1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the RAW-IP module. * * Version: @(#)raw.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Author: Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _RAW_H #define _RAW_H #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/protocol.h> #include <linux/icmp.h> extern struct proto raw_prot; extern struct raw_hashinfo raw_v4_hashinfo; struct sock *__raw_v4_lookup(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, unsigned short num, __be32 raddr, __be32 laddr, int dif, int sdif); int raw_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); void raw_icmp_error(struct sk_buff *, int, u32); int raw_local_deliver(struct sk_buff *, int); int raw_rcv(struct sock *, struct sk_buff *); #define RAW_HTABLE_SIZE MAX_INET_PROTOS struct raw_hashinfo { rwlock_t lock; struct hlist_head ht[RAW_HTABLE_SIZE]; }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int raw_proc_init(void); void raw_proc_exit(void); struct raw_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; int bucket; }; static inline struct raw_iter_state *raw_seq_private(struct seq_file *seq) { return seq->private; } void *raw_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *raw_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void raw_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); #endif int raw_hash_sk(struct sock *sk); void raw_unhash_sk(struct sock *sk); void raw_init(void); struct raw_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member */ struct inet_sock inet; struct icmp_filter filter; u32 ipmr_table; }; static inline struct raw_sock *raw_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct raw_sock *)sk; } static inline bool raw_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_raw_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } #endif /* _RAW_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * kobject.h - generic kernel object infrastructure. * * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Open Source Development Labs * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Novell Inc. * * Please read Documentation/core-api/kobject.rst before using the kobject * interface, ESPECIALLY the parts about reference counts and object * destructors. */ #ifndef _KOBJECT_H_ #define _KOBJECT_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/kobject_ns.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #define UEVENT_HELPER_PATH_LEN 256 #define UEVENT_NUM_ENVP 64 /* number of env pointers */ #define UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE 2048 /* buffer for the variables */ #ifdef CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER /* path to the userspace helper executed on an event */ extern char uevent_helper[]; #endif /* counter to tag the uevent, read only except for the kobject core */ extern u64 uevent_seqnum; /* * The actions here must match the index to the string array * in lib/kobject_uevent.c * * Do not add new actions here without checking with the driver-core * maintainers. Action strings are not meant to express subsystem * or device specific properties. In most cases you want to send a * kobject_uevent_env(kobj, KOBJ_CHANGE, env) with additional event * specific variables added to the event environment. */ enum kobject_action { KOBJ_ADD, KOBJ_REMOVE, KOBJ_CHANGE, KOBJ_MOVE, KOBJ_ONLINE, KOBJ_OFFLINE, KOBJ_BIND, KOBJ_UNBIND, }; struct kobject { const char *name; struct list_head entry; struct kobject *parent; struct kset *kset; struct kobj_type *ktype; struct kernfs_node *sd; /* sysfs directory entry */ struct kref kref; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT_RELEASE struct delayed_work release; #endif unsigned int state_initialized:1; unsigned int state_in_sysfs:1; unsigned int state_add_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int state_remove_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int uevent_suppress:1; }; extern __printf(2, 3) int kobject_set_name(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) int kobject_set_name_vargs(struct kobject *kobj, const char *fmt, va_list vargs); static inline const char *kobject_name(const struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->name; } extern void kobject_init(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype); extern __printf(3, 4) __must_check int kobject_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) __must_check int kobject_init_and_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern void kobject_del(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create(void); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create_and_add(const char *name, struct kobject *parent); extern int __must_check kobject_rename(struct kobject *, const char *new_name); extern int __must_check kobject_move(struct kobject *, struct kobject *); extern struct kobject *kobject_get(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_get_unless_zero( struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_put(struct kobject *kobj); extern const void *kobject_namespace(struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_get_ownership(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); extern char *kobject_get_path(struct kobject *kobj, gfp_t flag); /** * kobject_has_children - Returns whether a kobject has children. * @kobj: the object to test * * This will return whether a kobject has other kobjects as children. * * It does NOT account for the presence of attribute files, only sub * directories. It also assumes there is no concurrent addition or * removal of such children, and thus relies on external locking. */ static inline bool kobject_has_children(struct kobject *kobj) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kref_read(&kobj->kref) == 0); return kobj->sd && kobj->sd->dir.subdirs; } struct kobj_type { void (*release)(struct kobject *kobj); const struct sysfs_ops *sysfs_ops; struct attribute **default_attrs; /* use default_groups instead */ const struct attribute_group **default_groups; const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *(*child_ns_type)(struct kobject *kobj); const void *(*namespace)(struct kobject *kobj); void (*get_ownership)(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); }; struct kobj_uevent_env { char *argv[3]; char *envp[UEVENT_NUM_ENVP]; int envp_idx; char buf[UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE]; int buflen; }; struct kset_uevent_ops { int (* const filter)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); const char *(* const name)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); int (* const uevent)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_uevent_env *env); }; struct kobj_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); }; extern const struct sysfs_ops kobj_sysfs_ops; struct sock; /** * struct kset - a set of kobjects of a specific type, belonging to a specific subsystem. * * A kset defines a group of kobjects. They can be individually * different "types" but overall these kobjects all want to be grouped * together and operated on in the same manner. ksets are used to * define the attribute callbacks and other common events that happen to * a kobject. * * @list: the list of all kobjects for this kset * @list_lock: a lock for iterating over the kobjects * @kobj: the embedded kobject for this kset (recursion, isn't it fun...) * @uevent_ops: the set of uevent operations for this kset. These are * called whenever a kobject has something happen to it so that the kset * can add new environment variables, or filter out the uevents if so * desired. */ struct kset { struct list_head list; spinlock_t list_lock; struct kobject kobj; const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops; } __randomize_layout; extern void kset_init(struct kset *kset); extern int __must_check kset_register(struct kset *kset); extern void kset_unregister(struct kset *kset); extern struct kset * __must_check kset_create_and_add(const char *name, const struct kset_uevent_ops *u, struct kobject *parent_kobj); static inline struct kset *to_kset(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj ? container_of(kobj, struct kset, kobj) : NULL; } static inline struct kset *kset_get(struct kset *k) { return k ? to_kset(kobject_get(&k->kobj)) : NULL; } static inline void kset_put(struct kset *k) { kobject_put(&k->kobj); } static inline struct kobj_type *get_ktype(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->ktype; } extern struct kobject *kset_find_obj(struct kset *, const char *); /* The global /sys/kernel/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *kernel_kobj; /* The global /sys/kernel/mm/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *mm_kobj; /* The global /sys/hypervisor/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *hypervisor_kobj; /* The global /sys/power/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *power_kobj; /* The global /sys/firmware/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *firmware_kobj; int kobject_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action); int kobject_uevent_env(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action, char *envp[]); int kobject_synth_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t count); __printf(2, 3) int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...); #endif /* _KOBJECT_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ #ifndef LLIST_H #define LLIST_H /* * Lock-less NULL terminated single linked list * * Cases where locking is not needed: * If there are multiple producers and multiple consumers, llist_add can be * used in producers and llist_del_all can be used in consumers simultaneously * without locking. Also a single consumer can use llist_del_first while * multiple producers simultaneously use llist_add, without any locking. * * Cases where locking is needed: * If we have multiple consumers with llist_del_first used in one consumer, and * llist_del_first or llist_del_all used in other consumers, then a lock is * needed. This is because llist_del_first depends on list->first->next not * changing, but without lock protection, there's no way to be sure about that * if a preemption happens in the middle of the delete operation and on being * preempted back, the list->first is the same as before causing the cmpxchg in * llist_del_first to succeed. For example, while a llist_del_first operation * is in progress in one consumer, then a llist_del_first, llist_add, * llist_add (or llist_del_all, llist_add, llist_add) sequence in another * consumer may cause violations. * * This can be summarized as follows: * * | add | del_first | del_all * add | - | - | - * del_first | | L | L * del_all | | | - * * Where, a particular row's operation can happen concurrently with a column's * operation, with "-" being no lock needed, while "L" being lock is needed. * * The list entries deleted via llist_del_all can be traversed with * traversing function such as llist_for_each etc. But the list * entries can not be traversed safely before deleted from the list. * The order of deleted entries is from the newest to the oldest added * one. If you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you * must reverse the order by yourself before traversing. * * The basic atomic operation of this list is cmpxchg on long. On * architectures that don't have NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation, the * list can NOT be used in NMI handlers. So code that uses the list in * an NMI handler should depend on CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG. * * Copyright 2010,2011 Intel Corp. * Author: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> */ #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> struct llist_head { struct llist_node *first; }; struct llist_node { struct llist_node *next; }; #define LLIST_HEAD_INIT(name) { NULL } #define LLIST_HEAD(name) struct llist_head name = LLIST_HEAD_INIT(name) /** * init_llist_head - initialize lock-less list head * @head: the head for your lock-less list */ static inline void init_llist_head(struct llist_head *list) { list->first = NULL; } /** * llist_entry - get the struct of this entry * @ptr: the &struct llist_node pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the llist_node within the struct. */ #define llist_entry(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(ptr, type, member) /** * member_address_is_nonnull - check whether the member address is not NULL * @ptr: the object pointer (struct type * that contains the llist_node) * @member: the name of the llist_node within the struct. * * This macro is conceptually the same as * &ptr->member != NULL * but it works around the fact that compilers can decide that taking a member * address is never a NULL pointer. * * Real objects that start at a high address and have a member at NULL are * unlikely to exist, but such pointers may be returned e.g. by the * container_of() macro. */ #define member_address_is_nonnull(ptr, member) \ ((uintptr_t)(ptr) + offsetof(typeof(*(ptr)), member) != 0) /** * llist_for_each - iterate over some deleted entries of a lock-less list * @pos: the &struct llist_node to use as a loop cursor * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being deleted from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each(pos, node) \ for ((pos) = (node); pos; (pos) = (pos)->next) /** * llist_for_each_safe - iterate over some deleted entries of a lock-less list * safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct llist_node to use as a loop cursor * @n: another &struct llist_node to use as temporary storage * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being deleted from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_safe(pos, n, node) \ for ((pos) = (node); (pos) && ((n) = (pos)->next, true); (pos) = (n)) /** * llist_for_each_entry - iterate over some deleted entries of lock-less list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @node: the fist entry of deleted list entries. * @member: the name of the llist_node with the struct. * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being removed from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_entry(pos, node, member) \ for ((pos) = llist_entry((node), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ member_address_is_nonnull(pos, member); \ (pos) = llist_entry((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * llist_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over some deleted entries of lock-less list of given type * safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries. * @member: the name of the llist_node with the struct. * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being removed from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, node, member) \ for (pos = llist_entry((node), typeof(*pos), member); \ member_address_is_nonnull(pos, member) && \ (n = llist_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*n), member), true); \ pos = n) /** * llist_empty - tests whether a lock-less list is empty * @head: the list to test * * Not guaranteed to be accurate or up to date. Just a quick way to * test whether the list is empty without deleting something from the * list. */ static inline bool llist_empty(const struct llist_head *head) { return READ_ONCE(head->first) == NULL; } static inline struct llist_node *llist_next(struct llist_node *node) { return node->next; } extern bool llist_add_batch(struct llist_node *new_first, struct llist_node *new_last, struct llist_head *head); /** * llist_add - add a new entry * @new: new entry to be added * @head: the head for your lock-less list * * Returns true if the list was empty prior to adding this entry. */ static inline bool llist_add(struct llist_node *new, struct llist_head *head) { return llist_add_batch(new, new, head); } /** * llist_del_all - delete all entries from lock-less list * @head: the head of lock-less list to delete all entries * * If list is empty, return NULL, otherwise, delete all entries and * return the pointer to the first entry. The order of entries * deleted is from the newest to the oldest added one. */ static inline struct llist_node *llist_del_all(struct llist_head *head) { return xchg(&head->first, NULL); } extern struct llist_node *llist_del_first(struct llist_head *head); struct llist_node *llist_reverse_order(struct llist_node *head); #endif /* LLIST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (c) 2008 Intel Corporation * Author: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> * * Please see kernel/locking/semaphore.c for documentation of these functions */ #ifndef __LINUX_SEMAPHORE_H #define __LINUX_SEMAPHORE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> /* Please don't access any members of this structure directly */ struct semaphore { raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int count; struct list_head wait_list; }; #define __SEMAPHORE_INITIALIZER(name, n) \ { \ .lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED((name).lock), \ .count = n, \ .wait_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait_list), \ } #define DEFINE_SEMAPHORE(name) \ struct semaphore name = __SEMAPHORE_INITIALIZER(name, 1) static inline void sema_init(struct semaphore *sem, int val) { static struct lock_class_key __key; *sem = (struct semaphore) __SEMAPHORE_INITIALIZER(*sem, val); lockdep_init_map(&sem->lock.dep_map, "semaphore->lock", &__key, 0); } extern void down(struct semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_interruptible(struct semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_killable(struct semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_trylock(struct semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_timeout(struct semaphore *sem, long jiffies); extern void up(struct semaphore *sem); #endif /* __LINUX_SEMAPHORE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _FAT_H #define _FAT_H #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/nls.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/msdos_fs.h> /* * vfat shortname flags */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER 0x0001 /* convert to lowercase for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95 0x0002 /* emulate win95 rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT 0x0004 /* emulate winnt rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95 0x0100 /* emulate win95 rule for create */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT 0x0200 /* emulate winnt rule for create */ #define FAT_ERRORS_CONT 1 /* ignore error and continue */ #define FAT_ERRORS_PANIC 2 /* panic on error */ #define FAT_ERRORS_RO 3 /* remount r/o on error */ #define FAT_NFS_STALE_RW 1 /* NFS RW support, can cause ESTALE */ #define FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO 2 /* NFS RO support, no ESTALE issue */ struct fat_mount_options { kuid_t fs_uid; kgid_t fs_gid; unsigned short fs_fmask; unsigned short fs_dmask; unsigned short codepage; /* Codepage for shortname conversions */ int time_offset; /* Offset of timestamps from UTC (in minutes) */ char *iocharset; /* Charset used for filename input/display */ unsigned short shortname; /* flags for shortname display/create rule */ unsigned char name_check; /* r = relaxed, n = normal, s = strict */ unsigned char errors; /* On error: continue, panic, remount-ro */ unsigned char nfs; /* NFS support: nostale_ro, stale_rw */ unsigned short allow_utime;/* permission for setting the [am]time */ unsigned quiet:1, /* set = fake successful chmods and chowns */ showexec:1, /* set = only set x bit for com/exe/bat */ sys_immutable:1, /* set = system files are immutable */ dotsOK:1, /* set = hidden and system files are named '.filename' */ isvfat:1, /* 0=no vfat long filename support, 1=vfat support */ utf8:1, /* Use of UTF-8 character set (Default) */ unicode_xlate:1, /* create escape sequences for unhandled Unicode */ numtail:1, /* Does first alias have a numeric '~1' type tail? */ flush:1, /* write things quickly */ nocase:1, /* Does this need case conversion? 0=need case conversion*/ usefree:1, /* Use free_clusters for FAT32 */ tz_set:1, /* Filesystem timestamps' offset set */ rodir:1, /* allow ATTR_RO for directory */ discard:1, /* Issue discard requests on deletions */ dos1xfloppy:1; /* Assume default BPB for DOS 1.x floppies */ }; #define FAT_HASH_BITS 8 #define FAT_HASH_SIZE (1UL << FAT_HASH_BITS) /* * MS-DOS file system in-core superblock data */ struct msdos_sb_info { unsigned short sec_per_clus; /* sectors/cluster */ unsigned short cluster_bits; /* log2(cluster_size) */ unsigned int cluster_size; /* cluster size */ unsigned char fats, fat_bits; /* number of FATs, FAT bits (12,16 or 32) */ unsigned short fat_start; unsigned long fat_length; /* FAT start & length (sec.) */ unsigned long dir_start; unsigned short dir_entries; /* root dir start & entries */ unsigned long data_start; /* first data sector */ unsigned long max_cluster; /* maximum cluster number */ unsigned long root_cluster; /* first cluster of the root directory */ unsigned long fsinfo_sector; /* sector number of FAT32 fsinfo */ struct mutex fat_lock; struct mutex nfs_build_inode_lock; struct mutex s_lock; unsigned int prev_free; /* previously allocated cluster number */ unsigned int free_clusters; /* -1 if undefined */ unsigned int free_clus_valid; /* is free_clusters valid? */ struct fat_mount_options options; struct nls_table *nls_disk; /* Codepage used on disk */ struct nls_table *nls_io; /* Charset used for input and display */ const void *dir_ops; /* Opaque; default directory operations */ int dir_per_block; /* dir entries per block */ int dir_per_block_bits; /* log2(dir_per_block) */ unsigned int vol_id; /*volume ID*/ int fatent_shift; const struct fatent_operations *fatent_ops; struct inode *fat_inode; struct inode *fsinfo_inode; struct ratelimit_state ratelimit; spinlock_t inode_hash_lock; struct hlist_head inode_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; spinlock_t dir_hash_lock; struct hlist_head dir_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; unsigned int dirty; /* fs state before mount */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define FAT_CACHE_VALID 0 /* special case for valid cache */ /* * MS-DOS file system inode data in memory */ struct msdos_inode_info { spinlock_t cache_lru_lock; struct list_head cache_lru; int nr_caches; /* for avoiding the race between fat_free() and fat_get_cluster() */ unsigned int cache_valid_id; /* NOTE: mmu_private is 64bits, so must hold ->i_mutex to access */ loff_t mmu_private; /* physically allocated size */ int i_start; /* first cluster or 0 */ int i_logstart; /* logical first cluster */ int i_attrs; /* unused attribute bits */ loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry or 0 */ struct hlist_node i_fat_hash; /* hash by i_location */ struct hlist_node i_dir_hash; /* hash by i_logstart */ struct rw_semaphore truncate_lock; /* protect bmap against truncate */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct fat_slot_info { loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry */ loff_t slot_off; /* offset for slot or de start */ int nr_slots; /* number of slots + 1(de) in filename */ struct msdos_dir_entry *de; struct buffer_head *bh; }; static inline struct msdos_sb_info *MSDOS_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } /* * Functions that determine the variant of the FAT file system (i.e., * whether this is FAT12, FAT16 or FAT32. */ static inline bool is_fat12(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 12; } static inline bool is_fat16(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 16; } static inline bool is_fat32(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 32; } /* Maximum number of clusters */ static inline u32 max_fat(struct super_block *sb) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb); return is_fat32(sbi) ? MAX_FAT32 : is_fat16(sbi) ? MAX_FAT16 : MAX_FAT12; } static inline struct msdos_inode_info *MSDOS_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct msdos_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * If ->i_mode can't hold S_IWUGO (i.e. ATTR_RO), we use ->i_attrs to * save ATTR_RO instead of ->i_mode. * * If it's directory and !sbi->options.rodir, ATTR_RO isn't read-only * bit, it's just used as flag for app. */ static inline int fat_mode_can_hold_ro(struct inode *inode) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb); umode_t mask; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { if (!sbi->options.rodir) return 0; mask = ~sbi->options.fs_dmask; } else mask = ~sbi->options.fs_fmask; if (!(mask & S_IWUGO)) return 0; return 1; } /* Convert attribute bits and a mask to the UNIX mode. */ static inline umode_t fat_make_mode(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, u8 attrs, umode_t mode) { if (attrs & ATTR_RO && !((attrs & ATTR_DIR) && !sbi->options.rodir)) mode &= ~S_IWUGO; if (attrs & ATTR_DIR) return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_dmask) | S_IFDIR; else return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_fmask) | S_IFREG; } /* Return the FAT attribute byte for this inode */ static inline u8 fat_make_attrs(struct inode *inode) { u8 attrs = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) attrs |= ATTR_DIR; if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode) && !(inode->i_mode & S_IWUGO)) attrs |= ATTR_RO; return attrs; } static inline void fat_save_attrs(struct inode *inode, u8 attrs) { if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode)) MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & ATTR_UNUSED; else MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & (ATTR_UNUSED | ATTR_RO); } static inline unsigned char fat_checksum(const __u8 *name) { unsigned char s = name[0]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[1]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[2]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[3]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[4]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[5]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[6]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[7]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[8]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[9]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[10]; return s; } static inline sector_t fat_clus_to_blknr(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int clus) { return ((sector_t)clus - FAT_START_ENT) * sbi->sec_per_clus + sbi->data_start; } static inline void fat_get_blknr_offset(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, loff_t i_pos, sector_t *blknr, int *offset) { *blknr = i_pos >> sbi->dir_per_block_bits; *offset = i_pos & (sbi->dir_per_block - 1); } static inline loff_t fat_i_pos_read(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode) { loff_t i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif i_pos = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif return i_pos; } static inline void fat16_towchar(wchar_t *dst, const __u8 *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { *dst++ = src[0] | (src[1] << 8); src += 2; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } static inline int fat_get_start(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, const struct msdos_dir_entry *de) { int cluster = le16_to_cpu(de->start); if (is_fat32(sbi)) cluster |= (le16_to_cpu(de->starthi) << 16); return cluster; } static inline void fat_set_start(struct msdos_dir_entry *de, int cluster) { de->start = cpu_to_le16(cluster); de->starthi = cpu_to_le16(cluster >> 16); } static inline void fatwchar_to16(__u8 *dst, const wchar_t *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { dst[0] = *src & 0x00FF; dst[1] = (*src & 0xFF00) >> 8; dst += 2; src++; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } /* fat/cache.c */ extern void fat_cache_inval_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_get_cluster(struct inode *inode, int cluster, int *fclus, int *dclus); extern int fat_get_mapped_cluster(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t last_block, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, sector_t *bmap); extern int fat_bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t *phys, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, int create, bool from_bmap); /* fat/dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations fat_dir_operations; extern int fat_search_long(struct inode *inode, const unsigned char *name, int name_len, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_dir_empty(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_subdirs(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_scan(struct inode *dir, const unsigned char *name, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_scan_logstart(struct inode *dir, int i_logstart, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_get_dotdot_entry(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head **bh, struct msdos_dir_entry **de); extern int fat_alloc_new_dir(struct inode *dir, struct timespec64 *ts); extern int fat_add_entries(struct inode *dir, void *slots, int nr_slots, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_remove_entries(struct inode *dir, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); /* fat/fatent.c */ struct fat_entry { int entry; union { u8 *ent12_p[2]; __le16 *ent16_p; __le32 *ent32_p; } u; int nr_bhs; struct buffer_head *bhs[2]; struct inode *fat_inode; }; static inline void fatent_init(struct fat_entry *fatent) { fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->entry = 0; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline void fatent_set_entry(struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry) { fatent->entry = entry; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; } static inline void fatent_brelse(struct fat_entry *fatent) { int i; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; for (i = 0; i < fatent->nr_bhs; i++) brelse(fatent->bhs[i]); fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline bool fat_valid_entry(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int entry) { return FAT_START_ENT <= entry && entry < sbi->max_cluster; } extern void fat_ent_access_init(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_ent_read(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry); extern int fat_ent_write(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int new, int wait); extern int fat_alloc_clusters(struct inode *inode, int *cluster, int nr_cluster); extern int fat_free_clusters(struct inode *inode, int cluster); extern int fat_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_trim_fs(struct inode *inode, struct fstrim_range *range); /* fat/file.c */ extern long fat_generic_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern const struct file_operations fat_file_operations; extern const struct inode_operations fat_file_inode_operations; extern int fat_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr); extern void fat_truncate_blocks(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset); extern int fat_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int flags); extern int fat_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); /* fat/inode.c */ extern int fat_block_truncate_page(struct inode *inode, loff_t from); extern void fat_attach(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_pos); extern void fat_detach(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *fat_iget(struct super_block *sb, loff_t i_pos); extern struct inode *fat_build_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct msdos_dir_entry *de, loff_t i_pos); extern int fat_sync_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent, int isvfat, void (*setup)(struct super_block *)); extern int fat_fill_inode(struct inode *inode, struct msdos_dir_entry *de); extern int fat_flush_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *i1, struct inode *i2); static inline unsigned long fat_dir_hash(int logstart) { return hash_32(logstart, FAT_HASH_BITS); } extern int fat_add_cluster(struct inode *inode); /* fat/misc.c */ extern __printf(3, 4) __cold void __fat_fs_error(struct super_block *sb, int report, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_fs_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, 1, fmt , ## args) #define fat_fs_error_ratelimit(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, __ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit), fmt , ## args) __printf(3, 4) __cold void fat_msg(struct super_block *sb, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_msg_ratelimit(sb, level, fmt, args...) \ do { \ if (__ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit)) \ fat_msg(sb, level, fmt, ## args); \ } while (0) extern int fat_clusters_flush(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_chain_add(struct inode *inode, int new_dclus, int nr_cluster); extern void fat_time_fat2unix(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 __time, __le16 __date, u8 time_cs); extern void fat_time_unix2fat(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 *time, __le16 *date, u8 *time_cs); extern int fat_truncate_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_sync_bhs(struct buffer_head **bhs, int nr_bhs); int fat_cache_init(void); void fat_cache_destroy(void); /* fat/nfs.c */ extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops; extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops_nostale; /* helper for printk */ typedef unsigned long long llu; #endif /* !_FAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MSDOS_FS_H #define _LINUX_MSDOS_FS_H #include <uapi/linux/msdos_fs.h> /* media of boot sector */ static inline int fat_valid_media(u8 media) { return 0xf8 <= media || media == 0xf0; } #endif /* !_LINUX_MSDOS_FS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 2014 Felix Fietkau <nbd@nbd.name> * Copyright (C) 2004 - 2009 Ivo van Doorn <IvDoorn@gmail.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_BITFIELD_H #define _LINUX_BITFIELD_H #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* * Bitfield access macros * * FIELD_{GET,PREP} macros take as first parameter shifted mask * from which they extract the base mask and shift amount. * Mask must be a compilation time constant. * * Example: * * #define REG_FIELD_A GENMASK(6, 0) * #define REG_FIELD_B BIT(7) * #define REG_FIELD_C GENMASK(15, 8) * #define REG_FIELD_D GENMASK(31, 16) * * Get: * a = FIELD_GET(REG_FIELD_A, reg); * b = FIELD_GET(REG_FIELD_B, reg); * * Set: * reg = FIELD_PREP(REG_FIELD_A, 1) | * FIELD_PREP(REG_FIELD_B, 0) | * FIELD_PREP(REG_FIELD_C, c) | * FIELD_PREP(REG_FIELD_D, 0x40); * * Modify: * reg &= ~REG_FIELD_C; * reg |= FIELD_PREP(REG_FIELD_C, c); */ #define __bf_shf(x) (__builtin_ffsll(x) - 1) #define __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, _reg, _val, _pfx) \ ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(!__builtin_constant_p(_mask), \ _pfx "mask is not constant"); \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG((_mask) == 0, _pfx "mask is zero"); \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(_val) ? \ ~((_mask) >> __bf_shf(_mask)) & (_val) : 0, \ _pfx "value too large for the field"); \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG((_mask) > (typeof(_reg))~0ull, \ _pfx "type of reg too small for mask"); \ __BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2((_mask) + \ (1ULL << __bf_shf(_mask))); \ }) /** * FIELD_MAX() - produce the maximum value representable by a field * @_mask: shifted mask defining the field's length and position * * FIELD_MAX() returns the maximum value that can be held in the field * specified by @_mask. */ #define FIELD_MAX(_mask) \ ({ \ __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, 0ULL, 0ULL, "FIELD_MAX: "); \ (typeof(_mask))((_mask) >> __bf_shf(_mask)); \ }) /** * FIELD_FIT() - check if value fits in the field * @_mask: shifted mask defining the field's length and position * @_val: value to test against the field * * Return: true if @_val can fit inside @_mask, false if @_val is too big. */ #define FIELD_FIT(_mask, _val) \ ({ \ __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, 0ULL, 0ULL, "FIELD_FIT: "); \ !((((typeof(_mask))_val) << __bf_shf(_mask)) & ~(_mask)); \ }) /** * FIELD_PREP() - prepare a bitfield element * @_mask: shifted mask defining the field's length and position * @_val: value to put in the field * * FIELD_PREP() masks and shifts up the value. The result should * be combined with other fields of the bitfield using logical OR. */ #define FIELD_PREP(_mask, _val) \ ({ \ __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, 0ULL, _val, "FIELD_PREP: "); \ ((typeof(_mask))(_val) << __bf_shf(_mask)) & (_mask); \ }) /** * FIELD_GET() - extract a bitfield element * @_mask: shifted mask defining the field's length and position * @_reg: value of entire bitfield * * FIELD_GET() extracts the field specified by @_mask from the * bitfield passed in as @_reg by masking and shifting it down. */ #define FIELD_GET(_mask, _reg) \ ({ \ __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, _reg, 0U, "FIELD_GET: "); \ (typeof(_mask))(((_reg) & (_mask)) >> __bf_shf(_mask)); \ }) extern void __compiletime_error("value doesn't fit into mask") __field_overflow(void); extern void __compiletime_error("bad bitfield mask") __bad_mask(void); static __always_inline u64 field_multiplier(u64 field) { if ((field | (field - 1)) & ((field | (field - 1)) + 1)) __bad_mask(); return field & -field; } static __always_inline u64 field_mask(u64 field) { return field / field_multiplier(field); } #define field_max(field) ((typeof(field))field_mask(field)) #define ____MAKE_OP(type,base,to,from) \ static __always_inline __##type type##_encode_bits(base v, base field) \ { \ if (__builtin_constant_p(v) && (v & ~field_mask(field))) \ __field_overflow(); \ return to((v & field_mask(field)) * field_multiplier(field)); \ } \ static __always_inline __##type type##_replace_bits(__##type old, \ base val, base field) \ { \ return (old & ~to(field)) | type##_encode_bits(val, field); \ } \ static __always_inline void type##p_replace_bits(__##type *p, \ base val, base field) \ { \ *p = (*p & ~to(field)) | type##_encode_bits(val, field); \ } \ static __always_inline base type##_get_bits(__##type v, base field) \ { \ return (from(v) & field)/field_multiplier(field); \ } #define __MAKE_OP(size) \ ____MAKE_OP(le##size,u##size,cpu_to_le##size,le##size##_to_cpu) \ ____MAKE_OP(be##size,u##size,cpu_to_be##size,be##size##_to_cpu) \ ____MAKE_OP(u##size,u##size,,) ____MAKE_OP(u8,u8,,) __MAKE_OP(16) __MAKE_OP(32) __MAKE_OP(64) #undef __MAKE_OP #undef ____MAKE_OP #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* linux/net/inet/arp.h */ #ifndef _ARP_H #define _ARP_H #include <linux/if_arp.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> extern struct neigh_table arp_tbl; static inline u32 arp_hashfn(const void *pkey, const struct net_device *dev, u32 *hash_rnd) { u32 key = *(const u32 *)pkey; u32 val = key ^ hash32_ptr(dev); return val * hash_rnd[0]; } #ifdef CONFIG_INET static inline struct neighbour *__ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { if (dev->flags & (IFF_LOOPBACK | IFF_POINTOPOINT)) key = INADDR_ANY; return ___neigh_lookup_noref(&arp_tbl, neigh_key_eq32, arp_hashfn, &key, dev); } #else static inline struct neighbour *__ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { return NULL; } #endif static inline struct neighbour *__ipv4_neigh_lookup(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, key); if (n && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&n->refcnt)) n = NULL; rcu_read_unlock_bh(); return n; } static inline void __ipv4_confirm_neigh(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, key); if (n) { unsigned long now = jiffies; /* avoid dirtying neighbour */ if (READ_ONCE(n->confirmed) != now) WRITE_ONCE(n->confirmed, now); } rcu_read_unlock_bh(); } void arp_init(void); int arp_ioctl(struct net *net, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); void arp_send(int type, int ptype, __be32 dest_ip, struct net_device *dev, __be32 src_ip, const unsigned char *dest_hw, const unsigned char *src_hw, const unsigned char *th); int arp_mc_map(__be32 addr, u8 *haddr, struct net_device *dev, int dir); void arp_ifdown(struct net_device *dev); struct sk_buff *arp_create(int type, int ptype, __be32 dest_ip, struct net_device *dev, __be32 src_ip, const unsigned char *dest_hw, const unsigned char *src_hw, const unsigned char *target_hw); void arp_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb); #endif /* _ARP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Filesystem parameter description and parser * * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H #define _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct path; struct constant_table { const char *name; int value; }; struct fs_parameter_spec; struct fs_parse_result; typedef int fs_param_type(struct p_log *, const struct fs_parameter_spec *, struct fs_parameter *, struct fs_parse_result *); /* * The type of parameter expected. */ fs_param_type fs_param_is_bool, fs_param_is_u32, fs_param_is_s32, fs_param_is_u64, fs_param_is_enum, fs_param_is_string, fs_param_is_blob, fs_param_is_blockdev, fs_param_is_path, fs_param_is_fd; /* * Specification of the type of value a parameter wants. * * Note that the fsparam_flag(), fsparam_string(), fsparam_u32(), ... macros * should be used to generate elements of this type. */ struct fs_parameter_spec { const char *name; fs_param_type *type; /* The desired parameter type */ u8 opt; /* Option number (returned by fs_parse()) */ unsigned short flags; #define fs_param_neg_with_no 0x0002 /* "noxxx" is negative param */ #define fs_param_neg_with_empty 0x0004 /* "xxx=" is negative param */ #define fs_param_deprecated 0x0008 /* The param is deprecated */ const void *data; }; /* * Result of parse. */ struct fs_parse_result { bool negated; /* T if param was "noxxx" */ union { bool boolean; /* For spec_bool */ int int_32; /* For spec_s32/spec_enum */ unsigned int uint_32; /* For spec_u32{,_octal,_hex}/spec_enum */ u64 uint_64; /* For spec_u64 */ }; }; extern int __fs_parse(struct p_log *log, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc, struct fs_parameter *value, struct fs_parse_result *result); static inline int fs_parse(struct fs_context *fc, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc, struct fs_parameter *param, struct fs_parse_result *result) { return __fs_parse(&fc->log, desc, param, result); } extern int fs_lookup_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param, bool want_bdev, struct path *_path); extern int lookup_constant(const struct constant_table tbl[], const char *name, int not_found); #ifdef CONFIG_VALIDATE_FS_PARSER extern bool validate_constant_table(const struct constant_table *tbl, size_t tbl_size, int low, int high, int special); extern bool fs_validate_description(const char *name, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc); #else static inline bool validate_constant_table(const struct constant_table *tbl, size_t tbl_size, int low, int high, int special) { return true; } static inline bool fs_validate_description(const char *name, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc) { return true; } #endif /* * Parameter type, name, index and flags element constructors. Use as: * * fsparam_xxxx("foo", Opt_foo) * * If existing helpers are not enough, direct use of __fsparam() would * work, but any such case is probably a sign that new helper is needed. * Helpers will remain stable; low-level implementation may change. */ #define __fsparam(TYPE, NAME, OPT, FLAGS, DATA) \ { \ .name = NAME, \ .opt = OPT, \ .type = TYPE, \ .flags = FLAGS, \ .data = DATA \ } #define fsparam_flag(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(NULL, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_flag_no(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(NULL, NAME, OPT, fs_param_neg_with_no, NULL) #define fsparam_bool(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_bool, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u32(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u32oct(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32, NAME, OPT, 0, (void *)8) #define fsparam_u32hex(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32_hex, NAME, OPT, 0, (void *)16) #define fsparam_s32(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_s32, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u64(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_u64, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_enum(NAME, OPT, array) __fsparam(fs_param_is_enum, NAME, OPT, 0, array) #define fsparam_string(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_string, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_blob(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_blob, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_bdev(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_blockdev, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_path(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_path, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_fd(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_fd, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #endif /* _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CLOCK_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CLOCK_H #include <linux/smp.h> /* * Do not use outside of architecture code which knows its limitations. * * sched_clock() has no promise of monotonicity or bounded drift between * CPUs, use (which you should not) requires disabling IRQs. * * Please use one of the three interfaces below. */ extern unsigned long long notrace sched_clock(void); /* * See the comment in kernel/sched/clock.c */ extern u64 running_clock(void); extern u64 sched_clock_cpu(int cpu); extern void sched_clock_init(void); #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK static inline void sched_clock_tick(void) { } static inline void clear_sched_clock_stable(void) { } static inline void sched_clock_idle_sleep_event(void) { } static inline void sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(void) { } static inline u64 cpu_clock(int cpu) { return sched_clock(); } static inline u64 local_clock(void) { return sched_clock(); } #else extern int sched_clock_stable(void); extern void clear_sched_clock_stable(void); /* * When sched_clock_stable(), __sched_clock_offset provides the offset * between local_clock() and sched_clock(). */ extern u64 __sched_clock_offset; extern void sched_clock_tick(void); extern void sched_clock_tick_stable(void); extern void sched_clock_idle_sleep_event(void); extern void sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(void); /* * As outlined in clock.c, provides a fast, high resolution, nanosecond * time source that is monotonic per cpu argument and has bounded drift * between cpus. * * ######################### BIG FAT WARNING ########################## * # when comparing cpu_clock(i) to cpu_clock(j) for i != j, time can # * # go backwards !! # * #################################################################### */ static inline u64 cpu_clock(int cpu) { return sched_clock_cpu(cpu); } static inline u64 local_clock(void) { return sched_clock_cpu(raw_smp_processor_id()); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING /* * An i/f to runtime opt-in for irq time accounting based off of sched_clock. * The reason for this explicit opt-in is not to have perf penalty with * slow sched_clocks. */ extern void enable_sched_clock_irqtime(void); extern void disable_sched_clock_irqtime(void); #else static inline void enable_sched_clock_irqtime(void) {} static inline void disable_sched_clock_irqtime(void) {} #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CLOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_DEVICE_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_DEVICE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <scsi/scsi.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> struct device; struct request_queue; struct scsi_cmnd; struct scsi_lun; struct scsi_sense_hdr; typedef __u64 __bitwise blist_flags_t; #define SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE 96 struct scsi_mode_data { __u32 length; __u16 block_descriptor_length; __u8 medium_type; __u8 device_specific; __u8 header_length; __u8 longlba:1; }; /* * sdev state: If you alter this, you also need to alter scsi_sysfs.c * (for the ascii descriptions) and the state model enforcer: * scsi_lib:scsi_device_set_state(). */ enum scsi_device_state { SDEV_CREATED = 1, /* device created but not added to sysfs * Only internal commands allowed (for inq) */ SDEV_RUNNING, /* device properly configured * All commands allowed */ SDEV_CANCEL, /* beginning to delete device * Only error handler commands allowed */ SDEV_DEL, /* device deleted * no commands allowed */ SDEV_QUIESCE, /* Device quiescent. No block commands * will be accepted, only specials (which * originate in the mid-layer) */ SDEV_OFFLINE, /* Device offlined (by error handling or * user request */ SDEV_TRANSPORT_OFFLINE, /* Offlined by transport class error handler */ SDEV_BLOCK, /* Device blocked by scsi lld. No * scsi commands from user or midlayer * should be issued to the scsi * lld. */ SDEV_CREATED_BLOCK, /* same as above but for created devices */ }; enum scsi_scan_mode { SCSI_SCAN_INITIAL = 0, SCSI_SCAN_RESCAN, SCSI_SCAN_MANUAL, }; enum scsi_device_event { SDEV_EVT_MEDIA_CHANGE = 1, /* media has changed */ SDEV_EVT_INQUIRY_CHANGE_REPORTED, /* 3F 03 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_CAPACITY_CHANGE_REPORTED, /* 2A 09 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_SOFT_THRESHOLD_REACHED_REPORTED, /* 38 07 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_MODE_PARAMETER_CHANGE_REPORTED, /* 2A 01 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_LUN_CHANGE_REPORTED, /* 3F 0E UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_ALUA_STATE_CHANGE_REPORTED, /* 2A 06 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_POWER_ON_RESET_OCCURRED, /* 29 00 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_FIRST = SDEV_EVT_MEDIA_CHANGE, SDEV_EVT_LAST = SDEV_EVT_POWER_ON_RESET_OCCURRED, SDEV_EVT_MAXBITS = SDEV_EVT_LAST + 1 }; struct scsi_event { enum scsi_device_event evt_type; struct list_head node; /* put union of data structures, for non-simple event types, * here */ }; /** * struct scsi_vpd - SCSI Vital Product Data * @rcu: For kfree_rcu(). * @len: Length in bytes of @data. * @data: VPD data as defined in various T10 SCSI standard documents. */ struct scsi_vpd { struct rcu_head rcu; int len; unsigned char data[]; }; struct scsi_device { struct Scsi_Host *host; struct request_queue *request_queue; /* the next two are protected by the host->host_lock */ struct list_head siblings; /* list of all devices on this host */ struct list_head same_target_siblings; /* just the devices sharing same target id */ atomic_t device_busy; /* commands actually active on LLDD */ atomic_t device_blocked; /* Device returned QUEUE_FULL. */ atomic_t restarts; spinlock_t list_lock; struct list_head starved_entry; unsigned short queue_depth; /* How deep of a queue we want */ unsigned short max_queue_depth; /* max queue depth */ unsigned short last_queue_full_depth; /* These two are used by */ unsigned short last_queue_full_count; /* scsi_track_queue_full() */ unsigned long last_queue_full_time; /* last queue full time */ unsigned long queue_ramp_up_period; /* ramp up period in jiffies */ #define SCSI_DEFAULT_RAMP_UP_PERIOD (120 * HZ) unsigned long last_queue_ramp_up; /* last queue ramp up time */ unsigned int id, channel; u64 lun; unsigned int manufacturer; /* Manufacturer of device, for using * vendor-specific cmd's */ unsigned sector_size; /* size in bytes */ void *hostdata; /* available to low-level driver */ unsigned char type; char scsi_level; char inq_periph_qual; /* PQ from INQUIRY data */ struct mutex inquiry_mutex; unsigned char inquiry_len; /* valid bytes in 'inquiry' */ unsigned char * inquiry; /* INQUIRY response data */ const char * vendor; /* [back_compat] point into 'inquiry' ... */ const char * model; /* ... after scan; point to static string */ const char * rev; /* ... "nullnullnullnull" before scan */ #define SCSI_VPD_PG_LEN 255 struct scsi_vpd __rcu *vpd_pg0; struct scsi_vpd __rcu *vpd_pg83; struct scsi_vpd __rcu *vpd_pg80; struct scsi_vpd __rcu *vpd_pg89; unsigned char current_tag; /* current tag */ struct scsi_target *sdev_target; /* used only for single_lun */ blist_flags_t sdev_bflags; /* black/white flags as also found in * scsi_devinfo.[hc]. For now used only to * pass settings from slave_alloc to scsi * core. */ unsigned int eh_timeout; /* Error handling timeout */ unsigned removable:1; unsigned changed:1; /* Data invalid due to media change */ unsigned busy:1; /* Used to prevent races */ unsigned lockable:1; /* Able to prevent media removal */ unsigned locked:1; /* Media removal disabled */ unsigned borken:1; /* Tell the Seagate driver to be * painfully slow on this device */ unsigned disconnect:1; /* can disconnect */ unsigned soft_reset:1; /* Uses soft reset option */ unsigned sdtr:1; /* Device supports SDTR messages */ unsigned wdtr:1; /* Device supports WDTR messages */ unsigned ppr:1; /* Device supports PPR messages */ unsigned tagged_supported:1; /* Supports SCSI-II tagged queuing */ unsigned simple_tags:1; /* simple queue tag messages are enabled */ unsigned was_reset:1; /* There was a bus reset on the bus for * this device */ unsigned expecting_cc_ua:1; /* Expecting a CHECK_CONDITION/UNIT_ATTN * because we did a bus reset. */ unsigned use_10_for_rw:1; /* first try 10-byte read / write */ unsigned use_10_for_ms:1; /* first try 10-byte mode sense/select */ unsigned set_dbd_for_ms:1; /* Set "DBD" field in mode sense */ unsigned no_report_opcodes:1; /* no REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES */ unsigned no_write_same:1; /* no WRITE SAME command */ unsigned use_16_for_rw:1; /* Use read/write(16) over read/write(10) */ unsigned skip_ms_page_8:1; /* do not use MODE SENSE page 0x08 */ unsigned skip_ms_page_3f:1; /* do not use MODE SENSE page 0x3f */ unsigned skip_vpd_pages:1; /* do not read VPD pages */ unsigned try_vpd_pages:1; /* attempt to read VPD pages */ unsigned use_192_bytes_for_3f:1; /* ask for 192 bytes from page 0x3f */ unsigned no_start_on_add:1; /* do not issue start on add */ unsigned allow_restart:1; /* issue START_UNIT in error handler */ unsigned manage_start_stop:1; /* Let HLD (sd) manage start/stop */ unsigned start_stop_pwr_cond:1; /* Set power cond. in START_STOP_UNIT */ unsigned no_uld_attach:1; /* disable connecting to upper level drivers */ unsigned select_no_atn:1; unsigned fix_capacity:1; /* READ_CAPACITY is too high by 1 */ unsigned guess_capacity:1; /* READ_CAPACITY might be too high by 1 */ unsigned retry_hwerror:1; /* Retry HARDWARE_ERROR */ unsigned last_sector_bug:1; /* do not use multisector accesses on SD_LAST_BUGGY_SECTORS */ unsigned no_read_disc_info:1; /* Avoid READ_DISC_INFO cmds */ unsigned no_read_capacity_16:1; /* Avoid READ_CAPACITY_16 cmds */ unsigned try_rc_10_first:1; /* Try READ_CAPACACITY_10 first */ unsigned security_supported:1; /* Supports Security Protocols */ unsigned is_visible:1; /* is the device visible in sysfs */ unsigned wce_default_on:1; /* Cache is ON by default */ unsigned no_dif:1; /* T10 PI (DIF) should be disabled */ unsigned broken_fua:1; /* Don't set FUA bit */ unsigned lun_in_cdb:1; /* Store LUN bits in CDB[1] */ unsigned unmap_limit_for_ws:1; /* Use the UNMAP limit for WRITE SAME */ unsigned rpm_autosuspend:1; /* Enable runtime autosuspend at device * creation time */ bool offline_already; /* Device offline message logged */ atomic_t disk_events_disable_depth; /* disable depth for disk events */ DECLARE_BITMAP(supported_events, SDEV_EVT_MAXBITS); /* supported events */ DECLARE_BITMAP(pending_events, SDEV_EVT_MAXBITS); /* pending events */ struct list_head event_list; /* asserted events */ struct work_struct event_work; unsigned int max_device_blocked; /* what device_blocked counts down from */ #define SCSI_DEFAULT_DEVICE_BLOCKED 3 atomic_t iorequest_cnt; atomic_t iodone_cnt; atomic_t ioerr_cnt; struct device sdev_gendev, sdev_dev; struct execute_work ew; /* used to get process context on put */ struct work_struct requeue_work; struct scsi_device_handler *handler; void *handler_data; size_t dma_drain_len; void *dma_drain_buf; unsigned char access_state; struct mutex state_mutex; enum scsi_device_state sdev_state; struct task_struct *quiesced_by; unsigned long sdev_data[]; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(unsigned long)))); #define to_scsi_device(d) \ container_of(d, struct scsi_device, sdev_gendev) #define class_to_sdev(d) \ container_of(d, struct scsi_device, sdev_dev) #define transport_class_to_sdev(class_dev) \ to_scsi_device(class_dev->parent) #define sdev_dbg(sdev, fmt, a...) \ dev_dbg(&(sdev)->sdev_gendev, fmt, ##a) /* * like scmd_printk, but the device name is passed in * as a string pointer */ __printf(4, 5) void sdev_prefix_printk(const char *, const struct scsi_device *, const char *, const char *, ...); #define sdev_printk(l, sdev, fmt, a...) \ sdev_prefix_printk(l, sdev, NULL, fmt, ##a) __printf(3, 4) void scmd_printk(const char *, const struct scsi_cmnd *, const char *, ...); #define scmd_dbg(scmd, fmt, a...) \ do { \ if ((scmd)->request->rq_disk) \ sdev_dbg((scmd)->device, "[%s] " fmt, \ (scmd)->request->rq_disk->disk_name, ##a);\ else \ sdev_dbg((scmd)->device, fmt, ##a); \ } while (0) enum scsi_target_state { STARGET_CREATED = 1, STARGET_RUNNING, STARGET_REMOVE, STARGET_CREATED_REMOVE, STARGET_DEL, }; /* * scsi_target: representation of a scsi target, for now, this is only * used for single_lun devices. If no one has active IO to the target, * starget_sdev_user is NULL, else it points to the active sdev. */ struct scsi_target { struct scsi_device *starget_sdev_user; struct list_head siblings; struct list_head devices; struct device dev; struct kref reap_ref; /* last put renders target invisible */ unsigned int channel; unsigned int id; /* target id ... replace * scsi_device.id eventually */ unsigned int create:1; /* signal that it needs to be added */ unsigned int single_lun:1; /* Indicates we should only * allow I/O to one of the luns * for the device at a time. */ unsigned int pdt_1f_for_no_lun:1; /* PDT = 0x1f * means no lun present. */ unsigned int no_report_luns:1; /* Don't use * REPORT LUNS for scanning. */ unsigned int expecting_lun_change:1; /* A device has reported * a 3F/0E UA, other devices on * the same target will also. */ /* commands actually active on LLD. */ atomic_t target_busy; atomic_t target_blocked; /* * LLDs should set this in the slave_alloc host template callout. * If set to zero then there is not limit. */ unsigned int can_queue; unsigned int max_target_blocked; #define SCSI_DEFAULT_TARGET_BLOCKED 3 char scsi_level; enum scsi_target_state state; void *hostdata; /* available to low-level driver */ unsigned long starget_data[]; /* for the transport */ /* starget_data must be the last element!!!! */ } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(unsigned long)))); #define to_scsi_target(d) container_of(d, struct scsi_target, dev) static inline struct scsi_target *scsi_target(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return to_scsi_target(sdev->sdev_gendev.parent); } #define transport_class_to_starget(class_dev) \ to_scsi_target(class_dev->parent) #define starget_printk(prefix, starget, fmt, a...) \ dev_printk(prefix, &(starget)->dev, fmt, ##a) extern struct scsi_device *__scsi_add_device(struct Scsi_Host *, uint, uint, u64, void *hostdata); extern int scsi_add_device(struct Scsi_Host *host, uint channel, uint target, u64 lun); extern int scsi_register_device_handler(struct scsi_device_handler *scsi_dh); extern void scsi_remove_device(struct scsi_device *); extern int scsi_unregister_device_handler(struct scsi_device_handler *scsi_dh); void scsi_attach_vpd(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern struct scsi_device *scsi_device_from_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern int __must_check scsi_device_get(struct scsi_device *); extern void scsi_device_put(struct scsi_device *); extern struct scsi_device *scsi_device_lookup(struct Scsi_Host *, uint, uint, u64); extern struct scsi_device *__scsi_device_lookup(struct Scsi_Host *, uint, uint, u64); extern struct scsi_device *scsi_device_lookup_by_target(struct scsi_target *, u64); extern struct scsi_device *__scsi_device_lookup_by_target(struct scsi_target *, u64); extern void starget_for_each_device(struct scsi_target *, void *, void (*fn)(struct scsi_device *, void *)); extern void __starget_for_each_device(struct scsi_target *, void *, void (*fn)(struct scsi_device *, void *)); /* only exposed to implement shost_for_each_device */ extern struct scsi_device *__scsi_iterate_devices(struct Scsi_Host *, struct scsi_device *); /** * shost_for_each_device - iterate over all devices of a host * @sdev: the &struct scsi_device to use as a cursor * @shost: the &struct scsi_host to iterate over * * Iterator that returns each device attached to @shost. This loop * takes a reference on each device and releases it at the end. If * you break out of the loop, you must call scsi_device_put(sdev). */ #define shost_for_each_device(sdev, shost) \ for ((sdev) = __scsi_iterate_devices((shost), NULL); \ (sdev); \ (sdev) = __scsi_iterate_devices((shost), (sdev))) /** * __shost_for_each_device - iterate over all devices of a host (UNLOCKED) * @sdev: the &struct scsi_device to use as a cursor * @shost: the &struct scsi_host to iterate over * * Iterator that returns each device attached to @shost. It does _not_ * take a reference on the scsi_device, so the whole loop must be * protected by shost->host_lock. * * Note: The only reason to use this is because you need to access the * device list in interrupt context. Otherwise you really want to use * shost_for_each_device instead. */ #define __shost_for_each_device(sdev, shost) \ list_for_each_entry((sdev), &((shost)->__devices), siblings) extern int scsi_change_queue_depth(struct scsi_device *, int); extern int scsi_track_queue_full(struct scsi_device *, int); extern int scsi_set_medium_removal(struct scsi_device *, char); extern int scsi_mode_sense(struct scsi_device *sdev, int dbd, int modepage, unsigned char *buffer, int len, int timeout, int retries, struct scsi_mode_data *data, struct scsi_sense_hdr *); extern int scsi_mode_select(struct scsi_device *sdev, int pf, int sp, int modepage, unsigned char *buffer, int len, int timeout, int retries, struct scsi_mode_data *data, struct scsi_sense_hdr *); extern int scsi_test_unit_ready(struct scsi_device *sdev, int timeout, int retries, struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr); extern int scsi_get_vpd_page(struct scsi_device *, u8 page, unsigned char *buf, int buf_len); extern int scsi_report_opcode(struct scsi_device *sdev, unsigned char *buffer, unsigned int len, unsigned char opcode); extern int scsi_device_set_state(struct scsi_device *sdev, enum scsi_device_state state); extern struct scsi_event *sdev_evt_alloc(enum scsi_device_event evt_type, gfp_t gfpflags); extern void sdev_evt_send(struct scsi_device *sdev, struct scsi_event *evt); extern void sdev_evt_send_simple(struct scsi_device *sdev, enum scsi_device_event evt_type, gfp_t gfpflags); extern int scsi_device_quiesce(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern void scsi_device_resume(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern void scsi_target_quiesce(struct scsi_target *); extern void scsi_target_resume(struct scsi_target *); extern void scsi_scan_target(struct device *parent, unsigned int channel, unsigned int id, u64 lun, enum scsi_scan_mode rescan); extern void scsi_target_reap(struct scsi_target *); extern void scsi_target_block(struct device *); extern void scsi_target_unblock(struct device *, enum scsi_device_state); extern void scsi_remove_target(struct device *); extern const char *scsi_device_state_name(enum scsi_device_state); extern int scsi_is_sdev_device(const struct device *); extern int scsi_is_target_device(const struct device *); extern void scsi_sanitize_inquiry_string(unsigned char *s, int len); extern int __scsi_execute(struct scsi_device *sdev, const unsigned char *cmd, int data_direction, void *buffer, unsigned bufflen, unsigned char *sense, struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr, int timeout, int retries, u64 flags, req_flags_t rq_flags, int *resid); /* Make sure any sense buffer is the correct size. */ #define scsi_execute(sdev, cmd, data_direction, buffer, bufflen, sense, \ sshdr, timeout, retries, flags, rq_flags, resid) \ ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON((sense) != NULL && \ sizeof(sense) != SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE); \ __scsi_execute(sdev, cmd, data_direction, buffer, bufflen, \ sense, sshdr, timeout, retries, flags, rq_flags, \ resid); \ }) static inline int scsi_execute_req(struct scsi_device *sdev, const unsigned char *cmd, int data_direction, void *buffer, unsigned bufflen, struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr, int timeout, int retries, int *resid) { return scsi_execute(sdev, cmd, data_direction, buffer, bufflen, NULL, sshdr, timeout, retries, 0, 0, resid); } extern void sdev_disable_disk_events(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern void sdev_enable_disk_events(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern int scsi_vpd_lun_id(struct scsi_device *, char *, size_t); extern int scsi_vpd_tpg_id(struct scsi_device *, int *); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern int scsi_autopm_get_device(struct scsi_device *); extern void scsi_autopm_put_device(struct scsi_device *); #else static inline int scsi_autopm_get_device(struct scsi_device *d) { return 0; } static inline void scsi_autopm_put_device(struct scsi_device *d) {} #endif /* CONFIG_PM */ static inline int __must_check scsi_device_reprobe(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return device_reprobe(&sdev->sdev_gendev); } static inline unsigned int sdev_channel(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->channel; } static inline unsigned int sdev_id(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->id; } #define scmd_id(scmd) sdev_id((scmd)->device) #define scmd_channel(scmd) sdev_channel((scmd)->device) /* * checks for positions of the SCSI state machine */ static inline int scsi_device_online(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return (sdev->sdev_state != SDEV_OFFLINE && sdev->sdev_state != SDEV_TRANSPORT_OFFLINE && sdev->sdev_state != SDEV_DEL); } static inline int scsi_device_blocked(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->sdev_state == SDEV_BLOCK || sdev->sdev_state == SDEV_CREATED_BLOCK; } static inline int scsi_device_created(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->sdev_state == SDEV_CREATED || sdev->sdev_state == SDEV_CREATED_BLOCK; } int scsi_internal_device_block_nowait(struct scsi_device *sdev); int scsi_internal_device_unblock_nowait(struct scsi_device *sdev, enum scsi_device_state new_state); /* accessor functions for the SCSI parameters */ static inline int scsi_device_sync(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->sdtr; } static inline int scsi_device_wide(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->wdtr; } static inline int scsi_device_dt(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->ppr; } static inline int scsi_device_dt_only(struct scsi_device *sdev) { if (sdev->inquiry_len < 57) return 0; return (sdev->inquiry[56] & 0x0c) == 0x04; } static inline int scsi_device_ius(struct scsi_device *sdev) { if (sdev->inquiry_len < 57) return 0; return sdev->inquiry[56] & 0x01; } static inline int scsi_device_qas(struct scsi_device *sdev) { if (sdev->inquiry_len < 57) return 0; return sdev->inquiry[56] & 0x02; } static inline int scsi_device_enclosure(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->inquiry ? (sdev->inquiry[6] & (1<<6)) : 1; } static inline int scsi_device_protection(struct scsi_device *sdev) { if (sdev->no_dif) return 0; return sdev->scsi_level > SCSI_2 && sdev->inquiry[5] & (1<<0); } static inline int scsi_device_tpgs(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->inquiry ? (sdev->inquiry[5] >> 4) & 0x3 : 0; } /** * scsi_device_supports_vpd - test if a device supports VPD pages * @sdev: the &struct scsi_device to test * * If the 'try_vpd_pages' flag is set it takes precedence. * Otherwise we will assume VPD pages are supported if the * SCSI level is at least SPC-3 and 'skip_vpd_pages' is not set. */ static inline int scsi_device_supports_vpd(struct scsi_device *sdev) { /* Attempt VPD inquiry if the device blacklist explicitly calls * for it. */ if (sdev->try_vpd_pages) return 1; /* * Although VPD inquiries can go to SCSI-2 type devices, * some USB ones crash on receiving them, and the pages * we currently ask for are mandatory for SPC-2 and beyond */ if (sdev->scsi_level >= SCSI_SPC_2 && !sdev->skip_vpd_pages) return 1; return 0; } #define MODULE_ALIAS_SCSI_DEVICE(type) \ MODULE_ALIAS("scsi:t-" __stringify(type) "*") #define SCSI_DEVICE_MODALIAS_FMT "scsi:t-0x%02x" #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_DEVICE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Red Black Trees (C) 1999 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> linux/include/linux/rbtree.h To use rbtrees you'll have to implement your own insert and search cores. This will avoid us to use callbacks and to drop drammatically performances. I know it's not the cleaner way, but in C (not in C++) to get performances and genericity... See Documentation/core-api/rbtree.rst for documentation and samples. */ #ifndef _LINUX_RBTREE_H #define _LINUX_RBTREE_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> struct rb_node { unsigned long __rb_parent_color; struct rb_node *rb_right; struct rb_node *rb_left; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))); /* The alignment might seem pointless, but allegedly CRIS needs it */ struct rb_root { struct rb_node *rb_node; }; #define rb_parent(r) ((struct rb_node *)((r)->__rb_parent_color & ~3)) #define RB_ROOT (struct rb_root) { NULL, } #define rb_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr, type, member) #define RB_EMPTY_ROOT(root) (READ_ONCE((root)->rb_node) == NULL) /* 'empty' nodes are nodes that are known not to be inserted in an rbtree */ #define RB_EMPTY_NODE(node) \ ((node)->__rb_parent_color == (unsigned long)(node)) #define RB_CLEAR_NODE(node) \ ((node)->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)(node)) extern void rb_insert_color(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *); extern void rb_erase(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *); /* Find logical next and previous nodes in a tree */ extern struct rb_node *rb_next(const struct rb_node *); extern struct rb_node *rb_prev(const struct rb_node *); extern struct rb_node *rb_first(const struct rb_root *); extern struct rb_node *rb_last(const struct rb_root *); /* Postorder iteration - always visit the parent after its children */ extern struct rb_node *rb_first_postorder(const struct rb_root *); extern struct rb_node *rb_next_postorder(const struct rb_node *); /* Fast replacement of a single node without remove/rebalance/add/rebalance */ extern void rb_replace_node(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root *root); extern void rb_replace_node_rcu(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root *root); static inline void rb_link_node(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **rb_link) { node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent; node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL; *rb_link = node; } static inline void rb_link_node_rcu(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **rb_link) { node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent; node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL; rcu_assign_pointer(*rb_link, node); } #define rb_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \ ({ typeof(ptr) ____ptr = (ptr); \ ____ptr ? rb_entry(____ptr, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe - iterate in post-order over rb_root of * given type allowing the backing memory of @pos to be invalidated * * @pos: the 'type *' to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another 'type *' to use as temporary storage * @root: 'rb_root *' of the rbtree. * @field: the name of the rb_node field within 'type'. * * rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe() provides a similar guarantee as * list_for_each_entry_safe() and allows the iteration to continue independent * of changes to @pos by the body of the loop. * * Note, however, that it cannot handle other modifications that re-order the * rbtree it is iterating over. This includes calling rb_erase() on @pos, as * rb_erase() may rebalance the tree, causing us to miss some nodes. */ #define rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, root, field) \ for (pos = rb_entry_safe(rb_first_postorder(root), typeof(*pos), field); \ pos && ({ n = rb_entry_safe(rb_next_postorder(&pos->field), \ typeof(*pos), field); 1; }); \ pos = n) /* * Leftmost-cached rbtrees. * * We do not cache the rightmost node based on footprint * size vs number of potential users that could benefit * from O(1) rb_last(). Just not worth it, users that want * this feature can always implement the logic explicitly. * Furthermore, users that want to cache both pointers may * find it a bit asymmetric, but that's ok. */ struct rb_root_cached { struct rb_root rb_root; struct rb_node *rb_leftmost; }; #define RB_ROOT_CACHED (struct rb_root_cached) { {NULL, }, NULL } /* Same as rb_first(), but O(1) */ #define rb_first_cached(root) (root)->rb_leftmost static inline void rb_insert_color_cached(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_root_cached *root, bool leftmost) { if (leftmost) root->rb_leftmost = node; rb_insert_color(node, &root->rb_root); } static inline void rb_erase_cached(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_root_cached *root) { if (root->rb_leftmost == node) root->rb_leftmost = rb_next(node); rb_erase(node, &root->rb_root); } static inline void rb_replace_node_cached(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root_cached *root) { if (root->rb_leftmost == victim) root->rb_leftmost = new; rb_replace_node(victim, new, &root->rb_root); } #endif /* _LINUX_RBTREE_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/fs_pin.h> struct mnt_namespace { atomic_t count; struct ns_common ns; struct mount * root; /* * Traversal and modification of .list is protected by either * - taking namespace_sem for write, OR * - taking namespace_sem for read AND taking .ns_lock. */ struct list_head list; spinlock_t ns_lock; struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; u64 seq; /* Sequence number to prevent loops */ wait_queue_head_t poll; u64 event; unsigned int mounts; /* # of mounts in the namespace */ unsigned int pending_mounts; } __randomize_layout; struct mnt_pcp { int mnt_count; int mnt_writers; }; struct mountpoint { struct hlist_node m_hash; struct dentry *m_dentry; struct hlist_head m_list; int m_count; }; struct mount { struct hlist_node mnt_hash; struct mount *mnt_parent; struct dentry *mnt_mountpoint; struct vfsmount mnt; union { struct rcu_head mnt_rcu; struct llist_node mnt_llist; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct mnt_pcp __percpu *mnt_pcp; #else int mnt_count; int mnt_writers; #endif struct list_head mnt_mounts; /* list of children, anchored here */ struct list_head mnt_child; /* and going through their mnt_child */ struct list_head mnt_instance; /* mount instance on sb->s_mounts */ const char *mnt_devname; /* Name of device e.g. /dev/dsk/hda1 */ struct list_head mnt_list; struct list_head mnt_expire; /* link in fs-specific expiry list */ struct list_head mnt_share; /* circular list of shared mounts */ struct list_head mnt_slave_list;/* list of slave mounts */ struct list_head mnt_slave; /* slave list entry */ struct mount *mnt_master; /* slave is on master->mnt_slave_list */ struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; /* containing namespace */ struct mountpoint *mnt_mp; /* where is it mounted */ union { struct hlist_node mnt_mp_list; /* list mounts with the same mountpoint */ struct hlist_node mnt_umount; }; struct list_head mnt_umounting; /* list entry for umount propagation */ #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *mnt_fsnotify_marks; __u32 mnt_fsnotify_mask; #endif int mnt_id; /* mount identifier */ int mnt_group_id; /* peer group identifier */ int mnt_expiry_mark; /* true if marked for expiry */ struct hlist_head mnt_pins; struct hlist_head mnt_stuck_children; } __randomize_layout; #define MNT_NS_INTERNAL ERR_PTR(-EINVAL) /* distinct from any mnt_namespace */ static inline struct mount *real_mount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return container_of(mnt, struct mount, mnt); } static inline int mnt_has_parent(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt != mnt->mnt_parent; } static inline int is_mounted(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* neither detached nor internal? */ return !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns); } extern struct mount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *, struct dentry *); extern int __legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *, unsigned); extern bool legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *, unsigned); static inline bool __path_is_mountpoint(const struct path *path) { struct mount *m = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry); return m && likely(!(m->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT)); } extern void __detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry); static inline void detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) return; __detach_mounts(dentry); } static inline void get_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { atomic_inc(&ns->count); } extern seqlock_t mount_lock; static inline void lock_mount_hash(void) { write_seqlock(&mount_lock); } static inline void unlock_mount_hash(void) { write_sequnlock(&mount_lock); } struct proc_mounts { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct path root; int (*show)(struct seq_file *, struct vfsmount *); struct mount cursor; }; extern const struct seq_operations mounts_op; extern bool __is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry); static inline bool is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) return false; return __is_local_mountpoint(dentry); } static inline bool is_anon_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { return ns->seq == 0; } extern void mnt_cursor_del(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *cursor);
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts. * * The interface matches the atomic_t interface (to aid in porting) but only * provides the few functions one should use for reference counting. * * Saturation semantics * ==================== * * refcount_t differs from atomic_t in that the counter saturates at * REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once there. This avoids wrapping the * counter and causing 'spurious' use-after-free issues. In order to avoid the * cost associated with introducing cmpxchg() loops into all of the saturating * operations, we temporarily allow the counter to take on an unchecked value * and then explicitly set it to REFCOUNT_SATURATED on detecting that underflow * or overflow has occurred. Although this is racy when multiple threads * access the refcount concurrently, by placing REFCOUNT_SATURATED roughly * equidistant from 0 and INT_MAX we minimise the scope for error: * * INT_MAX REFCOUNT_SATURATED UINT_MAX * 0 (0x7fff_ffff) (0xc000_0000) (0xffff_ffff) * +--------------------------------+----------------+----------------+ * <---------- bad value! ----------> * * (in a signed view of the world, the "bad value" range corresponds to * a negative counter value). * * As an example, consider a refcount_inc() operation that causes the counter * to overflow: * * int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(r); * // old is INT_MAX, refcount now INT_MIN (0x8000_0000) * if (old < 0) * atomic_set(r, REFCOUNT_SATURATED); * * If another thread also performs a refcount_inc() operation between the two * atomic operations, then the count will continue to edge closer to 0. If it * reaches a value of 1 before /any/ of the threads reset it to the saturated * value, then a concurrent refcount_dec_and_test() may erroneously free the * underlying object. * Linux limits the maximum number of tasks to PID_MAX_LIMIT, which is currently * 0x400000 (and can't easily be raised in the future beyond FUTEX_TID_MASK). * With the current PID limit, if no batched refcounting operations are used and * the attacker can't repeatedly trigger kernel oopses in the middle of refcount * operations, this makes it impossible for a saturated refcount to leave the * saturation range, even if it is possible for multiple uses of the same * refcount to nest in the context of a single task: * * (UINT_MAX+1-REFCOUNT_SATURATED) / PID_MAX_LIMIT = * 0x40000000 / 0x400000 = 0x100 = 256 * * If hundreds of references are added/removed with a single refcounting * operation, it may potentially be possible to leave the saturation range; but * given the precise timing details involved with the round-robin scheduling of * each thread manipulating the refcount and the need to hit the race multiple * times in succession, there doesn't appear to be a practical avenue of attack * even if using refcount_add() operations with larger increments. * * Memory ordering * =============== * * Memory ordering rules are slightly relaxed wrt regular atomic_t functions * and provide only what is strictly required for refcounts. * * The increments are fully relaxed; these will not provide ordering. The * rationale is that whatever is used to obtain the object we're increasing the * reference count on will provide the ordering. For locked data structures, * its the lock acquire, for RCU/lockless data structures its the dependent * load. * * Do note that inc_not_zero() provides a control dependency which will order * future stores against the inc, this ensures we'll never modify the object * if we did not in fact acquire a reference. * * The decrements will provide release order, such that all the prior loads and * stores will be issued before, it also provides a control dependency, which * will order us against the subsequent free(). * * The control dependency is against the load of the cmpxchg (ll/sc) that * succeeded. This means the stores aren't fully ordered, but this is fine * because the 1->0 transition indicates no concurrency. * * Note that the allocator is responsible for ordering things between free() * and alloc(). * * The decrements dec_and_test() and sub_and_test() also provide acquire * ordering on success. * */ #ifndef _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #define _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> struct mutex; /** * struct refcount_t - variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts * @refs: atomic_t counter field * * The counter saturates at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once * there. This avoids wrapping the counter and causing 'spurious' * use-after-free bugs. */ typedef struct refcount_struct { atomic_t refs; } refcount_t; #define REFCOUNT_INIT(n) { .refs = ATOMIC_INIT(n), } #define REFCOUNT_MAX INT_MAX #define REFCOUNT_SATURATED (INT_MIN / 2) enum refcount_saturation_type { REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK, }; void refcount_warn_saturate(refcount_t *r, enum refcount_saturation_type t); /** * refcount_set - set a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * @n: value to which the refcount will be set */ static inline void refcount_set(refcount_t *r, int n) { atomic_set(&r->refs, n); } /** * refcount_read - get a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * * Return: the refcount's value */ static inline unsigned int refcount_read(const refcount_t *r) { return atomic_read(&r->refs); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = refcount_read(r); do { if (!old) break; } while (!atomic_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&r->refs, &old, old + i)); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF); return old; } /** * refcount_add_not_zero - add a value to a refcount unless it is 0 * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. * * Return: false if the passed refcount is 0, true otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(i, r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(!old)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF); else if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF); } /** * refcount_add - add a value to a refcount * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_add(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. */ static inline void refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r) { __refcount_add(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc_not_zero - increment a refcount unless it is 0 * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc_not_zero(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED * and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Return: true if the increment was successful, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_inc_not_zero(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_inc(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { __refcount_add(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc - increment a refcount * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller already has a * reference on the object. * * Will WARN if the refcount is 0, as this represents a possible use-after-free * condition. */ static inline void refcount_inc(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_inc(r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (old == i) { smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep(); return true; } if (unlikely(old < 0 || old - i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF); return false; } /** * refcount_sub_and_test - subtract from a refcount and test if it is 0 * @i: amount to subtract from the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), but it will WARN, return false and * ultimately leak on underflow and will fail to decrement when saturated * at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_dec(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * decrement a reference count. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_dec_and_test - decrement a refcount and test if it is 0 * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to * decrement when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_dec_and_test(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_dec(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(1, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old <= 1)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK); } /** * refcount_dec - decrement a refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to decrement * when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before. */ static inline void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_dec(r, NULL); } extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_if_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_not_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(refcount_t *r, struct mutex *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock_irqsave(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags); #endif /* _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* taskstats_kern.h - kernel header for per-task statistics interface * * Copyright (C) Shailabh Nagar, IBM Corp. 2006 * (C) Balbir Singh, IBM Corp. 2006 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TASKSTATS_KERN_H #define _LINUX_TASKSTATS_KERN_H #include <linux/taskstats.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TASKSTATS extern struct kmem_cache *taskstats_cache; extern struct mutex taskstats_exit_mutex; static inline void taskstats_tgid_free(struct signal_struct *sig) { if (sig->stats) kmem_cache_free(taskstats_cache, sig->stats); } extern void taskstats_exit(struct task_struct *, int group_dead); extern void taskstats_init_early(void); #else static inline void taskstats_exit(struct task_struct *tsk, int group_dead) {} static inline void taskstats_tgid_free(struct signal_struct *sig) {} static inline void taskstats_init_early(void) {} #endif /* CONFIG_TASKSTATS */ #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* delayacct.h - per-task delay accounting * * Copyright (C) Shailabh Nagar, IBM Corp. 2006 */ #ifndef _LINUX_DELAYACCT_H #define _LINUX_DELAYACCT_H #include <uapi/linux/taskstats.h> /* * Per-task flags relevant to delay accounting * maintained privately to avoid exhausting similar flags in sched.h:PF_* * Used to set current->delays->flags */ #define DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN 0x00000001 /* I am doing a swapin */ #define DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO 0x00000002 /* I am waiting on IO */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT struct task_delay_info { raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int flags; /* Private per-task flags */ /* For each stat XXX, add following, aligned appropriately * * struct timespec XXX_start, XXX_end; * u64 XXX_delay; * u32 XXX_count; * * Atomicity of updates to XXX_delay, XXX_count protected by * single lock above (split into XXX_lock if contention is an issue). */ /* * XXX_count is incremented on every XXX operation, the delay * associated with the operation is added to XXX_delay. * XXX_delay contains the accumulated delay time in nanoseconds. */ u64 blkio_start; /* Shared by blkio, swapin */ u64 blkio_delay; /* wait for sync block io completion */ u64 swapin_delay; /* wait for swapin block io completion */ u32 blkio_count; /* total count of the number of sync block */ /* io operations performed */ u32 swapin_count; /* total count of the number of swapin block */ /* io operations performed */ u64 freepages_start; u64 freepages_delay; /* wait for memory reclaim */ u64 thrashing_start; u64 thrashing_delay; /* wait for thrashing page */ u32 freepages_count; /* total count of memory reclaim */ u32 thrashing_count; /* total count of thrash waits */ }; #endif #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT extern int delayacct_on; /* Delay accounting turned on/off */ extern struct kmem_cache *delayacct_cache; extern void delayacct_init(void); extern void __delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_tsk_exit(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_blkio_start(void); extern void __delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *); extern int __delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *, struct task_struct *); extern __u64 __delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_freepages_start(void); extern void __delayacct_freepages_end(void); extern void __delayacct_thrashing_start(void); extern void __delayacct_thrashing_end(void); static inline int delayacct_is_task_waiting_on_io(struct task_struct *p) { if (p->delays) return (p->delays->flags & DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); else return 0; } static inline void delayacct_set_flag(int flag) { if (current->delays) current->delays->flags |= flag; } static inline void delayacct_clear_flag(int flag) { if (current->delays) current->delays->flags &= ~flag; } static inline void delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { /* reinitialize in case parent's non-null pointer was dup'ed*/ tsk->delays = NULL; if (delayacct_on) __delayacct_tsk_init(tsk); } /* Free tsk->delays. Called from bad fork and __put_task_struct * where there's no risk of tsk->delays being accessed elsewhere */ static inline void delayacct_tsk_free(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (tsk->delays) kmem_cache_free(delayacct_cache, tsk->delays); tsk->delays = NULL; } static inline void delayacct_blkio_start(void) { delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); if (current->delays) __delayacct_blkio_start(); } static inline void delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *p) { if (p->delays) __delayacct_blkio_end(p); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); } static inline int delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *d, struct task_struct *tsk) { if (!delayacct_on || !tsk->delays) return 0; return __delayacct_add_tsk(d, tsk); } static inline __u64 delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (tsk->delays) return __delayacct_blkio_ticks(tsk); return 0; } static inline void delayacct_freepages_start(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_freepages_start(); } static inline void delayacct_freepages_end(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_freepages_end(); } static inline void delayacct_thrashing_start(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_thrashing_start(); } static inline void delayacct_thrashing_end(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_thrashing_end(); } #else static inline void delayacct_set_flag(int flag) {} static inline void delayacct_clear_flag(int flag) {} static inline void delayacct_init(void) {} static inline void delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *tsk) {} static inline void delayacct_tsk_free(struct task_struct *tsk) {} static inline void delayacct_blkio_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *p) {} static inline int delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *d, struct task_struct *tsk) { return 0; } static inline __u64 delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *tsk) { return 0; } static inline int delayacct_is_task_waiting_on_io(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void delayacct_freepages_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_freepages_end(void) {} static inline void delayacct_thrashing_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_thrashing_end(void) {} #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT */ #endif
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<linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/list_nulls.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> /* * Objects in an rhashtable have an embedded struct rhash_head * which is linked into as hash chain from the hash table - or one * of two or more hash tables when the rhashtable is being resized. * The end of the chain is marked with a special nulls marks which has * the least significant bit set but otherwise stores the address of * the hash bucket. This allows us to be sure we've found the end * of the right list. * The value stored in the hash bucket has BIT(0) used as a lock bit. * This bit must be atomically set before any changes are made to * the chain. To avoid dereferencing this pointer without clearing * the bit first, we use an opaque 'struct rhash_lock_head *' for the * pointer stored in the bucket. This struct needs to be defined so * that rcu_dereference() works on it, but it has no content so a * cast is needed for it to be useful. This ensures it isn't * used by mistake with clearing the lock bit first. */ struct rhash_lock_head {}; /* Maximum chain length before rehash * * The maximum (not average) chain length grows with the size of the hash * table, at a rate of (log N)/(log log N). * * The value of 16 is selected so that even if the hash table grew to * 2^32 you would not expect the maximum chain length to exceed it * unless we are under attack (or extremely unlucky). * * As this limit is only to detect attacks, we don't need to set it to a * lower value as you'd need the chain length to vastly exceed 16 to have * any real effect on the system. */ #define RHT_ELASTICITY 16u /** * struct bucket_table - Table of hash buckets * @size: Number of hash buckets * @nest: Number of bits of first-level nested table. * @rehash: Current bucket being rehashed * @hash_rnd: Random seed to fold into hash * @walkers: List of active walkers * @rcu: RCU structure for freeing the table * @future_tbl: Table under construction during rehashing * @ntbl: Nested table used when out of memory. * @buckets: size * hash buckets */ struct bucket_table { unsigned int size; unsigned int nest; u32 hash_rnd; struct list_head walkers; struct rcu_head rcu; struct bucket_table __rcu *future_tbl; struct lockdep_map dep_map; struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *buckets[] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; /* * NULLS_MARKER() expects a hash value with the low * bits mostly likely to be significant, and it discards * the msb. * We give it an address, in which the bottom bit is * always 0, and the msb might be significant. * So we shift the address down one bit to align with * expectations and avoid losing a significant bit. * * We never store the NULLS_MARKER in the hash table * itself as we need the lsb for locking. * Instead we store a NULL */ #define RHT_NULLS_MARKER(ptr) \ ((void *)NULLS_MARKER(((unsigned long) (ptr)) >> 1)) #define INIT_RHT_NULLS_HEAD(ptr) \ ((ptr) = NULL) static inline bool rht_is_a_nulls(const struct rhash_head *ptr) { return ((unsigned long) ptr & 1); } static inline void *rht_obj(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct rhash_head *he) { return (char *)he - ht->p.head_offset; } static inline unsigned int rht_bucket_index(const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return hash & (tbl->size - 1); } static inline unsigned int rht_key_get_hash(struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params, unsigned int hash_rnd) { unsigned int hash; /* params must be equal to ht->p if it isn't constant. */ if (!__builtin_constant_p(params.key_len)) hash = ht->p.hashfn(key, ht->key_len, hash_rnd); else if (params.key_len) { unsigned int key_len = params.key_len; if (params.hashfn) hash = params.hashfn(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else if (key_len & (sizeof(u32) - 1)) hash = jhash(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else hash = jhash2(key, key_len / sizeof(u32), hash_rnd); } else { unsigned int key_len = ht->p.key_len; if (params.hashfn) hash = params.hashfn(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else hash = jhash(key, key_len, hash_rnd); } return hash; } static inline unsigned int rht_key_hashfn( struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { unsigned int hash = rht_key_get_hash(ht, key, params, tbl->hash_rnd); return rht_bucket_index(tbl, hash); } static inline unsigned int rht_head_hashfn( struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl, const struct rhash_head *he, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *ptr = rht_obj(ht, he); return likely(params.obj_hashfn) ? rht_bucket_index(tbl, params.obj_hashfn(ptr, params.key_len ?: ht->p.key_len, tbl->hash_rnd)) : rht_key_hashfn(ht, tbl, ptr + params.key_offset, params); } /** * rht_grow_above_75 - returns true if nelems > 0.75 * table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_75(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { /* Expand table when exceeding 75% load */ return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) > (tbl->size / 4 * 3) && (!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size); } /** * rht_shrink_below_30 - returns true if nelems < 0.3 * table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_shrink_below_30(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { /* Shrink table beneath 30% load */ return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) < (tbl->size * 3 / 10) && tbl->size > ht->p.min_size; } /** * rht_grow_above_100 - returns true if nelems > table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_100(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) > tbl->size && (!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size); } /** * rht_grow_above_max - returns true if table is above maximum * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_max(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) >= ht->max_elems; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING int lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(struct rhashtable *ht); int lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(const struct bucket_table *tbl, u32 hash); #else static inline int lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(struct rhashtable *ht) { return 1; } static inline int lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(const struct bucket_table *tbl, u32 hash) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ void *rhashtable_insert_slow(struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj); void rhashtable_walk_enter(struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void rhashtable_walk_exit(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); int rhashtable_walk_start_check(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) __acquires(RCU); static inline void rhashtable_walk_start(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) { (void)rhashtable_walk_start_check(iter); } void *rhashtable_walk_next(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void *rhashtable_walk_peek(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void rhashtable_walk_stop(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) __releases(RCU); void rhashtable_free_and_destroy(struct rhashtable *ht, void (*free_fn)(void *ptr, void *arg), void *arg); void rhashtable_destroy(struct rhashtable *ht); struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_nested( const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **__rht_bucket_nested( const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_nested_insert( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); #define rht_dereference(p, ht) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(ht)) #define rht_dereference_rcu(p, ht) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(ht)) #define rht_dereference_bucket(p, tbl, hash) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(tbl, hash)) #define rht_dereference_bucket_rcu(p, tbl, hash) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(tbl, hash)) #define rht_entry(tpos, pos, member) \ ({ tpos = container_of(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }) static inline struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *rht_bucket( const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? rht_bucket_nested(tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } static inline struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_var( struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? __rht_bucket_nested(tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } static inline struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_insert( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? rht_bucket_nested_insert(ht, tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } /* * We lock a bucket by setting BIT(0) in the pointer - this is always * zero in real pointers. The NULLS mark is never stored in the bucket, * rather we store NULL if the bucket is empty. * bit_spin_locks do not handle contention well, but the whole point * of the hashtable design is to achieve minimum per-bucket contention. * A nested hash table might not have a bucket pointer. In that case * we cannot get a lock. For remove and replace the bucket cannot be * interesting and doesn't need locking. * For insert we allocate the bucket if this is the last bucket_table, * and then take the lock. * Sometimes we unlock a bucket by writing a new pointer there. In that * case we don't need to unlock, but we do need to reset state such as * local_bh. For that we have rht_assign_unlock(). As rcu_assign_pointer() * provides the same release semantics that bit_spin_unlock() provides, * this is safe. * When we write to a bucket without unlocking, we use rht_assign_locked(). */ static inline void rht_lock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt) { local_bh_disable(); bit_spin_lock(0, (unsigned long *)bkt); lock_map_acquire(&tbl->dep_map); } static inline void rht_lock_nested(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bucket, unsigned int subclass) { local_bh_disable(); bit_spin_lock(0, (unsigned long *)bucket); lock_acquire_exclusive(&tbl->dep_map, subclass, 0, NULL, _THIS_IP_); } static inline void rht_unlock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt) { lock_map_release(&tbl->dep_map); bit_spin_unlock(0, (unsigned long *)bkt); local_bh_enable(); } static inline struct rhash_head *__rht_ptr( struct rhash_lock_head *p, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt) { return (struct rhash_head *) ((unsigned long)p & ~BIT(0) ?: (unsigned long)RHT_NULLS_MARKER(bkt)); } /* * Where 'bkt' is a bucket and might be locked: * rht_ptr_rcu() dereferences that pointer and clears the lock bit. * rht_ptr() dereferences in a context where the bucket is locked. * rht_ptr_exclusive() dereferences in a context where exclusive * access is guaranteed, such as when destroying the table. */ static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr_rcu( struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt) { return __rht_ptr(rcu_dereference(*bkt), bkt); } static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr( struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return __rht_ptr(rht_dereference_bucket(*bkt, tbl, hash), bkt); } static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr_exclusive( struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt) { return __rht_ptr(rcu_dereference_protected(*bkt, 1), bkt); } static inline void rht_assign_locked(struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt, struct rhash_head *obj) { if (rht_is_a_nulls(obj)) obj = NULL; rcu_assign_pointer(*bkt, (void *)((unsigned long)obj | BIT(0))); } static inline void rht_assign_unlock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt, struct rhash_head *obj) { if (rht_is_a_nulls(obj)) obj = NULL; lock_map_release(&tbl->dep_map); rcu_assign_pointer(*bkt, (void *)obj); preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); local_bh_enable(); } /** * rht_for_each_from - iterate over hash chain from given head * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index */ #define rht_for_each_from(pos, head, tbl, hash) \ for (pos = head; \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket((pos)->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each - iterate over hash chain * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index */ #define rht_for_each(pos, tbl, hash) \ rht_for_each_from(pos, rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ tbl, hash) /** * rht_for_each_entry_from - iterate over hash chain from given head * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. */ #define rht_for_each_entry_from(tpos, pos, head, tbl, hash, member) \ for (pos = head; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket((pos)->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each_entry - iterate over hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. */ #define rht_for_each_entry(tpos, pos, tbl, hash, member) \ rht_for_each_entry_from(tpos, pos, \ rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ tbl, hash, member) /** * rht_for_each_entry_safe - safely iterate over hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @next: the &struct rhash_head to use as next in loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive allows for the looped code to * remove the loop cursor from the list. */ #define rht_for_each_entry_safe(tpos, pos, next, tbl, hash, member) \ for (pos = rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ next = !rht_is_a_nulls(pos) ? \ rht_dereference_bucket(pos->next, tbl, hash) : NULL; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = next, \ next = !rht_is_a_nulls(pos) ? \ rht_dereference_bucket(pos->next, tbl, hash) : NULL) /** * rht_for_each_rcu_from - iterate over rcu hash chain from given head * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_rcu_from(pos, head, tbl, hash) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = head; \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rht_for_each_rcu - iterate over rcu hash chain * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_rcu(pos, tbl, hash) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = rht_ptr_rcu(rht_bucket(tbl, hash)); \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from - iterated over rcu hash chain from given head * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from(tpos, pos, head, tbl, hash, member) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = head; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket_rcu(pos->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, tbl, hash, member) \ rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from(tpos, pos, \ rht_ptr_rcu(rht_bucket(tbl, hash)), \ tbl, hash, member) /** * rhl_for_each_rcu - iterate over rcu hash table list * @pos: the &struct rlist_head to use as a loop cursor. * @list: the head of the list * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive should be used on the * list returned by rhltable_lookup. */ #define rhl_for_each_rcu(pos, list) \ for (pos = list; pos; pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rhl_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu hash table list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rlist_head to use as a loop cursor. * @list: the head of the list * @member: name of the &struct rlist_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive should be used on the * list returned by rhltable_lookup. */ #define rhl_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, list, member) \ for (pos = list; pos && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) static inline int rhashtable_compare(struct rhashtable_compare_arg *arg, const void *obj) { struct rhashtable *ht = arg->ht; const char *ptr = obj; return memcmp(ptr + ht->p.key_offset, arg->key, ht->p.key_len); } /* Internal function, do not use. */ static inline struct rhash_head *__rhashtable_lookup( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhashtable_compare_arg arg = { .ht = ht, .key = key, }; struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt; struct bucket_table *tbl; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); restart: hash = rht_key_hashfn(ht, tbl, key, params); bkt = rht_bucket(tbl, hash); do { rht_for_each_rcu_from(he, rht_ptr_rcu(bkt), tbl, hash) { if (params.obj_cmpfn ? params.obj_cmpfn(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he)) : rhashtable_compare(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he))) continue; return he; } /* An object might have been moved to a different hash chain, * while we walk along it - better check and retry. */ } while (he != RHT_NULLS_MARKER(bkt)); /* Ensure we see any new tables. */ smp_rmb(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht); if (unlikely(tbl)) goto restart; return NULL; } /** * rhashtable_lookup - search hash table * @ht: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. The first matching entry is returned. * * This must only be called under the RCU read lock. * * Returns the first entry on which the compare function returned true. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_head *he = __rhashtable_lookup(ht, key, params); return he ? rht_obj(ht, he) : NULL; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_fast - search hash table, without RCU read lock * @ht: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. The first matching entry is returned. * * Only use this function when you have other mechanisms guaranteeing * that the object won't go away after the RCU read lock is released. * * Returns the first entry on which the compare function returned true. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *obj; rcu_read_lock(); obj = rhashtable_lookup(ht, key, params); rcu_read_unlock(); return obj; } /** * rhltable_lookup - search hash list table * @hlt: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. All matching entries are returned * in a list. * * This must only be called under the RCU read lock. * * Returns the list of entries that match the given key. */ static inline struct rhlist_head *rhltable_lookup( struct rhltable *hlt, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_head *he = __rhashtable_lookup(&hlt->ht, key, params); return he ? container_of(he, struct rhlist_head, rhead) : NULL; } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_insert_fast() instead. This * function returns the existing element already in hashes in there is a clash, * otherwise it returns an error via ERR_PTR(). */ static inline void *__rhashtable_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct rhashtable_compare_arg arg = { .ht = ht, .key = key, }; struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct bucket_table *tbl; struct rhash_head *head; unsigned int hash; int elasticity; void *data; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj, params); elasticity = RHT_ELASTICITY; bkt = rht_bucket_insert(ht, tbl, hash); data = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!bkt) goto out; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); if (unlikely(rcu_access_pointer(tbl->future_tbl))) { slow_path: rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); rcu_read_unlock(); return rhashtable_insert_slow(ht, key, obj); } rht_for_each_from(head, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { struct rhlist_head *plist; struct rhlist_head *list; elasticity--; if (!key || (params.obj_cmpfn ? params.obj_cmpfn(&arg, rht_obj(ht, head)) : rhashtable_compare(&arg, rht_obj(ht, head)))) { pprev = &head->next; continue; } data = rht_obj(ht, head); if (!rhlist) goto out_unlock; list = container_of(obj, struct rhlist_head, rhead); plist = container_of(head, struct rhlist_head, rhead); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->next, plist); head = rht_dereference_bucket(head->next, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->rhead.next, head); if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); data = NULL; goto out; } if (elasticity <= 0) goto slow_path; data = ERR_PTR(-E2BIG); if (unlikely(rht_grow_above_max(ht, tbl))) goto out_unlock; if (unlikely(rht_grow_above_100(ht, tbl))) goto slow_path; /* Inserting at head of list makes unlocking free. */ head = rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(obj->next, head); if (rhlist) { struct rhlist_head *list; list = container_of(obj, struct rhlist_head, rhead); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->next, NULL); } atomic_inc(&ht->nelems); rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); if (rht_grow_above_75(ht, tbl)) schedule_work(&ht->run_work); data = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return data; out_unlock: rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); goto out; } /** * rhashtable_insert_fast - insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhashtable_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *ret; ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, NULL, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhltable_insert_key - insert object into hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @key: the pointer to the key * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhltable_insert_key( struct rhltable *hlt, const void *key, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return PTR_ERR(__rhashtable_insert_fast(&hlt->ht, key, &list->rhead, params, true)); } /** * rhltable_insert - insert object into hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhltable_insert( struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(&hlt->ht, &list->rhead); key += params.key_offset; return rhltable_insert_key(hlt, key, list, params); } /** * rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * This lookup function may only be used for fixed key hash table (key_len * parameter set). It will BUG() if used inappropriately. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(ht, obj); void *ret; BUG_ON(ht->p.obj_hashfn); ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key + ht->p.key_offset, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_fast - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Just like rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast(), but this function returns the * object if it exists, NULL if it did not and the insertion was successful, * and an ERR_PTR otherwise. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(ht, obj); BUG_ON(ht->p.obj_hashfn); return __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key + ht->p.key_offset, obj, params, false); } /** * rhashtable_lookup_insert_key - search and insert object to hash table * with explicit key * @ht: hash table * @key: key * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Lookups may occur in parallel with hashtable mutations and resizing. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. * * Returns zero on success. */ static inline int rhashtable_lookup_insert_key( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *ret; BUG_ON(!ht->p.obj_hashfn || !key); ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_key - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @key: key * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Just like rhashtable_lookup_insert_key(), but this function returns the * object if it exists, NULL if it does not and the insertion was successful, * and an ERR_PTR otherwise. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_key( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { BUG_ON(!ht->p.obj_hashfn || !key); return __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key, obj, params, false); } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_remove_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_remove_fast_one( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; int err = -ENOENT; hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj, params); bkt = rht_bucket_var(tbl, hash); if (!bkt) return -ENOENT; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); rht_for_each_from(he, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { struct rhlist_head *list; list = container_of(he, struct rhlist_head, rhead); if (he != obj) { struct rhlist_head __rcu **lpprev; pprev = &he->next; if (!rhlist) continue; do { lpprev = &list->next; list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); } while (list && obj != &list->rhead); if (!list) continue; list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(*lpprev, list); err = 0; break; } obj = rht_dereference_bucket(obj->next, tbl, hash); err = 1; if (rhlist) { list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); if (list) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->rhead.next, obj); obj = &list->rhead; err = 0; } } if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else { rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); } goto unlocked; } rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); unlocked: if (err > 0) { atomic_dec(&ht->nelems); if (unlikely(ht->p.automatic_shrinking && rht_shrink_below_30(ht, tbl))) schedule_work(&ht->run_work); err = 0; } return err; } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_remove_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_remove_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct bucket_table *tbl; int err; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); /* Because we have already taken (and released) the bucket * lock in old_tbl, if we find that future_tbl is not yet * visible then that guarantees the entry to still be in * the old tbl if it exists. */ while ((err = __rhashtable_remove_fast_one(ht, tbl, obj, params, rhlist)) && (tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht))) ; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } /** * rhashtable_remove_fast - remove object from hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Since the hash chain is single linked, the removal operation needs to * walk the bucket chain upon removal. The removal operation is thus * considerable slow if the hash table is not correctly sized. * * Will automatically shrink the table if permitted when residency drops * below 30%. * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found. */ static inline int rhashtable_remove_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return __rhashtable_remove_fast(ht, obj, params, false); } /** * rhltable_remove - remove object from hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Since the hash chain is single linked, the removal operation needs to * walk the bucket chain upon removal. The removal operation is thus * considerable slow if the hash table is not correctly sized. * * Will automatically shrink the table if permitted when residency drops * below 30% * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found. */ static inline int rhltable_remove( struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return __rhashtable_remove_fast(&hlt->ht, &list->rhead, params, true); } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_replace_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_replace_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_head *obj_old, struct rhash_head *obj_new, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; int err = -ENOENT; /* Minimally, the old and new objects must have same hash * (which should mean identifiers are the same). */ hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj_old, params); if (hash != rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj_new, params)) return -EINVAL; bkt = rht_bucket_var(tbl, hash); if (!bkt) return -ENOENT; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); rht_for_each_from(he, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { if (he != obj_old) { pprev = &he->next; continue; } rcu_assign_pointer(obj_new->next, obj_old->next); if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj_new); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else { rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj_new); } err = 0; goto unlocked; } rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); unlocked: return err; } /** * rhashtable_replace_fast - replace an object in hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj_old: pointer to hash head inside object being replaced * @obj_new: pointer to hash head inside object which is new * @params: hash table parameters * * Replacing an object doesn't affect the number of elements in the hash table * or bucket, so we don't need to worry about shrinking or expanding the * table here. * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found, * -EINVAL if hash is not the same for the old and new objects. */ static inline int rhashtable_replace_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj_old, struct rhash_head *obj_new, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct bucket_table *tbl; int err; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); /* Because we have already taken (and released) the bucket * lock in old_tbl, if we find that future_tbl is not yet * visible then that guarantees the entry to still be in * the old tbl if it exists. */ while ((err = __rhashtable_replace_fast(ht, tbl, obj_old, obj_new, params)) && (tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht))) ; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } /** * rhltable_walk_enter - Initialise an iterator * @hlt: Table to walk over * @iter: Hash table Iterator * * This function prepares a hash table walk. * * Note that if you restart a walk after rhashtable_walk_stop you * may see the same object twice. Also, you may miss objects if * there are removals in between rhashtable_walk_stop and the next * call to rhashtable_walk_start. * * For a completely stable walk you should construct your own data * structure outside the hash table. * * This function may be called from any process context, including * non-preemptable context, but cannot be called from softirq or * hardirq context. * * You must call rhashtable_walk_exit after this function returns. */ static inline void rhltable_walk_enter(struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhashtable_iter *iter) { return rhashtable_walk_enter(&hlt->ht, iter); } /** * rhltable_free_and_destroy - free elements and destroy hash list table * @hlt: the hash list table to destroy * @free_fn: callback to release resources of element * @arg: pointer passed to free_fn * * See documentation for rhashtable_free_and_destroy. */ static inline void rhltable_free_and_destroy(struct rhltable *hlt, void (*free_fn)(void *ptr, void *arg), void *arg) { return rhashtable_free_and_destroy(&hlt->ht, free_fn, arg); } static inline void rhltable_destroy(struct rhltable *hlt) { return rhltable_free_and_destroy(hlt, NULL, NULL); } #endif /* _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * INETPEER - A storage for permanent information about peers * * Authors: Andrey V. Savochkin <saw@msu.ru> */ #ifndef _NET_INETPEER_H #define _NET_INETPEER_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> /* IPv4 address key for cache lookups */ struct ipv4_addr_key { __be32 addr; int vif; }; #define INETPEER_MAXKEYSZ (sizeof(struct in6_addr) / sizeof(u32)) struct inetpeer_addr { union { struct ipv4_addr_key a4; struct in6_addr a6; u32 key[INETPEER_MAXKEYSZ]; }; __u16 family; }; struct inet_peer { struct rb_node rb_node; struct inetpeer_addr daddr; u32 metrics[RTAX_MAX]; u32 rate_tokens; /* rate limiting for ICMP */ u32 n_redirects; unsigned long rate_last; /* * Once inet_peer is queued for deletion (refcnt == 0), following field * is not available: rid * We can share memory with rcu_head to help keep inet_peer small. */ union { struct { atomic_t rid; /* Frag reception counter */ }; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* following fields might be frequently dirtied */ __u32 dtime; /* the time of last use of not referenced entries */ refcount_t refcnt; }; struct inet_peer_base { struct rb_root rb_root; seqlock_t lock; int total; }; void inet_peer_base_init(struct inet_peer_base *); void inet_initpeers(void) __init; #define INETPEER_METRICS_NEW (~(u32) 0) static inline void inetpeer_set_addr_v4(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr, __be32 ip) { iaddr->a4.addr = ip; iaddr->a4.vif = 0; iaddr->family = AF_INET; } static inline __be32 inetpeer_get_addr_v4(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr) { return iaddr->a4.addr; } static inline void inetpeer_set_addr_v6(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr, struct in6_addr *in6) { iaddr->a6 = *in6; iaddr->family = AF_INET6; } static inline struct in6_addr *inetpeer_get_addr_v6(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr) { return &iaddr->a6; } /* can be called with or without local BH being disabled */ struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer(struct inet_peer_base *base, const struct inetpeer_addr *daddr, int create); static inline struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer_v4(struct inet_peer_base *base, __be32 v4daddr, int vif, int create) { struct inetpeer_addr daddr; daddr.a4.addr = v4daddr; daddr.a4.vif = vif; daddr.family = AF_INET; return inet_getpeer(base, &daddr, create); } static inline struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer_v6(struct inet_peer_base *base, const struct in6_addr *v6daddr, int create) { struct inetpeer_addr daddr; daddr.a6 = *v6daddr; daddr.family = AF_INET6; return inet_getpeer(base, &daddr, create); } static inline int inetpeer_addr_cmp(const struct inetpeer_addr *a, const struct inetpeer_addr *b) { int i, n; if (a->family == AF_INET) n = sizeof(a->a4) / sizeof(u32); else n = sizeof(a->a6) / sizeof(u32); for (i = 0; i < n; i++) { if (a->key[i] == b->key[i]) continue; if (a->key[i] < b->key[i]) return -1; return 1; } return 0; } /* can be called from BH context or outside */ void inet_putpeer(struct inet_peer *p); bool inet_peer_xrlim_allow(struct inet_peer *peer, int timeout); void inetpeer_invalidate_tree(struct inet_peer_base *); #endif /* _NET_INETPEER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_COMPLETION_H #define __LINUX_COMPLETION_H /* * (C) Copyright 2001 Linus Torvalds * * Atomic wait-for-completion handler data structures. * See kernel/sched/completion.c for details. */ #include <linux/swait.h> /* * struct completion - structure used to maintain state for a "completion" * * This is the opaque structure used to maintain the state for a "completion". * Completions currently use a FIFO to queue threads that have to wait for * the "completion" event. * * See also: complete(), wait_for_completion() (and friends _timeout, * _interruptible, _interruptible_timeout, and _killable), init_completion(), * reinit_completion(), and macros DECLARE_COMPLETION(), * DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(). */ struct completion { unsigned int done; struct swait_queue_head wait; }; #define init_completion_map(x, m) __init_completion(x) #define init_completion(x) __init_completion(x) static inline void complete_acquire(struct completion *x) {} static inline void complete_release(struct completion *x) {} #define COMPLETION_INITIALIZER(work) \ { 0, __SWAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER((work).wait) } #define COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) \ (*({ init_completion_map(&(work), &(map)); &(work); })) #define COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK(work) \ (*({ init_completion(&work); &work; })) /** * DECLARE_COMPLETION - declare and initialize a completion structure * @work: identifier for the completion structure * * This macro declares and initializes a completion structure. Generally used * for static declarations. You should use the _ONSTACK variant for automatic * variables. */ #define DECLARE_COMPLETION(work) \ struct completion work = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER(work) /* * Lockdep needs to run a non-constant initializer for on-stack * completions - so we use the _ONSTACK() variant for those that * are on the kernel stack: */ /** * DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK - declare and initialize a completion structure * @work: identifier for the completion structure * * This macro declares and initializes a completion structure on the kernel * stack. */ #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(work) \ struct completion work = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK(work) # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) \ struct completion work = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) #else # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(work) DECLARE_COMPLETION(work) # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) DECLARE_COMPLETION(work) #endif /** * init_completion - Initialize a dynamically allocated completion * @x: pointer to completion structure that is to be initialized * * This inline function will initialize a dynamically created completion * structure. */ static inline void __init_completion(struct completion *x) { x->done = 0; init_swait_queue_head(&x->wait); } /** * reinit_completion - reinitialize a completion structure * @x: pointer to completion structure that is to be reinitialized * * This inline function should be used to reinitialize a completion structure so it can * be reused. This is especially important after complete_all() is used. */ static inline void reinit_completion(struct completion *x) { x->done = 0; } extern void wait_for_completion(struct completion *); extern void wait_for_completion_io(struct completion *); extern int wait_for_completion_interruptible(struct completion *x); extern int wait_for_completion_killable(struct completion *x); extern unsigned long wait_for_completion_timeout(struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern unsigned long wait_for_completion_io_timeout(struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern long wait_for_completion_interruptible_timeout( struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern long wait_for_completion_killable_timeout( struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern bool try_wait_for_completion(struct completion *x); extern bool completion_done(struct completion *x); extern void complete(struct completion *); extern void complete_all(struct completion *); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * * Generic internet FLOW. * */ #ifndef _NET_FLOW_H #define _NET_FLOW_H #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> /* * ifindex generation is per-net namespace, and loopback is * always the 1st device in ns (see net_dev_init), thus any * loopback device should get ifindex 1 */ #define LOOPBACK_IFINDEX 1 struct flowi_tunnel { __be64 tun_id; }; struct flowi_common { int flowic_oif; int flowic_iif; __u32 flowic_mark; __u8 flowic_tos; __u8 flowic_scope; __u8 flowic_proto; __u8 flowic_flags; #define FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC 0x01 #define FLOWI_FLAG_KNOWN_NH 0x02 #define FLOWI_FLAG_SKIP_NH_OIF 0x04 __u32 flowic_secid; kuid_t flowic_uid; struct flowi_tunnel flowic_tun_key; __u32 flowic_multipath_hash; }; union flowi_uli { struct { __be16 dport; __be16 sport; } ports; struct { __u8 type; __u8 code; } icmpt; struct { __le16 dport; __le16 sport; } dnports; __be32 spi; __be32 gre_key; struct { __u8 type; } mht; }; struct flowi4 { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowi4_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi4_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi4_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi4_tos __fl_common.flowic_tos #define flowi4_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi4_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi4_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi4_secid __fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi4_tun_key __fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi4_uid __fl_common.flowic_uid #define flowi4_multipath_hash __fl_common.flowic_multipath_hash /* (saddr,daddr) must be grouped, same order as in IP header */ __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; union flowi_uli uli; #define fl4_sport uli.ports.sport #define fl4_dport uli.ports.dport #define fl4_icmp_type uli.icmpt.type #define fl4_icmp_code uli.icmpt.code #define fl4_ipsec_spi uli.spi #define fl4_mh_type uli.mht.type #define fl4_gre_key uli.gre_key } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); static inline void flowi4_init_output(struct flowi4 *fl4, int oif, __u32 mark, __u8 tos, __u8 scope, __u8 proto, __u8 flags, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be16 dport, __be16 sport, kuid_t uid) { fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->flowi4_iif = LOOPBACK_IFINDEX; fl4->flowi4_mark = mark; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->flowi4_scope = scope; fl4->flowi4_proto = proto; fl4->flowi4_flags = flags; fl4->flowi4_secid = 0; fl4->flowi4_tun_key.tun_id = 0; fl4->flowi4_uid = uid; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->fl4_dport = dport; fl4->fl4_sport = sport; fl4->flowi4_multipath_hash = 0; } /* Reset some input parameters after previous lookup */ static inline void flowi4_update_output(struct flowi4 *fl4, int oif, __u8 tos, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr) { fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; } struct flowi6 { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowi6_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi6_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi6_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi6_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi6_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi6_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi6_secid __fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi6_tun_key __fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi6_uid __fl_common.flowic_uid struct in6_addr daddr; struct in6_addr saddr; /* Note: flowi6_tos is encoded in flowlabel, too. */ __be32 flowlabel; union flowi_uli uli; #define fl6_sport uli.ports.sport #define fl6_dport uli.ports.dport #define fl6_icmp_type uli.icmpt.type #define fl6_icmp_code uli.icmpt.code #define fl6_ipsec_spi uli.spi #define fl6_mh_type uli.mht.type #define fl6_gre_key uli.gre_key __u32 mp_hash; } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); struct flowidn { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowidn_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowidn_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowidn_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowidn_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowidn_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowidn_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags __le16 daddr; __le16 saddr; union flowi_uli uli; #define fld_sport uli.ports.sport #define fld_dport uli.ports.dport } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); struct flowi { union { struct flowi_common __fl_common; struct flowi4 ip4; struct flowi6 ip6; struct flowidn dn; } u; #define flowi_oif u.__fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi_iif u.__fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi_mark u.__fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi_tos u.__fl_common.flowic_tos #define flowi_scope u.__fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi_proto u.__fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi_flags u.__fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi_secid u.__fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi_tun_key u.__fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi_uid u.__fl_common.flowic_uid } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); static inline struct flowi *flowi4_to_flowi(struct flowi4 *fl4) { return container_of(fl4, struct flowi, u.ip4); } static inline struct flowi *flowi6_to_flowi(struct flowi6 *fl6) { return container_of(fl6, struct flowi, u.ip6); } static inline struct flowi *flowidn_to_flowi(struct flowidn *fldn) { return container_of(fldn, struct flowi, u.dn); } __u32 __get_hash_from_flowi6(const struct flowi6 *fl6, struct flow_keys *keys); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/cpu.h - generic cpu definition * * This is mainly for topological representation. We define the * basic 'struct cpu' here, which can be embedded in per-arch * definitions of processors. * * Basic handling of the devices is done in drivers/base/cpu.c * * CPUs are exported via sysfs in the devices/system/cpu * directory. */ #ifndef _LINUX_CPU_H_ #define _LINUX_CPU_H_ #include <linux/node.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/cpuhotplug.h> struct device; struct device_node; struct attribute_group; struct cpu { int node_id; /* The node which contains the CPU */ int hotpluggable; /* creates sysfs control file if hotpluggable */ struct device dev; }; extern void boot_cpu_init(void); extern void boot_cpu_hotplug_init(void); extern void cpu_init(void); extern void trap_init(void); extern int register_cpu(struct cpu *cpu, int num); extern struct device *get_cpu_device(unsigned cpu); extern bool cpu_is_hotpluggable(unsigned cpu); extern bool arch_match_cpu_phys_id(int cpu, u64 phys_id); extern bool arch_find_n_match_cpu_physical_id(struct device_node *cpun, int cpu, unsigned int *thread); extern int cpu_add_dev_attr(struct device_attribute *attr); extern void cpu_remove_dev_attr(struct device_attribute *attr); extern int cpu_add_dev_attr_group(struct attribute_group *attrs); extern void cpu_remove_dev_attr_group(struct attribute_group *attrs); extern ssize_t cpu_show_meltdown(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v1(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v2(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spec_store_bypass(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_l1tf(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_mds(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_tsx_async_abort(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_itlb_multihit(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_srbds(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern __printf(4, 5) struct device *cpu_device_create(struct device *parent, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **groups, const char *fmt, ...); #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU extern void unregister_cpu(struct cpu *cpu); extern ssize_t arch_cpu_probe(const char *, size_t); extern ssize_t arch_cpu_release(const char *, size_t); #endif /* * These states are not related to the core CPU hotplug mechanism. They are * used by various (sub)architectures to track internal state */ #define CPU_ONLINE 0x0002 /* CPU is up */ #define CPU_UP_PREPARE 0x0003 /* CPU coming up */ #define CPU_DEAD 0x0007 /* CPU dead */ #define CPU_DEAD_FROZEN 0x0008 /* CPU timed out on unplug */ #define CPU_POST_DEAD 0x0009 /* CPU successfully unplugged */ #define CPU_BROKEN 0x000B /* CPU did not die properly */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern bool cpuhp_tasks_frozen; int add_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int cpu_device_up(struct device *dev); void notify_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu); extern void cpu_maps_update_begin(void); extern void cpu_maps_update_done(void); int bringup_hibernate_cpu(unsigned int sleep_cpu); void bringup_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int setup_max_cpus); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ #define cpuhp_tasks_frozen 0 static inline void cpu_maps_update_begin(void) { } static inline void cpu_maps_update_done(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern struct bus_type cpu_subsys; #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU extern void cpus_write_lock(void); extern void cpus_write_unlock(void); extern void cpus_read_lock(void); extern void cpus_read_unlock(void); extern int cpus_read_trylock(void); extern void lockdep_assert_cpus_held(void); extern void cpu_hotplug_disable(void); extern void cpu_hotplug_enable(void); void clear_tasks_mm_cpumask(int cpu); int remove_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int cpu_device_down(struct device *dev); extern void smp_shutdown_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int primary_cpu); #else /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ static inline void cpus_write_lock(void) { } static inline void cpus_write_unlock(void) { } static inline void cpus_read_lock(void) { } static inline void cpus_read_unlock(void) { } static inline int cpus_read_trylock(void) { return true; } static inline void lockdep_assert_cpus_held(void) { } static inline void cpu_hotplug_disable(void) { } static inline void cpu_hotplug_enable(void) { } static inline void smp_shutdown_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int primary_cpu) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ /* Wrappers which go away once all code is converted */ static inline void cpu_hotplug_begin(void) { cpus_write_lock(); } static inline void cpu_hotplug_done(void) { cpus_write_unlock(); } static inline void get_online_cpus(void) { cpus_read_lock(); } static inline void put_online_cpus(void) { cpus_read_unlock(); } #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP extern int freeze_secondary_cpus(int primary); extern void thaw_secondary_cpus(void); static inline int suspend_disable_secondary_cpus(void) { int cpu = 0; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP_NONZERO_CPU)) cpu = -1; return freeze_secondary_cpus(cpu); } static inline void suspend_enable_secondary_cpus(void) { return thaw_secondary_cpus(); } #else /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */ static inline void thaw_secondary_cpus(void) {} static inline int suspend_disable_secondary_cpus(void) { return 0; } static inline void suspend_enable_secondary_cpus(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */ void cpu_startup_entry(enum cpuhp_state state); void cpu_idle_poll_ctrl(bool enable); /* Attach to any functions which should be considered cpuidle. */ #define __cpuidle __section(".cpuidle.text") bool cpu_in_idle(unsigned long pc); void arch_cpu_idle(void); void arch_cpu_idle_prepare(void); void arch_cpu_idle_enter(void); void arch_cpu_idle_exit(void); void arch_cpu_idle_dead(void); int cpu_report_state(int cpu); int cpu_check_up_prepare(int cpu); void cpu_set_state_online(int cpu); void play_idle_precise(u64 duration_ns, u64 latency_ns); static inline void play_idle(unsigned long duration_us) { play_idle_precise(duration_us * NSEC_PER_USEC, U64_MAX); } #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU bool cpu_wait_death(unsigned int cpu, int seconds); bool cpu_report_death(void); void cpuhp_report_idle_dead(void); #else static inline void cpuhp_report_idle_dead(void) { } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ enum cpuhp_smt_control { CPU_SMT_ENABLED, CPU_SMT_DISABLED, CPU_SMT_FORCE_DISABLED, CPU_SMT_NOT_SUPPORTED, CPU_SMT_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, }; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_SMT) extern enum cpuhp_smt_control cpu_smt_control; extern void cpu_smt_disable(bool force); extern void cpu_smt_check_topology(void); extern bool cpu_smt_possible(void); extern int cpuhp_smt_enable(void); extern int cpuhp_smt_disable(enum cpuhp_smt_control ctrlval); #else # define cpu_smt_control (CPU_SMT_NOT_IMPLEMENTED) static inline void cpu_smt_disable(bool force) { } static inline void cpu_smt_check_topology(void) { } static inline bool cpu_smt_possible(void) { return false; } static inline int cpuhp_smt_enable(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuhp_smt_disable(enum cpuhp_smt_control ctrlval) { return 0; } #endif extern bool cpu_mitigations_off(void); extern bool cpu_mitigations_auto_nosmt(void); #endif /* _LINUX_CPU_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 /* This file is automatically generated. Do not edit. */ #ifndef _SELINUX_FLASK_H_ #define _SELINUX_FLASK_H_ #define SECCLASS_SECURITY 1 #define SECCLASS_PROCESS 2 #define SECCLASS_PROCESS2 3 #define SECCLASS_SYSTEM 4 #define SECCLASS_CAPABILITY 5 #define SECCLASS_FILESYSTEM 6 #define SECCLASS_FILE 7 #define SECCLASS_DIR 8 #define SECCLASS_FD 9 #define SECCLASS_LNK_FILE 10 #define SECCLASS_CHR_FILE 11 #define SECCLASS_BLK_FILE 12 #define SECCLASS_SOCK_FILE 13 #define SECCLASS_FIFO_FILE 14 #define SECCLASS_SOCKET 15 #define SECCLASS_TCP_SOCKET 16 #define SECCLASS_UDP_SOCKET 17 #define SECCLASS_RAWIP_SOCKET 18 #define SECCLASS_NODE 19 #define SECCLASS_NETIF 20 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_SOCKET 21 #define SECCLASS_PACKET_SOCKET 22 #define SECCLASS_KEY_SOCKET 23 #define SECCLASS_UNIX_STREAM_SOCKET 24 #define SECCLASS_UNIX_DGRAM_SOCKET 25 #define SECCLASS_SEM 26 #define SECCLASS_MSG 27 #define SECCLASS_MSGQ 28 #define SECCLASS_SHM 29 #define SECCLASS_IPC 30 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET 31 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET 32 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_NFLOG_SOCKET 33 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET 34 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_SELINUX_SOCKET 35 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_ISCSI_SOCKET 36 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET 37 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_FIB_LOOKUP_SOCKET 38 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_CONNECTOR_SOCKET 39 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_NETFILTER_SOCKET 40 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_DNRT_SOCKET 41 #define SECCLASS_ASSOCIATION 42 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT_SOCKET 43 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_GENERIC_SOCKET 44 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_SCSITRANSPORT_SOCKET 45 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_RDMA_SOCKET 46 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_CRYPTO_SOCKET 47 #define SECCLASS_APPLETALK_SOCKET 48 #define SECCLASS_PACKET 49 #define SECCLASS_KEY 50 #define SECCLASS_DCCP_SOCKET 51 #define SECCLASS_MEMPROTECT 52 #define SECCLASS_PEER 53 #define SECCLASS_CAPABILITY2 54 #define SECCLASS_KERNEL_SERVICE 55 #define SECCLASS_TUN_SOCKET 56 #define SECCLASS_BINDER 57 #define SECCLASS_CAP_USERNS 58 #define SECCLASS_CAP2_USERNS 59 #define SECCLASS_SCTP_SOCKET 60 #define SECCLASS_ICMP_SOCKET 61 #define SECCLASS_AX25_SOCKET 62 #define SECCLASS_IPX_SOCKET 63 #define SECCLASS_NETROM_SOCKET 64 #define SECCLASS_ATMPVC_SOCKET 65 #define SECCLASS_X25_SOCKET 66 #define SECCLASS_ROSE_SOCKET 67 #define SECCLASS_DECNET_SOCKET 68 #define SECCLASS_ATMSVC_SOCKET 69 #define SECCLASS_RDS_SOCKET 70 #define SECCLASS_IRDA_SOCKET 71 #define SECCLASS_PPPOX_SOCKET 72 #define SECCLASS_LLC_SOCKET 73 #define SECCLASS_CAN_SOCKET 74 #define SECCLASS_TIPC_SOCKET 75 #define SECCLASS_BLUETOOTH_SOCKET 76 #define SECCLASS_IUCV_SOCKET 77 #define SECCLASS_RXRPC_SOCKET 78 #define SECCLASS_ISDN_SOCKET 79 #define SECCLASS_PHONET_SOCKET 80 #define SECCLASS_IEEE802154_SOCKET 81 #define SECCLASS_CAIF_SOCKET 82 #define SECCLASS_ALG_SOCKET 83 #define SECCLASS_NFC_SOCKET 84 #define SECCLASS_VSOCK_SOCKET 85 #define SECCLASS_KCM_SOCKET 86 #define SECCLASS_QIPCRTR_SOCKET 87 #define SECCLASS_SMC_SOCKET 88 #define SECCLASS_INFINIBAND_PKEY 89 #define SECCLASS_INFINIBAND_ENDPORT 90 #define SECCLASS_BPF 91 #define SECCLASS_XDP_SOCKET 92 #define SECCLASS_PERF_EVENT 93 #define SECCLASS_LOCKDOWN 94 #define SECINITSID_KERNEL 1 #define SECINITSID_SECURITY 2 #define SECINITSID_UNLABELED 3 #define SECINITSID_FILE 5 #define SECINITSID_ANY_SOCKET 8 #define SECINITSID_PORT 9 #define SECINITSID_NETIF 10 #define SECINITSID_NETMSG 11 #define SECINITSID_NODE 12 #define SECINITSID_DEVNULL 27 #define SECINITSID_NUM 27 static inline bool security_is_socket_class(u16 kern_tclass) { bool sock = false; switch (kern_tclass) { case SECCLASS_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_TCP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_UDP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_RAWIP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_PACKET_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_KEY_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_UNIX_STREAM_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_UNIX_DGRAM_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_NFLOG_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_SELINUX_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_ISCSI_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_FIB_LOOKUP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_CONNECTOR_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_NETFILTER_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_DNRT_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_GENERIC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_SCSITRANSPORT_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_RDMA_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_CRYPTO_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_APPLETALK_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_DCCP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_TUN_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_SCTP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ICMP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_AX25_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_IPX_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETROM_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ATMPVC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_X25_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ROSE_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_DECNET_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ATMSVC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_RDS_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_IRDA_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_PPPOX_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_LLC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_CAN_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_TIPC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_BLUETOOTH_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_IUCV_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_RXRPC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ISDN_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_PHONET_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_IEEE802154_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_CAIF_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ALG_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NFC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_VSOCK_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_KCM_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_QIPCRTR_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_SMC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_XDP_SOCKET: sock = true; break; default: break; } return sock; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RMAP_H #define _LINUX_RMAP_H /* * Declarations for Reverse Mapping functions in mm/rmap.c */ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> /* * The anon_vma heads a list of private "related" vmas, to scan if * an anonymous page pointing to this anon_vma needs to be unmapped: * the vmas on the list will be related by forking, or by splitting. * * Since vmas come and go as they are split and merged (particularly * in mprotect), the mapping field of an anonymous page cannot point * directly to a vma: instead it points to an anon_vma, on whose list * the related vmas can be easily linked or unlinked. * * After unlinking the last vma on the list, we must garbage collect * the anon_vma object itself: we're guaranteed no page can be * pointing to this anon_vma once its vma list is empty. */ struct anon_vma { struct anon_vma *root; /* Root of this anon_vma tree */ struct rw_semaphore rwsem; /* W: modification, R: walking the list */ /* * The refcount is taken on an anon_vma when there is no * guarantee that the vma of page tables will exist for * the duration of the operation. A caller that takes * the reference is responsible for clearing up the * anon_vma if they are the last user on release */ atomic_t refcount; /* * Count of child anon_vmas and VMAs which points to this anon_vma. * * This counter is used for making decision about reusing anon_vma * instead of forking new one. See comments in function anon_vma_clone. */ unsigned degree; struct anon_vma *parent; /* Parent of this anon_vma */ /* * NOTE: the LSB of the rb_root.rb_node is set by * mm_take_all_locks() _after_ taking the above lock. So the * rb_root must only be read/written after taking the above lock * to be sure to see a valid next pointer. The LSB bit itself * is serialized by a system wide lock only visible to * mm_take_all_locks() (mm_all_locks_mutex). */ /* Interval tree of private "related" vmas */ struct rb_root_cached rb_root; }; /* * The copy-on-write semantics of fork mean that an anon_vma * can become associated with multiple processes. Furthermore, * each child process will have its own anon_vma, where new * pages for that process are instantiated. * * This structure allows us to find the anon_vmas associated * with a VMA, or the VMAs associated with an anon_vma. * The "same_vma" list contains the anon_vma_chains linking * all the anon_vmas associated with this VMA. * The "rb" field indexes on an interval tree the anon_vma_chains * which link all the VMAs associated with this anon_vma. */ struct anon_vma_chain { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct anon_vma *anon_vma; struct list_head same_vma; /* locked by mmap_lock & page_table_lock */ struct rb_node rb; /* locked by anon_vma->rwsem */ unsigned long rb_subtree_last; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB unsigned long cached_vma_start, cached_vma_last; #endif }; enum ttu_flags { TTU_MIGRATION = 0x1, /* migration mode */ TTU_MUNLOCK = 0x2, /* munlock mode */ TTU_SPLIT_HUGE_PMD = 0x4, /* split huge PMD if any */ TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK = 0x8, /* ignore mlock */ TTU_SYNC = 0x10, /* avoid racy checks with PVMW_SYNC */ TTU_IGNORE_HWPOISON = 0x20, /* corrupted page is recoverable */ TTU_BATCH_FLUSH = 0x40, /* Batch TLB flushes where possible * and caller guarantees they will * do a final flush if necessary */ TTU_RMAP_LOCKED = 0x80, /* do not grab rmap lock: * caller holds it */ TTU_SPLIT_FREEZE = 0x100, /* freeze pte under splitting thp */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void get_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { atomic_inc(&anon_vma->refcount); } void __put_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma); static inline void put_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&anon_vma->refcount)) __put_anon_vma(anon_vma); } static inline void anon_vma_lock_write(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { down_write(&anon_vma->root->rwsem); } static inline void anon_vma_unlock_write(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { up_write(&anon_vma->root->rwsem); } static inline void anon_vma_lock_read(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { down_read(&anon_vma->root->rwsem); } static inline void anon_vma_unlock_read(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { up_read(&anon_vma->root->rwsem); } /* * anon_vma helper functions. */ void anon_vma_init(void); /* create anon_vma_cachep */ int __anon_vma_prepare(struct vm_area_struct *); void unlink_anon_vmas(struct vm_area_struct *); int anon_vma_clone(struct vm_area_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); int anon_vma_fork(struct vm_area_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); static inline int anon_vma_prepare(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->anon_vma)) return 0; return __anon_vma_prepare(vma); } static inline void anon_vma_merge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *next) { VM_BUG_ON_VMA(vma->anon_vma != next->anon_vma, vma); unlink_anon_vmas(next); } struct anon_vma *page_get_anon_vma(struct page *page); /* bitflags for do_page_add_anon_rmap() */ #define RMAP_EXCLUSIVE 0x01 #define RMAP_COMPOUND 0x02 /* * rmap interfaces called when adding or removing pte of page */ void page_move_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *); void page_add_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long, bool); void do_page_add_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long, int); void page_add_new_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long, bool); void page_add_file_rmap(struct page *, bool); void page_remove_rmap(struct page *, bool); void hugepage_add_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long); void hugepage_add_new_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long); static inline void page_dup_rmap(struct page *page, bool compound) { atomic_inc(compound ? compound_mapcount_ptr(page) : &page->_mapcount); } /* * Called from mm/vmscan.c to handle paging out */ int page_referenced(struct page *, int is_locked, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *vm_flags); bool try_to_unmap(struct page *, enum ttu_flags flags); /* Avoid racy checks */ #define PVMW_SYNC (1 << 0) /* Look for migarion entries rather than present PTEs */ #define PVMW_MIGRATION (1 << 1) struct page_vma_mapped_walk { struct page *page; struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long address; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; unsigned int flags; }; static inline void page_vma_mapped_walk_done(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw) { /* HugeTLB pte is set to the relevant page table entry without pte_mapped. */ if (pvmw->pte && !PageHuge(pvmw->page)) pte_unmap(pvmw->pte); if (pvmw->ptl) spin_unlock(pvmw->ptl); } bool page_vma_mapped_walk(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw); /* * Used by swapoff to help locate where page is expected in vma. */ unsigned long page_address_in_vma(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *); /* * Cleans the PTEs of shared mappings. * (and since clean PTEs should also be readonly, write protects them too) * * returns the number of cleaned PTEs. */ int page_mkclean(struct page *); /* * called in munlock()/munmap() path to check for other vmas holding * the page mlocked. */ void try_to_munlock(struct page *); void remove_migration_ptes(struct page *old, struct page *new, bool locked); /* * Called by memory-failure.c to kill processes. */ struct anon_vma *page_lock_anon_vma_read(struct page *page); void page_unlock_anon_vma_read(struct anon_vma *anon_vma); int page_mapped_in_vma(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* * rmap_walk_control: To control rmap traversing for specific needs * * arg: passed to rmap_one() and invalid_vma() * rmap_one: executed on each vma where page is mapped * done: for checking traversing termination condition * anon_lock: for getting anon_lock by optimized way rather than default * invalid_vma: for skipping uninterested vma */ struct rmap_walk_control { void *arg; /* * Return false if page table scanning in rmap_walk should be stopped. * Otherwise, return true. */ bool (*rmap_one)(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *arg); int (*done)(struct page *page); struct anon_vma *(*anon_lock)(struct page *page); bool (*invalid_vma)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *arg); }; void rmap_walk(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc); void rmap_walk_locked(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc); #else /* !CONFIG_MMU */ #define anon_vma_init() do {} while (0) #define anon_vma_prepare(vma) (0) #define anon_vma_link(vma) do {} while (0) static inline int page_referenced(struct page *page, int is_locked, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *vm_flags) { *vm_flags = 0; return 0; } #define try_to_unmap(page, refs) false static inline int page_mkclean(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #endif /* _LINUX_RMAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NETFILTER_INGRESS_H_ #define _NETFILTER_INGRESS_H_ #include <linux/netfilter.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_INGRESS static inline bool nf_hook_ingress_active(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (!static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[NFPROTO_NETDEV][NF_NETDEV_INGRESS])) return false; #endif return rcu_access_pointer(skb->dev->nf_hooks_ingress); } /* caller must hold rcu_read_lock */ static inline int nf_hook_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct nf_hook_entries *e = rcu_dereference(skb->dev->nf_hooks_ingress); struct nf_hook_state state; int ret; /* Must recheck the ingress hook head, in the event it became NULL * after the check in nf_hook_ingress_active evaluated to true. */ if (unlikely(!e)) return 0; nf_hook_state_init(&state, NF_NETDEV_INGRESS, NFPROTO_NETDEV, skb->dev, NULL, NULL, dev_net(skb->dev), NULL); ret = nf_hook_slow(skb, &state, e, 0); if (ret == 0) return -1; return ret; } static inline void nf_hook_ingress_init(struct net_device *dev) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(dev->nf_hooks_ingress, NULL); } #else /* CONFIG_NETFILTER_INGRESS */ static inline int nf_hook_ingress_active(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } static inline int nf_hook_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } static inline void nf_hook_ingress_init(struct net_device *dev) {} #endif /* CONFIG_NETFILTER_INGRESS */ #endif /* _NETFILTER_INGRESS_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SECCOMP_H #define _LINUX_SECCOMP_H #include <uapi/linux/seccomp.h> #define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_MASK (SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_SPEC_ALLOW | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_NEW_LISTENER | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC_ESRCH) /* sizeof() the first published struct seccomp_notif_addfd */ #define SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_VER0 24 #define SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_LATEST SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_VER0 #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/seccomp.h> struct seccomp_filter; /** * struct seccomp - the state of a seccomp'ed process * * @mode: indicates one of the valid values above for controlled * system calls available to a process. * @filter: must always point to a valid seccomp-filter or NULL as it is * accessed without locking during system call entry. * * @filter must only be accessed from the context of current as there * is no read locking. */ struct seccomp { int mode; atomic_t filter_count; struct seccomp_filter *filter; }; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER extern int __secure_computing(const struct seccomp_data *sd); static inline int secure_computing(void) { if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SECCOMP))) return __secure_computing(NULL); return 0; } #else extern void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall); #endif extern long prctl_get_seccomp(void); extern long prctl_set_seccomp(unsigned long, void __user *); static inline int seccomp_mode(struct seccomp *s) { return s->mode; } #else /* CONFIG_SECCOMP */ #include <linux/errno.h> struct seccomp { }; struct seccomp_filter { }; struct seccomp_data; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER static inline int secure_computing(void) { return 0; } static inline int __secure_computing(const struct seccomp_data *sd) { return 0; } #else static inline void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall) { return; } #endif static inline long prctl_get_seccomp(void) { return -EINVAL; } static inline long prctl_set_seccomp(unsigned long arg2, char __user *arg3) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int seccomp_mode(struct seccomp *s) { return SECCOMP_MODE_DISABLED; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER extern void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void get_seccomp_filter(struct task_struct *tsk); #else /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */ static inline void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk) { return; } static inline void get_seccomp_filter(struct task_struct *tsk) { return; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */ #if defined(CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER) && defined(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) extern long seccomp_get_filter(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data); extern long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data); #else static inline long seccomp_get_filter(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long n, void __user *data) { return -EINVAL; } static inline long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data) { return -EINVAL; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER && CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE */ #endif /* _LINUX_SECCOMP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM power #if !defined(_TRACE_POWER_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_POWER_H #include <linux/cpufreq.h> #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/pm_qos.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/trace_events.h> #define TPS(x) tracepoint_string(x) DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cpu, TP_PROTO(unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(state, cpu_id), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( u32, state ) __field( u32, cpu_id ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->state = state; __entry->cpu_id = cpu_id; ), TP_printk("state=%lu cpu_id=%lu", (unsigned long)__entry->state, (unsigned long)__entry->cpu_id) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cpu, cpu_idle, TP_PROTO(unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(state, cpu_id) ); TRACE_EVENT(powernv_throttle, TP_PROTO(int chip_id, const char *reason, int pmax), TP_ARGS(chip_id, reason, pmax), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, chip_id) __string(reason, reason) __field(int, pmax) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->chip_id = chip_id; __assign_str(reason, reason); __entry->pmax = pmax; ), TP_printk("Chip %d Pmax %d %s", __entry->chip_id, __entry->pmax, __get_str(reason)) ); TRACE_EVENT(pstate_sample, TP_PROTO(u32 core_busy, u32 scaled_busy, u32 from, u32 to, u64 mperf, u64 aperf, u64 tsc, u32 freq, u32 io_boost ), TP_ARGS(core_busy, scaled_busy, from, to, mperf, aperf, tsc, freq, io_boost ), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, core_busy) __field(u32, scaled_busy) __field(u32, from) __field(u32, to) __field(u64, mperf) __field(u64, aperf) __field(u64, tsc) __field(u32, freq) __field(u32, io_boost) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->core_busy = core_busy; __entry->scaled_busy = scaled_busy; __entry->from = from; __entry->to = to; __entry->mperf = mperf; __entry->aperf = aperf; __entry->tsc = tsc; __entry->freq = freq; __entry->io_boost = io_boost; ), TP_printk("core_busy=%lu scaled=%lu from=%lu to=%lu mperf=%llu aperf=%llu tsc=%llu freq=%lu io_boost=%lu", (unsigned long)__entry->core_busy, (unsigned long)__entry->scaled_busy, (unsigned long)__entry->from, (unsigned long)__entry->to, (unsigned long long)__entry->mperf, (unsigned long long)__entry->aperf, (unsigned long long)__entry->tsc, (unsigned long)__entry->freq, (unsigned long)__entry->io_boost ) ); /* This file can get included multiple times, TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ at top */ #ifndef _PWR_EVENT_AVOID_DOUBLE_DEFINING #define _PWR_EVENT_AVOID_DOUBLE_DEFINING #define PWR_EVENT_EXIT -1 #endif #define pm_verb_symbolic(event) \ __print_symbolic(event, \ { PM_EVENT_SUSPEND, "suspend" }, \ { PM_EVENT_RESUME, "resume" }, \ { PM_EVENT_FREEZE, "freeze" }, \ { PM_EVENT_QUIESCE, "quiesce" }, \ { PM_EVENT_HIBERNATE, "hibernate" }, \ { PM_EVENT_THAW, "thaw" }, \ { PM_EVENT_RESTORE, "restore" }, \ { PM_EVENT_RECOVER, "recover" }) DEFINE_EVENT(cpu, cpu_frequency, TP_PROTO(unsigned int frequency, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(frequency, cpu_id) ); TRACE_EVENT(cpu_frequency_limits, TP_PROTO(struct cpufreq_policy *policy), TP_ARGS(policy), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, min_freq) __field(u32, max_freq) __field(u32, cpu_id) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->min_freq = policy->min; __entry->max_freq = policy->max; __entry->cpu_id = policy->cpu; ), TP_printk("min=%lu max=%lu cpu_id=%lu", (unsigned long)__entry->min_freq, (unsigned long)__entry->max_freq, (unsigned long)__entry->cpu_id) ); TRACE_EVENT(device_pm_callback_start, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, const char *pm_ops, int event), TP_ARGS(dev, pm_ops, event), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string(device, dev_name(dev)) __string(driver, dev_driver_string(dev)) __string(parent, dev->parent ? dev_name(dev->parent) : "none") __string(pm_ops, pm_ops ? pm_ops : "none ") __field(int, event) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(device, dev_name(dev)); __assign_str(driver, dev_driver_string(dev)); __assign_str(parent, dev->parent ? dev_name(dev->parent) : "none"); __assign_str(pm_ops, pm_ops ? pm_ops : "none "); __entry->event = event; ), TP_printk("%s %s, parent: %s, %s[%s]", __get_str(driver), __get_str(device), __get_str(parent), __get_str(pm_ops), pm_verb_symbolic(__entry->event)) ); TRACE_EVENT(device_pm_callback_end, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int error), TP_ARGS(dev, error), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string(device, dev_name(dev)) __string(driver, dev_driver_string(dev)) __field(int, error) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(device, dev_name(dev)); __assign_str(driver, dev_driver_string(dev)); __entry->error = error; ), TP_printk("%s %s, err=%d", __get_str(driver), __get_str(device), __entry->error) ); TRACE_EVENT(suspend_resume, TP_PROTO(const char *action, int val, bool start), TP_ARGS(action, val, start), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const char *, action) __field(int, val) __field(bool, start) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->action = action; __entry->val = val; __entry->start = start; ), TP_printk("%s[%u] %s", __entry->action, (unsigned int)__entry->val, (__entry->start)?"begin":"end") ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wakeup_source, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state), TP_ARGS(name, state), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, name ) __field( u64, state ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, name); __entry->state = state; ), TP_printk("%s state=0x%lx", __get_str(name), (unsigned long)__entry->state) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wakeup_source, wakeup_source_activate, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state), TP_ARGS(name, state) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wakeup_source, wakeup_source_deactivate, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state), TP_ARGS(name, state) ); /* * The clock events are used for clock enable/disable and for * clock rate change */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(clock, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, name ) __field( u64, state ) __field( u64, cpu_id ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, name); __entry->state = state; __entry->cpu_id = cpu_id; ), TP_printk("%s state=%lu cpu_id=%lu", __get_str(name), (unsigned long)__entry->state, (unsigned long)__entry->cpu_id) ); DEFINE_EVENT(clock, clock_enable, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id) ); DEFINE_EVENT(clock, clock_disable, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id) ); DEFINE_EVENT(clock, clock_set_rate, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id) ); /* * The power domain events are used for power domains transitions */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(power_domain, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, name ) __field( u64, state ) __field( u64, cpu_id ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, name); __entry->state = state; __entry->cpu_id = cpu_id; ), TP_printk("%s state=%lu cpu_id=%lu", __get_str(name), (unsigned long)__entry->state, (unsigned long)__entry->cpu_id) ); DEFINE_EVENT(power_domain, power_domain_target, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id) ); /* * CPU latency QoS events used for global CPU latency QoS list updates */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cpu_latency_qos_request, TP_PROTO(s32 value), TP_ARGS(value), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( s32, value ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->value = value; ), TP_printk("CPU_DMA_LATENCY value=%d", __entry->value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cpu_latency_qos_request, pm_qos_add_request, TP_PROTO(s32 value), TP_ARGS(value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cpu_latency_qos_request, pm_qos_update_request, TP_PROTO(s32 value), TP_ARGS(value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cpu_latency_qos_request, pm_qos_remove_request, TP_PROTO(s32 value), TP_ARGS(value) ); /* * General PM QoS events used for updates of PM QoS request lists */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(pm_qos_update, TP_PROTO(enum pm_qos_req_action action, int prev_value, int curr_value), TP_ARGS(action, prev_value, curr_value), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( enum pm_qos_req_action, action ) __field( int, prev_value ) __field( int, curr_value ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->action = action; __entry->prev_value = prev_value; __entry->curr_value = curr_value; ), TP_printk("action=%s prev_value=%d curr_value=%d", __print_symbolic(__entry->action, { PM_QOS_ADD_REQ, "ADD_REQ" }, { PM_QOS_UPDATE_REQ, "UPDATE_REQ" }, { PM_QOS_REMOVE_REQ, "REMOVE_REQ" }), __entry->prev_value, __entry->curr_value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(pm_qos_update, pm_qos_update_target, TP_PROTO(enum pm_qos_req_action action, int prev_value, int curr_value), TP_ARGS(action, prev_value, curr_value) ); DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT(pm_qos_update, pm_qos_update_flags, TP_PROTO(enum pm_qos_req_action action, int prev_value, int curr_value), TP_ARGS(action, prev_value, curr_value), TP_printk("action=%s prev_value=0x%x curr_value=0x%x", __print_symbolic(__entry->action, { PM_QOS_ADD_REQ, "ADD_REQ" }, { PM_QOS_UPDATE_REQ, "UPDATE_REQ" }, { PM_QOS_REMOVE_REQ, "REMOVE_REQ" }), __entry->prev_value, __entry->curr_value) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(dev_pm_qos_request, TP_PROTO(const char *name, enum dev_pm_qos_req_type type, s32 new_value), TP_ARGS(name, type, new_value), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, name ) __field( enum dev_pm_qos_req_type, type ) __field( s32, new_value ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, name); __entry->type = type; __entry->new_value = new_value; ), TP_printk("device=%s type=%s new_value=%d", __get_str(name), __print_symbolic(__entry->type, { DEV_PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY, "DEV_PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY" }, { DEV_PM_QOS_FLAGS, "DEV_PM_QOS_FLAGS" }), __entry->new_value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(dev_pm_qos_request, dev_pm_qos_add_request, TP_PROTO(const char *name, enum dev_pm_qos_req_type type, s32 new_value), TP_ARGS(name, type, new_value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(dev_pm_qos_request, dev_pm_qos_update_request, TP_PROTO(const char *name, enum dev_pm_qos_req_type type, s32 new_value), TP_ARGS(name, type, new_value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(dev_pm_qos_request, dev_pm_qos_remove_request, TP_PROTO(const char *name, enum dev_pm_qos_req_type type, s32 new_value), TP_ARGS(name, type, new_value) ); #endif /* _TRACE_POWER_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RCULIST_NULLS_H #define _LINUX_RCULIST_NULLS_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * RCU-protected list version */ #include <linux/list_nulls.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> /** * hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: hlist_nulls_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after * this. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() or * hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal * primitives, such as hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { if (!hlist_nulls_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_nulls_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, NULL); } } /** * hlist_nulls_first_rcu - returns the first element of the hash list. * @head: the head of the list. */ #define hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head) \ (*((struct hlist_nulls_node __rcu __force **)&(head)->first)) /** * hlist_nulls_next_rcu - returns the element of the list after @node. * @node: element of the list. */ #define hlist_nulls_next_rcu(node) \ (*((struct hlist_nulls_node __rcu __force **)&(node)->next)) /** * hlist_nulls_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: hlist_nulls_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_del_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { __hlist_nulls_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist_nulls, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n, struct hlist_nulls_head *h) { struct hlist_nulls_node *first = h->first; n->next = first; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(h), n); if (!is_a_nulls(first)) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_nulls_add_tail_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist_nulls, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_tail_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n, struct hlist_nulls_head *h) { struct hlist_nulls_node *i, *last = NULL; /* Note: write side code, so rcu accessors are not needed. */ for (i = h->first; !is_a_nulls(i); i = i->next) last = i; if (last) { n->next = last->next; n->pprev = &last->next; rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(last), n); } else { hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(n, h); } } /* after that hlist_nulls_del will work */ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_fake(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { n->pprev = &n->next; n->next = (struct hlist_nulls_node *)NULLS_MARKER(NULL); } /** * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_nulls_node to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head of the list. * @member: the name of the hlist_nulls_node within the struct. * * The barrier() is needed to make sure compiler doesn't cache first element [1], * as this loop can be restarted [2] * [1] Documentation/core-api/atomic_ops.rst around line 114 * [2] Documentation/RCU/rculist_nulls.rst around line 146 */ #define hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \ for (({barrier();}), \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head)); \ (!is_a_nulls(pos)) && \ ({ tpos = hlist_nulls_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_next_rcu(pos))) /** * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_safe - * iterate over list of given type safe against removal of list entry * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_nulls_node to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head of the list. * @member: the name of the hlist_nulls_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_safe(tpos, pos, head, member) \ for (({barrier();}), \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head)); \ (!is_a_nulls(pos)) && \ ({ tpos = hlist_nulls_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_next_rcu(pos)); 1; });) #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/buffer_head.h * * Everything to do with buffer_heads. */ #ifndef _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H #define _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK enum bh_state_bits { BH_Uptodate, /* Contains valid data */ BH_Dirty, /* Is dirty */ BH_Lock, /* Is locked */ BH_Req, /* Has been submitted for I/O */ BH_Mapped, /* Has a disk mapping */ BH_New, /* Disk mapping was newly created by get_block */ BH_Async_Read, /* Is under end_buffer_async_read I/O */ BH_Async_Write, /* Is under end_buffer_async_write I/O */ BH_Delay, /* Buffer is not yet allocated on disk */ BH_Boundary, /* Block is followed by a discontiguity */ BH_Write_EIO, /* I/O error on write */ BH_Unwritten, /* Buffer is allocated on disk but not written */ BH_Quiet, /* Buffer Error Prinks to be quiet */ BH_Meta, /* Buffer contains metadata */ BH_Prio, /* Buffer should be submitted with REQ_PRIO */ BH_Defer_Completion, /* Defer AIO completion to workqueue */ BH_PrivateStart,/* not a state bit, but the first bit available * for private allocation by other entities */ }; #define MAX_BUF_PER_PAGE (PAGE_SIZE / 512) struct page; struct buffer_head; struct address_space; typedef void (bh_end_io_t)(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* * Historically, a buffer_head was used to map a single block * within a page, and of course as the unit of I/O through the * filesystem and block layers. Nowadays the basic I/O unit * is the bio, and buffer_heads are used for extracting block * mappings (via a get_block_t call), for tracking state within * a page (via a page_mapping) and for wrapping bio submission * for backward compatibility reasons (e.g. submit_bh). */ struct buffer_head { unsigned long b_state; /* buffer state bitmap (see above) */ struct buffer_head *b_this_page;/* circular list of page's buffers */ struct page *b_page; /* the page this bh is mapped to */ sector_t b_blocknr; /* start block number */ size_t b_size; /* size of mapping */ char *b_data; /* pointer to data within the page */ struct block_device *b_bdev; bh_end_io_t *b_end_io; /* I/O completion */ void *b_private; /* reserved for b_end_io */ struct list_head b_assoc_buffers; /* associated with another mapping */ struct address_space *b_assoc_map; /* mapping this buffer is associated with */ atomic_t b_count; /* users using this buffer_head */ spinlock_t b_uptodate_lock; /* Used by the first bh in a page, to * serialise IO completion of other * buffers in the page */ }; /* * macro tricks to expand the set_buffer_foo(), clear_buffer_foo() * and buffer_foo() functions. * To avoid reset buffer flags that are already set, because that causes * a costly cache line transition, check the flag first. */ #define BUFFER_FNS(bit, name) \ static __always_inline void set_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ if (!test_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state)) \ set_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline void clear_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ clear_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline int buffer_##name(const struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } /* * test_set_buffer_foo() and test_clear_buffer_foo() */ #define TAS_BUFFER_FNS(bit, name) \ static __always_inline int test_set_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_and_set_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline int test_clear_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_and_clear_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ /* * Emit the buffer bitops functions. Note that there are also functions * of the form "mark_buffer_foo()". These are higher-level functions which * do something in addition to setting a b_state bit. */ BUFFER_FNS(Uptodate, uptodate) BUFFER_FNS(Dirty, dirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Dirty, dirty) BUFFER_FNS(Lock, locked) BUFFER_FNS(Req, req) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Req, req) BUFFER_FNS(Mapped, mapped) BUFFER_FNS(New, new) BUFFER_FNS(Async_Read, async_read) BUFFER_FNS(Async_Write, async_write) BUFFER_FNS(Delay, delay) BUFFER_FNS(Boundary, boundary) BUFFER_FNS(Write_EIO, write_io_error) BUFFER_FNS(Unwritten, unwritten) BUFFER_FNS(Meta, meta) BUFFER_FNS(Prio, prio) BUFFER_FNS(Defer_Completion, defer_completion) #define bh_offset(bh) ((unsigned long)(bh)->b_data & ~PAGE_MASK) /* If we *know* page->private refers to buffer_heads */ #define page_buffers(page) \ ({ \ BUG_ON(!PagePrivate(page)); \ ((struct buffer_head *)page_private(page)); \ }) #define page_has_buffers(page) PagePrivate(page) void buffer_check_dirty_writeback(struct page *page, bool *dirty, bool *writeback); /* * Declarations */ void mark_buffer_dirty(struct buffer_head *bh); void mark_buffer_write_io_error(struct buffer_head *bh); void touch_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void set_bh_page(struct buffer_head *bh, struct page *page, unsigned long offset); int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *); struct buffer_head *alloc_page_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned long size, bool retry); void create_empty_buffers(struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long b_state); void end_buffer_read_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); void end_buffer_write_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); void end_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* Things to do with buffers at mapping->private_list */ void mark_buffer_dirty_inode(struct buffer_head *bh, struct inode *inode); int inode_has_buffers(struct inode *); void invalidate_inode_buffers(struct inode *); int remove_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode); int sync_mapping_buffers(struct address_space *mapping); void clean_bdev_aliases(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, sector_t len); static inline void clean_bdev_bh_alias(struct buffer_head *bh) { clean_bdev_aliases(bh->b_bdev, bh->b_blocknr, 1); } void mark_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh); void __wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head *); wait_queue_head_t *bh_waitq_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct buffer_head *__find_get_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size); struct buffer_head *__getblk_gfp(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp); void __brelse(struct buffer_head *); void __bforget(struct buffer_head *); void __breadahead(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned int size); void __breadahead_gfp(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp); struct buffer_head *__bread_gfp(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp); void invalidate_bh_lrus(void); struct buffer_head *alloc_buffer_head(gfp_t gfp_flags); void free_buffer_head(struct buffer_head * bh); void unlock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void __lock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void ll_rw_block(int, int, int, struct buffer_head * bh[]); int sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); int __sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags); void write_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags); int submit_bh(int, int, struct buffer_head *); void write_boundary_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t bblock, unsigned blocksize); int bh_uptodate_or_lock(struct buffer_head *bh); int bh_submit_read(struct buffer_head *bh); extern int buffer_heads_over_limit; /* * Generic address_space_operations implementations for buffer_head-backed * address_spaces. */ void block_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); int block_write_full_page(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc); int __block_write_full_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc, bh_end_io_t *handler); int block_read_full_page(struct page*, get_block_t*); int block_is_partially_uptodate(struct page *page, unsigned long from, unsigned long count); int block_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, get_block_t *get_block); int __block_write_begin(struct page *page, loff_t pos, unsigned len, get_block_t *get_block); int block_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); int generic_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); void page_zero_new_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to); void clean_page_buffers(struct page *page); int cont_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page **, void **, get_block_t *, loff_t *); int generic_cont_expand_simple(struct inode *inode, loff_t size); int block_commit_write(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to); int block_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf, get_block_t get_block); /* Convert errno to return value from ->page_mkwrite() call */ static inline vm_fault_t block_page_mkwrite_return(int err) { if (err == 0) return VM_FAULT_LOCKED; if (err == -EFAULT || err == -EAGAIN) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* -ENOSPC, -EDQUOT, -EIO ... */ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } sector_t generic_block_bmap(struct address_space *, sector_t, get_block_t *); int block_truncate_page(struct address_space *, loff_t, get_block_t *); int nobh_write_begin(struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page **, void **, get_block_t*); int nobh_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); int nobh_truncate_page(struct address_space *, loff_t, get_block_t *); int nobh_writepage(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc); void buffer_init(void); /* * inline definitions */ static inline void get_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { atomic_inc(&bh->b_count); } static inline void put_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_dec(&bh->b_count); } static inline void brelse(struct buffer_head *bh) { if (bh) __brelse(bh); } static inline void bforget(struct buffer_head *bh) { if (bh) __bforget(bh); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __bread_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, __GFP_MOVABLE); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_bread_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __bread_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, 0); } static inline void sb_breadahead(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { __breadahead(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize); } static inline void sb_breadahead_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { __breadahead_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, 0); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_getblk(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __getblk_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, __GFP_MOVABLE); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_getblk_gfp(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, gfp_t gfp) { return __getblk_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, gfp); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_find_get_block(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __find_get_block(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize); } static inline void map_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { set_buffer_mapped(bh); bh->b_bdev = sb->s_bdev; bh->b_blocknr = block; bh->b_size = sb->s_blocksize; } static inline void wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { might_sleep(); if (buffer_locked(bh)) __wait_on_buffer(bh); } static inline int trylock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { return likely(!test_and_set_bit_lock(BH_Lock, &bh->b_state)); } static inline void lock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { might_sleep(); if (!trylock_buffer(bh)) __lock_buffer(bh); } static inline struct buffer_head *getblk_unmovable(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __getblk_gfp(bdev, block, size, 0); } static inline struct buffer_head *__getblk(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __getblk_gfp(bdev, block, size, __GFP_MOVABLE); } /** * __bread() - reads a specified block and returns the bh * @bdev: the block_device to read from * @block: number of block * @size: size (in bytes) to read * * Reads a specified block, and returns buffer head that contains it. * The page cache is allocated from movable area so that it can be migrated. * It returns NULL if the block was unreadable. */ static inline struct buffer_head * __bread(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __bread_gfp(bdev, block, size, __GFP_MOVABLE); } extern int __set_page_dirty_buffers(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ static inline void buffer_init(void) {} static inline int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *page) { return 1; } static inline int inode_has_buffers(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void invalidate_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode) {} static inline int remove_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode) { return 1; } static inline int sync_mapping_buffers(struct address_space *mapping) { return 0; } #define buffer_heads_over_limit 0 #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ #endif /* _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H */
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Note that we have no way to track which tasks are using * a page, though if it is a pagecache page, rmap structures can tell us * who is mapping it. * * If you allocate the page using alloc_pages(), you can use some of the * space in struct page for your own purposes. The five words in the main * union are available, except for bit 0 of the first word which must be * kept clear. Many users use this word to store a pointer to an object * which is guaranteed to be aligned. If you use the same storage as * page->mapping, you must restore it to NULL before freeing the page. * * If your page will not be mapped to userspace, you can also use the four * bytes in the mapcount union, but you must call page_mapcount_reset() * before freeing it. * * If you want to use the refcount field, it must be used in such a way * that other CPUs temporarily incrementing and then decrementing the * refcount does not cause problems. On receiving the page from * alloc_pages(), the refcount will be positive. * * If you allocate pages of order > 0, you can use some of the fields * in each subpage, but you may need to restore some of their values * afterwards. * * SLUB uses cmpxchg_double() to atomically update its freelist and * counters. That requires that freelist & counters be adjacent and * double-word aligned. We align all struct pages to double-word * boundaries, and ensure that 'freelist' is aligned within the * struct. */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE #define _struct_page_alignment __aligned(2 * sizeof(unsigned long)) #else #define _struct_page_alignment #endif struct page { unsigned long flags; /* Atomic flags, some possibly * updated asynchronously */ /* * Five words (20/40 bytes) are available in this union. * WARNING: bit 0 of the first word is used for PageTail(). That * means the other users of this union MUST NOT use the bit to * avoid collision and false-positive PageTail(). */ union { struct { /* Page cache and anonymous pages */ /** * @lru: Pageout list, eg. active_list protected by * pgdat->lru_lock. Sometimes used as a generic list * by the page owner. */ struct list_head lru; /* See page-flags.h for PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS */ struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; /* Our offset within mapping. */ /** * @private: Mapping-private opaque data. * Usually used for buffer_heads if PagePrivate. * Used for swp_entry_t if PageSwapCache. * Indicates order in the buddy system if PageBuddy. */ unsigned long private; }; struct { /* page_pool used by netstack */ /** * @dma_addr: might require a 64-bit value on * 32-bit architectures. */ unsigned long dma_addr[2]; }; struct { /* slab, slob and slub */ union { struct list_head slab_list; struct { /* Partial pages */ struct page *next; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT int pages; /* Nr of pages left */ int pobjects; /* Approximate count */ #else short int pages; short int pobjects; #endif }; }; struct kmem_cache *slab_cache; /* not slob */ /* Double-word boundary */ void *freelist; /* first free object */ union { void *s_mem; /* slab: first object */ unsigned long counters; /* SLUB */ struct { /* SLUB */ unsigned inuse:16; unsigned objects:15; unsigned frozen:1; }; }; }; struct { /* Tail pages of compound page */ unsigned long compound_head; /* Bit zero is set */ /* First tail page only */ unsigned char compound_dtor; unsigned char compound_order; atomic_t compound_mapcount; unsigned int compound_nr; /* 1 << compound_order */ }; struct { /* Second tail page of compound page */ unsigned long _compound_pad_1; /* compound_head */ atomic_t hpage_pinned_refcount; /* For both global and memcg */ struct list_head deferred_list; }; struct { /* Page table pages */ unsigned long _pt_pad_1; /* compound_head */ pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page->ptl */ unsigned long _pt_pad_2; /* mapping */ union { struct mm_struct *pt_mm; /* x86 pgds only */ atomic_t pt_frag_refcount; /* powerpc */ }; #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS spinlock_t *ptl; #else spinlock_t ptl; #endif }; struct { /* ZONE_DEVICE pages */ /** @pgmap: Points to the hosting device page map. */ struct dev_pagemap *pgmap; void *zone_device_data; /* * ZONE_DEVICE private pages are counted as being * mapped so the next 3 words hold the mapping, index, * and private fields from the source anonymous or * page cache page while the page is migrated to device * private memory. * ZONE_DEVICE MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX pages also * use the mapping, index, and private fields when * pmem backed DAX files are mapped. */ }; /** @rcu_head: You can use this to free a page by RCU. */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; union { /* This union is 4 bytes in size. */ /* * If the page can be mapped to userspace, encodes the number * of times this page is referenced by a page table. */ atomic_t _mapcount; /* * If the page is neither PageSlab nor mappable to userspace, * the value stored here may help determine what this page * is used for. See page-flags.h for a list of page types * which are currently stored here. */ unsigned int page_type; unsigned int active; /* SLAB */ int units; /* SLOB */ }; /* Usage count. *DO NOT USE DIRECTLY*. See page_ref.h */ atomic_t _refcount; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG union { struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup; struct obj_cgroup **obj_cgroups; }; #endif /* * On machines where all RAM is mapped into kernel address space, * we can simply calculate the virtual address. On machines with * highmem some memory is mapped into kernel virtual memory * dynamically, so we need a place to store that address. * Note that this field could be 16 bits on x86 ... ;) * * Architectures with slow multiplication can define * WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL in asm/page.h */ #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *virtual; /* Kernel virtual address (NULL if not kmapped, ie. highmem) */ #endif /* WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL */ #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS int _last_cpupid; #endif } _struct_page_alignment; static inline atomic_t *compound_mapcount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[1].compound_mapcount; } static inline atomic_t *compound_pincount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[2].hpage_pinned_refcount; } /* * Used for sizing the vmemmap region on some architectures */ #define STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT (order_base_2(sizeof(struct page))) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE __ALIGN_MASK(32768, ~PAGE_MASK) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_ORDER get_order(PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) #define page_private(page) ((page)->private) static inline void set_page_private(struct page *page, unsigned long private) { page->private = private; } struct page_frag_cache { void * va; #if (PAGE_SIZE < PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) __u16 offset; __u16 size; #else __u32 offset; #endif /* we maintain a pagecount bias, so that we dont dirty cache line * containing page->_refcount every time we allocate a fragment. */ unsigned int pagecnt_bias; bool pfmemalloc; }; typedef unsigned long vm_flags_t; /* * A region containing a mapping of a non-memory backed file under NOMMU * conditions. These are held in a global tree and are pinned by the VMAs that * map parts of them. */ struct vm_region { struct rb_node vm_rb; /* link in global region tree */ vm_flags_t vm_flags; /* VMA vm_flags */ unsigned long vm_start; /* start address of region */ unsigned long vm_end; /* region initialised to here */ unsigned long vm_top; /* region allocated to here */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* the offset in vm_file corresponding to vm_start */ struct file *vm_file; /* the backing file or NULL */ int vm_usage; /* region usage count (access under nommu_region_sem) */ bool vm_icache_flushed : 1; /* true if the icache has been flushed for * this region */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_USERFAULTFD #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { NULL, }) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx { struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx; }; #else /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) {}) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx {}; #endif /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ /* * This struct describes a virtual memory area. There is one of these * per VM-area/task. A VM area is any part of the process virtual memory * space that has a special rule for the page-fault handlers (ie a shared * library, the executable area etc). */ struct vm_area_struct { /* The first cache line has the info for VMA tree walking. */ unsigned long vm_start; /* Our start address within vm_mm. */ unsigned long vm_end; /* The first byte after our end address within vm_mm. */ /* linked list of VM areas per task, sorted by address */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_next, *vm_prev; struct rb_node vm_rb; /* * Largest free memory gap in bytes to the left of this VMA. * Either between this VMA and vma->vm_prev, or between one of the * VMAs below us in the VMA rbtree and its ->vm_prev. This helps * get_unmapped_area find a free area of the right size. */ unsigned long rb_subtree_gap; /* Second cache line starts here. */ struct mm_struct *vm_mm; /* The address space we belong to. */ /* * Access permissions of this VMA. * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for discussion. */ pgprot_t vm_page_prot; unsigned long vm_flags; /* Flags, see mm.h. */ /* * For areas with an address space and backing store, * linkage into the address_space->i_mmap interval tree. */ struct { struct rb_node rb; unsigned long rb_subtree_last; } shared; /* * A file's MAP_PRIVATE vma can be in both i_mmap tree and anon_vma * list, after a COW of one of the file pages. A MAP_SHARED vma * can only be in the i_mmap tree. An anonymous MAP_PRIVATE, stack * or brk vma (with NULL file) can only be in an anon_vma list. */ struct list_head anon_vma_chain; /* Serialized by mmap_lock & * page_table_lock */ struct anon_vma *anon_vma; /* Serialized by page_table_lock */ /* Function pointers to deal with this struct. */ const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; /* Information about our backing store: */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* Offset (within vm_file) in PAGE_SIZE units */ struct file * vm_file; /* File we map to (can be NULL). */ void * vm_private_data; /* was vm_pte (shared mem) */ #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP atomic_long_t swap_readahead_info; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_region *vm_region; /* NOMMU mapping region */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA struct mempolicy *vm_policy; /* NUMA policy for the VMA */ #endif struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx; } __randomize_layout; struct core_thread { struct task_struct *task; struct core_thread *next; }; struct core_state { atomic_t nr_threads; struct core_thread dumper; struct completion startup; }; struct kioctx_table; struct mm_struct { struct { struct vm_area_struct *mmap; /* list of VMAs */ struct rb_root mm_rb; u64 vmacache_seqnum; /* per-thread vmacache */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area) (struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); #endif unsigned long mmap_base; /* base of mmap area */ unsigned long mmap_legacy_base; /* base of mmap area in bottom-up allocations */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES /* Base adresses for compatible mmap() */ unsigned long mmap_compat_base; unsigned long mmap_compat_legacy_base; #endif unsigned long task_size; /* size of task vm space */ unsigned long highest_vm_end; /* highest vma end address */ pgd_t * pgd; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER /** * @membarrier_state: Flags controlling membarrier behavior. * * This field is close to @pgd to hopefully fit in the same * cache-line, which needs to be touched by switch_mm(). */ atomic_t membarrier_state; #endif /** * @mm_users: The number of users including userspace. * * Use mmget()/mmget_not_zero()/mmput() to modify. When this * drops to 0 (i.e. when the task exits and there are no other * temporary reference holders), we also release a reference on * @mm_count (which may then free the &struct mm_struct if * @mm_count also drops to 0). */ atomic_t mm_users; /** * @mm_count: The number of references to &struct mm_struct * (@mm_users count as 1). * * Use mmgrab()/mmdrop() to modify. When this drops to 0, the * &struct mm_struct is freed. */ atomic_t mm_count; /** * @has_pinned: Whether this mm has pinned any pages. This can * be either replaced in the future by @pinned_vm when it * becomes stable, or grow into a counter on its own. We're * aggresive on this bit now - even if the pinned pages were * unpinned later on, we'll still keep this bit set for the * lifecycle of this mm just for simplicity. */ atomic_t has_pinned; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU atomic_long_t pgtables_bytes; /* PTE page table pages */ #endif int map_count; /* number of VMAs */ spinlock_t page_table_lock; /* Protects page tables and some * counters */ /* * With some kernel config, the current mmap_lock's offset * inside 'mm_struct' is at 0x120, which is very optimal, as * its two hot fields 'count' and 'owner' sit in 2 different * cachelines, and when mmap_lock is highly contended, both * of the 2 fields will be accessed frequently, current layout * will help to reduce cache bouncing. * * So please be careful with adding new fields before * mmap_lock, which can easily push the 2 fields into one * cacheline. */ struct rw_semaphore mmap_lock; struct list_head mmlist; /* List of maybe swapped mm's. These * are globally strung together off * init_mm.mmlist, and are protected * by mmlist_lock */ unsigned long hiwater_rss; /* High-watermark of RSS usage */ unsigned long hiwater_vm; /* High-water virtual memory usage */ unsigned long total_vm; /* Total pages mapped */ unsigned long locked_vm; /* Pages that have PG_mlocked set */ atomic64_t pinned_vm; /* Refcount permanently increased */ unsigned long data_vm; /* VM_WRITE & ~VM_SHARED & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long exec_vm; /* VM_EXEC & ~VM_WRITE & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long stack_vm; /* VM_STACK */ unsigned long def_flags; /** * @write_protect_seq: Locked when any thread is write * protecting pages mapped by this mm to enforce a later COW, * for instance during page table copying for fork(). */ seqcount_t write_protect_seq; spinlock_t arg_lock; /* protect the below fields */ unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data; unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack; unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end; unsigned long saved_auxv[AT_VECTOR_SIZE]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */ /* * Special counters, in some configurations protected by the * page_table_lock, in other configurations by being atomic. */ struct mm_rss_stat rss_stat; struct linux_binfmt *binfmt; /* Architecture-specific MM context */ mm_context_t context; unsigned long flags; /* Must use atomic bitops to access */ struct core_state *core_state; /* coredumping support */ #ifdef CONFIG_AIO spinlock_t ioctx_lock; struct kioctx_table __rcu *ioctx_table; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG /* * "owner" points to a task that is regarded as the canonical * user/owner of this mm. All of the following must be true in * order for it to be changed: * * current == mm->owner * current->mm != mm * new_owner->mm == mm * new_owner->alloc_lock is held */ struct task_struct __rcu *owner; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* store ref to file /proc/<pid>/exe symlink points to */ struct file __rcu *exe_file; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER struct mmu_notifier_subscriptions *notifier_subscriptions; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page_table_lock */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * numa_next_scan is the next time that the PTEs will be marked * pte_numa. NUMA hinting faults will gather statistics and * migrate pages to new nodes if necessary. */ unsigned long numa_next_scan; /* Restart point for scanning and setting pte_numa */ unsigned long numa_scan_offset; /* numa_scan_seq prevents two threads setting pte_numa */ int numa_scan_seq; #endif /* * An operation with batched TLB flushing is going on. Anything * that can move process memory needs to flush the TLB when * moving a PROT_NONE or PROT_NUMA mapped page. */ atomic_t tlb_flush_pending; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH /* See flush_tlb_batched_pending() */ bool tlb_flush_batched; #endif struct uprobes_state uprobes_state; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE atomic_long_t hugetlb_usage; #endif struct work_struct async_put_work; #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_SUPPORT u32 pasid; #endif } __randomize_layout; /* * The mm_cpumask needs to be at the end of mm_struct, because it * is dynamically sized based on nr_cpu_ids. */ unsigned long cpu_bitmap[]; }; extern struct mm_struct init_mm; /* Pointer magic because the dynamic array size confuses some compilers. */ static inline void mm_init_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long cpu_bitmap = (unsigned long)mm; cpu_bitmap += offsetof(struct mm_struct, cpu_bitmap); cpumask_clear((struct cpumask *)cpu_bitmap); } /* Future-safe accessor for struct mm_struct's cpu_vm_mask. */ static inline cpumask_t *mm_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { return (struct cpumask *)&mm->cpu_bitmap; } struct mmu_gather; extern void tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); extern void tlb_finish_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void init_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_set(&mm->tlb_flush_pending, 0); } static inline void inc_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); /* * The only time this value is relevant is when there are indeed pages * to flush. And we'll only flush pages after changing them, which * requires the PTL. * * So the ordering here is: * * atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * spin_lock(&ptl); * ... * set_pte_at(); * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * spin_lock(&ptl) * mm_tlb_flush_pending(); * .... * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * flush_tlb_range(); * atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * * Where the increment if constrained by the PTL unlock, it thus * ensures that the increment is visible if the PTE modification is * visible. After all, if there is no PTE modification, nobody cares * about TLB flushes either. * * This very much relies on users (mm_tlb_flush_pending() and * mm_tlb_flush_nested()) only caring about _specific_ PTEs (and * therefore specific PTLs), because with SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS and RCpc * locks (PPC) the unlock of one doesn't order against the lock of * another PTL. * * The decrement is ordered by the flush_tlb_range(), such that * mm_tlb_flush_pending() will not return false unless all flushes have * completed. */ } static inline void dec_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * See inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * This cannot be smp_mb__before_atomic() because smp_mb() simply does * not order against TLB invalidate completion, which is what we need. * * Therefore we must rely on tlb_flush_*() to guarantee order. */ atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Must be called after having acquired the PTL; orders against that * PTLs release and therefore ensures that if we observe the modified * PTE we must also observe the increment from inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * That is, it only guarantees to return true if there is a flush * pending for _this_ PTL. */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_nested(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Similar to mm_tlb_flush_pending(), we must have acquired the PTL * for which there is a TLB flush pending in order to guarantee * we've seen both that PTE modification and the increment. * * (no requirement on actually still holding the PTL, that is irrelevant) */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending) > 1; } struct vm_fault; /** * typedef vm_fault_t - Return type for page fault handlers. * * Page fault handlers return a bitmask of %VM_FAULT values. */ typedef __bitwise unsigned int vm_fault_t; /** * enum vm_fault_reason - Page fault handlers return a bitmask of * these values to tell the core VM what happened when handling the * fault. Used to decide whether a process gets delivered SIGBUS or * just gets major/minor fault counters bumped up. * * @VM_FAULT_OOM: Out Of Memory * @VM_FAULT_SIGBUS: Bad access * @VM_FAULT_MAJOR: Page read from storage * @VM_FAULT_WRITE: Special case for get_user_pages * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON: Hit poisoned small page * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE: Hit poisoned large page. Index encoded * in upper bits * @VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV: segmentation fault * @VM_FAULT_NOPAGE: ->fault installed the pte, not return page * @VM_FAULT_LOCKED: ->fault locked the returned page * @VM_FAULT_RETRY: ->fault blocked, must retry * @VM_FAULT_FALLBACK: huge page fault failed, fall back to small * @VM_FAULT_DONE_COW: ->fault has fully handled COW * @VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC: ->fault did not modify page tables and needs * fsync() to complete (for synchronous page faults * in DAX) * @VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK: mask HINDEX value * */ enum vm_fault_reason { VM_FAULT_OOM = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000001, VM_FAULT_SIGBUS = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000002, VM_FAULT_MAJOR = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000004, VM_FAULT_WRITE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000008, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000010, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000020, VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000040, VM_FAULT_NOPAGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000100, VM_FAULT_LOCKED = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000200, VM_FAULT_RETRY = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000400, VM_FAULT_FALLBACK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000800, VM_FAULT_DONE_COW = (__force vm_fault_t)0x001000, VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC = (__force vm_fault_t)0x002000, VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x0f0000, }; /* Encode hstate index for a hwpoisoned large page */ #define VM_FAULT_SET_HINDEX(x) ((__force vm_fault_t)((x) << 16)) #define VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(x) (((__force unsigned int)(x) >> 16) & 0xf) #define VM_FAULT_ERROR (VM_FAULT_OOM | VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | \ VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | \ VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE | VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) #define VM_FAULT_RESULT_TRACE \ { VM_FAULT_OOM, "OOM" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGBUS, "SIGBUS" }, \ { VM_FAULT_MAJOR, "MAJOR" }, \ { VM_FAULT_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON, "HWPOISON" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE, "HWPOISON_LARGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV, "SIGSEGV" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NOPAGE, "NOPAGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_LOCKED, "LOCKED" }, \ { VM_FAULT_RETRY, "RETRY" }, \ { VM_FAULT_FALLBACK, "FALLBACK" }, \ { VM_FAULT_DONE_COW, "DONE_COW" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC, "NEEDDSYNC" } struct vm_special_mapping { const char *name; /* The name, e.g. "[vdso]". */ /* * If .fault is not provided, this points to a * NULL-terminated array of pages that back the special mapping. * * This must not be NULL unless .fault is provided. */ struct page **pages; /* * If non-NULL, then this is called to resolve page faults * on the special mapping. If used, .pages is not checked. */ vm_fault_t (*fault)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf); int (*mremap)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma); }; enum tlb_flush_reason { TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_REMOTE_SEND_IPI, NR_TLB_FLUSH_REASONS, }; /* * A swap entry has to fit into a "unsigned long", as the entry is hidden * in the "index" field of the swapper address space. */ typedef struct { unsigned long val; } swp_entry_t; #endif /* _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H #define _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H /* * Checksums for x86-64 * Copyright 2002 by Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs * with some code from asm-x86/checksum.h */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /** * csum_fold - Fold and invert a 32bit checksum. * sum: 32bit unfolded sum * * Fold a 32bit running checksum to 16bit and invert it. This is usually * the last step before putting a checksum into a packet. * Make sure not to mix with 64bit checksums. */ static inline __sum16 csum_fold(__wsum sum) { asm(" addl %1,%0\n" " adcl $0xffff,%0" : "=r" (sum) : "r" ((__force u32)sum << 16), "0" ((__force u32)sum & 0xffff0000)); return (__force __sum16)(~(__force u32)sum >> 16); } /* * This is a version of ip_compute_csum() optimized for IP headers, * which always checksum on 4 octet boundaries. * * By Jorge Cwik <jorge@laser.satlink.net>, adapted for linux by * Arnt Gulbrandsen. */ /** * ip_fast_csum - Compute the IPv4 header checksum efficiently. * iph: ipv4 header * ihl: length of header / 4 */ static inline __sum16 ip_fast_csum(const void *iph, unsigned int ihl) { unsigned int sum; asm(" movl (%1), %0\n" " subl $4, %2\n" " jbe 2f\n" " addl 4(%1), %0\n" " adcl 8(%1), %0\n" " adcl 12(%1), %0\n" "1: adcl 16(%1), %0\n" " lea 4(%1), %1\n" " decl %2\n" " jne 1b\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" " movl %0, %2\n" " shrl $16, %0\n" " addw %w2, %w0\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" " notl %0\n" "2:" /* Since the input registers which are loaded with iph and ihl are modified, we must also specify them as outputs, or gcc will assume they contain their original values. */ : "=r" (sum), "=r" (iph), "=r" (ihl) : "1" (iph), "2" (ihl) : "memory"); return (__force __sum16)sum; } /** * csum_tcpup_nofold - Compute an IPv4 pseudo header checksum. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: ip protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the pseudo header checksum the input data. Result is * 32bit unfolded. */ static inline __wsum csum_tcpudp_nofold(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum) { asm(" addl %1, %0\n" " adcl %2, %0\n" " adcl %3, %0\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" : "=r" (sum) : "g" (daddr), "g" (saddr), "g" ((len + proto)<<8), "0" (sum)); return sum; } /** * csum_tcpup_magic - Compute an IPv4 pseudo header checksum. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: ip protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the 16bit pseudo header checksum the input data already * complemented and ready to be filled in. */ static inline __sum16 csum_tcpudp_magic(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum) { return csum_fold(csum_tcpudp_nofold(saddr, daddr, len, proto, sum)); } /** * csum_partial - Compute an internet checksum. * @buff: buffer to be checksummed * @len: length of buffer. * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the 32bit unfolded internet checksum of the buffer. * Before filling it in it needs to be csum_fold()'ed. * buff should be aligned to a 64bit boundary if possible. */ extern __wsum csum_partial(const void *buff, int len, __wsum sum); /* Do not call this directly. Use the wrappers below */ extern __visible __wsum csum_partial_copy_generic(const void *src, void *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_and_copy_from_user(const void __user *src, void *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_and_copy_to_user(const void *src, void __user *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_partial_copy_nocheck(const void *src, void *dst, int len); /** * ip_compute_csum - Compute an 16bit IP checksum. * @buff: buffer address. * @len: length of buffer. * * Returns the 16bit folded/inverted checksum of the passed buffer. * Ready to fill in. */ extern __sum16 ip_compute_csum(const void *buff, int len); /** * csum_ipv6_magic - Compute checksum of an IPv6 pseudo header. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum (32bit unfolded) to be added in * * Computes an IPv6 pseudo header checksum. This sum is added the checksum * into UDP/TCP packets and contains some link layer information. * Returns the unfolded 32bit checksum. */ struct in6_addr; #define _HAVE_ARCH_IPV6_CSUM 1 extern __sum16 csum_ipv6_magic(const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum); static inline unsigned add32_with_carry(unsigned a, unsigned b) { asm("addl %2,%0\n\t" "adcl $0,%0" : "=r" (a) : "0" (a), "rm" (b)); return a; } #define HAVE_ARCH_CSUM_ADD static inline __wsum csum_add(__wsum csum, __wsum addend) { return (__force __wsum)add32_with_carry((__force unsigned)csum, (__force unsigned)addend); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H */
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* http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rcupdate.html * */ #ifndef __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H #define __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/bottom_half.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #define ULONG_CMP_GE(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 >= (a) - (b)) #define ULONG_CMP_LT(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b)) #define ulong2long(a) (*(long *)(&(a))) #define USHORT_CMP_GE(a, b) (USHRT_MAX / 2 >= (unsigned short)((a) - (b))) #define USHORT_CMP_LT(a, b) (USHRT_MAX / 2 < (unsigned short)((a) - (b))) /* Exported common interfaces */ void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void rcu_barrier_tasks(void); void rcu_barrier_tasks_rude(void); void synchronize_rcu(void); #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU void __rcu_read_lock(void); void __rcu_read_unlock(void); /* * Defined as a macro as it is a very low level header included from * areas that don't even know about current. This gives the rcu_read_lock() * nesting depth, but makes sense only if CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU -- in other * types of kernel builds, the rcu_read_lock() nesting depth is unknowable. */ #define rcu_preempt_depth() (current->rcu_read_lock_nesting) #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU #define rcu_read_unlock_strict() do { } while (0) #else void rcu_read_unlock_strict(void); #endif static inline void __rcu_read_lock(void) { preempt_disable(); } static inline void __rcu_read_unlock(void) { preempt_enable(); rcu_read_unlock_strict(); } static inline int rcu_preempt_depth(void) { return 0; } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ /* Internal to kernel */ void rcu_init(void); extern int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly; void rcu_sched_clock_irq(int user); void rcu_report_dead(unsigned int cpu); void rcutree_migrate_callbacks(int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC void rcu_init_tasks_generic(void); #else static inline void rcu_init_tasks_generic(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON void rcu_sysrq_start(void); void rcu_sysrq_end(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */ static inline void rcu_sysrq_start(void) { } static inline void rcu_sysrq_end(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */ #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL void rcu_user_enter(void); void rcu_user_exit(void); #else static inline void rcu_user_enter(void) { } static inline void rcu_user_exit(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */ #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU void rcu_init_nohz(void); void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */ static inline void rcu_init_nohz(void) { } static inline void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */ /** * RCU_NONIDLE - Indicate idle-loop code that needs RCU readers * @a: Code that RCU needs to pay attention to. * * RCU read-side critical sections are forbidden in the inner idle loop, * that is, between the rcu_idle_enter() and the rcu_idle_exit() -- RCU * will happily ignore any such read-side critical sections. However, * things like powertop need tracepoints in the inner idle loop. * * This macro provides the way out: RCU_NONIDLE(do_something_with_RCU()) * will tell RCU that it needs to pay attention, invoke its argument * (in this example, calling the do_something_with_RCU() function), * and then tell RCU to go back to ignoring this CPU. It is permissible * to nest RCU_NONIDLE() wrappers, but not indefinitely (but the limit is * on the order of a million or so, even on 32-bit systems). It is * not legal to block within RCU_NONIDLE(), nor is it permissible to * transfer control either into or out of RCU_NONIDLE()'s statement. */ #define RCU_NONIDLE(a) \ do { \ rcu_irq_enter_irqson(); \ do { a; } while (0); \ rcu_irq_exit_irqson(); \ } while (0) /* * Note a quasi-voluntary context switch for RCU-tasks's benefit. * This is a macro rather than an inline function to avoid #include hell. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU # define rcu_tasks_classic_qs(t, preempt) \ do { \ if (!(preempt) && READ_ONCE((t)->rcu_tasks_holdout)) \ WRITE_ONCE((t)->rcu_tasks_holdout, false); \ } while (0) void call_rcu_tasks(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void synchronize_rcu_tasks(void); # else # define rcu_tasks_classic_qs(t, preempt) do { } while (0) # define call_rcu_tasks call_rcu # define synchronize_rcu_tasks synchronize_rcu # endif # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU # define rcu_tasks_trace_qs(t) \ do { \ if (!likely(READ_ONCE((t)->trc_reader_checked)) && \ !unlikely(READ_ONCE((t)->trc_reader_nesting))) { \ smp_store_release(&(t)->trc_reader_checked, true); \ smp_mb(); /* Readers partitioned by store. */ \ } \ } while (0) # else # define rcu_tasks_trace_qs(t) do { } while (0) # endif #define rcu_tasks_qs(t, preempt) \ do { \ rcu_tasks_classic_qs((t), (preempt)); \ rcu_tasks_trace_qs((t)); \ } while (0) # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RUDE_RCU void call_rcu_tasks_rude(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void synchronize_rcu_tasks_rude(void); # endif #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) rcu_tasks_qs(t, false) void exit_tasks_rcu_start(void); void exit_tasks_rcu_finish(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC */ #define rcu_tasks_qs(t, preempt) do { } while (0) #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) do { } while (0) #define call_rcu_tasks call_rcu #define synchronize_rcu_tasks synchronize_rcu static inline void exit_tasks_rcu_start(void) { } static inline void exit_tasks_rcu_finish(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC */ /** * cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs - Report potential quiescent states to RCU * * This macro resembles cond_resched(), except that it is defined to * report potential quiescent states to RCU-tasks even if the cond_resched() * machinery were to be shut off, as some advocate for PREEMPTION kernels. */ #define cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs() \ do { \ rcu_tasks_qs(current, false); \ cond_resched(); \ } while (0) /* * Infrastructure to implement the synchronize_() primitives in * TREE_RCU and rcu_barrier_() primitives in TINY_RCU. */ #if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) #include <linux/rcutree.h> #elif defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU) #include <linux/rcutiny.h> #else #error "Unknown RCU implementation specified to kernel configuration" #endif /* * The init_rcu_head_on_stack() and destroy_rcu_head_on_stack() calls * are needed for dynamic initialization and destruction of rcu_head * on the stack, and init_rcu_head()/destroy_rcu_head() are needed for * dynamic initialization and destruction of statically allocated rcu_head * structures. However, rcu_head structures allocated dynamically in the * heap don't need any initialization. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head); void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head); void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head); void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head); #else /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */ static inline void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head) { } #endif /* #else !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */ #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) bool rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online(void); #else /* #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) */ static inline bool rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online(void) { return true; } #endif /* #else #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC static inline void rcu_lock_acquire(struct lockdep_map *map) { lock_acquire(map, 0, 0, 2, 0, NULL, _THIS_IP_); } static inline void rcu_lock_release(struct lockdep_map *map) { lock_release(map, _THIS_IP_); } extern struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_bh_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_sched_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_callback_map; int debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled(void); int rcu_read_lock_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_any_held(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ # define rcu_lock_acquire(a) do { } while (0) # define rcu_lock_release(a) do { } while (0) static inline int rcu_read_lock_held(void) { return 1; } static inline int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void) { return 1; } static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void) { return !preemptible(); } static inline int rcu_read_lock_any_held(void) { return !preemptible(); } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU /** * RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN - emit lockdep splat if specified condition is met * @c: condition to check * @s: informative message */ #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) \ do { \ static bool __section(".data.unlikely") __warned; \ if ((c) && debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned) { \ __warned = true; \ lockdep_rcu_suspicious(__FILE__, __LINE__, s); \ } \ } while (0) #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) && !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU) static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map), "Illegal context switch in RCU read-side critical section"); } #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ #define rcu_sleep_check() \ do { \ rcu_preempt_sleep_check(); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map), \ "Illegal context switch in RCU-bh read-side critical section"); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map), \ "Illegal context switch in RCU-sched read-side critical section"); \ } while (0) #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) do { } while (0) #define rcu_sleep_check() do { } while (0) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ /* * Helper functions for rcu_dereference_check(), rcu_dereference_protected() * and rcu_assign_pointer(). Some of these could be folded into their * callers, but they are left separate in order to ease introduction of * multiple pointers markings to match different RCU implementations * (e.g., __srcu), should this make sense in the future. */ #ifdef __CHECKER__ #define rcu_check_sparse(p, space) \ ((void)(((typeof(*p) space *)p) == p)) #else /* #ifdef __CHECKER__ */ #define rcu_check_sparse(p, space) #endif /* #else #ifdef __CHECKER__ */ #define __rcu_access_pointer(p, space) \ ({ \ typeof(*p) *_________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)READ_ONCE(p); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(_________p1)); \ }) #define __rcu_dereference_check(p, c, space) \ ({ \ /* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \ typeof(*p) *________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)READ_ONCE(p); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage"); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \ }) #define __rcu_dereference_protected(p, c, space) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_protected() usage"); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(p)); \ }) #define rcu_dereference_raw(p) \ ({ \ /* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \ typeof(p) ________p1 = READ_ONCE(p); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \ }) /** * RCU_INITIALIZER() - statically initialize an RCU-protected global variable * @v: The value to statically initialize with. */ #define RCU_INITIALIZER(v) (typeof(*(v)) __force __rcu *)(v) /** * rcu_assign_pointer() - assign to RCU-protected pointer * @p: pointer to assign to * @v: value to assign (publish) * * Assigns the specified value to the specified RCU-protected * pointer, ensuring that any concurrent RCU readers will see * any prior initialization. * * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them * (which is most of them), and also prevents the compiler from * reordering the code that initializes the structure after the pointer * assignment. More importantly, this call documents which pointers * will be dereferenced by RCU read-side code. * * In some special cases, you may use RCU_INIT_POINTER() instead * of rcu_assign_pointer(). RCU_INIT_POINTER() is a bit faster due * to the fact that it does not constrain either the CPU or the compiler. * That said, using RCU_INIT_POINTER() when you should have used * rcu_assign_pointer() is a very bad thing that results in * impossible-to-diagnose memory corruption. So please be careful. * See the RCU_INIT_POINTER() comment header for details. * * Note that rcu_assign_pointer() evaluates each of its arguments only * once, appearances notwithstanding. One of the "extra" evaluations * is in typeof() and the other visible only to sparse (__CHECKER__), * neither of which actually execute the argument. As with most cpp * macros, this execute-arguments-only-once property is important, so * please be careful when making changes to rcu_assign_pointer() and the * other macros that it invokes. */ #define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v) \ do { \ uintptr_t _r_a_p__v = (uintptr_t)(v); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu); \ \ if (__builtin_constant_p(v) && (_r_a_p__v) == (uintptr_t)NULL) \ WRITE_ONCE((p), (typeof(p))(_r_a_p__v)); \ else \ smp_store_release(&p, RCU_INITIALIZER((typeof(p))_r_a_p__v)); \ } while (0) /** * rcu_replace_pointer() - replace an RCU pointer, returning its old value * @rcu_ptr: RCU pointer, whose old value is returned * @ptr: regular pointer * @c: the lockdep conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Perform a replacement, where @rcu_ptr is an RCU-annotated * pointer and @c is the lockdep argument that is passed to the * rcu_dereference_protected() call used to read that pointer. The old * value of @rcu_ptr is returned, and @rcu_ptr is set to @ptr. */ #define rcu_replace_pointer(rcu_ptr, ptr, c) \ ({ \ typeof(ptr) __tmp = rcu_dereference_protected((rcu_ptr), (c)); \ rcu_assign_pointer((rcu_ptr), (ptr)); \ __tmp; \ }) /** * rcu_access_pointer() - fetch RCU pointer with no dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit the * lockdep checks for being in an RCU read-side critical section. This is * useful when the value of this pointer is accessed, but the pointer is * not dereferenced, for example, when testing an RCU-protected pointer * against NULL. Although rcu_access_pointer() may also be used in cases * where update-side locks prevent the value of the pointer from changing, * you should instead use rcu_dereference_protected() for this use case. * * It is also permissible to use rcu_access_pointer() when read-side * access to the pointer was removed at least one grace period ago, as * is the case in the context of the RCU callback that is freeing up * the data, or after a synchronize_rcu() returns. This can be useful * when tearing down multi-linked structures after a grace period * has elapsed. */ #define rcu_access_pointer(p) __rcu_access_pointer((p), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_check() - rcu_dereference with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Do an rcu_dereference(), but check that the conditions under which the * dereference will take place are correct. Typically the conditions * indicate the various locking conditions that should be held at that * point. The check should return true if the conditions are satisfied. * An implicit check for being in an RCU read-side critical section * (rcu_read_lock()) is included. * * For example: * * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock)); * * could be used to indicate to lockdep that foo->bar may only be dereferenced * if either rcu_read_lock() is held, or that the lock required to replace * the bar struct at foo->bar is held. * * Note that the list of conditions may also include indications of when a lock * need not be held, for example during initialisation or destruction of the * target struct: * * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock) || * atomic_read(&foo->usage) == 0); * * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them * (currently only the Alpha), prevents the compiler from refetching * (and from merging fetches), and, more importantly, documents exactly * which pointers are protected by RCU and checks that the pointer is * annotated as __rcu. */ #define rcu_dereference_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_held(), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_bh_check() - rcu_dereference_bh with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * This is the RCU-bh counterpart to rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_bh_held(), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_sched_check() - rcu_dereference_sched with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * This is the RCU-sched counterpart to rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_sched_held(), \ __rcu) /* * The tracing infrastructure traces RCU (we want that), but unfortunately * some of the RCU checks causes tracing to lock up the system. * * The no-tracing version of rcu_dereference_raw() must not call * rcu_read_lock_held(). */ #define rcu_dereference_raw_check(p) __rcu_dereference_check((p), 1, __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_protected() - fetch RCU pointer when updates prevented * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit * the READ_ONCE(). This is useful in cases where update-side locks * prevent the value of the pointer from changing. Please note that this * primitive does *not* prevent the compiler from repeating this reference * or combining it with other references, so it should not be used without * protection of appropriate locks. * * This function is only for update-side use. Using this function * when protected only by rcu_read_lock() will result in infrequent * but very ugly failures. */ #define rcu_dereference_protected(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_protected((p), (c), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference() - fetch RCU-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * This is a simple wrapper around rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference(p) rcu_dereference_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_dereference_bh() - fetch an RCU-bh-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. */ #define rcu_dereference_bh(p) rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_dereference_sched() - fetch RCU-sched-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. */ #define rcu_dereference_sched(p) rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_pointer_handoff() - Hand off a pointer from RCU to other mechanism * @p: The pointer to hand off * * This is simply an identity function, but it documents where a pointer * is handed off from RCU to some other synchronization mechanism, for * example, reference counting or locking. In C11, it would map to * kill_dependency(). It could be used as follows:: * * rcu_read_lock(); * p = rcu_dereference(gp); * long_lived = is_long_lived(p); * if (long_lived) { * if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(p->refcnt)) * long_lived = false; * else * p = rcu_pointer_handoff(p); * } * rcu_read_unlock(); */ #define rcu_pointer_handoff(p) (p) /** * rcu_read_lock() - mark the beginning of an RCU read-side critical section * * When synchronize_rcu() is invoked on one CPU while other CPUs * are within RCU read-side critical sections, then the * synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed to block until after all the other * CPUs exit their critical sections. Similarly, if call_rcu() is invoked * on one CPU while other CPUs are within RCU read-side critical * sections, invocation of the corresponding RCU callback is deferred * until after the all the other CPUs exit their critical sections. * * Note, however, that RCU callbacks are permitted to run concurrently * with new RCU read-side critical sections. One way that this can happen * is via the following sequence of events: (1) CPU 0 enters an RCU * read-side critical section, (2) CPU 1 invokes call_rcu() to register * an RCU callback, (3) CPU 0 exits the RCU read-side critical section, * (4) CPU 2 enters a RCU read-side critical section, (5) the RCU * callback is invoked. This is legal, because the RCU read-side critical * section that was running concurrently with the call_rcu() (and which * therefore might be referencing something that the corresponding RCU * callback would free up) has completed before the corresponding * RCU callback is invoked. * * RCU read-side critical sections may be nested. Any deferred actions * will be deferred until the outermost RCU read-side critical section * completes. * * You can avoid reading and understanding the next paragraph by * following this rule: don't put anything in an rcu_read_lock() RCU * read-side critical section that would block in a !PREEMPTION kernel. * But if you want the full story, read on! * * In non-preemptible RCU implementations (pure TREE_RCU and TINY_RCU), * it is illegal to block while in an RCU read-side critical section. * In preemptible RCU implementations (PREEMPT_RCU) in CONFIG_PREEMPTION * kernel builds, RCU read-side critical sections may be preempted, * but explicit blocking is illegal. Finally, in preemptible RCU * implementations in real-time (with -rt patchset) kernel builds, RCU * read-side critical sections may be preempted and they may also block, but * only when acquiring spinlocks that are subject to priority inheritance. */ static __always_inline void rcu_read_lock(void) { __rcu_read_lock(); __acquire(RCU); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock() used illegally while idle"); } /* * So where is rcu_write_lock()? It does not exist, as there is no * way for writers to lock out RCU readers. This is a feature, not * a bug -- this property is what provides RCU's performance benefits. * Of course, writers must coordinate with each other. The normal * spinlock primitives work well for this, but any other technique may be * used as well. RCU does not care how the writers keep out of each * others' way, as long as they do so. */ /** * rcu_read_unlock() - marks the end of an RCU read-side critical section. * * In most situations, rcu_read_unlock() is immune from deadlock. * However, in kernels built with CONFIG_RCU_BOOST, rcu_read_unlock() * is responsible for deboosting, which it does via rt_mutex_unlock(). * Unfortunately, this function acquires the scheduler's runqueue and * priority-inheritance spinlocks. This means that deadlock could result * if the caller of rcu_read_unlock() already holds one of these locks or * any lock that is ever acquired while holding them. * * That said, RCU readers are never priority boosted unless they were * preempted. Therefore, one way to avoid deadlock is to make sure * that preemption never happens within any RCU read-side critical * section whose outermost rcu_read_unlock() is called with one of * rt_mutex_unlock()'s locks held. Such preemption can be avoided in * a number of ways, for example, by invoking preempt_disable() before * critical section's outermost rcu_read_lock(). * * Given that the set of locks acquired by rt_mutex_unlock() might change * at any time, a somewhat more future-proofed approach is to make sure * that that preemption never happens within any RCU read-side critical * section whose outermost rcu_read_unlock() is called with irqs disabled. * This approach relies on the fact that rt_mutex_unlock() currently only * acquires irq-disabled locks. * * The second of these two approaches is best in most situations, * however, the first approach can also be useful, at least to those * developers willing to keep abreast of the set of locks acquired by * rt_mutex_unlock(). * * See rcu_read_lock() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock() used illegally while idle"); __release(RCU); __rcu_read_unlock(); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_lock_map); /* Keep acq info for rls diags. */ } /** * rcu_read_lock_bh() - mark the beginning of an RCU-bh critical section * * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but also disables softirqs. * Note that anything else that disables softirqs can also serve as * an RCU read-side critical section. * * Note that rcu_read_lock_bh() and the matching rcu_read_unlock_bh() * must occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * rcu_read_unlock_bh() from one task if the matching rcu_read_lock_bh() * was invoked from some other task. */ static inline void rcu_read_lock_bh(void) { local_bh_disable(); __acquire(RCU_BH); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_bh_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock_bh() used illegally while idle"); } /** * rcu_read_unlock_bh() - marks the end of a softirq-only RCU critical section * * See rcu_read_lock_bh() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_bh(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock_bh() used illegally while idle"); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_bh_lock_map); __release(RCU_BH); local_bh_enable(); } /** * rcu_read_lock_sched() - mark the beginning of a RCU-sched critical section * * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but disables preemption. * Read-side critical sections can also be introduced by anything else * that disables preemption, including local_irq_disable() and friends. * * Note that rcu_read_lock_sched() and the matching rcu_read_unlock_sched() * must occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * rcu_read_unlock_sched() from process context if the matching * rcu_read_lock_sched() was invoked from an NMI handler. */ static inline void rcu_read_lock_sched(void) { preempt_disable(); __acquire(RCU_SCHED); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_sched_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock_sched() used illegally while idle"); } /* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void rcu_read_lock_sched_notrace(void) { preempt_disable_notrace(); __acquire(RCU_SCHED); } /** * rcu_read_unlock_sched() - marks the end of a RCU-classic critical section * * See rcu_read_lock_sched() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_sched(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock_sched() used illegally while idle"); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_sched_lock_map); __release(RCU_SCHED); preempt_enable(); } /* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void rcu_read_unlock_sched_notrace(void) { __release(RCU_SCHED); preempt_enable_notrace(); } /** * RCU_INIT_POINTER() - initialize an RCU protected pointer * @p: The pointer to be initialized. * @v: The value to initialized the pointer to. * * Initialize an RCU-protected pointer in special cases where readers * do not need ordering constraints on the CPU or the compiler. These * special cases are: * * 1. This use of RCU_INIT_POINTER() is NULLing out the pointer *or* * 2. The caller has taken whatever steps are required to prevent * RCU readers from concurrently accessing this pointer *or* * 3. The referenced data structure has already been exposed to * readers either at compile time or via rcu_assign_pointer() *and* * * a. You have not made *any* reader-visible changes to * this structure since then *or* * b. It is OK for readers accessing this structure from its * new location to see the old state of the structure. (For * example, the changes were to statistical counters or to * other state where exact synchronization is not required.) * * Failure to follow these rules governing use of RCU_INIT_POINTER() will * result in impossible-to-diagnose memory corruption. As in the structures * will look OK in crash dumps, but any concurrent RCU readers might * see pre-initialized values of the referenced data structure. So * please be very careful how you use RCU_INIT_POINTER()!!! * * If you are creating an RCU-protected linked structure that is accessed * by a single external-to-structure RCU-protected pointer, then you may * use RCU_INIT_POINTER() to initialize the internal RCU-protected * pointers, but you must use rcu_assign_pointer() to initialize the * external-to-structure pointer *after* you have completely initialized * the reader-accessible portions of the linked structure. * * Note that unlike rcu_assign_pointer(), RCU_INIT_POINTER() provides no * ordering guarantees for either the CPU or the compiler. */ #define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v) \ do { \ rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu); \ WRITE_ONCE(p, RCU_INITIALIZER(v)); \ } while (0) /** * RCU_POINTER_INITIALIZER() - statically initialize an RCU protected pointer * @p: The pointer to be initialized. * @v: The value to initialized the pointer to. * * GCC-style initialization for an RCU-protected pointer in a structure field. */ #define RCU_POINTER_INITIALIZER(p, v) \ .p = RCU_INITIALIZER(v) /* * Does the specified offset indicate that the corresponding rcu_head * structure can be handled by kvfree_rcu()? */ #define __is_kvfree_rcu_offset(offset) ((offset) < 4096) /* * Helper macro for kfree_rcu() to prevent argument-expansion eyestrain. */ #define __kvfree_rcu(head, offset) \ do { \ BUILD_BUG_ON(!__is_kvfree_rcu_offset(offset)); \ kvfree_call_rcu(head, (rcu_callback_t)(unsigned long)(offset)); \ } while (0) /** * kfree_rcu() - kfree an object after a grace period. * @ptr: pointer to kfree * @rhf: the name of the struct rcu_head within the type of @ptr. * * Many rcu callbacks functions just call kfree() on the base structure. * These functions are trivial, but their size adds up, and furthermore * when they are used in a kernel module, that module must invoke the * high-latency rcu_barrier() function at module-unload time. * * The kfree_rcu() function handles this issue. Rather than encoding a * function address in the embedded rcu_head structure, kfree_rcu() instead * encodes the offset of the rcu_head structure within the base structure. * Because the functions are not allowed in the low-order 4096 bytes of * kernel virtual memory, offsets up to 4095 bytes can be accommodated. * If the offset is larger than 4095 bytes, a compile-time error will * be generated in __kvfree_rcu(). If this error is triggered, you can * either fall back to use of call_rcu() or rearrange the structure to * position the rcu_head structure into the first 4096 bytes. * * Note that the allowable offset might decrease in the future, for example, * to allow something like kmem_cache_free_rcu(). * * The BUILD_BUG_ON check must not involve any function calls, hence the * checks are done in macros here. */ #define kfree_rcu(ptr, rhf) \ do { \ typeof (ptr) ___p = (ptr); \ \ if (___p) \ __kvfree_rcu(&((___p)->rhf), offsetof(typeof(*(ptr)), rhf)); \ } while (0) /** * kvfree_rcu() - kvfree an object after a grace period. * * This macro consists of one or two arguments and it is * based on whether an object is head-less or not. If it * has a head then a semantic stays the same as it used * to be before: * * kvfree_rcu(ptr, rhf); * * where @ptr is a pointer to kvfree(), @rhf is the name * of the rcu_head structure within the type of @ptr. * * When it comes to head-less variant, only one argument * is passed and that is just a pointer which has to be * freed after a grace period. Therefore the semantic is * * kvfree_rcu(ptr); * * where @ptr is a pointer to kvfree(). * * Please note, head-less way of freeing is permitted to * use from a context that has to follow might_sleep() * annotation. Otherwise, please switch and embed the * rcu_head structure within the type of @ptr. */ #define kvfree_rcu(...) KVFREE_GET_MACRO(__VA_ARGS__, \ kvfree_rcu_arg_2, kvfree_rcu_arg_1)(__VA_ARGS__) #define KVFREE_GET_MACRO(_1, _2, NAME, ...) NAME #define kvfree_rcu_arg_2(ptr, rhf) kfree_rcu(ptr, rhf) #define kvfree_rcu_arg_1(ptr) \ do { \ typeof(ptr) ___p = (ptr); \ \ if (___p) \ kvfree_call_rcu(NULL, (rcu_callback_t) (___p)); \ } while (0) /* * Place this after a lock-acquisition primitive to guarantee that * an UNLOCK+LOCK pair acts as a full barrier. This guarantee applies * if the UNLOCK and LOCK are executed by the same CPU or if the * UNLOCK and LOCK operate on the same lock variable. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE #define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() smp_mb() /* Full ordering for lock. */ #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE */ #define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() do { } while (0) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE */ /* Has the specified rcu_head structure been handed to call_rcu()? */ /** * rcu_head_init - Initialize rcu_head for rcu_head_after_call_rcu() * @rhp: The rcu_head structure to initialize. * * If you intend to invoke rcu_head_after_call_rcu() to test whether a * given rcu_head structure has already been passed to call_rcu(), then * you must also invoke this rcu_head_init() function on it just after * allocating that structure. Calls to this function must not race with * calls to call_rcu(), rcu_head_after_call_rcu(), or callback invocation. */ static inline void rcu_head_init(struct rcu_head *rhp) { rhp->func = (rcu_callback_t)~0L; } /** * rcu_head_after_call_rcu() - Has this rcu_head been passed to call_rcu()? * @rhp: The rcu_head structure to test. * @f: The function passed to call_rcu() along with @rhp. * * Returns @true if the @rhp has been passed to call_rcu() with @func, * and @false otherwise. Emits a warning in any other case, including * the case where @rhp has already been invoked after a grace period. * Calls to this function must not race with callback invocation. One way * to avoid such races is to enclose the call to rcu_head_after_call_rcu() * in an RCU read-side critical section that includes a read-side fetch * of the pointer to the structure containing @rhp. */ static inline bool rcu_head_after_call_rcu(struct rcu_head *rhp, rcu_callback_t f) { rcu_callback_t func = READ_ONCE(rhp->func); if (func == f) return true; WARN_ON_ONCE(func != (rcu_callback_t)~0L); return false; } /* kernel/ksysfs.c definitions */ extern int rcu_expedited; extern int rcu_normal; #endif /* __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H */
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Because list_empty() serves this * purpose. The list_empty() function fetches the RCU-protected pointer * and compares it to the address of the list head, but neither dereferences * this pointer itself nor provides this pointer to the caller. Therefore, * it is not necessary to use rcu_dereference(), so that list_empty() can * be used anywhere you would want to use a list_empty_rcu(). */ /* * INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU - Initialize a list_head visible to RCU readers * @list: list to be initialized * * You should instead use INIT_LIST_HEAD() for normal initialization and * cleanup tasks, when readers have no access to the list being initialized. * However, if the list being initialized is visible to readers, you * need to keep the compiler from being too mischievous. */ static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(struct list_head *list) { WRITE_ONCE(list->next, list); WRITE_ONCE(list->prev, list); } /* * return the ->next pointer of a list_head in an rcu safe * way, we must not access it directly */ #define list_next_rcu(list) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(list)->next))) /** * list_tail_rcu - returns the prev pointer of the head of the list * @head: the head of the list * * Note: This should only be used with the list header, and even then * only if list_del() and similar primitives are not also used on the * list header. */ #define list_tail_rcu(head) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(head)->prev))) /* * Check during list traversal that we are within an RCU reader */ #define check_arg_count_one(dummy) #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_LIST #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ \ check_arg_count_one(extra); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond) && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \ "RCU-list traversed in non-reader section!"); \ }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond), \ "RCU-list traversed without holding the required lock!");\ }) #else #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ check_arg_count_one(extra); }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) ({ }) #endif /* * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { if (!__list_add_valid(new, prev, next)) return; new->next = next; new->prev = prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), new); next->prev = new; } /** * list_add_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head, head->next); } /** * list_add_tail_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it before * * Insert a new entry before the specified head. * This is useful for implementing queues. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_tail_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_tail_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head->prev, head); } /** * list_del_rcu - deletes entry from list without re-initialization * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * * Note: list_empty() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_del_rcu() * or list_add_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). * * Note that the caller is not permitted to immediately free * the newly deleted entry. Instead, either synchronize_rcu() * or call_rcu() must be used to defer freeing until an RCU * grace period has elapsed. */ static inline void list_del_rcu(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after * this. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() or * hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal * primitives, such as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void hlist_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { if (!hlist_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, NULL); } } /** * list_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. * Note: @old should not be empty. */ static inline void list_replace_rcu(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { new->next = old->next; new->prev = old->prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(new->prev), new); new->next->prev = new; old->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * __list_splice_init_rcu - join an RCU-protected list into an existing list. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @prev: points to the last element of the existing list * @next: points to the first element of the existing list * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... * * The list pointed to by @prev and @next can be RCU-read traversed * concurrently with this function. * * Note that this function blocks. * * Important note: the caller must take whatever action is necessary to prevent * any other updates to the existing list. In principle, it is possible to * modify the list as soon as sync() begins execution. If this sort of thing * becomes necessary, an alternative version based on call_rcu() could be * created. But only if -really- needed -- there is no shortage of RCU API * members. */ static inline void __list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next, void (*sync)(void)) { struct list_head *first = list->next; struct list_head *last = list->prev; /* * "first" and "last" tracking list, so initialize it. RCU readers * have access to this list, so we must use INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU() * instead of INIT_LIST_HEAD(). */ INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(list); /* * At this point, the list body still points to the source list. * Wait for any readers to finish using the list before splicing * the list body into the new list. Any new readers will see * an empty list. */ sync(); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*first); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*last); /* * Readers are finished with the source list, so perform splice. * The order is important if the new list is global and accessible * to concurrent RCU readers. Note that RCU readers are not * permitted to traverse the prev pointers without excluding * this function. */ last->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), first); first->prev = prev; next->prev = last; } /** * list_splice_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing list, * designed for stacks. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head, head->next, sync); } /** * list_splice_tail_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing * list, designed for queues. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_tail_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head->prev, head, sync); } /** * list_entry_rcu - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_entry_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /* * Where are list_empty_rcu() and list_first_entry_rcu()? * * Implementing those functions following their counterparts list_empty() and * list_first_entry() is not advisable because they lead to subtle race * conditions as the following snippet shows: * * if (!list_empty_rcu(mylist)) { * struct foo *bar = list_first_entry_rcu(mylist, struct foo, list_member); * do_something(bar); * } * * The list may not be empty when list_empty_rcu checks it, but it may be when * list_first_entry_rcu rereads the ->next pointer. * * Rereading the ->next pointer is not a problem for list_empty() and * list_first_entry() because they would be protected by a lock that blocks * writers. * * See list_first_or_null_rcu for an alternative. */ /** * list_first_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the list is empty, it returns NULL. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_first_or_null_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__ptr != __next) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_next_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @head: the head for the list. * @ptr: the list head to take the next element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the ptr is at the end of the list, NULL is returned. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_next_or_null_rcu(head, ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__head = (head); \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__next != __head) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, \ member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define list_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_entry_lockless - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_entry_lockless(ptr, type, member) \ container_of((typeof(ptr))READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /** * list_for_each_entry_lockless - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_for_each_entry_lockless(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_lockless((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_lockless(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position which must have been in the list when the RCU read * lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_from_rcu() except * this starts after the given position and that one starts at the given * position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a list from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_node within the struct. * * Iterate over the tail of a list starting from a given position, * which must have been in the list when the RCU read lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu() except * this starts from the given position and that one starts from the position * after the given position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (; &(pos)->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_del_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlist_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. */ static inline void hlist_replace_rcu(struct hlist_node *old, struct hlist_node *new) { struct hlist_node *next = old->next; new->next = next; WRITE_ONCE(new->pprev, old->pprev); rcu_assign_pointer(*(struct hlist_node __rcu **)new->pprev, new); if (next) WRITE_ONCE(new->next->pprev, &new->next); WRITE_ONCE(old->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlists_swap_heads_rcu - swap the lists the hlist heads point to * @left: The hlist head on the left * @right: The hlist head on the right * * The lists start out as [@left ][node1 ... ] and * [@right ][node2 ... ] * The lists end up as [@left ][node2 ... ] * [@right ][node1 ... ] */ static inline void hlists_swap_heads_rcu(struct hlist_head *left, struct hlist_head *right) { struct hlist_node *node1 = left->first; struct hlist_node *node2 = right->first; rcu_assign_pointer(left->first, node2); rcu_assign_pointer(right->first, node1); WRITE_ONCE(node2->pprev, &left->first); WRITE_ONCE(node1->pprev, &right->first); } /* * return the first or the next element in an RCU protected hlist */ #define hlist_first_rcu(head) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(head)->first))) #define hlist_next_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(node)->next))) #define hlist_pprev_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)((node)->pprev))) /** * hlist_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *first = h->first; n->next = first; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_first_rcu(h), n); if (first) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_tail_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_tail_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *i, *last = NULL; /* Note: write side code, so rcu accessors are not needed. */ for (i = h->first; i; i = i->next) last = i; if (last) { n->next = last->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &last->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(last), n); } else { hlist_add_head_rcu(n, h); } } /** * hlist_add_before_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @next: the existing element to add the new element before. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * before the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_before_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *next) { WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, next->pprev); n->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_pprev_rcu(n), n); WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_behind_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @prev: the existing element to add the new element after. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * after the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_behind_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *prev) { n->next = prev->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &prev->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(prev), n); if (n->next) WRITE_ONCE(n->next->pprev, &n->next); } #define __hlist_for_each_rcu(pos, head) \ for (pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_first_rcu(head)); \ pos; \ pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_next_rcu(pos))) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace - iterate over rcu list of given type (for tracing) * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). * * This is the same as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu() except that it does * not do any RCU debugging or tracing. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, member) \ for (; pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Asymmetric Public-key cryptography key type interface * * See Documentation/crypto/asymmetric-keys.rst * * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _KEYS_ASYMMETRIC_TYPE_H #define _KEYS_ASYMMETRIC_TYPE_H #include <linux/key-type.h> #include <linux/verification.h> extern struct key_type key_type_asymmetric; /* * The key payload is four words. The asymmetric-type key uses them as * follows: */ enum asymmetric_payload_bits { asym_crypto, /* The data representing the key */ asym_subtype, /* Pointer to an asymmetric_key_subtype struct */ asym_key_ids, /* Pointer to an asymmetric_key_ids struct */ asym_auth /* The key's authorisation (signature, parent key ID) */ }; /* * Identifiers for an asymmetric key ID. We have three ways of looking up a * key derived from an X.509 certificate: * * (1) Serial Number & Issuer. Non-optional. This is the only valid way to * map a PKCS#7 signature to an X.509 certificate. * * (2) Issuer & Subject Unique IDs. Optional. These were the original way to * match X.509 certificates, but have fallen into disuse in favour of (3). * * (3) Auth & Subject Key Identifiers. Optional. SKIDs are only provided on * CA keys that are intended to sign other keys, so don't appear in end * user certificates unless forced. * * We could also support an PGP key identifier, which is just a SHA1 sum of the * public key and certain parameters, but since we don't support PGP keys at * the moment, we shall ignore those. * * What we actually do is provide a place where binary identifiers can be * stashed and then compare against them when checking for an id match. */ struct asymmetric_key_id { unsigned short len; unsigned char data[]; }; struct asymmetric_key_ids { void *id[2]; }; extern bool asymmetric_key_id_same(const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid1, const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid2); extern bool asymmetric_key_id_partial(const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid1, const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid2); extern struct asymmetric_key_id *asymmetric_key_generate_id(const void *val_1, size_t len_1, const void *val_2, size_t len_2); static inline const struct asymmetric_key_ids *asymmetric_key_ids(const struct key *key) { return key->payload.data[asym_key_ids]; } extern struct key *find_asymmetric_key(struct key *keyring, const struct asymmetric_key_id *id_0, const struct asymmetric_key_id *id_1, bool partial); /* * The payload is at the discretion of the subtype. */ #endif /* _KEYS_ASYMMETRIC_TYPE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common values for SHA algorithms */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SHA_H #define _CRYPTO_SHA_H #include <linux/types.h> #define SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE 20 #define SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA224_DIGEST_SIZE 28 #define SHA224_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE 32 #define SHA256_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA384_DIGEST_SIZE 48 #define SHA384_BLOCK_SIZE 128 #define SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE 64 #define SHA512_BLOCK_SIZE 128 #define SHA1_H0 0x67452301UL #define SHA1_H1 0xefcdab89UL #define SHA1_H2 0x98badcfeUL #define SHA1_H3 0x10325476UL #define SHA1_H4 0xc3d2e1f0UL #define SHA224_H0 0xc1059ed8UL #define SHA224_H1 0x367cd507UL #define SHA224_H2 0x3070dd17UL #define SHA224_H3 0xf70e5939UL #define SHA224_H4 0xffc00b31UL #define SHA224_H5 0x68581511UL #define SHA224_H6 0x64f98fa7UL #define SHA224_H7 0xbefa4fa4UL #define SHA256_H0 0x6a09e667UL #define SHA256_H1 0xbb67ae85UL #define SHA256_H2 0x3c6ef372UL #define SHA256_H3 0xa54ff53aUL #define SHA256_H4 0x510e527fUL #define SHA256_H5 0x9b05688cUL #define SHA256_H6 0x1f83d9abUL #define SHA256_H7 0x5be0cd19UL #define SHA384_H0 0xcbbb9d5dc1059ed8ULL #define SHA384_H1 0x629a292a367cd507ULL #define SHA384_H2 0x9159015a3070dd17ULL #define SHA384_H3 0x152fecd8f70e5939ULL #define SHA384_H4 0x67332667ffc00b31ULL #define SHA384_H5 0x8eb44a8768581511ULL #define SHA384_H6 0xdb0c2e0d64f98fa7ULL #define SHA384_H7 0x47b5481dbefa4fa4ULL #define SHA512_H0 0x6a09e667f3bcc908ULL #define SHA512_H1 0xbb67ae8584caa73bULL #define SHA512_H2 0x3c6ef372fe94f82bULL #define SHA512_H3 0xa54ff53a5f1d36f1ULL #define SHA512_H4 0x510e527fade682d1ULL #define SHA512_H5 0x9b05688c2b3e6c1fULL #define SHA512_H6 0x1f83d9abfb41bd6bULL #define SHA512_H7 0x5be0cd19137e2179ULL extern const u8 sha1_zero_message_hash[SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha224_zero_message_hash[SHA224_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha256_zero_message_hash[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha384_zero_message_hash[SHA384_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha512_zero_message_hash[SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE]; struct sha1_state { u32 state[SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE / 4]; u64 count; u8 buffer[SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct sha256_state { u32 state[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE / 4]; u64 count; u8 buf[SHA256_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct sha512_state { u64 state[SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE / 8]; u64 count[2]; u8 buf[SHA512_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct shash_desc; extern int crypto_sha1_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha1_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); extern int crypto_sha256_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha256_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); extern int crypto_sha512_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha512_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); /* * An implementation of SHA-1's compression function. Don't use in new code! * You shouldn't be using SHA-1, and even if you *have* to use SHA-1, this isn't * the correct way to hash something with SHA-1 (use crypto_shash instead). */ #define SHA1_DIGEST_WORDS (SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE / 4) #define SHA1_WORKSPACE_WORDS 16 void sha1_init(__u32 *buf); void sha1_transform(__u32 *digest, const char *data, __u32 *W); /* * Stand-alone implementation of the SHA256 algorithm. It is designed to * have as little dependencies as possible so it can be used in the * kexec_file purgatory. In other cases you should generally use the * hash APIs from include/crypto/hash.h. Especially when hashing large * amounts of data as those APIs may be hw-accelerated. * * For details see lib/crypto/sha256.c */ static inline void sha256_init(struct sha256_state *sctx) { sctx->state[0] = SHA256_H0; sctx->state[1] = SHA256_H1; sctx->state[2] = SHA256_H2; sctx->state[3] = SHA256_H3; sctx->state[4] = SHA256_H4; sctx->state[5] = SHA256_H5; sctx->state[6] = SHA256_H6; sctx->state[7] = SHA256_H7; sctx->count = 0; } void sha256_update(struct sha256_state *sctx, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); void sha256_final(struct sha256_state *sctx, u8 *out); void sha256(const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); static inline void sha224_init(struct sha256_state *sctx) { sctx->state[0] = SHA224_H0; sctx->state[1] = SHA224_H1; sctx->state[2] = SHA224_H2; sctx->state[3] = SHA224_H3; sctx->state[4] = SHA224_H4; sctx->state[5] = SHA224_H5; sctx->state[6] = SHA224_H6; sctx->state[7] = SHA224_H7; sctx->count = 0; } void sha224_update(struct sha256_state *sctx, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); void sha224_final(struct sha256_state *sctx, u8 *out); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <uapi/asm-generic/termios.h> /* intr=^C quit=^\ erase=del kill=^U eof=^D vtime=\0 vmin=\1 sxtc=\0 start=^Q stop=^S susp=^Z eol=\0 reprint=^R discard=^U werase=^W lnext=^V eol2=\0 */ #define INIT_C_CC "\003\034\177\025\004\0\1\0\021\023\032\0\022\017\027\026\0" /* * Translate a "termio" structure into a "termios". Ugh. */ static inline int user_termio_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *termios, const struct termio __user *termio) { unsigned short tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_iflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_iflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_iflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_oflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_oflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_oflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_cflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_cflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_cflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_lflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_lflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_lflag) | tmp; if (get_user(termios->c_line, &termio->c_line) < 0) goto fault; if (copy_from_user(termios->c_cc, termio->c_cc, NCC) != 0) goto fault; return 0; fault: return -EFAULT; } /* * Translate a "termios" structure into a "termio". Ugh. */ static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termio(struct termio __user *termio, struct ktermios *termios) { if (put_user(termios->c_iflag, &termio->c_iflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_oflag, &termio->c_oflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_cflag, &termio->c_cflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_lflag, &termio->c_lflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_line, &termio->c_line) < 0 || copy_to_user(termio->c_cc, termios->c_cc, NCC) != 0) return -EFAULT; return 0; } #ifdef TCGETS2 static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *k, struct termios2 __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios2)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios(struct termios2 __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios2)); } static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios_1(struct ktermios *k, struct termios __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios_1(struct termios __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios)); } #else /* TCGETS2 */ static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *k, struct termios __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios(struct termios __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios)); } #endif /* TCGETS2 */ #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM vsyscall #if !defined(__VSYSCALL_TRACE_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define __VSYSCALL_TRACE_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(emulate_vsyscall, TP_PROTO(int nr), TP_ARGS(nr), TP_STRUCT__entry(__field(int, nr)), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr = nr; ), TP_printk("nr = %d", __entry->nr) ); #endif #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH ../../arch/x86/entry/vsyscall/ #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE vsyscall_trace #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_MQ_H #define BLK_MQ_H #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/sbitmap.h> #include <linux/srcu.h> struct blk_mq_tags; struct blk_flush_queue; /** * struct blk_mq_hw_ctx - State for a hardware queue facing the hardware * block device */ struct blk_mq_hw_ctx { struct { /** @lock: Protects the dispatch list. */ spinlock_t lock; /** * @dispatch: Used for requests that are ready to be * dispatched to the hardware but for some reason (e.g. lack of * resources) could not be sent to the hardware. As soon as the * driver can send new requests, requests at this list will * be sent first for a fairer dispatch. */ struct list_head dispatch; /** * @state: BLK_MQ_S_* flags. Defines the state of the hw * queue (active, scheduled to restart, stopped). */ unsigned long state; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @run_work: Used for scheduling a hardware queue run at a later time. */ struct delayed_work run_work; /** @cpumask: Map of available CPUs where this hctx can run. */ cpumask_var_t cpumask; /** * @next_cpu: Used by blk_mq_hctx_next_cpu() for round-robin CPU * selection from @cpumask. */ int next_cpu; /** * @next_cpu_batch: Counter of how many works left in the batch before * changing to the next CPU. */ int next_cpu_batch; /** @flags: BLK_MQ_F_* flags. Defines the behaviour of the queue. */ unsigned long flags; /** * @sched_data: Pointer owned by the IO scheduler attached to a request * queue. It's up to the IO scheduler how to use this pointer. */ void *sched_data; /** * @queue: Pointer to the request queue that owns this hardware context. */ struct request_queue *queue; /** @fq: Queue of requests that need to perform a flush operation. */ struct blk_flush_queue *fq; /** * @driver_data: Pointer to data owned by the block driver that created * this hctx */ void *driver_data; /** * @ctx_map: Bitmap for each software queue. If bit is on, there is a * pending request in that software queue. */ struct sbitmap ctx_map; /** * @dispatch_from: Software queue to be used when no scheduler was * selected. */ struct blk_mq_ctx *dispatch_from; /** * @dispatch_busy: Number used by blk_mq_update_dispatch_busy() to * decide if the hw_queue is busy using Exponential Weighted Moving * Average algorithm. */ unsigned int dispatch_busy; /** @type: HCTX_TYPE_* flags. Type of hardware queue. */ unsigned short type; /** @nr_ctx: Number of software queues. */ unsigned short nr_ctx; /** @ctxs: Array of software queues. */ struct blk_mq_ctx **ctxs; /** @dispatch_wait_lock: Lock for dispatch_wait queue. */ spinlock_t dispatch_wait_lock; /** * @dispatch_wait: Waitqueue to put requests when there is no tag * available at the moment, to wait for another try in the future. */ wait_queue_entry_t dispatch_wait; /** * @wait_index: Index of next available dispatch_wait queue to insert * requests. */ atomic_t wait_index; /** * @tags: Tags owned by the block driver. A tag at this set is only * assigned when a request is dispatched from a hardware queue. */ struct blk_mq_tags *tags; /** * @sched_tags: Tags owned by I/O scheduler. If there is an I/O * scheduler associated with a request queue, a tag is assigned when * that request is allocated. Else, this member is not used. */ struct blk_mq_tags *sched_tags; /** @queued: Number of queued requests. */ unsigned long queued; /** @run: Number of dispatched requests. */ unsigned long run; #define BLK_MQ_MAX_DISPATCH_ORDER 7 /** @dispatched: Number of dispatch requests by queue. */ unsigned long dispatched[BLK_MQ_MAX_DISPATCH_ORDER]; /** @numa_node: NUMA node the storage adapter has been connected to. */ unsigned int numa_node; /** @queue_num: Index of this hardware queue. */ unsigned int queue_num; /** * @nr_active: Number of active requests. Only used when a tag set is * shared across request queues. */ atomic_t nr_active; /** * @elevator_queued: Number of queued requests on hctx. */ atomic_t elevator_queued; /** @cpuhp_online: List to store request if CPU is going to die */ struct hlist_node cpuhp_online; /** @cpuhp_dead: List to store request if some CPU die. */ struct hlist_node cpuhp_dead; /** @kobj: Kernel object for sysfs. */ struct kobject kobj; /** @poll_considered: Count times blk_poll() was called. */ unsigned long poll_considered; /** @poll_invoked: Count how many requests blk_poll() polled. */ unsigned long poll_invoked; /** @poll_success: Count how many polled requests were completed. */ unsigned long poll_success; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEBUG_FS /** * @debugfs_dir: debugfs directory for this hardware queue. Named * as cpu<cpu_number>. */ struct dentry *debugfs_dir; /** @sched_debugfs_dir: debugfs directory for the scheduler. */ struct dentry *sched_debugfs_dir; #endif /** * @hctx_list: if this hctx is not in use, this is an entry in * q->unused_hctx_list. */ struct list_head hctx_list; /** * @srcu: Sleepable RCU. Use as lock when type of the hardware queue is * blocking (BLK_MQ_F_BLOCKING). Must be the last member - see also * blk_mq_hw_ctx_size(). */ struct srcu_struct srcu[]; }; /** * struct blk_mq_queue_map - Map software queues to hardware queues * @mq_map: CPU ID to hardware queue index map. This is an array * with nr_cpu_ids elements. Each element has a value in the range * [@queue_offset, @queue_offset + @nr_queues). * @nr_queues: Number of hardware queues to map CPU IDs onto. * @queue_offset: First hardware queue to map onto. Used by the PCIe NVMe * driver to map each hardware queue type (enum hctx_type) onto a distinct * set of hardware queues. */ struct blk_mq_queue_map { unsigned int *mq_map; unsigned int nr_queues; unsigned int queue_offset; }; /** * enum hctx_type - Type of hardware queue * @HCTX_TYPE_DEFAULT: All I/O not otherwise accounted for. * @HCTX_TYPE_READ: Just for READ I/O. * @HCTX_TYPE_POLL: Polled I/O of any kind. * @HCTX_MAX_TYPES: Number of types of hctx. */ enum hctx_type { HCTX_TYPE_DEFAULT, HCTX_TYPE_READ, HCTX_TYPE_POLL, HCTX_MAX_TYPES, }; /** * struct blk_mq_tag_set - tag set that can be shared between request queues * @map: One or more ctx -> hctx mappings. One map exists for each * hardware queue type (enum hctx_type) that the driver wishes * to support. There are no restrictions on maps being of the * same size, and it's perfectly legal to share maps between * types. * @nr_maps: Number of elements in the @map array. A number in the range * [1, HCTX_MAX_TYPES]. * @ops: Pointers to functions that implement block driver behavior. * @nr_hw_queues: Number of hardware queues supported by the block driver that * owns this data structure. * @queue_depth: Number of tags per hardware queue, reserved tags included. * @reserved_tags: Number of tags to set aside for BLK_MQ_REQ_RESERVED tag * allocations. * @cmd_size: Number of additional bytes to allocate per request. The block * driver owns these additional bytes. * @numa_node: NUMA node the storage adapter has been connected to. * @timeout: Request processing timeout in jiffies. * @flags: Zero or more BLK_MQ_F_* flags. * @driver_data: Pointer to data owned by the block driver that created this * tag set. * @active_queues_shared_sbitmap: * number of active request queues per tag set. * @__bitmap_tags: A shared tags sbitmap, used over all hctx's * @__breserved_tags: * A shared reserved tags sbitmap, used over all hctx's * @tags: Tag sets. One tag set per hardware queue. Has @nr_hw_queues * elements. * @tag_list_lock: Serializes tag_list accesses. * @tag_list: List of the request queues that use this tag set. See also * request_queue.tag_set_list. */ struct blk_mq_tag_set { struct blk_mq_queue_map map[HCTX_MAX_TYPES]; unsigned int nr_maps; const struct blk_mq_ops *ops; unsigned int nr_hw_queues; unsigned int queue_depth; unsigned int reserved_tags; unsigned int cmd_size; int numa_node; unsigned int timeout; unsigned int flags; void *driver_data; atomic_t active_queues_shared_sbitmap; struct sbitmap_queue __bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __breserved_tags; struct blk_mq_tags **tags; struct mutex tag_list_lock; struct list_head tag_list; }; /** * struct blk_mq_queue_data - Data about a request inserted in a queue * * @rq: Request pointer. * @last: If it is the last request in the queue. */ struct blk_mq_queue_data { struct request *rq; bool last; }; typedef bool (busy_iter_fn)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *, struct request *, void *, bool); typedef bool (busy_tag_iter_fn)(struct request *, void *, bool); /** * struct blk_mq_ops - Callback functions that implements block driver * behaviour. */ struct blk_mq_ops { /** * @queue_rq: Queue a new request from block IO. */ blk_status_t (*queue_rq)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *, const struct blk_mq_queue_data *); /** * @commit_rqs: If a driver uses bd->last to judge when to submit * requests to hardware, it must define this function. In case of errors * that make us stop issuing further requests, this hook serves the * purpose of kicking the hardware (which the last request otherwise * would have done). */ void (*commit_rqs)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); /** * @get_budget: Reserve budget before queue request, once .queue_rq is * run, it is driver's responsibility to release the * reserved budget. Also we have to handle failure case * of .get_budget for avoiding I/O deadlock. */ bool (*get_budget)(struct request_queue *); /** * @put_budget: Release the reserved budget. */ void (*put_budget)(struct request_queue *); /** * @timeout: Called on request timeout. */ enum blk_eh_timer_return (*timeout)(struct request *, bool); /** * @poll: Called to poll for completion of a specific tag. */ int (*poll)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); /** * @complete: Mark the request as complete. */ void (*complete)(struct request *); /** * @init_hctx: Called when the block layer side of a hardware queue has * been set up, allowing the driver to allocate/init matching * structures. */ int (*init_hctx)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *, void *, unsigned int); /** * @exit_hctx: Ditto for exit/teardown. */ void (*exit_hctx)(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *, unsigned int); /** * @init_request: Called for every command allocated by the block layer * to allow the driver to set up driver specific data. * * Tag greater than or equal to queue_depth is for setting up * flush request. */ int (*init_request)(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, struct request *, unsigned int, unsigned int); /** * @exit_request: Ditto for exit/teardown. */ void (*exit_request)(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, struct request *, unsigned int); /** * @initialize_rq_fn: Called from inside blk_get_request(). */ void (*initialize_rq_fn)(struct request *rq); /** * @cleanup_rq: Called before freeing one request which isn't completed * yet, and usually for freeing the driver private data. */ void (*cleanup_rq)(struct request *); /** * @busy: If set, returns whether or not this queue currently is busy. */ bool (*busy)(struct request_queue *); /** * @map_queues: This allows drivers specify their own queue mapping by * overriding the setup-time function that builds the mq_map. */ int (*map_queues)(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEBUG_FS /** * @show_rq: Used by the debugfs implementation to show driver-specific * information about a request. */ void (*show_rq)(struct seq_file *m, struct request *rq); #endif }; enum { BLK_MQ_F_SHOULD_MERGE = 1 << 0, BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED = 1 << 1, /* * Set when this device requires underlying blk-mq device for * completing IO: */ BLK_MQ_F_STACKING = 1 << 2, BLK_MQ_F_TAG_HCTX_SHARED = 1 << 3, BLK_MQ_F_BLOCKING = 1 << 5, BLK_MQ_F_NO_SCHED = 1 << 6, BLK_MQ_F_ALLOC_POLICY_START_BIT = 8, BLK_MQ_F_ALLOC_POLICY_BITS = 1, BLK_MQ_S_STOPPED = 0, BLK_MQ_S_TAG_ACTIVE = 1, BLK_MQ_S_SCHED_RESTART = 2, /* hw queue is inactive after all its CPUs become offline */ BLK_MQ_S_INACTIVE = 3, BLK_MQ_MAX_DEPTH = 10240, BLK_MQ_CPU_WORK_BATCH = 8, }; #define BLK_MQ_FLAG_TO_ALLOC_POLICY(flags) \ ((flags >> BLK_MQ_F_ALLOC_POLICY_START_BIT) & \ ((1 << BLK_MQ_F_ALLOC_POLICY_BITS) - 1)) #define BLK_ALLOC_POLICY_TO_MQ_FLAG(policy) \ ((policy & ((1 << BLK_MQ_F_ALLOC_POLICY_BITS) - 1)) \ << BLK_MQ_F_ALLOC_POLICY_START_BIT) struct request_queue *blk_mq_init_queue(struct blk_mq_tag_set *); struct request_queue *blk_mq_init_queue_data(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, void *queuedata); struct request_queue *blk_mq_init_allocated_queue(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, struct request_queue *q, bool elevator_init); struct request_queue *blk_mq_init_sq_queue(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, const struct blk_mq_ops *ops, unsigned int queue_depth, unsigned int set_flags); void blk_mq_unregister_dev(struct device *, struct request_queue *); int blk_mq_alloc_tag_set(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set); void blk_mq_free_tag_set(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set); void blk_mq_flush_plug_list(struct blk_plug *plug, bool from_schedule); void blk_mq_free_request(struct request *rq); bool blk_mq_queue_inflight(struct request_queue *q); enum { /* return when out of requests */ BLK_MQ_REQ_NOWAIT = (__force blk_mq_req_flags_t)(1 << 0), /* allocate from reserved pool */ BLK_MQ_REQ_RESERVED = (__force blk_mq_req_flags_t)(1 << 1), /* set RQF_PM */ BLK_MQ_REQ_PM = (__force blk_mq_req_flags_t)(1 << 2), }; struct request *blk_mq_alloc_request(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int op, blk_mq_req_flags_t flags); struct request *blk_mq_alloc_request_hctx(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int op, blk_mq_req_flags_t flags, unsigned int hctx_idx); struct request *blk_mq_tag_to_rq(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int tag); enum { BLK_MQ_UNIQUE_TAG_BITS = 16, BLK_MQ_UNIQUE_TAG_MASK = (1 << BLK_MQ_UNIQUE_TAG_BITS) - 1, }; u32 blk_mq_unique_tag(struct request *rq); static inline u16 blk_mq_unique_tag_to_hwq(u32 unique_tag) { return unique_tag >> BLK_MQ_UNIQUE_TAG_BITS; } static inline u16 blk_mq_unique_tag_to_tag(u32 unique_tag) { return unique_tag & BLK_MQ_UNIQUE_TAG_MASK; } /** * blk_mq_rq_state() - read the current MQ_RQ_* state of a request * @rq: target request. */ static inline enum mq_rq_state blk_mq_rq_state(struct request *rq) { return READ_ONCE(rq->state); } static inline int blk_mq_request_started(struct request *rq) { return blk_mq_rq_state(rq) != MQ_RQ_IDLE; } static inline int blk_mq_request_completed(struct request *rq) { return blk_mq_rq_state(rq) == MQ_RQ_COMPLETE; } void blk_mq_start_request(struct request *rq); void blk_mq_end_request(struct request *rq, blk_status_t error); void __blk_mq_end_request(struct request *rq, blk_status_t error); void blk_mq_requeue_request(struct request *rq, bool kick_requeue_list); void blk_mq_kick_requeue_list(struct request_queue *q); void blk_mq_delay_kick_requeue_list(struct request_queue *q, unsigned long msecs); void blk_mq_complete_request(struct request *rq); bool blk_mq_complete_request_remote(struct request *rq); bool blk_mq_queue_stopped(struct request_queue *q); void blk_mq_stop_hw_queue(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); void blk_mq_start_hw_queue(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); void blk_mq_stop_hw_queues(struct request_queue *q); void blk_mq_start_hw_queues(struct request_queue *q); void blk_mq_start_stopped_hw_queue(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, bool async); void blk_mq_start_stopped_hw_queues(struct request_queue *q, bool async); void blk_mq_quiesce_queue(struct request_queue *q); void blk_mq_unquiesce_queue(struct request_queue *q); void blk_mq_delay_run_hw_queue(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, unsigned long msecs); void blk_mq_run_hw_queue(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, bool async); void blk_mq_run_hw_queues(struct request_queue *q, bool async); void blk_mq_delay_run_hw_queues(struct request_queue *q, unsigned long msecs); void blk_mq_tagset_busy_iter(struct blk_mq_tag_set *tagset, busy_tag_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); void blk_mq_tagset_wait_completed_request(struct blk_mq_tag_set *tagset); void blk_mq_freeze_queue(struct request_queue *q); void blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(struct request_queue *q); void blk_freeze_queue_start(struct request_queue *q); void blk_mq_freeze_queue_wait(struct request_queue *q); int blk_mq_freeze_queue_wait_timeout(struct request_queue *q, unsigned long timeout); int blk_mq_map_queues(struct blk_mq_queue_map *qmap); void blk_mq_update_nr_hw_queues(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, int nr_hw_queues); void blk_mq_quiesce_queue_nowait(struct request_queue *q); unsigned int blk_mq_rq_cpu(struct request *rq); bool __blk_should_fake_timeout(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool blk_should_fake_timeout(struct request_queue *q) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FAIL_IO_TIMEOUT) && test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_FAIL_IO, &q->queue_flags)) return __blk_should_fake_timeout(q); return false; } /** * blk_mq_rq_from_pdu - cast a PDU to a request * @pdu: the PDU (Protocol Data Unit) to be casted * * Return: request * * Driver command data is immediately after the request. So subtract request * size to get back to the original request. */ static inline struct request *blk_mq_rq_from_pdu(void *pdu) { return pdu - sizeof(struct request); } /** * blk_mq_rq_to_pdu - cast a request to a PDU * @rq: the request to be casted * * Return: pointer to the PDU * * Driver command data is immediately after the request. So add request to get * the PDU. */ static inline void *blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(struct request *rq) { return rq + 1; } #define queue_for_each_hw_ctx(q, hctx, i) \ for ((i) = 0; (i) < (q)->nr_hw_queues && \ ({ hctx = (q)->queue_hw_ctx[i]; 1; }); (i)++) #define hctx_for_each_ctx(hctx, ctx, i) \ for ((i) = 0; (i) < (hctx)->nr_ctx && \ ({ ctx = (hctx)->ctxs[(i)]; 1; }); (i)++) static inline blk_qc_t request_to_qc_t(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq) { if (rq->tag != -1) return rq->tag | (hctx->queue_num << BLK_QC_T_SHIFT); return rq->internal_tag | (hctx->queue_num << BLK_QC_T_SHIFT) | BLK_QC_T_INTERNAL; } static inline void blk_mq_cleanup_rq(struct request *rq) { if (rq->q->mq_ops->cleanup_rq) rq->q->mq_ops->cleanup_rq(rq); } blk_qc_t blk_mq_submit_bio(struct bio *bio); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 #ifndef _LINUX_JHASH_H #define _LINUX_JHASH_H /* jhash.h: Jenkins hash support. * * Copyright (C) 2006. Bob Jenkins (bob_jenkins@burtleburtle.net) * * https://burtleburtle.net/bob/hash/ * * These are the credits from Bob's sources: * * lookup3.c, by Bob Jenkins, May 2006, Public Domain. * * These are functions for producing 32-bit hashes for hash table lookup. * hashword(), hashlittle(), hashlittle2(), hashbig(), mix(), and final() * are externally useful functions. Routines to test the hash are included * if SELF_TEST is defined. You can use this free for any purpose. It's in * the public domain. It has no warranty. * * Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Jozsef Kadlecsik (kadlec@netfilter.org) * * I've modified Bob's hash to be useful in the Linux kernel, and * any bugs present are my fault. * Jozsef */ #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/unaligned/packed_struct.h> /* Best hash sizes are of power of two */ #define jhash_size(n) ((u32)1<<(n)) /* Mask the hash value, i.e (value & jhash_mask(n)) instead of (value % n) */ #define jhash_mask(n) (jhash_size(n)-1) /* __jhash_mix -- mix 3 32-bit values reversibly. */ #define __jhash_mix(a, b, c) \ { \ a -= c; a ^= rol32(c, 4); c += b; \ b -= a; b ^= rol32(a, 6); a += c; \ c -= b; c ^= rol32(b, 8); b += a; \ a -= c; a ^= rol32(c, 16); c += b; \ b -= a; b ^= rol32(a, 19); a += c; \ c -= b; c ^= rol32(b, 4); b += a; \ } /* __jhash_final - final mixing of 3 32-bit values (a,b,c) into c */ #define __jhash_final(a, b, c) \ { \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 14); \ a ^= c; a -= rol32(c, 11); \ b ^= a; b -= rol32(a, 25); \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 16); \ a ^= c; a -= rol32(c, 4); \ b ^= a; b -= rol32(a, 14); \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 24); \ } /* An arbitrary initial parameter */ #define JHASH_INITVAL 0xdeadbeef /* jhash - hash an arbitrary key * @k: sequence of bytes as key * @length: the length of the key * @initval: the previous hash, or an arbitray value * * The generic version, hashes an arbitrary sequence of bytes. * No alignment or length assumptions are made about the input key. * * Returns the hash value of the key. The result depends on endianness. */ static inline u32 jhash(const void *key, u32 length, u32 initval) { u32 a, b, c; const u8 *k = key; /* Set up the internal state */ a = b = c = JHASH_INITVAL + length + initval; /* All but the last block: affect some 32 bits of (a,b,c) */ while (length > 12) { a += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k); b += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k + 4); c += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k + 8); __jhash_mix(a, b, c); length -= 12; k += 12; } /* Last block: affect all 32 bits of (c) */ switch (length) { case 12: c += (u32)k[11]<<24; fallthrough; case 11: c += (u32)k[10]<<16; fallthrough; case 10: c += (u32)k[9]<<8; fallthrough; case 9: c += k[8]; fallthrough; case 8: b += (u32)k[7]<<24; fallthrough; case 7: b += (u32)k[6]<<16; fallthrough; case 6: b += (u32)k[5]<<8; fallthrough; case 5: b += k[4]; fallthrough; case 4: a += (u32)k[3]<<24; fallthrough; case 3: a += (u32)k[2]<<16; fallthrough; case 2: a += (u32)k[1]<<8; fallthrough; case 1: a += k[0]; __jhash_final(a, b, c); break; case 0: /* Nothing left to add */ break; } return c; } /* jhash2 - hash an array of u32's * @k: the key which must be an array of u32's * @length: the number of u32's in the key * @initval: the previous hash, or an arbitray value * * Returns the hash value of the key. */ static inline u32 jhash2(const u32 *k, u32 length, u32 initval) { u32 a, b, c; /* Set up the internal state */ a = b = c = JHASH_INITVAL + (length<<2) + initval; /* Handle most of the key */ while (length > 3) { a += k[0]; b += k[1]; c += k[2]; __jhash_mix(a, b, c); length -= 3; k += 3; } /* Handle the last 3 u32's */ switch (length) { case 3: c += k[2]; fallthrough; case 2: b += k[1]; fallthrough; case 1: a += k[0]; __jhash_final(a, b, c); break; case 0: /* Nothing left to add */ break; } return c; } /* __jhash_nwords - hash exactly 3, 2 or 1 word(s) */ static inline u32 __jhash_nwords(u32 a, u32 b, u32 c, u32 initval) { a += initval; b += initval; c += initval; __jhash_final(a, b, c); return c; } static inline u32 jhash_3words(u32 a, u32 b, u32 c, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, b, c, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (3 << 2)); } static inline u32 jhash_2words(u32 a, u32 b, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, b, 0, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (2 << 2)); } static inline u32 jhash_1word(u32 a, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, 0, 0, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (1 << 2)); } #endif /* _LINUX_JHASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef __SOUND_CORE_H #define __SOUND_CORE_H /* * Main header file for the ALSA driver * Copyright (c) 1994-2001 by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz> */ #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/sched.h> /* wake_up() */ #include <linux/mutex.h> /* struct mutex */ #include <linux/rwsem.h> /* struct rw_semaphore */ #include <linux/pm.h> /* pm_message_t */ #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/printk.h> /* number of supported soundcards */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DYNAMIC_MINORS #define SNDRV_CARDS CONFIG_SND_MAX_CARDS #else #define SNDRV_CARDS 8 /* don't change - minor numbers */ #endif #define CONFIG_SND_MAJOR 116 /* standard configuration */ /* forward declarations */ struct pci_dev; struct module; struct completion; /* device allocation stuff */ /* type of the object used in snd_device_*() * this also defines the calling order */ enum snd_device_type { SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL, SNDRV_DEV_INFO, SNDRV_DEV_BUS, SNDRV_DEV_CODEC, SNDRV_DEV_PCM, SNDRV_DEV_COMPRESS, SNDRV_DEV_RAWMIDI, SNDRV_DEV_TIMER, SNDRV_DEV_SEQUENCER, SNDRV_DEV_HWDEP, SNDRV_DEV_JACK, SNDRV_DEV_CONTROL, /* NOTE: this must be the last one */ }; enum snd_device_state { SNDRV_DEV_BUILD, SNDRV_DEV_REGISTERED, SNDRV_DEV_DISCONNECTED, }; struct snd_device; struct snd_device_ops { int (*dev_free)(struct snd_device *dev); int (*dev_register)(struct snd_device *dev); int (*dev_disconnect)(struct snd_device *dev); }; struct snd_device { struct list_head list; /* list of registered devices */ struct snd_card *card; /* card which holds this device */ enum snd_device_state state; /* state of the device */ enum snd_device_type type; /* device type */ void *device_data; /* device structure */ const struct snd_device_ops *ops; /* operations */ }; #define snd_device(n) list_entry(n, struct snd_device, list) /* main structure for soundcard */ struct snd_card { int number; /* number of soundcard (index to snd_cards) */ char id[16]; /* id string of this card */ char driver[16]; /* driver name */ char shortname[32]; /* short name of this soundcard */ char longname[80]; /* name of this soundcard */ char irq_descr[32]; /* Interrupt description */ char mixername[80]; /* mixer name */ char components[128]; /* card components delimited with space */ struct module *module; /* top-level module */ void *private_data; /* private data for soundcard */ void (*private_free) (struct snd_card *card); /* callback for freeing of private data */ struct list_head devices; /* devices */ struct device ctl_dev; /* control device */ unsigned int last_numid; /* last used numeric ID */ struct rw_semaphore controls_rwsem; /* controls list lock */ rwlock_t ctl_files_rwlock; /* ctl_files list lock */ int controls_count; /* count of all controls */ int user_ctl_count; /* count of all user controls */ struct list_head controls; /* all controls for this card */ struct list_head ctl_files; /* active control files */ struct snd_info_entry *proc_root; /* root for soundcard specific files */ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_root_link; /* number link to real id */ struct list_head files_list; /* all files associated to this card */ struct snd_shutdown_f_ops *s_f_ops; /* file operations in the shutdown state */ spinlock_t files_lock; /* lock the files for this card */ int shutdown; /* this card is going down */ struct completion *release_completion; struct device *dev; /* device assigned to this card */ struct device card_dev; /* cardX object for sysfs */ const struct attribute_group *dev_groups[4]; /* assigned sysfs attr */ bool registered; /* card_dev is registered? */ int sync_irq; /* assigned irq, used for PCM sync */ wait_queue_head_t remove_sleep; size_t total_pcm_alloc_bytes; /* total amount of allocated buffers */ struct mutex memory_mutex; /* protection for the above */ #ifdef CONFIG_PM unsigned int power_state; /* power state */ wait_queue_head_t power_sleep; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS) struct snd_mixer_oss *mixer_oss; int mixer_oss_change_count; #endif }; #define dev_to_snd_card(p) container_of(p, struct snd_card, card_dev) #ifdef CONFIG_PM static inline unsigned int snd_power_get_state(struct snd_card *card) { return card->power_state; } static inline void snd_power_change_state(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int state) { card->power_state = state; wake_up(&card->power_sleep); } /* init.c */ int snd_power_wait(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int power_state); #else /* ! CONFIG_PM */ static inline int snd_power_wait(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int state) { return 0; } #define snd_power_get_state(card) ({ (void)(card); SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0; }) #define snd_power_change_state(card, state) do { (void)(card); } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_PM */ struct snd_minor { int type; /* SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_XXX */ int card; /* card number */ int device; /* device number */ const struct file_operations *f_ops; /* file operations */ void *private_data; /* private data for f_ops->open */ struct device *dev; /* device for sysfs */ struct snd_card *card_ptr; /* assigned card instance */ }; /* return a device pointer linked to each sound device as a parent */ static inline struct device *snd_card_get_device_link(struct snd_card *card) { return card ? &card->card_dev : NULL; } /* sound.c */ extern int snd_major; extern int snd_ecards_limit; extern struct class *sound_class; void snd_request_card(int card); void snd_device_initialize(struct device *dev, struct snd_card *card); int snd_register_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev, const struct file_operations *f_ops, void *private_data, struct device *device); int snd_unregister_device(struct device *dev); void *snd_lookup_minor_data(unsigned int minor, int type); #ifdef CONFIG_SND_OSSEMUL int snd_register_oss_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev, const struct file_operations *f_ops, void *private_data); int snd_unregister_oss_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev); void *snd_lookup_oss_minor_data(unsigned int minor, int type); #endif int snd_minor_info_init(void); /* sound_oss.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_OSSEMUL int snd_minor_info_oss_init(void); #else static inline int snd_minor_info_oss_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /* memory.c */ int copy_to_user_fromio(void __user *dst, const volatile void __iomem *src, size_t count); int copy_from_user_toio(volatile void __iomem *dst, const void __user *src, size_t count); /* init.c */ int snd_card_locked(int card); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS) #define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_REGISTER 0 #define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_DISCONNECT 1 #define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_FREE 2 extern int (*snd_mixer_oss_notify_callback)(struct snd_card *card, int cmd); #endif int snd_card_new(struct device *parent, int idx, const char *xid, struct module *module, int extra_size, struct snd_card **card_ret); int snd_card_disconnect(struct snd_card *card); void snd_card_disconnect_sync(struct snd_card *card); int snd_card_free(struct snd_card *card); int snd_card_free_when_closed(struct snd_card *card); void snd_card_set_id(struct snd_card *card, const char *id); int snd_card_register(struct snd_card *card); int snd_card_info_init(void); int snd_card_add_dev_attr(struct snd_card *card, const struct attribute_group *group); int snd_component_add(struct snd_card *card, const char *component); int snd_card_file_add(struct snd_card *card, struct file *file); int snd_card_file_remove(struct snd_card *card, struct file *file); struct snd_card *snd_card_ref(int card); /** * snd_card_unref - Unreference the card object * @card: the card object to unreference * * Call this function for the card object that was obtained via snd_card_ref() * or snd_lookup_minor_data(). */ static inline void snd_card_unref(struct snd_card *card) { put_device(&card->card_dev); } #define snd_card_set_dev(card, devptr) ((card)->dev = (devptr)) /* device.c */ int snd_device_new(struct snd_card *card, enum snd_device_type type, void *device_data, const struct snd_device_ops *ops); int snd_device_register(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); int snd_device_register_all(struct snd_card *card); void snd_device_disconnect(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); void snd_device_disconnect_all(struct snd_card *card); void snd_device_free(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); void snd_device_free_all(struct snd_card *card); int snd_device_get_state(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); /* isadma.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_ISA_DMA_API #define DMA_MODE_NO_ENABLE 0x0100 void snd_dma_program(unsigned long dma, unsigned long addr, unsigned int size, unsigned short mode); void snd_dma_disable(unsigned long dma); unsigned int snd_dma_pointer(unsigned long dma, unsigned int size); #endif /* misc.c */ struct resource; void release_and_free_resource(struct resource *res); /* --- */ /* sound printk debug levels */ enum { SND_PR_ALWAYS, SND_PR_DEBUG, SND_PR_VERBOSE, }; #if defined(CONFIG_SND_DEBUG) || defined(CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PRINTK) __printf(4, 5) void __snd_printk(unsigned int level, const char *file, int line, const char *format, ...); #else #define __snd_printk(level, file, line, format, ...) \ printk(format, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /** * snd_printk - printk wrapper * @fmt: format string * * Works like printk() but prints the file and the line of the caller * when configured with CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PRINTK. */ #define snd_printk(fmt, ...) \ __snd_printk(0, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG /** * snd_printd - debug printk * @fmt: format string * * Works like snd_printk() for debugging purposes. * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is not set. */ #define snd_printd(fmt, ...) \ __snd_printk(1, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define _snd_printd(level, fmt, ...) \ __snd_printk(level, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * snd_BUG - give a BUG warning message and stack trace * * Calls WARN() if CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is set. * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is not set. */ #define snd_BUG() WARN(1, "BUG?\n") /** * snd_printd_ratelimit - Suppress high rates of output when * CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is enabled. */ #define snd_printd_ratelimit() printk_ratelimit() /** * snd_BUG_ON - debugging check macro * @cond: condition to evaluate * * Has the same behavior as WARN_ON when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is set, * otherwise just evaluates the conditional and returns the value. */ #define snd_BUG_ON(cond) WARN_ON((cond)) #else /* !CONFIG_SND_DEBUG */ __printf(1, 2) static inline void snd_printd(const char *format, ...) {} __printf(2, 3) static inline void _snd_printd(int level, const char *format, ...) {} #define snd_BUG() do { } while (0) #define snd_BUG_ON(condition) ({ \ int __ret_warn_on = !!(condition); \ unlikely(__ret_warn_on); \ }) static inline bool snd_printd_ratelimit(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SND_DEBUG */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE /** * snd_printdd - debug printk * @format: format string * * Works like snd_printk() for debugging purposes. * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE is not set. */ #define snd_printdd(format, ...) \ __snd_printk(2, __FILE__, __LINE__, format, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else __printf(1, 2) static inline void snd_printdd(const char *format, ...) {} #endif #define SNDRV_OSS_VERSION ((3<<16)|(8<<8)|(1<<4)|(0)) /* 3.8.1a */ /* for easier backward-porting */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_GAMEPORT) #define gameport_set_dev_parent(gp,xdev) ((gp)->dev.parent = (xdev)) #define gameport_set_port_data(gp,r) ((gp)->port_data = (r)) #define gameport_get_port_data(gp) (gp)->port_data #endif /* PCI quirk list helper */ struct snd_pci_quirk { unsigned short subvendor; /* PCI subvendor ID */ unsigned short subdevice; /* PCI subdevice ID */ unsigned short subdevice_mask; /* bitmask to match */ int value; /* value */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE const char *name; /* name of the device (optional) */ #endif }; #define _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev) \ .subvendor = (vend), .subdevice = (dev), .subdevice_mask = (mask) #define _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev) \ _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0xffff, dev) #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend,dev) {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev)} #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE #define SND_PCI_QUIRK(vend,dev,xname,val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev), .value = (val), .name = (xname)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_VENDOR(vend, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0, 0), .value = (val), .name = (xname)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_MASK(vend, mask, dev, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev), \ .value = (val), .name = (xname)} #define snd_pci_quirk_name(q) ((q)->name) #else #define SND_PCI_QUIRK(vend,dev,xname,val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev), .value = (val)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_MASK(vend, mask, dev, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev), .value = (val)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_VENDOR(vend, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0, 0), .value = (val)} #define snd_pci_quirk_name(q) "" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup(struct pci_dev *pci, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list); const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup_id(u16 vendor, u16 device, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list); #else static inline const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup(struct pci_dev *pci, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list) { return NULL; } static inline const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup_id(u16 vendor, u16 device, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list) { return NULL; } #endif #endif /* __SOUND_CORE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #define _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/types.h> /** * struct min_heap - Data structure to hold a min-heap. * @data: Start of array holding the heap elements. * @nr: Number of elements currently in the heap. * @size: Maximum number of elements that can be held in current storage. */ struct min_heap { void *data; int nr; int size; }; /** * struct min_heap_callbacks - Data/functions to customise the min_heap. * @elem_size: The nr of each element in bytes. * @less: Partial order function for this heap. * @swp: Swap elements function. */ struct min_heap_callbacks { int elem_size; bool (*less)(const void *lhs, const void *rhs); void (*swp)(void *lhs, void *rhs); }; /* Sift the element at pos down the heap. */ static __always_inline void min_heapify(struct min_heap *heap, int pos, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *left, *right, *parent, *smallest; void *data = heap->data; for (;;) { if (pos * 2 + 1 >= heap->nr) break; left = data + ((pos * 2 + 1) * func->elem_size); parent = data + (pos * func->elem_size); smallest = parent; if (func->less(left, smallest)) smallest = left; if (pos * 2 + 2 < heap->nr) { right = data + ((pos * 2 + 2) * func->elem_size); if (func->less(right, smallest)) smallest = right; } if (smallest == parent) break; func->swp(smallest, parent); if (smallest == left) pos = (pos * 2) + 1; else pos = (pos * 2) + 2; } } /* Floyd's approach to heapification that is O(nr). */ static __always_inline void min_heapify_all(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { int i; for (i = heap->nr / 2; i >= 0; i--) min_heapify(heap, i, func); } /* Remove minimum element from the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr <= 0, "Popping an empty heap")) return; /* Place last element at the root (position 0) and then sift down. */ heap->nr--; memcpy(data, data + (heap->nr * func->elem_size), func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* * Remove the minimum element and then push the given element. The * implementation performs 1 sift (O(log2(nr))) and is therefore more * efficient than a pop followed by a push that does 2. */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { memcpy(heap->data, element, func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* Push an element on to the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; void *child, *parent; int pos; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr >= heap->size, "Pushing on a full heap")) return; /* Place at the end of data. */ pos = heap->nr; memcpy(data + (pos * func->elem_size), element, func->elem_size); heap->nr++; /* Sift child at pos up. */ for (; pos > 0; pos = (pos - 1) / 2) { child = data + (pos * func->elem_size); parent = data + ((pos - 1) / 2) * func->elem_size; if (func->less(parent, child)) break; func->swp(parent, child); } } #endif /* _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_VMALLOC_H #define _LINUX_VMALLOC_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <asm/page.h> /* pgprot_t */ #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <asm/vmalloc.h> struct vm_area_struct; /* vma defining user mapping in mm_types.h */ struct notifier_block; /* in notifier.h */ /* bits in flags of vmalloc's vm_struct below */ #define VM_IOREMAP 0x00000001 /* ioremap() and friends */ #define VM_ALLOC 0x00000002 /* vmalloc() */ #define VM_MAP 0x00000004 /* vmap()ed pages */ #define VM_USERMAP 0x00000008 /* suitable for remap_vmalloc_range */ #define VM_DMA_COHERENT 0x00000010 /* dma_alloc_coherent */ #define VM_UNINITIALIZED 0x00000020 /* vm_struct is not fully initialized */ #define VM_NO_GUARD 0x00000040 /* don't add guard page */ #define VM_KASAN 0x00000080 /* has allocated kasan shadow memory */ #define VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS 0x00000100 /* reset direct map and flush TLB on unmap, can't be freed in atomic context */ #define VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES 0x00000200 /* put pages and free array in vfree */ /* * VM_KASAN is used slighly differently depending on CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC. * * If IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC), VM_KASAN is set on a vm_struct after * shadow memory has been mapped. It's used to handle allocation errors so that * we don't try to poision shadow on free if it was never allocated. * * Otherwise, VM_KASAN is set for kasan_module_alloc() allocations and used to * determine which allocations need the module shadow freed. */ /* bits [20..32] reserved for arch specific ioremap internals */ /* * Maximum alignment for ioremap() regions. * Can be overriden by arch-specific value. */ #ifndef IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER #define IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER (7 + PAGE_SHIFT) /* 128 pages */ #endif struct vm_struct { struct vm_struct *next; void *addr; unsigned long size; unsigned long flags; struct page **pages; unsigned int nr_pages; phys_addr_t phys_addr; const void *caller; }; struct vmap_area { unsigned long va_start; unsigned long va_end; struct rb_node rb_node; /* address sorted rbtree */ struct list_head list; /* address sorted list */ /* * The following three variables can be packed, because * a vmap_area object is always one of the three states: * 1) in "free" tree (root is vmap_area_root) * 2) in "busy" tree (root is free_vmap_area_root) * 3) in purge list (head is vmap_purge_list) */ union { unsigned long subtree_max_size; /* in "free" tree */ struct vm_struct *vm; /* in "busy" tree */ struct llist_node purge_list; /* in purge list */ }; }; /* * Highlevel APIs for driver use */ extern void vm_unmap_ram(const void *mem, unsigned int count); extern void *vm_map_ram(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, int node); extern void vm_unmap_aliases(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern void __init vmalloc_init(void); extern unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void); #else static inline void vmalloc_init(void) { } static inline unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void) { return 0; } #endif extern void *vmalloc(unsigned long size); extern void *vzalloc(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_user(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node); extern void *vzalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node); extern void *vmalloc_32(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_32_user(unsigned long size); extern void *__vmalloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot, unsigned long vm_flags, int node, const void *caller); void *__vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node, const void *caller); extern void vfree(const void *addr); extern void vfree_atomic(const void *addr); extern void *vmap(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, unsigned long flags, pgprot_t prot); void *vmap_pfn(unsigned long *pfns, unsigned int count, pgprot_t prot); extern void vunmap(const void *addr); extern int remap_vmalloc_range_partial(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long uaddr, void *kaddr, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long size); extern int remap_vmalloc_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *addr, unsigned long pgoff); /* * Architectures can set this mask to a combination of PGTBL_P?D_MODIFIED values * and let generic vmalloc and ioremap code know when arch_sync_kernel_mappings() * needs to be called. */ #ifndef ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK #define ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK 0 #endif /* * There is no default implementation for arch_sync_kernel_mappings(). It is * relied upon the compiler to optimize calls out if ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK * is 0. */ void arch_sync_kernel_mappings(unsigned long start, unsigned long end); /* * Lowlevel-APIs (not for driver use!) */ static inline size_t get_vm_area_size(const struct vm_struct *area) { if (!(area->flags & VM_NO_GUARD)) /* return actual size without guard page */ return area->size - PAGE_SIZE; else return area->size; } extern struct vm_struct *get_vm_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags); extern struct vm_struct *get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, const void *caller); extern struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, const void *caller); void free_vm_area(struct vm_struct *area); extern struct vm_struct *remove_vm_area(const void *addr); extern struct vm_struct *find_vm_area(const void *addr); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages); int map_kernel_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages); extern void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); extern void unmap_kernel_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); static inline void set_vm_flush_reset_perms(void *addr) { struct vm_struct *vm = find_vm_area(addr); if (vm) vm->flags |= VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS; } #else static inline int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages) { return size >> PAGE_SHIFT; } #define map_kernel_range map_kernel_range_noflush static inline void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { } #define unmap_kernel_range unmap_kernel_range_noflush static inline void set_vm_flush_reset_perms(void *addr) { } #endif /* for /dev/kmem */ extern long vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count); extern long vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count); /* * Internals. Dont't use.. */ extern struct list_head vmap_area_list; extern __init void vm_area_add_early(struct vm_struct *vm); extern __init void vm_area_register_early(struct vm_struct *vm, size_t align); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP # ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_struct **pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align); void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms); # else static inline struct vm_struct ** pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align) { return NULL; } static inline void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms) { } # endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define VMALLOC_TOTAL (VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_START) #else #define VMALLOC_TOTAL 0UL #endif int register_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); #endif /* _LINUX_VMALLOC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Fast and scalable bitmaps. * * Copyright (C) 2016 Facebook * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Jens Axboe */ #ifndef __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #define __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> struct seq_file; /** * struct sbitmap_word - Word in a &struct sbitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word { /** * @depth: Number of bits being used in @word/@cleared */ unsigned long depth; /** * @word: word holding free bits */ unsigned long word ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @cleared: word holding cleared bits */ unsigned long cleared ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @swap_lock: Held while swapping word <-> cleared */ spinlock_t swap_lock; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap - Scalable bitmap. * * A &struct sbitmap is spread over multiple cachelines to avoid ping-pong. This * trades off higher memory usage for better scalability. */ struct sbitmap { /** * @depth: Number of bits used in the whole bitmap. */ unsigned int depth; /** * @shift: log2(number of bits used per word) */ unsigned int shift; /** * @map_nr: Number of words (cachelines) being used for the bitmap. */ unsigned int map_nr; /** * @map: Allocated bitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word *map; }; #define SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES 8 #define SBQ_WAKE_BATCH 8 /** * struct sbq_wait_state - Wait queue in a &struct sbitmap_queue. */ struct sbq_wait_state { /** * @wait_cnt: Number of frees remaining before we wake up. */ atomic_t wait_cnt; /** * @wait: Wait queue. */ wait_queue_head_t wait; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap_queue - Scalable bitmap with the added ability to wait on free * bits. * * A &struct sbitmap_queue uses multiple wait queues and rolling wakeups to * avoid contention on the wait queue spinlock. This ensures that we don't hit a * scalability wall when we run out of free bits and have to start putting tasks * to sleep. */ struct sbitmap_queue { /** * @sb: Scalable bitmap. */ struct sbitmap sb; /* * @alloc_hint: Cache of last successfully allocated or freed bit. * * This is per-cpu, which allows multiple users to stick to different * cachelines until the map is exhausted. */ unsigned int __percpu *alloc_hint; /** * @wake_batch: Number of bits which must be freed before we wake up any * waiters. */ unsigned int wake_batch; /** * @wake_index: Next wait queue in @ws to wake up. */ atomic_t wake_index; /** * @ws: Wait queues. */ struct sbq_wait_state *ws; /* * @ws_active: count of currently active ws waitqueues */ atomic_t ws_active; /** * @round_robin: Allocate bits in strict round-robin order. */ bool round_robin; /** * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth which may be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). */ unsigned int min_shallow_depth; }; /** * sbitmap_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap on a specific memory node. * @sb: Bitmap to initialize. * @depth: Number of bits to allocate. * @shift: Use 2^@shift bits per word in the bitmap; if a negative number if * given, a good default is chosen. * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_init_node(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth, int shift, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_free(struct sbitmap *sb) { kfree(sb->map); sb->map = NULL; } /** * sbitmap_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Doesn't reallocate anything. It's up to the caller to ensure that the new * depth doesn't exceed the depth that the sb was initialized with. */ void sbitmap_resize(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth); /** * sbitmap_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @round_robin: If true, be stricter about allocation order; always allocate * starting from the last allocated bit. This is less efficient * than the default behavior (false). * * This operation provides acquire barrier semantics if it succeeds. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, bool round_robin); /** * sbitmap_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap, * limiting the depth used from each word. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * * This rather specific operation allows for having multiple users with * different allocation limits. E.g., there can be a high-priority class that * uses sbitmap_get() and a low-priority class that uses sbitmap_get_shallow() * with a @shallow_depth of (1 << (@sb->shift - 1)). Then, the low-priority * class can only allocate half of the total bits in the bitmap, preventing it * from starving out the high-priority class. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get_shallow(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, unsigned long shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_any_bit_set() - Check for a set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to check. * * Return: true if any bit in the bitmap is set, false otherwise. */ bool sbitmap_any_bit_set(const struct sbitmap *sb); #define SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) >> (sb)->shift) #define SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) & ((1U << (sb)->shift) - 1U)) typedef bool (*sb_for_each_fn)(struct sbitmap *, unsigned int, void *); /** * __sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @start: Where to start the iteration. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. * * This is inline even though it's non-trivial so that the function calls to the * callback will hopefully get optimized away. */ static inline void __sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int start, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { unsigned int index; unsigned int nr; unsigned int scanned = 0; if (start >= sb->depth) start = 0; index = SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, start); nr = SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, start); while (scanned < sb->depth) { unsigned long word; unsigned int depth = min_t(unsigned int, sb->map[index].depth - nr, sb->depth - scanned); scanned += depth; word = sb->map[index].word & ~sb->map[index].cleared; if (!word) goto next; /* * On the first iteration of the outer loop, we need to add the * bit offset back to the size of the word for find_next_bit(). * On all other iterations, nr is zero, so this is a noop. */ depth += nr; while (1) { nr = find_next_bit(&word, depth, nr); if (nr >= depth) break; if (!fn(sb, (index << sb->shift) + nr, data)) return; nr++; } next: nr = 0; if (++index >= sb->map_nr) index = 0; } } /** * sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. */ static inline void sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { __sbitmap_for_each_set(sb, 0, fn, data); } static inline unsigned long *__sbitmap_word(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].word; } /* Helpers equivalent to the operations in asm/bitops.h and linux/bitmap.h */ static inline void sbitmap_set_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /* * This one is special, since it doesn't actually clear the bit, rather it * sets the corresponding bit in the ->cleared mask instead. Paired with * the caller doing sbitmap_deferred_clear() if a given index is full, which * will clear the previously freed entries in the corresponding ->word. */ static inline void sbitmap_deferred_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { unsigned long *addr = &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].cleared; set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), addr); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit_unlock(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit_unlock(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline int sbitmap_test_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return test_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /** * sbitmap_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap information to a &struct seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_bitmap_show() - Write a hex dump of a &struct sbitmap to a &struct * seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The output isn't guaranteed to be internally * consistent. */ void sbitmap_bitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_queue_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap_queue on a specific * memory node. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to initialize. * @depth: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @shift: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @round_robin: See sbitmap_get(). * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_queue_init_node(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth, int shift, bool round_robin, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_queue_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap_queue. * * @sbq: Bitmap queue to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_queue_free(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { kfree(sbq->ws); free_percpu(sbq->alloc_hint); sbitmap_free(&sbq->sb); } /** * sbitmap_queue_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Like sbitmap_resize(), this doesn't reallocate anything. It has to do * some extra work on the &struct sbitmap_queue, so it's not safe to just * resize the underlying &struct sbitmap. */ void sbitmap_queue_resize(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue with preemption already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word, with preemption * already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get(sbq); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu, unsigned int shallow_depth) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(sbq, shallow_depth); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() - Inform a &struct sbitmap_queue of the * minimum shallow depth that will be used. * @sbq: Bitmap queue in question. * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth that will be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). * * sbitmap_queue_clear() batches wakeups as an optimization. The batch size * depends on the depth of the bitmap. Since the shallow allocation functions * effectively operate with a different depth, the shallow depth must be taken * into account when calculating the batch size. This function must be called * with the minimum shallow depth that will be used. Failure to do so can result * in missed wakeups. */ void sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int min_shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_clear() - Free an allocated bit and wake up waiters on a * &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap to free from. * @nr: Bit number to free. * @cpu: CPU the bit was allocated on. */ void sbitmap_queue_clear(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int nr, unsigned int cpu); static inline int sbq_index_inc(int index) { return (index + 1) & (SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES - 1); } static inline void sbq_index_atomic_inc(atomic_t *index) { int old = atomic_read(index); int new = sbq_index_inc(old); atomic_cmpxchg(index, old, new); } /** * sbq_wait_ptr() - Get the next wait queue to use for a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wait on. * @wait_index: A counter per "user" of @sbq. */ static inline struct sbq_wait_state *sbq_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, atomic_t *wait_index) { struct sbq_wait_state *ws; ws = &sbq->ws[atomic_read(wait_index)]; sbq_index_atomic_inc(wait_index); return ws; } /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_all() - Wake up everything waiting on a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_all(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_up() - Wake up some of waiters in one waitqueue * on a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_up(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap_queue information to a &struct * seq_file. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_queue_show(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct seq_file *m); struct sbq_wait { struct sbitmap_queue *sbq; /* if set, sbq_wait is accounted */ struct wait_queue_entry wait; }; #define DEFINE_SBQ_WAIT(name) \ struct sbq_wait name = { \ .sbq = NULL, \ .wait = { \ .private = current, \ .func = autoremove_wake_function, \ .entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait.entry), \ } \ } /* * Wrapper around prepare_to_wait_exclusive(), which maintains some extra * internal state. */ void sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait, int state); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(). */ void sbitmap_finish_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Wrapper around add_wait_queue(), which maintains some extra internal state */ void sbitmap_add_wait_queue(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_add_wait_queue() */ void sbitmap_del_wait_queue(struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); #endif /* __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_ATOMIC64_64_H #define _ASM_X86_ATOMIC64_64_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/alternative.h> #include <asm/cmpxchg.h> /* The 64-bit atomic type */ #define ATOMIC64_INIT(i) { (i) } /** * arch_atomic64_read - read atomic64 variable * @v: pointer of type atomic64_t * * Atomically reads the value of @v. * Doesn't imply a read memory barrier. */ static inline s64 arch_atomic64_read(const atomic64_t *v) { return __READ_ONCE((v)->counter); } /** * arch_atomic64_set - set atomic64 variable * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * @i: required value * * Atomically sets the value of @v to @i. */ static inline void arch_atomic64_set(atomic64_t *v, s64 i) { __WRITE_ONCE(v->counter, i); } /** * arch_atomic64_add - add integer to atomic64 variable * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic64_add(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "addq %1,%0" : "=m" (v->counter) : "er" (i), "m" (v->counter) : "memory"); } /** * arch_atomic64_sub - subtract the atomic64 variable * @i: integer value to subtract * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically subtracts @i from @v. */ static inline void arch_atomic64_sub(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "subq %1,%0" : "=m" (v->counter) : "er" (i), "m" (v->counter) : "memory"); } /** * arch_atomic64_sub_and_test - subtract value from variable and test result * @i: integer value to subtract * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically subtracts @i from @v and returns * true if the result is zero, or false for all * other cases. */ static inline bool arch_atomic64_sub_and_test(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "subq", v->counter, e, "er", i); } #define arch_atomic64_sub_and_test arch_atomic64_sub_and_test /** * arch_atomic64_inc - increment atomic64 variable * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically increments @v by 1. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic64_inc(atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "incq %0" : "=m" (v->counter) : "m" (v->counter) : "memory"); } #define arch_atomic64_inc arch_atomic64_inc /** * arch_atomic64_dec - decrement atomic64 variable * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically decrements @v by 1. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic64_dec(atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "decq %0" : "=m" (v->counter) : "m" (v->counter) : "memory"); } #define arch_atomic64_dec arch_atomic64_dec /** * arch_atomic64_dec_and_test - decrement and test * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically decrements @v by 1 and * returns true if the result is 0, or false for all other * cases. */ static inline bool arch_atomic64_dec_and_test(atomic64_t *v) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "decq", v->counter, e); } #define arch_atomic64_dec_and_test arch_atomic64_dec_and_test /** * arch_atomic64_inc_and_test - increment and test * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically increments @v by 1 * and returns true if the result is zero, or false for all * other cases. */ static inline bool arch_atomic64_inc_and_test(atomic64_t *v) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "incq", v->counter, e); } #define arch_atomic64_inc_and_test arch_atomic64_inc_and_test /** * arch_atomic64_add_negative - add and test if negative * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v and returns true * if the result is negative, or false when * result is greater than or equal to zero. */ static inline bool arch_atomic64_add_negative(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "addq", v->counter, s, "er", i); } #define arch_atomic64_add_negative arch_atomic64_add_negative /** * arch_atomic64_add_return - add and return * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v and returns @i + @v */ static __always_inline s64 arch_atomic64_add_return(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return i + xadd(&v->counter, i); } #define arch_atomic64_add_return arch_atomic64_add_return static inline s64 arch_atomic64_sub_return(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return arch_atomic64_add_return(-i, v); } #define arch_atomic64_sub_return arch_atomic64_sub_return static inline s64 arch_atomic64_fetch_add(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return xadd(&v->counter, i); } #define arch_atomic64_fetch_add arch_atomic64_fetch_add static inline s64 arch_atomic64_fetch_sub(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return xadd(&v->counter, -i); } #define arch_atomic64_fetch_sub arch_atomic64_fetch_sub static inline s64 arch_atomic64_cmpxchg(atomic64_t *v, s64 old, s64 new) { return arch_cmpxchg(&v->counter, old, new); } #define arch_atomic64_cmpxchg arch_atomic64_cmpxchg static __always_inline bool arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg(atomic64_t *v, s64 *old, s64 new) { return try_cmpxchg(&v->counter, old, new); } #define arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg static inline s64 arch_atomic64_xchg(atomic64_t *v, s64 new) { return arch_xchg(&v->counter, new); } #define arch_atomic64_xchg arch_atomic64_xchg static inline void arch_atomic64_and(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "andq %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "er" (i) : "memory"); } static inline s64 arch_atomic64_fetch_and(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { s64 val = arch_atomic64_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val & i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic64_fetch_and arch_atomic64_fetch_and static inline void arch_atomic64_or(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "orq %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "er" (i) : "memory"); } static inline s64 arch_atomic64_fetch_or(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { s64 val = arch_atomic64_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val | i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic64_fetch_or arch_atomic64_fetch_or static inline void arch_atomic64_xor(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "xorq %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "er" (i) : "memory"); } static inline s64 arch_atomic64_fetch_xor(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { s64 val = arch_atomic64_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val ^ i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic64_fetch_xor arch_atomic64_fetch_xor #endif /* _ASM_X86_ATOMIC64_64_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Generic pidhash and scalable, time-bounded PID allocator * * (C) 2002-2003 Nadia Yvette Chambers, IBM * (C) 2004 Nadia Yvette Chambers, Oracle * (C) 2002-2004 Ingo Molnar, Red Hat * * pid-structures are backing objects for tasks sharing a given ID to chain * against. There is very little to them aside from hashing them and * parking tasks using given ID's on a list. * * The hash is always changed with the tasklist_lock write-acquired, * and the hash is only accessed with the tasklist_lock at least * read-acquired, so there's no additional SMP locking needed here. * * We have a list of bitmap pages, which bitmaps represent the PID space. * Allocating and freeing PIDs is completely lockless. The worst-case * allocation scenario when all but one out of 1 million PIDs possible are * allocated already: the scanning of 32 list entries and at most PAGE_SIZE * bytes. The typical fastpath is a single successful setbit. Freeing is O(1). * * Pid namespaces: * (C) 2007 Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org>, OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc. * (C) 2007 Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@us.ibm.com>, IBM * Many thanks to Oleg Nesterov for comments and help * */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/anon_inodes.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <uapi/linux/pidfd.h> struct pid init_struct_pid = { .count = REFCOUNT_INIT(1), .tasks = { { .first = NULL }, { .first = NULL }, { .first = NULL }, }, .level = 0, .numbers = { { .nr = 0, .ns = &init_pid_ns, }, } }; int pid_max = PID_MAX_DEFAULT; #define RESERVED_PIDS 300 int pid_max_min = RESERVED_PIDS + 1; int pid_max_max = PID_MAX_LIMIT; /* * PID-map pages start out as NULL, they get allocated upon * first use and are never deallocated. This way a low pid_max * value does not cause lots of bitmaps to be allocated, but * the scheme scales to up to 4 million PIDs, runtime. */ struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns = { .kref = KREF_INIT(2), .idr = IDR_INIT(init_pid_ns.idr), .pid_allocated = PIDNS_ADDING, .level = 0, .child_reaper = &init_task, .user_ns = &init_user_ns, .ns.inum = PROC_PID_INIT_INO, #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS .ns.ops = &pidns_operations, #endif }; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_pid_ns); /* * Note: disable interrupts while the pidmap_lock is held as an * interrupt might come in and do read_lock(&tasklist_lock). * * If we don't disable interrupts there is a nasty deadlock between * detach_pid()->free_pid() and another cpu that does * spin_lock(&pidmap_lock) followed by an interrupt routine that does * read_lock(&tasklist_lock); * * After we clean up the tasklist_lock and know there are no * irq handlers that take it we can leave the interrupts enabled. * For now it is easier to be safe than to prove it can't happen. */ static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pidmap_lock); void put_pid(struct pid *pid) { struct pid_namespace *ns; if (!pid) return; ns = pid->numbers[pid->level].ns; if (refcount_dec_and_test(&pid->count)) { kmem_cache_free(ns->pid_cachep, pid); put_pid_ns(ns); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_pid); static void delayed_put_pid(struct rcu_head *rhp) { struct pid *pid = container_of(rhp, struct pid, rcu); put_pid(pid); } void free_pid(struct pid *pid) { /* We can be called with write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock) held */ int i; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&pidmap_lock, flags); for (i = 0; i <= pid->level; i++) { struct upid *upid = pid->numbers + i; struct pid_namespace *ns = upid->ns; switch (--ns->pid_allocated) { case 2: case 1: /* When all that is left in the pid namespace * is the reaper wake up the reaper. The reaper * may be sleeping in zap_pid_ns_processes(). */ wake_up_process(ns->child_reaper); break; case PIDNS_ADDING: /* Handle a fork failure of the first process */ WARN_ON(ns->child_reaper); ns->pid_allocated = 0; break; } idr_remove(&ns->idr, upid->nr); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pidmap_lock, flags); call_rcu(&pid->rcu, delayed_put_pid); } struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns, pid_t *set_tid, size_t set_tid_size) { struct pid *pid; enum pid_type type; int i, nr; struct pid_namespace *tmp; struct upid *upid; int retval = -ENOMEM; /* * set_tid_size contains the size of the set_tid array. Starting at * the most nested currently active PID namespace it tells alloc_pid() * which PID to set for a process in that most nested PID namespace * up to set_tid_size PID namespaces. It does not have to set the PID * for a process in all nested PID namespaces but set_tid_size must * never be greater than the current ns->level + 1. */ if (set_tid_size > ns->level + 1) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); pid = kmem_cache_alloc(ns->pid_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!pid) return ERR_PTR(retval); tmp = ns; pid->level = ns->level; for (i = ns->level; i >= 0; i--) { int tid = 0; if (set_tid_size) { tid = set_tid[ns->level - i]; retval = -EINVAL; if (tid < 1 || tid >= pid_max) goto out_free; /* * Also fail if a PID != 1 is requested and * no PID 1 exists. */ if (tid != 1 && !tmp->child_reaper) goto out_free; retval = -EPERM; if (!checkpoint_restore_ns_capable(tmp->user_ns)) goto out_free; set_tid_size--; } idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL); spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); if (tid) { nr = idr_alloc(&tmp->idr, NULL, tid, tid + 1, GFP_ATOMIC); /* * If ENOSPC is returned it means that the PID is * alreay in use. Return EEXIST in that case. */ if (nr == -ENOSPC) nr = -EEXIST; } else { int pid_min = 1; /* * init really needs pid 1, but after reaching the * maximum wrap back to RESERVED_PIDS */ if (idr_get_cursor(&tmp->idr) > RESERVED_PIDS) pid_min = RESERVED_PIDS; /* * Store a null pointer so find_pid_ns does not find * a partially initialized PID (see below). */ nr = idr_alloc_cyclic(&tmp->idr, NULL, pid_min, pid_max, GFP_ATOMIC); } spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); idr_preload_end(); if (nr < 0) { retval = (nr == -ENOSPC) ? -EAGAIN : nr; goto out_free; } pid->numbers[i].nr = nr; pid->numbers[i].ns = tmp; tmp = tmp->parent; } /* * ENOMEM is not the most obvious choice especially for the case * where the child subreaper has already exited and the pid * namespace denies the creation of any new processes. But ENOMEM * is what we have exposed to userspace for a long time and it is * documented behavior for pid namespaces. So we can't easily * change it even if there were an error code better suited. */ retval = -ENOMEM; get_pid_ns(ns); refcount_set(&pid->count, 1); spin_lock_init(&pid->lock); for (type = 0; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&pid->tasks[type]); init_waitqueue_head(&pid->wait_pidfd); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&pid->inodes); upid = pid->numbers + ns->level; spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); if (!(ns->pid_allocated & PIDNS_ADDING)) goto out_unlock; for ( ; upid >= pid->numbers; --upid) { /* Make the PID visible to find_pid_ns. */ idr_replace(&upid->ns->idr, pid, upid->nr); upid->ns->pid_allocated++; } spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); return pid; out_unlock: spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); put_pid_ns(ns); out_free: spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); while (++i <= ns->level) { upid = pid->numbers + i; idr_remove(&upid->ns->idr, upid->nr); } /* On failure to allocate the first pid, reset the state */ if (ns->pid_allocated == PIDNS_ADDING) idr_set_cursor(&ns->idr, 0); spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); kmem_cache_free(ns->pid_cachep, pid); return ERR_PTR(retval); } void disable_pid_allocation(struct pid_namespace *ns) { spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); ns->pid_allocated &= ~PIDNS_ADDING; spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); } struct pid *find_pid_ns(int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return idr_find(&ns->idr, nr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_pid_ns); struct pid *find_vpid(int nr) { return find_pid_ns(nr, task_active_pid_ns(current)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_vpid); static struct pid **task_pid_ptr(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { return (type == PIDTYPE_PID) ? &task->thread_pid : &task->signal->pids[type]; } /* * attach_pid() must be called with the tasklist_lock write-held. */ void attach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { struct pid *pid = *task_pid_ptr(task, type); hlist_add_head_rcu(&task->pid_links[type], &pid->tasks[type]); } static void __change_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid *new) { struct pid **pid_ptr = task_pid_ptr(task, type); struct pid *pid; int tmp; pid = *pid_ptr; hlist_del_rcu(&task->pid_links[type]); *pid_ptr = new; for (tmp = PIDTYPE_MAX; --tmp >= 0; ) if (pid_has_task(pid, tmp)) return; free_pid(pid); } void detach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { __change_pid(task, type, NULL); } void change_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid *pid) { __change_pid(task, type, pid); attach_pid(task, type); } void exchange_tids(struct task_struct *left, struct task_struct *right) { struct pid *pid1 = left->thread_pid; struct pid *pid2 = right->thread_pid; struct hlist_head *head1 = &pid1->tasks[PIDTYPE_PID]; struct hlist_head *head2 = &pid2->tasks[PIDTYPE_PID]; /* Swap the single entry tid lists */ hlists_swap_heads_rcu(head1, head2); /* Swap the per task_struct pid */ rcu_assign_pointer(left->thread_pid, pid2); rcu_assign_pointer(right->thread_pid, pid1); /* Swap the cached value */ WRITE_ONCE(left->pid, pid_nr(pid2)); WRITE_ONCE(right->pid, pid_nr(pid1)); } /* transfer_pid is an optimization of attach_pid(new), detach_pid(old) */ void transfer_pid(struct task_struct *old, struct task_struc