1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM migrate #if !defined(_TRACE_MIGRATE_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_MIGRATE_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #define MIGRATE_MODE \ EM( MIGRATE_ASYNC, "MIGRATE_ASYNC") \ EM( MIGRATE_SYNC_LIGHT, "MIGRATE_SYNC_LIGHT") \ EMe(MIGRATE_SYNC, "MIGRATE_SYNC") #define MIGRATE_REASON \ EM( MR_COMPACTION, "compaction") \ EM( MR_MEMORY_FAILURE, "memory_failure") \ EM( MR_MEMORY_HOTPLUG, "memory_hotplug") \ EM( MR_SYSCALL, "syscall_or_cpuset") \ EM( MR_MEMPOLICY_MBIND, "mempolicy_mbind") \ EM( MR_NUMA_MISPLACED, "numa_misplaced") \ EMe(MR_CONTIG_RANGE, "contig_range") /* * First define the enums in the above macros to be exported to userspace * via TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(). */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a, b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define EMe(a, b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); MIGRATE_MODE MIGRATE_REASON /* * Now redefine the EM() and EMe() macros to map the enums to the strings * that will be printed in the output. */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a, b) {a, b}, #define EMe(a, b) {a, b} TRACE_EVENT(mm_migrate_pages, TP_PROTO(unsigned long succeeded, unsigned long failed, unsigned long thp_succeeded, unsigned long thp_failed, unsigned long thp_split, enum migrate_mode mode, int reason), TP_ARGS(succeeded, failed, thp_succeeded, thp_failed, thp_split, mode, reason), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, succeeded) __field( unsigned long, failed) __field( unsigned long, thp_succeeded) __field( unsigned long, thp_failed) __field( unsigned long, thp_split) __field( enum migrate_mode, mode) __field( int, reason) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->succeeded = succeeded; __entry->failed = failed; __entry->thp_succeeded = thp_succeeded; __entry->thp_failed = thp_failed; __entry->thp_split = thp_split; __entry->mode = mode; __entry->reason = reason; ), TP_printk("nr_succeeded=%lu nr_failed=%lu nr_thp_succeeded=%lu nr_thp_failed=%lu nr_thp_split=%lu mode=%s reason=%s", __entry->succeeded, __entry->failed, __entry->thp_succeeded, __entry->thp_failed, __entry->thp_split, __print_symbolic(__entry->mode, MIGRATE_MODE), __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, MIGRATE_REASON)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_MIGRATE_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TIMEKEEPING_H #define _LINUX_TIMEKEEPING_H #include <linux/errno.h> /* Included from linux/ktime.h */ void timekeeping_init(void); extern int timekeeping_suspended; /* Architecture timer tick functions: */ extern void update_process_times(int user); extern void xtime_update(unsigned long ticks); /* * Get and set timeofday */ extern int do_settimeofday64(const struct timespec64 *ts); extern int do_sys_settimeofday64(const struct timespec64 *tv, const struct timezone *tz); /* * ktime_get() family: read the current time in a multitude of ways, * * The default time reference is CLOCK_MONOTONIC, starting at * boot time but not counting the time spent in suspend. * For other references, use the functions with "real", "clocktai", * "boottime" and "raw" suffixes. * * To get the time in a different format, use the ones wit * "ns", "ts64" and "seconds" suffix. * * See Documentation/core-api/timekeeping.rst for more details. */ /* * timespec64 based interfaces */ extern void ktime_get_raw_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts); extern void ktime_get_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts); extern void ktime_get_real_ts64(struct timespec64 *tv); extern void ktime_get_coarse_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts); extern void ktime_get_coarse_real_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts); void getboottime64(struct timespec64 *ts); /* * time64_t base interfaces */ extern time64_t ktime_get_seconds(void); extern time64_t __ktime_get_real_seconds(void); extern time64_t ktime_get_real_seconds(void); /* * ktime_t based interfaces */ enum tk_offsets { TK_OFFS_REAL, TK_OFFS_BOOT, TK_OFFS_TAI, TK_OFFS_MAX, }; extern ktime_t ktime_get(void); extern ktime_t ktime_get_with_offset(enum tk_offsets offs); extern ktime_t ktime_get_coarse_with_offset(enum tk_offsets offs); extern ktime_t ktime_mono_to_any(ktime_t tmono, enum tk_offsets offs); extern ktime_t ktime_get_raw(void); extern u32 ktime_get_resolution_ns(void); /** * ktime_get_real - get the real (wall-) time in ktime_t format */ static inline ktime_t ktime_get_real(void) { return ktime_get_with_offset(TK_OFFS_REAL); } static inline ktime_t ktime_get_coarse_real(void) { return ktime_get_coarse_with_offset(TK_OFFS_REAL); } /** * ktime_get_boottime - Returns monotonic time since boot in ktime_t format * * This is similar to CLOCK_MONTONIC/ktime_get, but also includes the * time spent in suspend. */ static inline ktime_t ktime_get_boottime(void) { return ktime_get_with_offset(TK_OFFS_BOOT); } static inline ktime_t ktime_get_coarse_boottime(void) { return ktime_get_coarse_with_offset(TK_OFFS_BOOT); } /** * ktime_get_clocktai - Returns the TAI time of day in ktime_t format */ static inline ktime_t ktime_get_clocktai(void) { return ktime_get_with_offset(TK_OFFS_TAI); } static inline ktime_t ktime_get_coarse_clocktai(void) { return ktime_get_coarse_with_offset(TK_OFFS_TAI); } static inline ktime_t ktime_get_coarse(void) { struct timespec64 ts; ktime_get_coarse_ts64(&ts); return timespec64_to_ktime(ts); } static inline u64 ktime_get_coarse_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_coarse()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_coarse_real_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_coarse_real()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_coarse_boottime_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_coarse_boottime()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_coarse_clocktai_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_coarse_clocktai()); } /** * ktime_mono_to_real - Convert monotonic time to clock realtime */ static inline ktime_t ktime_mono_to_real(ktime_t mono) { return ktime_mono_to_any(mono, TK_OFFS_REAL); } static inline u64 ktime_get_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_real_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_real()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_boottime_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_boottime()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_clocktai_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_clocktai()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_raw_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_raw()); } extern u64 ktime_get_mono_fast_ns(void); extern u64 ktime_get_raw_fast_ns(void); extern u64 ktime_get_boot_fast_ns(void); extern u64 ktime_get_real_fast_ns(void); /* * timespec64/time64_t interfaces utilizing the ktime based ones * for API completeness, these could be implemented more efficiently * if needed. */ static inline void ktime_get_boottime_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(ktime_get_boottime()); } static inline void ktime_get_coarse_boottime_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(ktime_get_coarse_boottime()); } static inline time64_t ktime_get_boottime_seconds(void) { return ktime_divns(ktime_get_coarse_boottime(), NSEC_PER_SEC); } static inline void ktime_get_clocktai_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(ktime_get_clocktai()); } static inline void ktime_get_coarse_clocktai_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(ktime_get_coarse_clocktai()); } static inline time64_t ktime_get_clocktai_seconds(void) { return ktime_divns(ktime_get_coarse_clocktai(), NSEC_PER_SEC); } /* * RTC specific */ extern bool timekeeping_rtc_skipsuspend(void); extern bool timekeeping_rtc_skipresume(void); extern void timekeeping_inject_sleeptime64(const struct timespec64 *delta); /* * struct ktime_timestanps - Simultaneous mono/boot/real timestamps * @mono: Monotonic timestamp * @boot: Boottime timestamp * @real: Realtime timestamp */ struct ktime_timestamps { u64 mono; u64 boot; u64 real; }; /** * struct system_time_snapshot - simultaneous raw/real time capture with * counter value * @cycles: Clocksource counter value to produce the system times * @real: Realtime system time * @raw: Monotonic raw system time * @clock_was_set_seq: The sequence number of clock was set events * @cs_was_changed_seq: The sequence number of clocksource change events */ struct system_time_snapshot { u64 cycles; ktime_t real; ktime_t raw; unsigned int clock_was_set_seq; u8 cs_was_changed_seq; }; /** * struct system_device_crosststamp - system/device cross-timestamp * (synchronized capture) * @device: Device time * @sys_realtime: Realtime simultaneous with device time * @sys_monoraw: Monotonic raw simultaneous with device time */ struct system_device_crosststamp { ktime_t device; ktime_t sys_realtime; ktime_t sys_monoraw; }; /** * struct system_counterval_t - system counter value with the pointer to the * corresponding clocksource * @cycles: System counter value * @cs: Clocksource corresponding to system counter value. Used by * timekeeping code to verify comparibility of two cycle values */ struct system_counterval_t { u64 cycles; struct clocksource *cs; }; /* * Get cross timestamp between system clock and device clock */ extern int get_device_system_crosststamp( int (*get_time_fn)(ktime_t *device_time, struct system_counterval_t *system_counterval, void *ctx), void *ctx, struct system_time_snapshot *history, struct system_device_crosststamp *xtstamp); /* * Simultaneously snapshot realtime and monotonic raw clocks */ extern void ktime_get_snapshot(struct system_time_snapshot *systime_snapshot); /* NMI safe mono/boot/realtime timestamps */ extern void ktime_get_fast_timestamps(struct ktime_timestamps *snap); /* * Persistent clock related interfaces */ extern int persistent_clock_is_local; extern void read_persistent_clock64(struct timespec64 *ts); void read_persistent_wall_and_boot_offset(struct timespec64 *wall_clock, struct timespec64 *boot_offset); extern int update_persistent_clock64(struct timespec64 now); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_IVERSION_H #define _LINUX_IVERSION_H #include <linux/fs.h> /* * The inode->i_version field: * --------------------------- * The change attribute (i_version) is mandated by NFSv4 and is mostly for * knfsd, but is also used for other purposes (e.g. IMA). The i_version must * appear different to observers if there was a change to the inode's data or * metadata since it was last queried. * * Observers see the i_version as a 64-bit number that never decreases. If it * remains the same since it was last checked, then nothing has changed in the * inode. If it's different then something has changed. Observers cannot infer * anything about the nature or magnitude of the changes from the value, only * that the inode has changed in some fashion. * * Not all filesystems properly implement the i_version counter. Subsystems that * want to use i_version field on an inode should first check whether the * filesystem sets the SB_I_VERSION flag (usually via the IS_I_VERSION macro). * * Those that set SB_I_VERSION will automatically have their i_version counter * incremented on writes to normal files. If the SB_I_VERSION is not set, then * the VFS will not touch it on writes, and the filesystem can use it how it * wishes. Note that the filesystem is always responsible for updating the * i_version on namespace changes in directories (mkdir, rmdir, unlink, etc.). * We consider these sorts of filesystems to have a kernel-managed i_version. * * It may be impractical for filesystems to keep i_version updates atomic with * respect to the changes that cause them. They should, however, guarantee * that i_version updates are never visible before the changes that caused * them. Also, i_version updates should never be delayed longer than it takes * the original change to reach disk. * * This implementation uses the low bit in the i_version field as a flag to * track when the value has been queried. If it has not been queried since it * was last incremented, we can skip the increment in most cases. * * In the event that we're updating the ctime, we will usually go ahead and * bump the i_version anyway. Since that has to go to stable storage in some * fashion, we might as well increment it as well. * * With this implementation, the value should always appear to observers to * increase over time if the file has changed. It's recommended to use * inode_eq_iversion() helper to compare values. * * Note that some filesystems (e.g. NFS and AFS) just use the field to store * a server-provided value (for the most part). For that reason, those * filesystems do not set SB_I_VERSION. These filesystems are considered to * have a self-managed i_version. * * Persistently storing the i_version * ---------------------------------- * Queries of the i_version field are not gated on them hitting the backing * store. It's always possible that the host could crash after allowing * a query of the value but before it has made it to disk. * * To mitigate this problem, filesystems should always use * inode_set_iversion_queried when loading an existing inode from disk. This * ensures that the next attempted inode increment will result in the value * changing. * * Storing the value to disk therefore does not count as a query, so those * filesystems should use inode_peek_iversion to grab the value to be stored. * There is no need to flag the value as having been queried in that case. */ /* * We borrow the lowest bit in the i_version to use as a flag to tell whether * it has been queried since we last incremented it. If it has, then we must * increment it on the next change. After that, we can clear the flag and * avoid incrementing it again until it has again been queried. */ #define I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT (1) #define I_VERSION_QUERIED (1ULL << (I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT - 1)) #define I_VERSION_INCREMENT (1ULL << I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT) /** * inode_set_iversion_raw - set i_version to the specified raw value * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version value to set * * Set @inode's i_version field to @val. This function is for use by * filesystems that self-manage the i_version. * * For example, the NFS client stores its NFSv4 change attribute in this way, * and the AFS client stores the data_version from the server here. */ static inline void inode_set_iversion_raw(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { atomic64_set(&inode->i_version, val); } /** * inode_peek_iversion_raw - grab a "raw" iversion value * @inode: inode from which i_version should be read * * Grab a "raw" inode->i_version value and return it. The i_version is not * flagged or converted in any way. This is mostly used to access a self-managed * i_version. * * With those filesystems, we want to treat the i_version as an entirely * opaque value. */ static inline u64 inode_peek_iversion_raw(const struct inode *inode) { return atomic64_read(&inode->i_version); } /** * inode_set_max_iversion_raw - update i_version new value is larger * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version to set * * Some self-managed filesystems (e.g Ceph) will only update the i_version * value if the new value is larger than the one we already have. */ static inline void inode_set_max_iversion_raw(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { u64 cur, old; cur = inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); for (;;) { if (cur > val) break; old = atomic64_cmpxchg(&inode->i_version, cur, val); if (likely(old == cur)) break; cur = old; } } /** * inode_set_iversion - set i_version to a particular value * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version value to set * * Set @inode's i_version field to @val. This function is for filesystems with * a kernel-managed i_version, for initializing a newly-created inode from * scratch. * * In this case, we do not set the QUERIED flag since we know that this value * has never been queried. */ static inline void inode_set_iversion(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { inode_set_iversion_raw(inode, val << I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT); } /** * inode_set_iversion_queried - set i_version to a particular value as quereied * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version value to set * * Set @inode's i_version field to @val, and flag it for increment on the next * change. * * Filesystems that persistently store the i_version on disk should use this * when loading an existing inode from disk. * * When loading in an i_version value from a backing store, we can't be certain * that it wasn't previously viewed before being stored. Thus, we must assume * that it was, to ensure that we don't end up handing out the same value for * different versions of the same inode. */ static inline void inode_set_iversion_queried(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { inode_set_iversion_raw(inode, (val << I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT) | I_VERSION_QUERIED); } /** * inode_maybe_inc_iversion - increments i_version * @inode: inode with the i_version that should be updated * @force: increment the counter even if it's not necessary? * * Every time the inode is modified, the i_version field must be seen to have * changed by any observer. * * If "force" is set or the QUERIED flag is set, then ensure that we increment * the value, and clear the queried flag. * * In the common case where neither is set, then we can return "false" without * updating i_version. * * If this function returns false, and no other metadata has changed, then we * can avoid logging the metadata. */ static inline bool inode_maybe_inc_iversion(struct inode *inode, bool force) { u64 cur, old, new; /* * The i_version field is not strictly ordered with any other inode * information, but the legacy inode_inc_iversion code used a spinlock * to serialize increments. * * Here, we add full memory barriers to ensure that any de-facto * ordering with other info is preserved. * * This barrier pairs with the barrier in inode_query_iversion() */ smp_mb(); cur = inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); for (;;) { /* If flag is clear then we needn't do anything */ if (!force && !(cur & I_VERSION_QUERIED)) return false; /* Since lowest bit is flag, add 2 to avoid it */ new = (cur & ~I_VERSION_QUERIED) + I_VERSION_INCREMENT; old = atomic64_cmpxchg(&inode->i_version, cur, new); if (likely(old == cur)) break; cur = old; } return true; } /** * inode_inc_iversion - forcibly increment i_version * @inode: inode that needs to be updated * * Forcbily increment the i_version field. This always results in a change to * the observable value. */ static inline void inode_inc_iversion(struct inode *inode) { inode_maybe_inc_iversion(inode, true); } /** * inode_iversion_need_inc - is the i_version in need of being incremented? * @inode: inode to check * * Returns whether the inode->i_version counter needs incrementing on the next * change. Just fetch the value and check the QUERIED flag. */ static inline bool inode_iversion_need_inc(struct inode *inode) { return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode) & I_VERSION_QUERIED; } /** * inode_inc_iversion_raw - forcibly increment raw i_version * @inode: inode that needs to be updated * * Forcbily increment the raw i_version field. This always results in a change * to the raw value. * * NFS will use the i_version field to store the value from the server. It * mostly treats it as opaque, but in the case where it holds a write * delegation, it must increment the value itself. This function does that. */ static inline void inode_inc_iversion_raw(struct inode *inode) { atomic64_inc(&inode->i_version); } /** * inode_peek_iversion - read i_version without flagging it to be incremented * @inode: inode from which i_version should be read * * Read the inode i_version counter for an inode without registering it as a * query. * * This is typically used by local filesystems that need to store an i_version * on disk. In that situation, it's not necessary to flag it as having been * viewed, as the result won't be used to gauge changes from that point. */ static inline u64 inode_peek_iversion(const struct inode *inode) { return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode) >> I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT; } /** * inode_query_iversion - read i_version for later use * @inode: inode from which i_version should be read * * Read the inode i_version counter. This should be used by callers that wish * to store the returned i_version for later comparison. This will guarantee * that a later query of the i_version will result in a different value if * anything has changed. * * In this implementation, we fetch the current value, set the QUERIED flag and * then try to swap it into place with a cmpxchg, if it wasn't already set. If * that fails, we try again with the newly fetched value from the cmpxchg. */ static inline u64 inode_query_iversion(struct inode *inode) { u64 cur, old, new; cur = inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); for (;;) { /* If flag is already set, then no need to swap */ if (cur & I_VERSION_QUERIED) { /* * This barrier (and the implicit barrier in the * cmpxchg below) pairs with the barrier in * inode_maybe_inc_iversion(). */ smp_mb(); break; } new = cur | I_VERSION_QUERIED; old = atomic64_cmpxchg(&inode->i_version, cur, new); if (likely(old == cur)) break; cur = old; } return cur >> I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT; } /** * inode_eq_iversion_raw - check whether the raw i_version counter has changed * @inode: inode to check * @old: old value to check against its i_version * * Compare the current raw i_version counter with a previous one. Returns true * if they are the same or false if they are different. */ static inline bool inode_eq_iversion_raw(const struct inode *inode, u64 old) { return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode) == old; } /** * inode_eq_iversion - check whether the i_version counter has changed * @inode: inode to check * @old: old value to check against its i_version * * Compare an i_version counter with a previous one. Returns true if they are * the same, and false if they are different. * * Note that we don't need to set the QUERIED flag in this case, as the value * in the inode is not being recorded for later use. */ static inline bool inode_eq_iversion(const struct inode *inode, u64 old) { return inode_peek_iversion(inode) == old; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This header file contains public constants and structures used by * the SCSI initiator code. */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <scsi/scsi_common.h> #include <scsi/scsi_proto.h> struct scsi_cmnd; enum scsi_timeouts { SCSI_DEFAULT_EH_TIMEOUT = 10 * HZ, }; /* * DIX-capable adapters effectively support infinite chaining for the * protection information scatterlist */ #define SCSI_MAX_PROT_SG_SEGMENTS 0xFFFF /* * Special value for scanning to specify scanning or rescanning of all * possible channels, (target) ids, or luns on a given shost. */ #define SCAN_WILD_CARD ~0 /** scsi_status_is_good - check the status return. * * @status: the status passed up from the driver (including host and * driver components) * * This returns true for known good conditions that may be treated as * command completed normally */ static inline int scsi_status_is_good(int status) { /* * FIXME: bit0 is listed as reserved in SCSI-2, but is * significant in SCSI-3. For now, we follow the SCSI-2 * behaviour and ignore reserved bits. */ status &= 0xfe; return ((status == SAM_STAT_GOOD) || (status == SAM_STAT_CONDITION_MET) || /* Next two "intermediate" statuses are obsolete in SAM-4 */ (status == SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE) || (status == SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE_CONDITION_MET) || /* FIXME: this is obsolete in SAM-3 */ (status == SAM_STAT_COMMAND_TERMINATED)); } /* * standard mode-select header prepended to all mode-select commands */ struct ccs_modesel_head { __u8 _r1; /* reserved */ __u8 medium; /* device-specific medium type */ __u8 _r2; /* reserved */ __u8 block_desc_length; /* block descriptor length */ __u8 density; /* device-specific density code */ __u8 number_blocks_hi; /* number of blocks in this block desc */ __u8 number_blocks_med; __u8 number_blocks_lo; __u8 _r3; __u8 block_length_hi; /* block length for blocks in this desc */ __u8 block_length_med; __u8 block_length_lo; }; /* * The Well Known LUNS (SAM-3) in our int representation of a LUN */ #define SCSI_W_LUN_BASE 0xc100 #define SCSI_W_LUN_REPORT_LUNS (SCSI_W_LUN_BASE + 1) #define SCSI_W_LUN_ACCESS_CONTROL (SCSI_W_LUN_BASE + 2) #define SCSI_W_LUN_TARGET_LOG_PAGE (SCSI_W_LUN_BASE + 3) static inline int scsi_is_wlun(u64 lun) { return (lun & 0xff00) == SCSI_W_LUN_BASE; } /* * MESSAGE CODES */ #define COMMAND_COMPLETE 0x00 #define EXTENDED_MESSAGE 0x01 #define EXTENDED_MODIFY_DATA_POINTER 0x00 #define EXTENDED_SDTR 0x01 #define EXTENDED_EXTENDED_IDENTIFY 0x02 /* SCSI-I only */ #define EXTENDED_WDTR 0x03 #define EXTENDED_PPR 0x04 #define EXTENDED_MODIFY_BIDI_DATA_PTR 0x05 #define SAVE_POINTERS 0x02 #define RESTORE_POINTERS 0x03 #define DISCONNECT 0x04 #define INITIATOR_ERROR 0x05 #define ABORT_TASK_SET 0x06 #define MESSAGE_REJECT 0x07 #define NOP 0x08 #define MSG_PARITY_ERROR 0x09 #define LINKED_CMD_COMPLETE 0x0a #define LINKED_FLG_CMD_COMPLETE 0x0b #define TARGET_RESET 0x0c #define ABORT_TASK 0x0d #define CLEAR_TASK_SET 0x0e #define INITIATE_RECOVERY 0x0f /* SCSI-II only */ #define RELEASE_RECOVERY 0x10 /* SCSI-II only */ #define CLEAR_ACA 0x16 #define LOGICAL_UNIT_RESET 0x17 #define SIMPLE_QUEUE_TAG 0x20 #define HEAD_OF_QUEUE_TAG 0x21 #define ORDERED_QUEUE_TAG 0x22 #define IGNORE_WIDE_RESIDUE 0x23 #define ACA 0x24 #define QAS_REQUEST 0x55 /* Old SCSI2 names, don't use in new code */ #define BUS_DEVICE_RESET TARGET_RESET #define ABORT ABORT_TASK_SET /* * Host byte codes */ #define DID_OK 0x00 /* NO error */ #define DID_NO_CONNECT 0x01 /* Couldn't connect before timeout period */ #define DID_BUS_BUSY 0x02 /* BUS stayed busy through time out period */ #define DID_TIME_OUT 0x03 /* TIMED OUT for other reason */ #define DID_BAD_TARGET 0x04 /* BAD target. */ #define DID_ABORT 0x05 /* Told to abort for some other reason */ #define DID_PARITY 0x06 /* Parity error */ #define DID_ERROR 0x07 /* Internal error */ #define DID_RESET 0x08 /* Reset by somebody. */ #define DID_BAD_INTR 0x09 /* Got an interrupt we weren't expecting. */ #define DID_PASSTHROUGH 0x0a /* Force command past mid-layer */ #define DID_SOFT_ERROR 0x0b /* The low level driver just wish a retry */ #define DID_IMM_RETRY 0x0c /* Retry without decrementing retry count */ #define DID_REQUEUE 0x0d /* Requeue command (no immediate retry) also * without decrementing the retry count */ #define DID_TRANSPORT_DISRUPTED 0x0e /* Transport error disrupted execution * and the driver blocked the port to * recover the link. Transport class will * retry or fail IO */ #define DID_TRANSPORT_FAILFAST 0x0f /* Transport class fastfailed the io */ #define DID_TARGET_FAILURE 0x10 /* Permanent target failure, do not retry on * other paths */ #define DID_NEXUS_FAILURE 0x11 /* Permanent nexus failure, retry on other * paths might yield different results */ #define DID_ALLOC_FAILURE 0x12 /* Space allocation on the device failed */ #define DID_MEDIUM_ERROR 0x13 /* Medium error */ #define DRIVER_OK 0x00 /* Driver status */ /* * These indicate the error that occurred, and what is available. */ #define DRIVER_BUSY 0x01 #define DRIVER_SOFT 0x02 #define DRIVER_MEDIA 0x03 #define DRIVER_ERROR 0x04 #define DRIVER_INVALID 0x05 #define DRIVER_TIMEOUT 0x06 #define DRIVER_HARD 0x07 #define DRIVER_SENSE 0x08 /* * Internal return values. */ #define NEEDS_RETRY 0x2001 #define SUCCESS 0x2002 #define FAILED 0x2003 #define QUEUED 0x2004 #define SOFT_ERROR 0x2005 #define ADD_TO_MLQUEUE 0x2006 #define TIMEOUT_ERROR 0x2007 #define SCSI_RETURN_NOT_HANDLED 0x2008 #define FAST_IO_FAIL 0x2009 /* * Midlevel queue return values. */ #define SCSI_MLQUEUE_HOST_BUSY 0x1055 #define SCSI_MLQUEUE_DEVICE_BUSY 0x1056 #define SCSI_MLQUEUE_EH_RETRY 0x1057 #define SCSI_MLQUEUE_TARGET_BUSY 0x1058 /* * Use these to separate status msg and our bytes * * These are set by: * * status byte = set from target device * msg_byte = return status from host adapter itself. * host_byte = set by low-level driver to indicate status. * driver_byte = set by mid-level. */ #define status_byte(result) (((result) >> 1) & 0x7f) #define msg_byte(result) (((result) >> 8) & 0xff) #define host_byte(result) (((result) >> 16) & 0xff) #define driver_byte(result) (((result) >> 24) & 0xff) #define sense_class(sense) (((sense) >> 4) & 0x7) #define sense_error(sense) ((sense) & 0xf) #define sense_valid(sense) ((sense) & 0x80) /* * default timeouts */ #define FORMAT_UNIT_TIMEOUT (2 * 60 * 60 * HZ) #define START_STOP_TIMEOUT (60 * HZ) #define MOVE_MEDIUM_TIMEOUT (5 * 60 * HZ) #define READ_ELEMENT_STATUS_TIMEOUT (5 * 60 * HZ) #define READ_DEFECT_DATA_TIMEOUT (60 * HZ ) #define IDENTIFY_BASE 0x80 #define IDENTIFY(can_disconnect, lun) (IDENTIFY_BASE |\ ((can_disconnect) ? 0x40 : 0) |\ ((lun) & 0x07)) /* * struct scsi_device::scsi_level values. For SCSI devices other than those * prior to SCSI-2 (i.e. over 12 years old) this value is (resp[2] + 1) * where "resp" is a byte array of the response to an INQUIRY. The scsi_level * variable is visible to the user via sysfs. */ #define SCSI_UNKNOWN 0 #define SCSI_1 1 #define SCSI_1_CCS 2 #define SCSI_2 3 #define SCSI_3 4 /* SPC */ #define SCSI_SPC_2 5 #define SCSI_SPC_3 6 /* * INQ PERIPHERAL QUALIFIERS */ #define SCSI_INQ_PQ_CON 0x00 #define SCSI_INQ_PQ_NOT_CON 0x01 #define SCSI_INQ_PQ_NOT_CAP 0x03 /* * Here are some scsi specific ioctl commands which are sometimes useful. * * Note that include/linux/cdrom.h also defines IOCTL 0x5300 - 0x5395 */ /* Used to obtain PUN and LUN info. Conflicts with CDROMAUDIOBUFSIZ */ #define SCSI_IOCTL_GET_IDLUN 0x5382 /* 0x5383 and 0x5384 were used for SCSI_IOCTL_TAGGED_{ENABLE,DISABLE} */ /* Used to obtain the host number of a device. */ #define SCSI_IOCTL_PROBE_HOST 0x5385 /* Used to obtain the bus number for a device */ #define SCSI_IOCTL_GET_BUS_NUMBER 0x5386 /* Used to obtain the PCI location of a device */ #define SCSI_IOCTL_GET_PCI 0x5387 #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions for the UDP-Lite (RFC 3828) code. */ #ifndef _UDPLITE_H #define _UDPLITE_H #include <net/ip6_checksum.h> /* UDP-Lite socket options */ #define UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV 10 /* sender partial coverage (as sent) */ #define UDPLITE_RECV_CSCOV 11 /* receiver partial coverage (threshold ) */ extern struct proto udplite_prot; extern struct udp_table udplite_table; /* * Checksum computation is all in software, hence simpler getfrag. */ static __inline__ int udplite_getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct msghdr *msg = from; return copy_from_iter_full(to, len, &msg->msg_iter) ? 0 : -EFAULT; } /* Designate sk as UDP-Lite socket */ static inline int udplite_sk_init(struct sock *sk) { udp_init_sock(sk); udp_sk(sk)->pcflag = UDPLITE_BIT; return 0; } /* * Checksumming routines */ static inline int udplite_checksum_init(struct sk_buff *skb, struct udphdr *uh) { u16 cscov; /* In UDPv4 a zero checksum means that the transmitter generated no * checksum. UDP-Lite (like IPv6) mandates checksums, hence packets * with a zero checksum field are illegal. */ if (uh->check == 0) { net_dbg_ratelimited("UDPLite: zeroed checksum field\n"); return 1; } cscov = ntohs(uh->len); if (cscov == 0) /* Indicates that full coverage is required. */ ; else if (cscov < 8 || cscov > skb->len) { /* * Coverage length violates RFC 3828: log and discard silently. */ net_dbg_ratelimited("UDPLite: bad csum coverage %d/%d\n", cscov, skb->len); return 1; } else if (cscov < skb->len) { UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->partial_cov = 1; UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov = cscov; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; skb->csum_valid = 0; } return 0; } /* Slow-path computation of checksum. Socket is locked. */ static inline __wsum udplite_csum_outgoing(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(skb->sk); int cscov = up->len; __wsum csum = 0; if (up->pcflag & UDPLITE_SEND_CC) { /* * Sender has set `partial coverage' option on UDP-Lite socket. * The special case "up->pcslen == 0" signifies full coverage. */ if (up->pcslen < up->len) { if (0 < up->pcslen) cscov = up->pcslen; udp_hdr(skb)->len = htons(up->pcslen); } /* * NOTE: Causes for the error case `up->pcslen > up->len': * (i) Application error (will not be penalized). * (ii) Payload too big for send buffer: data is split * into several packets, each with its own header. * In this case (e.g. last segment), coverage may * exceed packet length. * Since packets with coverage length > packet length are * illegal, we fall back to the defaults here. */ } skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; /* no HW support for checksumming */ skb_queue_walk(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb) { const int off = skb_transport_offset(skb); const int len = skb->len - off; csum = skb_checksum(skb, off, (cscov > len)? len : cscov, csum); if ((cscov -= len) <= 0) break; } return csum; } /* Fast-path computation of checksum. Socket may not be locked. */ static inline __wsum udplite_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(skb->sk); const int off = skb_transport_offset(skb); int len = skb->len - off; if ((up->pcflag & UDPLITE_SEND_CC) && up->pcslen < len) { if (0 < up->pcslen) len = up->pcslen; udp_hdr(skb)->len = htons(up->pcslen); } skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; /* no HW support for checksumming */ return skb_checksum(skb, off, len, 0); } void udplite4_register(void); int udplite_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, int (*scmp)(const struct sock *, const struct sock *)); #endif /* _UDPLITE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 /* * Performance events x86 architecture header * * Copyright (C) 2008 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * Copyright (C) 2009 Jaswinder Singh Rajput * Copyright (C) 2009 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Robert Richter * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * Copyright (C) 2009 Intel Corporation, <markus.t.metzger@intel.com> * Copyright (C) 2009 Google, Inc., Stephane Eranian * * For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING */ #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <asm/intel_ds.h> /* To enable MSR tracing please use the generic trace points. */ /* * | NHM/WSM | SNB | * register ------------------------------- * | HT | no HT | HT | no HT | *----------------------------------------- * offcore | core | core | cpu | core | * lbr_sel | core | core | cpu | core | * ld_lat | cpu | core | cpu | core | *----------------------------------------- * * Given that there is a small number of shared regs, * we can pre-allocate their slot in the per-cpu * per-core reg tables. */ enum extra_reg_type { EXTRA_REG_NONE = -1, /* not used */ EXTRA_REG_RSP_0 = 0, /* offcore_response_0 */ EXTRA_REG_RSP_1 = 1, /* offcore_response_1 */ EXTRA_REG_LBR = 2, /* lbr_select */ EXTRA_REG_LDLAT = 3, /* ld_lat_threshold */ EXTRA_REG_FE = 4, /* fe_* */ EXTRA_REG_MAX /* number of entries needed */ }; struct event_constraint { union { unsigned long idxmsk[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; u64 idxmsk64; }; u64 code; u64 cmask; int weight; int overlap; int flags; unsigned int size; }; static inline bool constraint_match(struct event_constraint *c, u64 ecode) { return ((ecode & c->cmask) - c->code) <= (u64)c->size; } /* * struct hw_perf_event.flags flags */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LDLAT 0x0001 /* ld+ldlat data address sampling */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST 0x0002 /* st data address sampling */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW 0x0004 /* haswell style datala, store */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW 0x0008 /* haswell style datala, load */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_NA_HSW 0x0010 /* haswell style datala, unknown */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL 0x0020 /* HT exclusivity on counter */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_DYNAMIC 0x0040 /* dynamic alloc'd constraint */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED 0x0080 /* grant rdpmc permission */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL_ACCT 0x0100 /* accounted EXCL event */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD 0x0200 /* use PEBS auto-reload */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_LARGE_PEBS 0x0400 /* use large PEBS */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_VIA_PT 0x0800 /* use PT buffer for PEBS */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PAIR 0x1000 /* Large Increment per Cycle */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_LBR_SELECT 0x2000 /* Save/Restore MSR_LBR_SELECT */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_TOPDOWN 0x4000 /* Count Topdown slots/metrics events */ static inline bool is_topdown_count(struct perf_event *event) { return event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_TOPDOWN; } static inline bool is_metric_event(struct perf_event *event) { u64 config = event->attr.config; return ((config & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) == 0) && ((config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) >= INTEL_TD_METRIC_RETIRING) && ((config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) <= INTEL_TD_METRIC_MAX); } static inline bool is_slots_event(struct perf_event *event) { return (event->attr.config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) == INTEL_TD_SLOTS; } static inline bool is_topdown_event(struct perf_event *event) { return is_metric_event(event) || is_slots_event(event); } struct amd_nb { int nb_id; /* NorthBridge id */ int refcnt; /* reference count */ struct perf_event *owners[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; struct event_constraint event_constraints[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; }; #define PEBS_COUNTER_MASK ((1ULL << MAX_PEBS_EVENTS) - 1) #define PEBS_PMI_AFTER_EACH_RECORD BIT_ULL(60) #define PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET 61 #define PEBS_OUTPUT_MASK (3ull << PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET) #define PEBS_OUTPUT_PT (1ull << PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET) #define PEBS_VIA_PT_MASK (PEBS_OUTPUT_PT | PEBS_PMI_AFTER_EACH_RECORD) /* * Flags PEBS can handle without an PMI. * * TID can only be handled by flushing at context switch. * REGS_USER can be handled for events limited to ring 3. * */ #define LARGE_PEBS_FLAGS \ (PERF_SAMPLE_IP | PERF_SAMPLE_TID | PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR | \ PERF_SAMPLE_ID | PERF_SAMPLE_CPU | PERF_SAMPLE_STREAM_ID | \ PERF_SAMPLE_DATA_SRC | PERF_SAMPLE_IDENTIFIER | \ PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION | PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR | \ PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR | PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_USER | \ PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD) #define PEBS_GP_REGS \ ((1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_AX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_BX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_CX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_DX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_DI) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_SI) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_SP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_BP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_IP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_FLAGS) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R8) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R9) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R10) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R11) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R12) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R13) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R14) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R15)) /* * Per register state. */ struct er_account { raw_spinlock_t lock; /* per-core: protect structure */ u64 config; /* extra MSR config */ u64 reg; /* extra MSR number */ atomic_t ref; /* reference count */ }; /* * Per core/cpu state * * Used to coordinate shared registers between HT threads or * among events on a single PMU. */ struct intel_shared_regs { struct er_account regs[EXTRA_REG_MAX]; int refcnt; /* per-core: #HT threads */ unsigned core_id; /* per-core: core id */ }; enum intel_excl_state_type { INTEL_EXCL_UNUSED = 0, /* counter is unused */ INTEL_EXCL_SHARED = 1, /* counter can be used by both threads */ INTEL_EXCL_EXCLUSIVE = 2, /* counter can be used by one thread only */ }; struct intel_excl_states { enum intel_excl_state_type state[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; bool sched_started; /* true if scheduling has started */ }; struct intel_excl_cntrs { raw_spinlock_t lock; struct intel_excl_states states[2]; union { u16 has_exclusive[2]; u32 exclusive_present; }; int refcnt; /* per-core: #HT threads */ unsigned core_id; /* per-core: core id */ }; struct x86_perf_task_context; #define MAX_LBR_ENTRIES 32 enum { LBR_FORMAT_32 = 0x00, LBR_FORMAT_LIP = 0x01, LBR_FORMAT_EIP = 0x02, LBR_FORMAT_EIP_FLAGS = 0x03, LBR_FORMAT_EIP_FLAGS2 = 0x04, LBR_FORMAT_INFO = 0x05, LBR_FORMAT_TIME = 0x06, LBR_FORMAT_MAX_KNOWN = LBR_FORMAT_TIME, }; enum { X86_PERF_KFREE_SHARED = 0, X86_PERF_KFREE_EXCL = 1, X86_PERF_KFREE_MAX }; struct cpu_hw_events { /* * Generic x86 PMC bits */ struct perf_event *events[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* in counter order */ unsigned long active_mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; unsigned long running[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; int enabled; int n_events; /* the # of events in the below arrays */ int n_added; /* the # last events in the below arrays; they've never been enabled yet */ int n_txn; /* the # last events in the below arrays; added in the current transaction */ int n_txn_pair; int n_txn_metric; int assign[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* event to counter assignment */ u64 tags[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; struct perf_event *event_list[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* in enabled order */ struct event_constraint *event_constraint[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; int n_excl; /* the number of exclusive events */ unsigned int txn_flags; int is_fake; /* * Intel DebugStore bits */ struct debug_store *ds; void *ds_pebs_vaddr; void *ds_bts_vaddr; u64 pebs_enabled; int n_pebs; int n_large_pebs; int n_pebs_via_pt; int pebs_output; /* Current super set of events hardware configuration */ u64 pebs_data_cfg; u64 active_pebs_data_cfg; int pebs_record_size; /* * Intel LBR bits */ int lbr_users; int lbr_pebs_users; struct perf_branch_stack lbr_stack; struct perf_branch_entry lbr_entries[MAX_LBR_ENTRIES]; union { struct er_account *lbr_sel; struct er_account *lbr_ctl; }; u64 br_sel; void *last_task_ctx; int last_log_id; int lbr_select; void *lbr_xsave; /* * Intel host/guest exclude bits */ u64 intel_ctrl_guest_mask; u64 intel_ctrl_host_mask; struct perf_guest_switch_msr guest_switch_msrs[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* * Intel checkpoint mask */ u64 intel_cp_status; /* * manage shared (per-core, per-cpu) registers * used on Intel NHM/WSM/SNB */ struct intel_shared_regs *shared_regs; /* * manage exclusive counter access between hyperthread */ struct event_constraint *constraint_list; /* in enable order */ struct intel_excl_cntrs *excl_cntrs; int excl_thread_id; /* 0 or 1 */ /* * SKL TSX_FORCE_ABORT shadow */ u64 tfa_shadow; /* * Perf Metrics */ /* number of accepted metrics events */ int n_metric; /* * AMD specific bits */ struct amd_nb *amd_nb; /* Inverted mask of bits to clear in the perf_ctr ctrl registers */ u64 perf_ctr_virt_mask; int n_pair; /* Large increment events */ void *kfree_on_online[X86_PERF_KFREE_MAX]; struct pmu *pmu; }; #define __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m, w, o, f) { \ { .idxmsk64 = (n) }, \ .code = (c), \ .size = (e) - (c), \ .cmask = (m), \ .weight = (w), \ .overlap = (o), \ .flags = f, \ } #define __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, w, o, f) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, c, n, m, w, o, f) #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 0, 0) /* * The constraint_match() function only works for 'simple' event codes * and not for extended (AMD64_EVENTSEL_EVENT) events codes. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 0, 0) #define INTEL_EXCLEVT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT, HWEIGHT(n),\ 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* * The overlap flag marks event constraints with overlapping counter * masks. This is the case if the counter mask of such an event is not * a subset of any other counter mask of a constraint with an equal or * higher weight, e.g.: * * c_overlaps = EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP(0, 0x09, 0); * c_another1 = EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0, 0x07, 0); * c_another2 = EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0, 0x38, 0); * * The event scheduler may not select the correct counter in the first * cycle because it needs to know which subsequent events will be * scheduled. It may fail to schedule the events then. So we set the * overlap flag for such constraints to give the scheduler a hint which * events to select for counter rescheduling. * * Care must be taken as the rescheduling algorithm is O(n!) which * will increase scheduling cycles for an over-committed system * dramatically. The number of such EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP() macros * and its counter masks must be kept at a minimum. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP(c, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 1, 0) /* * Constraint on the Event code. */ #define INTEL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) /* * Constraint on a range of Event codes */ #define INTEL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) /* * Constraint on the Event code + UMask + fixed-mask * * filter mask to validate fixed counter events. * the following filters disqualify for fixed counters: * - inv * - edge * - cnt-mask * - in_tx * - in_tx_checkpointed * The other filters are supported by fixed counters. * The any-thread option is supported starting with v3. */ #define FIXED_EVENT_FLAGS (X86_RAW_EVENT_MASK|HSW_IN_TX|HSW_IN_TX_CHECKPOINTED) #define FIXED_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, (1ULL << (32+n)), FIXED_EVENT_FLAGS) /* * The special metric counters do not actually exist. They are calculated from * the combination of the FxCtr3 + MSR_PERF_METRICS. * * The special metric counters are mapped to a dummy offset for the scheduler. * The sharing between multiple users of the same metric without multiplexing * is not allowed, even though the hardware supports that in principle. */ #define METRIC_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, (1ULL << (INTEL_PMC_IDX_METRIC_BASE + n)), \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) /* * Constraint on the Event code + UMask */ #define INTEL_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) /* Constraint on specific umask bit only + event */ #define INTEL_UBIT_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|(c)) /* Like UEVENT_CONSTRAINT, but match flags too */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) #define INTEL_EXCLUEVT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) #define INTEL_PLD_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LDLAT) #define INTEL_PST_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST) /* Event constraint, but match on all event flags too. */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) /* Check only flags, but allow all event/umask */ #define INTEL_ALL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) /* Check flags and event code, and set the HSW store flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_ST(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW) /* Check flags and event code, and set the HSW load flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD_RANGE(code, end, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(code, end, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XLD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, \ PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW|PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* Check flags and event code/umask, and set the HSW store flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_ST(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XST(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, \ PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW|PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* Check flags and event code/umask, and set the HSW load flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XLD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, \ PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW|PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* Check flags and event code/umask, and set the HSW N/A flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_NA(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_NA_HSW) /* * We define the end marker as having a weight of -1 * to enable blacklisting of events using a counter bitmask * of zero and thus a weight of zero. * The end marker has a weight that cannot possibly be * obtained from counting the bits in the bitmask. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_END { .weight = -1 } /* * Check for end marker with weight == -1 */ #define for_each_event_constraint(e, c) \ for ((e) = (c); (e)->weight != -1; (e)++) /* * Extra registers for specific events. * * Some events need large masks and require external MSRs. * Those extra MSRs end up being shared for all events on * a PMU and sometimes between PMU of sibling HT threads. * In either case, the kernel needs to handle conflicting * accesses to those extra, shared, regs. The data structure * to manage those registers is stored in cpu_hw_event. */ struct extra_reg { unsigned int event; unsigned int msr; u64 config_mask; u64 valid_mask; int idx; /* per_xxx->regs[] reg index */ bool extra_msr_access; }; #define EVENT_EXTRA_REG(e, ms, m, vm, i) { \ .event = (e), \ .msr = (ms), \ .config_mask = (m), \ .valid_mask = (vm), \ .idx = EXTRA_REG_##i, \ .extra_msr_access = true, \ } #define INTEL_EVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, vm, idx) \ EVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT, vm, idx) #define INTEL_UEVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, vm, idx) \ EVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT | \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_UMASK, vm, idx) #define INTEL_UEVENT_PEBS_LDLAT_EXTRA_REG(c) \ INTEL_UEVENT_EXTRA_REG(c, \ MSR_PEBS_LD_LAT_THRESHOLD, \ 0xffff, \ LDLAT) #define EVENT_EXTRA_END EVENT_EXTRA_REG(0, 0, 0, 0, RSP_0) union perf_capabilities { struct { u64 lbr_format:6; u64 pebs_trap:1; u64 pebs_arch_reg:1; u64 pebs_format:4; u64 smm_freeze:1; /* * PMU supports separate counter range for writing * values > 32bit. */ u64 full_width_write:1; u64 pebs_baseline:1; u64 perf_metrics:1; u64 pebs_output_pt_available:1; u64 anythread_deprecated:1; }; u64 capabilities; }; struct x86_pmu_quirk { struct x86_pmu_quirk *next; void (*func)(void); }; union x86_pmu_config { struct { u64 event:8, umask:8, usr:1, os:1, edge:1, pc:1, interrupt:1, __reserved1:1, en:1, inv:1, cmask:8, event2:4, __reserved2:4, go:1, ho:1; } bits; u64 value; }; #define X86_CONFIG(args...) ((union x86_pmu_config){.bits = {args}}).value enum { x86_lbr_exclusive_lbr, x86_lbr_exclusive_bts, x86_lbr_exclusive_pt, x86_lbr_exclusive_max, }; /* * struct x86_pmu - generic x86 pmu */ struct x86_pmu { /* * Generic x86 PMC bits */ const char *name; int version; int (*handle_irq)(struct pt_regs *); void (*disable_all)(void); void (*enable_all)(int added); void (*enable)(struct perf_event *); void (*disable)(struct perf_event *); void (*add)(struct perf_event *); void (*del)(struct perf_event *); void (*read)(struct perf_event *event); int (*hw_config)(struct perf_event *event); int (*schedule_events)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int n, int *assign); unsigned eventsel; unsigned perfctr; int (*addr_offset)(int index, bool eventsel); int (*rdpmc_index)(int index); u64 (*event_map)(int); int max_events; int num_counters; int num_counters_fixed; int cntval_bits; u64 cntval_mask; union { unsigned long events_maskl; unsigned long events_mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTS_COUNT)]; }; int events_mask_len; int apic; u64 max_period; struct event_constraint * (*get_event_constraints)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int idx, struct perf_event *event); void (*put_event_constraints)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, struct perf_event *event); void (*start_scheduling)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void (*commit_scheduling)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int idx, int cntr); void (*stop_scheduling)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); struct event_constraint *event_constraints; struct x86_pmu_quirk *quirks; int perfctr_second_write; u64 (*limit_period)(struct perf_event *event, u64 l); /* PMI handler bits */ unsigned int late_ack :1, enabled_ack :1, counter_freezing :1; /* * sysfs attrs */ int attr_rdpmc_broken; int attr_rdpmc; struct attribute **format_attrs; ssize_t (*events_sysfs_show)(char *page, u64 config); const struct attribute_group **attr_update; unsigned long attr_freeze_on_smi; /* * CPU Hotplug hooks */ int (*cpu_prepare)(int cpu); void (*cpu_starting)(int cpu); void (*cpu_dying)(int cpu); void (*cpu_dead)(int cpu); void (*check_microcode)(void); void (*sched_task)(struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); /* * Intel Arch Perfmon v2+ */ u64 intel_ctrl; union perf_capabilities intel_cap; /* * Intel DebugStore bits */ unsigned int bts :1, bts_active :1, pebs :1, pebs_active :1, pebs_broken :1, pebs_prec_dist :1, pebs_no_tlb :1, pebs_no_isolation :1; int pebs_record_size; int pebs_buffer_size; int max_pebs_events; void (*drain_pebs)(struct pt_regs *regs, struct perf_sample_data *data); struct event_constraint *pebs_constraints; void (*pebs_aliases)(struct perf_event *event); unsigned long large_pebs_flags; u64 rtm_abort_event; /* * Intel LBR */ unsigned int lbr_tos, lbr_from, lbr_to, lbr_info, lbr_nr; /* LBR base regs and size */ union { u64 lbr_sel_mask; /* LBR_SELECT valid bits */ u64 lbr_ctl_mask; /* LBR_CTL valid bits */ }; union { const int *lbr_sel_map; /* lbr_select mappings */ int *lbr_ctl_map; /* LBR_CTL mappings */ }; bool lbr_double_abort; /* duplicated lbr aborts */ bool lbr_pt_coexist; /* (LBR|BTS) may coexist with PT */ /* * Intel Architectural LBR CPUID Enumeration */ unsigned int lbr_depth_mask:8; unsigned int lbr_deep_c_reset:1; unsigned int lbr_lip:1; unsigned int lbr_cpl:1; unsigned int lbr_filter:1; unsigned int lbr_call_stack:1; unsigned int lbr_mispred:1; unsigned int lbr_timed_lbr:1; unsigned int lbr_br_type:1; void (*lbr_reset)(void); void (*lbr_read)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void (*lbr_save)(void *ctx); void (*lbr_restore)(void *ctx); /* * Intel PT/LBR/BTS are exclusive */ atomic_t lbr_exclusive[x86_lbr_exclusive_max]; /* * Intel perf metrics */ u64 (*update_topdown_event)(struct perf_event *event); int (*set_topdown_event_period)(struct perf_event *event); /* * perf task context (i.e. struct perf_event_context::task_ctx_data) * switch helper to bridge calls from perf/core to perf/x86. * See struct pmu::swap_task_ctx() usage for examples; */ void (*swap_task_ctx)(struct perf_event_context *prev, struct perf_event_context *next); /* * AMD bits */ unsigned int amd_nb_constraints : 1; u64 perf_ctr_pair_en; /* * Extra registers for events */ struct extra_reg *extra_regs; unsigned int flags; /* * Intel host/guest support (KVM) */ struct perf_guest_switch_msr *(*guest_get_msrs)(int *nr); /* * Check period value for PERF_EVENT_IOC_PERIOD ioctl. */ int (*check_period) (struct perf_event *event, u64 period); int (*aux_output_match) (struct perf_event *event); }; struct x86_perf_task_context_opt { int lbr_callstack_users; int lbr_stack_state; int log_id; }; struct x86_perf_task_context { u64 lbr_sel; int tos; int valid_lbrs; struct x86_perf_task_context_opt opt; struct lbr_entry lbr[MAX_LBR_ENTRIES]; }; struct x86_perf_task_context_arch_lbr { struct x86_perf_task_context_opt opt; struct lbr_entry entries[]; }; /* * Add padding to guarantee the 64-byte alignment of the state buffer. * * The structure is dynamically allocated. The size of the LBR state may vary * based on the number of LBR registers. * * Do not put anything after the LBR state. */ struct x86_perf_task_context_arch_lbr_xsave { struct x86_perf_task_context_opt opt; union { struct xregs_state xsave; struct { struct fxregs_state i387; struct xstate_header header; struct arch_lbr_state lbr; } __attribute__ ((packed, aligned (XSAVE_ALIGNMENT))); }; }; #define x86_add_quirk(func_) \ do { \ static struct x86_pmu_quirk __quirk __initdata = { \ .func = func_, \ }; \ __quirk.next = x86_pmu.quirks; \ x86_pmu.quirks = &__quirk; \ } while (0) /* * x86_pmu flags */ #define PMU_FL_NO_HT_SHARING 0x1 /* no hyper-threading resource sharing */ #define PMU_FL_HAS_RSP_1 0x2 /* has 2 equivalent offcore_rsp regs */ #define PMU_FL_EXCL_CNTRS 0x4 /* has exclusive counter requirements */ #define PMU_FL_EXCL_ENABLED 0x8 /* exclusive counter active */ #define PMU_FL_PEBS_ALL 0x10 /* all events are valid PEBS events */ #define PMU_FL_TFA 0x20 /* deal with TSX force abort */ #define PMU_FL_PAIR 0x40 /* merge counters for large incr. events */ #define EVENT_VAR(_id) event_attr_##_id #define EVENT_PTR(_id) &event_attr_##_id.attr.attr #define EVENT_ATTR(_name, _id) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_attr EVENT_VAR(_id) = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, events_sysfs_show, NULL), \ .id = PERF_COUNT_HW_##_id, \ .event_str = NULL, \ }; #define EVENT_ATTR_STR(_name, v, str) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_attr event_attr_##v = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, events_sysfs_show, NULL), \ .id = 0, \ .event_str = str, \ }; #define EVENT_ATTR_STR_HT(_name, v, noht, ht) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_ht_attr event_attr_##v = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, events_ht_sysfs_show, NULL),\ .id = 0, \ .event_str_noht = noht, \ .event_str_ht = ht, \ } struct pmu *x86_get_pmu(unsigned int cpu); extern struct x86_pmu x86_pmu __read_mostly; static __always_inline struct x86_perf_task_context_opt *task_context_opt(void *ctx) { if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_ARCH_LBR)) return &((struct x86_perf_task_context_arch_lbr *)ctx)->opt; return &((struct x86_perf_task_context *)ctx)->opt; } static inline bool x86_pmu_has_lbr_callstack(void) { return x86_pmu.lbr_sel_map && x86_pmu.lbr_sel_map[PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_CALL_STACK_SHIFT] > 0; } DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_hw_events, cpu_hw_events); int x86_perf_event_set_period(struct perf_event *event); /* * Generalized hw caching related hw_event table, filled * in on a per model basis. A value of 0 means * 'not supported', -1 means 'hw_event makes no sense on * this CPU', any other value means the raw hw_event * ID. */ #define C(x) PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_##x extern u64 __read_mostly hw_cache_event_ids [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX]; extern u64 __read_mostly hw_cache_extra_regs [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX]; u64 x86_perf_event_update(struct perf_event *event); static inline unsigned int x86_pmu_config_addr(int index) { return x86_pmu.eventsel + (x86_pmu.addr_offset ? x86_pmu.addr_offset(index, true) : index); } static inline unsigned int x86_pmu_event_addr(int index) { return x86_pmu.perfctr + (x86_pmu.addr_offset ? x86_pmu.addr_offset(index, false) : index); } static inline int x86_pmu_rdpmc_index(int index) { return x86_pmu.rdpmc_index ? x86_pmu.rdpmc_index(index) : index; } int x86_add_exclusive(unsigned int what); void x86_del_exclusive(unsigned int what); int x86_reserve_hardware(void); void x86_release_hardware(void); int x86_pmu_max_precise(void); void hw_perf_lbr_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event); int x86_setup_perfctr(struct perf_event *event); int x86_pmu_hw_config(struct perf_event *event); void x86_pmu_disable_all(void); static inline bool is_counter_pair(struct hw_perf_event *hwc) { return hwc->flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_PAIR; } static inline void __x86_pmu_enable_event(struct hw_perf_event *hwc, u64 enable_mask) { u64 disable_mask = __this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.perf_ctr_virt_mask); if (hwc->extra_reg.reg) wrmsrl(hwc->extra_reg.reg, hwc->extra_reg.config); /* * Add enabled Merge event on next counter * if large increment event being enabled on this counter */ if (is_counter_pair(hwc)) wrmsrl(x86_pmu_config_addr(hwc->idx + 1), x86_pmu.perf_ctr_pair_en); wrmsrl(hwc->config_base, (hwc->config | enable_mask) & ~disable_mask); } void x86_pmu_enable_all(int added); int perf_assign_events(struct event_constraint **constraints, int n, int wmin, int wmax, int gpmax, int *assign); int x86_schedule_events(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int n, int *assign); void x86_pmu_stop(struct perf_event *event, int flags); static inline void x86_pmu_disable_event(struct perf_event *event) { u64 disable_mask = __this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.perf_ctr_virt_mask); struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw; wrmsrl(hwc->config_base, hwc->config & ~disable_mask); if (is_counter_pair(hwc)) wrmsrl(x86_pmu_config_addr(hwc->idx + 1), 0); } void x86_pmu_enable_event(struct perf_event *event); int x86_pmu_handle_irq(struct pt_regs *regs); extern struct event_constraint emptyconstraint; extern struct event_constraint unconstrained; static inline bool kernel_ip(unsigned long ip) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 return ip > PAGE_OFFSET; #else return (long)ip < 0; #endif } /* * Not all PMUs provide the right context information to place the reported IP * into full context. Specifically segment registers are typically not * supplied. * * Assuming the address is a linear address (it is for IBS), we fake the CS and * vm86 mode using the known zero-based code segment and 'fix up' the registers * to reflect this. * * Intel PEBS/LBR appear to typically provide the effective address, nothing * much we can do about that but pray and treat it like a linear address. */ static inline void set_linear_ip(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long ip) { regs->cs = kernel_ip(ip) ? __KERNEL_CS : __USER_CS; if (regs->flags & X86_VM_MASK) regs->flags ^= (PERF_EFLAGS_VM | X86_VM_MASK); regs->ip = ip; } ssize_t x86_event_sysfs_show(char *page, u64 config, u64 event); ssize_t intel_event_sysfs_show(char *page, u64 config); ssize_t events_sysfs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *page); ssize_t events_ht_sysfs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *page); #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD int amd_pmu_init(void); #else /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD */ static inline int amd_pmu_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD */ static inline int is_pebs_pt(struct perf_event *event) { return !!(event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_VIA_PT); } #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL static inline bool intel_pmu_has_bts_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 period) { struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw; unsigned int hw_event, bts_event; if (event->attr.freq) return false; hw_event = hwc->config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK; bts_event = x86_pmu.event_map(PERF_COUNT_HW_BRANCH_INSTRUCTIONS); return hw_event == bts_event && period == 1; } static inline bool intel_pmu_has_bts(struct perf_event *event) { struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw; return intel_pmu_has_bts_period(event, hwc->sample_period); } int intel_pmu_save_and_restart(struct perf_event *event); struct event_constraint * x86_get_event_constraints(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int idx, struct perf_event *event); extern int intel_cpuc_prepare(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int cpu); extern void intel_cpuc_finish(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); int intel_pmu_init(void); void init_debug_store_on_cpu(int cpu); void fini_debug_store_on_cpu(int cpu); void release_ds_buffers(void); void reserve_ds_buffers(void); void release_lbr_buffers(void); void reserve_lbr_buffers(void); extern struct event_constraint bts_constraint; extern struct event_constraint vlbr_constraint; void intel_pmu_enable_bts(u64 config); void intel_pmu_disable_bts(void); int intel_pmu_drain_bts_buffer(void); extern struct event_constraint intel_core2_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_atom_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_slm_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_glm_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_glp_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_nehalem_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_westmere_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_snb_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_ivb_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_hsw_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_bdw_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_skl_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_icl_pebs_event_constraints[]; struct event_constraint *intel_pebs_constraints(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_add(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_del(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_enable(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_disable(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_enable_all(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_disable_all(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_sched_task(struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); void intel_pmu_auto_reload_read(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_store_pebs_lbrs(struct lbr_entry *lbr); void intel_ds_init(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_swap_task_ctx(struct perf_event_context *prev, struct perf_event_context *next); void intel_pmu_lbr_sched_task(struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); u64 lbr_from_signext_quirk_wr(u64 val); void intel_pmu_lbr_reset(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_reset_32(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_reset_64(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_add(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_lbr_del(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_lbr_enable_all(bool pmi); void intel_pmu_lbr_disable_all(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_read(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_read_32(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void intel_pmu_lbr_read_64(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void intel_pmu_lbr_save(void *ctx); void intel_pmu_lbr_restore(void *ctx); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_core(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_nhm(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_atom(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_slm(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_snb(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_hsw(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_skl(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_knl(void); void intel_pmu_arch_lbr_init(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_data_source_nhm(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_data_source_skl(bool pmem); int intel_pmu_setup_lbr_filter(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pt_interrupt(void); int intel_bts_interrupt(void); void intel_bts_enable_local(void); void intel_bts_disable_local(void); int p4_pmu_init(void); int p6_pmu_init(void); int knc_pmu_init(void); static inline int is_ht_workaround_enabled(void) { return !!(x86_pmu.flags & PMU_FL_EXCL_ENABLED); } #else /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL */ static inline void reserve_ds_buffers(void) { } static inline void release_ds_buffers(void) { } static inline void release_lbr_buffers(void) { } static inline void reserve_lbr_buffers(void) { } static inline int intel_pmu_init(void) { return 0; } static inline int intel_cpuc_prepare(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int cpu) { return 0; } static inline void intel_cpuc_finish(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc) { } static inline int is_ht_workaround_enabled(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL */ #if ((defined CONFIG_CPU_SUP_CENTAUR) || (defined CONFIG_CPU_SUP_ZHAOXIN)) int zhaoxin_pmu_init(void); #else static inline int zhaoxin_pmu_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /*CONFIG_CPU_SUP_CENTAUR or CONFIG_CPU_SUP_ZHAOXIN*/
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd. */ #ifndef __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #define __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* REP NOP (PAUSE) is a good thing to insert into busy-wait loops. */ static __always_inline void rep_nop(void) { asm volatile("rep; nop" ::: "memory"); } static __always_inline void cpu_relax(void) { rep_nop(); } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Security server interface. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * */ #ifndef _SELINUX_SECURITY_H_ #define _SELINUX_SECURITY_H_ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include "flask.h" #include "policycap.h" #define SECSID_NULL 0x00000000 /* unspecified SID */ #define SECSID_WILD 0xffffffff /* wildcard SID */ #define SECCLASS_NULL 0x0000 /* no class */ /* Identify specific policy version changes */ #define POLICYDB_VERSION_BASE 15 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_BOOL 16 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_IPV6 17 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_NLCLASS 18 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_VALIDATETRANS 19 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_MLS 19 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_AVTAB 20 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_RANGETRANS 21 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_POLCAP 22 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_PERMISSIVE 23 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_BOUNDARY 24 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_FILENAME_TRANS 25 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_ROLETRANS 26 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_NEW_OBJECT_DEFAULTS 27 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_DEFAULT_TYPE 28 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_CONSTRAINT_NAMES 29 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_XPERMS_IOCTL 30 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_INFINIBAND 31 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_GLBLUB 32 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_COMP_FTRANS 33 /* compressed filename transitions */ /* Range of policy versions we understand*/ #define POLICYDB_VERSION_MIN POLICYDB_VERSION_BASE #define POLICYDB_VERSION_MAX POLICYDB_VERSION_COMP_FTRANS /* Mask for just the mount related flags */ #define SE_MNTMASK 0x0f /* Super block security struct flags for mount options */ /* BE CAREFUL, these need to be the low order bits for selinux_get_mnt_opts */ #define CONTEXT_MNT 0x01 #define FSCONTEXT_MNT 0x02 #define ROOTCONTEXT_MNT 0x04 #define DEFCONTEXT_MNT 0x08 #define SBLABEL_MNT 0x10 /* Non-mount related flags */ #define SE_SBINITIALIZED 0x0100 #define SE_SBPROC 0x0200 #define SE_SBGENFS 0x0400 #define SE_SBGENFS_XATTR 0x0800 #define CONTEXT_STR "context" #define FSCONTEXT_STR "fscontext" #define ROOTCONTEXT_STR "rootcontext" #define DEFCONTEXT_STR "defcontext" #define SECLABEL_STR "seclabel" struct netlbl_lsm_secattr; extern int selinux_enabled_boot; /* * type_datum properties * available at the kernel policy version >= POLICYDB_VERSION_BOUNDARY */ #define TYPEDATUM_PROPERTY_PRIMARY 0x0001 #define TYPEDATUM_PROPERTY_ATTRIBUTE 0x0002 /* limitation of boundary depth */ #define POLICYDB_BOUNDS_MAXDEPTH 4 struct selinux_avc; struct selinux_policy; struct selinux_state { #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DISABLE bool disabled; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DEVELOP bool enforcing; #endif bool checkreqprot; bool initialized; bool policycap[__POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_MAX]; struct page *status_page; struct mutex status_lock; struct selinux_avc *avc; struct selinux_policy __rcu *policy; struct mutex policy_mutex; } __randomize_layout; void selinux_avc_init(struct selinux_avc **avc); extern struct selinux_state selinux_state; static inline bool selinux_initialized(const struct selinux_state *state) { /* do a synchronized load to avoid race conditions */ return smp_load_acquire(&state->initialized); } static inline void selinux_mark_initialized(struct selinux_state *state) { /* do a synchronized write to avoid race conditions */ smp_store_release(&state->initialized, true); } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DEVELOP static inline bool enforcing_enabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return READ_ONCE(state->enforcing); } static inline void enforcing_set(struct selinux_state *state, bool value) { WRITE_ONCE(state->enforcing, value); } #else static inline bool enforcing_enabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return true; } static inline void enforcing_set(struct selinux_state *state, bool value) { } #endif static inline bool checkreqprot_get(const struct selinux_state *state) { return READ_ONCE(state->checkreqprot); } static inline void checkreqprot_set(struct selinux_state *state, bool value) { WRITE_ONCE(state->checkreqprot, value); } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DISABLE static inline bool selinux_disabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return READ_ONCE(state->disabled); } static inline void selinux_mark_disabled(struct selinux_state *state) { WRITE_ONCE(state->disabled, true); } #else static inline bool selinux_disabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return false; } #endif static inline bool selinux_policycap_netpeer(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_NETPEER]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_openperm(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_OPENPERM]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_extsockclass(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_EXTSOCKCLASS]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_alwaysnetwork(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_ALWAYSNETWORK]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_cgroupseclabel(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_CGROUPSECLABEL]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_nnp_nosuid_transition(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_NNP_NOSUID_TRANSITION]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_genfs_seclabel_symlinks(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_GENFS_SECLABEL_SYMLINKS]); } struct selinux_policy_convert_data; struct selinux_load_state { struct selinux_policy *policy; struct selinux_policy_convert_data *convert_data; }; int security_mls_enabled(struct selinux_state *state); int security_load_policy(struct selinux_state *state, void *data, size_t len, struct selinux_load_state *load_state); void selinux_policy_commit(struct selinux_state *state, struct selinux_load_state *load_state); void selinux_policy_cancel(struct selinux_state *state, struct selinux_load_state *load_state); int security_read_policy(struct selinux_state *state, void **data, size_t *len); int security_policycap_supported(struct selinux_state *state, unsigned int req_cap); #define SEL_VEC_MAX 32 struct av_decision { u32 allowed; u32 auditallow; u32 auditdeny; u32 seqno; u32 flags; }; #define XPERMS_ALLOWED 1 #define XPERMS_AUDITALLOW 2 #define XPERMS_DONTAUDIT 4 #define security_xperm_set(perms, x) (perms[x >> 5] |= 1 << (x & 0x1f)) #define security_xperm_test(perms, x) (1 & (perms[x >> 5] >> (x & 0x1f))) struct extended_perms_data { u32 p[8]; }; struct extended_perms_decision { u8 used; u8 driver; struct extended_perms_data *allowed; struct extended_perms_data *auditallow; struct extended_perms_data *dontaudit; }; struct extended_perms { u16 len; /* length associated decision chain */ struct extended_perms_data drivers; /* flag drivers that are used */ }; /* definitions of av_decision.flags */ #define AVD_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE 0x0001 void security_compute_av(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms *xperms); void security_compute_xperms_decision(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u8 driver, struct extended_perms_decision *xpermd); void security_compute_av_user(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd); int security_transition_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, const struct qstr *qstr, u32 *out_sid); int security_transition_sid_user(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, const char *objname, u32 *out_sid); int security_member_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 *out_sid); int security_change_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 *out_sid); int security_sid_to_context(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, char **scontext, u32 *scontext_len); int security_sid_to_context_force(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, char **scontext, u32 *scontext_len); int security_sid_to_context_inval(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, char **scontext, u32 *scontext_len); int security_context_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 scontext_len, u32 *out_sid, gfp_t gfp); int security_context_str_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 *out_sid, gfp_t gfp); int security_context_to_sid_default(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 scontext_len, u32 *out_sid, u32 def_sid, gfp_t gfp_flags); int security_context_to_sid_force(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 scontext_len, u32 *sid); int security_get_user_sids(struct selinux_state *state, u32 callsid, char *username, u32 **sids, u32 *nel); int security_port_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u8 protocol, u16 port, u32 *out_sid); int security_ib_pkey_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u64 subnet_prefix, u16 pkey_num, u32 *out_sid); int security_ib_endport_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *dev_name, u8 port_num, u32 *out_sid); int security_netif_sid(struct selinux_state *state, char *name, u32 *if_sid); int security_node_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u16 domain, void *addr, u32 addrlen, u32 *out_sid); int security_validate_transition(struct selinux_state *state, u32 oldsid, u32 newsid, u32 tasksid, u16 tclass); int security_validate_transition_user(struct selinux_state *state, u32 oldsid, u32 newsid, u32 tasksid, u16 tclass); int security_bounded_transition(struct selinux_state *state, u32 oldsid, u32 newsid); int security_sid_mls_copy(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, u32 mls_sid, u32 *new_sid); int security_net_peersid_resolve(struct selinux_state *state, u32 nlbl_sid, u32 nlbl_type, u32 xfrm_sid, u32 *peer_sid); int security_get_classes(struct selinux_policy *policy, char ***classes, int *nclasses); int security_get_permissions(struct selinux_policy *policy, char *class, char ***perms, int *nperms); int security_get_reject_unknown(struct selinux_state *state); int security_get_allow_unknown(struct selinux_state *state); #define SECURITY_FS_USE_XATTR 1 /* use xattr */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_TRANS 2 /* use transition SIDs, e.g. devpts/tmpfs */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_TASK 3 /* use task SIDs, e.g. pipefs/sockfs */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_GENFS 4 /* use the genfs support */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_NONE 5 /* no labeling support */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_MNTPOINT 6 /* use mountpoint labeling */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_NATIVE 7 /* use native label support */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_MAX 7 /* Highest SECURITY_FS_USE_XXX */ int security_fs_use(struct selinux_state *state, struct super_block *sb); int security_genfs_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *fstype, char *name, u16 sclass, u32 *sid); int selinux_policy_genfs_sid(struct selinux_policy *policy, const char *fstype, char *name, u16 sclass, u32 *sid); #ifdef CONFIG_NETLABEL int security_netlbl_secattr_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr, u32 *sid); int security_netlbl_sid_to_secattr(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); #else static inline int security_netlbl_secattr_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr, u32 *sid) { return -EIDRM; } static inline int security_netlbl_sid_to_secattr(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOENT; } #endif /* CONFIG_NETLABEL */ const char *security_get_initial_sid_context(u32 sid); /* * status notifier using mmap interface */ extern struct page *selinux_kernel_status_page(struct selinux_state *state); #define SELINUX_KERNEL_STATUS_VERSION 1 struct selinux_kernel_status { u32 version; /* version number of thie structure */ u32 sequence; /* sequence number of seqlock logic */ u32 enforcing; /* current setting of enforcing mode */ u32 policyload; /* times of policy reloaded */ u32 deny_unknown; /* current setting of deny_unknown */ /* * The version > 0 supports above members. */ } __packed; extern void selinux_status_update_setenforce(struct selinux_state *state, int enforcing); extern void selinux_status_update_policyload(struct selinux_state *state, int seqno); extern void selinux_complete_init(void); extern int selinux_disable(struct selinux_state *state); extern void exit_sel_fs(void); extern struct path selinux_null; extern struct vfsmount *selinuxfs_mount; extern void selnl_notify_setenforce(int val); extern void selnl_notify_policyload(u32 seqno); extern int selinux_nlmsg_lookup(u16 sclass, u16 nlmsg_type, u32 *perm); extern void avtab_cache_init(void); extern void ebitmap_cache_init(void); extern void hashtab_cache_init(void); extern int security_sidtab_hash_stats(struct selinux_state *state, char *page); #endif /* _SELINUX_SECURITY_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H #define _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H #include <linux/mm_types_task.h> #include <linux/auxvec.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/uprobes.h> #include <linux/page-flags-layout.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <asm/mmu.h> #ifndef AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH #define AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH 0 #endif #define AT_VECTOR_SIZE (2*(AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH + AT_VECTOR_SIZE_BASE + 1)) #define INIT_PASID 0 struct address_space; struct mem_cgroup; /* * Each physical page in the system has a struct page associated with * it to keep track of whatever it is we are using the page for at the * moment. Note that we have no way to track which tasks are using * a page, though if it is a pagecache page, rmap structures can tell us * who is mapping it. * * If you allocate the page using alloc_pages(), you can use some of the * space in struct page for your own purposes. The five words in the main * union are available, except for bit 0 of the first word which must be * kept clear. Many users use this word to store a pointer to an object * which is guaranteed to be aligned. If you use the same storage as * page->mapping, you must restore it to NULL before freeing the page. * * If your page will not be mapped to userspace, you can also use the four * bytes in the mapcount union, but you must call page_mapcount_reset() * before freeing it. * * If you want to use the refcount field, it must be used in such a way * that other CPUs temporarily incrementing and then decrementing the * refcount does not cause problems. On receiving the page from * alloc_pages(), the refcount will be positive. * * If you allocate pages of order > 0, you can use some of the fields * in each subpage, but you may need to restore some of their values * afterwards. * * SLUB uses cmpxchg_double() to atomically update its freelist and * counters. That requires that freelist & counters be adjacent and * double-word aligned. We align all struct pages to double-word * boundaries, and ensure that 'freelist' is aligned within the * struct. */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE #define _struct_page_alignment __aligned(2 * sizeof(unsigned long)) #else #define _struct_page_alignment #endif struct page { unsigned long flags; /* Atomic flags, some possibly * updated asynchronously */ /* * Five words (20/40 bytes) are available in this union. * WARNING: bit 0 of the first word is used for PageTail(). That * means the other users of this union MUST NOT use the bit to * avoid collision and false-positive PageTail(). */ union { struct { /* Page cache and anonymous pages */ /** * @lru: Pageout list, eg. active_list protected by * pgdat->lru_lock. Sometimes used as a generic list * by the page owner. */ struct list_head lru; /* See page-flags.h for PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS */ struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; /* Our offset within mapping. */ /** * @private: Mapping-private opaque data. * Usually used for buffer_heads if PagePrivate. * Used for swp_entry_t if PageSwapCache. * Indicates order in the buddy system if PageBuddy. */ unsigned long private; }; struct { /* page_pool used by netstack */ /** * @dma_addr: might require a 64-bit value on * 32-bit architectures. */ unsigned long dma_addr[2]; }; struct { /* slab, slob and slub */ union { struct list_head slab_list; struct { /* Partial pages */ struct page *next; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT int pages; /* Nr of pages left */ int pobjects; /* Approximate count */ #else short int pages; short int pobjects; #endif }; }; struct kmem_cache *slab_cache; /* not slob */ /* Double-word boundary */ void *freelist; /* first free object */ union { void *s_mem; /* slab: first object */ unsigned long counters; /* SLUB */ struct { /* SLUB */ unsigned inuse:16; unsigned objects:15; unsigned frozen:1; }; }; }; struct { /* Tail pages of compound page */ unsigned long compound_head; /* Bit zero is set */ /* First tail page only */ unsigned char compound_dtor; unsigned char compound_order; atomic_t compound_mapcount; unsigned int compound_nr; /* 1 << compound_order */ }; struct { /* Second tail page of compound page */ unsigned long _compound_pad_1; /* compound_head */ atomic_t hpage_pinned_refcount; /* For both global and memcg */ struct list_head deferred_list; }; struct { /* Page table pages */ unsigned long _pt_pad_1; /* compound_head */ pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page->ptl */ unsigned long _pt_pad_2; /* mapping */ union { struct mm_struct *pt_mm; /* x86 pgds only */ atomic_t pt_frag_refcount; /* powerpc */ }; #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS spinlock_t *ptl; #else spinlock_t ptl; #endif }; struct { /* ZONE_DEVICE pages */ /** @pgmap: Points to the hosting device page map. */ struct dev_pagemap *pgmap; void *zone_device_data; /* * ZONE_DEVICE private pages are counted as being * mapped so the next 3 words hold the mapping, index, * and private fields from the source anonymous or * page cache page while the page is migrated to device * private memory. * ZONE_DEVICE MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX pages also * use the mapping, index, and private fields when * pmem backed DAX files are mapped. */ }; /** @rcu_head: You can use this to free a page by RCU. */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; union { /* This union is 4 bytes in size. */ /* * If the page can be mapped to userspace, encodes the number * of times this page is referenced by a page table. */ atomic_t _mapcount; /* * If the page is neither PageSlab nor mappable to userspace, * the value stored here may help determine what this page * is used for. See page-flags.h for a list of page types * which are currently stored here. */ unsigned int page_type; unsigned int active; /* SLAB */ int units; /* SLOB */ }; /* Usage count. *DO NOT USE DIRECTLY*. See page_ref.h */ atomic_t _refcount; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG union { struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup; struct obj_cgroup **obj_cgroups; }; #endif /* * On machines where all RAM is mapped into kernel address space, * we can simply calculate the virtual address. On machines with * highmem some memory is mapped into kernel virtual memory * dynamically, so we need a place to store that address. * Note that this field could be 16 bits on x86 ... ;) * * Architectures with slow multiplication can define * WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL in asm/page.h */ #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *virtual; /* Kernel virtual address (NULL if not kmapped, ie. highmem) */ #endif /* WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL */ #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS int _last_cpupid; #endif } _struct_page_alignment; static inline atomic_t *compound_mapcount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[1].compound_mapcount; } static inline atomic_t *compound_pincount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[2].hpage_pinned_refcount; } /* * Used for sizing the vmemmap region on some architectures */ #define STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT (order_base_2(sizeof(struct page))) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE __ALIGN_MASK(32768, ~PAGE_MASK) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_ORDER get_order(PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) #define page_private(page) ((page)->private) static inline void set_page_private(struct page *page, unsigned long private) { page->private = private; } struct page_frag_cache { void * va; #if (PAGE_SIZE < PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) __u16 offset; __u16 size; #else __u32 offset; #endif /* we maintain a pagecount bias, so that we dont dirty cache line * containing page->_refcount every time we allocate a fragment. */ unsigned int pagecnt_bias; bool pfmemalloc; }; typedef unsigned long vm_flags_t; /* * A region containing a mapping of a non-memory backed file under NOMMU * conditions. These are held in a global tree and are pinned by the VMAs that * map parts of them. */ struct vm_region { struct rb_node vm_rb; /* link in global region tree */ vm_flags_t vm_flags; /* VMA vm_flags */ unsigned long vm_start; /* start address of region */ unsigned long vm_end; /* region initialised to here */ unsigned long vm_top; /* region allocated to here */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* the offset in vm_file corresponding to vm_start */ struct file *vm_file; /* the backing file or NULL */ int vm_usage; /* region usage count (access under nommu_region_sem) */ bool vm_icache_flushed : 1; /* true if the icache has been flushed for * this region */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_USERFAULTFD #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { NULL, }) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx { struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx; }; #else /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) {}) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx {}; #endif /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ /* * This struct describes a virtual memory area. There is one of these * per VM-area/task. A VM area is any part of the process virtual memory * space that has a special rule for the page-fault handlers (ie a shared * library, the executable area etc). */ struct vm_area_struct { /* The first cache line has the info for VMA tree walking. */ unsigned long vm_start; /* Our start address within vm_mm. */ unsigned long vm_end; /* The first byte after our end address within vm_mm. */ /* linked list of VM areas per task, sorted by address */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_next, *vm_prev; struct rb_node vm_rb; /* * Largest free memory gap in bytes to the left of this VMA. * Either between this VMA and vma->vm_prev, or between one of the * VMAs below us in the VMA rbtree and its ->vm_prev. This helps * get_unmapped_area find a free area of the right size. */ unsigned long rb_subtree_gap; /* Second cache line starts here. */ struct mm_struct *vm_mm; /* The address space we belong to. */ /* * Access permissions of this VMA. * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for discussion. */ pgprot_t vm_page_prot; unsigned long vm_flags; /* Flags, see mm.h. */ /* * For areas with an address space and backing store, * linkage into the address_space->i_mmap interval tree. */ struct { struct rb_node rb; unsigned long rb_subtree_last; } shared; /* * A file's MAP_PRIVATE vma can be in both i_mmap tree and anon_vma * list, after a COW of one of the file pages. A MAP_SHARED vma * can only be in the i_mmap tree. An anonymous MAP_PRIVATE, stack * or brk vma (with NULL file) can only be in an anon_vma list. */ struct list_head anon_vma_chain; /* Serialized by mmap_lock & * page_table_lock */ struct anon_vma *anon_vma; /* Serialized by page_table_lock */ /* Function pointers to deal with this struct. */ const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; /* Information about our backing store: */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* Offset (within vm_file) in PAGE_SIZE units */ struct file * vm_file; /* File we map to (can be NULL). */ void * vm_private_data; /* was vm_pte (shared mem) */ #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP atomic_long_t swap_readahead_info; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_region *vm_region; /* NOMMU mapping region */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA struct mempolicy *vm_policy; /* NUMA policy for the VMA */ #endif struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx; } __randomize_layout; struct core_thread { struct task_struct *task; struct core_thread *next; }; struct core_state { atomic_t nr_threads; struct core_thread dumper; struct completion startup; }; struct kioctx_table; struct mm_struct { struct { struct vm_area_struct *mmap; /* list of VMAs */ struct rb_root mm_rb; u64 vmacache_seqnum; /* per-thread vmacache */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area) (struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); #endif unsigned long mmap_base; /* base of mmap area */ unsigned long mmap_legacy_base; /* base of mmap area in bottom-up allocations */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES /* Base adresses for compatible mmap() */ unsigned long mmap_compat_base; unsigned long mmap_compat_legacy_base; #endif unsigned long task_size; /* size of task vm space */ unsigned long highest_vm_end; /* highest vma end address */ pgd_t * pgd; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER /** * @membarrier_state: Flags controlling membarrier behavior. * * This field is close to @pgd to hopefully fit in the same * cache-line, which needs to be touched by switch_mm(). */ atomic_t membarrier_state; #endif /** * @mm_users: The number of users including userspace. * * Use mmget()/mmget_not_zero()/mmput() to modify. When this * drops to 0 (i.e. when the task exits and there are no other * temporary reference holders), we also release a reference on * @mm_count (which may then free the &struct mm_struct if * @mm_count also drops to 0). */ atomic_t mm_users; /** * @mm_count: The number of references to &struct mm_struct * (@mm_users count as 1). * * Use mmgrab()/mmdrop() to modify. When this drops to 0, the * &struct mm_struct is freed. */ atomic_t mm_count; /** * @has_pinned: Whether this mm has pinned any pages. This can * be either replaced in the future by @pinned_vm when it * becomes stable, or grow into a counter on its own. We're * aggresive on this bit now - even if the pinned pages were * unpinned later on, we'll still keep this bit set for the * lifecycle of this mm just for simplicity. */ atomic_t has_pinned; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU atomic_long_t pgtables_bytes; /* PTE page table pages */ #endif int map_count; /* number of VMAs */ spinlock_t page_table_lock; /* Protects page tables and some * counters */ /* * With some kernel config, the current mmap_lock's offset * inside 'mm_struct' is at 0x120, which is very optimal, as * its two hot fields 'count' and 'owner' sit in 2 different * cachelines, and when mmap_lock is highly contended, both * of the 2 fields will be accessed frequently, current layout * will help to reduce cache bouncing. * * So please be careful with adding new fields before * mmap_lock, which can easily push the 2 fields into one * cacheline. */ struct rw_semaphore mmap_lock; struct list_head mmlist; /* List of maybe swapped mm's. These * are globally strung together off * init_mm.mmlist, and are protected * by mmlist_lock */ unsigned long hiwater_rss; /* High-watermark of RSS usage */ unsigned long hiwater_vm; /* High-water virtual memory usage */ unsigned long total_vm; /* Total pages mapped */ unsigned long locked_vm; /* Pages that have PG_mlocked set */ atomic64_t pinned_vm; /* Refcount permanently increased */ unsigned long data_vm; /* VM_WRITE & ~VM_SHARED & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long exec_vm; /* VM_EXEC & ~VM_WRITE & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long stack_vm; /* VM_STACK */ unsigned long def_flags; /** * @write_protect_seq: Locked when any thread is write * protecting pages mapped by this mm to enforce a later COW, * for instance during page table copying for fork(). */ seqcount_t write_protect_seq; spinlock_t arg_lock; /* protect the below fields */ unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data; unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack; unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end; unsigned long saved_auxv[AT_VECTOR_SIZE]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */ /* * Special counters, in some configurations protected by the * page_table_lock, in other configurations by being atomic. */ struct mm_rss_stat rss_stat; struct linux_binfmt *binfmt; /* Architecture-specific MM context */ mm_context_t context; unsigned long flags; /* Must use atomic bitops to access */ struct core_state *core_state; /* coredumping support */ #ifdef CONFIG_AIO spinlock_t ioctx_lock; struct kioctx_table __rcu *ioctx_table; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG /* * "owner" points to a task that is regarded as the canonical * user/owner of this mm. All of the following must be true in * order for it to be changed: * * current == mm->owner * current->mm != mm * new_owner->mm == mm * new_owner->alloc_lock is held */ struct task_struct __rcu *owner; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* store ref to file /proc/<pid>/exe symlink points to */ struct file __rcu *exe_file; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER struct mmu_notifier_subscriptions *notifier_subscriptions; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page_table_lock */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * numa_next_scan is the next time that the PTEs will be marked * pte_numa. NUMA hinting faults will gather statistics and * migrate pages to new nodes if necessary. */ unsigned long numa_next_scan; /* Restart point for scanning and setting pte_numa */ unsigned long numa_scan_offset; /* numa_scan_seq prevents two threads setting pte_numa */ int numa_scan_seq; #endif /* * An operation with batched TLB flushing is going on. Anything * that can move process memory needs to flush the TLB when * moving a PROT_NONE or PROT_NUMA mapped page. */ atomic_t tlb_flush_pending; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH /* See flush_tlb_batched_pending() */ bool tlb_flush_batched; #endif struct uprobes_state uprobes_state; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE atomic_long_t hugetlb_usage; #endif struct work_struct async_put_work; #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_SUPPORT u32 pasid; #endif } __randomize_layout; /* * The mm_cpumask needs to be at the end of mm_struct, because it * is dynamically sized based on nr_cpu_ids. */ unsigned long cpu_bitmap[]; }; extern struct mm_struct init_mm; /* Pointer magic because the dynamic array size confuses some compilers. */ static inline void mm_init_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long cpu_bitmap = (unsigned long)mm; cpu_bitmap += offsetof(struct mm_struct, cpu_bitmap); cpumask_clear((struct cpumask *)cpu_bitmap); } /* Future-safe accessor for struct mm_struct's cpu_vm_mask. */ static inline cpumask_t *mm_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { return (struct cpumask *)&mm->cpu_bitmap; } struct mmu_gather; extern void tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); extern void tlb_finish_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void init_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_set(&mm->tlb_flush_pending, 0); } static inline void inc_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); /* * The only time this value is relevant is when there are indeed pages * to flush. And we'll only flush pages after changing them, which * requires the PTL. * * So the ordering here is: * * atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * spin_lock(&ptl); * ... * set_pte_at(); * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * spin_lock(&ptl) * mm_tlb_flush_pending(); * .... * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * flush_tlb_range(); * atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * * Where the increment if constrained by the PTL unlock, it thus * ensures that the increment is visible if the PTE modification is * visible. After all, if there is no PTE modification, nobody cares * about TLB flushes either. * * This very much relies on users (mm_tlb_flush_pending() and * mm_tlb_flush_nested()) only caring about _specific_ PTEs (and * therefore specific PTLs), because with SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS and RCpc * locks (PPC) the unlock of one doesn't order against the lock of * another PTL. * * The decrement is ordered by the flush_tlb_range(), such that * mm_tlb_flush_pending() will not return false unless all flushes have * completed. */ } static inline void dec_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * See inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * This cannot be smp_mb__before_atomic() because smp_mb() simply does * not order against TLB invalidate completion, which is what we need. * * Therefore we must rely on tlb_flush_*() to guarantee order. */ atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Must be called after having acquired the PTL; orders against that * PTLs release and therefore ensures that if we observe the modified * PTE we must also observe the increment from inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * That is, it only guarantees to return true if there is a flush * pending for _this_ PTL. */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_nested(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Similar to mm_tlb_flush_pending(), we must have acquired the PTL * for which there is a TLB flush pending in order to guarantee * we've seen both that PTE modification and the increment. * * (no requirement on actually still holding the PTL, that is irrelevant) */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending) > 1; } struct vm_fault; /** * typedef vm_fault_t - Return type for page fault handlers. * * Page fault handlers return a bitmask of %VM_FAULT values. */ typedef __bitwise unsigned int vm_fault_t; /** * enum vm_fault_reason - Page fault handlers return a bitmask of * these values to tell the core VM what happened when handling the * fault. Used to decide whether a process gets delivered SIGBUS or * just gets major/minor fault counters bumped up. * * @VM_FAULT_OOM: Out Of Memory * @VM_FAULT_SIGBUS: Bad access * @VM_FAULT_MAJOR: Page read from storage * @VM_FAULT_WRITE: Special case for get_user_pages * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON: Hit poisoned small page * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE: Hit poisoned large page. Index encoded * in upper bits * @VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV: segmentation fault * @VM_FAULT_NOPAGE: ->fault installed the pte, not return page * @VM_FAULT_LOCKED: ->fault locked the returned page * @VM_FAULT_RETRY: ->fault blocked, must retry * @VM_FAULT_FALLBACK: huge page fault failed, fall back to small * @VM_FAULT_DONE_COW: ->fault has fully handled COW * @VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC: ->fault did not modify page tables and needs * fsync() to complete (for synchronous page faults * in DAX) * @VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK: mask HINDEX value * */ enum vm_fault_reason { VM_FAULT_OOM = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000001, VM_FAULT_SIGBUS = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000002, VM_FAULT_MAJOR = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000004, VM_FAULT_WRITE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000008, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000010, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000020, VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000040, VM_FAULT_NOPAGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000100, VM_FAULT_LOCKED = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000200, VM_FAULT_RETRY = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000400, VM_FAULT_FALLBACK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000800, VM_FAULT_DONE_COW = (__force vm_fault_t)0x001000, VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC = (__force vm_fault_t)0x002000, VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x0f0000, }; /* Encode hstate index for a hwpoisoned large page */ #define VM_FAULT_SET_HINDEX(x) ((__force vm_fault_t)((x) << 16)) #define VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(x) (((__force unsigned int)(x) >> 16) & 0xf) #define VM_FAULT_ERROR (VM_FAULT_OOM | VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | \ VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | \ VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE | VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) #define VM_FAULT_RESULT_TRACE \ { VM_FAULT_OOM, "OOM" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGBUS, "SIGBUS" }, \ { VM_FAULT_MAJOR, "MAJOR" }, \ { VM_FAULT_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON, "HWPOISON" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE, "HWPOISON_LARGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV, "SIGSEGV" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NOPAGE, "NOPAGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_LOCKED, "LOCKED" }, \ { VM_FAULT_RETRY, "RETRY" }, \ { VM_FAULT_FALLBACK, "FALLBACK" }, \ { VM_FAULT_DONE_COW, "DONE_COW" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC, "NEEDDSYNC" } struct vm_special_mapping { const char *name; /* The name, e.g. "[vdso]". */ /* * If .fault is not provided, this points to a * NULL-terminated array of pages that back the special mapping. * * This must not be NULL unless .fault is provided. */ struct page **pages; /* * If non-NULL, then this is called to resolve page faults * on the special mapping. If used, .pages is not checked. */ vm_fault_t (*fault)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf); int (*mremap)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma); }; enum tlb_flush_reason { TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_REMOTE_SEND_IPI, NR_TLB_FLUSH_REASONS, }; /* * A swap entry has to fit into a "unsigned long", as the entry is hidden * in the "index" field of the swapper address space. */ typedef struct { unsigned long val; } swp_entry_t; #endif /* _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 1538 1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547 1548 1549 1550 1551 1552 1553 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 1561 1562 1563 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571 1572 1573 1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592 1593 1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112 2113 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 2123 2124 2125 2126 2127 2128 2129 2130 2131 2132 2133 2134 2135 2136 2137 2138 2139 2140 2141 2142 2143 2144 2145 2146 2147 2148 2149 2150 2151 2152 2153 2154 2155 2156 2157 2158 2159 2160 2161 2162 2163 2164 2165 2166 2167 2168 2169 2170 2171 2172 2173 2174 2175 2176 2177 2178 2179 2180 2181 2182 2183 2184 2185 2186 2187 2188 2189 2190 2191 2192 2193 2194 2195 2196 2197 2198 2199 2200 2201 2202 2203 2204 2205 2206 2207 2208 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 2367 2368 2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 2376 2377 2378 2379 2380 2381 2382 2383 2384 2385 2386 2387 2388 2389 2390 2391 2392 2393 2394 2395 2396 2397 2398 2399 2400 2401 2402 2403 2404 2405 2406 2407 2408 2409 2410 2411 2412 2413 2414 2415 2416 2417 2418 2419 2420 2421 2422 2423 2424 2425 2426 2427 2428 2429 2430 2431 2432 2433 2434 2435 2436 2437 2438 2439 2440 2441 2442 2443 2444 2445 2446 2447 2448 2449 2450 2451 2452 2453 2454 2455 2456 2457 2458 2459 2460 2461 2462 2463 2464 2465 2466 2467 2468 2469 2470 2471 2472 2473 2474 2475 2476 2477 2478 2479 2480 2481 2482 2483 2484 2485 2486 2487 2488 2489 2490 2491 2492 2493 2494 2495 2496 2497 2498 2499 2500 2501 2502 2503 2504 2505 2506 2507 2508 2509 2510 2511 2512 2513 2514 2515 2516 2517 2518 2519 2520 2521 2522 2523 2524 2525 2526 2527 2528 2529 2530 2531 2532 2533 2534 2535 2536 2537 2538 2539 2540 2541 2542 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2548 2549 2550 2551 2552 2553 2554 2555 2556 2557 2558 2559 2560 2561 2562 2563 2564 2565 2566 2567 2568 2569 2570 2571 2572 2573 2574 2575 2576 2577 2578 2579 2580 2581 2582 2583 2584 2585 2586 2587 2588 2589 2590 2591 2592 2593 2594 2595 2596 2597 2598 2599 2600 2601 2602 2603 2604 2605 2606 2607 2608 2609 2610 2611 2612 2613 2614 2615 2616 2617 2618 2619 2620 2621 2622 2623 2624 2625 2626 2627 2628 2629 2630 2631 2632 2633 2634 2635 2636 2637 2638 2639 2640 2641 2642 2643 2644 2645 2646 2647 2648 2649 2650 2651 2652 2653 2654 2655 2656 2657 2658 2659 2660 2661 2662 2663 2664 2665 2666 2667 2668 2669 2670 2671 2672 2673 2674 2675 2676 2677 2678 2679 2680 2681 2682 2683 2684 2685 2686 2687 2688 2689 2690 2691 2692 2693 2694 2695 2696 2697 2698 2699 2700 2701 2702 2703 2704 2705 2706 2707 2708 2709 2710 2711 2712 2713 2714 2715 2716 2717 2718 2719 2720 2721 2722 2723 2724 2725 2726 2727 2728 2729 2730 2731 2732 2733 2734 2735 2736 2737 2738 2739 2740 2741 2742 2743 2744 2745 2746 2747 2748 2749 2750 2751 2752 2753 2754 2755 2756 2757 2758 2759 2760 2761 2762 2763 2764 2765 2766 2767 2768 2769 2770 2771 2772 2773 2774 2775 2776 2777 2778 2779 2780 2781 2782 2783 2784 2785 2786 2787 2788 2789 2790 2791 2792 2793 2794 2795 2796 2797 2798 2799 2800 2801 2802 2803 2804 2805 2806 2807 2808 2809 2810 2811 2812 2813 2814 2815 2816 2817 2818 2819 2820 2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 2964 2965 2966 2967 2968 2969 2970 2971 2972 2973 2974 2975 2976 2977 2978 2979 2980 2981 2982 2983 2984 2985 2986 2987 2988 2989 2990 2991 2992 2993 2994 2995 2996 2997 2998 2999 3000 3001 3002 3003 3004 3005 3006 3007 3008 3009 3010 3011 3012 3013 3014 3015 3016 3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 3055 3056 3057 3058 3059 3060 3061 3062 3063 3064 3065 3066 3067 3068 3069 3070 3071 3072 3073 3074 3075 3076 3077 3078 3079 3080 3081 3082 3083 3084 3085 3086 3087 3088 3089 3090 3091 3092 3093 3094 3095 3096 3097 3098 3099 3100 3101 3102 3103 3104 3105 3106 3107 3108 3109 3110 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 3120 3121 3122 3123 3124 3125 3126 3127 3128 3129 3130 3131 3132 3133 3134 3135 3136 3137 3138 3139 3140 3141 3142 3143 3144 3145 3146 3147 3148 3149 3150 3151 3152 3153 3154 3155 3156 3157 3158 3159 3160 3161 3162 3163 3164 3165 3166 3167 3168 3169 3170 3171 3172 3173 3174 3175 3176 3177 3178 3179 3180 3181 3182 3183 3184 3185 3186 3187 3188 3189 3190 3191 3192 3193 3194 3195 3196 3197 3198 3199 3200 3201 3202 3203 3204 3205 3206 3207 3208 3209 3210 3211 3212 3213 3214 3215 3216 3217 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_H #define _LINUX_MM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/page_ext.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/page_ref.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct mempolicy; struct anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain; struct file_ra_state; struct user_struct; struct writeback_control; struct bdi_writeback; struct pt_regs; extern int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; void init_mm_internals(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */ extern unsigned long max_mapnr; static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { max_mapnr = limit; } #else static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { } #endif extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages; static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages); } extern void * high_memory; extern int page_cluster; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout; #else #define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly; #endif #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * Architectures that support memory tagging (assigning tags to memory regions, * embedding these tags into addresses that point to these memory regions, and * checking that the memory and the pointer tags match on memory accesses) * redefine this macro to strip tags from pointers. * It's defined as noop for arcitectures that don't support memory tagging. */ #ifndef untagged_addr #define untagged_addr(addr) (addr) #endif #ifndef __pa_symbol #define __pa_symbol(x) __pa(RELOC_HIDE((unsigned long)(x), 0)) #endif #ifndef page_to_virt #define page_to_virt(x) __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(x))) #endif #ifndef lm_alias #define lm_alias(x) __va(__pa_symbol(x)) #endif /* * To prevent common memory management code establishing * a zero page mapping on a read fault. * This macro should be defined within <asm/pgtable.h>. * s390 does this to prevent multiplexing of hardware bits * related to the physical page in case of virtualization. */ #ifndef mm_forbids_zeropage #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0) #endif /* * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes. * If an architecture decides to implement their own version of * mm_zero_struct_page they should wrap the defines below in a #ifndef and * define their own version of this macro in <asm/pgtable.h> */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* This function must be updated when the size of struct page grows above 80 * or reduces below 56. The idea that compiler optimizes out switch() * statement, and only leaves move/store instructions. Also the compiler can * combine write statments if they are both assignments and can be reordered, * this can result in several of the writes here being dropped. */ #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) __mm_zero_struct_page(pp) static inline void __mm_zero_struct_page(struct page *page) { unsigned long *_pp = (void *)page; /* Check that struct page is either 56, 64, 72, or 80 bytes */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) & 7); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) < 56); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > 80); switch (sizeof(struct page)) { case 80: _pp[9] = 0; fallthrough; case 72: _pp[8] = 0; fallthrough; case 64: _pp[7] = 0; fallthrough; case 56: _pp[6] = 0; _pp[5] = 0; _pp[4] = 0; _pp[3] = 0; _pp[2] = 0; _pp[1] = 0; _pp[0] = 0; } } #else #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page))) #endif /* * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a * problem. * * When a program's coredump is generated as ELF format, a section is created * per a vma. In ELF, the number of sections is represented in unsigned short. * This means the number of sections should be smaller than 65535 at coredump. * Because the kernel adds some informative sections to a image of program at * generating coredump, we need some margin. The number of extra sections is * 1-3 now and depends on arch. We use "5" as safe margin, here. * * ELF extended numbering allows more than 65535 sections, so 16-bit bound is * not a hard limit any more. Although some userspace tools can be surprised by * that. */ #define MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN (5) #define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT (USHRT_MAX - MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN) extern int sysctl_max_map_count; extern unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; extern unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n)) /* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */ #define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE) /* test whether an address (unsigned long or pointer) is aligned to PAGE_SIZE */ #define PAGE_ALIGNED(addr) IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)(addr), PAGE_SIZE) #define lru_to_page(head) (list_entry((head)->prev, struct page, lru)) /* * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives. * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary * mmap() functions). */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *); struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *); void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree; extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem; extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp); #endif /* * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h. * When changing, update also include/trace/events/mmflags.h */ #define VM_NONE 0x00000000 #define VM_READ 0x00000001 /* currently active flags */ #define VM_WRITE 0x00000002 #define VM_EXEC 0x00000004 #define VM_SHARED 0x00000008 /* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */ #define VM_MAYREAD 0x00000010 /* limits for mprotect() etc */ #define VM_MAYWRITE 0x00000020 #define VM_MAYEXEC 0x00000040 #define VM_MAYSHARE 0x00000080 #define VM_GROWSDOWN 0x00000100 /* general info on the segment */ #define VM_UFFD_MISSING 0x00000200 /* missing pages tracking */ #define VM_PFNMAP 0x00000400 /* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */ #define VM_DENYWRITE 0x00000800 /* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */ #define VM_UFFD_WP 0x00001000 /* wrprotect pages tracking */ #define VM_LOCKED 0x00002000 #define VM_IO 0x00004000 /* Memory mapped I/O or similar */ /* Used by sys_madvise() */ #define VM_SEQ_READ 0x00008000 /* App will access data sequentially */ #define VM_RAND_READ 0x00010000 /* App will not benefit from clustered reads */ #define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */ #define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */ #define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */ #define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */ #define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */ #define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */ #define VM_SYNC 0x00800000 /* Synchronous page faults */ #define VM_ARCH_1 0x01000000 /* Architecture-specific flag */ #define VM_WIPEONFORK 0x02000000 /* Wipe VMA contents in child. */ #define VM_DONTDUMP 0x04000000 /* Do not include in the core dump */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0x08000000 /* Not soft dirty clean area */ #else # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0 #endif #define VM_MIXEDMAP 0x10000000 /* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */ #define VM_HUGEPAGE 0x20000000 /* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_NOHUGEPAGE 0x40000000 /* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_MERGEABLE 0x80000000 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 32 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1 33 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2 34 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3 35 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4 36 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS # define VM_PKEY_SHIFT VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 # define VM_PKEY_BIT0 VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* A protection key is a 4-bit value */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT1 VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* on x86 and 5-bit value on ppc64 */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT2 VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 # define VM_PKEY_BIT3 VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 #ifdef CONFIG_PPC # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 #else # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0 #endif #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */ #if defined(CONFIG_X86) # define VM_PAT VM_ARCH_1 /* PAT reserves whole VMA at once (x86) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PPC) # define VM_SAO VM_ARCH_1 /* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PARISC) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_IA64) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64) # define VM_SPARC_ADI VM_ARCH_1 /* Uses ADI tag for access control */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_SPARC_ADI #elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64) # define VM_ARM64_BTI VM_ARCH_1 /* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_ARM64_BTI #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU) # define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) # define VM_MTE VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* Use Tagged memory for access control */ # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* Tagged memory permitted */ #else # define VM_MTE VM_NONE # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_NONE #endif #ifndef VM_GROWSUP # define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE #endif /* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */ #define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ) #define TASK_EXEC ((current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) ? VM_EXEC : 0) /* Common data flag combinations */ #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | TASK_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_NON_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_MAYREAD | \ VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #ifndef VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC #endif #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSUP #else #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSDOWN #endif #define VM_STACK_FLAGS (VM_STACK | VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT) /* VMA basic access permission flags */ #define VM_ACCESS_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC) /* * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able. */ #define VM_SPECIAL (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP) /* This mask prevents VMA from being scanned with khugepaged */ #define VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED (VM_SPECIAL | VM_HUGETLB) /* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */ #define VM_INIT_DEF_MASK VM_NOHUGEPAGE /* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */ #define VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK (~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT)) /* Arch-specific flags to clear when updating VM flags on protection change */ #ifndef VM_ARCH_CLEAR # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_NONE #endif #define VM_FLAGS_CLEAR (ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS | VM_ARCH_CLEAR) /* * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the * low four bits) to a page protection mask.. */ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16]; /** * Fault flag definitions. * * @FAULT_FLAG_WRITE: Fault was a write fault. * @FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE: Fault was mkwrite of existing PTE. * @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY: Allow to retry the fault if blocked. * @FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT: Don't drop mmap_lock and wait when retrying. * @FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE: The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region. * @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: The fault has been tried once. * @FAULT_FLAG_USER: The fault originated in userspace. * @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm. * @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch. * @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals. * * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations: * * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * this is the first try * * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * we've already tried at least once * * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry * * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times, * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be * interrupted if necessary. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01 #define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02 #define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY 0x04 #define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT 0x08 #define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE 0x10 #define FAULT_FLAG_TRIED 0x20 #define FAULT_FLAG_USER 0x40 #define FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE 0x80 #define FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION 0x100 #define FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x200 /* * The default fault flags that should be used by most of the * arch-specific page fault handlers. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | \ FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \ FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE) /** * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time * * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking * the mmap_lock for too long a time when waiting for another condition * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the * mmap_lock in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other * processes that would also want the mmap_lock. * * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise. */ static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags) { return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) && (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)); } #define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \ { FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY, "ALLOW_RETRY" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, "RETRY_NOWAIT" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE, "KILLABLE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_TRIED, "TRIED" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_USER, "USER" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE, "REMOTE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, "INSTRUCTION" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE, "INTERRUPTIBLE" } /* * vm_fault is filled by the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled. * * MM layer fills up gfp_mask for page allocations but fault handler might * alter it if its implementation requires a different allocation context. * * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. */ struct vm_fault { struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Target VMA */ unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask to be used for allocations */ pgoff_t pgoff; /* Logical page offset based on vma */ unsigned long address; /* Faulting virtual address */ pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching * the 'address' */ pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching * the 'address' */ pte_t orig_pte; /* Value of PTE at the time of fault */ struct page *cow_page; /* Page handler may use for COW fault */ struct page *page; /* ->fault handlers should return a * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE * is set (which is also implied by * VM_FAULT_ERROR). */ /* These three entries are valid only while holding ptl lock */ pte_t *pte; /* Pointer to pte entry matching * the 'address'. NULL if the page * table hasn't been allocated. */ spinlock_t *ptl; /* Page table lock. * Protects pte page table if 'pte' * is not NULL, otherwise pmd. */ pgtable_t prealloc_pte; /* Pre-allocated pte page table. * vm_ops->map_pages() calls * alloc_set_pte() from atomic context. * do_fault_around() pre-allocates * page table to avoid allocation from * atomic context. */ }; /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */ enum page_entry_size { PE_SIZE_PTE = 0, PE_SIZE_PMD, PE_SIZE_PUD, }; /* * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. */ struct vm_operations_struct { void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area); void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area); int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr); int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area); vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size); void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area); /* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */ vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */ vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware */ int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); /* Called by the /proc/PID/maps code to ask the vma whether it * has a special name. Returning non-NULL will also cause this * vma to be dumped unconditionally. */ const char *(*name)(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy * to hold the policy upon return. Caller should pass NULL @new to * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default * mempolicy. */ int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); /* * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED. The shared policy infrastructure * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically. * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_lock. * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default * policy. */ struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); #endif /* * Called by vm_normal_page() for special PTEs to find the * page for @addr. This is useful if the default behavior * (using pte_page()) would not find the correct page. */ struct page *(*find_special_page)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); }; static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm) { static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {}; memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma)); vma->vm_mm = mm; vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain); } static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_ops = NULL; } static inline bool vma_is_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !vma->vm_ops; } static inline bool vma_is_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP); if (!maybe_stack) return false; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) == VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_foreign(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!current->mm) return true; if (current->mm != vma->vm_mm) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS; } #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM /* * The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow * paths in userfault. */ bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* flush_tlb_range() takes a vma, not a mm, and can care about flags */ #define TLB_FLUSH_VMA(mm,flags) { .vm_mm = (mm), .vm_flags = (flags) } struct mmu_gather; struct inode; #include <linux/huge_mm.h> /* * Methods to modify the page usage count. * * What counts for a page usage: * - cache mapping (page->mapping) * - private data (page->private) * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping * is counted separately * * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them. */ /* * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users) */ static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page); return page_ref_dec_and_test(page); } /* * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if * that is the case. * This can be called when MMU is off so it must not access * any of the virtual mappings. */ static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page) { return page_ref_add_unless(page, 1, 0); } extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn); enum { REGION_INTERSECTS, REGION_DISJOINT, REGION_MIXED, }; int region_intersects(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long desc); /* Support for virtually mapped pages */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr); unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr); /* * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range * * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there * is no special casing required. */ #ifndef is_ioremap_addr #define is_ioremap_addr(x) is_vmalloc_addr(x) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x); extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x); #else static inline bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { return false; } static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { return 0; } #endif extern void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node); static inline void *kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags, NUMA_NO_NODE); } static inline void *kvzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } static inline void *kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *kvmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return kvmalloc(bytes, flags); } static inline void *kvcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } extern void kvfree(const void *addr); extern void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len); static inline int head_compound_mapcount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)) + 1; } /* * Mapcount of compound page as a whole, does not include mapped sub-pages. * * Must be called only for compound pages or any their tail sub-pages. */ static inline int compound_mapcount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_mapcount(page); } /* * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test * and atomic_add_negative(-1). */ static inline void page_mapcount_reset(struct page *page) { atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1); } int __page_mapcount(struct page *page); /* * Mapcount of 0-order page; when compound sub-page, includes * compound_mapcount(). * * Result is undefined for pages which cannot be mapped into userspace. * For example SLAB or special types of pages. See function page_has_type(). * They use this place in struct page differently. */ static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) return __page_mapcount(page); return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE int total_mapcount(struct page *page); int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount); #else static inline int total_mapcount(struct page *page) { return page_mapcount(page); } static inline int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount) { int mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (total_mapcount) *total_mapcount = mapcount; return mapcount; } #endif static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(x); return compound_head(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page); void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages); void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); /* * Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a * prototype for that function and accessor functions. * These are _only_ valid on the head of a compound page. */ typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *); /* Keep the enum in sync with compound_page_dtors array in mm/page_alloc.c */ enum compound_dtor_id { NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR, COMPOUND_PAGE_DTOR, #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE TRANSHUGE_PAGE_DTOR, #endif NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, }; extern compound_page_dtor * const compound_page_dtors[NR_COMPOUND_DTORS]; static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page, enum compound_dtor_id compound_dtor) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); page[1].compound_dtor = compound_dtor; } static inline void destroy_compound_page(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page[1].compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); compound_page_dtors[page[1].compound_dtor](page); } static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 0; return page[1].compound_order; } static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page) { /* * Can the page->hpage_pinned_refcount field be used? That field is in * the 3rd page of the compound page, so the smallest (2-page) compound * pages cannot support it. */ page = compound_head(page); return PageCompound(page) && compound_order(page) > 1; } static inline int head_compound_pincount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_pincount_ptr(head)); } static inline int compound_pincount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!hpage_pincount_available(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_pincount(page); } static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { page[1].compound_order = order; page[1].compound_nr = 1U << order; } /* Returns the number of pages in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long compound_nr(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 1; return page[1].compound_nr; } /* Returns the number of bytes in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long page_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page); } /* Returns the number of bits needed for the number of bytes in a page */ static inline unsigned int page_shift(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SHIFT + compound_order(page); } void free_compound_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when * servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm. */ static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); return pte; } vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page); vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); #endif /* * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have * only one copy in memory, at most, normally. * * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count. * page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for * freelist management in the buddy allocator. * page_count() > 0 means the page has been allocated. * * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course). * * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page(). * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have * subsequently been given references to it. * * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc. * The following discussion applies only to them. * * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call * into the filesystem to release these pages. * * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page, * in units of PAGE_SIZE. * * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache. * * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page. * * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is * rooted at mapping->i_pages, and indexed by offset. * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree. * * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O: * - inode pages may need to be read from disk, * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need * to be written back to the inode on disk, * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been * modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read * back into memory. */ /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key); static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) return false; switch (page->pgmap->type) { case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: return true; default: break; } return false; } void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE; } static inline bool is_pci_p2pdma_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA; } /* 127: arbitrary random number, small enough to assemble well */ #define page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page) \ ((unsigned int) page_ref_count(page) + 127u <= 127u) static inline void get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page * requires to already have an elevated page->_refcount. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page), page); page_ref_inc(page); } bool __must_check try_grab_page(struct page *page, unsigned int flags); static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0)) return false; page_ref_inc(page); return true; } static inline void put_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we * need to inform the device driver through callback. See * include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details. */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); return; } if (put_page_testzero(page)) __put_page(page); } /* * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, and the associated functions that use it, overload * the page's refcount so that two separate items are tracked: the original page * reference count, and also a new count of how many pin_user_pages() calls were * made against the page. ("gup-pinned" is another term for the latter). * * With this scheme, pin_user_pages() becomes special: such pages are marked as * distinct from normal pages. As such, the unpin_user_page() call (and its * variants) must be used in order to release gup-pinned pages. * * Choice of value: * * By making GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS a power of two, debugging of page reference * counts with respect to pin_user_pages() and unpin_user_page() becomes * simpler, due to the fact that adding an even power of two to the page * refcount has the effect of using only the upper N bits, for the code that * counts up using the bias value. This means that the lower bits are left for * the exclusive use of the original code that increments and decrements by one * (or at least, by much smaller values than the bias value). * * Of course, once the lower bits overflow into the upper bits (and this is * OK, because subtraction recovers the original values), then visual inspection * no longer suffices to directly view the separate counts. However, for normal * applications that don't have huge page reference counts, this won't be an * issue. * * Locking: the lockless algorithm described in page_cache_get_speculative() * and page_cache_gup_pin_speculative() provides safe operation for * get_user_pages and page_mkclean and other calls that race to set up page * table entries. */ #define GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (1U << 10) void unpin_user_page(struct page *page); void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages, bool make_dirty); void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages); /** * page_maybe_dma_pinned() - report if a page is pinned for DMA. * * This function checks if a page has been pinned via a call to * pin_user_pages*(). * * For non-huge pages, the return value is partially fuzzy: false is not fuzzy, * because it means "definitely not pinned for DMA", but true means "probably * pinned for DMA, but possibly a false positive due to having at least * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS worth of normal page references". * * False positives are OK, because: a) it's unlikely for a page to get that many * refcounts, and b) all the callers of this routine are expected to be able to * deal gracefully with a false positive. * * For huge pages, the result will be exactly correct. That's because we have * more tracking data available: the 3rd struct page in the compound page is * used to track the pincount (instead using of the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS * scheme). * * For more information, please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst. * * @page: pointer to page to be queried. * @Return: True, if it is likely that the page has been "dma-pinned". * False, if the page is definitely not dma-pinned. */ static inline bool page_maybe_dma_pinned(struct page *page) { if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) return compound_pincount(page) > 0; /* * page_ref_count() is signed. If that refcount overflows, then * page_ref_count() returns a negative value, and callers will avoid * further incrementing the refcount. * * Here, for that overflow case, use the signed bit to count a little * bit higher via unsigned math, and thus still get an accurate result. */ return ((unsigned int)page_ref_count(compound_head(page))) >= GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS; } #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #endif /* * The identification function is mainly used by the buddy allocator for * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really identifying * the zone since we could be using the section number id if we do not have * node id available in page flags. * We only guarantee that it will return the same value for two combinable * pages in a zone. */ static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK; } #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page); #else static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page) { struct page *p = (struct page *)page; return (PF_POISONED_CHECK(p)->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int cpu, int pid) { return ((cpu & LAST__CPU_MASK) << LAST__PID_SHIFT) | (pid & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return cpupid & LAST__PID_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return (cpupid >> LAST__PID_SHIFT) & LAST__CPU_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return cpu_to_node(cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid)); } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_pid(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline bool cpupid_cpu_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__CPU_MASK); } static inline bool __cpupid_match_pid(pid_t task_pid, int cpupid) { return (task_pid & LAST__PID_MASK) == cpupid_to_pid(cpupid); } #define cpupid_match_pid(task, cpupid) __cpupid_match_pid(task->pid, cpupid) #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return xchg(&page->_last_cpupid, cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK); } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page->_last_cpupid; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->_last_cpupid = -1 & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } #else static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT) & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } extern int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid); static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->flags |= LAST_CPUPID_MASK << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT; } #endif /* LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS */ #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int nid, int pid) { return -1; } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return true; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { } static inline bool cpupid_match_pid(struct task_struct *task, int cpupid) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS /* * KASAN per-page tags are stored xor'ed with 0xff. This allows to avoid * setting tags for all pages to native kernel tag value 0xff, as the default * value 0x00 maps to 0xff. */ static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { u8 tag; tag = (page->flags >> KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT) & KASAN_TAG_MASK; tag ^= 0xff; return tag; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { tag ^= 0xff; page->flags &= ~(KASAN_TAG_MASK << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { page_kasan_tag_set(page, 0xff); } #else static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { return 0xff; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { } #endif static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page) { return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)]; } static inline pg_data_t *page_pgdat(const struct page *page) { return NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page)); } #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section) { page->flags &= ~(SECTIONS_MASK << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK; } #endif static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone) { page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node) { page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone, unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn) { set_page_zone(page, zone); set_page_node(page, node); #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return page->mem_cgroup; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup); } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return NULL; } #endif /* * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone() */ #include <linux/vmstat.h> static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page) { return page_to_virt(page); } #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL #endif #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) static inline void *page_address(const struct page *page) { return page->virtual; } static inline void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *address) { page->virtual = address; } #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif #if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *page_address(const struct page *page); void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual); void page_address_init(void); #endif #if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page) #define set_page_address(page, address) do { } while(0) #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif extern void *page_rmapping(struct page *page); extern struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *__page_file_mapping(struct page *); static inline struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_mapping(page); return page->mapping; } extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page); /* * Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private) */ static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_index(page); return page->index; } bool page_mapped(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page); /* * Return true only if the page has been allocated with * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not * met implying that the system is under some pressure. */ static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { /* * Page index cannot be this large so this must be * a pfmemalloc page. */ return page->index == -1UL; } /* * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated * page. */ static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = -1UL; } static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = 0; } /* * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM. */ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void); #define offset_in_page(p) ((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK) #define offset_in_thp(page, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1)) /* * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in * various contexts. */ #define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES (0x0001u) /* disallowed nodes */ extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool can_do_mlock(void); #else static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; } #endif extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *); extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *); /* * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases. */ struct zap_details { struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */ pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */ pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */ }; struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte); struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd); void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct mmu_notifier_range; void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn); int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys); int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t new); extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize); void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to); void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end); int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked); void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page); void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows); void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows); #else static inline vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return -EFAULT; } static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { } #endif static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen) { unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0); } extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); long get_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); long pin_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc); int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim); /* Container for pinned pfns / pages */ struct frame_vector { unsigned int nr_allocated; /* Number of frames we have space for */ unsigned int nr_frames; /* Number of frames stored in ptrs array */ bool got_ref; /* Did we pin pages by getting page ref? */ bool is_pfns; /* Does array contain pages or pfns? */ void *ptrs[]; /* Array of pinned pfns / pages. Use * pfns_vector_pages() or pfns_vector_pfns() * for access */ }; struct frame_vector *frame_vector_create(unsigned int nr_frames); void frame_vector_destroy(struct frame_vector *vec); int get_vaddr_frames(unsigned long start, unsigned int nr_pfns, unsigned int gup_flags, struct frame_vector *vec); void put_vaddr_frames(struct frame_vector *vec); int frame_vector_to_pages(struct frame_vector *vec); void frame_vector_to_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec); static inline unsigned int frame_vector_count(struct frame_vector *vec) { return vec->nr_frames; } static inline struct page **frame_vector_pages(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (vec->is_pfns) { int err = frame_vector_to_pages(vec); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); } return (struct page **)(vec->ptrs); } static inline unsigned long *frame_vector_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (!vec->is_pfns) frame_vector_to_pfns(vec); return (unsigned long *)(vec->ptrs); } struct kvec; int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *iov, int nr_pages, int write, struct page **pages); int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages); struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr); extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); void __set_page_dirty(struct page *, struct address_space *, int warn); int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page); int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page); int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page); void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping); void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, struct bdi_writeback *wb); int set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page); void __cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page); static inline void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page) { /* Avoid atomic ops, locking, etc. when not actually needed. */ if (PageDirty(page)) __cancel_dirty_page(page); } int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page); int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen); extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len, bool need_rmap_locks); /* * Flags used by change_protection(). For now we make it a bitmap so * that we can pass in multiple flags just like parameters. However * for now all the callers are only use one of the flags at the same * time. */ /* Whether we should allow dirty bit accounting */ #define MM_CP_DIRTY_ACCT (1UL << 0) /* Whether this protection change is for NUMA hints */ #define MM_CP_PROT_NUMA (1UL << 1) /* Whether this change is for write protecting */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP (1UL << 2) /* do wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE (1UL << 3) /* Resolve wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_ALL (MM_CP_UFFD_WP | \ MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE) extern unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags); /* * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short. */ int get_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); static inline bool get_user_page_fast_only(unsigned long addr, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pagep) { return get_user_pages_fast_only(addr, 1, gup_flags, pagep) == 1; } /* * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics. */ static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long val = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING /* * counter is updated in asynchronous manner and may go to minus. * But it's never be expected number for users. */ if (val < 0) val = 0; #endif return (unsigned long)val; } void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count); static inline void add_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value) { long count = atomic_long_add_return(value, &mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void inc_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_inc_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void dec_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_dec_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } /* Optimized variant when page is already known not to be PageAnon */ static inline int mm_counter_file(struct page *page) { if (PageSwapBacked(page)) return MM_SHMEMPAGES; return MM_FILEPAGES; } static inline int mm_counter(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page)) return MM_ANONPAGES; return mm_counter_file(page); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_rss, get_mm_rss(mm)); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_vm, mm->total_vm); } static inline void update_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long _rss = get_mm_rss(mm); if ((mm)->hiwater_rss < _rss) (mm)->hiwater_rss = _rss; } static inline void update_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm->hiwater_vm < mm->total_vm) mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; } static inline void reset_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); } static inline void setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(unsigned long *maxrss, struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long hiwater_rss = get_mm_hiwater_rss(mm); if (*maxrss < hiwater_rss) *maxrss = hiwater_rss; } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot); extern pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl); static inline pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pte_t *ptep; __cond_lock(*ptl, ptep = __get_locked_pte(mm, addr, ptl)); return ptep; } #ifdef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED static inline int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return 0; } #else int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address); #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_set(&mm->pgtables_bytes, 0); } static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_long_read(&mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #else static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #endif int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd); #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)) && __p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address)) ? NULL : p4d_offset(pgd, address); } static inline pud_t *pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d)) && __pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address)) ? NULL : pud_offset(p4d, address); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pud_none(*pud)) && __pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address))? NULL: pmd_offset(pud, address); } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS void __init ptlock_cache_init(void); extern bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page); extern void ptlock_free(struct page *page); static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return page->ptl; } #else /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) { } static inline bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { } static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page->ptl; } #endif /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_page(*pmd)); } static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { /* * prep_new_page() initialize page->private (and therefore page->ptl) * with 0. Make sure nobody took it in use in between. * * It can happen if arch try to use slab for page table allocation: * slab code uses page->slab_cache, which share storage with page->ptl. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(*(unsigned long *)&page->ptl, page); if (!ptlock_alloc(page)) return false; spin_lock_init(ptlock_ptr(page)); return true; } #else /* !USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ /* * We use mm->page_table_lock to guard all pagetable pages of the mm. */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) {} static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ static inline void pgtable_init(void) { ptlock_cache_init(); pgtable_cache_init(); } static inline bool pgtable_pte_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pte_page_dtor(struct page *page) { ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } #define pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ ({ \ spinlock_t *__ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); \ pte_t *__pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address); \ *(ptlp) = __ptl; \ spin_lock(__ptl); \ __pte; \ }) #define pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl) do { \ spin_unlock(ptl); \ pte_unmap(pte); \ } while (0) #define pte_alloc(mm, pmd) (unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) #define pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_map(pmd, address)) #define pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? \ NULL : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)) #define pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address) \ ((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd))? \ NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address)) #if USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS static struct page *pmd_to_page(pmd_t *pmd) { unsigned long mask = ~(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t) - 1); return virt_to_page((void *)((unsigned long) pmd & mask)); } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_to_page(pmd)); } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE page->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif return ptlock_init(page); } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->pmd_huge_pte, page); #endif ptlock_free(page); } #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) (pmd_to_page(pmd)->pmd_huge_pte) #else static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) ((mm)->pmd_huge_pte) #endif static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } static inline bool pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!pmd_ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(struct page *page) { pmd_ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } /* * No scalability reason to split PUD locks yet, but follow the same pattern * as the PMD locks to make it easier if we decide to. The VM should not be * considered ready to switch to split PUD locks yet; there may be places * which need to be converted from page_table_lock. */ static inline spinlock_t *pud_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { spinlock_t *ptl = pud_lockptr(mm, pud); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } extern void __init pagecache_init(void); extern void __init free_area_init_memoryless_node(int nid); extern void free_initmem(void); /* * Free reserved pages within range [PAGE_ALIGN(start), end & PAGE_MASK) * into the buddy system. The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern * "poison" if it's within range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ extern unsigned long free_reserved_area(void *start, void *end, int poison, const char *s); #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Free a highmem page into the buddy system, adjusting totalhigh_pages * and totalram_pages. */ extern void free_highmem_page(struct page *page); #endif extern void adjust_managed_page_count(struct page *page, long count); extern void mem_init_print_info(const char *str); extern void reserve_bootmem_region(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end); /* Free the reserved page into the buddy system, so it gets managed. */ static inline void __free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { ClearPageReserved(page); init_page_count(page); __free_page(page); } static inline void free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { __free_reserved_page(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void mark_page_reserved(struct page *page) { SetPageReserved(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, -1); } /* * Default method to free all the __init memory into the buddy system. * The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern "poison" if it's within * range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ static inline unsigned long free_initmem_default(int poison) { extern char __init_begin[], __init_end[]; return free_reserved_area(&__init_begin, &__init_end, poison, "unused kernel"); } static inline unsigned long get_num_physpages(void) { int nid; unsigned long phys_pages = 0; for_each_online_node(nid) phys_pages += node_present_pages(nid); return phys_pages; } /* * Using memblock node mappings, an architecture may initialise its * zones, allocate the backing mem_map and account for memory holes in an * architecture independent manner. * * An architecture is expected to register range of page frames backed by * physical memory with memblock_add[_node]() before calling * free_area_init() passing in the PFN each zone ends at. At a basic * usage, an architecture is expected to do something like * * unsigned long max_zone_pfns[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {max_dma, max_normal_pfn, * max_highmem_pfn}; * for_each_valid_physical_page_range() * memblock_add_node(base, size, nid) * free_area_init(max_zone_pfns); */ void free_area_init(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn); unsigned long node_map_pfn_alignment(void); unsigned long __absent_pages_in_range(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern unsigned long absent_pages_in_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern void get_pfn_range_for_nid(unsigned int nid, unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); extern unsigned long find_min_pfn_with_active_regions(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES static inline int early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn) { return 0; } #else /* please see mm/page_alloc.c */ extern int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn); /* there is a per-arch backend function. */ extern int __meminit __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn, struct mminit_pfnnid_cache *state); #endif extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve); extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, enum meminit_context, struct vmem_altmap *, int migratetype); extern void setup_per_zone_wmarks(void); extern int __meminit init_per_zone_wmark_min(void); extern void mem_init(void); extern void __init mmap_init(void); extern void show_mem(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); extern long si_mem_available(void); extern void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo * val); extern void si_meminfo_node(struct sysinfo *val, int nid); #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_RESERVED_KERNEL_PAGES extern unsigned long arch_reserved_kernel_pages(void); #endif extern __printf(3, 4) void warn_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask, const char *fmt, ...); extern void setup_per_cpu_pageset(void); /* page_alloc.c */ extern int min_free_kbytes; extern int watermark_boost_factor; extern int watermark_scale_factor; extern bool arch_has_descending_max_zone_pfns(void); /* nommu.c */ extern atomic_long_t mmap_pages_allocated; extern int nommu_shrink_inode_mappings(struct inode *, size_t, size_t); /* interval_tree.c */ void vma_interval_tree_insert(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_insert_after(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_remove(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_next(struct vm_area_struct *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #define vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, start, last) \ for (vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ vma; vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_next(vma, start, last)) void anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct anon_vma_chain * anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next( struct anon_vma_chain *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB void anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(struct anon_vma_chain *node); #endif #define anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, root, start, last) \ for (avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ avc; avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next(avc, start, last)) /* mmap.c */ extern int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin); extern int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert, struct vm_area_struct *expand); static inline int vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert) { return __vma_adjust(vma, start, end, pgoff, insert, NULL); } extern struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *, struct file *, pgoff_t, struct mempolicy *, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx); extern struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, struct rb_node **, struct rb_node *); extern void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff, bool *need_rmap_locks); extern void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *); static inline int check_data_rlimit(unsigned long rlim, unsigned long new, unsigned long start, unsigned long end_data, unsigned long start_data) { if (rlim < RLIM_INFINITY) { if (((new - start) + (end_data - start_data)) > rlim) return -ENOSPC; } return 0; } extern int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file); extern struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm); extern struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task); extern bool may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, unsigned long npages); extern void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, long npages); extern bool vma_is_special_mapping(const struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct vm_special_mapping *sm); extern struct vm_area_struct *_install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, const struct vm_special_mapping *spec); /* This is an obsolete alternative to _install_special_mapping. */ extern int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, struct page **pages); unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top); extern unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff, struct list_head *uf); extern unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf); extern int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade); extern int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf); extern int do_madvise(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len_in, int behavior); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int __mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, int ignore_errors); static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { /* Ignore errors */ (void) __mm_populate(addr, len, 1); } #else static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) {} #endif /* These take the mm semaphore themselves */ extern int __must_check vm_brk(unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int __must_check vm_brk_flags(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int vm_munmap(unsigned long, size_t); extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct vm_unmapped_area_info { #define VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN 1 unsigned long flags; unsigned long length; unsigned long low_limit; unsigned long high_limit; unsigned long align_mask; unsigned long align_offset; }; extern unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info); /* truncate.c */ extern void truncate_inode_pages(struct address_space *, loff_t); extern void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern void truncate_inode_pages_final(struct address_space *); /* generic vm_area_ops exported for stackable file systems */ extern vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern void filemap_map_pages(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); extern vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* mm/page-writeback.c */ int __must_check write_one_page(struct page *page); void task_dirty_inc(struct task_struct *tsk); extern unsigned long stack_guard_gap; /* Generic expand stack which grows the stack according to GROWS{UP,DOWN} */ extern int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP still needs to grow downwards at some places */ extern int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #if VM_GROWSUP extern int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #else #define expand_upwards(vma, address) (0) #endif /* Look up the first VMA which satisfies addr < vm_end, NULL if none. */ extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr); extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct **pprev); /* Look up the first VMA which intersects the interval start_addr..end_addr-1, NULL if none. Assume start_addr < end_addr. */ static inline struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_intersection(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct vm_area_struct * vma = find_vma(mm,start_addr); if (vma && end_addr <= vma->vm_start) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline unsigned long vm_start_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_start = vma->vm_start; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) { vm_start -= stack_guard_gap; if (vm_start > vma->vm_start) vm_start = 0; } return vm_start; } static inline unsigned long vm_end_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_end = vma->vm_end; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) { vm_end += stack_guard_gap; if (vm_end < vma->vm_end) vm_end = -PAGE_SIZE; } return vm_end; } static inline unsigned long vma_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* Look up the first VMA which exactly match the interval vm_start ... vm_end */ static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_exact_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vm_start, unsigned long vm_end) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, vm_start); if (vma && (vma->vm_start != vm_start || vma->vm_end != vm_end)) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline bool range_in_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return (vma && vma->vm_start <= start && end <= vma->vm_end); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags); void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) { return __pgprot(0); } static inline void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long addr); int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t); int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, struct page *); int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num); int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len); static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { int err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr, page); if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } #ifndef io_remap_pfn_range static inline int io_remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { return remap_pfn_range(vma, addr, pfn, size, pgprot_decrypted(prot)); } #endif static inline vm_fault_t vmf_error(int err) { if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int foll_flags); #define FOLL_WRITE 0x01 /* check pte is writable */ #define FOLL_TOUCH 0x02 /* mark page accessed */ #define FOLL_GET 0x04 /* do get_page on page */ #define FOLL_DUMP 0x08 /* give error on hole if it would be zero */ #define FOLL_FORCE 0x10 /* get_user_pages read/write w/o permission */ #define FOLL_NOWAIT 0x20 /* if a disk transfer is needed, start the IO * and return without waiting upon it */ #define FOLL_POPULATE 0x40 /* fault in page */ #define FOLL_SPLIT 0x80 /* don't return transhuge pages, split them */ #define FOLL_HWPOISON 0x100 /* check page is hwpoisoned */ #define FOLL_NUMA 0x200 /* force NUMA hinting page fault */ #define FOLL_MIGRATION 0x400 /* wait for page to replace migration entry */ #define FOLL_TRIED 0x800 /* a retry, previous pass started an IO */ #define FOLL_MLOCK 0x1000 /* lock present pages */ #define FOLL_REMOTE 0x2000 /* we are working on non-current tsk/mm */ #define FOLL_COW 0x4000 /* internal GUP flag */ #define FOLL_ANON 0x8000 /* don't do file mappings */ #define FOLL_LONGTERM 0x10000 /* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */ #define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD 0x20000 /* split huge pmd before returning */ #define FOLL_PIN 0x40000 /* pages must be released via unpin_user_page */ #define FOLL_FAST_ONLY 0x80000 /* gup_fast: prevent fall-back to slow gup */ /* * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each * other. Here is what they mean, and how to use them: * * FOLL_LONGTERM indicates that the page will be held for an indefinite time * period _often_ under userspace control. This is in contrast to * iov_iter_get_pages(), whose usages are transient. * * FIXME: For pages which are part of a filesystem, mappings are subject to the * lifetime enforced by the filesystem and we need guarantees that longterm * users like RDMA and V4L2 only establish mappings which coordinate usage with * the filesystem. Ideas for this coordination include revoking the longterm * pin, delaying writeback, bounce buffer page writeback, etc. As FS DAX was * added after the problem with filesystems was found FS DAX VMAs are * specifically failed. Filesystem pages are still subject to bugs and use of * FOLL_LONGTERM should be avoided on those pages. * * FIXME: Also NOTE that FOLL_LONGTERM is not supported in every GUP call. * Currently only get_user_pages() and get_user_pages_fast() support this flag * and calls to get_user_pages_[un]locked are specifically not allowed. This * is due to an incompatibility with the FS DAX check and * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY. * * In the CMA case: long term pins in a CMA region would unnecessarily fragment * that region. And so, CMA attempts to migrate the page before pinning, when * FOLL_LONGTERM is specified. * * FOLL_PIN indicates that a special kind of tracking (not just page->_refcount, * but an additional pin counting system) will be invoked. This is intended for * anything that gets a page reference and then touches page data (for example, * Direct IO). This lets the filesystem know that some non-file-system entity is * potentially changing the pages' data. In contrast to FOLL_GET (whose pages * are released via put_page()), FOLL_PIN pages must be released, ultimately, by * a call to unpin_user_page(). * * FOLL_PIN is similar to FOLL_GET: both of these pin pages. They use different * and separate refcounting mechanisms, however, and that means that each has * its own acquire and release mechanisms: * * FOLL_GET: get_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_page() to release. * * FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and unpin_user_pages to release. * * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given function call. * (The underlying pages may experience both FOLL_GET-based and FOLL_PIN-based * calls applied to them, and that's perfectly OK. This is a constraint on the * callers, not on the pages.) * * FOLL_PIN should be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs, never * directly by the caller. That's in order to help avoid mismatches when * releasing pages: get_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_page(), * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via unpin_user_page(). * * Please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst for more information. */ static inline int vm_fault_to_errno(vm_fault_t vm_fault, int foll_flags) { if (vm_fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) return -ENOMEM; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) return (foll_flags & FOLL_HWPOISON) ? -EHWPOISON : -EFAULT; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *data); extern int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); extern int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING extern bool page_poisoning_enabled(void); extern void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); #else static inline bool page_poisoning_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_ALLOC_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_alloc); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_alloc); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_alloc(gfp_t flags) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_alloc) && !page_poisoning_enabled()) return true; return flags & __GFP_ZERO; } #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_FREE_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_free); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_free); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_free(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_free) && !page_poisoning_enabled(); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern void init_debug_pagealloc(void); #else static inline void init_debug_pagealloc(void) {} #endif extern bool _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_pagealloc_enabled); static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) && _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; } /* * For use in fast paths after init_debug_pagealloc() has run, or when a * false negative result is not harmful when called too early. */ static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled_static(void) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC)) return false; return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_pagealloc_enabled); } #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP) extern void __kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); /* * When called in DEBUG_PAGEALLOC context, the call should most likely be * guarded by debug_pagealloc_enabled() or debug_pagealloc_enabled_static() */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { __kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, enable); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION extern bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page); #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) {} #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION static inline bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA extern struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm); extern int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr); extern int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #else static inline struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm) { return NULL; } static inline int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA */ extern bool process_shares_mm(struct task_struct *p, struct mm_struct *mm); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_drop_caches; int drop_caches_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #endif void drop_slab(void); void drop_slab_node(int nid); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU #define randomize_va_space 0 #else extern int randomize_va_space; #endif const char * arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip); #else static inline void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip) { } #endif void *sparse_buffer_alloc(unsigned long size); struct page * __populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); pgd_t *vmemmap_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, int node); p4d_t *vmemmap_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, int node); pud_t *vmemmap_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, int node); pmd_t *vmemmap_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, int node); pte_t *vmemmap_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void *vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node); struct vmem_altmap; void *vmemmap_alloc_block_buf(unsigned long size, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_verify(pte_t *, int, unsigned long, unsigned long); int vmemmap_populate_basepages(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); int vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_populate_print_last(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG void vmemmap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); #endif void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr, struct page *map, unsigned long nr_pages); enum mf_flags { MF_COUNT_INCREASED = 1 << 0, MF_ACTION_REQUIRED = 1 << 1, MF_MUST_KILL = 1 << 2, MF_SOFT_OFFLINE = 1 << 3, }; extern int memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue_kick(int cpu); extern int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn); extern int sysctl_memory_failure_early_kill; extern int sysctl_memory_failure_recovery; extern void shake_page(struct page *p, int access); extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly; extern int soft_offline_page(unsigned long pfn, int flags); /* * Error handlers for various types of pages. */ enum mf_result { MF_IGNORED, /* Error: cannot be handled */ MF_FAILED, /* Error: handling failed */ MF_DELAYED, /* Will be handled later */ MF_RECOVERED, /* Successfully recovered */ }; enum mf_action_page_type { MF_MSG_KERNEL, MF_MSG_KERNEL_HIGH_ORDER, MF_MSG_SLAB, MF_MSG_DIFFERENT_COMPOUND, MF_MSG_POISONED_HUGE, MF_MSG_HUGE, MF_MSG_FREE_HUGE, MF_MSG_NON_PMD_HUGE, MF_MSG_UNMAP_FAILED, MF_MSG_DIRTY_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_CLEAN_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_DIRTY_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_LRU, MF_MSG_TRUNCATED_LRU, MF_MSG_BUDDY, MF_MSG_BUDDY_2ND, MF_MSG_DAX, MF_MSG_UNSPLIT_THP, MF_MSG_UNKNOWN, }; #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) extern void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault); /** * vma_is_special_huge - Are transhuge page-table entries considered special? * @vma: Pointer to the struct vm_area_struct to consider * * Whether transhuge page-table entries are considered "special" following * the definition in vm_normal_page(). * * Return: true if transhuge page-table entries should be considered special, * false otherwise. */ static inline bool vma_is_special_huge(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma_is_dax(vma) || (vma->vm_file && (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP))); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern unsigned int _debug_guardpage_minorder; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_guardpage_enabled); static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return _debug_guardpage_minorder; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_guardpage_enabled); } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { if (!debug_guardpage_enabled()) return false; return PageGuard(page); } #else static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return 0; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */ #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 void __init setup_nr_node_ids(void); #else static inline void setup_nr_node_ids(void) {} #endif extern int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2); static inline int pages_identical(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { return !memcmp_pages(page1, page2); } #ifdef CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS unsigned long clean_record_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr, pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff, unsigned long *bitmap, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t *end); unsigned long wp_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr); #endif extern int sysctl_nr_trim_pages; /** * seal_check_future_write - Check for F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE flag and handle it * @seals: the seals to check * @vma: the vma to operate on * * Check whether F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE is set; if so, do proper check/handling on * the vma flags. Return 0 if check pass, or <0 for errors. */ static inline int seal_check_future_write(int seals, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (seals & F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE) { /* * New PROT_WRITE and MAP_SHARED mmaps are not allowed when * "future write" seal active. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) return -EPERM; /* * Since an F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE sealed memfd can be mapped as * MAP_SHARED and read-only, take care to not allow mprotect to * revert protections on such mappings. Do this only for shared * mappings. For private mappings, don't need to mask * VM_MAYWRITE as we still want them to be COW-writable. */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE); } return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/sync_core.h> /* * Routines for handling mm_structs */ extern struct mm_struct *mm_alloc(void); /** * mmgrab() - Pin a &struct mm_struct. * @mm: The &struct mm_struct to pin. * * Make sure that @mm will not get freed even after the owning task * exits. This doesn't guarantee that the associated address space * will still exist later on and mmget_not_zero() has to be used before * accessing it. * * This is a preferred way to pin @mm for a longer/unbounded amount * of time. * * Use mmdrop() to release the reference acquired by mmgrab(). * * See also <Documentation/vm/active_mm.rst> for an in-depth explanation * of &mm_struct.mm_count vs &mm_struct.mm_users. */ static inline void mmgrab(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->mm_count); } extern void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm); static inline void mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * The implicit full barrier implied by atomic_dec_and_test() is * required by the membarrier system call before returning to * user-space, after storing to rq->curr. */ if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count))) __mmdrop(mm); } /** * mmget() - Pin the address space associated with a &struct mm_struct. * @mm: The address space to pin. * * Make sure that the address space of the given &struct mm_struct doesn't * go away. This does not protect against parts of the address space being * modified or freed, however. * * Never use this function to pin this address space for an * unbounded/indefinite amount of time. * * Use mmput() to release the reference acquired by mmget(). * * See also <Documentation/vm/active_mm.rst> for an in-depth explanation * of &mm_struct.mm_count vs &mm_struct.mm_users. */ static inline void mmget(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users); } static inline bool mmget_not_zero(struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_inc_not_zero(&mm->mm_users); } /* mmput gets rid of the mappings and all user-space */ extern void mmput(struct mm_struct *); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* same as above but performs the slow path from the async context. Can * be called from the atomic context as well */ void mmput_async(struct mm_struct *); #endif /* Grab a reference to a task's mm, if it is not already going away */ extern struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task); /* * Grab a reference to a task's mm, if it is not already going away * and ptrace_may_access with the mode parameter passed to it * succeeds. */ extern struct mm_struct *mm_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode); /* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct on exit() */ extern void exit_mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *); /* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct on exec() */ extern void exec_mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG extern void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack); extern unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); #else static inline void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) {} #endif static inline bool in_vfork(struct task_struct *tsk) { bool ret; /* * need RCU to access ->real_parent if CLONE_VM was used along with * CLONE_PARENT. * * We check real_parent->mm == tsk->mm because CLONE_VFORK does not * imply CLONE_VM * * CLONE_VFORK can be used with CLONE_PARENT/CLONE_THREAD and thus * ->real_parent is not necessarily the task doing vfork(), so in * theory we can't rely on task_lock() if we want to dereference it. * * And in this case we can't trust the real_parent->mm == tsk->mm * check, it can be false negative. But we do not care, if init or * another oom-unkillable task does this it should blame itself. */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = tsk->vfork_done && rcu_dereference(tsk->real_parent)->mm == tsk->mm; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Applies per-task gfp context to the given allocation flags. * PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO implies GFP_NOIO * PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS implies GFP_NOFS */ static inline gfp_t current_gfp_context(gfp_t flags) { unsigned int pflags = READ_ONCE(current->flags); if (unlikely(pflags & (PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO | PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS))) { /* * NOIO implies both NOIO and NOFS and it is a weaker context * so always make sure it makes precedence */ if (pflags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO) flags &= ~(__GFP_IO | __GFP_FS); else if (pflags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS) flags &= ~__GFP_FS; } return flags; } #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP extern void __fs_reclaim_acquire(void); extern void __fs_reclaim_release(void); extern void fs_reclaim_acquire(gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void fs_reclaim_release(gfp_t gfp_mask); #else static inline void __fs_reclaim_acquire(void) { } static inline void __fs_reclaim_release(void) { } static inline void fs_reclaim_acquire(gfp_t gfp_mask) { } static inline void fs_reclaim_release(gfp_t gfp_mask) { } #endif /** * memalloc_noio_save - Marks implicit GFP_NOIO allocation scope. * * This functions marks the beginning of the GFP_NOIO allocation scope. * All further allocations will implicitly drop __GFP_IO flag and so * they are safe for the IO critical section from the allocation recursion * point of view. Use memalloc_noio_restore to end the scope with flags * returned by this function. * * This function is safe to be used from any context. */ static inline unsigned int memalloc_noio_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; return flags; } /** * memalloc_noio_restore - Ends the implicit GFP_NOIO scope. * @flags: Flags to restore. * * Ends the implicit GFP_NOIO scope started by memalloc_noio_save function. * Always make sure that the given flags is the return value from the * pairing memalloc_noio_save call. */ static inline void memalloc_noio_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO) | flags; } /** * memalloc_nofs_save - Marks implicit GFP_NOFS allocation scope. * * This functions marks the beginning of the GFP_NOFS allocation scope. * All further allocations will implicitly drop __GFP_FS flag and so * they are safe for the FS critical section from the allocation recursion * point of view. Use memalloc_nofs_restore to end the scope with flags * returned by this function. * * This function is safe to be used from any context. */ static inline unsigned int memalloc_nofs_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS; return flags; } /** * memalloc_nofs_restore - Ends the implicit GFP_NOFS scope. * @flags: Flags to restore. * * Ends the implicit GFP_NOFS scope started by memalloc_nofs_save function. * Always make sure that the given flags is the return value from the * pairing memalloc_nofs_save call. */ static inline void memalloc_nofs_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS) | flags; } static inline unsigned int memalloc_noreclaim_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC; return flags; } static inline void memalloc_noreclaim_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC) | flags; } #ifdef CONFIG_CMA static inline unsigned int memalloc_nocma_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA; return flags; } static inline void memalloc_nocma_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA) | flags; } #else static inline unsigned int memalloc_nocma_save(void) { return 0; } static inline void memalloc_nocma_restore(unsigned int flags) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct mem_cgroup *, int_active_memcg); /** * set_active_memcg - Starts the remote memcg charging scope. * @memcg: memcg to charge. * * This function marks the beginning of the remote memcg charging scope. All the * __GFP_ACCOUNT allocations till the end of the scope will be charged to the * given memcg. * * NOTE: This function can nest. Users must save the return value and * reset the previous value after their own charging scope is over. */ static inline struct mem_cgroup * set_active_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { struct mem_cgroup *old; if (in_interrupt()) { old = this_cpu_read(int_active_memcg); this_cpu_write(int_active_memcg, memcg); } else { old = current->active_memcg; current->active_memcg = memcg; } return old; } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup * set_active_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return NULL; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER enum { MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_READY = (1U << 0), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED = (1U << 1), MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED_READY = (1U << 2), MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED = (1U << 3), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE_READY = (1U << 4), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE = (1U << 5), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_RSEQ_READY = (1U << 6), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_RSEQ = (1U << 7), }; enum { MEMBARRIER_FLAG_SYNC_CORE = (1U << 0), MEMBARRIER_FLAG_RSEQ = (1U << 1), }; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_CALLBACKS #include <asm/membarrier.h> #endif static inline void membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (current->mm != mm) return; if (likely(!(atomic_read(&mm->membarrier_state) & MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE))) return; sync_core_before_usermode(); } extern void membarrier_exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm); #else #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_CALLBACKS static inline void membarrier_arch_switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif static inline void membarrier_exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline void membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NSPROXY_H #define _LINUX_NSPROXY_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/sched.h> struct mnt_namespace; struct uts_namespace; struct ipc_namespace; struct pid_namespace; struct cgroup_namespace; struct fs_struct; /* * A structure to contain pointers to all per-process * namespaces - fs (mount), uts, network, sysvipc, etc. * * The pid namespace is an exception -- it's accessed using * task_active_pid_ns. The pid namespace here is the * namespace that children will use. * * 'count' is the number of tasks holding a reference. * The count for each namespace, then, will be the number * of nsproxies pointing to it, not the number of tasks. * * The nsproxy is shared by tasks which share all namespaces. * As soon as a single namespace is cloned or unshared, the * nsproxy is copied. */ struct nsproxy { atomic_t count; struct uts_namespace *uts_ns; struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns; struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; struct pid_namespace *pid_ns_for_children; struct net *net_ns; struct time_namespace *time_ns; struct time_namespace *time_ns_for_children; struct cgroup_namespace *cgroup_ns; }; extern struct nsproxy init_nsproxy; /* * A structure to encompass all bits needed to install * a partial or complete new set of namespaces. * * If a new user namespace is requested cred will * point to a modifiable set of credentials. If a pointer * to a modifiable set is needed nsset_cred() must be * used and tested. */ struct nsset { unsigned flags; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; struct fs_struct *fs; const struct cred *cred; }; static inline struct cred *nsset_cred(struct nsset *set) { if (set->flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) return (struct cred *)set->cred; return NULL; } /* * the namespaces access rules are: * * 1. only current task is allowed to change tsk->nsproxy pointer or * any pointer on the nsproxy itself. Current must hold the task_lock * when changing tsk->nsproxy. * * 2. when accessing (i.e. reading) current task's namespaces - no * precautions should be taken - just dereference the pointers * * 3. the access to other task namespaces is performed like this * task_lock(task); * nsproxy = task->nsproxy; * if (nsproxy != NULL) { * / * * * work with the namespaces here * * e.g. get the reference on one of them * * / * } / * * * NULL task->nsproxy means that this task is * * almost dead (zombie) * * / * task_unlock(task); * */ int copy_namespaces(unsigned long flags, struct task_struct *tsk); void exit_task_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk); void switch_task_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk, struct nsproxy *new); void free_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns); int unshare_nsproxy_namespaces(unsigned long, struct nsproxy **, struct cred *, struct fs_struct *); int __init nsproxy_cache_init(void); static inline void put_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) { free_nsproxy(ns); } } static inline void get_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns) { atomic_inc(&ns->count); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* include/asm-generic/tlb.h * * Generic TLB shootdown code * * Copyright 2001 Red Hat, Inc. * Based on code from mm/memory.c Copyright Linus Torvalds and others. * * Copyright 2011 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC__TLB_H #define _ASM_GENERIC__TLB_H #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/hugetlb_inline.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> /* * Blindly accessing user memory from NMI context can be dangerous * if we're in the middle of switching the current user task or switching * the loaded mm. */ #ifndef nmi_uaccess_okay # define nmi_uaccess_okay() true #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Generic MMU-gather implementation. * * The mmu_gather data structure is used by the mm code to implement the * correct and efficient ordering of freeing pages and TLB invalidations. * * This correct ordering is: * * 1) unhook page * 2) TLB invalidate page * 3) free page * * That is, we must never free a page before we have ensured there are no live * translations left to it. Otherwise it might be possible to observe (or * worse, change) the page content after it has been reused. * * The mmu_gather API consists of: * * - tlb_gather_mmu() / tlb_finish_mmu(); start and finish a mmu_gather * * Finish in particular will issue a (final) TLB invalidate and free * all (remaining) queued pages. * * - tlb_start_vma() / tlb_end_vma(); marks the start / end of a VMA * * Defaults to flushing at tlb_end_vma() to reset the range; helps when * there's large holes between the VMAs. * * - tlb_remove_table() * * tlb_remove_table() is the basic primitive to free page-table directories * (__p*_free_tlb()). In it's most primitive form it is an alias for * tlb_remove_page() below, for when page directories are pages and have no * additional constraints. * * See also MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE and MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE. * * - tlb_remove_page() / __tlb_remove_page() * - tlb_remove_page_size() / __tlb_remove_page_size() * * __tlb_remove_page_size() is the basic primitive that queues a page for * freeing. __tlb_remove_page() assumes PAGE_SIZE. Both will return a * boolean indicating if the queue is (now) full and a call to * tlb_flush_mmu() is required. * * tlb_remove_page() and tlb_remove_page_size() imply the call to * tlb_flush_mmu() when required and has no return value. * * - tlb_change_page_size() * * call before __tlb_remove_page*() to set the current page-size; implies a * possible tlb_flush_mmu() call. * * - tlb_flush_mmu() / tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly() * * tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly() - does the TLB invalidate (and resets * related state, like the range) * * tlb_flush_mmu() - in addition to the above TLB invalidate, also frees * whatever pages are still batched. * * - mmu_gather::fullmm * * A flag set by tlb_gather_mmu() to indicate we're going to free * the entire mm; this allows a number of optimizations. * * - We can ignore tlb_{start,end}_vma(); because we don't * care about ranges. Everything will be shot down. * * - (RISC) architectures that use ASIDs can cycle to a new ASID * and delay the invalidation until ASID space runs out. * * - mmu_gather::need_flush_all * * A flag that can be set by the arch code if it wants to force * flush the entire TLB irrespective of the range. For instance * x86-PAE needs this when changing top-level entries. * * And allows the architecture to provide and implement tlb_flush(): * * tlb_flush() may, in addition to the above mentioned mmu_gather fields, make * use of: * * - mmu_gather::start / mmu_gather::end * * which provides the range that needs to be flushed to cover the pages to * be freed. * * - mmu_gather::freed_tables * * set when we freed page table pages * * - tlb_get_unmap_shift() / tlb_get_unmap_size() * * returns the smallest TLB entry size unmapped in this range. * * If an architecture does not provide tlb_flush() a default implementation * based on flush_tlb_range() will be used, unless MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE is * specified, in which case we'll default to flush_tlb_mm(). * * Additionally there are a few opt-in features: * * MMU_GATHER_PAGE_SIZE * * This ensures we call tlb_flush() every time tlb_change_page_size() actually * changes the size and provides mmu_gather::page_size to tlb_flush(). * * This might be useful if your architecture has size specific TLB * invalidation instructions. * * MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE * * This provides tlb_remove_table(), to be used instead of tlb_remove_page() * for page directores (__p*_free_tlb()). * * Useful if your architecture has non-page page directories. * * When used, an architecture is expected to provide __tlb_remove_table() * which does the actual freeing of these pages. * * MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE * * Like MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE, and adds semi-RCU semantics to the free (see * comment below). * * Useful if your architecture doesn't use IPIs for remote TLB invalidates * and therefore doesn't naturally serialize with software page-table walkers. * * MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE * * Use this if your architecture lacks an efficient flush_tlb_range(). * * MMU_GATHER_NO_GATHER * * If the option is set the mmu_gather will not track individual pages for * delayed page free anymore. A platform that enables the option needs to * provide its own implementation of the __tlb_remove_page_size() function to * free pages. * * This is useful if your architecture already flushes TLB entries in the * various ptep_get_and_clear() functions. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE struct mmu_table_batch { #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE struct rcu_head rcu; #endif unsigned int nr; void *tables[0]; }; #define MAX_TABLE_BATCH \ ((PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct mmu_table_batch)) / sizeof(void *)) extern void tlb_remove_table(struct mmu_gather *tlb, void *table); #else /* !CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_HAVE_TABLE_FREE */ /* * Without MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE the architecture is assumed to have page based * page directories and we can use the normal page batching to free them. */ #define tlb_remove_table(tlb, page) tlb_remove_page((tlb), (page)) #endif /* CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE /* * This allows an architecture that does not use the linux page-tables for * hardware to skip the TLBI when freeing page tables. */ #ifndef tlb_needs_table_invalidate #define tlb_needs_table_invalidate() (true) #endif #else #ifdef tlb_needs_table_invalidate #error tlb_needs_table_invalidate() requires MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE */ #ifndef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_NO_GATHER /* * If we can't allocate a page to make a big batch of page pointers * to work on, then just handle a few from the on-stack structure. */ #define MMU_GATHER_BUNDLE 8 struct mmu_gather_batch { struct mmu_gather_batch *next; unsigned int nr; unsigned int max; struct page *pages[0]; }; #define MAX_GATHER_BATCH \ ((PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct mmu_gather_batch)) / sizeof(void *)) /* * Limit the maximum number of mmu_gather batches to reduce a risk of soft * lockups for non-preemptible kernels on huge machines when a lot of memory * is zapped during unmapping. * 10K pages freed at once should be safe even without a preemption point. */ #define MAX_GATHER_BATCH_COUNT (10000UL/MAX_GATHER_BATCH) extern bool __tlb_remove_page_size(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *page, int page_size); #endif /* * struct mmu_gather is an opaque type used by the mm code for passing around * any data needed by arch specific code for tlb_remove_page. */ struct mmu_gather { struct mm_struct *mm; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE struct mmu_table_batch *batch; #endif unsigned long start; unsigned long end; /* * we are in the middle of an operation to clear * a full mm and can make some optimizations */ unsigned int fullmm : 1; /* * we have performed an operation which * requires a complete flush of the tlb */ unsigned int need_flush_all : 1; /* * we have removed page directories */ unsigned int freed_tables : 1; /* * at which levels have we cleared entries? */ unsigned int cleared_ptes : 1; unsigned int cleared_pmds : 1; unsigned int cleared_puds : 1; unsigned int cleared_p4ds : 1; /* * tracks VM_EXEC | VM_HUGETLB in tlb_start_vma */ unsigned int vma_exec : 1; unsigned int vma_huge : 1; unsigned int batch_count; #ifndef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_NO_GATHER struct mmu_gather_batch *active; struct mmu_gather_batch local; struct page *__pages[MMU_GATHER_BUNDLE]; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_PAGE_SIZE unsigned int page_size; #endif #endif }; void tlb_flush_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb); static inline void __tlb_adjust_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long address, unsigned int range_size) { tlb->start = min(tlb->start, address); tlb->end = max(tlb->end, address + range_size); } static inline void __tlb_reset_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { if (tlb->fullmm) { tlb->start = tlb->end = ~0; } else { tlb->start = TASK_SIZE; tlb->end = 0; } tlb->freed_tables = 0; tlb->cleared_ptes = 0; tlb->cleared_pmds = 0; tlb->cleared_puds = 0; tlb->cleared_p4ds = 0; /* * Do not reset mmu_gather::vma_* fields here, we do not * call into tlb_start_vma() again to set them if there is an * intermediate flush. */ } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE #if defined(tlb_flush) || defined(tlb_start_vma) || defined(tlb_end_vma) #error MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE relies on default tlb_flush(), tlb_start_vma() and tlb_end_vma() #endif /* * When an architecture does not have efficient means of range flushing TLBs * there is no point in doing intermediate flushes on tlb_end_vma() to keep the * range small. We equally don't have to worry about page granularity or other * things. * * All we need to do is issue a full flush for any !0 range. */ static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { if (tlb->end) flush_tlb_mm(tlb->mm); } static inline void tlb_update_vma_flags(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #define tlb_end_vma tlb_end_vma static inline void tlb_end_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #else /* CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE */ #ifndef tlb_flush #if defined(tlb_start_vma) || defined(tlb_end_vma) #error Default tlb_flush() relies on default tlb_start_vma() and tlb_end_vma() #endif /* * When an architecture does not provide its own tlb_flush() implementation * but does have a reasonably efficient flush_vma_range() implementation * use that. */ static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { if (tlb->fullmm || tlb->need_flush_all) { flush_tlb_mm(tlb->mm); } else if (tlb->end) { struct vm_area_struct vma = { .vm_mm = tlb->mm, .vm_flags = (tlb->vma_exec ? VM_EXEC : 0) | (tlb->vma_huge ? VM_HUGETLB : 0), }; flush_tlb_range(&vma, tlb->start, tlb->end); } } static inline void tlb_update_vma_flags(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * flush_tlb_range() implementations that look at VM_HUGETLB (tile, * mips-4k) flush only large pages. * * flush_tlb_range() implementations that flush I-TLB also flush D-TLB * (tile, xtensa, arm), so it's ok to just add VM_EXEC to an existing * range. * * We rely on tlb_end_vma() to issue a flush, such that when we reset * these values the batch is empty. */ tlb->vma_huge = is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma); tlb->vma_exec = !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC); } #else static inline void tlb_update_vma_flags(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE */ static inline void tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { /* * Anything calling __tlb_adjust_range() also sets at least one of * these bits. */ if (!(tlb->freed_tables || tlb->cleared_ptes || tlb->cleared_pmds || tlb->cleared_puds || tlb->cleared_p4ds)) return; tlb_flush(tlb); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(tlb->mm, tlb->start, tlb->end); __tlb_reset_range(tlb); } static inline void tlb_remove_page_size(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *page, int page_size) { if (__tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, page, page_size)) tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } static inline bool __tlb_remove_page(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *page) { return __tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, page, PAGE_SIZE); } /* tlb_remove_page * Similar to __tlb_remove_page but will call tlb_flush_mmu() itself when * required. */ static inline void tlb_remove_page(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *page) { return tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, page, PAGE_SIZE); } static inline void tlb_change_page_size(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned int page_size) { #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_PAGE_SIZE if (tlb->page_size && tlb->page_size != page_size) { if (!tlb->fullmm && !tlb->need_flush_all) tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } tlb->page_size = page_size; #endif } static inline unsigned long tlb_get_unmap_shift(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { if (tlb->cleared_ptes) return PAGE_SHIFT; if (tlb->cleared_pmds) return PMD_SHIFT; if (tlb->cleared_puds) return PUD_SHIFT; if (tlb->cleared_p4ds) return P4D_SHIFT; return PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long tlb_get_unmap_size(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { return 1UL << tlb_get_unmap_shift(tlb); } /* * In the case of tlb vma handling, we can optimise these away in the * case where we're doing a full MM flush. When we're doing a munmap, * the vmas are adjusted to only cover the region to be torn down. */ #ifndef tlb_start_vma static inline void tlb_start_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (tlb->fullmm) return; tlb_update_vma_flags(tlb, vma); flush_cache_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); } #endif #ifndef tlb_end_vma static inline void tlb_end_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (tlb->fullmm) return; /* * Do a TLB flush and reset the range at VMA boundaries; this avoids * the ranges growing with the unused space between consecutive VMAs, * but also the mmu_gather::vma_* flags from tlb_start_vma() rely on * this. */ tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); } #endif /* * tlb_flush_{pte|pmd|pud|p4d}_range() adjust the tlb->start and tlb->end, * and set corresponding cleared_*. */ static inline void tlb_flush_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { __tlb_adjust_range(tlb, address, size); tlb->cleared_ptes = 1; } static inline void tlb_flush_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { __tlb_adjust_range(tlb, address, size); tlb->cleared_pmds = 1; } static inline void tlb_flush_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { __tlb_adjust_range(tlb, address, size); tlb->cleared_puds = 1; } static inline void tlb_flush_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { __tlb_adjust_range(tlb, address, size); tlb->cleared_p4ds = 1; } #ifndef __tlb_remove_tlb_entry #define __tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address) do { } while (0) #endif /** * tlb_remove_tlb_entry - remember a pte unmapping for later tlb invalidation. * * Record the fact that pte's were really unmapped by updating the range, * so we can later optimise away the tlb invalidate. This helps when * userspace is unmapping already-unmapped pages, which happens quite a lot. */ #define tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_pte_range(tlb, address, PAGE_SIZE); \ __tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address); \ } while (0) #define tlb_remove_huge_tlb_entry(h, tlb, ptep, address) \ do { \ unsigned long _sz = huge_page_size(h); \ if (_sz == PMD_SIZE) \ tlb_flush_pmd_range(tlb, address, _sz); \ else if (_sz == PUD_SIZE) \ tlb_flush_pud_range(tlb, address, _sz); \ __tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address); \ } while (0) /** * tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry - remember a pmd mapping for later tlb invalidation * This is a nop so far, because only x86 needs it. */ #ifndef __tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry #define __tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry(tlb, pmdp, address) do {} while (0) #endif #define tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry(tlb, pmdp, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_pmd_range(tlb, address, HPAGE_PMD_SIZE); \ __tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry(tlb, pmdp, address); \ } while (0) /** * tlb_remove_pud_tlb_entry - remember a pud mapping for later tlb * invalidation. This is a nop so far, because only x86 needs it. */ #ifndef __tlb_remove_pud_tlb_entry #define __tlb_remove_pud_tlb_entry(tlb, pudp, address) do {} while (0) #endif #define tlb_remove_pud_tlb_entry(tlb, pudp, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_pud_range(tlb, address, HPAGE_PUD_SIZE); \ __tlb_remove_pud_tlb_entry(tlb, pudp, address); \ } while (0) /* * For things like page tables caches (ie caching addresses "inside" the * page tables, like x86 does), for legacy reasons, flushing an * individual page had better flush the page table caches behind it. This * is definitely how x86 works, for example. And if you have an * architected non-legacy page table cache (which I'm not aware of * anybody actually doing), you're going to have some architecturally * explicit flushing for that, likely *separate* from a regular TLB entry * flush, and thus you'd need more than just some range expansion.. * * So if we ever find an architecture * that would want something that odd, I think it is up to that * architecture to do its own odd thing, not cause pain for others * http://lkml.kernel.org/r/CA+55aFzBggoXtNXQeng5d_mRoDnaMBE5Y+URs+PHR67nUpMtaw@mail.gmail.com * * For now w.r.t page table cache, mark the range_size as PAGE_SIZE */ #ifndef pte_free_tlb #define pte_free_tlb(tlb, ptep, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_pmd_range(tlb, address, PAGE_SIZE); \ tlb->freed_tables = 1; \ __pte_free_tlb(tlb, ptep, address); \ } while (0) #endif #ifndef pmd_free_tlb #define pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmdp, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_pud_range(tlb, address, PAGE_SIZE); \ tlb->freed_tables = 1; \ __pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmdp, address); \ } while (0) #endif #ifndef pud_free_tlb #define pud_free_tlb(tlb, pudp, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_p4d_range(tlb, address, PAGE_SIZE); \ tlb->freed_tables = 1; \ __pud_free_tlb(tlb, pudp, address); \ } while (0) #endif #ifndef p4d_free_tlb #define p4d_free_tlb(tlb, pudp, address) \ do { \ __tlb_adjust_range(tlb, address, PAGE_SIZE); \ tlb->freed_tables = 1; \ __p4d_free_tlb(tlb, pudp, address); \ } while (0) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC__TLB_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ #ifndef LLIST_H #define LLIST_H /* * Lock-less NULL terminated single linked list * * Cases where locking is not needed: * If there are multiple producers and multiple consumers, llist_add can be * used in producers and llist_del_all can be used in consumers simultaneously * without locking. Also a single consumer can use llist_del_first while * multiple producers simultaneously use llist_add, without any locking. * * Cases where locking is needed: * If we have multiple consumers with llist_del_first used in one consumer, and * llist_del_first or llist_del_all used in other consumers, then a lock is * needed. This is because llist_del_first depends on list->first->next not * changing, but without lock protection, there's no way to be sure about that * if a preemption happens in the middle of the delete operation and on being * preempted back, the list->first is the same as before causing the cmpxchg in * llist_del_first to succeed. For example, while a llist_del_first operation * is in progress in one consumer, then a llist_del_first, llist_add, * llist_add (or llist_del_all, llist_add, llist_add) sequence in another * consumer may cause violations. * * This can be summarized as follows: * * | add | del_first | del_all * add | - | - | - * del_first | | L | L * del_all | | | - * * Where, a particular row's operation can happen concurrently with a column's * operation, with "-" being no lock needed, while "L" being lock is needed. * * The list entries deleted via llist_del_all can be traversed with * traversing function such as llist_for_each etc. But the list * entries can not be traversed safely before deleted from the list. * The order of deleted entries is from the newest to the oldest added * one. If you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you * must reverse the order by yourself before traversing. * * The basic atomic operation of this list is cmpxchg on long. On * architectures that don't have NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation, the * list can NOT be used in NMI handlers. So code that uses the list in * an NMI handler should depend on CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG. * * Copyright 2010,2011 Intel Corp. * Author: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> */ #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> struct llist_head { struct llist_node *first; }; struct llist_node { struct llist_node *next; }; #define LLIST_HEAD_INIT(name) { NULL } #define LLIST_HEAD(name) struct llist_head name = LLIST_HEAD_INIT(name) /** * init_llist_head - initialize lock-less list head * @head: the head for your lock-less list */ static inline void init_llist_head(struct llist_head *list) { list->first = NULL; } /** * llist_entry - get the struct of this entry * @ptr: the &struct llist_node pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the llist_node within the struct. */ #define llist_entry(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(ptr, type, member) /** * member_address_is_nonnull - check whether the member address is not NULL * @ptr: the object pointer (struct type * that contains the llist_node) * @member: the name of the llist_node within the struct. * * This macro is conceptually the same as * &ptr->member != NULL * but it works around the fact that compilers can decide that taking a member * address is never a NULL pointer. * * Real objects that start at a high address and have a member at NULL are * unlikely to exist, but such pointers may be returned e.g. by the * container_of() macro. */ #define member_address_is_nonnull(ptr, member) \ ((uintptr_t)(ptr) + offsetof(typeof(*(ptr)), member) != 0) /** * llist_for_each - iterate over some deleted entries of a lock-less list * @pos: the &struct llist_node to use as a loop cursor * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being deleted from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each(pos, node) \ for ((pos) = (node); pos; (pos) = (pos)->next) /** * llist_for_each_safe - iterate over some deleted entries of a lock-less list * safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct llist_node to use as a loop cursor * @n: another &struct llist_node to use as temporary storage * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being deleted from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_safe(pos, n, node) \ for ((pos) = (node); (pos) && ((n) = (pos)->next, true); (pos) = (n)) /** * llist_for_each_entry - iterate over some deleted entries of lock-less list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @node: the fist entry of deleted list entries. * @member: the name of the llist_node with the struct. * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being removed from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_entry(pos, node, member) \ for ((pos) = llist_entry((node), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ member_address_is_nonnull(pos, member); \ (pos) = llist_entry((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * llist_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over some deleted entries of lock-less list of given type * safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries. * @member: the name of the llist_node with the struct. * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being removed from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, node, member) \ for (pos = llist_entry((node), typeof(*pos), member); \ member_address_is_nonnull(pos, member) && \ (n = llist_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*n), member), true); \ pos = n) /** * llist_empty - tests whether a lock-less list is empty * @head: the list to test * * Not guaranteed to be accurate or up to date. Just a quick way to * test whether the list is empty without deleting something from the * list. */ static inline bool llist_empty(const struct llist_head *head) { return READ_ONCE(head->first) == NULL; } static inline struct llist_node *llist_next(struct llist_node *node) { return node->next; } extern bool llist_add_batch(struct llist_node *new_first, struct llist_node *new_last, struct llist_head *head); /** * llist_add - add a new entry * @new: new entry to be added * @head: the head for your lock-less list * * Returns true if the list was empty prior to adding this entry. */ static inline bool llist_add(struct llist_node *new, struct llist_head *head) { return llist_add_batch(new, new, head); } /** * llist_del_all - delete all entries from lock-less list * @head: the head of lock-less list to delete all entries * * If list is empty, return NULL, otherwise, delete all entries and * return the pointer to the first entry. The order of entries * deleted is from the newest to the oldest added one. */ static inline struct llist_node *llist_del_all(struct llist_head *head) { return xchg(&head->first, NULL); } extern struct llist_node *llist_del_first(struct llist_head *head); struct llist_node *llist_reverse_order(struct llist_node *head); #endif /* LLIST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Authors: Lotsa people, from code originally in tcp */ #ifndef _INET_HASHTABLES_H #define _INET_HASHTABLES_H #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* This is for all connections with a full identity, no wildcards. * The 'e' prefix stands for Establish, but we really put all sockets * but LISTEN ones. */ struct inet_ehash_bucket { struct hlist_nulls_head chain; }; /* There are a few simple rules, which allow for local port reuse by * an application. In essence: * * 1) Sockets bound to different interfaces may share a local port. * Failing that, goto test 2. * 2) If all sockets have sk->sk_reuse set, and none of them are in * TCP_LISTEN state, the port may be shared. * Failing that, goto test 3. * 3) If all sockets are bound to a specific inet_sk(sk)->rcv_saddr local * address, and none of them are the same, the port may be * shared. * Failing this, the port cannot be shared. * * The interesting point, is test #2. This is what an FTP server does * all day. To optimize this case we use a specific flag bit defined * below. As we add sockets to a bind bucket list, we perform a * check of: (newsk->sk_reuse && (newsk->sk_state != TCP_LISTEN)) * As long as all sockets added to a bind bucket pass this test, * the flag bit will be set. * The resulting situation is that tcp_v[46]_verify_bind() can just check * for this flag bit, if it is set and the socket trying to bind has * sk->sk_reuse set, we don't even have to walk the owners list at all, * we return that it is ok to bind this socket to the requested local port. * * Sounds like a lot of work, but it is worth it. In a more naive * implementation (ie. current FreeBSD etc.) the entire list of ports * must be walked for each data port opened by an ftp server. Needless * to say, this does not scale at all. With a couple thousand FTP * users logged onto your box, isn't it nice to know that new data * ports are created in O(1) time? I thought so. ;-) -DaveM */ #define FASTREUSEPORT_ANY 1 #define FASTREUSEPORT_STRICT 2 struct inet_bind_bucket { possible_net_t ib_net; int l3mdev; unsigned short port; signed char fastreuse; signed char fastreuseport; kuid_t fastuid; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct in6_addr fast_v6_rcv_saddr; #endif __be32 fast_rcv_saddr; unsigned short fast_sk_family; bool fast_ipv6_only; struct hlist_node node; struct hlist_head owners; }; static inline struct net *ib_net(struct inet_bind_bucket *ib) { return read_pnet(&ib->ib_net); } #define inet_bind_bucket_for_each(tb, head) \ hlist_for_each_entry(tb, head, node) struct inet_bind_hashbucket { spinlock_t lock; struct hlist_head chain; }; /* Sockets can be hashed in established or listening table. * We must use different 'nulls' end-of-chain value for all hash buckets : * A socket might transition from ESTABLISH to LISTEN state without * RCU grace period. A lookup in ehash table needs to handle this case. */ #define LISTENING_NULLS_BASE (1U << 29) struct inet_listen_hashbucket { spinlock_t lock; unsigned int count; union { struct hlist_head head; struct hlist_nulls_head nulls_head; }; }; /* This is for listening sockets, thus all sockets which possess wildcards. */ #define INET_LHTABLE_SIZE 32 /* Yes, really, this is all you need. */ struct inet_hashinfo { /* This is for sockets with full identity only. Sockets here will * always be without wildcards and will have the following invariant: * * TCP_ESTABLISHED <= sk->sk_state < TCP_CLOSE * */ struct inet_ehash_bucket *ehash; spinlock_t *ehash_locks; unsigned int ehash_mask; unsigned int ehash_locks_mask; /* Ok, let's try this, I give up, we do need a local binding * TCP hash as well as the others for fast bind/connect. */ struct kmem_cache *bind_bucket_cachep; struct inet_bind_hashbucket *bhash; unsigned int bhash_size; /* The 2nd listener table hashed by local port and address */ unsigned int lhash2_mask; struct inet_listen_hashbucket *lhash2; /* All the above members are written once at bootup and * never written again _or_ are predominantly read-access. * * Now align to a new cache line as all the following members * might be often dirty. */ /* All sockets in TCP_LISTEN state will be in listening_hash. * This is the only table where wildcard'd TCP sockets can * exist. listening_hash is only hashed by local port number. * If lhash2 is initialized, the same socket will also be hashed * to lhash2 by port and address. */ struct inet_listen_hashbucket listening_hash[INET_LHTABLE_SIZE] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; #define inet_lhash2_for_each_icsk_rcu(__icsk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(__icsk, list, icsk_listen_portaddr_node) static inline struct inet_listen_hashbucket * inet_lhash2_bucket(struct inet_hashinfo *h, u32 hash) { return &h->lhash2[hash & h->lhash2_mask]; } static inline struct inet_ehash_bucket *inet_ehash_bucket( struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, unsigned int hash) { return &hashinfo->ehash[hash & hashinfo->ehash_mask]; } static inline spinlock_t *inet_ehash_lockp( struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, unsigned int hash) { return &hashinfo->ehash_locks[hash & hashinfo->ehash_locks_mask]; } int inet_ehash_locks_alloc(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo); static inline void inet_hashinfo2_free_mod(struct inet_hashinfo *h) { kfree(h->lhash2); h->lhash2 = NULL; } static inline void inet_ehash_locks_free(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo) { kvfree(hashinfo->ehash_locks); hashinfo->ehash_locks = NULL; } static inline bool inet_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } struct inet_bind_bucket * inet_bind_bucket_create(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct net *net, struct inet_bind_hashbucket *head, const unsigned short snum, int l3mdev); void inet_bind_bucket_destroy(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct inet_bind_bucket *tb); static inline u32 inet_bhashfn(const struct net *net, const __u16 lport, const u32 bhash_size) { return (lport + net_hash_mix(net)) & (bhash_size - 1); } void inet_bind_hash(struct sock *sk, struct inet_bind_bucket *tb, const unsigned short snum); /* These can have wildcards, don't try too hard. */ static inline u32 inet_lhashfn(const struct net *net, const unsigned short num) { return (num + net_hash_mix(net)) & (INET_LHTABLE_SIZE - 1); } static inline int inet_sk_listen_hashfn(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_lhashfn(sock_net(sk), inet_sk(sk)->inet_num); } /* Caller must disable local BH processing. */ int __inet_inherit_port(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *child); void inet_put_port(struct sock *sk); void inet_hashinfo_init(struct inet_hashinfo *h); void inet_hashinfo2_init(struct inet_hashinfo *h, const char *name, unsigned long numentries, int scale, unsigned long low_limit, unsigned long high_limit); int inet_hashinfo2_init_mod(struct inet_hashinfo *h); bool inet_ehash_insert(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk, bool *found_dup_sk); bool inet_ehash_nolisten(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk, bool *found_dup_sk); int __inet_hash(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk); int inet_hash(struct sock *sk); void inet_unhash(struct sock *sk); struct sock *__inet_lookup_listener(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const unsigned short hnum, const int dif, const int sdif); static inline struct sock *inet_lookup_listener(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif) { return __inet_lookup_listener(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, ntohs(dport), dif, sdif); } /* Socket demux engine toys. */ /* What happens here is ugly; there's a pair of adjacent fields in struct inet_sock; __be16 dport followed by __u16 num. We want to search by pair, so we combine the keys into a single 32bit value and compare with 32bit value read from &...->dport. Let's at least make sure that it's not mixed with anything else... On 64bit targets we combine comparisons with pair of adjacent __be32 fields in the same way. */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #define INET_COMBINED_PORTS(__sport, __dport) \ ((__force __portpair)(((__force __u32)(__be16)(__sport) << 16) | (__u32)(__dport))) #else /* __LITTLE_ENDIAN */ #define INET_COMBINED_PORTS(__sport, __dport) \ ((__force __portpair)(((__u32)(__dport) << 16) | (__force __u32)(__be16)(__sport))) #endif #if (BITS_PER_LONG == 64) #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const __addrpair __name = (__force __addrpair) ( \ (((__force __u64)(__be32)(__saddr)) << 32) | \ ((__force __u64)(__be32)(__daddr))) #else /* __LITTLE_ENDIAN */ #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const __addrpair __name = (__force __addrpair) ( \ (((__force __u64)(__be32)(__daddr)) << 32) | \ ((__force __u64)(__be32)(__saddr))) #endif /* __BIG_ENDIAN */ #define INET_MATCH(__sk, __net, __cookie, __saddr, __daddr, __ports, __dif, __sdif) \ (((__sk)->sk_portpair == (__ports)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_addrpair == (__cookie)) && \ (((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__dif)) || \ ((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__sdif))) && \ net_eq(sock_net(__sk), (__net))) #else /* 32-bit arch */ #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const int __name __deprecated __attribute__((unused)) #define INET_MATCH(__sk, __net, __cookie, __saddr, __daddr, __ports, __dif, __sdif) \ (((__sk)->sk_portpair == (__ports)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_daddr == (__saddr)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_rcv_saddr == (__daddr)) && \ (((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__dif)) || \ ((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__sdif))) && \ net_eq(sock_net(__sk), (__net))) #endif /* 64-bit arch */ /* Sockets in TCP_CLOSE state are _always_ taken out of the hash, so we need * not check it for lookups anymore, thanks Alexey. -DaveM */ struct sock *__inet_lookup_established(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const u16 hnum, const int dif, const int sdif); static inline struct sock * inet_lookup_established(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif) { return __inet_lookup_established(net, hashinfo, saddr, sport, daddr, ntohs(dport), dif, 0); } static inline struct sock *__inet_lookup(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif, const int sdif, bool *refcounted) { u16 hnum = ntohs(dport); struct sock *sk; sk = __inet_lookup_established(net, hashinfo, saddr, sport, daddr, hnum, dif, sdif); *refcounted = true; if (sk) return sk; *refcounted = false; return __inet_lookup_listener(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, hnum, dif, sdif); } static inline struct sock *inet_lookup(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif) { struct sock *sk; bool refcounted; sk = __inet_lookup(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, dport, dif, 0, &refcounted); if (sk && !refcounted && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&sk->sk_refcnt)) sk = NULL; return sk; } static inline struct sock *__inet_lookup_skb(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be16 sport, const __be16 dport, const int sdif, bool *refcounted) { struct sock *sk = skb_steal_sock(skb, refcounted); const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); if (sk) return sk; return __inet_lookup(dev_net(skb_dst(skb)->dev), hashinfo, skb, doff, iph->saddr, sport, iph->daddr, dport, inet_iif(skb), sdif, refcounted); } u32 inet6_ehashfn(const struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *laddr, const u16 lport, const struct in6_addr *faddr, const __be16 fport); static inline void sk_daddr_set(struct sock *sk, __be32 addr) { sk->sk_daddr = addr; /* alias of inet_daddr */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(addr, &sk->sk_v6_daddr); #endif } static inline void sk_rcv_saddr_set(struct sock *sk, __be32 addr) { sk->sk_rcv_saddr = addr; /* alias of inet_rcv_saddr */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(addr, &sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr); #endif } int __inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk, u32 port_offset, int (*check_established)(struct inet_timewait_death_row *, struct sock *, __u16, struct inet_timewait_sock **)); int inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk); #endif /* _INET_HASHTABLES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_CPUSET_H #define _LINUX_CPUSET_H /* * cpuset interface * * Copyright (C) 2003 BULL SA * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Silicon Graphics, Inc. * */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/topology.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS /* * Static branch rewrites can happen in an arbitrary order for a given * key. In code paths where we need to loop with read_mems_allowed_begin() and * read_mems_allowed_retry() to get a consistent view of mems_allowed, we need * to ensure that begin() always gets rewritten before retry() in the * disabled -> enabled transition. If not, then if local irqs are disabled * around the loop, we can deadlock since retry() would always be * comparing the latest value of the mems_allowed seqcount against 0 as * begin() still would see cpusets_enabled() as false. The enabled -> disabled * transition should happen in reverse order for the same reasons (want to stop * looking at real value of mems_allowed.sequence in retry() first). */ extern struct static_key_false cpusets_pre_enable_key; extern struct static_key_false cpusets_enabled_key; static inline bool cpusets_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_enabled_key); } static inline void cpuset_inc(void) { static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&cpusets_pre_enable_key); static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&cpusets_enabled_key); } static inline void cpuset_dec(void) { static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&cpusets_enabled_key); static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&cpusets_pre_enable_key); } extern int cpuset_init(void); extern void cpuset_init_smp(void); extern void cpuset_force_rebuild(void); extern void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void); extern void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void); extern void cpuset_read_lock(void); extern void cpuset_read_unlock(void); extern void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, struct cpumask *mask); extern void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *p); extern nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p); #define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (current->mems_allowed) void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void); int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask); extern bool __cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask); static inline bool cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (cpusets_enabled()) return __cpuset_node_allowed(node, gfp_mask); return true; } static inline bool __cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __cpuset_node_allowed(zone_to_nid(z), gfp_mask); } static inline bool cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (cpusets_enabled()) return __cpuset_zone_allowed(z, gfp_mask); return true; } extern int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2); #define cpuset_memory_pressure_bump() \ do { \ if (cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled) \ __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(); \ } while (0) extern int cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled; extern void __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void); extern void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task); extern int proc_cpuset_show(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *tsk); extern int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void); extern int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void); static inline int cpuset_do_page_mem_spread(void) { return task_spread_page(current); } static inline int cpuset_do_slab_mem_spread(void) { return task_spread_slab(current); } extern bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void); extern void rebuild_sched_domains(void); extern void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void); /* * read_mems_allowed_begin is required when making decisions involving * mems_allowed such as during page allocation. mems_allowed can be updated in * parallel and depending on the new value an operation can fail potentially * causing process failure. A retry loop with read_mems_allowed_begin and * read_mems_allowed_retry prevents these artificial failures. */ static inline unsigned int read_mems_allowed_begin(void) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_pre_enable_key)) return 0; return read_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq); } /* * If this returns true, the operation that took place after * read_mems_allowed_begin may have failed artificially due to a concurrent * update of mems_allowed. It is up to the caller to retry the operation if * appropriate. */ static inline bool read_mems_allowed_retry(unsigned int seq) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_enabled_key)) return false; return read_seqcount_retry(&current->mems_allowed_seq, seq); } static inline void set_mems_allowed(nodemask_t nodemask) { unsigned long flags; task_lock(current); local_irq_save(flags); write_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq); current->mems_allowed = nodemask; write_seqcount_end(&current->mems_allowed_seq); local_irq_restore(flags); task_unlock(current); } #else /* !CONFIG_CPUSETS */ static inline bool cpusets_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline int cpuset_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void cpuset_init_smp(void) {} static inline void cpuset_force_rebuild(void) { } static inline void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void) { partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL); } static inline void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void) { } static inline void cpuset_read_lock(void) { } static inline void cpuset_read_unlock(void) { } static inline void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, struct cpumask *mask) { cpumask_copy(mask, cpu_possible_mask); } static inline void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *p) { } static inline nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p) { return node_possible_map; } #define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (node_states[N_MEMORY]) static inline void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void) {} static inline int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask) { return 1; } static inline bool cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline bool __cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline bool cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2) { return 1; } static inline void cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void) {} static inline void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task) { } static inline int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_do_page_mem_spread(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_do_slab_mem_spread(void) { return 0; } static inline bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void) { return false; } static inline void rebuild_sched_domains(void) { partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL); } static inline void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void) { } static inline void set_mems_allowed(nodemask_t nodemask) { } static inline unsigned int read_mems_allowed_begin(void) { return 0; } static inline bool read_mems_allowed_retry(unsigned int seq) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_CPUSETS */ #endif /* _LINUX_CPUSET_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Definitions for the 'struct ptr_ring' datastructure. * * Author: * Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> * * Copyright (C) 2016 Red Hat, Inc. * * This is a limited-size FIFO maintaining pointers in FIFO order, with * one CPU producing entries and another consuming entries from a FIFO. * * This implementation tries to minimize cache-contention when there is a * single producer and a single consumer CPU. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PTR_RING_H #define _LINUX_PTR_RING_H 1 #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #endif struct ptr_ring { int producer ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; spinlock_t producer_lock; int consumer_head ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* next valid entry */ int consumer_tail; /* next entry to invalidate */ spinlock_t consumer_lock; /* Shared consumer/producer data */ /* Read-only by both the producer and the consumer */ int size ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* max entries in queue */ int batch; /* number of entries to consume in a batch */ void **queue; }; /* Note: callers invoking this in a loop must use a compiler barrier, * for example cpu_relax(). * * NB: this is unlike __ptr_ring_empty in that callers must hold producer_lock: * see e.g. ptr_ring_full. */ static inline bool __ptr_ring_full(struct ptr_ring *r) { return r->queue[r->producer]; } static inline bool ptr_ring_full(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_full(r); spin_unlock(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_full_irq(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock_irq(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_full(r); spin_unlock_irq(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_full_any(struct ptr_ring *r) { unsigned long flags; bool ret; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->producer_lock, flags); ret = __ptr_ring_full(r); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->producer_lock, flags); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_full_bh(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock_bh(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_full(r); spin_unlock_bh(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } /* Note: callers invoking this in a loop must use a compiler barrier, * for example cpu_relax(). Callers must hold producer_lock. * Callers are responsible for making sure pointer that is being queued * points to a valid data. */ static inline int __ptr_ring_produce(struct ptr_ring *r, void *ptr) { if (unlikely(!r->size) || r->queue[r->producer]) return -ENOSPC; /* Make sure the pointer we are storing points to a valid data. */ /* Pairs with the dependency ordering in __ptr_ring_consume. */ smp_wmb(); WRITE_ONCE(r->queue[r->producer++], ptr); if (unlikely(r->producer >= r->size)) r->producer = 0; return 0; } /* * Note: resize (below) nests producer lock within consumer lock, so if you * consume in interrupt or BH context, you must disable interrupts/BH when * calling this. */ static inline int ptr_ring_produce(struct ptr_ring *r, void *ptr) { int ret; spin_lock(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_produce(r, ptr); spin_unlock(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_produce_irq(struct ptr_ring *r, void *ptr) { int ret; spin_lock_irq(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_produce(r, ptr); spin_unlock_irq(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_produce_any(struct ptr_ring *r, void *ptr) { unsigned long flags; int ret; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->producer_lock, flags); ret = __ptr_ring_produce(r, ptr); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->producer_lock, flags); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_produce_bh(struct ptr_ring *r, void *ptr) { int ret; spin_lock_bh(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_produce(r, ptr); spin_unlock_bh(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } static inline void *__ptr_ring_peek(struct ptr_ring *r) { if (likely(r->size)) return READ_ONCE(r->queue[r->consumer_head]); return NULL; } /* * Test ring empty status without taking any locks. * * NB: This is only safe to call if ring is never resized. * * However, if some other CPU consumes ring entries at the same time, the value * returned is not guaranteed to be correct. * * In this case - to avoid incorrectly detecting the ring * as empty - the CPU consuming the ring entries is responsible * for either consuming all ring entries until the ring is empty, * or synchronizing with some other CPU and causing it to * re-test __ptr_ring_empty and/or consume the ring enteries * after the synchronization point. * * Note: callers invoking this in a loop must use a compiler barrier, * for example cpu_relax(). */ static inline bool __ptr_ring_empty(struct ptr_ring *r) { if (likely(r->size)) return !r->queue[READ_ONCE(r->consumer_head)]; return true; } static inline bool ptr_ring_empty(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_empty(r); spin_unlock(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_empty_irq(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_empty(r); spin_unlock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_empty_any(struct ptr_ring *r) { unsigned long flags; bool ret; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->consumer_lock, flags); ret = __ptr_ring_empty(r); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->consumer_lock, flags); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_empty_bh(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_empty(r); spin_unlock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } /* Must only be called after __ptr_ring_peek returned !NULL */ static inline void __ptr_ring_discard_one(struct ptr_ring *r) { /* Fundamentally, what we want to do is update consumer * index and zero out the entry so producer can reuse it. * Doing it naively at each consume would be as simple as: * consumer = r->consumer; * r->queue[consumer++] = NULL; * if (unlikely(consumer >= r->size)) * consumer = 0; * r->consumer = consumer; * but that is suboptimal when the ring is full as producer is writing * out new entries in the same cache line. Defer these updates until a * batch of entries has been consumed. */ /* Note: we must keep consumer_head valid at all times for __ptr_ring_empty * to work correctly. */ int consumer_head = r->consumer_head; int head = consumer_head++; /* Once we have processed enough entries invalidate them in * the ring all at once so producer can reuse their space in the ring. * We also do this when we reach end of the ring - not mandatory * but helps keep the implementation simple. */ if (unlikely(consumer_head - r->consumer_tail >= r->batch || consumer_head >= r->size)) { /* Zero out entries in the reverse order: this way we touch the * cache line that producer might currently be reading the last; * producer won't make progress and touch other cache lines * besides the first one until we write out all entries. */ while (likely(head >= r->consumer_tail)) r->queue[head--] = NULL; r->consumer_tail = consumer_head; } if (unlikely(consumer_head >= r->size)) { consumer_head = 0; r->consumer_tail = 0; } /* matching READ_ONCE in __ptr_ring_empty for lockless tests */ WRITE_ONCE(r->consumer_head, consumer_head); } static inline void *__ptr_ring_consume(struct ptr_ring *r) { void *ptr; /* The READ_ONCE in __ptr_ring_peek guarantees that anyone * accessing data through the pointer is up to date. Pairs * with smp_wmb in __ptr_ring_produce. */ ptr = __ptr_ring_peek(r); if (ptr) __ptr_ring_discard_one(r); return ptr; } static inline int __ptr_ring_consume_batched(struct ptr_ring *r, void **array, int n) { void *ptr; int i; for (i = 0; i < n; i++) { ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r); if (!ptr) break; array[i] = ptr; } return i; } /* * Note: resize (below) nests producer lock within consumer lock, so if you * call this in interrupt or BH context, you must disable interrupts/BH when * producing. */ static inline void *ptr_ring_consume(struct ptr_ring *r) { void *ptr; spin_lock(&r->consumer_lock); ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r); spin_unlock(&r->consumer_lock); return ptr; } static inline void *ptr_ring_consume_irq(struct ptr_ring *r) { void *ptr; spin_lock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r); spin_unlock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); return ptr; } static inline void *ptr_ring_consume_any(struct ptr_ring *r) { unsigned long flags; void *ptr; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->consumer_lock, flags); ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->consumer_lock, flags); return ptr; } static inline void *ptr_ring_consume_bh(struct ptr_ring *r) { void *ptr; spin_lock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r); spin_unlock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); return ptr; } static inline int ptr_ring_consume_batched(struct ptr_ring *r, void **array, int n) { int ret; spin_lock(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_consume_batched(r, array, n); spin_unlock(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_consume_batched_irq(struct ptr_ring *r, void **array, int n) { int ret; spin_lock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_consume_batched(r, array, n); spin_unlock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_consume_batched_any(struct ptr_ring *r, void **array, int n) { unsigned long flags; int ret; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->consumer_lock, flags); ret = __ptr_ring_consume_batched(r, array, n); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->consumer_lock, flags); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_consume_batched_bh(struct ptr_ring *r, void **array, int n) { int ret; spin_lock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_consume_batched(r, array, n); spin_unlock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } /* Cast to structure type and call a function without discarding from FIFO. * Function must return a value. * Callers must take consumer_lock. */ #define __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f) ((f)(__ptr_ring_peek(r))) #define PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f) ({ \ typeof((f)(NULL)) __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ \ spin_lock(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v = __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f); \ spin_unlock(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ }) #define PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_IRQ(r, f) ({ \ typeof((f)(NULL)) __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ \ spin_lock_irq(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v = __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f); \ spin_unlock_irq(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ }) #define PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_BH(r, f) ({ \ typeof((f)(NULL)) __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ \ spin_lock_bh(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v = __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f); \ spin_unlock_bh(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ }) #define PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_ANY(r, f) ({ \ typeof((f)(NULL)) __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ unsigned long __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_f;\ \ spin_lock_irqsave(&(r)->consumer_lock, __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_f); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v = __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f); \ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&(r)->consumer_lock, __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_f); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ }) /* Not all gfp_t flags (besides GFP_KERNEL) are allowed. See * documentation for vmalloc for which of them are legal. */ static inline void **__ptr_ring_init_queue_alloc(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp) { if (size > KMALLOC_MAX_SIZE / sizeof(void *)) return NULL; return kvmalloc_array(size, sizeof(void *), gfp | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void __ptr_ring_set_size(struct ptr_ring *r, int size) { r->size = size; r->batch = SMP_CACHE_BYTES * 2 / sizeof(*(r->queue)); /* We need to set batch at least to 1 to make logic * in __ptr_ring_discard_one work correctly. * Batching too much (because ring is small) would cause a lot of * burstiness. Needs tuning, for now disable batching. */ if (r->batch > r->size / 2 || !r->batch) r->batch = 1; } static inline int ptr_ring_init(struct ptr_ring *r, int size, gfp_t gfp) { r->queue = __ptr_ring_init_queue_alloc(size, gfp); if (!r->queue) return -ENOMEM; __ptr_ring_set_size(r, size); r->producer = r->consumer_head = r->consumer_tail = 0; spin_lock_init(&r->producer_lock); spin_lock_init(&r->consumer_lock); return 0; } /* * Return entries into ring. Destroy entries that don't fit. * * Note: this is expected to be a rare slow path operation. * * Note: producer lock is nested within consumer lock, so if you * resize you must make sure all uses nest correctly. * In particular if you consume ring in interrupt or BH context, you must * disable interrupts/BH when doing so. */ static inline void ptr_ring_unconsume(struct ptr_ring *r, void **batch, int n, void (*destroy)(void *)) { unsigned long flags; int head; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->consumer_lock, flags); spin_lock(&r->producer_lock); if (!r->size) goto done; /* * Clean out buffered entries (for simplicity). This way following code * can test entries for NULL and if not assume they are valid. */ head = r->consumer_head - 1; while (likely(head >= r->consumer_tail)) r->queue[head--] = NULL; r->consumer_tail = r->consumer_head; /* * Go over entries in batch, start moving head back and copy entries. * Stop when we run into previously unconsumed entries. */ while (n) { head = r->consumer_head - 1; if (head < 0) head = r->size - 1; if (r->queue[head]) { /* This batch entry will have to be destroyed. */ goto done; } r->queue[head] = batch[--n]; r->consumer_tail = head; /* matching READ_ONCE in __ptr_ring_empty for lockless tests */ WRITE_ONCE(r->consumer_head, head); } done: /* Destroy all entries left in the batch. */ while (n) destroy(batch[--n]); spin_unlock(&r->producer_lock); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->consumer_lock, flags); } static inline void **__ptr_ring_swap_queue(struct ptr_ring *r, void **queue, int size, gfp_t gfp, void (*destroy)(void *)) { int producer = 0; void **old; void *ptr; while ((ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r))) if (producer < size) queue[producer++] = ptr; else if (destroy) destroy(ptr); if (producer >= size) producer = 0; __ptr_ring_set_size(r, size); r->producer = producer; r->consumer_head = 0; r->consumer_tail = 0; old = r->queue; r->queue = queue; return old; } /* * Note: producer lock is nested within consumer lock, so if you * resize you must make sure all uses nest correctly. * In particular if you consume ring in interrupt or BH context, you must * disable interrupts/BH when doing so. */ static inline int ptr_ring_resize(struct ptr_ring *r, int size, gfp_t gfp, void (*destroy)(void *)) { unsigned long flags; void **queue = __ptr_ring_init_queue_alloc(size, gfp); void **old; if (!queue) return -ENOMEM; spin_lock_irqsave(&(r)->consumer_lock, flags); spin_lock(&(r)->producer_lock); old = __ptr_ring_swap_queue(r, queue, size, gfp, destroy); spin_unlock(&(r)->producer_lock); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&(r)->consumer_lock, flags); kvfree(old); return 0; } /* * Note: producer lock is nested within consumer lock, so if you * resize you must make sure all uses nest correctly. * In particular if you consume ring in interrupt or BH context, you must * disable interrupts/BH when doing so. */ static inline int ptr_ring_resize_multiple(struct ptr_ring **rings, unsigned int nrings, int size, gfp_t gfp, void (*destroy)(void *)) { unsigned long flags; void ***queues; int i; queues = kmalloc_array(nrings, sizeof(*queues), gfp); if (!queues) goto noqueues; for (i = 0; i < nrings; ++i) { queues[i] = __ptr_ring_init_queue_alloc(size, gfp); if (!queues[i]) goto nomem; } for (i = 0; i < nrings; ++i) { spin_lock_irqsave(&(rings[i])->consumer_lock, flags); spin_lock(&(rings[i])->producer_lock); queues[i] = __ptr_ring_swap_queue(rings[i], queues[i], size, gfp, destroy); spin_unlock(&(rings[i])->producer_lock); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&(rings[i])->consumer_lock, flags); } for (i = 0; i < nrings; ++i) kvfree(queues[i]); kfree(queues); return 0; nomem: while (--i >= 0) kvfree(queues[i]); kfree(queues); noqueues: return -ENOMEM; } static inline void ptr_ring_cleanup(struct ptr_ring *r, void (*destroy)(void *)) { void *ptr; if (destroy) while ((ptr = ptr_ring_consume(r))) destroy(ptr); kvfree(r->queue); } #endif /* _LINUX_PTR_RING_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_BITMAP_H #define __LINUX_BITMAP_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> /* * bitmaps provide bit arrays that consume one or more unsigned * longs. The bitmap interface and available operations are listed * here, in bitmap.h * * Function implementations generic to all architectures are in * lib/bitmap.c. Functions implementations that are architecture * specific are in various include/asm-<arch>/bitops.h headers * and other arch/<arch> specific files. * * See lib/bitmap.c for more details. */ /** * DOC: bitmap overview * * The available bitmap operations and their rough meaning in the * case that the bitmap is a single unsigned long are thus: * * The generated code is more efficient when nbits is known at * compile-time and at most BITS_PER_LONG. * * :: * * bitmap_zero(dst, nbits) *dst = 0UL * bitmap_fill(dst, nbits) *dst = ~0UL * bitmap_copy(dst, src, nbits) *dst = *src * bitmap_and(dst, src1, src2, nbits) *dst = *src1 & *src2 * bitmap_or(dst, src1, src2, nbits) *dst = *src1 | *src2 * bitmap_xor(dst, src1, src2, nbits) *dst = *src1 ^ *src2 * bitmap_andnot(dst, src1, src2, nbits) *dst = *src1 & ~(*src2) * bitmap_complement(dst, src, nbits) *dst = ~(*src) * bitmap_equal(src1, src2, nbits) Are *src1 and *src2 equal? * bitmap_intersects(src1, src2, nbits) Do *src1 and *src2 overlap? * bitmap_subset(src1, src2, nbits) Is *src1 a subset of *src2? * bitmap_empty(src, nbits) Are all bits zero in *src? * bitmap_full(src, nbits) Are all bits set in *src? * bitmap_weight(src, nbits) Hamming Weight: number set bits * bitmap_set(dst, pos, nbits) Set specified bit area * bitmap_clear(dst, pos, nbits) Clear specified bit area * bitmap_find_next_zero_area(buf, len, pos, n, mask) Find bit free area * bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off(buf, len, pos, n, mask, mask_off) as above * bitmap_next_clear_region(map, &start, &end, nbits) Find next clear region * bitmap_next_set_region(map, &start, &end, nbits) Find next set region * bitmap_for_each_clear_region(map, rs, re, start, end) * Iterate over all clear regions * bitmap_for_each_set_region(map, rs, re, start, end) * Iterate over all set regions * bitmap_shift_right(dst, src, n, nbits) *dst = *src >> n * bitmap_shift_left(dst, src, n, nbits) *dst = *src << n * bitmap_cut(dst, src, first, n, nbits) Cut n bits from first, copy rest * bitmap_replace(dst, old, new, mask, nbits) *dst = (*old & ~(*mask)) | (*new & *mask) * bitmap_remap(dst, src, old, new, nbits) *dst = map(old, new)(src) * bitmap_bitremap(oldbit, old, new, nbits) newbit = map(old, new)(oldbit) * bitmap_onto(dst, orig, relmap, nbits) *dst = orig relative to relmap * bitmap_fold(dst, orig, sz, nbits) dst bits = orig bits mod sz * bitmap_parse(buf, buflen, dst, nbits) Parse bitmap dst from kernel buf * bitmap_parse_user(ubuf, ulen, dst, nbits) Parse bitmap dst from user buf * bitmap_parselist(buf, dst, nbits) Parse bitmap dst from kernel buf * bitmap_parselist_user(buf, dst, nbits) Parse bitmap dst from user buf * bitmap_find_free_region(bitmap, bits, order) Find and allocate bit region * bitmap_release_region(bitmap, pos, order) Free specified bit region * bitmap_allocate_region(bitmap, pos, order) Allocate specified bit region * bitmap_from_arr32(dst, buf, nbits) Copy nbits from u32[] buf to dst * bitmap_to_arr32(buf, src, nbits) Copy nbits from buf to u32[] dst * bitmap_get_value8(map, start) Get 8bit value from map at start * bitmap_set_value8(map, value, start) Set 8bit value to map at start * * Note, bitmap_zero() and bitmap_fill() operate over the region of * unsigned longs, that is, bits behind bitmap till the unsigned long * boundary will be zeroed or filled as well. Consider to use * bitmap_clear() or bitmap_set() to make explicit zeroing or filling * respectively. */ /** * DOC: bitmap bitops * * Also the following operations in asm/bitops.h apply to bitmaps.:: * * set_bit(bit, addr) *addr |= bit * clear_bit(bit, addr) *addr &= ~bit * change_bit(bit, addr) *addr ^= bit * test_bit(bit, addr) Is bit set in *addr? * test_and_set_bit(bit, addr) Set bit and return old value * test_and_clear_bit(bit, addr) Clear bit and return old value * test_and_change_bit(bit, addr) Change bit and return old value * find_first_zero_bit(addr, nbits) Position first zero bit in *addr * find_first_bit(addr, nbits) Position first set bit in *addr * find_next_zero_bit(addr, nbits, bit) * Position next zero bit in *addr >= bit * find_next_bit(addr, nbits, bit) Position next set bit in *addr >= bit * find_next_and_bit(addr1, addr2, nbits, bit) * Same as find_next_bit, but in * (*addr1 & *addr2) * */ /** * DOC: declare bitmap * The DECLARE_BITMAP(name,bits) macro, in linux/types.h, can be used * to declare an array named 'name' of just enough unsigned longs to * contain all bit positions from 0 to 'bits' - 1. */ /* * Allocation and deallocation of bitmap. * Provided in lib/bitmap.c to avoid circular dependency. */ extern unsigned long *bitmap_alloc(unsigned int nbits, gfp_t flags); extern unsigned long *bitmap_zalloc(unsigned int nbits, gfp_t flags); extern void bitmap_free(const unsigned long *bitmap); /* * lib/bitmap.c provides these functions: */ extern int __bitmap_empty(const unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int nbits); extern int __bitmap_full(const unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int nbits); extern int __bitmap_equal(const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int nbits); extern bool __pure __bitmap_or_equal(const unsigned long *src1, const unsigned long *src2, const unsigned long *src3, unsigned int nbits); extern void __bitmap_complement(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int nbits); extern void __bitmap_shift_right(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int shift, unsigned int nbits); extern void __bitmap_shift_left(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int shift, unsigned int nbits); extern void bitmap_cut(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int first, unsigned int cut, unsigned int nbits); extern int __bitmap_and(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int nbits); extern void __bitmap_or(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int nbits); extern void __bitmap_xor(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int nbits); extern int __bitmap_andnot(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int nbits); extern void __bitmap_replace(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *old, const unsigned long *new, const unsigned long *mask, unsigned int nbits); extern int __bitmap_intersects(const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int nbits); extern int __bitmap_subset(const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int nbits); extern int __bitmap_weight(const unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int nbits); extern void __bitmap_set(unsigned long *map, unsigned int start, int len); extern void __bitmap_clear(unsigned long *map, unsigned int start, int len); extern unsigned long bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off(unsigned long *map, unsigned long size, unsigned long start, unsigned int nr, unsigned long align_mask, unsigned long align_offset); /** * bitmap_find_next_zero_area - find a contiguous aligned zero area * @map: The address to base the search on * @size: The bitmap size in bits * @start: The bitnumber to start searching at * @nr: The number of zeroed bits we're looking for * @align_mask: Alignment mask for zero area * * The @align_mask should be one less than a power of 2; the effect is that * the bit offset of all zero areas this function finds is multiples of that * power of 2. A @align_mask of 0 means no alignment is required. */ static inline unsigned long bitmap_find_next_zero_area(unsigned long *map, unsigned long size, unsigned long start, unsigned int nr, unsigned long align_mask) { return bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off(map, size, start, nr, align_mask, 0); } extern int bitmap_parse(const char *buf, unsigned int buflen, unsigned long *dst, int nbits); extern int bitmap_parse_user(const char __user *ubuf, unsigned int ulen, unsigned long *dst, int nbits); extern int bitmap_parselist(const char *buf, unsigned long *maskp, int nmaskbits); extern int bitmap_parselist_user(const char __user *ubuf, unsigned int ulen, unsigned long *dst, int nbits); extern void bitmap_remap(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, const unsigned long *old, const unsigned long *new, unsigned int nbits); extern int bitmap_bitremap(int oldbit, const unsigned long *old, const unsigned long *new, int bits); extern void bitmap_onto(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *orig, const unsigned long *relmap, unsigned int bits); extern void bitmap_fold(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *orig, unsigned int sz, unsigned int nbits); extern int bitmap_find_free_region(unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int bits, int order); extern void bitmap_release_region(unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int pos, int order); extern int bitmap_allocate_region(unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int pos, int order); #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN extern void bitmap_copy_le(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int nbits); #else #define bitmap_copy_le bitmap_copy #endif extern unsigned int bitmap_ord_to_pos(const unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int ord, unsigned int nbits); extern int bitmap_print_to_pagebuf(bool list, char *buf, const unsigned long *maskp, int nmaskbits); #define BITMAP_FIRST_WORD_MASK(start) (~0UL << ((start) & (BITS_PER_LONG - 1))) #define BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits) (~0UL >> (-(nbits) & (BITS_PER_LONG - 1))) /* * The static inlines below do not handle constant nbits==0 correctly, * so make such users (should any ever turn up) call the out-of-line * versions. */ #define small_const_nbits(nbits) \ (__builtin_constant_p(nbits) && (nbits) <= BITS_PER_LONG && (nbits) > 0) static inline void bitmap_zero(unsigned long *dst, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int len = BITS_TO_LONGS(nbits) * sizeof(unsigned long); memset(dst, 0, len); } static inline void bitmap_fill(unsigned long *dst, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int len = BITS_TO_LONGS(nbits) * sizeof(unsigned long); memset(dst, 0xff, len); } static inline void bitmap_copy(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int len = BITS_TO_LONGS(nbits) * sizeof(unsigned long); memcpy(dst, src, len); } /* * Copy bitmap and clear tail bits in last word. */ static inline void bitmap_copy_clear_tail(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_copy(dst, src, nbits); if (nbits % BITS_PER_LONG) dst[nbits / BITS_PER_LONG] &= BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits); } /* * On 32-bit systems bitmaps are represented as u32 arrays internally, and * therefore conversion is not needed when copying data from/to arrays of u32. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 extern void bitmap_from_arr32(unsigned long *bitmap, const u32 *buf, unsigned int nbits); extern void bitmap_to_arr32(u32 *buf, const unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int nbits); #else #define bitmap_from_arr32(bitmap, buf, nbits) \ bitmap_copy_clear_tail((unsigned long *) (bitmap), \ (const unsigned long *) (buf), (nbits)) #define bitmap_to_arr32(buf, bitmap, nbits) \ bitmap_copy_clear_tail((unsigned long *) (buf), \ (const unsigned long *) (bitmap), (nbits)) #endif static inline int bitmap_and(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src1, const unsigned long *src2, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) return (*dst = *src1 & *src2 & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits)) != 0; return __bitmap_and(dst, src1, src2, nbits); } static inline void bitmap_or(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src1, const unsigned long *src2, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) *dst = *src1 | *src2; else __bitmap_or(dst, src1, src2, nbits); } static inline void bitmap_xor(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src1, const unsigned long *src2, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) *dst = *src1 ^ *src2; else __bitmap_xor(dst, src1, src2, nbits); } static inline int bitmap_andnot(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src1, const unsigned long *src2, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) return (*dst = *src1 & ~(*src2) & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits)) != 0; return __bitmap_andnot(dst, src1, src2, nbits); } static inline void bitmap_complement(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) *dst = ~(*src); else __bitmap_complement(dst, src, nbits); } #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN #define BITMAP_MEM_ALIGNMENT 8 #else #define BITMAP_MEM_ALIGNMENT (8 * sizeof(unsigned long)) #endif #define BITMAP_MEM_MASK (BITMAP_MEM_ALIGNMENT - 1) static inline int bitmap_equal(const unsigned long *src1, const unsigned long *src2, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) return !((*src1 ^ *src2) & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits)); if (__builtin_constant_p(nbits & BITMAP_MEM_MASK) && IS_ALIGNED(nbits, BITMAP_MEM_ALIGNMENT)) return !memcmp(src1, src2, nbits / 8); return __bitmap_equal(src1, src2, nbits); } /** * bitmap_or_equal - Check whether the or of two bitmaps is equal to a third * @src1: Pointer to bitmap 1 * @src2: Pointer to bitmap 2 will be or'ed with bitmap 1 * @src3: Pointer to bitmap 3. Compare to the result of *@src1 | *@src2 * @nbits: number of bits in each of these bitmaps * * Returns: True if (*@src1 | *@src2) == *@src3, false otherwise */ static inline bool bitmap_or_equal(const unsigned long *src1, const unsigned long *src2, const unsigned long *src3, unsigned int nbits) { if (!small_const_nbits(nbits)) return __bitmap_or_equal(src1, src2, src3, nbits); return !(((*src1 | *src2) ^ *src3) & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits)); } static inline int bitmap_intersects(const unsigned long *src1, const unsigned long *src2, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) return ((*src1 & *src2) & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits)) != 0; else return __bitmap_intersects(src1, src2, nbits); } static inline int bitmap_subset(const unsigned long *src1, const unsigned long *src2, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) return ! ((*src1 & ~(*src2)) & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits)); else return __bitmap_subset(src1, src2, nbits); } static inline int bitmap_empty(const unsigned long *src, unsigned nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) return ! (*src & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits)); return find_first_bit(src, nbits) == nbits; } static inline int bitmap_full(const unsigned long *src, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) return ! (~(*src) & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits)); return find_first_zero_bit(src, nbits) == nbits; } static __always_inline int bitmap_weight(const unsigned long *src, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) return hweight_long(*src & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits)); return __bitmap_weight(src, nbits); } static __always_inline void bitmap_set(unsigned long *map, unsigned int start, unsigned int nbits) { if (__builtin_constant_p(nbits) && nbits == 1) __set_bit(start, map); else if (__builtin_constant_p(start & BITMAP_MEM_MASK) && IS_ALIGNED(start, BITMAP_MEM_ALIGNMENT) && __builtin_constant_p(nbits & BITMAP_MEM_MASK) && IS_ALIGNED(nbits, BITMAP_MEM_ALIGNMENT)) memset((char *)map + start / 8, 0xff, nbits / 8); else __bitmap_set(map, start, nbits); } static __always_inline void bitmap_clear(unsigned long *map, unsigned int start, unsigned int nbits) { if (__builtin_constant_p(nbits) && nbits == 1) __clear_bit(start, map); else if (__builtin_constant_p(start & BITMAP_MEM_MASK) && IS_ALIGNED(start, BITMAP_MEM_ALIGNMENT) && __builtin_constant_p(nbits & BITMAP_MEM_MASK) && IS_ALIGNED(nbits, BITMAP_MEM_ALIGNMENT)) memset((char *)map + start / 8, 0, nbits / 8); else __bitmap_clear(map, start, nbits); } static inline void bitmap_shift_right(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int shift, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) *dst = (*src & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits)) >> shift; else __bitmap_shift_right(dst, src, shift, nbits); } static inline void bitmap_shift_left(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int shift, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) *dst = (*src << shift) & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits); else __bitmap_shift_left(dst, src, shift, nbits); } static inline void bitmap_replace(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *old, const unsigned long *new, const unsigned long *mask, unsigned int nbits) { if (small_const_nbits(nbits)) *dst = (*old & ~(*mask)) | (*new & *mask); else __bitmap_replace(dst, old, new, mask, nbits); } static inline void bitmap_next_clear_region(unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int *rs, unsigned int *re, unsigned int end) { *rs = find_next_zero_bit(bitmap, end, *rs); *re = find_next_bit(bitmap, end, *rs + 1); } static inline void bitmap_next_set_region(unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int *rs, unsigned int *re, unsigned int end) { *rs = find_next_bit(bitmap, end, *rs); *re = find_next_zero_bit(bitmap, end, *rs + 1); } /* * Bitmap region iterators. Iterates over the bitmap between [@start, @end). * @rs and @re should be integer variables and will be set to start and end * index of the current clear or set region. */ #define bitmap_for_each_clear_region(bitmap, rs, re, start, end) \ for ((rs) = (start), \ bitmap_next_clear_region((bitmap), &(rs), &(re), (end)); \ (rs) < (re); \ (rs) = (re) + 1, \ bitmap_next_clear_region((bitmap), &(rs), &(re), (end))) #define bitmap_for_each_set_region(bitmap, rs, re, start, end) \ for ((rs) = (start), \ bitmap_next_set_region((bitmap), &(rs), &(re), (end)); \ (rs) < (re); \ (rs) = (re) + 1, \ bitmap_next_set_region((bitmap), &(rs), &(re), (end))) /** * BITMAP_FROM_U64() - Represent u64 value in the format suitable for bitmap. * @n: u64 value * * Linux bitmaps are internally arrays of unsigned longs, i.e. 32-bit * integers in 32-bit environment, and 64-bit integers in 64-bit one. * * There are four combinations of endianness and length of the word in linux * ABIs: LE64, BE64, LE32 and BE32. * * On 64-bit kernels 64-bit LE and BE numbers are naturally ordered in * bitmaps and therefore don't require any special handling. * * On 32-bit kernels 32-bit LE ABI orders lo word of 64-bit number in memory * prior to hi, and 32-bit BE orders hi word prior to lo. The bitmap on the * other hand is represented as an array of 32-bit words and the position of * bit N may therefore be calculated as: word #(N/32) and bit #(N%32) in that * word. For example, bit #42 is located at 10th position of 2nd word. * It matches 32-bit LE ABI, and we can simply let the compiler store 64-bit * values in memory as it usually does. But for BE we need to swap hi and lo * words manually. * * With all that, the macro BITMAP_FROM_U64() does explicit reordering of hi and * lo parts of u64. For LE32 it does nothing, and for BE environment it swaps * hi and lo words, as is expected by bitmap. */ #if __BITS_PER_LONG == 64 #define BITMAP_FROM_U64(n) (n) #else #define BITMAP_FROM_U64(n) ((unsigned long) ((u64)(n) & ULONG_MAX)), \ ((unsigned long) ((u64)(n) >> 32)) #endif /** * bitmap_from_u64 - Check and swap words within u64. * @mask: source bitmap * @dst: destination bitmap * * In 32-bit Big Endian kernel, when using ``(u32 *)(&val)[*]`` * to read u64 mask, we will get the wrong word. * That is ``(u32 *)(&val)[0]`` gets the upper 32 bits, * but we expect the lower 32-bits of u64. */ static inline void bitmap_from_u64(unsigned long *dst, u64 mask) { dst[0] = mask & ULONG_MAX; if (sizeof(mask) > sizeof(unsigned long)) dst[1] = mask >> 32; } /** * bitmap_get_value8 - get an 8-bit value within a memory region * @map: address to the bitmap memory region * @start: bit offset of the 8-bit value; must be a multiple of 8 * * Returns the 8-bit value located at the @start bit offset within the @src * memory region. */ static inline unsigned long bitmap_get_value8(const unsigned long *map, unsigned long start) { const size_t index = BIT_WORD(start); const unsigned long offset = start % BITS_PER_LONG; return (map[index] >> offset) & 0xFF; } /** * bitmap_set_value8 - set an 8-bit value within a memory region * @map: address to the bitmap memory region * @value: the 8-bit value; values wider than 8 bits may clobber bitmap * @start: bit offset of the 8-bit value; must be a multiple of 8 */ static inline void bitmap_set_value8(unsigned long *map, unsigned long value, unsigned long start) { const size_t index = BIT_WORD(start); const unsigned long offset = start % BITS_PER_LONG; map[index] &= ~(0xFFUL << offset); map[index] |= value << offset; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __LINUX_BITMAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * NetLabel System * * The NetLabel system manages static and dynamic label mappings for network * protocols such as CIPSO and RIPSO. * * Author: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com> */ /* * (c) Copyright Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P., 2006, 2008 */ #ifndef _NETLABEL_H #define _NETLABEL_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <net/netlink.h> #include <net/request_sock.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> struct cipso_v4_doi; struct calipso_doi; /* * NetLabel - A management interface for maintaining network packet label * mapping tables for explicit packet labling protocols. * * Network protocols such as CIPSO and RIPSO require a label translation layer * to convert the label on the packet into something meaningful on the host * machine. In the current Linux implementation these mapping tables live * inside the kernel; NetLabel provides a mechanism for user space applications * to manage these mapping tables. * * NetLabel makes use of the Generic NETLINK mechanism as a transport layer to * send messages between kernel and user space. The general format of a * NetLabel message is shown below: * * +-----------------+-------------------+--------- --- -- - * | struct nlmsghdr | struct genlmsghdr | payload * +-----------------+-------------------+--------- --- -- - * * The 'nlmsghdr' and 'genlmsghdr' structs should be dealt with like normal. * The payload is dependent on the subsystem specified in the * 'nlmsghdr->nlmsg_type' and should be defined below, supporting functions * should be defined in the corresponding net/netlabel/netlabel_<subsys>.h|c * file. All of the fields in the NetLabel payload are NETLINK attributes, see * the include/net/netlink.h file for more information on NETLINK attributes. * */ /* * NetLabel NETLINK protocol */ /* NetLabel NETLINK protocol version * 1: initial version * 2: added static labels for unlabeled connections * 3: network selectors added to the NetLabel/LSM domain mapping and the * CIPSO_V4_MAP_LOCAL CIPSO mapping was added */ #define NETLBL_PROTO_VERSION 3 /* NetLabel NETLINK types/families */ #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_NONE 0 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_MGMT 1 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_MGMT_NAME "NLBL_MGMT" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_RIPSO 2 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_RIPSO_NAME "NLBL_RIPSO" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CIPSOV4 3 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CIPSOV4_NAME "NLBL_CIPSOv4" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CIPSOV6 4 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CIPSOV6_NAME "NLBL_CIPSOv6" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_UNLABELED 5 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_UNLABELED_NAME "NLBL_UNLBL" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_ADDRSELECT 6 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_ADDRSELECT_NAME "NLBL_ADRSEL" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CALIPSO 7 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CALIPSO_NAME "NLBL_CALIPSO" /* * NetLabel - Kernel API for accessing the network packet label mappings. * * The following functions are provided for use by other kernel modules, * specifically kernel LSM modules, to provide a consistent, transparent API * for dealing with explicit packet labeling protocols such as CIPSO and * RIPSO. The functions defined here are implemented in the * net/netlabel/netlabel_kapi.c file. * */ /* NetLabel audit information */ struct netlbl_audit { u32 secid; kuid_t loginuid; unsigned int sessionid; }; /* * LSM security attributes */ /** * struct netlbl_lsm_cache - NetLabel LSM security attribute cache * @refcount: atomic reference counter * @free: LSM supplied function to free the cache data * @data: LSM supplied cache data * * Description: * This structure is provided for LSMs which wish to make use of the NetLabel * caching mechanism to store LSM specific data/attributes in the NetLabel * cache. If the LSM has to perform a lot of translation from the NetLabel * security attributes into it's own internal representation then the cache * mechanism can provide a way to eliminate some or all of that translation * overhead on a cache hit. * */ struct netlbl_lsm_cache { refcount_t refcount; void (*free) (const void *data); void *data; }; /** * struct netlbl_lsm_catmap - NetLabel LSM secattr category bitmap * @startbit: the value of the lowest order bit in the bitmap * @bitmap: the category bitmap * @next: pointer to the next bitmap "node" or NULL * * Description: * This structure is used to represent category bitmaps. Due to the large * number of categories supported by most labeling protocols it is not * practical to transfer a full bitmap internally so NetLabel adopts a sparse * bitmap structure modeled after SELinux's ebitmap structure. * The catmap bitmap field MUST be a power of two in length and large * enough to hold at least 240 bits. Special care (i.e. check the code!) * should be used when changing these values as the LSM implementation * probably has functions which rely on the sizes of these types to speed * processing. * */ #define NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPTYPE u64 #define NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPCNT 4 #define NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPSIZE (sizeof(NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPTYPE) * 8) #define NETLBL_CATMAP_SIZE (NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPSIZE * \ NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPCNT) #define NETLBL_CATMAP_BIT (NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPTYPE)0x01 struct netlbl_lsm_catmap { u32 startbit; NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPTYPE bitmap[NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPCNT]; struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *next; }; /** * struct netlbl_lsm_secattr - NetLabel LSM security attributes * @flags: indicate structure attributes, see NETLBL_SECATTR_* * @type: indicate the NLTYPE of the attributes * @domain: the NetLabel LSM domain * @cache: NetLabel LSM specific cache * @attr.mls: MLS sensitivity label * @attr.mls.cat: MLS category bitmap * @attr.mls.lvl: MLS sensitivity level * @attr.secid: LSM specific secid token * * Description: * This structure is used to pass security attributes between NetLabel and the * LSM modules. The flags field is used to specify which fields within the * struct are valid and valid values can be created by bitwise OR'ing the * NETLBL_SECATTR_* defines. The domain field is typically set by the LSM to * specify domain specific configuration settings and is not usually used by * NetLabel itself when returning security attributes to the LSM. * */ struct netlbl_lsm_secattr { u32 flags; /* bitmap values for 'flags' */ #define NETLBL_SECATTR_NONE 0x00000000 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_DOMAIN 0x00000001 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_DOMAIN_CPY (NETLBL_SECATTR_DOMAIN | \ NETLBL_SECATTR_FREE_DOMAIN) #define NETLBL_SECATTR_CACHE 0x00000002 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_MLS_LVL 0x00000004 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_MLS_CAT 0x00000008 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_SECID 0x00000010 /* bitmap meta-values for 'flags' */ #define NETLBL_SECATTR_FREE_DOMAIN 0x01000000 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_CACHEABLE (NETLBL_SECATTR_MLS_LVL | \ NETLBL_SECATTR_MLS_CAT | \ NETLBL_SECATTR_SECID) u32 type; char *domain; struct netlbl_lsm_cache *cache; struct { struct { struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *cat; u32 lvl; } mls; u32 secid; } attr; }; /** * struct netlbl_calipso_ops - NetLabel CALIPSO operations * @doi_add: add a CALIPSO DOI * @doi_free: free a CALIPSO DOI * @doi_getdef: returns a reference to a DOI * @doi_putdef: releases a reference of a DOI * @doi_walk: enumerate the DOI list * @sock_getattr: retrieve the socket's attr * @sock_setattr: set the socket's attr * @sock_delattr: remove the socket's attr * @req_setattr: set the req socket's attr * @req_delattr: remove the req socket's attr * @opt_getattr: retrieve attr from memory block * @skbuff_optptr: find option in packet * @skbuff_setattr: set the skbuff's attr * @skbuff_delattr: remove the skbuff's attr * @cache_invalidate: invalidate cache * @cache_add: add cache entry * * Description: * This structure is filled out by the CALIPSO engine and passed * to the NetLabel core via a call to netlbl_calipso_ops_register(). * It enables the CALIPSO engine (and hence IPv6) to be compiled * as a module. */ struct netlbl_calipso_ops { int (*doi_add)(struct calipso_doi *doi_def, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); void (*doi_free)(struct calipso_doi *doi_def); int (*doi_remove)(u32 doi, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); struct calipso_doi *(*doi_getdef)(u32 doi); void (*doi_putdef)(struct calipso_doi *doi_def); int (*doi_walk)(u32 *skip_cnt, int (*callback)(struct calipso_doi *doi_def, void *arg), void *cb_arg); int (*sock_getattr)(struct sock *sk, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); int (*sock_setattr)(struct sock *sk, const struct calipso_doi *doi_def, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); void (*sock_delattr)(struct sock *sk); int (*req_setattr)(struct request_sock *req, const struct calipso_doi *doi_def, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); void (*req_delattr)(struct request_sock *req); int (*opt_getattr)(const unsigned char *calipso, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); unsigned char *(*skbuff_optptr)(const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*skbuff_setattr)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct calipso_doi *doi_def, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); int (*skbuff_delattr)(struct sk_buff *skb); void (*cache_invalidate)(void); int (*cache_add)(const unsigned char *calipso_ptr, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); }; /* * LSM security attribute operations (inline) */ /** * netlbl_secattr_cache_alloc - Allocate and initialize a secattr cache * @flags: the memory allocation flags * * Description: * Allocate and initialize a netlbl_lsm_cache structure. Returns a pointer * on success, NULL on failure. * */ static inline struct netlbl_lsm_cache *netlbl_secattr_cache_alloc(gfp_t flags) { struct netlbl_lsm_cache *cache; cache = kzalloc(sizeof(*cache), flags); if (cache) refcount_set(&cache->refcount, 1); return cache; } /** * netlbl_secattr_cache_free - Frees a netlbl_lsm_cache struct * @cache: the struct to free * * Description: * Frees @secattr including all of the internal buffers. * */ static inline void netlbl_secattr_cache_free(struct netlbl_lsm_cache *cache) { if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&cache->refcount)) return; if (cache->free) cache->free(cache->data); kfree(cache); } /** * netlbl_catmap_alloc - Allocate a LSM secattr catmap * @flags: memory allocation flags * * Description: * Allocate memory for a LSM secattr catmap, returns a pointer on success, NULL * on failure. * */ static inline struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *netlbl_catmap_alloc(gfp_t flags) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap), flags); } /** * netlbl_catmap_free - Free a LSM secattr catmap * @catmap: the category bitmap * * Description: * Free a LSM secattr catmap. * */ static inline void netlbl_catmap_free(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap) { struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *iter; while (catmap) { iter = catmap; catmap = catmap->next; kfree(iter); } } /** * netlbl_secattr_init - Initialize a netlbl_lsm_secattr struct * @secattr: the struct to initialize * * Description: * Initialize an already allocated netlbl_lsm_secattr struct. * */ static inline void netlbl_secattr_init(struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { memset(secattr, 0, sizeof(*secattr)); } /** * netlbl_secattr_destroy - Clears a netlbl_lsm_secattr struct * @secattr: the struct to clear * * Description: * Destroys the @secattr struct, including freeing all of the internal buffers. * The struct must be reset with a call to netlbl_secattr_init() before reuse. * */ static inline void netlbl_secattr_destroy(struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { if (secattr->flags & NETLBL_SECATTR_FREE_DOMAIN) kfree(secattr->domain); if (secattr->flags & NETLBL_SECATTR_CACHE) netlbl_secattr_cache_free(secattr->cache); if (secattr->flags & NETLBL_SECATTR_MLS_CAT) netlbl_catmap_free(secattr->attr.mls.cat); } /** * netlbl_secattr_alloc - Allocate and initialize a netlbl_lsm_secattr struct * @flags: the memory allocation flags * * Description: * Allocate and initialize a netlbl_lsm_secattr struct. Returns a valid * pointer on success, or NULL on failure. * */ static inline struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *netlbl_secattr_alloc(gfp_t flags) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct netlbl_lsm_secattr), flags); } /** * netlbl_secattr_free - Frees a netlbl_lsm_secattr struct * @secattr: the struct to free * * Description: * Frees @secattr including all of the internal buffers. * */ static inline void netlbl_secattr_free(struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { netlbl_secattr_destroy(secattr); kfree(secattr); } #ifdef CONFIG_NETLABEL /* * LSM configuration operations */ int netlbl_cfg_map_del(const char *domain, u16 family, const void *addr, const void *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_map_add(const char *domain, u16 family, const void *addr, const void *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_static_add(struct net *net, const char *dev_name, const void *addr, const void *mask, u16 family, u32 secid, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_static_del(struct net *net, const char *dev_name, const void *addr, const void *mask, u16 family, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_add(struct cipso_v4_doi *doi_def, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); void netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_del(u32 doi, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_map_add(u32 doi, const char *domain, const struct in_addr *addr, const struct in_addr *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_calipso_add(struct calipso_doi *doi_def, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); void netlbl_cfg_calipso_del(u32 doi, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_calipso_map_add(u32 doi, const char *domain, const struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); /* * LSM security attribute operations */ int netlbl_catmap_walk(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 offset); int netlbl_catmap_walkrng(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 offset); int netlbl_catmap_getlong(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 *offset, unsigned long *bitmap); int netlbl_catmap_setbit(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 bit, gfp_t flags); int netlbl_catmap_setrng(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 start, u32 end, gfp_t flags); int netlbl_catmap_setlong(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 offset, unsigned long bitmap, gfp_t flags); /* Bitmap functions */ int netlbl_bitmap_walk(const unsigned char *bitmap, u32 bitmap_len, u32 offset, u8 state); void netlbl_bitmap_setbit(unsigned char *bitmap, u32 bit, u8 state); /* * LSM protocol operations (NetLabel LSM/kernel API) */ int netlbl_enabled(void); int netlbl_sock_setattr(struct sock *sk, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); void netlbl_sock_delattr(struct sock *sk); int netlbl_sock_getattr(struct sock *sk, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); int netlbl_conn_setattr(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); int netlbl_req_setattr(struct request_sock *req, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); void netlbl_req_delattr(struct request_sock *req); int netlbl_skbuff_setattr(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); int netlbl_skbuff_getattr(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); void netlbl_skbuff_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, int error, int gateway); /* * LSM label mapping cache operations */ void netlbl_cache_invalidate(void); int netlbl_cache_add(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); /* * Protocol engine operations */ struct audit_buffer *netlbl_audit_start(int type, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); #else static inline int netlbl_cfg_map_del(const char *domain, u16 family, const void *addr, const void *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_map_add(const char *domain, u16 family, void *addr, void *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_static_add(struct net *net, const char *dev_name, const void *addr, const void *mask, u16 family, u32 secid, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_static_del(struct net *net, const char *dev_name, const void *addr, const void *mask, u16 family, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_add(struct cipso_v4_doi *doi_def, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_del(u32 doi, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_map_add(u32 doi, const char *domain, const struct in_addr *addr, const struct in_addr *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_calipso_add(struct calipso_doi *doi_def, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void netlbl_cfg_calipso_del(u32 doi, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_calipso_map_add(u32 doi, const char *domain, const struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_walk(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 offset) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_walkrng(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 offset) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_getlong(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 *offset, unsigned long *bitmap) { return 0; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_setbit(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 bit, gfp_t flags) { return 0; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_setrng(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 start, u32 end, gfp_t flags) { return 0; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_setlong(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 offset, unsigned long bitmap, gfp_t flags) { return 0; } static inline int netlbl_enabled(void) { return 0; } static inline int netlbl_sock_setattr(struct sock *sk, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void netlbl_sock_delattr(struct sock *sk) { } static inline int netlbl_sock_getattr(struct sock *sk, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_conn_setattr(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_req_setattr(struct request_sock *req, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void netlbl_req_delattr(struct request_sock *req) { return; } static inline int netlbl_skbuff_setattr(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_skbuff_getattr(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void netlbl_skbuff_err(struct sk_buff *skb, int error, int gateway) { return; } static inline void netlbl_cache_invalidate(void) { return; } static inline int netlbl_cache_add(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return 0; } static inline struct audit_buffer *netlbl_audit_start(int type, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_NETLABEL */ const struct netlbl_calipso_ops * netlbl_calipso_ops_register(const struct netlbl_calipso_ops *ops); #endif /* _NETLABEL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * kobject.h - generic kernel object infrastructure. * * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Open Source Development Labs * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Novell Inc. * * Please read Documentation/core-api/kobject.rst before using the kobject * interface, ESPECIALLY the parts about reference counts and object * destructors. */ #ifndef _KOBJECT_H_ #define _KOBJECT_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/kobject_ns.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #define UEVENT_HELPER_PATH_LEN 256 #define UEVENT_NUM_ENVP 64 /* number of env pointers */ #define UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE 2048 /* buffer for the variables */ #ifdef CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER /* path to the userspace helper executed on an event */ extern char uevent_helper[]; #endif /* counter to tag the uevent, read only except for the kobject core */ extern u64 uevent_seqnum; /* * The actions here must match the index to the string array * in lib/kobject_uevent.c * * Do not add new actions here without checking with the driver-core * maintainers. Action strings are not meant to express subsystem * or device specific properties. In most cases you want to send a * kobject_uevent_env(kobj, KOBJ_CHANGE, env) with additional event * specific variables added to the event environment. */ enum kobject_action { KOBJ_ADD, KOBJ_REMOVE, KOBJ_CHANGE, KOBJ_MOVE, KOBJ_ONLINE, KOBJ_OFFLINE, KOBJ_BIND, KOBJ_UNBIND, }; struct kobject { const char *name; struct list_head entry; struct kobject *parent; struct kset *kset; struct kobj_type *ktype; struct kernfs_node *sd; /* sysfs directory entry */ struct kref kref; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT_RELEASE struct delayed_work release; #endif unsigned int state_initialized:1; unsigned int state_in_sysfs:1; unsigned int state_add_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int state_remove_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int uevent_suppress:1; }; extern __printf(2, 3) int kobject_set_name(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) int kobject_set_name_vargs(struct kobject *kobj, const char *fmt, va_list vargs); static inline const char *kobject_name(const struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->name; } extern void kobject_init(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype); extern __printf(3, 4) __must_check int kobject_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) __must_check int kobject_init_and_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern void kobject_del(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create(void); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create_and_add(const char *name, struct kobject *parent); extern int __must_check kobject_rename(struct kobject *, const char *new_name); extern int __must_check kobject_move(struct kobject *, struct kobject *); extern struct kobject *kobject_get(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_get_unless_zero( struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_put(struct kobject *kobj); extern const void *kobject_namespace(struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_get_ownership(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); extern char *kobject_get_path(struct kobject *kobj, gfp_t flag); /** * kobject_has_children - Returns whether a kobject has children. * @kobj: the object to test * * This will return whether a kobject has other kobjects as children. * * It does NOT account for the presence of attribute files, only sub * directories. It also assumes there is no concurrent addition or * removal of such children, and thus relies on external locking. */ static inline bool kobject_has_children(struct kobject *kobj) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kref_read(&kobj->kref) == 0); return kobj->sd && kobj->sd->dir.subdirs; } struct kobj_type { void (*release)(struct kobject *kobj); const struct sysfs_ops *sysfs_ops; struct attribute **default_attrs; /* use default_groups instead */ const struct attribute_group **default_groups; const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *(*child_ns_type)(struct kobject *kobj); const void *(*namespace)(struct kobject *kobj); void (*get_ownership)(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); }; struct kobj_uevent_env { char *argv[3]; char *envp[UEVENT_NUM_ENVP]; int envp_idx; char buf[UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE]; int buflen; }; struct kset_uevent_ops { int (* const filter)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); const char *(* const name)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); int (* const uevent)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_uevent_env *env); }; struct kobj_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); }; extern const struct sysfs_ops kobj_sysfs_ops; struct sock; /** * struct kset - a set of kobjects of a specific type, belonging to a specific subsystem. * * A kset defines a group of kobjects. They can be individually * different "types" but overall these kobjects all want to be grouped * together and operated on in the same manner. ksets are used to * define the attribute callbacks and other common events that happen to * a kobject. * * @list: the list of all kobjects for this kset * @list_lock: a lock for iterating over the kobjects * @kobj: the embedded kobject for this kset (recursion, isn't it fun...) * @uevent_ops: the set of uevent operations for this kset. These are * called whenever a kobject has something happen to it so that the kset * can add new environment variables, or filter out the uevents if so * desired. */ struct kset { struct list_head list; spinlock_t list_lock; struct kobject kobj; const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops; } __randomize_layout; extern void kset_init(struct kset *kset); extern int __must_check kset_register(struct kset *kset); extern void kset_unregister(struct kset *kset); extern struct kset * __must_check kset_create_and_add(const char *name, const struct kset_uevent_ops *u, struct kobject *parent_kobj); static inline struct kset *to_kset(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj ? container_of(kobj, struct kset, kobj) : NULL; } static inline struct kset *kset_get(struct kset *k) { return k ? to_kset(kobject_get(&k->kobj)) : NULL; } static inline void kset_put(struct kset *k) { kobject_put(&k->kobj); } static inline struct kobj_type *get_ktype(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->ktype; } extern struct kobject *kset_find_obj(struct kset *, const char *); /* The global /sys/kernel/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *kernel_kobj; /* The global /sys/kernel/mm/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *mm_kobj; /* The global /sys/hypervisor/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *hypervisor_kobj; /* The global /sys/power/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *power_kobj; /* The global /sys/firmware/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *firmware_kobj; int kobject_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action); int kobject_uevent_env(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action, char *envp[]); int kobject_synth_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t count); __printf(2, 3) int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...); #endif /* _KOBJECT_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions of the Internet Protocol. * * Version: @(#)in.h 1.0.1 04/21/93 * * Authors: Original taken from the GNU Project <netinet/in.h> file. * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _LINUX_IN_H #define _LINUX_IN_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <uapi/linux/in.h> static inline int proto_ports_offset(int proto) { switch (proto) { case IPPROTO_TCP: case IPPROTO_UDP: case IPPROTO_DCCP: case IPPROTO_ESP: /* SPI */ case IPPROTO_SCTP: case IPPROTO_UDPLITE: return 0; case IPPROTO_AH: /* SPI */ return 4; default: return -EINVAL; } } static inline bool ipv4_is_loopback(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xff000000)) == htonl(0x7f000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_multicast(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xf0000000)) == htonl(0xe0000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_local_multicast(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xe0000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_lbcast(__be32 addr) { /* limited broadcast */ return addr == htonl(INADDR_BROADCAST); } static inline bool ipv4_is_all_snoopers(__be32 addr) { return addr == htonl(INADDR_ALLSNOOPERS_GROUP); } static inline bool ipv4_is_zeronet(__be32 addr) { return (addr == 0); } /* Special-Use IPv4 Addresses (RFC3330) */ static inline bool ipv4_is_private_10(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xff000000)) == htonl(0x0a000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_private_172(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xfff00000)) == htonl(0xac100000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_private_192(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffff0000)) == htonl(0xc0a80000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_linklocal_169(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffff0000)) == htonl(0xa9fe0000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_anycast_6to4(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xc0586300); } static inline bool ipv4_is_test_192(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xc0000200); } static inline bool ipv4_is_test_198(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xfffe0000)) == htonl(0xc6120000); } #endif /* _LINUX_IN_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TIMENS_H #define _LINUX_TIMENS_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/err.h> struct user_namespace; extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; struct timens_offsets { struct timespec64 monotonic; struct timespec64 boottime; }; struct time_namespace { struct kref kref; struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; struct ns_common ns; struct timens_offsets offsets; struct page *vvar_page; /* If set prevents changing offsets after any task joined namespace. */ bool frozen_offsets; } __randomize_layout; extern struct time_namespace init_time_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_TIME_NS extern int vdso_join_timens(struct task_struct *task, struct time_namespace *ns); extern void timens_commit(struct task_struct *tsk, struct time_namespace *ns); static inline struct time_namespace *get_time_ns(struct time_namespace *ns) { kref_get(&ns->kref); return ns; } struct time_namespace *copy_time_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct time_namespace *old_ns); void free_time_ns(struct kref *kref); int timens_on_fork(struct nsproxy *nsproxy, struct task_struct *tsk); struct vdso_data *arch_get_vdso_data(void *vvar_page); static inline void put_time_ns(struct time_namespace *ns) { kref_put(&ns->kref, free_time_ns); } void proc_timens_show_offsets(struct task_struct *p, struct seq_file *m); struct proc_timens_offset { int clockid; struct timespec64 val; }; int proc_timens_set_offset(struct file *file, struct task_struct *p, struct proc_timens_offset *offsets, int n); static inline void timens_add_monotonic(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timens_offsets *ns_offsets = &current->nsproxy->time_ns->offsets; *ts = timespec64_add(*ts, ns_offsets->monotonic); } static inline void timens_add_boottime(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timens_offsets *ns_offsets = &current->nsproxy->time_ns->offsets; *ts = timespec64_add(*ts, ns_offsets->boottime); } ktime_t do_timens_ktime_to_host(clockid_t clockid, ktime_t tim, struct timens_offsets *offsets); static inline ktime_t timens_ktime_to_host(clockid_t clockid, ktime_t tim) { struct time_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->time_ns; if (likely(ns == &init_time_ns)) return tim; return do_timens_ktime_to_host(clockid, tim, &ns->offsets); } #else static inline int vdso_join_timens(struct task_struct *task, struct time_namespace *ns) { return 0; } static inline void timens_commit(struct task_struct *tsk, struct time_namespace *ns) { } static inline struct time_namespace *get_time_ns(struct time_namespace *ns) { return NULL; } static inline void put_time_ns(struct time_namespace *ns) { } static inline struct time_namespace *copy_time_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct time_namespace *old_ns) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWTIME) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return old_ns; } static inline int timens_on_fork(struct nsproxy *nsproxy, struct task_struct *tsk) { return 0; } static inline void timens_add_monotonic(struct timespec64 *ts) { } static inline void timens_add_boottime(struct timespec64 *ts) { } static inline ktime_t timens_ktime_to_host(clockid_t clockid, ktime_t tim) { return tim; } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_TIMENS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 /* * include/linux/ktime.h * * ktime_t - nanosecond-resolution time format. * * Copyright(C) 2005, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright(C) 2005, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * * data type definitions, declarations, prototypes and macros. * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar * * Credits: * * Roman Zippel provided the ideas and primary code snippets of * the ktime_t union and further simplifications of the original * code. * * For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING */ #ifndef _LINUX_KTIME_H #define _LINUX_KTIME_H #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <asm/bug.h> /* Nanosecond scalar representation for kernel time values */ typedef s64 ktime_t; /** * ktime_set - Set a ktime_t variable from a seconds/nanoseconds value * @secs: seconds to set * @nsecs: nanoseconds to set * * Return: The ktime_t representation of the value. */ static inline ktime_t ktime_set(const s64 secs, const unsigned long nsecs) { if (unlikely(secs >= KTIME_SEC_MAX)) return KTIME_MAX; return secs * NSEC_PER_SEC + (s64)nsecs; } /* Subtract two ktime_t variables. rem = lhs -rhs: */ #define ktime_sub(lhs, rhs) ((lhs) - (rhs)) /* Add two ktime_t variables. res = lhs + rhs: */ #define ktime_add(lhs, rhs) ((lhs) + (rhs)) /* * Same as ktime_add(), but avoids undefined behaviour on overflow; however, * this means that you must check the result for overflow yourself. */ #define ktime_add_unsafe(lhs, rhs) ((u64) (lhs) + (rhs)) /* * Add a ktime_t variable and a scalar nanosecond value. * res = kt + nsval: */ #define ktime_add_ns(kt, nsval) ((kt) + (nsval)) /* * Subtract a scalar nanosecod from a ktime_t variable * res = kt - nsval: */ #define ktime_sub_ns(kt, nsval) ((kt) - (nsval)) /* convert a timespec64 to ktime_t format: */ static inline ktime_t timespec64_to_ktime(struct timespec64 ts) { return ktime_set(ts.tv_sec, ts.tv_nsec); } /* Map the ktime_t to timespec conversion to ns_to_timespec function */ #define ktime_to_timespec64(kt) ns_to_timespec64((kt)) /* Convert ktime_t to nanoseconds */ static inline s64 ktime_to_ns(const ktime_t kt) { return kt; } /** * ktime_compare - Compares two ktime_t variables for less, greater or equal * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: ... * cmp1 < cmp2: return <0 * cmp1 == cmp2: return 0 * cmp1 > cmp2: return >0 */ static inline int ktime_compare(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { if (cmp1 < cmp2) return -1; if (cmp1 > cmp2) return 1; return 0; } /** * ktime_after - Compare if a ktime_t value is bigger than another one. * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: true if cmp1 happened after cmp2. */ static inline bool ktime_after(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { return ktime_compare(cmp1, cmp2) > 0; } /** * ktime_before - Compare if a ktime_t value is smaller than another one. * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: true if cmp1 happened before cmp2. */ static inline bool ktime_before(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { return ktime_compare(cmp1, cmp2) < 0; } #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 extern s64 __ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div); static inline s64 ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div) { /* * Negative divisors could cause an inf loop, * so bug out here. */ BUG_ON(div < 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(div) && !(div >> 32)) { s64 ns = kt; u64 tmp = ns < 0 ? -ns : ns; do_div(tmp, div); return ns < 0 ? -tmp : tmp; } else { return __ktime_divns(kt, div); } } #else /* BITS_PER_LONG < 64 */ static inline s64 ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div) { /* * 32-bit implementation cannot handle negative divisors, * so catch them on 64bit as well. */ WARN_ON(div < 0); return kt / div; } #endif static inline s64 ktime_to_us(const ktime_t kt) { return ktime_divns(kt, NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline s64 ktime_to_ms(const ktime_t kt) { return ktime_divns(kt, NSEC_PER_MSEC); } static inline s64 ktime_us_delta(const ktime_t later, const ktime_t earlier) { return ktime_to_us(ktime_sub(later, earlier)); } static inline s64 ktime_ms_delta(const ktime_t later, const ktime_t earlier) { return ktime_to_ms(ktime_sub(later, earlier)); } static inline ktime_t ktime_add_us(const ktime_t kt, const u64 usec) { return ktime_add_ns(kt, usec * NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_add_ms(const ktime_t kt, const u64 msec) { return ktime_add_ns(kt, msec * NSEC_PER_MSEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_sub_us(const ktime_t kt, const u64 usec) { return ktime_sub_ns(kt, usec * NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_sub_ms(const ktime_t kt, const u64 msec) { return ktime_sub_ns(kt, msec * NSEC_PER_MSEC); } extern ktime_t ktime_add_safe(const ktime_t lhs, const ktime_t rhs); /** * ktime_to_timespec64_cond - convert a ktime_t variable to timespec64 * format only if the variable contains data * @kt: the ktime_t variable to convert * @ts: the timespec variable to store the result in * * Return: %true if there was a successful conversion, %false if kt was 0. */ static inline __must_check bool ktime_to_timespec64_cond(const ktime_t kt, struct timespec64 *ts) { if (kt) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(kt); return true; } else { return false; } } #include <vdso/ktime.h> static inline ktime_t ns_to_ktime(u64 ns) { return ns; } static inline ktime_t ms_to_ktime(u64 ms) { return ms * NSEC_PER_MSEC; } # include <linux/timekeeping.h> # include <linux/timekeeping32.h> #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_VMSTAT_H #define _LINUX_VMSTAT_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/vm_event_item.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> extern int sysctl_stat_interval; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA #define ENABLE_NUMA_STAT 1 #define DISABLE_NUMA_STAT 0 extern int sysctl_vm_numa_stat; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(vm_numa_stat_key); int sysctl_vm_numa_stat_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos); #endif struct reclaim_stat { unsigned nr_dirty; unsigned nr_unqueued_dirty; unsigned nr_congested; unsigned nr_writeback; unsigned nr_immediate; unsigned nr_pageout; unsigned nr_activate[ANON_AND_FILE]; unsigned nr_ref_keep; unsigned nr_unmap_fail; unsigned nr_lazyfree_fail; }; enum writeback_stat_item { NR_DIRTY_THRESHOLD, NR_DIRTY_BG_THRESHOLD, NR_VM_WRITEBACK_STAT_ITEMS, }; #ifdef CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS /* * Light weight per cpu counter implementation. * * Counters should only be incremented and no critical kernel component * should rely on the counter values. * * Counters are handled completely inline. On many platforms the code * generated will simply be the increment of a global address. */ struct vm_event_state { unsigned long event[NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS]; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct vm_event_state, vm_event_states); /* * vm counters are allowed to be racy. Use raw_cpu_ops to avoid the * local_irq_disable overhead. */ static inline void __count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { raw_cpu_inc(vm_event_states.event[item]); } static inline void count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { this_cpu_inc(vm_event_states.event[item]); } static inline void __count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { raw_cpu_add(vm_event_states.event[item], delta); } static inline void count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { this_cpu_add(vm_event_states.event[item], delta); } extern void all_vm_events(unsigned long *); extern void vm_events_fold_cpu(int cpu); #else /* Disable counters */ static inline void count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { } static inline void count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { } static inline void __count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { } static inline void __count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { } static inline void all_vm_events(unsigned long *ret) { } static inline void vm_events_fold_cpu(int cpu) { } #endif /* CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING #define count_vm_numa_event(x) count_vm_event(x) #define count_vm_numa_events(x, y) count_vm_events(x, y) #else #define count_vm_numa_event(x) do {} while (0) #define count_vm_numa_events(x, y) do { (void)(y); } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_TLBFLUSH #define count_vm_tlb_event(x) count_vm_event(x) #define count_vm_tlb_events(x, y) count_vm_events(x, y) #else #define count_vm_tlb_event(x) do {} while (0) #define count_vm_tlb_events(x, y) do { (void)(y); } while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_VMACACHE #define count_vm_vmacache_event(x) count_vm_event(x) #else #define count_vm_vmacache_event(x) do {} while (0) #endif #define __count_zid_vm_events(item, zid, delta) \ __count_vm_events(item##_NORMAL - ZONE_NORMAL + zid, delta) /* * Zone and node-based page accounting with per cpu differentials. */ extern atomic_long_t vm_zone_stat[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS]; extern atomic_long_t vm_numa_stat[NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS]; extern atomic_long_t vm_node_stat[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static inline void zone_numa_state_add(long x, struct zone *zone, enum numa_stat_item item) { atomic_long_add(x, &zone->vm_numa_stat[item]); atomic_long_add(x, &vm_numa_stat[item]); } static inline unsigned long global_numa_state(enum numa_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&vm_numa_stat[item]); return x; } static inline unsigned long zone_numa_state_snapshot(struct zone *zone, enum numa_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_numa_stat[item]); int cpu; for_each_online_cpu(cpu) x += per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu)->vm_numa_stat_diff[item]; return x; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ static inline void zone_page_state_add(long x, struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { atomic_long_add(x, &zone->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_add(x, &vm_zone_stat[item]); } static inline void node_page_state_add(long x, struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item) { atomic_long_add(x, &pgdat->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_add(x, &vm_node_stat[item]); } static inline unsigned long global_zone_page_state(enum zone_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&vm_zone_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } static inline unsigned long global_node_page_state_pages(enum node_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&vm_node_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } static inline unsigned long global_node_page_state(enum node_stat_item item) { VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(vmstat_item_in_bytes(item)); return global_node_page_state_pages(item); } static inline unsigned long zone_page_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } /* * More accurate version that also considers the currently pending * deltas. For that we need to loop over all cpus to find the current * deltas. There is no synchronization so the result cannot be * exactly accurate either. */ static inline unsigned long zone_page_state_snapshot(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int cpu; for_each_online_cpu(cpu) x += per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu)->vm_stat_diff[item]; if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern void __inc_numa_state(struct zone *zone, enum numa_stat_item item); extern unsigned long sum_zone_node_page_state(int node, enum zone_stat_item item); extern unsigned long sum_zone_numa_state(int node, enum numa_stat_item item); extern unsigned long node_page_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item); extern unsigned long node_page_state_pages(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item); #else #define sum_zone_node_page_state(node, item) global_zone_page_state(item) #define node_page_state(node, item) global_node_page_state(item) #define node_page_state_pages(node, item) global_node_page_state_pages(item) #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP void __mod_zone_page_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item item, long); void __inc_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void __dec_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void __mod_node_page_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item item, long); void __inc_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); void __dec_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); void mod_zone_page_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item, long); void inc_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void dec_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void mod_node_page_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item, long); void inc_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); void dec_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); extern void inc_node_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item); extern void __inc_zone_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item); extern void __inc_node_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item); extern void dec_zone_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item); extern void __dec_zone_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item); extern void __dec_node_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item); void quiet_vmstat(void); void cpu_vm_stats_fold(int cpu); void refresh_zone_stat_thresholds(void); struct ctl_table; int vmstat_refresh(struct ctl_table *, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); void drain_zonestat(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pageset *); int calculate_pressure_threshold(struct zone *zone); int calculate_normal_threshold(struct zone *zone); void set_pgdat_percpu_threshold(pg_data_t *pgdat, int (*calculate_pressure)(struct zone *)); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * We do not maintain differentials in a single processor configuration. * The functions directly modify the zone and global counters. */ static inline void __mod_zone_page_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item, long delta) { zone_page_state_add(delta, zone, item); } static inline void __mod_node_page_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item, int delta) { if (vmstat_item_in_bytes(item)) { VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(delta & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); delta >>= PAGE_SHIFT; } node_page_state_add(delta, pgdat, item); } static inline void __inc_zone_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { atomic_long_inc(&zone->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_inc(&vm_zone_stat[item]); } static inline void __inc_node_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item) { atomic_long_inc(&pgdat->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_inc(&vm_node_stat[item]); } static inline void __dec_zone_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { atomic_long_dec(&zone->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_dec(&vm_zone_stat[item]); } static inline void __dec_node_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item) { atomic_long_dec(&pgdat->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_dec(&vm_node_stat[item]); } static inline void __inc_zone_page_state(struct page *page, enum zone_stat_item item) { __inc_zone_state(page_zone(page), item); } static inline void __inc_node_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item item) { __inc_node_state(page_pgdat(page), item); } static inline void __dec_zone_page_state(struct page *page, enum zone_stat_item item) { __dec_zone_state(page_zone(page), item); } static inline void __dec_node_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item item) { __dec_node_state(page_pgdat(page), item); } /* * We only use atomic operations to update counters. So there is no need to * disable interrupts. */ #define inc_zone_page_state __inc_zone_page_state #define dec_zone_page_state __dec_zone_page_state #define mod_zone_page_state __mod_zone_page_state #define inc_node_page_state __inc_node_page_state #define dec_node_page_state __dec_node_page_state #define mod_node_page_state __mod_node_page_state #define inc_zone_state __inc_zone_state #define inc_node_state __inc_node_state #define dec_zone_state __dec_zone_state #define set_pgdat_percpu_threshold(pgdat, callback) { } static inline void refresh_zone_stat_thresholds(void) { } static inline void cpu_vm_stats_fold(int cpu) { } static inline void quiet_vmstat(void) { } static inline void drain_zonestat(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pageset *pset) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline void __mod_zone_freepage_state(struct zone *zone, int nr_pages, int migratetype) { __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES, nr_pages); if (is_migrate_cma(migratetype)) __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_CMA_PAGES, nr_pages); } extern const char * const vmstat_text[]; static inline const char *zone_stat_name(enum zone_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[item]; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static inline const char *numa_stat_name(enum numa_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ static inline const char *node_stat_name(enum node_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } static inline const char *lru_list_name(enum lru_list lru) { return node_stat_name(NR_LRU_BASE + lru) + 3; // skip "nr_" } static inline const char *writeback_stat_name(enum writeback_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } #if defined(CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS) || defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) static inline const char *vm_event_name(enum vm_event_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_WRITEBACK_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } #endif /* CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS || CONFIG_MEMCG */ #endif /* _LINUX_VMSTAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * kernfs.h - pseudo filesystem decoupled from vfs locking */ #ifndef __LINUX_KERNFS_H #define __LINUX_KERNFS_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/wait.h> struct file; struct dentry; struct iattr; struct seq_file; struct vm_area_struct; struct super_block; struct file_system_type; struct poll_table_struct; struct fs_context; struct kernfs_fs_context; struct kernfs_open_node; struct kernfs_iattrs; enum kernfs_node_type { KERNFS_DIR = 0x0001, KERNFS_FILE = 0x0002, KERNFS_LINK = 0x0004, }; #define KERNFS_TYPE_MASK 0x000f #define KERNFS_FLAG_MASK ~KERNFS_TYPE_MASK #define KERNFS_MAX_USER_XATTRS 128 #define KERNFS_USER_XATTR_SIZE_LIMIT (128 << 10) enum kernfs_node_flag { KERNFS_ACTIVATED = 0x0010, KERNFS_NS = 0x0020, KERNFS_HAS_SEQ_SHOW = 0x0040, KERNFS_HAS_MMAP = 0x0080, KERNFS_LOCKDEP = 0x0100, KERNFS_SUICIDAL = 0x0400, KERNFS_SUICIDED = 0x0800, KERNFS_EMPTY_DIR = 0x1000, KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE = 0x2000, }; /* @flags for kernfs_create_root() */ enum kernfs_root_flag { /* * kernfs_nodes are created in the deactivated state and invisible. * They require explicit kernfs_activate() to become visible. This * can be used to make related nodes become visible atomically * after all nodes are created successfully. */ KERNFS_ROOT_CREATE_DEACTIVATED = 0x0001, /* * For regular files, if the opener has CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE, open(2) * succeeds regardless of the RW permissions. sysfs had an extra * layer of enforcement where open(2) fails with -EACCES regardless * of CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE if the permission doesn't have the * respective read or write access at all (none of S_IRUGO or * S_IWUGO) or the respective operation isn't implemented. The * following flag enables that behavior. */ KERNFS_ROOT_EXTRA_OPEN_PERM_CHECK = 0x0002, /* * The filesystem supports exportfs operation, so userspace can use * fhandle to access nodes of the fs. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_EXPORTOP = 0x0004, /* * Support user xattrs to be written to nodes rooted at this root. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_USER_XATTR = 0x0008, }; /* type-specific structures for kernfs_node union members */ struct kernfs_elem_dir { unsigned long subdirs; /* children rbtree starts here and goes through kn->rb */ struct rb_root children; /* * The kernfs hierarchy this directory belongs to. This fits * better directly in kernfs_node but is here to save space. */ struct kernfs_root *root; }; struct kernfs_elem_symlink { struct kernfs_node *target_kn; }; struct kernfs_elem_attr { const struct kernfs_ops *ops; struct kernfs_open_node *open; loff_t size; struct kernfs_node *notify_next; /* for kernfs_notify() */ }; /* * kernfs_node - the building block of kernfs hierarchy. Each and every * kernfs node is represented by single kernfs_node. Most fields are * private to kernfs and shouldn't be accessed directly by kernfs users. * * As long as s_count reference is held, the kernfs_node itself is * accessible. Dereferencing elem or any other outer entity requires * active reference. */ struct kernfs_node { atomic_t count; atomic_t active; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif /* * Use kernfs_get_parent() and kernfs_name/path() instead of * accessing the following two fields directly. If the node is * never moved to a different parent, it is safe to access the * parent directly. */ struct kernfs_node *parent; const char *name; struct rb_node rb; const void *ns; /* namespace tag */ unsigned int hash; /* ns + name hash */ union { struct kernfs_elem_dir dir; struct kernfs_elem_symlink symlink; struct kernfs_elem_attr attr; }; void *priv; /* * 64bit unique ID. On 64bit ino setups, id is the ino. On 32bit, * the low 32bits are ino and upper generation. */ u64 id; unsigned short flags; umode_t mode; struct kernfs_iattrs *iattr; }; /* * kernfs_syscall_ops may be specified on kernfs_create_root() to support * syscalls. These optional callbacks are invoked on the matching syscalls * and can perform any kernfs operations which don't necessarily have to be * the exact operation requested. An active reference is held for each * kernfs_node parameter. */ struct kernfs_syscall_ops { int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_root *root); int (*mkdir)(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode); int (*rmdir)(struct kernfs_node *kn); int (*rename)(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_root *root); }; struct kernfs_root { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; unsigned int flags; /* KERNFS_ROOT_* flags */ /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct idr ino_idr; u32 last_id_lowbits; u32 id_highbits; struct kernfs_syscall_ops *syscall_ops; /* list of kernfs_super_info of this root, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head supers; wait_queue_head_t deactivate_waitq; }; struct kernfs_open_file { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; struct file *file; struct seq_file *seq_file; void *priv; /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct mutex mutex; struct mutex prealloc_mutex; int event; struct list_head list; char *prealloc_buf; size_t atomic_write_len; bool mmapped:1; bool released:1; const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; }; struct kernfs_ops { /* * Optional open/release methods. Both are called with * @of->seq_file populated. */ int (*open)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); void (*release)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); /* * Read is handled by either seq_file or raw_read(). * * If seq_show() is present, seq_file path is active. Other seq * operations are optional and if not implemented, the behavior is * equivalent to single_open(). @sf->private points to the * associated kernfs_open_file. * * read() is bounced through kernel buffer and a read larger than * PAGE_SIZE results in partial operation of PAGE_SIZE. */ int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); void *(*seq_start)(struct seq_file *sf, loff_t *ppos); void *(*seq_next)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v, loff_t *ppos); void (*seq_stop)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); ssize_t (*read)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); /* * write() is bounced through kernel buffer. If atomic_write_len * is not set, a write larger than PAGE_SIZE results in partial * operations of PAGE_SIZE chunks. If atomic_write_len is set, * writes upto the specified size are executed atomically but * larger ones are rejected with -E2BIG. */ size_t atomic_write_len; /* * "prealloc" causes a buffer to be allocated at open for * all read/write requests. As ->seq_show uses seq_read() * which does its own allocation, it is incompatible with * ->prealloc. Provide ->read and ->write with ->prealloc. */ bool prealloc; ssize_t (*write)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); __poll_t (*poll)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); int (*mmap)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lock_class_key lockdep_key; #endif }; /* * The kernfs superblock creation/mount parameter context. */ struct kernfs_fs_context { struct kernfs_root *root; /* Root of the hierarchy being mounted */ void *ns_tag; /* Namespace tag of the mount (or NULL) */ unsigned long magic; /* File system specific magic number */ /* The following are set/used by kernfs_mount() */ bool new_sb_created; /* Set to T if we allocated a new sb */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_KERNFS static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_TYPE_MASK; } static inline ino_t kernfs_id_ino(u64 id) { /* id is ino if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, low 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return id; else return (u32)id; } static inline u32 kernfs_id_gen(u64 id) { /* gen is fixed at 1 if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, high 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return 1; else return id >> 32; } static inline ino_t kernfs_ino(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_ino(kn->id); } static inline ino_t kernfs_gen(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_gen(kn->id); } /** * kernfs_enable_ns - enable namespace under a directory * @kn: directory of interest, should be empty * * This is to be called right after @kn is created to enable namespace * under it. All children of @kn must have non-NULL namespace tags and * only the ones which match the super_block's tag will be visible. */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_DIR); WARN_ON_ONCE(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&kn->dir.children)); kn->flags |= KERNFS_NS; } /** * kernfs_ns_enabled - test whether namespace is enabled * @kn: the node to test * * Test whether namespace filtering is enabled for the children of @ns. */ static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_NS; } int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn); void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns); void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb); struct inode *kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn); struct dentry *kernfs_node_dentry(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct super_block *sb); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv); void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_empty_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name); struct kernfs_node *__kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target); void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_break_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); __poll_t kernfs_generic_poll(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size); int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags); const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb); int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb); void kernfs_init(void); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_node_by_id(struct kernfs_root *root, u64 id); #else /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return 0; } /* whatever */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline struct inode * kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root * kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root) { } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * __kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc) { } static inline void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb) { } static inline void kernfs_init(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ /** * kernfs_path - build full path of a given node * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * @buf: buffer to copy @kn's name into * @buflen: size of @buf * * If @kn is NULL result will be "(null)". * * Returns the length of the full path. If the full length is equal to or * greater than @buflen, @buf contains the truncated path with the trailing * '\0'. On error, -errno is returned. */ static inline int kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return kernfs_path_from_node(kn, NULL, buf, buflen); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name) { return kernfs_find_and_get_ns(kn, name, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *path) { return kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(kn, path, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_dir_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, priv, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns) { struct lock_class_key *key = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC key = (struct lock_class_key *)&ops->lockdep_key; #endif return __kernfs_create_file(parent, name, mode, uid, gid, size, ops, priv, ns, key); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_file_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, size, ops, priv, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name) { return kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(parent, name, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_rename(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name) { return kernfs_rename_ns(kn, new_parent, new_name, NULL); } #endif /* __LINUX_KERNFS_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/file.c * * Copyright (C) 1998-1999, Stephen Tweedie and Bill Hawes * * Manage the dynamic fd arrays in the process files_struct. */ #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/close_range.h> #include <net/sock.h> unsigned int sysctl_nr_open __read_mostly = 1024*1024; unsigned int sysctl_nr_open_min = BITS_PER_LONG; /* our min() is unusable in constant expressions ;-/ */ #define __const_min(x, y) ((x) < (y) ? (x) : (y)) unsigned int sysctl_nr_open_max = __const_min(INT_MAX, ~(size_t)0/sizeof(void *)) & -BITS_PER_LONG; static void __free_fdtable(struct fdtable *fdt) { kvfree(fdt->fd); kvfree(fdt->open_fds); kfree(fdt); } static void free_fdtable_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu) { __free_fdtable(container_of(rcu, struct fdtable, rcu)); } #define BITBIT_NR(nr) BITS_TO_LONGS(BITS_TO_LONGS(nr)) #define BITBIT_SIZE(nr) (BITBIT_NR(nr) * sizeof(long)) /* * Copy 'count' fd bits from the old table to the new table and clear the extra * space if any. This does not copy the file pointers. Called with the files * spinlock held for write. */ static void copy_fd_bitmaps(struct fdtable *nfdt, struct fdtable *ofdt, unsigned int count) { unsigned int cpy, set; cpy = count / BITS_PER_BYTE; set = (nfdt->max_fds - count) / BITS_PER_BYTE; memcpy(nfdt->open_fds, ofdt->open_fds, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->open_fds + cpy, 0, set); memcpy(nfdt->close_on_exec, ofdt->close_on_exec, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->close_on_exec + cpy, 0, set); cpy = BITBIT_SIZE(count); set = BITBIT_SIZE(nfdt->max_fds) - cpy; memcpy(nfdt->full_fds_bits, ofdt->full_fds_bits, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->full_fds_bits + cpy, 0, set); } /* * Copy all file descriptors from the old table to the new, expanded table and * clear the extra space. Called with the files spinlock held for write. */ static void copy_fdtable(struct fdtable *nfdt, struct fdtable *ofdt) { size_t cpy, set; BUG_ON(nfdt->max_fds < ofdt->max_fds); cpy = ofdt->max_fds * sizeof(struct file *); set = (nfdt->max_fds - ofdt->max_fds) * sizeof(struct file *); memcpy(nfdt->fd, ofdt->fd, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->fd + cpy, 0, set); copy_fd_bitmaps(nfdt, ofdt, ofdt->max_fds); } static struct fdtable * alloc_fdtable(unsigned int nr) { struct fdtable *fdt; void *data; /* * Figure out how many fds we actually want to support in this fdtable. * Allocation steps are keyed to the size of the fdarray, since it * grows far faster than any of the other dynamic data. We try to fit * the fdarray into comfortable page-tuned chunks: starting at 1024B * and growing in powers of two from there on. */ nr /= (1024 / sizeof(struct file *)); nr = roundup_pow_of_two(nr + 1); nr *= (1024 / sizeof(struct file *)); /* * Note that this can drive nr *below* what we had passed if sysctl_nr_open * had been set lower between the check in expand_files() and here. Deal * with that in caller, it's cheaper that way. * * We make sure that nr remains a multiple of BITS_PER_LONG - otherwise * bitmaps handling below becomes unpleasant, to put it mildly... */ if (unlikely(nr > sysctl_nr_open)) nr = ((sysctl_nr_open - 1) | (BITS_PER_LONG - 1)) + 1; fdt = kmalloc(sizeof(struct fdtable), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!fdt) goto out; fdt->max_fds = nr; data = kvmalloc_array(nr, sizeof(struct file *), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!data) goto out_fdt; fdt->fd = data; data = kvmalloc(max_t(size_t, 2 * nr / BITS_PER_BYTE + BITBIT_SIZE(nr), L1_CACHE_BYTES), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!data) goto out_arr; fdt->open_fds = data; data += nr / BITS_PER_BYTE; fdt->close_on_exec = data; data += nr / BITS_PER_BYTE; fdt->full_fds_bits = data; return fdt; out_arr: kvfree(fdt->fd); out_fdt: kfree(fdt); out: return NULL; } /* * Expand the file descriptor table. * This function will allocate a new fdtable and both fd array and fdset, of * the given size. * Return <0 error code on error; 1 on successful completion. * The files->file_lock should be held on entry, and will be held on exit. */ static int expand_fdtable(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int nr) __releases(files->file_lock) __acquires(files->file_lock) { struct fdtable *new_fdt, *cur_fdt; spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); new_fdt = alloc_fdtable(nr); /* make sure all __fd_install() have seen resize_in_progress * or have finished their rcu_read_lock_sched() section. */ if (atomic_read(&files->count) > 1) synchronize_rcu(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); if (!new_fdt) return -ENOMEM; /* * extremely unlikely race - sysctl_nr_open decreased between the check in * caller and alloc_fdtable(). Cheaper to catch it here... */ if (unlikely(new_fdt->max_fds <= nr)) { __free_fdtable(new_fdt); return -EMFILE; } cur_fdt = files_fdtable(files); BUG_ON(nr < cur_fdt->max_fds); copy_fdtable(new_fdt, cur_fdt); rcu_assign_pointer(files->fdt, new_fdt); if (cur_fdt != &files->fdtab) call_rcu(&cur_fdt->rcu, free_fdtable_rcu); /* coupled with smp_rmb() in __fd_install() */ smp_wmb(); return 1; } /* * Expand files. * This function will expand the file structures, if the requested size exceeds * the current capacity and there is room for expansion. * Return <0 error code on error; 0 when nothing done; 1 when files were * expanded and execution may have blocked. * The files->file_lock should be held on entry, and will be held on exit. */ static int expand_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int nr) __releases(files->file_lock) __acquires(files->file_lock) { struct fdtable *fdt; int expanded = 0; repeat: fdt = files_fdtable(files); /* Do we need to expand? */ if (nr < fdt->max_fds) return expanded; /* Can we expand? */ if (nr >= sysctl_nr_open) return -EMFILE; if (unlikely(files->resize_in_progress)) { spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); expanded = 1; wait_event(files->resize_wait, !files->resize_in_progress); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); goto repeat; } /* All good, so we try */ files->resize_in_progress = true; expanded = expand_fdtable(files, nr); files->resize_in_progress = false; wake_up_all(&files->resize_wait); return expanded; } static inline void __set_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __set_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline void __clear_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { if (test_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec)) __clear_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline void __set_open_fd(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __set_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); fd /= BITS_PER_LONG; if (!~fdt->open_fds[fd]) __set_bit(fd, fdt->full_fds_bits); } static inline void __clear_open_fd(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __clear_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); __clear_bit(fd / BITS_PER_LONG, fdt->full_fds_bits); } static unsigned int count_open_files(struct fdtable *fdt) { unsigned int size = fdt->max_fds; unsigned int i; /* Find the last open fd */ for (i = size / BITS_PER_LONG; i > 0; ) { if (fdt->open_fds[--i]) break; } i = (i + 1) * BITS_PER_LONG; return i; } static unsigned int sane_fdtable_size(struct fdtable *fdt, unsigned int max_fds) { unsigned int count; count = count_open_files(fdt); if (max_fds < NR_OPEN_DEFAULT) max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT; return min(count, max_fds); } /* * Allocate a new files structure and copy contents from the * passed in files structure. * errorp will be valid only when the returned files_struct is NULL. */ struct files_struct *dup_fd(struct files_struct *oldf, unsigned int max_fds, int *errorp) { struct files_struct *newf; struct file **old_fds, **new_fds; unsigned int open_files, i; struct fdtable *old_fdt, *new_fdt; *errorp = -ENOMEM; newf = kmem_cache_alloc(files_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!newf) goto out; atomic_set(&newf->count, 1); spin_lock_init(&newf->file_lock); newf->resize_in_progress = false; init_waitqueue_head(&newf->resize_wait); newf->next_fd = 0; new_fdt = &newf->fdtab; new_fdt->max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT; new_fdt->close_on_exec = newf->close_on_exec_init; new_fdt->open_fds = newf->open_fds_init; new_fdt->full_fds_bits = newf->full_fds_bits_init; new_fdt->fd = &newf->fd_array[0]; spin_lock(&oldf->file_lock); old_fdt = files_fdtable(oldf); open_files = sane_fdtable_size(old_fdt, max_fds); /* * Check whether we need to allocate a larger fd array and fd set. */ while (unlikely(open_files > new_fdt->max_fds)) { spin_unlock(&oldf->file_lock); if (new_fdt != &newf->fdtab) __free_fdtable(new_fdt); new_fdt = alloc_fdtable(open_files - 1); if (!new_fdt) { *errorp = -ENOMEM; goto out_release; } /* beyond sysctl_nr_open; nothing to do */ if (unlikely(new_fdt->max_fds < open_files)) { __free_fdtable(new_fdt); *errorp = -EMFILE; goto out_release; } /* * Reacquire the oldf lock and a pointer to its fd table * who knows it may have a new bigger fd table. We need * the latest pointer. */ spin_lock(&oldf->file_lock); old_fdt = files_fdtable(oldf); open_files = sane_fdtable_size(old_fdt, max_fds); } copy_fd_bitmaps(new_fdt, old_fdt, open_files); old_fds = old_fdt->fd; new_fds = new_fdt->fd; for (i = open_files; i != 0; i--) { struct file *f = *old_fds++; if (f) { get_file(f); } else { /* * The fd may be claimed in the fd bitmap but not yet * instantiated in the files array if a sibling thread * is partway through open(). So make sure that this * fd is available to the new process. */ __clear_open_fd(open_files - i, new_fdt); } rcu_assign_pointer(*new_fds++, f); } spin_unlock(&oldf->file_lock); /* clear the remainder */ memset(new_fds, 0, (new_fdt->max_fds - open_files) * sizeof(struct file *)); rcu_assign_pointer(newf->fdt, new_fdt); return newf; out_release: kmem_cache_free(files_cachep, newf); out: return NULL; } static struct fdtable *close_files(struct files_struct * files) { /* * It is safe to dereference the fd table without RCU or * ->file_lock because this is the last reference to the * files structure. */ struct fdtable *fdt = rcu_dereference_raw(files->fdt); unsigned int i, j = 0; for (;;) { unsigned long set; i = j * BITS_PER_LONG; if (i >= fdt->max_fds) break; set = fdt->open_fds[j++]; while (set) { if (set & 1) { struct file * file = xchg(&fdt->fd[i], NULL); if (file) { filp_close(file, files); cond_resched(); } } i++; set >>= 1; } } return fdt; } struct files_struct *get_files_struct(struct task_struct *task) { struct files_struct *files; task_lock(task); files = task->files; if (files) atomic_inc(&files->count); task_unlock(task); return files; } void put_files_struct(struct files_struct *files) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&files->count)) { struct fdtable *fdt = close_files(files); /* free the arrays if they are not embedded */ if (fdt != &files->fdtab) __free_fdtable(fdt); kmem_cache_free(files_cachep, files); } } void reset_files_struct(struct files_struct *files) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; struct files_struct *old; old = tsk->files; task_lock(tsk); tsk->files = files; task_unlock(tsk); put_files_struct(old); } void exit_files(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct files_struct * files = tsk->files; if (files) { task_lock(tsk); tsk->files = NULL; task_unlock(tsk); put_files_struct(files); } } struct files_struct init_files = { .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), .fdt = &init_files.fdtab, .fdtab = { .max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT, .fd = &init_files.fd_array[0], .close_on_exec = init_files.close_on_exec_init, .open_fds = init_files.open_fds_init, .full_fds_bits = init_files.full_fds_bits_init, }, .file_lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(init_files.file_lock), .resize_wait = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(init_files.resize_wait), }; static unsigned int find_next_fd(struct fdtable *fdt, unsigned int start) { unsigned int maxfd = fdt->max_fds; unsigned int maxbit = maxfd / BITS_PER_LONG; unsigned int bitbit = start / BITS_PER_LONG; bitbit = find_next_zero_bit(fdt->full_fds_bits, maxbit, bitbit) * BITS_PER_LONG; if (bitbit > maxfd) return maxfd; if (bitbit > start) start = bitbit; return find_next_zero_bit(fdt->open_fds, maxfd, start); } /* * allocate a file descriptor, mark it busy. */ int __alloc_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned start, unsigned end, unsigned flags) { unsigned int fd; int error; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); repeat: fdt = files_fdtable(files); fd = start; if (fd < files->next_fd) fd = files->next_fd; if (fd < fdt->max_fds) fd = find_next_fd(fdt, fd); /* * N.B. For clone tasks sharing a files structure, this test * will limit the total number of files that can be opened. */ error = -EMFILE; if (fd >= end) goto out; error = expand_files(files, fd); if (error < 0) goto out; /* * If we needed to expand the fs array we * might have blocked - try again. */ if (error) goto repeat; if (start <= files->next_fd) files->next_fd = fd + 1; __set_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (flags & O_CLOEXEC) __set_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); else __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); error = fd; #if 1 /* Sanity check */ if (rcu_access_pointer(fdt->fd[fd]) != NULL) { printk(KERN_WARNING "alloc_fd: slot %d not NULL!\n", fd); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); } #endif out: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return error; } static int alloc_fd(unsigned start, unsigned flags) { return __alloc_fd(current->files, start, rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE), flags); } int __get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags, unsigned long nofile) { return __alloc_fd(current->files, 0, nofile, flags); } int get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags) { return __get_unused_fd_flags(flags, rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_unused_fd_flags); static void __put_unused_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd) { struct fdtable *fdt = files_fdtable(files); __clear_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (fd < files->next_fd) files->next_fd = fd; } void put_unused_fd(unsigned int fd) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_unused_fd); /* * Install a file pointer in the fd array. * * The VFS is full of places where we drop the files lock between * setting the open_fds bitmap and installing the file in the file * array. At any such point, we are vulnerable to a dup2() race * installing a file in the array before us. We need to detect this and * fput() the struct file we are about to overwrite in this case. * * It should never happen - if we allow dup2() do it, _really_ bad things * will follow. * * NOTE: __fd_install() variant is really, really low-level; don't * use it unless you are forced to by truly lousy API shoved down * your throat. 'files' *MUST* be either current->files or obtained * by get_files_struct(current) done by whoever had given it to you, * or really bad things will happen. Normally you want to use * fd_install() instead. */ void __fd_install(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd, struct file *file) { struct fdtable *fdt; rcu_read_lock_sched(); if (unlikely(files->resize_in_progress)) { rcu_read_unlock_sched(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); BUG_ON(fdt->fd[fd] != NULL); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return; } /* coupled with smp_wmb() in expand_fdtable() */ smp_rmb(); fdt = rcu_dereference_sched(files->fdt); BUG_ON(fdt->fd[fd] != NULL); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); rcu_read_unlock_sched(); } /* * This consumes the "file" refcount, so callers should treat it * as if they had called fput(file). */ void fd_install(unsigned int fd, struct file *file) { __fd_install(current->files, fd, file); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fd_install); static struct file *pick_file(struct files_struct *files, unsigned fd) { struct file *file = NULL; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) goto out_unlock; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) goto out_unlock; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return file; } /* * The same warnings as for __alloc_fd()/__fd_install() apply here... */ int __close_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned fd) { struct file *file; file = pick_file(files, fd); if (!file) return -EBADF; return filp_close(file, files); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__close_fd); /* for ksys_close() */ /** * __close_range() - Close all file descriptors in a given range. * * @fd: starting file descriptor to close * @max_fd: last file descriptor to close * * This closes a range of file descriptors. All file descriptors * from @fd up to and including @max_fd are closed. */ int __close_range(unsigned fd, unsigned max_fd, unsigned int flags) { unsigned int cur_max; struct task_struct *me = current; struct files_struct *cur_fds = me->files, *fds = NULL; if (flags & ~CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE) return -EINVAL; if (fd > max_fd) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); cur_max = files_fdtable(cur_fds)->max_fds; rcu_read_unlock(); /* cap to last valid index into fdtable */ cur_max--; if (flags & CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE) { int ret; unsigned int max_unshare_fds = NR_OPEN_MAX; /* * If the requested range is greater than the current maximum, * we're closing everything so only copy all file descriptors * beneath the lowest file descriptor. */ if (max_fd >= cur_max) max_unshare_fds = fd; ret = unshare_fd(CLONE_FILES, max_unshare_fds, &fds); if (ret) return ret; /* * We used to share our file descriptor table, and have now * created a private one, make sure we're using it below. */ if (fds) swap(cur_fds, fds); } max_fd = min(max_fd, cur_max); while (fd <= max_fd) { struct file *file; file = pick_file(cur_fds, fd++); if (!file) continue; filp_close(file, cur_fds); cond_resched(); } if (fds) { /* * We're done closing the files we were supposed to. Time to install * the new file descriptor table and drop the old one. */ task_lock(me); me->files = cur_fds; task_unlock(me); put_files_struct(fds); } return 0; } /* * variant of __close_fd that gets a ref on the file for later fput. * The caller must ensure that filp_close() called on the file, and then * an fput(). */ int __close_fd_get_file(unsigned int fd, struct file **res) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct file *file; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) goto out_unlock; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) goto out_unlock; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); get_file(file); *res = file; return 0; out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); *res = NULL; return -ENOENT; } void do_close_on_exec(struct files_struct *files) { unsigned i; struct fdtable *fdt; /* exec unshares first */ spin_lock(&files->file_lock);