inode->i_sb, map, ex, path)) { ar.len = allocated = map->m_len; newblock = map->m_pblk; goto got_allocated_blocks; } /* find neighbour allocated blocks */ ar.lleft = map->m_lblk; err = ext4_ext_search_left(inode, path, &ar.lleft, &ar.pleft); if (err) goto out; ar.lright = map->m_lblk; err = ext4_ext_search_right(inode, path, &ar.lright, &ar.pright, &ex2); if (err < 0) goto out; /* Check if the extent after searching to the right implies a * cluster we can use. */ if ((sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1) && err && get_implied_cluster_alloc(inode->i_sb, map, &ex2, path)) { ar.len = allocated = map->m_len; newblock = map->m_pblk; goto got_allocated_blocks; } /* * See if request is beyond maximum number of blocks we can have in * a single extent. For an initialized extent this limit is * EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN and for an unwritten extent this limit is * EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN. */ if (map->m_len > EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN && !(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT)) map->m_len = EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN; else if (map->m_len > EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN && (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT)) map->m_len = EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN; /* Check if we can really insert (m_lblk)::(m_lblk + m_len) extent */ newex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(map->m_len); err = ext4_ext_check_overlap(sbi, inode, &newex, path); if (err) allocated = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(&newex); else allocated = map->m_len; /* allocate new block */ ar.inode = inode; ar.goal = ext4_ext_find_goal(inode, path, map->m_lblk); ar.logical = map->m_lblk; /* * We calculate the offset from the beginning of the cluster * for the logical block number, since when we allocate a * physical cluster, the physical block should start at the * same offset from the beginning of the cluster. This is * needed so that future calls to get_implied_cluster_alloc() * work correctly. */ offset = EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, map->m_lblk); ar.len = EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, offset+allocated); ar.goal -= offset; ar.logical -= offset; if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) ar.flags = EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA; else /* disable in-core preallocation for non-regular files */ ar.flags = 0; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE) ar.flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) ar.flags |= EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL) ar.flags |= EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED; newblock = ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle, &ar, &err); if (!newblock) goto out; allocated_clusters = ar.len; ar.len = EXT4_C2B(sbi, ar.len) - offset; ext_debug(inode, "allocate new block: goal %llu, found %llu/%u, requested %u\n", ar.goal, newblock, ar.len, allocated); if (ar.len > allocated) ar.len = allocated; got_allocated_blocks: /* try to insert new extent into found leaf and return */ pblk = newblock + offset; ext4_ext_store_pblock(&newex, pblk); newex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ar.len); /* Mark unwritten */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT) { ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(&newex); map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; } err = ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle, inode, &path, &newex, flags); if (err) { if (allocated_clusters) { int fb_flags = 0; /* * free data blocks we just allocated. * not a good idea to call discard here directly, * but otherwise we'd need to call it every free(). */ ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) fb_flags = EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, newblock, EXT4_C2B(sbi, allocated_clusters), fb_flags); } goto out; } /* * Reduce the reserved cluster count to reflect successful deferred * allocation of delayed allocated clusters or direct allocation of * clusters discovered to be delayed allocated. Once allocated, a * cluster is not included in the reserved count. */ if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC) && allocated_clusters) { if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) { /* * When allocating delayed allocated clusters, simply * reduce the reserved cluster count and claim quota */ ext4_da_update_reserve_space(inode, allocated_clusters, 1); } else { ext4_lblk_t lblk, len; unsigned int n; /* * When allocating non-delayed allocated clusters * (from fallocate, filemap, DIO, or clusters * allocated when delalloc has been disabled by * ext4_nonda_switch), reduce the reserved cluster * count by the number of allocated clusters that * have previously been delayed allocated. Quota * has been claimed by ext4_mb_new_blocks() above, * so release the quota reservations made for any * previously delayed allocated clusters. */ lblk = EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, map->m_lblk); len = allocated_clusters << sbi->s_cluster_bits; n = ext4_es_delayed_clu(inode, lblk, len); if (n > 0) ext4_da_update_reserve_space(inode, (int) n, 0); } } /* * Cache the extent and update transaction to commit on fdatasync only * when it is _not_ an unwritten extent. */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT) == 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); else ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 0); map->m_flags |= (EXT4_MAP_NEW | EXT4_MAP_MAPPED); map->m_pblk = pblk; map->m_len = ar.len; allocated = map->m_len; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); trace_ext4_ext_map_blocks_exit(inode, flags, map, err ? err : allocated); return err ? err : allocated; } int ext4_ext_truncate(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; ext4_lblk_t last_block; int err = 0; /* * TODO: optimization is possible here. * Probably we need not scan at all, * because page truncation is enough. */ /* we have to know where to truncate from in crash case */ EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size; err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (err) return err; last_block = (inode->i_size + sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); retry: err = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, last_block, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - last_block); if (err == -ENOMEM) { cond_resched(); congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/50); goto retry; } if (err) return err; retry_remove_space: err = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, last_block, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1); if (err == -ENOMEM) { cond_resched(); congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/50); goto retry_remove_space; } return err; } static int ext4_alloc_file_blocks(struct file *file, ext4_lblk_t offset, ext4_lblk_t len, loff_t new_size, int flags) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); handle_t *handle; int ret = 0; int ret2 = 0, ret3 = 0; int retries = 0; int depth = 0; struct ext4_map_blocks map; unsigned int credits; loff_t epos; BUG_ON(!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)); map.m_lblk = offset; map.m_len = len; /* * Don't normalize the request if it can fit in one extent so * that it doesn't get unnecessarily split into multiple * extents. */ if (len <= EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN) flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE; /* * credits to insert 1 extent into extent tree */ credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, len); depth = ext_depth(inode); retry: while (ret >= 0 && len) { /* * Recalculate credits when extent tree depth changes. */ if (depth != ext_depth(inode)) { credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, len); depth = ext_depth(inode); } handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); break; } ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map, flags); if (ret <= 0) { ext4_debug("inode #%lu: block %u: len %u: " "ext4_ext_map_blocks returned %d", inode->i_ino, map.m_lblk, map.m_len, ret); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); break; } map.m_lblk += ret; map.m_len = len = len - ret; epos = (loff_t)map.m_lblk << inode->i_blkbits; inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); if (new_size) { if (epos > new_size) epos = new_size; if (ext4_update_inode_size(inode, epos) & 0x1) inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime; } ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); ret3 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); ret2 = ret3 ? ret3 : ret2; if (unlikely(ret2)) break; } if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) { ret = 0; goto retry; } return ret > 0 ? ret2 : ret; } static int ext4_collapse_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); static int ext4_insert_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); static long ext4_zero_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int mode) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); handle_t *handle = NULL; unsigned int max_blocks; loff_t new_size = 0; int ret = 0; int flags; int credits; int partial_begin, partial_end; loff_t start, end; ext4_lblk_t lblk; unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; trace_ext4_zero_range(inode, offset, len, mode); /* Call ext4_force_commit to flush all data in case of data=journal. */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_force_commit(inode->i_sb); if (ret) return ret; } /* * Round up offset. This is not fallocate, we need to zero out * blocks, so convert interior block aligned part of the range to * unwritten and possibly manually zero out unaligned parts of the * range. */ start = round_up(offset, 1 << blkbits); end = round_down((offset + len), 1 << blkbits); if (start < offset || end > offset + len) return -EINVAL; partial_begin = offset & ((1 << blkbits) - 1); partial_end = (offset + len) & ((1 << blkbits) - 1); lblk = start >> blkbits; max_blocks = (end >> blkbits); if (max_blocks < lblk) max_blocks = 0; else max_blocks -= lblk; inode_lock(inode); /* * Indirect files do not support unwritten extents */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out_mutex; } if (!(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && (offset + len > inode->i_size || offset + len > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)) { new_size = offset + len; ret = inode_newsize_ok(inode, new_size); if (ret) goto out_mutex; } flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT; /* Wait all existing dio workers, newcomers will block on i_mutex */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* Preallocate the range including the unaligned edges */ if (partial_begin || partial_end) { ret = ext4_alloc_file_blocks(file, round_down(offset, 1 << blkbits) >> blkbits, (round_up((offset + len), 1 << blkbits) - round_down(offset, 1 << blkbits)) >> blkbits, new_size, flags); if (ret) goto out_mutex; } /* Zero range excluding the unaligned edges */ if (max_blocks > 0) { flags |= (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN | EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have * released from page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); goto out_mutex; } ret = ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(inode, offset, len); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); goto out_mutex; } /* Now release the pages and zero block aligned part of pages */ truncate_pagecache_range(inode, start, end - 1); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret = ext4_alloc_file_blocks(file, lblk, max_blocks, new_size, flags); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); if (ret) goto out_mutex; } if (!partial_begin && !partial_end) goto out_mutex; /* * In worst case we have to writeout two nonadjacent unwritten * blocks and update the inode */ credits = (2 * ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(inode, 2)) + 1; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) credits += 2; handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MISC, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, ret); goto out_mutex; } inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); if (new_size) ext4_update_inode_size(inode, new_size); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(ret)) goto out_handle; ext4_fc_track_range(handle, inode, offset >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits, (offset + len - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits); /* Zero out partial block at the edges of the range */ ret = ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle, inode, offset, len); if (ret >= 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); if (file->f_flags & O_SYNC) ext4_handle_sync(handle); out_handle: ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } /* * preallocate space for a file. This implements ext4's fallocate file * operation, which gets called from sys_fallocate system call. * For block-mapped files, posix_fallocate should fall back to the method * of writing zeroes to the required new blocks (the same behavior which is * expected for file systems which do not support fallocate() system call). */ long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); loff_t new_size = 0; unsigned int max_blocks; int ret = 0; int flags; ext4_lblk_t lblk; unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; /* * Encrypted inodes can't handle collapse range or insert * range since we would need to re-encrypt blocks with a * different IV or XTS tweak (which are based on the logical * block number). */ if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && (mode & (FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE))) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Return error if mode is not supported */ if (mode & ~(FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE | FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; ext4_fc_start_update(inode); if (mode & FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE) { ret = ext4_punch_hole(inode, offset, len); goto exit; } ret = ext4_convert_inline_data(inode); if (ret) goto exit; if (mode & FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE) { ret = ext4_collapse_range(inode, offset, len); goto exit; } if (mode & FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE) { ret = ext4_insert_range(inode, offset, len); goto exit; } if (mode & FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE) { ret = ext4_zero_range(file, offset, len, mode); goto exit; } trace_ext4_fallocate_enter(inode, offset, len, mode); lblk = offset >> blkbits; max_blocks = EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(len, offset, blkbits); flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT; inode_lock(inode); /* * We only support preallocation for extent-based files only */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out; } if (!(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && (offset + len > inode->i_size || offset + len > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)) { new_size = offset + len; ret = inode_newsize_ok(inode, new_size); if (ret) goto out; } /* Wait all existing dio workers, newcomers will block on i_mutex */ inode_dio_wait(inode); ret = ext4_alloc_file_blocks(file, lblk, max_blocks, new_size, flags); if (ret) goto out; if (file->f_flags & O_SYNC && EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal) { ret = ext4_fc_commit(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal, EXT4_I(inode)->i_sync_tid); } out: inode_unlock(inode); trace_ext4_fallocate_exit(inode, offset, max_blocks, ret); exit: ext4_fc_stop_update(inode); return ret; } /* * This function convert a range of blocks to written extents * The caller of this function will pass the start offset and the size. * all unwritten extents within this range will be converted to * written extents. * * This function is called from the direct IO end io call back * function, to convert the fallocated extents after IO is completed. * Returns 0 on success. */ int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, ssize_t len) { unsigned int max_blocks; int ret = 0, ret2 = 0, ret3 = 0; struct ext4_map_blocks map; unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; unsigned int credits = 0; map.m_lblk = offset >> blkbits; max_blocks = EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(len, offset, blkbits); if (!handle) { /* * credits to insert 1 extent into extent tree */ credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, max_blocks); } while (ret >= 0 && ret < max_blocks) { map.m_lblk += ret; map.m_len = (max_blocks -= ret); if (credits) { handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); break; } } ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT); if (ret <= 0) ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "inode #%lu: block %u: len %u: " "ext4_ext_map_blocks returned %d", inode->i_ino, map.m_lblk, map.m_len, ret); ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (credits) { ret3 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (unlikely(ret3)) ret2 = ret3; } if (ret <= 0 || ret2) break; } return ret > 0 ? ret2 : ret; } int ext4_convert_unwritten_io_end_vec(handle_t *handle, ext4_io_end_t *io_end) { int ret = 0, err = 0; struct ext4_io_end_vec *io_end_vec; /* * This is somewhat ugly but the idea is clear: When transaction is * reserved, everything goes into it. Otherwise we rather start several * smaller transactions for conversion of each extent separately. */ if (handle) { handle = ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle, EXT4_HT_EXT_CONVERT); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); } list_for_each_entry(io_end_vec, &io_end->list_vec, list) { ret = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle, io_end->inode, io_end_vec->offset, io_end_vec->size); if (ret) break; } if (handle) err = ext4_journal_stop(handle); return ret < 0 ? ret : err; } static int ext4_iomap_xattr_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct iomap *iomap) { __u64 physical = 0; __u64 length = 0; int blockbits = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; int error = 0; u16 iomap_type; /* in-inode? */ if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR)) { struct ext4_iloc iloc; int offset; /* offset of xattr in inode */ error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc); if (error) return error; physical = (__u64)iloc.bh->b_blocknr << blockbits; offset = EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize; physical += offset; length = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size - offset; brelse(iloc.bh); iomap_type = IOMAP_INLINE; } else if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl) { /* external block */ physical = (__u64)EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl << blockbits; length = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; iomap_type = IOMAP_MAPPED; } else { /* no in-inode or external block for xattr, so return -ENOENT */ error = -ENOENT; goto out; } iomap->addr = physical; iomap->offset = 0; iomap->length = length; iomap->type = iomap_type; iomap->flags = 0; out: return error; } static int ext4_iomap_xattr_begin(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap) { int error; error = ext4_iomap_xattr_fiemap(inode, iomap); if (error == 0 && (offset >= iomap->length)) error = -ENOENT; return error; } static const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_xattr_ops = { .iomap_begin = ext4_iomap_xattr_begin, }; static int ext4_fiemap_check_ranges(struct inode *inode, u64 start, u64 *len) { u64 maxbytes; if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) maxbytes = inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes; else maxbytes = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_bitmap_maxbytes; if (*len == 0) return -EINVAL; if (start > maxbytes) return -EFBIG; /* * Shrink request scope to what the fs can actually handle. */ if (*len > maxbytes || (maxbytes - *len) < start) *len = maxbytes - start; return 0; } int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u64 start, u64 len) { int error = 0; if (fieinfo->fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE) { error = ext4_ext_precache(inode); if (error) return error; fieinfo->fi_flags &= ~FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE; } /* * For bitmap files the maximum size limit could be smaller than * s_maxbytes, so check len here manually instead of just relying on the * generic check. */ error = ext4_fiemap_check_ranges(inode, start, &len); if (error) return error; if (fieinfo->fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_XATTR) { fieinfo->fi_flags &= ~FIEMAP_FLAG_XATTR; return iomap_fiemap(inode, fieinfo, start, len, &ext4_iomap_xattr_ops); } return iomap_fiemap(inode, fieinfo, start, len, &ext4_iomap_report_ops); } int ext4_get_es_cache(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len) { ext4_lblk_t start_blk, len_blks; __u64 last_blk; int error = 0; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { int has_inline; down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); has_inline = ext4_has_inline_data(inode); up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); if (has_inline) return 0; } if (fieinfo->fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE) { error = ext4_ext_precache(inode); if (error) return error; fieinfo->fi_flags &= ~FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE; } error = fiemap_prep(inode, fieinfo, start, &len, 0); if (error) return error; error = ext4_fiemap_check_ranges(inode, start, &len); if (error) return error; start_blk = start >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; last_blk = (start + len - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (last_blk >= EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) last_blk = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS-1; len_blks = ((ext4_lblk_t) last_blk) - start_blk + 1; /* * Walk the extent tree gathering extent information * and pushing extents back to the user. */ return ext4_fill_es_cache_info(inode, start_blk, len_blks, fieinfo); } /* * ext4_ext_shift_path_extents: * Shift the extents of a path structure lying between path[depth].p_ext * and EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr), by @shift blocks. @SHIFT tells * if it is right shift or left shift operation. */ static int ext4_ext_shift_path_extents(struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t shift, struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle, enum SHIFT_DIRECTION SHIFT) { int depth, err = 0; struct ext4_extent *ex_start, *ex_last; bool update = false; int credits, restart_credits; depth = path->p_depth; while (depth >= 0) { if (depth == path->p_depth) { ex_start = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex_start) return -EFSCORRUPTED; ex_last = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr); /* leaf + sb + inode */ credits = 3; if (ex_start == EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { update = true; /* extent tree + sb + inode */ credits = depth + 2; } restart_credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); err = ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle, inode, credits, restart_credits, 0); if (err) { if (err > 0) err = -EAGAIN; goto out; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; while (ex_start <= ex_last) { if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) { le32_add_cpu(&ex_start->ee_block, -shift); /* Try to merge to the left. */ if ((ex_start > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) && ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex_start - 1)) ex_last--; else ex_start++; } else { le32_add_cpu(&ex_last->ee_block, shift); ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex_last); ex_last--; } } err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; if (--depth < 0 || !update) break; } /* Update index too */ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) le32_add_cpu(&path[depth].p_idx->ei_block, -shift); else le32_add_cpu(&path[depth].p_idx->ei_block, shift); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; /* we are done if current index is not a starting index */ if (path[depth].p_idx != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) break; depth--; } out: return err; } /* * ext4_ext_shift_extents: * All the extents which lies in the range from @start to the last allocated * block for the @inode are shifted either towards left or right (depending * upon @SHIFT) by @shift blocks. * On success, 0 is returned, error otherwise. */ static int ext4_ext_shift_extents(struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t shift, enum SHIFT_DIRECTION SHIFT) { struct ext4_ext_path *path; int ret = 0, depth; struct ext4_extent *extent; ext4_lblk_t stop, *iterator, ex_start, ex_end; ext4_lblk_t tmp = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; /* Let path point to the last extent */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = path->p_depth; extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (!extent) goto out; stop = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); /* * For left shifts, make sure the hole on the left is big enough to * accommodate the shift. For right shifts, make sure the last extent * won't be shifted beyond EXT_MAX_BLOCKS. */ if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start - 1, &path, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = path->p_depth; extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (extent) { ex_start = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); ex_end = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent); } else { ex_start = 0; ex_end = 0; } if ((start == ex_start && shift > ex_start) || (shift > start - ex_end)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } } else { if (shift > EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - (stop + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent))) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } } /* * In case of left shift, iterator points to start and it is increased * till we reach stop. In case of right shift, iterator points to stop * and it is decreased till we reach start. */ again: if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) iterator = &start; else iterator = &stop; if (tmp != EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) *iterator = tmp; /* * Its safe to start updating extents. Start and stop are unsigned, so * in case of right shift if extent with 0 block is reached, iterator * becomes NULL to indicate the end of the loop. */ while (iterator && start <= stop) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, *iterator, &path, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = path->p_depth; extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (!extent) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected hole at %lu", (unsigned long) *iterator); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT && *iterator > le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block)) { /* Hole, move to the next extent */ if (extent < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { path[depth].p_ext++; } else { *iterator = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); continue; } } tmp = *iterator; if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) { extent = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr); *iterator = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent); } else { extent = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr); if (le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) > 0) *iterator = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) - 1; else /* Beginning is reached, end of the loop */ iterator = NULL; /* Update path extent in case we need to stop */ while (le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) < start) extent++; path[depth].p_ext = extent; } ret = ext4_ext_shift_path_extents(path, shift, inode, handle, SHIFT); /* iterator can be NULL which means we should break */ if (ret == -EAGAIN) goto again; if (ret) break; } out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return ret; } /* * ext4_collapse_range: * This implements the fallocate's collapse range functionality for ext4 * Returns: 0 and non-zero on error. */ static int ext4_collapse_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; ext4_lblk_t punch_start, punch_stop; handle_t *handle; unsigned int credits; loff_t new_size, ioffset; int ret; /* * We need to test this early because xfstests assumes that a * collapse range of (0, 1) will return EOPNOTSUPP if the file * system does not support collapse range. */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Collapse range works only on fs cluster size aligned regions. */ if (!IS_ALIGNED(offset | len, EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(sb))) return -EINVAL; trace_ext4_collapse_range(inode, offset, len); punch_start = offset >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); punch_stop = (offset + len) >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); /* Call ext4_force_commit to flush all data in case of data=journal. */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_force_commit(inode->i_sb); if (ret) return ret; } inode_lock(inode); /* * There is no need to overlap collapse range with EOF, in which case * it is effectively a truncate operation */ if (offset + len >= inode->i_size) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out_mutex; } /* Currently just for extent based files */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out_mutex; } /* Wait for existing dio to complete */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have released from * page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) goto out_mmap; /* * Need to round down offset to be aligned with page size boundary * for page size > block size. */ ioffset = round_down(offset, PAGE_SIZE); /* * Write tail of the last page before removed range since it will get * removed from the page cache below. */ ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(inode->i_mapping, ioffset, offset); if (ret) goto out_mmap; /* * Write data that will be shifted to preserve them when discarding * page cache below. We are also protected from pages becoming dirty * by i_mmap_sem. */ ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(inode->i_mapping, offset + len, LLONG_MAX); if (ret) goto out_mmap; truncate_pagecache(inode, ioffset); credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_mmap; } ext4_fc_start_ineligible(sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_FALLOC_RANGE); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, punch_start, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - punch_start); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } ret = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, punch_start, punch_stop - 1); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); ret = ext4_ext_shift_extents(inode, handle, punch_stop, punch_stop - punch_start, SHIFT_LEFT); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } new_size = inode->i_size - len; i_size_write(inode, new_size); EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = new_size; up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); out_stop: ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(sb); out_mmap: up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } /* * ext4_insert_range: * This function implements the FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE flag of fallocate. * The data blocks starting from @offset to the EOF are shifted by @len * towards right to create a hole in the @inode. Inode size is increased * by len bytes. * Returns 0 on success, error otherwise. */ static int ext4_insert_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; handle_t *handle; struct ext4_ext_path *path; struct ext4_extent *extent; ext4_lblk_t offset_lblk, len_lblk, ee_start_lblk = 0; unsigned int credits, ee_len; int ret = 0, depth, split_flag = 0; loff_t ioffset; /* * We need to test this early because xfstests assumes that an * insert range of (0, 1) will return EOPNOTSUPP if the file * system does not support insert range. */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Insert range works only on fs cluster size aligned regions. */ if (!IS_ALIGNED(offset | len, EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(sb))) return -EINVAL; trace_ext4_insert_range(inode, offset, len); offset_lblk = offset >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); len_lblk = len >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); /* Call ext4_force_commit to flush all data in case of data=journal */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_force_commit(inode->i_sb); if (ret) return ret; } inode_lock(inode); /* Currently just for extent based files */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out_mutex; } /* Check whether the maximum file size would be exceeded */ if (len > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes - inode->i_size) { ret = -EFBIG; goto out_mutex; } /* Offset must be less than i_size */ if (offset >= inode->i_size) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out_mutex; } /* Wait for existing dio to complete */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have released from * page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) goto out_mmap; /* * Need to round down to align start offset to page size boundary * for page size > block size. */ ioffset = round_down(offset, PAGE_SIZE); /* Write out all dirty pages */ ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(inode->i_mapping, ioffset, LLONG_MAX); if (ret) goto out_mmap; truncate_pagecache(inode, ioffset); credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_mmap; } ext4_fc_start_ineligible(sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_FALLOC_RANGE); /* Expand file to avoid data loss if there is error while shifting */ inode->i_size += len; EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize += len; inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (ret) goto out_stop; down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); path = ext4_find_extent(inode, offset_lblk, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } depth = ext_depth(inode); extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (extent) { ee_start_lblk = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent); /* * If offset_lblk is not the starting block of extent, split * the extent @offset_lblk */ if ((offset_lblk > ee_start_lblk) && (offset_lblk < (ee_start_lblk + ee_len))) { if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(extent)) split_flag = EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2; ret = ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, &path, offset_lblk, split_flag, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL); } ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); if (ret < 0) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } } else { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); } ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, offset_lblk, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - offset_lblk); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } /* * if offset_lblk lies in a hole which is at start of file, use * ee_start_lblk to shift extents */ ret = ext4_ext_shift_extents(inode, handle, ee_start_lblk > offset_lblk ? ee_start_lblk : offset_lblk, len_lblk, SHIFT_RIGHT); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (ret >= 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); out_stop: ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(sb); out_mmap: up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } /** * ext4_swap_extents() - Swap extents between two inodes * @handle: handle for this transaction * @inode1: First inode * @inode2: Second inode * @lblk1: Start block for first inode * @lblk2: Start block for second inode * @count: Number of blocks to swap * @unwritten: Mark second inode's extents as unwritten after swap * @erp: Pointer to save error value * * This helper routine does exactly what is promise "swap extents". All other * stuff such as page-cache locking consistency, bh mapping consistency or * extent's data copying must be performed by caller. * Locking: * i_mutex is held for both inodes * i_data_sem is locked for write for both inodes * Assumptions: * All pages from requested range are locked for both inodes */ int ext4_swap_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode1, struct inode *inode2, ext4_lblk_t lblk1, ext4_lblk_t lblk2, ext4_lblk_t count, int unwritten, int *erp) { struct ext4_ext_path *path1 = NULL; struct ext4_ext_path *path2 = NULL; int replaced_count = 0; BUG_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&EXT4_I(inode1)->i_data_sem)); BUG_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&EXT4_I(inode2)->i_data_sem)); BUG_ON(!inode_is_locked(inode1)); BUG_ON(!inode_is_locked(inode2)); *erp = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode1, lblk1, count); if (unlikely(*erp)) return 0; *erp = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode2, lblk2, count); if (unlikely(*erp)) return 0; while (count) { struct ext4_extent *ex1, *ex2, tmp_ex; ext4_lblk_t e1_blk, e2_blk; int e1_len, e2_len, len; int split = 0; path1 = ext4_find_extent(inode1, lblk1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path1)) { *erp = PTR_ERR(path1); path1 = NULL; finish: count = 0; goto repeat; } path2 = ext4_find_extent(inode2, lblk2, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path2)) { *erp = PTR_ERR(path2); path2 = NULL; goto finish; } ex1 = path1[path1->p_depth].p_ext; ex2 = path2[path2->p_depth].p_ext; /* Do we have something to swap ? */ if (unlikely(!ex2 || !ex1)) goto finish; e1_blk = le32_to_cpu(ex1->ee_block); e2_blk = le32_to_cpu(ex2->ee_block); e1_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex1); e2_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex2); /* Hole handling */ if (!in_range(lblk1, e1_blk, e1_len) || !in_range(lblk2, e2_blk, e2_len)) { ext4_lblk_t next1, next2; /* if hole after extent, then go to next extent */ next1 = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path1); next2 = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path2); /* If hole before extent, then shift to that extent */ if (e1_blk > lblk1) next1 = e1_blk; if (e2_blk > lblk2) next2 = e2_blk; /* Do we have something to swap */ if (next1 == EXT_MAX_BLOCKS || next2 == EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) goto finish; /* Move to the rightest boundary */ len = next1 - lblk1; if (len < next2 - lblk2) len = next2 - lblk2; if (len > count) len = count; lblk1 += len; lblk2 += len; count -= len; goto repeat; } /* Prepare left boundary */ if (e1_blk < lblk1) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode1, &path1, lblk1, 0); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; } if (e2_blk < lblk2) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode2, &path2, lblk2, 0); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; } /* ext4_split_extent_at() may result in leaf extent split, * path must to be revalidated. */ if (split) goto repeat; /* Prepare right boundary */ len = count; if (len > e1_blk + e1_len - lblk1) len = e1_blk + e1_len - lblk1; if (len > e2_blk + e2_len - lblk2) len = e2_blk + e2_len - lblk2; if (len != e1_len) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode1, &path1, lblk1 + len, 0); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; } if (len != e2_len) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode2, &path2, lblk2 + len, 0); if (*erp) goto finish; } /* ext4_split_extent_at() may result in leaf extent split, * path must to be revalidated. */ if (split) goto repeat; BUG_ON(e2_len != e1_len); *erp = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode1, path1 + path1->p_depth); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; *erp = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode2, path2 + path2->p_depth); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; /* Both extents are fully inside boundaries. Swap it now */ tmp_ex = *ex1; ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex1, ext4_ext_pblock(ex2)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex2, ext4_ext_pblock(&tmp_ex)); ex1->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(e2_len); ex2->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(e1_len); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex2); if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(&tmp_ex)) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex1); ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode2, path2, ex2); ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode1, path1, ex1); *erp = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode2, path2 + path2->p_depth); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; *erp = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode1, path1 + path1->p_depth); /* * Looks scarry ah..? second inode already points to new blocks, * and it was successfully dirtied. But luckily error may happen * only due to journal error, so full transaction will be * aborted anyway. */ if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; lblk1 += len; lblk2 += len; replaced_count += len; count -= len; repeat: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path1); kfree(path1); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path2); kfree(path2); path1 = path2 = NULL; } return replaced_count; } /* * ext4_clu_mapped - determine whether any block in a logical cluster has * been mapped to a physical cluster * * @inode - file containing the logical cluster * @lclu - logical cluster of interest * * Returns 1 if any block in the logical cluster is mapped, signifying * that a physical cluster has been allocated for it. Otherwise, * returns 0. Can also return negative error codes. Derived from * ext4_ext_map_blocks(). */ int ext4_clu_mapped(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lclu) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_ext_path *path; int depth, mapped = 0, err = 0; struct ext4_extent *extent; ext4_lblk_t first_lblk, first_lclu, last_lclu; /* search for the extent closest to the first block in the cluster */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, lclu), NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) { err = PTR_ERR(path); path = NULL; goto out; } depth = ext_depth(inode); /* * A consistent leaf must not be empty. This situation is possible, * though, _during_ tree modification, and it's why an assert can't * be put in ext4_find_extent(). */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_ext == NULL && depth != 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "bad extent address - lblock: %lu, depth: %d, pblock: %lld", (unsigned long) EXT4_C2B(sbi, lclu), depth, path[depth].p_block); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } extent = path[depth].p_ext; /* can't be mapped if the extent tree is empty */ if (extent == NULL) goto out; first_lblk = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); first_lclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, first_lblk); /* * Three possible outcomes at this point - found extent spanning * the target cluster, to the left of the target cluster, or to the * right of the target cluster. The first two cases are handled here. * The last case indicates the target cluster is not mapped. */ if (lclu >= first_lclu) { last_lclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, first_lblk + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent) - 1); if (lclu <= last_lclu) { mapped = 1; } else { first_lblk = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); first_lclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, first_lblk); if (lclu == first_lclu) mapped = 1; } } out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return err ? err : mapped; } /* * Updates physical block address and unwritten status of extent * starting at lblk start and of len. If such an extent doesn't exist, * this function splits the extent tree appropriately to create an * extent like this. This function is called in the fast commit * replay path. Returns 0 on success and error on failure. */ int ext4_ext_replay_update_ex(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, int len, int unwritten, ext4_fsblk_t pblk) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL, *ppath; struct ext4_extent *ex; int ret; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } if (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) != start || ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) != len) { /* We need to split this extent to match our extent first */ ppath = path; down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ret = ext4_force_split_extent_at(NULL, inode, &ppath, start, 1); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ret) goto out; kfree(path); path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return -1; ppath = path; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; WARN_ON(le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) != start); if (ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) != len) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ret = ext4_force_split_extent_at(NULL, inode, &ppath, start + len, 1); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ret) goto out; kfree(path); path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return -EINVAL; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; } } if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); else ext4_ext_mark_initialized(ex); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, pblk); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ret = ext4_ext_dirty(NULL, inode, &path[path->p_depth]); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); return ret; } /* Try to shrink the extent tree */ void ext4_ext_replay_shrink_inode(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t end) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t old_cur, cur = 0; while (cur < end) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); return; } old_cur = cur; cur = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (cur <= old_cur) cur = old_cur + 1; ext4_ext_try_to_merge(NULL, inode, path, ex); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_ext_dirty(NULL, inode, &path[path->p_depth]); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); } } /* Check if *cur is a hole and if it is, skip it */ static int skip_hole(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t *cur) { int ret; struct ext4_map_blocks map; map.m_lblk = *cur; map.m_len = ((inode->i_size) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits) - *cur; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret != 0) return 0; *cur = *cur + map.m_len; return 0; } /* Count number of blocks used by this inode and update i_blocks */ int ext4_ext_replay_set_iblocks(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL, *path2 = NULL; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t cur = 0, end; int numblks = 0, i, ret = 0; ext4_fsblk_t cmp1, cmp2; struct ext4_map_blocks map; /* Determin the size of the file first */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); goto out; } end = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); /* Count the number of data blocks */ cur = 0; while (cur < end) { map.m_lblk = cur; map.m_len = end - cur; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) break; if (ret > 0) numblks += ret; cur = cur + map.m_len; } /* * Count the number of extent tree blocks. We do it by looking up * two successive extents and determining the difference between * their paths. When path is different for 2 successive extents * we compare the blocks in the path at each level and increment * iblocks by total number of differences found. */ cur = 0; ret = skip_hole(inode, &cur); if (ret < 0) goto out; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) goto out; numblks += path->p_depth; ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); while (cur < end) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) break; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return 0; } cur = max(cur + 1, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)); ret = skip_hole(inode, &cur); if (ret < 0) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); break; } path2 = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path2)) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); break; } ex = path2[path2->p_depth].p_ext; for (i = 0; i <= max(path->p_depth, path2->p_depth); i++) { cmp1 = cmp2 = 0; if (i <= path->p_depth) cmp1 = path[i].p_bh ? path[i].p_bh->b_blocknr : 0; if (i <= path2->p_depth) cmp2 = path2[i].p_bh ? path2[i].p_bh->b_blocknr : 0; if (cmp1 != cmp2 && cmp2 != 0) numblks++; } ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path2); kfree(path); kfree(path2); } out: inode->i_blocks = numblks << (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); return 0; } int ext4_ext_clear_bb(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t cur = 0, end; int j, ret = 0; struct ext4_map_blocks map; /* Determin the size of the file first */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return 0; } end = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); cur = 0; while (cur < end) { map.m_lblk = cur; map.m_len = end - cur; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) break; if (ret > 0) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map.m_lblk, NULL, 0); if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(path)) { for (j = 0; j < path->p_depth; j++) { ext4_mb_mark_bb(inode->i_sb, path[j].p_block, 1, 0); } ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); } ext4_mb_mark_bb(inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk, map.m_len, 0); } cur = cur + map.m_len; } return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __IEEE802154_CORE_H #define __IEEE802154_CORE_H #include <net/cfg802154.h> struct cfg802154_registered_device { const struct cfg802154_ops *ops; struct list_head list; /* wpan_phy index, internal only */ int wpan_phy_idx; /* also protected by devlist_mtx */ int opencount; wait_queue_head_t dev_wait; /* protected by RTNL only */ int num_running_ifaces; /* associated wpan interfaces, protected by rtnl or RCU */ struct list_head wpan_dev_list; int devlist_generation, wpan_dev_id; /* must be last because of the way we do wpan_phy_priv(), * and it should at least be aligned to NETDEV_ALIGN */ struct wpan_phy wpan_phy __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct cfg802154_registered_device * wpan_phy_to_rdev(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy) { BUG_ON(!wpan_phy); return container_of(wpan_phy, struct cfg802154_registered_device, wpan_phy); } extern struct list_head cfg802154_rdev_list; extern int cfg802154_rdev_list_generation; int cfg802154_switch_netns(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct net *net); /* free object */ void cfg802154_dev_free(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev); struct cfg802154_registered_device * cfg802154_rdev_by_wpan_phy_idx(int wpan_phy_idx); struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy_idx_to_wpan_phy(int wpan_phy_idx); #endif /* __IEEE802154_CORE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_HOST_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_HOST_H #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <scsi/scsi.h> struct block_device; struct completion; struct module; struct scsi_cmnd; struct scsi_device; struct scsi_host_cmd_pool; struct scsi_target; struct Scsi_Host; struct scsi_host_cmd_pool; struct scsi_transport_template; #define SG_ALL SG_CHUNK_SIZE #define MODE_UNKNOWN 0x00 #define MODE_INITIATOR 0x01 #define MODE_TARGET 0x02 struct scsi_host_template { struct module *module; const char *name; /* * The info function will return whatever useful information the * developer sees fit. If not provided, then the name field will * be used instead. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ const char *(* info)(struct Scsi_Host *); /* * Ioctl interface * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (*ioctl)(struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT /* * Compat handler. Handle 32bit ABI. * When unknown ioctl is passed return -ENOIOCTLCMD. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (*compat_ioctl)(struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); #endif int (*init_cmd_priv)(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); int (*exit_cmd_priv)(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); /* * The queuecommand function is used to queue up a scsi * command block to the LLDD. When the driver finished * processing the command the done callback is invoked. * * If queuecommand returns 0, then the driver has accepted the * command. It must also push it to the HBA if the scsi_cmnd * flag SCMD_LAST is set, or if the driver does not implement * commit_rqs. The done() function must be called on the command * when the driver has finished with it. (you may call done on the * command before queuecommand returns, but in this case you * *must* return 0 from queuecommand). * * Queuecommand may also reject the command, in which case it may * not touch the command and must not call done() for it. * * There are two possible rejection returns: * * SCSI_MLQUEUE_DEVICE_BUSY: Block this device temporarily, but * allow commands to other devices serviced by this host. * * SCSI_MLQUEUE_HOST_BUSY: Block all devices served by this * host temporarily. * * For compatibility, any other non-zero return is treated the * same as SCSI_MLQUEUE_HOST_BUSY. * * NOTE: "temporarily" means either until the next command for# * this device/host completes, or a period of time determined by * I/O pressure in the system if there are no other outstanding * commands. * * STATUS: REQUIRED */ int (* queuecommand)(struct Scsi_Host *, struct scsi_cmnd *); /* * The commit_rqs function is used to trigger a hardware * doorbell after some requests have been queued with * queuecommand, when an error is encountered before sending * the request with SCMD_LAST set. * * STATUS: OPTIONAL */ void (*commit_rqs)(struct Scsi_Host *, u16); /* * This is an error handling strategy routine. You don't need to * define one of these if you don't want to - there is a default * routine that is present that should work in most cases. For those * driver authors that have the inclination and ability to write their * own strategy routine, this is where it is specified. Note - the * strategy routine is *ALWAYS* run in the context of the kernel eh * thread. Thus you are guaranteed to *NOT* be in an interrupt * handler when you execute this, and you are also guaranteed to * *NOT* have any other commands being queued while you are in the * strategy routine. When you return from this function, operations * return to normal. * * See scsi_error.c scsi_unjam_host for additional comments about * what this function should and should not be attempting to do. * * Status: REQUIRED (at least one of them) */ int (* eh_abort_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_device_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_target_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_bus_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_host_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); /* * Before the mid layer attempts to scan for a new device where none * currently exists, it will call this entry in your driver. Should * your driver need to allocate any structs or perform any other init * items in order to send commands to a currently unused target/lun * combo, then this is where you can perform those allocations. This * is specifically so that drivers won't have to perform any kind of * "is this a new device" checks in their queuecommand routine, * thereby making the hot path a bit quicker. * * Return values: 0 on success, non-0 on failure * * Deallocation: If we didn't find any devices at this ID, you will * get an immediate call to slave_destroy(). If we find something * here then you will get a call to slave_configure(), then the * device will be used for however long it is kept around, then when * the device is removed from the system (or * possibly at reboot * time), you will then get a call to slave_destroy(). This is * assuming you implement slave_configure and slave_destroy. * However, if you allocate memory and hang it off the device struct, * then you must implement the slave_destroy() routine at a minimum * in order to avoid leaking memory * each time a device is tore down. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* slave_alloc)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Once the device has responded to an INQUIRY and we know the * device is online, we call into the low level driver with the * struct scsi_device *. If the low level device driver implements * this function, it *must* perform the task of setting the queue * depth on the device. All other tasks are optional and depend * on what the driver supports and various implementation details. * * Things currently recommended to be handled at this time include: * * 1. Setting the device queue depth. Proper setting of this is * described in the comments for scsi_change_queue_depth. * 2. Determining if the device supports the various synchronous * negotiation protocols. The device struct will already have * responded to INQUIRY and the results of the standard items * will have been shoved into the various device flag bits, eg. * device->sdtr will be true if the device supports SDTR messages. * 3. Allocating command structs that the device will need. * 4. Setting the default timeout on this device (if needed). * 5. Anything else the low level driver might want to do on a device * specific setup basis... * 6. Return 0 on success, non-0 on error. The device will be marked * as offline on error so that no access will occur. If you return * non-0, your slave_destroy routine will never get called for this * device, so don't leave any loose memory hanging around, clean * up after yourself before returning non-0 * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* slave_configure)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Immediately prior to deallocating the device and after all activity * has ceased the mid layer calls this point so that the low level * driver may completely detach itself from the scsi device and vice * versa. The low level driver is responsible for freeing any memory * it allocated in the slave_alloc or slave_configure calls. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (* slave_destroy)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Before the mid layer attempts to scan for a new device attached * to a target where no target currently exists, it will call this * entry in your driver. Should your driver need to allocate any * structs or perform any other init items in order to send commands * to a currently unused target, then this is where you can perform * those allocations. * * Return values: 0 on success, non-0 on failure * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* target_alloc)(struct scsi_target *); /* * Immediately prior to deallocating the target structure, and * after all activity to attached scsi devices has ceased, the * midlayer calls this point so that the driver may deallocate * and terminate any references to the target. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (* target_destroy)(struct scsi_target *); /* * If a host has the ability to discover targets on its own instead * of scanning the entire bus, it can fill in this function and * call scsi_scan_host(). This function will be called periodically * until it returns 1 with the scsi_host and the elapsed time of * the scan in jiffies. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* scan_finished)(struct Scsi_Host *, unsigned long); /* * If the host wants to be called before the scan starts, but * after the midlayer has set up ready for the scan, it can fill * in this function. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (* scan_start)(struct Scsi_Host *); /* * Fill in this function to allow the queue depth of this host * to be changeable (on a per device basis). Returns either * the current queue depth setting (may be different from what * was passed in) or an error. An error should only be * returned if the requested depth is legal but the driver was * unable to set it. If the requested depth is illegal, the * driver should set and return the closest legal queue depth. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* change_queue_depth)(struct scsi_device *, int); /* * This functions lets the driver expose the queue mapping * to the block layer. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* map_queues)(struct Scsi_Host *shost); /* * Check if scatterlists need to be padded for DMA draining. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ bool (* dma_need_drain)(struct request *rq); /* * This function determines the BIOS parameters for a given * harddisk. These tend to be numbers that are made up by * the host adapter. Parameters: * size, device, list (heads, sectors, cylinders) * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* bios_param)(struct scsi_device *, struct block_device *, sector_t, int []); /* * This function is called when one or more partitions on the * device reach beyond the end of the device. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (*unlock_native_capacity)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Can be used to export driver statistics and other infos to the * world outside the kernel ie. userspace and it also provides an * interface to feed the driver with information. * * Status: OBSOLETE */ int (*show_info)(struct seq_file *, struct Scsi_Host *); int (*write_info)(struct Scsi_Host *, char *, int); /* * This is an optional routine that allows the transport to become * involved when a scsi io timer fires. The return value tells the * timer routine how to finish the io timeout handling. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ enum blk_eh_timer_return (*eh_timed_out)(struct scsi_cmnd *); /* This is an optional routine that allows transport to initiate * LLD adapter or firmware reset using sysfs attribute. * * Return values: 0 on success, -ve value on failure. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (*host_reset)(struct Scsi_Host *shost, int reset_type); #define SCSI_ADAPTER_RESET 1 #define SCSI_FIRMWARE_RESET 2 /* * Name of proc directory */ const char *proc_name; /* * Used to store the procfs directory if a driver implements the * show_info method. */ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_dir; /* * This determines if we will use a non-interrupt driven * or an interrupt driven scheme. It is set to the maximum number * of simultaneous commands a single hw queue in HBA will accept. */ int can_queue; /* * In many instances, especially where disconnect / reconnect are * supported, our host also has an ID on the SCSI bus. If this is * the case, then it must be reserved. Please set this_id to -1 if * your setup is in single initiator mode, and the host lacks an * ID. */ int this_id; /* * This determines the degree to which the host adapter is capable * of scatter-gather. */ unsigned short sg_tablesize; unsigned short sg_prot_tablesize; /* * Set this if the host adapter has limitations beside segment count. */ unsigned int max_sectors; /* * Maximum size in bytes of a single segment. */ unsigned int max_segment_size; /* * DMA scatter gather segment boundary limit. A segment crossing this * boundary will be split in two. */ unsigned long dma_boundary; unsigned long virt_boundary_mask; /* * This specifies "machine infinity" for host templates which don't * limit the transfer size. Note this limit represents an absolute * maximum, and may be over the transfer limits allowed for * individual devices (e.g. 256 for SCSI-1). */ #define SCSI_DEFAULT_MAX_SECTORS 1024 /* * True if this host adapter can make good use of linked commands. * This will allow more than one command to be queued to a given * unit on a given host. Set this to the maximum number of command * blocks to be provided for each device. Set this to 1 for one * command block per lun, 2 for two, etc. Do not set this to 0. * You should make sure that the host adapter will do the right thing * before you try setting this above 1. */ short cmd_per_lun; /* * present contains counter indicating how many boards of this * type were found when we did the scan. */ unsigned char present; /* If use block layer to manage tags, this is tag allocation policy */ int tag_alloc_policy; /* * Track QUEUE_FULL events and reduce queue depth on demand. */ unsigned track_queue_depth:1; /* * This specifies the mode that a LLD supports. */ unsigned supported_mode:2; /* * True if this host adapter uses unchecked DMA onto an ISA bus. */ unsigned unchecked_isa_dma:1; /* * True for emulated SCSI host adapters (e.g. ATAPI). */ unsigned emulated:1; /* * True if the low-level driver performs its own reset-settle delays. */ unsigned skip_settle_delay:1; /* True if the controller does not support WRITE SAME */ unsigned no_write_same:1; /* True if the host uses host-wide tagspace */ unsigned host_tagset:1; /* * Countdown for host blocking with no commands outstanding. */ unsigned int max_host_blocked; /* * Default value for the blocking. If the queue is empty, * host_blocked counts down in the request_fn until it restarts * host operations as zero is reached. * * FIXME: This should probably be a value in the template */ #define SCSI_DEFAULT_HOST_BLOCKED 7 /* * Pointer to the sysfs class properties for this host, NULL terminated. */ struct device_attribute **shost_attrs; /* * Pointer to the SCSI device properties for this host, NULL terminated. */ struct device_attribute **sdev_attrs; /* * Pointer to the SCSI device attribute groups for this host, * NULL terminated. */ const struct attribute_group **sdev_groups; /* * Vendor Identifier associated with the host * * Note: When specifying vendor_id, be sure to read the * Vendor Type and ID formatting requirements specified in * scsi_netlink.h */ u64 vendor_id; /* * Additional per-command data allocated for the driver. */ unsigned int cmd_size; struct scsi_host_cmd_pool *cmd_pool; /* Delay for runtime autosuspend */ int rpm_autosuspend_delay; }; /* * Temporary #define for host lock push down. Can be removed when all * drivers have been updated to take advantage of unlocked * queuecommand. * */ #define DEF_SCSI_QCMD(func_name) \ int func_name(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) \ { \ unsigned long irq_flags; \ int rc; \ spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, irq_flags); \ rc = func_name##_lck (cmd, cmd->scsi_done); \ spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, irq_flags); \ return rc; \ } /* * shost state: If you alter this, you also need to alter scsi_sysfs.c * (for the ascii descriptions) and the state model enforcer: * scsi_host_set_state() */ enum scsi_host_state { SHOST_CREATED = 1, SHOST_RUNNING, SHOST_CANCEL, SHOST_DEL, SHOST_RECOVERY, SHOST_CANCEL_RECOVERY, SHOST_DEL_RECOVERY, }; struct Scsi_Host { /* * __devices is protected by the host_lock, but you should * usually use scsi_device_lookup / shost_for_each_device * to access it and don't care about locking yourself. * In the rare case of being in irq context you can use * their __ prefixed variants with the lock held. NEVER * access this list directly from a driver. */ struct list_head __devices; struct list_head __targets; struct list_head starved_list; spinlock_t default_lock; spinlock_t *host_lock; struct mutex scan_mutex;/* serialize scanning activity */ struct list_head eh_cmd_q; struct task_struct * ehandler; /* Error recovery thread. */ struct completion * eh_action; /* Wait for specific actions on the host. */ wait_queue_head_t host_wait; struct scsi_host_template *hostt; struct scsi_transport_template *transportt; /* Area to keep a shared tag map */ struct blk_mq_tag_set tag_set; atomic_t host_blocked; unsigned int host_failed; /* commands that failed. protected by host_lock */ unsigned int host_eh_scheduled; /* EH scheduled without command */ unsigned int host_no; /* Used for IOCTL_GET_IDLUN, /proc/scsi et al. */ /* next two fields are used to bound the time spent in error handling */ int eh_deadline; unsigned long last_reset; /* * These three parameters can be used to allow for wide scsi, * and for host adapters that support multiple busses * The last two should be set to 1 more than the actual max id * or lun (e.g. 8 for SCSI parallel systems). */ unsigned int max_channel; unsigned int max_id; u64 max_lun; /* * This is a unique identifier that must be assigned so that we * have some way of identifying each detected host adapter properly * and uniquely. For hosts that do not support more than one card * in the system at one time, this does not need to be set. It is * initialized to 0 in scsi_register. */ unsigned int unique_id; /* * The maximum length of SCSI commands that this host can accept. * Probably 12 for most host adapters, but could be 16 for others. * or 260 if the driver supports variable length cdbs. * For drivers that don't set this field, a value of 12 is * assumed. */ unsigned short max_cmd_len; int this_id; int can_queue; short cmd_per_lun; short unsigned int sg_tablesize; short unsigned int sg_prot_tablesize; unsigned int max_sectors; unsigned int max_segment_size; unsigned long dma_boundary; unsigned long virt_boundary_mask; /* * In scsi-mq mode, the number of hardware queues supported by the LLD. * * Note: it is assumed that each hardware queue has a queue depth of * can_queue. In other words, the total queue depth per host * is nr_hw_queues * can_queue. However, for when host_tagset is set, * the total queue depth is can_queue. */ unsigned nr_hw_queues; unsigned active_mode:2; unsigned unchecked_isa_dma:1; /* * Host has requested that no further requests come through for the * time being. */ unsigned host_self_blocked:1; /* * Host uses correct SCSI ordering not PC ordering. The bit is * set for the minority of drivers whose authors actually read * the spec ;). */ unsigned reverse_ordering:1; /* Task mgmt function in progress */ unsigned tmf_in_progress:1; /* Asynchronous scan in progress */ unsigned async_scan:1; /* Don't resume host in EH */ unsigned eh_noresume:1; /* The controller does not support WRITE SAME */ unsigned no_write_same:1; /* True if the host uses host-wide tagspace */ unsigned host_tagset:1; /* Host responded with short (<36 bytes) INQUIRY result */ unsigned short_inquiry:1; /* The transport requires the LUN bits NOT to be stored in CDB[1] */ unsigned no_scsi2_lun_in_cdb:1; /* * Optional work queue to be utilized by the transport */ char work_q_name[20]; struct workqueue_struct *work_q; /* * Task management function work queue */ struct workqueue_struct *tmf_work_q; /* * Value host_blocked counts down from */ unsigned int max_host_blocked; /* Protection Information */ unsigned int prot_capabilities; unsigned char prot_guard_type; /* legacy crap */ unsigned long base; unsigned long io_port; unsigned char n_io_port; unsigned char dma_channel; unsigned int irq; enum scsi_host_state shost_state; /* ldm bits */ struct device shost_gendev, shost_dev; /* * Points to the transport data (if any) which is allocated * separately */ void *shost_data; /* * Points to the physical bus device we'd use to do DMA * Needed just in case we have virtual hosts. */ struct device *dma_dev; /* * We should ensure that this is aligned, both for better performance * and also because some compilers (m68k) don't automatically force * alignment to a long boundary. */ unsigned long hostdata[] /* Used for storage of host specific stuff */ __attribute__ ((aligned (sizeof(unsigned long)))); }; #define class_to_shost(d) \ container_of(d, struct Scsi_Host, shost_dev) #define shost_printk(prefix, shost, fmt, a...) \ dev_printk(prefix, &(shost)->shost_gendev, fmt, ##a) static inline void *shost_priv(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return (void *)shost->hostdata; } int scsi_is_host_device(const struct device *); static inline struct Scsi_Host *dev_to_shost(struct device *dev) { while (!scsi_is_host_device(dev)) { if (!dev->parent) return NULL; dev = dev->parent; } return container_of(dev, struct Scsi_Host, shost_gendev); } static inline int scsi_host_in_recovery(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->shost_state == SHOST_RECOVERY || shost->shost_state == SHOST_CANCEL_RECOVERY || shost->shost_state == SHOST_DEL_RECOVERY || shost->tmf_in_progress; } extern int scsi_queue_work(struct Scsi_Host *, struct work_struct *); extern void scsi_flush_work(struct Scsi_Host *); extern struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_alloc(struct scsi_host_template *, int); extern int __must_check scsi_add_host_with_dma(struct Scsi_Host *, struct device *, struct device *); extern void scsi_scan_host(struct Scsi_Host *); extern void scsi_rescan_device(struct device *); extern void scsi_remove_host(struct Scsi_Host *); extern struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_get(struct Scsi_Host *); extern int scsi_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost); extern void scsi_host_put(struct Scsi_Host *t); extern struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_lookup(unsigned short); extern const char *scsi_host_state_name(enum scsi_host_state); extern void scsi_host_complete_all_commands(struct Scsi_Host *shost, int status); static inline int __must_check scsi_add_host(struct Scsi_Host *host, struct device *dev) { return scsi_add_host_with_dma(host, dev, dev); } static inline struct device *scsi_get_device(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->shost_gendev.parent; } /** * scsi_host_scan_allowed - Is scanning of this host allowed * @shost: Pointer to Scsi_Host. **/ static inline int scsi_host_scan_allowed(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->shost_state == SHOST_RUNNING || shost->shost_state == SHOST_RECOVERY; } extern void scsi_unblock_requests(struct Scsi_Host *); extern void scsi_block_requests(struct Scsi_Host *); extern int scsi_host_block(struct Scsi_Host *shost); extern int scsi_host_unblock(struct Scsi_Host *shost, int new_state); void scsi_host_busy_iter(struct Scsi_Host *, bool (*fn)(struct scsi_cmnd *, void *, bool), void *priv); struct class_container; /* * These two functions are used to allocate and free a pseudo device * which will connect to the host adapter itself rather than any * physical device. You must deallocate when you are done with the * thing. This physical pseudo-device isn't real and won't be available * from any high-level drivers. */ extern void scsi_free_host_dev(struct scsi_device *); extern struct scsi_device *scsi_get_host_dev(struct Scsi_Host *); /* * DIF defines the exchange of protection information between * initiator and SBC block device. * * DIX defines the exchange of protection information between OS and * initiator. */ enum scsi_host_prot_capabilities { SHOST_DIF_TYPE1_PROTECTION = 1 << 0, /* T10 DIF Type 1 */ SHOST_DIF_TYPE2_PROTECTION = 1 << 1, /* T10 DIF Type 2 */ SHOST_DIF_TYPE3_PROTECTION = 1 << 2, /* T10 DIF Type 3 */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE0_PROTECTION = 1 << 3, /* DIX between OS and HBA only */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE1_PROTECTION = 1 << 4, /* DIX with DIF Type 1 */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE2_PROTECTION = 1 << 5, /* DIX with DIF Type 2 */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE3_PROTECTION = 1 << 6, /* DIX with DIF Type 3 */ }; /* * SCSI hosts which support the Data Integrity Extensions must * indicate their capabilities by setting the prot_capabilities using * this call. */ static inline void scsi_host_set_prot(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned int mask) { shost->prot_capabilities = mask; } static inline unsigned int scsi_host_get_prot(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->prot_capabilities; } static inline int scsi_host_prot_dma(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->prot_capabilities >= SHOST_DIX_TYPE0_PROTECTION; } static inline unsigned int scsi_host_dif_capable(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned int target_type) { static unsigned char cap[] = { 0, SHOST_DIF_TYPE1_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIF_TYPE2_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIF_TYPE3_PROTECTION }; if (target_type >= ARRAY_SIZE(cap)) return 0; return shost->prot_capabilities & cap[target_type] ? target_type : 0; } static inline unsigned int scsi_host_dix_capable(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned int target_type) { #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) static unsigned char cap[] = { SHOST_DIX_TYPE0_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIX_TYPE1_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIX_TYPE2_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIX_TYPE3_PROTECTION }; if (target_type >= ARRAY_SIZE(cap)) return 0; return shost->prot_capabilities & cap[target_type]; #endif return 0; } /* * All DIX-capable initiators must support the T10-mandated CRC * checksum. Controllers can optionally implement the IP checksum * scheme which has much lower impact on system performance. Note * that the main rationale for the checksum is to match integrity * metadata with data. Detecting bit errors are a job for ECC memory * and buses. */ enum scsi_host_guard_type { SHOST_DIX_GUARD_CRC = 1 << 0, SHOST_DIX_GUARD_IP = 1 << 1, }; static inline void scsi_host_set_guard(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned char type) { shost->prot_guard_type = type; } static inline unsigned char scsi_host_get_guard(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->prot_guard_type; } extern int scsi_host_set_state(struct Scsi_Host *, enum scsi_host_state); #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_HOST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NETLINK_H #define __LINUX_NETLINK_H #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <net/scm.h> #include <uapi/linux/netlink.h> struct net; static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct nlmsghdr *)skb->data; } enum netlink_skb_flags { NETLINK_SKB_DST = 0x8, /* Dst set in sendto or sendmsg */ }; struct netlink_skb_parms { struct scm_creds creds; /* Skb credentials */ __u32 portid; __u32 dst_group; __u32 flags; struct sock *sk; bool nsid_is_set; int nsid; }; #define NETLINK_CB(skb) (*(struct netlink_skb_parms*)&((skb)->cb)) #define NETLINK_CREDS(skb) (&NETLINK_CB((skb)).creds) void netlink_table_grab(void); void netlink_table_ungrab(void); #define NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_RECV (1 << 0) #define NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_SEND (1 << 1) /* optional Netlink kernel configuration parameters */ struct netlink_kernel_cfg { unsigned int groups; unsigned int flags; void (*input)(struct sk_buff *skb); struct mutex *cb_mutex; int (*bind)(struct net *net, int group); void (*unbind)(struct net *net, int group); bool (*compare)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk); }; struct sock *__netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct module *module, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg); static inline struct sock * netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg) { return __netlink_kernel_create(net, unit, THIS_MODULE, cfg); } /* this can be increased when necessary - don't expose to userland */ #define NETLINK_MAX_COOKIE_LEN 20 /** * struct netlink_ext_ack - netlink extended ACK report struct * @_msg: message string to report - don't access directly, use * %NL_SET_ERR_MSG * @bad_attr: attribute with error * @policy: policy for a bad attribute * @cookie: cookie data to return to userspace (for success) * @cookie_len: actual cookie data length */ struct netlink_ext_ack { const char *_msg; const struct nlattr *bad_attr; const struct nla_policy *policy; u8 cookie[NETLINK_MAX_COOKIE_LEN]; u8 cookie_len; }; /* Always use this macro, this allows later putting the * message into a separate section or such for things * like translation or listing all possible messages. * Currently string formatting is not supported (due * to the lack of an output buffer.) */ #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, msg) do { \ static const char __msg[] = msg; \ struct netlink_ext_ack *__extack = (extack); \ \ if (__extack) \ __extack->_msg = __msg; \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_MOD(extack, msg) \ NL_SET_ERR_MSG((extack), KBUILD_MODNAME ": " msg) #define NL_SET_BAD_ATTR_POLICY(extack, attr, pol) do { \ if ((extack)) { \ (extack)->bad_attr = (attr); \ (extack)->policy = (pol); \ } \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_BAD_ATTR(extack, attr) NL_SET_BAD_ATTR_POLICY(extack, attr, NULL) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR_POL(extack, attr, pol, msg) do { \ static const char __msg[] = msg; \ struct netlink_ext_ack *__extack = (extack); \ \ if (__extack) { \ __extack->_msg = __msg; \ __extack->bad_attr = (attr); \ __extack->policy = (pol); \ } \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, attr, msg) \ NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR_POL(extack, attr, NULL, msg) static inline void nl_set_extack_cookie_u64(struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, u64 cookie) { u64 __cookie = cookie; if (!extack) return; memcpy(extack->cookie, &__cookie, sizeof(__cookie)); extack->cookie_len = sizeof(__cookie); } static inline void nl_set_extack_cookie_u32(struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, u32 cookie) { u32 __cookie = cookie; if (!extack) return; memcpy(extack->cookie, &__cookie, sizeof(__cookie)); extack->cookie_len = sizeof(__cookie); } void netlink_kernel_release(struct sock *sk); int __netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups); int netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups); void __netlink_clear_multicast_users(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group); void netlink_ack(struct sk_buff *in_skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int err, const struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int netlink_has_listeners(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group); bool netlink_strict_get_check(struct sk_buff *skb); int netlink_unicast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, int nonblock); int netlink_broadcast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, __u32 group, gfp_t allocation); int netlink_broadcast_filtered(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, __u32 group, gfp_t allocation, int (*filter)(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data), void *filter_data); int netlink_set_err(struct sock *ssk, __u32 portid, __u32 group, int code); int netlink_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int netlink_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); /* finegrained unicast helpers: */ struct sock *netlink_getsockbyfilp(struct file *filp); int netlink_attachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, long *timeo, struct sock *ssk); void netlink_detachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int netlink_sendskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline struct sk_buff * netlink_skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct sk_buff *nskb; nskb = skb_clone(skb, gfp_mask); if (!nskb) return NULL; /* This is a large skb, set destructor callback to release head */ if (is_vmalloc_addr(skb->head)) nskb->destructor = skb->destructor; return nskb; } /* * skb should fit one page. This choice is good for headerless malloc. * But we should limit to 8K so that userspace does not have to * use enormous buffer sizes on recvmsg() calls just to avoid * MSG_TRUNC when PAGE_SIZE is very large. */ #if PAGE_SIZE < 8192UL #define NLMSG_GOODSIZE SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(PAGE_SIZE) #else #define NLMSG_GOODSIZE SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(8192UL) #endif #define NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE (NLMSG_GOODSIZE - NLMSG_HDRLEN) struct netlink_callback { struct sk_buff *skb; const struct nlmsghdr *nlh; int (*dump)(struct sk_buff * skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *cb); void *data; /* the module that dump function belong to */ struct module *module; struct netlink_ext_ack *extack; u16 family; u16 answer_flags; u32 min_dump_alloc; unsigned int prev_seq, seq; bool strict_check; union { u8 ctx[48]; /* args is deprecated. Cast a struct over ctx instead * for proper type safety. */ long args[6]; }; }; struct netlink_notify { struct net *net; u32 portid; int protocol; }; struct nlmsghdr * __nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int len, int flags); struct netlink_dump_control { int (*start)(struct netlink_callback *); int (*dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *); void *data; struct module *module; u32 min_dump_alloc; }; int __netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control); static inline int netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control) { if (!control->module) control->module = THIS_MODULE; return __netlink_dump_start(ssk, skb, nlh, control); } struct netlink_tap { struct net_device *dev; struct module *module; struct list_head list; }; int netlink_add_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt); int netlink_remove_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt); bool __netlink_ns_capable(const struct netlink_skb_parms *nsp, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); bool netlink_ns_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); bool netlink_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap); bool netlink_net_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap); #endif /* __LINUX_NETLINK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H #define _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H 1 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * A clear pte value is special, and doesn't get inverted. * * Note that even users that only pass a pgprot_t (rather * than a full pte) won't trigger the special zero case, * because even PAGE_NONE has _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_ACCESSED * set. So the all zero case really is limited to just the * cleared page table entry case. */ static inline bool __pte_needs_invert(u64 val) { return val && !(val & _PAGE_PRESENT); } /* Get a mask to xor with the page table entry to get the correct pfn. */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val) { return __pte_needs_invert(val) ? ~0ull : 0; } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask) { /* * When a PTE transitions from NONE to !NONE or vice-versa * invert the PFN part to stop speculation. * pte_pfn undoes this when needed. */ if (__pte_needs_invert(oldval) != __pte_needs_invert(val)) val = (val & ~mask) | (~val & mask); return val; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * net busy poll support * Copyright(c) 2013 Intel Corporation. * * Author: Eliezer Tamir * * Contact Information: * e1000-devel Mailing List <e1000-devel@lists.sourceforge.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H #define _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <net/ip.h> /* 0 - Reserved to indicate value not set * 1..NR_CPUS - Reserved for sender_cpu * NR_CPUS+1..~0 - Region available for NAPI IDs */ #define MIN_NAPI_ID ((unsigned int)(NR_CPUS + 1)) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL struct napi_struct; extern unsigned int sysctl_net_busy_read __read_mostly; extern unsigned int sysctl_net_busy_poll __read_mostly; static inline bool net_busy_loop_on(void) { return sysctl_net_busy_poll; } static inline bool sk_can_busy_loop(const struct sock *sk) { return READ_ONCE(sk->sk_ll_usec) && !signal_pending(current); } bool sk_busy_loop_end(void *p, unsigned long start_time); void napi_busy_loop(unsigned int napi_id, bool (*loop_end)(void *, unsigned long), void *loop_end_arg); #else /* CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL */ static inline unsigned long net_busy_loop_on(void) { return 0; } static inline bool sk_can_busy_loop(struct sock *sk) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL */ static inline unsigned long busy_loop_current_time(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL return (unsigned long)(local_clock() >> 10); #else return 0; #endif } /* in poll/select we use the global sysctl_net_ll_poll value */ static inline bool busy_loop_timeout(unsigned long start_time) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned long bp_usec = READ_ONCE(sysctl_net_busy_poll); if (bp_usec) { unsigned long end_time = start_time + bp_usec; unsigned long now = busy_loop_current_time(); return time_after(now, end_time); } #endif return true; } static inline bool sk_busy_loop_timeout(struct sock *sk, unsigned long start_time) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned long bp_usec = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_ll_usec); if (bp_usec) { unsigned long end_time = start_time + bp_usec; unsigned long now = busy_loop_current_time(); return time_after(now, end_time); } #endif return true; } static inline void sk_busy_loop(struct sock *sk, int nonblock) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned int napi_id = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id); if (napi_id >= MIN_NAPI_ID) napi_busy_loop(napi_id, nonblock ? NULL : sk_busy_loop_end, sk); #endif } /* used in the NIC receive handler to mark the skb */ static inline void skb_mark_napi_id(struct sk_buff *skb, struct napi_struct *napi) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL /* If the skb was already marked with a valid NAPI ID, avoid overwriting * it. */ if (skb->napi_id < MIN_NAPI_ID) skb->napi_id = napi->napi_id; #endif } /* used in the protocol hanlder to propagate the napi_id to the socket */ static inline void sk_mark_napi_id(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id, skb->napi_id); #endif sk_rx_queue_set(sk, skb); } /* variant used for unconnected sockets */ static inline void sk_mark_napi_id_once(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL if (!READ_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id)) WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id, skb->napi_id); #endif } #endif /* _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_X86_XSAVE_H #define __ASM_X86_XSAVE_H #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/user.h> /* Bit 63 of XCR0 is reserved for future expansion */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_EXTEND (~(XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE | (1ULL << 63))) #define XSTATE_CPUID 0x0000000d #define FXSAVE_SIZE 512 #define XSAVE_HDR_SIZE 64 #define XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET FXSAVE_SIZE #define XSAVE_YMM_SIZE 256 #define XSAVE_YMM_OFFSET (XSAVE_HDR_SIZE + XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET) #define XSAVE_ALIGNMENT 64 /* All currently supported user features */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_USER_SUPPORTED (XFEATURE_MASK_FP | \ XFEATURE_MASK_SSE | \ XFEATURE_MASK_YMM | \ XFEATURE_MASK_OPMASK | \ XFEATURE_MASK_ZMM_Hi256 | \ XFEATURE_MASK_Hi16_ZMM | \ XFEATURE_MASK_PKRU | \ XFEATURE_MASK_BNDREGS | \ XFEATURE_MASK_BNDCSR) /* All currently supported supervisor features */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_SUPPORTED (XFEATURE_MASK_PASID) /* * A supervisor state component may not always contain valuable information, * and its size may be huge. Saving/restoring such supervisor state components * at each context switch can cause high CPU and space overhead, which should * be avoided. Such supervisor state components should only be saved/restored * on demand. The on-demand dynamic supervisor features are set in this mask. * * Unlike the existing supported supervisor features, a dynamic supervisor * feature does not allocate a buffer in task->fpu, and the corresponding * supervisor state component cannot be saved/restored at each context switch. * * To support a dynamic supervisor feature, a developer should follow the * dos and don'ts as below: * - Do dynamically allocate a buffer for the supervisor state component. * - Do manually invoke the XSAVES/XRSTORS instruction to save/restore the * state component to/from the buffer. * - Don't set the bit corresponding to the dynamic supervisor feature in * IA32_XSS at run time, since it has been set at boot time. */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC (XFEATURE_MASK_LBR) /* * Unsupported supervisor features. When a supervisor feature in this mask is * supported in the future, move it to the supported supervisor feature mask. */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_UNSUPPORTED (XFEATURE_MASK_PT) /* All supervisor states including supported and unsupported states. */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_ALL (XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_SUPPORTED | \ XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC | \ XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_UNSUPPORTED) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define REX_PREFIX "0x48, " #else #define REX_PREFIX #endif extern u64 xfeatures_mask_all; static inline u64 xfeatures_mask_supervisor(void) { return xfeatures_mask_all & XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_SUPPORTED; } static inline u64 xfeatures_mask_user(void) { return xfeatures_mask_all & XFEATURE_MASK_USER_SUPPORTED; } static inline u64 xfeatures_mask_dynamic(void) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_ARCH_LBR)) return XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC & ~XFEATURE_MASK_LBR; return XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC; } extern u64 xstate_fx_sw_bytes[USER_XSTATE_FX_SW_WORDS]; extern void __init update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size, u64 xstate_mask); void *get_xsave_addr(struct xregs_state *xsave, int xfeature_nr); const void *get_xsave_field_ptr(int xfeature_nr); int using_compacted_format(void); int xfeature_size(int xfeature_nr); struct membuf; void copy_xstate_to_kernel(struct membuf to, struct xregs_state *xsave); int copy_kernel_to_xstate(struct xregs_state *xsave, const void *kbuf); int copy_user_to_xstate(struct xregs_state *xsave, const void __user *ubuf); void copy_supervisor_to_kernel(struct xregs_state *xsave); void copy_dynamic_supervisor_to_kernel(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask); void copy_kernel_to_dynamic_supervisor(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask); /* Validate an xstate header supplied by userspace (ptrace or sigreturn) */ int validate_user_xstate_header(const struct xstate_header *hdr); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/fs_pin.h> struct mnt_namespace { atomic_t count; struct ns_common ns; struct mount * root; /* * Traversal and modification of .list is protected by either * - taking namespace_sem for write, OR * - taking namespace_sem for read AND taking .ns_lock. */ struct list_head list; spinlock_t ns_lock; struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; u64 seq; /* Sequence number to prevent loops */ wait_queue_head_t poll; u64 event; unsigned int mounts; /* # of mounts in the namespace */ unsigned int pending_mounts; } __randomize_layout; struct mnt_pcp { int mnt_count; int mnt_writers; }; struct mountpoint { struct hlist_node m_hash; struct dentry *m_dentry; struct hlist_head m_list; int m_count; }; struct mount { struct hlist_node mnt_hash; struct mount *mnt_parent; struct dentry *mnt_mountpoint; struct vfsmount mnt; union { struct rcu_head mnt_rcu; struct llist_node mnt_llist; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct mnt_pcp __percpu *mnt_pcp; #else int mnt_count; int mnt_writers; #endif struct list_head mnt_mounts; /* list of children, anchored here */ struct list_head mnt_child; /* and going through their mnt_child */ struct list_head mnt_instance; /* mount instance on sb->s_mounts */ const char *mnt_devname; /* Name of device e.g. /dev/dsk/hda1 */ struct list_head mnt_list; struct list_head mnt_expire; /* link in fs-specific expiry list */ struct list_head mnt_share; /* circular list of shared mounts */ struct list_head mnt_slave_list;/* list of slave mounts */ struct list_head mnt_slave; /* slave list entry */ struct mount *mnt_master; /* slave is on master->mnt_slave_list */ struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; /* containing namespace */ struct mountpoint *mnt_mp; /* where is it mounted */ union { struct hlist_node mnt_mp_list; /* list mounts with the same mountpoint */ struct hlist_node mnt_umount; }; struct list_head mnt_umounting; /* list entry for umount propagation */ #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *mnt_fsnotify_marks; __u32 mnt_fsnotify_mask; #endif int mnt_id; /* mount identifier */ int mnt_group_id; /* peer group identifier */ int mnt_expiry_mark; /* true if marked for expiry */ struct hlist_head mnt_pins; struct hlist_head mnt_stuck_children; } __randomize_layout; #define MNT_NS_INTERNAL ERR_PTR(-EINVAL) /* distinct from any mnt_namespace */ static inline struct mount *real_mount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return container_of(mnt, struct mount, mnt); } static inline int mnt_has_parent(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt != mnt->mnt_parent; } static inline int is_mounted(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* neither detached nor internal? */ return !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns); } extern struct mount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *, struct dentry *); extern int __legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *, unsigned); extern bool legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *, unsigned); static inline bool __path_is_mountpoint(const struct path *path) { struct mount *m = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry); return m && likely(!(m->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT)); } extern void __detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry); static inline void detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) return; __detach_mounts(dentry); } static inline void get_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { atomic_inc(&ns->count); } extern seqlock_t mount_lock; static inline void lock_mount_hash(void) { write_seqlock(&mount_lock); } static inline void unlock_mount_hash(void) { write_sequnlock(&mount_lock); } struct proc_mounts { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct path root; int (*show)(struct seq_file *, struct vfsmount *); struct mount cursor; }; extern const struct seq_operations mounts_op; extern bool __is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry); static inline bool is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) return false; return __is_local_mountpoint(dentry); } static inline bool is_anon_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { return ns->seq == 0; } extern void mnt_cursor_del(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *cursor);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * linux/drivers/char/serial_core.h * * Copyright (C) 2000 Deep Blue Solutions Ltd. */ #ifndef LINUX_SERIAL_CORE_H #define LINUX_SERIAL_CORE_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/console.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/circ_buf.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/sysrq.h> #include <uapi/linux/serial_core.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_CORE_CONSOLE #define uart_console(port) \ ((port)->cons && (port)->cons->index == (port)->line) #else #define uart_console(port) ({ (void)port; 0; }) #endif struct uart_port; struct serial_struct; struct device; struct gpio_desc; /* * This structure describes all the operations that can be done on the * physical hardware. See Documentation/driver-api/serial/driver.rst for details. */ struct uart_ops { unsigned int (*tx_empty)(struct uart_port *); void (*set_mctrl)(struct uart_port *, unsigned int mctrl); unsigned int (*get_mctrl)(struct uart_port *); void (*stop_tx)(struct uart_port *); void (*start_tx)(struct uart_port *); void (*throttle)(struct uart_port *); void (*unthrottle)(struct uart_port *); void (*send_xchar)(struct uart_port *, char ch); void (*stop_rx)(struct uart_port *); void (*enable_ms)(struct uart_port *); void (*break_ctl)(struct uart_port *, int ctl); int (*startup)(struct uart_port *); void (*shutdown)(struct uart_port *); void (*flush_buffer)(struct uart_port *); void (*set_termios)(struct uart_port *, struct ktermios *new, struct ktermios *old); void (*set_ldisc)(struct uart_port *, struct ktermios *); void (*pm)(struct uart_port *, unsigned int state, unsigned int oldstate); /* * Return a string describing the type of the port */ const char *(*type)(struct uart_port *); /* * Release IO and memory resources used by the port. * This includes iounmap if necessary. */ void (*release_port)(struct uart_port *); /* * Request IO and memory resources used by the port. * This includes iomapping the port if necessary. */ int (*request_port)(struct uart_port *); void (*config_port)(struct uart_port *, int); int (*verify_port)(struct uart_port *, struct serial_struct *); int (*ioctl)(struct uart_port *, unsigned int, unsigned long); #ifdef CONFIG_CONSOLE_POLL int (*poll_init)(struct uart_port *); void (*poll_put_char)(struct uart_port *, unsigned char); int (*poll_get_char)(struct uart_port *); #endif }; #define NO_POLL_CHAR 0x00ff0000 #define UART_CONFIG_TYPE (1 << 0) #define UART_CONFIG_IRQ (1 << 1) struct uart_icount { __u32 cts; __u32 dsr; __u32 rng; __u32 dcd; __u32 rx; __u32 tx; __u32 frame; __u32 overrun; __u32 parity; __u32 brk; __u32 buf_overrun; }; typedef unsigned int __bitwise upf_t; typedef unsigned int __bitwise upstat_t; struct uart_port { spinlock_t lock; /* port lock */ unsigned long iobase; /* in/out[bwl] */ unsigned char __iomem *membase; /* read/write[bwl] */ unsigned int (*serial_in)(struct uart_port *, int); void (*serial_out)(struct uart_port *, int, int); void (*set_termios)(struct uart_port *, struct ktermios *new, struct ktermios *old); void (*set_ldisc)(struct uart_port *, struct ktermios *); unsigned int (*get_mctrl)(struct uart_port *); void (*set_mctrl)(struct uart_port *, unsigned int); unsigned int (*get_divisor)(struct uart_port *, unsigned int baud, unsigned int *frac); void (*set_divisor)(struct uart_port *, unsigned int baud, unsigned int quot, unsigned int quot_frac); int (*startup)(struct uart_port *port); void (*shutdown)(struct uart_port *port); void (*throttle)(struct uart_port *port); void (*unthrottle)(struct uart_port *port); int (*handle_irq)(struct uart_port *); void (*pm)(struct uart_port *, unsigned int state, unsigned int old); void (*handle_break)(struct uart_port *); int (*rs485_config)(struct uart_port *, struct serial_rs485 *rs485); int (*iso7816_config)(struct uart_port *, struct serial_iso7816 *iso7816); unsigned int irq; /* irq number */ unsigned long irqflags; /* irq flags */ unsigned int uartclk; /* base uart clock */ unsigned int fifosize; /* tx fifo size */ unsigned char x_char; /* xon/xoff char */ unsigned char regshift; /* reg offset shift */ unsigned char iotype; /* io access style */ unsigned char quirks; /* internal quirks */ #define UPIO_PORT (SERIAL_IO_PORT) /* 8b I/O port access */ #define UPIO_HUB6 (SERIAL_IO_HUB6) /* Hub6 ISA card */ #define UPIO_MEM (SERIAL_IO_MEM) /* driver-specific */ #define UPIO_MEM32 (SERIAL_IO_MEM32) /* 32b little endian */ #define UPIO_AU (SERIAL_IO_AU) /* Au1x00 and RT288x type IO */ #define UPIO_TSI (SERIAL_IO_TSI) /* Tsi108/109 type IO */ #define UPIO_MEM32BE (SERIAL_IO_MEM32BE) /* 32b big endian */ #define UPIO_MEM16 (SERIAL_IO_MEM16) /* 16b little endian */ /* quirks must be updated while holding port mutex */ #define UPQ_NO_TXEN_TEST BIT(0) unsigned int read_status_mask; /* driver specific */ unsigned int ignore_status_mask; /* driver specific */ struct uart_state *state; /* pointer to parent state */ struct uart_icount icount; /* statistics */ struct console *cons; /* struct console, if any */ /* flags must be updated while holding port mutex */ upf_t flags; /* * These flags must be equivalent to the flags defined in * include/uapi/linux/tty_flags.h which are the userspace definitions * assigned from the serial_struct flags in uart_set_info() * [for bit definitions in the UPF_CHANGE_MASK] * * Bits [0..UPF_LAST_USER] are userspace defined/visible/changeable * The remaining bits are serial-core specific and not modifiable by * userspace. */ #define UPF_FOURPORT ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_FOURPORT /* 1 */ ) #define UPF_SAK ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_SAK /* 2 */ ) #define UPF_SPD_HI ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_SPD_HI /* 4 */ ) #define UPF_SPD_VHI ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_SPD_VHI /* 5 */ ) #define UPF_SPD_CUST ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_SPD_CUST /* 0x0030 */ ) #define UPF_SPD_WARP ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_SPD_WARP /* 0x1010 */ ) #define UPF_SPD_MASK ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_SPD_MASK /* 0x1030 */ ) #define UPF_SKIP_TEST ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_SKIP_TEST /* 6 */ ) #define UPF_AUTO_IRQ ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_AUTO_IRQ /* 7 */ ) #define UPF_HARDPPS_CD ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_HARDPPS_CD /* 11 */ ) #define UPF_SPD_SHI ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_SPD_SHI /* 12 */ ) #define UPF_LOW_LATENCY ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_LOW_LATENCY /* 13 */ ) #define UPF_BUGGY_UART ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_BUGGY_UART /* 14 */ ) #define UPF_MAGIC_MULTIPLIER ((__force upf_t) ASYNC_MAGIC_MULTIPLIER /* 16 */ ) #define UPF_NO_THRE_TEST ((__force upf_t) (1 << 19)) /* Port has hardware-assisted h/w flow control */ #define UPF_AUTO_CTS ((__force upf_t) (1 << 20)) #define UPF_AUTO_RTS ((__force upf_t) (1 << 21)) #define UPF_HARD_FLOW ((__force upf_t) (UPF_AUTO_CTS | UPF_AUTO_RTS)) /* Port has hardware-assisted s/w flow control */ #define UPF_SOFT_FLOW ((__force upf_t) (1 << 22)) #define UPF_CONS_FLOW ((__force upf_t) (1 << 23)) #define UPF_SHARE_IRQ ((__force upf_t) (1 << 24)) #define UPF_EXAR_EFR ((__force upf_t) (1 << 25)) #define UPF_BUG_THRE ((__force upf_t) (1 << 26)) /* The exact UART type is known and should not be probed. */ #define UPF_FIXED_TYPE ((__force upf_t) (1 << 27)) #define UPF_BOOT_AUTOCONF ((__force upf_t) (1 << 28)) #define UPF_FIXED_PORT ((__force upf_t) (1 << 29)) #define UPF_DEAD ((__force upf_t) (1 << 30)) #define UPF_IOREMAP ((__force upf_t) (1 << 31)) #define __UPF_CHANGE_MASK 0x17fff #define UPF_CHANGE_MASK ((__force upf_t) __UPF_CHANGE_MASK) #define UPF_USR_MASK ((__force upf_t) (UPF_SPD_MASK|UPF_LOW_LATENCY)) #if __UPF_CHANGE_MASK > ASYNC_FLAGS #error Change mask not equivalent to userspace-visible bit defines #endif /* * Must hold termios_rwsem, port mutex and port lock to change; * can hold any one lock to read. */ upstat_t status; #define UPSTAT_CTS_ENABLE ((__force upstat_t) (1 << 0)) #define UPSTAT_DCD_ENABLE ((__force upstat_t) (1 << 1)) #define UPSTAT_AUTORTS ((__force upstat_t) (1 << 2)) #define UPSTAT_AUTOCTS ((__force upstat_t) (1 << 3)) #define UPSTAT_AUTOXOFF ((__force upstat_t) (1 << 4)) #define UPSTAT_SYNC_FIFO ((__force upstat_t) (1 << 5)) int hw_stopped; /* sw-assisted CTS flow state */ unsigned int mctrl; /* current modem ctrl settings */ unsigned int timeout; /* character-based timeout */ unsigned int type; /* port type */ const struct uart_ops *ops; unsigned int custom_divisor; unsigned int line; /* port index */ unsigned int minor; resource_size_t mapbase; /* for ioremap */ resource_size_t mapsize; struct device *dev; /* parent device */ unsigned long sysrq; /* sysrq timeout */ unsigned int sysrq_ch; /* char for sysrq */ unsigned char has_sysrq; unsigned char sysrq_seq; /* index in sysrq_toggle_seq */ unsigned char hub6; /* this should be in the 8250 driver */ unsigned char suspended; unsigned char console_reinit; const char *name; /* port name */ struct attribute_group *attr_group; /* port specific attributes */ const struct attribute_group **tty_groups; /* all attributes (serial core use only) */ struct serial_rs485 rs485; struct gpio_desc *rs485_term_gpio; /* enable RS485 bus termination */ struct serial_iso7816 iso7816; void *private_data; /* generic platform data pointer */ }; static inline int serial_port_in(struct uart_port *up, int offset) { return up->serial_in(up, offset); } static inline void serial_port_out(struct uart_port *up, int offset, int value) { up->serial_out(up, offset, value); } /** * enum uart_pm_state - power states for UARTs * @UART_PM_STATE_ON: UART is powered, up and operational * @UART_PM_STATE_OFF: UART is powered off * @UART_PM_STATE_UNDEFINED: sentinel */ enum uart_pm_state { UART_PM_STATE_ON = 0, UART_PM_STATE_OFF = 3, /* number taken from ACPI */ UART_PM_STATE_UNDEFINED, }; /* * This is the state information which is persistent across opens. */ struct uart_state { struct tty_port port; enum uart_pm_state pm_state; struct circ_buf xmit; atomic_t refcount; wait_queue_head_t remove_wait; struct uart_port *uart_port; }; #define UART_XMIT_SIZE PAGE_SIZE /* number of characters left in xmit buffer before we ask for more */ #define WAKEUP_CHARS 256 struct module; struct tty_driver; struct uart_driver { struct module *owner; const char *driver_name; const char *dev_name; int major; int minor; int nr; struct console *cons; /* * these are private; the low level driver should not * touch these; they should be initialised to NULL */ struct uart_state *state; struct tty_driver *tty_driver; }; void uart_write_wakeup(struct uart_port *port); /* * Baud rate helpers. */ void uart_update_timeout(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int cflag, unsigned int baud); unsigned int uart_get_baud_rate(struct uart_port *port, struct ktermios *termios, struct ktermios *old, unsigned int min, unsigned int max); unsigned int uart_get_divisor(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int baud); /* Base timer interval for polling */ static inline int uart_poll_timeout(struct uart_port *port) { int timeout = port->timeout; return timeout > 6 ? (timeout / 2 - 2) : 1; } /* * Console helpers. */ struct earlycon_device { struct console *con; struct uart_port port; char options[16]; /* e.g., 115200n8 */ unsigned int baud; }; struct earlycon_id { char name[15]; char name_term; /* In case compiler didn't '\0' term name */ char compatible[128]; int (*setup)(struct earlycon_device *, const char *options); }; extern const struct earlycon_id *__earlycon_table[]; extern const struct earlycon_id *__earlycon_table_end[]; #if defined(CONFIG_SERIAL_EARLYCON) && !defined(MODULE) #define EARLYCON_USED_OR_UNUSED __used #else #define EARLYCON_USED_OR_UNUSED __maybe_unused #endif #define _OF_EARLYCON_DECLARE(_name, compat, fn, unique_id) \ static const struct earlycon_id unique_id \ EARLYCON_USED_OR_UNUSED __initconst \ = { .name = __stringify(_name), \ .compatible = compat, \ .setup = fn }; \ static const struct earlycon_id EARLYCON_USED_OR_UNUSED \ __section("__earlycon_table") \ * const __PASTE(__p, unique_id) = &unique_id #define OF_EARLYCON_DECLARE(_name, compat, fn) \ _OF_EARLYCON_DECLARE(_name, compat, fn, \ __UNIQUE_ID(__earlycon_##_name)) #define EARLYCON_DECLARE(_name, fn) OF_EARLYCON_DECLARE(_name, "", fn) extern int of_setup_earlycon(const struct earlycon_id *match, unsigned long node, const char *options); #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_EARLYCON extern bool earlycon_acpi_spcr_enable __initdata; int setup_earlycon(char *buf); #else static const bool earlycon_acpi_spcr_enable EARLYCON_USED_OR_UNUSED; static inline int setup_earlycon(char *buf) { return 0; } #endif struct uart_port *uart_get_console(struct uart_port *ports, int nr, struct console *c); int uart_parse_earlycon(char *p, unsigned char *iotype, resource_size_t *addr, char **options); void uart_parse_options(const char *options, int *baud, int *parity, int *bits, int *flow); int uart_set_options(struct uart_port *port, struct console *co, int baud, int parity, int bits, int flow); struct tty_driver *uart_console_device(struct console *co, int *index); void uart_console_write(struct uart_port *port, const char *s, unsigned int count, void (*putchar)(struct uart_port *, int)); /* * Port/driver registration/removal */ int uart_register_driver(struct uart_driver *uart); void uart_unregister_driver(struct uart_driver *uart); int uart_add_one_port(struct uart_driver *reg, struct uart_port *port); int uart_remove_one_port(struct uart_driver *reg, struct uart_port *port); int uart_match_port(struct uart_port *port1, struct uart_port *port2); /* * Power Management */ int uart_suspend_port(struct uart_driver *reg, struct uart_port *port); int uart_resume_port(struct uart_driver *reg, struct uart_port *port); #define uart_circ_empty(circ) ((circ)->head == (circ)->tail) #define uart_circ_clear(circ) ((circ)->head = (circ)->tail = 0) #define uart_circ_chars_pending(circ) \ (CIRC_CNT((circ)->head, (circ)->tail, UART_XMIT_SIZE)) #define uart_circ_chars_free(circ) \ (CIRC_SPACE((circ)->head, (circ)->tail, UART_XMIT_SIZE)) static inline int uart_tx_stopped(struct uart_port *port) { struct tty_struct *tty = port->state->port.tty; if ((tty && tty->stopped) || port->hw_stopped) return 1; return 0; } static inline bool uart_cts_enabled(struct uart_port *uport) { return !!(uport->status & UPSTAT_CTS_ENABLE); } static inline bool uart_softcts_mode(struct uart_port *uport) { upstat_t mask = UPSTAT_CTS_ENABLE | UPSTAT_AUTOCTS; return ((uport->status & mask) == UPSTAT_CTS_ENABLE); } /* * The following are helper functions for the low level drivers. */ extern void uart_handle_dcd_change(struct uart_port *uport, unsigned int status); extern void uart_handle_cts_change(struct uart_port *uport, unsigned int status); extern void uart_insert_char(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int status, unsigned int overrun, unsigned int ch, unsigned int flag); #ifdef CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ_SERIAL #define SYSRQ_TIMEOUT (HZ * 5) bool uart_try_toggle_sysrq(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int ch); static inline int uart_handle_sysrq_char(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int ch) { if (!port->sysrq) return 0; if (ch && time_before(jiffies, port->sysrq)) { if (sysrq_mask()) { handle_sysrq(ch); port->sysrq = 0; return 1; } if (uart_try_toggle_sysrq(port, ch)) return 1; } port->sysrq = 0; return 0; } static inline int uart_prepare_sysrq_char(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int ch) { if (!port->sysrq) return 0; if (ch && time_before(jiffies, port->sysrq)) { if (sysrq_mask()) { port->sysrq_ch = ch; port->sysrq = 0; return 1; } if (uart_try_toggle_sysrq(port, ch)) return 1; } port->sysrq = 0; return 0; } static inline void uart_unlock_and_check_sysrq(struct uart_port *port, unsigned long irqflags) { int sysrq_ch; if (!port->has_sysrq) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, irqflags); return; } sysrq_ch = port->sysrq_ch; port->sysrq_ch = 0; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, irqflags); if (sysrq_ch) handle_sysrq(sysrq_ch); } #else /* CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ_SERIAL */ static inline int uart_handle_sysrq_char(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int ch) { return 0; } static inline int uart_prepare_sysrq_char(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int ch) { return 0; } static inline void uart_unlock_and_check_sysrq(struct uart_port *port, unsigned long irqflags) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, irqflags); } #endif /* CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ_SERIAL */ /* * We do the SysRQ and SAK checking like this... */ static inline int uart_handle_break(struct uart_port *port) { struct uart_state *state = port->state; if (port->handle_break) port->handle_break(port); #ifdef CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ_SERIAL if (port->has_sysrq && uart_console(port)) { if (!port->sysrq) { port->sysrq = jiffies + SYSRQ_TIMEOUT; return 1; } port->sysrq = 0; } #endif if (port->flags & UPF_SAK) do_SAK(state->port.tty); return 0; } /* * UART_ENABLE_MS - determine if port should enable modem status irqs */ #define UART_ENABLE_MS(port,cflag) ((port)->flags & UPF_HARDPPS_CD || \ (cflag) & CRTSCTS || \ !((cflag) & CLOCAL)) int uart_get_rs485_mode(struct uart_port *port); #endif /* LINUX_SERIAL_CORE_H */
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1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_NETLINK_H #define __NET_NETLINK_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/in6.h> /* ======================================================================== * Netlink Messages and Attributes Interface (As Seen On TV) * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Messages Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Message Format: * <--- nlmsg_total_size(payload) ---> * <-- nlmsg_msg_size(payload) -> * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * | nlmsghdr | Pad | Payload | Pad | nlmsghdr * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * nlmsg_data(nlh)---^ ^ * nlmsg_next(nlh)-----------------------+ * * Payload Format: * <---------------------- nlmsg_len(nlh) ---------------------> * <------ hdrlen ------> <- nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) -> * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * | Family Header | Pad | Attributes | * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen)---^ * * Data Structures: * struct nlmsghdr netlink message header * * Message Construction: * nlmsg_new() create a new netlink message * nlmsg_put() add a netlink message to an skb * nlmsg_put_answer() callback based nlmsg_put() * nlmsg_end() finalize netlink message * nlmsg_get_pos() return current position in message * nlmsg_trim() trim part of message * nlmsg_cancel() cancel message construction * nlmsg_free() free a netlink message * * Message Sending: * nlmsg_multicast() multicast message to several groups * nlmsg_unicast() unicast a message to a single socket * nlmsg_notify() send notification message * * Message Length Calculations: * nlmsg_msg_size(payload) length of message w/o padding * nlmsg_total_size(payload) length of message w/ padding * nlmsg_padlen(payload) length of padding at tail * * Message Payload Access: * nlmsg_data(nlh) head of message payload * nlmsg_len(nlh) length of message payload * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen) head of attributes data * nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) length of attributes data * * Message Parsing: * nlmsg_ok(nlh, remaining) does nlh fit into remaining bytes? * nlmsg_next(nlh, remaining) get next netlink message * nlmsg_parse() parse attributes of a message * nlmsg_find_attr() find an attribute in a message * nlmsg_for_each_msg() loop over all messages * nlmsg_validate() validate netlink message incl. attrs * nlmsg_for_each_attr() loop over all attributes * * Misc: * nlmsg_report() report back to application? * * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Attributes Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Attribute Format: * <------- nla_total_size(payload) -------> * <---- nla_attr_size(payload) -----> * +----------+- - -+- - - - - - - - - +- - -+-------- - - * | Header | Pad | Payload | Pad | Header * +----------+- - -+- - - - - - - - - +- - -+-------- - - * <- nla_len(nla) -> ^ * nla_data(nla)----^ | * nla_next(nla)-----------------------------' * * Data Structures: * struct nlattr netlink attribute header * * Attribute Construction: * nla_reserve(skb, type, len) reserve room for an attribute * nla_reserve_nohdr(skb, len) reserve room for an attribute w/o hdr * nla_put(skb, type, len, data) add attribute to skb * nla_put_nohdr(skb, len, data) add attribute w/o hdr * nla_append(skb, len, data) append data to skb * * Attribute Construction for Basic Types: * nla_put_u8(skb, type, value) add u8 attribute to skb * nla_put_u16(skb, type, value) add u16 attribute to skb * nla_put_u32(skb, type, value) add u32 attribute to skb * nla_put_u64_64bit(skb, type, * value, padattr) add u64 attribute to skb * nla_put_s8(skb, type, value) add s8 attribute to skb * nla_put_s16(skb, type, value) add s16 attribute to skb * nla_put_s32(skb, type, value) add s32 attribute to skb * nla_put_s64(skb, type, value, * padattr) add s64 attribute to skb * nla_put_string(skb, type, str) add string attribute to skb * nla_put_flag(skb, type) add flag attribute to skb * nla_put_msecs(skb, type, jiffies, * padattr) add msecs attribute to skb * nla_put_in_addr(skb, type, addr) add IPv4 address attribute to skb * nla_put_in6_addr(skb, type, addr) add IPv6 address attribute to skb * * Nested Attributes Construction: * nla_nest_start(skb, type) start a nested attribute * nla_nest_end(skb, nla) finalize a nested attribute * nla_nest_cancel(skb, nla) cancel nested attribute construction * * Attribute Length Calculations: * nla_attr_size(payload) length of attribute w/o padding * nla_total_size(payload) length of attribute w/ padding * nla_padlen(payload) length of padding * * Attribute Payload Access: * nla_data(nla) head of attribute payload * nla_len(nla) length of attribute payload * * Attribute Payload Access for Basic Types: * nla_get_u8(nla) get payload for a u8 attribute * nla_get_u16(nla) get payload for a u16 attribute * nla_get_u32(nla) get payload for a u32 attribute * nla_get_u64(nla) get payload for a u64 attribute * nla_get_s8(nla) get payload for a s8 attribute * nla_get_s16(nla) get payload for a s16 attribute * nla_get_s32(nla) get payload for a s32 attribute * nla_get_s64(nla) get payload for a s64 attribute * nla_get_flag(nla) return 1 if flag is true * nla_get_msecs(nla) get payload for a msecs attribute * * Attribute Misc: * nla_memcpy(dest, nla, count) copy attribute into memory * nla_memcmp(nla, data, size) compare attribute with memory area * nla_strlcpy(dst, nla, size) copy attribute to a sized string * nla_strcmp(nla, str) compare attribute with string * * Attribute Parsing: * nla_ok(nla, remaining) does nla fit into remaining bytes? * nla_next(nla, remaining) get next netlink attribute * nla_validate() validate a stream of attributes * nla_validate_nested() validate a stream of nested attributes * nla_find() find attribute in stream of attributes * nla_find_nested() find attribute in nested attributes * nla_parse() parse and validate stream of attrs * nla_parse_nested() parse nested attributes * nla_for_each_attr() loop over all attributes * nla_for_each_nested() loop over the nested attributes *========================================================================= */ /** * Standard attribute types to specify validation policy */ enum { NLA_UNSPEC, NLA_U8, NLA_U16, NLA_U32, NLA_U64, NLA_STRING, NLA_FLAG, NLA_MSECS, NLA_NESTED, NLA_NESTED_ARRAY, NLA_NUL_STRING, NLA_BINARY, NLA_S8, NLA_S16, NLA_S32, NLA_S64, NLA_BITFIELD32, NLA_REJECT, __NLA_TYPE_MAX, }; #define NLA_TYPE_MAX (__NLA_TYPE_MAX - 1) struct netlink_range_validation { u64 min, max; }; struct netlink_range_validation_signed { s64 min, max; }; enum nla_policy_validation { NLA_VALIDATE_NONE, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_WARN_TOO_LONG, NLA_VALIDATE_MIN, NLA_VALIDATE_MAX, NLA_VALIDATE_MASK, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, NLA_VALIDATE_FUNCTION, }; /** * struct nla_policy - attribute validation policy * @type: Type of attribute or NLA_UNSPEC * @validation_type: type of attribute validation done in addition to * type-specific validation (e.g. range, function call), see * &enum nla_policy_validation * @len: Type specific length of payload * * Policies are defined as arrays of this struct, the array must be * accessible by attribute type up to the highest identifier to be expected. * * Meaning of `len' field: * NLA_STRING Maximum length of string * NLA_NUL_STRING Maximum length of string (excluding NUL) * NLA_FLAG Unused * NLA_BINARY Maximum length of attribute payload * (but see also below with the validation type) * NLA_NESTED, * NLA_NESTED_ARRAY Length verification is done by checking len of * nested header (or empty); len field is used if * nested_policy is also used, for the max attr * number in the nested policy. * NLA_U8, NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, NLA_U64, * NLA_S8, NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, NLA_S64, * NLA_MSECS Leaving the length field zero will verify the * given type fits, using it verifies minimum length * just like "All other" * NLA_BITFIELD32 Unused * NLA_REJECT Unused * All other Minimum length of attribute payload * * Meaning of validation union: * NLA_BITFIELD32 This is a 32-bit bitmap/bitselector attribute and * `bitfield32_valid' is the u32 value of valid flags * NLA_REJECT This attribute is always rejected and `reject_message' * may point to a string to report as the error instead * of the generic one in extended ACK. * NLA_NESTED `nested_policy' to a nested policy to validate, must * also set `len' to the max attribute number. Use the * provided NLA_POLICY_NESTED() macro. * Note that nla_parse() will validate, but of course not * parse, the nested sub-policies. * NLA_NESTED_ARRAY `nested_policy' points to a nested policy to validate, * must also set `len' to the max attribute number. Use * the provided NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY() macro. * The difference to NLA_NESTED is the structure: * NLA_NESTED has the nested attributes directly inside * while an array has the nested attributes at another * level down and the attribute types directly in the * nesting don't matter. * NLA_U8, * NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, * NLA_U64, * NLA_S8, * NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, * NLA_S64 The `min' and `max' fields are used depending on the * validation_type field, if that is min/max/range then * the min, max or both are used (respectively) to check * the value of the integer attribute. * Note that in the interest of code simplicity and * struct size both limits are s16, so you cannot * enforce a range that doesn't fall within the range * of s16 - do that as usual in the code instead. * Use the NLA_POLICY_MIN(), NLA_POLICY_MAX() and * NLA_POLICY_RANGE() macros. * NLA_U8, * NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, * NLA_U64 If the validation_type field instead is set to * NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, `range' must be a pointer * to a struct netlink_range_validation that indicates * the min/max values. * Use NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE(). * NLA_S8, * NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, * NLA_S64 If the validation_type field instead is set to * NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, `range_signed' must be a * pointer to a struct netlink_range_validation_signed * that indicates the min/max values. * Use NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE_SIGNED(). * * NLA_BINARY If the validation type is like the ones for integers * above, then the min/max length (not value like for * integers) of the attribute is enforced. * * All other Unused - but note that it's a union * * Meaning of `validate' field, use via NLA_POLICY_VALIDATE_FN: * NLA_BINARY Validation function called for the attribute. * All other Unused - but note that it's a union * * Example: * * static const u32 myvalidflags = 0xff231023; * * static const struct nla_policy my_policy[ATTR_MAX+1] = { * [ATTR_FOO] = { .type = NLA_U16 }, * [ATTR_BAR] = { .type = NLA_STRING, .len = BARSIZ }, * [ATTR_BAZ] = NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(sizeof(struct mystruct)), * [ATTR_GOO] = NLA_POLICY_BITFIELD32(myvalidflags), * }; */ struct nla_policy { u8 type; u8 validation_type; u16 len; union { const u32 bitfield32_valid; const u32 mask; const char *reject_message; const struct nla_policy *nested_policy; struct netlink_range_validation *range; struct netlink_range_validation_signed *range_signed; struct { s16 min, max; }; int (*validate)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); /* This entry is special, and used for the attribute at index 0 * only, and specifies special data about the policy, namely it * specifies the "boundary type" where strict length validation * starts for any attribute types >= this value, also, strict * nesting validation starts here. * * Additionally, it means that NLA_UNSPEC is actually NLA_REJECT * for any types >= this, so need to use NLA_POLICY_MIN_LEN() to * get the previous pure { .len = xyz } behaviour. The advantage * of this is that types not specified in the policy will be * rejected. * * For completely new families it should be set to 1 so that the * validation is enforced for all attributes. For existing ones * it should be set at least when new attributes are added to * the enum used by the policy, and be set to the new value that * was added to enforce strict validation from thereon. */ u16 strict_start_type; }; }; #define NLA_POLICY_ETH_ADDR NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(ETH_ALEN) #define NLA_POLICY_ETH_ADDR_COMPAT NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN_WARN(ETH_ALEN) #define _NLA_POLICY_NESTED(maxattr, policy) \ { .type = NLA_NESTED, .nested_policy = policy, .len = maxattr } #define _NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(maxattr, policy) \ { .type = NLA_NESTED_ARRAY, .nested_policy = policy, .len = maxattr } #define NLA_POLICY_NESTED(policy) \ _NLA_POLICY_NESTED(ARRAY_SIZE(policy) - 1, policy) #define NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(policy) \ _NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(ARRAY_SIZE(policy) - 1, policy) #define NLA_POLICY_BITFIELD32(valid) \ { .type = NLA_BITFIELD32, .bitfield32_valid = valid } #define __NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) \ (tp == NLA_U8 || tp == NLA_U16 || tp == NLA_U32 || tp == NLA_U64) #define __NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp) \ (tp == NLA_S8 || tp == NLA_S16 || tp == NLA_S32 || tp == NLA_S64) #define __NLA_ENSURE(condition) BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(!(condition)) #define NLA_ENSURE_UINT_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp)) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_UINT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) || \ tp == NLA_MSECS || \ tp == NLA_BINARY) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_SINT_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp)) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) || \ __NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp) || \ tp == NLA_MSECS || \ tp == NLA_BINARY) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_NO_VALIDATION_PTR(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(tp != NLA_BITFIELD32 && \ tp != NLA_REJECT && \ tp != NLA_NESTED && \ tp != NLA_NESTED_ARRAY) + tp) #define NLA_POLICY_RANGE(tp, _min, _max) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE, \ .min = _min, \ .max = _max \ } #define NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE(tp, _range) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_UINT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, \ .range = _range, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE_SIGNED(tp, _range) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_SINT_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, \ .range_signed = _range, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MIN(tp, _min) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MIN, \ .min = _min, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MAX(tp, _max) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MAX, \ .max = _max, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MASK(tp, _mask) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_UINT_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MASK, \ .mask = _mask, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_VALIDATE_FN(tp, fn, ...) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_NO_VALIDATION_PTR(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_FUNCTION, \ .validate = fn, \ .len = __VA_ARGS__ + 0, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(_len) NLA_POLICY_RANGE(NLA_BINARY, _len, _len) #define NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN_WARN(_len) { \ .type = NLA_BINARY, \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_WARN_TOO_LONG, \ .min = _len, \ .max = _len \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MIN_LEN(_len) NLA_POLICY_MIN(NLA_BINARY, _len) /** * struct nl_info - netlink source information * @nlh: Netlink message header of original request * @nl_net: Network namespace * @portid: Netlink PORTID of requesting application * @skip_notify: Skip netlink notifications to user space * @skip_notify_kernel: Skip selected in-kernel notifications */ struct nl_info { struct nlmsghdr *nlh; struct net *nl_net; u32 portid; u8 skip_notify:1, skip_notify_kernel:1; }; /** * enum netlink_validation - netlink message/attribute validation levels * @NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL: Old-style "be liberal" validation, not caring about * extra data at the end of the message, attributes being longer than * they should be, or unknown attributes being present. * @NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING: Reject junk data encountered after attribute parsing. * @NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE: Reject attributes > max type; Together with _TRAILING * this is equivalent to the old nla_parse_strict()/nlmsg_parse_strict(). * @NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC: Reject attributes with NLA_UNSPEC in the policy. * This can safely be set by the kernel when the given policy has no * NLA_UNSPEC anymore, and can thus be used to ensure policy entries * are enforced going forward. * @NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS: strict attribute policy parsing (e.g. * U8, U16, U32 must have exact size, etc.) * @NL_VALIDATE_NESTED: Check that NLA_F_NESTED is set for NLA_NESTED(_ARRAY) * and unset for other policies. */ enum netlink_validation { NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL = 0, NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING = BIT(0), NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE = BIT(1), NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC = BIT(2), NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS = BIT(3), NL_VALIDATE_NESTED = BIT(4), }; #define NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT (NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING |\ NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE) #define NL_VALIDATE_STRICT (NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING |\ NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE |\ NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC |\ NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS |\ NL_VALIDATE_NESTED) int netlink_rcv_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int (*cb)(struct sk_buff *, struct nlmsghdr *, struct netlink_ext_ack *)); int nlmsg_notify(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, int report, gfp_t flags); int __nla_validate(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int __nla_parse(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int nla_policy_len(const struct nla_policy *, int); struct nlattr *nla_find(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int attrtype); size_t nla_strlcpy(char *dst, const struct nlattr *nla, size_t dstsize); char *nla_strdup(const struct nlattr *nla, gfp_t flags); int nla_memcpy(void *dest, const struct nlattr *src, int count); int nla_memcmp(const struct nlattr *nla, const void *data, size_t size); int nla_strcmp(const struct nlattr *nla, const char *str); struct nlattr *__nla_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen); struct nlattr *__nla_reserve_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, int padattr); void *__nla_reserve_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen); struct nlattr *nla_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen); struct nlattr *nla_reserve_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, int padattr); void *nla_reserve_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen); void __nla_put(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data); void __nla_put_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data, int padattr); void __nla_put_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_put(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_put_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data, int padattr); int nla_put_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_append(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); /************************************************************************** * Netlink Messages **************************************************************************/ /** * nlmsg_msg_size - length of netlink message not including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_msg_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * nlmsg_total_size - length of netlink message including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_total_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_ALIGN(nlmsg_msg_size(payload)); } /** * nlmsg_padlen - length of padding at the message's tail * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_padlen(int payload) { return nlmsg_total_size(payload) - nlmsg_msg_size(payload); } /** * nlmsg_data - head of message payload * @nlh: netlink message header */ static inline void *nlmsg_data(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return (unsigned char *) nlh + NLMSG_HDRLEN; } /** * nlmsg_len - length of message payload * @nlh: netlink message header */ static inline int nlmsg_len(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return nlh->nlmsg_len - NLMSG_HDRLEN; } /** * nlmsg_attrdata - head of attributes data * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header */ static inline struct nlattr *nlmsg_attrdata(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen) { unsigned char *data = nlmsg_data(nlh); return (struct nlattr *) (data + NLMSG_ALIGN(hdrlen)); } /** * nlmsg_attrlen - length of attributes data * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header */ static inline int nlmsg_attrlen(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen) { return nlmsg_len(nlh) - NLMSG_ALIGN(hdrlen); } /** * nlmsg_ok - check if the netlink message fits into the remaining bytes * @nlh: netlink message header * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in message stream */ static inline int nlmsg_ok(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int remaining) { return (remaining >= (int) sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) && nlh->nlmsg_len >= sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) && nlh->nlmsg_len <= remaining); } /** * nlmsg_next - next netlink message in message stream * @nlh: netlink message header * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in message stream * * Returns the next netlink message in the message stream and * decrements remaining by the size of the current message. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr * nlmsg_next(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int *remaining) { int totlen = NLMSG_ALIGN(nlh->nlmsg_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct nlmsghdr *) ((unsigned char *) nlh + totlen); } /** * nla_parse - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be rejected, policy must be specified, attributes * will be validated in the strictest way possible. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nla_parse_deprecated - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be ignored and attributes from the policy are not * always strictly validated (only for new attributes). * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse_deprecated(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_parse_deprecated_strict - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be rejected as well as trailing data, but the * policy is not completely strictly validated (only for new attributes). * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse_deprecated_strict(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT, extack); } /** * __nlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int __nlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "Invalid header length"); return -EINVAL; } return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), policy, validate, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse_deprecated - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated_strict() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_find_attr - find a specific attribute in a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @attrtype: type of attribute to look for * * Returns the first attribute which matches the specified type. */ static inline struct nlattr *nlmsg_find_attr(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, int attrtype) { return nla_find(nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), attrtype); } /** * nla_validate_deprecated - Validate a stream of attributes * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the specified attribute stream against the * specified policy. Validation is done in liberal mode. * See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_validate_deprecated(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(head, len, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_validate - Validate a stream of attributes * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the specified attribute stream against the * specified policy. Validation is done in strict mode. * See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_validate(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(head, len, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_validate_deprecated - validate a netlink message including attributes * @nlh: netlinket message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct */ static inline int nlmsg_validate_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) return -EINVAL; return __nla_validate(nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nlmsg_report - need to report back to application? * @nlh: netlink message header * * Returns 1 if a report back to the application is requested. */ static inline int nlmsg_report(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return !!(nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_ECHO); } /** * nlmsg_for_each_attr - iterate over a stream of attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nlmsg_for_each_attr(pos, nlh, hdrlen, rem) \ nla_for_each_attr(pos, nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), \ nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), rem) /** * nlmsg_put - Add a new netlink message to an skb * @skb: socket buffer to store message in * @portid: netlink PORTID of requesting application * @seq: sequence number of message * @type: message type * @payload: length of message payload * @flags: message flags * * Returns NULL if the tailroom of the skb is insufficient to store * the message header and payload. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int payload, int flags) { if (unlikely(skb_tailroom(skb) < nlmsg_total_size(payload))) return NULL; return __nlmsg_put(skb, portid, seq, type, payload, flags); } /** * nlmsg_put_answer - Add a new callback based netlink message to an skb * @skb: socket buffer to store message in * @cb: netlink callback * @type: message type * @payload: length of message payload * @flags: message flags * * Returns NULL if the tailroom of the skb is insufficient to store * the message header and payload. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_put_answer(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, int type, int payload, int flags) { return nlmsg_put(skb, NETLINK_CB(cb->skb).portid, cb->nlh->nlmsg_seq, type, payload, flags); } /** * nlmsg_new - Allocate a new netlink message * @payload: size of the message payload * @flags: the type of memory to allocate. * * Use NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE if the size of the payload isn't known * and a good default is needed. */ static inline struct sk_buff *nlmsg_new(size_t payload, gfp_t flags) { return alloc_skb(nlmsg_total_size(payload), flags); } /** * nlmsg_end - Finalize a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @nlh: netlink message header * * Corrects the netlink message header to include the appeneded * attributes. Only necessary if attributes have been added to * the message. */ static inline void nlmsg_end(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { nlh->nlmsg_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - (unsigned char *)nlh; } /** * nlmsg_get_pos - return current position in netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * * Returns a pointer to the current tail of the message. */ static inline void *nlmsg_get_pos(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_tail_pointer(skb); } /** * nlmsg_trim - Trim message to a mark * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @mark: mark to trim to * * Trims the message to the provided mark. */ static inline void nlmsg_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *mark) { if (mark) { WARN_ON((unsigned char *) mark < skb->data); skb_trim(skb, (unsigned char *) mark - skb->data); } } /** * nlmsg_cancel - Cancel construction of a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @nlh: netlink message header * * Removes the complete netlink message including all * attributes from the socket buffer again. */ static inline void nlmsg_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { nlmsg_trim(skb, nlh); } /** * nlmsg_free - free a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer of netlink message */ static inline void nlmsg_free(struct sk_buff *skb) { kfree_skb(skb); } /** * nlmsg_multicast - multicast a netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to spread messages to * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: own netlink portid to avoid sending to yourself * @group: multicast group id * @flags: allocation flags */ static inline int nlmsg_multicast(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, gfp_t flags) { int err; NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group = group; err = netlink_broadcast(sk, skb, portid, group, flags); if (err > 0) err = 0; return err; } /** * nlmsg_unicast - unicast a netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to spread message to * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: netlink portid of the destination socket */ static inline int nlmsg_unicast(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid) { int err; err = netlink_unicast(sk, skb, portid, MSG_DONTWAIT); if (err > 0) err = 0; return err; } /** * nlmsg_for_each_msg - iterate over a stream of messages * @pos: loop counter, set to current message * @head: head of message stream * @len: length of message stream * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nlmsg_for_each_msg(pos, head, len, rem) \ for (pos = head, rem = len; \ nlmsg_ok(pos, rem); \ pos = nlmsg_next(pos, &(rem))) /** * nl_dump_check_consistent - check if sequence is consistent and advertise if not * @cb: netlink callback structure that stores the sequence number * @nlh: netlink message header to write the flag to * * This function checks if the sequence (generation) number changed during dump * and if it did, advertises it in the netlink message header. * * The correct way to use it is to set cb->seq to the generation counter when * all locks for dumping have been acquired, and then call this function for * each message that is generated. * * Note that due to initialisation concerns, 0 is an invalid sequence number * and must not be used by code that uses this functionality. */ static inline void nl_dump_check_consistent(struct netlink_callback *cb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { if (cb->prev_seq && cb->seq != cb->prev_seq) nlh->nlmsg_flags |= NLM_F_DUMP_INTR; cb->prev_seq = cb->seq; } /************************************************************************** * Netlink Attributes **************************************************************************/ /** * nla_attr_size - length of attribute not including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_attr_size(int payload) { return NLA_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * nla_total_size - total length of attribute including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_total_size(int payload) { return NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(payload)); } /** * nla_padlen - length of padding at the tail of attribute * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_padlen(int payload) { return nla_total_size(payload) - nla_attr_size(payload); } /** * nla_type - attribute type * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_type(const struct nlattr *nla) { return nla->nla_type & NLA_TYPE_MASK; } /** * nla_data - head of payload * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline void *nla_data(const struct nlattr *nla) { return (char *) nla + NLA_HDRLEN; } /** * nla_len - length of payload * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_len(const struct nlattr *nla) { return nla->nla_len - NLA_HDRLEN; } /** * nla_ok - check if the netlink attribute fits into the remaining bytes * @nla: netlink attribute * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in attribute stream */ static inline int nla_ok(const struct nlattr *nla, int remaining) { return remaining >= (int) sizeof(*nla) && nla->nla_len >= sizeof(*nla) && nla->nla_len <= remaining; } /** * nla_next - next netlink attribute in attribute stream * @nla: netlink attribute * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in attribute stream * * Returns the next netlink attribute in the attribute stream and * decrements remaining by the size of the current attribute. */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_next(const struct nlattr *nla, int *remaining) { unsigned int totlen = NLA_ALIGN(nla->nla_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct nlattr *) ((char *) nla + totlen); } /** * nla_find_nested - find attribute in a set of nested attributes * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @attrtype: type of attribute to look for * * Returns the first attribute which matches the specified type. */ static inline struct nlattr * nla_find_nested(const struct nlattr *nla, int attrtype) { return nla_find(nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), attrtype); } /** * nla_parse_nested - parse nested attributes * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int nla_parse_nested(struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nlattr *nla, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (!(nla->nla_type & NLA_F_NESTED)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, nla, "NLA_F_NESTED is missing"); return -EINVAL; } return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nla_parse_nested_deprecated - parse nested attributes * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated() */ static inline int nla_parse_nested_deprecated(struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nlattr *nla, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_put_u8 - Add a u8 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u8 value) { /* temporary variables to work around GCC PR81715 with asan-stack=1 */ u8 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u8), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u16 - Add a u16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u16 value) { u16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_be16 - Add a __be16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_be16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be16 value) { __be16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_net16 - Add 16-bit network byte order netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_net16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be16 value) { __be16 tmp = value; return nla_put_be16(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp); } /** * nla_put_le16 - Add a __le16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_le16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le16 value) { __le16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u32 - Add a u32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u32 value) { u32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_be32 - Add a __be32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_be32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 value) { __be32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_net32 - Add 32-bit network byte order netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_net32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 value) { __be32 tmp = value; return nla_put_be32(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp); } /** * nla_put_le32 - Add a __le32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_le32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le32 value) { __le32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u64_64bit - Add a u64 netlink attribute to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_u64_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u64 value, int padattr) { u64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_be64 - Add a __be64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_be64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be64 value, int padattr) { __be64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_net64 - Add 64-bit network byte order nlattr to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_net64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be64 value, int padattr) { __be64 tmp = value; return nla_put_be64(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_le64 - Add a __le64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_le64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le64 value, int padattr) { __le64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_s8 - Add a s8 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s8(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s8 value) { s8 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s8), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s16 - Add a s16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s16 value) { s16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s32 - Add a s32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s32 value) { s32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s64 - Add a s64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_s64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s64 value, int padattr) { s64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_string - Add a string netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @str: NUL terminated string */ static inline int nla_put_string(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, const char *str) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, strlen(str) + 1, str); } /** * nla_put_flag - Add a flag netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type */ static inline int nla_put_flag(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, 0, NULL); } /** * nla_put_msecs - Add a msecs netlink attribute to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @njiffies: number of jiffies to convert to msecs * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_msecs(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, unsigned long njiffies, int padattr) { u64 tmp = jiffies_to_msecs(njiffies); return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_in_addr - Add an IPv4 address netlink attribute to a socket * buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @addr: IPv4 address */ static inline int nla_put_in_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 addr) { __be32 tmp = addr; return nla_put_be32(skb, attrtype, tmp); } /** * nla_put_in6_addr - Add an IPv6 address netlink attribute to a socket * buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @addr: IPv6 address */ static inline int nla_put_in6_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, const struct in6_addr *addr) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(*addr), addr); } /** * nla_put_bitfield32 - Add a bitfield32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: value carrying bits * @selector: selector of valid bits */ static inline int nla_put_bitfield32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __u32 value, __u32 selector) { struct nla_bitfield32 tmp = { value, selector, }; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(tmp), &tmp); } /** * nla_get_u32 - return payload of u32 attribute * @nla: u32 netlink attribute */ static inline u32 nla_get_u32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_be32 - return payload of __be32 attribute * @nla: __be32 netlink attribute */ static inline __be32 nla_get_be32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_le32 - return payload of __le32 attribute * @nla: __le32 netlink attribute */ static inline __le32 nla_get_le32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u16 - return payload of u16 attribute * @nla: u16 netlink attribute */ static inline u16 nla_get_u16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_be16 - return payload of __be16 attribute * @nla: __be16 netlink attribute */ static inline __be16 nla_get_be16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_le16 - return payload of __le16 attribute * @nla: __le16 netlink attribute */ static inline __le16 nla_get_le16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u8 - return payload of u8 attribute * @nla: u8 netlink attribute */ static inline u8 nla_get_u8(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u8 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u64 - return payload of u64 attribute * @nla: u64 netlink attribute */ static inline u64 nla_get_u64(const struct nlattr *nla) { u64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_be64 - return payload of __be64 attribute * @nla: __be64 netlink attribute */ static inline __be64 nla_get_be64(const struct nlattr *nla) { __be64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_le64 - return payload of __le64 attribute * @nla: __le64 netlink attribute */ static inline __le64 nla_get_le64(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le64 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s32 - return payload of s32 attribute * @nla: s32 netlink attribute */ static inline s32 nla_get_s32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s16 - return payload of s16 attribute * @nla: s16 netlink attribute */ static inline s16 nla_get_s16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s8 - return payload of s8 attribute * @nla: s8 netlink attribute */ static inline s8 nla_get_s8(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s8 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s64 - return payload of s64 attribute * @nla: s64 netlink attribute */ static inline s64 nla_get_s64(const struct nlattr *nla) { s64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_flag - return payload of flag attribute * @nla: flag netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_get_flag(const struct nlattr *nla) { return !!nla; } /** * nla_get_msecs - return payload of msecs attribute * @nla: msecs netlink attribute * * Returns the number of milliseconds in jiffies. */ static inline unsigned long nla_get_msecs(const struct nlattr *nla) { u64 msecs = nla_get_u64(nla); return msecs_to_jiffies((unsigned long) msecs); } /** * nla_get_in_addr - return payload of IPv4 address attribute * @nla: IPv4 address netlink attribute */ static inline __be32 nla_get_in_addr(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_in6_addr - return payload of IPv6 address attribute * @nla: IPv6 address netlink attribute */ static inline struct in6_addr nla_get_in6_addr(const struct nlattr *nla) { struct in6_addr tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_bitfield32 - return payload of 32 bitfield attribute * @nla: nla_bitfield32 attribute */ static inline struct nla_bitfield32 nla_get_bitfield32(const struct nlattr *nla) { struct nla_bitfield32 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_memdup - duplicate attribute memory (kmemdup) * @src: netlink attribute to duplicate from * @gfp: GFP mask */ static inline void *nla_memdup(const struct nlattr *src, gfp_t gfp) { return kmemdup(nla_data(src), nla_len(src), gfp); } /** * nla_nest_start_noflag - Start a new level of nested attributes * @skb: socket buffer to add attributes to * @attrtype: attribute type of container * * This function exists for backward compatibility to use in APIs which never * marked their nest attributes with NLA_F_NESTED flag. New APIs should use * nla_nest_start() which sets the flag. * * Returns the container attribute or NULL on error */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_nest_start_noflag(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { struct nlattr *start = (struct nlattr *)skb_tail_pointer(skb); if (nla_put(skb, attrtype, 0, NULL) < 0) return NULL; return start; } /** * nla_nest_start - Start a new level of nested attributes, with NLA_F_NESTED * @skb: socket buffer to add attributes to * @attrtype: attribute type of container * * Unlike nla_nest_start_noflag(), mark the nest attribute with NLA_F_NESTED * flag. This is the preferred function to use in new code. * * Returns the container attribute or NULL on error */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_nest_start(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { return nla_nest_start_noflag(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NESTED); } /** * nla_nest_end - Finalize nesting of attributes * @skb: socket buffer the attributes are stored in * @start: container attribute * * Corrects the container attribute header to include the all * appeneded attributes. * * Returns the total data length of the skb. */ static inline int nla_nest_end(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlattr *start) { start->nla_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - (unsigned char *)start; return skb->len; } /** * nla_nest_cancel - Cancel nesting of attributes * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @start: container attribute * * Removes the container attribute and including all nested * attributes. Returns -EMSGSIZE */ static inline void nla_nest_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlattr *start) { nlmsg_trim(skb, start); } /** * __nla_validate_nested - Validate a stream of nested attributes * @start: container attribute * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the nested attribute stream against the * specified policy. Attributes with a type exceeding maxtype will be * ignored. See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int __nla_validate_nested(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(nla_data(start), nla_len(start), maxtype, policy, validate, extack); } static inline int nla_validate_nested(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate_nested(start, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } static inline int nla_validate_nested_deprecated(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate_nested(start, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_need_padding_for_64bit - test 64-bit alignment of the next attribute * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * * Return true if padding is needed to align the next attribute (nla_data()) to * a 64-bit aligned area. */ static inline bool nla_need_padding_for_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS /* The nlattr header is 4 bytes in size, that's why we test * if the skb->data _is_ aligned. A NOP attribute, plus * nlattr header for next attribute, will make nla_data() * 8-byte aligned. */ if (IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)skb_tail_pointer(skb), 8)) return true; #endif return false; } /** * nla_align_64bit - 64-bit align the nla_data() of next attribute * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @padattr: attribute type for the padding * * Conditionally emit a padding netlink attribute in order to make * the next attribute we emit have a 64-bit aligned nla_data() area. * This will only be done in architectures which do not have * CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS defined. * * Returns zero on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_align_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int padattr) { if (nla_need_padding_for_64bit(skb) && !nla_reserve(skb, padattr, 0)) return -EMSGSIZE; return 0; } /** * nla_total_size_64bit - total length of attribute including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_total_size_64bit(int payload) { return NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(payload)) #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS + NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(0)) #endif ; } /** * nla_for_each_attr - iterate over a stream of attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nla_for_each_attr(pos, head, len, rem) \ for (pos = head, rem = len; \ nla_ok(pos, rem); \ pos = nla_next(pos, &(rem))) /** * nla_for_each_nested - iterate over nested attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nla_for_each_nested(pos, nla, rem) \ nla_for_each_attr(pos, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), rem) /** * nla_is_last - Test if attribute is last in stream * @nla: attribute to test * @rem: bytes remaining in stream */ static inline bool nla_is_last(const struct nlattr *nla, int rem) { return nla->nla_len == rem; } void nla_get_range_unsigned(const struct nla_policy *pt, struct netlink_range_validation *range); void nla_get_range_signed(const struct nla_policy *pt, struct netlink_range_validation_signed *range); struct netlink_policy_dump_state; int netlink_policy_dump_add_policy(struct netlink_policy_dump_state **pstate, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int maxtype); int netlink_policy_dump_get_policy_idx(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int maxtype); bool netlink_policy_dump_loop(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); int netlink_policy_dump_write(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); int netlink_policy_dump_attr_size_estimate(const struct nla_policy *pt); int netlink_policy_dump_write_attr(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nla_policy *pt, int nestattr); void netlink_policy_dump_free(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include <linux/inotify.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /* struct kmem_cache */ struct inotify_event_info { struct fsnotify_event fse; u32 mask; int wd; u32 sync_cookie; int name_len; char name[]; }; struct inotify_inode_mark { struct fsnotify_mark fsn_mark; int wd; }; static inline struct inotify_event_info *INOTIFY_E(struct fsnotify_event *fse) { return container_of(fse, struct inotify_event_info, fse); } extern void inotify_ignored_and_remove_idr(struct fsnotify_mark *fsn_mark, struct fsnotify_group *group); extern int inotify_handle_inode_event(struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark, u32 mask, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie); extern const struct fsnotify_ops inotify_fsnotify_ops; extern struct kmem_cache *inotify_inode_mark_cachep; #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER static inline void dec_inotify_instances(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_INSTANCES); } static inline struct ucounts *inc_inotify_watches(struct ucounts *ucounts) { return inc_ucount(ucounts->ns, ucounts->uid, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES); } static inline void dec_inotify_watches(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_KEXEC_H #define LINUX_KEXEC_H #define IND_DESTINATION_BIT 0 #define IND_INDIRECTION_BIT 1 #define IND_DONE_BIT 2 #define IND_SOURCE_BIT 3 #define IND_DESTINATION (1 << IND_DESTINATION_BIT) #define IND_INDIRECTION (1 << IND_INDIRECTION_BIT) #define IND_DONE (1 << IND_DONE_BIT) #define IND_SOURCE (1 << IND_SOURCE_BIT) #define IND_FLAGS (IND_DESTINATION | IND_INDIRECTION | IND_DONE | IND_SOURCE) #if !defined(__ASSEMBLY__) #include <linux/crash_core.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <uapi/linux/kexec.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <asm/kexec.h> /* Verify architecture specific macros are defined */ #ifndef KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP #define KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY) #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE #error KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_ARCH #error KEXEC_ARCH not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #define KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN #define KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN PAGE_SIZE #endif #define KEXEC_CORE_NOTE_NAME CRASH_CORE_NOTE_NAME /* * This structure is used to hold the arguments that are used when loading * kernel binaries. */ typedef unsigned long kimage_entry_t; struct kexec_segment { /* * This pointer can point to user memory if kexec_load() system * call is used or will point to kernel memory if * kexec_file_load() system call is used. * * Use ->buf when expecting to deal with user memory and use ->kbuf * when expecting to deal with kernel memory. */ union { void __user *buf; void *kbuf; }; size_t bufsz; unsigned long mem; size_t memsz; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_kexec_segment { compat_uptr_t buf; compat_size_t bufsz; compat_ulong_t mem; /* User space sees this as a (void *) ... */ compat_size_t memsz; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE struct purgatory_info { /* * Pointer to elf header at the beginning of kexec_purgatory. * Note: kexec_purgatory is read only */ const Elf_Ehdr *ehdr; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for sechdrs used for relocation. * This memory can be freed post image load. */ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for stripped purgatory used for * relocation. This memory can be freed post image load. */ void *purgatory_buf; }; struct kimage; typedef int (kexec_probe_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_size); typedef void *(kexec_load_t)(struct kimage *image, char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len, char *initrd, unsigned long initrd_len, char *cmdline, unsigned long cmdline_len); typedef int (kexec_cleanup_t)(void *loader_data); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG typedef int (kexec_verify_sig_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len); #endif struct kexec_file_ops { kexec_probe_t *probe; kexec_load_t *load; kexec_cleanup_t *cleanup; #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG kexec_verify_sig_t *verify_sig; #endif }; extern const struct kexec_file_ops * const kexec_file_loaders[]; int kexec_image_probe_default(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); int kexec_image_post_load_cleanup_default(struct kimage *image); /* * If kexec_buf.mem is set to this value, kexec_locate_mem_hole() * will try to allocate free memory. Arch may overwrite it. */ #ifndef KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN #define KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN 0 #endif /** * struct kexec_buf - parameters for finding a place for a buffer in memory * @image: kexec image in which memory to search. * @buffer: Contents which will be copied to the allocated memory. * @bufsz: Size of @buffer. * @mem: On return will have address of the buffer in memory. * @memsz: Size for the buffer in memory. * @buf_align: Minimum alignment needed. * @buf_min: The buffer can't be placed below this address. * @buf_max: The buffer can't be placed above this address. * @top_down: Allocate from top of memory. */ struct kexec_buf { struct kimage *image; void *buffer; unsigned long bufsz; unsigned long mem; unsigned long memsz; unsigned long buf_align; unsigned long buf_min; unsigned long buf_max; bool top_down; }; int kexec_load_purgatory(struct kimage *image, struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_purgatory_get_set_symbol(struct kimage *image, const char *name, void *buf, unsigned int size, bool get_value); void *kexec_purgatory_get_symbol_addr(struct kimage *image, const char *name); /* Architectures may override the below functions */ int arch_kexec_kernel_image_probe(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); void *arch_kexec_kernel_image_load(struct kimage *image); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations_add(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG int arch_kexec_kernel_verify_sig(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); #endif int arch_kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); extern int kexec_add_buffer(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); /* Alignment required for elf header segment */ #define ELF_CORE_HEADER_ALIGN 4096 struct crash_mem_range { u64 start, end; }; struct crash_mem { unsigned int max_nr_ranges; unsigned int nr_ranges; struct crash_mem_range ranges[]; }; extern int crash_exclude_mem_range(struct crash_mem *mem, unsigned long long mstart, unsigned long long mend); extern int crash_prepare_elf64_headers(struct crash_mem *mem, int kernel_map, void **addr, unsigned long *sz); #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_ELF struct kexec_elf_info { /* * Where the ELF binary contents are kept. * Memory managed by the user of the struct. */ const char *buffer; const struct elfhdr *ehdr; const struct elf_phdr *proghdrs; }; int kexec_build_elf_info(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_load(struct kimage *image, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info, struct kexec_buf *kbuf, unsigned long *lowest_load_addr); void kexec_free_elf_info(struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_probe(const char *buf, unsigned long len); #endif struct kimage { kimage_entry_t head; kimage_entry_t *entry; kimage_entry_t *last_entry; unsigned long start; struct page *control_code_page; struct page *swap_page; void *vmcoreinfo_data_copy; /* locates in the crash memory */ unsigned long nr_segments; struct kexec_segment segment[KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX]; struct list_head control_pages; struct list_head dest_pages; struct list_head unusable_pages; /* Address of next control page to allocate for crash kernels. */ unsigned long control_page; /* Flags to indicate special processing */ unsigned int type : 1; #define KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT 0 #define KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH 1 unsigned int preserve_context : 1; /* If set, we are using file mode kexec syscall */ unsigned int file_mode:1; #ifdef ARCH_HAS_KIMAGE_ARCH struct kimage_arch arch; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE /* Additional fields for file based kexec syscall */ void *kernel_buf; unsigned long kernel_buf_len; void *initrd_buf; unsigned long initrd_buf_len; char *cmdline_buf; unsigned long cmdline_buf_len; /* File operations provided by image loader */ const struct kexec_file_ops *fops; /* Image loader handling the kernel can store a pointer here */ void *image_loader_data; /* Information for loading purgatory */ struct purgatory_info purgatory_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IMA_KEXEC /* Virtual address of IMA measurement buffer for kexec syscall */ void *ima_buffer; #endif }; /* kexec interface functions */ extern void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image); extern int machine_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *image); extern void machine_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *image); extern int kernel_kexec(void); extern struct page *kimage_alloc_control_pages(struct kimage *image, unsigned int order); extern void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); extern void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *); int kexec_crash_loaded(void); void crash_save_cpu(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu); extern int kimage_crash_copy_vmcoreinfo(struct kimage *image); extern struct kimage *kexec_image; extern struct kimage *kexec_crash_image; extern int kexec_load_disabled; #ifndef kexec_flush_icache_page #define kexec_flush_icache_page(page) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec flags */ #ifndef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP #define KEXEC_FLAGS KEXEC_ON_CRASH #else #define KEXEC_FLAGS (KEXEC_ON_CRASH | KEXEC_PRESERVE_CONTEXT) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec file flags */ #define KEXEC_FILE_FLAGS (KEXEC_FILE_UNLOAD | KEXEC_FILE_ON_CRASH | \ KEXEC_FILE_NO_INITRAMFS) /* Location of a reserved region to hold the crash kernel. */ extern struct resource crashk_res; extern struct resource crashk_low_res; extern note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes; /* flag to track if kexec reboot is in progress */ extern bool kexec_in_progress; int crash_shrink_memory(unsigned long new_size); size_t crash_get_memory_size(void); void crash_free_reserved_phys_range(unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); void arch_kexec_protect_crashkres(void); void arch_kexec_unprotect_crashkres(void); #ifndef page_to_boot_pfn static inline unsigned long page_to_boot_pfn(struct page *page) { return page_to_pfn(page); } #endif #ifndef boot_pfn_to_page static inline struct page *boot_pfn_to_page(unsigned long boot_pfn) { return pfn_to_page(boot_pfn); } #endif #ifndef phys_to_boot_phys static inline unsigned long phys_to_boot_phys(phys_addr_t phys) { return phys; } #endif #ifndef boot_phys_to_phys static inline phys_addr_t boot_phys_to_phys(unsigned long boot_phys) { return boot_phys; } #endif static inline unsigned long virt_to_boot_phys(void *addr) { return phys_to_boot_phys(__pa((unsigned long)addr)); } static inline void *boot_phys_to_virt(unsigned long entry) { return phys_to_virt(boot_phys_to_phys(entry)); } #ifndef arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages static inline int arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages, gfp_t gfp) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef arch_kexec_pre_free_pages static inline void arch_kexec_pre_free_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages) { } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ struct pt_regs; struct task_struct; static inline void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline int kexec_crash_loaded(void) { return 0; } #define kexec_in_progress false #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ #endif /* !defined(__ASSEBMLY__) */ #endif /* LINUX_KEXEC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * kobject.h - generic kernel object infrastructure. * * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Open Source Development Labs * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Novell Inc. * * Please read Documentation/core-api/kobject.rst before using the kobject * interface, ESPECIALLY the parts about reference counts and object * destructors. */ #ifndef _KOBJECT_H_ #define _KOBJECT_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/kobject_ns.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #define UEVENT_HELPER_PATH_LEN 256 #define UEVENT_NUM_ENVP 64 /* number of env pointers */ #define UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE 2048 /* buffer for the variables */ #ifdef CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER /* path to the userspace helper executed on an event */ extern char uevent_helper[]; #endif /* counter to tag the uevent, read only except for the kobject core */ extern u64 uevent_seqnum; /* * The actions here must match the index to the string array * in lib/kobject_uevent.c * * Do not add new actions here without checking with the driver-core * maintainers. Action strings are not meant to express subsystem * or device specific properties. In most cases you want to send a * kobject_uevent_env(kobj, KOBJ_CHANGE, env) with additional event * specific variables added to the event environment. */ enum kobject_action { KOBJ_ADD, KOBJ_REMOVE, KOBJ_CHANGE, KOBJ_MOVE, KOBJ_ONLINE, KOBJ_OFFLINE, KOBJ_BIND, KOBJ_UNBIND, }; struct kobject { const char *name; struct list_head entry; struct kobject *parent; struct kset *kset; struct kobj_type *ktype; struct kernfs_node *sd; /* sysfs directory entry */ struct kref kref; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT_RELEASE struct delayed_work release; #endif unsigned int state_initialized:1; unsigned int state_in_sysfs:1; unsigned int state_add_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int state_remove_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int uevent_suppress:1; }; extern __printf(2, 3) int kobject_set_name(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) int kobject_set_name_vargs(struct kobject *kobj, const char *fmt, va_list vargs); static inline const char *kobject_name(const struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->name; } extern void kobject_init(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype); extern __printf(3, 4) __must_check int kobject_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) __must_check int kobject_init_and_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern void kobject_del(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create(void); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create_and_add(const char *name, struct kobject *parent); extern int __must_check kobject_rename(struct kobject *, const char *new_name); extern int __must_check kobject_move(struct kobject *, struct kobject *); extern struct kobject *kobject_get(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_get_unless_zero( struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_put(struct kobject *kobj); extern const void *kobject_namespace(struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_get_ownership(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); extern char *kobject_get_path(struct kobject *kobj, gfp_t flag); /** * kobject_has_children - Returns whether a kobject has children. * @kobj: the object to test * * This will return whether a kobject has other kobjects as children. * * It does NOT account for the presence of attribute files, only sub * directories. It also assumes there is no concurrent addition or * removal of such children, and thus relies on external locking. */ static inline bool kobject_has_children(struct kobject *kobj) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kref_read(&kobj->kref) == 0); return kobj->sd && kobj->sd->dir.subdirs; } struct kobj_type { void (*release)(struct kobject *kobj); const struct sysfs_ops *sysfs_ops; struct attribute **default_attrs; /* use default_groups instead */ const struct attribute_group **default_groups; const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *(*child_ns_type)(struct kobject *kobj); const void *(*namespace)(struct kobject *kobj); void (*get_ownership)(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); }; struct kobj_uevent_env { char *argv[3]; char *envp[UEVENT_NUM_ENVP]; int envp_idx; char buf[UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE]; int buflen; }; struct kset_uevent_ops { int (* const filter)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); const char *(* const name)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); int (* const uevent)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_uevent_env *env); }; struct kobj_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); }; extern const struct sysfs_ops kobj_sysfs_ops; struct sock; /** * struct kset - a set of kobjects of a specific type, belonging to a specific subsystem. * * A kset defines a group of kobjects. They can be individually * different "types" but overall these kobjects all want to be grouped * together and operated on in the same manner. ksets are used to * define the attribute callbacks and other common events that happen to * a kobject. * * @list: the list of all kobjects for this kset * @list_lock: a lock for iterating over the kobjects * @kobj: the embedded kobject for this kset (recursion, isn't it fun...) * @uevent_ops: the set of uevent operations for this kset. These are * called whenever a kobject has something happen to it so that the kset * can add new environment variables, or filter out the uevents if so * desired. */ struct kset { struct list_head list; spinlock_t list_lock; struct kobject kobj; const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops; } __randomize_layout; extern void kset_init(struct kset *kset); extern int __must_check kset_register(struct kset *kset); extern void kset_unregister(struct kset *kset); extern struct kset * __must_check kset_create_and_add(const char *name, const struct kset_uevent_ops *u, struct kobject *parent_kobj); static inline struct kset *to_kset(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj ? container_of(kobj, struct kset, kobj) : NULL; } static inline struct kset *kset_get(struct kset *k) { return k ? to_kset(kobject_get(&k->kobj)) : NULL; } static inline void kset_put(struct kset *k) { kobject_put(&k->kobj); } static inline struct kobj_type *get_ktype(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->ktype; } extern struct kobject *kset_find_obj(struct kset *, const char *); /* The global /sys/kernel/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *kernel_kobj; /* The global /sys/kernel/mm/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *mm_kobj; /* The global /sys/hypervisor/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *hypervisor_kobj; /* The global /sys/power/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *power_kobj; /* The global /sys/firmware/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *firmware_kobj; int kobject_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action); int kobject_uevent_env(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action, char *envp[]); int kobject_synth_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t count); __printf(2, 3) int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...); #endif /* _KOBJECT_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Task I/O accounting operations */ #ifndef __TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING_OPS_INCLUDED #define __TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING_OPS_INCLUDED #include <linux/sched.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING static inline void task_io_account_read(size_t bytes) { current->ioac.read_bytes += bytes; } /* * We approximate number of blocks, because we account bytes only. * A 'block' is 512 bytes */ static inline unsigned long task_io_get_inblock(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->ioac.read_bytes >> 9; } static inline void task_io_account_write(size_t bytes) { current->ioac.write_bytes += bytes; } /* * We approximate number of blocks, because we account bytes only. * A 'block' is 512 bytes */ static inline unsigned long task_io_get_oublock(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->ioac.write_bytes >> 9; } static inline void task_io_account_cancelled_write(size_t bytes) { current->ioac.cancelled_write_bytes += bytes; } static inline void task_io_accounting_init(struct task_io_accounting *ioac) { memset(ioac, 0, sizeof(*ioac)); } static inline void task_blk_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { dst->read_bytes += src->read_bytes; dst->write_bytes += src->write_bytes; dst->cancelled_write_bytes += src->cancelled_write_bytes; } #else static inline void task_io_account_read(size_t bytes) { } static inline unsigned long task_io_get_inblock(const struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void task_io_account_write(size_t bytes) { } static inline unsigned long task_io_get_oublock(const struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void task_io_account_cancelled_write(size_t bytes) { } static inline void task_io_accounting_init(struct task_io_accounting *ioac) { } static inline void task_blk_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_XACCT static inline void task_chr_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { dst->rchar += src->rchar; dst->wchar += src->wchar; dst->syscr += src->syscr; dst->syscw += src->syscw; } #else static inline void task_chr_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_XACCT */ static inline void task_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { task_chr_io_accounting_add(dst, src); task_blk_io_accounting_add(dst, src); } #endif /* __TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING_OPS_INCLUDED */
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3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 3486 3487 3488 3489 3490 3491 3492 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 3500 3501 3502 3503 3504 3505 3506 3507 3508 3509 3510 3511 3512 3513 3514 3515 3516 3517 3518 3519 3520 3521 3522 3523 3524 3525 3526 3527 3528 3529 3530 3531 3532 3533 3534 3535 3536 3537 3538 3539 3540 3541 3542 3543 3544 3545 3546 3547 3548 3549 3550 3551 3552 3553 3554 3555 3556 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM cfg80211 #if !defined(__RDEV_OPS_TRACE) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define __RDEV_OPS_TRACE #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/etherdevice.h> #include <net/cfg80211.h> #include "core.h" #define MAC_ENTRY(entry_mac) __array(u8, entry_mac, ETH_ALEN) #define MAC_ASSIGN(entry_mac, given_mac) do { \ if (given_mac) \ memcpy(__entry->entry_mac, given_mac, ETH_ALEN); \ else \ eth_zero_addr(__entry->entry_mac); \ } while (0) #define MAC_PR_FMT "%pM" #define MAC_PR_ARG(entry_mac) (__entry->entry_mac) #define MAXNAME 32 #define WIPHY_ENTRY __array(char, wiphy_name, 32) #define WIPHY_ASSIGN strlcpy(__entry->wiphy_name, wiphy_name(wiphy), MAXNAME) #define WIPHY_PR_FMT "%s" #define WIPHY_PR_ARG __entry->wiphy_name #define WDEV_ENTRY __field(u32, id) #define WDEV_ASSIGN (__entry->id) = (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(wdev) \ ? wdev->identifier : 0) #define WDEV_PR_FMT "wdev(%u)" #define WDEV_PR_ARG (__entry->id) #define NETDEV_ENTRY __array(char, name, IFNAMSIZ) \ __field(int, ifindex) #define NETDEV_ASSIGN \ do { \ memcpy(__entry->name, netdev->name, IFNAMSIZ); \ (__entry->ifindex) = (netdev->ifindex); \ } while (0) #define NETDEV_PR_FMT "netdev:%s(%d)" #define NETDEV_PR_ARG __entry->name, __entry->ifindex #define MESH_CFG_ENTRY __field(u16, dot11MeshRetryTimeout) \ __field(u16, dot11MeshConfirmTimeout) \ __field(u16, dot11MeshHoldingTimeout) \ __field(u16, dot11MeshMaxPeerLinks) \ __field(u8, dot11MeshMaxRetries) \ __field(u8, dot11MeshTTL) \ __field(u8, element_ttl) \ __field(bool, auto_open_plinks) \ __field(u32, dot11MeshNbrOffsetMaxNeighbor) \ __field(u8, dot11MeshHWMPmaxPREQretries) \ __field(u32, path_refresh_time) \ __field(u32, dot11MeshHWMPactivePathTimeout) \ __field(u16, min_discovery_timeout) \ __field(u16, dot11MeshHWMPpreqMinInterval) \ __field(u16, dot11MeshHWMPperrMinInterval) \ __field(u16, dot11MeshHWMPnetDiameterTraversalTime) \ __field(u8, dot11MeshHWMPRootMode) \ __field(u16, dot11MeshHWMPRannInterval) \ __field(bool, dot11MeshGateAnnouncementProtocol) \ __field(bool, dot11MeshForwarding) \ __field(s32, rssi_threshold) \ __field(u16, ht_opmode) \ __field(u32, dot11MeshHWMPactivePathToRootTimeout) \ __field(u16, dot11MeshHWMProotInterval) \ __field(u16, dot11MeshHWMPconfirmationInterval) \ __field(bool, dot11MeshNolearn) #define MESH_CFG_ASSIGN \ do { \ __entry->dot11MeshRetryTimeout = conf->dot11MeshRetryTimeout; \ __entry->dot11MeshConfirmTimeout = \ conf->dot11MeshConfirmTimeout; \ __entry->dot11MeshHoldingTimeout = \ conf->dot11MeshHoldingTimeout; \ __entry->dot11MeshMaxPeerLinks = conf->dot11MeshMaxPeerLinks; \ __entry->dot11MeshMaxRetries = conf->dot11MeshMaxRetries; \ __entry->dot11MeshTTL = conf->dot11MeshTTL; \ __entry->element_ttl = conf->element_ttl; \ __entry->auto_open_plinks = conf->auto_open_plinks; \ __entry->dot11MeshNbrOffsetMaxNeighbor = \ conf->dot11MeshNbrOffsetMaxNeighbor; \ __entry->dot11MeshHWMPmaxPREQretries = \ conf->dot11MeshHWMPmaxPREQretries; \ __entry->path_refresh_time = conf->path_refresh_time; \ __entry->dot11MeshHWMPactivePathTimeout = \ conf->dot11MeshHWMPactivePathTimeout; \ __entry->min_discovery_timeout = conf->min_discovery_timeout; \ __entry->dot11MeshHWMPpreqMinInterval = \ conf->dot11MeshHWMPpreqMinInterval; \ __entry->dot11MeshHWMPperrMinInterval = \ conf->dot11MeshHWMPperrMinInterval; \ __entry->dot11MeshHWMPnetDiameterTraversalTime = \ conf->dot11MeshHWMPnetDiameterTraversalTime; \ __entry->dot11MeshHWMPRootMode = conf->dot11MeshHWMPRootMode; \ __entry->dot11MeshHWMPRannInterval = \ conf->dot11MeshHWMPRannInterval; \ __entry->dot11MeshGateAnnouncementProtocol = \ conf->dot11MeshGateAnnouncementProtocol; \ __entry->dot11MeshForwarding = conf->dot11MeshForwarding; \ __entry->rssi_threshold = conf->rssi_threshold; \ __entry->ht_opmode = conf->ht_opmode; \ __entry->dot11MeshHWMPactivePathToRootTimeout = \ conf->dot11MeshHWMPactivePathToRootTimeout; \ __entry->dot11MeshHWMProotInterval = \ conf->dot11MeshHWMProotInterval; \ __entry->dot11MeshHWMPconfirmationInterval = \ conf->dot11MeshHWMPconfirmationInterval; \ __entry->dot11MeshNolearn = conf->dot11MeshNolearn; \ } while (0) #define CHAN_ENTRY __field(enum nl80211_band, band) \ __field(u32, center_freq) \ __field(u16, freq_offset) #define CHAN_ASSIGN(chan) \ do { \ if (chan) { \ __entry->band = chan->band; \ __entry->center_freq = chan->center_freq; \ __entry->freq_offset = chan->freq_offset; \ } else { \ __entry->band = 0; \ __entry->center_freq = 0; \ __entry->freq_offset = 0; \ } \ } while (0) #define CHAN_PR_FMT "band: %d, freq: %u.%03u" #define CHAN_PR_ARG __entry->band, __entry->center_freq, __entry->freq_offset #define CHAN_DEF_ENTRY __field(enum nl80211_band, band) \ __field(u32, control_freq) \ __field(u32, freq_offset) \ __field(u32, width) \ __field(u32, center_freq1) \ __field(u32, freq1_offset) \ __field(u32, center_freq2) #define CHAN_DEF_ASSIGN(chandef) \ do { \ if ((chandef) && (chandef)->chan) { \ __entry->band = (chandef)->chan->band; \ __entry->control_freq = \ (chandef)->chan->center_freq; \ __entry->freq_offset = \ (chandef)->chan->freq_offset; \ __entry->width = (chandef)->width; \ __entry->center_freq1 = (chandef)->center_freq1;\ __entry->freq1_offset = (chandef)->freq1_offset;\ __entry->center_freq2 = (chandef)->center_freq2;\ } else { \ __entry->band = 0; \ __entry->control_freq = 0; \ __entry->freq_offset = 0; \ __entry->width = 0; \ __entry->center_freq1 = 0; \ __entry->freq1_offset = 0; \ __entry->center_freq2 = 0; \ } \ } while (0) #define CHAN_DEF_PR_FMT \ "band: %d, control freq: %u.%03u, width: %d, cf1: %u.%03u, cf2: %u" #define CHAN_DEF_PR_ARG __entry->band, __entry->control_freq, \ __entry->freq_offset, __entry->width, \ __entry->center_freq1, __entry->freq1_offset, \ __entry->center_freq2 #define SINFO_ENTRY __field(int, generation) \ __field(u32, connected_time) \ __field(u32, inactive_time) \ __field(u32, rx_bytes) \ __field(u32, tx_bytes) \ __field(u32, rx_packets) \ __field(u32, tx_packets) \ __field(u32, tx_retries) \ __field(u32, tx_failed) \ __field(u32, rx_dropped_misc) \ __field(u32, beacon_loss_count) \ __field(u16, llid) \ __field(u16, plid) \ __field(u8, plink_state) #define SINFO_ASSIGN \ do { \ __entry->generation = sinfo->generation; \ __entry->connected_time = sinfo->connected_time; \ __entry->inactive_time = sinfo->inactive_time; \ __entry->rx_bytes = sinfo->rx_bytes; \ __entry->tx_bytes = sinfo->tx_bytes; \ __entry->rx_packets = sinfo->rx_packets; \ __entry->tx_packets = sinfo->tx_packets; \ __entry->tx_retries = sinfo->tx_retries; \ __entry->tx_failed = sinfo->tx_failed; \ __entry->rx_dropped_misc = sinfo->rx_dropped_misc; \ __entry->beacon_loss_count = sinfo->beacon_loss_count; \ __entry->llid = sinfo->llid; \ __entry->plid = sinfo->plid; \ __entry->plink_state = sinfo->plink_state; \ } while (0) #define BOOL_TO_STR(bo) (bo) ? "true" : "false" #define QOS_MAP_ENTRY __field(u8, num_des) \ __array(u8, dscp_exception, \ 2 * IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_MAX_EX) \ __array(u8, up, IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_LEN_MIN) #define QOS_MAP_ASSIGN(qos_map) \ do { \ if ((qos_map)) { \ __entry->num_des = (qos_map)->num_des; \ memcpy(__entry->dscp_exception, \ &(qos_map)->dscp_exception, \ 2 * IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_MAX_EX); \ memcpy(__entry->up, &(qos_map)->up, \ IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_LEN_MIN); \ } else { \ __entry->num_des = 0; \ memset(__entry->dscp_exception, 0, \ 2 * IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_MAX_EX); \ memset(__entry->up, 0, \ IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_LEN_MIN); \ } \ } while (0) /************************************************************* * rdev->ops traces * *************************************************************/ TRACE_EVENT(rdev_suspend, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct cfg80211_wowlan *wow), TP_ARGS(wiphy, wow), TP_STRUCT__entry( WIPHY_ENTRY __field(bool, any) __field(bool, disconnect) __field(bool, magic_pkt) __field(bool, gtk_rekey_failure) __field(bool, eap_identity_req) __field(bool, four_way_handshake) __field(bool, rfkill_release) __field(bool, valid_wow) ), TP_fast_assign( WIPHY_ASSIGN; if (wow) { __entry->any = wow->any; __entry->disconnect = wow->disconnect; __entry->magic_pkt = wow->magic_pkt; __entry->gtk_rekey_failure = wow->gtk_rekey_failure; __entry->eap_identity_req = wow->eap_identity_req; __entry->four_way_handshake = wow->four_way_handshake; __entry->rfkill_release = wow->rfkill_release; __entry->valid_wow = true; } else { __entry->valid_wow = false; } ), TP_printk(WIPHY_PR_FMT ", wow%s - any: %d, disconnect: %d, " "magic pkt: %d, gtk rekey failure: %d, eap identify req: %d, " "four way handshake: %d, rfkill release: %d.", WIPHY_PR_ARG, __entry->valid_wow ? "" : "(Not configured!)", __entry->any, __entry->disconnect, __entry->magic_pkt, __entry->gtk_rekey_failure, __entry->eap_identity_req, __entry->four_way_handshake, __entry->rfkill_release) ); TRACE_EVENT(rdev_return_int, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy, int ret), TP_ARGS(wiphy, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( WIPHY_ENTRY __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( WIPHY_ASSIGN; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk(WIPHY_PR_FMT ", returned: %d", WIPHY_PR_ARG, __entry->ret) ); TRACE_EVENT(rdev_scan, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct cfg80211_scan_request *request), TP_ARGS(wiphy, request), TP_STRUCT__entry( WIPHY_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WIPHY_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WIPHY_PR_FMT, WIPHY_PR_ARG) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wiphy_only_evt, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy), TP_ARGS(wiphy), TP_STRUCT__entry( WIPHY_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WIPHY_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WIPHY_PR_FMT, WIPHY_PR_ARG) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wiphy_only_evt, rdev_resume, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy), TP_ARGS(wiphy) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wiphy_only_evt, rdev_return_void, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy), TP_ARGS(wiphy) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wiphy_only_evt, rdev_get_antenna, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy), TP_ARGS(wiphy) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wiphy_only_evt, rdev_rfkill_poll, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy), TP_ARGS(wiphy) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wiphy_enabled_evt, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy, bool enabled), TP_ARGS(wiphy, enabled), TP_STRUCT__entry( WIPHY_ENTRY __field(bool, enabled) ), TP_fast_assign( WIPHY_ASSIGN; __entry->enabled = enabled; ), TP_printk(WIPHY_PR_FMT ", %senabled ", WIPHY_PR_ARG, __entry->enabled ? "" : "not ") ); DEFINE_EVENT(wiphy_enabled_evt, rdev_set_wakeup, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy, bool enabled), TP_ARGS(wiphy, enabled) ); TRACE_EVENT(rdev_add_virtual_intf, TP_PROTO(struct wiphy *wiphy, char *name, enum nl80211_iftype type), TP_ARGS(wiphy, name, type), TP_STRUCT__entry( WIPHY_ENTRY __string(vir_intf_name, name ? name : "<noname>") __field(enum nl80211_iftype, type) ), TP_fast_assign( WIPHY_ASSIGN; __assign_str(vir_intf_name, name ? name : "<noname>"); __entry-&