1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Cryptographic scatter and gather helpers. * * Copyright (c) 2002 James Morris <jmorris@intercode.com.au> * Copyright (c) 2002 Adam J. Richter <adam@yggdrasil.com> * Copyright (c) 2004 Jean-Luc Cooke <jlcooke@certainkey.com> * Copyright (c) 2007 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SCATTERWALK_H #define _CRYPTO_SCATTERWALK_H #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> static inline void scatterwalk_crypto_chain(struct scatterlist *head, struct scatterlist *sg, int num) { if (sg) sg_chain(head, num, sg); else sg_mark_end(head); } static inline unsigned int scatterwalk_pagelen(struct scatter_walk *walk) { unsigned int len = walk->sg->offset + walk->sg->length - walk->offset; unsigned int len_this_page = offset_in_page(~walk->offset) + 1; return len_this_page > len ? len : len_this_page; } static inline unsigned int scatterwalk_clamp(struct scatter_walk *walk, unsigned int nbytes) { unsigned int len_this_page = scatterwalk_pagelen(walk); return nbytes > len_this_page ? len_this_page : nbytes; } static inline void scatterwalk_advance(struct scatter_walk *walk, unsigned int nbytes) { walk->offset += nbytes; } static inline unsigned int scatterwalk_aligned(struct scatter_walk *walk, unsigned int alignmask) { return !(walk->offset & alignmask); } static inline struct page *scatterwalk_page(struct scatter_walk *walk) { return sg_page(walk->sg) + (walk->offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); } static inline void scatterwalk_unmap(void *vaddr) { kunmap_atomic(vaddr); } static inline void scatterwalk_start(struct scatter_walk *walk, struct scatterlist *sg) { walk->sg = sg; walk->offset = sg->offset; } static inline void *scatterwalk_map(struct scatter_walk *walk) { return kmap_atomic(scatterwalk_page(walk)) + offset_in_page(walk->offset); } static inline void scatterwalk_pagedone(struct scatter_walk *walk, int out, unsigned int more) { if (out) { struct page *page; page = sg_page(walk->sg) + ((walk->offset - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT); /* Test ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE first as * PageSlab cannot be optimised away per se due to * use of volatile pointer. */ if (ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE && !PageSlab(page)) flush_dcache_page(page); } if (more && walk->offset >= walk->sg->offset + walk->sg->length) scatterwalk_start(walk, sg_next(walk->sg)); } static inline void scatterwalk_done(struct scatter_walk *walk, int out, int more) { if (!more || walk->offset >= walk->sg->offset + walk->sg->length || !(walk->offset & (PAGE_SIZE - 1))) scatterwalk_pagedone(walk, out, more); } void scatterwalk_copychunks(void *buf, struct scatter_walk *walk, size_t nbytes, int out); void *scatterwalk_map(struct scatter_walk *walk); void scatterwalk_map_and_copy(void *buf, struct scatterlist *sg, unsigned int start, unsigned int nbytes, int out); struct scatterlist *scatterwalk_ffwd(struct scatterlist dst[2], struct scatterlist *src, unsigned int len); #endif /* _CRYPTO_SCATTERWALK_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_WAIT_BIT_H #define _LINUX_WAIT_BIT_H /* * Linux wait-bit related types and methods: */ #include <linux/wait.h> struct wait_bit_key { void *flags; int bit_nr; unsigned long timeout; }; struct wait_bit_queue_entry { struct wait_bit_key key; struct wait_queue_entry wq_entry; }; #define __WAIT_BIT_KEY_INITIALIZER(word, bit) \ { .flags = word, .bit_nr = bit, } typedef int wait_bit_action_f(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); void __wake_up_bit(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, void *word, int bit); int __wait_on_bit(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_bit_queue_entry *wbq_entry, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); int __wait_on_bit_lock(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_bit_queue_entry *wbq_entry, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); void wake_up_bit(void *word, int bit); int out_of_line_wait_on_bit(void *word, int, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); int out_of_line_wait_on_bit_timeout(void *word, int, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode, unsigned long timeout); int out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(void *word, int, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); struct wait_queue_head *bit_waitqueue(void *word, int bit); extern void __init wait_bit_init(void); int wake_bit_function(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key); #define DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(name, word, bit) \ struct wait_bit_queue_entry name = { \ .key = __WAIT_BIT_KEY_INITIALIZER(word, bit), \ .wq_entry = { \ .private = current, \ .func = wake_bit_function, \ .entry = \ LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wq_entry.entry), \ }, \ } extern int bit_wait(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); extern int bit_wait_io(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); extern int bit_wait_timeout(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); extern int bit_wait_io_timeout(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); /** * wait_on_bit - wait for a bit to be cleared * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * There is a standard hashed waitqueue table for generic use. This * is the part of the hashtable's accessor API that waits on a bit. * For instance, if one were to have waiters on a bitflag, one would * call wait_on_bit() in threads waiting for the bit to clear. * One uses wait_on_bit() where one is waiting for the bit to clear, * but has no intention of setting it. * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared, or non-zero * if the process received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup * on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit(word, bit, bit_wait, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_io - wait for a bit to be cleared * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared. This is similar to wait_on_bit(), but calls * io_schedule() instead of schedule() for the actual waiting. * * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared, or non-zero * if the process received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup * on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_io(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit(word, bit, bit_wait_io, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_timeout - wait for a bit to be cleared or a timeout elapses * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * @timeout: timeout, in jiffies * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared. This is similar to wait_on_bit(), except also takes a * timeout parameter. * * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared before the * @timeout elapsed, or non-zero if the @timeout elapsed or process * received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_timeout(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode, unsigned long timeout) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_timeout(word, bit, bit_wait_timeout, mode, timeout); } /** * wait_on_bit_action - wait for a bit to be cleared * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @action: the function used to sleep, which may take special actions * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared, and allow the waiting action to be specified. * This is like wait_on_bit() but allows fine control of how the waiting * is done. * * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared, or non-zero * if the process received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup * on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_action(unsigned long *word, int bit, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit(word, bit, action, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_lock - wait for a bit to be cleared, when wanting to set it * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * There is a standard hashed waitqueue table for generic use. This * is the part of the hashtable's accessor API that waits on a bit * when one intends to set it, for instance, trying to lock bitflags. * For instance, if one were to have waiters trying to set bitflag * and waiting for it to clear before setting it, one would call * wait_on_bit() in threads waiting to be able to set the bit. * One uses wait_on_bit_lock() where one is waiting for the bit to * clear with the intention of setting it, and when done, clearing it. * * Returns zero if the bit was (eventually) found to be clear and was * set. Returns non-zero if a signal was delivered to the process and * the @mode allows that signal to wake the process. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_lock(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(word, bit, bit_wait, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_lock_io - wait for a bit to be cleared, when wanting to set it * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared and then to atomically set it. This is similar * to wait_on_bit(), but calls io_schedule() instead of schedule() * for the actual waiting. * * Returns zero if the bit was (eventually) found to be clear and was * set. Returns non-zero if a signal was delivered to the process and * the @mode allows that signal to wake the process. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_lock_io(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(word, bit, bit_wait_io, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_lock_action - wait for a bit to be cleared, when wanting to set it * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @action: the function used to sleep, which may take special actions * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared and then to set it, and allow the waiting action * to be specified. * This is like wait_on_bit() but allows fine control of how the waiting * is done. * * Returns zero if the bit was (eventually) found to be clear and was * set. Returns non-zero if a signal was delivered to the process and * the @mode allows that signal to wake the process. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_lock_action(unsigned long *word, int bit, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(word, bit, action, mode); } extern void init_wait_var_entry(struct wait_bit_queue_entry *wbq_entry, void *var, int flags); extern void wake_up_var(void *var); extern wait_queue_head_t *__var_waitqueue(void *p); #define ___wait_var_event(var, condition, state, exclusive, ret, cmd) \ ({ \ __label__ __out; \ struct wait_queue_head *__wq_head = __var_waitqueue(var); \ struct wait_bit_queue_entry __wbq_entry; \ long __ret = ret; /* explicit shadow */ \ \ init_wait_var_entry(&__wbq_entry, var, \ exclusive ? WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE : 0); \ for (;;) { \ long __int = prepare_to_wait_event(__wq_head, \ &__wbq_entry.wq_entry, \ state); \ if (condition) \ break; \ \ if (___wait_is_interruptible(state) && __int) { \ __ret = __int; \ goto __out; \ } \ \ cmd; \ } \ finish_wait(__wq_head, &__wbq_entry.wq_entry); \ __out: __ret; \ }) #define __wait_var_event(var, condition) \ ___wait_var_event(var, condition, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_var_event(var, condition) \ do { \ might_sleep(); \ if (condition) \ break; \ __wait_var_event(var, condition); \ } while (0) #define __wait_var_event_killable(var, condition) \ ___wait_var_event(var, condition, TASK_KILLABLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_var_event_killable(var, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_var_event_killable(var, condition); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_var_event_timeout(var, condition, timeout) \ ___wait_var_event(var, ___wait_cond_timeout(condition), \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, timeout, \ __ret = schedule_timeout(__ret)) #define wait_var_event_timeout(var, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_var_event_timeout(var, condition, timeout); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_var_event_interruptible(var, condition) \ ___wait_var_event(var, condition, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_var_event_interruptible(var, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_var_event_interruptible(var, condition); \ __ret; \ }) /** * clear_and_wake_up_bit - clear a bit and wake up anyone waiting on that bit * * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * * You can use this helper if bitflags are manipulated atomically rather than * non-atomically under a lock. */ static inline void clear_and_wake_up_bit(int bit, void *word) { clear_bit_unlock(bit, word); /* See wake_up_bit() for which memory barrier you need to use. */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); wake_up_bit(word, bit); } #endif /* _LINUX_WAIT_BIT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 1999-2002 Vojtech Pavlik */ #ifndef _SERIO_H #define _SERIO_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/mod_devicetable.h> #include <uapi/linux/serio.h> extern struct bus_type serio_bus; struct serio { void *port_data; char name[32]; char phys[32]; char firmware_id[128]; bool manual_bind; struct serio_device_id id; /* Protects critical sections from port's interrupt handler */ spinlock_t lock; int (*write)(struct serio *, unsigned char); int (*open)(struct serio *); void (*close)(struct serio *); int (*start)(struct serio *); void (*stop)(struct serio *); struct serio *parent; /* Entry in parent->children list */ struct list_head child_node; struct list_head children; /* Level of nesting in serio hierarchy */ unsigned int depth; /* * serio->drv is accessed from interrupt handlers; when modifying * caller should acquire serio->drv_mutex and serio->lock. */ struct serio_driver *drv; /* Protects serio->drv so attributes can pin current driver */ struct mutex drv_mutex; struct device dev; struct list_head node; /* * For use by PS/2 layer when several ports share hardware and * may get indigestion when exposed to concurrent access (i8042). */ struct mutex *ps2_cmd_mutex; }; #define to_serio_port(d) container_of(d, struct serio, dev) struct serio_driver { const char *description; const struct serio_device_id *id_table; bool manual_bind; void (*write_wakeup)(struct serio *); irqreturn_t (*interrupt)(struct serio *, unsigned char, unsigned int); int (*connect)(struct serio *, struct serio_driver *drv); int (*reconnect)(struct serio *); int (*fast_reconnect)(struct serio *); void (*disconnect)(struct serio *); void (*cleanup)(struct serio *); struct device_driver driver; }; #define to_serio_driver(d) container_of(d, struct serio_driver, driver) int serio_open(struct serio *serio, struct serio_driver *drv); void serio_close(struct serio *serio); void serio_rescan(struct serio *serio); void serio_reconnect(struct serio *serio); irqreturn_t serio_interrupt(struct serio *serio, unsigned char data, unsigned int flags); void __serio_register_port(struct serio *serio, struct module *owner); /* use a define to avoid include chaining to get THIS_MODULE */ #define serio_register_port(serio) \ __serio_register_port(serio, THIS_MODULE) void serio_unregister_port(struct serio *serio); void serio_unregister_child_port(struct serio *serio); int __must_check __serio_register_driver(struct serio_driver *drv, struct module *owner, const char *mod_name); /* use a define to avoid include chaining to get THIS_MODULE & friends */ #define serio_register_driver(drv) \ __serio_register_driver(drv, THIS_MODULE, KBUILD_MODNAME) void serio_unregister_driver(struct serio_driver *drv); /** * module_serio_driver() - Helper macro for registering a serio driver * @__serio_driver: serio_driver struct * * Helper macro for serio drivers which do not do anything special in * module init/exit. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each module * may only use this macro once, and calling it replaces module_init() * and module_exit(). */ #define module_serio_driver(__serio_driver) \ module_driver(__serio_driver, serio_register_driver, \ serio_unregister_driver) static inline int serio_write(struct serio *serio, unsigned char data) { if (serio->write) return serio->write(serio, data); else return -1; } static inline void serio_drv_write_wakeup(struct serio *serio) { if (serio->drv && serio->drv->write_wakeup) serio->drv->write_wakeup(serio); } /* * Use the following functions to manipulate serio's per-port * driver-specific data. */ static inline void *serio_get_drvdata(struct serio *serio) { return dev_get_drvdata(&serio->dev); } static inline void serio_set_drvdata(struct serio *serio, void *data) { dev_set_drvdata(&serio->dev, data); } /* * Use the following functions to protect critical sections in * driver code from port's interrupt handler */ static inline void serio_pause_rx(struct serio *serio) { spin_lock_irq(&serio->lock); } static inline void serio_continue_rx(struct serio *serio) { spin_unlock_irq(&serio->lock); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ #ifndef LLIST_H #define LLIST_H /* * Lock-less NULL terminated single linked list * * Cases where locking is not needed: * If there are multiple producers and multiple consumers, llist_add can be * used in producers and llist_del_all can be used in consumers simultaneously * without locking. Also a single consumer can use llist_del_first while * multiple producers simultaneously use llist_add, without any locking. * * Cases where locking is needed: * If we have multiple consumers with llist_del_first used in one consumer, and * llist_del_first or llist_del_all used in other consumers, then a lock is * needed. This is because llist_del_first depends on list->first->next not * changing, but without lock protection, there's no way to be sure about that * if a preemption happens in the middle of the delete operation and on being * preempted back, the list->first is the same as before causing the cmpxchg in * llist_del_first to succeed. For example, while a llist_del_first operation * is in progress in one consumer, then a llist_del_first, llist_add, * llist_add (or llist_del_all, llist_add, llist_add) sequence in another * consumer may cause violations. * * This can be summarized as follows: * * | add | del_first | del_all * add | - | - | - * del_first | | L | L * del_all | | | - * * Where, a particular row's operation can happen concurrently with a column's * operation, with "-" being no lock needed, while "L" being lock is needed. * * The list entries deleted via llist_del_all can be traversed with * traversing function such as llist_for_each etc. But the list * entries can not be traversed safely before deleted from the list. * The order of deleted entries is from the newest to the oldest added * one. If you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you * must reverse the order by yourself before traversing. * * The basic atomic operation of this list is cmpxchg on long. On * architectures that don't have NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation, the * list can NOT be used in NMI handlers. So code that uses the list in * an NMI handler should depend on CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG. * * Copyright 2010,2011 Intel Corp. * Author: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> */ #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> struct llist_head { struct llist_node *first; }; struct llist_node { struct llist_node *next; }; #define LLIST_HEAD_INIT(name) { NULL } #define LLIST_HEAD(name) struct llist_head name = LLIST_HEAD_INIT(name) /** * init_llist_head - initialize lock-less list head * @head: the head for your lock-less list */ static inline void init_llist_head(struct llist_head *list) { list->first = NULL; } /** * llist_entry - get the struct of this entry * @ptr: the &struct llist_node pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the llist_node within the struct. */ #define llist_entry(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(ptr, type, member) /** * member_address_is_nonnull - check whether the member address is not NULL * @ptr: the object pointer (struct type * that contains the llist_node) * @member: the name of the llist_node within the struct. * * This macro is conceptually the same as * &ptr->member != NULL * but it works around the fact that compilers can decide that taking a member * address is never a NULL pointer. * * Real objects that start at a high address and have a member at NULL are * unlikely to exist, but such pointers may be returned e.g. by the * container_of() macro. */ #define member_address_is_nonnull(ptr, member) \ ((uintptr_t)(ptr) + offsetof(typeof(*(ptr)), member) != 0) /** * llist_for_each - iterate over some deleted entries of a lock-less list * @pos: the &struct llist_node to use as a loop cursor * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being deleted from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each(pos, node) \ for ((pos) = (node); pos; (pos) = (pos)->next) /** * llist_for_each_safe - iterate over some deleted entries of a lock-less list * safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct llist_node to use as a loop cursor * @n: another &struct llist_node to use as temporary storage * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being deleted from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_safe(pos, n, node) \ for ((pos) = (node); (pos) && ((n) = (pos)->next, true); (pos) = (n)) /** * llist_for_each_entry - iterate over some deleted entries of lock-less list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @node: the fist entry of deleted list entries. * @member: the name of the llist_node with the struct. * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being removed from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_entry(pos, node, member) \ for ((pos) = llist_entry((node), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ member_address_is_nonnull(pos, member); \ (pos) = llist_entry((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * llist_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over some deleted entries of lock-less list of given type * safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries. * @member: the name of the llist_node with the struct. * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being removed from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, node, member) \ for (pos = llist_entry((node), typeof(*pos), member); \ member_address_is_nonnull(pos, member) && \ (n = llist_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*n), member), true); \ pos = n) /** * llist_empty - tests whether a lock-less list is empty * @head: the list to test * * Not guaranteed to be accurate or up to date. Just a quick way to * test whether the list is empty without deleting something from the * list. */ static inline bool llist_empty(const struct llist_head *head) { return READ_ONCE(head->first) == NULL; } static inline struct llist_node *llist_next(struct llist_node *node) { return node->next; } extern bool llist_add_batch(struct llist_node *new_first, struct llist_node *new_last, struct llist_head *head); /** * llist_add - add a new entry * @new: new entry to be added * @head: the head for your lock-less list * * Returns true if the list was empty prior to adding this entry. */ static inline bool llist_add(struct llist_node *new, struct llist_head *head) { return llist_add_batch(new, new, head); } /** * llist_del_all - delete all entries from lock-less list * @head: the head of lock-less list to delete all entries * * If list is empty, return NULL, otherwise, delete all entries and * return the pointer to the first entry. The order of entries * deleted is from the newest to the oldest added one. */ static inline struct llist_node *llist_del_all(struct llist_head *head) { return xchg(&head->first, NULL); } extern struct llist_node *llist_del_first(struct llist_head *head); struct llist_node *llist_reverse_order(struct llist_node *head); #endif /* LLIST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * The proc filesystem constants/structures */ #ifndef _LINUX_PROC_FS_H #define _LINUX_PROC_FS_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> struct proc_dir_entry; struct seq_file; struct seq_operations; enum { /* * All /proc entries using this ->proc_ops instance are never removed. * * If in doubt, ignore this flag. */ #ifdef MODULE PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT = 0U, #else PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT = 1U << 0, #endif }; struct proc_ops { unsigned int proc_flags; int (*proc_open)(struct inode *, struct file *); ssize_t (*proc_read)(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*proc_read_iter)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*proc_write)(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); loff_t (*proc_lseek)(struct file *, loff_t, int); int (*proc_release)(struct inode *, struct file *); __poll_t (*proc_poll)(struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*proc_ioctl)(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT long (*proc_compat_ioctl)(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); #endif int (*proc_mmap)(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long (*proc_get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); } __randomize_layout; /* definitions for hide_pid field */ enum proc_hidepid { HIDEPID_OFF = 0, HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS = 1, HIDEPID_INVISIBLE = 2, HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE = 4, /* Limit pids to only ptraceable pids */ }; /* definitions for proc mount option pidonly */ enum proc_pidonly { PROC_PIDONLY_OFF = 0, PROC_PIDONLY_ON = 1, }; struct proc_fs_info { struct pid_namespace *pid_ns; struct dentry *proc_self; /* For /proc/self */ struct dentry *proc_thread_self; /* For /proc/thread-self */ kgid_t pid_gid; enum proc_hidepid hide_pid; enum proc_pidonly pidonly; }; static inline struct proc_fs_info *proc_sb_info(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS typedef int (*proc_write_t)(struct file *, char *, size_t); extern void proc_root_init(void); extern void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *, const char *); struct proc_dir_entry *_proc_mkdir(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, void *, bool); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_data(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, void *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_mode(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_mount_point(const char *name); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_seq_private(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, unsigned int state_size, void *data); #define proc_create_seq_data(name, mode, parent, ops, data) \ proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, 0, data) #define proc_create_seq(name, mode, parent, ops) \ proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, 0, NULL) struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_single_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *data); #define proc_create_single(name, mode, parent, show) \ proc_create_single_data(name, mode, parent, show, NULL) extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_data(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, const struct proc_ops *, void *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct proc_ops *proc_ops); extern void proc_set_size(struct proc_dir_entry *, loff_t); extern void proc_set_user(struct proc_dir_entry *, kuid_t, kgid_t); extern void *PDE_DATA(const struct inode *); extern void *proc_get_parent_data(const struct inode *); extern void proc_remove(struct proc_dir_entry *); extern void remove_proc_entry(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); extern int remove_proc_subtree(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, unsigned int state_size, void *data); #define proc_create_net(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size) \ proc_create_net_data(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size, NULL) struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *data); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_data_write(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, proc_write_t write, unsigned int state_size, void *data); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single_write(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), proc_write_t write, void *data); extern struct pid *tgid_pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file); struct bpf_iter_aux_info; extern int bpf_iter_init_seq_net(void *priv_data, struct bpf_iter_aux_info *aux); extern void bpf_iter_fini_seq_net(void *priv_data); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS /* * The architecture which selects CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS must * provide proc_pid_arch_status() definition. */ int proc_pid_arch_status(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task); #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS */ #else /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ static inline void proc_root_init(void) { } static inline void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *pid) { } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent,const char *dest) { return NULL;} static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) {return NULL;} static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_mount_point(const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *_proc_mkdir(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, void *data, bool force_lookup) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, void *data) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_mode(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return NULL; } #define proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, size, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_seq_data(name, mode, parent, ops, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_seq(name, mode, parent, ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_single(name, mode, parent, show) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_single_data(name, mode, parent, show, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create(name, mode, parent, proc_ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_data(name, mode, parent, proc_ops, data) ({NULL;}) static inline void proc_set_size(struct proc_dir_entry *de, loff_t size) {} static inline void proc_set_user(struct proc_dir_entry *de, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid) {} static inline void *PDE_DATA(const struct inode *inode) {BUG(); return NULL;} static inline void *proc_get_parent_data(const struct inode *inode) { BUG(); return NULL; } static inline void proc_remove(struct proc_dir_entry *de) {} #define remove_proc_entry(name, parent) do {} while (0) static inline int remove_proc_subtree(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return 0; } #define proc_create_net_data(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_net(name, mode, parent, state_size, ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_net_single(name, mode, parent, show, data) ({NULL;}) static inline struct pid *tgid_pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file) { return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ struct net; static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_mkdir( struct net *net, const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return _proc_mkdir(name, 0, parent, net, true); } struct ns_common; int open_related_ns(struct ns_common *ns, struct ns_common *(*get_ns)(struct ns_common *ns)); /* get the associated pid namespace for a file in procfs */ static inline struct pid_namespace *proc_pid_ns(struct super_block *sb) { return proc_sb_info(sb)->pid_ns; } bool proc_ns_file(const struct file *file); #endif /* _LINUX_PROC_FS_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* audit.h -- Auditing support * * Copyright 2003-2004 Red Hat Inc., Durham, North Carolina. * All Rights Reserved. * * Written by Rickard E. (Rik) Faith <faith@redhat.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_AUDIT_H_ #define _LINUX_AUDIT_H_ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <uapi/linux/audit.h> #include <uapi/linux/netfilter/nf_tables.h> #define AUDIT_INO_UNSET ((unsigned long)-1) #define AUDIT_DEV_UNSET ((dev_t)-1) struct audit_sig_info { uid_t uid; pid_t pid; char ctx[]; }; struct audit_buffer; struct audit_context; struct inode; struct netlink_skb_parms; struct path; struct linux_binprm; struct mq_attr; struct mqstat; struct audit_watch; struct audit_tree; struct sk_buff; struct audit_krule { u32 pflags; u32 flags; u32 listnr; u32 action; u32 mask[AUDIT_BITMASK_SIZE]; u32 buflen; /* for data alloc on list rules */ u32 field_count; char *filterkey; /* ties events to rules */ struct audit_field *fields; struct audit_field *arch_f; /* quick access to arch field */ struct audit_field *inode_f; /* quick access to an inode field */ struct audit_watch *watch; /* associated watch */ struct audit_tree *tree; /* associated watched tree */ struct audit_fsnotify_mark *exe; struct list_head rlist; /* entry in audit_{watch,tree}.rules list */ struct list_head list; /* for AUDIT_LIST* purposes only */ u64 prio; }; /* Flag to indicate legacy AUDIT_LOGINUID unset usage */ #define AUDIT_LOGINUID_LEGACY 0x1 struct audit_field { u32 type; union { u32 val; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; struct { char *lsm_str; void *lsm_rule; }; }; u32 op; }; enum audit_ntp_type { AUDIT_NTP_OFFSET, AUDIT_NTP_FREQ, AUDIT_NTP_STATUS, AUDIT_NTP_TAI, AUDIT_NTP_TICK, AUDIT_NTP_ADJUST, AUDIT_NTP_NVALS /* count */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL struct audit_ntp_val { long long oldval, newval; }; struct audit_ntp_data { struct audit_ntp_val vals[AUDIT_NTP_NVALS]; }; #else struct audit_ntp_data {}; #endif enum audit_nfcfgop { AUDIT_XT_OP_REGISTER, AUDIT_XT_OP_REPLACE, AUDIT_XT_OP_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_GEN_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_RESET, AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID, }; extern int is_audit_feature_set(int which); extern int __init audit_register_class(int class, unsigned *list); extern int audit_classify_syscall(int abi, unsigned syscall); extern int audit_classify_arch(int arch); /* only for compat system calls */ extern unsigned compat_write_class[]; extern unsigned compat_read_class[]; extern unsigned compat_dir_class[]; extern unsigned compat_chattr_class[]; extern unsigned compat_signal_class[]; extern int audit_classify_compat_syscall(int abi, unsigned syscall); /* audit_names->type values */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_UNKNOWN 0 /* we don't know yet */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_NORMAL 1 /* a "normal" audit record */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_PARENT 2 /* a parent audit record */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_DELETE 3 /* a child being deleted */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE 4 /* a child being created */ /* maximized args number that audit_socketcall can process */ #define AUDITSC_ARGS 6 /* bit values for ->signal->audit_tty */ #define AUDIT_TTY_ENABLE BIT(0) #define AUDIT_TTY_LOG_PASSWD BIT(1) struct filename; #define AUDIT_OFF 0 #define AUDIT_ON 1 #define AUDIT_LOCKED 2 #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT /* These are defined in audit.c */ /* Public API */ extern __printf(4, 5) void audit_log(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type, const char *fmt, ...); extern struct audit_buffer *audit_log_start(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type); extern __printf(2, 3) void audit_log_format(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *fmt, ...); extern void audit_log_end(struct audit_buffer *ab); extern bool audit_string_contains_control(const char *string, size_t len); extern void audit_log_n_hex(struct audit_buffer *ab, const unsigned char *buf, size_t len); extern void audit_log_n_string(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *buf, size_t n); extern void audit_log_n_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string, size_t n); extern void audit_log_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string); extern void audit_log_d_path(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *prefix, const struct path *path); extern void audit_log_key(struct audit_buffer *ab, char *key); extern void audit_log_path_denied(int type, const char *operation); extern void audit_log_lost(const char *message); extern int audit_log_task_context(struct audit_buffer *ab); extern void audit_log_task_info(struct audit_buffer *ab); extern int audit_update_lsm_rules(void); /* Private API (for audit.c only) */ extern int audit_rule_change(int type, int seq, void *data, size_t datasz); extern int audit_list_rules_send(struct sk_buff *request_skb, int seq); extern int audit_set_loginuid(kuid_t loginuid); static inline kuid_t audit_get_loginuid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->loginuid; } static inline unsigned int audit_get_sessionid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->sessionid; } extern u32 audit_enabled; extern int audit_signal_info(int sig, struct task_struct *t); #else /* CONFIG_AUDIT */ static inline __printf(4, 5) void audit_log(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline struct audit_buffer *audit_log_start(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type) { return NULL; } static inline __printf(2, 3) void audit_log_format(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void audit_log_end(struct audit_buffer *ab) { } static inline void audit_log_n_hex(struct audit_buffer *ab, const unsigned char *buf, size_t len) { } static inline void audit_log_n_string(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *buf, size_t n) { } static inline void audit_log_n_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string, size_t n) { } static inline void audit_log_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string) { } static inline void audit_log_d_path(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *prefix, const struct path *path) { } static inline void audit_log_key(struct audit_buffer *ab, char *key) { } static inline void audit_log_path_denied(int type, const char *operation) { } static inline int audit_log_task_context(struct audit_buffer *ab) { return 0; } static inline void audit_log_task_info(struct audit_buffer *ab) { } static inline kuid_t audit_get_loginuid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return INVALID_UID; } static inline unsigned int audit_get_sessionid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return AUDIT_SID_UNSET; } #define audit_enabled AUDIT_OFF static inline int audit_signal_info(int sig, struct task_struct *t) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_AUDIT */ #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT_COMPAT_GENERIC #define audit_is_compat(arch) (!((arch) & __AUDIT_ARCH_64BIT)) #else #define audit_is_compat(arch) false #endif #define AUDIT_INODE_PARENT 1 /* dentry represents the parent */ #define AUDIT_INODE_HIDDEN 2 /* audit record should be hidden */ #define AUDIT_INODE_NOEVAL 4 /* audit record incomplete */ #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL #include <asm/syscall.h> /* for syscall_get_arch() */ /* These are defined in auditsc.c */ /* Public API */ extern int audit_alloc(struct task_struct *task); extern void __audit_free(struct task_struct *task); extern void __audit_syscall_entry(int major, unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1, unsigned long a2, unsigned long a3); extern void __audit_syscall_exit(int ret_success, long ret_value); extern struct filename *__audit_reusename(const __user char *uptr); extern void __audit_getname(struct filename *name); extern void __audit_getcwd(void); extern void __audit_inode(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags); extern void __audit_file(const struct file *); extern void __audit_inode_child(struct inode *parent, const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char type); extern void audit_seccomp(unsigned long syscall, long signr, int code); extern void audit_seccomp_actions_logged(const char *names, const char *old_names, int res); extern void __audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t); static inline void audit_set_context(struct task_struct *task, struct audit_context *ctx) { task->audit_context = ctx; } static inline struct audit_context *audit_context(void) { return current->audit_context; } static inline bool audit_dummy_context(void) { void *p = audit_context(); return !p || *(int *)p; } static inline void audit_free(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task->audit_context)) __audit_free(task); } static inline void audit_syscall_entry(int major, unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1, unsigned long a2, unsigned long a3) { if (unlikely(audit_context())) __audit_syscall_entry(major, a0, a1, a2, a3); } static inline void audit_syscall_exit(void *pt_regs) { if (unlikely(audit_context())) { int success = is_syscall_success(pt_regs); long return_code = regs_return_value(pt_regs); __audit_syscall_exit(success, return_code); } } static inline struct filename *audit_reusename(const __user char *name) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_reusename(name); return NULL; } static inline void audit_getname(struct filename *name) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_getname(name); } static inline void audit_getcwd(void) { if (unlikely(audit_context())) __audit_getcwd(); } static inline void audit_inode(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int aflags) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_inode(name, dentry, aflags); } static inline void audit_file(struct file *file) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_file(file); } static inline void audit_inode_parent_hidden(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_inode(name, dentry, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT | AUDIT_INODE_HIDDEN); } static inline void audit_inode_child(struct inode *parent, const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char type) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_inode_child(parent, dentry, type); } void audit_core_dumps(long signr); static inline void audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_ptrace(t); } /* Private API (for audit.c only) */ extern void __audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp); extern void __audit_ipc_set_perm(unsigned long qbytes, uid_t uid, gid_t gid, umode_t mode); extern void __audit_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm); extern int __audit_socketcall(int nargs, unsigned long *args); extern int __audit_sockaddr(int len, void *addr); extern void __audit_fd_pair(int fd1, int fd2); extern void __audit_mq_open(int oflag, umode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr); extern void __audit_mq_sendrecv(mqd_t mqdes, size_t msg_len, unsigned int msg_prio, const struct timespec64 *abs_timeout); extern void __audit_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *notification); extern void __audit_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, struct mq_attr *mqstat); extern int __audit_log_bprm_fcaps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old); extern void __audit_log_capset(const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old); extern void __audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags); extern void __audit_log_kern_module(char *name); extern void __audit_fanotify(unsigned int response); extern void __audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset); extern void __audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad); extern void __audit_log_nfcfg(const char *name, u8 af, unsigned int nentries, enum audit_nfcfgop op, gfp_t gfp); static inline void audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_ipc_obj(ipcp); } static inline void audit_fd_pair(int fd1, int fd2) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_fd_pair(fd1, fd2); } static inline void audit_ipc_set_perm(unsigned long qbytes, uid_t uid, gid_t gid, umode_t mode) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_ipc_set_perm(qbytes, uid, gid, mode); } static inline void audit_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_bprm(bprm); } static inline int audit_socketcall(int nargs, unsigned long *args) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_socketcall(nargs, args); return 0; } static inline int audit_socketcall_compat(int nargs, u32 *args) { unsigned long a[AUDITSC_ARGS]; int i; if (audit_dummy_context()) return 0; for (i = 0; i < nargs; i++) a[i] = (unsigned long)args[i]; return __audit_socketcall(nargs, a); } static inline int audit_sockaddr(int len, void *addr) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_sockaddr(len, addr); return 0; } static inline void audit_mq_open(int oflag, umode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_open(oflag, mode, attr); } static inline void audit_mq_sendrecv(mqd_t mqdes, size_t msg_len, unsigned int msg_prio, const struct timespec64 *abs_timeout) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_sendrecv(mqdes, msg_len, msg_prio, abs_timeout); } static inline void audit_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *notification) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_notify(mqdes, notification); } static inline void audit_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, struct mq_attr *mqstat) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_getsetattr(mqdes, mqstat); } static inline int audit_log_bprm_fcaps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_log_bprm_fcaps(bprm, new, old); return 0; } static inline void audit_log_capset(const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_log_capset(new, old); } static inline void audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mmap_fd(fd, flags); } static inline void audit_log_kern_module(char *name) { if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_log_kern_module(name); } static inline void audit_fanotify(unsigned int response) { if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_fanotify(response); } static inline void audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset) { /* ignore no-op events */ if (offset.tv_sec == 0 && offset.tv_nsec == 0) return; if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_tk_injoffset(offset); } static inline void audit_ntp_init(struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { memset(ad, 0, sizeof(*ad)); } static inline void audit_ntp_set_old(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { ad->vals[type].oldval = val; } static inline void audit_ntp_set_new(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { ad->vals[type].newval = val; } static inline void audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_ntp_log(ad); } static inline void audit_log_nfcfg(const char *name, u8 af, unsigned int nentries, enum audit_nfcfgop op, gfp_t gfp) { if (audit_enabled) __audit_log_nfcfg(name, af, nentries, op, gfp); } extern int audit_n_rules; extern int audit_signals; #else /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */ static inline int audit_alloc(struct task_struct *task) { return 0; } static inline void audit_free(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void audit_syscall_entry(int major, unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1, unsigned long a2, unsigned long a3) { } static inline void audit_syscall_exit(void *pt_regs) { } static inline bool audit_dummy_context(void) { return true; } static inline void audit_set_context(struct task_struct *task, struct audit_context *ctx) { } static inline struct audit_context *audit_context(void) { return NULL; } static inline struct filename *audit_reusename(const __user char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void audit_getname(struct filename *name) { } static inline void audit_getcwd(void) { } static inline void audit_inode(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int aflags) { } static inline void audit_file(struct file *file) { } static inline void audit_inode_parent_hidden(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry) { } static inline void audit_inode_child(struct inode *parent, const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char type) { } static inline void audit_core_dumps(long signr) { } static inline void audit_seccomp(unsigned long syscall, long signr, int code) { } static inline void audit_seccomp_actions_logged(const char *names, const char *old_names, int res) { } static inline void audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp) { } static inline void audit_ipc_set_perm(unsigned long qbytes, uid_t uid, gid_t gid, umode_t mode) { } static inline void audit_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { } static inline int audit_socketcall(int nargs, unsigned long *args) { return 0; } static inline int audit_socketcall_compat(int nargs, u32 *args) { return 0; } static inline void audit_fd_pair(int fd1, int fd2) { } static inline int audit_sockaddr(int len, void *addr) { return 0; } static inline void audit_mq_open(int oflag, umode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr) { } static inline void audit_mq_sendrecv(mqd_t mqdes, size_t msg_len, unsigned int msg_prio, const struct timespec64 *abs_timeout) { } static inline void audit_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *notification) { } static inline void audit_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, struct mq_attr *mqstat) { } static inline int audit_log_bprm_fcaps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { return 0; } static inline void audit_log_capset(const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { } static inline void audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags) { } static inline void audit_log_kern_module(char *name) { } static inline void audit_fanotify(unsigned int response) { } static inline void audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset) { } static inline void audit_ntp_init(struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { } static inline void audit_ntp_set_old(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { } static inline void audit_ntp_set_new(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { } static inline void audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { } static inline void audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void audit_log_nfcfg(const char *name, u8 af, unsigned int nentries, enum audit_nfcfgop op, gfp_t gfp) { } #define audit_n_rules 0 #define audit_signals 0 #endif /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */ static inline bool audit_loginuid_set(struct task_struct *tsk) { return uid_valid(audit_get_loginuid(tsk)); } #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include "physaddr.h" #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL unsigned long __phys_addr(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* use the carry flag to determine if x was < __START_KERNEL_map */ if (unlikely(x > y)) { x = y + phys_base; VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE); } else { x = y + (__START_KERNEL_map - PAGE_OFFSET); /* carry flag will be set if starting x was >= PAGE_OFFSET */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON((x > y) || !phys_addr_valid(x)); } return x; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr); unsigned long __phys_addr_symbol(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* only check upper bounds since lower bounds will trigger carry */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE); return y + phys_base; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr_symbol); #endif bool __virt_addr_valid(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* use the carry flag to determine if x was < __START_KERNEL_map */ if (unlikely(x > y)) { x = y + phys_base; if (y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE) return false; } else { x = y + (__START_KERNEL_map - PAGE_OFFSET); /* carry flag will be set if starting x was >= PAGE_OFFSET */ if ((x > y) || !phys_addr_valid(x)) return false; } return pfn_valid(x >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__virt_addr_valid); #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL unsigned long __phys_addr(unsigned long x) { unsigned long phys_addr = x - PAGE_OFFSET; /* VMALLOC_* aren't constants */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(x < PAGE_OFFSET); VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(__vmalloc_start_set && is_vmalloc_addr((void *) x)); /* max_low_pfn is set early, but not _that_ early */ if (max_low_pfn) { VIRTUAL_BUG_ON((phys_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT) > max_low_pfn); BUG_ON(slow_virt_to_phys((void *)x) != phys_addr); } return phys_addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr); #endif bool __virt_addr_valid(unsigned long x) { if (x < PAGE_OFFSET) return false; if (__vmalloc_start_set && is_vmalloc_addr((void *) x)) return false; if (x >= FIXADDR_START) return false; return pfn_valid((x - PAGE_OFFSET) >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__virt_addr_valid); #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * kref.h - library routines for handling generic reference counted objects * * Copyright (C) 2004 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (C) 2004 IBM Corp. * * based on kobject.h which was: * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel <mochel@osdl.org> * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Open Source Development Labs */ #ifndef _KREF_H_ #define _KREF_H_ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> struct kref { refcount_t refcount; }; #define KREF_INIT(n) { .refcount = REFCOUNT_INIT(n), } /** * kref_init - initialize object. * @kref: object in question. */ static inline void kref_init(struct kref *kref) { refcount_set(&kref->refcount, 1); } static inline unsigned int kref_read(const struct kref *kref) { return refcount_read(&kref->refcount); } /** * kref_get - increment refcount for object. * @kref: object. */ static inline void kref_get(struct kref *kref) { refcount_inc(&kref->refcount); } /** * kref_put - decrement refcount for object. * @kref: object. * @release: pointer to the function that will clean up the object when the * last reference to the object is released. * This pointer is required, and it is not acceptable to pass kfree * in as this function. * * Decrement the refcount, and if 0, call release(). * Return 1 if the object was removed, otherwise return 0. Beware, if this * function returns 0, you still can not count on the kref from remaining in * memory. Only use the return value if you want to see if the kref is now * gone, not present. */ static inline int kref_put(struct kref *kref, void (*release)(struct kref *kref)) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&kref->refcount)) { release(kref); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int kref_put_mutex(struct kref *kref, void (*release)(struct kref *kref), struct mutex *lock) { if (refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(&kref->refcount, lock)) { release(kref); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int kref_put_lock(struct kref *kref, void (*release)(struct kref *kref), spinlock_t *lock) { if (refcount_dec_and_lock(&kref->refcount, lock)) { release(kref); return 1; } return 0; } /** * kref_get_unless_zero - Increment refcount for object unless it is zero. * @kref: object. * * Return non-zero if the increment succeeded. Otherwise return 0. * * This function is intended to simplify locking around refcounting for * objects that can be looked up from a lookup structure, and which are * removed from that lookup structure in the object destructor. * Operations on such objects require at least a read lock around * lookup + kref_get, and a write lock around kref_put + remove from lookup * structure. Furthermore, RCU implementations become extremely tricky. * With a lookup followed by a kref_get_unless_zero *with return value check* * locking in the kref_put path can be deferred to the actual removal from * the lookup structure and RCU lookups become trivial. */ static inline int __must_check kref_get_unless_zero(struct kref *kref) { return refcount_inc_not_zero(&kref->refcount); } #endif /* _KREF_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef INT_BLK_MQ_TAG_H #define INT_BLK_MQ_TAG_H /* * Tag address space map. */ struct blk_mq_tags { unsigned int nr_tags; unsigned int nr_reserved_tags; atomic_t active_queues; struct sbitmap_queue *bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue *breserved_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __breserved_tags; struct request **rqs; struct request **static_rqs; struct list_head page_list; /* * used to clear request reference in rqs[] before freeing one * request pool */ spinlock_t lock; }; extern struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_init_tags(unsigned int nr_tags, unsigned int reserved_tags, int node, unsigned int flags); extern void blk_mq_free_tags(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int flags); extern int blk_mq_init_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int flags); extern void blk_mq_exit_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set); extern unsigned int blk_mq_get_tag(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data); extern void blk_mq_put_tag(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx, unsigned int tag); extern int blk_mq_tag_update_depth(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_tags **tags, unsigned int depth, bool can_grow); extern void blk_mq_tag_resize_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int size); extern void blk_mq_tag_wakeup_all(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, bool); void blk_mq_queue_tag_busy_iter(struct request_queue *q, busy_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); void blk_mq_all_tag_iter(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, busy_tag_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); static inline struct sbq_wait_state *bt_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *bt, struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!hctx) return &bt->ws[0]; return sbq_wait_ptr(bt, &hctx->wait_index); } enum { BLK_MQ_NO_TAG = -1U, BLK_MQ_TAG_MIN = 1, BLK_MQ_TAG_MAX = BLK_MQ_NO_TAG - 1, }; extern bool __blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); extern void __blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); static inline bool blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return false; return __blk_mq_tag_busy(hctx); } static inline void blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return; __blk_mq_tag_idle(hctx); } static inline bool blk_mq_tag_is_reserved(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int tag) { return tag < tags->nr_reserved_tags; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_INTERNAL_H #define BLK_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <linux/part_stat.h> #include <linux/blk-crypto.h> #include <xen/xen.h> #include "blk-crypto-internal.h" #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-sched.h" /* Max future timer expiry for timeouts */ #define BLK_MAX_TIMEOUT (5 * HZ) extern struct dentry *blk_debugfs_root; struct blk_flush_queue { unsigned int flush_pending_idx:1; unsigned int flush_running_idx:1; blk_status_t rq_status; unsigned long flush_pending_since; struct list_head flush_queue[2]; struct list_head flush_data_in_flight; struct request *flush_rq; struct lock_class_key key; spinlock_t mq_flush_lock; }; extern struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep; extern struct kobj_type blk_queue_ktype; extern struct ida blk_queue_ida; static inline struct blk_flush_queue * blk_get_flush_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx) { return blk_mq_map_queue(q, REQ_OP_FLUSH, ctx)->fq; } static inline void __blk_get_queue(struct request_queue *q) { kobject_get(&q->kobj); } bool is_flush_rq(struct request *req); struct blk_flush_queue *blk_alloc_flush_queue(int node, int cmd_size, gfp_t flags); void blk_free_flush_queue(struct blk_flush_queue *q); void blk_freeze_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool biovec_phys_mergeable(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *vec1, struct bio_vec *vec2) { unsigned long mask = queue_segment_boundary(q); phys_addr_t addr1 = page_to_phys(vec1->bv_page) + vec1->bv_offset; phys_addr_t addr2 = page_to_phys(vec2->bv_page) + vec2->bv_offset; if (addr1 + vec1->bv_len != addr2) return false; if (xen_domain() && !xen_biovec_phys_mergeable(vec1, vec2->bv_page)) return false; if ((addr1 | mask) != ((addr2 + vec2->bv_len - 1) | mask)) return false; return true; } static inline bool __bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { return (offset & queue_virt_boundary(q)) || ((bprv->bv_offset + bprv->bv_len) & queue_virt_boundary(q)); } /* * Check if adding a bio_vec after bprv with offset would create a gap in * the SG list. Most drivers don't care about this, but some do. */ static inline bool bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { if (!queue_virt_boundary(q)) return false; return __bvec_gap_to_prev(q, bprv, offset); } static inline void blk_rq_bio_prep(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs) { rq->nr_phys_segments = nr_segs; rq->__data_len = bio->bi_iter.bi_size; rq->bio = rq->biotail = bio; rq->ioprio = bio_prio(bio); if (bio->bi_disk) rq->rq_disk = bio->bi_disk; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY void blk_flush_integrity(void); bool __bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *); void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio); static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_integrity(bio)) return __bio_integrity_endio(bio); return true; } bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct request *); bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct bio *); static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(req->bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(next); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(req->bio); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *); void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r1, struct request *r2) { return true; } static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r, struct bio *b) { return true; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { return false; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { return false; } static inline void blk_flush_integrity(void) { } static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *disk) { } static inline void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *disk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ unsigned long blk_rq_timeout(unsigned long timeout); void blk_add_timer(struct request *req); bool blk_attempt_plug_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **same_queue_rq); bool blk_bio_list_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); void blk_account_io_start(struct request *req); void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req, u64 now); /* * Plug flush limits */ #define BLK_MAX_REQUEST_COUNT 32 #define BLK_PLUG_FLUSH_SIZE (128 * 1024) /* * Internal elevator interface */ #define ELV_ON_HASH(rq) ((rq)->rq_flags & RQF_HASHED) void blk_insert_flush(struct request *rq); void elevator_init_mq(struct request_queue *q); int elevator_switch_mq(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *new_e); void __elevator_exit(struct request_queue *, struct elevator_queue *); int elv_register_queue(struct request_queue *q, bool uevent); void elv_unregister_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline void elevator_exit(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_queue *e) { lockdep_assert_held(&q->sysfs_lock); blk_mq_sched_free_requests(q); __elevator_exit(q, e); } struct hd_struct *__disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); ssize_t part_size_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_stat_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_inflight_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t part_timeout_show(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, char *); ssize_t part_timeout_store(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, const char *, size_t); void __blk_queue_split(struct bio **bio, unsigned int *nr_segs); int ll_back_merge_fn(struct request *req, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); int blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct request *next); unsigned int blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request *rq); void blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(struct request *rq); bool blk_rq_merge_ok(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); enum elv_merge blk_try_merge(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); int blk_dev_init(void); /* * Contribute to IO statistics IFF: * * a) it's attached to a gendisk, and * b) the queue had IO stats enabled when this request was started */ static inline bool blk_do_io_stat(struct request *rq) { return rq->rq_disk && (rq->rq_flags & RQF_IO_STAT); } static inline void req_set_nomerge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req) { req->cmd_flags |= REQ_NOMERGE; if (req == q->last_merge) q->last_merge = NULL; } /* * The max size one bio can handle is UINT_MAX becasue bvec_iter.bi_size * is defined as 'unsigned int', meantime it has to aligned to with logical * block size which is the minimum accepted unit by hardware. */ static inline unsigned int bio_allowed_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, queue_logical_block_size(q)) >> 9; } /* * The max bio size which is aligned to q->limits.discard_granularity. This * is a hint to split large discard bio in generic block layer, then if device * driver needs to split the discard bio into smaller ones, their bi_size can * be very probably and easily aligned to discard_granularity of the device's * queue. */ static inline unsigned int bio_aligned_discard_max_sectors( struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, q->limits.discard_granularity) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } /* * Internal io_context interface */ void get_io_context(struct io_context *ioc); struct io_cq *ioc_lookup_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q); struct io_cq *ioc_create_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q, gfp_t gfp_mask); void ioc_clear_queue(struct request_queue *q); int create_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node); /* * Internal throttling interface */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING extern int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio); bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ static inline int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio) { } static inline bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page); extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_store(struct request_queue *q, const char *page, size_t count); extern void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio); extern void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time); #else static inline void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BOUNCE extern int init_emergency_isa_pool(void); extern void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio); #else static inline int init_emergency_isa_pool(void) { return 0; } static inline void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BOUNCE */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP_IOLATENCY extern int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } #endif struct bio *blk_next_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_pages, gfp_t gfp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q) {} #endif struct hd_struct *disk_map_sector_rcu(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t sector); int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt); void blk_free_devt(dev_t devt); void blk_invalidate_devt(dev_t devt); char *disk_name(struct gendisk *hd, int partno, char *buf); #define ADDPART_FLAG_NONE 0 #define ADDPART_FLAG_RAID 1 #define ADDPART_FLAG_WHOLEDISK 2 void delete_partition(struct hd_struct *part); int bdev_add_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int bdev_del_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno); int bdev_resize_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int disk_expand_part_tbl(struct gendisk *disk, int target); int hd_ref_init(struct hd_struct *part); /* no need to get/put refcount of part0 */ static inline int hd_struct_try_get(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) return percpu_ref_tryget_live(&part->ref); return 1; } static inline void hd_struct_put(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) percpu_ref_put(&part->ref); } static inline void hd_free_part(struct hd_struct *part) { free_percpu(part->dkstats); kfree(part->info); percpu_ref_exit(&part->ref); } /* * Any access of part->nr_sects which is not protected by partition * bd_mutex or gendisk bdev bd_mutex, should be done using this * accessor function. * * Code written along the lines of i_size_read() and i_size_write(). * CONFIG_PREEMPTION case optimizes the case of UP kernel with preemption * on. */ static inline sector_t part_nr_sects_read(struct hd_struct *part) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) sector_t nr_sects; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&part->nr_sects_seq, seq)); return nr_sects; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) sector_t nr_sects; preempt_disable(); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; preempt_enable(); return nr_sects; #else return part->nr_sects; #endif } /* * Should be called with mutex lock held (typically bd_mutex) of partition * to provide mutual exlusion among writers otherwise seqcount might be * left in wrong state leaving the readers spinning infinitely. */ static inline void part_nr_sects_write(struct hd_struct *part, sector_t size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); part->nr_sects = size; write_seqcount_end(&part->nr_sects_seq); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); part->nr_sects = size; preempt_enable(); #else part->nr_sects = size; #endif } int bio_add_hw_page(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset, unsigned int max_sectors, bool *same_page); #endif /* BLK_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_COOKIE_H #define __LINUX_COOKIE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <asm/local.h> struct pcpu_gen_cookie { local_t nesting; u64 last; } __aligned(16); struct gen_cookie { struct pcpu_gen_cookie __percpu *local; atomic64_t forward_last ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; atomic64_t reverse_last; }; #define COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH 4096 #define DEFINE_COOKIE(name) \ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pcpu_gen_cookie, __##name); \ static struct gen_cookie name = { \ .local = &__##name, \ .forward_last = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ .reverse_last = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ } static __always_inline u64 gen_cookie_next(struct gen_cookie *gc) { struct pcpu_gen_cookie *local = this_cpu_ptr(gc->local); u64 val; if (likely(local_inc_return(&local->nesting) == 1)) { val = local->last; if (__is_defined(CONFIG_SMP) && unlikely((val & (COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH - 1)) == 0)) { s64 next = atomic64_add_return(COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH, &gc->forward_last); val = next - COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH; } local->last = ++val; } else { val = atomic64_dec_return(&gc->reverse_last); } local_dec(&local->nesting); return val; } #endif /* __LINUX_COOKIE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_JUMP_LABEL_H #define _LINUX_JUMP_LABEL_H /* * Jump label support * * Copyright (C) 2009-2012 Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * * DEPRECATED API: * * The use of 'struct static_key' directly, is now DEPRECATED. In addition * static_key_{true,false}() is also DEPRECATED. IE DO NOT use the following: * * struct static_key false = STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE; * struct static_key true = STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE; * static_key_true() * static_key_false() * * The updated API replacements are: * * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(key); * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(key); * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_TRUE(keys, count); * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_FALSE(keys, count); * static_branch_likely() * static_branch_unlikely() * * Jump labels provide an interface to generate dynamic branches using * self-modifying code. Assuming toolchain and architecture support, if we * define a "key" that is initially false via "DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(key)", * an "if (static_branch_unlikely(&key))" statement is an unconditional branch * (which defaults to false - and the true block is placed out of line). * Similarly, we can define an initially true key via * "DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(key)", and use it in the same * "if (static_branch_unlikely(&key))", in which case we will generate an * unconditional branch to the out-of-line true branch. Keys that are * initially true or false can be using in both static_branch_unlikely() * and static_branch_likely() statements. * * At runtime we can change the branch target by setting the key * to true via a call to static_branch_enable(), or false using * static_branch_disable(). If the direction of the branch is switched by * these calls then we run-time modify the branch target via a * no-op -> jump or jump -> no-op conversion. For example, for an * initially false key that is used in an "if (static_branch_unlikely(&key))" * statement, setting the key to true requires us to patch in a jump * to the out-of-line of true branch. * * In addition to static_branch_{enable,disable}, we can also reference count * the key or branch direction via static_branch_{inc,dec}. Thus, * static_branch_inc() can be thought of as a 'make more true' and * static_branch_dec() as a 'make more false'. * * Since this relies on modifying code, the branch modifying functions * must be considered absolute slow paths (machine wide synchronization etc.). * OTOH, since the affected branches are unconditional, their runtime overhead * will be absolutely minimal, esp. in the default (off) case where the total * effect is a single NOP of appropriate size. The on case will patch in a jump * to the out-of-line block. * * When the control is directly exposed to userspace, it is prudent to delay the * decrement to avoid high frequency code modifications which can (and do) * cause significant performance degradation. Struct static_key_deferred and * static_key_slow_dec_deferred() provide for this. * * Lacking toolchain and or architecture support, static keys fall back to a * simple conditional branch. * * Additional babbling in: Documentation/staging/static-keys.rst */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> extern bool static_key_initialized; #define STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key) WARN(!static_key_initialized, \ "%s(): static key '%pS' used before call to jump_label_init()", \ __func__, (key)) #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL struct static_key { atomic_t enabled; /* * Note: * To make anonymous unions work with old compilers, the static * initialization of them requires brackets. This creates a dependency * on the order of the struct with the initializers. If any fields * are added, STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE and STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE may need * to be modified. * * bit 0 => 1 if key is initially true * 0 if initially false * bit 1 => 1 if points to struct static_key_mod * 0 if points to struct jump_entry */ union { unsigned long type; struct jump_entry *entries; struct static_key_mod *next; }; }; #else struct static_key { atomic_t enabled; }; #endif /* CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL #include <asm/jump_label.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_JUMP_LABEL_RELATIVE struct jump_entry { s32 code; s32 target; long key; // key may be far away from the core kernel under KASLR }; static inline unsigned long jump_entry_code(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)&entry->code + entry->code; } static inline unsigned long jump_entry_target(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)&entry->target + entry->target; } static inline struct static_key *jump_entry_key(const struct jump_entry *entry) { long offset = entry->key & ~3L; return (struct static_key *)((unsigned long)&entry->key + offset); } #else static inline unsigned long jump_entry_code(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return entry->code; } static inline unsigned long jump_entry_target(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return entry->target; } static inline struct static_key *jump_entry_key(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (struct static_key *)((unsigned long)entry->key & ~3UL); } #endif static inline bool jump_entry_is_branch(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry->key & 1UL; } static inline bool jump_entry_is_init(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry->key & 2UL; } static inline void jump_entry_set_init(struct jump_entry *entry) { entry->key |= 2; } #endif #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ enum jump_label_type { JUMP_LABEL_NOP = 0, JUMP_LABEL_JMP, }; struct module; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL #define JUMP_TYPE_FALSE 0UL #define JUMP_TYPE_TRUE 1UL #define JUMP_TYPE_LINKED 2UL #define JUMP_TYPE_MASK 3UL static __always_inline bool static_key_false(struct static_key *key) { return arch_static_branch(key, false); } static __always_inline bool static_key_true(struct static_key *key) { return !arch_static_branch(key, true); } extern struct jump_entry __start___jump_table[]; extern struct jump_entry __stop___jump_table[]; extern void jump_label_init(void); extern void jump_label_lock(void); extern void jump_label_unlock(void); extern void arch_jump_label_transform(struct jump_entry *entry, enum jump_label_type type); extern void arch_jump_label_transform_static(struct jump_entry *entry, enum jump_label_type type); extern bool arch_jump_label_transform_queue(struct jump_entry *entry, enum jump_label_type type); extern void arch_jump_label_transform_apply(void); extern int jump_label_text_reserved(void *start, void *end); extern void static_key_slow_inc(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_slow_dec(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_slow_dec_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); extern void jump_label_apply_nops(struct module *mod); extern int static_key_count(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_enable(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_disable(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_enable_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_disable_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); /* * We should be using ATOMIC_INIT() for initializing .enabled, but * the inclusion of atomic.h is problematic for inclusion of jump_label.h * in 'low-level' headers. Thus, we are initializing .enabled with a * raw value, but have added a BUILD_BUG_ON() to catch any issues in * jump_label_init() see: kernel/jump_label.c. */ #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE \ { .enabled = { 1 }, \ { .entries = (void *)JUMP_TYPE_TRUE } } #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE \ { .enabled = { 0 }, \ { .entries = (void *)JUMP_TYPE_FALSE } } #else /* !CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> static inline int static_key_count(struct static_key *key) { return atomic_read(&key->enabled); } static __always_inline void jump_label_init(void) { static_key_initialized = true; } static __always_inline bool static_key_false(struct static_key *key) { if (unlikely(static_key_count(key) > 0)) return true; return false; } static __always_inline bool static_key_true(struct static_key *key) { if (likely(static_key_count(key) > 0)) return true; return false; } static inline void static_key_slow_inc(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); atomic_inc(&key->enabled); } static inline void static_key_slow_dec(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); atomic_dec(&key->enabled); } #define static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked(key) static_key_slow_inc(key) #define static_key_slow_dec_cpuslocked(key) static_key_slow_dec(key) static inline int jump_label_text_reserved(void *start, void *end) { return 0; } static inline void jump_label_lock(void) {} static inline void jump_label_unlock(void) {} static inline int jump_label_apply_nops(struct module *mod) { return 0; } static inline void static_key_enable(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); if (atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 0) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 1); return; } atomic_set(&key->enabled, 1); } static inline void static_key_disable(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); if (atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 1) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 0); return; } atomic_set(&key->enabled, 0); } #define static_key_enable_cpuslocked(k) static_key_enable((k)) #define static_key_disable_cpuslocked(k) static_key_disable((k)) #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE { .enabled = ATOMIC_INIT(1) } #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE { .enabled = ATOMIC_INIT(0) } #endif /* CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #define STATIC_KEY_INIT STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE #define jump_label_enabled static_key_enabled /* -------------------------------------------------------------------------- */ /* * Two type wrappers around static_key, such that we can use compile time * type differentiation to emit the right code. * * All the below code is macros in order to play type games. */ struct static_key_true { struct static_key key; }; struct static_key_false { struct static_key key; }; #define STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT (struct static_key_true) { .key = STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE, } #define STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT (struct static_key_false){ .key = STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE, } #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(name) \ struct static_key_true name = STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE_RO(name) \ struct static_key_true name __ro_after_init = STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT #define DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(name) \ extern struct static_key_true name #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(name) \ struct static_key_false name = STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE_RO(name) \ struct static_key_false name __ro_after_init = STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT #define DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(name) \ extern struct static_key_false name #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_TRUE(name, count) \ struct static_key_true name[count] = { \ [0 ... (count) - 1] = STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT, \ } #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_FALSE(name, count) \ struct static_key_false name[count] = { \ [0 ... (count) - 1] = STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT, \ } extern bool ____wrong_branch_error(void); #define static_key_enabled(x) \ ({ \ if (!__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key) && \ !__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_true) &&\ !__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_false)) \ ____wrong_branch_error(); \ static_key_count((struct static_key *)x) > 0; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL /* * Combine the right initial value (type) with the right branch order * to generate the desired result. * * * type\branch| likely (1) | unlikely (0) * -----------+-----------------------+------------------ * | | * true (1) | ... | ... * | NOP | JMP L * | <br-stmts> | 1: ... * | L: ... | * | | * | | L: <br-stmts> * | | jmp 1b * | | * -----------+-----------------------+------------------ * | | * false (0) | ... | ... * | JMP L | NOP * | <br-stmts> | 1: ... * | L: ... | * | | * | | L: <br-stmts> * | | jmp 1b * | | * -----------+-----------------------+------------------ * * The initial value is encoded in the LSB of static_key::entries, * type: 0 = false, 1 = true. * * The branch type is encoded in the LSB of jump_entry::key, * branch: 0 = unlikely, 1 = likely. * * This gives the following logic table: * * enabled type branch instuction * -----------------------------+----------- * 0 0 0 | NOP * 0 0 1 | JMP * 0 1 0 | NOP * 0 1 1 | JMP * * 1 0 0 | JMP * 1 0 1 | NOP * 1 1 0 | JMP * 1 1 1 | NOP * * Which gives the following functions: * * dynamic: instruction = enabled ^ branch * static: instruction = type ^ branch * * See jump_label_type() / jump_label_init_type(). */ #define static_branch_likely(x) \ ({ \ bool branch; \ if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_true)) \ branch = !arch_static_branch(&(x)->key, true); \ else if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_false)) \ branch = !arch_static_branch_jump(&(x)->key, true); \ else \ branch = ____wrong_branch_error(); \ likely(branch); \ }) #define static_branch_unlikely(x) \ ({ \ bool branch; \ if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_true)) \ branch = arch_static_branch_jump(&(x)->key, false); \ else if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_false)) \ branch = arch_static_branch(&(x)->key, false); \ else \ branch = ____wrong_branch_error(); \ unlikely(branch); \ }) #else /* !CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #define static_branch_likely(x) likely(static_key_enabled(&(x)->key)) #define static_branch_unlikely(x) unlikely(static_key_enabled(&(x)->key)) #endif /* CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ /* * Advanced usage; refcount, branch is enabled when: count != 0 */ #define static_branch_inc(x) static_key_slow_inc(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_dec(x) static_key_slow_dec(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(x) static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(x) static_key_slow_dec_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) /* * Normal usage; boolean enable/disable. */ #define static_branch_enable(x) static_key_enable(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_disable(x) static_key_disable(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_enable_cpuslocked(x) static_key_enable_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_disable_cpuslocked(x) static_key_disable_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_JUMP_LABEL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (c) 2008 Intel Corporation * Author: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> * * Please see kernel/locking/semaphore.c for documentation of these functions */ #ifndef __LINUX_SEMAPHORE_H #define __LINUX_SEMAPHORE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> /* Please don't access any members of this structure directly */ struct semaphore { raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int count; struct list_head wait_list; }; #define __SEMAPHORE_INITIALIZER(name, n) \ { \ .lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED((name).lock), \ .count = n, \ .wait_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait_list), \ } #define DEFINE_SEMAPHORE(name) \ struct semaphore name = __SEMAPHORE_INITIALIZER(name, 1) static inline void sema_init(struct semaphore *sem, int val) { static struct lock_class_key __key; *sem = (struct semaphore) __SEMAPHORE_INITIALIZER(*sem, val); lockdep_init_map(&sem->lock.dep_map, "semaphore->lock", &__key, 0); } extern void down(struct semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_interruptible(struct semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_killable(struct semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_trylock(struct semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_timeout(struct semaphore *sem, long jiffies); extern void up(struct semaphore *sem); #endif /* __LINUX_SEMAPHORE_H */
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5756 5757 5758 5759 5760 5761 5762 5763 5764 5765 5766 5767 5768 5769 5770 5771 5772 5773 5774 5775 5776 5777 5778 5779 5780 5781 5782 5783 5784 5785 5786 5787 5788 5789 5790 5791 5792 5793 5794 5795 5796 5797 5798 5799 5800 5801 5802 5803 5804 5805 5806 5807 5808 5809 5810 5811 5812 5813 5814 5815 5816 5817 5818 5819 5820 5821 5822 5823 5824 5825 5826 5827 5828 5829 5830 5831 5832 5833 5834 5835 5836 5837 5838 5839 5840 5841 5842 5843 5844 5845 5846 5847 5848 5849 5850 5851 5852 5853 5854 5855 5856 5857 5858 5859 5860 5861 5862 5863 5864 5865 5866 5867 5868 5869 5870 5871 5872 5873 5874 5875 5876 5877 5878 5879 5880 5881 5882 5883 5884 5885 5886 5887 5888 5889 5890 5891 5892 5893 5894 5895 5896 5897 5898 5899 5900 5901 5902 5903 5904 5905 5906 5907 5908 5909 5910 5911 5912 5913 5914 5915 5916 5917 5918 5919 5920 5921 5922 5923 5924 5925 5926 5927 5928 5929 5930 5931 5932 5933 5934 5935 5936 5937 5938 5939 5940 5941 5942 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (c) 2003-2006, Cluster File Systems, Inc, info@clusterfs.com * Written by Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> */ /* * mballoc.c contains the multiblocks allocation routines */ #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "mballoc.h" #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/nospec.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /* * MUSTDO: * - test ext4_ext_search_left() and ext4_ext_search_right() * - search for metadata in few groups * * TODO v4: * - normalization should take into account whether file is still open * - discard preallocations if no free space left (policy?) * - don't normalize tails * - quota * - reservation for superuser * * TODO v3: * - bitmap read-ahead (proposed by Oleg Drokin aka green) * - track min/max extents in each group for better group selection * - mb_mark_used() may allocate chunk right after splitting buddy * - tree of groups sorted by number of free blocks * - error handling */ /* * The allocation request involve request for multiple number of blocks * near to the goal(block) value specified. * * During initialization phase of the allocator we decide to use the * group preallocation or inode preallocation depending on the size of * the file. The size of the file could be the resulting file size we * would have after allocation, or the current file size, which ever * is larger. If the size is less than sbi->s_mb_stream_request we * select to use the group preallocation. The default value of * s_mb_stream_request is 16 blocks. This can also be tuned via * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_stream_req. The value is represented in * terms of number of blocks. * * The main motivation for having small file use group preallocation is to * ensure that we have small files closer together on the disk. * * First stage the allocator looks at the inode prealloc list, * ext4_inode_info->i_prealloc_list, which contains list of prealloc * spaces for this particular inode. The inode prealloc space is * represented as: * * pa_lstart -> the logical start block for this prealloc space * pa_pstart -> the physical start block for this prealloc space * pa_len -> length for this prealloc space (in clusters) * pa_free -> free space available in this prealloc space (in clusters) * * The inode preallocation space is used looking at the _logical_ start * block. If only the logical file block falls within the range of prealloc * space we will consume the particular prealloc space. This makes sure that * we have contiguous physical blocks representing the file blocks * * The important thing to be noted in case of inode prealloc space is that * we don't modify the values associated to inode prealloc space except * pa_free. * * If we are not able to find blocks in the inode prealloc space and if we * have the group allocation flag set then we look at the locality group * prealloc space. These are per CPU prealloc list represented as * * ext4_sb_info.s_locality_groups[smp_processor_id()] * * The reason for having a per cpu locality group is to reduce the contention * between CPUs. It is possible to get scheduled at this point. * * The locality group prealloc space is used looking at whether we have * enough free space (pa_free) within the prealloc space. * * If we can't allocate blocks via inode prealloc or/and locality group * prealloc then we look at the buddy cache. The buddy cache is represented * by ext4_sb_info.s_buddy_cache (struct inode) whose file offset gets * mapped to the buddy and bitmap information regarding different * groups. The buddy information is attached to buddy cache inode so that * we can access them through the page cache. The information regarding * each group is loaded via ext4_mb_load_buddy. The information involve * block bitmap and buddy information. The information are stored in the * inode as: * * { page } * [ group 0 bitmap][ group 0 buddy] [group 1][ group 1]... * * * one block each for bitmap and buddy information. So for each group we * take up 2 blocks. A page can contain blocks_per_page (PAGE_SIZE / * blocksize) blocks. So it can have information regarding groups_per_page * which is blocks_per_page/2 * * The buddy cache inode is not stored on disk. The inode is thrown * away when the filesystem is unmounted. * * We look for count number of blocks in the buddy cache. If we were able * to locate that many free blocks we return with additional information * regarding rest of the contiguous physical block available * * Before allocating blocks via buddy cache we normalize the request * blocks. This ensure we ask for more blocks that we needed. The extra * blocks that we get after allocation is added to the respective prealloc * list. In case of inode preallocation we follow a list of heuristics * based on file size. This can be found in ext4_mb_normalize_request. If * we are doing a group prealloc we try to normalize the request to * sbi->s_mb_group_prealloc. The default value of s_mb_group_prealloc is * dependent on the cluster size; for non-bigalloc file systems, it is * 512 blocks. This can be tuned via * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_group_prealloc. The value is represented in * terms of number of blocks. If we have mounted the file system with -O * stripe=<value> option the group prealloc request is normalized to the * smallest multiple of the stripe value (sbi->s_stripe) which is * greater than the default mb_group_prealloc. * * The regular allocator (using the buddy cache) supports a few tunables. * * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_min_to_scan * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_max_to_scan * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_order2_req * * The regular allocator uses buddy scan only if the request len is power of * 2 blocks and the order of allocation is >= sbi->s_mb_order2_reqs. The * value of s_mb_order2_reqs can be tuned via * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_order2_req. If the request len is equal to * stripe size (sbi->s_stripe), we try to search for contiguous block in * stripe size. This should result in better allocation on RAID setups. If * not, we search in the specific group using bitmap for best extents. The * tunable min_to_scan and max_to_scan control the behaviour here. * min_to_scan indicate how long the mballoc __must__ look for a best * extent and max_to_scan indicates how long the mballoc __can__ look for a * best extent in the found extents. Searching for the blocks starts with * the group specified as the goal value in allocation context via * ac_g_ex. Each group is first checked based on the criteria whether it * can be used for allocation. ext4_mb_good_group explains how the groups are * checked. * * Both the prealloc space are getting populated as above. So for the first * request we will hit the buddy cache which will result in this prealloc * space getting filled. The prealloc space is then later used for the * subsequent request. */ /* * mballoc operates on the following data: * - on-disk bitmap * - in-core buddy (actually includes buddy and bitmap) * - preallocation descriptors (PAs) * * there are two types of preallocations: * - inode * assiged to specific inode and can be used for this inode only. * it describes part of inode's space preallocated to specific * physical blocks. any block from that preallocated can be used * independent. the descriptor just tracks number of blocks left * unused. so, before taking some block from descriptor, one must * make sure corresponded logical block isn't allocated yet. this * also means that freeing any block within descriptor's range * must discard all preallocated blocks. * - locality group * assigned to specific locality group which does not translate to * permanent set of inodes: inode can join and leave group. space * from this type of preallocation can be used for any inode. thus * it's consumed from the beginning to the end. * * relation between them can be expressed as: * in-core buddy = on-disk bitmap + preallocation descriptors * * this mean blocks mballoc considers used are: * - allocated blocks (persistent) * - preallocated blocks (non-persistent) * * consistency in mballoc world means that at any time a block is either * free or used in ALL structures. notice: "any time" should not be read * literally -- time is discrete and delimited by locks. * * to keep it simple, we don't use block numbers, instead we count number of * blocks: how many blocks marked used/free in on-disk bitmap, buddy and PA. * * all operations can be expressed as: * - init buddy: buddy = on-disk + PAs * - new PA: buddy += N; PA = N * - use inode PA: on-disk += N; PA -= N * - discard inode PA buddy -= on-disk - PA; PA = 0 * - use locality group PA on-disk += N; PA -= N * - discard locality group PA buddy -= PA; PA = 0 * note: 'buddy -= on-disk - PA' is used to show that on-disk bitmap * is used in real operation because we can't know actual used * bits from PA, only from on-disk bitmap * * if we follow this strict logic, then all operations above should be atomic. * given some of them can block, we'd have to use something like semaphores * killing performance on high-end SMP hardware. let's try to relax it using * the following knowledge: * 1) if buddy is referenced, it's already initialized * 2) while block is used in buddy and the buddy is referenced, * nobody can re-allocate that block * 3) we work on bitmaps and '+' actually means 'set bits'. if on-disk has * bit set and PA claims same block, it's OK. IOW, one can set bit in * on-disk bitmap if buddy has same bit set or/and PA covers corresponded * block * * so, now we're building a concurrency table: * - init buddy vs. * - new PA * blocks for PA are allocated in the buddy, buddy must be referenced * until PA is linked to allocation group to avoid concurrent buddy init * - use inode PA * we need to make sure that either on-disk bitmap or PA has uptodate data * given (3) we care that PA-=N operation doesn't interfere with init * - discard inode PA * the simplest way would be to have buddy initialized by the discard * - use locality group PA * again PA-=N must be serialized with init * - discard locality group PA * the simplest way would be to have buddy initialized by the discard * - new PA vs. * - use inode PA * i_data_sem serializes them * - discard inode PA * discard process must wait until PA isn't used by another process * - use locality group PA * some mutex should serialize them * - discard locality group PA * discard process must wait until PA isn't used by another process * - use inode PA * - use inode PA * i_data_sem or another mutex should serializes them * - discard inode PA * discard process must wait until PA isn't used by another process * - use locality group PA * nothing wrong here -- they're different PAs covering different blocks * - discard locality group PA * discard process must wait until PA isn't used by another process * * now we're ready to make few consequences: * - PA is referenced and while it is no discard is possible * - PA is referenced until block isn't marked in on-disk bitmap * - PA changes only after on-disk bitmap * - discard must not compete with init. either init is done before * any discard or they're serialized somehow * - buddy init as sum of on-disk bitmap and PAs is done atomically * * a special case when we've used PA to emptiness. no need to modify buddy * in this case, but we should care about concurrent init * */ /* * Logic in few words: * * - allocation: * load group * find blocks * mark bits in on-disk bitmap * release group * * - use preallocation: * find proper PA (per-inode or group) * load group * mark bits in on-disk bitmap * release group * release PA * * - free: * load group * mark bits in on-disk bitmap * release group * * - discard preallocations in group: * mark PAs deleted * move them onto local list * load on-disk bitmap * load group * remove PA from object (inode or locality group) * mark free blocks in-core * * - discard inode's preallocations: */ /* * Locking rules * * Locks: * - bitlock on a group (group) * - object (inode/locality) (object) * - per-pa lock (pa) * * Paths: * - new pa * object * group * * - find and use pa: * pa * * - release consumed pa: * pa * group * object * * - generate in-core bitmap: * group * pa * * - discard all for given object (inode, locality group): * object * pa * group * * - discard all for given group: * group * pa * group * object * */ static struct kmem_cache *ext4_pspace_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *ext4_ac_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *ext4_free_data_cachep; /* We create slab caches for groupinfo data structures based on the * superblock block size. There will be one per mounted filesystem for * each unique s_blocksize_bits */ #define NR_GRPINFO_CACHES 8 static struct kmem_cache *ext4_groupinfo_caches[NR_GRPINFO_CACHES]; static const char * const ext4_groupinfo_slab_names[NR_GRPINFO_CACHES] = { "ext4_groupinfo_1k", "ext4_groupinfo_2k", "ext4_groupinfo_4k", "ext4_groupinfo_8k", "ext4_groupinfo_16k", "ext4_groupinfo_32k", "ext4_groupinfo_64k", "ext4_groupinfo_128k" }; static void ext4_mb_generate_from_pa(struct super_block *sb, void *bitmap, ext4_group_t group); static void ext4_mb_generate_from_freelist(struct super_block *sb, void *bitmap, ext4_group_t group); static void ext4_mb_new_preallocation(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac); /* * The algorithm using this percpu seq counter goes below: * 1. We sample the percpu discard_pa_seq counter before trying for block * allocation in ext4_mb_new_blocks(). * 2. We increment this percpu discard_pa_seq counter when we either allocate * or free these blocks i.e. while marking those blocks as used/free in * mb_mark_used()/mb_free_blocks(). * 3. We also increment this percpu seq counter when we successfully identify * that the bb_prealloc_list is not empty and hence proceed for discarding * of those PAs inside ext4_mb_discard_group_preallocations(). * * Now to make sure that the regular fast path of block allocation is not * affected, as a small optimization we only sample the percpu seq counter * on that cpu. Only when the block allocation fails and when freed blocks * found were 0, that is when we sample percpu seq counter for all cpus using * below function ext4_get_discard_pa_seq_sum(). This happens after making * sure that all the PAs on grp->bb_prealloc_list got freed or if it's empty. */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, discard_pa_seq); static inline u64 ext4_get_discard_pa_seq_sum(void) { int __cpu; u64 __seq = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(__cpu) __seq += per_cpu(discard_pa_seq, __cpu); return __seq; } static inline void *mb_correct_addr_and_bit(int *bit, void *addr) { #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 *bit += ((unsigned long) addr & 7UL) << 3; addr = (void *) ((unsigned long) addr & ~7UL); #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 32 *bit += ((unsigned long) addr & 3UL) << 3; addr = (void *) ((unsigned long) addr & ~3UL); #else #error "how many bits you are?!" #endif return addr; } static inline int mb_test_bit(int bit, void *addr) { /* * ext4_test_bit on architecture like powerpc * needs unsigned long aligned address */ addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&bit, addr); return ext4_test_bit(bit, addr); } static inline void mb_set_bit(int bit, void *addr) { addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&bit, addr); ext4_set_bit(bit, addr); } static inline void mb_clear_bit(int bit, void *addr) { addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&bit, addr); ext4_clear_bit(bit, addr); } static inline int mb_test_and_clear_bit(int bit, void *addr) { addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&bit, addr); return ext4_test_and_clear_bit(bit, addr); } static inline int mb_find_next_zero_bit(void *addr, int max, int start) { int fix = 0, ret, tmpmax; addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&fix, addr); tmpmax = max + fix; start += fix; ret = ext4_find_next_zero_bit(addr, tmpmax, start) - fix; if (ret > max) return max; return ret; } static inline int mb_find_next_bit(void *addr, int max, int start) { int fix = 0, ret, tmpmax; addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&fix, addr); tmpmax = max + fix; start += fix; ret = ext4_find_next_bit(addr, tmpmax, start) - fix; if (ret > max) return max; return ret; } static void *mb_find_buddy(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int order, int *max) { char *bb; BUG_ON(e4b->bd_bitmap == e4b->bd_buddy); BUG_ON(max == NULL); if (order > e4b->bd_blkbits + 1) { *max = 0; return NULL; } /* at order 0 we see each particular block */ if (order == 0) { *max = 1 << (e4b->bd_blkbits + 3); return e4b->bd_bitmap; } bb = e4b->bd_buddy + EXT4_SB(e4b->bd_sb)->s_mb_offsets[order]; *max = EXT4_SB(e4b->bd_sb)->s_mb_maxs[order]; return bb; } #ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK static void mb_free_blocks_double(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int first, int count) { int i; struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb; if (unlikely(e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap == NULL)) return; assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, e4b->bd_group)); for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { if (!mb_test_bit(first + i, e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap)) { ext4_fsblk_t blocknr; blocknr = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, e4b->bd_group); blocknr += EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), first + i); ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, e4b->bd_group, inode ? inode->i_ino : 0, blocknr, "freeing block already freed " "(bit %u)", first + i); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, e4b->bd_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT); } mb_clear_bit(first + i, e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap); } } static void mb_mark_used_double(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int first, int count) { int i; if (unlikely(e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap == NULL)) return; assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(e4b->bd_sb, e4b->bd_group)); for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { BUG_ON(mb_test_bit(first + i, e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap)); mb_set_bit(first + i, e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap); } } static void mb_cmp_bitmaps(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, void *bitmap) { if (unlikely(e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap == NULL)) return; if (memcmp(e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap, bitmap, e4b->bd_sb->s_blocksize)) { unsigned char *b1, *b2; int i; b1 = (unsigned char *) e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap; b2 = (unsigned char *) bitmap; for (i = 0; i < e4b->bd_sb->s_blocksize; i++) { if (b1[i] != b2[i]) { ext4_msg(e4b->bd_sb, KERN_ERR, "corruption in group %u " "at byte %u(%u): %x in copy != %x " "on disk/prealloc", e4b->bd_group, i, i * 8, b1[i], b2[i]); BUG(); } } } } static void mb_group_bb_bitmap_alloc(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_info *grp, ext4_group_t group) { struct buffer_head *bh; grp->bb_bitmap = kmalloc(sb->s_blocksize, GFP_NOFS); if (!grp->bb_bitmap) return; bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, group); if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(bh)) { kfree(grp->bb_bitmap); grp->bb_bitmap = NULL; return; } memcpy(grp->bb_bitmap, bh->b_data, sb->s_blocksize); put_bh(bh); } static void mb_group_bb_bitmap_free(struct ext4_group_info *grp) { kfree(grp->bb_bitmap); } #else static inline void mb_free_blocks_double(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int first, int count) { return; } static inline void mb_mark_used_double(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int first, int count) { return; } static inline void mb_cmp_bitmaps(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, void *bitmap) { return; } static inline void mb_group_bb_bitmap_alloc(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_info *grp, ext4_group_t group) { return; } static inline void mb_group_bb_bitmap_free(struct ext4_group_info *grp) { return; } #endif #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_CHECK #define MB_CHECK_ASSERT(assert) \ do { \ if (!(assert)) { \ printk(KERN_EMERG \ "Assertion failure in %s() at %s:%d: \"%s\"\n", \ function, file, line, # assert); \ BUG(); \ } \ } while (0) static int __mb_check_buddy(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, char *file, const char *function, int line) { struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb; int order = e4b->bd_blkbits + 1; int max; int max2; int i; int j; int k; int count; struct ext4_group_info *grp; int fragments = 0; int fstart; struct list_head *cur; void *buddy; void *buddy2; if (e4b->bd_info->bb_check_counter++ % 10) return 0; while (order > 1) { buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order, &max); MB_CHECK_ASSERT(buddy); buddy2 = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order - 1, &max2); MB_CHECK_ASSERT(buddy2); MB_CHECK_ASSERT(buddy != buddy2); MB_CHECK_ASSERT(max * 2 == max2); count = 0; for (i = 0; i < max; i++) { if (mb_test_bit(i, buddy)) { /* only single bit in buddy2 may be 1 */ if (!mb_test_bit(i << 1, buddy2)) { MB_CHECK_ASSERT( mb_test_bit((i<<1)+1, buddy2)); } else if (!mb_test_bit((i << 1) + 1, buddy2)) { MB_CHECK_ASSERT( mb_test_bit(i << 1, buddy2)); } continue; } /* both bits in buddy2 must be 1 */ MB_CHECK_ASSERT(mb_test_bit(i << 1, buddy2)); MB_CHECK_ASSERT(mb_test_bit((i << 1) + 1, buddy2)); for (j = 0; j < (1 << order); j++) { k = (i * (1 << order)) + j; MB_CHECK_ASSERT( !mb_test_bit(k, e4b->bd_bitmap)); } count++; } MB_CHECK_ASSERT(e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[order] == count); order--; } fstart = -1; buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, 0, &max); for (i = 0; i < max; i++) { if (!mb_test_bit(i, buddy)) { MB_CHECK_ASSERT(i >= e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free); if (fstart == -1) { fragments++; fstart = i; } continue; } fstart = -1; /* check used bits only */ for (j = 0; j < e4b->bd_blkbits + 1; j++) { buddy2 = mb_find_buddy(e4b, j, &max2); k = i >> j; MB_CHECK_ASSERT(k < max2); MB_CHECK_ASSERT(mb_test_bit(k, buddy2)); } } MB_CHECK_ASSERT(!EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(e4b->bd_info)); MB_CHECK_ASSERT(e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments == fragments); grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, e4b->bd_group); list_for_each(cur, &grp->bb_prealloc_list) { ext4_group_t groupnr; struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa; pa = list_entry(cur, struct ext4_prealloc_space, pa_group_list); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, pa->pa_pstart, &groupnr, &k); MB_CHECK_ASSERT(groupnr == e4b->bd_group); for (i = 0; i < pa->pa_len; i++) MB_CHECK_ASSERT(mb_test_bit(k + i, buddy)); } return 0; } #undef MB_CHECK_ASSERT #define mb_check_buddy(e4b) __mb_check_buddy(e4b, \ __FILE__, __func__, __LINE__) #else #define mb_check_buddy(e4b) #endif /* * Divide blocks started from @first with length @len into * smaller chunks with power of 2 blocks. * Clear the bits in bitmap which the blocks of the chunk(s) covered, * then increase bb_counters[] for corresponded chunk size. */ static void ext4_mb_mark_free_simple(struct super_block *sb, void *buddy, ext4_grpblk_t first, ext4_grpblk_t len, struct ext4_group_info *grp) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_grpblk_t min; ext4_grpblk_t max; ext4_grpblk_t chunk; unsigned int border; BUG_ON(len > EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb)); border = 2 << sb->s_blocksize_bits; while (len > 0) { /* find how many blocks can be covered since this position */ max = ffs(first | border) - 1; /* find how many blocks of power 2 we need to mark */ min = fls(len) - 1; if (max < min) min = max; chunk = 1 << min; /* mark multiblock chunks only */ grp->bb_counters[min]++; if (min > 0) mb_clear_bit(first >> min, buddy + sbi->s_mb_offsets[min]); len -= chunk; first += chunk; } } /* * Cache the order of the largest free extent we have available in this block * group. */ static void mb_set_largest_free_order(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_info *grp) { int i; int bits; grp->bb_largest_free_order = -1; /* uninit */ bits = sb->s_blocksize_bits + 1; for (i = bits; i >= 0; i--) { if (grp->bb_counters[i] > 0) { grp->bb_largest_free_order = i; break; } } } static noinline_for_stack void ext4_mb_generate_buddy(struct super_block *sb, void *buddy, void *bitmap, ext4_group_t group) { struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_grpblk_t max = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb); ext4_grpblk_t i = 0; ext4_grpblk_t first; ext4_grpblk_t len; unsigned free = 0; unsigned fragments = 0; unsigned long long period = get_cycles(); /* initialize buddy from bitmap which is aggregation * of on-disk bitmap and preallocations */ i = mb_find_next_zero_bit(bitmap, max, 0); grp->bb_first_free = i; while (i < max) { fragments++; first = i; i = mb_find_next_bit(bitmap, max, i); len = i - first; free += len; if (len > 1) ext4_mb_mark_free_simple(sb, buddy, first, len, grp); else grp->bb_counters[0]++; if (i < max) i = mb_find_next_zero_bit(bitmap, max, i); } grp->bb_fragments = fragments; if (free != grp->bb_free) { ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, group, 0, 0, "block bitmap and bg descriptor " "inconsistent: %u vs %u free clusters", free, grp->bb_free); /* * If we intend to continue, we consider group descriptor * corrupt and update bb_free using bitmap value */ grp->bb_free = free; ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT); } mb_set_largest_free_order(sb, grp); clear_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &(grp->bb_state)); period = get_cycles() - period; spin_lock(&sbi->s_bal_lock); sbi->s_mb_buddies_generated++; sbi->s_mb_generation_time += period; spin_unlock(&sbi->s_bal_lock); } static void mb_regenerate_buddy(struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { int count; int order = 1; void *buddy; while ((buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order++, &count))) { ext4_set_bits(buddy, 0, count); } e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments = 0; memset(e4b->bd_info->bb_counters, 0, sizeof(*e4b->bd_info->bb_counters) * (e4b->bd_sb->s_blocksize_bits + 2)); ext4_mb_generate_buddy(e4b->bd_sb, e4b->bd_buddy, e4b->bd_bitmap, e4b->bd_group); } /* The buddy information is attached the buddy cache inode * for convenience. The information regarding each group * is loaded via ext4_mb_load_buddy. The information involve * block bitmap and buddy information. The information are * stored in the inode as * * { page } * [ group 0 bitmap][ group 0 buddy] [group 1][ group 1]... * * * one block each for bitmap and buddy information. * So for each group we take up 2 blocks. A page can * contain blocks_per_page (PAGE_SIZE / blocksize) blocks. * So it can have information regarding groups_per_page which * is blocks_per_page/2 * * Locking note: This routine takes the block group lock of all groups * for this page; do not hold this lock when calling this routine! */ static int ext4_mb_init_cache(struct page *page, char *incore, gfp_t gfp) { ext4_group_t ngroups; int blocksize; int blocks_per_page; int groups_per_page; int err = 0; int i; ext4_group_t first_group, group; int first_block; struct super_block *sb; struct buffer_head *bhs; struct buffer_head **bh = NULL; struct inode *inode; char *data; char *bitmap; struct ext4_group_info *grinfo; inode = page->mapping->host; sb = inode->i_sb; ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); blocksize = i_blocksize(inode); blocks_per_page = PAGE_SIZE / blocksize; mb_debug(sb, "init page %lu\n", page->index); groups_per_page = blocks_per_page >> 1; if (groups_per_page == 0) groups_per_page = 1; /* allocate buffer_heads to read bitmaps */ if (groups_per_page > 1) { i = sizeof(struct buffer_head *) * groups_per_page; bh = kzalloc(i, gfp); if (bh == NULL) { err = -ENOMEM; goto out; } } else bh = &bhs; first_group = page->index * blocks_per_page / 2; /* read all groups the page covers into the cache */ for (i = 0, group = first_group; i < groups_per_page; i++, group++) { if (group >= ngroups) break; grinfo = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); /* * If page is uptodate then we came here after online resize * which added some new uninitialized group info structs, so * we must skip all initialized uptodate buddies on the page, * which may be currently in use by an allocating task. */ if (PageUptodate(page) && !EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grinfo)) { bh[i] = NULL; continue; } bh[i] = ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait(sb, group, false); if (IS_ERR(bh[i])) { err = PTR_ERR(bh[i]); bh[i] = NULL; goto out; } mb_debug(sb, "read bitmap for group %u\n", group); } /* wait for I/O completion */ for (i = 0, group = first_group; i < groups_per_page; i++, group++) { int err2; if (!bh[i]) continue; err2 = ext4_wait_block_bitmap(sb, group, bh[i]); if (!err) err = err2; } first_block = page->index * blocks_per_page; for (i = 0; i < blocks_per_page; i++) { group = (first_block + i) >> 1; if (group >= ngroups) break; if (!bh[group - first_group]) /* skip initialized uptodate buddy */ continue; if (!buffer_verified(bh[group - first_group])) /* Skip faulty bitmaps */ continue; err = 0; /* * data carry information regarding this * particular group in the format specified * above * */ data = page_address(page) + (i * blocksize); bitmap = bh[group - first_group]->b_data; /* * We place the buddy block and bitmap block * close together */ if ((first_block + i) & 1) { /* this is block of buddy */ BUG_ON(incore == NULL); mb_debug(sb, "put buddy for group %u in page %lu/%x\n", group, page->index, i * blocksize); trace_ext4_mb_buddy_bitmap_load(sb, group); grinfo = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); grinfo->bb_fragments = 0; memset(grinfo->bb_counters, 0, sizeof(*grinfo->bb_counters) * (sb->s_blocksize_bits+2)); /* * incore got set to the group block bitmap below */ ext4_lock_group(sb, group); /* init the buddy */ memset(data, 0xff, blocksize); ext4_mb_generate_buddy(sb, data, incore, group); ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); incore = NULL; } else { /* this is block of bitmap */ BUG_ON(incore != NULL); mb_debug(sb, "put bitmap for group %u in page %lu/%x\n", group, page->index, i * blocksize); trace_ext4_mb_bitmap_load(sb, group); /* see comments in ext4_mb_put_pa() */ ext4_lock_group(sb, group); memcpy(data, bitmap, blocksize); /* mark all preallocated blks used in in-core bitmap */ ext4_mb_generate_from_pa(sb, data, group); ext4_mb_generate_from_freelist(sb, data, group); ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); /* set incore so that the buddy information can be * generated using this */ incore = data; } } SetPageUptodate(page); out: if (bh) { for (i = 0; i < groups_per_page; i++) brelse(bh[i]); if (bh != &bhs) kfree(bh); } return err; } /* * Lock the buddy and bitmap pages. This make sure other parallel init_group * on the same buddy page doesn't happen whild holding the buddy page lock. * Return locked buddy and bitmap pages on e4b struct. If buddy and bitmap * are on the same page e4b->bd_buddy_page is NULL and return value is 0. */ static int ext4_mb_get_buddy_page_lock(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_buddy *e4b, gfp_t gfp) { struct inode *inode = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_buddy_cache; int block, pnum, poff; int blocks_per_page; struct page *page; e4b->bd_buddy_page = NULL; e4b->bd_bitmap_page = NULL; blocks_per_page = PAGE_SIZE / sb->s_blocksize; /* * the buddy cache inode stores the block bitmap * and buddy information in consecutive blocks. * So for each group we need two blocks. */ block = group * 2; pnum = block / blocks_per_page; poff = block % blocks_per_page; page = find_or_create_page(inode->i_mapping, pnum, gfp); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; BUG_ON(page->mapping != inode->i_mapping); e4b->bd_bitmap_page = page; e4b->bd_bitmap = page_address(page) + (poff * sb->s_blocksize); if (blocks_per_page >= 2) { /* buddy and bitmap are on the same page */ return 0; } block++; pnum = block / blocks_per_page; page = find_or_create_page(inode->i_mapping, pnum, gfp); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; BUG_ON(page->mapping != inode->i_mapping); e4b->bd_buddy_page = page; return 0; } static void ext4_mb_put_buddy_page_lock(struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { if (e4b->bd_bitmap_page) { unlock_page(e4b->bd_bitmap_page); put_page(e4b->bd_bitmap_page); } if (e4b->bd_buddy_page) { unlock_page(e4b->bd_buddy_page); put_page(e4b->bd_buddy_page); } } /* * Locking note: This routine calls ext4_mb_init_cache(), which takes the * block group lock of all groups for this page; do not hold the BG lock when * calling this routine! */ static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_init_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, gfp_t gfp) { struct ext4_group_info *this_grp; struct ext4_buddy e4b; struct page *page; int ret = 0; might_sleep(); mb_debug(sb, "init group %u\n", group); this_grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); /* * This ensures that we don't reinit the buddy cache * page which map to the group from which we are already * allocating. If we are looking at the buddy cache we would * have taken a reference using ext4_mb_load_buddy and that * would have pinned buddy page to page cache. * The call to ext4_mb_get_buddy_page_lock will mark the * page accessed. */ ret = ext4_mb_get_buddy_page_lock(sb, group, &e4b, gfp); if (ret || !EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(this_grp)) { /* * somebody initialized the group * return without doing anything */ goto err; } page = e4b.bd_bitmap_page; ret = ext4_mb_init_cache(page, NULL, gfp); if (ret) goto err; if (!PageUptodate(page)) { ret = -EIO; goto err; } if (e4b.bd_buddy_page == NULL) { /* * If both the bitmap and buddy are in * the same page we don't need to force * init the buddy */ ret = 0; goto err; } /* init buddy cache */ page = e4b.bd_buddy_page; ret = ext4_mb_init_cache(page, e4b.bd_bitmap, gfp); if (ret) goto err; if (!PageUptodate(page)) { ret = -EIO; goto err; } err: ext4_mb_put_buddy_page_lock(&e4b); return ret; } /* * Locking note: This routine calls ext4_mb_init_cache(), which takes the * block group lock of all groups for this page; do not hold the BG lock when * calling this routine! */ static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_load_buddy_gfp(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_buddy *e4b, gfp_t gfp) { int blocks_per_page; int block; int pnum; int poff; struct page *page; int ret; struct ext4_group_info *grp; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct inode *inode = sbi->s_buddy_cache; might_sleep(); mb_debug(sb, "load group %u\n", group); blocks_per_page = PAGE_SIZE / sb->s_blocksize; grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); e4b->bd_blkbits = sb->s_blocksize_bits; e4b->bd_info = grp; e4b->bd_sb = sb; e4b->bd_group = group; e4b->bd_buddy_page = NULL; e4b->bd_bitmap_page = NULL; if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp))) { /* * we need full data about the group * to make a good selection */ ret = ext4_mb_init_group(sb, group, gfp); if (ret) return ret; } /* * the buddy cache inode stores the block bitmap * and buddy information in consecutive blocks. * So for each group we need two blocks. */ block = group * 2; pnum = block / blocks_per_page; poff = block % blocks_per_page; /* we could use find_or_create_page(), but it locks page * what we'd like to avoid in fast path ... */ page = find_get_page_flags(inode->i_mapping, pnum, FGP_ACCESSED); if (page == NULL || !PageUptodate(page)) { if (page) /* * drop the page reference and try * to get the page with lock. If we * are not uptodate that implies * somebody just created the page but * is yet to initialize the same. So * wait for it to initialize. */ put_page(page); page = find_or_create_page(inode->i_mapping, pnum, gfp); if (page) { BUG_ON(page->mapping != inode->i_mapping); if (!PageUptodate(page)) { ret = ext4_mb_init_cache(page, NULL, gfp); if (ret) { unlock_page(page); goto err; } mb_cmp_bitmaps(e4b, page_address(page) + (poff * sb->s_blocksize)); } unlock_page(page); } } if (page == NULL) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto err; } if (!PageUptodate(page)) { ret = -EIO; goto err; } /* Pages marked accessed already */ e4b->bd_bitmap_page = page; e4b->bd_bitmap = page_address(page) + (poff * sb->s_blocksize); block++; pnum = block / blocks_per_page; poff = block % blocks_per_page; page = find_get_page_flags(inode->i_mapping, pnum, FGP_ACCESSED); if (page == NULL || !PageUptodate(page)) { if (page) put_page(page); page = find_or_create_page(inode->i_mapping, pnum, gfp); if (page) { BUG_ON(page->mapping != inode->i_mapping); if (!PageUptodate(page)) { ret = ext4_mb_init_cache(page, e4b->bd_bitmap, gfp); if (ret) { unlock_page(page); goto err; } } unlock_page(page); } } if (page == NULL) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto err; } if (!PageUptodate(page)) { ret = -EIO; goto err; } /* Pages marked accessed already */ e4b->bd_buddy_page = page; e4b->bd_buddy = page_address(page) + (poff * sb->s_blocksize); return 0; err: if (page) put_page(page); if (e4b->bd_bitmap_page) put_page(e4b->bd_bitmap_page); if (e4b->bd_buddy_page) put_page(e4b->bd_buddy_page); e4b->bd_buddy = NULL; e4b->bd_bitmap = NULL; return ret; } static int ext4_mb_load_buddy(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { return ext4_mb_load_buddy_gfp(sb, group, e4b, GFP_NOFS); } static void ext4_mb_unload_buddy(struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { if (e4b->bd_bitmap_page) put_page(e4b->bd_bitmap_page); if (e4b->bd_buddy_page) put_page(e4b->bd_buddy_page); } static int mb_find_order_for_block(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int block) { int order = 1; int bb_incr = 1 << (e4b->bd_blkbits - 1); void *bb; BUG_ON(e4b->bd_bitmap == e4b->bd_buddy); BUG_ON(block >= (1 << (e4b->bd_blkbits + 3))); bb = e4b->bd_buddy; while (order <= e4b->bd_blkbits + 1) { block = block >> 1; if (!mb_test_bit(block, bb)) { /* this block is part of buddy of order 'order' */ return order; } bb += bb_incr; bb_incr >>= 1; order++; } return 0; } static void mb_clear_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len) { __u32 *addr; len = cur + len; while (cur < len) { if ((cur & 31) == 0 && (len - cur) >= 32) { /* fast path: clear whole word at once */ addr = bm + (cur >> 3); *addr = 0; cur += 32; continue; } mb_clear_bit(cur, bm); cur++; } } /* clear bits in given range * will return first found zero bit if any, -1 otherwise */ static int mb_test_and_clear_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len) { __u32 *addr; int zero_bit = -1; len = cur + len; while (cur < len) { if ((cur & 31) == 0 && (len - cur) >= 32) { /* fast path: clear whole word at once */ addr = bm + (cur >> 3); if (*addr != (__u32)(-1) && zero_bit == -1) zero_bit = cur + mb_find_next_zero_bit(addr, 32, 0); *addr = 0; cur += 32; continue; } if (!mb_test_and_clear_bit(cur, bm) && zero_bit == -1) zero_bit = cur; cur++; } return zero_bit; } void ext4_set_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len) { __u32 *addr; len = cur + len; while (cur < len) { if ((cur & 31) == 0 && (len - cur) >= 32) { /* fast path: set whole word at once */ addr = bm + (cur >> 3); *addr = 0xffffffff; cur += 32; continue; } mb_set_bit(cur, bm); cur++; } } static inline int mb_buddy_adjust_border(int* bit, void* bitmap, int side) { if (mb_test_bit(*bit + side, bitmap)) { mb_clear_bit(*bit, bitmap); (*bit) -= side; return 1; } else { (*bit) += side; mb_set_bit(*bit, bitmap); return -1; } } static void mb_buddy_mark_free(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int first, int last) { int max; int order = 1; void *buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order, &max); while (buddy) { void *buddy2; /* Bits in range [first; last] are known to be set since * corresponding blocks were allocated. Bits in range * (first; last) will stay set because they form buddies on * upper layer. We just deal with borders if they don't * align with upper layer and then go up. * Releasing entire group is all about clearing * single bit of highest order buddy. */ /* Example: * --------------------------------- * | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | * --------------------------------- * | 0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | * --------------------------------- * 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 * \_____________________/ * * Neither [1] nor [6] is aligned to above layer. * Left neighbour [0] is free, so mark it busy, * decrease bb_counters and extend range to * [0; 6] * Right neighbour [7] is busy. It can't be coaleasced with [6], so * mark [6] free, increase bb_counters and shrink range to * [0; 5]. * Then shift range to [0; 2], go up and do the same. */ if (first & 1) e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[order] += mb_buddy_adjust_border(&first, buddy, -1); if (!(last & 1)) e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[order] += mb_buddy_adjust_border(&last, buddy, 1); if (first > last) break; order++; if (first == last || !(buddy2 = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order, &max))) { mb_clear_bits(buddy, first, last - first + 1); e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[order - 1] += last - first + 1; break; } first >>= 1; last >>= 1; buddy = buddy2; } } static void mb_free_blocks(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int first, int count) { int left_is_free = 0; int right_is_free = 0; int block; int last = first + count - 1; struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb; if (WARN_ON(count == 0)) return; BUG_ON(last >= (sb->s_blocksize << 3)); assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, e4b->bd_group)); /* Don't bother if the block group is corrupt. */ if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(e4b->bd_info))) return; mb_check_buddy(e4b); mb_free_blocks_double(inode, e4b, first, count); this_cpu_inc(discard_pa_seq); e4b->bd_info->bb_free += count; if (first < e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free) e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free = first; /* access memory sequentially: check left neighbour, * clear range and then check right neighbour */ if (first != 0) left_is_free = !mb_test_bit(first - 1, e4b->bd_bitmap); block = mb_test_and_clear_bits(e4b->bd_bitmap, first, count); if (last + 1 < EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_maxs[0]) right_is_free = !mb_test_bit(last + 1, e4b->bd_bitmap); if (unlikely(block != -1)) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_fsblk_t blocknr; blocknr = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, e4b->bd_group); blocknr += EXT4_C2B(sbi, block); if (!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) { ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, e4b->bd_group, inode ? inode->i_ino : 0, blocknr, "freeing already freed block (bit %u); block bitmap corrupt.", block); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted( sb, e4b->bd_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT); } mb_regenerate_buddy(e4b); goto done; } /* let's maintain fragments counter */ if (left_is_free && right_is_free) e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments--; else if (!left_is_free && !right_is_free) e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments++; /* buddy[0] == bd_bitmap is a special case, so handle * it right away and let mb_buddy_mark_free stay free of * zero order checks. * Check if neighbours are to be coaleasced, * adjust bitmap bb_counters and borders appropriately. */ if (first & 1) { first += !left_is_free; e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[0] += left_is_free ? -1 : 1; } if (!(last & 1)) { last -= !right_is_free; e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[0] += right_is_free ? -1 : 1; } if (first <= last) mb_buddy_mark_free(e4b, first >> 1, last >> 1); done: mb_set_largest_free_order(sb, e4b->bd_info); mb_check_buddy(e4b); } static int mb_find_extent(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int block, int needed, struct ext4_free_extent *ex) { int next = block; int max, order; void *buddy; assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(e4b->bd_sb, e4b->bd_group)); BUG_ON(ex == NULL); buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, 0, &max); BUG_ON(buddy == NULL); BUG_ON(block >= max); if (mb_test_bit(block, buddy)) { ex->fe_len = 0; ex->fe_start = 0; ex->fe_group = 0; return 0; } /* find actual order */ order = mb_find_order_for_block(e4b, block); block = block >> order; ex->fe_len = 1 << order; ex->fe_start = block << order; ex->fe_group = e4b->bd_group; /* calc difference from given start */ next = next - ex->fe_start; ex->fe_len -= next; ex->fe_start += next; while (needed > ex->fe_len && mb_find_buddy(e4b, order, &max)) { if (block + 1 >= max) break; next = (block + 1) * (1 << order); if (mb_test_bit(next, e4b->bd_bitmap)) break; order = mb_find_order_for_block(e4b, next); block = next >> order; ex->fe_len += 1 << order; } if (ex->fe_start + ex->fe_len > EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(e4b->bd_sb)) { /* Should never happen! (but apparently sometimes does?!?) */ WARN_ON(1); ext4_grp_locked_error(e4b->bd_sb, e4b->bd_group, 0, 0, "corruption or bug in mb_find_extent " "block=%d, order=%d needed=%d ex=%u/%d/%d@%u", block, order, needed, ex->fe_group, ex->fe_start, ex->fe_len, ex->fe_logical); ex->fe_len = 0; ex->fe_start = 0; ex->fe_group = 0; } return ex->fe_len; } static int mb_mark_used(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, struct ext4_free_extent *ex) { int ord; int mlen = 0; int max = 0; int cur; int start = ex->fe_start; int len = ex->fe_len; unsigned ret = 0; int len0 = len; void *buddy; BUG_ON(start + len > (e4b->bd_sb->s_blocksize << 3)); BUG_ON(e4b->bd_group != ex->fe_group); assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(e4b->bd_sb, e4b->bd_group)); mb_check_buddy(e4b); mb_mark_used_double(e4b, start, len); this_cpu_inc(discard_pa_seq); e4b->bd_info->bb_free -= len; if (e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free == start) e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free += len; /* let's maintain fragments counter */ if (start != 0) mlen = !mb_test_bit(start - 1, e4b->bd_bitmap); if (start + len < EXT4_SB(e4b->bd_sb)->s_mb_maxs[0]) max = !mb_test_bit(start + len, e4b->bd_bitmap); if (mlen && max) e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments++; else if (!mlen && !max) e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments--; /* let's maintain buddy itself */ while (len) { ord = mb_find_order_for_block(e4b, start); if (((start >> ord) << ord) == start && len >= (1 << ord)) { /* the whole chunk may be allocated at once! */ mlen = 1 << ord; buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, ord, &max); BUG_ON((start >> ord) >= max); mb_set_bit(start >> ord, buddy); e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[ord]--; start += mlen; len -= mlen; BUG_ON(len < 0); continue; } /* store for history */ if (ret == 0) ret = len | (ord << 16); /* we have to split large buddy */ BUG_ON(ord <= 0); buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, ord, &max); mb_set_bit(start >> ord, buddy); e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[ord]--; ord--; cur = (start >> ord) & ~1U; buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, ord, &max); mb_clear_bit(cur, buddy); mb_clear_bit(cur + 1, buddy); e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[ord]++; e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[ord]++; } mb_set_largest_free_order(e4b->bd_sb, e4b->bd_info); ext4_set_bits(e4b->bd_bitmap, ex->fe_start, len0); mb_check_buddy(e4b); return ret; } /* * Must be called under group lock! */ static void ext4_mb_use_best_found(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb); int ret; BUG_ON(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group != e4b->bd_group); BUG_ON(ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND); ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len = min(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len, ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len); ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_logical; ret = mb_mark_used(e4b, &ac->ac_b_ex); /* preallocation can change ac_b_ex, thus we store actually * allocated blocks for history */ ac->ac_f_ex = ac->ac_b_ex; ac->ac_status = AC_STATUS_FOUND; ac->ac_tail = ret & 0xffff; ac->ac_buddy = ret >> 16; /* * take the page reference. We want the page to be pinned * so that we don't get a ext4_mb_init_cache_call for this * group until we update the bitmap. That would mean we * double allocate blocks. The reference is dropped * in ext4_mb_release_context */ ac->ac_bitmap_page = e4b->bd_bitmap_page; get_page(ac->ac_bitmap_page); ac->ac_buddy_page = e4b->bd_buddy_page; get_page(ac->ac_buddy_page); /* store last allocated for subsequent stream allocation */ if (ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC) { spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); sbi->s_mb_last_group = ac->ac_f_ex.fe_group; sbi->s_mb_last_start = ac->ac_f_ex.fe_start; spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); } /* * As we've just preallocated more space than * user requested originally, we store allocated * space in a special descriptor. */ if (ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len < ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len) ext4_mb_new_preallocation(ac); } static void ext4_mb_check_limits(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int finish_group) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb); struct ext4_free_extent *bex = &ac->ac_b_ex; struct ext4_free_extent *gex = &ac->ac_g_ex; struct ext4_free_extent ex; int max; if (ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND) return; /* * We don't want to scan for a whole year */ if (ac->ac_found > sbi->s_mb_max_to_scan && !(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST)) { ac->ac_status = AC_STATUS_BREAK; return; } /* * Haven't found good chunk so far, let's continue */ if (bex->fe_len < gex->fe_len) return; if ((finish_group || ac->ac_found > sbi->s_mb_min_to_scan) && bex->fe_group == e4b->bd_group) { /* recheck chunk's availability - we don't know * when it was found (within this lock-unlock * period or not) */ max = mb_find_extent(e4b, bex->fe_start, gex->fe_len, &ex); if (max >= gex->fe_len) { ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b); return; } } } /* * The routine checks whether found extent is good enough. If it is, * then the extent gets marked used and flag is set to the context * to stop scanning. Otherwise, the extent is compared with the * previous found extent and if new one is better, then it's stored * in the context. Later, the best found extent will be used, if * mballoc can't find good enough extent. * * FIXME: real allocation policy is to be designed yet! */ static void ext4_mb_measure_extent(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_free_extent *ex, struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { struct ext4_free_extent *bex = &ac->ac_b_ex; struct ext4_free_extent *gex = &ac->ac_g_ex; BUG_ON(ex->fe_len <= 0); BUG_ON(ex->fe_len > EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(ac->ac_sb)); BUG_ON(ex->fe_start >= EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(ac->ac_sb)); BUG_ON(ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_CONTINUE); ac->ac_found++; /* * The special case - take what you catch first */ if (unlikely(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST)) { *bex = *ex; ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b); return; } /* * Let's check whether the chuck is good enough */ if (ex->fe_len == gex->fe_len) { *bex = *ex; ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b); return; } /* * If this is first found extent, just store it in the context */ if (bex->fe_len == 0) { *bex = *ex; return; } /* * If new found extent is better, store it in the context */ if (bex->fe_len < gex->fe_len) { /* if the request isn't satisfied, any found extent * larger than previous best one is better */ if (ex->fe_len > bex->fe_len) *bex = *ex; } else if (ex->fe_len > gex->fe_len) { /* if the request is satisfied, then we try to find * an extent that still satisfy the request, but is * smaller than previous one */ if (ex->fe_len < bex->fe_len) *bex = *ex; } ext4_mb_check_limits(ac, e4b, 0); } static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_try_best_found(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { struct ext4_free_extent ex = ac->ac_b_ex; ext4_group_t group = ex.fe_group; int max; int err; BUG_ON(ex.fe_len <= 0); err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(ac->ac_sb, group, e4b); if (err) return err; ext4_lock_group(ac->ac_sb, group); max = mb_find_extent(e4b, ex.fe_start, ex.fe_len, &ex); if (max > 0) { ac->ac_b_ex = ex; ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b); } ext4_unlock_group(ac->ac_sb, group); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(e4b); return 0; } static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_find_by_goal(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { ext4_group_t group = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group; int max; int err; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb); struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(ac->ac_sb, group); struct ext4_free_extent ex; if (!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL)) return 0; if (grp->bb_free == 0) return 0; err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(ac->ac_sb, group, e4b); if (err) return err; if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(e4b->bd_info))) { ext4_mb_unload_buddy(e4b); return 0; } ext4_lock_group(ac->ac_sb, group); max = mb_find_extent(e4b, ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start, ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len, &ex); ex.fe_logical = 0xDEADFA11; /* debug value */ if (max >= ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len && ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len == sbi->s_stripe) { ext4_fsblk_t start; start = ext4_group_first_block_no(ac->ac_sb, e4b->bd_group) + ex.fe_start; /* use do_div to get remainder (would be 64-bit modulo) */ if (do_div(start, sbi->s_stripe) == 0) { ac->ac_found++; ac->ac_b_ex = ex; ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b); } } else if (max >= ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len) { BUG_ON(ex.fe_len <= 0); BUG_ON(ex.fe_group != ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group); BUG_ON(ex.fe_start != ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start); ac->ac_found++; ac->ac_b_ex = ex; ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b); } else if (max > 0 && (ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE)) { /* Sometimes, caller may want to merge even small * number of blocks to an existing extent */ BUG_ON(ex.fe_len <= 0); BUG_ON(ex.fe_group != ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group); BUG_ON(ex.fe_start != ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start); ac->ac_found++; ac->ac_b_ex = ex; ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b); } ext4_unlock_group(ac->ac_sb, group); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(e4b); return 0; } /* * The routine scans buddy structures (not bitmap!) from given order * to max order and tries to find big enough chunk to satisfy the req */ static noinline_for_stack void ext4_mb_simple_scan_group(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb; struct ext4_group_info *grp = e4b->bd_info; void *buddy; int i; int k; int max; BUG_ON(ac->ac_2order <= 0); for (i = ac->ac_2order; i <= sb->s_blocksize_bits + 1; i++) { if (grp->bb_counters[i] == 0) continue; buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, i, &max); BUG_ON(buddy == NULL); k = mb_find_next_zero_bit(buddy, max, 0); if (k >= max) { ext4_grp_locked_error(ac->ac_sb, e4b->bd_group, 0, 0, "%d free clusters of order %d. But found 0", grp->bb_counters[i], i); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(ac->ac_sb, e4b->bd_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT); break; } ac->ac_found++; ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len = 1 << i; ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start = k << i; ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group = e4b->bd_group; ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b); BUG_ON(ac->ac_f_ex.fe_len != ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len); if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_stats) atomic_inc(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_bal_2orders); break; } } /* * The routine scans the group and measures all found extents. * In order to optimize scanning, caller must pass number of * free blocks in the group, so the routine can know upper limit. */ static noinline_for_stack void ext4_mb_complex_scan_group(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb; void *bitmap = e4b->bd_bitmap; struct ext4_free_extent ex; int i; int free; free = e4b->bd_info->bb_free; if (WARN_ON(free <= 0)) return; i = e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free; while (free && ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_CONTINUE) { i = mb_find_next_zero_bit(bitmap, EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb), i); if (i >= EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb)) { /* * IF we have corrupt bitmap, we won't find any * free blocks even though group info says we * have free blocks */ ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, e4b->bd_group, 0, 0, "%d free clusters as per " "group info. But bitmap says 0", free); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, e4b->bd_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT); break; } mb_find_extent(e4b, i, ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len, &ex); if (WARN_ON(ex.fe_len <= 0)) break; if (free < ex.fe_len) { ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, e4b->bd_group, 0, 0, "%d free clusters as per " "group info. But got %d blocks", free, ex.fe_len); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, e4b->bd_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT); /* * The number of free blocks differs. This mostly * indicate that the bitmap is corrupt. So exit * without claiming the space. */ break; } ex.fe_logical = 0xDEADC0DE; /* debug value */ ext4_mb_measure_extent(ac, &ex, e4b); i += ex.fe_len; free -= ex.fe_len; } ext4_mb_check_limits(ac, e4b, 1); } /* * This is a special case for storages like raid5 * we try to find stripe-aligned chunks for stripe-size-multiple requests */ static noinline_for_stack void ext4_mb_scan_aligned(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_buddy *e4b) { struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); void *bitmap = e4b->bd_bitmap; struct ext4_free_extent ex; ext4_fsblk_t first_group_block; ext4_fsblk_t a; ext4_grpblk_t i; int max; BUG_ON(sbi->s_stripe == 0); /* find first stripe-aligned block in group */ first_group_block = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, e4b->bd_group); a = first_group_block + sbi->s_stripe - 1; do_div(a, sbi->s_stripe); i = (a * sbi->s_stripe) - first_group_block; while (i < EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb)) { if (!mb_test_bit(i, bitmap)) { max = mb_find_extent(e4b, i, sbi->s_stripe, &ex); if (max >= sbi->s_stripe) { ac->ac_found++; ex.fe_logical = 0xDEADF00D; /* debug value */ ac->ac_b_ex = ex; ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b); break; } } i += sbi->s_stripe; } } /* * This is also called BEFORE we load the buddy bitmap. * Returns either 1 or 0 indicating that the group is either suitable * for the allocation or not. */ static bool ext4_mb_good_group(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, ext4_group_t group, int cr) { ext4_grpblk_t free, fragments; int flex_size = ext4_flex_bg_size(EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb)); struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(ac->ac_sb, group); BUG_ON(cr < 0 || cr >= 4); if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp))) return false; free = grp->bb_free; if (free == 0) return false; fragments = grp->bb_fragments; if (fragments == 0) return false; switch (cr) { case 0: BUG_ON(ac->ac_2order == 0); /* Avoid using the first bg of a flexgroup for data files */ if ((ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA) && (flex_size >= EXT4_FLEX_SIZE_DIR_ALLOC_SCHEME) && ((group % flex_size) == 0)) return false; if (free < ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len) return false; if (ac->ac_2order > ac->ac_sb->s_blocksize_bits+1) return true; if (grp->bb_largest_free_order < ac->ac_2order) return false; return true; case 1: if ((free / fragments) >= ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len) return true; break; case 2: if (free >= ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len) return true; break; case 3: return true; default: BUG(); } return false; } /* * This could return negative error code if something goes wrong * during ext4_mb_init_group(). This should not be called with * ext4_lock_group() held. */ static int ext4_mb_good_group_nolock(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, ext4_group_t group, int cr) { struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(ac->ac_sb, group); struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); bool should_lock = ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_STRICT_CHECK; ext4_grpblk_t free; int ret = 0; if (should_lock) ext4_lock_group(sb, group); free = grp->bb_free; if (free == 0) goto out; if (cr <= 2 && free < ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len) goto out; if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp))) goto out; if (should_lock) ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); /* We only do this if the grp has never been initialized */ if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp))) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL); int ret; /* cr=0/1 is a very optimistic search to find large * good chunks almost for free. If buddy data is not * ready, then this optimization makes no sense. But * we never skip the first block group in a flex_bg, * since this gets used for metadata block allocation, * and we want to make sure we locate metadata blocks * in the first block group in the flex_bg if possible. */ if (cr < 2 && (!sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex || ((group & ((1 << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) - 1)) != 0)) && !(ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)))) return 0; ret = ext4_mb_init_group(sb, group, GFP_NOFS); if (ret) return ret; } if (should_lock) ext4_lock_group(sb, group); ret = ext4_mb_good_group(ac, group, cr); out: if (should_lock) ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); return ret; } /* * Start prefetching @nr block bitmaps starting at @group. * Return the next group which needs to be prefetched. */ ext4_group_t ext4_mb_prefetch(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int nr, int *cnt) { ext4_group_t ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); struct buffer_head *bh; struct blk_plug plug; blk_start_plug(&plug); while (nr-- > 0) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL); struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); /* * Prefetch block groups with free blocks; but don't * bother if it is marked uninitialized on disk, since * it won't require I/O to read. Also only try to * prefetch once, so we avoid getblk() call, which can * be expensive. */ if (!EXT4_MB_GRP_TEST_AND_SET_READ(grp) && EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp) && ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp) > 0 && !(ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)))) { bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait(sb, group, true); if (bh && !IS_ERR(bh)) { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) && cnt) (*cnt)++; brelse(bh); } } if (++group >= ngroups) group = 0; } blk_finish_plug(&plug); return group; } /* * Prefetching reads the block bitmap into the buffer cache; but we * need to make sure that the buddy bitmap in the page cache has been * initialized. Note that ext4_mb_init_group() will block if the I/O * is not yet completed, or indeed if it was not initiated by * ext4_mb_prefetch did not start the I/O. * * TODO: We should actually kick off the buddy bitmap setup in a work * queue when the buffer I/O is completed, so that we don't block * waiting for the block allocation bitmap read to finish when * ext4_mb_prefetch_fini is called from ext4_mb_regular_allocator(). */ void ext4_mb_prefetch_fini(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int nr) { while (nr-- > 0) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL); struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); if (!group) group = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); group--; grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); if (EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp) && ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp) > 0 && !(ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)))) { if (ext4_mb_init_group(sb, group, GFP_NOFS)) break; } } } static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_regular_allocator(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { ext4_group_t prefetch_grp = 0, ngroups, group, i; int cr = -1; int err = 0, first_err = 0; unsigned int nr = 0, prefetch_ios = 0; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi; struct super_block *sb; struct ext4_buddy e4b; int lost; sb = ac->ac_sb; sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); /* non-extent files are limited to low blocks/groups */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(ac->ac_inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) ngroups = sbi->s_blockfile_groups; BUG_ON(ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND); /* first, try the goal */ err = ext4_mb_find_by_goal(ac, &e4b); if (err || ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND) goto out; if (unlikely(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY)) goto out; /* * ac->ac_2order is set only if the fe_len is a power of 2 * if ac->ac_2order is set we also set criteria to 0 so that we * try exact allocation using buddy. */ i = fls(ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len); ac->ac_2order = 0; /* * We search using buddy data only if the order of the request * is greater than equal to the sbi_s_mb_order2_reqs * You can tune it via /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_order2_req * We also support searching for power-of-two requests only for * requests upto maximum buddy size we have constructed. */ if (i >= sbi->s_mb_order2_reqs && i <= sb->s_blocksize_bits + 2) { /* * This should tell if fe_len is exactly power of 2 */ if ((ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len & (~(1 << (i - 1)))) == 0) ac->ac_2order = array_index_nospec(i - 1, sb->s_blocksize_bits + 2); } /* if stream allocation is enabled, use global goal */ if (ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC) { /* TBD: may be hot point */ spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group = sbi->s_mb_last_group; ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start = sbi->s_mb_last_start; spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); } /* Let's just scan groups to find more-less suitable blocks */ cr = ac->ac_2order ? 0 : 1; /* * cr == 0 try to get exact allocation, * cr == 3 try to get anything */ repeat: for (; cr < 4 && ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_CONTINUE; cr++) { ac->ac_criteria = cr; /* * searching for the right group start * from the goal value specified */ group = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group; prefetch_grp = group; for (i = 0; i < ngroups; group++, i++) { int ret = 0; cond_resched(); /* * Artificially restricted ngroups for non-extent * files makes group > ngroups possible on first loop. */ if (group >= ngroups) group = 0; /* * Batch reads of the block allocation bitmaps * to get multiple READs in flight; limit * prefetching at cr=0/1, otherwise mballoc can * spend a lot of time loading imperfect groups */ if ((prefetch_grp == group) && (cr > 1 || prefetch_ios < sbi->s_mb_prefetch_limit)) { unsigned int curr_ios = prefetch_ios; nr = sbi->s_mb_prefetch; if (ext4_has_feature_flex_bg(sb)) { nr = 1 << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; nr -= group & (nr - 1); nr = min(nr, sbi->s_mb_prefetch); } prefetch_grp = ext4_mb_prefetch(sb, group, nr, &prefetch_ios); if (prefetch_ios == curr_ios) nr = 0; } /* This now checks without needing the buddy page */ ret = ext4_mb_good_group_nolock(ac, group, cr); if (ret <= 0) { if (!first_err) first_err = ret; continue; } err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, group, &e4b); if (err) goto out; ext4_lock_group(sb, group); /* * We need to check again after locking the * block group */ ret = ext4_mb_good_group(ac, group, cr); if (ret == 0) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); continue; } ac->ac_groups_scanned++; if (cr == 0) ext4_mb_simple_scan_group(ac, &e4b); else if (cr == 1 && sbi->s_stripe && !(ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len % sbi->s_stripe)) ext4_mb_scan_aligned(ac, &e4b); else ext4_mb_complex_scan_group(ac, &e4b); ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); if (ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_CONTINUE) break; } } if (ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len > 0 && ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND && !(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST)) { /* * We've been searching too long. Let's try to allocate * the best chunk we've found so far */ ext4_mb_try_best_found(ac, &e4b); if (ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND) { /* * Someone more lucky has already allocated it. * The only thing we can do is just take first * found block(s) */ lost = atomic_inc_return(&sbi->s_mb_lost_chunks); mb_debug(sb, "lost chunk, group: %u, start: %d, len: %d, lost: %d\n", ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len, lost); ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group = 0; ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start = 0; ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len = 0; ac->ac_status = AC_STATUS_CONTINUE; ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST; cr = 3; goto repeat; } } out: if (!err && ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND && first_err) err = first_err; mb_debug(sb, "Best len %d, origin len %d, ac_status %u, ac_flags 0x%x, cr %d ret %d\n", ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len, ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len, ac->ac_status, ac->ac_flags, cr, err); if (nr) ext4_mb_prefetch_fini(sb, prefetch_grp, nr); return err; } static void *ext4_mb_seq_groups_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) { struct super_block *sb = PDE_DATA(file_inode(seq->file)); ext4_group_t group; if (*pos < 0 || *pos >= ext4_get_groups_count(sb)) return NULL; group = *pos + 1; return (void *) ((unsigned long) group); } static void *ext4_mb_seq_groups_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct super_block *sb = PDE_DATA(file_inode(seq->file)); ext4_group_t group; ++*pos; if (*pos < 0 || *pos >= ext4_get_groups_count(sb)) return NULL; group = *pos + 1; return (void *) ((unsigned long) group); } static int ext4_mb_seq_groups_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct super_block *sb = PDE_DATA(file_inode(seq->file)); ext4_group_t group = (ext4_group_t) ((unsigned long) v); int i; int err, buddy_loaded = 0; struct ext4_buddy e4b; struct ext4_group_info *grinfo; unsigned char blocksize_bits = min_t(unsigned char, sb->s_blocksize_bits, EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE); struct sg { struct ext4_group_info info; ext4_grpblk_t counters[EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE + 2]; } sg; group--; if (group == 0) seq_puts(seq, "#group: free frags first [" " 2^0 2^1 2^2 2^3 2^4 2^5 2^6 " " 2^7 2^8 2^9 2^10 2^11 2^12 2^13 ]\n"); i = (blocksize_bits + 2) * sizeof(sg.info.bb_counters[0]) + sizeof(struct ext4_group_info); grinfo = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); /* Load the group info in memory only if not already loaded. */ if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grinfo))) { err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, group, &e4b); if (err) { seq_printf(seq, "#%-5u: I/O error\n", group); return 0; } buddy_loaded = 1; } memcpy(&sg, ext4_get_group_info(sb, group), i); if (buddy_loaded) ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); seq_printf(seq, "#%-5u: %-5u %-5u %-5u [", group, sg.info.bb_free, sg.info.bb_fragments, sg.info.bb_first_free); for (i = 0; i <= 13; i++) seq_printf(seq, " %-5u", i <= blocksize_bits + 1 ? sg.info.bb_counters[i] : 0); seq_puts(seq, " ]\n"); return 0; } static void ext4_mb_seq_groups_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { } const struct seq_operations ext4_mb_seq_groups_ops = { .start = ext4_mb_seq_groups_start, .next = ext4_mb_seq_groups_next, .stop = ext4_mb_seq_groups_stop, .show = ext4_mb_seq_groups_show, }; static struct kmem_cache *get_groupinfo_cache(int blocksize_bits) { int cache_index = blocksize_bits - EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE; struct kmem_cache *cachep = ext4_groupinfo_caches[cache_index]; BUG_ON(!cachep); return cachep; } /* * Allocate the top-level s_group_info array for the specified number * of groups */ int ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroups) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); unsigned size; struct ext4_group_info ***old_groupinfo, ***new_groupinfo; size = (ngroups + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1) >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb); if (size <= sbi->s_group_info_size) return 0; size = roundup_pow_of_two(sizeof(*sbi->s_group_info) * size); new_groupinfo = kvzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_groupinfo) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't allocate buddy meta group"); return -ENOMEM; } rcu_read_lock(); old_groupinfo = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_group_info); if (old_groupinfo) memcpy(new_groupinfo, old_groupinfo, sbi->s_group_info_size * sizeof(*sbi->s_group_info)); rcu_read_unlock(); rcu_assign_pointer(sbi->s_group_info, new_groupinfo); sbi->s_group_info_size = size / sizeof(*sbi->s_group_info); if (old_groupinfo) ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(old_groupinfo); ext4_debug("allocated s_groupinfo array for %d meta_bg's\n", sbi->s_group_info_size); return 0; } /* Create and initialize ext4_group_info data for the given group. */ int ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *desc) { int i; int metalen = 0; int idx = group >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_group_info **meta_group_info; struct kmem_cache *cachep = get_groupinfo_cache(sb->s_blocksize_bits); /* * First check if this group is the first of a reserved block. * If it's true, we have to allocate a new table of pointers * to ext4_group_info structures */ if (group % EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) == 0) { metalen = sizeof(*meta_group_info) << EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb); meta_group_info = kmalloc(metalen, GFP_NOFS); if (meta_group_info == NULL) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't allocate mem " "for a buddy group"); goto exit_meta_group_info; } rcu_read_lock(); rcu_dereference(sbi->s_group_info)[idx] = meta_group_info; rcu_read_unlock(); } meta_group_info = sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_group_info, idx); i = group & (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1); meta_group_info[i] = kmem_cache_zalloc(cachep, GFP_NOFS); if (meta_group_info[i] == NULL) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't allocate buddy mem"); goto exit_group_info; } set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &(meta_group_info[i]->bb_state)); /* * initialize bb_free to be able to skip * empty groups without initialization */ if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (desc->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT))) { meta_group_info[i]->bb_free = ext4_free_clusters_after_init(sb, group, desc); } else { meta_group_info[i]->bb_free = ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, desc); } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&meta_group_info[i]->bb_prealloc_list); init_rwsem(&meta_group_info[i]->alloc_sem); meta_group_info[i]->bb_free_root = RB_ROOT; meta_group_info[i]->bb_largest_free_order = -1; /* uninit */ mb_group_bb_bitmap_alloc(sb, meta_group_info[i], group); return 0; exit_group_info: /* If a meta_group_info table has been allocated, release it now */ if (group % EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) == 0) { struct ext4_group_info ***group_info; rcu_read_lock(); group_info = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_group_info); kfree(group_info[idx]); group_info[idx] = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); } exit_meta_group_info: return -ENOMEM; } /* ext4_mb_add_groupinfo */ static int ext4_mb_init_backend(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_group_t ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); ext4_group_t i; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int err; struct ext4_group_desc *desc; struct ext4_group_info ***group_info; struct kmem_cache *cachep; err = ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(sb, ngroups); if (err) return err; sbi->s_buddy_cache = new_inode(sb); if (sbi->s_buddy_cache == NULL) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't get new inode"); goto err_freesgi; } /* To avoid potentially colliding with an valid on-disk inode number, * use EXT4_BAD_INO for the buddy cache inode number. This inode is * not in the inode hash, so it should never be found by iget(), but * this will avoid confusion if it ever shows up during debugging. */ sbi->s_buddy_cache->i_ino = EXT4_BAD_INO; EXT4_I(sbi->s_buddy_cache)->i_disksize = 0; for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { cond_resched(); desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); if (desc == NULL) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't read descriptor %u", i); goto err_freebuddy; } if (ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(sb, i, desc) != 0) goto err_freebuddy; } if (ext4_has_feature_flex_bg(sb)) { /* a single flex group is supposed to be read by a single IO. * 2 ^ s_log_groups_per_flex != UINT_MAX as s_mb_prefetch is * unsigned integer, so the maximum shift is 32. */ if (sbi->s_es->s_log_groups_per_flex >= 32) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "too many log groups per flexible block group"); goto err_freebuddy; } sbi->s_mb_prefetch = min_t(uint, 1 << sbi->s_es->s_log_groups_per_flex, BLK_MAX_SEGMENT_SIZE >> (sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9)); sbi->s_mb_prefetch *= 8; /* 8 prefetch IOs in flight at most */ } else { sbi->s_mb_prefetch = 32; } if (sbi->s_mb_prefetch > ext4_get_groups_count(sb)) sbi->s_mb_prefetch = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); /* now many real IOs to prefetch within a single allocation at cr=0 * given cr=0 is an CPU-related optimization we shouldn't try to * load too many groups, at some point we should start to use what * we've got in memory. * with an average random access time 5ms, it'd take a second to get * 200 groups (* N with flex_bg), so let's make this limit 4 */ sbi->s_mb_prefetch_limit = sbi->s_mb_prefetch * 4; if (sbi->s_mb_prefetch_limit > ext4_get_groups_count(sb)) sbi->s_mb_prefetch_limit = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); return 0; err_freebuddy: cachep = get_groupinfo_cache(sb->s_blocksize_bits); while (i-- > 0) kmem_cache_free(cachep, ext4_get_group_info(sb, i)); i = sbi->s_group_info_size; rcu_read_lock(); group_info = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_group_info); while (i-- > 0) kfree(group_info[i]); rcu_read_unlock(); iput(sbi->s_buddy_cache); err_freesgi: rcu_read_lock(); kvfree(rcu_dereference(sbi->s_group_info)); rcu_read_unlock(); return -ENOMEM; } static void ext4_groupinfo_destroy_slabs(void) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_GRPINFO_CACHES; i++) { kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_groupinfo_caches[i]); ext4_groupinfo_caches[i] = NULL; } } static int ext4_groupinfo_create_slab(size_t size) { static DEFINE_MUTEX(ext4_grpinfo_slab_create_mutex); int slab_size; int blocksize_bits = order_base_2(size); int cache_index = blocksize_bits - EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE; struct kmem_cache *cachep; if (cache_index >= NR_GRPINFO_CACHES) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(cache_index < 0)) cache_index = 0; mutex_lock(&ext4_grpinfo_slab_create_mutex); if (ext4_groupinfo_caches[cache_index]) { mutex_unlock(&ext4_grpinfo_slab_create_mutex); return 0; /* Already created */ } slab_size = offsetof(struct ext4_group_info, bb_counters[blocksize_bits + 2]); cachep = kmem_cache_create(ext4_groupinfo_slab_names[cache_index], slab_size, 0, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT, NULL); ext4_groupinfo_caches[cache_index] = cachep; mutex_unlock(&ext4_grpinfo_slab_create_mutex); if (!cachep) { printk(KERN_EMERG "EXT4-fs: no memory for groupinfo slab cache\n"); return -ENOMEM; } return 0; } int ext4_mb_init(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); unsigned i, j; unsigned offset, offset_incr; unsigned max; int ret; i = (sb->s_blocksize_bits + 2) * sizeof(*sbi->s_mb_offsets); sbi->s_mb_offsets = kmalloc(i, GFP_KERNEL); if (sbi->s_mb_offsets == NULL) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } i = (sb->s_blocksize_bits + 2) * sizeof(*sbi->s_mb_maxs); sbi->s_mb_maxs = kmalloc(i, GFP_KERNEL); if (sbi->s_mb_maxs == NULL) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } ret = ext4_groupinfo_create_slab(sb->s_blocksize); if (ret < 0) goto out; /* order 0 is regular bitmap */ sbi->s_mb_maxs[0] = sb->s_blocksize << 3; sbi->s_mb_offsets[0] = 0; i = 1; offset = 0; offset_incr = 1 << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - 1); max = sb->s_blocksize << 2; do { sbi->s_mb_offsets[i] = offset; sbi->s_mb_maxs[i] = max; offset += offset_incr; offset_incr = offset_incr >> 1; max = max >> 1; i++; } while (i <= sb->s_blocksize_bits + 1); spin_lock_init(&sbi->s_md_lock); spin_lock_init(&sbi->s_bal_lock); sbi->s_mb_free_pending = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sbi->s_freed_data_list); sbi->s_mb_max_to_scan = MB_DEFAULT_MAX_TO_SCAN; sbi->s_mb_min_to_scan = MB_DEFAULT_MIN_TO_SCAN; sbi->s_mb_stats = MB_DEFAULT_STATS; sbi->s_mb_stream_request = MB_DEFAULT_STREAM_THRESHOLD; sbi->s_mb_order2_reqs = MB_DEFAULT_ORDER2_REQS; sbi->s_mb_max_inode_prealloc = MB_DEFAULT_MAX_INODE_PREALLOC; /* * The default group preallocation is 512, which for 4k block * sizes translates to 2 megabytes. However for bigalloc file * systems, this is probably too big (i.e, if the cluster size * is 1 megabyte, then group preallocation size becomes half a * gigabyte!). As a default, we will keep a two megabyte * group pralloc size for cluster sizes up to 64k, and after * that, we will force a minimum group preallocation size of * 32 clusters. This translates to 8 megs when the cluster * size is 256k, and 32 megs when the cluster size is 1 meg, * which seems reasonable as a default. */ sbi->s_mb_group_prealloc = max(MB_DEFAULT_GROUP_PREALLOC >> sbi->s_cluster_bits, 32); /* * If there is a s_stripe > 1, then we set the s_mb_group_prealloc * to the lowest multiple of s_stripe which is bigger than * the s_mb_group_prealloc as determined above. We want * the preallocation size to be an exact multiple of the * RAID stripe size so that preallocations don't fragment * the stripes. */ if (sbi->s_stripe > 1) { sbi->s_mb_group_prealloc = roundup( sbi->s_mb_group_prealloc, sbi->s_stripe); } sbi->s_locality_groups = alloc_percpu(struct ext4_locality_group); if (sbi->s_locality_groups == NULL) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct ext4_locality_group *lg; lg = per_cpu_ptr(sbi->s_locality_groups, i); mutex_init(&lg->lg_mutex); for (j = 0; j < PREALLOC_TB_SIZE; j++) INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lg->lg_prealloc_list[j]); spin_lock_init(&lg->lg_prealloc_lock); } /* init file for buddy data */ ret = ext4_mb_init_backend(sb); if (ret != 0) goto out_free_locality_groups; return 0; out_free_locality_groups: free_percpu(sbi->s_locality_groups); sbi->s_locality_groups = NULL; out: kfree(sbi->s_mb_offsets); sbi->s_mb_offsets = NULL; kfree(sbi->s_mb_maxs); sbi->s_mb_maxs = NULL; return ret; } /* need to called with the ext4 group lock held */ static int ext4_mb_cleanup_pa(struct ext4_group_info *grp) { struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa; struct list_head *cur, *tmp; int count = 0; list_for_each_safe(cur, tmp, &grp->bb_prealloc_list) { pa = list_entry(cur, struct ext4_prealloc_space, pa_group_list); list_del(&pa->pa_group_list); count++; kmem_cache_free(ext4_pspace_cachep, pa); } return count; } int ext4_mb_release(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_group_t ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); ext4_group_t i; int num_meta_group_infos; struct ext4_group_info *grinfo, ***group_info; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct kmem_cache *cachep = get_groupinfo_cache(sb->s_blocksize_bits); int count; if (sbi->s_group_info) { for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { cond_resched(); grinfo = ext4_get_group_info(sb, i); mb_group_bb_bitmap_free(grinfo); ext4_lock_group(sb, i); count = ext4_mb_cleanup_pa(grinfo); if (count) mb_debug(sb, "mballoc: %d PAs left\n", count); ext4_unlock_group(sb, i); kmem_cache_free(cachep, grinfo); } num_meta_group_infos = (ngroups + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1) >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb); rcu_read_lock(); group_info = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_group_info); for (i = 0; i < num_meta_group_infos; i++) kfree(group_info[i]); kvfree(group_info); rcu_read_unlock(); } kfree(sbi->s_mb_offsets); kfree(sbi->s_mb_maxs); iput(sbi->s_buddy_cache); if (sbi->s_mb_stats) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "mballoc: %u blocks %u reqs (%u success)", atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_allocated), atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_reqs), atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_success)); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "mballoc: %u extents scanned, %u goal hits, " "%u 2^N hits, %u breaks, %u lost", atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_ex_scanned), atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_goals), atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_2orders), atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_breaks), atomic_read(&sbi->s_mb_lost_chunks)); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "mballoc: %lu generated and it took %Lu", sbi->s_mb_buddies_generated, sbi->s_mb_generation_time); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "mballoc: %u preallocated, %u discarded", atomic_read(&sbi->s_mb_preallocated), atomic_read(&sbi->s_mb_discarded)); } free_percpu(sbi->s_locality_groups); return 0; } static inline int ext4_issue_discard(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, ext4_grpblk_t cluster, int count, struct bio **biop) { ext4_fsblk_t discard_block; discard_block = (EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), cluster) + ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, block_group)); count = EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), count); trace_ext4_discard_blocks(sb, (unsigned long long) discard_block, count); if (biop) { return __blkdev_issue_discard(sb->s_bdev, (sector_t)discard_block << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9), (sector_t)count << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9), GFP_NOFS, 0, biop); } else return sb_issue_discard(sb, discard_block, count, GFP_NOFS, 0); } static void ext4_free_data_in_buddy(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_free_data *entry) { struct ext4_buddy e4b; struct ext4_group_info *db; int err, count = 0, count2 = 0; mb_debug(sb, "gonna free %u blocks in group %u (0x%p):", entry->efd_count, entry->efd_group, entry); err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, entry->efd_group, &e4b); /* we expect to find existing buddy because it's pinned */ BUG_ON(err != 0); spin_lock(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_md_lock); EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_free_pending -= entry->efd_count; spin_unlock(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_md_lock); db = e4b.bd_info; /* there are blocks to put in buddy to make them really free */ count += entry->efd_count; count2++; ext4_lock_group(sb, entry->efd_group); /* Take it out of per group rb tree */ rb_erase(&entry->efd_node, &(db->bb_free_root)); mb_free_blocks(NULL, &e4b, entry->efd_start_cluster, entry->efd_count); /* * Clear the trimmed flag for the group so that the next * ext4_trim_fs can trim it. * If the volume is mounted with -o discard, online discard * is supported and the free blocks will be trimmed online. */ if (!test_opt(sb, DISCARD)) EXT4_MB_GRP_CLEAR_TRIMMED(db); if (!db->bb_free_root.rb_node) { /* No more items in the per group rb tree * balance refcounts from ext4_mb_free_metadata() */ put_page(e4b.bd_buddy_page); put_page(e4b.bd_bitmap_page); } ext4_unlock_group(sb, entry->efd_group); kmem_cache_free(ext4_free_data_cachep, entry); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); mb_debug(sb, "freed %d blocks in %d structures\n", count, count2); } /* * This function is called by the jbd2 layer once the commit has finished, * so we know we can free the blocks that were released with that commit. */ void ext4_process_freed_data(struct super_block *sb, tid_t commit_tid) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_free_data *entry, *tmp; struct bio *discard_bio = NULL; struct list_head freed_data_list; struct list_head *cut_pos = NULL; int err; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&freed_data_list); spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); list_for_each_entry(entry, &sbi->s_freed_data_list, efd_list) { if (entry->efd_tid != commit_tid) break; cut_pos = &entry->efd_list; } if (cut_pos) list_cut_position(&freed_data_list, &sbi->s_freed_data_list, cut_pos); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); if (test_opt(sb, DISCARD)) { list_for_each_entry(entry, &freed_data_list, efd_list) { err = ext4_issue_discard(sb, entry->efd_group, entry->efd_start_cluster, entry->efd_count, &discard_bio); if (err && err != -EOPNOTSUPP) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "discard request in" " group:%d block:%d count:%d failed" " with %d", entry->efd_group, entry->efd_start_cluster, entry->efd_count, err); } else if (err == -EOPNOTSUPP) break; } if (discard_bio) { submit_bio_wait(discard_bio); bio_put(discard_bio); } } list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, tmp, &freed_data_list, efd_list) ext4_free_data_in_buddy(sb, entry); } int __init ext4_init_mballoc(void) { ext4_pspace_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(ext4_prealloc_space, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT); if (ext4_pspace_cachep == NULL) goto out; ext4_ac_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(ext4_allocation_context, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT); if (ext4_ac_cachep == NULL) goto out_pa_free; ext4_free_data_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(ext4_free_data, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT); if (ext4_free_data_cachep == NULL) goto out_ac_free; return 0; out_ac_free: kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_ac_cachep); out_pa_free: kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_pspace_cachep); out: return -ENOMEM; } void ext4_exit_mballoc(void) { /* * Wait for completion of call_rcu()'s on ext4_pspace_cachep * before destroying the slab cache. */ rcu_barrier(); kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_pspace_cachep); kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_ac_cachep); kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_free_data_cachep); ext4_groupinfo_destroy_slabs(); } /* * Check quota and mark chosen space (ac->ac_b_ex) non-free in bitmaps * Returns 0 if success or error code */ static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_mark_diskspace_used(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, handle_t *handle, unsigned int reserv_clstrs) { struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; struct buffer_head *gdp_bh; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi; struct super_block *sb; ext4_fsblk_t block; int err, len; BUG_ON(ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND); BUG_ON(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len <= 0); sb = ac->ac_sb; sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group); if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bitmap_bh); bitmap_bh = NULL; goto out_err; } BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "getting write access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bitmap_bh); if (err) goto out_err; err = -EIO; gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group, &gdp_bh); if (!gdp) goto out_err; ext4_debug("using block group %u(%d)\n", ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group, ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp)); BUFFER_TRACE(gdp_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdp_bh); if (err) goto out_err; block = ext4_grp_offs_to_block(sb, &ac->ac_b_ex); len = EXT4_C2B(sbi, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len); if (!ext4_inode_block_valid(ac->ac_inode, block, len)) { ext4_error(sb, "Allocating blocks %llu-%llu which overlap " "fs metadata", block, block+len); /* File system mounted not to panic on error * Fix the bitmap and return EFSCORRUPTED * We leak some of the blocks here. */ ext4_lock_group(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group); ext4_set_bits(bitmap_bh->b_data, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len); ext4_unlock_group(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bitmap_bh); if (!err) err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out_err; } ext4_lock_group(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_CHECK { int i; for (i = 0; i < ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len; i++) { BUG_ON(mb_test_bit(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start + i, bitmap_bh->b_data)); } } #endif ext4_set_bits(bitmap_bh->b_data, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT))) { gdp->bg_flags &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT); ext4_free_group_clusters_set(sb, gdp, ext4_free_clusters_after_init(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group, gdp)); } len = ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp) - ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len; ext4_free_group_clusters_set(sb, gdp, len); ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group, gdp, bitmap_bh); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group, gdp); ext4_unlock_group(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group); percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len); /* * Now reduce the dirty block count also. Should not go negative */ if (!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED)) /* release all the reserved blocks if non delalloc */ percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, reserv_clstrs); if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) { ext4_group_t flex_group = ext4_flex_group(sbi, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group); atomic64_sub(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len, &sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, flex_group)->free_clusters); } err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bitmap_bh); if (err) goto out_err; err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, gdp_bh); out_err: brelse(bitmap_bh); return err; } /* * Idempotent helper for Ext4 fast commit replay path to set the state of * blocks in bitmaps and update counters. */ void ext4_mb_mark_bb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, int len, int state) { struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; struct buffer_head *gdp_bh; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_group_t group; ext4_grpblk_t blkoff; int i, clen, err; int already; clen = EXT4_B2C(sbi, len); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, block, &group, &blkoff); bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, group); if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bitmap_bh); bitmap_bh = NULL; goto out_err; } err = -EIO; gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, &gdp_bh); if (!gdp) goto out_err; ext4_lock_group(sb, group); already = 0; for (i = 0; i < clen; i++) if (!mb_test_bit(blkoff + i, bitmap_bh->b_data) == !state) already++; if (state) ext4_set_bits(bitmap_bh->b_data, blkoff, clen); else mb_test_and_clear_bits(bitmap_bh->b_data, blkoff, clen); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT))) { gdp->bg_flags &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT); ext4_free_group_clusters_set(sb, gdp, ext4_free_clusters_after_init(sb, group, gdp)); } if (state) clen = ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp) - clen + already; else clen = ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp) + clen - already; ext4_free_group_clusters_set(sb, gdp, clen); ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(sb, group, gdp, bitmap_bh); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, group, gdp); ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) { ext4_group_t flex_group = ext4_flex_group(sbi, group); atomic64_sub(len, &sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, flex_group)->free_clusters); } err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(NULL, NULL, bitmap_bh); if (err) goto out_err; sync_dirty_buffer(bitmap_bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(NULL, NULL, gdp_bh); sync_dirty_buffer(gdp_bh); out_err: brelse(bitmap_bh); } /* * here we normalize request for locality group * Group request are normalized to s_mb_group_prealloc, which goes to * s_strip if we set the same via mount option. * s_mb_group_prealloc can be configured via * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_group_prealloc * * XXX: should we try to preallocate more than the group has now? */ static void ext4_mb_normalize_group_request(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb; struct ext4_locality_group *lg = ac->ac_lg; BUG_ON(lg == NULL); ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_group_prealloc; mb_debug(sb, "goal %u blocks for locality group\n", ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len); } /* * Normalization means making request better in terms of * size and alignment */ static noinline_for_stack void ext4_mb_normalize_request(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_allocation_request *ar) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb); int bsbits, max; ext4_lblk_t end; loff_t size, start_off; loff_t orig_size __maybe_unused; ext4_lblk_t start; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(ac->ac_inode); struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa; /* do normalize only data requests, metadata requests do not need preallocation */ if (!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA)) return; /* sometime caller may want exact blocks */ if (unlikely(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY)) return; /* caller may indicate that preallocation isn't * required (it's a tail, for example) */ if (ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC) return; if (ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC) { ext4_mb_normalize_group_request(ac); return ; } bsbits = ac->ac_sb->s_blocksize_bits; /* first, let's learn actual file size * given current request is allocated */ size = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical + EXT4_C2B(sbi, ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len); size = size << bsbits; if (size < i_size_read(ac->ac_inode)) size = i_size_read(ac->ac_inode); orig_size = size; /* max size of free chunks */ max = 2 << bsbits; #define NRL_CHECK_SIZE(req, size, max, chunk_size) \ (req <= (size) || max <= (chunk_size)) /* first, try to predict filesize */ /* XXX: should this table be tunable? */ start_off = 0; if (size <= 16 * 1024) { size = 16 * 1024; } else if (size <= 32 * 1024) { size = 32 * 1024; } else if (size <= 64 * 1024) { size = 64 * 1024; } else if (size <= 128 * 1024) { size = 128 * 1024; } else if (size <= 256 * 1024) { size = 256 * 1024; } else if (size <= 512 * 1024) { size = 512 * 1024; } else if (size <= 1024 * 1024) { size = 1024 * 1024; } else if (NRL_CHECK_SIZE(size, 4 * 1024 * 1024, max, 2 * 1024)) { start_off = ((loff_t)ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical >> (21 - bsbits)) << 21; size = 2 * 1024 * 1024; } else if (NRL_CHECK_SIZE(size, 8 * 1024 * 1024, max, 4 * 1024)) { start_off = ((loff_t)ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical >> (22 - bsbits)) << 22; size = 4 * 1024 * 1024; } else if (NRL_CHECK_SIZE(ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len, (8<<20)>>bsbits, max, 8 * 1024)) { start_off = ((loff_t)ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical >> (23 - bsbits)) << 23; size = 8 * 1024 * 1024; } else { start_off = (loff_t) ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical << bsbits; size = (loff_t) EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb), ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len) << bsbits; } size = size >> bsbits; start = start_off >> bsbits; /* don't cover already allocated blocks in selected range */ if (ar->pleft && start <= ar->lleft) { size -= ar->lleft + 1 - start; start = ar->lleft + 1; } if (ar->pright && start + size - 1 >= ar->lright) size -= start + size - ar->lright; /* * Trim allocation request for filesystems with artificially small * groups. */ if (size > EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(ac->ac_sb)) size = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(ac->ac_sb); end = start + size; /* check we don't cross already preallocated blocks */ rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(pa, &ei->i_prealloc_list, pa_inode_list) { ext4_lblk_t pa_end; if (pa->pa_deleted) continue; spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); if (pa->pa_deleted) { spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); continue; } pa_end = pa->pa_lstart + EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb), pa->pa_len); /* PA must not overlap original request */ BUG_ON(!(ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical >= pa_end || ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical < pa->pa_lstart)); /* skip PAs this normalized request doesn't overlap with */ if (pa->pa_lstart >= end || pa_end <= start) { spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); continue; } BUG_ON(pa->pa_lstart <= start && pa_end >= end); /* adjust start or end to be adjacent to this pa */ if (pa_end <= ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical) { BUG_ON(pa_end < start); start = pa_end; } else if (pa->pa_lstart > ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical) { BUG_ON(pa->pa_lstart > end); end = pa->pa_lstart; } spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); size = end - start; /* XXX: extra loop to check we really don't overlap preallocations */ rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(pa, &ei->i_prealloc_list, pa_inode_list) { ext4_lblk_t pa_end; spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); if (pa->pa_deleted == 0) { pa_end = pa->pa_lstart + EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb), pa->pa_len); BUG_ON(!(start >= pa_end || end <= pa->pa_lstart)); } spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); if (start + size <= ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical && start > ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical) { ext4_msg(ac->ac_sb, KERN_ERR, "start %lu, size %lu, fe_logical %lu", (unsigned long) start, (unsigned long) size, (unsigned long) ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical); BUG(); } BUG_ON(size <= 0 || size > EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(ac->ac_sb)); /* now prepare goal request */ /* XXX: is it better to align blocks WRT to logical * placement or satisfy big request as is */ ac->ac_g_ex.fe_logical = start; ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len = EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, size); /* define goal start in order to merge */ if (ar->pright && (ar->lright == (start + size))) { /* merge to the right */ ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(ac->ac_sb, ar->pright - size, &ac->ac_f_ex.fe_group, &ac->ac_f_ex.fe_start); ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL; } if (ar->pleft && (ar->lleft + 1 == start)) { /* merge to the left */ ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(ac->ac_sb, ar->pleft + 1, &ac->ac_f_ex.fe_group, &ac->ac_f_ex.fe_start); ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL; } mb_debug(ac->ac_sb, "goal: %lld(was %lld) blocks at %u\n", size, orig_size, start); } static void ext4_mb_collect_stats(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb); if (sbi->s_mb_stats && ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len > 1) { atomic_inc(&sbi->s_bal_reqs); atomic_add(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len, &sbi->s_bal_allocated); if (ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len >= ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len) atomic_inc(&sbi->s_bal_success); atomic_add(ac->ac_found, &sbi->s_bal_ex_scanned); if (ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start == ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start && ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group == ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group) atomic_inc(&sbi->s_bal_goals); if (ac->ac_found > sbi->s_mb_max_to_scan) atomic_inc(&sbi->s_bal_breaks); } if (ac->ac_op == EXT4_MB_HISTORY_ALLOC) trace_ext4_mballoc_alloc(ac); else trace_ext4_mballoc_prealloc(ac); } /* * Called on failure; free up any blocks from the inode PA for this * context. We don't need this for MB_GROUP_PA because we only change * pa_free in ext4_mb_release_context(), but on failure, we've already * zeroed out ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len, so group_pa->pa_free is not changed. */ static void ext4_discard_allocated_blocks(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa = ac->ac_pa; struct ext4_buddy e4b; int err; if (pa == NULL) { if (ac->ac_f_ex.fe_len == 0) return; err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(ac->ac_sb, ac->ac_f_ex.fe_group, &e4b); if (err) { /* * This should never happen since we pin the * pages in the ext4_allocation_context so * ext4_mb_load_buddy() should never fail. */ WARN(1, "mb_load_buddy failed (%d)", err); return; } ext4_lock_group(ac->ac_sb, ac->ac_f_ex.fe_group); mb_free_blocks(ac->ac_inode, &e4b, ac->ac_f_ex.fe_start, ac->ac_f_ex.fe_len); ext4_unlock_group(ac->ac_sb, ac->ac_f_ex.fe_group); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); return; } if (pa->pa_type == MB_INODE_PA) pa->pa_free += ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len; } /* * use blocks preallocated to inode */ static void ext4_mb_use_inode_pa(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb); ext4_fsblk_t start; ext4_fsblk_t end; int len; /* found preallocated blocks, use them */ start = pa->pa_pstart + (ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical - pa->pa_lstart); end = min(pa->pa_pstart + EXT4_C2B(sbi, pa->pa_len), start + EXT4_C2B(sbi, ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len)); len = EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, end - start); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(ac->ac_sb, start, &ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group, &ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start); ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len = len; ac->ac_status = AC_STATUS_FOUND; ac->ac_pa = pa; BUG_ON(start < pa->pa_pstart); BUG_ON(end > pa->pa_pstart + EXT4_C2B(sbi, pa->pa_len)); BUG_ON(pa->pa_free < len); pa->pa_free -= len; mb_debug(ac->ac_sb, "use %llu/%d from inode pa %p\n", start, len, pa); } /* * use blocks preallocated to locality group */ static void ext4_mb_use_group_pa(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa) { unsigned int len = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len; ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(ac->ac_sb, pa->pa_pstart, &ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group, &ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start); ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len = len; ac->ac_status = AC_STATUS_FOUND; ac->ac_pa = pa; /* we don't correct pa_pstart or pa_plen here to avoid * possible race when the group is being loaded concurrently * instead we correct pa later, after blocks are marked * in on-disk bitmap -- see ext4_mb_release_context() * Other CPUs are prevented from allocating from this pa by lg_mutex */ mb_debug(ac->ac_sb, "use %u/%u from group pa %p\n", pa->pa_lstart-len, len, pa); } /* * Return the prealloc space that have minimal distance * from the goal block. @cpa is the prealloc * space that is having currently known minimal distance * from the goal block. */ static struct ext4_prealloc_space * ext4_mb_check_group_pa(ext4_fsblk_t goal_block, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa, struct ext4_prealloc_space *cpa) { ext4_fsblk_t cur_distance, new_distance; if (cpa == NULL) { atomic_inc(&pa->pa_count); return pa; } cur_distance = abs(goal_block - cpa->pa_pstart); new_distance = abs(goal_block - pa->pa_pstart); if (cur_distance <= new_distance) return cpa; /* drop the previous reference */ atomic_dec(&cpa->pa_count); atomic_inc(&pa->pa_count); return pa; } /* * search goal blocks in preallocated space */ static noinline_for_stack bool ext4_mb_use_preallocated(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb); int order, i; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(ac->ac_inode); struct ext4_locality_group *lg; struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa, *cpa = NULL; ext4_fsblk_t goal_block; /* only data can be preallocated */ if (!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA)) return false; /* first, try per-file preallocation */ rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(pa, &ei->i_prealloc_list, pa_inode_list) { /* all fields in this condition don't change, * so we can skip locking for them */ if (ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical < pa->pa_lstart || ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical >= (pa->pa_lstart + EXT4_C2B(sbi, pa->pa_len))) continue; /* non-extent files can't have physical blocks past 2^32 */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(ac->ac_inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) && (pa->pa_pstart + EXT4_C2B(sbi, pa->pa_len) > EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS)) continue; /* found preallocated blocks, use them */ spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); if (pa->pa_deleted == 0 && pa->pa_free) { atomic_inc(&pa->pa_count); ext4_mb_use_inode_pa(ac, pa); spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); ac->ac_criteria = 10; rcu_read_unlock(); return true; } spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); /* can we use group allocation? */ if (!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC)) return false; /* inode may have no locality group for some reason */ lg = ac->ac_lg; if (lg == NULL) return false; order = fls(ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len) - 1; if (order > PREALLOC_TB_SIZE - 1) /* The max size of hash table is PREALLOC_TB_SIZE */ order = PREALLOC_TB_SIZE - 1; goal_block = ext4_grp_offs_to_block(ac->ac_sb, &ac->ac_g_ex); /* * search for the prealloc space that is having * minimal distance from the goal block. */ for (i = order; i < PREALLOC_TB_SIZE; i++) { rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(pa, &lg->lg_prealloc_list[i], pa_inode_list) { spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); if (pa->pa_deleted == 0 && pa->pa_free >= ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len) { cpa = ext4_mb_check_group_pa(goal_block, pa, cpa); } spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); } if (cpa) { ext4_mb_use_group_pa(ac, cpa); ac->ac_criteria = 20; return true; } return false; } /* * the function goes through all block freed in the group * but not yet committed and marks them used in in-core bitmap. * buddy must be generated from this bitmap * Need to be called with the ext4 group lock held */ static void ext4_mb_generate_from_freelist(struct super_block *sb, void *bitmap, ext4_group_t group) { struct rb_node *n; struct ext4_group_info *grp; struct ext4_free_data *entry; grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); n = rb_first(&(grp->bb_free_root)); while (n) { entry = rb_entry(n, struct ext4_free_data, efd_node); ext4_set_bits(bitmap, entry->efd_start_cluster, entry->efd_count); n = rb_next(n); } return; } /* * the function goes through all preallocation in this group and marks them * used in in-core bitmap. buddy must be generated from this bitmap * Need to be called with ext4 group lock held */ static noinline_for_stack void ext4_mb_generate_from_pa(struct super_block *sb, void *bitmap, ext4_group_t group) { struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa; struct list_head *cur; ext4_group_t groupnr; ext4_grpblk_t start; int preallocated = 0; int len; /* all form of preallocation discards first load group, * so the only competing code is preallocation use. * we don't need any locking here * notice we do NOT ignore preallocations with pa_deleted * otherwise we could leave used blocks available for * allocation in buddy when concurrent ext4_mb_put_pa() * is dropping preallocation */ list_for_each(cur, &grp->bb_prealloc_list) { pa = list_entry(cur, struct ext4_prealloc_space, pa_group_list); spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, pa->pa_pstart, &groupnr, &start); len = pa->pa_len; spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); if (unlikely(len == 0)) continue; BUG_ON(groupnr != group); ext4_set_bits(bitmap, start, len); preallocated += len; } mb_debug(sb, "preallocated %d for group %u\n", preallocated, group); } static void ext4_mb_mark_pa_deleted(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei; if (pa->pa_deleted) { ext4_warning(sb, "deleted pa, type:%d, pblk:%llu, lblk:%u, len:%d\n", pa->pa_type, pa->pa_pstart, pa->pa_lstart, pa->pa_len); return; } pa->pa_deleted = 1; if (pa->pa_type == MB_INODE_PA) { ei = EXT4_I(pa->pa_inode); atomic_dec(&ei->i_prealloc_active); } } static void ext4_mb_pa_callback(struct rcu_head *head) { struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa; pa = container_of(head, struct ext4_prealloc_space, u.pa_rcu); BUG_ON(atomic_read(&pa->pa_count)); BUG_ON(pa->pa_deleted == 0); kmem_cache_free(ext4_pspace_cachep, pa); } /* * drops a reference to preallocated space descriptor * if this was the last reference and the space is consumed */ static void ext4_mb_put_pa(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa) { ext4_group_t grp; ext4_fsblk_t grp_blk; /* in this short window concurrent discard can set pa_deleted */ spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&pa->pa_count) || pa->pa_free != 0) { spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); return; } if (pa->pa_deleted == 1) { spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); return; } ext4_mb_mark_pa_deleted(sb, pa); spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); grp_blk = pa->pa_pstart; /* * If doing group-based preallocation, pa_pstart may be in the * next group when pa is used up */ if (pa->pa_type == MB_GROUP_PA) grp_blk--; grp = ext4_get_group_number(sb, grp_blk); /* * possible race: * * P1 (buddy init) P2 (regular allocation) * find block B in PA * copy on-disk bitmap to buddy * mark B in on-disk bitmap * drop PA from group * mark all PAs in buddy * * thus, P1 initializes buddy with B available. to prevent this * we make "copy" and "mark all PAs" atomic and serialize "drop PA" * against that pair */ ext4_lock_group(sb, grp); list_del(&pa->pa_group_list); ext4_unlock_group(sb, grp); spin_lock(pa->pa_obj_lock); list_del_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list); spin_unlock(pa->pa_obj_lock); call_rcu(&(pa)->u.pa_rcu, ext4_mb_pa_callback); } /* * creates new preallocated space for given inode */ static noinline_for_stack void ext4_mb_new_inode_pa(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa; struct ext4_group_info *grp; struct ext4_inode_info *ei; /* preallocate only when found space is larger then requested */ BUG_ON(ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len >= ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len); BUG_ON(ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND); BUG_ON(!S_ISREG(ac->ac_inode->i_mode)); BUG_ON(ac->ac_pa == NULL); pa = ac->ac_pa; if (ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len < ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len) { int winl; int wins; int win; int offs; /* we can't allocate as much as normalizer wants. * so, found space must get proper lstart * to cover original request */ BUG_ON(ac->ac_g_ex.fe_logical > ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical); BUG_ON(ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len < ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len); /* we're limited by original request in that * logical block must be covered any way * winl is window we can move our chunk within */ winl = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical - ac->ac_g_ex.fe_logical; /* also, we should cover whole original request */ wins = EXT4_C2B(sbi, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len - ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len); /* the smallest one defines real window */ win = min(winl, wins); offs = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical % EXT4_C2B(sbi, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len); if (offs && offs < win) win = offs; ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical - EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, win); BUG_ON(ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical < ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical); BUG_ON(ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len > ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len); } /* preallocation can change ac_b_ex, thus we store actually * allocated blocks for history */ ac->ac_f_ex = ac->ac_b_ex; pa->pa_lstart = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical; pa->pa_pstart = ext4_grp_offs_to_block(sb, &ac->ac_b_ex); pa->pa_len = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len; pa->pa_free = pa->pa_len; spin_lock_init(&pa->pa_lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pa->pa_inode_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pa->pa_group_list); pa->pa_deleted = 0; pa->pa_type = MB_INODE_PA; mb_debug(sb, "new inode pa %p: %llu/%d for %u\n", pa, pa->pa_pstart, pa->pa_len, pa->pa_lstart); trace_ext4_mb_new_inode_pa(ac, pa); ext4_mb_use_inode_pa(ac, pa); atomic_add(pa->pa_free, &sbi->s_mb_preallocated); ei = EXT4_I(ac->ac_inode); grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group); pa->pa_obj_lock = &ei->i_prealloc_lock; pa->pa_inode = ac->ac_inode; list_add(&pa->pa_group_list, &grp->bb_prealloc_list); spin_lock(pa->pa_obj_lock); list_add_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list, &ei->i_prealloc_list); spin_unlock(pa->pa_obj_lock); atomic_inc(&ei->i_prealloc_active); } /* * creates new preallocated space for locality group inodes belongs to */ static noinline_for_stack void ext4_mb_new_group_pa(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb; struct ext4_locality_group *lg; struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa; struct ext4_group_info *grp; /* preallocate only when found space is larger then requested */ BUG_ON(ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len >= ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len); BUG_ON(ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND); BUG_ON(!S_ISREG(ac->ac_inode->i_mode)); BUG_ON(ac->ac_pa == NULL); pa = ac->ac_pa; /* preallocation can change ac_b_ex, thus we store actually * allocated blocks for history */ ac->ac_f_ex = ac->ac_b_ex; pa->pa_pstart = ext4_grp_offs_to_block(sb, &ac->ac_b_ex); pa->pa_lstart = pa->pa_pstart; pa->pa_len = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len; pa->pa_free = pa->pa_len; spin_lock_init(&pa->pa_lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pa->pa_inode_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pa->pa_group_list); pa->pa_deleted = 0; pa->pa_type = MB_GROUP_PA; mb_debug(sb, "new group pa %p: %llu/%d for %u\n", pa, pa->pa_pstart, pa->pa_len, pa->pa_lstart); trace_ext4_mb_new_group_pa(ac, pa); ext4_mb_use_group_pa(ac, pa); atomic_add(pa->pa_free, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_preallocated); grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group); lg = ac->ac_lg; BUG_ON(lg == NULL); pa->pa_obj_lock = &lg->lg_prealloc_lock; pa->pa_inode = NULL; list_add(&pa->pa_group_list, &grp->bb_prealloc_list); /* * We will later add the new pa to the right bucket * after updating the pa_free in ext4_mb_release_context */ } static void ext4_mb_new_preallocation(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { if (ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC) ext4_mb_new_group_pa(ac); else ext4_mb_new_inode_pa(ac); } /* * finds all unused blocks in on-disk bitmap, frees them in * in-core bitmap and buddy. * @pa must be unlinked from inode and group lists, so that * nobody else can find/use it. * the caller MUST hold group/inode locks. * TODO: optimize the case when there are no in-core structures yet */ static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_release_inode_pa(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa) { struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); unsigned int end; unsigned int next; ext4_group_t group; ext4_grpblk_t bit; unsigned long long grp_blk_start; int free = 0; BUG_ON(pa->pa_deleted == 0); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, pa->pa_pstart, &group, &bit); grp_blk_start = pa->pa_pstart - EXT4_C2B(sbi, bit); BUG_ON(group != e4b->bd_group && pa->pa_len != 0); end = bit + pa->pa_len; while (bit < end) { bit = mb_find_next_zero_bit(bitmap_bh->b_data, end, bit); if (bit >= end) break; next = mb_find_next_bit(bitmap_bh->b_data, end, bit); mb_debug(sb, "free preallocated %u/%u in group %u\n", (unsigned) ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group) + bit, (unsigned) next - bit, (unsigned) group); free += next - bit; trace_ext4_mballoc_discard(sb, NULL, group, bit, next - bit); trace_ext4_mb_release_inode_pa(pa, (grp_blk_start + EXT4_C2B(sbi, bit)), next - bit); mb_free_blocks(pa->pa_inode, e4b, bit, next - bit); bit = next + 1; } if (free != pa->pa_free) { ext4_msg(e4b->bd_sb, KERN_CRIT, "pa %p: logic %lu, phys. %lu, len %d", pa, (unsigned long) pa->pa_lstart, (unsigned long) pa->pa_pstart, pa->pa_len); ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, group, 0, 0, "free %u, pa_free %u", free, pa->pa_free); /* * pa is already deleted so we use the value obtained * from the bitmap and continue. */ } atomic_add(free, &sbi->s_mb_discarded); return 0; } static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_release_group_pa(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa) { struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb; ext4_group_t group; ext4_grpblk_t bit; trace_ext4_mb_release_group_pa(sb, pa); BUG_ON(pa->pa_deleted == 0); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, pa->pa_pstart, &group, &bit); BUG_ON(group != e4b->bd_group && pa->pa_len != 0); mb_free_blocks(pa->pa_inode, e4b, bit, pa->pa_len); atomic_add(pa->pa_len, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_discarded); trace_ext4_mballoc_discard(sb, NULL, group, bit, pa->pa_len); return 0; } /* * releases all preallocations in given group * * first, we need to decide discard policy: * - when do we discard * 1) ENOSPC * - how many do we discard * 1) how many requested */ static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_discard_group_preallocations(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, int needed) { struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL; struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa, *tmp; struct list_head list; struct ext4_buddy e4b; int err; int busy = 0; int free, free_total = 0; mb_debug(sb, "discard preallocation for group %u\n", group); if (list_empty(&grp->bb_prealloc_list)) goto out_dbg; bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, group); if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bitmap_bh); ext4_error_err(sb, -err, "Error %d reading block bitmap for %u", err, group); goto out_dbg; } err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, group, &e4b); if (err) { ext4_warning(sb, "Error %d loading buddy information for %u", err, group); put_bh(bitmap_bh); goto out_dbg; } if (needed == 0) needed = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) + 1; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&list); repeat: free = 0; ext4_lock_group(sb, group); list_for_each_entry_safe(pa, tmp, &grp->bb_prealloc_list, pa_group_list) { spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); if (atomic_read(&pa->pa_count)) { spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); busy = 1; continue; } if (pa->pa_deleted) { spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); continue; } /* seems this one can be freed ... */ ext4_mb_mark_pa_deleted(sb, pa); if (!free) this_cpu_inc(discard_pa_seq); /* we can trust pa_free ... */ free += pa->pa_free; spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); list_del(&pa->pa_group_list); list_add(&pa->u.pa_tmp_list, &list); } /* now free all selected PAs */ list_for_each_entry_safe(pa, tmp, &list, u.pa_tmp_list) { /* remove from object (inode or locality group) */ spin_lock(pa->pa_obj_lock); list_del_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list); spin_unlock(pa->pa_obj_lock); if (pa->pa_type == MB_GROUP_PA) ext4_mb_release_group_pa(&e4b, pa); else ext4_mb_release_inode_pa(&e4b, bitmap_bh, pa); list_del(&pa->u.pa_tmp_list); call_rcu(&(pa)->u.pa_rcu, ext4_mb_pa_callback); } free_total += free; /* if we still need more blocks and some PAs were used, try again */ if (free_total < needed && busy) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); cond_resched(); busy = 0; goto repeat; } ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); put_bh(bitmap_bh); out_dbg: mb_debug(sb, "discarded (%d) blocks preallocated for group %u bb_free (%d)\n", free_total, group, grp->bb_free); return free_total; } /* * releases all non-used preallocated blocks for given inode * * It's important to discard preallocations under i_data_sem * We don't want another block to be served from the prealloc * space when we are discarding the inode prealloc space. * * FIXME!! Make sure it is valid at all the call sites */ void ext4_discard_preallocations(struct inode *inode, unsigned int needed) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL; struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa, *tmp; ext4_group_t group = 0; struct list_head list; struct ext4_buddy e4b; int err; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) { /*BUG_ON(!list_empty(&ei->i_prealloc_list));*/ return; } if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) return; mb_debug(sb, "discard preallocation for inode %lu\n", inode->i_ino); trace_ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, atomic_read(&ei->i_prealloc_active), needed); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&list); if (needed == 0) needed = UINT_MAX; repeat: /* first, collect all pa's in the inode */ spin_lock(&ei->i_prealloc_lock); while (!list_empty(&ei->i_prealloc_list) && needed) { pa = list_entry(ei->i_prealloc_list.prev, struct ext4_prealloc_space, pa_inode_list); BUG_ON(pa->pa_obj_lock != &ei->i_prealloc_lock); spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); if (atomic_read(&pa->pa_count)) { /* this shouldn't happen often - nobody should * use preallocation while we're discarding it */ spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); spin_unlock(&ei->i_prealloc_lock); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "uh-oh! used pa while discarding"); WARN_ON(1); schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(HZ); goto repeat; } if (pa->pa_deleted == 0) { ext4_mb_mark_pa_deleted(sb, pa); spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); list_del_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list); list_add(&pa->u.pa_tmp_list, &list); needed--; continue; } /* someone is deleting pa right now */ spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); spin_unlock(&ei->i_prealloc_lock); /* we have to wait here because pa_deleted * doesn't mean pa is already unlinked from * the list. as we might be called from * ->clear_inode() the inode will get freed * and concurrent thread which is unlinking * pa from inode's list may access already * freed memory, bad-bad-bad */ /* XXX: if this happens too often, we can * add a flag to force wait only in case * of ->clear_inode(), but not in case of * regular truncate */ schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(HZ); goto repeat; } spin_unlock(&ei->i_prealloc_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(pa, tmp, &list, u.pa_tmp_list) { BUG_ON(pa->pa_type != MB_INODE_PA); group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, pa->pa_pstart); err = ext4_mb_load_buddy_gfp(sb, group, &e4b, GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOFAIL); if (err) { ext4_error_err(sb, -err, "Error %d loading buddy information for %u", err, group); continue; } bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, group); if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bitmap_bh); ext4_error_err(sb, -err, "Error %d reading block bitmap for %u", err, group); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); continue; } ext4_lock_group(sb, group); list_del(&pa->pa_group_list); ext4_mb_release_inode_pa(&e4b, bitmap_bh, pa); ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); put_bh(bitmap_bh); list_del(&pa->u.pa_tmp_list); call_rcu(&(pa)->u.pa_rcu, ext4_mb_pa_callback); } } static int ext4_mb_pa_alloc(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa; BUG_ON(ext4_pspace_cachep == NULL); pa = kmem_cache_zalloc(ext4_pspace_cachep, GFP_NOFS); if (!pa) return -ENOMEM; atomic_set(&pa->pa_count, 1); ac->ac_pa = pa; return 0; } static void ext4_mb_pa_free(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa = ac->ac_pa; BUG_ON(!pa); ac->ac_pa = NULL; WARN_ON(!atomic_dec_and_test(&pa->pa_count)); kmem_cache_free(ext4_pspace_cachep, pa); } #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG static inline void ext4_mb_show_pa(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_group_t i, ngroups; if (ext4_test_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED)) return; ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); mb_debug(sb, "groups: "); for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, i); struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa; ext4_grpblk_t start; struct list_head *cur; ext4_lock_group(sb, i); list_for_each(cur, &grp->bb_prealloc_list) { pa = list_entry(cur, struct ext4_prealloc_space, pa_group_list); spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, pa->pa_pstart, NULL, &start); spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); mb_debug(sb, "PA:%u:%d:%d\n", i, start, pa->pa_len); } ext4_unlock_group(sb, i); mb_debug(sb, "%u: %d/%d\n", i, grp->bb_free, grp->bb_fragments); } } static void ext4_mb_show_ac(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb; if (ext4_test_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED)) return; mb_debug(sb, "Can't allocate:" " Allocation context details:"); mb_debug(sb, "status %u flags 0x%x", ac->ac_status, ac->ac_flags); mb_debug(sb, "orig %lu/%lu/%lu@%lu, " "goal %lu/%lu/%lu@%lu, " "best %lu/%lu/%lu@%lu cr %d", (unsigned long)ac->ac_o_ex.fe_group, (unsigned long)ac->ac_o_ex.fe_start, (unsigned long)ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len, (unsigned long)ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical, (unsigned long)ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group, (unsigned long)ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start, (unsigned long)ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len, (unsigned long)ac->ac_g_ex.fe_logical, (unsigned long)ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group, (unsigned long)ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start, (unsigned long)ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len, (unsigned long)ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical, (int)ac->ac_criteria); mb_debug(sb, "%u found", ac->ac_found); ext4_mb_show_pa(sb); } #else static inline void ext4_mb_show_pa(struct super_block *sb) { return; } static inline void ext4_mb_show_ac(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { ext4_mb_show_pa(ac->ac_sb); return; } #endif /* * We use locality group preallocation for small size file. The size of the * file is determined by the current size or the resulting size after * allocation which ever is larger * * One can tune this size via /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_stream_req */ static void ext4_mb_group_or_file(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb); int bsbits = ac->ac_sb->s_blocksize_bits; loff_t size, isize; if (!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA)) return; if (unlikely(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY)) return; size = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical + EXT4_C2B(sbi, ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len); isize = (i_size_read(ac->ac_inode) + ac->ac_sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> bsbits; if ((size == isize) && !ext4_fs_is_busy(sbi) && !inode_is_open_for_write(ac->ac_inode)) { ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC; return; } if (sbi->s_mb_group_prealloc <= 0) { ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC; return; } /* don't use group allocation for large files */ size = max(size, isize); if (size > sbi->s_mb_stream_request) { ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC; return; } BUG_ON(ac->ac_lg != NULL); /* * locality group prealloc space are per cpu. The reason for having * per cpu locality group is to reduce the contention between block * request from multiple CPUs. */ ac->ac_lg = raw_cpu_ptr(sbi->s_locality_groups); /* we're going to use group allocation */ ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC; /* serialize all allocations in the group */ mutex_lock(&ac->ac_lg->lg_mutex); } static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_initialize_context(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_allocation_request *ar) { struct super_block *sb = ar->inode->i_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; ext4_group_t group; unsigned int len; ext4_fsblk_t goal; ext4_grpblk_t block; /* we can't allocate > group size */ len = ar->len; /* just a dirty hack to filter too big requests */ if (len >= EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb)) len = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb); /* start searching from the goal */ goal = ar->goal; if (goal < le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block) || goal >= ext4_blocks_count(es)) goal = le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, goal, &group, &block); /* set up allocation goals */ ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical = EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, ar->logical); ac->ac_status = AC_STATUS_CONTINUE; ac->ac_sb = sb; ac->ac_inode = ar->inode; ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical; ac->ac_o_ex.fe_group = group; ac->ac_o_ex.fe_start = block; ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len = len; ac->ac_g_ex = ac->ac_o_ex; ac->ac_flags = ar->flags; /* we have to define context: we'll work with a file or * locality group. this is a policy, actually */ ext4_mb_group_or_file(ac); mb_debug(sb, "init ac: %u blocks @ %u, goal %u, flags 0x%x, 2^%d, " "left: %u/%u, right %u/%u to %swritable\n", (unsigned) ar->len, (unsigned) ar->logical, (unsigned) ar->goal, ac->ac_flags, ac->ac_2order, (unsigned) ar->lleft, (unsigned) ar->pleft, (unsigned) ar->lright, (unsigned) ar->pright, inode_is_open_for_write(ar->inode) ? "" : "non-"); return 0; } static noinline_for_stack void ext4_mb_discard_lg_preallocations(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_locality_group *lg, int order, int total_entries) { ext4_group_t group = 0; struct ext4_buddy e4b; struct list_head discard_list; struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa, *tmp; mb_debug(sb, "discard locality group preallocation\n"); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&discard_list); spin_lock(&lg->lg_prealloc_lock); list_for_each_entry_rcu(pa, &lg->lg_prealloc_list[order], pa_inode_list, lockdep_is_held(&lg->lg_prealloc_lock)) { spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); if (atomic_read(&pa->pa_count)) { /* * This is the pa that we just used * for block allocation. So don't * free that */ spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); continue; } if (pa->pa_deleted) { spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); continue; } /* only lg prealloc space */ BUG_ON(pa->pa_type != MB_GROUP_PA); /* seems this one can be freed ... */ ext4_mb_mark_pa_deleted(sb, pa); spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); list_del_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list); list_add(&pa->u.pa_tmp_list, &discard_list); total_entries--; if (total_entries <= 5) { /* * we want to keep only 5 entries * allowing it to grow to 8. This * mak sure we don't call discard * soon for this list. */ break; } } spin_unlock(&lg->lg_prealloc_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(pa, tmp, &discard_list, u.pa_tmp_list) { int err; group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, pa->pa_pstart); err = ext4_mb_load_buddy_gfp(sb, group, &e4b, GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOFAIL); if (err) { ext4_error_err(sb, -err, "Error %d loading buddy information for %u", err, group); continue; } ext4_lock_group(sb, group); list_del(&pa->pa_group_list); ext4_mb_release_group_pa(&e4b, pa); ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); list_del(&pa->u.pa_tmp_list); call_rcu(&(pa)->u.pa_rcu, ext4_mb_pa_callback); } } /* * We have incremented pa_count. So it cannot be freed at this * point. Also we hold lg_mutex. So no parallel allocation is * possible from this lg. That means pa_free cannot be updated. * * A parallel ext4_mb_discard_group_preallocations is possible. * which can cause the lg_prealloc_list to be updated. */ static void ext4_mb_add_n_trim(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { int order, added = 0, lg_prealloc_count = 1; struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb; struct ext4_locality_group *lg = ac->ac_lg; struct ext4_prealloc_space *tmp_pa, *pa = ac->ac_pa; order = fls(pa->pa_free) - 1; if (order > PREALLOC_TB_SIZE - 1) /* The max size of hash table is PREALLOC_TB_SIZE */ order = PREALLOC_TB_SIZE - 1; /* Add the prealloc space to lg */ spin_lock(&lg->lg_prealloc_lock); list_for_each_entry_rcu(tmp_pa, &lg->lg_prealloc_list[order], pa_inode_list, lockdep_is_held(&lg->lg_prealloc_lock)) { spin_lock(&tmp_pa->pa_lock); if (tmp_pa->pa_deleted) { spin_unlock(&tmp_pa->pa_lock); continue; } if (!added && pa->pa_free < tmp_pa->pa_free) { /* Add to the tail of the previous entry */ list_add_tail_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list, &tmp_pa->pa_inode_list); added = 1; /* * we want to count the total * number of entries in the list */ } spin_unlock(&tmp_pa->pa_lock); lg_prealloc_count++; } if (!added) list_add_tail_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list, &lg->lg_prealloc_list[order]); spin_unlock(&lg->lg_prealloc_lock); /* Now trim the list to be not more than 8 elements */ if (lg_prealloc_count > 8) { ext4_mb_discard_lg_preallocations(sb, lg, order, lg_prealloc_count); return; } return ; } /* * if per-inode prealloc list is too long, trim some PA */ static void ext4_mb_trim_inode_pa(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); int count, delta; count = atomic_read(&ei->i_prealloc_active); delta = (sbi->s_mb_max_inode_prealloc >> 2) + 1; if (count > sbi->s_mb_max_inode_prealloc + delta) { count -= sbi->s_mb_max_inode_prealloc; ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, count); } } /* * release all resource we used in allocation */ static int ext4_mb_release_context(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac) { struct inode *inode = ac->ac_inode; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb); struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa = ac->ac_pa; if (pa) { if (pa->pa_type == MB_GROUP_PA) { /* see comment in ext4_mb_use_group_pa() */ spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock); pa->pa_pstart += EXT4_C2B(sbi, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len); pa->pa_lstart += EXT4_C2B(sbi, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len); pa->pa_free -= ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len; pa->pa_len -= ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len; spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock); /* * We want to add the pa to the right bucket. * Remove it from the list and while adding * make sure the list to which we are adding * doesn't grow big. */ if (likely(pa->pa_free)) { spin_lock(pa->pa_obj_lock); list_del_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list); spin_unlock(pa->pa_obj_lock); ext4_mb_add_n_trim(ac); } } if (pa->pa_type == MB_INODE_PA) { /* * treat per-inode prealloc list as a lru list, then try * to trim the least recently used PA. */ spin_lock(pa->pa_obj_lock); list_move(&pa->pa_inode_list, &ei->i_prealloc_list); spin_unlock(pa->pa_obj_lock); } ext4_mb_put_pa(ac, ac->ac_sb, pa); } if (ac->ac_bitmap_page) put_page(ac->ac_bitmap_page); if (ac->ac_buddy_page) put_page(ac->ac_buddy_page); if (ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC) mutex_unlock(&ac->ac_lg->lg_mutex); ext4_mb_collect_stats(ac); ext4_mb_trim_inode_pa(inode); return 0; } static int ext4_mb_discard_preallocations(struct super_block *sb, int needed) { ext4_group_t i, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); int ret; int freed = 0; trace_ext4_mb_discard_preallocations(sb, needed); for (i = 0; i < ngroups && needed > 0; i++) { ret = ext4_mb_discard_group_preallocations(sb, i, needed); freed += ret; needed -= ret; } return freed; } static bool ext4_mb_discard_preallocations_should_retry(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, u64 *seq) { int freed; u64 seq_retry = 0; bool ret = false; freed = ext4_mb_discard_preallocations(sb, ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len); if (freed) { ret = true; goto out_dbg; } seq_retry = ext4_get_discard_pa_seq_sum(); if (!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_STRICT_CHECK) || seq_retry != *seq) { ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_STRICT_CHECK; *seq = seq_retry; ret = true; } out_dbg: mb_debug(sb, "freed %d, retry ? %s\n", freed, ret ? "yes" : "no"); return ret; } static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_mb_new_blocks_simple(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_allocation_request *ar, int *errp); /* * Main entry point into mballoc to allocate blocks * it tries to use preallocation first, then falls back * to usual allocation */ ext4_fsblk_t ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_allocation_request *ar, int *errp) { struct ext4_allocation_context *ac = NULL; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi; struct super_block *sb; ext4_fsblk_t block = 0; unsigned int inquota = 0; unsigned int reserv_clstrs = 0; u64 seq; might_sleep(); sb = ar->inode->i_sb; sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); trace_ext4_request_blocks(ar); if (sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) return ext4_mb_new_blocks_simple(handle, ar, errp); /* Allow to use superuser reservation for quota file */ if (ext4_is_quota_file(ar->inode)) ar->flags |= EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS; if ((ar->flags & EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED) == 0) { /* Without delayed allocation we need to verify * there is enough free blocks to do block allocation * and verify allocation doesn't exceed the quota limits. */ while (ar->len && ext4_claim_free_clusters(sbi, ar->len, ar->flags)) { /* let others to free the space */ cond_resched(); ar->len = ar->len >> 1; } if (!ar->len) { ext4_mb_show_pa(sb); *errp = -ENOSPC; return 0; } reserv_clstrs = ar->len; if (ar->flags & EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS) { dquot_alloc_block_nofail(ar->inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, ar->len)); } else { while (ar->len && dquot_alloc_block(ar->inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, ar->len))) { ar->flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC; ar->len--; } } inquota = ar->len; if (ar->len == 0) { *errp = -EDQUOT; goto out; } } ac = kmem_cache_zalloc(ext4_ac_cachep, GFP_NOFS); if (!ac) { ar->len = 0; *errp = -ENOMEM; goto out; } *errp = ext4_mb_initialize_context(ac, ar); if (*errp) { ar->len = 0; goto out; } ac->ac_op = EXT4_MB_HISTORY_PREALLOC; seq = this_cpu_read(discard_pa_seq); if (!ext4_mb_use_preallocated(ac)) { ac->ac_op = EXT4_MB_HISTORY_ALLOC; ext4_mb_normalize_request(ac, ar); *errp = ext4_mb_pa_alloc(ac); if (*errp) goto errout; repeat: /* allocate space in core */ *errp = ext4_mb_regular_allocator(ac); /* * pa allocated above is added to grp->bb_prealloc_list only * when we were able to allocate some block i.e. when * ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND. * And error from above mean ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND * So we have to free this pa here itself. */ if (*errp) { ext4_mb_pa_free(ac); ext4_discard_allocated_blocks(ac); goto errout; } if (ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND && ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len >= ac->ac_f_ex.fe_len) ext4_mb_pa_free(ac); } if (likely(ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND)) { *errp = ext4_mb_mark_diskspace_used(ac, handle, reserv_clstrs); if (*errp) { ext4_discard_allocated_blocks(ac); goto errout; } else { block = ext4_grp_offs_to_block(sb, &ac->ac_b_ex); ar->len = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len; } } else { if (ext4_mb_discard_preallocations_should_retry(sb, ac, &seq)) goto repeat; /* * If block allocation fails then the pa allocated above * needs to be freed here itself. */ ext4_mb_pa_free(ac); *errp = -ENOSPC; } errout: if (*errp) { ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len = 0; ar->len = 0; ext4_mb_show_ac(ac); } ext4_mb_release_context(ac); out: if (ac) kmem_cache_free(ext4_ac_cachep, ac); if (inquota && ar->len < inquota) dquot_free_block(ar->inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, inquota - ar->len)); if (!ar->len) { if ((ar->flags & EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED) == 0) /* release all the reserved blocks if non delalloc */ percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, reserv_clstrs); } trace_ext4_allocate_blocks(ar, (unsigned long long)block); return block; } /* * We can merge two free data extents only if the physical blocks * are contiguous, AND the extents were freed by the same transaction, * AND the blocks are associated with the same group. */ static void ext4_try_merge_freed_extent(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, struct ext4_free_data *entry, struct ext4_free_data *new_entry, struct rb_root *entry_rb_root) { if ((entry->efd_tid != new_entry->efd_tid) || (entry->efd_group != new_entry->efd_group)) return; if (entry->efd_start_cluster + entry->efd_count == new_entry->efd_start_cluster) { new_entry->efd_start_cluster = entry->efd_start_cluster; new_entry->efd_count += entry->efd_count; } else if (new_entry->efd_start_cluster + new_entry->efd_count == entry->efd_start_cluster) { new_entry->efd_count += entry->efd_count; } else return; spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); list_del(&entry->efd_list); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); rb_erase(&entry->efd_node, entry_rb_root); kmem_cache_free(ext4_free_data_cachep, entry); } static noinline_for_stack int ext4_mb_free_metadata(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_buddy *e4b, struct ext4_free_data *new_entry) { ext4_group_t group = e4b->bd_group; ext4_grpblk_t cluster; ext4_grpblk_t clusters = new_entry->efd_count; struct ext4_free_data *entry; struct ext4_group_info *db = e4b->bd_info; struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct rb_node **n = &db->bb_free_root.rb_node, *node; struct rb_node *parent = NULL, *new_node; BUG_ON(!ext4_handle_valid(handle)); BUG_ON(e4b->bd_bitmap_page == NULL); BUG_ON(e4b->bd_buddy_page == NULL); new_node = &new_entry->efd_node; cluster = new_entry->efd_start_cluster; if (!*n) { /* first free block exent. We need to protect buddy cache from being freed, * otherwise we'll refresh it from * on-disk bitmap and lose not-yet-available * blocks */ get_page(e4b->bd_buddy_page); get_page(e4b->bd_bitmap_page); } while (*n) { parent = *n; entry = rb_entry(parent, struct ext4_free_data, efd_node); if (cluster < entry->efd_start_cluster) n = &(*n)->rb_left; else if (cluster >= (entry->efd_start_cluster + entry->efd_count)) n = &(*n)->rb_right; else { ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, group, 0, ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group) + EXT4_C2B(sbi, cluster), "Block already on to-be-freed list"); kmem_cache_free(ext4_free_data_cachep, new_entry); return 0; } } rb_link_node(new_node, parent, n); rb_insert_color(new_node, &db->bb_free_root); /* Now try to see the extent can be merged to left and right */ node = rb_prev(new_node); if (node) { entry = rb_entry(node, struct ext4_free_data, efd_node); ext4_try_merge_freed_extent(sbi, entry, new_entry, &(db->bb_free_root)); } node = rb_next(new_node); if (node) { entry = rb_entry(node, struct ext4_free_data, efd_node); ext4_try_merge_freed_extent(sbi, entry, new_entry, &(db->bb_free_root)); } spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); list_add_tail(&new_entry->efd_list, &sbi->s_freed_data_list); sbi->s_mb_free_pending += clusters; spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); return 0; } /* * Simple allocator for Ext4 fast commit replay path. It searches for blocks * linearly starting at the goal block and also excludes the blocks which * are going to be in use after fast commit replay. */ static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_mb_new_blocks_simple(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_allocation_request *ar, int *errp) { struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh; struct super_block *sb = ar->inode->i_sb; ext4_group_t group; ext4_grpblk_t blkoff; int i = sb->s_blocksize; ext4_fsblk_t goal, block; struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; goal = ar->goal; if (goal < le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block) || goal >= ext4_blocks_count(es)) goal = le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block); ar->len = 0; ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, goal, &group, &blkoff); for (; group < ext4_get_groups_count(sb); group++) { bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, group); if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { *errp = PTR_ERR(bitmap_bh); pr_warn("Failed to read block bitmap\n"); return 0; } ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, max(ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group), goal), NULL, &blkoff); i = mb_find_next_zero_bit(bitmap_bh->b_data, sb->s_blocksize, blkoff); brelse(bitmap_bh); if (i >= sb->s_blocksize) continue; if (ext4_fc_replay_check_excluded(sb, ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group) + i)) continue; break; } if (group >= ext4_get_groups_count(sb) && i >= sb->s_blocksize) return 0; block = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group) + i; ext4_mb_mark_bb(sb, block, 1, 1); ar->len = 1; return block; } static void ext4_free_blocks_simple(struct inode *inode, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count) { struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh; struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; struct buffer_head *gdp_bh; ext4_group_t group; ext4_grpblk_t blkoff; int already_freed = 0, err, i; ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, block, &group, &blkoff); bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, group); if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bitmap_bh); pr_warn("Failed to read block bitmap\n"); return; } gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, &gdp_bh); if (!gdp) return; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { if (!mb_test_bit(blkoff + i, bitmap_bh->b_data)) already_freed++; } mb_clear_bits(bitmap_bh->b_data, blkoff, count); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(NULL, NULL, bitmap_bh); if (err) return; ext4_free_group_clusters_set( sb, gdp, ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp) + count - already_freed); ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(sb, group, gdp, bitmap_bh); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, group, gdp); ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(NULL, NULL, gdp_bh); sync_dirty_buffer(bitmap_bh); sync_dirty_buffer(gdp_bh); brelse(bitmap_bh); } /** * ext4_free_blocks() -- Free given blocks and update quota * @handle: handle for this transaction * @inode: inode * @bh: optional buffer of the block to be freed * @block: starting physical block to be freed * @count: number of blocks to be freed * @flags: flags used by ext4_free_blocks */ void ext4_free_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count, int flags) { struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL; struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; unsigned int overflow; ext4_grpblk_t bit; struct buffer_head *gd_bh; ext4_group_t block_group; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi; struct ext4_buddy e4b; unsigned int count_clusters; int err = 0; int ret; sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) { ext4_free_blocks_simple(inode, block, count); return; } might_sleep(); if (bh) { if (block) BUG_ON(block != bh->b_blocknr); else block = bh->b_blocknr; } if (!(flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_VALIDATED) && !ext4_inode_block_valid(inode, block, count)) { ext4_error(sb, "Freeing blocks not in datazone - " "block = %llu, count = %lu", block, count); goto error_return; } ext4_debug("freeing block %llu\n", block); trace_ext4_free_blocks(inode, block, count, flags); if (bh && (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET)) { BUG_ON(count > 1); ext4_forget(handle, flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA, inode, bh, block); } /* * If the extent to be freed does not begin on a cluster * boundary, we need to deal with partial clusters at the * beginning and end of the extent. Normally we will free * blocks at the beginning or the end unless we are explicitly * requested to avoid doing so. */ overflow = EXT4_PBLK_COFF(sbi, block); if (overflow) { if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER) { overflow = sbi->s_cluster_ratio - overflow; block += overflow; if (count > overflow) count -= overflow; else return; } else { block -= overflow; count += overflow; } } overflow = EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, count); if (overflow) { if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER) { if (count > overflow) count -= overflow; else return; } else count += sbi->s_cluster_ratio - overflow; } if (!bh && (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET)) { int i; int is_metadata = flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { cond_resched(); if (is_metadata) bh = sb_find_get_block(inode->i_sb, block + i); ext4_forget(handle, is_metadata, inode, bh, block + i); } } do_more: overflow = 0; ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, block, &block_group, &bit); if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT( ext4_get_group_info(sb, block_group)))) return; /* * Check to see if we are freeing blocks across a group * boundary. */ if (EXT4_C2B(sbi, bit) + count > EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)) { overflow = EXT4_C2B(sbi, bit) + count - EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb); count -= overflow; } count_clusters = EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, count); bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, block_group); if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bitmap_bh); bitmap_bh = NULL; goto error_return; } gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, block_group, &gd_bh); if (!gdp) { err = -EIO; goto error_return; } if (in_range(ext4_block_bitmap(sb, gdp), block, count) || in_range(ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp), block, count) || in_range(block, ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp), sbi->s_itb_per_group) || in_range(block + count - 1, ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp), sbi->s_itb_per_group)) { ext4_error(sb, "Freeing blocks in system zone - " "Block = %llu, count = %lu", block, count); /* err = 0. ext4_std_error should be a no op */ goto error_return; } BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "getting write access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bitmap_bh); if (err) goto error_return; /* * We are about to modify some metadata. Call the journal APIs * to unshare ->b_data if a currently-committing transaction is * using it */ BUFFER_TRACE(gd_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gd_bh); if (err) goto error_return; #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_CHECK { int i; for (i = 0; i < count_clusters; i++) BUG_ON(!mb_test_bit(bit + i, bitmap_bh->b_data)); } #endif trace_ext4_mballoc_free(sb, inode, block_group, bit, count_clusters); /* __GFP_NOFAIL: retry infinitely, ignore TIF_MEMDIE and memcg limit. */ err = ext4_mb_load_buddy_gfp(sb, block_group, &e4b, GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOFAIL); if (err) goto error_return; /* * We need to make sure we don't reuse the freed block until after the * transaction is committed. We make an exception if the inode is to be * written in writeback mode since writeback mode has weak data * consistency guarantees. */ if (ext4_handle_valid(handle) && ((flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA) || !ext4_should_writeback_data(inode))) { struct ext4_free_data *new_entry; /* * We use __GFP_NOFAIL because ext4_free_blocks() is not allowed * to fail. */ new_entry = kmem_cache_alloc(ext4_free_data_cachep, GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOFAIL); new_entry->efd_start_cluster = bit; new_entry->efd_group = block_group; new_entry->efd_count = count_clusters; new_entry->efd_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group); mb_clear_bits(bitmap_bh->b_data, bit, count_clusters); ext4_mb_free_metadata(handle, &e4b, new_entry); } else { /* need to update group_info->bb_free and bitmap * with group lock held. generate_buddy look at * them with group lock_held */ if (test_opt(sb, DISCARD)) { err = ext4_issue_discard(sb, block_group, bit, count, NULL); if (err && err != -EOPNOTSUPP) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "discard request in" " group:%d block:%d count:%lu failed" " with %d", block_group, bit, count, err); } else EXT4_MB_GRP_CLEAR_TRIMMED(e4b.bd_info); ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group); mb_clear_bits(bitmap_bh->b_data, bit, count_clusters); mb_free_blocks(inode, &e4b, bit, count_clusters); } ret = ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp) + count_clusters; ext4_free_group_clusters_set(sb, gdp, ret); ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(sb, block_group, gdp, bitmap_bh); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, block_group, gdp); ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) { ext4_group_t flex_group = ext4_flex_group(sbi, block_group); atomic64_add(count_clusters, &sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, flex_group)->free_clusters); } /* * on a bigalloc file system, defer the s_freeclusters_counter * update to the caller (ext4_remove_space and friends) so they * can determine if a cluster freed here should be rereserved */ if (!(flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER)) { if (!(flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE)) dquot_free_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, count_clusters)); percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter, count_clusters); } ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); /* We dirtied the bitmap block */ BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "dirtied bitmap block"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bitmap_bh); /* And the group descriptor block */ BUFFER_TRACE(gd_bh, "dirtied group descriptor block"); ret = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, gd_bh); if (!err) err = ret; if (overflow && !err) { block += count; count = overflow; put_bh(bitmap_bh); goto do_more; } error_return: brelse(bitmap_bh); ext4_std_error(sb, err); return; } /** * ext4_group_add_blocks() -- Add given blocks to an existing group * @handle: handle to this transaction * @sb: super block * @block: start physical block to add to the block group * @count: number of blocks to free * * This marks the blocks as free in the bitmap and buddy. */ int ext4_group_add_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count) { struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL; struct buffer_head *gd_bh; ext4_group_t block_group; ext4_grpblk_t bit; unsigned int i; struct ext4_group_desc *desc; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_buddy e4b; int err = 0, ret, free_clusters_count; ext4_grpblk_t clusters_freed; ext4_fsblk_t first_cluster = EXT4_B2C(sbi, block); ext4_fsblk_t last_cluster = EXT4_B2C(sbi, block + count - 1); unsigned long cluster_count = last_cluster - first_cluster + 1; ext4_debug("Adding block(s) %llu-%llu\n", block, block + count - 1); if (count == 0) return 0; ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, block, &block_group, &bit); /* * Check to see if we are freeing blocks across a group * boundary. */ if (bit + cluster_count > EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb)) { ext4_warning(sb, "too many blocks added to group %u", block_group); err = -EINVAL; goto error_return; } bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, block_group); if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bitmap_bh); bitmap_bh = NULL; goto error_return; } desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, block_group, &gd_bh); if (!desc) { err = -EIO; goto error_return; } if (in_range(ext4_block_bitmap(sb, desc), block, count) || in_range(ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, desc), block, count) || in_range(block, ext4_inode_table(sb, desc), sbi->s_itb_per_group) || in_range(block + count - 1, ext4_inode_table(sb, desc), sbi->s_itb_per_group)) { ext4_error(sb, "Adding blocks in system zones - " "Block = %llu, count = %lu", block, count); err = -EINVAL; goto error_return; } BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "getting write access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bitmap_bh); if (err) goto error_return; /* * We are about to modify some metadata. Call the journal APIs * to unshare ->b_data if a currently-committing transaction is * using it */ BUFFER_TRACE(gd_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gd_bh); if (err) goto error_return; for (i = 0, clusters_freed = 0; i < cluster_count; i++) { BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "clear bit"); if (!mb_test_bit(bit + i, bitmap_bh->b_data)) { ext4_error(sb, "bit already cleared for block %llu", (ext4_fsblk_t)(block + i)); BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "bit already cleared"); } else { clusters_freed++; } } err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, block_group, &e4b); if (err) goto error_return; /* * need to update group_info->bb_free and bitmap * with group lock held. generate_buddy look at * them with group lock_held */ ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group); mb_clear_bits(bitmap_bh->b_data, bit, cluster_count); mb_free_blocks(NULL, &e4b, bit, cluster_count); free_clusters_count = clusters_freed + ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, desc); ext4_free_group_clusters_set(sb, desc, free_clusters_count); ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(sb, block_group, desc, bitmap_bh); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, block_group, desc); ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter, clusters_freed); if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) { ext4_group_t flex_group = ext4_flex_group(sbi, block_group); atomic64_add(clusters_freed, &sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, flex_group)->free_clusters); } ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); /* We dirtied the bitmap block */ BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "dirtied bitmap block"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bitmap_bh); /* And the group descriptor block */ BUFFER_TRACE(gd_bh, "dirtied group descriptor block"); ret = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, gd_bh); if (!err) err = ret; error_return: brelse(bitmap_bh); ext4_std_error(sb, err); return err; } /** * ext4_trim_extent -- function to TRIM one single free extent in the group * @sb: super block for the file system * @start: starting block of the free extent in the alloc. group * @count: number of blocks to TRIM * @group: alloc. group we are working with * @e4b: ext4 buddy for the group * * Trim "count" blocks starting at "start" in the "group". To assure that no * one will allocate those blocks, mark it as used in buddy bitmap. This must * be called with under the group lock. */ static int ext4_trim_extent(struct super_block *sb, int start, int count, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_buddy *e4b) __releases(bitlock) __acquires(bitlock) { struct ext4_free_extent ex; int ret = 0; trace_ext4_trim_extent(sb, group, start, count); assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group)); ex.fe_start = start; ex.fe_group = group; ex.fe_len = count; /* * Mark blocks used, so no one can reuse them while * being trimmed. */ mb_mark_used(e4b, &ex); ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); ret = ext4_issue_discard(sb, group, start, count, NULL); ext4_lock_group(sb, group); mb_free_blocks(NULL, e4b, start, ex.fe_len); return ret; } /** * ext4_trim_all_free -- function to trim all free space in alloc. group * @sb: super block for file system * @group: group to be trimmed * @start: first group block to examine * @max: last group block to examine * @minblocks: minimum extent block count * * ext4_trim_all_free walks through group's buddy bitmap searching for free * extents. When the free block is found, ext4_trim_extent is called to TRIM * the extent. * * * ext4_trim_all_free walks through group's block bitmap searching for free * extents. When the free extent is found, mark it as used in group buddy * bitmap. Then issue a TRIM command on this extent and free the extent in * the group buddy bitmap. This is done until whole group is scanned. */ static ext4_grpblk_t ext4_trim_all_free(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t max, ext4_grpblk_t minblocks) { void *bitmap; ext4_grpblk_t next, count = 0, free_count = 0; struct ext4_buddy e4b; int ret = 0; trace_ext4_trim_all_free(sb, group, start, max); ret = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, group, &e4b); if (ret) { ext4_warning(sb, "Error %d loading buddy information for %u", ret, group); return ret; } bitmap = e4b.bd_bitmap; ext4_lock_group(sb, group); if (EXT4_MB_GRP_WAS_TRIMMED(e4b.bd_info) && minblocks >= atomic_read(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_last_trim_minblks)) goto out; start = (e4b.bd_info->bb_first_free > start) ? e4b.bd_info->bb_first_free : start; while (start <= max) { start = mb_find_next_zero_bit(bitmap, max + 1, start); if (start > max) break; next = mb_find_next_bit(bitmap, max + 1, start); if ((next - start) >= minblocks) { ret = ext4_trim_extent(sb, start, next - start, group, &e4b); if (ret && ret != -EOPNOTSUPP) break; ret = 0; count += next - start; } free_count += next - start; start = next + 1; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { count = -ERESTARTSYS; break; } if (need_resched()) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); cond_resched(); ext4_lock_group(sb, group); } if ((e4b.bd_info->bb_free - free_count) < minblocks) break; } if (!ret) { ret = count; EXT4_MB_GRP_SET_TRIMMED(e4b.bd_info); } out: ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); ext4_debug("trimmed %d blocks in the group %d\n", count, group); return ret; } /** * ext4_trim_fs() -- trim ioctl handle function * @sb: superblock for filesystem * @range: fstrim_range structure * * start: First Byte to trim * len: number of Bytes to trim from start * minlen: minimum extent length in Bytes * ext4_trim_fs goes through all allocation groups containing Bytes from * start to start+len. For each such a group ext4_trim_all_free function * is invoked to trim all free space. */ int ext4_trim_fs(struct super_block *sb, struct fstrim_range *range) { struct ext4_group_info *grp; ext4_group_t group, first_group, last_group; ext4_grpblk_t cnt = 0, first_cluster, last_cluster; uint64_t start, end, minlen, trimmed = 0; ext4_fsblk_t first_data_blk = le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block); ext4_fsblk_t max_blks = ext4_blocks_count(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es); int ret = 0; start = range->start >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; end = start + (range->len >> sb->s_blocksize_bits) - 1; minlen = EXT4_NUM_B2C(EXT4_SB(sb), range->minlen >> sb->s_blocksize_bits); if (minlen > EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) || start >= max_blks || range->len < sb->s_blocksize) return -EINVAL; if (end >= max_blks) end = max_blks - 1; if (end <= first_data_blk) goto out; if (start < first_data_blk) start = first_data_blk; /* Determine first and last group to examine based on start and end */ ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, (ext4_fsblk_t) start, &first_group, &first_cluster); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, (ext4_fsblk_t) end, &last_group, &last_cluster); /* end now represents the last cluster to discard in this group */ end = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 1; for (group = first_group; group <= last_group; group++) { grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); /* We only do this if the grp has never been initialized */ if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp))) { ret = ext4_mb_init_group(sb, group, GFP_NOFS); if (ret) break; } /* * For all the groups except the last one, last cluster will * always be EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb)-1, so we only need to * change it for the last group, note that last_cluster is * already computed earlier by ext4_get_group_no_and_offset() */ if (group == last_group) end = last_cluster; if (grp->bb_free >= minlen) { cnt = ext4_trim_all_free(sb, group, first_cluster, end, minlen); if (cnt < 0) { ret = cnt; break; } trimmed += cnt; } /* * For every group except the first one, we are sure * that the first cluster to discard will be cluster #0. */ first_cluster = 0; } if (!ret) atomic_set(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_last_trim_minblks, minlen); out: range->len = EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), trimmed) << sb->s_blocksize_bits; return ret; } /* Iterate all the free extents in the group. */ int ext4_mballoc_query_range( struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t end, ext4_mballoc_query_range_fn formatter, void *priv) { void *bitmap; ext4_grpblk_t next; struct ext4_buddy e4b; int error; error = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, group, &e4b); if (error) return error; bitmap = e4b.bd_bitmap; ext4_lock_group(sb, group); start = (e4b.bd_info->bb_first_free > start) ? e4b.bd_info->bb_first_free : start; if (end >= EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb)) end = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 1; while (start <= end) { start = mb_find_next_zero_bit(bitmap, end + 1, start); if (start > end) break; next = mb_find_next_bit(bitmap, end + 1, start); ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); error = formatter(sb, group, start, next - start, priv); if (error) goto out_unload; ext4_lock_group(sb, group); start = next + 1; } ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); out_unload: ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b); return error; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 #ifndef __LINUX_MROUTE_BASE_H #define __LINUX_MROUTE_BASE_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/fib_notifier.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> /** * struct vif_device - interface representor for multicast routing * @dev: network device being used * @bytes_in: statistic; bytes ingressing * @bytes_out: statistic; bytes egresing * @pkt_in: statistic; packets ingressing * @pkt_out: statistic; packets egressing * @rate_limit: Traffic shaping (NI) * @threshold: TTL threshold * @flags: Control flags * @link: Physical interface index * @dev_parent_id: device parent id * @local: Local address * @remote: Remote address for tunnels */ struct vif_device { struct net_device *dev; unsigned long bytes_in, bytes_out; unsigned long pkt_in, pkt_out; unsigned long rate_limit; unsigned char threshold; unsigned short flags; int link; /* Currently only used by ipmr */ struct netdev_phys_item_id dev_parent_id; __be32 local, remote; }; struct vif_entry_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; struct net_device *dev; unsigned short vif_index; unsigned short vif_flags; u32 tb_id; }; static inline int mr_call_vif_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct vif_device *vif, unsigned short vif_index, u32 tb_id, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct vif_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, .extack = extack, }, .dev = vif->dev, .vif_index = vif_index, .vif_flags = vif->flags, .tb_id = tb_id, }; return call_fib_notifier(nb, event_type, &info.info); } static inline int mr_call_vif_notifiers(struct net *net, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct vif_device *vif, unsigned short vif_index, u32 tb_id, unsigned int *ipmr_seq) { struct vif_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, }, .dev = vif->dev, .vif_index = vif_index, .vif_flags = vif->flags, .tb_id = tb_id, }; ASSERT_RTNL(); (*ipmr_seq)++; return call_fib_notifiers(net, event_type, &info.info); } #ifndef MAXVIFS /* This one is nasty; value is defined in uapi using different symbols for * mroute and morute6 but both map into same 32. */ #define MAXVIFS 32 #endif #define VIF_EXISTS(_mrt, _idx) (!!((_mrt)->vif_table[_idx].dev)) /* mfc_flags: * MFC_STATIC - the entry was added statically (not by a routing daemon) * MFC_OFFLOAD - the entry was offloaded to the hardware */ enum { MFC_STATIC = BIT(0), MFC_OFFLOAD = BIT(1), }; /** * struct mr_mfc - common multicast routing entries * @mnode: rhashtable list * @mfc_parent: source interface (iif) * @mfc_flags: entry flags * @expires: unresolved entry expire time * @unresolved: unresolved cached skbs * @last_assert: time of last assert * @minvif: minimum VIF id * @maxvif: maximum VIF id * @bytes: bytes that have passed for this entry * @pkt: packets that have passed for this entry * @wrong_if: number of wrong source interface hits * @lastuse: time of last use of the group (traffic or update) * @ttls: OIF TTL threshold array * @refcount: reference count for this entry * @list: global entry list * @rcu: used for entry destruction * @free: Operation used for freeing an entry under RCU */ struct mr_mfc { struct rhlist_head mnode; unsigned short mfc_parent; int mfc_flags; union { struct { unsigned long expires; struct sk_buff_head unresolved; } unres; struct { unsigned long last_assert; int minvif; int maxvif; unsigned long bytes; unsigned long pkt; unsigned long wrong_if; unsigned long lastuse; unsigned char ttls[MAXVIFS]; refcount_t refcount; } res; } mfc_un; struct list_head list; struct rcu_head rcu; void (*free)(struct rcu_head *head); }; static inline void mr_cache_put(struct mr_mfc *c) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&c->mfc_un.res.refcount)) call_rcu(&c->rcu, c->free); } static inline void mr_cache_hold(struct mr_mfc *c) { refcount_inc(&c->mfc_un.res.refcount); } struct mfc_entry_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; struct mr_mfc *mfc; u32 tb_id; }; static inline int mr_call_mfc_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct mr_mfc *mfc, u32 tb_id, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct mfc_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, .extack = extack, }, .mfc = mfc, .tb_id = tb_id }; return call_fib_notifier(nb, event_type, &info.info); } static inline int mr_call_mfc_notifiers(struct net *net, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct mr_mfc *mfc, u32 tb_id, unsigned int *ipmr_seq) { struct mfc_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, }, .mfc = mfc, .tb_id = tb_id }; ASSERT_RTNL(); (*ipmr_seq)++; return call_fib_notifiers(net, event_type, &info.info); } struct mr_table; /** * struct mr_table_ops - callbacks and info for protocol-specific ops * @rht_params: parameters for accessing the MFC hash * @cmparg_any: a hash key to be used for matching on (*,*) routes */ struct mr_table_ops { const struct rhashtable_params *rht_params; void *cmparg_any; }; /** * struct mr_table - a multicast routing table * @list: entry within a list of multicast routing tables * @net: net where this table belongs * @ops: protocol specific operations * @id: identifier of the table * @mroute_sk: socket associated with the table * @ipmr_expire_timer: timer for handling unresolved routes * @mfc_unres_queue: list of unresolved MFC entries * @vif_table: array containing all possible vifs * @mfc_hash: Hash table of all resolved routes for easy lookup * @mfc_cache_list: list of resovled routes for possible traversal * @maxvif: Identifier of highest value vif currently in use * @cache_resolve_queue_len: current size of unresolved queue * @mroute_do_assert: Whether to inform userspace on wrong ingress * @mroute_do_pim: Whether to receive IGMP PIMv1 * @mroute_reg_vif_num: PIM-device vif index */ struct mr_table { struct list_head list; possible_net_t net; struct mr_table_ops ops; u32 id; struct sock __rcu *mroute_sk; struct timer_list ipmr_expire_timer; struct list_head mfc_unres_queue; struct vif_device vif_table[MAXVIFS]; struct rhltable mfc_hash; struct list_head mfc_cache_list; int maxvif; atomic_t cache_resolve_queue_len; bool mroute_do_assert; bool mroute_do_pim; bool mroute_do_wrvifwhole; int mroute_reg_vif_num; }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE_COMMON void vif_device_init(struct vif_device *v, struct net_device *dev, unsigned long rate_limit, unsigned char threshold, unsigned short flags, unsigned short get_iflink_mask); struct mr_table * mr_table_alloc(struct net *net, u32 id, struct mr_table_ops *ops, void (*expire_func)(struct timer_list *t), void (*table_set)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct net *net)); /* These actually return 'struct mr_mfc *', but to avoid need for explicit * castings they simply return void. */ void *mr_mfc_find_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, void *hasharg, int parent); void *mr_mfc_find_any_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi); void *mr_mfc_find_any(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi, void *hasharg); int mr_fill_mroute(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, struct mr_mfc *c, struct rtmsg *rtm); int mr_table_dump(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, int (*fill)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, struct mr_mfc *c, int cmd, int flags), spinlock_t *lock, struct fib_dump_filter *filter); int mr_rtm_dumproute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct mr_table *(*iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), int (*fill)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, struct mr_mfc *c, int cmd, int flags), spinlock_t *lock, struct fib_dump_filter *filter); int mr_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, int (*rules_dump)(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack), struct mr_table *(*mr_iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), rwlock_t *mrt_lock, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); #else static inline void vif_device_init(struct vif_device *v, struct net_device *dev, unsigned long rate_limit, unsigned char threshold, unsigned short flags, unsigned short get_iflink_mask) { } static inline void *mr_mfc_find_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, void *hasharg, int parent) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_find_any_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi) { return NULL; } static inline struct mr_mfc *mr_mfc_find_any(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi, void *hasharg) { return NULL; } static inline int mr_fill_mroute(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, struct mr_mfc *c, struct rtmsg *rtm) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int mr_rtm_dumproute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct mr_table *(*iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), int (*fill)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, struct mr_mfc *c, int cmd, int flags), spinlock_t *lock, struct fib_dump_filter *filter) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int mr_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, int (*rules_dump)(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack), struct mr_table *(*mr_iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), rwlock_t *mrt_lock, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return -EINVAL; } #endif static inline void *mr_mfc_find(struct mr_table *mrt, void *hasharg) { return mr_mfc_find_parent(mrt, hasharg, -1); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct mr_vif_iter { struct seq_net_private p; struct mr_table *mrt; int ct; }; struct mr_mfc_iter { struct seq_net_private p; struct mr_table *mrt; struct list_head *cache; /* Lock protecting the mr_table's unresolved queue */ spinlock_t *lock; }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE_COMMON void *mr_vif_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_vif_iter *iter, loff_t pos); void *mr_vif_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); static inline void *mr_vif_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) { return *pos ? mr_vif_seq_idx(seq_file_net(seq), seq->private, *pos - 1) : SEQ_START_TOKEN; } /* These actually return 'struct mr_mfc *', but to avoid need for explicit * castings they simply return void. */ void *mr_mfc_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_mfc_iter *it, loff_t pos); void *mr_mfc_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos, struct mr_table *mrt, spinlock_t *lock) { struct mr_mfc_iter *it = seq->private; it->mrt = mrt; it->cache = NULL; it->lock = lock; return *pos ? mr_mfc_seq_idx(seq_file_net(seq), seq->private, *pos - 1) : SEQ_START_TOKEN; } static inline void mr_mfc_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct mr_mfc_iter *it = seq->private; struct mr_table *mrt = it->mrt; if (it->cache == &mrt->mfc_unres_queue) spin_unlock_bh(it->lock); else if (it->cache == &mrt->mfc_cache_list) rcu_read_unlock(); } #else static inline void *mr_vif_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_vif_iter *iter, loff_t pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_vif_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_vif_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_mfc_iter *it, loff_t pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos, struct mr_table *mrt, spinlock_t *lock) { return NULL; } static inline void mr_mfc_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { } #endif #endif #endif
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> /** * idr_alloc_u32() - Allocate an ID. * @idr: IDR handle. * @ptr: Pointer to be associated with the new ID. * @nextid: Pointer to an ID. * @max: The maximum ID to allocate (inclusive). * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocates an unused ID in the range specified by @nextid and @max. * Note that @max is inclusive whereas the @end parameter to idr_alloc() * is exclusive. The new ID is assigned to @nextid before the pointer * is inserted into the IDR, so if @nextid points into the object pointed * to by @ptr, a concurrent lookup will not find an uninitialised ID. * * The caller should provide their own locking to ensure that two * concurrent modifications to the IDR are not possible. Read-only * accesses to the IDR may be done under the RCU read lock or may * exclude simultaneous writers. * * Return: 0 if an ID was allocated, -ENOMEM if memory allocation failed, * or -ENOSPC if no free IDs could be found. If an error occurred, * @nextid is unchanged. */ int idr_alloc_u32(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, u32 *nextid, unsigned long max, gfp_t gfp) { struct radix_tree_iter iter; void __rcu **slot; unsigned int base = idr->idr_base; unsigned int id = *nextid; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(idr->idr_rt.xa_flags & ROOT_IS_IDR))) idr->idr_rt.xa_flags |= IDR_RT_MARKER; id = (id < base) ? 0 : id - base; radix_tree_iter_init(&iter, id); slot = idr_get_free(&idr->idr_rt, &iter, gfp, max - base); if (IS_ERR(slot)) return PTR_ERR(slot); *nextid = iter.index + base; /* there is a memory barrier inside radix_tree_iter_replace() */ radix_tree_iter_replace(&idr->idr_rt, &iter, slot, ptr); radix_tree_iter_tag_clear(&idr->idr_rt, &iter, IDR_FREE); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idr_alloc_u32); /** * idr_alloc() - Allocate an ID. * @idr: IDR handle. * @ptr: Pointer to be associated with the new ID. * @start: The minimum ID (inclusive). * @end: The maximum ID (exclusive). * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocates an unused ID in the range specified by @start and @end. If * @end is <= 0, it is treated as one larger than %INT_MAX. This allows * callers to use @start + N as @end as long as N is within integer range. * * The caller should provide their own locking to ensure that two * concurrent modifications to the IDR are not possible. Read-only * accesses to the IDR may be done under the RCU read lock or may * exclude simultaneous writers. * * Return: The newly allocated ID, -ENOMEM if memory allocation failed, * or -ENOSPC if no free IDs could be found. */ int idr_alloc(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t gfp) { u32 id = start; int ret; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(start < 0)) return -EINVAL; ret = idr_alloc_u32(idr, ptr, &id, end > 0 ? end - 1 : INT_MAX, gfp); if (ret) return ret; return id; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idr_alloc); /** * idr_alloc_cyclic() - Allocate an ID cyclically. * @idr: IDR handle. * @ptr: Pointer to be associated with the new ID. * @start: The minimum ID (inclusive). * @end: The maximum ID (exclusive). * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocates an unused ID in the range specified by @nextid and @end. If * @end is <= 0, it is treated as one larger than %INT_MAX. This allows * callers to use @start + N as @end as long as N is within integer range. * The search for an unused ID will start at the last ID allocated and will * wrap around to @start if no free IDs are found before reaching @end. * * The caller should provide their own locking to ensure that two * concurrent modifications to the IDR are not possible. Read-only * accesses to the IDR may be done under the RCU read lock or may * exclude simultaneous writers. * * Return: The newly allocated ID, -ENOMEM if memory allocation failed, * or -ENOSPC if no free IDs could be found. */ int idr_alloc_cyclic(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t gfp) { u32 id = idr->idr_next; int err, max = end > 0 ? end - 1 : INT_MAX; if ((int)id < start) id = start; err = idr_alloc_u32(idr, ptr, &id, max, gfp); if ((err == -ENOSPC) && (id > start)) { id = start; err = idr_alloc_u32(idr, ptr, &id, max, gfp); } if (err) return err; idr->idr_next = id + 1; return id; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_alloc_cyclic); /** * idr_remove() - Remove an ID from the IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * @id: Pointer ID. * * Removes this ID from the IDR. If the ID was not previously in the IDR, * this function returns %NULL. * * Since this function modifies the IDR, the caller should provide their * own locking to ensure that concurrent modification of the same IDR is * not possible. * * Return: The pointer formerly associated with this ID. */ void *idr_remove(struct idr *idr, unsigned long id) { return radix_tree_delete_item(&idr->idr_rt, id - idr->idr_base, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idr_remove); /** * idr_find() - Return pointer for given ID. * @idr: IDR handle. * @id: Pointer ID. * * Looks up the pointer associated with this ID. A %NULL pointer may * indicate that @id is not allocated or that the %NULL pointer was * associated with this ID. * * This function can be called under rcu_read_lock(), given that the leaf * pointers lifetimes are correctly managed. * * Return: The pointer associated with this ID. */ void *idr_find(const struct idr *idr, unsigned long id) { return radix_tree_lookup(&idr->idr_rt, id - idr->idr_base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idr_find); /** * idr_for_each() - Iterate through all stored pointers. * @idr: IDR handle. * @fn: Function to be called for each pointer. * @data: Data passed to callback function. * * The callback function will be called for each entry in @idr, passing * the ID, the entry and @data. * * If @fn returns anything other than %0, the iteration stops and that * value is returned from this function. * * idr_for_each() can be called concurrently with idr_alloc() and * idr_remove() if protected by RCU. Newly added entries may not be * seen and deleted entries may be seen, but adding and removing entries * will not cause other entries to be skipped, nor spurious ones to be seen. */ int idr_for_each(const struct idr *idr, int (*fn)(int id, void *p, void *data), void *data) { struct radix_tree_iter iter; void __rcu **slot; int base = idr->idr_base; radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &idr->idr_rt, &iter, 0) { int ret; unsigned long id = iter.index + base; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(id > INT_MAX)) break; ret = fn(id, rcu_dereference_raw(*slot), data); if (ret) return ret; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_for_each); /** * idr_get_next_ul() - Find next populated entry. * @idr: IDR handle. * @nextid: Pointer to an ID. * * Returns the next populated entry in the tree with an ID greater than * or equal to the value pointed to by @nextid. On exit, @nextid is updated * to the ID of the found value. To use in a loop, the value pointed to by * nextid must be incremented by the user. */ void *idr_get_next_ul(struct idr *idr, unsigned long *nextid) { struct radix_tree_iter iter; void __rcu **slot; void *entry = NULL; unsigned long base = idr->idr_base; unsigned long id = *nextid; id = (id < base) ? 0 : id - base; radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &idr->idr_rt, &iter, id) { entry = rcu_dereference_raw(*slot); if (!entry) continue; if (!xa_is_internal(entry)) break; if (slot != &idr->idr_rt.xa_head && !xa_is_retry(entry)) break; slot = radix_tree_iter_retry(&iter); } if (!slot) return NULL; *nextid = iter.index + base; return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_get_next_ul); /** * idr_get_next() - Find next populated entry. * @idr: IDR handle. * @nextid: Pointer to an ID. * * Returns the next populated entry in the tree with an ID greater than * or equal to the value pointed to by @nextid. On exit, @nextid is updated * to the ID of the found value. To use in a loop, the value pointed to by * nextid must be incremented by the user. */ void *idr_get_next(struct idr *idr, int *nextid) { unsigned long id = *nextid; void *entry = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &id); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(id > INT_MAX)) return NULL; *nextid = id; return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_get_next); /** * idr_replace() - replace pointer for given ID. * @idr: IDR handle. * @ptr: New pointer to associate with the ID. * @id: ID to change. * * Replace the pointer registered with an ID and return the old value. * This function can be called under the RCU read lock concurrently with * idr_alloc() and idr_remove() (as long as the ID being removed is not * the one being replaced!). * * Returns: the old value on success. %-ENOENT indicates that @id was not * found. %-EINVAL indicates that @ptr was not valid. */ void *idr_replace(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, unsigned long id) { struct radix_tree_node *node; void __rcu **slot = NULL; void *entry; id -= idr->idr_base; entry = __radix_tree_lookup(&idr->idr_rt, id, &node, &slot); if (!slot || radix_tree_tag_get(&idr->idr_rt, id, IDR_FREE)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); __radix_tree_replace(&idr->idr_rt, node, slot, ptr); return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_replace); /** * DOC: IDA description * * The IDA is an ID allocator which does not provide the ability to * associate an ID with a pointer. As such, it only needs to store one * bit per ID, and so is more space efficient than an IDR. To use an IDA, * define it using DEFINE_IDA() (or embed a &struct ida in a data structure, * then initialise it using ida_init()). To allocate a new ID, call * ida_alloc(), ida_alloc_min(), ida_alloc_max() or ida_alloc_range(). * To free an ID, call ida_free(). * * ida_destroy() can be used to dispose of an IDA without needing to * free the individual IDs in it. You can use ida_is_empty() to find * out whether the IDA has any IDs currently allocated. * * The IDA handles its own locking. It is safe to call any of the IDA * functions without synchronisation in your code. * * IDs are currently limited to the range [0-INT_MAX]. If this is an awkward * limitation, it should be quite straightforward to raise the maximum. */ /* * Developer's notes: * * The IDA uses the functionality provided by the XArray to store bitmaps in * each entry. The XA_FREE_MARK is only cleared when all bits in the bitmap * have been set. * * I considered telling the XArray that each slot is an order-10 node * and indexing by bit number, but the XArray can't allow a single multi-index * entry in the head, which would significantly increase memory consumption * for the IDA. So instead we divide the index by the number of bits in the * leaf bitmap before doing a radix tree lookup. * * As an optimisation, if there are only a few low bits set in any given * leaf, instead of allocating a 128-byte bitmap, we store the bits * as a value entry. Value entries never have the XA_FREE_MARK cleared * because we can always convert them into a bitmap entry. * * It would be possible to optimise further; once we've run out of a * single 128-byte bitmap, we currently switch to a 576-byte node, put * the 128-byte bitmap in the first entry and then start allocating extra * 128-byte entries. We could instead use the 512 bytes of the node's * data as a bitmap before moving to that scheme. I do not believe this * is a worthwhile optimisation; Rasmus Villemoes surveyed the current * users of the IDA and almost none of them use more than 1024 entries. * Those that do use more than the 8192 IDs that the 512 bytes would * provide. * * The IDA always uses a lock to alloc/free. If we add a 'test_bit' * equivalent, it will still need locking. Going to RCU lookup would require * using RCU to free bitmaps, and that's not trivial without embedding an * RCU head in the bitmap, which adds a 2-pointer overhead to each 128-byte * bitmap, which is excessive. */ /** * ida_alloc_range() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @min: Lowest ID to allocate. * @max: Highest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between @min and @max, inclusive. The allocated ID will * not exceed %INT_MAX, even if @max is larger. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ int ida_alloc_range(struct ida *ida, unsigned int min, unsigned int max, gfp_t gfp) { XA_STATE(xas, &ida->xa, min / IDA_BITMAP_BITS); unsigned bit = min % IDA_BITMAP_BITS; unsigned long flags; struct ida_bitmap *bitmap, *alloc = NULL; if ((int)min < 0) return -ENOSPC; if ((int)max < 0) max = INT_MAX; retry: xas_lock_irqsave(&xas, flags); next: bitmap = xas_find_marked(&xas, max / IDA_BITMAP_BITS, XA_FREE_MARK); if (xas.xa_index > min / IDA_BITMAP_BITS) bit = 0; if (xas.xa_index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS + bit > max) goto nospc; if (xa_is_value(bitmap)) { unsigned long tmp = xa_to_value(bitmap); if (bit < BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) { bit = find_next_zero_bit(&tmp, BITS_PER_XA_VALUE, bit); if (xas.xa_index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS + bit > max) goto nospc; if (bit < BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) { tmp |= 1UL << bit; xas_store(&xas, xa_mk_value(tmp)); goto out; } } bitmap = alloc; if (!bitmap) bitmap = kzalloc(sizeof(*bitmap), GFP_NOWAIT); if (!bitmap) goto alloc; bitmap->bitmap[0] = tmp; xas_store(&xas, bitmap); if (xas_error(&xas)) { bitmap->bitmap[0] = 0; goto out; } } if (bitmap) { bit = find_next_zero_bit(bitmap->bitmap, IDA_BITMAP_BITS, bit); if (xas.xa_index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS + bit > max) goto nospc; if (bit == IDA_BITMAP_BITS) goto next; __set_bit(bit, bitmap->bitmap); if (bitmap_full(bitmap->bitmap, IDA_BITMAP_BITS)) xas_clear_mark(&xas, XA_FREE_MARK); } else { if (bit < BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) { bitmap = xa_mk_value(1UL << bit); } else { bitmap = alloc; if (!bitmap) bitmap = kzalloc(sizeof(*bitmap), GFP_NOWAIT); if (!bitmap) goto alloc; __set_bit(bit, bitmap->bitmap); } xas_store(&xas, bitmap); } out: xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); if (xas_nomem(&xas, gfp)) { xas.xa_index = min / IDA_BITMAP_BITS; bit = min % IDA_BITMAP_BITS; goto retry; } if (bitmap != alloc) kfree(alloc); if (xas_error(&xas)) return xas_error(&xas); return xas.xa_index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS + bit; alloc: xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); alloc = kzalloc(sizeof(*bitmap), gfp); if (!alloc) return -ENOMEM; xas_set(&xas, min / IDA_BITMAP_BITS); bit = min % IDA_BITMAP_BITS; goto retry; nospc: xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); kfree(alloc); return -ENOSPC; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ida_alloc_range); /** * ida_free() - Release an allocated ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @id: Previously allocated ID. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. */ void ida_free(struct ida *ida, unsigned int id) { XA_STATE(xas, &ida->xa, id / IDA_BITMAP_BITS); unsigned bit = id % IDA_BITMAP_BITS; struct ida_bitmap *bitmap; unsigned long flags; BUG_ON((int)id < 0); xas_lock_irqsave(&xas, flags); bitmap = xas_load(&xas); if (xa_is_value(bitmap)) { unsigned long v = xa_to_value(bitmap); if (bit >= BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) goto err; if (!(v & (1UL << bit))) goto err; v &= ~(1UL << bit); if (!v) goto delete; xas_store(&xas, xa_mk_value(v)); } else { if (!test_bit(bit, bitmap->bitmap)) goto err; __clear_bit(bit, bitmap->bitmap); xas_set_mark(&xas, XA_FREE_MARK); if (bitmap_empty(bitmap->bitmap, IDA_BITMAP_BITS)) { kfree(bitmap); delete: xas_store(&xas, NULL); } } xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); return; err: xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); WARN(1, "ida_free called for id=%d which is not allocated.\n", id); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ida_free); /** * ida_destroy() - Free all IDs. * @ida: IDA handle. * * Calling this function frees all IDs and releases all resources used * by an IDA. When this call returns, the IDA is empty and can be reused * or freed. If the IDA is already empty, there is no need to call this * function. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. */ void ida_destroy(struct ida *ida) { XA_STATE(xas, &ida->xa, 0); struct ida_bitmap *bitmap; unsigned long flags; xas_lock_irqsave(&xas, flags); xas_for_each(&xas, bitmap, ULONG_MAX) { if (!xa_is_value(bitmap)) kfree(bitmap); xas_store(&xas, NULL); } xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ida_destroy); #ifndef __KERNEL__ extern void xa_dump_index(unsigned long index, unsigned int shift); #define IDA_CHUNK_SHIFT ilog2(IDA_BITMAP_BITS) static void ida_dump_entry(void *entry, unsigned long index) { unsigned long i; if (!entry) return; if (xa_is_node(entry)) { struct xa_node *node = xa_to_node(entry); unsigned int shift = node->shift + IDA_CHUNK_SHIFT + XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; xa_dump_index(index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS, shift); xa_dump_node(node); for (i = 0; i < XA_CHUNK_SIZE; i++) ida_dump_entry(node->slots[i], index | (i << node->shift)); } else if (xa_is_value(entry)) { xa_dump_index(index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS, ilog2(BITS_PER_LONG)); pr_cont("value: data %lx [%px]\n", xa_to_value(entry), entry); } else { struct ida_bitmap *bitmap = entry; xa_dump_index(index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS, IDA_CHUNK_SHIFT); pr_cont("bitmap: %p data", bitmap); for (i = 0; i < IDA_BITMAP_LONGS; i++) pr_cont(" %lx", bitmap->bitmap[i]); pr_cont("\n"); } } static void ida_dump(struct ida *ida) { struct xarray *xa = &ida->xa; pr_debug("ida: %p node %p free %d\n", ida, xa->xa_head, xa->xa_flags >> ROOT_TAG_SHIFT); ida_dump_entry(xa->xa_head, 0); } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Operations on the network namespace */ #ifndef __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #define __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/netns/core.h> #include <net/netns/mib.h> #include <net/netns/unix.h> #include <net/netns/packet.h> #include <net/netns/ipv4.h> #include <net/netns/ipv6.h> #include <net/netns/nexthop.h> #include <net/netns/ieee802154_6lowpan.h> #include <net/netns/sctp.h> #include <net/netns/dccp.h> #include <net/netns/netfilter.h> #include <net/netns/x_tables.h> #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) #include <net/netns/conntrack.h> #endif #include <net/netns/nftables.h> #include <net/netns/xfrm.h> #include <net/netns/mpls.h> #include <net/netns/can.h> #include <net/netns/xdp.h> #include <net/netns/bpf.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> struct user_namespace; struct proc_dir_entry; struct net_device; struct sock; struct ctl_table_header; struct net_generic; struct uevent_sock; struct netns_ipvs; struct bpf_prog; #define NETDEV_HASHBITS 8 #define NETDEV_HASHENTRIES (1 << NETDEV_HASHBITS) struct net { /* First cache line can be often dirtied. * Do not place here read-mostly fields. */ refcount_t passive; /* To decide when the network * namespace should be freed. */ refcount_t count; /* To decided when the network * namespace should be shut down. */ spinlock_t rules_mod_lock; unsigned int dev_unreg_count; unsigned int dev_base_seq; /* protected by rtnl_mutex */ int ifindex; spinlock_t nsid_lock; atomic_t fnhe_genid; struct list_head list; /* list of network namespaces */ struct list_head exit_list; /* To linked to call pernet exit * methods on dead net ( * pernet_ops_rwsem read locked), * or to unregister pernet ops * (pernet_ops_rwsem write locked). */ struct llist_node cleanup_list; /* namespaces on death row */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS struct key_tag *key_domain; /* Key domain of operation tag */ #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* Owning user namespace */ struct ucounts *ucounts; struct idr netns_ids; struct ns_common ns; struct list_head dev_base_head; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_stat; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set sysctls; #endif struct sock *rtnl; /* rtnetlink socket */ struct sock *genl_sock; struct uevent_sock *uevent_sock; /* uevent socket */ struct hlist_head *dev_name_head; struct hlist_head *dev_index_head; struct raw_notifier_head netdev_chain; /* Note that @hash_mix can be read millions times per second, * it is critical that it is on a read_mostly cache line. */ u32 hash_mix; struct net_device *loopback_dev; /* The loopback */ /* core fib_rules */ struct list_head rules_ops; struct netns_core core; struct netns_mib mib; struct netns_packet packet; struct netns_unix unx; struct netns_nexthop nexthop; struct netns_ipv4 ipv4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct netns_ipv6 ipv6; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan ieee802154_lowpan; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP_MODULE) struct netns_sctp sctp; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP_MODULE) struct netns_dccp dccp; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER struct netns_nf nf; struct netns_xt xt; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) struct netns_ct ct; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES_MODULE) struct netns_nftables nft; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_DEFRAG_IPV6) struct netns_nf_frag nf_frag; struct ctl_table_header *nf_frag_frags_hdr; #endif struct sock *nfnl; struct sock *nfnl_stash; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_NETLINK_ACCT) struct list_head nfnl_acct_list; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CT_NETLINK_TIMEOUT) struct list_head nfct_timeout_list; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_WEXT_CORE struct sk_buff_head wext_nlevents; #endif struct net_generic __rcu *gen; /* Used to store attached BPF programs */ struct netns_bpf bpf; /* Note : following structs are cache line aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct netns_xfrm xfrm; #endif atomic64_t net_cookie; /* written once */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) struct netns_ipvs *ipvs; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPLS) struct netns_mpls mpls; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CAN) struct netns_can can; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XDP_SOCKETS struct netns_xdp xdp; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_USER) struct sock *crypto_nlsk; #endif struct sock *diag_nlsk; } __randomize_layout; #include <linux/seq_file_net.h> /* Init's network namespace */ extern struct net init_net; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net); void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); void net_ns_barrier(void); struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns); #else /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> static inline struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWNET) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return old_net; } static inline void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid) { *uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; *gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; } static inline void net_ns_barrier(void) {} static inline struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ extern struct list_head net_namespace_list; struct net *get_net_ns_by_pid(pid_t pid); struct net *get_net_ns_by_fd(int fd); u64 __net_gen_cookie(struct net *net); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL void ipx_register_sysctl(void); void ipx_unregister_sysctl(void); #else #define ipx_register_sysctl() #define ipx_unregister_sysctl() #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS void __put_net(struct net *net); static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { refcount_inc(&net->count); return net; } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { /* Used when we know struct net exists but we * aren't guaranteed a previous reference count * exists. If the reference count is zero this * function fails and returns NULL. */ if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&net->count)) net = NULL; return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&net->count)) __put_net(net); } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return net1 == net2; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return refcount_read(&net->count) != 0; } void net_drop_ns(void *); #else static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return 1; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return 1; } #define net_drop_ns NULL #endif typedef struct { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *net; #endif } possible_net_t; static inline void write_pnet(possible_net_t *pnet, struct net *net) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS pnet->net = net; #endif } static inline struct net *read_pnet(const possible_net_t *pnet) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return pnet->net; #else return &init_net; #endif } /* Protected by net_rwsem */ #define for_each_net(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_continue_reverse(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_rcu(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS #define __net_init #define __net_exit #define __net_initdata #define __net_initconst #else #define __net_init __init #define __net_exit __ref #define __net_initdata __initdata #define __net_initconst __initconst #endif int peernet2id_alloc(struct net *net, struct net *peer, gfp_t gfp); int peernet2id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); bool peernet_has_id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); struct net *get_net_ns_by_id(const struct net *net, int id); struct pernet_operations { struct list_head list; /* * Below methods are called without any exclusive locks. * More than one net may be constructed and destructed * in parallel on several cpus. Every pernet_operations * have to keep in mind all other pernet_operations and * to introduce a locking, if they share common resources. * * The only time they are called with exclusive lock is * from register_pernet_subsys(), unregister_pernet_subsys() * register_pernet_device() and unregister_pernet_device(). * * Exit methods using blocking RCU primitives, such as * synchronize_rcu(), should be implemented via exit_batch. * Then, destruction of a group of net requires single * synchronize_rcu() related to these pernet_operations, * instead of separate synchronize_rcu() for every net. * Please, avoid synchronize_rcu() at all, where it's possible. * * Note that a combination of pre_exit() and exit() can * be used, since a synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed between * the calls. */ int (*init)(struct net *net); void (*pre_exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit_batch)(struct list_head *net_exit_list); unsigned int *id; size_t size; }; /* * Use these carefully. If you implement a network device and it * needs per network namespace operations use device pernet operations, * otherwise use pernet subsys operations. * * Network interfaces need to be removed from a dying netns _before_ * subsys notifiers can be called, as most of the network code cleanup * (which is done from subsys notifiers) runs with the assumption that * dev_remove_pack has been called so no new packets will arrive during * and after the cleanup functions have been called. dev_remove_pack * is not per namespace so instead the guarantee of no more packets * arriving in a network namespace is provided by ensuring that all * network devices and all sockets have left the network namespace * before the cleanup methods are called. * * For the longest time the ipv4 icmp code was registered as a pernet * device which caused kernel oops, and panics during network * namespace cleanup. So please don't get this wrong. */ int register_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); int register_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); struct ctl_table; struct ctl_table_header; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL int net_sysctl_init(void); struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table); void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header); #else static inline int net_sysctl_init(void) { return 0; } static inline struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table) { return NULL; } static inline void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header) { } #endif static inline int rt_genid_ipv4(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int rt_genid_ipv6(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv6.fib6_sernum); } #endif static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv4(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } extern void (*__fib6_flush_trees)(struct net *net); static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv6(struct net *net) { if (__fib6_flush_trees) __fib6_flush_trees(net); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) static inline struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan * net_ieee802154_lowpan(struct net *net) { return &net->ieee802154_lowpan; } #endif /* For callers who don't really care about whether it's IPv4 or IPv6 */ static inline void rt_genid_bump_all(struct net *net) { rt_genid_bump_ipv4(net); rt_genid_bump_ipv6(net); } static inline int fnhe_genid(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->fnhe_genid); } static inline void fnhe_genid_bump(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->fnhe_genid); } #endif /* __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* File: linux/posix_acl.h (C) 2002 Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> */ #ifndef __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H #define __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <uapi/linux/posix_acl.h> struct posix_acl_entry { short e_tag; unsigned short e_perm; union { kuid_t e_uid; kgid_t e_gid; }; }; struct posix_acl { refcount_t a_refcount; struct rcu_head a_rcu; unsigned int a_count; struct posix_acl_entry a_entries[]; }; #define FOREACH_ACL_ENTRY(pa, acl, pe) \ for(pa=(acl)->a_entries, pe=pa+(acl)->a_count; pa<pe; pa++) /* * Duplicate an ACL handle. */ static inline struct posix_acl * posix_acl_dup(struct posix_acl *acl) { if (acl) refcount_inc(&acl->a_refcount); return acl; } /* * Free an ACL handle. */ static inline void posix_acl_release(struct posix_acl *acl) { if (acl && refcount_dec_and_test(&acl->a_refcount)) kfree_rcu(acl, a_rcu); } /* posix_acl.c */ extern void posix_acl_init(struct posix_acl *, int); extern struct posix_acl *posix_acl_alloc(int, gfp_t); extern int posix_acl_valid(struct user_namespace *, const struct posix_acl *); extern int posix_acl_permission(struct inode *, const struct posix_acl *, int); extern struct posix_acl *posix_acl_from_mode(umode_t, gfp_t); extern int posix_acl_equiv_mode(const struct posix_acl *, umode_t *); extern int __posix_acl_create(struct posix_acl **, gfp_t, umode_t *); extern int __posix_acl_chmod(struct posix_acl **, gfp_t, umode_t); extern struct posix_acl *get_posix_acl(struct inode *, int); extern int set_posix_acl(struct inode *, int, struct posix_acl *); #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL extern int posix_acl_chmod(struct inode *, umode_t); extern int posix_acl_create(struct inode *, umode_t *, struct posix_acl **, struct posix_acl **); extern int posix_acl_update_mode(struct inode *, umode_t *, struct posix_acl **); extern int simple_set_acl(struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); extern int simple_acl_create(struct inode *, struct inode *); struct posix_acl *get_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); struct posix_acl *get_cached_acl_rcu(struct inode *inode, int type); void set_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type, struct posix_acl *acl); void forget_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); void forget_all_cached_acls(struct inode *inode); static inline void cache_no_acl(struct inode *inode) { inode->i_acl = NULL; inode->i_default_acl = NULL; } #else static inline int posix_acl_chmod(struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return 0; } #define simple_set_acl NULL static inline int simple_acl_create(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void cache_no_acl(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int posix_acl_create(struct inode *inode, umode_t *mode, struct posix_acl **default_acl, struct posix_acl **acl) { *default_acl = *acl = NULL; return 0; } static inline void forget_all_cached_acls(struct inode *inode) { } #endif /* CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL */ struct posix_acl *get_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); #endif /* __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_DEFS_H #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_DEFS_H #include <linux/const.h> #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <asm/page_types.h> #define FIRST_USER_ADDRESS 0UL #define _PAGE_BIT_PRESENT 0 /* is present */ #define _PAGE_BIT_RW 1 /* writeable */ #define _PAGE_BIT_USER 2 /* userspace addressable */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PWT 3 /* page write through */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PCD 4 /* page cache disabled */ #define _PAGE_BIT_ACCESSED 5 /* was accessed (raised by CPU) */ #define _PAGE_BIT_DIRTY 6 /* was written to (raised by CPU) */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PSE 7 /* 4 MB (or 2MB) page */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PAT 7 /* on 4KB pages */ #define _PAGE_BIT_GLOBAL 8 /* Global TLB entry PPro+ */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1 9 /* available for programmer */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW2 10 /* " */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW3 11 /* " */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE 12 /* On 2MB or 1GB pages */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW4 58 /* available for programmer */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0 59 /* Protection Keys, bit 1/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT1 60 /* Protection Keys, bit 2/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT2 61 /* Protection Keys, bit 3/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT3 62 /* Protection Keys, bit 4/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_NX 63 /* No execute: only valid after cpuid check */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SPECIAL _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1 #define _PAGE_BIT_CPA_TEST _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1 #define _PAGE_BIT_UFFD_WP _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW2 /* userfaultfd wrprotected */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFT_DIRTY _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW3 /* software dirty tracking */ #define _PAGE_BIT_DEVMAP _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW4 /* If _PAGE_BIT_PRESENT is clear, we use these: */ /* - if the user mapped it with PROT_NONE; pte_present gives true */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PROTNONE _PAGE_BIT_GLOBAL #define _PAGE_PRESENT (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PRESENT) #define _PAGE_RW (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_RW) #define _PAGE_USER (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_USER) #define _PAGE_PWT (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PWT) #define _PAGE_PCD (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PCD) #define _PAGE_ACCESSED (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_ACCESSED) #define _PAGE_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_DIRTY) #define _PAGE_PSE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PSE) #define _PAGE_GLOBAL (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_GLOBAL) #define _PAGE_SOFTW1 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1) #define _PAGE_SOFTW2 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW2) #define _PAGE_SOFTW3 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW3) #define _PAGE_PAT (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PAT) #define _PAGE_PAT_LARGE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE) #define _PAGE_SPECIAL (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SPECIAL) #define _PAGE_CPA_TEST (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_CPA_TEST) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT0 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT1 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT1) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT2 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT2) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT3 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT3) #else #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT0 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT1 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT2 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT3 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #define _PAGE_PKEY_MASK (_PAGE_PKEY_BIT0 | \ _PAGE_PKEY_BIT1 | \ _PAGE_PKEY_BIT2 | \ _PAGE_PKEY_BIT3) #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) || defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) #define _PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK (_PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_ACCESSED) #else #define _PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY #define _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFT_DIRTY) #else #define _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif /* * Tracking soft dirty bit when a page goes to a swap is tricky. * We need a bit which can be stored in pte _and_ not conflict * with swap entry format. On x86 bits 1-4 are *not* involved * into swap entry computation, but bit 7 is used for thp migration, * so we borrow bit 1 for soft dirty tracking. * * Please note that this bit must be treated as swap dirty page * mark if and only if the PTE/PMD has present bit clear! */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY #define _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY _PAGE_RW #else #define _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP #define _PAGE_UFFD_WP (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_UFFD_WP) #define _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP _PAGE_USER #else #define _PAGE_UFFD_WP (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) || defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) #define _PAGE_NX (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_NX) #define _PAGE_DEVMAP (_AT(u64, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_DEVMAP) #else #define _PAGE_NX (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_DEVMAP (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #define _PAGE_PROTNONE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PROTNONE) /* * Set of bits not changed in pte_modify. The pte's * protection key is treated like _PAGE_RW, for * instance, and is *not* included in this mask since * pte_modify() does modify it. */ #define _PAGE_CHG_MASK (PTE_PFN_MASK | _PAGE_PCD | _PAGE_PWT | \ _PAGE_SPECIAL | _PAGE_ACCESSED | _PAGE_DIRTY | \ _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY | _PAGE_DEVMAP | _PAGE_ENC | \ _PAGE_UFFD_WP) #define _HPAGE_CHG_MASK (_PAGE_CHG_MASK | _PAGE_PSE) /* * The cache modes defined here are used to translate between pure SW usage * and the HW defined cache mode bits and/or PAT entries. * * The resulting bits for PWT, PCD and PAT should be chosen in a way * to have the WB mode at index 0 (all bits clear). This is the default * right now and likely would break too much if changed. */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ enum page_cache_mode { _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB = 0, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC = 1, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS = 2, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC = 3, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT = 4, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WP = 5, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_NUM = 8 }; #endif #define _PAGE_ENC (_AT(pteval_t, sme_me_mask)) #define _PAGE_CACHE_MASK (_PAGE_PWT | _PAGE_PCD | _PAGE_PAT) #define _PAGE_LARGE_CACHE_MASK (_PAGE_PWT | _PAGE_PCD | _PAGE_PAT_LARGE) #define _PAGE_NOCACHE (cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC)) #define _PAGE_CACHE_WP (cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WP)) #define __PP _PAGE_PRESENT #define __RW _PAGE_RW #define _USR _PAGE_USER #define ___A _PAGE_ACCESSED #define ___D _PAGE_DIRTY #define ___G _PAGE_GLOBAL #define __NX _PAGE_NX #define _ENC _PAGE_ENC #define __WP _PAGE_CACHE_WP #define __NC _PAGE_NOCACHE #define _PSE _PAGE_PSE #define pgprot_val(x) ((x).pgprot) #define __pgprot(x) ((pgprot_t) { (x) } ) #define __pg(x) __pgprot(x) #define _PAGE_PAT_LARGE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE) #define PAGE_NONE __pg( 0| 0| 0|___A| 0| 0| 0|___G) #define PAGE_SHARED __pg(__PP|__RW|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_SHARED_EXEC __pg(__PP|__RW|_USR|___A| 0| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_COPY_NOEXEC __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_COPY_EXEC __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A| 0| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_COPY __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_READONLY __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_READONLY_EXEC __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A| 0| 0| 0| 0) #define __PAGE_KERNEL (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0|___G) #define _KERNPG_TABLE_NOENC (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0) #define _KERNPG_TABLE (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0| _ENC) #define _PAGE_TABLE_NOENC (__PP|__RW|_USR|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0) #define _PAGE_TABLE (__PP|__RW|_USR|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0| _ENC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_RO (__PP| 0| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_ROX (__PP| 0| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G| __NC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR (__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D|_PSE|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D|_PSE|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_WP (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G| __WP) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_IO __PAGE_KERNEL #define __PAGE_KERNEL_IO_NOCACHE __PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #define __PAGE_KERNEL_ENC (__PAGE_KERNEL | _ENC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_ENC_WP (__PAGE_KERNEL_WP | _ENC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOENC (__PAGE_KERNEL | 0) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOENC_WP (__PAGE_KERNEL_WP | 0) #define __pgprot_mask(x) __pgprot((x) & __default_kernel_pte_mask) #define PAGE_KERNEL __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_NOENC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL | 0) #define PAGE_KERNEL_RO __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_RO | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC_NOENC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC | 0) #define PAGE_KERNEL_ROX __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_ROX | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_IO __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_IO) #define PAGE_KERNEL_IO_NOCACHE __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_IO_NOCACHE) #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ /* xwr */ #define __P000 PAGE_NONE #define __P001 PAGE_READONLY #define __P010 PAGE_COPY #define __P011 PAGE_COPY #define __P100 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __P101 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __P110 PAGE_COPY_EXEC #define __P111 PAGE_COPY_EXEC #define __S000 PAGE_NONE #define __S001 PAGE_READONLY #define __S010 PAGE_SHARED #define __S011 PAGE_SHARED #define __S100 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __S101 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __S110 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC #define __S111 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC /* * early identity mapping pte attrib macros. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define __PAGE_KERNEL_IDENT_LARGE_EXEC __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC #else #define PTE_IDENT_ATTR 0x003 /* PRESENT+RW */ #define PDE_IDENT_ATTR 0x063 /* PRESENT+RW+DIRTY+ACCESSED */ #define PGD_IDENT_ATTR 0x001 /* PRESENT (no other attributes) */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/pgtable_32_types.h> #else # include <asm/pgtable_64_types.h> #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/types.h> /* Extracts the PFN from a (pte|pmd|pud|pgd)val_t of a 4KB page */ #define PTE_PFN_MASK ((pteval_t)PHYSICAL_PAGE_MASK) /* * Extracts the flags from a (pte|pmd|pud|pgd)val_t * This includes the protection key value. */ #define PTE_FLAGS_MASK (~PTE_PFN_MASK) typedef struct pgprot { pgprotval_t pgprot; } pgprot_t; typedef struct { pgdval_t pgd; } pgd_t; static inline pgprot_t pgprot_nx(pgprot_t prot) { return __pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | _PAGE_NX); } #define pgprot_nx pgprot_nx #ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE /* * PHYSICAL_PAGE_MASK might be non-constant when SME is compiled in, so we can't * use it here. */ #define PGD_PAE_PAGE_MASK ((signed long)PAGE_MASK) #define PGD_PAE_PHYS_MASK (((1ULL << __PHYSICAL_MASK_SHIFT)-1) & PGD_PAE_PAGE_MASK) /* * PAE allows Base Address, P, PWT, PCD and AVL bits to be set in PGD entries. * All other bits are Reserved MBZ */ #define PGD_ALLOWED_BITS (PGD_PAE_PHYS_MASK | _PAGE_PRESENT | \ _PAGE_PWT | _PAGE_PCD | \ _PAGE_SOFTW1 | _PAGE_SOFTW2 | _PAGE_SOFTW3) #else /* No need to mask any bits for !PAE */ #define PGD_ALLOWED_BITS (~0ULL) #endif static inline pgd_t native_make_pgd(pgdval_t val) { return (pgd_t) { val & PGD_ALLOWED_BITS }; } static inline pgdval_t native_pgd_val(pgd_t pgd) { return pgd.pgd & PGD_ALLOWED_BITS; } static inline pgdval_t pgd_flags(pgd_t pgd) { return native_pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_FLAGS_MASK; } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 typedef struct { p4dval_t p4d; } p4d_t; static inline p4d_t native_make_p4d(pudval_t val) { return (p4d_t) { val }; } static inline p4dval_t native_p4d_val(p4d_t p4d) { return p4d.p4d; } #else #include <asm-generic/pgtable-nop4d.h> static inline p4d_t native_make_p4d(pudval_t val) { return (p4d_t) { .pgd = native_make_pgd((pgdval_t)val) }; } static inline p4dval_t native_p4d_val(p4d_t p4d) { return native_pgd_val(p4d.pgd); } #endif #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 typedef struct { pudval_t pud; } pud_t; static inline pud_t native_make_pud(pmdval_t val) { return (pud_t) { val }; } static inline pudval_t native_pud_val(pud_t pud) { return pud.pud; } #else #include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopud.h> static inline pud_t native_make_pud(pudval_t val) { return (pud_t) { .p4d.pgd = native_make_pgd(val) }; } static inline pudval_t native_pud_val(pud_t pud) { return native_pgd_val(pud.p4d.pgd); } #endif #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 typedef struct { pmdval_t pmd; } pmd_t; static inline pmd_t native_make_pmd(pmdval_t val) { return (pmd_t) { val }; } static inline pmdval_t native_pmd_val(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd.pmd; } #else #include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopmd.h> static inline pmd_t native_make_pmd(pmdval_t val) { return (pmd_t) { .pud.p4d.pgd = native_make_pgd(val) }; } static inline pmdval_t native_pmd_val(pmd_t pmd) { return native_pgd_val(pmd.pud.p4d.pgd); } #endif static inline p4dval_t p4d_pfn_mask(p4d_t p4d) { /* No 512 GiB huge pages yet */ return PTE_PFN_MASK; } static inline p4dval_t p4d_flags_mask(p4d_t p4d) { return ~p4d_pfn_mask(p4d); } static inline p4dval_t p4d_flags(p4d_t p4d) { return native_p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_flags_mask(p4d); } static inline pudval_t pud_pfn_mask(pud_t pud) { if (native_pud_val(pud) & _PAGE_PSE) return PHYSICAL_PUD_PAGE_MASK; else return PTE_PFN_MASK; } static inline pudval_t pud_flags_mask(pud_t pud) { return ~pud_pfn_mask(pud); } static inline pudval_t pud_flags(pud_t pud) { return native_pud_val(pud) & pud_flags_mask(pud); } static inline pmdval_t pmd_pfn_mask(pmd_t pmd) { if (native_pmd_val(pmd) & _PAGE_PSE) return PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK; else return PTE_PFN_MASK; } static inline pmdval_t pmd_flags_mask(pmd_t pmd) { return ~pmd_pfn_mask(pmd); } static inline pmdval_t pmd_flags(pmd_t pmd) { return native_pmd_val(pmd) & pmd_flags_mask(pmd); } static inline pte_t native_make_pte(pteval_t val) { return (pte_t) { .pte = val }; } static inline pteval_t native_pte_val(pte_t pte) { return pte.pte; } static inline pteval_t pte_flags(pte_t pte) { return native_pte_val(pte) & PTE_FLAGS_MASK; } #define __pte2cm_idx(cb) \ ((((cb) >> (_PAGE_BIT_PAT - 2)) & 4) | \ (((cb) >> (_PAGE_BIT_PCD - 1)) & 2) | \ (((cb) >> _PAGE_BIT_PWT) & 1)) #define __cm_idx2pte(i) \ ((((i) & 4) << (_PAGE_BIT_PAT - 2)) | \ (((i) & 2) << (_PAGE_BIT_PCD - 1)) | \ (((i) & 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PWT)) unsigned long cachemode2protval(enum page_cache_mode pcm); static inline pgprotval_t protval_4k_2_large(pgprotval_t val) { return (val & ~(_PAGE_PAT | _PAGE_PAT_LARGE)) | ((val & _PAGE_PAT) << (_PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE - _PAGE_BIT_PAT)); } static inline pgprot_t pgprot_4k_2_large(pgprot_t pgprot) { return __pgprot(protval_4k_2_large(pgprot_val(pgprot))); } static inline pgprotval_t protval_large_2_4k(pgprotval_t val) { return (val & ~(_PAGE_PAT | _PAGE_PAT_LARGE)) | ((val & _PAGE_PAT_LARGE) >> (_PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE - _PAGE_BIT_PAT)); } static inline pgprot_t pgprot_large_2_4k(pgprot_t pgprot) { return __pgprot(protval_large_2_4k(pgprot_val(pgprot))); } typedef struct page *pgtable_t; extern pteval_t __supported_pte_mask; extern pteval_t __default_kernel_pte_mask; extern void set_nx(void); extern int nx_enabled; #define pgprot_writecombine pgprot_writecombine extern pgprot_t pgprot_writecombine(pgprot_t prot); #define pgprot_writethrough pgprot_writethrough extern pgprot_t pgprot_writethrough(pgprot_t prot); /* Indicate that x86 has its own track and untrack pfn vma functions */ #define __HAVE_PFNMAP_TRACKING #define __HAVE_PHYS_MEM_ACCESS_PROT struct file; pgprot_t phys_mem_access_prot(struct file *file, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t vma_prot); /* Install a pte for a particular vaddr in kernel space. */ void set_pte_vaddr(unsigned long vaddr, pte_t pte); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 extern void native_pagetable_init(void); #else #define native_pagetable_init paging_init #endif struct seq_file; extern void arch_report_meminfo(struct seq_file *m); enum pg_level { PG_LEVEL_NONE, PG_LEVEL_4K, PG_LEVEL_2M, PG_LEVEL_1G, PG_LEVEL_512G, PG_LEVEL_NUM }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS extern void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages); #else static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { } #endif /* * Helper function that returns the kernel pagetable entry controlling * the virtual address 'address'. NULL means no pagetable entry present. * NOTE: the return type is pte_t but if the pmd is PSE then we return it * as a pte too. */ extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level); extern pte_t *lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address, unsigned int *level); struct mm_struct; extern pte_t *lookup_address_in_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int *level); extern pmd_t *lookup_pmd_address(unsigned long address); extern phys_addr_t slow_virt_to_phys(void *__address); extern int __init kernel_map_pages_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, u64 pfn, unsigned long address, unsigned numpages, unsigned long page_flags); extern int __init kernel_unmap_pages_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address, unsigned long numpages); #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_DEFS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* md.h : kernel internal structure of the Linux MD driver Copyright (C) 1996-98 Ingo Molnar, Gadi Oxman */ #ifndef _MD_MD_H #define _MD_MD_H #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/badblocks.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include "md-cluster.h" #define MaxSector (~(sector_t)0) /* * These flags should really be called "NO_RETRY" rather than * "FAILFAST" because they don't make any promise about time lapse, * only about the number of retries, which will be zero. * REQ_FAILFAST_DRIVER is not included because * Commit: 4a27446f3e39 ("[SCSI] modify scsi to handle new fail fast flags.") * seems to suggest that the errors it avoids retrying should usually * be retried. */ #define MD_FAILFAST (REQ_FAILFAST_DEV | REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT) /* * The struct embedded in rdev is used to serialize IO. */ struct serial_in_rdev { struct rb_root_cached serial_rb; spinlock_t serial_lock; wait_queue_head_t serial_io_wait; }; /* * MD's 'extended' device */ struct md_rdev { struct list_head same_set; /* RAID devices within the same set */ sector_t sectors; /* Device size (in 512bytes sectors) */ struct mddev *mddev; /* RAID array if running */ int last_events; /* IO event timestamp */ /* * If meta_bdev is non-NULL, it means that a separate device is * being used to store the metadata (superblock/bitmap) which * would otherwise be contained on the same device as the data (bdev). */ struct block_device *meta_bdev; struct block_device *bdev; /* block device handle */ struct page *sb_page, *bb_page; int sb_loaded; __u64 sb_events; sector_t data_offset; /* start of data in array */ sector_t new_data_offset;/* only relevant while reshaping */ sector_t sb_start; /* offset of the super block (in 512byte sectors) */ int sb_size; /* bytes in the superblock */ int preferred_minor; /* autorun support */ struct kobject kobj; /* A device can be in one of three states based on two flags: * Not working: faulty==1 in_sync==0 * Fully working: faulty==0 in_sync==1 * Working, but not * in sync with array * faulty==0 in_sync==0 * * It can never have faulty==1, in_sync==1 * This reduces the burden of testing multiple flags in many cases */ unsigned long flags; /* bit set of 'enum flag_bits' bits. */ wait_queue_head_t blocked_wait; int desc_nr; /* descriptor index in the superblock */ int raid_disk; /* role of device in array */ int new_raid_disk; /* role that the device will have in * the array after a level-change completes. */ int saved_raid_disk; /* role that device used to have in the * array and could again if we did a partial * resync from the bitmap */ union { sector_t recovery_offset;/* If this device has been partially * recovered, this is where we were * up to. */ sector_t journal_tail; /* If this device is a journal device, * this is the journal tail (journal * recovery start point) */ }; atomic_t nr_pending; /* number of pending requests. * only maintained for arrays that * support hot removal */ atomic_t read_errors; /* number of consecutive read errors that * we have tried to ignore. */ time64_t last_read_error; /* monotonic time since our * last read error */ atomic_t corrected_errors; /* number of corrected read errors, * for reporting to userspace and storing * in superblock. */ struct serial_in_rdev *serial; /* used for raid1 io serialization */ struct work_struct del_work; /* used for delayed sysfs removal */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_state; /* handle for 'state' * sysfs entry */ /* handle for 'unacknowledged_bad_blocks' sysfs dentry */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_unack_badblocks; /* handle for 'bad_blocks' sysfs dentry */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_badblocks; struct badblocks badblocks; struct { short offset; /* Offset from superblock to start of PPL. * Not used by external metadata. */ unsigned int size; /* Size in sectors of the PPL space */ sector_t sector; /* First sector of the PPL space */ } ppl; }; enum flag_bits { Faulty, /* device is known to have a fault */ In_sync, /* device is in_sync with rest of array */ Bitmap_sync, /* ..actually, not quite In_sync. Need a * bitmap-based recovery to get fully in sync. * The bit is only meaningful before device * has been passed to pers->hot_add_disk. */ WriteMostly, /* Avoid reading if at all possible */ AutoDetected, /* added by auto-detect */ Blocked, /* An error occurred but has not yet * been acknowledged by the metadata * handler, so don't allow writes * until it is cleared */ WriteErrorSeen, /* A write error has been seen on this * device */ FaultRecorded, /* Intermediate state for clearing * Blocked. The Fault is/will-be * recorded in the metadata, but that * metadata hasn't been stored safely * on disk yet. */ BlockedBadBlocks, /* A writer is blocked because they * found an unacknowledged bad-block. * This can safely be cleared at any * time, and the writer will re-check. * It may be set at any time, and at * worst the writer will timeout and * re-check. So setting it as * accurately as possible is good, but * not absolutely critical. */ WantReplacement, /* This device is a candidate to be * hot-replaced, either because it has * reported some faults, or because * of explicit request. */ Replacement, /* This device is a replacement for * a want_replacement device with same * raid_disk number. */ Candidate, /* For clustered environments only: * This device is seen locally but not * by the whole cluster */ Journal, /* This device is used as journal for * raid-5/6. * Usually, this device should be faster * than other devices in the array */ ClusterRemove, RemoveSynchronized, /* synchronize_rcu() was called after * this device was known to be faulty, * so it is safe to remove without * another synchronize_rcu() call. */ ExternalBbl, /* External metadata provides bad * block management for a disk */ FailFast, /* Minimal retries should be attempted on * this device, so use REQ_FAILFAST_DEV. * Also don't try to repair failed reads. * It is expects that no bad block log * is present. */ LastDev, /* Seems to be the last working dev as * it didn't fail, so don't use FailFast * any more for metadata */ CollisionCheck, /* * check if there is collision between raid1 * serial bios. */ }; static inline int is_badblock(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, sector_t *first_bad, int *bad_sectors) { if (unlikely(rdev->badblocks.count)) { int rv = badblocks_check(&rdev->badblocks, rdev->data_offset + s, sectors, first_bad, bad_sectors); if (rv) *first_bad -= rdev->data_offset; return rv; } return 0; } extern int rdev_set_badblocks(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, int is_new); extern int rdev_clear_badblocks(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, int is_new); struct md_cluster_info; /* change UNSUPPORTED_MDDEV_FLAGS for each array type if new flag is added */ enum mddev_flags { MD_ARRAY_FIRST_USE, /* First use of array, needs initialization */ MD_CLOSING, /* If set, we are closing the array, do not open * it then */ MD_JOURNAL_CLEAN, /* A raid with journal is already clean */ MD_HAS_JOURNAL, /* The raid array has journal feature set */ MD_CLUSTER_RESYNC_LOCKED, /* cluster raid only, which means node * already took resync lock, need to * release the lock */ MD_FAILFAST_SUPPORTED, /* Using MD_FAILFAST on metadata writes is * supported as calls to md_error() will * never cause the array to become failed. */ MD_HAS_PPL, /* The raid array has PPL feature set */ MD_HAS_MULTIPLE_PPLS, /* The raid array has multiple PPLs feature set */ MD_ALLOW_SB_UPDATE, /* md_check_recovery is allowed to update * the metadata without taking reconfig_mutex. */ MD_UPDATING_SB, /* md_check_recovery is updating the metadata * without explicitly holding reconfig_mutex. */ MD_NOT_READY, /* do_md_run() is active, so 'array_state' * must not report that array is ready yet */ MD_BROKEN, /* This is used in RAID-0/LINEAR only, to stop * I/O in case an array member is gone/failed. */ }; enum mddev_sb_flags { MD_SB_CHANGE_DEVS, /* Some device status has changed */ MD_SB_CHANGE_CLEAN, /* transition to or from 'clean' */ MD_SB_CHANGE_PENDING, /* switch from 'clean' to 'active' in progress */ MD_SB_NEED_REWRITE, /* metadata write needs to be repeated */ }; #define NR_SERIAL_INFOS 8 /* record current range of serialize IOs */ struct serial_info { struct rb_node node; sector_t start; /* start sector of rb node */ sector_t last; /* end sector of rb node */ sector_t _subtree_last; /* highest sector in subtree of rb node */ }; struct mddev { void *private; struct md_personality *pers; dev_t unit; int md_minor; struct list_head disks; unsigned long flags; unsigned long sb_flags; int suspended; atomic_t active_io; int ro; int sysfs_active; /* set when sysfs deletes * are happening, so run/ * takeover/stop are not safe */ struct gendisk *gendisk; struct kobject kobj; int hold_active; #define UNTIL_IOCTL 1 #define UNTIL_STOP 2 /* Superblock information */ int major_version, minor_version, patch_version; int persistent; int external; /* metadata is * managed externally */ char metadata_type[17]; /* externally set*/ int chunk_sectors; time64_t ctime, utime; int level, layout; char clevel[16]; int raid_disks; int max_disks; sector_t dev_sectors; /* used size of * component devices */ sector_t array_sectors; /* exported array size */ int external_size; /* size managed * externally */ __u64 events; /* If the last 'event' was simply a clean->dirty transition, and * we didn't write it to the spares, then it is safe and simple * to just decrement the event count on a dirty->clean transition. * So we record that possibility here. */ int can_decrease_events; char uuid[16]; /* If the array is being reshaped, we need to record the * new shape and an indication of where we are up to. * This is written to the superblock. * If reshape_position is MaxSector, then no reshape is happening (yet). */ sector_t reshape_position; int delta_disks, new_level, new_layout; int new_chunk_sectors; int reshape_backwards; struct md_thread *thread; /* management thread */ struct md_thread *sync_thread; /* doing resync or reconstruct */ /* 'last_sync_action' is initialized to "none". It is set when a * sync operation (i.e "data-check", "requested-resync", "resync", * "recovery", or "reshape") is started. It holds this value even * when the sync thread is "frozen" (interrupted) or "idle" (stopped * or finished). It is overwritten when a new sync operation is begun. */ char *last_sync_action; sector_t curr_resync; /* last block scheduled */ /* As resync requests can complete out of order, we cannot easily track * how much resync has been completed. So we occasionally pause until * everything completes, then set curr_resync_completed to curr_resync. * As such it may be well behind the real resync mark, but it is a value * we are certain of. */ sector_t curr_resync_completed; unsigned long resync_mark; /* a recent timestamp */ sector_t resync_ma