1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * workqueue.h --- work queue handling for Linux. */ #ifndef _LINUX_WORKQUEUE_H #define _LINUX_WORKQUEUE_H #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> struct workqueue_struct; struct work_struct; typedef void (*work_func_t)(struct work_struct *work); void delayed_work_timer_fn(struct timer_list *t); /* * The first word is the work queue pointer and the flags rolled into * one */ #define work_data_bits(work) ((unsigned long *)(&(work)->data)) enum { WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT = 0, /* work item is pending execution */ WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED_BIT = 1, /* work item is delayed */ WORK_STRUCT_PWQ_BIT = 2, /* data points to pwq */ WORK_STRUCT_LINKED_BIT = 3, /* next work is linked to this one */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_WORK WORK_STRUCT_STATIC_BIT = 4, /* static initializer (debugobjects) */ WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_SHIFT = 5, /* color for workqueue flushing */ #else WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_SHIFT = 4, /* color for workqueue flushing */ #endif WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_BITS = 4, WORK_STRUCT_PENDING = 1 << WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED = 1 << WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED_BIT, WORK_STRUCT_PWQ = 1 << WORK_STRUCT_PWQ_BIT, WORK_STRUCT_LINKED = 1 << WORK_STRUCT_LINKED_BIT, #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_WORK WORK_STRUCT_STATIC = 1 << WORK_STRUCT_STATIC_BIT, #else WORK_STRUCT_STATIC = 0, #endif /* * The last color is no color used for works which don't * participate in workqueue flushing. */ WORK_NR_COLORS = (1 << WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_BITS) - 1, WORK_NO_COLOR = WORK_NR_COLORS, /* not bound to any CPU, prefer the local CPU */ WORK_CPU_UNBOUND = NR_CPUS, /* * Reserve 8 bits off of pwq pointer w/ debugobjects turned off. * This makes pwqs aligned to 256 bytes and allows 15 workqueue * flush colors. */ WORK_STRUCT_FLAG_BITS = WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_SHIFT + WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_BITS, /* data contains off-queue information when !WORK_STRUCT_PWQ */ WORK_OFFQ_FLAG_BASE = WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_SHIFT, __WORK_OFFQ_CANCELING = WORK_OFFQ_FLAG_BASE, WORK_OFFQ_CANCELING = (1 << __WORK_OFFQ_CANCELING), /* * When a work item is off queue, its high bits point to the last * pool it was on. Cap at 31 bits and use the highest number to * indicate that no pool is associated. */ WORK_OFFQ_FLAG_BITS = 1, WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT = WORK_OFFQ_FLAG_BASE + WORK_OFFQ_FLAG_BITS, WORK_OFFQ_LEFT = BITS_PER_LONG - WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT, WORK_OFFQ_POOL_BITS = WORK_OFFQ_LEFT <= 31 ? WORK_OFFQ_LEFT : 31, WORK_OFFQ_POOL_NONE = (1LU << WORK_OFFQ_POOL_BITS) - 1, /* convenience constants */ WORK_STRUCT_FLAG_MASK = (1UL << WORK_STRUCT_FLAG_BITS) - 1, WORK_STRUCT_WQ_DATA_MASK = ~WORK_STRUCT_FLAG_MASK, WORK_STRUCT_NO_POOL = (unsigned long)WORK_OFFQ_POOL_NONE << WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT, /* bit mask for work_busy() return values */ WORK_BUSY_PENDING = 1 << 0, WORK_BUSY_RUNNING = 1 << 1, /* maximum string length for set_worker_desc() */ WORKER_DESC_LEN = 24, }; struct work_struct { atomic_long_t data; struct list_head entry; work_func_t func; #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP struct lockdep_map lockdep_map; #endif }; #define WORK_DATA_INIT() ATOMIC_LONG_INIT((unsigned long)WORK_STRUCT_NO_POOL) #define WORK_DATA_STATIC_INIT() \ ATOMIC_LONG_INIT((unsigned long)(WORK_STRUCT_NO_POOL | WORK_STRUCT_STATIC)) struct delayed_work { struct work_struct work; struct timer_list timer; /* target workqueue and CPU ->timer uses to queue ->work */ struct workqueue_struct *wq; int cpu; }; struct rcu_work { struct work_struct work; struct rcu_head rcu; /* target workqueue ->rcu uses to queue ->work */ struct workqueue_struct *wq; }; /** * struct workqueue_attrs - A struct for workqueue attributes. * * This can be used to change attributes of an unbound workqueue. */ struct workqueue_attrs { /** * @nice: nice level */ int nice; /** * @cpumask: allowed CPUs */ cpumask_var_t cpumask; /** * @no_numa: disable NUMA affinity * * Unlike other fields, ``no_numa`` isn't a property of a worker_pool. It * only modifies how :c:func:`apply_workqueue_attrs` select pools and thus * doesn't participate in pool hash calculations or equality comparisons. */ bool no_numa; }; static inline struct delayed_work *to_delayed_work(struct work_struct *work) { return container_of(work, struct delayed_work, work); } static inline struct rcu_work *to_rcu_work(struct work_struct *work) { return container_of(work, struct rcu_work, work); } struct execute_work { struct work_struct work; }; #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP /* * NB: because we have to copy the lockdep_map, setting _key * here is required, otherwise it could get initialised to the * copy of the lockdep_map! */ #define __WORK_INIT_LOCKDEP_MAP(n, k) \ .lockdep_map = STATIC_LOCKDEP_MAP_INIT(n, k), #else #define __WORK_INIT_LOCKDEP_MAP(n, k) #endif #define __WORK_INITIALIZER(n, f) { \ .data = WORK_DATA_STATIC_INIT(), \ .entry = { &(n).entry, &(n).entry }, \ .func = (f), \ __WORK_INIT_LOCKDEP_MAP(#n, &(n)) \ } #define __DELAYED_WORK_INITIALIZER(n, f, tflags) { \ .work = __WORK_INITIALIZER((n).work, (f)), \ .timer = __TIMER_INITIALIZER(delayed_work_timer_fn,\ (tflags) | TIMER_IRQSAFE), \ } #define DECLARE_WORK(n, f) \ struct work_struct n = __WORK_INITIALIZER(n, f) #define DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(n, f) \ struct delayed_work n = __DELAYED_WORK_INITIALIZER(n, f, 0) #define DECLARE_DEFERRABLE_WORK(n, f) \ struct delayed_work n = __DELAYED_WORK_INITIALIZER(n, f, TIMER_DEFERRABLE) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_WORK extern void __init_work(struct work_struct *work, int onstack); extern void destroy_work_on_stack(struct work_struct *work); extern void destroy_delayed_work_on_stack(struct delayed_work *work); static inline unsigned int work_static(struct work_struct *work) { return *work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_STATIC; } #else static inline void __init_work(struct work_struct *work, int onstack) { } static inline void destroy_work_on_stack(struct work_struct *work) { } static inline void destroy_delayed_work_on_stack(struct delayed_work *work) { } static inline unsigned int work_static(struct work_struct *work) { return 0; } #endif /* * initialize all of a work item in one go * * NOTE! No point in using "atomic_long_set()": using a direct * assignment of the work data initializer allows the compiler * to generate better code. */ #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP #define __INIT_WORK(_work, _func, _onstack) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __init_work((_work), _onstack); \ (_work)->data = (atomic_long_t) WORK_DATA_INIT(); \ lockdep_init_map(&(_work)->lockdep_map, "(work_completion)"#_work, &__key, 0); \ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&(_work)->entry); \ (_work)->func = (_func); \ } while (0) #else #define __INIT_WORK(_work, _func, _onstack) \ do { \ __init_work((_work), _onstack); \ (_work)->data = (atomic_long_t) WORK_DATA_INIT(); \ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&(_work)->entry); \ (_work)->func = (_func); \ } while (0) #endif #define INIT_WORK(_work, _func) \ __INIT_WORK((_work), (_func), 0) #define INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(_work, _func) \ __INIT_WORK((_work), (_func), 1) #define __INIT_DELAYED_WORK(_work, _func, _tflags) \ do { \ INIT_WORK(&(_work)->work, (_func)); \ __init_timer(&(_work)->timer, \ delayed_work_timer_fn, \ (_tflags) | TIMER_IRQSAFE); \ } while (0) #define __INIT_DELAYED_WORK_ONSTACK(_work, _func, _tflags) \ do { \ INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&(_work)->work, (_func)); \ __init_timer_on_stack(&(_work)->timer, \ delayed_work_timer_fn, \ (_tflags) | TIMER_IRQSAFE); \ } while (0) #define INIT_DELAYED_WORK(_work, _func) \ __INIT_DELAYED_WORK(_work, _func, 0) #define INIT_DELAYED_WORK_ONSTACK(_work, _func) \ __INIT_DELAYED_WORK_ONSTACK(_work, _func, 0) #define INIT_DEFERRABLE_WORK(_work, _func) \ __INIT_DELAYED_WORK(_work, _func, TIMER_DEFERRABLE) #define INIT_DEFERRABLE_WORK_ONSTACK(_work, _func) \ __INIT_DELAYED_WORK_ONSTACK(_work, _func, TIMER_DEFERRABLE) #define INIT_RCU_WORK(_work, _func) \ INIT_WORK(&(_work)->work, (_func)) #define INIT_RCU_WORK_ONSTACK(_work, _func) \ INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&(_work)->work, (_func)) /** * work_pending - Find out whether a work item is currently pending * @work: The work item in question */ #define work_pending(work) \ test_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work)) /** * delayed_work_pending - Find out whether a delayable work item is currently * pending * @w: The work item in question */ #define delayed_work_pending(w) \ work_pending(&(w)->work) /* * Workqueue flags and constants. For details, please refer to * Documentation/core-api/workqueue.rst. */ enum { WQ_UNBOUND = 1 << 1, /* not bound to any cpu */ WQ_FREEZABLE = 1 << 2, /* freeze during suspend */ WQ_MEM_RECLAIM = 1 << 3, /* may be used for memory reclaim */ WQ_HIGHPRI = 1 << 4, /* high priority */ WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE = 1 << 5, /* cpu intensive workqueue */ WQ_SYSFS = 1 << 6, /* visible in sysfs, see wq_sysfs_register() */ /* * Per-cpu workqueues are generally preferred because they tend to * show better performance thanks to cache locality. Per-cpu * workqueues exclude the scheduler from choosing the CPU to * execute the worker threads, which has an unfortunate side effect * of increasing power consumption. * * The scheduler considers a CPU idle if it doesn't have any task * to execute and tries to keep idle cores idle to conserve power; * however, for example, a per-cpu work item scheduled from an * interrupt handler on an idle CPU will force the scheduler to * excute the work item on that CPU breaking the idleness, which in * turn may lead to more scheduling choices which are sub-optimal * in terms of power consumption. * * Workqueues marked with WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT are per-cpu by default * but become unbound if workqueue.power_efficient kernel param is * specified. Per-cpu workqueues which are identified to * contribute significantly to power-consumption are identified and * marked with this flag and enabling the power_efficient mode * leads to noticeable power saving at the cost of small * performance disadvantage. * * http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel/1480396 */ WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT = 1 << 7, __WQ_DRAINING = 1 << 16, /* internal: workqueue is draining */ __WQ_ORDERED = 1 << 17, /* internal: workqueue is ordered */ __WQ_LEGACY = 1 << 18, /* internal: create*_workqueue() */ __WQ_ORDERED_EXPLICIT = 1 << 19, /* internal: alloc_ordered_workqueue() */ WQ_MAX_ACTIVE = 512, /* I like 512, better ideas? */ WQ_MAX_UNBOUND_PER_CPU = 4, /* 4 * #cpus for unbound wq */ WQ_DFL_ACTIVE = WQ_MAX_ACTIVE / 2, }; /* unbound wq's aren't per-cpu, scale max_active according to #cpus */ #define WQ_UNBOUND_MAX_ACTIVE \ max_t(int, WQ_MAX_ACTIVE, num_possible_cpus() * WQ_MAX_UNBOUND_PER_CPU) /* * System-wide workqueues which are always present. * * system_wq is the one used by schedule[_delayed]_work[_on](). * Multi-CPU multi-threaded. There are users which expect relatively * short queue flush time. Don't queue works which can run for too * long. * * system_highpri_wq is similar to system_wq but for work items which * require WQ_HIGHPRI. * * system_long_wq is similar to system_wq but may host long running * works. Queue flushing might take relatively long. * * system_unbound_wq is unbound workqueue. Workers are not bound to * any specific CPU, not concurrency managed, and all queued works are * executed immediately as long as max_active limit is not reached and * resources are available. * * system_freezable_wq is equivalent to system_wq except that it's * freezable. * * *_power_efficient_wq are inclined towards saving power and converted * into WQ_UNBOUND variants if 'wq_power_efficient' is enabled; otherwise, * they are same as their non-power-efficient counterparts - e.g. * system_power_efficient_wq is identical to system_wq if * 'wq_power_efficient' is disabled. See WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT for more info. */ extern struct workqueue_struct *system_wq; extern struct workqueue_struct *system_highpri_wq; extern struct workqueue_struct *system_long_wq; extern struct workqueue_struct *system_unbound_wq; extern struct workqueue_struct *system_freezable_wq; extern struct workqueue_struct *system_power_efficient_wq; extern struct workqueue_struct *system_freezable_power_efficient_wq; /** * alloc_workqueue - allocate a workqueue * @fmt: printf format for the name of the workqueue * @flags: WQ_* flags * @max_active: max in-flight work items, 0 for default * remaining args: args for @fmt * * Allocate a workqueue with the specified parameters. For detailed * information on WQ_* flags, please refer to * Documentation/core-api/workqueue.rst. * * RETURNS: * Pointer to the allocated workqueue on success, %NULL on failure. */ struct workqueue_struct *alloc_workqueue(const char *fmt, unsigned int flags, int max_active, ...); /** * alloc_ordered_workqueue - allocate an ordered workqueue * @fmt: printf format for the name of the workqueue * @flags: WQ_* flags (only WQ_FREEZABLE and WQ_MEM_RECLAIM are meaningful) * @args...: args for @fmt * * Allocate an ordered workqueue. An ordered workqueue executes at * most one work item at any given time in the queued order. They are * implemented as unbound workqueues with @max_active of one. * * RETURNS: * Pointer to the allocated workqueue on success, %NULL on failure. */ #define alloc_ordered_workqueue(fmt, flags, args...) \ alloc_workqueue(fmt, WQ_UNBOUND | __WQ_ORDERED | \ __WQ_ORDERED_EXPLICIT | (flags), 1, ##args) #define create_workqueue(name) \ alloc_workqueue("%s", __WQ_LEGACY | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, 1, (name)) #define create_freezable_workqueue(name) \ alloc_workqueue("%s", __WQ_LEGACY | WQ_FREEZABLE | WQ_UNBOUND | \ WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, 1, (name)) #define create_singlethread_workqueue(name) \ alloc_ordered_workqueue("%s", __WQ_LEGACY | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, name) extern void destroy_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq); struct workqueue_attrs *alloc_workqueue_attrs(void); void free_workqueue_attrs(struct workqueue_attrs *attrs); int apply_workqueue_attrs(struct workqueue_struct *wq, const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs); int workqueue_set_unbound_cpumask(cpumask_var_t cpumask); extern bool queue_work_on(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work); extern bool queue_work_node(int node, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work); extern bool queue_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct delayed_work *work, unsigned long delay); extern bool mod_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay); extern bool queue_rcu_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct rcu_work *rwork); extern void flush_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq); extern void drain_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq); extern int schedule_on_each_cpu(work_func_t func); int execute_in_process_context(work_func_t fn, struct execute_work *); extern bool flush_work(struct work_struct *work); extern bool cancel_work_sync(struct work_struct *work); extern bool flush_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork); extern bool cancel_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork); extern bool cancel_delayed_work_sync(struct delayed_work *dwork); extern bool flush_rcu_work(struct rcu_work *rwork); extern void workqueue_set_max_active(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int max_active); extern struct work_struct *current_work(void); extern bool current_is_workqueue_rescuer(void); extern bool workqueue_congested(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq); extern unsigned int work_busy(struct work_struct *work); extern __printf(1, 2) void set_worker_desc(const char *fmt, ...); extern void print_worker_info(const char *log_lvl, struct task_struct *task); extern void show_workqueue_state(void); extern void wq_worker_comm(char *buf, size_t size, struct task_struct *task); /** * queue_work - queue work on a workqueue * @wq: workqueue to use * @work: work to queue * * Returns %false if @work was already on a queue, %true otherwise. * * We queue the work to the CPU on which it was submitted, but if the CPU dies * it can be processed by another CPU. * * Memory-ordering properties: If it returns %true, guarantees that all stores * preceding the call to queue_work() in the program order will be visible from * the CPU which will execute @work by the time such work executes, e.g., * * { x is initially 0 } * * CPU0 CPU1 * * WRITE_ONCE(x, 1); [ @work is being executed ] * r0 = queue_work(wq, work); r1 = READ_ONCE(x); * * Forbids: r0 == true && r1 == 0 */ static inline bool queue_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work) { return queue_work_on(WORK_CPU_UNBOUND, wq, work); } /** * queue_delayed_work - queue work on a workqueue after delay * @wq: workqueue to use * @dwork: delayable work to queue * @delay: number of jiffies to wait before queueing * * Equivalent to queue_delayed_work_on() but tries to use the local CPU. */ static inline bool queue_delayed_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { return queue_delayed_work_on(WORK_CPU_UNBOUND, wq, dwork, delay); } /** * mod_delayed_work - modify delay of or queue a delayed work * @wq: workqueue to use * @dwork: work to queue * @delay: number of jiffies to wait before queueing * * mod_delayed_work_on() on local CPU. */ static inline bool mod_delayed_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { return mod_delayed_work_on(WORK_CPU_UNBOUND, wq, dwork, delay); } /** * schedule_work_on - put work task on a specific cpu * @cpu: cpu to put the work task on * @work: job to be done * * This puts a job on a specific cpu */ static inline bool schedule_work_on(int cpu, struct work_struct *work) { return queue_work_on(cpu, system_wq, work); } /** * schedule_work - put work task in global workqueue * @work: job to be done * * Returns %false if @work was already on the kernel-global workqueue and * %true otherwise. * * This puts a job in the kernel-global workqueue if it was not already * queued and leaves it in the same position on the kernel-global * workqueue otherwise. * * Shares the same memory-ordering properties of queue_work(), cf. the * DocBook header of queue_work(). */ static inline bool schedule_work(struct work_struct *work) { return queue_work(system_wq, work); } /** * flush_scheduled_work - ensure that any scheduled work has run to completion. * * Forces execution of the kernel-global workqueue and blocks until its * completion. * * Think twice before calling this function! It's very easy to get into * trouble if you don't take great care. Either of the following situations * will lead to deadlock: * * One of the work items currently on the workqueue needs to acquire * a lock held by your code or its caller. * * Your code is running in the context of a work routine. * * They will be detected by lockdep when they occur, but the first might not * occur very often. It depends on what work items are on the workqueue and * what locks they need, which you have no control over. * * In most situations flushing the entire workqueue is overkill; you merely * need to know that a particular work item isn't queued and isn't running. * In such cases you should use cancel_delayed_work_sync() or * cancel_work_sync() instead. */ static inline void flush_scheduled_work(void) { flush_workqueue(system_wq); } /** * schedule_delayed_work_on - queue work in global workqueue on CPU after delay * @cpu: cpu to use * @dwork: job to be done * @delay: number of jiffies to wait * * After waiting for a given time this puts a job in the kernel-global * workqueue on the specified CPU. */ static inline bool schedule_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { return queue_delayed_work_on(cpu, system_wq, dwork, delay); } /** * schedule_delayed_work - put work task in global workqueue after delay * @dwork: job to be done * @delay: number of jiffies to wait or 0 for immediate execution * * After waiting for a given time this puts a job in the kernel-global * workqueue. */ static inline bool schedule_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { return queue_delayed_work(system_wq, dwork, delay); } #ifndef CONFIG_SMP static inline long work_on_cpu(int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { return fn(arg); } static inline long work_on_cpu_safe(int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { return fn(arg); } #else long work_on_cpu(int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg); long work_on_cpu_safe(int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg); #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_FREEZER extern void freeze_workqueues_begin(void); extern bool freeze_workqueues_busy(void); extern void thaw_workqueues(void); #endif /* CONFIG_FREEZER */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS int workqueue_sysfs_register(struct workqueue_struct *wq); #else /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ static inline int workqueue_sysfs_register(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_WQ_WATCHDOG void wq_watchdog_touch(int cpu); #else /* CONFIG_WQ_WATCHDOG */ static inline void wq_watchdog_touch(int cpu) { } #endif /* CONFIG_WQ_WATCHDOG */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int workqueue_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int workqueue_online_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int workqueue_offline_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #endif void __init workqueue_init_early(void); void __init workqueue_init(void); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _INET_ECN_H_ #define _INET_ECN_H_ #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/if_vlan.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/dsfield.h> enum { INET_ECN_NOT_ECT = 0, INET_ECN_ECT_1 = 1, INET_ECN_ECT_0 = 2, INET_ECN_CE = 3, INET_ECN_MASK = 3, }; extern int sysctl_tunnel_ecn_log; static inline int INET_ECN_is_ce(__u8 dsfield) { return (dsfield & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_CE; } static inline int INET_ECN_is_not_ect(__u8 dsfield) { return (dsfield & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_NOT_ECT; } static inline int INET_ECN_is_capable(__u8 dsfield) { return dsfield & INET_ECN_ECT_0; } /* * RFC 3168 9.1.1 * The full-functionality option for ECN encapsulation is to copy the * ECN codepoint of the inside header to the outside header on * encapsulation if the inside header is not-ECT or ECT, and to set the * ECN codepoint of the outside header to ECT(0) if the ECN codepoint of * the inside header is CE. */ static inline __u8 INET_ECN_encapsulate(__u8 outer, __u8 inner) { outer &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; outer |= !INET_ECN_is_ce(inner) ? (inner & INET_ECN_MASK) : INET_ECN_ECT_0; return outer; } static inline void INET_ECN_xmit(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->tos |= INET_ECN_ECT_0; if (inet6_sk(sk) != NULL) inet6_sk(sk)->tclass |= INET_ECN_ECT_0; } static inline void INET_ECN_dontxmit(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->tos &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; if (inet6_sk(sk) != NULL) inet6_sk(sk)->tclass &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; } #define IP6_ECN_flow_init(label) do { \ (label) &= ~htonl(INET_ECN_MASK << 20); \ } while (0) #define IP6_ECN_flow_xmit(sk, label) do { \ if (INET_ECN_is_capable(inet6_sk(sk)->tclass)) \ (label) |= htonl(INET_ECN_ECT_0 << 20); \ } while (0) static inline int IP_ECN_set_ce(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; u32 ecn = (iph->tos + 1) & INET_ECN_MASK; /* * After the last operation we have (in binary): * INET_ECN_NOT_ECT => 01 * INET_ECN_ECT_1 => 10 * INET_ECN_ECT_0 => 11 * INET_ECN_CE => 00 */ if (!(ecn & 2)) return !ecn; /* * The following gives us: * INET_ECN_ECT_1 => check += htons(0xFFFD) * INET_ECN_ECT_0 => check += htons(0xFFFE) */ check += (__force u16)htons(0xFFFB) + (__force u16)htons(ecn); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); iph->tos |= INET_ECN_CE; return 1; } static inline int IP_ECN_set_ect1(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; if ((iph->tos & INET_ECN_MASK) != INET_ECN_ECT_0) return 0; check += (__force u16)htons(0x1); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); iph->tos ^= INET_ECN_MASK; return 1; } static inline void IP_ECN_clear(struct iphdr *iph) { iph->tos &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; } static inline void ipv4_copy_dscp(unsigned int dscp, struct iphdr *inner) { dscp &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; ipv4_change_dsfield(inner, INET_ECN_MASK, dscp); } struct ipv6hdr; /* Note: * IP_ECN_set_ce() has to tweak IPV4 checksum when setting CE, * meaning both changes have no effect on skb->csum if/when CHECKSUM_COMPLETE * In IPv6 case, no checksum compensates the change in IPv6 header, * so we have to update skb->csum. */ static inline int IP6_ECN_set_ce(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6hdr *iph) { __be32 from, to; if (INET_ECN_is_not_ect(ipv6_get_dsfield(iph))) return 0; from = *(__be32 *)iph; to = from | htonl(INET_ECN_CE << 20); *(__be32 *)iph = to; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_add(csum_sub(skb->csum, (__force __wsum)from), (__force __wsum)to); return 1; } static inline int IP6_ECN_set_ect1(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6hdr *iph) { __be32 from, to; if ((ipv6_get_dsfield(iph) & INET_ECN_MASK) != INET_ECN_ECT_0) return 0; from = *(__be32 *)iph; to = from ^ htonl(INET_ECN_MASK << 20); *(__be32 *)iph = to; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_add(csum_sub(skb->csum, (__force __wsum)from), (__force __wsum)to); return 1; } static inline void ipv6_copy_dscp(unsigned int dscp, struct ipv6hdr *inner) { dscp &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; ipv6_change_dsfield(inner, INET_ECN_MASK, dscp); } static inline int INET_ECN_set_ce(struct sk_buff *skb) { switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct iphdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP_ECN_set_ce(ip_hdr(skb)); break; case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP6_ECN_set_ce(skb, ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; } return 0; } static inline int INET_ECN_set_ect1(struct sk_buff *skb) { switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct iphdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP_ECN_set_ect1(ip_hdr(skb)); break; case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP6_ECN_set_ect1(skb, ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; } return 0; } /* * RFC 6040 4.2 * To decapsulate the inner header at the tunnel egress, a compliant * tunnel egress MUST set the outgoing ECN field to the codepoint at the * intersection of the appropriate arriving inner header (row) and outer * header (column) in Figure 4 * * +---------+------------------------------------------------+ * |Arriving | Arriving Outer Header | * | Inner +---------+------------+------------+------------+ * | Header | Not-ECT | ECT(0) | ECT(1) | CE | * +---------+---------+------------+------------+------------+ * | Not-ECT | Not-ECT |Not-ECT(!!!)|Not-ECT(!!!)| <drop>(!!!)| * | ECT(0) | ECT(0) | ECT(0) | ECT(1) | CE | * | ECT(1) | ECT(1) | ECT(1) (!) | ECT(1) | CE | * | CE | CE | CE | CE(!!!)| CE | * +---------+---------+------------+------------+------------+ * * Figure 4: New IP in IP Decapsulation Behaviour * * returns 0 on success * 1 if something is broken and should be logged (!!! above) * 2 if packet should be dropped */ static inline int __INET_ECN_decapsulate(__u8 outer, __u8 inner, bool *set_ce) { if (INET_ECN_is_not_ect(inner)) { switch (outer & INET_ECN_MASK) { case INET_ECN_NOT_ECT: return 0; case INET_ECN_ECT_0: case INET_ECN_ECT_1: return 1; case INET_ECN_CE: return 2; } } *set_ce = INET_ECN_is_ce(outer); return 0; } static inline int INET_ECN_decapsulate(struct sk_buff *skb, __u8 outer, __u8 inner) { bool set_ce = false; int rc; rc = __INET_ECN_decapsulate(outer, inner, &set_ce); if (!rc) { if (set_ce) INET_ECN_set_ce(skb); else if ((outer & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_ECT_1) INET_ECN_set_ect1(skb); } return rc; } static inline int IP_ECN_decapsulate(const struct iphdr *oiph, struct sk_buff *skb) { __u8 inner; switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case htons(ETH_P_IP): inner = ip_hdr(skb)->tos; break; case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): inner = ipv6_get_dsfield(ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; default: return 0; } return INET_ECN_decapsulate(skb, oiph->tos, inner); } static inline int IP6_ECN_decapsulate(const struct ipv6hdr *oipv6h, struct sk_buff *skb) { __u8 inner; switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case htons(ETH_P_IP): inner = ip_hdr(skb)->tos; break; case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): inner = ipv6_get_dsfield(ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; default: return 0; } return INET_ECN_decapsulate(skb, ipv6_get_dsfield(oipv6h), inner); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_APIC_H #define _ASM_X86_APIC_H #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/alternative.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> #include <asm/apicdef.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> #include <asm/mpspec.h> #include <asm/msr.h> #include <asm/hardirq.h> #define ARCH_APICTIMER_STOPS_ON_C3 1 /* * Debugging macros */ #define APIC_QUIET 0 #define APIC_VERBOSE 1 #define APIC_DEBUG 2 /* Macros for apic_extnmi which controls external NMI masking */ #define APIC_EXTNMI_BSP 0 /* Default */ #define APIC_EXTNMI_ALL 1 #define APIC_EXTNMI_NONE 2 /* * Define the default level of output to be very little * This can be turned up by using apic=verbose for more * information and apic=debug for _lots_ of information. * apic_verbosity is defined in apic.c */ #define apic_printk(v, s, a...) do { \ if ((v) <= apic_verbosity) \ printk(s, ##a); \ } while (0) #if defined(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_X86_32) extern void generic_apic_probe(void); #else static inline void generic_apic_probe(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC extern int apic_verbosity; extern int local_apic_timer_c2_ok; extern int disable_apic; extern unsigned int lapic_timer_period; extern enum apic_intr_mode_id apic_intr_mode; enum apic_intr_mode_id { APIC_PIC, APIC_VIRTUAL_WIRE, APIC_VIRTUAL_WIRE_NO_CONFIG, APIC_SYMMETRIC_IO, APIC_SYMMETRIC_IO_NO_ROUTING }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void __inquire_remote_apic(int apicid); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline void __inquire_remote_apic(int apicid) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline void default_inquire_remote_apic(int apicid) { if (apic_verbosity >= APIC_DEBUG) __inquire_remote_apic(apicid); } /* * With 82489DX we can't rely on apic feature bit * retrieved via cpuid but still have to deal with * such an apic chip so we assume that SMP configuration * is found from MP table (64bit case uses ACPI mostly * which set smp presence flag as well so we are safe * to use this helper too). */ static inline bool apic_from_smp_config(void) { return smp_found_config && !disable_apic; } /* * Basic functions accessing APICs. */ #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT #include <asm/paravirt.h> #endif extern int setup_profiling_timer(unsigned int); static inline void native_apic_mem_write(u32 reg, u32 v) { volatile u32 *addr = (volatile u32 *)(APIC_BASE + reg); alternative_io("movl %0, %P1", "xchgl %0, %P1", X86_BUG_11AP, ASM_OUTPUT2("=r" (v), "=m" (*addr)), ASM_OUTPUT2("0" (v), "m" (*addr))); } static inline u32 native_apic_mem_read(u32 reg) { return *((volatile u32 *)(APIC_BASE + reg)); } extern void native_apic_wait_icr_idle(void); extern u32 native_safe_apic_wait_icr_idle(void); extern void native_apic_icr_write(u32 low, u32 id); extern u64 native_apic_icr_read(void); static inline bool apic_is_x2apic_enabled(void) { u64 msr; if (rdmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_APICBASE, &msr)) return false; return msr & X2APIC_ENABLE; } extern void enable_IR_x2apic(void); extern int get_physical_broadcast(void); extern int lapic_get_maxlvt(void); extern void clear_local_APIC(void); extern void disconnect_bsp_APIC(int virt_wire_setup); extern void disable_local_APIC(void); extern void apic_soft_disable(void); extern void lapic_shutdown(void); extern void sync_Arb_IDs(void); extern void init_bsp_APIC(void); extern void apic_intr_mode_select(void); extern void apic_intr_mode_init(void); extern void init_apic_mappings(void); void register_lapic_address(unsigned long address); extern void setup_boot_APIC_clock(void); extern void setup_secondary_APIC_clock(void); extern void lapic_update_tsc_freq(void); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline int apic_force_enable(unsigned long addr) { return -1; } #else extern int apic_force_enable(unsigned long addr); #endif extern void apic_ap_setup(void); /* * On 32bit this is mach-xxx local */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern int apic_is_clustered_box(void); #else static inline int apic_is_clustered_box(void) { return 0; } #endif extern int setup_APIC_eilvt(u8 lvt_off, u8 vector, u8 msg_type, u8 mask); extern void lapic_assign_system_vectors(void); extern void lapic_assign_legacy_vector(unsigned int isairq, bool replace); extern void lapic_update_legacy_vectors(void); extern void lapic_online(void); extern void lapic_offline(void); extern bool apic_needs_pit(void); extern void apic_send_IPI_allbutself(unsigned int vector); #else /* !CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ static inline void lapic_shutdown(void) { } #define local_apic_timer_c2_ok 1 static inline void init_apic_mappings(void) { } static inline void disable_local_APIC(void) { } # define setup_boot_APIC_clock x86_init_noop # define setup_secondary_APIC_clock x86_init_noop static inline void lapic_update_tsc_freq(void) { } static inline void init_bsp_APIC(void) { } static inline void apic_intr_mode_select(void) { } static inline void apic_intr_mode_init(void) { } static inline void lapic_assign_system_vectors(void) { } static inline void lapic_assign_legacy_vector(unsigned int i, bool r) { } static inline bool apic_needs_pit(void) { return true; } #endif /* !CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X2APIC static inline void native_apic_msr_write(u32 reg, u32 v) { if (reg == APIC_DFR || reg == APIC_ID || reg == APIC_LDR || reg == APIC_LVR) return; wrmsr(APIC_BASE_MSR + (reg >> 4), v, 0); } static inline void native_apic_msr_eoi_write(u32 reg, u32 v) { __wrmsr(APIC_BASE_MSR + (APIC_EOI >> 4), APIC_EOI_ACK, 0); } static inline u32 native_apic_msr_read(u32 reg) { u64 msr; if (reg == APIC_DFR) return -1; rdmsrl(APIC_BASE_MSR + (reg >> 4), msr); return (u32)msr; } static inline void native_x2apic_wait_icr_idle(void) { /* no need to wait for icr idle in x2apic */ return; } static inline u32 native_safe_x2apic_wait_icr_idle(void) { /* no need to wait for icr idle in x2apic */ return 0; } static inline void native_x2apic_icr_write(u32 low, u32 id) { wrmsrl(APIC_BASE_MSR + (APIC_ICR >> 4), ((__u64) id) << 32 | low); } static inline u64 native_x2apic_icr_read(void) { unsigned long val; rdmsrl(APIC_BASE_MSR + (APIC_ICR >> 4), val); return val; } extern int x2apic_mode; extern int x2apic_phys; extern void __init x2apic_set_max_apicid(u32 apicid); extern void __init check_x2apic(void); extern void x2apic_setup(void); static inline int x2apic_enabled(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_X2APIC) && apic_is_x2apic_enabled(); } #define x2apic_supported() (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_X2APIC)) #else /* !CONFIG_X86_X2APIC */ static inline void check_x2apic(void) { } static inline void x2apic_setup(void) { } static inline int x2apic_enabled(void) { return 0; } #define x2apic_mode (0) #define x2apic_supported() (0) #endif /* !CONFIG_X86_X2APIC */ struct irq_data; /* * Copyright 2004 James Cleverdon, IBM. * * Generic APIC sub-arch data struct. * * Hacked for x86-64 by James Cleverdon from i386 architecture code by * Martin Bligh, Andi Kleen, James Bottomley, John Stultz, and * James Cleverdon. */ struct apic { /* Hotpath functions first */ void (*eoi_write)(u32 reg, u32 v); void (*native_eoi_write)(u32 reg, u32 v); void (*write)(u32 reg, u32 v); u32 (*read)(u32 reg); /* IPI related functions */ void (*wait_icr_idle)(void); u32 (*safe_wait_icr_idle)(void); void (*send_IPI)(int cpu, int vector); void (*send_IPI_mask)(const struct cpumask *mask, int vector); void (*send_IPI_mask_allbutself)(const struct cpumask *msk, int vec); void (*send_IPI_allbutself)(int vector); void (*send_IPI_all)(int vector); void (*send_IPI_self)(int vector); /* dest_logical is used by the IPI functions */ u32 dest_logical; u32 disable_esr; u32 irq_delivery_mode; u32 irq_dest_mode; u32 (*calc_dest_apicid)(unsigned int cpu); /* ICR related functions */ u64 (*icr_read)(void); void (*icr_write)(u32 low, u32 high); /* Probe, setup and smpboot functions */ int (*probe)(void); int (*acpi_madt_oem_check)(char *oem_id, char *oem_table_id); int (*apic_id_valid)(u32 apicid); int (*apic_id_registered)(void); bool (*check_apicid_used)(physid_mask_t *map, int apicid); void (*init_apic_ldr)(void); void (*ioapic_phys_id_map)(physid_mask_t *phys_map, physid_mask_t *retmap); void (*setup_apic_routing)(void); int (*cpu_present_to_apicid)(int mps_cpu); void (*apicid_to_cpu_present)(int phys_apicid, physid_mask_t *retmap); int (*check_phys_apicid_present)(int phys_apicid); int (*phys_pkg_id)(int cpuid_apic, int index_msb); u32 (*get_apic_id)(unsigned long x); u32 (*set_apic_id)(unsigned int id); /* wakeup_secondary_cpu */ int (*wakeup_secondary_cpu)(int apicid, unsigned long start_eip); void (*inquire_remote_apic)(int apicid); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* * Called very early during boot from get_smp_config(). It should * return the logical apicid. x86_[bios]_cpu_to_apicid is * initialized before this function is called. * * If logical apicid can't be determined that early, the function * may return BAD_APICID. Logical apicid will be configured after * init_apic_ldr() while bringing up CPUs. Note that NUMA affinity * won't be applied properly during early boot in this case. */ int (*x86_32_early_logical_apicid)(int cpu); #endif char *name; }; /* * Pointer to the local APIC driver in use on this system (there's * always just one such driver in use - the kernel decides via an * early probing process which one it picks - and then sticks to it): */ extern struct apic *apic; /* * APIC drivers are probed based on how they are listed in the .apicdrivers * section. So the order is important and enforced by the ordering * of different apic driver files in the Makefile. * * For the files having two apic drivers, we use apic_drivers() * to enforce the order with in them. */ #define apic_driver(sym) \ static const struct apic *__apicdrivers_##sym __used \ __aligned(sizeof(struct apic *)) \ __section(".apicdrivers") = { &sym } #define apic_drivers(sym1, sym2) \ static struct apic *__apicdrivers_##sym1##sym2[2] __used \ __aligned(sizeof(struct apic *)) \ __section(".apicdrivers") = { &sym1, &sym2 } extern struct apic *__apicdrivers[], *__apicdrivers_end[]; /* * APIC functionality to boot other CPUs - only used on SMP: */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern int wakeup_secondary_cpu_via_nmi(int apicid, unsigned long start_eip); extern int lapic_can_unplug_cpu(void); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC static inline u32 apic_read(u32 reg) { return apic->read(reg); } static inline void apic_write(u32 reg, u32 val) { apic->write(reg, val); } static inline void apic_eoi(void) { apic->eoi_write(APIC_EOI, APIC_EOI_ACK); } static inline u64 apic_icr_read(void) { return apic->icr_read(); } static inline void apic_icr_write(u32 low, u32 high) { apic->icr_write(low, high); } static inline void apic_wait_icr_idle(void) { apic->wait_icr_idle(); } static inline u32 safe_apic_wait_icr_idle(void) { return apic->safe_wait_icr_idle(); } extern void __init apic_set_eoi_write(void (*eoi_write)(u32 reg, u32 v)); #else /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ static inline u32 apic_read(u32 reg) { return 0; } static inline void apic_write(u32 reg, u32 val) { } static inline void apic_eoi(void) { } static inline u64 apic_icr_read(void) { return 0; } static inline void apic_icr_write(u32 low, u32 high) { } static inline void apic_wait_icr_idle(void) { } static inline u32 safe_apic_wait_icr_idle(void) { return 0; } static inline void apic_set_eoi_write(void (*eoi_write)(u32 reg, u32 v)) {} #endif /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ extern void apic_ack_irq(struct irq_data *data); static inline void ack_APIC_irq(void) { /* * ack_APIC_irq() actually gets compiled as a single instruction * ... yummie. */ apic_eoi(); } static inline bool lapic_vector_set_in_irr(unsigned int vector) { u32 irr = apic_read(APIC_IRR + (vector / 32 * 0x10)); return !!(irr & (1U << (vector % 32))); } static inline unsigned default_get_apic_id(unsigned long x) { unsigned int ver = GET_APIC_VERSION(apic_read(APIC_LVR)); if (APIC_XAPIC(ver) || boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_EXTD_APICID)) return (x >> 24) & 0xFF; else return (x >> 24) & 0x0F; } /* * Warm reset vector position: */ #define TRAMPOLINE_PHYS_LOW 0x467 #define TRAMPOLINE_PHYS_HIGH 0x469 extern void generic_bigsmp_probe(void); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC #include <asm/smp.h> #define APIC_DFR_VALUE (APIC_DFR_FLAT) DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_bios_cpu_apicid); extern struct apic apic_noop; static inline unsigned int read_apic_id(void) { unsigned int reg = apic_read(APIC_ID); return apic->get_apic_id(reg); } extern int default_apic_id_valid(u32 apicid); extern int default_acpi_madt_oem_check(char *, char *); extern void default_setup_apic_routing(void); extern u32 apic_default_calc_apicid(unsigned int cpu); extern u32 apic_flat_calc_apicid(unsigned int cpu); extern bool default_check_apicid_used(physid_mask_t *map, int apicid); extern void default_ioapic_phys_id_map(physid_mask_t *phys_map, physid_mask_t *retmap); extern int default_cpu_present_to_apicid(int mps_cpu); extern int default_check_phys_apicid_present(int phys_apicid); #endif /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP bool apic_id_is_primary_thread(unsigned int id); void apic_smt_update(void); #else static inline bool apic_id_is_primary_thread(unsigned int id) { return false; } static inline void apic_smt_update(void) { } #endif struct msi_msg; #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_MSI void x86_vector_msi_compose_msg(struct irq_data *data, struct msi_msg *msg); #else # define x86_vector_msi_compose_msg NULL #endif extern void ioapic_zap_locks(void); #endif /* _ASM_X86_APIC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM block #if !defined(_TRACE_BLOCK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_BLOCK_H #include <linux/blktrace_api.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #define RWBS_LEN 8 DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( size_t, size ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bh->b_bdev->bd_dev; __entry->sector = bh->b_blocknr; __entry->size = bh->b_size; ), TP_printk("%d,%d sector=%llu size=%zu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->size ) ); /** * block_touch_buffer - mark a buffer accessed * @bh: buffer_head being touched * * Called from touch_buffer(). */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_buffer, block_touch_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh) ); /** * block_dirty_buffer - mark a buffer dirty * @bh: buffer_head being dirtied * * Called from mark_buffer_dirty(). */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_buffer, block_dirty_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh) ); /** * block_rq_requeue - place block IO request back on a queue * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation request * * The block operation request @rq is being placed back into queue * @q. For some reason the request was not completed and needs to be * put back in the queue. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_requeue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_trace_sector(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_trace_nr_sectors(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s (%s) %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, 0) ); /** * block_rq_complete - block IO operation completed by device driver * @rq: block operations request * @error: status code * @nr_bytes: number of completed bytes * * The block_rq_complete tracepoint event indicates that some portion * of operation request has been completed by the device driver. If * the @rq->bio is %NULL, then there is absolutely no additional work to * do for the request. If @rq->bio is non-NULL then there is * additional work required to complete the request. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_complete, TP_PROTO(struct request *rq, int error, unsigned int nr_bytes), TP_ARGS(rq, error, nr_bytes), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( int, error ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_pos(rq); __entry->nr_sector = nr_bytes >> 9; __entry->error = error; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, nr_bytes); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s (%s) %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->error) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_rq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( unsigned int, bytes ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_trace_sector(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_trace_nr_sectors(rq); __entry->bytes = blk_rq_bytes(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %u (%s) %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __entry->bytes, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_rq_insert - insert block operation request into queue * @q: target queue * @rq: block IO operation request * * Called immediately before block operation request @rq is inserted * into queue @q. The fields in the operation request @rq struct can * be examined to determine which device and sectors the pending * operation would access. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_insert, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_rq_issue - issue pending block IO request operation to device driver * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation operation request * * Called when block operation request @rq from queue @q is sent to a * device driver for processing. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_issue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_rq_merge - merge request with another one in the elevator * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation operation request * * Called when block operation request @rq from queue @q is merged to another * request queued in the elevator. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_merge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_bio_bounce - used bounce buffer when processing block operation * @q: queue holding the block operation * @bio: block operation * * A bounce buffer was used to handle the block operation @bio in @q. * This occurs when hardware limitations prevent a direct transfer of * data between the @bio data memory area and the IO device. Use of a * bounce buffer requires extra copying of data and decreases * performance. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_bounce, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_complete - completed all work on the block operation * @q: queue holding the block operation * @bio: block operation completed * * This tracepoint indicates there is no further work to do on this * block IO operation @bio. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_complete, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned, nr_sector ) __field( int, error ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); __entry->error = blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->error) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_bio_merge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_backmerge - merging block operation to the end of an existing operation * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: request bio is being merged into * @bio: new block operation to merge * * Merging block request @bio to the end of an existing block request * in queue @q. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_bio_merge, block_bio_backmerge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio) ); /** * block_bio_frontmerge - merging block operation to the beginning of an existing operation * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: request bio is being merged into * @bio: new block operation to merge * * Merging block IO operation @bio to the beginning of an existing block * operation in queue @q. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_bio_merge, block_bio_frontmerge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio) ); /** * block_bio_queue - putting new block IO operation in queue * @q: queue holding operation * @bio: new block operation * * About to place the block IO operation @bio into queue @q. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_queue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_get_rq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio ? bio_dev(bio) : 0; __entry->sector = bio ? bio->bi_iter.bi_sector : 0; __entry->nr_sector = bio ? bio_sectors(bio) : 0; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio ? bio->bi_opf : 0, __entry->nr_sector); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_getrq - get a free request entry in queue for block IO operations * @q: queue for operations * @bio: pending block IO operation (can be %NULL) * @rw: low bit indicates a read (%0) or a write (%1) * * A request struct for queue @q has been allocated to handle the * block IO operation @bio. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_get_rq, block_getrq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw) ); /** * block_sleeprq - waiting to get a free request entry in queue for block IO operation * @q: queue for operation * @bio: pending block IO operation (can be %NULL) * @rw: low bit indicates a read (%0) or a write (%1) * * In the case where a request struct cannot be provided for queue @q * the process needs to wait for an request struct to become * available. This tracepoint event is generated each time the * process goes to sleep waiting for request struct become available. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_get_rq, block_sleeprq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw) ); /** * block_plug - keep operations requests in request queue * @q: request queue to plug * * Plug the request queue @q. Do not allow block operation requests * to be sent to the device driver. Instead, accumulate requests in * the queue to improve throughput performance of the block device. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_plug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("[%s]", __entry->comm) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_unplug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth, bool explicit), TP_ARGS(q, depth, explicit), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nr_rq ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_rq = depth; memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("[%s] %d", __entry->comm, __entry->nr_rq) ); /** * block_unplug - release of operations requests in request queue * @q: request queue to unplug * @depth: number of requests just added to the queue * @explicit: whether this was an explicit unplug, or one from schedule() * * Unplug request queue @q because device driver is scheduled to work * on elements in the request queue. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_unplug, block_unplug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth, bool explicit), TP_ARGS(q, depth, explicit) ); /** * block_split - split a single bio struct into two bio structs * @q: queue containing the bio * @bio: block operation being split * @new_sector: The starting sector for the new bio * * The bio request @bio in request queue @q needs to be split into two * bio requests. The newly created @bio request starts at * @new_sector. This split may be required due to hardware limitation * such as operation crossing device boundaries in a RAID system. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_split, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int new_sector), TP_ARGS(q, bio, new_sector), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( sector_t, new_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->new_sector = new_sector; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu / %llu [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, (unsigned long long)__entry->new_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_remap - map request for a logical device to the raw device * @q: queue holding the operation * @bio: revised operation * @dev: device for the operation * @from: original sector for the operation * * An operation for a logical device has been mapped to the * raw block device. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_remap, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, dev_t dev, sector_t from), TP_ARGS(q, bio, dev, from), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( dev_t, old_dev ) __field( sector_t, old_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); __entry->old_dev = dev; __entry->old_sector = from; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u <- (%d,%d) %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, MAJOR(__entry->old_dev), MINOR(__entry->old_dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->old_sector) ); /** * block_rq_remap - map request for a block operation request * @q: queue holding the operation * @rq: block IO operation request * @dev: device for the operation * @from: original sector for the operation * * The block operation request @rq in @q has been remapped. The block * operation request @rq holds the current information and @from hold * the original sector. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_remap, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, dev_t dev, sector_t from), TP_ARGS(q, rq, dev, from), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( dev_t, old_dev ) __field( sector_t, old_sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_bios ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = disk_devt(rq->rq_disk); __entry->sector = blk_rq_pos(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_sectors(rq); __entry->old_dev = dev; __entry->old_sector = from; __entry->nr_bios = blk_rq_count_bios(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u <- (%d,%d) %llu %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, MAJOR(__entry->old_dev), MINOR(__entry->old_dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->old_sector, __entry->nr_bios) ); #endif /* _TRACE_BLOCK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * pm_wakeup.h - Power management wakeup interface * * Copyright (C) 2008 Alan Stern * Copyright (C) 2010 Rafael J. Wysocki, Novell Inc. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PM_WAKEUP_H #define _LINUX_PM_WAKEUP_H #ifndef _DEVICE_H_ # error "please don't include this file directly" #endif #include <linux/types.h> struct wake_irq; /** * struct wakeup_source - Representation of wakeup sources * * @name: Name of the wakeup source * @id: Wakeup source id * @entry: Wakeup source list entry * @lock: Wakeup source lock * @wakeirq: Optional device specific wakeirq * @timer: Wakeup timer list * @timer_expires: Wakeup timer expiration * @total_time: Total time this wakeup source has been active. * @max_time: Maximum time this wakeup source has been continuously active. * @last_time: Monotonic clock when the wakeup source's was touched last time. * @prevent_sleep_time: Total time this source has been preventing autosleep. * @event_count: Number of signaled wakeup events. * @active_count: Number of times the wakeup source was activated. * @relax_count: Number of times the wakeup source was deactivated. * @expire_count: Number of times the wakeup source's timeout has expired. * @wakeup_count: Number of times the wakeup source might abort suspend. * @dev: Struct device for sysfs statistics about the wakeup source. * @active: Status of the wakeup source. * @autosleep_enabled: Autosleep is active, so update @prevent_sleep_time. */ struct wakeup_source { const char *name; int id; struct list_head entry; spinlock_t lock; struct wake_irq *wakeirq; struct timer_list timer; unsigned long timer_expires; ktime_t total_time; ktime_t max_time; ktime_t last_time; ktime_t start_prevent_time; ktime_t prevent_sleep_time; unsigned long event_count; unsigned long active_count; unsigned long relax_count; unsigned long expire_count; unsigned long wakeup_count; struct device *dev; bool active:1; bool autosleep_enabled:1; }; #define for_each_wakeup_source(ws) \ for ((ws) = wakeup_sources_walk_start(); \ (ws); \ (ws) = wakeup_sources_walk_next((ws))) #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP /* * Changes to device_may_wakeup take effect on the next pm state change. */ static inline bool device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup; } static inline bool device_may_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup && !!dev->power.wakeup; } static inline void device_set_wakeup_path(struct device *dev) { dev->power.wakeup_path = true; } /* drivers/base/power/wakeup.c */ extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_create(const char *name); extern void wakeup_source_destroy(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void wakeup_source_remove(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_register(struct device *dev, const char *name); extern void wakeup_source_unregister(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern int wakeup_sources_read_lock(void); extern void wakeup_sources_read_unlock(int idx); extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_sources_walk_start(void); extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_sources_walk_next(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern int device_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev); extern int device_wakeup_disable(struct device *dev); extern void device_set_wakeup_capable(struct device *dev, bool capable); extern int device_init_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool val); extern int device_set_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev, bool enable); extern void __pm_stay_awake(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void pm_stay_awake(struct device *dev); extern void __pm_relax(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void pm_relax(struct device *dev); extern void pm_wakeup_ws_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, unsigned int msec, bool hard); extern void pm_wakeup_dev_event(struct device *dev, unsigned int msec, bool hard); #else /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ static inline void device_set_wakeup_capable(struct device *dev, bool capable) { dev->power.can_wakeup = capable; } static inline bool device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup; } static inline struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_create(const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void wakeup_source_destroy(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void wakeup_source_remove(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_register(struct device *dev, const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void wakeup_source_unregister(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline int device_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev) { dev->power.should_wakeup = true; return 0; } static inline int device_wakeup_disable(struct device *dev) { dev->power.should_wakeup = false; return 0; } static inline int device_set_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev, bool enable) { dev->power.should_wakeup = enable; return 0; } static inline int device_init_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool val) { device_set_wakeup_capable(dev, val); device_set_wakeup_enable(dev, val); return 0; } static inline bool device_may_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup && dev->power.should_wakeup; } static inline void device_set_wakeup_path(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_stay_awake(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void pm_stay_awake(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_relax(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void pm_relax(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_wakeup_ws_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, unsigned int msec, bool hard) {} static inline void pm_wakeup_dev_event(struct device *dev, unsigned int msec, bool hard) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ static inline void __pm_wakeup_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, unsigned int msec) { return pm_wakeup_ws_event(ws, msec, false); } static inline void pm_wakeup_event(struct device *dev, unsigned int msec) { return pm_wakeup_dev_event(dev, msec, false); } static inline void pm_wakeup_hard_event(struct device *dev) { return pm_wakeup_dev_event(dev, 0, true); } #endif /* _LINUX_PM_WAKEUP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * This file is part of the Linux kernel. * * Copyright (c) 2011-2014, Intel Corporation * Authors: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>, * H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H #define ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> #define RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS 10 /* Unconditional execution of RDRAND and RDSEED */ static inline bool __must_check rdrand_long(unsigned long *v) { bool ok; unsigned int retry = RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS; do { asm volatile("rdrand %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); if (ok) return true; } while (--retry); return false; } static inline bool __must_check rdrand_int(unsigned int *v) { bool ok; unsigned int retry = RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS; do { asm volatile("rdrand %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); if (ok) return true; } while (--retry); return false; } static inline bool __must_check rdseed_long(unsigned long *v) { bool ok; asm volatile("rdseed %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); return ok; } static inline bool __must_check rdseed_int(unsigned int *v) { bool ok; asm volatile("rdseed %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); return ok; } /* * These are the generic interfaces; they must not be declared if the * stubs in <linux/random.h> are to be invoked, * i.e. CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM is not defined. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_long(unsigned long *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDRAND) ? rdrand_long(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_int(unsigned int *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDRAND) ? rdrand_int(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_seed_long(unsigned long *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDSEED) ? rdseed_long(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_seed_int(unsigned int *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDSEED) ? rdseed_int(v) : false; } extern void x86_init_rdrand(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); #else /* !CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM */ static inline void x86_init_rdrand(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM */ #endif /* ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H */
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Macros for manipulating and testing page->flags */ #ifndef PAGE_FLAGS_H #define PAGE_FLAGS_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <generated/bounds.h> #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS_H */ /* * Various page->flags bits: * * PG_reserved is set for special pages. The "struct page" of such a page * should in general not be touched (e.g. set dirty) except by its owner. * Pages marked as PG_reserved include: * - Pages part of the kernel image (including vDSO) and similar (e.g. BIOS, * initrd, HW tables) * - Pages reserved or allocated early during boot (before the page allocator * was initialized). This includes (depending on the architecture) the * initial vmemmap, initial page tables, crashkernel, elfcorehdr, and much * much more. Once (if ever) freed, PG_reserved is cleared and they will * be given to the page allocator. * - Pages falling into physical memory gaps - not IORESOURCE_SYSRAM. Trying * to read/write these pages might end badly. Don't touch! * - The zero page(s) * - Pages not added to the page allocator when onlining a section because * they were excluded via the online_page_callback() or because they are * PG_hwpoison. * - Pages allocated in the context of kexec/kdump (loaded kernel image, * control pages, vmcoreinfo) * - MMIO/DMA pages. Some architectures don't allow to ioremap pages that are * not marked PG_reserved (as they might be in use by somebody else who does * not respect the caching strategy). * - Pages part of an offline section (struct pages of offline sections should * not be trusted as they will be initialized when first onlined). * - MCA pages on ia64 * - Pages holding CPU notes for POWER Firmware Assisted Dump * - Device memory (e.g. PMEM, DAX, HMM) * Some PG_reserved pages will be excluded from the hibernation image. * PG_reserved does in general not hinder anybody from dumping or swapping * and is no longer required for remap_pfn_range(). ioremap might require it. * Consequently, PG_reserved for a page mapped into user space can indicate * the zero page, the vDSO, MMIO pages or device memory. * * The PG_private bitflag is set on pagecache pages if they contain filesystem * specific data (which is normally at page->private). It can be used by * private allocations for its own usage. * * During initiation of disk I/O, PG_locked is set. This bit is set before I/O * and cleared when writeback _starts_ or when read _completes_. PG_writeback * is set before writeback starts and cleared when it finishes. * * PG_locked also pins a page in pagecache, and blocks truncation of the file * while it is held. * * page_waitqueue(page) is a wait queue of all tasks waiting for the page * to become unlocked. * * PG_swapbacked is set when a page uses swap as a backing storage. This are * usually PageAnon or shmem pages but please note that even anonymous pages * might lose their PG_swapbacked flag when they simply can be dropped (e.g. as * a result of MADV_FREE). * * PG_uptodate tells whether the page's contents is valid. When a read * completes, the page becomes uptodate, unless a disk I/O error happened. * * PG_referenced, PG_reclaim are used for page reclaim for anonymous and * file-backed pagecache (see mm/vmscan.c). * * PG_error is set to indicate that an I/O error occurred on this page. * * PG_arch_1 is an architecture specific page state bit. The generic code * guarantees that this bit is cleared for a page when it first is entered into * the page cache. * * PG_hwpoison indicates that a page got corrupted in hardware and contains * data with incorrect ECC bits that triggered a machine check. Accessing is * not safe since it may cause another machine check. Don't touch! */ /* * Don't use the *_dontuse flags. Use the macros. Otherwise you'll break * locked- and dirty-page accounting. * * The page flags field is split into two parts, the main flags area * which extends from the low bits upwards, and the fields area which * extends from the high bits downwards. * * | FIELD | ... | FLAGS | * N-1 ^ 0 * (NR_PAGEFLAGS) * * The fields area is reserved for fields mapping zone, node (for NUMA) and * SPARSEMEM section (for variants of SPARSEMEM that require section ids like * SPARSEMEM_EXTREME with !SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP). */ enum pageflags { PG_locked, /* Page is locked. Don't touch. */ PG_referenced, PG_uptodate, PG_dirty, PG_lru, PG_active, PG_workingset, PG_waiters, /* Page has waiters, check its waitqueue. Must be bit #7 and in the same byte as "PG_locked" */ PG_error, PG_slab, PG_owner_priv_1, /* Owner use. If pagecache, fs may use*/ PG_arch_1, PG_reserved, PG_private, /* If pagecache, has fs-private data */ PG_private_2, /* If pagecache, has fs aux data */ PG_writeback, /* Page is under writeback */ PG_head, /* A head page */ PG_mappedtodisk, /* Has blocks allocated on-disk */ PG_reclaim, /* To be reclaimed asap */ PG_swapbacked, /* Page is backed by RAM/swap */ PG_unevictable, /* Page is "unevictable" */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU PG_mlocked, /* Page is vma mlocked */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_PG_UNCACHED PG_uncached, /* Page has been mapped as uncached */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE PG_hwpoison, /* hardware poisoned page. Don't touch */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT) PG_young, PG_idle, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT PG_arch_2, #endif __NR_PAGEFLAGS, /* Filesystems */ PG_checked = PG_owner_priv_1, /* SwapBacked */ PG_swapcache = PG_owner_priv_1, /* Swap page: swp_entry_t in private */ /* Two page bits are conscripted by FS-Cache to maintain local caching * state. These bits are set on pages belonging to the netfs's inodes * when those inodes are being locally cached. */ PG_fscache = PG_private_2, /* page backed by cache */ /* XEN */ /* Pinned in Xen as a read-only pagetable page. */ PG_pinned = PG_owner_priv_1, /* Pinned as part of domain save (see xen_mm_pin_all()). */ PG_savepinned = PG_dirty, /* Has a grant mapping of another (foreign) domain's page. */ PG_foreign = PG_owner_priv_1, /* Remapped by swiotlb-xen. */ PG_xen_remapped = PG_owner_priv_1, /* SLOB */ PG_slob_free = PG_private, /* Compound pages. Stored in first tail page's flags */ PG_double_map = PG_workingset, /* non-lru isolated movable page */ PG_isolated = PG_reclaim, /* Only valid for buddy pages. Used to track pages that are reported */ PG_reported = PG_uptodate, }; #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H struct page; /* forward declaration */ static inline struct page *compound_head(struct page *page) { unsigned long head = READ_ONCE(page->compound_head); if (unlikely(head & 1)) return (struct page *) (head - 1); return page; } static __always_inline int PageTail(struct page *page) { return READ_ONCE(page->compound_head) & 1; } static __always_inline int PageCompound(struct page *page) { return test_bit(PG_head, &page->flags) || PageTail(page); } #define PAGE_POISON_PATTERN -1l static inline int PagePoisoned(const struct page *page) { return page->flags == PAGE_POISON_PATTERN; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size); #else static inline void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size) { } #endif /* * Page flags policies wrt compound pages * * PF_POISONED_CHECK * check if this struct page poisoned/uninitialized * * PF_ANY: * the page flag is relevant for small, head and tail pages. * * PF_HEAD: * for compound page all operations related to the page flag applied to * head page. * * PF_ONLY_HEAD: * for compound page, callers only ever operate on the head page. * * PF_NO_TAIL: * modifications of the page flag must be done on small or head pages, * checks can be done on tail pages too. * * PF_NO_COMPOUND: * the page flag is not relevant for compound pages. * * PF_SECOND: * the page flag is stored in the first tail page. */ #define PF_POISONED_CHECK(page) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PagePoisoned(page), page); \ page; }) #define PF_ANY(page, enforce) PF_POISONED_CHECK(page) #define PF_HEAD(page, enforce) PF_POISONED_CHECK(compound_head(page)) #define PF_ONLY_HEAD(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(page); }) #define PF_NO_TAIL(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(enforce && PageTail(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(compound_head(page)); }) #define PF_NO_COMPOUND(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(enforce && PageCompound(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(page); }) #define PF_SECOND(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(!PageHead(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(&page[1]); }) /* * Macros to create function definitions for page flags */ #define TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline int Page##uname(struct page *page) \ { return test_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 0)->flags); } #define SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void SetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define __SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void __SetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { __set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define __CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { __clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define TESTSETFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline int TestSetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { return test_and_set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define TESTCLEARFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline int TestClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { return test_and_clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define PAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) #define __PAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ __SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ __CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) #define TESTSCFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTSETFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTCLEARFLAG(uname, lname, policy) #define TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ static inline int Page##uname(const struct page *page) { return 0; } #define SETPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) \ static inline void SetPage##uname(struct page *page) { } #define CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) \ static inline void ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) { } #define __CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) \ static inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) { } #define TESTSETFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ static inline int TestSetPage##uname(struct page *page) { return 0; } #define TESTCLEARFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ static inline int TestClearPage##uname(struct page *page) { return 0; } #define PAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ SETPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) #define TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ TESTSETFLAG_FALSE(uname) TESTCLEARFLAG_FALSE(uname) __PAGEFLAG(Locked, locked, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Waiters, waiters, PF_ONLY_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Waiters, waiters, PF_ONLY_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Error, error, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTCLEARFLAG(Error, error, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD) __SETPAGEFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) TESTSCFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Workingset, workingset, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Workingset, workingset, PF_HEAD) __PAGEFLAG(Slab, slab, PF_NO_TAIL) __PAGEFLAG(SlobFree, slob_free, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Checked, checked, PF_NO_COMPOUND) /* Used by some filesystems */ /* Xen */ PAGEFLAG(Pinned, pinned, PF_NO_COMPOUND) TESTSCFLAG(Pinned, pinned, PF_NO_COMPOUND) PAGEFLAG(SavePinned, savepinned, PF_NO_COMPOUND); PAGEFLAG(Foreign, foreign, PF_NO_COMPOUND); PAGEFLAG(XenRemapped, xen_remapped, PF_NO_COMPOUND) TESTCLEARFLAG(XenRemapped, xen_remapped, PF_NO_COMPOUND) PAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND) __SETPAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND) PAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL) __SETPAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL) /* * Private page markings that may be used by the filesystem that owns the page * for its own purposes. * - PG_private and PG_private_2 cause releasepage() and co to be invoked */ PAGEFLAG(Private, private, PF_ANY) __SETPAGEFLAG(Private, private, PF_ANY) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Private, private, PF_ANY) PAGEFLAG(Private2, private_2, PF_ANY) TESTSCFLAG(Private2, private_2, PF_ANY) PAGEFLAG(OwnerPriv1, owner_priv_1, PF_ANY) TESTCLEARFLAG(OwnerPriv1, owner_priv_1, PF_ANY) /* * Only test-and-set exist for PG_writeback. The unconditional operators are * risky: they bypass page accounting. */ TESTPAGEFLAG(Writeback, writeback, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTSCFLAG(Writeback, writeback, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(MappedToDisk, mappedtodisk, PF_NO_TAIL) /* PG_readahead is only used for reads; PG_reclaim is only for writes */ PAGEFLAG(Reclaim, reclaim, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTCLEARFLAG(Reclaim, reclaim, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Readahead, reclaim, PF_NO_COMPOUND) TESTCLEARFLAG(Readahead, reclaim, PF_NO_COMPOUND) #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Must use a macro here due to header dependency issues. page_zone() is not * available at this point. */ #define PageHighMem(__p) is_highmem_idx(page_zonenum(__p)) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HighMem) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP static __always_inline int PageSwapCache(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP page = compound_head(page); #endif return PageSwapBacked(page) && test_bit(PG_swapcache, &page->flags); } SETPAGEFLAG(SwapCache, swapcache, PF_NO_TAIL) CLEARPAGEFLAG(SwapCache, swapcache, PF_NO_TAIL) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(SwapCache) #endif PAGEFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD) #ifdef CONFIG_MMU PAGEFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTSCFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(Mlocked) __CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(Mlocked) TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(Mlocked) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_PG_UNCACHED PAGEFLAG(Uncached, uncached, PF_NO_COMPOUND) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(Uncached) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE PAGEFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison, PF_ANY) TESTSCFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison, PF_ANY) #define __PG_HWPOISON (1UL << PG_hwpoison) extern bool take_page_off_buddy(struct page *page); #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HWPoison) #define __PG_HWPOISON 0 #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT) TESTPAGEFLAG(Young, young, PF_ANY) SETPAGEFLAG(Young, young, PF_ANY) TESTCLEARFLAG(Young, young, PF_ANY) PAGEFLAG(Idle, idle, PF_ANY) #endif /* * PageReported() is used to track reported free pages within the Buddy * allocator. We can use the non-atomic version of the test and set * operations as both should be shielded with the zone lock to prevent * any possible races on the setting or clearing of the bit. */ __PAGEFLAG(Reported, reported, PF_NO_COMPOUND) /* * On an anonymous page mapped into a user virtual memory area, * page->mapping points to its anon_vma, not to a struct address_space; * with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON bit set to distinguish it. See rmap.h. * * On an anonymous page in a VM_MERGEABLE area, if CONFIG_KSM is enabled, * the PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE bit may be set along with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON * bit; and then page->mapping points, not to an anon_vma, but to a private * structure which KSM associates with that merged page. See ksm.h. * * PAGE_MAPPING_KSM without PAGE_MAPPING_ANON is used for non-lru movable * page and then page->mapping points a struct address_space. * * Please note that, confusingly, "page_mapping" refers to the inode * address_space which maps the page from disk; whereas "page_mapped" * refers to user virtual address space into which the page is mapped. */ #define PAGE_MAPPING_ANON 0x1 #define PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE 0x2 #define PAGE_MAPPING_KSM (PAGE_MAPPING_ANON | PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE) #define PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS (PAGE_MAPPING_ANON | PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE) static __always_inline int PageMappingFlags(struct page *page) { return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) != 0; } static __always_inline int PageAnon(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) != 0; } static __always_inline int __PageMovable(struct page *page) { return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) == PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE; } #ifdef CONFIG_KSM /* * A KSM page is one of those write-protected "shared pages" or "merged pages" * which KSM maps into multiple mms, wherever identical anonymous page content * is found in VM_MERGEABLE vmas. It's a PageAnon page, pointing not to any * anon_vma, but to that page's node of the stable tree. */ static __always_inline int PageKsm(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) == PAGE_MAPPING_KSM; } #else TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(Ksm) #endif u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page); static inline int PageUptodate(struct page *page) { int ret; page = compound_head(page); ret = test_bit(PG_uptodate, &(page)->flags); /* * Must ensure that the data we read out of the page is loaded * _after_ we've loaded page->flags to check for PageUptodate. * We can skip the barrier if the page is not uptodate, because * we wouldn't be reading anything from it. * * See SetPageUptodate() for the other side of the story. */ if (ret) smp_rmb(); return ret; } static __always_inline void __SetPageUptodate(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); smp_wmb(); __set_bit(PG_uptodate, &page->flags); } static __always_inline void SetPageUptodate(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); /* * Memory barrier must be issued before setting the PG_uptodate bit, * so that all previous stores issued in order to bring the page * uptodate are actually visible before PageUptodate becomes true. */ smp_wmb(); set_bit(PG_uptodate, &page->flags); } CLEARPAGEFLAG(Uptodate, uptodate, PF_NO_TAIL) int test_clear_page_writeback(struct page *page); int __test_set_page_writeback(struct page *page, bool keep_write); #define test_set_page_writeback(page) \ __test_set_page_writeback(page, false) #define test_set_page_writeback_keepwrite(page) \ __test_set_page_writeback(page, true) static inline void set_page_writeback(struct page *page) { test_set_page_writeback(page); } static inline void set_page_writeback_keepwrite(struct page *page) { test_set_page_writeback_keepwrite(page); } __PAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY) CLEARPAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY) static __always_inline void set_compound_head(struct page *page, struct page *head) { WRITE_ONCE(page->compound_head, (unsigned long)head + 1); } static __always_inline void clear_compound_head(struct page *page) { WRITE_ONCE(page->compound_head, 0); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline void ClearPageCompound(struct page *page) { BUG_ON(!PageHead(page)); ClearPageHead(page); } #endif #define PG_head_mask ((1UL << PG_head)) #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE int PageHuge(struct page *page); int PageHeadHuge(struct page *page); bool page_huge_active(struct page *page); #else TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(Huge) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(HeadHuge) static inline bool page_huge_active(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * PageHuge() only returns true for hugetlbfs pages, but not for * normal or transparent huge pages. * * PageTransHuge() returns true for both transparent huge and * hugetlbfs pages, but not normal pages. PageTransHuge() can only be * called only in the core VM paths where hugetlbfs pages can't exist. */ static inline int PageTransHuge(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); return PageHead(page); } /* * PageTransCompound returns true for both transparent huge pages * and hugetlbfs pages, so it should only be called when it's known * that hugetlbfs pages aren't involved. */ static inline int PageTransCompound(struct page *page) { return PageCompound(page); } /* * PageTransCompoundMap is the same as PageTransCompound, but it also * guarantees the primary MMU has the entire compound page mapped * through pmd_trans_huge, which in turn guarantees the secondary MMUs * can also map the entire compound page. This allows the secondary * MMUs to call get_user_pages() only once for each compound page and * to immediately map the entire compound page with a single secondary * MMU fault. If there will be a pmd split later, the secondary MMUs * will get an update through the MMU notifier invalidation through * split_huge_pmd(). * * Unlike PageTransCompound, this is safe to be called only while * split_huge_pmd() cannot run from under us, like if protected by the * MMU notifier, otherwise it may result in page->_mapcount check false * positives. * * We have to treat page cache THP differently since every subpage of it * would get _mapcount inc'ed once it is PMD mapped. But, it may be PTE * mapped in the current process so comparing subpage's _mapcount to * compound_mapcount to filter out PTE mapped case. */ static inline int PageTransCompoundMap(struct page *page) { struct page *head; if (!PageTransCompound(page)) return 0; if (PageAnon(page)) return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) < 0; head = compound_head(page); /* File THP is PMD mapped and not PTE mapped */ return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) == atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)); } /* * PageTransTail returns true for both transparent huge pages * and hugetlbfs pages, so it should only be called when it's known * that hugetlbfs pages aren't involved. */ static inline int PageTransTail(struct page *page) { return PageTail(page); } /* * PageDoubleMap indicates that the compound page is mapped with PTEs as well * as PMDs. * * This is required for optimization of rmap operations for THP: we can postpone * per small page mapcount accounting (and its overhead from atomic operations) * until the first PMD split. * * For the page PageDoubleMap means ->_mapcount in all sub-pages is offset up * by one. This reference will go away with last compound_mapcount. * * See also __split_huge_pmd_locked() and page_remove_anon_compound_rmap(). */ PAGEFLAG(DoubleMap, double_map, PF_SECOND) TESTSCFLAG(DoubleMap, double_map, PF_SECOND) #else TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransHuge) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransCompound) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransCompoundMap) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransTail) PAGEFLAG_FALSE(DoubleMap) TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(DoubleMap) #endif /* * For pages that are never mapped to userspace (and aren't PageSlab), * page_type may be used. Because it is initialised to -1, we invert the * sense of the bit, so __SetPageFoo *clears* the bit used for PageFoo, and * __ClearPageFoo *sets* the bit used for PageFoo. We reserve a few high and * low bits so that an underflow or overflow of page_mapcount() won't be * mistaken for a page type value. */ #define PAGE_TYPE_BASE 0xf0000000 /* Reserve 0x0000007f to catch underflows of page_mapcount */ #define PAGE_MAPCOUNT_RESERVE -128 #define PG_buddy 0x00000080 #define PG_offline 0x00000100 #define PG_kmemcg 0x00000200 #define PG_table 0x00000400 #define PG_guard 0x00000800 #define PageType(page, flag) \ ((page->page_type & (PAGE_TYPE_BASE | flag)) == PAGE_TYPE_BASE) static inline int page_has_type(struct page *page) { return (int)page->page_type < PAGE_MAPCOUNT_RESERVE; } #define PAGE_TYPE_OPS(uname, lname) \ static __always_inline int Page##uname(struct page *page) \ { \ return PageType(page, PG_##lname); \ } \ static __always_inline void __SetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { \ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageType(page, 0), page); \ page->page_type &= ~PG_##lname; \ } \ static __always_inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { \ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!Page##uname(page), page); \ page->page_type |= PG_##lname; \ } /* * PageBuddy() indicates that the page is free and in the buddy system * (see mm/page_alloc.c). */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Buddy, buddy) /* * PageOffline() indicates that the page is logically offline although the * containing section is online. (e.g. inflated in a balloon driver or * not onlined when onlining the section). * The content of these pages is effectively stale. Such pages should not * be touched (read/write/dump/save) except by their owner. * * If a driver wants to allow to offline unmovable PageOffline() pages without * putting them back to the buddy, it can do so via the memory notifier by * decrementing the reference count in MEM_GOING_OFFLINE and incrementing the * reference count in MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE. When offlining, the PageOffline() * pages (now with a reference count of zero) are treated like free pages, * allowing the containing memory block to get offlined. A driver that * relies on this feature is aware that re-onlining the memory block will * require to re-set the pages PageOffline() and not giving them to the * buddy via online_page_callback_t. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Offline, offline) /* * If kmemcg is enabled, the buddy allocator will set PageKmemcg() on * pages allocated with __GFP_ACCOUNT. It gets cleared on page free. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Kmemcg, kmemcg) /* * Marks pages in use as page tables. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Table, table) /* * Marks guardpages used with debug_pagealloc. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Guard, guard) extern bool is_free_buddy_page(struct page *page); __PAGEFLAG(Isolated, isolated, PF_ANY); /* * If network-based swap is enabled, sl*b must keep track of whether pages * were allocated from pfmemalloc reserves. */ static inline int PageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); return PageActive(page); } static inline void SetPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); SetPageActive(page); } static inline void __ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); __ClearPageActive(page); } static inline void ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); ClearPageActive(page); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define __PG_MLOCKED (1UL << PG_mlocked) #else #define __PG_MLOCKED 0 #endif /* * Flags checked when a page is freed. Pages being freed should not have * these flags set. It they are, there is a problem. */ #define PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_FREE \ (1UL << PG_lru | 1UL << PG_locked | \ 1UL << PG_private | 1UL << PG_private_2 | \ 1UL << PG_writeback | 1UL << PG_reserved | \ 1UL << PG_slab | 1UL << PG_active | \ 1UL << PG_unevictable | __PG_MLOCKED) /* * Flags checked when a page is prepped for return by the page allocator. * Pages being prepped should not have these flags set. It they are set, * there has been a kernel bug or struct page corruption. * * __PG_HWPOISON is exceptional because it needs to be kept beyond page's * alloc-free cycle to prevent from reusing the page. */ #define PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_PREP \ (((1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1) & ~__PG_HWPOISON) #define PAGE_FLAGS_PRIVATE \ (1UL << PG_private | 1UL << PG_private_2) /** * page_has_private - Determine if page has private stuff * @page: The page to be checked * * Determine if a page has private stuff, indicating that release routines * should be invoked upon it. */ static inline int page_has_private(struct page *page) { return !!(page->flags & PAGE_FLAGS_PRIVATE); } #undef PF_ANY #undef PF_HEAD #undef PF_ONLY_HEAD #undef PF_NO_TAIL #undef PF_NO_COMPOUND #undef PF_SECOND #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS_H */ #endif /* PAGE_FLAGS_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/prandom.h * * Include file for the fast pseudo-random 32-bit * generation. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PRANDOM_H #define _LINUX_PRANDOM_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> u32 prandom_u32(void); void prandom_bytes(void *buf, size_t nbytes); void prandom_seed(u32 seed); void prandom_reseed_late(void); DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, net_rand_noise); #define PRANDOM_ADD_NOISE(a, b, c, d) \ prandom_u32_add_noise((unsigned long)(a), (unsigned long)(b), \ (unsigned long)(c), (unsigned long)(d)) #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* * The core SipHash round function. Each line can be executed in * parallel given enough CPU resources. */ #define PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3) SIPHASH_PERMUTATION(v0, v1, v2, v3) #define PRND_K0 (SIPHASH_CONST_0 ^ SIPHASH_CONST_2) #define PRND_K1 (SIPHASH_CONST_1 ^ SIPHASH_CONST_3) #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 32 /* * On 32-bit machines, we use HSipHash, a reduced-width version of SipHash. * This is weaker, but 32-bit machines are not used for high-traffic * applications, so there is less output for an attacker to analyze. */ #define PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3) HSIPHASH_PERMUTATION(v0, v1, v2, v3) #define PRND_K0 (HSIPHASH_CONST_0 ^ HSIPHASH_CONST_2) #define PRND_K1 (HSIPHASH_CONST_1 ^ HSIPHASH_CONST_3) #else #error Unsupported BITS_PER_LONG #endif static inline void prandom_u32_add_noise(unsigned long a, unsigned long b, unsigned long c, unsigned long d) { /* * This is not used cryptographically; it's just * a convenient 4-word hash function. (3 xor, 2 add, 2 rol) */ a ^= raw_cpu_read(net_rand_noise); PRND_SIPROUND(a, b, c, d); raw_cpu_write(net_rand_noise, d); } struct rnd_state { __u32 s1, s2, s3, s4; }; u32 prandom_u32_state(struct rnd_state *state); void prandom_bytes_state(struct rnd_state *state, void *buf, size_t nbytes); void prandom_seed_full_state(struct rnd_state __percpu *pcpu_state); #define prandom_init_once(pcpu_state) \ DO_ONCE(prandom_seed_full_state, (pcpu_state)) /** * prandom_u32_max - returns a pseudo-random number in interval [0, ep_ro) * @ep_ro: right open interval endpoint * * Returns a pseudo-random number that is in interval [0, ep_ro). Note * that the result depends on PRNG being well distributed in [0, ~0U] * u32 space. Here we use maximally equidistributed combined Tausworthe * generator, that is, prandom_u32(). This is useful when requesting a * random index of an array containing ep_ro elements, for example. * * Returns: pseudo-random number in interval [0, ep_ro) */ static inline u32 prandom_u32_max(u32 ep_ro) { return (u32)(((u64) prandom_u32() * ep_ro) >> 32); } /* * Handle minimum values for seeds */ static inline u32 __seed(u32 x, u32 m) { return (x < m) ? x + m : x; } /** * prandom_seed_state - set seed for prandom_u32_state(). * @state: pointer to state structure to receive the seed. * @seed: arbitrary 64-bit value to use as a seed. */ static inline void prandom_seed_state(struct rnd_state *state, u64 seed) { u32 i = ((seed >> 32) ^ (seed << 10) ^ seed) & 0xffffffffUL; state->s1 = __seed(i, 2U); state->s2 = __seed(i, 8U); state->s3 = __seed(i, 16U); state->s4 = __seed(i, 128U); PRANDOM_ADD_NOISE(state, i, 0, 0); } /* Pseudo random number generator from numerical recipes. */ static inline u32 next_pseudo_random32(u32 seed) { return seed * 1664525 + 1013904223; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright 2006, Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> */ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/leds.h> #include "ieee80211_i.h" #define MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY 50 /* ms */ static inline void ieee80211_led_rx(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS unsigned long led_delay = MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY; if (!atomic_read(&local->rx_led_active)) return; led_trigger_blink_oneshot(&local->rx_led, &led_delay, &led_delay, 0); #endif } static inline void ieee80211_led_tx(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS unsigned long led_delay = MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY; if (!atomic_read(&local->tx_led_active)) return; led_trigger_blink_oneshot(&local->tx_led, &led_delay, &led_delay, 0); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS void ieee80211_led_assoc(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool associated); void ieee80211_led_radio(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool enabled); void ieee80211_alloc_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_free_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_led_init(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_led_exit(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_mod_tpt_led_trig(struct ieee80211_local *local, unsigned int types_on, unsigned int types_off); #else static inline void ieee80211_led_assoc(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool associated) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_radio(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool enabled) { } static inline void ieee80211_alloc_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_free_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_init(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_exit(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_mod_tpt_led_trig(struct ieee80211_local *local, unsigned int types_on, unsigned int types_off) { } #endif static inline void ieee80211_tpt_led_trig_tx(struct ieee80211_local *local, __le16 fc, int bytes) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS if (ieee80211_is_data(fc) && atomic_read(&local->tpt_led_active)) local->tpt_led_trigger->tx_bytes += bytes; #endif } static inline void ieee80211_tpt_led_trig_rx(struct ieee80211_local *local, __le16 fc, int bytes) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS if (ieee80211_is_data(fc) && atomic_read(&local->tpt_led_active)) local->tpt_led_trigger->rx_bytes += bytes; #endif }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCATTERLIST_H #define _LINUX_SCATTERLIST_H #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/io.h> struct scatterlist { unsigned long page_link; unsigned int offset; unsigned int length; dma_addr_t dma_address; #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_SG_DMA_LENGTH unsigned int dma_length; #endif }; /* * Since the above length field is an unsigned int, below we define the maximum * length in bytes that can be stored in one scatterlist entry. */ #define SCATTERLIST_MAX_SEGMENT (UINT_MAX & PAGE_MASK) /* * These macros should be used after a dma_map_sg call has been done * to get bus addresses of each of the SG entries and their lengths. * You should only work with the number of sg entries dma_map_sg * returns, or alternatively stop on the first sg_dma_len(sg) which * is 0. */ #define sg_dma_address(sg) ((sg)->dma_address) #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_SG_DMA_LENGTH #define sg_dma_len(sg) ((sg)->dma_length) #else #define sg_dma_len(sg) ((sg)->length) #endif struct sg_table { struct scatterlist *sgl; /* the list */ unsigned int nents; /* number of mapped entries */ unsigned int orig_nents; /* original size of list */ }; /* * Notes on SG table design. * * We use the unsigned long page_link field in the scatterlist struct to place * the page pointer AND encode information about the sg table as well. The two * lower bits are reserved for this information. * * If bit 0 is set, then the page_link contains a pointer to the next sg * table list. Otherwise the next entry is at sg + 1. * * If bit 1 is set, then this sg entry is the last element in a list. * * See sg_next(). * */ #define SG_CHAIN 0x01UL #define SG_END 0x02UL /* * We overload the LSB of the page pointer to indicate whether it's * a valid sg entry, or whether it points to the start of a new scatterlist. * Those low bits are there for everyone! (thanks mason :-) */ #define sg_is_chain(sg) ((sg)->page_link & SG_CHAIN) #define sg_is_last(sg) ((sg)->page_link & SG_END) #define sg_chain_ptr(sg) \ ((struct scatterlist *) ((sg)->page_link & ~(SG_CHAIN | SG_END))) /** * sg_assign_page - Assign a given page to an SG entry * @sg: SG entry * @page: The page * * Description: * Assign page to sg entry. Also see sg_set_page(), the most commonly used * variant. * **/ static inline void sg_assign_page(struct scatterlist *sg, struct page *page) { unsigned long page_link = sg->page_link & (SG_CHAIN | SG_END); /* * In order for the low bit stealing approach to work, pages * must be aligned at a 32-bit boundary as a minimum. */ BUG_ON((unsigned long) page & (SG_CHAIN | SG_END)); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SG BUG_ON(sg_is_chain(sg)); #endif sg->page_link = page_link | (unsigned long) page; } /** * sg_set_page - Set sg entry to point at given page * @sg: SG entry * @page: The page * @len: Length of data * @offset: Offset into page * * Description: * Use this function to set an sg entry pointing at a page, never assign * the page directly. We encode sg table information in the lower bits * of the page pointer. See sg_page() for looking up the page belonging * to an sg entry. * **/ static inline void sg_set_page(struct scatterlist *sg, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset) { sg_assign_page(sg, page); sg->offset = offset; sg->length = len; } static inline struct page *sg_page(struct scatterlist *sg) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SG BUG_ON(sg_is_chain(sg)); #endif return (struct page *)((sg)->page_link & ~(SG_CHAIN | SG_END)); } /** * sg_set_buf - Set sg entry to point at given data * @sg: SG entry * @buf: Data * @buflen: Data length * **/ static inline void sg_set_buf(struct scatterlist *sg, const void *buf, unsigned int buflen) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SG BUG_ON(!virt_addr_valid(buf)); #endif sg_set_page(sg, virt_to_page(buf), buflen, offset_in_page(buf)); } /* * Loop over each sg element, following the pointer to a new list if necessary */ #define for_each_sg(sglist, sg, nr, __i) \ for (__i = 0, sg = (sglist); __i < (nr); __i++, sg = sg_next(sg)) /* * Loop over each sg element in the given sg_table object. */ #define for_each_sgtable_sg(sgt, sg, i) \ for_each_sg((sgt)->sgl, sg, (sgt)->orig_nents, i) /* * Loop over each sg element in the given *DMA mapped* sg_table object. * Please use sg_dma_address(sg) and sg_dma_len(sg) to extract DMA addresses * of the each element. */ #define for_each_sgtable_dma_sg(sgt, sg, i) \ for_each_sg((sgt)->sgl, sg, (sgt)->nents, i) static inline void __sg_chain(struct scatterlist *chain_sg, struct scatterlist *sgl) { /* * offset and length are unused for chain entry. Clear them. */ chain_sg->offset = 0; chain_sg->length = 0; /* * Set lowest bit to indicate a link pointer, and make sure to clear * the termination bit if it happens to be set. */ chain_sg->page_link = ((unsigned long) sgl | SG_CHAIN) & ~SG_END; } /** * sg_chain - Chain two sglists together * @prv: First scatterlist * @prv_nents: Number of entries in prv * @sgl: Second scatterlist * * Description: * Links @prv@ and @sgl@ together, to form a longer scatterlist. * **/ static inline void sg_chain(struct scatterlist *prv, unsigned int prv_nents, struct scatterlist *sgl) { __sg_chain(&prv[prv_nents - 1], sgl); } /** * sg_mark_end - Mark the end of the scatterlist * @sg: SG entryScatterlist * * Description: * Marks the passed in sg entry as the termination point for the sg * table. A call to sg_next() on this entry will return NULL. * **/ static inline void sg_mark_end(struct scatterlist *sg) { /* * Set termination bit, clear potential chain bit */ sg->page_link |= SG_END; sg->page_link &= ~SG_CHAIN; } /** * sg_unmark_end - Undo setting the end of the scatterlist * @sg: SG entryScatterlist * * Description: * Removes the termination marker from the given entry of the scatterlist. * **/ static inline void sg_unmark_end(struct scatterlist *sg) { sg->page_link &= ~SG_END; } /** * sg_phys - Return physical address of an sg entry * @sg: SG entry * * Description: * This calls page_to_phys() on the page in this sg entry, and adds the * sg offset. The caller must know that it is legal to call page_to_phys() * on the sg page. * **/ static inline dma_addr_t sg_phys(struct scatterlist *sg) { return page_to_phys(sg_page(sg)) + sg->offset; } /** * sg_virt - Return virtual address of an sg entry * @sg: SG entry * * Description: * This calls page_address() on the page in this sg entry, and adds the * sg offset. The caller must know that the sg page has a valid virtual * mapping. * **/ static inline void *sg_virt(struct scatterlist *sg) { return page_address(sg_page(sg)) + sg->offset; } /** * sg_init_marker - Initialize markers in sg table * @sgl: The SG table * @nents: Number of entries in table * **/ static inline void sg_init_marker(struct scatterlist *sgl, unsigned int nents) { sg_mark_end(&sgl[nents - 1]); } int sg_nents(struct scatterlist *sg); int sg_nents_for_len(struct scatterlist *sg, u64 len); struct scatterlist *sg_next(struct scatterlist *); struct scatterlist *sg_last(struct scatterlist *s, unsigned int); void sg_init_table(struct scatterlist *, unsigned int); void sg_init_one(struct scatterlist *, const void *, unsigned int); int sg_split(struct scatterlist *in, const int in_mapped_nents, const off_t skip, const int nb_splits, const size_t *split_sizes, struct scatterlist **out, int *out_mapped_nents, gfp_t gfp_mask); typedef struct scatterlist *(sg_alloc_fn)(unsigned int, gfp_t); typedef void (sg_free_fn)(struct scatterlist *, unsigned int); void __sg_free_table(struct sg_table *, unsigned int, unsigned int, sg_free_fn *); void sg_free_table(struct sg_table *); int __sg_alloc_table(struct sg_table *, unsigned int, unsigned int, struct scatterlist *, unsigned int, gfp_t, sg_alloc_fn *); int sg_alloc_table(struct sg_table *, unsigned int, gfp_t); struct scatterlist *__sg_alloc_table_from_pages(struct sg_table *sgt, struct page **pages, unsigned int n_pages, unsigned int offset, unsigned long size, unsigned int max_segment, struct scatterlist *prv, unsigned int left_pages, gfp_t gfp_mask); int sg_alloc_table_from_pages(struct sg_table *sgt, struct page **pages, unsigned int n_pages, unsigned int offset, unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask); #ifdef CONFIG_SGL_ALLOC struct scatterlist *sgl_alloc_order(unsigned long long length, unsigned int order, bool chainable, gfp_t gfp, unsigned int *nent_p); struct scatterlist *sgl_alloc(unsigned long long length, gfp_t gfp, unsigned int *nent_p); void sgl_free_n_order(struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, int order); void sgl_free_order(struct scatterlist *sgl, int order); void sgl_free(struct scatterlist *sgl); #endif /* CONFIG_SGL_ALLOC */ size_t sg_copy_buffer(struct scatterlist *sgl, unsigned int nents, void *buf, size_t buflen, off_t skip, bool to_buffer); size_t sg_copy_from_buffer(struct scatterlist *sgl, unsigned int nents, const void *buf, size_t buflen); size_t sg_copy_to_buffer(struct scatterlist *sgl, unsigned int nents, void *buf, size_t buflen); size_t sg_pcopy_from_buffer(struct scatterlist *sgl, unsigned int nents, const void *buf, size_t buflen, off_t skip); size_t sg_pcopy_to_buffer(struct scatterlist *sgl, unsigned int nents, void *buf, size_t buflen, off_t skip); size_t sg_zero_buffer(struct scatterlist *sgl, unsigned int nents, size_t buflen, off_t skip); /* * Maximum number of entries that will be allocated in one piece, if * a list larger than this is required then chaining will be utilized. */ #define SG_MAX_SINGLE_ALLOC (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct scatterlist)) /* * The maximum number of SG segments that we will put inside a * scatterlist (unless chaining is used). Should ideally fit inside a * single page, to avoid a higher order allocation. We could define this * to SG_MAX_SINGLE_ALLOC to pack correctly at the highest order. The * minimum value is 32 */ #define SG_CHUNK_SIZE 128 /* * Like SG_CHUNK_SIZE, but for archs that have sg chaining. This limit * is totally arbitrary, a setting of 2048 will get you at least 8mb ios. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_NO_SG_CHAIN #define SG_MAX_SEGMENTS SG_CHUNK_SIZE #else #define SG_MAX_SEGMENTS 2048 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SG_POOL void sg_free_table_chained(struct sg_table *table, unsigned nents_first_chunk); int sg_alloc_table_chained(struct sg_table *table, int nents, struct scatterlist *first_chunk, unsigned nents_first_chunk); #endif /* * sg page iterator * * Iterates over sg entries page-by-page. On each successful iteration, you * can call sg_page_iter_page(@piter) to get the current page. * @piter->sg will point to the sg holding this page and @piter->sg_pgoffset to * the page's page offset within the sg. The iteration will stop either when a * maximum number of sg entries was reached or a terminating sg * (sg_last(sg) == true) was reached. */ struct sg_page_iter { struct scatterlist *sg; /* sg holding the page */ unsigned int sg_pgoffset; /* page offset within the sg */ /* these are internal states, keep away */ unsigned int __nents; /* remaining sg entries */ int __pg_advance; /* nr pages to advance at the * next step */ }; /* * sg page iterator for DMA addresses * * This is the same as sg_page_iter however you can call * sg_page_iter_dma_address(@dma_iter) to get the page's DMA * address. sg_page_iter_page() cannot be called on this iterator. */ struct sg_dma_page_iter { struct sg_page_iter base; }; bool __sg_page_iter_next(struct sg_page_iter *piter); bool __sg_page_iter_dma_next(struct sg_dma_page_iter *dma_iter); void __sg_page_iter_start(struct sg_page_iter *piter, struct scatterlist *sglist, unsigned int nents, unsigned long pgoffset); /** * sg_page_iter_page - get the current page held by the page iterator * @piter: page iterator holding the page */ static inline struct page *sg_page_iter_page(struct sg_page_iter *piter) { return nth_page(sg_page(piter->sg), piter->sg_pgoffset); } /** * sg_page_iter_dma_address - get the dma address of the current page held by * the page iterator. * @dma_iter: page iterator holding the page */ static inline dma_addr_t sg_page_iter_dma_address(struct sg_dma_page_iter *dma_iter) { return sg_dma_address(dma_iter->base.sg) + (dma_iter->base.sg_pgoffset << PAGE_SHIFT); } /** * for_each_sg_page - iterate over the pages of the given sg list * @sglist: sglist to iterate over * @piter: page iterator to hold current page, sg, sg_pgoffset * @nents: maximum number of sg entries to iterate over * @pgoffset: starting page offset (in pages) * * Callers may use sg_page_iter_page() to get each page pointer. * In each loop it operates on PAGE_SIZE unit. */ #define for_each_sg_page(sglist, piter, nents, pgoffset) \ for (__sg_page_iter_start((piter), (sglist), (nents), (pgoffset)); \ __sg_page_iter_next(piter);) /** * for_each_sg_dma_page - iterate over the pages of the given sg list * @sglist: sglist to iterate over * @dma_iter: DMA page iterator to hold current page * @dma_nents: maximum number of sg entries to iterate over, this is the value * returned from dma_map_sg * @pgoffset: starting page offset (in pages) * * Callers may use sg_page_iter_dma_address() to get each page's DMA address. * In each loop it operates on PAGE_SIZE unit. */ #define for_each_sg_dma_page(sglist, dma_iter, dma_nents, pgoffset) \ for (__sg_page_iter_start(&(dma_iter)->base, sglist, dma_nents, \ pgoffset); \ __sg_page_iter_dma_next(dma_iter);) /** * for_each_sgtable_page - iterate over all pages in the sg_table object * @sgt: sg_table object to iterate over * @piter: page iterator to hold current page * @pgoffset: starting page offset (in pages) * * Iterates over the all memory pages in the buffer described by * a scatterlist stored in the given sg_table object. * See also for_each_sg_page(). In each loop it operates on PAGE_SIZE unit. */ #define for_each_sgtable_page(sgt, piter, pgoffset) \ for_each_sg_page((sgt)->sgl, piter, (sgt)->orig_nents, pgoffset) /** * for_each_sgtable_dma_page - iterate over the DMA mapped sg_table object * @sgt: sg_table object to iterate over * @dma_iter: DMA page iterator to hold current page * @pgoffset: starting page offset (in pages) * * Iterates over the all DMA mapped pages in the buffer described by * a scatterlist stored in the given sg_table object. * See also for_each_sg_dma_page(). In each loop it operates on PAGE_SIZE * unit. */ #define for_each_sgtable_dma_page(sgt, dma_iter, pgoffset) \ for_each_sg_dma_page((sgt)->sgl, dma_iter, (sgt)->nents, pgoffset) /* * Mapping sg iterator * * Iterates over sg entries mapping page-by-page. On each successful * iteration, @miter->page points to the mapped page and * @miter->length bytes of data can be accessed at @miter->addr. As * long as an interation is enclosed between start and stop, the user * is free to choose control structure and when to stop. * * @miter->consumed is set to @miter->length on each iteration. It * can be adjusted if the user can't consume all the bytes in one go. * Also, a stopped iteration can be resumed by calling next on it. * This is useful when iteration needs to release all resources and * continue later (e.g. at the next interrupt). */ #define SG_MITER_ATOMIC (1 << 0) /* use kmap_atomic */ #define SG_MITER_TO_SG (1 << 1) /* flush back to phys on unmap */ #define SG_MITER_FROM_SG (1 << 2) /* nop */ struct sg_mapping_iter { /* the following three fields can be accessed directly */ struct page *page; /* currently mapped page */ void *addr; /* pointer to the mapped area */ size_t length; /* length of the mapped area */ size_t consumed; /* number of consumed bytes */ struct sg_page_iter piter; /* page iterator */ /* these are internal states, keep away */ unsigned int __offset; /* offset within page */ unsigned int __remaining; /* remaining bytes on page */ unsigned int __flags; }; void sg_miter_start(struct sg_mapping_iter *miter, struct scatterlist *sgl, unsigned int nents, unsigned int flags); bool sg_miter_skip(struct sg_mapping_iter *miter, off_t offset); bool sg_miter_next(struct sg_mapping_iter *miter); void sg_miter_stop(struct sg_mapping_iter *miter); #endif /* _LINUX_SCATTERLIST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _INET_COMMON_H #define _INET_COMMON_H #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> extern const struct proto_ops inet_stream_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet_dgram_ops; /* * INET4 prototypes used by INET6 */ struct msghdr; struct sock; struct sockaddr; struct socket; int inet_release(struct socket *sock); int inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int __inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags, int is_sendmsg); int inet_dgram_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int inet_accept(struct socket *sock, struct socket *newsock, int flags, bool kern); int inet_send_prepare(struct sock *sk); int inet_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); ssize_t inet_sendpage(struct socket *sock, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int inet_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size, int flags); int inet_shutdown(struct socket *sock, int how); int inet_listen(struct socket *sock, int backlog); void inet_sock_destruct(struct sock *sk); int inet_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); /* Don't allocate port at this moment, defer to connect. */ #define BIND_FORCE_ADDRESS_NO_PORT (1 << 0) /* Grab and release socket lock. */ #define BIND_WITH_LOCK (1 << 1) /* Called from BPF program. */ #define BIND_FROM_BPF (1 << 2) int __inet_bind(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, u32 flags); int inet_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int peer); int inet_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet_ctl_sock_create(struct sock **sk, unsigned short family, unsigned short type, unsigned char protocol, struct net *net); int inet_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); struct sk_buff *inet_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int inet_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); struct sk_buff *inet_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); static inline void inet_ctl_sock_destroy(struct sock *sk) { if (sk) sock_release(sk->sk_socket); } #define indirect_call_gro_receive(f2, f1, cb, head, skb) \ ({ \ unlikely(gro_recursion_inc_test(skb)) ? \ NAPI_GRO_CB(skb)->flush |= 1, NULL : \ INDIRECT_CALL_2(cb, f2, f1, head, skb); \ }) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGALLOC_H #define _ASM_X86_PGALLOC_H #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/mm.h> /* for struct page */ #include <linux/pagemap.h> #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_ALLOC_ONE #define __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_FREE #include <asm-generic/pgalloc.h> static inline int __paravirt_pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #define paravirt_pgd_alloc(mm) __paravirt_pgd_alloc(mm) static inline void paravirt_pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd) {} static inline void paravirt_alloc_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_alloc_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_alloc_pmd_clone(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long clonepfn, unsigned long start, unsigned long count) {} static inline void paravirt_alloc_pud(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_alloc_p4d(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_release_pte(unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_release_pmd(unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_release_pud(unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_release_p4d(unsigned long pfn) {} #endif /* * Flags to use when allocating a user page table page. */ extern gfp_t __userpte_alloc_gfp; #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION /* * Instead of one PGD, we acquire two PGDs. Being order-1, it is * both 8k in size and 8k-aligned. That lets us just flip bit 12 * in a pointer to swap between the two 4k halves. */ #define PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER 1 #else #define PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER 0 #endif /* * Allocate and free page tables. */ extern pgd_t *pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *); extern void pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd); extern pgtable_t pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *); extern void ___pte_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *pte); static inline void __pte_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *pte, unsigned long address) { ___pte_free_tlb(tlb, pte); } static inline void pmd_populate_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *pte) { paravirt_alloc_pte(mm, __pa(pte) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(__pa(pte) | _PAGE_TABLE)); } static inline void pmd_populate_kernel_safe(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *pte) { paravirt_alloc_pte(mm, __pa(pte) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pmd_safe(pmd, __pmd(__pa(pte) | _PAGE_TABLE)); } static inline void pmd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, struct page *pte) { unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(pte); paravirt_alloc_pte(mm, pfn); set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(((pteval_t)pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) | _PAGE_TABLE)); } #define pmd_pgtable(pmd) pmd_page(pmd) #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 extern void ___pmd_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd); static inline void __pmd_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address) { ___pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE extern void pud_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp, pmd_t *pmd); #else /* !CONFIG_X86_PAE */ static inline void pud_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, pmd_t *pmd) { paravirt_alloc_pmd(mm, __pa(pmd) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pud(pud, __pud(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(pmd))); } static inline void pud_populate_safe(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, pmd_t *pmd) { paravirt_alloc_pmd(mm, __pa(pmd) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pud_safe(pud, __pud(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(pmd))); } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_PAE */ #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 static inline void p4d_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, pud_t *pud) { paravirt_alloc_pud(mm, __pa(pud) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_p4d(p4d, __p4d(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(pud))); } static inline void p4d_populate_safe(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, pud_t *pud) { paravirt_alloc_pud(mm, __pa(pud) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_p4d_safe(p4d, __p4d(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(pud))); } extern void ___pud_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud); static inline void __pud_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { ___pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 static inline void pgd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, p4d_t *p4d) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return; paravirt_alloc_p4d(mm, __pa(p4d) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(p4d))); } static inline void pgd_populate_safe(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, p4d_t *p4d) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return; paravirt_alloc_p4d(mm, __pa(p4d) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pgd_safe(pgd, __pgd(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(p4d))); } static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { gfp_t gfp = GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT; if (mm == &init_mm) gfp &= ~__GFP_ACCOUNT; return (p4d_t *)get_zeroed_page(gfp); } static inline void p4d_free(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return; BUG_ON((unsigned long)p4d & (PAGE_SIZE-1)); free_page((unsigned long)p4d); } extern void ___p4d_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d); static inline void __p4d_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) ___p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d); } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 */ #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 */ #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGALLOC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BSEARCH_H #define _LINUX_BSEARCH_H #include <linux/types.h> static __always_inline void *__inline_bsearch(const void *key, const void *base, size_t num, size_t size, cmp_func_t cmp) { const char *pivot; int result; while (num > 0) { pivot = base + (num >> 1) * size; result = cmp(key, pivot); if (result == 0) return (void *)pivot; if (result > 0) { base = pivot + size; num--; } num >>= 1; } return NULL; } extern void *bsearch(const void *key, const void *base, size_t num, size_t size, cmp_func_t cmp); #endif /* _LINUX_BSEARCH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Generic nexthop implementation * * Copyright (c) 2017-19 Cumulus Networks * Copyright (c) 2017-19 David Ahern <dsa@cumulusnetworks.com> */ #ifndef __LINUX_NEXTHOP_H #define __LINUX_NEXTHOP_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/route.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> #include <net/ip6_fib.h> #include <net/netlink.h> #define NEXTHOP_VALID_USER_FLAGS RTNH_F_ONLINK struct nexthop; struct nh_config { u32 nh_id; u8 nh_family; u8 nh_protocol; u8 nh_blackhole; u8 nh_fdb; u32 nh_flags; int nh_ifindex; struct net_device *dev; union { __be32 ipv4; struct in6_addr ipv6; } gw; struct nlattr *nh_grp; u16 nh_grp_type; struct nlattr *nh_encap; u16 nh_encap_type; u32 nlflags; struct nl_info nlinfo; }; struct nh_info { struct hlist_node dev_hash; /* entry on netns devhash */ struct nexthop *nh_parent; u8 family; bool reject_nh; bool fdb_nh; union { struct fib_nh_common fib_nhc; struct fib_nh fib_nh; struct fib6_nh fib6_nh; }; }; struct nh_grp_entry { struct nexthop *nh; u8 weight; atomic_t upper_bound; struct list_head nh_list; struct nexthop *nh_parent; /* nexthop of group with this entry */ }; struct nh_group { struct nh_group *spare; /* spare group for removals */ u16 num_nh; bool mpath; bool fdb_nh; bool has_v4; struct nh_grp_entry nh_entries[]; }; struct nexthop { struct rb_node rb_node; /* entry on netns rbtree */ struct list_head fi_list; /* v4 entries using nh */ struct list_head f6i_list; /* v6 entries using nh */ struct list_head fdb_list; /* fdb entries using this nh */ struct list_head grp_list; /* nh group entries using this nh */ struct net *net; u32 id; u8 protocol; /* app managing this nh */ u8 nh_flags; bool is_group; refcount_t refcnt; struct rcu_head rcu; union { struct nh_info __rcu *nh_info; struct nh_group __rcu *nh_grp; }; }; enum nexthop_event_type { NEXTHOP_EVENT_DEL }; int register_nexthop_notifier(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_nexthop_notifier(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb); /* caller is holding rcu or rtnl; no reference taken to nexthop */ struct nexthop *nexthop_find_by_id(struct net *net, u32 id); void nexthop_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head); static inline bool nexthop_get(struct nexthop *nh) { return refcount_inc_not_zero(&nh->refcnt); } static inline void nexthop_put(struct nexthop *nh) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&nh->refcnt)) call_rcu(&nh->rcu, nexthop_free_rcu); } static inline bool nexthop_cmp(const struct nexthop *nh1, const struct nexthop *nh2) { return nh1 == nh2; } static inline bool nexthop_is_fdb(const struct nexthop *nh) { if (nh->is_group) { const struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); return nh_grp->fdb_nh; } else { const struct nh_info *nhi; nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); return nhi->fdb_nh; } } static inline bool nexthop_has_v4(const struct nexthop *nh) { if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); return nh_grp->has_v4; } return false; } static inline bool nexthop_is_multipath(const struct nexthop *nh) { if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); return nh_grp->mpath; } return false; } struct nexthop *nexthop_select_path(struct nexthop *nh, int hash); static inline unsigned int nexthop_num_path(const struct nexthop *nh) { unsigned int rc = 1; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); if (nh_grp->mpath) rc = nh_grp->num_nh; } return rc; } static inline struct nexthop *nexthop_mpath_select(const struct nh_group *nhg, int nhsel) { /* for_nexthops macros in fib_semantics.c grabs a pointer to * the nexthop before checking nhsel */ if (nhsel >= nhg->num_nh) return NULL; return nhg->nh_entries[nhsel].nh; } static inline int nexthop_mpath_fill_node(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nexthop *nh, u8 rt_family) { struct nh_group *nhg = rtnl_dereference(nh->nh_grp); int i; for (i = 0; i < nhg->num_nh; i++) { struct nexthop *nhe = nhg->nh_entries[i].nh; struct nh_info *nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nhe->nh_info); struct fib_nh_common *nhc = &nhi->fib_nhc; int weight = nhg->nh_entries[i].weight; if (fib_add_nexthop(skb, nhc, weight, rt_family, 0) < 0) return -EMSGSIZE; } return 0; } /* called with rcu lock */ static inline bool nexthop_is_blackhole(const struct nexthop *nh) { const struct nh_info *nhi; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); if (nh_grp->num_nh > 1) return false; nh = nh_grp->nh_entries[0].nh; } nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); return nhi->reject_nh; } static inline void nexthop_path_fib_result(struct fib_result *res, int hash) { struct nh_info *nhi; struct nexthop *nh; nh = nexthop_select_path(res->fi->nh, hash); nhi = rcu_dereference(nh->nh_info); res->nhc = &nhi->fib_nhc; } /* called with rcu read lock or rtnl held */ static inline struct fib_nh_common *nexthop_fib_nhc(struct nexthop *nh, int nhsel) { struct nh_info *nhi; BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct fib_nh, nh_common) != 0); BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct fib6_nh, nh_common) != 0); if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); if (nh_grp->mpath) { nh = nexthop_mpath_select(nh_grp, nhsel); if (!nh) return NULL; } } nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); return &nhi->fib_nhc; } /* called from fib_table_lookup with rcu_lock */ static inline struct fib_nh_common *nexthop_get_nhc_lookup(const struct nexthop *nh, int fib_flags, const struct flowi4 *flp, int *nhsel) { struct nh_info *nhi; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nhg = rcu_dereference(nh->nh_grp); int i; for (i = 0; i < nhg->num_nh; i++) { struct nexthop *nhe = nhg->nh_entries[i].nh; nhi = rcu_dereference(nhe->nh_info); if (fib_lookup_good_nhc(&nhi->fib_nhc, fib_flags, flp)) { *nhsel = i; return &nhi->fib_nhc; } } } else { nhi = rcu_dereference(nh->nh_info); if (fib_lookup_good_nhc(&nhi->fib_nhc, fib_flags, flp)) { *nhsel = 0; return &nhi->fib_nhc; } } return NULL; } static inline bool nexthop_uses_dev(const struct nexthop *nh, const struct net_device *dev) { struct nh_info *nhi; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nhg = rcu_dereference(nh->nh_grp); int i; for (i = 0; i < nhg->num_nh; i++) { struct nexthop *nhe = nhg->nh_entries[i].nh; nhi = rcu_dereference(nhe->nh_info); if (nhc_l3mdev_matches_dev(&nhi->fib_nhc, dev)) return true; } } else { nhi = rcu_dereference(nh->nh_info); if (nhc_l3mdev_matches_dev(&nhi->fib_nhc, dev)) return true; } return false; } static inline unsigned int fib_info_num_path(const struct fib_info *fi) { if (unlikely(fi->nh)) return nexthop_num_path(fi->nh); return fi->fib_nhs; } int fib_check_nexthop(struct nexthop *nh, u8 scope, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); static inline struct fib_nh_common *fib_info_nhc(struct fib_info *fi, int nhsel) { if (unlikely(fi->nh)) return nexthop_fib_nhc(fi->nh, nhsel); return &fi->fib_nh[nhsel].nh_common; } /* only used when fib_nh is built into fib_info */ static inline struct fib_nh *fib_info_nh(struct fib_info *fi, int nhsel) { WARN_ON(fi->nh); return &fi->fib_nh[nhsel]; } /* * IPv6 variants */ int fib6_check_nexthop(struct nexthop *nh, struct fib6_config *cfg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); /* Caller should either hold rcu_read_lock(), or RTNL. */ static inline struct fib6_nh *nexthop_fib6_nh(struct nexthop *nh) { struct nh_info *nhi; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); nh = nexthop_mpath_select(nh_grp, 0); if (!nh) return NULL; } nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); if (nhi->family == AF_INET6) return &nhi->fib6_nh; return NULL; } /* Variant of nexthop_fib6_nh(). * Caller should either hold rcu_read_lock_bh(), or RTNL. */ static inline struct fib6_nh *nexthop_fib6_nh_bh(struct nexthop *nh) { struct nh_info *nhi; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_bh_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); nh = nexthop_mpath_select(nh_grp, 0); if (!nh) return NULL; } nhi = rcu_dereference_bh_rtnl(nh->nh_info); if (nhi->family == AF_INET6) return &nhi->fib6_nh; return NULL; } static inline struct net_device *fib6_info_nh_dev(struct fib6_info *f6i) { struct fib6_nh *fib6_nh; fib6_nh = f6i->nh ? nexthop_fib6_nh(f6i->nh) : f6i->fib6_nh; return fib6_nh->fib_nh_dev; } static inline void nexthop_path_fib6_result(struct fib6_result *res, int hash) { struct nexthop *nh = res->f6i->nh; struct nh_info *nhi; nh = nexthop_select_path(nh, hash); nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); if (nhi->reject_nh) { res->fib6_type = RTN_BLACKHOLE; res->fib6_flags |= RTF_REJECT; res->nh = nexthop_fib6_nh(nh); } else { res->nh = &nhi->fib6_nh; } } int nexthop_for_each_fib6_nh(struct nexthop *nh, int (*cb)(struct fib6_nh *nh, void *arg), void *arg); static inline int nexthop_get_family(struct nexthop *nh) { struct nh_info *nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); return nhi->family; } static inline struct fib_nh_common *nexthop_fdb_nhc(struct nexthop *nh) { struct nh_info *nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); return &nhi->fib_nhc; } static inline struct fib_nh_common *nexthop_path_fdb_result(struct nexthop *nh, int hash) { struct nh_info *nhi; struct nexthop *nhp; nhp = nexthop_select_path(nh, hash); if (unlikely(!nhp)) return NULL; nhi = rcu_dereference(nhp->nh_info); return &nhi->fib_nhc; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * inet6 interface/address list definitions * Linux INET6 implementation * * Authors: * Pedro Roque <roque@di.fc.ul.pt> */ #ifndef _NET_IF_INET6_H #define _NET_IF_INET6_H #include <net/snmp.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> /* inet6_dev.if_flags */ #define IF_RA_OTHERCONF 0x80 #define IF_RA_MANAGED 0x40 #define IF_RA_RCVD 0x20 #define IF_RS_SENT 0x10 #define IF_READY 0x80000000 /* prefix flags */ #define IF_PREFIX_ONLINK 0x01 #define IF_PREFIX_AUTOCONF 0x02 enum { INET6_IFADDR_STATE_PREDAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_DAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_POSTDAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_ERRDAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_DEAD, }; struct inet6_ifaddr { struct in6_addr addr; __u32 prefix_len; __u32 rt_priority; /* In seconds, relative to tstamp. Expiry is at tstamp + HZ * lft. */ __u32 valid_lft; __u32 prefered_lft; refcount_t refcnt; spinlock_t lock; int state; __u32 flags; __u8 dad_probes; __u8 stable_privacy_retry; __u16 scope; __u64 dad_nonce; unsigned long cstamp; /* created timestamp */ unsigned long tstamp; /* updated timestamp */ struct delayed_work dad_work; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct fib6_info *rt; struct hlist_node addr_lst; struct list_head if_list; /* * Used to safely traverse idev->addr_list in process context * if the idev->lock needed to protect idev->addr_list cannot be held. * In that case, add the items to this list temporarily and iterate * without holding idev->lock. * See addrconf_ifdown and dev_forward_change. */ struct list_head if_list_aux; struct list_head tmp_list; struct inet6_ifaddr *ifpub; int regen_count; bool tokenized; struct rcu_head rcu; struct in6_addr peer_addr; }; struct ip6_sf_socklist { unsigned int sl_max; unsigned int sl_count; struct in6_addr sl_addr[]; }; #define IP6_SFLSIZE(count) (sizeof(struct ip6_sf_socklist) + \ (count) * sizeof(struct in6_addr)) #define IP6_SFBLOCK 10 /* allocate this many at once */ struct ipv6_mc_socklist { struct in6_addr addr; int ifindex; unsigned int sfmode; /* MCAST_{INCLUDE,EXCLUDE} */ struct ipv6_mc_socklist __rcu *next; rwlock_t sflock; struct ip6_sf_socklist *sflist; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct ip6_sf_list { struct ip6_sf_list *sf_next; struct in6_addr sf_addr; unsigned long sf_count[2]; /* include/exclude counts */ unsigned char sf_gsresp; /* include in g & s response? */ unsigned char sf_oldin; /* change state */ unsigned char sf_crcount; /* retrans. left to send */ }; #define MAF_TIMER_RUNNING 0x01 #define MAF_LAST_REPORTER 0x02 #define MAF_LOADED 0x04 #define MAF_NOREPORT 0x08 #define MAF_GSQUERY 0x10 struct ifmcaddr6 { struct in6_addr mca_addr; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct ifmcaddr6 *next; struct ip6_sf_list *mca_sources; struct ip6_sf_list *mca_tomb; unsigned int mca_sfmode; unsigned char mca_crcount; unsigned long mca_sfcount[2]; struct timer_list mca_timer; unsigned int mca_flags; int mca_users; refcount_t mca_refcnt; spinlock_t mca_lock; unsigned long mca_cstamp; unsigned long mca_tstamp; }; /* Anycast stuff */ struct ipv6_ac_socklist { struct in6_addr acl_addr; int acl_ifindex; struct ipv6_ac_socklist *acl_next; }; struct ifacaddr6 { struct in6_addr aca_addr; struct fib6_info *aca_rt; struct ifacaddr6 *aca_next; struct hlist_node aca_addr_lst; int aca_users; refcount_t aca_refcnt; unsigned long aca_cstamp; unsigned long aca_tstamp; struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define IFA_HOST IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK #define IFA_LINK IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL #define IFA_SITE IPV6_ADDR_SITELOCAL struct ipv6_devstat { struct proc_dir_entry *proc_dir_entry; DEFINE_SNMP_STAT(struct ipstats_mib, ipv6); DEFINE_SNMP_STAT_ATOMIC(struct icmpv6_mib_device, icmpv6dev); DEFINE_SNMP_STAT_ATOMIC(struct icmpv6msg_mib_device, icmpv6msgdev); }; struct inet6_dev { struct net_device *dev; struct list_head addr_list; struct ifmcaddr6 *mc_list; struct ifmcaddr6 *mc_tomb; spinlock_t mc_lock; unsigned char mc_qrv; /* Query Robustness Variable */ unsigned char mc_gq_running; unsigned char mc_ifc_count; unsigned char mc_dad_count; unsigned long mc_v1_seen; /* Max time we stay in MLDv1 mode */ unsigned long mc_qi; /* Query Interval */ unsigned long mc_qri; /* Query Response Interval */ unsigned long mc_maxdelay; struct timer_list mc_gq_timer; /* general query timer */ struct timer_list mc_ifc_timer; /* interface change timer */ struct timer_list mc_dad_timer; /* dad complete mc timer */ struct ifacaddr6 *ac_list; rwlock_t lock; refcount_t refcnt; __u32 if_flags; int dead; u32 desync_factor; struct list_head tempaddr_list; struct in6_addr token; struct neigh_parms *nd_parms; struct ipv6_devconf cnf; struct ipv6_devstat stats; struct timer_list rs_timer; __s32 rs_interval; /* in jiffies */ __u8 rs_probes; unsigned long tstamp; /* ipv6InterfaceTable update timestamp */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline void ipv6_eth_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, char *buf) { /* * +-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ * | 33 | 33 | DST13 | DST14 | DST15 | DST16 | * +-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ */ buf[0]= 0x33; buf[1]= 0x33; memcpy(buf + 2, &addr->s6_addr32[3], sizeof(__u32)); } static inline void ipv6_arcnet_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, char *buf) { buf[0] = 0x00; } static inline void ipv6_ib_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { unsigned char scope = broadcast[5] & 0xF; buf[0] = 0; /* Reserved */ buf[1] = 0xff; /* Multicast QPN */ buf[2] = 0xff; buf[3] = 0xff; buf[4] = 0xff; buf[5] = 0x10 | scope; /* scope from broadcast address */ buf[6] = 0x60; /* IPv6 signature */ buf[7] = 0x1b; buf[8] = broadcast[8]; /* P_Key */ buf[9] = broadcast[9]; memcpy(buf + 10, addr->s6_addr + 6, 10); } static inline int ipv6_ipgre_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { if ((broadcast[0] | broadcast[1] | broadcast[2] | broadcast[3]) != 0) { memcpy(buf, broadcast, 4); } else { /* v4mapped? */ if ((addr->s6_addr32[0] | addr->s6_addr32[1] | (addr->s6_addr32[2] ^ htonl(0x0000ffff))) != 0) return -EINVAL; memcpy(buf, &addr->s6_addr32[3], 4); } return 0; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM percpu #if !defined(_TRACE_PERCPU_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PERCPU_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(percpu_alloc_percpu, TP_PROTO(bool reserved, bool is_atomic, size_t size, size_t align, void *base_addr, int off, void __percpu *ptr), TP_ARGS(reserved, is_atomic, size, align, base_addr, off, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( bool, reserved ) __field( bool, is_atomic ) __field( size_t, size ) __field( size_t, align ) __field( void *, base_addr ) __field( int, off ) __field( void __percpu *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->reserved = reserved; __entry->is_atomic = is_atomic; __entry->size = size; __entry->align = align; __entry->base_addr = base_addr; __entry->off = off; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("reserved=%d is_atomic=%d size=%zu align=%zu base_addr=%p off=%d ptr=%p", __entry->reserved, __entry->is_atomic, __entry->size, __entry->align, __entry->base_addr, __entry->off, __entry->ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_free_percpu, TP_PROTO(void *base_addr, int off, void __percpu *ptr), TP_ARGS(base_addr, off, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, base_addr ) __field( int, off ) __field( void __percpu *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->base_addr = base_addr; __entry->off = off; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("base_addr=%p off=%d ptr=%p", __entry->base_addr, __entry->off, __entry->ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_alloc_percpu_fail, TP_PROTO(bool reserved, bool is_atomic, size_t size, size_t align), TP_ARGS(reserved, is_atomic, size, align), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( bool, reserved ) __field( bool, is_atomic ) __field( size_t, size ) __field( size_t, align ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->reserved = reserved; __entry->is_atomic = is_atomic; __entry->size = size; __entry->align = align; ), TP_printk("reserved=%d is_atomic=%d size=%zu align=%zu", __entry->reserved, __entry->is_atomic, __entry->size, __entry->align) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_create_chunk, TP_PROTO(void *base_addr), TP_ARGS(base_addr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, base_addr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->base_addr = base_addr; ), TP_printk("base_addr=%p", __entry->base_addr) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_destroy_chunk, TP_PROTO(void *base_addr), TP_ARGS(base_addr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, base_addr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->base_addr = base_addr; ), TP_printk("base_addr=%p", __entry->base_addr) ); #endif /* _TRACE_PERCPU_H */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM tlb #if !defined(_TRACE_TLB_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_TLB_H #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #define TLB_FLUSH_REASON \ EM( TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, "flush on task switch" ) \ EM( TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, "remote shootdown" ) \ EM( TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, "local shootdown" ) \ EM( TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, "local mm shootdown" ) \ EMe( TLB_REMOTE_SEND_IPI, "remote ipi send" ) /* * First define the enums in TLB_FLUSH_REASON to be exported to userspace * via TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(). */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a,b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define EMe(a,b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); TLB_FLUSH_REASON /* * Now redefine the EM() and EMe() macros to map the enums to the strings * that will be printed in the output. */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a,b) { a, b }, #define EMe(a,b) { a, b } TRACE_EVENT(tlb_flush, TP_PROTO(int reason, unsigned long pages), TP_ARGS(reason, pages), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, reason) __field(unsigned long, pages) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->reason = reason; __entry->pages = pages; ), TP_printk("pages:%ld reason:%s (%d)", __entry->pages, __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, TLB_FLUSH_REASON), __entry->reason) ); #endif /* _TRACE_TLB_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include "physaddr.h" #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL unsigned long __phys_addr(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* use the carry flag to determine if x was < __START_KERNEL_map */ if (unlikely(x > y)) { x = y + phys_base; VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE); } else { x = y + (__START_KERNEL_map - PAGE_OFFSET); /* carry flag will be set if starting x was >= PAGE_OFFSET */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON((x > y) || !phys_addr_valid(x)); } return x; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr); unsigned long __phys_addr_symbol(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* only check upper bounds since lower bounds will trigger carry */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE); return y + phys_base; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr_symbol); #endif bool __virt_addr_valid(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* use the carry flag to determine if x was < __START_KERNEL_map */ if (unlikely(x > y)) { x = y + phys_base; if (y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE) return false; } else { x = y + (__START_KERNEL_map - PAGE_OFFSET); /* carry flag will be set if starting x was >= PAGE_OFFSET */ if ((x > y) || !phys_addr_valid(x)) return false; } return pfn_valid(x >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__virt_addr_valid); #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL unsigned long __phys_addr(unsigned long x) { unsigned long phys_addr = x - PAGE_OFFSET; /* VMALLOC_* aren't constants */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(x < PAGE_OFFSET); VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(__vmalloc_start_set && is_vmalloc_addr((void *) x)); /* max_low_pfn is set early, but not _that_ early */ if (max_low_pfn) { VIRTUAL_BUG_ON((phys_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT) > max_low_pfn); BUG_ON(slow_virt_to_phys((void *)x) != phys_addr); } return phys_addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr); #endif bool __virt_addr_valid(unsigned long x) { if (x < PAGE_OFFSET) return false; if (__vmalloc_start_set && is_vmalloc_addr((void *) x)) return false; if (x >= FIXADDR_START) return false; return pfn_valid((x - PAGE_OFFSET) >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__virt_addr_valid); #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_STRING_H_ #define _LINUX_STRING_H_ #include <linux/compiler.h> /* for inline */ #include <linux/types.h> /* for size_t */ #include <linux/stddef.h> /* for NULL */ #include <stdarg.h> #include <uapi/linux/string.h> extern char *strndup_user(const char __user *, long); extern void *memdup_user(const void __user *, size_t); extern void *vmemdup_user(const void __user *, size_t); extern void *memdup_user_nul(const void __user *, size_t); /* * Include machine specific inline routines */ #include <asm/string.h> #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCPY extern char * strcpy(char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCPY extern char * strncpy(char *,const char *, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLCPY size_t strlcpy(char *, const char *, size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSCPY ssize_t strscpy(char *, const char *, size_t); #endif /* Wraps calls to strscpy()/memset(), no arch specific code required */ ssize_t strscpy_pad(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCAT extern char * strcat(char *, const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCAT extern char * strncat(char *, const char *, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLCAT extern size_t strlcat(char *, const char *, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCMP extern int strcmp(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCMP extern int strncmp(const char *,const char *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCASECMP extern int strcasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCASECMP extern int strncasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2, size_t n); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCHR extern char * strchr(const char *,int); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCHRNUL extern char * strchrnul(const char *,int); #endif extern char * strnchrnul(const char *, size_t, int); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCHR extern char * strnchr(const char *, size_t, int); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRRCHR extern char * strrchr(const char *,int); #endif extern char * __must_check skip_spaces(const char *); extern char *strim(char *); static inline __must_check char *strstrip(char *str) { return strim(str); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSTR extern char * strstr(const char *, const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNSTR extern char * strnstr(const char *, const char *, size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLEN extern __kernel_size_t strlen(const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNLEN extern __kernel_size_t strnlen(const char *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRPBRK extern char * strpbrk(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSEP extern char * strsep(char **,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSPN extern __kernel_size_t strspn(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCSPN extern __kernel_size_t strcspn(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET extern void * memset(void *,int,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET16 extern void *memset16(uint16_t *, uint16_t, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET32 extern void *memset32(uint32_t *, uint32_t, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET64 extern void *memset64(uint64_t *, uint64_t, __kernel_size_t); #endif static inline void *memset_l(unsigned long *p, unsigned long v, __kernel_size_t n) { if (BITS_PER_LONG == 32) return memset32((uint32_t *)p, v, n); else return memset64((uint64_t *)p, v, n); } static inline void *memset_p(void **p, void *v, __kernel_size_t n) { if (BITS_PER_LONG == 32) return memset32((uint32_t *)p, (uintptr_t)v, n); else return memset64((uint64_t *)p, (uintptr_t)v, n); } extern void **__memcat_p(void **a, void **b); #define memcat_p(a, b) ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(!__same_type(*(a), *(b)), \ "type mismatch in memcat_p()"); \ (typeof(*a) *)__memcat_p((void **)(a), (void **)(b)); \ }) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY extern void * memcpy(void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMMOVE extern void * memmove(void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSCAN extern void * memscan(void *,int,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCMP extern int memcmp(const void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_BCMP extern int bcmp(const void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCHR extern void * memchr(const void *,int,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY_FLUSHCACHE static inline void memcpy_flushcache(void *dst, const void *src, size_t cnt) { memcpy(dst, src, cnt); } #endif void *memchr_inv(const void *s, int c, size_t n); char *strreplace(char *s, char old, char new); extern void kfree_const(const void *x); extern char *kstrdup(const char *s, gfp_t gfp) __malloc; extern const char *kstrdup_const(const char *s, gfp_t gfp); extern char *kstrndup(const char *s, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); extern void *kmemdup(const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); extern char *kmemdup_nul(const char *s, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); extern char **argv_split(gfp_t gfp, const char *str, int *argcp); extern void argv_free(char **argv); extern bool sysfs_streq(const char *s1, const char *s2); extern int kstrtobool(const char *s, bool *res); static inline int strtobool(const char *s, bool *res) { return kstrtobool(s, res); } int match_string(const char * const *array, size_t n, const char *string); int __sysfs_match_string(const char * const *array, size_t n, const char *s); /** * sysfs_match_string - matches given string in an array * @_a: array of strings * @_s: string to match with * * Helper for __sysfs_match_string(). Calculates the size of @a automatically. */ #define sysfs_match_string(_a, _s) __sysfs_match_string(_a, ARRAY_SIZE(_a), _s) #ifdef CONFIG_BINARY_PRINTF int vbin_printf(u32 *bin_buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args); int bstr_printf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, const u32 *bin_buf); int bprintf(u32 *bin_buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...) __printf(3, 4); #endif extern ssize_t memory_read_from_buffer(void *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available); int ptr_to_hashval(const void *ptr, unsigned long *hashval_out); /** * strstarts - does @str start with @prefix? * @str: string to examine * @prefix: prefix to look for. */ static inline bool strstarts(const char *str, const char *prefix) { return strncmp(str, prefix, strlen(prefix)) == 0; } size_t memweight(const void *ptr, size_t bytes); /** * memzero_explicit - Fill a region of memory (e.g. sensitive * keying data) with 0s. * @s: Pointer to the start of the area. * @count: The size of the area. * * Note: usually using memset() is just fine (!), but in cases * where clearing out _local_ data at the end of a scope is * necessary, memzero_explicit() should be used instead in * order to prevent the compiler from optimising away zeroing. * * memzero_explicit() doesn't need an arch-specific version as * it just invokes the one of memset() implicitly. */ static inline void memzero_explicit(void *s, size_t count) { memset(s, 0, count); barrier_data(s); } /** * kbasename - return the last part of a pathname. * * @path: path to extract the filename from. */ static inline const char *kbasename(const char *path) { const char *tail = strrchr(path, '/'); return tail ? tail + 1 : path; } #define __FORTIFY_INLINE extern __always_inline __attribute__((gnu_inline)) #define __RENAME(x) __asm__(#x) void fortify_panic(const char *name) __noreturn __cold; void __read_overflow(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 1st parameter"); void __read_overflow2(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 2nd parameter"); void __read_overflow3(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 3rd parameter"); void __write_overflow(void) __compiletime_error("detected write beyond size of object passed as 1st parameter"); #if !defined(__NO_FORTIFY) && defined(__OPTIMIZE__) && defined(CONFIG_FORTIFY_SOURCE) #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN extern void *__underlying_memchr(const void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memchr); extern int __underlying_memcmp(const void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memcmp); extern void *__underlying_memcpy(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memcpy); extern void *__underlying_memmove(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memmove); extern void *__underlying_memset(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memset); extern char *__underlying_strcat(char *p, const char *q) __RENAME(strcat); extern char *__underlying_strcpy(char *p, const char *q) __RENAME(strcpy); extern __kernel_size_t __underlying_strlen(const char *p) __RENAME(strlen); extern char *__underlying_strncat(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t count) __RENAME(strncat); extern char *__underlying_strncpy(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(strncpy); #else #define __underlying_memchr __builtin_memchr #define __underlying_memcmp __builtin_memcmp #define __underlying_memcpy __builtin_memcpy #define __underlying_memmove __builtin_memmove #define __underlying_memset __builtin_memset #define __underlying_strcat __builtin_strcat #define __underlying_strcpy __builtin_strcpy #define __underlying_strlen __builtin_strlen #define __underlying_strncat __builtin_strncat #define __underlying_strncpy __builtin_strncpy #endif __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strncpy(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_strncpy(p, q, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strcat(char *p, const char *q) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1) return __underlying_strcat(p, q); if (strlcat(p, q, p_size) >= p_size) fortify_panic(__func__); return p; } __FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strlen(const char *p) { __kernel_size_t ret; size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); /* Work around gcc excess stack consumption issue */ if (p_size == (size_t)-1 || (__builtin_constant_p(p[p_size - 1]) && p[p_size - 1] == '\0')) return __underlying_strlen(p); ret = strnlen(p, p_size); if (p_size <= ret) fortify_panic(__func__); return ret; } extern __kernel_size_t __real_strnlen(const char *, __kernel_size_t) __RENAME(strnlen); __FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strnlen(const char *p, __kernel_size_t maxlen) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); __kernel_size_t ret = __real_strnlen(p, maxlen < p_size ? maxlen : p_size); if (p_size <= ret && maxlen != ret) fortify_panic(__func__); return ret; } /* defined after fortified strlen to reuse it */ extern size_t __real_strlcpy(char *, const char *, size_t) __RENAME(strlcpy); __FORTIFY_INLINE size_t strlcpy(char *p, const char *q, size_t size) { size_t ret; size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1) return __real_strlcpy(p, q, size); ret = strlen(q); if (size) { size_t len = (ret >= size) ? size - 1 : ret; if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len >= p_size) __write_overflow(); if (len >= p_size) fortify_panic(__func__); __underlying_memcpy(p, q, len); p[len] = '\0'; } return ret; } /* defined after fortified strlen and strnlen to reuse them */ __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strncat(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t count) { size_t p_len, copy_len; size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1) return __underlying_strncat(p, q, count); p_len = strlen(p); copy_len = strnlen(q, count); if (p_size < p_len + copy_len + 1) fortify_panic(__func__); __underlying_memcpy(p + p_len, q, copy_len); p[p_len + copy_len] = '\0'; return p; } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memset(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memset(p, c, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memcpy(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (q_size < size) __read_overflow2(); } if (p_size < size || q_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memcpy(p, q, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memmove(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (q_size < size) __read_overflow2(); } if (p_size < size || q_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memmove(p, q, size); } extern void *__real_memscan(void *, int, __kernel_size_t) __RENAME(memscan); __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memscan(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __real_memscan(p, c, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE int memcmp(const void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (q_size < size) __read_overflow2(); } if (p_size < size || q_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memcmp(p, q, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memchr(const void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memchr(p, c, size); } void *__real_memchr_inv(const void *s, int c, size_t n) __RENAME(memchr_inv); __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memchr_inv(const void *p, int c, size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __real_memchr_inv(p, c, size); } extern void *__real_kmemdup(const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp) __RENAME(kmemdup); __FORTIFY_INLINE void *kmemdup(const void *p, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __real_kmemdup(p, size, gfp); } /* defined after fortified strlen and memcpy to reuse them */ __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strcpy(char *p, const char *q) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1) return __underlying_strcpy(p, q); memcpy(p, q, strlen(q) + 1); return p; } /* Don't use these outside the FORITFY_SOURCE implementation */ #undef __underlying_memchr #undef __underlying_memcmp #undef __underlying_memcpy #undef __underlying_memmove #undef __underlying_memset #undef __underlying_strcat #undef __underlying_strcpy #undef __underlying_strlen #undef __underlying_strncat #undef __underlying_strncpy #endif /** * memcpy_and_pad - Copy one buffer to another with padding * @dest: Where to copy to * @dest_len: The destination buffer size * @src: Where to copy from * @count: The number of bytes to copy * @pad: Character to use for padding if space is left in destination. */ static inline void memcpy_and_pad(void *dest, size_t dest_len, const void *src, size_t count, int pad) { if (dest_len > count) { memcpy(dest, src, count); memset(dest + count, pad, dest_len - count); } else memcpy(dest, src, dest_len); } /** * str_has_prefix - Test if a string has a given prefix * @str: The string to test * @prefix: The string to see if @str starts with * * A common way to test a prefix of a string is to do: * strncmp(str, prefix, sizeof(prefix) - 1) * * But this can lead to bugs due to typos, or if prefix is a pointer * and not a constant. Instead use str_has_prefix(). * * Returns: * * strlen(@prefix) if @str starts with @prefix * * 0 if @str does not start with @prefix */ static __always_inline size_t str_has_prefix(const char *str, const char *prefix) { size_t len = strlen(prefix); return strncmp(str, prefix, len) == 0 ? len : 0; } #endif /* _LINUX_STRING_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef INT_BLK_MQ_H #define INT_BLK_MQ_H #include "blk-stat.h" #include "blk-mq-tag.h" struct blk_mq_tag_set; struct blk_mq_ctxs { struct kobject kobj; struct blk_mq_ctx __percpu *queue_ctx; }; /** * struct blk_mq_ctx - State for a software queue facing the submitting CPUs */ struct blk_mq_ctx { struct { spinlock_t lock; struct list_head rq_lists[HCTX_MAX_TYPES]; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; unsigned int cpu; unsigned short index_hw[HCTX_MAX_TYPES]; struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctxs[HCTX_MAX_TYPES]; /* incremented at dispatch time */ unsigned long rq_dispatched[2]; unsigned long rq_merged; /* incremented at completion time */ unsigned long ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp rq_completed[2]; struct request_queue *queue; struct blk_mq_ctxs *ctxs; struct kobject kobj; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; void blk_mq_exit_queue(struct request_queue *q); int blk_mq_update_nr_requests(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int nr); void blk_mq_wake_waiters(struct request_queue *q); bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *, unsigned int); void blk_mq_add_to_requeue_list(struct request *rq, bool at_head, bool kick_requeue_list); void blk_mq_flush_busy_ctxs(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list); struct request *blk_mq_dequeue_from_ctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_ctx *start); void blk_mq_put_rq_ref(struct request *rq); /* * Internal helpers for allocating/freeing the request map */ void blk_mq_free_rqs(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int hctx_idx); void blk_mq_free_rq_map(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int flags); struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_alloc_rq_map(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int hctx_idx, unsigned int nr_tags, unsigned int reserved_tags, unsigned int flags); int blk_mq_alloc_rqs(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int hctx_idx, unsigned int depth); /* * Internal helpers for request insertion into sw queues */ void __blk_mq_insert_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq, bool at_head); void blk_mq_request_bypass_insert(struct request *rq, bool at_head, bool run_queue); void blk_mq_insert_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx, struct list_head *list); /* Used by blk_insert_cloned_request() to issue request directly */ blk_status_t blk_mq_request_issue_directly(struct request *rq, bool last); void blk_mq_try_issue_list_directly(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list); /* * CPU -> queue mappings */ extern int blk_mq_hw_queue_to_node(struct blk_mq_queue_map *qmap, unsigned int); /* * blk_mq_map_queue_type() - map (hctx_type,cpu) to hardware queue * @q: request queue * @type: the hctx type index * @cpu: CPU */ static inline struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *blk_mq_map_queue_type(struct request_queue *q, enum hctx_type type, unsigned int cpu) { return q->queue_hw_ctx[q->tag_set->map[type].mq_map[cpu]]; } /* * blk_mq_map_queue() - map (cmd_flags,type) to hardware queue * @q: request queue * @flags: request command flags * @cpu: cpu ctx */ static inline struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *blk_mq_map_queue(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int flags, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx) { enum hctx_type type = HCTX_TYPE_DEFAULT; /* * The caller ensure that if REQ_HIPRI, poll must be enabled. */ if (flags & REQ_HIPRI) type = HCTX_TYPE_POLL; else if ((flags & REQ_OP_MASK) == REQ_OP_READ) type = HCTX_TYPE_READ; return ctx->hctxs[type]; } /* * sysfs helpers */ extern void blk_mq_sysfs_init(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_mq_sysfs_deinit(struct request_queue *q); extern int __blk_mq_register_dev(struct device *dev, struct request_queue *q); extern int blk_mq_sysfs_register(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_mq_sysfs_unregister(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_mq_hctx_kobj_init(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); void blk_mq_release(struct request_queue *q); static inline struct blk_mq_ctx *__blk_mq_get_ctx(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu_ptr(q->queue_ctx, cpu); } /* * This assumes per-cpu software queueing queues. They could be per-node * as well, for instance. For now this is hardcoded as-is. Note that we don't * care about preemption, since we know the ctx's are persistent. This does * mean that we can't rely on ctx always matching the currently running CPU. */ static inline struct blk_mq_ctx *blk_mq_get_ctx(struct request_queue *q) { return __blk_mq_get_ctx(q, raw_smp_processor_id()); } struct blk_mq_alloc_data { /* input parameter */ struct request_queue *q; blk_mq_req_flags_t flags; unsigned int shallow_depth; unsigned int cmd_flags; /* input & output parameter */ struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx; struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx; }; static inline bool blk_mq_is_sbitmap_shared(unsigned int flags) { return flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_HCTX_SHARED; } static inline struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_tags_from_data(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data) { if (data->q->elevator) return data->hctx->sched_tags; return data->hctx->tags; } static inline bool blk_mq_hctx_stopped(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { return test_bit(BLK_MQ_S_STOPPED, &hctx->state); } static inline bool blk_mq_hw_queue_mapped(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { return hctx->nr_ctx && hctx->tags; } unsigned int blk_mq_in_flight(struct request_queue *q, struct hd_struct *part); void blk_mq_in_flight_rw(struct request_queue *q, struct hd_struct *part, unsigned int inflight[2]); static inline void blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(struct request_queue *q) { if (q->mq_ops->put_budget) q->mq_ops->put_budget(q); } static inline bool blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(struct request_queue *q) { if (q->mq_ops->get_budget) return q->mq_ops->get_budget(q); return true; } static inline void __blk_mq_inc_active_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (blk_mq_is_sbitmap_shared(hctx->flags)) atomic_inc(&hctx->queue->nr_active_requests_shared_sbitmap); else atomic_inc(&hctx->nr_active); } static inline void __blk_mq_dec_active_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (blk_mq_is_sbitmap_shared(hctx->flags)) atomic_dec(&hctx->queue->nr_active_requests_shared_sbitmap); else atomic_dec(&hctx->nr_active); } static inline int __blk_mq_active_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (blk_mq_is_sbitmap_shared(hctx->flags)) return atomic_read(&hctx->queue->nr_active_requests_shared_sbitmap); return atomic_read(&hctx->nr_active); } static inline void __blk_mq_put_driver_tag(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq) { blk_mq_put_tag(hctx->tags, rq->mq_ctx, rq->tag); rq->tag = BLK_MQ_NO_TAG; if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_MQ_INFLIGHT) { rq->rq_flags &= ~RQF_MQ_INFLIGHT; __blk_mq_dec_active_requests(hctx); } } static inline void blk_mq_put_driver_tag(struct request *rq) { if (rq->tag == BLK_MQ_NO_TAG || rq->internal_tag == BLK_MQ_NO_TAG) return; __blk_mq_put_driver_tag(rq->mq_hctx, rq); } static inline void blk_mq_clear_mq_map(struct blk_mq_queue_map *qmap) { int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) qmap->mq_map[cpu] = 0; } /* * blk_mq_plug() - Get caller context plug * @q: request queue * @bio : the bio being submitted by the caller context * * Plugging, by design, may delay the insertion of BIOs into the elevator in * order to increase BIO merging opportunities. This however can cause BIO * insertion order to change from the order in which submit_bio() is being * executed in the case of multiple contexts concurrently issuing BIOs to a * device, even if these context are synchronized to tightly control BIO issuing * order. While this is not a problem with regular block devices, this ordering * change can cause write BIO failures with zoned block devices as these * require sequential write patterns to zones. Prevent this from happening by * ignoring the plug state of a BIO issuing context if the target request queue * is for a zoned block device and the BIO to plug is a write operation. * * Return current->plug if the bio can be plugged and NULL otherwise */ static inline struct blk_plug *blk_mq_plug(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { /* * For regular block devices or read operations, use the context plug * which may be NULL if blk_start_plug() was not executed. */ if (!blk_queue_is_zoned(q) || !op_is_write(bio_op(bio))) return current->plug; /* Zoned block device write operation case: do not plug the BIO */ return NULL; } /* * For shared tag users, we track the number of currently active users * and attempt to provide a fair share of the tag depth for each of them. */ static inline bool hctx_may_queue(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct sbitmap_queue *bt) { unsigned int depth, users; if (!hctx || !(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return true; /* * Don't try dividing an ant */ if (bt->sb.depth == 1) return true; if (blk_mq_is_sbitmap_shared(hctx->flags)) { struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue; struct blk_mq_tag_set *set = q->tag_set; if (!test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_HCTX_ACTIVE, &q->queue_flags)) return true; users = atomic_read(&set->active_queues_shared_sbitmap); } else { if (!test_bit(BLK_MQ_S_TAG_ACTIVE, &hctx->state)) return true; users = atomic_read(&hctx->tags->active_queues); } if (!users) return true; /* * Allow at least some tags */ depth = max((bt->sb.depth + users - 1) / users, 4U); return __blk_mq_active_requests(hctx) < depth; } #endif
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1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/bvec.h> #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/instrumented.h> #define PIPE_PARANOIA /* for now */ #define iterate_iovec(i, n, __v, __p, skip, STEP) { \ size_t left; \ size_t wanted = n; \ __p = i->iov; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len - skip); \ if (likely(__v.iov_len)) { \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base + skip; \ left = (STEP); \ __v.iov_len -= left; \ skip += __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } else { \ left = 0; \ } \ while (unlikely(!left && n)) { \ __p++; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len); \ if (unlikely(!__v.iov_len)) \ continue; \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base; \ left = (STEP); \ __v.iov_len -= left; \ skip = __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ n = wanted - n; \ } #define iterate_kvec(i, n, __v, __p, skip, STEP) { \ size_t wanted = n; \ __p = i->kvec; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len - skip); \ if (likely(__v.iov_len)) { \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base + skip; \ (void)(STEP); \ skip += __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ while (unlikely(n)) { \ __p++; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len); \ if (unlikely(!__v.iov_len)) \ continue; \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base; \ (void)(STEP); \ skip = __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ n = wanted; \ } #define iterate_bvec(i, n, __v, __bi, skip, STEP) { \ struct bvec_iter __start; \ __start.bi_size = n; \ __start.bi_bvec_done = skip; \ __start.bi_idx = 0; \ for_each_bvec(__v, i->bvec, __bi, __start) { \ if (!__v.bv_len) \ continue; \ (void)(STEP); \ } \ } #define iterate_all_kinds(i, n, v, I, B, K) { \ if (likely(n)) { \ size_t skip = i->iov_offset; \ if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_BVEC)) { \ struct bio_vec v; \ struct bvec_iter __bi; \ iterate_bvec(i, n, v, __bi, skip, (B)) \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_KVEC)) { \ const struct kvec *kvec; \ struct kvec v; \ iterate_kvec(i, n, v, kvec, skip, (K)) \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_DISCARD)) { \ } else { \ const struct iovec *iov; \ struct iovec v; \ iterate_iovec(i, n, v, iov, skip, (I)) \ } \ } \ } #define iterate_and_advance(i, n, v, I, B, K) { \ if (unlikely(i->count < n)) \ n = i->count; \ if (i->count) { \ size_t skip = i->iov_offset; \ if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_BVEC)) { \ const struct bio_vec *bvec = i->bvec; \ struct bio_vec v; \ struct bvec_iter __bi; \ iterate_bvec(i, n, v, __bi, skip, (B)) \ i->bvec = __bvec_iter_bvec(i->bvec, __bi); \ i->nr_segs -= i->bvec - bvec; \ skip = __bi.bi_bvec_done; \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_KVEC)) { \ const struct kvec *kvec; \ struct kvec v; \ iterate_kvec(i, n, v, kvec, skip, (K)) \ if (skip == kvec->iov_len) { \ kvec++; \ skip = 0; \ } \ i->nr_segs -= kvec - i->kvec; \ i->kvec = kvec; \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_DISCARD)) { \ skip += n; \ } else { \ const struct iovec *iov; \ struct iovec v; \ iterate_iovec(i, n, v, iov, skip, (I)) \ if (skip == iov->iov_len) { \ iov++; \ skip = 0; \ } \ i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; \ i->iov = iov; \ } \ i->count -= n; \ i->iov_offset = skip; \ } \ } static int copyout(void __user *to, const void *from, size_t n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } static int copyin(void *to, const void __user *from, size_t n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(from, n)) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } return n; } static size_t copy_page_to_iter_iovec(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { size_t skip, copy, left, wanted; const struct iovec *iov; char __user *buf; void *kaddr, *from; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; might_fault(); wanted = bytes; iov = i->iov; skip = i->iov_offset; buf = iov->iov_base + skip; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !fault_in_pages_writeable(buf, copy)) { kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); from = kaddr + offset; /* first chunk, usually the only one */ left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; } if (likely(!bytes)) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); goto done; } offset = from - kaddr; buf += copy; kunmap_atomic(kaddr); copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); } /* Too bad - revert to non-atomic kmap */ kaddr = kmap(page); from = kaddr + offset; left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; } kunmap(page); done: if (skip == iov->iov_len) { iov++; skip = 0; } i->count -= wanted - bytes; i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = skip; return wanted - bytes; } static size_t copy_page_from_iter_iovec(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { size_t skip, copy, left, wanted; const struct iovec *iov; char __user *buf; void *kaddr, *to; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; might_fault(); wanted = bytes; iov = i->iov; skip = i->iov_offset; buf = iov->iov_base + skip; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !fault_in_pages_readable(buf, copy)) { kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); to = kaddr + offset; /* first chunk, usually the only one */ left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; } if (likely(!bytes)) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); goto done; } offset = to - kaddr; buf += copy; kunmap_atomic(kaddr); copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); } /* Too bad - revert to non-atomic kmap */ kaddr = kmap(page); to = kaddr + offset; left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; } kunmap(page); done: if (skip == iov->iov_len) { iov++; skip = 0; } i->count -= wanted - bytes; i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = skip; return wanted - bytes; } #ifdef PIPE_PARANOIA static bool sanity(const struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_head = pipe->head; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int p_occupancy = pipe_occupancy(p_head, p_tail); unsigned int i_head = i->head; unsigned int idx; if (i->iov_offset) { struct pipe_buffer *p; if (unlikely(p_occupancy == 0)) goto Bad; // pipe must be non-empty if (unlikely(i_head != p_head - 1)) goto Bad; // must be at the last buffer... p = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (unlikely(p->offset + p->len != i->iov_offset)) goto Bad; // ... at the end of segment } else { if (i_head != p_head) goto Bad; // must be right after the last buffer } return true; Bad: printk(KERN_ERR "idx = %d, offset = %zd\n", i_head, i->iov_offset); printk(KERN_ERR "head = %d, tail = %d, buffers = %d\n", p_head, p_tail, pipe->ring_size); for (idx = 0; idx < pipe->ring_size; idx++) printk(KERN_ERR "[%p %p %d %d]\n", pipe->bufs[idx].ops, pipe->bufs[idx].page, pipe->bufs[idx].offset, pipe->bufs[idx].len); WARN_ON(1); return false; } #else #define sanity(i) true #endif static size_t copy_page_to_iter_pipe(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; struct pipe_buffer *buf; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; off = i->iov_offset; buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (off) { if (offset == off && buf->page == page) { /* merge with the last one */ buf->len += bytes; i->iov_offset += bytes; goto out; } i_head++; buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; } if (pipe_full(i_head, p_tail, pipe->max_usage)) return 0; buf->ops = &page_cache_pipe_buf_ops; buf->flags = 0; get_page(page); buf->page = page; buf->offset = offset; buf->len = bytes; pipe->head = i_head + 1; i->iov_offset = offset + bytes; i->head = i_head; out: i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } /* * Fault in one or more iovecs of the given iov_iter, to a maximum length of * bytes. For each iovec, fault in each page that constitutes the iovec. * * Return 0 on success, or non-zero if the memory could not be accessed (i.e. * because it is an invalid address). */ int iov_iter_fault_in_readable(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes) { size_t skip = i->iov_offset; const struct iovec *iov; int err; struct iovec v; if (iter_is_iovec(i)) { iterate_iovec(i, bytes, v, iov, skip, ({ err = fault_in_pages_readable(v.iov_base, v.iov_len); if (unlikely(err)) return err; 0;})) } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_fault_in_readable); void iov_iter_init(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct iovec *iov, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count) { WARN_ON(direction & ~(READ | WRITE)); direction &= READ | WRITE; /* It will get better. Eventually... */ if (uaccess_kernel()) { i->type = ITER_KVEC | direction; i->kvec = (struct kvec *)iov; } else { i->type = ITER_IOVEC | direction; i->iov = iov; } i->nr_segs = nr_segs; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_init); static void memcpy_from_page(char *to, struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t len) { char *from = kmap_atomic(page); memcpy(to, from + offset, len); kunmap_atomic(from); } static void memcpy_to_page(struct page *page, size_t offset, const char *from, size_t len) { char *to = kmap_atomic(page); memcpy(to + offset, from, len); kunmap_atomic(to); } static void memzero_page(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t len) { char *addr = kmap_atomic(page); memset(addr + offset, 0, len); kunmap_atomic(addr); } static inline bool allocated(struct pipe_buffer *buf) { return buf->ops == &default_pipe_buf_ops; } static inline void data_start(const struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int *iter_headp, size_t *offp) { unsigned int p_mask = i->pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int iter_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset; if (off && (!allocated(&i->pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask]) || off == PAGE_SIZE)) { iter_head++; off = 0; } *iter_headp = iter_head; *offp = off; } static size_t push_pipe(struct iov_iter *i, size_t size, int *iter_headp, size_t *offp) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int iter_head; size_t off; ssize_t left; if (unlikely(size > i->count)) size = i->count; if (unlikely(!size)) return 0; left = size; data_start(i, &iter_head, &off); *iter_headp = iter_head; *offp = off; if (off) { left -= PAGE_SIZE - off; if (left <= 0) { pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask].len += size; return size; } pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask].len = PAGE_SIZE; iter_head++; } while (!pipe_full(iter_head, p_tail, pipe->max_usage)) { struct pipe_buffer *buf = &pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask]; struct page *page = alloc_page(GFP_USER); if (!page) break; buf->ops = &default_pipe_buf_ops; buf->flags = 0; buf->page = page; buf->offset = 0; buf->len = min_t(ssize_t, left, PAGE_SIZE); left -= buf->len; iter_head++; pipe->head = iter_head; if (left == 0) return size; } return size - left; } static size_t copy_pipe_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, off; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &off); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - off); memcpy_to_page(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page, off, addr, chunk); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = off + chunk; n -= chunk; addr += chunk; off = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } static __wsum csum_and_memcpy(void *to, const void *from, size_t len, __wsum sum, size_t off) { __wsum next = csum_partial_copy_nocheck(from, to, len); return csum_block_add(sum, next, off); } static size_t csum_and_copy_to_pipe_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct csum_state *csstate, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; __wsum sum = csstate->csum; size_t off = csstate->off; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, r; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &r); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - r); char *p = kmap_atomic(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page); sum = csum_and_memcpy(p + r, addr, chunk, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = r + chunk; n -= chunk; off += chunk; addr += chunk; r = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= bytes; csstate->csum = sum; csstate->off = off; return bytes; } size_t _copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { const char *from = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return copy_pipe_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, copyout(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len), memcpy_to_page(v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, (from += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_len), memcpy(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_to_iter); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC static int copyout_mc(void __user *to, const void *from, size_t n) { if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = copy_mc_to_user((__force void *) to, from, n); } return n; } static unsigned long copy_mc_to_page(struct page *page, size_t offset, const char *from, size_t len) { unsigned long ret; char *to; to = kmap_atomic(page); ret = copy_mc_to_kernel(to + offset, from, len); kunmap_atomic(to); return ret; } static size_t copy_mc_pipe_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, off, xfer = 0; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &off); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - off); unsigned long rem; rem = copy_mc_to_page(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page, off, addr, chunk); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = off + chunk - rem; xfer += chunk - rem; if (rem) break; n -= chunk; addr += chunk; off = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= xfer; return xfer; } /** * _copy_mc_to_iter - copy to iter with source memory error exception handling * @addr: source kernel address * @bytes: total transfer length * @iter: destination iterator * * The pmem driver deploys this for the dax operation * (dax_copy_to_iter()) for dax reads (bypass page-cache and the * block-layer). Upon #MC read(2) aborts and returns EIO or the bytes * successfully copied. * * The main differences between this and typical _copy_to_iter(). * * * Typical tail/residue handling after a fault retries the copy * byte-by-byte until the fault happens again. Re-triggering machine * checks is potentially fatal so the implementation uses source * alignment and poison alignment assumptions to avoid re-triggering * hardware exceptions. * * * ITER_KVEC, ITER_PIPE, and ITER_BVEC can return short copies. * Compare to copy_to_iter() where only ITER_IOVEC attempts might return * a short copy. */ size_t _copy_mc_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { const char *from = addr; unsigned long rem, curr_addr, s_addr = (unsigned long) addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return copy_mc_pipe_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, copyout_mc(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len), ({ rem = copy_mc_to_page(v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, (from += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_len); if (rem) { curr_addr = (unsigned long) from; bytes = curr_addr - s_addr - rem; return bytes; } }), ({ rem = copy_mc_to_kernel(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len); if (rem) { curr_addr = (unsigned long) from; bytes = curr_addr - s_addr - rem; return bytes; } }) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_copy_mc_to_iter); #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC */ size_t _copy_from_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, copyin((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter); bool _copy_from_iter_full(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) return false; if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, ({ if (copyin((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len)) return false; 0;}), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) iov_iter_advance(i, bytes); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter_full); size_t _copy_from_iter_nocache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter_nocache); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_FLUSHCACHE /** * _copy_from_iter_flushcache - write destination through cpu cache * @addr: destination kernel address * @bytes: total transfer length * @iter: source iterator * * The pmem driver arranges for filesystem-dax to use this facility via * dax_copy_from_iter() for ensuring that writes to persistent memory * are flushed through the CPU cache. It is differentiated from * _copy_from_iter_nocache() in that guarantees all data is flushed for * all iterator types. The _copy_from_iter_nocache() only attempts to * bypass the cache for the ITER_IOVEC case, and on some archs may use * instructions that strand dirty-data in the cache. */ size_t _copy_from_iter_flushcache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, __copy_from_user_flushcache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_page_flushcache((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy_flushcache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_copy_from_iter_flushcache); #endif bool _copy_from_iter_full_nocache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) return false; iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, ({ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len)) return false; 0;}), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) iov_iter_advance(i, bytes); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter_full_nocache); static inline bool page_copy_sane(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t n) { struct page *head; size_t v = n + offset; /* * The general case needs to access the page order in order * to compute the page size. * However, we mostly deal with order-0 pages and thus can * avoid a possible cache line miss for requests that fit all * page orders. */ if (n <= v && v <= PAGE_SIZE) return true; head = compound_head(page); v += (page - head) << PAGE_SHIFT; if (likely(n <= v && v <= (page_size(head)))) return true; WARN_ON(1); return false; } size_t copy_page_to_iter(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!page_copy_sane(page, offset, bytes))) return 0; if (i->type & (ITER_BVEC|ITER_KVEC)) { void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); size_t wanted = copy_to_iter(kaddr + offset, bytes, i); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return wanted; } else if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) bytes = i->count; i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } else if (likely(!iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return copy_page_to_iter_iovec(page, offset, bytes, i); else return copy_page_to_iter_pipe(page, offset, bytes, i); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_page_to_iter); size_t copy_page_from_iter(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!page_copy_sane(page, offset, bytes))) return 0; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } if (i->type & (ITER_BVEC|ITER_KVEC)) { void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); size_t wanted = _copy_from_iter(kaddr + offset, bytes, i); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return wanted; } else return copy_page_from_iter_iovec(page, offset, bytes, i); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_page_from_iter); static size_t pipe_zero(size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, off; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &off); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - off); memzero_page(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page, off, chunk); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = off + chunk; n -= chunk; off = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } size_t iov_iter_zero(size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return pipe_zero(bytes, i); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, clear_user(v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memzero_page(v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memset(v.iov_base, 0, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_zero); size_t iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic(struct page *page, struct iov_iter *i, unsigned long offset, size_t bytes) { char *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page), *p = kaddr + offset; if (unlikely(!page_copy_sane(page, offset, bytes))) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return 0; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, copyin((p += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_from_page((p += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((p += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic); static inline void pipe_truncate(struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_head = pipe->head; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; if (!pipe_empty(p_head, p_tail)) { struct pipe_buffer *buf; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset; if (off) { buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; buf->len = off - buf->offset; i_head++; } while (p_head != i_head) { p_head--; pipe_buf_release(pipe, &pipe->bufs[p_head & p_mask]); } pipe->head = p_head; } } static void pipe_advance(struct iov_iter *i, size_t size) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; if (unlikely(i->count < size)) size = i->count; if (size) { struct pipe_buffer *buf; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset, left = size; if (off) /* make it relative to the beginning of buffer */ left += off - pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].offset; while (1) { buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (left <= buf->len) break; left -= buf->len; i_head++; } i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = buf->offset + left; } i->count -= size; /* ... and discard everything past that point */ pipe_truncate(i); } void iov_iter_advance(struct iov_iter *i, size_t size) { if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { pipe_advance(i, size); return; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { i->count -= size; return; } iterate_and_advance(i, size, v, 0, 0, 0) } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_advance); void iov_iter_revert(struct iov_iter *i, size_t unroll) { if (!unroll) return; if (WARN_ON(unroll > MAX_RW_COUNT)) return; i->count += unroll; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset; while (1) { struct pipe_buffer *b = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; size_t n = off - b->offset; if (unroll < n) { off -= unroll; break; } unroll -= n; if (!unroll && i_head == i->start_head) { off = 0; break; } i_head--; b = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; off = b->offset + b->len; } i->iov_offset = off; i->head = i_head; pipe_truncate(i); return; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return; if (unroll <= i->iov_offset) { i->iov_offset -= unroll; return; } unroll -= i->iov_offset; if (iov_iter_is_bvec(i)) { const struct bio_vec *bvec = i->bvec; while (1) { size_t n = (--bvec)->bv_len; i->nr_segs++; if (unroll <= n) { i->bvec = bvec; i->iov_offset = n - unroll; return; } unroll -= n; } } else { /* same logics for iovec and kvec */ const struct iovec *iov = i->iov; while (1) { size_t n = (--iov)->iov_len; i->nr_segs++; if (unroll <= n) { i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = n - unroll; return; } unroll -= n; } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_revert); /* * Return the count of just the current iov_iter segment. */ size_t iov_iter_single_seg_count(const struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return i->count; // it is a silly place, anyway if (i->nr_segs == 1) return i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return i->count; else if (iov_iter_is_bvec(i)) return min(i->count, i->bvec->bv_len - i->iov_offset); else return min(i->count, i->iov->iov_len - i->iov_offset); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_single_seg_count); void iov_iter_kvec(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct kvec *kvec, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count) { WARN_ON(direction & ~(READ | WRITE)); i->type = ITER_KVEC | (direction & (READ | WRITE)); i->kvec = kvec; i->nr_segs = nr_segs; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_kvec); void iov_iter_bvec(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count) { WARN_ON(direction & ~(READ | WRITE)); i->type = ITER_BVEC | (direction & (READ | WRITE)); i->bvec = bvec; i->nr_segs = nr_segs; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_bvec); void iov_iter_pipe(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t count) { BUG_ON(direction != READ); WARN_ON(pipe_full(pipe->head, pipe->tail, pipe->ring_size)); i->type = ITER_PIPE | READ; i->pipe = pipe; i->head = pipe->head; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; i->start_head = i->head; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_pipe); /** * iov_iter_discard - Initialise an I/O iterator that discards data * @i: The iterator to initialise. * @direction: The direction of the transfer. * @count: The size of the I/O buffer in bytes. * * Set up an I/O iterator that just discards everything that's written to it. * It's only available as a READ iterator. */ void iov_iter_discard(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, size_t count) { BUG_ON(direction != READ); i->type = ITER_DISCARD | READ; i->count = count; i->iov_offset = 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_discard); unsigned long iov_iter_alignment(const struct iov_iter *i) { unsigned long res = 0; size_t size = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { unsigned int p_mask = i->pipe->ring_size - 1; if (size && i->iov_offset && allocated(&i->pipe->bufs[i->head & p_mask])) return size | i->iov_offset; return size; } iterate_all_kinds(i, size, v, (res |= (unsigned long)v.iov_base | v.iov_len, 0), res |= v.bv_offset | v.bv_len, res |= (unsigned long)v.iov_base | v.iov_len ) return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_alignment); unsigned long iov_iter_gap_alignment(const struct iov_iter *i) { unsigned long res = 0; size_t size = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return ~0U; } iterate_all_kinds(i, size, v, (res |= (!res ? 0 : (unsigned long)v.iov_base) | (size != v.iov_len ? size : 0), 0), (res |= (!res ? 0 : (unsigned long)v.bv_offset) | (size != v.bv_len ? size : 0)), (res |= (!res ? 0 : (unsigned long)v.iov_base) | (size != v.iov_len ? size : 0)) ); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_gap_alignment); static inline ssize_t __pipe_get_pages(struct iov_iter *i, size_t maxsize, struct page **pages, int iter_head, size_t *start) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; ssize_t n = push_pipe(i, maxsize, &iter_head, start); if (!n) return -EFAULT; maxsize = n; n += *start; while (n > 0) { get_page(*pages++ = pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask].page); iter_head++; n -= PAGE_SIZE; } return maxsize; } static ssize_t pipe_get_pages(struct iov_iter *i, struct page **pages, size_t maxsize, unsigned maxpages, size_t *start) { unsigned int iter_head, npages; size_t capacity; if (!maxsize) return 0; if (!sanity(i)) return -EFAULT; data_start(i, &iter_head, start); /* Amount of free space: some of this one + all after this one */ npages = pipe_space_for_user(iter_head, i->pipe->tail, i->pipe); capacity = min(npages, maxpages) * PAGE_SIZE - *start; return __pipe_get_pages(i, min(maxsize, capacity), pages, iter_head, start); } ssize_t iov_iter_get_pages(struct iov_iter *i, struct page **pages, size_t maxsize, unsigned maxpages, size_t *start) { if (maxsize > i->count) maxsize = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return pipe_get_pages(i, pages, maxsize, maxpages, start); if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return -EFAULT; iterate_all_kinds(i, maxsize, v, ({ unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; size_t len = v.iov_len + (*start = addr & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); int n; int res; if (len > maxpages * PAGE_SIZE) len = maxpages * PAGE_SIZE; addr &= ~(PAGE_SIZE - 1); n = DIV_ROUND_UP(len, PAGE_SIZE); res = get_user_pages_fast(addr, n, iov_iter_rw(i) != WRITE ? FOLL_WRITE : 0, pages); if (unlikely(res <= 0)) return res; return (res == n ? len : res * PAGE_SIZE) - *start; 0;}),({ /* can't be more than PAGE_SIZE */ *start = v.bv_offset; get_page(*pages = v.bv_page); return v.bv_len; }),({ return -EFAULT; }) ) return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_get_pages); static struct page **get_pages_array(size_t n) { return kvmalloc_array(n, sizeof(struct page *), GFP_KERNEL); } static ssize_t pipe_get_pages_alloc(struct iov_iter *i, struct page ***pages, size_t maxsize, size_t *start) { struct page **p; unsigned int iter_head, npages; ssize_t n; if (!maxsize) return 0; if (!sanity(i)) return -EFAULT; data_start(i, &iter_head, start); /* Amount of free space: some of this one + all after this one */ npages = pipe_space_for_user(iter_head, i->pipe->tail, i->pipe); n = npages * PAGE_SIZE - *start; if (maxsize > n) maxsize = n; else npages = DIV_ROUND_UP(maxsize + *start, PAGE_SIZE); p = get_pages_array(npages); if (!p) return -ENOMEM; n = __pipe_get_pages(i, maxsize, p, iter_head, start); if (n > 0) *pages = p; else kvfree(p); return n; } ssize_t iov_iter_get_pages_alloc(struct iov_iter *i, struct page ***pages, size_t maxsize, size_t *start) { struct page **p; if (maxsize > i->count) maxsize = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return pipe_get_pages_alloc(i, pages, maxsize, start); if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return -EFAULT; iterate_all_kinds(i, maxsize, v, ({ unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; size_t len = v.iov_len + (*start = addr & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); int n; int res; addr &= ~(PAGE_SIZE - 1); n = DIV_ROUND_UP(len, PAGE_SIZE); p = get_pages_array(n); if (!p) return -ENOMEM; res = get_user_pages_fast(addr, n, iov_iter_rw(i) != WRITE ? FOLL_WRITE : 0, p); if (unlikely(res <= 0)) { kvfree(p); *pages = NULL; return res; } *pages = p; return (res == n ? len : res * PAGE_SIZE) - *start; 0;}),({ /* can't be more than PAGE_SIZE */ *start = v.bv_offset; *pages = p = get_pages_array(1); if (!p) return -ENOMEM; get_page(*p = v.bv_page); return v.bv_len; }),({ return -EFAULT; }) ) return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_get_pages_alloc); size_t csum_and_copy_from_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, __wsum *csum, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; __wsum sum, next; size_t off = 0; sum = *csum; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, ({ next = csum_and_copy_from_user(v.iov_base, (to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len); if (next) { sum = csum_block_add(sum, next, off); off += v.iov_len; } next ? 0 : v.iov_len; }), ({ char *p = kmap_atomic(v.bv_page); sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, p + v.bv_offset, v.bv_len, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); off += v.bv_len; }),({ sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len, sum, off); off += v.iov_len; }) ) *csum = sum; return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_from_iter); bool csum_and_copy_from_iter_full(void *addr, size_t bytes, __wsum *csum, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; __wsum sum, next; size_t off = 0; sum = *csum; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) return false; iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, ({ next = csum_and_copy_from_user(v.iov_base, (to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len); if (!next) return false; sum = csum_block_add(sum, next, off); off += v.iov_len; 0; }), ({ char *p = kmap_atomic(v.bv_page); sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, p + v.bv_offset, v.bv_len, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); off += v.bv_len; }),({ sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len, sum, off); off += v.iov_len; }) ) *csum = sum; iov_iter_advance(i, bytes); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_from_iter_full); size_t csum_and_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *_csstate, struct iov_iter *i) { struct csum_state *csstate = _csstate; const char *from = addr; __wsum sum, next; size_t off; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return csum_and_copy_to_pipe_iter(addr, bytes, _csstate, i); sum = csstate->csum; off = csstate->off; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); /* for now */ return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, ({ next = csum_and_copy_to_user((from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len); if (next) { sum = csum_block_add(sum, next, off); off += v.iov_len; } next ? 0 : v.iov_len; }), ({ char *p = kmap_atomic(v.bv_page); sum = csum_and_memcpy(p + v.bv_offset, (from += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_len, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); off += v.bv_len; }),({ sum = csum_and_memcpy(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len, sum, off); off += v.iov_len; }) ) csstate->csum = sum; csstate->off = off; return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_to_iter); size_t hash_and_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *hashp, struct iov_iter *i) { #ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_HASH struct ahash_request *hash = hashp; struct scatterlist sg; size_t copied; copied = copy_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); sg_init_one(&sg, addr, copied); ahash_request_set_crypt(hash, &sg, NULL, copied); crypto_ahash_update(hash); return copied; #else return 0; #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hash_and_copy_to_iter); int iov_iter_npages(const struct iov_iter *i, int maxpages) { size_t size = i->count; int npages = 0; if (!size) return 0; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return 0; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int iter_head; size_t off; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; data_start(i, &iter_head, &off); /* some of this one + all after this one */ npages = pipe_space_for_user(iter_head, pipe->tail, pipe); if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; } else iterate_all_kinds(i, size, v, ({ unsigned long p = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; npages += DIV_ROUND_UP(p + v.iov_len, PAGE_SIZE) - p / PAGE_SIZE; if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; 0;}),({ npages++; if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; }),({ unsigned long p = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; npages += DIV_ROUND_UP(p + v.iov_len, PAGE_SIZE) - p / PAGE_SIZE; if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; }) ) return npages; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_npages); const void *dup_iter(struct iov_iter *new, struct iov_iter *old, gfp_t flags) { *new = *old; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(new))) { WARN_ON(1); return NULL; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(new))) return NULL; if (iov_iter_is_bvec(new)) return new->bvec = kmemdup(new->bvec, new->nr_segs * sizeof(struct bio_vec), flags); else /* iovec and kvec have identical layout */ return new->iov = kmemdup(new->iov, new->nr_segs * sizeof(struct iovec), flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dup_iter); static int copy_compat_iovec_from_user(struct iovec *iov, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs) { const struct compat_iovec __user *uiov = (const struct compat_iovec __user *)uvec; int ret = -EFAULT, i; if (!user_access_begin(uiov, nr_segs * sizeof(*uiov))) return -EFAULT; for (i = 0; i < nr_segs; i++) { compat_uptr_t buf; compat_ssize_t len; unsafe_get_user(len, &uiov[i].iov_len, uaccess_end); unsafe_get_user(buf, &uiov[i].iov_base, uaccess_end); /* check for compat_size_t not fitting in compat_ssize_t .. */ if (len < 0) { ret = -EINVAL; goto uaccess_end; } iov[i].iov_base = compat_ptr(buf); iov[i].iov_len = len; } ret = 0; uaccess_end: user_access_end(); return ret; } static int copy_iovec_from_user(struct iovec *iov, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs) { unsigned long seg; if (copy_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs * sizeof(*uvec))) return -EFAULT; for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) { if ((ssize_t)iov[seg].iov_len < 0) return -EINVAL; } return 0; } struct iovec *iovec_from_user(const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned long fast_segs, struct iovec *fast_iov, bool compat) { struct iovec *iov = fast_iov; int ret; /* * SuS says "The readv() function *may* fail if the iovcnt argument was * less than or equal to 0, or greater than {IOV_MAX}. Linux has * traditionally returned zero for zero segments, so... */ if (nr_segs == 0) return iov; if (nr_segs > UIO_MAXIOV) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (nr_segs > fast_segs) { iov = kmalloc_array(nr_segs, sizeof(struct iovec), GFP_KERNEL); if (!iov) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } if (compat) ret = copy_compat_iovec_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs); else ret = copy_iovec_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs); if (ret) { if (iov != fast_iov) kfree(iov); return ERR_PTR(ret); } return iov; } ssize_t __import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp, struct iov_iter *i, bool compat) { ssize_t total_len = 0; unsigned long seg; struct iovec *iov; iov = iovec_from_user(uvec, nr_segs, fast_segs, *iovp, compat); if (IS_ERR(iov)) { *iovp = NULL; return PTR_ERR(iov); } /* * According to the Single Unix Specification we should return EINVAL if * an element length is < 0 when cast to ssize_t or if the total length * would overflow the ssize_t return value of the system call. * * Linux caps all read/write calls to MAX_RW_COUNT, and avoids the * overflow case. */ for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) { ssize_t len = (ssize_t)iov[seg].iov_len; if (!access_ok(iov[seg].iov_base, len)) { if (iov != *iovp) kfree(iov); *iovp = NULL; return -EFAULT; } if (len > MAX_RW_COUNT - total_len) { len = MAX_RW_COUNT - total_len; iov[seg].iov_len = len; } total_len += len; } iov_iter_init(i, type, iov, nr_segs, total_len); if (iov == *iovp) *iovp = NULL; else *iovp = iov; return total_len; } /** * import_iovec() - Copy an array of &struct iovec from userspace * into the kernel, check that it is valid, and initialize a new * &struct iov_iter iterator to access it. * * @type: One of %READ or %WRITE. * @uvec: Pointer to the userspace array. * @nr_segs: Number of elements in userspace array. * @fast_segs: Number of elements in @iov. * @iovp: (input and output parameter) Pointer to pointer to (usually small * on-stack) kernel array. * @i: Pointer to iterator that will be initialized on success. * * If the array pointed to by *@iov is large enough to hold all @nr_segs, * then this function places %NULL in *@iov on return. Otherwise, a new * array will be allocated and the result placed in *@iov. This means that * the caller may call kfree() on *@iov regardless of whether the small * on-stack array was used or not (and regardless of whether this function * returns an error or not). * * Return: Negative error code on error, bytes imported on success */ ssize_t import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp, struct iov_iter *i) { return __import_iovec(type, uvec, nr_segs, fast_segs, iovp, i, in_compat_syscall()); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(import_iovec); int import_single_range(int rw, void __user *buf, size_t len, struct iovec *iov, struct iov_iter *i) { if (len > MAX_RW_COUNT) len = MAX_RW_COUNT; if (unlikely(!access_ok(buf, len))) return -EFAULT; iov->iov_base = buf; iov->iov_len = len; iov_iter_init(i, rw, iov, 1, len); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(import_single_range); int iov_iter_for_each_range(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes, int (*f)(struct kvec *vec, void *context), void *context) { struct kvec w; int err = -EINVAL; if (!bytes) return 0; iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, -EINVAL, ({ w.iov_base = kmap(v.bv_page) + v.bv_offset; w.iov_len = v.bv_len; err = f(&w, context); kunmap(v.bv_page); err;}), ({ w = v; err = f(&w, context);}) ) return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_for_each_range);
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 5308 5309 5310 5311 5312 5313 5314 5315 5316 5317 5318 5319 5320 5321 5322 5323 5324 5325 5326 5327 5328 5329 5330 5331 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } /* Whether we should zap all COWed (private) pages too */ static inline bool should_zap_cows(struct zap_details *details) { /* By default, zap all pages */ if (!details) return true; /* Or, we zap COWed pages only if the caller wants to */ return !details->check_mapping; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) { /* Genuine swap entry, hence a private anon page */ if (!should_zap_cows(details)) continue; rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); if (details && details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { struct page *page = vmf->page; vm_fault_t poisonret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) { if (page_mapped(page)) unmap_mapping_pages(page_mapping(page), page->index, 1, false); /* Retry if a clean page was removed from the cache. */ if (invalidate_inode_page(page)) poisonret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; unlock_page(page); } put_page(page); vmf->page = NULL; return poisonret; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address *